Kingdom Plantae Worksheet



Kingdom Plantae Worksheet
Name: ________________________
Date: _______________
Grade and Section: _________________
Kingdom Plantae Worksheet
I. Multiple Choice: Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or
answers the question.
_____ 1.Which of the following is NOT a characteristic shared by all plants?
a. cuticles
c. seeds
b. cell walls
d. chlorophyll
_____ 2.What is an underground stem from which new leaves and roots grow?
a. rhizoid
c. rhizome
b. fiddlehead
d. frond
_____ 3.What is another name for a fern leaf?
a. club moss
c. rhizome
b. frond
d. gametophyte
_____ 4.Gymnosperms and angiosperms both
a. have flowers
c. lack seeds
b. have seeds
d. have fruit
_____ 5.What is the major difference between monocots and dicots?
a. the colors of the flowers
c. the size of the seeds
b. the number of the cotyledons
d. the scent of the flowers
_____ 6.Photosynthesis uses sunlight to make food from water and
a. carbon monoxide
c. carbon dioxide
b. oxygen
d. sodium bicarbonate
____ 7.What could happen if a plant’s phloem does not work correctly?
a. Photosynthesis will not take place.
b. The plant might be short of water.
c. The plant might be short of food.
d. The plant will not be able to dissolve minerals.
_____ 8.Which of the following takes water and minerals from the roots to the shoot?
a. phloem
c. flowers
b. xylem
d. leaves
_____ 9.In seed plants, sperm form inside of
a. seeds
c. gametophytes
b. sporophytes
d. pollen
_____ 10.Carnivorous plants need to feed on flesh because:
a. they like the taste
b. the soil lacks nutrients
c. they can’t perform photosynthesis
d. they attract insects
_____ 11.The process in which a sperm cell fuses with an egg in the ovary is called
a. germination
c. pollination
b. fertilization
d. asexual reproduction
_____ 12.After fertilization takes place in a flower, the ovule develops into a
a. vegetable
c. fruit
b. seed
d. leaf
_____ 13.After fertilization takes place in a flower, the ovary develops into a
a. vegetable
c. fruit
b. seed
d. leaf
_____ 14.If a plant gets light from only one direction, the shoots will likely
a. grow straight upward
b. grow away from the light source
c. grow toward the light source
d. stop growing altogether
_____ 15.When the seasons change, some plants respond to changes in
a. the amount of chlorophyll in the leaves
b. rainfall
c. the length of day and night
d. temperature
_____ 16.A plant that bends toward the light is showing
a. a positive tropism
b. a negative tropism
c. that it knows where light is coming from
d. seasonal change
II. Completion - Complete each sentence or statement.
Because plants make their own food, they are called producers or
Dicots usually have ____________________ systems, and monocots usually have
____________________ roots.
III. Matching
a. gymnosperms
b. angiosperms
_____ 19.An example of a nonvascular plant
c. fern
d. moss
_____ 20.An example of a vascular plant
_____ 21.Vascular seed plants that do not flower
_____ 22.Flowering plants with seeds inside a fruit
a. sepal
b. pistil
c. ovary
d. petal
_____ 23.Modified leaf that protects a flower bud
_____ 24.The female reproductive structure of a flower
_____ 25.The structure that contains one or more ovules
_____ 26.Broad, flat, leaf-like part of a flower
a. woody stem
b. taproot
c. cell wall
d. conifer
_____ 27.Root system with one main root
_____ 28.Type of rigid stem found on trees
IV. Fill-in the Table: For each of the following, place a checkmark(s) in the correct
The simplest type of land plant
The most advanced type of land
Usually found in moist
Have xylem and phloem
Reproduce by spores
Are eukaryotic
Tend to be very short to stay near
the water
Can do photosynthesis
Are nonvascular (no xylem nor
Have a waxy cuticle to prevent
water loss
Have cell walls made of cellulose
Have protected seeds
Produce flowers
Have “naked” (unprotected) seeds
V. Essay
1. Explain the difference between xylem and phloem in your own words.
2. How do ferns get their food?
VI. Short Answer
List three functions of roots.
List 3 functions of stems.