The EPA Says, “We`ve Only Just Begun” A-6

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The EPA Says, “We`ve Only Just Begun” A-6
M iners N ews
august | september 2013
MINING, AGGREGATE, & QUARRY NEWS YOU CAN TRUST
change Service Requested
Since 1985
The EPA Says, “We’ve Only Just
Begun” ... A-6
America’s Appetite for Organic Food
Preservatives Uses Coal ... A-20
Coal Mining Gives More to the Community
Than It Takes ... B-4
U.S. Tops 2013 Foreign Direct Investment
Confidence Index (FDICI) ... B-15
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Temporary power equipment ‘energizing’
mine operations, productivity
By: Steve Smart, Business Development Manager for Aggreko Canada
M iners n ews
MINING, AGGREGATE, & QUARRY NEWS YOU CAN TRUST
Since 1985
Published every other month
by W & W Publications, llc
in boise, idaho, u.s.a
since 1985
Domestic & International
Newspaper for the Mining
and Aggregates Industries
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Web site: www.minersnews.com
Phone: Toll Free (800) 624-7212
Phone: +1 (208) 658-0047
Fax: (208) 658-4901
Aggreko units powering mining operations in the cold weather conditions of Northern Canada.
Current mining operations require access to considerable energy resources.
For operations close to populated areas, this is no problem; the local power grid is
capable of providing the power needed. Remote operators, on the other hand, have
their own dedicated power generation facilities. These mining operations often have
just enough power for their existing needs, with little or no additional capacity to
support expansion or the addition of new mining processes or infrastructure.
Utility rental solutions provide a viable temporary solution for every stage of
a mine lifecycle until the grid or onsite power generation facilities are expanded in
an existing or new mining region. In many situations, these rental solutions help
an operator advance expansion plans and avoid unnecessary capital expenditures.
Further, rental solutions are flexible, scalable and customized to meet specific
customer needs, such as equipment winterization packaging for harsh weather
demands like those of northern Canada.
Mining operations in the remotest Canadian regions are realizing increased cost
savings and operational efficiencies that rental power solutions provide. For example,
a mine site located atop steep mountain terrain in Alberta was undergoing an
expansion which included a new underground coal mine. The mining company faced
a couple of significant challenges that were prohibiting their production timeline:
limited availability to power from the grid and the newly built transmission lines had
not yet been energized. In addition, the project site had a small footprint from which
to set-up additional operations and frigid working conditions of -49º Celsius/ -56º
Fahrenheit.
In order to meet set quotas, the mine elected to utilize temporary power to limit
downtime and drive forward operations. Six megawatts of cold-weather generators
were transported and installed by Aggreko Canada to run the customer’s electric
mining equipment, drills, conveyor, offices and shops. The temporary power enabled
the mine to quickly go into production, allowing the company to meet previouslymade customer commitments. Once the transmission lines were energized, the mine
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This example is one of many that showcase how rental power solutions resolve
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Aggreko Canada
Toll-Free: 877-937-3461
Web: www.aggreko.ca
A-4
August/September 2013 | #159 | www.minersnews.com
Publisher......................................Arnie Weber
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New Hyflex™ 11-200 Hi-Viz™ Sleeve From
Ansell Combines Unusual Comfort With
High Level Of Protection
Safety sleeve offers cut protection and abrasion resistance with longer
wear
Iselin, NJ, - Ansell, a global leader in protection solutions, announces the introduction of the
HyFlex 11-200 HI-VIZ sleeve, combining exceptional comfort with ANSI level 3 cut performance
and ANSI level 2 abrasion resistance for greater safety. The product's highly visible fluorescent
yellow color also helps keep workers safe in environments with poor light or in applications where
individuals work at a distance.
Featuring an anatomical and ergonomic design, the one-size HyFlex 11-200 sleeve provides an
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fixing system prevents roll down by attaching the safety sleeve to the worker's shirt.
"Though most applications that require level 3 cut protection or higher for the hand also require
arm or forearm protection, a number of arm and forearm products are available in the marketplace
offer little comfort, being too tight and hinder movement or roll down and expose the arm to injury."
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11-200 HI-VIZ sleeve not only addresses these comfort issues, but provides the proper best-inclass protection expected by Ansell."
The new HyFlex 11-200 HI-VIZ sleeve has a
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Recommended applications include body shops,
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For more information about Ansell HyFlex 11200 HI-VIZ sleeves or other protective apparel and
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Casa Berardi Expected
to Produce 125,000
to 130,000 Ounces of
Gold in 2013
COEUR D’ALENE, Idaho -- Hecla Mining
Company (NYSE:HL) has announced that its
acquisition of Aurizon Mines Ltd. is complete.
The acquisition brings to Hecla the Casa Berardi
mine, which is located in Quebec, Canada, and
is expected to produce 125,000 to 130,000
ounces of gold in 2013. With the ongoing shaft
deepening project and planned future open pit
development, the mine is expected to operate
for more than a decade. The acquisition also
brings several exploration and pre-development
projects located in Quebec that could potentially
generate future production growth.
“The Aurizon assets, together with Hecla’s
strong base of producing silver mines, create
a unique precious metals company, with three
long-life, high-grade, low-cost operations, all in
mining-friendly North American jurisdictions,”
said Phillips S. Baker, Jr., Hecla’s President and
Chief Executive Officer. “Importantly, we expect
to generate significantly higher precious metals
production, more cash flow and have a larger
reserve base that will continue to grow from
exploration of our very large land positions that
are near existing operations.”
“We welcome the Aurizon shareholders
and employees to Hecla, and look forward to
building this new, exciting company together,”
Mr. Baker added.
Under the terms of the transaction, which
is similar to a merger with a Hecla subsidiary
under U.S. law, Hecla acquired all of the
outstanding common shares of Aurizon for total
consideration of approximately CAD$514 million
and 56,997,790 shares of Hecla common stock.
With completion of the acquisition, Aurizon
shares are expected to be delisted from the
Toronto Stock Exchange with effect from the
close of trading on June 5, 2013, and the NYSE
MKT is expected to suspend trading in Aurizon
shares prior to the opening of the market today.
About Hecla Mining Company
Call for Papers
“Overcoming Northern Challenges”
Northern Latitudes Mining Reclamation Workshop &
Canadian Land Reclamation Association
September 9 – 12, 2013
The Northern Latitudes Mining Reclamation Workshop and the Canadian Land
Reclamation Association invite presentations, papers and posters on the subject
of reclamation, remediation and related topics, particularly in northern / severe
locations. Abstracts (up to 500 words) should be submitted by March 31st, 2-13 to
David Polster at [email protected] Authors of accepted papers, posters or
presentations will be notified by Arpil 30th, 2013. Full papers (up to 10 pages) are
required for all accepted paper abstracts by June 30th, 2013. Accepted posters
and presentations (pdf versions) should be provided to David Polster by August
31, 2013.
More details are available at http://www.clra.ca/.
Hecla Mining Company (NYSE:HL) is a
leading low-cost U.S. silver producer with
operating mines in Alaska and Idaho, and is a
growing gold producer with an operating mine
in Quebec, Canada. The Company also has
exploration and pre-development properties
in five world-class silver and gold mining
districts in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico, and
an exploration office and investments in earlystage silver exploration projects in Canada.
www.minersnews.com | #159 | August/September 2013
A-5
OPPORTUNITIES & OTHER VIEWS
COMMENTARY
A Commentary by Harold Hough
The EPA Says, “We’ve Only Just Begun”
Think that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is just focused on
solar energy and electric cars? No way. The EPA is planning an aggressive
environmental agenda for the next 3 ½ years of the Obama Administration.
We only have to look at the proposed regulatory agenda they released just
hours before everyone left for the Fourth of July weekend.
Obama has been reticent to talk about his economy breaking
environmental agenda. Legally, the White House is required to release a
unified regulatory agenda twice a year, in order to provide the American
people with an advance and accurate picture of what will probably be
costly and disruptive future regulations the government will be working to
enact. Usually, the administration obliges with these road maps in April and
then in October — but this is the Obama administration and they pretty
much do what they want, when they want. After completely skipping the
lawfully required spring regulatory agenda last year (in order to keep the
voters in the dark), they finally did produce one agenda for 2012 — in
December, the afternoon before everybody left town for Christmas.
Not wanting to change its pattern, they released their Spring 2013
report on the afternoon of July 3rd, as everyone was leaving town for the
4 day holiday weekend. And, anyone reading it can see why.
Of course, there were proposed regulations to regulate carbon emissions
and existing power plants. But, that was just the tip of the iceberg. The
EPA will be regulating everything from pollution runoff on military ships to
landfill methane emissions. This September, the Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) plans to propose rules for greenhouse gas emissions from
new power plants, and next June will issue draft rules for existing facilities.
Some of this borders on the ridiculous. The EPA wants to regulate the
pollution discharges from military ships, including drainage from onboard
photography labs, deck runoff from rain and seawater and foam used to
fight fires onboard.
REGULATING THE RUNOFF FROM FIGHTING FIRES ONBOARD A NAVY
SHIP! If we had regulations like at the battles of Midway or the Coral Sea,
we would be speaking Japanese and wearing kimonos. Only the Obama
Administration would be willing to let an aircraft carrier with 5,000 souls
sink to save Charlie the Tuna.
That’s not all. Other rules planned to be proposed in coming months
would regulate new refrigerants used in automobile air conditioners,
update 29-year-old standards for grain elevators, and renew an effort to
change disposals of pharmaceuticals that are considered hazardous waste.
Just as big a problem is the Obama Administration’s attempt to
circumvent the law and regulate under the radar. Not only are these
reports not forthcoming (only one instead of two in 2012), they are
habitually late and released on the afternoons before holidays in order to
hide much of their impact. It also limits the feedback that industry and
consumers can make before the regulations are promulgated.
If there is one silver lining to this, it is the inability of the EPA bureaucracy
to publish its rules on schedule. The EPA has long delayed regulations on
the ash from coal power plants. Since 2007, the EPA has been working
to regulate the waste, but so far has failed to issue much beyond a 2010
proposal. This report shows no real progress in the EPA’s issuance of the
rule and does not list a date for the rule’s expected finalization. There
should be a public notice in August, but the content is unknown and given
the EPA’s work habits, they will probably be late. So much for Obama’s
statement that the administration has an, “aggressive management
agenda that delivers a smarter, more innovative and more accountable
government for its citizens.”
It would be nice to think that these regulations will never see the light
of day. However, rest assured that they will be in place by January 20,
2017, Obama’s last day in office.
This brings us to the 2014 elections, which are only a year away. Probusiness candidates are needed to help the Republicans retain the House
and win the Senate. Only in that manner can America stop a raft of antibusiness regulations from taking effect and hurting an already fragile
economy.
arold Hough has been writing about precious metals and mining for the past fifteen years. He is the author of three books, including Satellite Surveillance that was named one of the Outstanding
Academic Books of 1993. After graduating from Anderson University with a degree in Economics and serving in the Navy, he worked as an economist for two Fortune 500 companies. He now writes
H
full time for the Miners News.
HOW DO YOU GET MORE OUT
OF YOUR MINE?
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A-6
August/September 2013 | #159 | www.minersnews.com
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www.minersnews.com | #159 | August/September 2013
A-7
CANADIAN STOCK EXCHANGES
CANADIAN STOCK EXCHANGES
august / september 2013
There is Real Uranium Buzz in Saskatchewan
By Ed Schiller
For those of you who have been following my uranium tales from
Saskatchewan will have observed that Alpha Minerals Inc (AMW-TSX-V) and
Fission Uranium Corp (FCU-TSX-V) have moved up nicely as July comes to an end.
The rise in stock prices was due to the release of partial results of their first hole
in the summer drill program, hole PLS 13-072 that returned a broad 85.5 meter
interval (62.0 to 147.5) of variably radioactive mineralization including a 18.93
meters of off-scale (greater than 9,999 counts per second – cps) in numerous
narrow intervals throughout. This summer program amounts to a $6.95 million,
11,000 m of drilling and ground geophysical surveys on the very prospective
South Patterson Lake South property. AMW showed a lot of strength in late July
trading up to $5.60,
up from under five dollars earlier and FCU showed a similar pattern by moving
up to $1.05, up from under 90 cents earlier. BREAKING NEWS - as we went
to press the two companies announced on July 29 some more impressive drill
results on hole 073 and 075 one of which hit 21.65 meters total “off scale”
radioactivity within 70 meters of mineralization at R390E Zone. The AMW stock
on the 29th rose to $5.80 on these positive results and then backed off to $5.40.
Profit taking took place as did Fission (closing at 97 cents on July 31), but the
market still recognized this exceptional project with good daily volumes. The
prognosis is if you are a believer hang in there and for those looking for easy
money, exit is easy with the volumes trading.
higher-grade domain. Wheeler River lies between
the McArthur River mine and Key Lake mill complex
in the hosting Athabasca basin on its eastern edge.
Denison has four other on-going exploration programs
in the basin in various stages of execution. The stock
in late July traded around $1.30 up from earlier $1.25
levels. Denison was involved in a Fission Minerals take
over after which Fission became Fission Uranium and
retained their South Patterson Lake project.
Neighbour Azincourt Uranium Inc. (AAZ-TSX-V) who recently signed a jointventure agreement with Fission on a 274-sq.km property adjacent to Patterson
Lake to the north has generated a lot of interest with a forthcoming geophysical
and drill program in the making. AAZ stock has strengthened from 15 cents in
May to 24 cents and has responded favourably with the AMW/FCU results.
As summer begins to wind down uranium exploration in northern
Saskatchewan is winding up and we can expect some encouraging results from
the above programs. There seems to be an element of optimism in worldwide
nuclear usage and for new demands of radioactive fuel in the future.
Long time Saskatchewan uranium miner and explorer Denison Mines Corp
(DML-TSX-V) received some encouragement from their Wheeler River project
along the western margin of the Phoenix A deposit in reporting a 10.3 meter of
43.2 % triuranium octoxide equivalent (eU308). Like the Alpha/Fission reported
intersection these are down-hole radioactive responses to a scintillometer
measuring device used as a first pass in measuring radioactivity in open drill
holes. The Dension drill program this summer is part of 23 hole program designed
to evaluate possible high-grade extensions outside of a previously drilled
Another nearby explorer Forum Uranium Corp
(FDC-TSX-V) completed an electromagnetic and
magnetic survey on its 100% owned Clearwater project on the claim boundary
immediately southwest of the Alpha/Fission Patterson Lake South (PSL) uranium
discovery. Preliminary results confirm that the conductive trend from PSL extends
onto the Forum property that warrants a follow-up ground geophysical survey
and detailed surface prospecting. Earlier Alpha/Fission had discovered many
uranium mineralized boulders on their property which proved to be important
in delineating in-place uranium mineralization confirmed by drill holes. Forum
stock trades near the mid-thirty range and has traded recently a little lower and
a little higher.
Switching to diamonds it is encouraging to see Stornoway Diamond Corp
(SWY-TSX-V) has received a positive environmental assessment decision for its
Renard Diamond project in the James Bay region. Quebec. The company now
has all of the major Quebec and federal government permits needed to begin
construction. New resource diamond estimates are - a total indicated of 27.1
million carats, a total inferred of 16.9 million carats and a potential of between
25.7 and 47.8 million carats. The stock has traded in the mid-fifty cent range
much of this year.
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A-8
August/September 2013 | #159 | www.minersnews.com
Ed Schiller is a consulting
geologist. He can be reached at Box
28048 R.P.O., E. Kelowna, B.C.
Canada V1W 4A6. Or via email at:
[email protected]
Mr. Schiller writes for several
national and international business
and resource magazines. Opinions
expressed are those of Mr. Schiller
and do not necessarily reflect those of
the management of the Miners News.
Seam by seam, we drive
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For over 96 years, miners throughout the Intermountain West have put their faith
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www.minersnews.com | #159 | August/September 2013
A-9
DOMESTIC MINING
DOMESTIC MINING
Cloud Peak Energy Tackles Cheatgrass in Reclamation
By Harold Hough
It might seem that in the big picture of mine reclamation the type of grass
used to reseed reclaimed land is only a small part. That, however, is not the case
in the Great Basin and Cloud Peak Energy’s Antelope Mine is at the forefront of
a war against a major invasive grass – cheatgrass.
In June, Cloud Peak Energy’s Antelope Mine, located near Douglas, Wyoming,
received the prestigious 2013 State of Wyoming Reclamation Award from the
Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality, Land Quality Division. The
reclamation award was received for the controlling cheatgrass. The Antelope
Mine restored 400 acres of reclaimed mining areas dominated by cheatgrass to
native plant communities.
Ranchers, farmers, and biologists have been fighting a losing battle against
cheatgrass for over 100 years. It came from the Russian steppes and was first
found in the US about the time of the Civil War. It moved west, often in bags of
grain and has slowly crowded out native grasses in the Great Basin and West.
Although cheatgrass has some nutritional value, it is disliked by farmers,
ranchers, and biologists alike. First, it has a dense root system that crowds out
and chokes other native grasses. Second, it can germinate either in the fall or
spring, which doubles its chances during droughts. Third, it can destroy the
native ecosystem and wildlife, while making it hard to graze cattle. Forth, cattle
prefer natural species for food.
The major problem is that cheatgrass grows and dies quickly. By dying
early in the growing season, it dries out and becomes a threat for wildfires.
Grassland that has native grasses is usually liable to be overrun once every 35
– 40 years by wildfire. Cheatgrass lowers that number to 5 years and prevents
the reestablishment of the native ecosystem before the next fire. It also makes
it that much easier for the next generation of cheatgrass to establish itself over
native plants.
Cheatgrass also cheats the local wildlife nutritionally. The natural mix of
native grasses grows throughout the growing season and provides wildlife with
a constant source of food. Cheatgrass dies earlier, leaving wildlife without food.
Given the hardiness of cheatgrass, it wasn’t an easy task for the Antelope
Mine to destroy it and revegetate its lands with native species. It required a
combination of animal husbandry and reseeding to accomplish it.
Although overgrazing did originally contribute to the growth of cheatgrass
in the West, merely getting rid of the cattle will not help. In fact, studies show
that reduced grazing will actually help the cheatgrass because it will leave more
dead, uneaten grass and encourage more wildfires – which will give cheatgrass
a greater foothold.
The key has been to increase the number of native grasses so that the
cheatgrass doesn’t develop the critical mass that allows it to take over. This is
what the Antelope Mine has done. They focused on planting grasses that are
more resistant to cheatgrass invasion than others.
A key to successful reclamation that inhibits cheatgrass is buying higher
quality seed that is less likely to have cheatgrass seeds in it to begin with.
When buying seed, mines must pay attention to “Pure Live Seed” (PLS). This
is a measure used by the seed industry to describe the purity and percentage
of seed that will germinate from that product. For instance, a seed product
that is only 75% pure and only has a 60% germination factor has a PLS of 45%
while a product with a 95% purity and 80% germination will have a 76% PLS.
That means that if former product costs $3 a pound and the latter product costs
$4.50, the latter product is still the better buy. This purity is critical because the
seed can contain cheatgrass seeds, which will take over and choke the grasses
the mine is trying to grow.
Carrying out the reclamation at the right time was also critical for the
Antelope Mine. Cheatgrass is most vulnerable in the spring, so this is the best
time to try to destroy it and reclaim the ground with native grasses.
Despite the Antelope Mine’s successes, cheatgrass still remains a major
threat to the Great Basin grasslands. One technique that is being considered by
scientists is a fungus that specifically targets cheatgrass. It also attacks during
the spring when the grass is most vulnerable and allows the reintroduction of
native species which start germination a bit later. Other molds may also fight
cheatgrass at other times of the year.
However, at the moment, the work done by the Antelope Mine and Cloud
Peak Energy has set the standard for controlling cheatgrass and reintroducing
native grasses to the Great Basin.
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A-10
August/September 2013 | #159 | www.minersnews.com
H-E Parts International Acquires Morgan,
a Leader in Brake Technology
Acquisition Makes H-E Parts The Clear Alternative Supplier For Global
Mining Customers
ATLANTA, GEORGIA, USA – H-E Parts International (HEPI), a global leader in the manufacturing,
servicing and marketing of aftermarket parts and components for mining, crushing and heavy
construction equipment, announces the acquisition of The Morgan Group, a major manufacturer and
supplier of dry friction products, brake reconditioning services and high quality replacement parts.
Morgan is an 80-year old company servicing the mining, oil & gas, and construction industries with
well-established local networks and strategic distribution centers in Western Canada, the U.S. as
well as Chile and Peru. The Morgan acquisition secures H-E Parts presence in some of the largest
mining markets in the Americas and provides a strong distribution platform for H-E Parts Mining™
Crown® and Birrana® product lines in these markets.
“The Morgan Group is a natural and strategic complement to the H-E Parts family of companies,”
says JP Richard, CEO and founder of H-E Parts. “Morgan has experienced impressive growth in
the recent years. It is my belief that this acquisition offers HEPI immediate access to new markets
and technologies as we continue our commitment to becoming the leading global alternative of
aftermarket parts and solutions.”
H-E Parts will utilize Morgan’s well-established distribution networks in Canada, Chile and Peru to
deliver end-to-end parts and remanufacturing services to the miners. “Joining the H-E Parts family
opens up tremendous opportunities to the Morgan Group,” says Roger Robillard, CEO of Morgan.
“It will allow Morgan to provide its customers a whole new range of products and services not
previously available.”
Michael Coffey, COO Americas, H-E Parts says, “The combined H-E Parts and Morgan groups
will greatly enhance the value we bring to our customers. The acquisition combines best in class
product innovations with unparalleled customer service and global access. Both companies have
the same mission: to save our customers money while extending the life of their assets.”
About H-E Parts International
H-E Parts International has grown to become the largest independent global supplier of
aftermarket parts and components serving the mining, heavy construction and energy sectors. H-E
Parts is the result of the combination of several highly successful and complementary aftermarket
parts and service companies, able to leverage each other’s technologies and customers on a global
basis. More information, visit http://www.h-epartsinternational.com.
About The Morgan Group
Canadian owned and managed Morgan services the mining, oil & gas, construction and forestry
sectors as a manufacturer of specialty dry friction products and brake reconditioning services.
Morgan supplies an extensive range of products and services as well as superior repair services for
components in Canada, Chile, Peru and the United States.
Chrome Alloy Overlayed Pins by HardSteel overlayed (clad) with high grade, chrome alloy tool steel. After multiple
passes of our HSP tool steel alloy are applied, final machining is done
When asking customers about the worst wear problems that they to match each customer's drawings and/or specifications. Only after
would like to find solutions for, pins and gudgeons are high on every final inspection, each HardSteel pin will be shipped and placed into
list. Wear is constant. Replacement is expensive - parts, labor and lost service.
production. Part failure can damage or destroy machine components
HardSteel can provide pins and gudgeons up to 60" long in diameters
completely.
from 2" to 12". These pins can be used in any industry for buckets,
Many OEMs and aftermarket vendors have attempted to solve the shovels, backhoes, or excavators. They can be used as track pins or
problem with induction-hardened pins. Though better than standard sheave pins.
carbon steel pins, this technology is NOT the best solution. HardSteel
Give us a shout at [email protected] or call us at 205.343.9100 to
offers chrome alloy overlayed pins.
ask about this new product!
We start with Astralloy VTM shafting. This assures our customers
Please give HardSteel a chance to prove that we are big enough
that the base material for our pins has excellent tensile strength and
to
handle every customer’s needs and small enough to maintain a
maintains that strength. HardSteel pins will not use the "wanna-be"
personal relationship with those customers.
materials some of our competitors are turning to.
These high strengths blanks will be undercut at the wear areas and
Abrasion never quits. Neither does HardSteel.
www.minersnews.com | #159 | August/September 2013
A-11
Introducing Agru GeoClay™
ECRS
Engineered Casting Repair Service, Inc.
Engineering Affiliate of
METALOCK® CORPORATION
Analysis and Repair of Cracked and Eroded
Ball and SAG Mill Trunnions, and Heads
Phone: 225-791-8900 Fax: 225-791-8965
www.casting-repairs.com
email: [email protected]
You Know It’s Cracked- How Do You Fix It?
Agru GeoClay™ is a reinforced needle-punched Geosynthetic
Clay Liner (GCL) comprised of a uniform layer of granular
bentonite, encapsulated between two nonwoven geotextiles.
These products are intended for moderate to steep slopes
and moderate to high load
applications, where increased
internal shear strength is
required.
Features of Agru GeoClay™
include:
• 19'+ wide, the widest in the
industry.
Fewer rolls to handle (20%
reduction in seams).
• Hydraulically superior to several feet of 1x10-7 cm/sec
compacted clay.
Additional airspace, reduction of carbon footprint.
• High internal and interface shear strength interface for slope
stability.
• One truckload covers 3/4 of an acre.
• Natural sodium bentonite is self-healing and self-sealing.
Mining Engineers and Contractors
• Bentonite is compatible with typical MSW leachates and
mining solutions.
• Compatibility can be established with other waste streams.
Site specific testing is always recommended.
• Agru GeoClay™ is installed more efficiently than traditional
compacted clay layers.
• Reduced CQA time and testing costs.
Agru GeoClay™ applications include:
Primary or secondary containment in composite landfill cells
and closures, mining leach pads, tailing impoundments and
reclamation, and pond and lagoon application.
For more info please contact Agru America, Inc. at 800-3732478, or visit www.agruamerica.com.
Irrigation Solutions
FOR EXTREME ENVIRONMENTS
DUST SUPPRESSION
Big Gun® Sprinklers
800 Series Control Valves
The rugged durability of Nelson Big Gun® Sprinklers
makes them a favorite for mining dust suppression.
Big Guns are preferred because of the ability to move
a large amount of water in a short time. The large
nozzle is less likely to plug and filtration requirements
are minimal. All bearings on the gun are sealed ball
bearings. Various trajectories and special features
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A-12
August/September 2013 | #159 | www.minersnews.com
Embroidery To Meet Your Needs!
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Uranium Mining Begins at Lost Creek
in Southwest Wyoming
Wyoming's newest uranium mine is up and running.
Littleton, Colo.-based Ur-Energy Inc. has announced that production at its Lost Creek
mine in southwestern Wyoming began after it received a final approval from the U.S.
Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
The mine has been in the works for eight years. The opening comes three months after
Cheyenne-based Cameco Resources opened the North Butte uranium mine in Campbell
County.
Sixty full-time employees are working at Lost Creek, and there are plans to add 40
contract workers. Ur-Energy says it has long-term contracts to sell the uranium to several
U.S.-based nuclear utility companies.
Wyoming produces more uranium than any other state — about 1.6 million pounds a
year, or close to one-third of all U.S. production.
(480) 824-7100
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Casper-based Uranerz Energy Corp. also plans to open a new uranium mine in Wyoming.
Cameco, a subsidiary of one of the world's largest uranium producers, also intends to add
three satellite mines in the area of its Crow Butte Mine near Crawford in western Nebraska.
In Wyoming, it plans to develop another satellite mine near Smith Ranch-Highlands and a
new mine in the Gas Hills area about 60 miles west of Casper.
Visit www.ur-energy.com.
$20,000 donation
boosts CTC program
CONTACT: Karen Wilken, 907-455-2833
[email protected]
The University of Alaska Fairbanks
Community and Technical College's diesel/
heavy equipment program received a major
economic boost when NC Machinery donated
$10,000 to the program. The national
Caterpillar Foundation matched the gift,
bringing the total donation to $20,000.
Specializing in UNDERGROUND PERSONNEL
TRANSPORTATION and CUSTOM BUILT MINING SOLUTIONS
Compressed Air • Tool Storage
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“We recognize the diesel technology
program at CTC as an outstanding training
ground for students. We know that this money
will be used well to further the education of
students,” said Don Linn, vice president of
product support for NC Machinery.
®
The money will provide two types of
support for the program: $5,000 will be used
for scholarships for diesel students and the
remainder will purchase equipment and
parts for an ongoing teaching project using
a Caterpillar D10 dozer that was recently
donated to the program by Kinross Ft. Knox.
“We appreciate this generous contribution to
our program,” said Brian Rencher, diesel/heavy
equipment program head. “Our students will
benefit tremendously from this partnership.”
NC Machinery has sponsored four schools
through the national Caterpillar Foundation.
UAF CTC is the latest donation from the
Washington-based company.
Maintenence Unit • Tool Storage
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9151_NoNVEQUP_MarMQ.indd 1
4/16/13 12:49 PM
www.minersnews.com | #159 | August/September 2013
A-13
SAFETY ZONE
Should Heavy Equipment Manufacturers Eliminate
Human Error By Eliminating the Human Operator?
SAFETY ZONE
ZONE
By Harold Hough
Heavy equipment remains one of the biggest safety issues around
a mine. It doesn’t take a safety expert to know that combining tons of
metal, thousands of horsepower, and an all too human operator will cause
accidents – frequently fatal ones.
That’s why heavy equipment manufacturers focus on safety as much as
lowering the cost per ton of material moved. Just one fatal accident can
cost a mine more than the cost one large piece of equipment.
For some, the best way to eliminate human error is to eliminate the
human. This explains why there has been such a push for automated
equipment in the mining industry. An automated vehicle means an
operator isn’t around the equipment, which lessens the chance for falls or
other accidents.
Safety is also enhanced by moving the human out of the loop. Operators
get tired, haphazard, and bored; leading to many of the accidents on site.
Computers and sensors do not get bored or lose concentration, which
means that the chances of an accident are lessened. Of course, computers
and sensors do fail, but software can shut the equipment down if there is
any failure.
Another advantage to automated equipment is that an operation can
maximize its output and increase efficiency. While human equipment
operators might be tempted to cheat when it comes to running the
equipment in the most efficient manner, a computer will carry out each
maneuver precisely for as long as the mine desires. There will be no loss
of efficiency as the shift comes to an end.
Automated equipment will also eliminate the discontinuities caused
by bringing new workers in at the beginning of a shift. Unlike normal
operations where work slows down as the shift nears an end and then
slowly picks up as the new shift gets into the routine, there is no loss of
efficiency with automation. Automated trucks can continue their routine
of moving from the mine face to the crusher without interruption.
But, is eliminating the operator the only way to make heavy equipment
safer?
Monitoring Fatigue
There is also a way to keep the operator and eliminate some of the
safety concerns. Caterpillar Global Mining has entered into an alliance
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agreement with Seeing Machines Limited to deliver and support operator
fatigue monitoring technology through Cat Dealers. Seeing Machines,
headquartered in Canberra, Australia, has developed fatigue monitoring
systems using patented eye and head tracking technology to detect
operator fatigue and distraction and to alert the mine controller and the
machine operator. This helps to eliminate the human error while keeping
the human in the loop.
Seeing Machines keeps the operator in the loop, but monitors them for
signs of fatigue. Many mines are 24/7 operations, but man is a daytime
creature. Our bodies are designed to function in tune with the circadian
cycle, the 24 hour pattern of day and night. Our bodies want to be awake
during the day and they want to sleep at night. Even with large doses of
caffeine, the body still exhibits the signs of drowsiness and operator error
increases.
The Driver Safety Equipment is designed to look beyond the obvious
and monitors those minor signs that mean that an operator is too fatigued
to work safely. The system continuously measures operator eye and eyelid
behavior to determine the onset of fatigue and micro sleeps and delivers
real-time detection and alerts, yet the operator is not required to wear
any special equipment. In fact, the process is totally transparent to the
operator.
Detecting operator fatigue does more than reduce operator error. It’s
also beneficial to the operator himself. Not only does sleep deprivation
cause cognitive problems, it has been found to be the root of many other
physiological problems. A study 8 years ago showed that people who get
less sleep are more likely to get Type 2 diabetes. Studies show that wounds
take longer to heal when one gets less sleep. A lack of sleep can also
suppress one’s immune system. Consequently, detecting a sleep problem
not only lowers operator caused accidents, it allows the mine to isolate
sleeping problems early and help their employees remain healthier.
Seeing Machines’ Driver Safety System (DSS), is already commercially
available on mining trucks. It is currently being used at more than 20 mine
sites and on 1,500 vehicles.
So, the question remains; human operators or computer operators?
The jury is still out.
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A-14
August/September 2013 | #159 | www.minersnews.com
Groundhog Mining & Milling
Montana company provides full range
of mining services
By Gloria Taylor
Ask Nathan Hunt, projects manager for Groundhog Mining & Milling Co., LLC, what
distinguishes his exploration and mining services company, and he is quick to point to the
company’s wide range of services, expertise and experience in the precious and industrial
metals markets.
“We consider ourselves a full tilt mine service company,” declares Hunt.
The nine-year-old, family-owned and operated business provides a full range of technical,
exploration, and mining services to companies throughout the Western United States
and Alaska. Technical services include property evaluation, environmental management,
mining engineering and planning, feasibility, MSHA compliance and permitting.
“For a smaller scale mine, anywhere from five to 50 people, we can take a project
from concept to completion, starting with feasibility studies, then work into permitting and
exploration. We aren’t geologists, but we are fully qualified and equipped as a core drilling
contractor. Then, we can move into more of a development and production phase,” says
Hunt.
“Our main focus is our mine contracting division, as we specialize in the rehabilitation
and development of new and historic underground mines,” he continues.
The versatile company will set up and construct surface infrastructure such as labs,
shops and mills and conduct or manage all excavation work.
Small when compared with many large contractors, Groundhog Mining & Milling is
nevertheless very big in the realm of being affordable, professional and experienced. “We
don’t succeed in our work if the clients aren’t happy, and we don’t know of many of those!”
emphasizes Hunt.
Client companies that want to explore, expand or develop their mineral interests can
count on Groundhog Mining & Milling to provide project-scale capabilities in engineering,
construction, mining, reclamation, and project management.
The company is equipped to conduct specific field services that include surveying,
locating and staking claims, sampling, and environmental baseline programs.
Nathan, who owns the company with his father Delbert Hunt, is proud of the company’s
ability to mobilize quickly thanks to the highly qualified staff, which include experienced
mining engineers and engineering manager Rick Dale (also a Montana mining native).
“We’re very broad experience-wise, in all facets of the work when it comes to the
technical side of things.”
Custom steel and timber sets installed at the Rescue Mine in Warren, Idaho.
New portal rail, ties, and dump at the Rescue Mine.
Timber repair at the Galena mine in Wallace, Idaho.
Permitting can be a challenging part of setting up a mine site, and navigating through
state and federal bureaucracy can be daunting. Groundhog Mining & Milling has worked
Ph: (406) 439-5362 • PO Box 1467 Dillon, MT 59725
[email protected] • www.groundhogmining.com
www.groundhogmining.com
• New Mine Development
• Mine Rehab
• Mine & Plant Design
• Site Management
• Exploration Core Drilling
• Geophysical Services
• Exploration Management
• Mining Engineering &
Design
• Permitting
• Claim Staking
• Cost Evaluation
• Reclamation
• Equipment Purchasing
& Sales
• Portable Assay Labs
with authorities for years to obtain permits, giving the company the experience to expedite
this process.
Meantime, rehabilitating mine sites has also become a major and specialized area of
work for the company, which it has done “100 percent safely” over the years.
Because of its solid work and reputation, Groundhog Mining & Milling has earned
an exemplary position in the mining industry and with the agencies that regulate the
sector. Mine Safety and Health is one such federal agency. The agency registers, monitors
and enforces the safety of each mining company, and Hunt is proud of his company’s
outstanding safety record.
Extremely important to client companies is Groundhog Mining & Milling’s ethical
practices, including its commitment to confidentiality.
“We are not one of the good ‘ol boys, in the sense that we don’t take confidential
information and tell everyone about it. In fact, we have been hired many times because of
our confidentiality. We are honest, and we are proud of the work that we do,” says Hunt.
Hunt describes himself as a fourth-generation mining engineer and part of the Hand
family, a “mining legacy” family in Montana.
The company also buys, sells and rebuilds all types of mine equipment including LHDs,
jumbos, jacklegs and slushers. It carries a large inventory for sale or rent—and if it doesn’t
have a piece of equipment, there is a “good chance” they can locate it within a reasonable
time frame, says Hunt, who encourages inquiries from those in the industry.
Even more exciting is the fact that Groundhog Mining isn’t just a mining and exploration
contractor. The mining company is developing its own projects in southwest Montana.
“We aren’t interested in pushing projects that are designed only to encourage investor
money, but we are interested in promoting projects that have a high potential to be
profitable ventures,” emphasizes Hunt.
“We always have good projects and are always looking to ‘joint venture’ or partner up
with interested investors,” he adds.
For more information or to discuss projects further with Nathan Hunt or Rick Dale,
please go to www.Groundhogmining.com for contact information.
Groundhog Mining projects include:
• The Argenta Copper Porphyry, otherwise known as the “Hand Mine”, has
historically been a high-grade lead and gold producer.
• The Groundhog Group Gold Project is currently in the exploration and permitting
phases.
• Two other projects, one underground and one surface heap leach, are both
nearing “production capable” status.
Previously published in the 2013 Montana Mining, official publication of the
Montana Mining Association as produced by DEL Communications Inc.
Reprinted with permission from DEL Communications Inc. Online: www.delcommunications.com
www.minersnews.com | #159 | August/September 2013
A-15
MINING AFFAIRS FORUM
Enviro
Extremism
and
Myths
Associated
With
It
By Ken Thornberg
Ask a friend or associate, “Can you explain ‘Cap and Trade’ and the answer
would probably surprise you. Actually, they probably will not have an answer
except for a blank glare. What is alarming is that this proposed socialist scheme
carries with it the future of our economy, and possibly our nation, as we have
known it. What “cap and trade” really mans is government control of an everdiminishing energy supply and the rationing that must accompany any restrictive
policy implemented.
Cap and Trade came as a spin-off of the global warming hysteria from the UN’s
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. And since Congress has not given
in totally to this hysteria, proponents of it have tried the back door approach to
control and environ-mental extremism within this proposed policy. The general
trend of planetary warming has been going on since the end of the Little Ice Age
about 150 years ago, proving there is no connection between CO2 and increasing
temperature—except in that increases of CO2 levels in the atmosphere follow
temperature increase on Earth because the oceans warm and outgas CO2.
When and if Congress approves this ridiculous policy, and it is getting
dangerously close, it would be most devastating to the poor in developing
countries who are already living on the brink of poverty. When access to energy
in a society is limited, it is the disenfranchised that suffer the most. In past
columns, I have outlined more details and spoken of the thousands of dollars
each family would end up paying annually for the right to continue living as we
do now.
Extremists Falter
First on our list of alarmists is Al Gore, whose book Inconvenient Truths
was found to have nine significant errors according to Britain’s High Court, not
just from some upset conservative grandmother. The result is a book whose
conclusions are all based upon deliberate false data. In another example of
self-condemnation, a member of Plane Truth promotes shutting down air travel
because of a belief that CO2 emissions from aircraft are going to cause the planet
to become uninhabitable from skyrocketing temperatures. Unfortunately, this
man forgot to note that Earth’s temperatures have actually been decreasing
during the past several years to record lows (in spite of some high ridge weather
patterns the summer of 2013). This data came from satellite temperature
readings and underwater ocean monitors. There is no word from Al Gore about
stopping air travel, probably because he continues to fly around on his private jet
from one “green” function to another.
DDT
One of the main issues being bantered around is the use of the insecticide
DDT. But just what has the effects been of banning this insecticide? How many
know that malaria was almost 100% eliminated by the use of DDT but then
resurged when the EPA banned it and its exportation? The EPA then demanded
that other countries adopt the same policy, thus leading to millions of deaths
from malaria (the WHO estimates a million deaths per year). Another fact that
our citizenry does not know is that DDT is harmless to both humans and animals,
including birds! Were you aware of that?
MINING AFFAIRS FORUM
The Myths of the Environmental Movement
Based upon poor science and the public’s laziness
in investigating truth, this movement has grown with
the help of the following myths:
• Overpopulation: Word population growth is
actually decreasing and is expected to drop to
less than 1% by 2030.
• Scarce Resources: Adjust for inflation, some
energy and natural resource prices have been
level or actually fallen for many years, an
indication of abundance, not scarcity.
Mr. Thornberg is a freelance
• Dwindling Food Supplies: World food supplies writer
out of Boise, Idaho. He
are growing faster than world population. can be contacted at: 1663 E.
Castlerock Ct., Boise, ID
Most of the world’s hunger is caused by 83712;
phone (208) 343-6012.
political factors such as civil war or repressive
economic policies.
• Global Warming: Most of the slight 1 degree Centigrade temperature
rise over the past century took place prior to 1938, when the burning of
fossil fuels was less than after WWII.
• Recycling: Many types of recycling use more energy and natural
resources and thus create more pollution than producing products from
new materials.
• Paper vs. Plastic: Studies show that paper biodegrades slowly, if at all, in
landfills. Avoiding plastic products thus provides little help to the planet.
• Running out of Landfills: If the U.S. continues to generate garbage at its
current rate, it would take 100 years to fill a plot of land 100 yards deep
and 35 miles square.
• Running out of Oil: Try asking about this to those working today in North
Dakota! Only about 18% of the planet’s 5.7 trillion barrels of oil have
been used. (This figure could be larger now) Plus huge reserves in tar
sands and shale remain. According to the U. S. Geological Survey, there
are enough confirmed deposits of oil and ND, MT, TX, AK, and LA that if
tapped, the U.S. would not need to import a drop of oil or a cubic foot
of natural gas. Only the U.S. government is making that a problem for us
today. Why?
• Saving Trees: According to the Department of Agricultures, we have 14
million more acres of trees today than in 1920.
• Running out of Clean Air: Air quality has actually improved for decades
while pollution has declined! Total emissions of the six principal air
pollutants dropped by 53% between 1970 and 2005, according to that
bastion of conservatism, the EPA.
• Running out of Wilderness: Today “only” 46% of the earth’s land surface
is wilderness.
What do you think of these myths? Did anyone change his mind about
some of these? Enviro extremism is driving the goal of Cap and Trade, along
with as many new socialistic programs as Congress is willing to accept, or its
unwillingness to reverse president Obama’s Executive Orders. Stay tuned.
New for 2013:
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estern states
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&A
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ining
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irectory
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To pre-order your copies or to have your company listed, contact us
right away. We are finalizing advertisement listings now.
Toll-Free: 1-800-624-7212 • 1+ 208-658-0047
[email protected] • www.minersnews.com
M iners n ews
MINING, AGGREGATE, & QUARRY NEWS YOU CAN TRUST
A-16
August/September 2013 | #159 | www.minersnews.com
Since 1985
25Years
1987 - 2012
Photo taken outside Silver City, Idaho
Photo taken by: Brenda Whitson
MSHA:
2012 Sees Fewest Mining Deaths,
Injuries in U.S. History
Coeur Rochester Garners Safety Award
The Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) officially confirmed that 2012 saw the
lowest fatality and injury rates in the entire history of U.S. mining—along with the lowest
rate of contractor fatalities since the agency began surveying those numbers in 1983. Last
year, according to MSHA officials, 36 miners died on the job, including metal/non-metal
miners. Five contractors died in mining accidents in 2012, meanwhile, compared to 11 in
2011.
Compliance with the Mine Act, MSHA officials added, continued to improve last year,
with an 18% reduction in violations cited since 2010. And while the number of U.S. mines
decreased slightly—to 14,093 in 2012 over 14,176 in 2011—the number of miners
increased to 387,878 from 381,209 year-on-year.
Overall, 2012 fatality rates stood at 0.0110 deaths per 200,000 man hours. Reported
injuries, on the other hand, were 2.56 per 200,000 hour worked. Each reduction, added
MSHA, beat record historical lows in 2011.
MSHA-issued citations and orders, meanwhile, fell to 139,770 in 2012 from 156,802
in 2011—an 11% decrease. Penalty assessments dropped last year to $120.5 million in
2012 from $160.8 million year-on-year.
Altogether, 20 coal miners died in on-the-job accidents in 2012—the second-lowest
number ever, with a fatality rate at 0.0159 deaths per 200,000 hours worked, also the
second-lowest ever recorded. Reported injuries were 3.16 per 200,000 hours worked, also
the lowest ever. Citations and orders issued declined, too, falling to 79,250 in 2012, from
2011’s 93,330—a 15% reduction.
The coal industry saw decreases in the number of mines—to 1,871 from 1,973—and
in production—to 1,018 million tons from 1,095—between 2011 and 2012. While the
number of coal miners also decreased from a decades-long high of 143,437 in 2011 to
137,650 in 2012, it was the second-highest decrease for any year since 1994.
CHICAGO -- Coeur Mining, Inc. (“Coeur”) (NYSE: CDE) (TSX: CDM) has announced
that its Rochester mine was recognized for outstanding achievement in safety by the
Nevada Mining Association (NVMA). The NVMA honored Rochester with its 2013 1st
Place Safety Award for the Surface Operations, Medium Mine category. The award is
based on performance in the 2012 calendar year.
“We are honored that the NVMA has again recognized
Coeur for its dedication to worker safety,” said Mitchell
J. Krebs, Coeur’s President and Chief Executive Officer.
“Nothing is more important to us than the well-being of our
workforce and we are committed to maintaining the highest
health and safety standards at all of our operations”.
About Coeur
Coeur Mining, Inc. is the largest U.S.-based primary silver producer and a growing
gold producer. The Company has four precious metals mines in the Americas
generating strong production, sales and cash flow. Coeur produces from its wholly
owned operations: the Palmarejo silver-gold mine in Mexico, the San Bartolomé silver
mine in Bolivia, the Rochester silver-gold mine in Nevada and the Kensington gold
mine in Alaska. Coeur has a non-operating interest in the Endeavor silver-gold mine in
Australia. The Company has two feasibility stage projects, the Joaquin silver project in
Argentina and the La Preciosa silver-gold project in Mexico. In addition, Coeur conducts
ongoing exploration activities in Mexico, Argentina, Nevada, Alaska and Bolivia. The
Company owns strategic investment positions in eight silver and gold development
companies with projects in North and South America. For more information, visit www.
coeur.com.
The premier gathering of mineral professionals
is not to be missed.
SAVE THE DATE for the following:
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•IndustrialMinerals&Aggregates
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For more information on the 2014 SME Meeting, contact:
SME • www.smenet.org • 303.948.4200
[email protected]
www.minersnews.com | #159 | August/September 2013
A-17
Johnson, Lamborn Introduced Legislation To Protect Jobs, Help Stop Obama
Administration’s War on Coal
Ends the Administration’s wasteful, mismanaged rewrite of coal production regulations
WASHINGTON, D.C. – Representative Bill Johnson (OH-06)
and Energy and Mineral Resources Subcommittee Chairman
Doug Lamborn (CO-05) introduced H.R. 2824, the Preventing
Government Waste and Protecting Coal Mining Jobs in America
Act on July 25, 2013. This legislation would protect American
jobs, save taxpayer dollars, and support U.S. energy production
by stopping the Obama Administration from imposing coal
regulations that would cost thousands of American jobs and
devastate local economies.
Subcommittee Chairman Lamborn. “Much of the blame for
uncertainty and job losses lies with the Administration’s arbitrary
decision to throw out 2008 coal mining rule and instead embark
on a re-write that has been secretive, reckless and has already
wasted $9 million of taxpayer money. Our legislation will stop the
Administration from implementing their job-destroying rewrite
and restore certainty to the industry, lower energy costs, and
create jobs. I hope to advance this legislation quickly and plan to
hold a legislative hearing on the bill next week.”
Since taking office, the Obama Administration has been
conducting a sweeping rewrite of a coal mining regulation (the
2008 Stream Buffer Zone Rule) that will cost jobs and decrease
American energy production. The Administration has spent nearly
$9 million taxpayer dollars working to rewrite this rule, including
hiring new contractors, only to dismiss those same contractors
once it was publically revealed that the Administration’s proposed
regulation could cost 7,000 jobs and cause economic harm in 22
states. For over two years, the House Natural Resources Committee has
conducted aggressive oversight into the Obama Administration’s
rewrite of the Stream Buffer Zone Rule, which has exposed gross
mismanagement of the rulemaking process, potential political
interference, and widespread economic harm the proposed new
regulation would cause. Visit http://naturalresources.house.
gov/oversight/coalregs/ to learn more about the Committee’s
investigation and read the staff report entitled, President Obama's
Covert and Unorthodox Efforts to Impose New Regulation on Coal
Mining and Destroy American Jobs.
“I am proud to be introducing the Johnson-Lamborn legislation
that will save American taxpayers millions of dollars and protect
thousands of coal jobs from this Administration’s assault on the
coal industry. Many areas of the country depend on coal mining to
employ thousands of hardworking Americans; yet, the President
has shown a blatant disregard for his actions against the industry. His rewrite of the Stream Buffer Zone Rule has frivolously wasted
taxpayer dollars, and has put American jobs in danger. Today, we
begin a legislative approach to stopping the War on Coal, and put
in place regulations that are more realistic and effective for both
businesses and the environment,” said Rep. Johnson.
“America’s vast coal resources, the largest in the world,
support U.S. job creation, economic growth, and affordable
energy. However, the Obama Administration’s proposed rewrite of
the Stream Buffer Zone Rule and other burdensome regulations
threaten the jobs of thousands of hardworking coalminers and
tens of thousands of jobs associated with the industry. And
while coalminers are losing their jobs, the regulatory uncertainty
created by the Obama Administration is stifling investment
and leaving states to issue permits under outdated laws,” said
 Do Away with Wires and Cables!
 Improve Safety and Productivity
 Control any Electrical Apparatus,
Equipment or Machinery
 Handheld or Contact Input Transmitters
 Short and Long Range Systems
 No FCC Site License Required
The Energy and Mineral Resources Subcommittee held a
legislative hearing on this legislation on Friday, August 2, 2013.
The House Natural Resources Subcommittee held a legislative
hearing on H.R. 2824, the Preventing Government Waste and
Protecting Coal Mining Jobs in America Act, legislation to protect
American jobs, save taxpayer dollars, and support U.S. energy
production by stopping the Obama Administration from imposing
coal regulations that would cost thousands of American jobs and
devastate local economies.
Since taking office, the Obama Administration has been
conducting a sweeping rewrite of a coal mining regulation (the
2008 Stream Buffer Zone Rule) that will cost jobs and decrease
American energy production. The Administration has spent nearly
$9 million taxpayer dollars working to rewrite this rule, including
hiring new contractors, only to dismiss those same contractors
once it was publicly revealed that the Administration’s proposed
regulation could cost 7,000 jobs and cause economic harm in
22 states.
“We need to be clear about the Administration’s legacy
on their effort to rewrite the Stream Buffer Zone Rule. So
far, the Administration has spent nearly $9 million taxpayer
dollars re-writing a rule that was never fully implemented
without ever providing sound justification for the need for
a new rule,” said Subcommittee Chairman Doug Lamborn
(CO-05). “The legislation will stop the massive ongoing
waste currently taking place at the department and save
the taxpayer money. It responsibly updates the 1983
regulation by improving environmental safeguards and
provides regulatory certainty for an important domestic
industry; an industry that not only provides great familywage jobs with good benefits but also provides affordable
energy for the American people and the Nation’s
manufacturing base.”
Witnesses at the hearing underscored the need to stop the
Obama Administration’s flawed and costly rulemaking process
and provide certainty to ensure that America can continue to
develop its natural energy resources.
Thomas L. Clarke, Director of the Division of Mining and
Reclamation, West Virginia Department of Environmental
Protection strongly urged the Obama Administration to STOP this
“radical” rewrite of coal regulations. “The 2008 Stream Buffer
Zone rule properly resolved issues that arose in the interpretation
of its predecessor rule, did so in a manner that was harmonious
with the Clean Water Act and the congressional intent behind
SMCRA and provided enhanced protection of streams. OSM has
not implemented this rule and has never given it a chance to
work. Before OSM is allowed to complete a radical revision of
its surface mining rules, it should take some time to evaluate
the operation of its 2008 rule. The approach of H.R. 2824 is a
reasonable way to accomplish this.”
Bradley C. Lambert, Deputy Director of Virginia Department of
Mines, Minerals and Energy responded directly to false claims
that the 2008 Stream Buffer Zone Rule was developed secretly
and published in the “11th hour” with little public comment.
“The development of the 2008 rule was a five year process.
OSM solicited public input throughout the process. The agency
received over 43,000 comments and held four public hearings
that were attended by approximately 700 people. The rule was
to take effect on January 12, 2009. However, before the rule was
implemented it was suspended. The states had no opportunity to
amend our programs to adopt that rule. We believe the 2008 rule
contained provisions that would allow disposal of excess spoil in
such a manner that would ensure stream protection… We are
supportive of the approach contained in H.R. 2824 and believe
that the states should be provided an opportunity to implement
the 2008 stream buffer zone rule, following which OSM can
prepare an assessment of why a different rule is needed.”
John Paul Jones, Environmental Vice President, Alpha Natural
Resources & National Mining Association called on the Obama
Administration to end the “expensive fiasco” of needlessly
rewriting coal regulations. “Office of Surface Mining’s (OSM) new
proposal is unnecessary, unjustified, and dangerous, and certainly
does not meet any cost-benefit standard. After five long years
of delay by OSM in refusing to implement the current commonsense regulations, H.R. 2824 provides a reasonable framework
and timetable for implementing the 2008 rule in primacy States
and evaluating an actual record of its effectiveness before
allowing OSM’s ‘expensive fiasco’ to move forward with a costly
and unnecessary rewrite of SMCRA regulations that will have
devastating economic impacts. For these reasons, we strongly
urge this committee to pass H.R. 2824 and bring some much
needed finality to this already exhaustive rulemaking process.”
SNAP-ON INDUSTRIAL’S NEW
CONTROL TECH INDUSTRIAL TORQUE
WRENCH PROVIDES MORE SPEED,
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Kenosha, Wis. – The new Control Tech Industrial Torque
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a single mode to provide the most accurate and fastest way
to achieve torque. This patent-pending technology provides
control torque accuracy to +/- 2% clockwise, +/- 3%
counterclockwise, and control angle accuracy to +/- 1% of
reading.
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The Control Tech Industrial Torque Wrench is made to
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The Control Tech Industrial Torque Wrench comes in four
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CTECH3FR250 – 1/2-in drive; sealed flex head; 12.5 –
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CTECH2Y100 – Y (0.560”); interchangeable head; 5 –
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CTECH3X250 – X (0.735”); interchangeable head;
12.5 – 250 torque foot pound range; 24.1” length
Snap-on’s unique plug-and-play interchangeable heads
are consistently sized from pin to center of the fastener, so no
A-18
August/September 2013 | #159 | www.minersnews.com
adjustment calculations are needed.
Features and benefits of the Control Tech Industrial Torque
Wrench include:
• 3/8-inch or 1/2-inch drive-sealed flex head, or
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• Dual 80® Technology for precise yet strong ratchet
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areas (CTECH2FR100 and CTECH3FR250)
• Programmable calibration-needed indicator
• All-metal construction in an electronic torque wrench
• Automatic calibration factor makes use with adaptors
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For more information on the Control Tech Industrial Torque
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For coal plants in New York, the
future appears bleak
ALBANY —The future is bleak for New York's coal-fired power plants.
A precipitous drop in natural-gas prices mixed with the effects of the national recession and bolstered
pollution regulations have all but rendered coal plants economically unaffordable and environmentally
unsustainable in the state.
Of the power generated on the New York electricity grid, just 3 percent came from coal in 2012, down from
7 percent the year before and 15 percent in 2004, according to the New York Independent System Operator.
Nationally, 37 percent of energy was generated by coal last year.
What does the future hold for the state's remaining coal plants? It's a question playing out now in front
of New York regulators, and an ultimate decision could have far-reaching implications for taxpayers and
ratepayers across the state.
"Is there a future for coal? Not the way you and I know coal today," said Gavin Donohue, president and CEO
of the Independent Power Producers of New York, a trade group.
Of the state’s six coal facilities that remain operating on the grid, one is scheduled to close in September.
Eight other plants with at least one coal burner have been taken offline or shuttered since 2005, including the
AES Westover facility in Broome County and the AES Greenidge plant in Yates County, while another has shifted
to using biomass.
The complex debate over the future of the state’s aging coal plants goes far beyond just the state's energy
needs.
For some plant owners and operators, it's a chance to transition to a cheaper, cleaner fuel, like natural gas,
and save their business. Others have opted to cut their losses and close their doors. For environmentalists,
it's an opportunity to shutter the plants, eliminate or reduce their carbon emissions and transition toward
renewable energy. For local governments and school districts, it means preserving -- or losing -- a major piece
of their tax base.
It's the five-member state Public Service Commission that's tasked with sorting it all out.
The Cayuga Power Plant in Lansing, Tompkins County, and the NRG Energy plant in Dunkirk, Chautauqua
County, have separately proposed converting their boilers to natural gas to avoid closure. The separate projects
would come with a significant upfront price tag -- upwards of $360 million in Cayuga’s case -- but would lower
future costs, assuming the price of natural gas remains low.
The projects, the plant owners say, would create jobs and maintain those currently employed. The NRG plant
has about 70 current employees, while the Cayuga plant employs about 60. If the projects aren’t approved, the
plants have filed paperwork to shut down, at least temporarily.
“Obviously, coal plants are polluters,” said Senate Energy Committee Chairman George Maziarz, R-Newfane,
Niagara County, who has pushed various pieces of legislation to help subsidize the plants in recent years. “We
would love over the long run to change that in New York state, and I think going to natural gas is a good step
in the right direction.”
Two of the state's largest electric utilities, however, say the re-powering plans would hit ratepayers in the
pocketbook. Both National Grid and New York State Electric and Gas have asked the commission to reject the
plant owners' proposals, insisting that bolstering transmission lines would meet the local energy needs at a
lower cost.
“The transmission reinforcement option provides the most certainty to customers with regard to cost,
schedule and operational risk,” NYSEG wrote in a report to the commission.
But it's the potential impact to schools and local government that seems to have captured the public's
attention. In both cases, the plants are their county's single largest taxpayer and a significant employer.
A payment-in-lieu-of-taxes agreement with NRG Energy brought in about $4 million to the Dunkirk City
School District this year. That's 10 percent of the district's entire budget, or the equivalent of 58 teachers,
according to Superintendent Gary Cerne.
"It would just devastate programs," Cerne said. "We would have to cut athletics and music and electives,
basically everything that's not mandated. Kids need those things to get them to come to school."
A hearing in Tompkins County last week attracted 800 people, while one in Dunkirk a few weeks prior
brought in a standing-room-only crowd of a few thousand, by some estimates. Thousands of public comments
have been submitted to the Public Service Commission, with the comment period remains open until Aug. 16.
The cases have attracted responses from both local and national environmental groups, who have raised
concerns about approving a switch from one fossil fuel to another. Groups opposed to hydraulic fracturing
-- the controversial method used with shale-gas drilling -- have voiced similar concerns about increasing the
demand for natural gas, while the Independent Oil &Gas Association, a gas-industry trade group, supports the
re-powering plan.
In 2010, there were 522 coal plants across the country. Since then, 149 have either shut down, stopped
burning coal or have a planned retirement date, according to the Sierra Club.
The plants in Lansing and Dunkirk aren’t the only ones hoping to abandon coal for another fuel. Illinoisbased Recycled Energy Development, which owns the coal facility that powers Eastman Business Park in
Rochester, plans to spend as much as $80 million to make the change to natural gas.
In New York, the proposed coal-to-natural-gas shifts have brought together an unusual alliance. The Sierra
Club and a number of environmental groups paired with the Business Council, the state's largest business
organization, to oppose the project in joint comments submitted to the Public Service Commission.
"When you take into consideration the cost to electricity customers in the region, the transmission upgrades
are a much better deal," said Kim Teplitzky, a spokeswoman for the Sierra Club's "Beyond Coal" campaign.
"From our perspective, if you spend a half-billion dollars a piece on these plants, you're going to be putting
more power than you need on the grid and you're actually going to block the transition to renewables."
Martha Robertson, chairwoman of the Tompkins County Legislature and a Democratic candidate for
Congress, said she supports keeping both the Dunkirk and Lansing plants open, but instead called on the
owners to “co-fire” the plants with plant-derived biomass rather than natural gas. Robertson is an outspoken
critic of hydrofracking.
Like in Dunkirk, the Cayuga Power Plant is a huge part of the local tax roles, representing about 10 percent
of the Lansing schools’ budget.
“These plants are vital for their local economies in terms of the jobs and the tax base they provide, as many
families and communities continue to struggle in these difficult economic times,” Robertson said in testimony
to the Public Service Commission last week.
If the plants were to close, it’s unclear if the state would step in to help plug budget holes for local
governments and schools. Last year, Gov. Andrew Cuomo first proposed providing funding to communities that
see a power plant close as a result of stricter, soon-to-take-effect limits on carbon emissions, but the plan
never gained traction in the state Legislature.
Tom Congdon, Cuomo’s assistant secretary for energy, said the Department of Public Service is currently
performing a cost-benefit analysis of closing or re-firing the two plants under a new process that was
recommended by a Cuomo-appointed task force last year.
“This process is taking into consideration the economic impacts of all the options,” Congdon said. “We
continue to monitor the situation and await the PSC’s findings in order to get the facts needed to move
forward.”
Donohue, the power plant trade group president, said re-firing power plants is important, but the state
needs to ensure its power grid remains diversified. Abandoning coal and making a major shift toward natural
gas could cause problems down the line, he said.
"Unfortunately, I am very fearful that we as a country and we as a state are not taking on an incredible
over-reliance on natural gas," Donohue said. "Natural gas is important, no question about it, but if everything
is built by natural gas, in X number of years when gas prices are (up) like they were in '08, people are going to
say, 'Oh my God, why are my charges going up?'"
[email protected] ; http://www.pressconnects.com/article/20130804/NEWS01/308040016/Forcoal-plants-New-York-future-appears-bleak
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www.minersnews.com | #159 | August/September 2013
A-19
THE COAL BIN
America’s
Appetite for Organic Food Preservatives Uses Coal
By Harold Hough
It’s frequently said that if it isn’t grown, it is mined. That’s true. And, in
some cases, while it can be grown, it’s cheaper and easier to produce the
same product from mined chemicals. We saw that in the production of
the malaria drug, quinine, which is grown in small qualities, but produced
from coal based chemicals in order to meet world demand in WW II.
Although not considered medicines, food preservatives are just as
important to maintaining the population’s health. Not only do they keep
foods fresh and free of dangerous toxins, they give people more variety
and access to critical nutrients that may otherwise not be found in their
diet.
Coal based chemicals are found at the heart of the modern food
preservative industry. Even older methods like salting and smoking are
frequently used only for flavoring since they contain carcinogens, while
the real perseveration is accomplished by coal based chemicals.
Ironically, in the search for organic foods that don’t contain carcinogenic
chemical preservatives, the food industry has had to rely even more on
coal based chemicals. Even chemicals that can be produced from “natural”
substances are synthesized from coal based chemicals in order to keep
them inexpensive and available in quantities large enough to preserve
large amounts of food. Without coal, consumers couldn’t afford the fresh
food they demand.
One common preservative made from coal that has a “natural” beginning
is calcium propanoate, which is the salt of propanoic acid. Although used
in meat and dairy products, it is generally used in baked goods as a mold
inhibitor.
And, like many preservatives, propanoic acid has an organic beginning.
Propanoic acid was first described in 1844 by Johann Gottlieb, who
discovered it when decomposing sugar. Since then, it has been used as a
preservative for both human and animal food.
Although propanioc acid and calcium propanoate can be manufactured
from sugar, that method is very expensive and wouldn’t produce enough
preservative for the food industry. Therefore, propanioc acid is produced
by the hydrocarboxylation of ethylene, another coal chemical feedstock.
Insomecases,thesecoalbasedpreservativesactuallypreventthecreation
of carcinogens in food. One such chemical is Ethylenediaminetetraacetic
acid (EDTA), which may be in the soft drink you are consuming right now. The
compound was first produced in 1935 by Ferdinand Munz, who prepared
the compound from ethylenediamine, a coal based chemical. Today it is
found in soft drinks containing ascorbic acid and sodium benzoate. EDTA
prevents the creation of benzene (a carcinogen) in the soft drink.
Ironically, even the new generation of “safe, organic” food additives
rely on coal based chemicals. Take sodium erythorbate, a food additive
used in meats, poultry, and soft drinks. When used in processed meat it
the coal bin
increases the rate at which nitrate reduces to nitric oxide, which allows the
meat to cure faster while keeping a pink color. Since it is structurally related
to vitamin C, it helps improve flavor stability and prevents the formation
of some carcinogens. Its use has increased since the U.S. Food and Drug
Administration banned the use of sulfites as preservatives in fresh foods.
Sodium erythorbate is also popular because it is produced from the
fermentation of starches in corn and is viewed by consumers as “natural.”
However, if it wasn’t for coal based products, sodium erythorbate would
be hard to produce.
While some things, like grapes and grape juice, ferment naturally,
the fermentation of corn starch is much harder. In order to encourage
fermentation, thickeners need to be added to encourage the growth
of the organisms that ferment the corn. Carboxymethyl cellulose is
the thickening agent. This thickener is used to thicken everything from
ice cream to drilling mud. However, it is also used to thicken the mash
necessary for the production of sodium erthorbate. The feedstock comes
from the carbonylation of methanol, a coal derived chemical.
As much as “green” consumers demand “organic” foods made without
chemicals, the reality is that the very organic substances they want are
based on the very same substance they hate so much – coal.
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Excavator
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usingthetheX2650,
X2650,
whichis isfitted
fittedto tothetheexcavator/shovel,
excavator/shovel,
operatorscan
canaccurately
accurately Given
Giventhethelink
linkbetween
betweenproductivity
productivityand
andprofitability
profitabilityin inthethemining
miningindustry,
industry,
we’reexpecting
expectingto toseesee
measure
each
bucket
load
of of
material
before
it is
putput
into
thethe
truck.
This
puts
thethe
power
back
into
growth
of of
thethe
X2650
system
in in
thethe
next
1212
months,”
hehe
said.
measure
each
bucket
load
material
before
it is
into
truck.
This
puts
power
back
into strong
strong
growth
X2650
system
next
months,”
said.
thethe
hands
of of
thethe
operator,
allowing
them
to to
make
better
decisions.
Inquiries
should
bebe
directed
to to
Joe
Steiger,
[email protected],
573-535-9445
hands
operator,
allowing
them
make
better
decisions.
Inquiries
should
directed
Joe
Steiger,
[email protected],
573-535-9445
“The
“TheX2650
X2650is isa adynamic
dynamicin-motion
in-motionweighing
weighingsystem
systemwhich
whichmeans
meansit itmeasures
measuresthethepayload
payload
during
thethe
loading
procedure
thereby
having
nono
impact
onon
thethe
loading
time.
This
maximizes
overall
during
loading
procedure
thereby
having
impact
loading
time.
This
maximizes
overall About
AboutLOADRITE™
LOADRITE™
productivity
asas
it reduces
under
loading
trucks
or or
thethe
need
forfor
trucks
to to
return
to to
thethe
face
if they’ve
productivity
it reduces
under
loading
trucks
need
trucks
return
face
if they’ve LOADRITE™
Actronic
LOADRITE™is isa brand
a brandof ofActronic
ActronicTechnologies
Technologies– –A ATrimble
TrimbleCompany.
Company.Since
Since1979,
1979,
Actronic
exceeded
The
exceededthetheover
overload
loadcapacity.
capacity.
Theresult
resultis isa payload
a payloaddistribution
distributioncurve
curvecentered
centeredononthethetarget
target Technologies
Technologieshas
hasbeen
beendesigning,
designing,developing
developingand
andmanufacturing
manufacturingapplied
appliedtechnology
technologysolutions
solutionsto to
payload
with
lowlow
variance.
payload
with
variance.
improve
productivity
in in
thethe
aggregate,
mining,
waste
management,
forestry,
and
other
industries.
improve
productivity
aggregate,
mining,
waste
management,
forestry,
and
other
industries.
“Real
“Realtime
timedata
datais isvery
veryvaluable
valuableto tolarge
largemining
miningoperations,
operations,which
whicharearefocussing
focussingmore
moreonon Actronic
ActronicTechnologies
Technologiesis isa aleader
leaderin inthethefield
fieldof ofmeasurement.
measurement.LOADRITE™
LOADRITE™load
loadweighing
weighing
enhancing
enhancingproductivity
productivityand
andreducing
reducingoperating
operatingcosts
costsasasthey
theystrive
striveto toincrease
increaseprofitability
profitabilityand
and technology
technologyand
andpayload
payloadinformation
informationsystems
systemsareareinstalled
installedononwheel
wheelloaders,
loaders,excavators,
excavators,garbage
garbage
overcome
falls
in in
commodity
prices.
overcome
falls
commodity
prices.
trucks,
trucks,conveyor
conveyorbelts
beltsand
andother
otherequipment
equipmentto toensure
ensureoptimal
optimalloads
loadsand
andprovide
providequality
qualitydata
data
The
X2650
has
seen
global
successes.
Following
anan
initial
trial
in in
anan
Australian
mine,
thethe
results
The
X2650
has
seen
global
successes.
Following
initial
trial
Australian
mine,
results forforproductivity
productivityanalysis.
analysis.Originally
Originallyestablished
establishedin inNew
NewZealand,
Zealand,Actronic
ActronicTechnologies
Technologiesnow
nowhas
has
were
soso
significant
that
thethe
mine
decided
to to
fit fit
thethe
X2650
across
their
entire
excavator
fleet,
a total
were
significant
that
mine
decided
X2650
across
their
entire
excavator
fleet,
a total factory
Actronic
factorycertified
certifieddistributors
distributorssupporting
supportingproducts
productsin inover
over5050countries
countriesaround
aroundthetheworld.
world.
Actronic
of of
sixsix
machines,
with
thethe
goal
of of
maximizing
thethe
potential
cost
savings
thethe
system
can
deliver.
machines,
with
goal
maximizing
potential
cost
savings
system
can
deliver.
Technologies
has
support
offices
in in
North
America,
Europe,
Asia,
and
Australia.
Technologies
has
support
offices
North
America,
Europe,
Asia,
and
Australia.
Calcima
CalcimaLegislation
LegislationSaves
SavesOver
Over100
100
Aggregate
And
Mineral
Operations
Aggregate And Mineral Operations
The
TheCalifornia
CaliforniaDepartment
Departmentof ofConservation
Conservationannounced
announcedthat
thatlegislation
legislationsponsored
sponsoredbybythethe
California
Association
CaliforniaConstruction
Construction& &Industrial
IndustrialMaterials
Materials
Association(CalCIMA)
(CalCIMA)has
hassaved
saved108
108aggregate
aggregateand
and
mineral
operations
from
inadvertently
having
to to
cease
operations.
helps
California’s
economic
mineral
operations
from
inadvertently
having
cease
operations.This
This
helps
California’s
economic
recovery
and
prevents
adverse
environmental
impacts
forfor
thethe
state.
recovery
and
prevents
adverse
environmental
impacts
state.
“California
is is
dependent
onon
local
supplies
of of
aggregates
and
minerals
to to
build
itsits
roads,
homes,
“California
dependent
local
supplies
aggregates
and
minerals
build
roads,
homes,
schools
and
hospitals,
fertilize
itsits
farm
lands,
and
supply
local
manufacturing,”
said
Gary
W.W.
Hambly,
schools
and
hospitals,
fertilize
farm
lands,
and
supply
local
manufacturing,”
said
Gary
Hambly,
President
“Without
President& &CEO
CEOof ofCalCIMA.
CalCIMA.
“Withoutthese
theselocal
localmaterials,
materials,it itwould
wouldbebemuch
muchmore
moredifficult
difficultforfor
many
sectors
of of
California’s
economy
to to
recover,”
said
Hambly.
many
sectors
California’s
economy
recover,”
said
Hambly.
FULL
FULLSUITE
SUITEOF
OFSLIM
SLIMLOGGING
LOGGING
TOOLS
TOOLSFOR
FORMINERAL
MINERALLOGGING
LOGGING
REDUCE
REDUCEYOUR
YOUR
RISK,
RISK,
KNOW
KNOWYOUR
YOUR
MINERALS
MINERALS
LOCAL
SERVICE
CENTERS
LOCAL
SERVICE
CENTERS
WYOMING
WYOMING
UTAH
UTAH
COLORADO
COLORADO
ALBERTA
(CANADA)
ALBERTA
(CANADA)
California
lawlaw
broadly
required
that
any
extraction
operation
that
produced
90%
below
a historical
California
broadly
required
that
any
extraction
operation
that
produced
90%
below
a historical
level
“interim
levelwas
wasrequired
requiredto tofilefileanan
“interimmanagement
managementplan.”
plan.”Operations
Operationsthat
thatfailed
failedto tofilefilethetheinterim
interim
plan
could
bebe
considered
abandoned
and
required
to to
begin
reclamation.
plan
could
considered
abandoned
and
required
begin
reclamation.
Many
Manyaggregate
aggregateand
andmineral
mineraloperations
operationsexperienced
experienceddrastic
drasticreductions
reductionsin inproduction
productionwhen
when
thetheeconomic
resulted
economicdownturn
downturnoccurred
occurredin in2007-2008.
2007-2008.This
Thiswas
wasa unique
a uniquecircumstance,
circumstance,
resultedin inanan
unintended
consequence
under
state
lawlaw
and,
thus,
many
operations
were
unaware
of of
thethe
“interim
unintended
consequence
under
state
and,
thus,
many
operations
were
unaware
“interim
management
plan”
requirement.
management
plan”
requirement.
In Inresponse
CalCIMA
which
Michael
responseto tothis
thissituation,
situation,
CalCIMAsponsored
sponsoredSBSB108,
108,
whichwas
wasauthored
authoredbybySen.
Sen.
Michael
Rubio
Rubio(D-Bakersfield).
(D-Bakersfield).The
Thebillbillbecame
becamelawlawononJanuary
January1, 1,2012.
2012.It Itprovided
providedananamnesty
amnestyperiod
period
until
untilJuly
July1, 1,2013
2013to tosubmit
submitinterim
interimmanagement
managementplans
plansand
andup-dated
up-datedthetheformula
formulaforforcalculating
calculating
production
changes.
production
changes.
“If“Ifthetheoperations
operationshad
hadbeen
beenconsidered
consideredabandoned,
abandoned,there
therewould
wouldhave
havebeen
beenreliance
relianceononmore
more
distant
which
increased
distantsources
sourcesof ofmaterials,
materials,
whichwould
wouldhave
havemeant
meantincreased
increaseddiesel
dieselemissions,
emissions,
increasedfuel
fuel
usage,
increased
greenhouse
gas
emissions,
and
increased
wear
and
tear
onon
ourour
roads
to to
bring
thethe
usage,
increased
greenhouse
gas
emissions,
and
increased
wear
and
tear
roads
bring
materials
to to
market.
haul
distances
areare
increased
byby
even
2525
miles
to to
transport
materials,
materials
market.If truck
If truck
haul
distances
increased
even
miles
transport
materials,
thethe
Department
of of
Conservation
has
estimated
that
half
a million
tons
of of
carbon
dioxide
emissions
Department
Conservation
has
estimated
that
half
a million
tons
carbon
dioxide
emissions
areare
added,”
said
Hambly.
added,”
said
Hambly.
AtAtthetheJuly
July1111meeting
meetingof ofthetheState
StateMining
Mining& &Geology
GeologyBoard
Board(SMGB),
(SMGB),John
JohnParrish,
Parrish,thetheActing
Acting
Director
DirectorforforthetheOffice
Officeof ofMine
MineReclamation
Reclamationat atthetheDepartment
Departmentof ofConservation,
Conservation,reported
reportedthat
thathishis
office
had
received
108
interim
management
plans
under
SBSB
108
prior
to to
thethe
July
1 deadline.
office
had
received
108
interim
management
plans
under
108
prior
July
1 deadline.
CalCIMA
CalCIMAis isthethetrade
tradeassociation
associationforforaggregate,
aggregate,ready
readymixed
mixedconcrete,
concrete,and
andindustrial
industrialmineral
mineral
producers
in in
California.
Visit
www.calcima.org
forfor
more
information.
producers
California.
Visit
www.calcima.org
more
information.
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www.minersnews.com
| #159
| August/September
2013
www.minersnews.com
| #159
| August/September
2013
A-21
A-21
Registration Opens for GRC Annual Meeting
& GEA Geothermal Energy Expo
Special Deals for Early Birds and Students
Las Vegas – Registration is now open for the international geothermal event of the year. The GRC Annual
Meeting & GEA Geothermal Energy Expo will bring together geothermal companies, academics, financiers,
policy leaders, students, and other individuals to attend or exhibit at the event, to be held from September
29 to October 2 at the MGM Grand in Las Vegas.
Early birds who register before August 31 pay only $695 as GRC members or $795 if non-members. The
non-member registration includes GRC membership through 2014. Students with a current identification
card from an accredited institution pay just $5 which includes GRC membership through 2014. Registration
to the GRC Annual Meeting also includes entry to the GEA Energy Expo.
257 Caroline St. • Punxsutawney, PA 15767
Phone: 814.427.2555 • Fax: 814.427.5164
Toll-free: 1.800.927.0560
www.starironworks.com
Registration is available from the GRC website at www.geothermal.org. A Preliminary Program complete
with a Registration Form is available to view and download. However, the GRC recommends online
registration through a secured connection. The link is also available on the front page of the GRC website
at www.geothermal.org.
This is the premier gathering to learn about the latest developments in geothermal energy. Last year, the
GRC Annual Meeting & GEA Expo hosted representatives from more than 39 countries. Participants from
six continents were present. In 2013, an even broader attendance is anticipated.
The GRC Annual Meeting will offer technical, policy, and market conference sessions, educational
seminars, tours of local geothermal and renewable
energy projects, and numerous networking
Ad Space & Materials Deadline:
opportunities.
September 13, 2013
Lead Editorial Focus:
Processing: Gold, Silver, Copper, Zinc,
Taconite, Sand & Gravel, ETAL
Paid and qualified circulation throughout the mining and aggregate industry,
with additional distribution scheduled for this issue:

Alaska Miners Association 2013—November 4-10, 2013
Anchorage, Alaska, USA

The Silver Summit 2013 —October 25-26, 2013
Spokane, Washington, USA

CalCima 2013—November 10-13, 2013
Napa, California, USA

45th Manitoba Mining & Minerals Convention 2013—November 20-22, 2013
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
E-mail [email protected], or call
Toll-Free
A-22
1-800-624-7212
August/September 2013 | #159 | www.minersnews.com
The GEA Expo floor features a unique opportunity for
leaders in the business to showcase their projects,
equipment, services and state of the art technology to
the geothermal community. Exhibit space still remains
but is selling quickly.
For GRC Annual Meeting information or sponsorship
opportunities, please contact Estela Smith,
530.758.2360 or [email protected] For GEA Expo
exhibitor or sponsorship opportunities, please contact
Kathy Kent, 202. 454.5263 or [email protected]
To request press credentials, please contact Shawna
Seldon, The Rosen Group, 917.971.7852 or [email protected]
rosengrouppr.com. About the Geothermal Resources Council:
With the experience and dedication of its diverse,
international membership bolstering a more than 40year track record, the Geothermal Resources Council
(GRC) has built a solid reputation as the world’s
preeminent geothermal association. The GRC serves as
a focal point for continuing professional development for
its members through its outreach, information transfer
and education services. For more information, please
visit www.geothermal.org. About the Geothermal Energy Association:
The Geothermal Energy Association (GEA) is a
trade association comprised of U.S. companies who
support the expanded use of geothermal energy and
are developing geothermal Resources worldwide for
electrical power generation and direct-heat uses. GEA
advocates for public policies that will promote the
development and utilization of geothermal Resources,
provides a forum for the industry to discuss issues and
problems, encourages research and development to
improve geothermal technologies, presents industry
views to governmental organizations, provides
assistance for the export of geothermal goods and
services, compiles statistical data about the geothermal
industry, and conducts education and outreach projects.
For more information, please visit www.geo-energy.org.
IROCK Crushers Introduces TS-620 Scalping Screen
For Large-Scale Operators, Increased Tonnages
VALLEY VIEW, OHIO – IROCK Crushers, a leader in global sales of
mobile screening and crushing equipment, is expanding its screening
plant lineup with its largest track screener, the TS-620 Scalping Screen.
The unit is one in a line of five IROCK tracked screener/scalpers.
The unit expands the breadth of IROCK’s lineup and allows IROCK
to serve any customer, from small contractors to larger producers.
The TS-620 is ideal for large-scale operations looking for high output
in heavy-duty scalping applications such as quarrying, recycling,
construction and demolition.
Featuring the heavy-duty, robust overall design that marks all IROCK
products, the TS-620 is powered by a 225-horsepower Caterpillar C6.6
engine and is capable of processing materials at a rate of up to 900
TPH. Allowing high production rates, the TS-620 features a heavy-duty
hopper rated to 11.7-cubic-yards, the highest capacity available in its
class. This direct-feed unit also features conveyors with stockpiling
heights up to 16 feet. The TS-620 also has the largest screening area in the industry, further
contributing to the machine’s high output ratings. With a 20-foot by
6-foot top deck and a 19-foot by 6-foot bottom deck, the machine has
a total screening area of 234 square feet. This two-deck design enables
the production and sorting of up to three different size products. In
addition, the decks are interchangeable for more control over endproduct size.
IROCK also offers the widest discharge conveyor in the market,
offering a 63-inch-wide over size conveyor with an impact bed in
comparison to the industry standard 48-inches. Optional components further enhance the machine’s durability. An
apron feeder can be substituted for the belt feeder for improved
longevity in more rugged environments. Top deck bofar bars allow
producers to retain more valuable fine material while rejecting
unwanted oversize products. Top-deck punch plates are another
option that prolongs screen life in scalping or heavy-duty screening
applications.
Several additional options allow for easy maintenance and portability.
While the TS-620 comes standard with an attached cord and remote
for controlling and maneuvering the screener around a job site, a
wireless remote option is also available. Walkways alongside the
screeners provide full access to each side of the screenbox for ease of
maintenance or screen changeouts. Further, walkways can be folded
hydraulically for smooth set up and transportation.
IROCK is not only known for its heavy-duty units and high-quality
components, but also for exceptional customer service. The company
has convenient 24-hour online parts look up and ordering, fast delivery,
and live service support until 9 p.m. EST.
IROCK Crushers is a leading manufacturer of portable crushing
plants, screening equipment and other related products. The company,
which formed in 1992, is committed to bringing the most productive
and highest quality equipment and solutions to customers through
innovation, expertise, and outstanding service and support. For more
information, contact IROCK Crushers, 5531 Canal Rd, Valley View,
OH 44125, call 866-240-0201, fax 440-735-4974, e-mail [email protected]
irockcrushers.com, or visit the website at www.irockcrushers.com.
Era not only serves the oil and gas industry in Alaska, but provides services for geological surveys, university studies concerning global warming and wildlife impact, state and
government business and executive charter services. Era conducts extensive operations in remote locations including Alaska’s North Slope, Prudhoe Bay, the Beaufort Sea, the Navarin
Basin, the Gulf of Alaska and Norton Sound.
Additionally, Era has extensive mountain flying experience and is an expert at landing in remote sites. The search for minerals has taken Era into Alaska’s most rugged and remote
areas. Era has served a vital role in hydroelectric dam and power line construction, concrete pouring, pole setting, transportation and assembly of heavy equipment, and maintenance of
mountaintop communication systems.
Approved by both federal and state aviation departments, Era specializes in forest fire suppression and prevention, as well as timber surveying of state and national forest lands and
air support services for fish and wildlife surveys.
With more than 60 years experience, Era Helicopters LLC (Era) is an established leader and the longest serving helicopter provider in the industry. Headquartered in Lake Charles,
Louisiana, transporting personnel to the shallow and deepwater oil and gas fields in the Gulf of Mexico and Alaska is Era’s primary business. In addition to offshore oil and gas support in the
United States, Era provides services to international customers, fire fighting operations, mining, technical services industries, operates flightseeing tours in Alaska, provides environmental
support, offers FAA-approved full-service Search and Rescue (SAR) and Emergency Medical Services capability and turnkey solutions to offshore Oil & Gas companies located in the Gulf
of Mexico and abroad, and leases helicopters to third parties around the globe. Additionally, our sister company, Era Air Medical LLC, provides air medical services around the country.
A New Era in Remote Site Access
Flying is our passion, Safety is our mission
907 550 8600 • erahelicopters.com
www.minersnews.com | #159 | August/September 2013
A-23
A Concrete Response to Obama's
Climate Change Plan
In addition, research has shown that
maintaining smooth road surfaces can
reduce fuel consumption significantly.
Rough roads increase the resistance
MIT Concrete Sustainability Hub works to meet
on a vehicle; in fact, a rough road
Climate Action Plan goals
could increase the fuel consumption
of the cars by 1,000 to 30,000 gallons
President Obama's Climate Action Plan calls for a series of changes to our per mile per year depending on traffic
nation's infrastructure and energy use that has the potential to reduce America's volume, equivalent to upwards of 300
greenhouse gas emissions. The MIT Concrete Sustainability Hub (CSHub) has tons of CO2 per mile of road per year.
been working since 2010 to actively address two of President Obama's key Considering there are approximately
points: building a 21st century transportation sector and reducing greenhouse gas 2.5 million miles of high-type paved
emissions.
surfaces in the U.S., the cumulative
impact could also be significant.
Building a 21st century transportation sector
By strategically designing and
maintaining our nation's roadways, we
The U.S. transportation sector burns over 174 billion gallons of fuel each year, have a lever to improve fuel efficiency without relying on vehicle fuel standards and
making up 27 percent of total greenhouse gas emissions. Strategies for improving maintenance practices.
fuel efficiency include upgrading to higher efficiency vehicles or maintaining engine
efficiency and proper tire inflation — tactics that can be difficult to regulate from Lowering concrete's carbon footprint
a policy perspective. Furthermore, outcomes from such policies may take years to
realize or are challenging to account for. CSHub research has shown that simply
Concrete is the most widely produced man-made material on Earth, thus it's vital
employing a more rigid pavement design can reduce vehicle fuel consumption by that it is manufactured in a way that minimizes the carbon footprint over the long
0.1 - 1 percent. While this may seem minor, the impact is large when aggregated term. The CSHub is working to find new ways to produce concrete that minimize
to the nation's transportation fleet. Considering that trucks alone travel roughly 300 the use of energy as well as improve its longevity and durability. Find out more:
million miles and consume over 47 million gallons of fuel each year, leading to 425 http://mit.edu/cshub
million tons of CO2 emissions, there is a potentially tremendous annual impact.
Specialized Steel Solutions
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4330 V-Mod Bar
4145 H-Mod Bar
Armor V2
BP6:33
At Astralloy, we offer readily available inventory and
fabrication & machining services. Our clients also
benefit from our unparalleled experience with
thousands of applications across various markets
and industries.
U.S. Toll-free: 1.800.633.6635
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