Wind energy in Germany and in Schleswig-Holstein

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Wind energy in Germany and in Schleswig-Holstein
Wind energy in Germany
and in Schleswig-Holstein
Hermann Albers
German Wind Energy Association (BWE)
Husum, October 2009
About the German Wind Energy Association (BWE)
•
20,000 members, of which about 4,000 companies – turbine manufacturers,
operators, project developers, suppliers, lawyers, financial institutions,experts
•
Political representation in Berlin, but also at Federal State and regional level
•
International / EU-level: membership in several international associations
•
Provide information for interested public and for the press
•
Publication of statistics on wind energy
•
Seminars, workshops on policy and technical questions
•
Market overview on wind energy (www.wind-energy-market.com)
The German
wind energy market
Wind energy worldwide end 2008 – cumulative installed capacity
Wind energy in Germany end 2008
2008
2007
Total installed capacity
23,903 Megawatt
22,247 Megawatt
Newly installed capacity
1,665 Megawatt
1,667 Megawatt
20,301
19,460
866
883
40.43 bln. kWh
39.50 bln. kWh
6.6 %
6.4 %
43.01 bln. kWh
39.98 bln. kWh
7.0 %
6.5 %
34.61 mio. tons
33.81 mio. tons
Number of turbines
New turbines in one year
Electricity generation from wind power
Share in gross electricity consumption (basis 2007: 617.5 TWh)
Potential annual energy yield
Share in gross electricity consumption (basis 2007: 617.5 TWh)
CO2 emissions avoided
Source: DEWI/BWE, 2009
Electricity generation in Germany
Germany: 1995
Electricity Consumption: 541.6 TWh
Germany: 2008
Electricity Consumption: 616.6 TWh
Oil
1.7 %
Oil
1.6 %
Wind
6.6 %
Wind
0.3 %
Brown coal
26.6 %
Nuclear
23.3 %
Nuclear
28.7 %
Hard coal
27.4 %
Others
3%
Hydro
4.7 %
Hydro
4.2 %
Others
8%
Brown coal
23.5 %
Hard coal
20.1 %
Market shares of manufacturers in Germany –
new installed capacity 2008
Wind energy in the Federal States
– number of turbines and installed capacity
Number of turbines
Installed capacity (MW)
As
As of
of 1/2009
1/2009
Source:
Source: DEWI/BWE,
DEWI/BWE, 2009
2009
Wind energy in
Schleswig-Holstein
Wind energy in Schleswig-Holstein
(Source: Agricultural Association Schleswig-Holstein)
Number of residents
Number of wind turbines
Installed capacity
Electricity generation
from wind power
Proportion of electricity
comsumption
2.8 million
2,568
(2007: 2,565)
2,506 MW
(2007: 2,423 MW)
about 6,12 billion kWh
35,98 per cent
Potentials of wind energy in Schleswig-Holstein
Installed capacity
2,506 MW
Onshore potential 2020 according
to state government
4,000 MW
Onshore potential 2020 according
to BWE
minimum 5,000 to 6,000
MW (area in use 3 to 4
hectares per MW)
Surface area Schleswig-Holstein
15,800 square kilometres
1 per cent
2 per cent
15,800 hectares
31,600 hectares
Community wind farms:
North Frisia as an example
Wind energy in North Frisia:
Number of wind turbines
610
Installed capacity
707 MW
Number of wind farms
about 60
Share of community wind farms
about 90 per cent
The economic power of community wind farms
Data from
participating
wind farms
Resulting
data for
North Frisia
Extrapolation for
SchleswigHolstein
Data for one year
(2007)
Installed capacity
564 MW = 84 %
676 MW =100 %
2,423 MW
Electricity production
1.29 billion kWh
1.53 billion kWh
6.12 billion kWh
Business tax
7.64 million €
9.1 million €
36.4 million €
Payments for rents,
rights of way etc
3.74 million €
4.45 million €
17.8 million €
Total amount of
investments
618 million €
735 million €
2.94 billion €
Compensation
payments
2.4 million €
3 million €
12 million €
Additional compensation in acreage
344 hectare
410 hectare
1,640 hectare
Data accumulated
The German Renewable
Sources Act (EEG) 2009
Political framework for wind energy development in Germany
January 2009
Amended EEG in force!
EEG 2009: Higher remuneration for new turbines onshore and
offshore since 1rst January 2009, lower rate of degression
Onshore (§ 29)
Offshore (§31)
•Initial remuneration (2009):
9.20 ct/kWh
•Basic remuneration (2009):
5.02 ct/kWh
•Degression:
1% p.a.
•Not linked to producer price index
•Initial remuneration (2009):
13 ct/kWh
•Sprinter bonus on top of initial
remuneration:
2 ct/kWh if commissioned before 31 Dec.
2015
•Basic remuneration (2009):
3.50 ct/kWh
•Degression:
5% p.a. from 2015
EEG 2009: Recompensation onshore wind – additional boni
Additional bonus for improved
grid compatibility - SDL
Bonus for new turbines: 0.5 ct/kWh
on top of the initial remuneration;
old turbines: 0.7 ct/kWh for limited
period
Repowering : Bonus payable
on top of the initial remuneration
amounting to 0.50 ct/kWh
Basic remuneration
Initial remuneration
EEG 2009: Clear rules for selling wind power on the stock exchange
Direct marketing
EEG 2004:
EEG 2009: §17
•
•
Entry and exit at any time, but not
accepted by transmission grid
operators and Federal Network
Agency (BNetzA).
•
Entry and exit on a monthly basis,
tba one month ahead
Or: Marketing of partial amounts
(fixed percentage of current output)
Future challenges:
- Repowering
- Offshore
- Electric mobility
- Small wind turbines
Wind energy technology - increase in output
Repowering – less turbines, more output!
Technical development – 5/6-MW-turbines
Capacity
Type
Enercon E-126
Repower 5M
Multibrid
M5000
Bard VM
Capacity
6 MW
5 MW
5 MW
5 MW
Rotor
diameter
126 m
126 m
126 m
122 m
Hub height
135 m
120 m
102.6 m
99 m
Current prospects and targets for offshore wind energy
• 3,500 MW until 2015
• 10,000 MW until 2020
• 20,000 – 25,000 MW until 2030
Framework conditions:
Photo:
Alpha
Ventus
• 23 projects licensed, adding up to an overall capacity of currently over 6,500 MW
• New tariff since January 2009: 15 cents/Euro for 12 years – should be sufficient
to cover higher risk and specific demands of German offshore development
• Cable connection provided and financed by grid operator, but long planning
times (only one line completed to date)
• Grid expansion into German centres of electricity consumption and better
connection into trans-European grid system in the future (early planning!)
Driving with „electric wind energy“: less expensive …
… and less polluting!
Small wind turbines
Perspectives of wind energy
in Germany until 2020
German EU-target for renewable energy: 18 % until 2020
= More than 30 % renewable electricity until 2020
(Energy and Climate Programme end 2007 / EEG 2008)
2020 Electricity mix – Renewables secure 47% of supply
2020: Wind power will cover 25 % of gross electricity consumption
Hermann Albers
President
German WindEnergy Association (BWE)
Marienstraße 19-20
D - 10117 Berlin
Tel.: +49 / (0)30 - 28482-106
Fax: +49 / (0)30 - 28482-107

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