Cuarteles - Portal de Turismo de Puente Genil

Comments

Transcription

Cuarteles - Portal de Turismo de Puente Genil
“Corporaciones Bíblicas” are the focal point of the Holy Week of
Puente Genil. They represent a typical and traditional way to
understand and live the Holy Week, in one of the most important
towns in the Province of Cordoba. The Holy Week of Puente Genil
has been declared a National Tourist Interest event since 1979. This
declaration was due to the intricacies of its bright and unique
processions involving many people dressed in colourful clothes, and
carrying the identifying attribute or martyrdom of a represented
individual from the Old or New Testament.
The casas-cuartel are located in the old quarter and they have two
different designs. On the one hand, old houses that originally had
an industrial use are renovated for such purposes, on the other hand,
there are new houses that usually follow Andalusian building layouts.
The origin of these festivities is documented in the books of the
minutes of “Ntro. Padre Jesús Nazareno Cofradía” from 1664, where
Apostles, Angels, Evangelists, Prophets and Religious Symbols are
described participating at the Good Friday procession.
Lent life officially begins in Puente Genil on Lardy Thursday, after
Ash Wednesday. On the following Saturday known as Romans’
Saturday, people start going up to “El Calvario”, a small hill where
the “Iglesia de Jesús Nazareno” (Jesus of Nazareth Church) is
located. This is where all “corporaciones” go to listen to misereres,
which are performed by the “Imperio Romano” band, in honour of
the patron saint. “Uvitas”, a small amount of wine containing the
capacity of must (grape-juice) one grape may contain is poured by
the “alpatana” a (a kind of cup-bearer) who is in charge of the basket
or alpatanera where he carries the wine bottles. The saetas
cuarteleras and coreadas (flamenco verses sung at processions in
Holy Week) are intensely lived during these “Romanos” Lent nights
in Puente Genil.
This manifestation of popular religiousness did not survive the
Decrees of erudite Bishops from the late 18th century in many other
places, and its origin is not exclusive to our city but it has been so
attributed regarding its upholding and preservation throughout time.
In the last third of the 19th century the associations of these figures
by Bible fragments, split up from the common branch of “Patrón
Jesús Nazareno Cofradía” and they started having their own identity.
All of these houses have some common elements: a spacious hall,
a dining room, a larder-kitchen and a room for religious idols and
icons (where all the equipment, face covers, clothes, martyrdoms,
etc. of such idols are kept), and sometimes a courtyard.
They held their meetings, during Lent and Easter, in vacant places
at those periods of time such as cellars, mills, or granaries, which
belonged to some of the members of the “Corporaciones”. They
held their meetings in such places for decades in an itinerant way
until the latter half of the 20th century, when the most important
“Corporaciones” timidly established stable headquarters.
Therefore the idea of owning a place started taking shape. Thus,
the house known as “Cuartel” appears for the first time as a meeting
place and coexistence places where the friendship and brotherhood
between their members were worshipped. It is in the “cuartel”
where their members, which called one another “hermanos”
(brothers), will all forge life long friendships.
Each of the “Corporaciones” has a special bond with a “cofradía”,
and they, dressed in a corresponding penitential habit, acompany
a Christ or Virgin.
“Corporación’s” members vary around 35, except for the “Corporación
del Imperio Romano” with around 150 members divided into luxurious
colourful squads led by a captain. “The Romans” start their first
official procession on Maundy Thursday afternoon, marching through
Don Gonzalo Street to the sound of marches or “pasodobles”, created
by local composers whose musical repertoire is very large.
“Las Figuras” exhibition, that form
and give a name to the
“Corporacion”, takes place during
the afternoon of Holy Wednesday,
when the cuarteles open their doors
to all those who want know how
the “Mananta” (a short way to say
Semana Santa, Holy Week in
Spanish) is lived from the inside.
SYMBOLS OF RELIGION
Fer
ia
Cuarteles
21
Ba
il
P. Nacional
én
Madre de Dios
Posito
to
An
nio
a
en
Ba
Luna
4
do
J. Echegar
ay
ha
yC
rej
a
Pa
An
añ
ero
M
ac
Ah
or
ro
ina
ta l
Ca
a.
St
Santos
3
14
3
Adrian
12
a
s
Morale
22
r
uila
Ag
17
P. del
Calvario
Tintor
San
ó b al
Crist
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1er. Grupo Señor del Lavatorio
1er. Virgen de la Estrella
Grupo Hermandad de “La Cepa”
El Pelícano
La Sentencia de Jesús
Los Filisteos
Configuración del Sanedrín
La Historia de Baruc
18
l
23
rre
go
22 16
21 23 20 15
P. del
Romeral
11
ar
Aguil
4
Bo
Hornos
Hornos
ez
enít
ña B
So
3
Fu
en
sa
nt
a
Cerrillo
s
Romero
GROUPS
a
Sus
res
6 14
a
M. Carmon
Po7
stig
o
5
15
za
Potencias del Alma
Los Dones del Espíritu Santo
Las Virtudes Teologales
Las Virtudes Cardinales y Sibila de Cumas
Las Virtudes Morales
Paz, Conciencia, Bondad 3º de la Soledad
Las Postrimerías del Hombre, “El Ancla”
Pilar
11
Cuesta
5
6
19
10
Flo
res
Lin
a
12
F. Pérez
r P. Lav
ado
P. E. de
20
Reina
Alcaide
9
P. de
Lara
Cosano
D. Pa
reja
Cantao
10
pan
ada
s
4
Don Gonzalo Con
tralm
irant
e
G. Godinez
18
4 ita
5 C7uesta V 8
Cam
2 6
Don Gonzalo
Guerrero
Jesús
2
13
2
ch
oa
ura
arg
Am
Juez Lorenzo Carm
ona
2
7
1
9 8
z
Vera Cru
7
Sol
17
6
Plaza
Santiago
8
Nue
va
Almonas
tín
Cristo
S. Quin
Herrera
24 Imperio Romano
P. Delgad
o
16
Cla
ve
l
P. de
la Reina
Es
pe
ran
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Posadas
Tentaciones de Jesús
Sectas Judaicas y Discípulos de Emaús
El Pretorio Romano
Autoridades Judaicas “La Judea”
Los Mitigadores de Jesús “La Corona”
Judit y La Degollación de San Juan Bautista- “El Degüello”
Los Milagros de Jesús
Los Ataos
El Prendimiento de Jesús
Los Apóstoles
El Sudario de Cristo
Los Judíos de Azote “Los Jetones”
La Resurrección de Lázaro – “Los Lázaros”
Los Evangelistas
Las Parábolas
Las Profecías de Jesús “Las Negaciones”
Los Samaritanos
Judío Errante e Israel
Los Testigos Falsos
El Fariseo y El Publicano
El Centurión
Las Llagas de Jesús
El Tributo del Templo
11
5
La Huert
a
NEW TESTAMENT
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
3
Lamoniez
1
24 Casares
Jua n
Ju
sti
cia
13
Dr
.O
Ca
lvo
Poeta García Lorca
Sa n
M.
M. y Pe
layo
ing
lem
Dr. F
Roja
Cruz
as
Canterí
Reinado de Esther
Libertadores y Patriarcas de Israel “La Espina”
Fundadores de Israel “La Cruz”
Reyes de Israel y Judá
Los Babilonios
La Bendición de Jacob
Los Profetas
El Arca de Noé
El Pentateuco
El Arca de la Alianza
Los Levitas
El Clan de Quehat
La Destrucción de Sodoma
Los Pecados de David “El Cirio”
El Juicio de Salomón y Las Tres Marías
El Reinado de Josafat “El Silencio”
La Historia de Saúl
La Coronación de Jehú “La Bengala”
La Salvación de Jonás “La Ballena”
La Reconstrucción de Jerusalém
La Historia de Tobías “El Pez”
Los Defensores de Israel
Los Siete Hermanos Macabeos
a
zad
Cal
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
J. R
odrí
gue
z
to
nio
OLD TESTAMENT
19
1
C.P. Ramiro Maeztu
Edita
Textos
Fotografías
Ayuntamiento de Puente Genil
Oficina de Turismo de Puente Genil
Manuel Delgado Torres, Antonio Illanes Velasco,
Sandra Martínez García
Pablo Alfaro, Juan Leiva, Manuel Luna, Javier Morón
Jorge Ortiz, Antonio Velasco