voc rehab modelreport

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voc rehab modelreport
NHS NATIONAL SERVICE FRAMEWORK
WORKING
TOWARDS
EMPLOYMENT
For people with long-term
neurological conditions and
VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
CONTENTS
Foreword
4
5
Section 1
6
Executive Summary
WORKING
TOWARDS
EMPLOYMENT
a The Department of Health (DoH)/National
Health Service (NHS) expectations of
vocational rehabilitation services
b The Scottish National Health Service
experience of rolling out vocational
rehabilitation
Section 2
NHS NATIONAL SERVICE FRAMEWORK
For people with long-term
neurological conditions and
VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION
12
Models of delivering vocational rehabilitation
and the BASIC approach
Section 3
18
Community links
Section 4
20
Discussion: The way BASIC and NHS Trusts
can work together
Section 5
22
All photos in this document are for illustration purposes only.
Annex: Research Evidence Cited in DoH
Quality Requirement 6: Vocational
Rehabilitation
3
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
FOREWORD
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4
5
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
SECTION 1A
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7
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
SECTION 1B
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l^i]^cbVcnhZgk^XZh#>cHXdiaVcYi]Ze^XijgZ^hXaZVgZg#I]ZegVXi^XZbdYZai]Vi^hZbZg\^c\bVned^cii]Z
lVnidlVgYhi]ZWZhiji^a^hVi^dcd[Xdbbjc^inhZgk^XZhhjX]Vh76H>8#
I]ZHXdii^h]C=HZmeZg^ZcXZd[gdaa^c\djiKG
O
XdjchZaa^c\idhjeedgiVY_jhibZciidY^hVW^a^in
I]ZHXdii^h]\dkZgcbZci]VhiV`Zci]ZaZVY^cZchjg^c\i]ViKG
^hXdch^hiZcianVkV^aVWaZl^i]^ci]ZHXdii^h]C=H#I]ZeaVc^hhZi
dji^c8d"dgY^cViZY!^ciZ\gViZYVcYÃi[dgejgedhZ/69Za^kZgn
;gVbZldg`[dg6YjaiGZ]VW^a^iVi^dc^cHXdiaVcYlll#HXdiaVcY#
\dk#j`$EjWa^XVi^dch$'%%,$%''%&*)'),$+#I]Zegd\gVbbZ^h
V^bZYVii]gZZ\gdjehd[eZdeaZ^cXajY^c\i]dhZgZijgc^c\id
ldg`VcY$dgV^b^c\idhiVn^cZbeadnbZci#Di]ZggZaViZYeda^Xn
YdXjbZcihVgZLdg`[dgXZEajh/Vc:beadnbZci;gVbZldg`
[dgHXdiaVcYVcY=ZVai]nLdg`^c\A^kZh/VEaVc[dg6Xi^dc#I]Z
HXdii^h]8ZcigZ[dg=ZVai]nLdg`^c\A^kZh!WVhZY^c=Vb^aidc!^h
dkZghZZ^c\i]ZYZkZadebZcid[e^adiKGegd_ZXih#I]^h^cXajYZh
gZegZhZciVi^dcdci]Z&)=ZVai]7dVgYh^cHXdiaVcY#I]Z
Ãghiegd_ZXideZcZY^c9jcYZZ^c6eg^a'%%-l^i]ildbdgZ
hX]ZYjaZYid[daadl^cAVcVg`h]^gZVcYi]Z7dgYZgh#
O
hjeZgk^hZYdc"i]Z"_dWigV^c^c\VcY$dgVh]dgikdXVi^dcVa
XdjghZ
O
ÃicZhhVcYldg`XdcY^i^dc^c\egd\gVbbZh
O
XdcÃYZcXZWj^aY^c\$hZa["ZhiZZb\gdjehdg^cY^k^YjVa
hZhh^dch
O
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O
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O
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I]ZiVg\ZiedejaVi^dc^hVXgjX^Va^hhjZ#6hi]ZbVeeZY
egd\gVbbZ^hWZ^c\YZa^kZgZYi]gdj\]i]ZC=Hi]ZgZ^hV
XgjX^VaY^hi^cXi^dcWZilZZcbdhieZdeaZhZgkZYWni]^hhZgk^XZ
VcYi]dhZVXXZhh^c\9ZeVgibZcid[Ldg`VcYEZch^dchhZgk^XZh
9LE/i]Z[dgbZgVaa]VkZ_dWh#L]^ahii]ZgZ^hediZci^Vaan
hdbZdkZgaVe!eVgi^XjaVganl^i]9LEXjhidbZghgZan^c\dc
i]Z6XXZhhidLdg`egd\gVbbZh!i]ZcjbWZghVgZa^`Zanid
WZXdbeVgVi^kZanhbVaaXdbeVgZYidi]ZbV^cjhZghd[Wdi]
hZgk^XZh#
6cdi]Zgh^\c^ÃXVci[ZVijgZd[i]ZlVni]ZhZgk^XZ^hWZ^c\gdaaZY
dji^hi]ZlVn^i^hiVg\ZiZYViZbeadnZZhd[hbVaaVcYbZY^jb
h^oZYXdbeVc^ZhHB:h!i]Vi^hl^i]jeid'*%ZbeadnZZh#I]^h
^hdci]ZWVh^hi]ViHB:hgZegZhZcihdbZ*%d[ZbeadnZgh^c
HXdiaVcY#
I]Z[gVbZldg`YdXjbZciXdch^YZghi]Vi`ZnZaZbZcihd[KG
^cXajYZ/
O VhhZhhbZcid[[jcXi^dcVa!e]nh^XVa!ehnX]dad\^XVaVcY
Xd\c^i^kZldg`XVeVX^in
O
8
kdXVi^dcVaVhhZhhbZciVcYXdjchZaa^c\idYZiZgb^cZ
hj^iVWaZ_dWdei^dch
I]ZbdYZaKGiZVb!WVhZY^ci]ZXdbbjc^in!^hXdch^YZgZY
a^`ZanidXdch^hid[egd[Zhh^dcVah^cXajY^c\/
O VXVhZbVcV\ZgVcnY^hX^ea^cZ
O
VXdjchZaadg
O
bVcjVa]VcYa^c\igV^cZg
O
VcdXXjeVi^dcVa]ZVai]VYk^hZg
O
VcdXXjeVi^dcVa]ZVai]e]nh^X^Vc
O
Ve]nh^di]ZgVe^hi
O
VehnX]dad\^hi
O
Vhjeedgildg`Zg#
>cegVXi^XZi]Ze^adi9jcYZZEgd_ZXiXdch^hihd[/
O VcVYb^c^higVidg
O
VXVhZbVcV\ZggZXgj^iZYdchZXdcYbZci[gdb?dWXZcigZ
Eajh
O
ilde]nh^di]ZgVe^hih
O
VcdXXjeVi^dcVai]ZgVe^hi
O
VXdjchZaadg#
9
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
SECTION 1B
continued
I]Z9jcYZZEgd_ZXi
AdXVi^dc
6heVgid[i]ZZi]dhd[YZkZade^c\Xdbbjc^in"WVhZYhZgk^XZh
i]Zegd_ZXi^hcdiadXViZYdcVcC=Hh^iZ!^chiZVY^i^hVadc\h^YZ
Vc^ccZg"X^inXdbbjc^inZbeadnbZciegd_ZXi!l^i]hiV[[
ldg`^c\ZahZl]ZgZl]ZcgZfj^gZY#
GZ[ZggVah
I]ZhZbjhiWZZ^i]ZghZa["gZ[ZggVahdgbVYZi]gdj\]ZbeadnZgh#
:kZc^[ViiZcY^c\Vcdi]ZghZgk^XZl]ZgZi]ZnbVn]VkZWZZc
bVYZVlVgZd[i]Zegd_ZXi!hjX]Vhi]ZadXVa6Xfj^gZY7gV^c
>c_jgn8ZcigZ!i]ZXa^ZcibjhiiV`Zi]Z^c^i^Vi^kZ^cXdciVXi^c\
i]Zegd_ZXi#6ai]dj\]i]Zegd_ZXi]VhWZZcbVg`ZiZYid
<Eh!i]^hlVhcdiegdYjXi^kZYjg^c\i]ZÃghi[Zlbdci]hd[
deZgVi^dc#I]ZXVhZbVcV\Zg»hhZXdcYbZci[gdb?dWXZcigZ
EajhXdcig^WjiZYidVhbVaacjbWZgd[gZ[ZggVah[gdbi]^hhdjgXZ#
DWhZgkVi^dchdci]Z9jcYZZEgd_ZXi
6ii]Zi^bZd[lg^i^c\^i^hiddZVganidYgVlVcnYZÃc^i^kZ
XdcXajh^dch#=dlZkZgi]ZgdaZd[i]Zegd\gVbbZ^hYZÃcZY
VcY^i^hhiV[[ZYidbZZibdhiXa^ZciYZbVcYh^i^ha^`Zanid
ZmeZg^ZcXZ#HjXXZhh^hXaZVgancdidcanYZeZcYZcidci]Zldg`
jcYZgiV`ZcWjidci]ZhiViZd[i]ZaVWdjgbVg`Zi!^cXajY^c\
i]ZY^hedh^i^dcd[ZbeadnZgh#I]ZgZ[ZggVabZX]Vc^hbegZkZcih
ZbeadnZgh[gdbºjh^c\»i]Zegd_ZXiidºd[ÄdVY»ZbeadnZZhi]Zn
cdadc\Zgl^h]idXdci^cjZidZbeadn#
10
I]ZZkVajVi^dcl^aacdigZanZci^gZandcgZijgcidldg`hiVi^hi^Xh
WjiVahd^begdkZbZcih^ci]ZXa^Zcih»lZaaWZ^c\VcY!XgjX^Vaan!
Xdhih#
I]ZgZgZbV^chldg`idWZYdcZ!l]^X]^hidWZZmeZXiZYd[
VcZlegd\gVbbZ#>i^hgZXd\c^hZYi]Vii]ZgZl^aaWZXa^Zcih
l]dl^aagZfj^gZVeZg^dYd[ldg`"]VgYZc^c\dgXdcY^i^dc^c\
VhVhiZee^c\hidcZWVX`idi]Z^gZbeadnbZciVcYXdbbjc^in
a^c`hVgZWZ^c\YZkZadeZY#6agZVYnWZcZÃihVYk^XZ^hVkV^aVWaZ
VcYi]ZgZ^hVldg`^c\gZaVi^dch]^el^i]9jcYZZ8^in8djcX^a»h
ZbeadnbZciVcYY^hVW^a^inhZgk^XZh#I]ZgZ^hVahdVa^c`"je
l^i]?dWXZcigZEajhhdi]ViXa^Zcihl]dgZfj^gZVkdXVi^dcVa
VhhZhhbZciWnVldg`ehnX]dad\^higZXZ^kZ^iVcYi]dhZXa^Zcih
l]dVgZcdi\d^c\idgZijgcidi]Z^gZbeadnbZciVahdgZXZ^kZ
Veegdeg^ViZhjeedgi#>i^h[jgi]ZggZXd\c^hZYi]Vi?dWXZcigZ
Eajh[jcYZYXdcY^i^dc"bVcV\ZbZciegd\gVbbZhbVnWZcZÃi
hdbZXa^Zcih!Vai]dj\]adXVadei^dchVgZa^b^iZYVcYZa^\^W^a^in
gjaZh!WVhZYdci]ZineZd[WZcZÃigZXZ^kZY!ldjaYZmXajYZ
bdhid[i]Z^gXa^Zcih#I]ZgZ^ha^b^iZYdeedgijc^in[dgin situ
_dW"XdVX]^c\!Vai]dj\]^ibVnWZbV^ciV^cZYi]Vibdhid[i]Z^g
Xa^ZcihVgZjca^`ZanidcZZYhjX]hjeedgi#
Hjeedgi^c\H^b^aVg9ZkZadebZcih
VggVc\^c\hjeedgiZYVcYhjeZgk^hZYldg`eaVXZbZcih#
I]^h^hXdch^YZgZYVh^\c^ÃXVci^hhjZ#;dgZmVbeaZ!Vaad[
i]ZbdYZahd[\ddYegVXi^XZ^cWgV^c^c_jgnKG!VYkdXViZY
^ci]ZFjVa^ineVeZg!^cXajYZVcZmiZcYZYeZg^dYd[ldg`
egZeVgVi^dc
O
Dg\Vc^hVi^dcha^`Z76H>8XVchjeedgiYZkZadebZcih
XdbeVgVWaZidi]ZZbZg\^c\HXdii^h]bdYZad[C=H"aZYKGWn/
]djh^c\VKGegd\gVbbZ#76H>8VagZVYn]VhVKG
egd\gVbbZl^i]ZmeVch^dc[VX^a^i^Zh[dgVcnXa^c^XVadg
di]ZgeZghdccZaidWZ]djhZY#I]Z^bedgiVcXZd[adXVi^c\
KGl^i]^ci]ZXdbbjc^in]VhWZZcl^YZangZXd\c^hZY
cdi_jhi^cHXdiaVcYWji^cXdcY^i^dcbVcV\ZbZci
egd\gVbbZhcVi^dcVaan
O
egdk^Y^c\VWVh^XkdXVi^dcVaVhhZhhbZcil^i]i]ZV^bd[
]Zae^c\eZdeaZYZkZadeldg`"gZaViZYh`^aah
O
egdk^Y^c\^c[dgbZY\j^YVcXZVWdjiVkV^aVWaZdei^dch
O
egdk^Y^c\egVXi^XVahjeedgiidbVcV\ZegdWaZbh^ci]Z
ldg`eaVXZ
O
egdk^c\i]ZcZXZhhVgna^V^hdcWZilZZcdi]ZgejWa^XVcY
kdajciVgnhZXidghZgk^XZh!hjX]Vh?dWXZcigZEajhVcY
LZa[VgZG^\]ih#
O
I]ZcVijgZd[i]ZhZgk^XZXdjaYWZXdch^YZgVWanZmiZcYZY
YZeZcY^c\jedcdeZgVi^dcVaX^gXjbhiVcXZhVcYgZfj^gZbZcih#
;dgZmVbeaZ!^il^aa]VkZWZZccdiZYi]Vii]ZHXdii^h]bdYZa
gZfj^gZhVXVhZbVcV\ZgidaZVYi]ZiZVb#76H>8VagZVYn]Vh
VXVhZ"bVcV\ZYhZgk^XZ#8aZVgan!deZgVi^dcVaegdidXdahldjaY
cZZYidWZZhiVWa^h]ZYXdkZg^c\hjX]bViiZghVhVYb^c^higVi^kZ
VggVc\ZbZcihVcYXdcÃYZci^Va^in#
egdk^Y^c\a^V^hdcVcYVYk^XZidZbeadnZghidVY_jhildg`
Yji^Zh#
O
9ZkZadebZcihXVcVahdWZhjeedgiZYWnegdk^Y^c\i]Z
hiZee^c\hidcZWZilZZc^cXVeVX^inVcYVgZijgcidldg`
i]gdj\]/
i]Zegdk^h^dcd[^c"]djhZhZgk^XZh[dgi]dhZXa^Zcih
gZfj^g^c\hjX]hjeedgi
O
11
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
SECTION 2
BdYZahd[YZa^kZg^c\kdXVi^dcVagZ]VW^a^iVi^dcVcYi]Z76H>8VeegdVX]
<ZcZgVaanheZV`^c\KGhZgk^XZh^ci][email protected]^ckdakZi]Z[daadl^c\
VXi^k^i^Zh/
HiV\Z& >c^i^VaZkVajVi^dc!^cXajh^dcVcYgZ]VW^a^iVi^dc
eaVcc^c\
HiZe& 9dXjbZci^c\YZbd\gVe]^XYViV
HiZe'
9dXjbZci^c\Xa^c^XVaYViV
HiZe(
>ciV`Z^ciZgk^Zl
HiZe)
;dgbVa^h^c\VcYdeZgVi^dcVa^h^c\gZ[ZggVafjZhi^dch
VcYi]ZgZ]VW^a^iVi^dceaVc
HiV\Z' 6hhZhhbZci
HiZe* >c^i^Vi^c\i]ZVhhZhhbZciegdXZhh
HiZe+
6hhZhh^c\e]nh^XVaVcYXd\c^i^kZVW^a^i^Zh
V;jcXi^dcVaVhhZhhbZcih
W8d\c^i^kZVhhZhhbZcih
HiZe,
6hhZhh^c\kdXVi^dcVa^ciZgZhi!VW^a^i^ZhVcYVei^ijYZh
HiZe-
6hhZhh^c\ldg`ZgigV^ih
HiV\Z( >ciZgkZci^dcHZgk^XZh
HiZe. ?dWYZkZadebZci$ldg`VY_jhibZcihZgk^XZh
HiV\Z) EaVXZbZciVcY;daadl"Je
HiZe&% EaVXZbZcidei^dchVcYhigViZ\^Zh
HiZe&& Ldg`"h^iZZkVajVi^dcVcY_dWYZh^\c
HiZe&' ;daadl"jeVcYgZiZci^dc
¸IdZkZgnWdYnVi76H>8#I]^h^hidaZindj
`cdli]Vi>]VkZ_jhieVhhZYbnXdjghZ"CKF
aZkZa'#I]Vc`ndj[dgndjg]Zae¹#:L
I]Z76H>8VeegdVX]
8VhZHijYn
<<!V)("nZVg"daYbVcl^i]VcVXfj^gZYWgV^c^c_jgn
[daadl^c\VhZg^Zhd[higd`Zh!]VYldg`ZY[dghZkZgVa
XdbeVc^ZhWjiValVnh^cVgdaZd[lVgZ]djhZbVc$
YZa^kZgnYg^kZg!VcY[dgi]ZaVhi&%nZVghYZVa^c\l^i]XVg
eVgih#=Z]VYcdfjVa^ÃXVi^dch#
=ZgZijgcZYidldg`[djgbdci]hV[iZg]^hÃghihigd`ZWji
ZcXdjciZgZYY^[ÃXjai^ZhWZXVjhZd[cd^hZVcYbZbdgn
Y^[ÃXjain#L^i]^cVh]dgiheVXZd[i^bZ]Z]VYV[jgi]Zg
higd`Z#I]^haZ[i]^bl^i]VaZ[i"h^YZYlZV`cZhhgZhjai^c\^c
i]ZlZVg^c\d[Vhea^cidc]^haZ[iVc`aZ$[ddi#=ZYZkZadeZY
^cidaZgVcXZidcd^hZVcYWZXVbZegdcZidVcm^ZinVcY
eVc^XViiVX`h#I]ZgZlVhVahdYZiZg^dgVi^dc^c]^hh]dgi
iZgbbZbdgn#=^hYg^k^c\a^XZcXZlVhhjheZcYZY#=^h
bV^c^ciZgZhidjih^YZldg`lVh\VgYZc^c\#
L]^ahi<<lVhYZheZgViZidgZijgcidldg`!]ZY^Ycdi
`cdl]dlid\dVWdjii]^h#>c^i^Vaan]ZlVhZcXdjgV\ZY
idb^ml^i]di]ZgXa^ZcihVi76H>8idYZkZadeXdcÃYZcXZ
VcYid]Zae]^bVXXZeii]Vidi]ZgeZdeaZ]VYh^b^aVg
Y^[ÃXjai^ZhVcYWVgg^Zghid]^bhZa[#6ggVc\ZbZcihlZgZ
bVYZ[dg]^bidk^h^iVbV_dg^chjgVcXZXdbeVcnbdidg
kZ]^XaZgZeV^gXZcigZVcY!Vii]^hed^ci!]ZVXXZeiZY
i]Vidl^c\idcd^hZ]ZXdjaYcdildg`^cV\VgV\Z
Zck^gdcbZci#=ZZc\V\ZYl^i]hZkZgVaXaVhhZhVii]Z
XZcigZ¶Vgi!ediiZgnVcYbjh^Xi]ZgVeneVgi^XjaVgan!
VcYgZVa^hZYi]Vi]Z]VYiVaZciVcYh`^aa^ci]ZhZVgZVh#
=ZViiZcYZY7Vh^XH`^aahA^iZgVXnVcYCjbZgVXnVcY
ZkZcijVaanVX]^ZkZYAZkZa(^cWdi]#6h]ZWZXVbZbdgZ
VY_jhiZYid]^haZ[i"h^YZlZV`cZhh!]ZlVhZcXdjgV\ZY
idiV`ZeVgi^ci]Z]dgi^XjaijgZ\gdjeVcYi]ZcidiV`ZV
kdajciVgneaVXZbZcil^i]V\VgYZcXZcigZ#I]gdj\]i]^h
ldg`!]ZlVhd[[ZgZYi]Zdeedgijc^inidiV`ZVeVgi"i^bZ
_dWVhV]VcYnbVcViVhdX^VaXVgZXZcigZjcYZgeZgb^iiZY
ldg`gjaZh#I]^hlVhaViZgZmiZcYZYidV[jaa"i^bZedh^i^dc#
¸>]VkZgZXZcianXdbeaZiZYbn[dg`a^[iigjX`
XdjghZVcYeVhhZYl^i]Än^c\Xdadjgh#>Vb
cdlldg`^c\Vi6hYVVcY>a^`Z^ikZgnbjX]###
bVcni]Vc`h#¹9=
12
13
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
SECTION 2
continued
76H>8»hBdYZad[EgVXi^XZ
>c^i^Vaani]Z76H>8bdYZalVhYZkZadeZY[dgXa^Zcihl^i]Vc
VXfj^gZYWgV^c^c_jgndgVcZjgdad\^XVaXdcY^i^dc#76H>8VagZVYn
egdk^YZYVeVX`V\Zd[hZgk^XZhid]ZaeeZdeaZXdci^cjZ
i]Z^ggZ]VW^a^iVi^dc^cVcdc"Xa^c^XVahZii^c\#>ilVhXdch^YZgZY
i]ViVkdXVi^dcVahZgk^XZV^bZYVigZ"^ciZ\gVi^c\eZdeaZ^cid
bV^chigZVba^[ZlVhi]ZcZmihiZe^cegdk^Y^c\Vc]da^hi^X
egd\gVbbZd[XVgZ[dgXa^Zcih!bZZi^c\i]Zdg\Vc^hVi^dc»h
dkZgVaaV^bd[^begdk^c\VjidcdbnVcYhZa[gZa^VcXZ#76H>8
Xdch^YZghi]ViXa^Zcihl^i]WgV^c^c_jgngZfj^gZheZX^Va^hi
hZgk^XZhWZXVjhZd[i]Zjc^fjZcVijgZd[i]Z^gXd\c^i^kZVcY
WZ]Vk^djgVaY^hVW^a^i^Zh!ZheZX^Vaanl^i]gZ\VgYidbZbdgn
egdWaZbh!XdcXZcigVi^dc!^c[dgbVi^dcegdXZhh^c\VcYZmZXji^kZ
Y^[ÃXjai^Zh#
8VhZHijYn
:E!V)'"nZVg"daYbVcl^i]VhZkZgZigVjbVi^XWgV^c
^c_jgn!hjhiV^cZYYjg^c\VcViiVX`Vi]^hldg`eaVXZ!
]VYWZZcZbeadnZYWni]ZhVbZXdbeVcn[dg&)
nZVgh#=Zldg`ZY^c^i^VaanVhViVm^Yg^kZgVcYaViiZgan
VhVcd[ÃXZWVhZYigV[ÃXXdcigdabVcV\ZgiV`^c\XVaah
[gdbXjhidbZghVcYVggVc\^c\[dgi]Z^gXdaaZXi^dc
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14
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15
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
SECTION 2
KD86I>DC6AEGD?:8I;ADL8=6GI
continued
9:I6>A:9KD86I>DC6A:K6AJ6I>DC
I]ZgZVgZXdch^YZgVWaZgZVhdchl]n76H>8»hVeegdVX]]Vh
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16
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BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
SECTION 3
8dbbjc^inA^c`h
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higZc\i]ZcZY^ci]Z[jijgZ#
18
19
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
SECTION 4 DISCUSSION
I]ZlVn7Vh^XVcYC=HIgjhihXVcldg`id\Zi]Zg
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cZZYidgZXd\c^hZgZheZXi^kZhigZc\i]h#
LZgZXd\c^hZi]Vii]ZgZ^hXdch^YZgVWaZZmeZgi^hZl^i]^ci]Z
C=Hid[VX^a^iViZVcYZc]VcXZ/
O
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O
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76H>8]VhZmeZgi^hZldg`^c\l^i]Xa^Zcih!l^i]VgVc\Zd[
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VXi^k^in!_dWbViX]^c\VcYÃcY^c\!^ca^V^hdcl^i]ZbeadnZgh!_dW
VcVanh^hVcYkdXVi^dcVaXdjchZaa^c\#
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ZYjXVi^dcVcYigV^c^c\hZgk^XZh#
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XdcÃYZci^Va^inVcYYViVegdiZXi^dc#=dlZkZglZVgZÄZm^WaZ
l^i]gZ\VgYidi]ZYZa^kZgnd[hZgk^XZh#LZVgZÃgbanXdbb^iiZY
idYZa^kZg^c\VXa^Zci"XZcigZYhZgk^XZi]ViZcVWaZhi]ZXa^Zciid
gZijgcidldg`dg![V^a^c\i]^h!bV`^c\VaiZgcVi^kZVggVc\ZbZcih
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eVgicZgh]^el^i]Vcndi]Zgdg\Vc^hVi^dc#
O
20
21
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
SECTION 5
6ccZm
GZhZVgX]Zk^YZcXZX^iZY^cFjVa^inGZfj^gZbZci+/KdXVi^dcVa
GZ]VW^a^iVi^dc
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VgZd[6bZg^XVcdg^\^c#>ci]ZJc^iZYHiViZhKGegVXi^XZ
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O
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22
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eVgVbdjci^bedgiVcXZ^[dcZ^h\d^c\idXdch^YZgi]Zadc\"
iZgbkdXVi^dcVaVY_jhibZcid[i]Z]ZVY"^c_jgZY»#
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gZijgcidldg`djiXdbZh[dg&(%hjW_ZXihl^i]VigVjbVi^X
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eaVXZbZcigViZVcYV,&gZiZci^dcgViZ#IldXdbeVgVidg
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l^i]aZVgc^c\Y^hVW^a^i^ZhWjicdljhZYWneZdeaZl^i]di]Zg
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Xa^Zci^cidVgZVa_dW!eVn^c\VXdbeZi^i^kZlV\Z!Wjiegdk^Y^c\
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8dbbdchgZXdbbZcYZYi]Vii]ZbdYZah]djaYWZVYdeiZY
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Zk^YZcii]Vii]ZbdYZagZfj^gZhXdch^YZgVWaZgZhdjgX^c\#>i^h
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I]ZhZgk^XZ^hegdk^YZYWnVgZ]VW^a^iVi^dciZVbXdbeg^h^c\
Xa^c^XVaehnX]dad\^hih!bZY^XVaegVXi^i^dcZgh!cjgh^c\hiV[[!
dXXjeVi^dcVai]ZgVe^hih!e]nh^di]ZgVe^hih!hdX^Valdg`Zgh!heZZX]
i]ZgVe^hihVcYVYb^c^higVi^kZhiV[[ldg`^c\^cXdc_jcXi^dcl^i]
adXVaVXjiZVcYXdbbjc^inhZgk^XZh!^cXajY^c\i]ZheZX^Va^hi
GZ\^dcVaCZjgdhX^ZcXZHZgk^XZhVcYdi]ZgV\ZcX^Zh!eVgi^XjaVgan
HdX^VaHZgk^XZh!?dWXZcigZEajhVcYadXVa=ZVYlVn\gdjeV
cVi^dcVakdajciVgnVhhdX^Vi^dc[dgWgV^c^c_jgZYeZdeaZ#
23
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
SECTION 5
continued
KdXVi^dcVaEgd\gVbbZ
Ine^XVa9jgVi^dc
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Xa^c^X#I]ZV^b^hiddWiV^cVYZiV^aZYhdX^VaVcYXa^c^XVa]^hidgn
VcYVegdÃaZd[XjggZciegdWaZbhVheZgXZ^kZYWni]ZeZghdc
VcYi]Z^g[Vb^an#I]Z^c^i^VaVhhZhhbZciXdbeg^hZhV=ZVY
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dXXjeVi^dcVaVcYXa^c^XVa]^hidgn!XdjghZd[gZXdkZgnVcYgZk^Zl
d[XjggZcih^ijVi^dc$cZZYh!V=ZVY>c_jgnEgdWaZbHX]ZYjaZ
e]nh^XVa!hZchdgn!Xd\c^i^kZ!eZghdcVa^inVcYhdX^VaX]Vc\Zh!V
=ZVY>c_jgnHZbVci^X9^[[ZgZci^VaHXVaZX]Vc\Zh^chZa["XdcXZei
VcYeZghdcVa^inVcYV=dhe^iVa6cm^ZinVcY9ZegZhh^dcHXVaZ
hXgZZc^c\d[Zbdi^dcVahiViZ#
;daadl^c\i]Z^c^i^VaVhhZhhbZci[jgi]ZgVhhZhhbZcihbVn
^cXajYZbZY^XVa!cZjgdehnX]dad\^XVa!cjgh^c\!dXXjeVi^dcVa
i]ZgVen!e]nh^di]ZgVen!heZZX]VcYaVc\jV\Zi]ZgVen
VcYheZX^Va^hikdXVi^dcVa!Yg^k^c\VcY[Vb^anVhhZhhbZci
egd\gVbbZh#I]ZgZhjaihd[hjX]VhhZhhbZcihVcYi]ZiZVb
gZXdbbZcYVi^dchVgZi]ZcY^hXjhhZYl^i]i]ZeZghdc»h[Vb^an
^cV[ZZYWVX`$eaVcc^c\hZhh^dc^ci]Z]ZVY^c_jgnXa^c^X#
HjWhZfjZcigZ]VW^a^iVi^dcbVn^cXajYZVegd\gVbbZd[
^cY^k^YjVaigZVibZci![dgZmVbeaZXd\c^i^kZgZ]VW^a^iVi^dc!
dXXjeVi^dcVai]ZgVen!e]nh^di]ZgVen!ehnX]dad\^XVai]ZgVen!
heZZX]VcYaVc\jV\Zi]ZgVen!adc\"iZgbehnX]di]ZgVen!
egdk^YZYdcZ^i]ZgVc^c"eVi^ZcidgYVnWVh^h#
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e]VhZhd[kdXVi^dcVaVhhZhhbZci!gZ]VW^a^iVi^dc!kdajciVgnldg`
ig^VahVcYadc\"iZgb$hjeedgiZYeaVXZbZcih#
24
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dg[djglZZ`hd[^ciZgk^Zlh![dgbVaiZhih!\gdjeldg`VcY
dWhZgkVi^dc$gVi^c\hd[ldg`eZg[dgbVcXZVcYWZ]Vk^djgVhlZaa
Vhi]ZVeea^XVi^dcd[di]ZgVhhZhhbZcihiddahVhgZfj^gZY![dg
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6h^cY^XViZYi]ZLdg`^c\DjibdYZagZfj^gZhXdch^YZgVWaZ
gZhdjgX^c\#I]Z76H>8VeegdVX]YdZhcdigZfj^gZi]ZhVbZ
aZkZad[Xa^c^XVa^ceji#
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egdk^YZegZY^Xidghd[gZijgcidldg`[daadl^c\he^cVaXdgY
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^h^cÄjZcXZYWni]Ze]nh^XVa^ciZch^ind[i]ZegZ"^c_jgn_dW#
Dcan(,d['()hjW_ZXihZbeadnZYVii]Zi^bZd[^c_jgnlZgZ
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i]Vi+*d[i]dhZl]dgZijgcZYidldg`!gZijgcZYidi]Z
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I]Z^bea^XVi^dch[dgKGVeeZVgidWZ^cgZheZXid[/
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O
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O
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O
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:e^aZehn
8daa^c\hVcY8]VeeZaa&..)ZmVb^cZYi]Z^ciZg"gZaVi^dch]^eh
WZilZZcZbeadnbZcihiVijh!ZbeadnbZciZmeZg^ZcXZh!
WVX`\gdjcY!ZYjXVi^dcVaVcYZe^aZehn"gZaViZYkVg^VWaZh
Vbdc\hiVhijYnhVbeaZd[&,%.eZdeaZa^k^c\^c:c\aVcYVcY
LVaZh#Jchjgeg^h^c\anZbeadnbZciegdheZXihlZgZ[djcYid
WZgZaViZYidZYjXVi^dcVafjVa^ÃXVi^dch!hdX^d"ZXdcdb^XhiVijh!
ZbeadnbZci]^hidgn!hZa["WZa^Z[i]ViZe^aZehn]VYa^iiaZdgcd
Z[[ZXidc_dWegdheZXih!adlhZ^ojgZhZkZg^inVcY\ddYhZ^ojgZ
Xdcigda#
I]ZhijYnYdZhcdiXdch^YZgi]ZgdaZd[kdXVi^dcVagZ]VW^a^iVi^dc
^cZc]VcX^c\ZbeadnbZciegdheZXihdi]Zgi]VcWn^c[ZgZcXZ#
>ci]^hgZheZXii]ZaZhhdchVeeZVgidWZi]Vi/
O
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O
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O
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fjVa^ÃXVi^dch
O
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Bjai^eaZHXaZgdh^h
GdZhhaZget al&..,egdk^YZVi]ZdgZi^XVaZmeaVcVi^dc[dgi]Z
]^\]aZkZahd[jcZbeadnbZciVbdc\hieZdeaZl^i]X]gdc^X
^aacZhhZhhjX]VhBH!]^\]Zgi]VcldjaYWZZmeZXiZY[gdbi]Z
hnbeidbhVadcZ#I]ZnX^iZZk^YZcXZi]Viºi]ZneZdeaZl^i]
BH^cXgZVh^c\anYdjWii]Z^gdlcXVeVW^a^i^ZhidZmZgiXdcigda
dkZgi]ZZck^gdcbZciVcYVX]^ZkZYZh^gVWaZdjiXdbZhhjX]
VhgZhjbei^dcdggZiZci^dcd[ZbeadnbZci»GdZhhaZgVcY
Gjbg^aa!&..)#I]^h^c[dgbVi^dc^hgZaViZYidi]ZXdcXZeid[
VX]^Zk^c\hZa["Z[ÃXVXn7VcYjgV!&.-+VcYYZkZadehl]Vi^h
`cdlcVhi]Z6XXdbbdYVi^dcEaVcc^c\IZVb6EIHZb^cVg
GZZYet al!&..)YZh^\cZYid^cÄjZcXZhZa["Z[ÃXVXnVcY
djiXdbZZmeZXiVi^dch#>ch]dgi!gZijgcidldg`^ciZgkZci^dch
bjhiZcVWaZeZdeaZl^i]BHidYZkZadeedh^i^kZZmeZXiVi^dch#
I]ZnbjhiWZa^ZkZi]Vii]ZnedhhZhhi]ZVW^a^i^ZhcZZYZYid
gZhedcYZ[[ZXi^kZan^ci]Z_dW^ciZgk^ZlVcYgZfjZhigZVhdcVWaZ
ldg`VY_jhibZcihhZa["Z[ÃXVXnVcYi]Vii]Znl^aahZXjgZ
ZbeadnbZciVhVgZhjaid[i]Z^gZ[[dgihdjiXdbZZmeZXiVi^dch#
25
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
BASIC WORKING TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT
SECTION 5
continued
:kdaji^dcd[9^hVW^a^in:beadnbZciEda^XnVcYKdXVi^dcVaGZ]VW^a^iVi^dc^ci][email protected]
I]ZdW_ZXi^kZd[?d]chdcet al’s'%%)fjVa^iVi^kZgZhZVgX]!l^i]dcan&+hjW_ZXih!lVhidViiV^cVWZiiZg
jcYZghiVcY^c\d[i]ZWZcZÃihVcYWVgg^Zgh[VXZYWneZdeaZl^i]BH^ci]Zldg`eaVXZ#;djgi]ZbZhZbZg\ZY
[daadl^c\i]ZeVgi^X^eVcih»Y^hXjhh^dc/
I]ZbZ
HjWi]ZbZ
I]ZXdhi"WZcZÃid[ldg`^c\
VXi^k^i^Zh
O
Ldg`^hi]ZgVeji^X
;Vi^\jZVcYXd\c^i^kZX]Vc\Zh
HigZhh^ci]Zldg`eaVXZ
6XXdbbdYVi^dchidVYYgZhh
WVgg^Zgh
O
I]ZkVajZd[ldg`
I]ZXdhid[ldg`
AZhhdchYZegZhh^dc
:meaV^c^c\[Vi^\jZ/i]ZBHeZgheZXi^kZ
O ;Vi^\jZVaiZghi]^c`^c\/i]^c`^c\^h]VgY
ldg`
O ;Vi^\jZVhVhjggd\ViZ[dgXd\c^i^kZX]Vc\Z
:mVbeaZ^hhjZY^hXjhhZY
;^cVcX^Va
>YZci^inVcYhZa["ZhiZZb
O HdX^Va^ciZgVXi^dc
O A^b^iVi^dch^ccdc"ldg`
O Ejh]^c\idd]VgY
O GZYjXZh[dXjhdchnbeidbh
6cBHYZÃc^i^dc
Egd[djcY!jcegZY^XiVWaZVcYkVg^VWaZ
O >ck^h^WaZ
O ;Vi^\jZZ[[ZXihi]^c`^c\
O I]^c`^c\gZfj^gZhZ[[dgi
O I]^c`^c\VWdjii]^c`^c\
O
O
8dcXZgchVWdjii]ZgZVXi^dcd[di]Zgh
Egdk^Y^c\l]Vi^hcZZYZY
O Ldg`djih^YZd[ldg`eaVXZ
2003
:beadnZghA^VW^a^in8dbejahdgn>chjgVcXZ
GZk^Zl9LE<dkZgcbZciXdbb^ibZci
idegdYjXZKG[gVbZldg`[dgi][email protected]#
1946
CVi^dcVa=ZVai]HZgk^XZ6Xi#
2004
1956
E^ZgXn8dbb^iiZZ^cigdYjXZY
ehnX]dad\^hih^cid>cYjhig^VaGZ]VW^a^iVi^dc
Jc^ih#
[email protected];gVbZldg`[dgKdXVi^dcVa
GZ]VW^a^iVi^dc9LEV^bZYhjWhiVci^Vaan
ViZbeadnZghiV`^c\gZhedch^W^a^in[dgi]Z
gZ]VW^a^iVi^dcd[i]Z^gdlcZbeadnZZh#
1971
CVi^dcVa>chjgVcXZ6Xi#
>ckVa^Y^inWZcZÃi^cigdYjXZY#
1973
:beadnbZciVcYIgV^c^c\6XiZhiVWa^h]Zh
BVcedlZgHZgk^XZh8dbb^hh^dc#
8]ddh^c\=ZVai]/BV`^c\=ZVai]^Zg
8]d^XZh9LE!9d=!=H:?d^cihigViZ\n
YdXjbZci!gZhjai^c\^cÃghiCVi^dcVa
9^gZXidg[dg=ZVai]VcYLdg`#
1991
9^hVW^a^inLdg`^c\6aadlVcXZ6Xi#
LV\Zideje[dgadleV^Yldg`Zgh#
1992
8adhjgZd[:beadnbZciGZ]VW^a^iVi^dc
8ZcigZhEaVXZbZci6hhZhhbZciVcY
8djchZaa^c\IZVbhE68IhZhiVWa^h]ZY#
Ldg`EgZeVgVi^dcXdjghZh^cigdYjXZYVh
ºV\ZcXngZ]VW^a^iVi^dc»#
6HigViZ\n[dgLdg`eaVXZ=ZVai]^c<gZVi
7g^iV^cid'%&%VcY7ZndcY=H8Add`hVi
higViZ\^Zh[dggZijgc^c\idldg`VcY
h^X`cZhhVWhZcXZbVcV\ZbZci#
2005
=ZVai]!Ldg`!LZaaWZ^c\/8Vg^c\[dgdjg
;jijgZ9d=!9LE!=H:>cigdYjXZhXgdhh
\dkZgcbZci=ZVai]!Ldg`VcYLZaaWZ^c\
egd\gVbbZ#
CVi^dcVaHZgk^XZ;gVbZldg`[dgAdc\"IZgb
8dcY^i^dch9d=FjVa^inEVeZg+hZihdji
i]ZKG^ciZci^dch[dgcZjgdad\^XVa
XdcY^i^dch#
;^kZNZVgHigViZ\n/deedgijc^inVcY
hZXjg^ini]gdj\]djia^[Z9LEV^bhid
^cXgZVhZegdedgi^dcd[ldg`^c\VYjaih
[gdb,*id-%#
2006
6CZl9ZVa[dgLZa[VgZ/:bedlZg^c\
EZdeaZidLdg`9LEaVjcX]ZYeaVch[dgV
gVY^XVagZk^Zld[i]ZlZa[VgZhnhiZbl^i]
VcZbe]Vh^hdcldg`XVeVW^a^in#
2007
>begdk^c\HeZX^Va^hi9^hVW^a^in
:beadnbZciHZgk^XZh9LE8dchjaiVi^dc#
2008
Ldg`^c\[dgV]ZVai]^Zgidbdggdl9VbZ
8Vgda7aVX`!gZk^Zld[i]Z]ZVai]d[7g^iV^c»h
ldg`^c\V\ZedejaVi^dc#
CddcZlg^iiZcd[[/gZ[dgb^c\lZa[VgZid
gZlVgYgZhedch^W^a^in9LE#
>begdk^c\]ZVai]VcYldg`^c\a^kZhI]Z
\dkZgcbZci»hgZhedchZid9VcZ8Vgda
7aVX`9LE#
>begdk^c\HeZX^Va^hi9^hVW^a^in
:beadnbZciHZgk^XZh9LEgZhedchZ#
O
O
HigZhh^hV[ZZa^c\^cÄjZcXZYWni]Zldg`
VcYWni]Zldg`Zck^gdcbZci
O :mXZZY^c\ndjggZhdjgXZh
O HigZhh^ciZg[ZgZhl^i]eZg[dgbVcXZVildg`
9^hVWaZYEZghdch:beadnbZci6Xi#
GZhedch^W^a^in[dghZgk^XZh\^kZcid
B^c^hignd[AVWdjg#
O
O
O
1944
6hZchZd[VeegZ]Zch^dc
O EZdeaZbV`ZVY^[[ZgZcXZ
O ?j\\a^c\Vaai]dhZWVaah
O ;ZVgd[[V^ajgZldghZchhnbeidbh
O HigZhhXVjhZhZmVXZgWVi^dch
1994
HdX^VaHZXjg^in>cXVeVX^in[dgLdg`6Xi#
>cigdYjXZh6aaLdg`hIZhiVcY>cXVeVX^in
7ZcZÃi#
1995
9^hVW^a^in9^hXg^b^cVi^dc6Xi#
1998
CZl9ZVa[dg9^hVWaZYEZdeaZC99E
e^adih>ccdkVi^kZHX]ZbZh!EZghdcVa
6Yk^hdghVcY?dW;^cYZgh<gVci#
1999
IVm8gZY^i6Xi#>cigdYjXZhi]Z9^hVWaZY
EZghdchIVm8gZY^ibZg\ZY^cidi]Z
Ldg`^c\IVm8gZY^i^c'%%'#
CVi^dcVaHZgk^XZ;gVbZldg`h^cBZciVa
=ZVai]9d=^YZci^ÃZYcZZY[dg
gZ]VW^a^iVi^dcVcYldg`deedgijc^i^Zh#
O
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:YjXVi^c\Xd"ldg`Zgh
O DkZg"Zbe]Vh^hZY^hVW^a^in
O 6XXdbbdYVi^dci]gdj\]eZghdcVa
VXi^dc
O >c[dgbVaZbeadnZgVXXdbbdYVi^dch
O 8dchZgkVi^dcd[ZcZg\n
O 8]Vc\^c\gdaZhVcYVXi^k^i^Zh
O
O
O
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VY_jhibZcihidVXXdbbdYViZBH#
2000
[email protected]:E^cigdYjXZY^cidi]ZHjeedgiZY
:beadnbZciEgd\gVbbZl^i]cZl
egd\gZhh^dcVcYgZiZci^dc[jcY^c\
2002
EVi]lVnhidLdg`<gZZcEVeZg9LE
>cigdYjXZhLdg`";dXjhZY>ciZgk^Zlh
aZVY^c\id>cXVeVX^in7ZcZÃiEZghdcVa
6Yk^hdgh!8dcY^i^dcBVcV\ZbZci
Egd\gVbbZhVcYºGZijgcidLdg`»XgZY^ih#
I]Zi]^gYX^iZYgZ[ZgZcXZdcBH^hGjbg^aaE9et al&..+#I]^hVgi^XaZYZhXg^WZhbdYZa_dWeaVXZbZciegd\gVbbZh[dg
eZdeaZl^i]BH#6ai]dj\]FjVa^inEVeZg+gZ[Zghidi]Z?dWGV^h^c\Egd\gVbbZ!i]ZVji]dghVahdZmVb^cZi]gZZdi]Zg
bdYZah!BH7VX`"id"Ldg`/DeZgVi^dc?dWBViX]0i]ZGZijgcidLdg`egd\gVbbZVcYi]Z8VgZZghEdhh^W^a^i^ZhEgd_ZXi#
2003
I]Z?dWGV^h^c\Egd\gVbbZgZ[ZghidVeaVXZbZciVcYgZiZci^dcbdYZa[dgeZdeaZl^i]VYjai"dchZiX]gdc^XY^hVW^a^i^Zh#
HZgk^c\'((-eVgi^X^eVcihdkZgi]ZXdjghZd[Z^\]inZVghi]ZhZgk^XZhlZgZYZa^kZgZY^cV&%lZZ`hbVaa\gdje&%"&'
eVgi^X^eVcih[dgbVi^cl]^X]i]ZeVgi^X^eVcihbZii]gZZ]djghdcXZVlZZ`gZXZ^k^c\^c[dgbVi^dcdc\V^c^c\VcY$dg
bV^ciV^c^c\ZbeadnbZci^ckdak^c\VhhZgi^kZcZhh!^ciZgk^Zlh`^aahigV^c^c\!g‚hjb‚lg^i^c\VcYi]Z_dWbVg`Zi#Di]Zg
ZbeadnbZci"gZaZkVci^hhjZh^cXajYZY]dlVcYl]ZcidY^hXadhZdcZ»hY^hVW^a^inidVcZbeadnZg!hZa["VhhZhhbZci
higViZ\^ZhVcY^cYZeZcYZcia^k^c\#;daadl^c\i]Z&%lZZ`hi]ZeVgi^X^eVcih[dgbZYV_dWXajWidhiVn^cidjX]VcY
hjeedgidcZVcdi]Zg#6ii]ZZ^\]inZVg[daadl"je,&d[eVgi^X^eVcihl^i]BHlZgZZbeadnZY#
26
9^hVW^a^in9^hXg^b^cVi^dc6Xi&..*#
6bZcYbZcihGZ\jaVi^dch'%%(
^cXdgedgViZh:J9^gZXi^kZh#
27
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GZ\#8]Vg^inCd#*&--%+
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Dm[dgYJc^kZgh^inEgZhh#
7gdd`hC!8Vbeh^ZA!Hnb^c\idc8!7ZVii^Z6
[email protected]^caZnL&.-,
I]ZZ[[ZXihd[hZkZgZ]ZVY^c_jgndceVi^ZcihVcYgZaVi^kZh
l^i]^chZkZcnZVghd[^c_jgn#?djgcVad[=ZVYIgVjbV
GZ]VW^a^iVi^dc!'#
8daa^c\hVcY?6VcY8]VeeZaa7&..)
8dggZaViZhd[ZbeadnbZci]^hidgnVcYZbeadnVW^a^in^c
7g^i^h]Ze^aZehnhVbeaZHZ^ojgZ(!'**"'+'#
?d][email protected]!Ndg`[email protected][email protected]:[email protected]]c8B!
?d]chdc:6bibVcc9'%%)
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HijYnd[:meZg^ZcXZhd[EZghdchl^i]Bjai^eaZHXaZgdh^h
6gX]E]nhBZYGZ]VW^a-*!'%&"'%.#
@cZV[hZnG!VcY<Vli]dgeZ!9'%%)
=ZVY^c_jgn/adc\"iZgbXdchZfjZcXZh[dgeVi^ZcihVcY
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C^X]daVhG!EaVnY[dgY:9!VcYI]dbehdc6?'%%%
6gZigdheZXi^kZVcVanh^hd[djiXdbZ^chZkZgZ<j^aaV^c"
7Vgg‚HncYgdbZ[daadl^c\XdbW^cZYcZjgdad\^XVaVcY
gZ]VW^a^iVi^dcbVcV\ZbZci#9^hVW^a^inVcYGZ]VW^a^iVi^dc#
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[email protected]^g`B=!7gdlcEA&..,
8]gdc^X^aacZhhVcYgZijgcidldg`/VhdX^VaXd\c^i^kZ
eZgheZXi^kZLdg`-!&-."&.+#
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GZedgid[i]ZLdg`^c\EVgindci]ZBVcV\ZbZcid[
EVi^Zcihl^i]=ZVY>c_jg^Zh#GdnVa8daaZ\Zd[Hjg\Zdch!
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Gjbg^aaE9!HiZ[[[email protected]!=dabVc86&..+
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hXaZgdh^hLdg`+!&+,"&,*#
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Ldg`^c\Dji/6?d^ci9d=$:beadnbZciHZgk^XZ
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76H>87gV^cVcYHe^cVa>c_jgn8ZcigZ
C=HC6I>DC6AH:GK>8:;G6B:[email protected][dgeZdeaZl^i]adc\"iZgb
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76H>8'%%.#
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