UNIT 1 What a character!

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UNIT 1 What a character!
UNIT 1
1
2
What a character!
What is the word?
1 Someone with a good sense of humour is
.......................................
2 Someone who cheats is
.......................................
3 Someone who knows a lot about computers is a
.......................................
4 Someone who does little work is
.......................................
5 Someone who tries too hard to please parents or teachers is a
.......................................
6 Someone who arrives before something starts is
.......................................
People change
A Fill in the gaps with the right forms of “to be” or “to have”.
When I first met my best friend, Daniel at school, I really didn’t like him. I thought that we
(1) ...................... very different. He (2) ...................... hard-working and always on time, he always
(3) ...................... good marks and all the teachers liked him a lot. I (4) ...................... the total
opposite: I (5) ...................... always late, my homework (6) ...................... usually ready, I cheated
in tests and I (7) ...................... a lot of bad marks. In the 10th form, my form master got me to sit
next to Dan. “Oh, my God!” I thought. “This (8) ...................... so boring!” But it (9) ......................!
Now I think that Dan (10) ...................... a great sense of humour and he (11) ......................
extremely helpful. We (12) ...................... very different at all.
B Imagine that Kelly is your old friend. What was she like before she got her new computer?
What is she like now?
Before she got her computer.
Now, after she got her computer.
........................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................
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Section 1
3
Sentences and replies
A Put the words in order to make sentences.
1 maths / my / funny / was / teacher / old / extremely
........................................................
2 is / goody-goody / a / sister / his / real / younger
........................................................
3 cheat / shouldn’t / tests / you / in
........................................................
4 speak / six / Kate / languages / can
........................................................
5 doesn’t / to / girlfriend / talk / my / me
........................................................
6 across / summer / Balaton / swam / we / last
........................................................
7 help / going / aren’t / to / they / us
........................................................
8 brother / ages / haven’t / my / I / for / seen
........................................................
B Write short reply questions to the sentences in 3A. Check with Grammar Links on page 120.
1 .............................................. 4 .............................................. 7 ...............................................
2 .............................................. 5 .............................................. 8 ...............................................
3 .............................................. 4 ..............................................
4
A Email to a friend who is missing school. − Put the verbs in the correct form.
Hi Les,
How (1) ..................................... (be) you doing? (2) ..................................... (you /
still have) a holiday or what? School (3) ..................................... (start), but
where (4) ..................................... (you / be)? Hope you (5) ..................................... (not
be) ill or something, mate. I certainly (6) ..................................... (miss) you at
school this morning. 
(7) ..................................... (you / have) a good holiday OR (8) .....................................
(you / have) a good holiday?  (9) ..................................... (you / go) to Rome?
(10) ..................................... (it / be) nice? I (11) ..................................... (not
travel) anywhere, but I (12) ..................................... (go) to the swimming pool
most days and (13) ..................................... (hang) out a lot with friends. It
(14) ..................................... (be) cool.
We (15) ..................................... (have) the same teachers as last year with one
exception; the music teacher (16) ..................................... (be) new, Ms Note.
She (17) ..................................... (look) very friendly and they say she
(18) ..................................... (be) really easy-going, too. I (19) .....................................
(prefer) easy-going teachers to strict ones.
Let me know what (20) ..................................... (go on) with you.
See you soon,
Paul
B Write an email to a friend who has missed the first couple of school days. Include the
following:
• Ask why your friend is missing school.
• Give some information about your summer.
• Give some information about school.
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Unit 1
1
2
Write a word with an opposite ( ) or a similar meaning (~).
6 rather
~
.................................
.................................
7 talkative

.................................
~
.................................
8 mean

.................................
4 a bit
~
.................................
9 very
~
.................................
5 nervous

.................................

.................................
1 tidy

.................................
2 friendly

3 nice
10 on time
Some words look similar – Fill in the gaps with one of the words in the box.
quiet • quite • fun • funny • housework • homework
1 My cousin is ........................ talkative. She is rarely ........................ for longer than five minutes.
2 He always tells jokes and makes ........................ comments. He’s great ........................ to be with.
3 It was a really ........................ party. We had a great time.
4 It was a ........................ party. Everyone had fights and fell out with each other. We didn’t have
much ........................ .
5 Mum: Can you help me with the ........................? The washing-up for example?
Child: Can you help me with my ........................ first? Maths for example?
3
To what degree? – Write sentences about the pictures. In each sentence use one of the
degree adverbs in the box.
very • real • really • quite • extremely • rather • reasonably • a little • a bit
1
..........................................
4
..........................................
2
..........................................
5
..........................................
3
...........................................
6
...........................................
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Section 2
4
Best friend
A Match the sentences to the answers on Yahoo! Answers to this question: “What do u like
most about your best friend?” There is an extra sentence.
1 This person’s best friend demonstrates different qualities.
2 This person’s best friend supports him/her in any situation as necessary.
3 This person’s best friend is extremely generous and helpful.
4 This person can have a really good time with their best friend.
5 One person cannot do all the things this person needs from a friend.
6 This person can be completely honest with their best friend.
a)
Miss
b)
Jeana
c)
Tommy
d)
Ki Wan
e)
Miki Z
What I like most about my best friend isn’t that we’re always together,
because we’re not. But that when it counts, she’s there. I know that she’ll
always be there for me, no matter what. She’s always on my side when
something goes wrong. She never lets me down.
We both have basically the same sense of humour. She’s not boring, I’ll tell
you that. Very lively and has a sensitive side. She’s nice. She knows how to
have fun. She’s not one of those girls who’s extremely girly and gets totally
mad when they break a nail. So basically she’s pretty athletic and she’s into
doing crazy things.
My best friend won’t judge me and I can be myself around him. He’s a
completely honest person that won’t lie, who I can trust and tell everything to.
Even when he doesn’t agree, he won’t make it seem like I’m crazy. He isn’t ultra
sensitive, so I can tell him exactly how I feel about anything in the world!!!!
I can share many things with my best friends, things like experiences, thoughts,
feelings and trust. There are as many qualities as there are kinds of friend.
I personally have a kind of friend for all occasions: the listener, the crazy dude,
the counsellor, and I look for the one I need depending on my mood.
A good friend should have these three qualities:
1. Respect — accepting another’s opinions and their differences
2. Trustworthiness — honesty and loyalty
3. Caring — kindness and understanding
My best friend is just like that !
B Match the sentence halves.
1 A friend who never lets you down
a) they listen to your problems and give advice.
2 If you can be yourself around a friend,
b) they are fun to be with.
3 If a friend is into doing crazy things,
c) is loyal.
4 If a friend acts as a counsellor to you,
d) they are interested in your feelings.
5 If a friend is caring,
e) they accept you the way you are.
C Which post is the truest about your best friend? Talk to your partner about your best friends.
D Write your reply to the question: “What do u like most about your best friend?”
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Unit 1
1
Word search
A Find 11 words from Ex. 1A on page 10 of the coursebook vertically and horizontally.
L
E
A
D
E
R
S
H
I
P
I
F
V
B
U
F
F
E
T
N
W M
A
E
C
J
E
H
L
E
E
T
P
C
N
O
V
O
T
E
J
D
O
R
I
T
U
M
I
T
C
K
F
B
O
L
E
N
A
S
M
T
T
R
I
V
I
P
C
A
N
D
I
D
A
T
E
T
U
I
W
P
Q
O
X
I
D
M
I
K
L
H
E
E
N
O
O
W
E
E
P
R
E
S
I
D
E
N
T
N
S
A
S
S
E
S
S
M
E
N
T
B Fill in the gaps with the right form of the words from the word search above.
Student (1) .......................... in our school isn’t very good. We have a Student (2) ..........................,
but it doesn’t do much work. They organise some (3) .......................... like school parties,
competitions and celebrations, but they don’t do much more. When we have an
(4) .........................., the (5) .......................... give speeches and they make a lot of promises:
“I will work for the (6) .......................... of education in our school.” Or “We need new
(7) ..........................: a gym, a swimming pool, a new IT centre. I will talk to the management
about these issues.” Then we (8) .......................... for them and nothing happens. True, they started
a new electronic teacher (9) .......................... system last year. We had a questionnaire online, but
then very few people filled it in. Also, I think they should run the school (10) .......................... and
make it a lot cheaper.
2
Question tags
A AS 1.1 Write the question tags at the end of the sentences, then check with Grammar
Links (Megerősítő kérdés 1) on page 120. Then listen to the sentences. Imitate the
intonation.
This water is too cold for swimming, ....................?
They shouldn’t fight all the time, ....................?
I’m your best friend, ....................?
We’re leaving now, ....................?
It wasn’t very hot last summer, .....................?
Jim hasn’t rung, ....................?
She can be really nice, ....................?
You make fun of everybody, ....................?
We had a good time at the party, ....................?
There isn’t anything to eat, ....................?
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Section 3
B What do people say in the pictures? Use a question tag for what A says in each picture.
Use the words in the brackets.
1
A: ............................................................................. ?
(nice party)
B: ...............................................................................
(great)
2
A: ............................................................................. ?
(not do shopping)
B: ...............................................................................
(sorry)
3
A: ............................................................................. ?
(not do shopping)
B: ...............................................................................
(in the car)
4
A: ............................................................................. ?
(have a good time)
B: ...............................................................................
(very good time)
5
A: ............................................................................. ?
(not lock the door)
B: ...............................................................................
(forget)
C Read the scenario and do the task. Then act out the situation with a partner.
Scenario
You are studying in England and you live with a host family. Your hosts act as your parents in
England. You want to go to a party at a friend’s house and the party will finish late, well after
midnight. Your hosts want you to be back home at 11 the latest.
Task
Plan a little “speech” to get them to let you stay as long as your friends. Use question tags to express
you are quite sure they will agree . Here are some facts:
• It is safer in a dark street if you are with friends. This is what your hosts always say.
• Three of your friends live in the same street as you. Your hosts know this.
• These friends can stay until 2 at the party and they will.
• The party is in Narrow Lane. It isn’t far away. Your hosts know this.
• If the four of you share a taxi, it won’t cost much.
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Unit 1
1
Word formation
A Complete the tables.
Noun
toughness
Adjective
Verb
tough
interest
weak
bore
art
like
sport
help
fun
worry
awe
act
boss
organise
Adjective
interesting
new
friend
B Fill in the gaps with words from the completed tables in A.
1 My best friend always gives me a hand if I need it. He is really ........................ .
2 Parents usually teach boys not to cry and not to be too gentle. That would be a ........................ .
3 People often call self-confident girls who give orders ........................ .
4 My cousin doesn’t even know how to register on a website. He’s a total ........................ .
5 If you walk around criticising people all the time, nobody will think you are ........................ .
6 Paola paints, draws, sings and dances. She is extremely ........................ .
2
Question tags
A Are the sentences in the grid right (✓) or wrong (✘)? Correct the wrong sentences. Check
your answers with Grammar Links on page 121. Then do the tasks there.
Sentence
✓/✘
1 You don’t like broccoli, don’t you?
✘
2 People shouldn’t take antibiotics without a
prescription, should they?
✓
Correction
You don’t like broccoli, do you?
3 Is this seat free, isn’t it?
4 You were at home last night, weren’t you?
5 Mandy’s got three children, hasn’t she?
6 Mum isn’t sleeping, does she?
7 The test will be difficult, won’t it?
8 You haven’t seen my mobile, haven’t you?
9 She has paid already, is she?
10 Let’s meet at six, shall we?
11 Tidy your room, will you?
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Section 4
B AS 1.4 Listen to the conversation. What do they say about these? Take notes. Why are
they talking about these things?
spider
leopard
holding your breath
cockroach
starfish
C Transform the questions into tag questions. Then
again
and check.
D listen
Look at
the Quiz
questions. Cross out
Then
listen
again
and
check.
the
answers
you
are
sure can’t be
1 Do people fear spiders more than death?
..........................................................
correct. Then tick the answers you
1
people
fear spiders
more
than
2 Do
Have
you always
wanted
a big
cat?death?
..........................................................
know
/ think are correct.
..............................................................
3 Don’t they stay babies?
2 Have you always wanted a big cat?
4 Will you help me with this quiz?
..............................................................
5 Can you kill yourself by holding your breath?
3 Don’t they stay babies?
6 Do you die if you don’t breathe?
..............................................................
7 Won’t a cockroach live nine days without its head?
4 Will you help me with this quiz?
8 Haven’t starfish got brains?
..............................................................
..........................................................
You
don’t fall into traps, do you?
1 ..........................................................
How long did The Hundred Years’ War last?
96 years / 100 years / 116 years
..........................................................
2 Which country makes
..........................................................
Panama hats?
..........................................................
Panama / Ecuador /
Thailand
..........................................................
3 In what month do Russians celebrate
D Look at the Quiz questions. Cross out the answers you
sure Revolution?
can’t be correct. Then tick
the are
October
5
you killyou
yourself
by/holding
yourcorrect.
breath?
theCan
answers
know
think are
September / October / November
..............................................................
4 The
You don’t fall into traps,
doCanary
you? Islands in the Atlantic
got
their
name from what animal?
6 Do
youdid
dieThe
if you
don’t Years’
breathe?
1 How
long
Hundred
War last?
4 The Canary Islands in the Atlantic
dogs
/ canaries
/ fishanimal?
got their
name
from what
96 years
/ 100 years / 116 years
..............................................................
5 What
was King
dogs
/ canaries
/ fishGeorge VI’s
country
makes
Panama
hats?
7 Won’t 2a Which
cockroach
live nine
days
without
first name?
5 What was King George VI’s
its head?Panama / Ecuador / Thailand
Albert / George / Henry
first name?
6 Where
are Chinese
Albert
/ George
/ Henry
3 In what
month do Russians celebrate the
..............................................................
gooseberries from?
October Revolution?
6 Where are Chinese gooseberries from?
8 Haven’t starfish got brains?
China / Hong Kong /
September / October / November
China / Hong Kong / New Zealand
New Zealand
..............................................................
7 How long did the Thirty Years’ War last?
7 How long did the Thirty Years’ War last?
29 years / 30 years / 32 years
29 years / 30 years / 32 years
E Discuss the questions with your partner. Use tag questions and reply questions if
appropriate, and remember to use the right intonation.
A: I have no idea about the Hundred Year’s War.
How long did it last?
B: I’m not sure. It was 100 years, wasn’t it?
A: No, that’s too easy … I think it was longer.
B: Was it? Then it lasted 116 years, didn’t it?
B: Panama doesn’t make Panama
hats, does it?
A: No, it doesn’t. I don’t think. Which
country then?
F Write some of the tagged questions you have asked. Compare with the key on page 141.
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Unit 1
Character and personality
active
['æktɪv]
tevékeny, aktív
She’s very active in the student council, isn’t she?
aggressive
[ə'ɡresɪv]
agresszív, erőszakos
Boys are often taught to be more aggressive than
girls.
artistic
[ɑː(r)'tɪstɪk]
művészi (adottsággal
rendelkező)
She can paint, draw, dance, sing and act. She’s
very artistic.
balanced
['bælənst]
kiegyensúlyozott
He is very rarely angry, nervous or sad. He is quite
balanced.
bossy
['bɒsi]
parancsolgató
calm
[kɑːm]
If you keep giving orders, people will think you are
bossy.
nyugodt
Stay calm and call the ambulance.
okos
Who is the cleverest student?
jó arc, jó fej
The guitarist looks really cool, doesn’t he?
clever
cool
['klevə(r)]
[kuːl]
creative
[kri'eɪtɪv]
kreatív
I like creative tasks.
dishonest
[dɪs'ɒnɪst]
becstelen, nem becsületes
If you cheat in tests, people will think that you are
dishonest.
easy-going
['iːzi 'ɡəʊiŋ]
laza, könnyed
My parents aren’t exactly easy-going. They always
find problems.
generous
['dʒenərəs]
nagylelkű, bőkezű
gentle
['dʒent(ə)l]
She has given away many of her things. She’s
extremely generous.
szelíd
He’s so gentle. He wouldn’t hurt a fly.
szorgalmas
Do you think that you are hard-working enough?
hard-working
helpful
[helpfl]
segítőkész
Attila always fixes my computer if there’s a
problem. He’s extremely helpful.
honest
['ɒnɪst]
becsületes, őszinte
kind
[kɑɪnd]
My father has taught me to be honest and never
to cheat.
kedves
Thanks a lot. You’re very kind.
late; be ~ for
[leit]
késő; elkésik
How many times have you been late for school
this term already?
lazy
['leɪzi]
lusta
likable
['laɪkəb(ə)l]
I’m not going to be lazy this term, I promise.
I want good marks.
szerethető, szeretetre méltó Some teachers don’t want to be likable, do they?
nerd
[nɜː(r)d]
stréber, számítógépőrült
Katie loves science and IT and hates parties. She’s
a real nerd.
nervous
['nɜːvəs]
ideges
newbie
['njuːbi]
Are you nervous about your election speech
tomorrow?
újonc, új fiú, pancser
It was easy to win the game. He’s a total newbie.
organised
['ɔːɡənaɪzd]
összeszedett, rendezett
She keeps her things in good order. She’s very
organised.
popular
['pɒpjʊlə(r)]
népszerű
sense of
humour
[sens əv
Is the president of the student council popular in
your school?
humorérzék
Joe has no sense of humour, has he? He never
laughs.
komoly
Are you serious or are you joking?
szégyenlős, félénk
She’s too shy to become a leader.
szigorú
Her parents are very strict, aren’t they?
beszédes, közlékeny
Boys can be just as talkative as girls, can’t they?
rendes, rendszerető
I don’t think teenage girls are tidier than teenage
boys. Do you?
talkative
'hjuːmə(r)]
['sɪəriəs]
[ ʃaɪ]
[strikt]
['tɔːkətɪv]
tidy
['taɪdi]
serious
shy
strict
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Word Focus
[tʌf ]
tough
unhelpful
untidy
[ʌn'helpf(ə)l]
[ʌn'taɪdi]
kemény, ellenálló
Girls can be rather tough, can’t they?
nem segítőkész
Unhelpful people don’t make good friends, do they?
rendetlen
She never finds things in her room. She’s so untidy.
Democracy
candidate
['kændɪdeɪt]
jelölt
Which candidate would you prefer to be the
president?
council;
student ~
['kaʊnsl]
önkormányzat;
diákönkormányzat
Have you ever been a member of the student
council?
választás, szavazás
Who won the election?
vezető
She is a born leader.
election
[ɪ'lekʃ(ə)n]
leader
['liːdə(r)]
leadership;
student ~
['liːdəʃɪp]
vezetés; diákönkormányzat
Are you happy with the student leadership in your
school?
president;
run for ~
['prezɪdənt]
elnök;
indul az ~ választáson
Would you like to run for president one day?
promise;
make a ~
['prɒmɪs]
ígér, ígéret;
ígéretet tesz
represent
[reprɪ'zent]
We need a new president. The one we have
now has broken all the promises he made in his
speeches.
képvisel
Who represents the interests of teenagers?
szavaz
I’m going to vote for the more serious candidate.
vote
[vəʊt]
Degree
degree;
to some degree ~
[dɪ'ɡriː]
mérték, fok;
bizonyos ~ben/~ig
I agree with you to some degree.
extremely
[ɪk'striːmli]
rendkívüli módon
rather
['rɑːðə(r)]
He’s extremely popular. Everybody wants to be
his friend.
meglehetősen
The actors looked rather nervous, didn’t they?
real; ~ly
[rɪːəl(i)]
igaz(i); igazán, valóban
He’s a real friend. He’s really helpful.
reasonably
['riːznəbli]
He’s reasonably generous. He likes to give
presents but he also likes to get some.
so
[səʊ]
viszonylag,
elfogadhatóan
olyan, annyira
Your parents are so kind to me.
unott, unatkozó
Her speech was very boring. Everybody was
bored.
bored
[ bɔːd]
['bɔːrɪŋ]
unalmas
fun
[fʌn]
['fʌni]
A: Did you have fun last night at the cinema?
B: Yeah, the film was very funny.
funny
mulatság, élvezetes
dolog/tevékenység
vicces
interested
['ɪntrəstɪd]
vmi iránt érdeklődő
I’m interested in politics. I think it’s very
interesting.
boring
interesting
quiet
quite
['ɪntrəstɪŋ]
érdekes
['kwaɪət]
csendes
[kwaɪt]
elég(gé), meglehetősen
She was quite quiet yesterday, wasn’t she?
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A RCHIVE
Unit 1
1
Polyglots
A What would you like to do well in English?
Tick your options and then compare in
a small group.
Read books
Surf the net
Watch films
Talk to people
Write internet posts
Translate
Write letters and emails
Interpret
Use it for work or study
Other (what?)
B Work in pairs. You’ll read a text about polyglots, people who can speak many languages.
Student A, read the text below. Student B, turn the book upside down and read the text
there. Tick the options you think are right. Sometimes more than one of the options may
be right. Then ask each other YES / NO questions to check.
Sir Charles Bowring was one of the greatest polyglots of all time. He knew 150 / 200 / 220
languages and spoke 100 of them. At least, this is what he said. He knew Hungarian well / badly,
for sure. He translated Hungarian literature into English first.
The famous English fantasy book writer, J. R. R. Tolkien could speak around 10 / 20 / 30
languages and also created some of his own. The two most developed of his languages were
Quenya and Sindarin.
The most famous Hungarian polyglot, Kató Lomb was one of the first female / simultaneous
interpreters in the world. She could interpret and translate in 16 foreign languages.
Present-day polyglot, Ziad Youssef Fazah says that he can speak, read and write 19 / 39 / 59
languages. However, he has failed a test in Finnish, Russian, Chinese, Persian, Hindi, and Greek.
The test was on Chilean TV, where he couldn’t understand some simple everyday phrases like
”What day of the week is it?” / “What is your name?”
And how do polyglots learn all those languages? Most of them do it on their own. Kató Lomb, for
example, learnt them mostly as she was reading books with / without a dictionary. She also wrote
for herself and spoke to herself in the language she was learning about her thoughts and what was
happening. She didn’t worry / often worried about mistakes or leaving out a word or two.
Sir Charles Bowring was one of the greatest polyglots of all time. He knew 200 languages and spoke
50 / 100 / 150 of them. At least, this is what he said. He knew Hungarian well, for sure. He translated
Hungarian literature / science into English first.
The famous English fantasy book writer, J. R. R. Tolkien could speak around 20 languages and
also created some of his own. The two most developed of his languages were Quenya / Sindarin /
Esperanto / Novial.
The most famous Hungarian polyglot, Kató Lomb was one of the first simultaneous interpreters in
the world. She could interpret and translate in 6 / 16 / 61 foreign languages.
Present-day polyglot, Ziad Youssef Fazah says that he can speak, read and write 59 languages.
However, he has failed a test in Finnish / Russian / Chinese / Persian / Hindi / Greek. The test was
on Chilean TV, where he couldn’t understand some simple everyday phrases like ”What day of the
week is it?”
And how do polyglots learn all those languages? Most of them do it on language courses / on
their own / in the country of the language. Kató Lomb, for example, learnt them mostly as she
was reading books without a dictionary. She also wrote for herself / for her teacher / to a friend
and spoke to herself / to a teacher / to a friend in the language she was learning about her
thoughts and what was happening. She didn’t worry about mistakes or leaving out a word or two.
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Archive
Unit 2
1
What a mess!
A Half of the class are As and the other half are Bs. Look at the picture. It is Zoe and Zack’s
room. They’re twins.
Students A, write sentences that answer this question: What can / can’t they do in
the room as it is now?
Students B, write sentences that answer this question: What should / shouldn’t they
do to make the room tidier?
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
B Now a student A and a student B swap sentences. Correct and add.
C Find a new partner with a different letter. You may want a boy-girl pair. Students who play
the part of Zoe (girl), read your role card here. Students who play the part of Zack (boy),
turn the book upside down and read your role card there. Then act out the situation.
Zoe
You want to go out as soon as possible because your friends are hanging out in the park. You don’t
want to miss out. You don’t mind the mess too much – you can always find everything. However,
you would like to do your homework at the desk, because it is very uncomfortable and slow to do
it on the floor. Anyway, Zack made most of the mess. You don’t like to play with Lego and you hate
to drink Pepsi Cola. So who left the Pepsi cup and the Lego pieces on the floor? But you really love
your brother, don’t you?
Start the conversation like this: “Zoe, can you help me to tidy the room, please?”
Zack
Your new girlfriend is arriving in about an hour. You want her to meet your sister. You would hate
to welcome her in this messy room. You can’t even sit on a chair or find a clean T-shirt! You want
to tidy up a bit right now. You would like Zoe to help you. She made at least half of the mess.
She loves to play with the board games and they are all on the floor! You would prefer to start
with the floor and the chairs. The desk can wait. You don’t want to do the homework with your
girlfriend, for sure.
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UPGRADE
Unit 1
1
Making a presentation
Global Student
Leadership
Conference
A Match topics a)-g) to the conference
presentations in the programme.
a) The quality of education now and
in the future
b) Helping students in a difficult situation
c) History of the Student Movement
d) The Student Movement in a given country
e) Students for the environment
f) Who can get education and how?
g) Difficulties of student unions working
together internationally
B Skim the extract from one of the speeches.
Which part of the programme is it?
Hello everybody. Thanks for coming.
(1) .............................. give you a first-hand
9:00 Access to Education
10:00 Background to the International Student
Movement
11:00 Coffee Break / Tea Time
11:20 Q&A– Challenges facing international
cooperation between student unions
12:10 Panel Discussion - Re-shaping Learning
and Teaching for the 21st century
13:00 Lunch
14.00 Progress of the Student Movement in
Chile
15.00 Greening society through students
16:00 Coffee Break / Tea Time
16:10 International solidarity of students
account of the student protests in Chile.
(2) .............................. (3) .............................., I’d like to give you some background information
about the reasons why the protests started. (4) .............................., I’ll tell you about the
protest methods we’ve used. (5) .............................., I’d like to compare these protests with the
Penguin Revolution, which was the name of the secondary students’ protests in 2006 in Chile.
(6) .............................., I’ll outline some future possibilities.
(7) .............................., let’s see why the protests started! There are two basic facts about Chile
that summarises it all: number one is that Chile has one of the greatest social differences in the
world, and number two is that higher education in Chile is the most expensive in the world ...
(8) .............................., the protest methods. All the protests have been totally non-violent ...
(9) .............................., so now let’s see how these may be similar to the protests of the Penguin
Revolution! Many think that the secondary students who headed the 2006 protests are heading the
protests as university students now ...
(10) .............................., what future do we hope for? Most of all, we’d like to see that education
makes social differences smaller, not bigger in Chile ...
(11) ............................... Do you have any questions?
C Fill in the gaps with the phrases in the box.
Now • That’s all I have to say. • Then • Finally 2x • This brings us to the second point •
My talk will be in four parts • First • In my talk, I’d like to • Thirdly • We have discussed
the protest methods
D Work on you own or with other students. Imagine that you are a presenter /presenters at
the Global Student Leadership Conference. Prepare and then give a presentation. Choose
one of these topics or a topic of your own.
• Student leadership in Hungary
• Students for better education
• Students for democracy and peace
• Students for the environment
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Upgrade
Unit 2
1
“Don’t have to” or “mustn’t”?
A Look at the pictures and tick the right options.
c)
b)
a)
You mustn’t / don’t have to
tell anyone.
d)
We mustn’t / don’t have to
tell anyone.
e)
We mustn’t / don’t have to
climb the stairs.
f)
We mustn’t / don’t have to
wake mum and dad.
We mustn’t / don’t have to wake
mum and dad just because of
breakfast. We can make it easily.
You mustn’t / don’t have to climb this tree.
B Put the verbs in brackets in the right form. Use “(not) have to” or “must (not)”.
An unemployed guy gets a new job at the zoo. He (1) ...................................... (dress up) in a gorilla
suit and pretend to be a gorilla. He feels really lucky that he (2) ............................... (clean) the cages.
On his first day on the job, the guy puts on the suit and goes into the cage. The people all cheer
when they see him. He starts really putting on a show, jumping around, beating his chest and
roaring. As he is jumping about, he loses his balance and crashes through the safety netting and
lands square in the middle of the lion’s cage! The lion roars. He’s terrified and starts screaming,
“Help, Help!” The lion races over to him, places his paws on his chest and quietly says, “You
(3) ......................... (speak) or we’ll both lose our jobs!”
2
Home rules
A What are your home rules? Write sentences about your home. Use “mustn’t” and “don’t have to”.
e.g. You mustn’t smoke in our flat.
You don’t have to take your shoes off.
........................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................
B Work in small groups. Compare your home rules. Whose rules sound the strictest and
whose sound the most easy-going? Where would it be easy for you to be a visitor?
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GRAMMAR
LINKS
UNIT 1, Section 1
Visszakérdezés (Reply questions)
•
A beszélgetés fenntartásának, a hallottakra való gyors reagálásnak az egyik módja, hogy
a hallottakhoz rövid kérdéssel kapcsolódunk. A rövid kérdéseket úgy formáljuk, hogy a hallott
mondathoz igazodóan egy eldöntendő (yes / no) kérdést kezdünk el, de nem mondjuk
végig.
A: My old maths teacher was extremely funny.
B: Was
he? (= Was he extremely funny?)
Segédige + alany
A: You shouldn’t cheat in tests.
B: Shouldn’t
I? (= Shouldn’t I cheat in tests?)
(Segédige+not) + alany
•
•
A rövid kérdésnek az érzelmi színezete változik a hanglejtéstől és egyéb metakommunikációs
eszköztől (gesztus, arckifejezés) függően. Kifejezhet unalmat / az érdeklődés hiányát, érdeklődést,
meglepettséget, csalódást és egyet nem értést, kritikát is. Gondolj arra, hogy hányféleképpen,
mennyi jelentéssel tudod egy magyar közlésre azt mondani: „Tényleg?”
További példák:
A: His younger sister is a real goody-goody.
B: Is she?
A: Kate can speak six languages.
B: Can she?
A: My girlfriend doesn’t talk to me.
B: Doesn’t she?
A: We swam across Balaton last summer.
B: Did you?
A: They aren’t going to help us.
B: Aren’t they?
A: I haven’t seen my brother for ages.
B: Haven’t you?
UNIT 1, Section 3
Megerősítő kérdés 1 (Question tags 1)
•
A megerősítő kérdések első fajtáját akkor
használjuk, ha meglehetősen biztosak
vagyunk abban, hogy amit gondolunk, az
úgy van, és beszédpartnerünk ugyanúgy
vélekedik, mint mi. Ebben az esetben nincs
információra szükségünk, tehát valójában
nem is kérdezünk, hanem inkább állítunk,
invitáljuk beszédpartnerünket, hogy aktívan
vegyen részt a beszélgetésben.
This water is too
cold for swimming,
isn’t it?
Yes, it’s
freezing!
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Grammar links
Ezeknek a mondatoknak olyan a szerkezete,
mint egy ceruzaelem, az egyik végén egy
pozitív, a másik végén egy negatív pólussal:
egy állító és egy tagadó résszel.
A mondatvégi rövid kérdés tehát ellentétes
előjelű, mint a fő mondat.
We’re leaving now,
Jim hasn’t rung,
aren’t we?
has he?
Ha az alap mondat állító, a rövid kérdés
tagadó.
Ha az alap mondat tagadó, a rövid kérdés állító.
Az alap mondat mindig kijelentő mondat egyenes szórenddel (alany + teljes igealak).
A rövid kérdés mindig kérdő mondat fordított szórenddel (segédige+alany).
•
Az ilyen típusú közlésre a legtermészetesebb válasz a kibővített egyetértés.
A: We had a good time at the party, didn’t we?
B: Yes, we did. It was a great party.
Mivel a második mondatfélben a kérdő forma
nem jelent ebben az esetben igazi tartalmi
kérdezést, a hanglejtés ereszkedő, vagyis
a hangunkat levisszük.
•
További példák:
There isn’t anything to eat, is there?
She can be really nice, can’t she?
They shouldn’t fight all the time, should they?
You make fun of everybody, don’t you?
Az egyetértés nem jelenti mindig azt,
hogy igent mondunk. Tagadó (negative)
mondatra a „no” jelent egyetértést.
A: It wasn’t very hot last summer, was it?
B: No, it wasn’t. I was wearing a jacket
most of the time.
A: It wasn’t very hot last summer, was it?
B: Yes, it was! I felt really hot all the time.
I’m your best friend, aren’t I?
I’m not your mum, am I?
UNIT 1, Section 4
Megerősítő kérdés 2 (Question tags 2)
•
A megerősítő kérdések másik használatakor valóban információra van szükségünk. Van egy
feltételezésünk, de nem vagyunk benne biztosak, hogy helyes-e. Az információkérő megerősítő
kérdéseket ugyanúgy képezzük, mint azokat, amelyekkel nem kérünk információt, hanem valójában
állítunk.
» GL Megerősítő kérdés 1, above
Egyetlen különbség van csak a két típus között: az intonáció. Hallgasd meg a különbséget! AS 1.2
Information
Information
1 You don’t like broccoli,
a) do you? ➚
b) do you? ➘
2 People shouldn’t take antibiotics without a prescription,
a) should they? ➚ b) should they? ➘
Ha nem kérünk információt, valójában nem kérdezünk, hanem állítunk, ezért levisszük a
hangunkat (ereszkedő hanglejtés) ➘.
Ha információra van szükségünk, valóban kérdést teszünk fel, ezért felvisszük a hangunkat
(emelkedő hanglejtés) ➚.
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