Q1. Mountain bike riders use brakes to slow down

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Q1. Mountain bike riders use brakes to slow down
Q1.
Mountain bike riders use brakes to slow down.
© Ljupco Smokovski/Shutterstock
Some mountain bikes have hydraulic brakes.
(a)
What property of a liquid enables a hydraulic brake system to work?
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(1)
Page 1 of 3
(b)
When the rider’s hand pulls on the brake lever, the master piston applies a pressure of
1.5 × 106 pascals to the liquid.
Using information from the diagram, calculate the force F exerted on the liquid by the
master piston.
Use the correct equation from the Physics Equations Sheet.
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Force F = ............................................................ N
(2)
(c)
The pressure in the liquid applies a force to move each slave piston.
How does the size of this force compare to the force F applied by the master piston?
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Give a reason for your answer.
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(2)
(Total 5 marks)
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Page 3 of 3

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