P.O. Box 41842
Eugene, OR 97404
Supporting Creative & Sustainable Living
The Regions most
extensive calendar of
In this issue:
Why We Love
Scary Movies,
Black T-shirts
& Buckethead
What’s that mean?
Part 1 of 3
Table of contents
Flowstone P.O. Box 41842 Eugene, OR 97404 www.flowstonenews.com 541.337.1192 Our Mission • To bring the diverse and colorful community of Oregon together through events and on the pages of Flowstone. • Create and maintain a sustainable community both environmentally and economically. • Foster creativity and confidence in the human condition while serving as a guide to the rich and varied cultural environment that exists in our region. • Provide affordable advertising rates so that we may be of mutual support to those wish to promote their business and/or organization. • Protect and preserve the silent members of our community, which includes the mountains, and rivers that make up our landscape and the animals that make them their homes. Editor / Advertising/Web Master Cheetah Lindquester [email protected] Assistant Editor / Distribution Brad McClellan [email protected] Staff Writers Kaya Singer, Sugeet, Naomi McClellan, Kristen Bradford, Leigh Spencer, Mikayla James, Peter O’Rourke Publication Information Flowstone is published once monthly. Free at locations throughout Oregon, subscriptions are available for $20 / year. Thank you to Western Oregon Web Press who does such a wonderful job printing Flowstone. All contents are subject to Copyright © 2008 as the works of Flowstone and/or the authors whose work is presented within these pages. The views expressed herein are not necessarily that of Flowstone. Submissions We encourage submissions from all community members. Please submit articles 500 words or less, poetry, photographs, events, class listings and letters to the editor by the 20th of each month for inclusion in the next months issue. www.flowstonenews.com Advertising Flowstone seeks to support local businesses and organizations by offering affordable advertising rates. Please call Cheetah at 541.337.1192 for more information or email [email protected] Volume 2; Issue 1 January 2008 3. . . A Letter from the Editor Local & World News 3. . . Sundance Divers work with Disabled 3. . .Mentally Ill Prisoners to be Treated Arts & Entertainment 4. . . Scary Movies & Black T‐Shirts By Cheetah 4. . . Buckethead: Six‐String Super Hero By Brad McClellan 5 & 6. . . Arts & Entertainment Calendar Community Voices 7. . . Oregon Literacy by the Numbers By Ted Faure 7 & 8 . . . Prison: Overcrowding, Recidivism & Reform By Kristen Bradford Environmental Action 9. . .Why Remodeling is Greener By Carol Venolia and Kelly Lerner 9. . . Environmental Events: Lane County Energy Round Up & More At the Table 10. . . Sugar Blues & Winter Flu By Yaakov Levine, NTP Growing Gardens & Families 11. . . The Yoga of Gardening By nalawalla 11. . . Pink or Blue By Leigh Spencer Body, Mind & Spirit 12. . . Essential Oil Profile: Niaouli & Cajeput By Peter O’Rourke 12. . . Enlightening Events 13. . . Ask the Feng Shui Guy: 2008 By Sugeet 13. . .P is for Planning By Kaya Singer 14. . . Classes & Workshops / Classified Ads 15. . . The Seventh Log By Willy Whitefeather 15. . . I Have Planted a Door By Michael Spring 16 ‐ 18. . . Please Support our Sponsors 19. . . Saving the World with Words & Wine 20. . .Become a Flowstone Sponsor!
A Letter from the Editor
Local & World News
Sundance Divers of Grants Pass is helping Children and Adults who are Disabled Learn to Fly Underwater Dear Readers, It’s been awhile, but we’re back! Our “vacation” turned out to be quite transformative for us; hence the delay in our first issue for 2008. We did some big things over the last couple of months. We’re proud to announce that Nuborn Tribe and Uprite Dub Orchestra will perform at Flowstone’s first benefit concert on April 5, 2008 at WOW Hall in Eugene. What’s more exciting is that our beneficiary is Oregon Literacy, Inc. Formed in 1965, Oregon Literacy, Inc. works hard to help people become more independent, self‐confident and ultimately safe, through literacy. The cornerstone of many of Oregon Literacyʹs services remains the statewide Literacy Line. The toll‐free hotline [800‐322‐8715] connects over a thousand adults with literacy programs every year. Since its founding by a coalition of literacy groups in the 1980ʹs, it has helped over 20,000 people connect with literacy programs in their own communities. Answering calls for help every day, OLI ensures access to programs through partnerships with organizations as widespread as the Oregonian, OPB, employment offices, libraries, and other non‐profits across the state. We will be honored to give a portion of our proceeds to this fabulous program that also sponsors Scrabble Tournaments and Read‐a‐Thons as part of their mission to advance literacy through access, advocacy and alliances. You can learn more about literacy in Oregon on page seven. While there are many ways to support the cause, we felt there was no better way to show our love than through a groovy springtime reggae show. We couldn’t be more excited about Uprite Dub Orchestra and Nuborn Tribe. Both bands hail from Portland, with world‐class sound. Listen for yourself at www.myspace.com/uprite and www.nuborntribe.com. Be sure to check in with us next month when we explore more on literacy, the current economy and well, the rest will be up to you! Send us your articles, ideas, photos, poems, stories….visit www.flowstonenews.com for guidelines & deadlines. Peace, love & trees, Cheetah Flowstone Editor [email protected] 541.337.1192
Presents 2008 . . .
June 26 : Benefit concert for Oregon's Foster Kids
August 2nd: Art Festival to benefit Arts & Music Education
October 11th: Domestic Violence Awareness Event
December 10th: Human Rights Day Celebration & Concert
Stay tuned for more details!
In October Brandan and Barbara Conover, owners of Sundance Divers became Handicapped Scuba Association or HSA Instructors. All certified divers who are interested in helping other people enjoy scuba to learn more about training are invited to become a buddy for a handicapped person. The training is challenging but fun. The Handicapped Scuba Association aims to help the lives of military wounded and disabled children and adults, by teaching them how to scuba dive and snorkel. This helps build self‐esteem and self‐confidence. The forgiving nature of the water enables participants to explore the beauty and adventure of the underwater world. Initial scuba experiences take place at the YMCA. Full or limited scuba certification is offered. Certifications are available for people with disabilities including vision, hearing, paraplegia and quadriplegia. For a person with a disability being able to move weightlessly through the water can be a life changing experience. This can motivate the person to excel in other areas of their lives. “The training we did to complete the handicapped instructor course was so amazing. We were put into the same scenarios that our students might encounter. I have learned the amount of trust you have with your buddy has to be tremendous. During the course we each had to take turns being the handicapped person and the instructor dealing with different scenarios that might come up. It was a life changing experience for me,” said Barbara Conover when asked to comment on the HSA course. Sundance Divers would like to build relationships with organizations that serve people with disabilities. If you are interested in this program please stop by Sundance Divers, 543 NE “E” Street in the colonial plaza or call 479‐9715. For more information visit www.sundancedivers.com. DHS allocates $4 million to move Mentally Ill from Jail into Treatment Programs have begun in all 36 Oregon counties to move persons with severe mental illness who donʹt pose a public safety risk out of jail cells and into community‐based treatment programs to continue their recovery. The Oregon Department of Human Services Addictions and Mental Health Division is distributing $4 million authorized by the 2007 Legislature for jail diversion programs. These are aimed at individuals charged with low‐level crimes whose treatment needs are best met in a mental health setting rather than a county jail with fewer treatment resources. ʺThis is a win‐win program for the community. Instead of being in jail, persons who need it receive mental health treatment. And county corrections officials are allowed to do what they are better prepared to do, which is to serve people without mental illnesses who commit crimes,ʺ said Bob Nikkel, DHS assistant director for addictions and mental health. The county‐level programs reduce the number mentally ill persons in the criminal justice system or Oregon State Hospital (OSH). Many such programs also provide immediate services when a person is released from jail, including mental health or treatment courts. A 2005 state survey found that approximately 6,100 persons are lodged in Oregon jails each day, 500 or so with serious mental illness. “These programs involve intensive case management, which includes working with courts, parole and probation officials, and others to ensure that treatment, housing and other needs are being met,ʺ said Michael Moore, AMH adult services coordinator. Moore added that many severely mentally ill persons also are diagnosed with a substance addiction, which requires specialized treatment. ʺIt makes a difference if people are being treated instead of incarcerated,ʺ Moore said. ʺThe benefit of treatment is huge on a personʹs road to recovery from mental illness.ʺ **See our article about prison reform on page 7 and learn how DHS plans to disburse these funds on our website www.flowstonenews.com. 3
Buckethead: Six-String Superhero
Arts & Entertainment
Scary Movies &
Black T-Shirts
Within each of us lurks a monster. Even the most loving, genuine people can have a fascination with the darker side of things. This is evident in our mainstream culture of violent video games, murder shows like Forensic Files & CSI. Anyone that has rented a video in the last decade knows that the Horror Aisle is filled with gore and bloody scenes; some so grotesque they are comical, others striking a cord of real primal fear within us. Most of us love a good scare and getting the creeps can sometimes be fun, often providing opportunity for couples to get closer as the scenes grow more frightening. For me, watching scary movies goes beyond the snuggle factor. This might sound crazy but these movies; slashers, zombie flicks, murder mysteries… they all remind me of our humanity on that level that most don’t want to acknowledge. These movies are about death. Terrifying? Certainly. Entertaining? Well, yeah. (But it’s better than watching lions eat men alive in stadiums.) If you like scary movies you know the joy of that adrenaline rush when something goes BOO! Or the feeling of superiority when you start saying things like, “Why is she going upstairs? I would just get the hell out of there. He’s right behind you!” While most of us can sleep at night knowing that “it’s just a movie”, I do know that horror happens on a daily basis. I don’t like to pretend that life is all puppy dogs & kittens. I like to be reminded of the monsters. I think over the years watching scary movies has made me more cautious, and maybe even a little less trusting, believing more now that trust has to be earned on all levels. What does any of this have to do with black t‐shirts? When I see someone wearing a black t‐shirt and jeans I make two assumptions. One, that they would watch a scary movie and two, that there exists in them a bit of obscurity, just like my favorite movies. It’s like a badge of sorts; proclaiming to the world, “I am not afraid to get in touch with my dark side.” And as for trust, I would be far more likely to trust someone wearing a black t‐shirt than a black tie. Some of my favorite scary movies include: The Shining (of course!), Jaws, Amityville Horror (this one terrified me!) Cabin Fever, Shaun of the Dead, Dagon, Halloween, Texas Chainsaw Massacre (the original!), The Others, Twilight Zone: The Movie, The Exorcist…and many more. So the next time you want to watch a movie, snuggle up with some ghosts or the boogey man…it’s good to get that heart pumping! By Brad McClellan When you envision a rock guitarist, you may think of long flowing hair; check. Outlandish costume may come to mind as well. He’s got that too. But who is that guy with the mask and the chicken bucket crown? Many have asked, few find the answer. After seeing Buckethead play live numerous times, I can truthfully say that he is hands down the best in the business. When it comes to versatility, speed, style, and innovation: Buckethead is the master. After several releases with the likes of Bootsy Collins, Les Claypool, Jonas Helborg and many solo albums, Buckethead stands as the computer‐age equivalent to Jimi Hendrix. If you like heavy rock guitar, do yourself a huge favor; Go see Buckethead play live. Wet your whistle with one of his numerous maniacal masterpieces on compact disc. You’ll be split in half by music both passionate and frightening. Many will still query; is he man or robot? Who he is doesn’t matter, one only need lend an ear. Buckethead
Solo Discography
1992: Bucketheadland 1994: Giant Robot 1996: Day of the Robot 1998: Colma 1999: Monsters and Robots 2001: Somewhere Over the Slaughterhouse 2002: Funnel Weaver 2002: Bermuda Triangle 2002: Electric Tears 2003: Bucketheadland 2 2004: Island of Lost Minds 2004: Population Override 2004: The Cuckoo Clocks of Hell 2005: Enter the Chicken 2005: Kaleidoscalp 2005: Inbred Mountain 2006: The Elephant Manʹs Alarm Clock 2006: Crime Slunk Scene 2007: Pepperʹs Ghost 2007: Acoustic Shards 2007: Decoding the Tomb of Bansheebot 2007: Cyborg Slunks www.bucketheadland.com
Winter Calendar of Arts & Entertainment
1/18 – 20, St. Clair Productions presents the 8th Annual Rogue Valley Blues Festival with main events at the Historic Ashland Armory, 208 Oak St. Ashland. Friday evening acoustic concert features Corey Harris, Nathan James and Ben Hernandez and Paul Sprawl. Saturday evening dance features Sugar Pie DeSanto, Ty Curtis Band, and AnnieMac. Sundayʹs New Generation of the Blues showcase and dance features Ben Rice Band and Yesterday. More info and tickets at www.stclairevents.com or 541‐
535‐3562. Wednesdays: Crucial Vibes MCee Obsidion and DJ Aria...2 F
reestyle emcee/djs bringing elem
ental funk, hip‐hop, tribal, and worldbeat music to life. Eco‐bam
boo dancefloor, AND, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Fridays: Reggae Fridaze.
..eMCee Obsidion and DJ Aria...t
he epicenter of Ashlandʹs BASS c
ulture. Shaking up Reggae roots,
dancehall, and DUB vibrations. Snacks and deals till midnight. No minors. FREE, Positive...Con
scious...Crucial Tabu, 76 N Pione
er, 10pm‐2am 1/19, 2008 Grand Year Opener Celebration for KSKQ at The Inner Child Café. Doors open 7:30pm, $8.00. Children under 8 free. Door Prizes, Raffles & Silent Art/Gift Auction. The Frankie Hernandez Band, The Constant Tourists and others. 2/16, Blue Cheer at John Henryʹs, 77 West Broadway, 541‐342‐
3358, http://johnhenrysclub.com 1/26, 4th Annual ʺWomen Sing the Blues,ʺ a concert produced by Southern Oregon Blues Society to benefit the Womenʹs Crisis Support Team, at 7:30 p.m. at the Grants Pass High School Performing Arts Center. Janiva Magness is the featured performer and the 2006 and 2007 winner of the Blues Music Award for Contemporary Female Artist of the year. is producing the concert. Tickets are $30 in advance and $35 at the door. www.wcstjoco.org. Doors open at 6:30 p.m. for a silent auction. 1/27, Jeni Foster will present ʺBirdsong: Birds as Metaphor in American Folk Musicʺ sponsored by the Unitarian Universalists of Grants Pass on at 10:30 a.m. at 229 S.W. ʺGʺ Street (upstairs). This is an Oregon Chautauqua program from the Oregon Council for the Humanities and is offered at no charge to the public. 476‐6243 St. Clair Productions: 2/8, Robert Greygrass, Native American Story and Song www.stclairevents.com / 535‐3562. The Mobius Presents: 1/26, Indubious 1/31, Woven 2/2, Eric McFadden Trio 2/8, Lindsay Mac 2/9, WhiteWater Ramble 2/10, Triple the Bluegrass! Whiskey Puppy, Chickweed, and Clampitt Gaddis and Buck 2/14, A Brazlian Valentineʹs Day Party with Bat Makumba 2/16, Southern Oregon Bellydance Show 2/18, Grupo Fantasma www.themobius.com/ 488.8894 The Hult Center for the Performing Arts Presents: 1/19, Oregon Mozart Players: French Roast 1/24, Eugene Symphony: Gershwinʹs American in Paris 1/24, Nathan Alef and the Pantone Sextet 1/26, Garth Fagan Dance 1/31, Sacred Harp Singers www.hultcenter.org / 682.5000 The Shedd Insitute: 1/22, BeauSoleil 1/31 – 2/8, Well, Git It! 2/2, Chris Smither www.theshedd.org / 434.7000 The McDonald Theatre: 2/9, Satin Love Orchestra 2/14, Paco Pena Flamenco Dance Company 2/16, Slightly Stoopid 2/17, Bone Thugs ‐N‐ Harmony www.mcdonaldtheatre.com / 345‐4442 WOW Hall Presents: 1/20, Circle Jerks, Last of the Believers 1/21, ³How To Get A Gig² 1/23, Audio Seduction feat. Mayo¹s Awesome Friends 1/24, Tim Helferty Benefit: 9th Moon Black, Severein, Made of Skin, DJ KaatSkratch 1/25, The Tunnel Kings, The Ineffectuals, Arithmetic Danger Club, Blast Wagon 1/26, SOJA (Soldiers of Jah Army) 1/30, The Toasters, Wetsock 1/31, New Monsoon, Volifonix 2/1, An Evening with the Zen Tricksters 2/2, Blue Scholars 2/04 : An Evening with Todd Snider 2/05 : The Coup 2/06 : The Black Lips, Pierced Arrows, The Cops 2/07 : An Evening with Led Kaapana and Mike Kaawa 2/09 : PBS (Porter, Batiste, Stoltz) with Flowmotion 2/11 : Bayside, Straylight Run, Four Years Strong, The Status 2/14 : St. Valentineʹs Day with ME.LT (Marv Ellis & Lafa Taylor) www.wowhall.org / 687‐2746 Rogue Theatre Presents: 2/9, Robben Ford www.roguetheatre.com / 471‐
Craterian Ginger Rogers Theater
Presents: 1/19 & 20, Rogue Valley Chorale ‐ Broadway! 1/23, Peter Pan 1/26, Rogue Valley Symphony ‐
Camden Shaw plays Dvorʹk Cello Concerto 1/28, An Evening With Patti LuPone www.craterian.org 779.3000 ON TOUR
ʺLevator, a Seattle band featuring breathy lyrics and atmospheric melodies that are sweeter than a lullaby. This is indie pop at its most lilting, with trance‐inducing guitars and lush vocals‐completely arresting, thoroughly fascinating.ʺ New Times ‐ Glen Starkey – October 4, 2007 www.levatormusic.com ‐ 2/7 ‐ Portland, OR ‐ Church of Girl Radio ‐ 6pm 2/7 ‐ Portland, OR ‐ Alberta Street Pub 2/8 ‐ Corvallis, OR ‐ KBVR 88.7 FM ‐ ʺThe Peggy Darling Showʺ 2/8, Albany, OR ‐ Calapooia Brewing Co. 2/9, Medford, OR ‐ Johnny Bʹs 2/26, Cave Junction, OR – Hope Mountain Radio, Midnight www.takilmafm.com 2/27, Eugene, OR ‐ Luckeyʹs Bar 2/28, Salem, OR – Coffee House Café Ongoing
ASHLAND Jefferson State Pub 31 Water Street www.thejeffersonstatepub.com Wild Goose, 2365 Ashland St. COTTAGE GROVE Axe and Fiddle 657 East Main Street www.axeandfiddle.com, 942.5942 EUGENE John Henry’s 77 West Broadway www.johnhenrysclub.com, 342‐3358 Latitude 21, 21 W. 6th Ave 338‐9000 Cozmic Pizza 199 W. 8th
www.cozmicpizza.com 338‐9333 Sam Bond’s Garage, 407 Blair Blvd, 431‐6603 www.sambonds.com GRANTS PASS G Street Bar & Grill, 125 SE G St. Laughing Clam, 121 SW G St. H Street Eatery, 225 H St. MEDFORD Johnny B’s 35 S. Bartlett 773‐1900 TALENT Downtowne Coffee House 200 Talent Ave. Avalon Bar & Grill 105 Valley View Rd. Dance
Social Dance lessons: Ballroom / Latin and Swings in Grants Pass. 659‐7964. The DanceSpace, 280 Hersey St.
offers ongoing dance: 1st and 3rd Wednesday evenings, 8‐10pm, Ashland Body Choir. 2nd and 4th Wednesday evenings, 8‐10pm. Love Café is a dance experience the 2nd & 4th Friday each month, 8‐11pm at the Oak Street Dance Studio, 1287 Oak St. Ashland FILM
EUGENE Bijou Art Cinemas 492 East 13th 686‐2458 www.bijou‐cinemas.com DIVA CENTER 110 W. BROADWAY 344‐3482 www.diva.proscenia.net GRANTS PASS 2/7 – 2/9, 7th Annual SiskiyouFilmFest at the One Eleven Evelyn Center for the Arts. 2/9, Kids FilmFest 10:30 ‐ 11:30a.m. FREE to those 18 and under. 2/9, Teens FilmFest 12 ‐ 2pm. FREE to those 18 and under. 2/7 @ 7pm Ryanʹs Well The Organic Opportunity Siskiyou Field Institute The Vanishing of the Bees Kilowatt Ours 2/ 8 @ 7pm Sharks: Stewards of the Reef Buyer Be Fair The Curse of Copper Finding Solutions 2/ 9 @ 7pm For the Next 7 Generations: The Grandmothers Speak Common Ground: Oregonʹs Ocean The Good Fight The Real Dirt on Farmer John The Shift 2/ 9 @ 2‐5pm A Land Out of Time Ripe for Change A Decade Born in Fire Coffee to Go Nomads http://siskiyoufilmfest.org MEDFORD Center for Spiritual Living prese
nts: Spiritual Cinema on the last Friday of each month at 7p.m. Pl
ease call for film, 734‐8581. 5
ASHLAND Oregon Cabaret Theatre, 3/14 – 6/1 Altar Boyz 488‐2902, www.oregoncabaret.com St. Clair Productions presents Robert Greygrass in an evening of Native American storytelling, music and ceremony on Saturday, February 9, 8 p.m. at the Unitarian Center, 4th and C Streets, Ashland. Tickets are $18 in advance, $20 at the door, $10 for teens 12‐17 and free under 12 with a paying adult. Tickets are available at the Music Coop at A and Pioneer, on‐line at www.stclairevents.com or by calling 541‐535‐3562. Telling stories from the Lakota and other tribes plus his own comical personal narratives from his life, Greygrass will stimulate your thinking, roller coaster your emotions, expand your spiritual understanding and make you laugh till you cry. His northern traditional singing and cedar flute music guide his listeners a little further on lifeʹs journey. Being Lakota, Irish Scottish and Creole he has an uncanny way of presenting the Native American world through the experience of his multi‐ethnicity. “The power of [Greygrass’] performance generates optimism. The combination of performance, skill and impassioned conviction, the stories, the drumming, singing and snatches of native language, strongly suggest that there is still a living culture, based upon spiritual kinship with nature, that can offer something important to modern American life.” ‐‐ Helen Thomson, Today.Review ʺHe doesnʹt preach. He uses storytelling, humor, songs, and drama to gently nudge us farther down the path toward better understanding of ourselves, and our place in the world.ʺ Bob Boardman, Port Angeles, WA. A former resident of Ashland, Greygrass now lives in Hollywood, CA where he is furthering his career as an actor in theater and film. He is a company member of Native Voices at the Autry and a member of the Screen Actors Guild. Recent roles include Dr. Thomas Mittlewerk on ABC’s “Lost Experience” and a variety of voices on several videogames coming out next year. He recently appeared in “The Street Angel Diaries” at Bostoncourt in Pasadena “The Enlightenment” at Carpenter center in Long Beach. Greygrass was a featured storyteller at Beyond the Borders in Leeds, England in April 2007, and is returned for a four week tour in November 2007. Greygrass is a published author and an award winning storyteller ‐‐ receiving the Best Storyteller of 1999 award by the Wordcraft Circle of Native Writers. He was twice chosen Best Actor of the Year in Ashland ‐‐in 1993 for his portrayal of the legendary warrior Crazy Horse in Black Elk Speaks and in1994 for his portrayal of John Merrick in The Elephant Man, both produced by the former Actors Theater of Ashland. Greygrass performed for two years on stage with the Oregon Shakespeare Festival and toured for two years with the Festival’s school tour program. Greygrass wrote and performs two one‐man shows – Walking on Turtle Island, featuring 21 characters and four plays within the play; and Ghostlands of an Urban NDN, a lively show with 16 characters, in which Greygrass brings out the tensions of being multi‐racial and multicultural. He has toured internationally with his one‐man plays. In 2000, he performed in Australia, including the United Nations anti‐racism conference in Sydney. In 2001, he did a university/gymnasium school tour of Germany. Greygrass grew up in Hayward, California — far from his motherʹs Lakota and Cherokee roots. He experienced many of the problems facing urban Native Americans. As a young adult seeking a better way of life, Greygrass started to explore his Lakota heritage and began to turn his life around. What followed were years of traditional spiritual practices: sweats, vision quests, Sundance, listening to the Elders, learning the language, history, stories, and years of activism with the American Indian Cultural Center. A sundancer, counselor, father, grandfather, life coach, Robert conveys sensitivity, a sense of humor, music and ʺgood medicineʺ wherever he goes. Oregon Shakespeare Festival, 15 S. Pioneer St. 2/15 ‐ 11/2 , A Midsummers Dream 2/16 – 7/6 , Fences 2/17 – 11/2, The Clay Cart 2/19 – 6/20, Welcome Home, Jenny Sutter 3/26 – 11/2, Coriolanus 4/15 – 11/1, The Further Adventures of Hedda Gabler 6/3 – 10/10, Othello 6/4 – 10/11, Our Town 6/5 – 10/12, The Comedy of Errors 7/1 – 11/2, Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner 7/23 – 11/1, A View from the Bridge 482‐4331 / www.osfashland.org EUGENE Actors Cabaret Presents: 1/11 – 20, Pigs In Love 1/18 – 2/23, Ring of Fire http://actorscabaret.org / 683‐4368 Lord Leebrick Theatre Company 1/11 – 2/2, Memory House by Kathleen Tolan 465‐1506 / www.lordleebrick.com GRANTS PASS Barnstormers Theatre 2/1 – 24, Cabaret by John Kander and Fred Ebb http://barnstormersgp.org TALENT Camelot Theatre 2/6 – 3/2, Sockology; Finalist for the American Theatre Critics Association Steinberg New Play Award for 1999 3/12 – 4/13, Do I Hear A Waltz; Based on the Arthur Laurents play ʺThe Time Of The Cuckooʺ 535‐5250, www.camelottheatre.org ARTS
ASHLAND First Friday Art Walk: Stroll the galleries in the Historical Downtown and Railroad Districts for a visual and sensual experience. Southern Oregon University located in the heart of Ashland o
ffers many performances and fine art exhibits at the Schneide
r Musem of Art. www.sou.edu/play.shtml EUGENE Lane Arts Councilʹs First Friday ArtWalk is held every month
of the year, highlighting different art and art attractions in o
ur community. www.lanearts.org GRANTS PASS Downtown comes alive with music and art each 1st Friday. There are various shops, galleries and restaurants open late displaying local art and musical talent. MEDFORD Visit the art galleries during 3rd Friday Art Walks. Art receptions include, appetizers, music & meeting local artists. Flowstone believes in the power of
music and seeks to support all
the wonderful people making
music each day. Submit your
musical events to:
[email protected]
Community Voices
Overcrowding, Recidivism & reform
By Kristen Bradford
Adult Literacy in Oregon by the Numbers
Part I of III
By Ted Faure
One in five Oregonians cannot read this article. These people, who may very well be your neighbors, struggle with basic literacy skills that are well below average. Literacy is a multifaceted concept that extends beyond one’s ability to read. The National Literacy Acts defines literacy as, “An individual’s ability to read, write, and speak in English, compute and solve problems, at levels of proficiency necessary to function on the job and in society, to achieve one’s goals, and to develop one’s knowledge and potential.” Literacy is closely linked to employment, health, poverty and prison rates where and only 10% of adults seeking to improve their basic skills are being served. In this first article of a three‐part series we will explore the realities of adult literacy and discuss its implications on a person’s well‐being and the well‐being of our community. One out of three Oregonians drop out of high school. Most high school dropouts are living below the poverty line where they earn 42% less than a high school graduate.1 Employers identify “basic skills as one of the top critical workforce needs”2 and many of these dropouts lack the basic reading and writing skills they need for today’s jobs. Over 40% of participants in adult education in Oregon are unemployed, compared to 6.2 ‐ 3.4% of the population as a whole.3 It is a reality that low literacy levels negatively affect employment opportunities and overall economic security Literacy levels do impact the ways in which adults utilize the health care system. A report on health literacy by Portland State University, concluded that adults with low literacy were less likely to have access to adequate health care and were more prone to illness. Lower literacy is linked to greater numbers of clinic visits and more overnight stays in the hospital.4 One report states those who lack basic literacy skills have health care expenses as much as six times higher than adults with average levels of literacy. These adults are also more likely to suffer from heart disease, diabetes and prostate cancer.5 Literacy issues exist and impact every aspect of a person’s life and the community at large. When we discuss the issues of adult literacy, it is important to look beneath the surface. Literacy affects peoples’ educational goals, their chances of obtaining work, their health, their financial future and even their hopes of maintaining their freedom. In fact, 7 out of 10 inmates in Oregon6 cannot read, write, or speak English at a level high enough to function successfully in society. Oregon Literacy is a statewide nonprofit organization dedicated to raising awareness of adult literacy issues in Oregon. The mission of Oregon Literacy is to strengthen literacy programs, support volunteer tutors, and enable learners. To accomplish this mission Oregon Literacy provides support, resources and other services to hundreds of volunteer tutoring programs, thousands of volunteer tutors, and the 22% of Oregonians with basic or below basic literacy skills. We believe literate communities thrive! Read next month’s article to get an inside view into the lives of adult learners… You can make a difference by attending Flowstone’s Fundraiser for Oregon Literacy, Inc. on April 5th at WOW Hall in Eugene; featuring the talent of Uprite Dub Orchestra & Nuborn Tribe! 1
Making a Difference: A Review of Research on the Positive Outcomes by Literacy Programs and the People They Serve.2003. Pro Literacy America.
http://www.proliteracy.org/downloads/LitOutPDF p. 10.
Quoted in: “Leading the charge to adult literacy and life long learning.” www.oregon.gov/CCWD/ABE/PDF/ABEBrochure.pdf. Accessed March 14, 2007. (p. 12)
Clare Strawn and Sharlene Walker. Oregon Shines!Adult Education and Literacy in Oregon Community Colleges. 2004. Council for the Advancement of Adult Literacy.
Karen Seccombe, Richard S. Lockwood and Stephan Reder. “Literacy: Influence on Access and use of the Health Care System.” in Health Care Services, Racial and
Ethnic Minorities and Underserved Populations; Research in the Sociology of Health Care. Volume 23, pp. 281-300. Macmillan & Co.
Making a Difference, p.14
Wedgeworth, Robert. State of Adult Literacy 2005. Proliteracy Worldwide.
It’s common knowledge that the United States has the largest prison population worldwide. Between probation, parole, jail and prison, the U.S. correctional population exceeds 7 million people. * Overcrowding is one problem, phenomenal spending on what has become big business is another and recidivism (rearrest, reconviction, and reincarceration) is at the heart of this national crisis that affects all of us, whether we know it or not. While an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, it seems that we are more interested in building prisons rather than funding libraries and education, a proven deterrent from criminal behavior. Prison Reform. What does this mean? How can we change a system that is obviously not working? We all want to feel safe and most would agree that people should be held accountable for their actions. But when over a third of all prison inmates return to prison for new or recurring offences and/or parole violations, we must acknowledge that simply locking someone up is not the solution. Prison systems today do not release people that are rehabilitated; they release people with $200 and say “Best of luck, see you again soon!” There is also a widespread perception and likely a reality that criminals only learn how to be better criminals in prison. Statistics are alarming and there is no black & white here. There are so many different needs concerning violent and non‐violent offenders, men and woman prisoners, youth and adult offenders. With so many issues facing us in regards to how we can improve the current system, ultimately the responsibility falls on the shoulders of everyday people like you and me, as it’s not just the system that needs improving. We must all work at being better citizens, recognizing that we make a difference through our own children, through our votes and voices. My fear is not that someone will break into my house and murder me; my fear is that future generations will be robbed of the opportunity for an excellent education while taxpayers spend their hard earned dollars on a fake sense of security. There are solutions out there. The following comes from the ACLU website, offering a thorough examination of the work we still have to do. ACLU Policy Priorities for Prison Reform (1/31/2001) Reduction in Incarceration: Over 2 million men, women and juveniles in the United States live behind bars. The majority of them were not convicted of a violent crime. Unfortunately, the political will of a few lawmakers has locked these people up. Many sentences could have been better served outside prison walls and saved millions in taxpayer dollars. Despite this reality, ʺtough on crimeʺ agendas encouraged the development of mandatory minimum sentencing and ʺthree‐strikes‐and‐your‐outʺ legislation causing soaring rates of incarceration which have overwhelmed an already burdened prison and jail system. Alternatives to incarceration for nonviolent offenders are necessary to reduce overcrowding, to constructively and appropriately sentence convicts, to minimize financial costs and to protect offenders families from upheaval. Improvements in Conditions of Confinement: Despite political rhetoric comparing prisons to hotels and resorts, the reality is that most prisons are overcrowded, often dangerous, provide sub‐standard medical and mental health care and do nothing to prepare prisoners for when they return to the free world. For the past 30 years, the federal courts provided the last recourse for prisoners right to constitutional conditions of confinement. (Continued on page 8) 7
Now, the power of the federal courts is being restricted. Prisoners right of access to the courts is being limited, as a result, prison conditions will become harsher and more punitive. In Georgia, a senior prison official watched while guards brutally beat handcuffed inmates. Correctional officers in California encouraged combat between prisoners by placing rival gang members together in the prison yard and then shot inmates when they fought. The practice of overcrowding cells and subjecting prisoners to unsafe and unsanitary living conditions also continues to exist. The Constitution protects prisoners from cruel and unusual punishment; it is essential that their rights be protected and that inhumane treatment be prevented. Emphasis on Rehabilitation and Treatment Programs: Educational and vocational training as well as substance abuse treatment services are crucial in order to provide proper rehabilitation to offenders and to reduce recidivism. National surveys indicate: 70% of inmates entering state prisons have not graduated from high school, 19% are completely illiterate and 40% are functionally illiterate.(1) Prison programs that seek to change these statistics make an important difference in the lives of prisoners and for the outside community. Prisoners accorded the opportunity to acquire knowledge and skills are better equipped to resist a life of crime once outside of prison and more likely to gain employment and become self‐sufficient. Programs treating alcohol and drug addiction have a similar impact in rehabilitating prisoners. Eighty percent of prisoners are convicted of crimes because of substance abuse.(2) Assisting and treating these addicted individuals will help them stay off drugs and away from crime. Halt Transfers of Child Offenders to Adult Facilities: Children locked up in adult facilities are eight times more likely to commit suicide, five times more likely to be sexually attacked and twice as likely to be assaulted by staff than juveniles confined in a juvenile facility. Adult institutions also lack the same type of programs and services that juvenile facilities provide to rehabilitate young offenders. Essentially, by incarcerating child offenders with adults we are giving up on the future of these children. The likelihood they will return to crime rises when they are initially imprisoned in an adult institution. Attention to Concerns of Female Prisoners: Women comprise only 6.4%(3) of adult inmates, but they constitute the fastest growing segment of the inmate population. Women’s increasing numbers require special examination of the issues particular to their confinement. Seventy‐eight percent of women in prison have children.(4) Many of these mothers run single‐headed households and leave their children behind when they enter prison. If female inmates do not have family members who can care for their children while they are in prison they may lose them to foster care and have their parental rights eventually terminated. Additional obstacles exist for pregnant inmates because of medical concerns and their rights to reproductive choice. Correctional facilities often do not provide proper gynecological care, have limited prenatal and postpartum care and no abortion services. Inmates who wish to terminate their pregnancy usually must go outside the facility and pay all expenses. Growing attention and awareness of sexual misconduct among corrections staff towards female inmates is also important. In California, women were harassed by prison guards who unlocked their cell doors at night and permitted male prisoners to enter and abuse them. One female prisoner complained to the facilityʹs administration and was later beaten, sodomized and raped by three men who had been told of her grievances. Issues facing female inmates are often overlooked because their numbers are not as large as that of male prisoners; however, their concerns are just as legitimate. Decriminalization of Mental Illness: Ten percent of adult inmates and 20 percent of juveniles are known to suffer from severe mental illness.(5) Correctional institutions have replaced mental hospitals as the largest warehouser of this community. The impact and influence of an individual’s mental illness affects their likelihood of arrest and incarceration. The majority of arrests are for nonviolent offenses. When the mentally ill are incarcerated they encounter prisons and jails inadequately equipped to serve them. Untrained staff, limited medical care and access to medication, and inappropriate facilities and treatment put mentally ill prisoners in an extremely vulnerable situation. A prisoner in Utah returned from the hospital after an attempted suicide and was cut off from his psychiatric medication and restrained on a metal table for 12 weeks. The inmate developed pressure sores, defecated on the table and was bathed with a hose while shackled. He wore only undershorts and usually was denied a blanket. Only after a court order did the inmate finally return to a mental hospital. These horrifying conditions only exacerbated his illness. Elimination of Private Prisons: The decision to place an offender in prison, and the decision to impose a particular length of sentence, are critical social policy decisions that should not be contaminated by profit considerations. Encouraging rehabilitation and establishing productive instructional programming in a safe and secure facility for prisoners and protecting the surrounding community should be the top priority of a prison. Cost‐conscious private industry has little financial incentive to meet constitutional standards. A companies loyalty lies primarily with its stockholders. A 1998 Department of Justice report cited the inexperience and lack of training of staff at an Ohio private prison and detailed the resulting excessive use of force by staff. After two stabbing deaths, several escapes and medically‐related deaths, a lawsuit resulted in a $1.65 million settlement to be paid by the private corporation to the prisoners. Notes 1. The Center on Crime, Communities & Culture, Education as Crime Prevention: Providing Education to Prisoners, Research Brief: Occasional Paper Series 2 (Sept. 1997). 2. The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University, Behind Bars: Substance Abuse and Americaʹs Prison Population (Jan. 1998). 3. Darrell K. Gilliard, Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 1998, Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice (March 1999). 4. Steven R. Donziger, The Real War on Crime: The Report of the National Criminal Justice Commission (New York, N.Y.: Harper Perennial, 1996), p.153. 5. Fox Butterfield, ʺBy Default, Jails Become Mental Institutions,ʺ The New York Times, 5 March 1998. *
Bureau of Justice Statistics, "Corrections Statistics" available at http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/correct.htm
Prisoners are stacked three high on triple bunks in what was the gymnasium at a prison in California. Learn more about the Oregon Department of Corrections and discover ways you can make a difference in this dire situation by visiting our website www.flowstonenews.com. What community issues do you
care about? We want to hear from
you…Send us your insights,
opinions, and solutions!
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Environmental Action
Why Remodeling is Greener
By Carol Venolia and Kelly Lerner, excerpted and adapted from Natural Remodeling for the Not‐So‐Green House: Bringing Your Home into Harmony with Nature (Lark Books, 2006). As the green building movement has expanded in recent decades, a perception has grown that unless you’re living in a solar home of earth or straw on country property, you’re just not doing the truly green thing. Many of the books and articles on eco‐
building focus on the new, isolated home. In fact, staying right where you are and massaging your current home into greater harmony with nature is one of the most powerful things you can do. There are many practical reasons for this: •
You are working with an existing building. It usually takes fewer resources to make your current home more eco‐friendly than to start from scratch somewhere else, even using green materials. And if you don’t improve the home you’re in, who will? Capitalize on the energy and materials that have already been invested in your home. •
You aren’t destroying more of the increasingly scarce undeveloped land. That bucolic image of the eco‐homestead in the country comes with a not‐so‐lovely price‐tag: topsoil torn up and compacted, drainage patterns disturbed, plant and animal communities uprooted, vast material and energy resources consumed in construction, new roads, wells, and septic systems—and, all too often, greenhouse gases produced by driving long distances to jobs, schools, and stores. •
You can save money. Chances are you’ll spend less on remodeling than you would on a new custom home—and many of the changes you make will lower your utility bills. You also have the option of making changes step by step, paying as you go, and avoiding the cost of interest on a loan. •
The infrastructure is already in place. With an existing home, the roads, driveway, water, and power are already there. The civic investment in generating and distributing power and treating water and waste has already been made; you don’t need to tear up the landscape or your budget to create them. •
You’re in an existing neighborhood. You are probably already knit into a community and its history. In addition, you may have schools, recreation, stores, and services nearby. This has social and economic value, as well as having a lower energy cost than driving long distances. •
You can revitalize your neighborhood. Investing in your home improves your neighborhood and may inspire your neighbors to do the same. Whether by conscious intention or a more subtle ripple effect, the eco‐improvements you make to your home and yard can inform others and encourage them to follow suit. You can even join with others to turn your neighborhood into an eco‐village. What does sustainability mean to you?
Send us your thoughts and ideas about
[email protected]
Siskiyou Field Institute Presents: 2/16 & 17, Winter Ecology Strap on snowshoes and discover the world of winter with naturalist Kristi Mergenthaler. Investigate ingenious ways plants and animals adapt to life in the cold and snow. Practice identifying winter plants and reading animal signs. Learn the basics of snow science. Class begins Friday evening with a presentation to prepare us for exploring the snowy world of Mt. Ashland on Saturday. Moderately strenuous snowshoeing ‐ beginners are welcome! $67 For more information or to register visit www.thesfi.org or 597‐8530, [email protected] North Mountain Park offers a wide range of experiences for nature lovers. 488.6606, http://ashlandparks.recware.com Eugene Outdoor Program offers a wide variety of outdoor activities for all ages. 682‐5329 www.eugene‐or.gov/recoutdoor. 1/26, Clearcutting the Climate: Uniting the Climate and Forest Protection Movements. A conference of science and action University of Oregon, Lawrence 177 (School of Architecture) 10am – 5pm. Free admission ‐ donations appreciated. www.forestclimate.org 688‐2600, UNIVERSITY OF OREGON JOINS LARGEST TEACH-IN
IN US HISTORY Focus The Nation is an unprecedented educational initiative on global warming solutions for America occurring at more than 1,000 universities and colleges and in all 50 states on January 31, 2008. As the largest teach‐in in U.S. history, Focus The Nation is preparing millions of students to become leaders in the largest civilizational challenge any generation has faced. For more information, please visit www.focusthenation.org. The Second Annual Lane County Energy Round‐Up will also be held at the University of Oregon Thursday, Jan. 31, 2008 at Columbia 150 (across from the Erb Memorial Union (EMU) on 13th Ave near University from 7‐9:30 pm (doors open at 6; free). Energy Round‐Up is being held in cooperation with the FocustheNation.org events being held from 9 am to 5 pm at the University of Oregon Erb Memorial Union (EMU) on 13th St. across from Columbia Hall that will include 17 free presentations on energy and the environment including : Renewable Energy ‐ Crossing the 21st Century Chasm (keynote) Christopher Dymond, Oregon Dept. of Energy Senior Energy Analyst Local Action, Individual Solutions Sarah Mazze, MS, Environmental Studies & Journalism, University of Oregon Climate Leadership Initiative Community Program Manager Biofuels in Perspective Will Klausmeier, Ph. D., Medicinal Chemistry, biofuels consultant Efficiency: the Foundation for Our Sustainable Energy Future Bill Welch, PE, Engineering Supervisor, EWEB Energy Management Services Reducing Your Carbon Footprint Starting at Home Michael Hatten, P.E. Principal Engineer, Solarc Architecture & Engineering Gleaning Innovations from Other Communities Pamela Driscoll, Energy Round‐Up Steering Committee & Green News Network Producer, Public Access Ch. 29‐Community TV Nonprofit organizations can present info at tables for $25 each. Sponsors include EWEB, Helios Network, Oregon Dept. of Energy. For info regarding daytime presentations: Steve Mital, [email protected] For info regarding evening presentations: Kathy Ging [email protected] .342‐8461 or Pam Driscoll [email protected] . For more information on the Energy Round‐Up visit www.OregonEnergyModel.org. To learn more about the teach‐in, visit www.FocusTheNation.org. 9
At the Table
Nutritionally Speaking:
Sugar Blues and Winter Flu
By Yaakov Levine, NTP As we start the New Year, we still have plenty of cold and blustery winter ahead of us. Like many of you I will start this New Year with resolutions to improve my life. This year the first things on my list of resolutions are an intention to be healthier, more productive, and have more fun! I plan to eat nutrient dense high quality local foods drink plenty of pure water and reduce the amount of sugar in my diet. I will be reading food labels more carefully in an attempt to avoid hidden unhealthy ingredients. Did you know that there is a direct connection between the flu, winter colds and your sugar intake? In her book Lick the Sugar Habit, Nancy Appleton, PhD describes studies that have shown that simple sugar intake reduces our phagocytic index. Phagocytes (a type of white blood cell) are the “pac‐
men” of our bodies that gobble up invading bacteria. Simple sugars include fructose, high fructose corn syrup, honey, and sugary juices. There are many ways that sugar in the form of corn syrup is being added to our food. In his book, The Omnivore’s Dilemma, Michael Pollan describes in detail the huge increase of HFCS (high fructose corn syrup) in our diets. He states, “Since 1985 an Americans annual consumption of HFCS has increased from 45 to 66 pounds”. This growth did not replace the sugar already in the diet, since according to Pollan our refined sugar intake also increased by 5 pounds a year during the same period. I invite you to carefully read the labels of the foods you eat regularly. You will be amazed at the inclusion in most prepared foods of high fructose corn syrup. According to Pollan we are eating about 160 pounds of sugar annually. There are many of us that consume less, so some one is taking up the slack. High fructose corn syrup is in most of the convenience foods we eat. If you go out for a fast food burger you will be getting corn syrup in the soft drink (almost pure HFCS) in the bun, the ketchup, mayo and the pickles. (Who needs dessert)? If you are trying to eat healthier and order a fast food salad, the fat free dressings are loaded with corn syrup. As Pollan laments there are tons of surplus corn to be used, and high fructose corn syrup is a way to sneak it into all of our prepared foods. Just in case there was not enough corn in the sandwich I described above, the cattle (source of the beef patty) were fed tons of corn in the feedlots prior to slaughter. The meat from pasture (grass) raised beef is much healthier, with better quality protein and fats. This meat is much leaner, and contains 2‐4 times the amount of the essential fatty acid Omega 3. During the winter the sugar/corn syrup in our diets will inhibit our body’s ability to fight colds, and the flu, and in the long run this addition to our diets can result in Adult Onset Diabetes, now renamed Type II Diabetes, since it is now showing up in our children. Michael Castleman, author of ʺBlended Medicine,ʺ says, ʺType II diabetes is strongly associated with a lack of exercise and a poor diet ‐‐ one thatʹs low in fiber and high in sugar” Simply put, in response to high blood sugar levels, your pancreas may try to make extra insulin and the cells in your pancreas that make insulin (called beta cells) begin to wear out resulting in Type II Diabetes. Please join me in resolving to be healthier, more productive, and have more fun this year! Read those labels, check out the posted ingredient lists at fast food restaurants, make better food choices (support local farmers) and exercise more. Michael Pollan’s Omnivore’s Dilemma is available at the Creswell Library. Yaakov received his certification as a Nutritional Therapy Practitioner in June 2007. He has worked in the Health Food/Herbal industry for many years and is always excited to share his knowledge and enthusiasm. When not working at the Creswell Library, he may be found in his office upstairs at 281 W. Oregon Ave. in Creswell or outside enjoying the local flora/fauna with his wife Donna, their 2 cats, dog and horse. (541) 895‐2427 or [email protected] Send us your recipes, healthy eating tips,
wine recommendations or restaurant reviews
to [email protected]
Do vegetarians eat animal crackers?
Growing Families & Gardens
The Yoga of Gardening
By nalawalla After more than fifty years of auto‐based sprawl carved into the flesh of North America, the physical healing of the living land and creation of truly humane places to dwell is a monumental undertaking that beckons us louder with each passing headline, each passing day. We have much work to do. To retrofit an entire continent in a compact style based once again upon the length of the human stride is a task that will require enormous amounts of manpower—and womanpower! How do we begin? We can be grateful that we already have a perfect place to start. Good fortune has granted each and every one of us a body to consult for reliable information about how to treat the land. When we listen deeply to our bodies, which are a perfect microcosm of the larger Earth, we can hear the lessons of permaculture and social ecology: Start small and slow down! Participate! Go with the flow! There is no such thing as waste! The problem is the solution! For instance, a body‐based practice such as yoga is a wonderful way to tune into the messages Earth is broadcasting. However, many of us tend to confine our practice to the studio, forgetting the origins of the word yoga, which comes from the Indo‐European root ‐yeug, meaning “to yoke, to join.” The universal energies we yoke or harness in our yoga practice also come with a responsibility to apply them to our lives and our landscape. At this time in history, this “chop wood, carry water” aspect of yoga is more important than ever before. Many of us invest ourselves in various martial art, yoga, dance, and theater studios, and wish we could spend even more time there. But, as rental costs rise, so does the cost of a tai chi class. (Repeat the permaculture mantra: the problem is the solution.) Yoga, tai chi, capoeira, commedia dell’arte, etc. can all train the body and mind to perform daily tasks with better alignment, efficiency and concentration. And as we become more sensitive to our own bodies, the body‐based arts are concurrently sensitizing us to Earth, environmental and social issues. So, instead of lamenting the fact that we don’t have ten bucks for yoga today, why not take our practice with us to the neighborhood pea patch? Gathering and spreading a wheelbarrow full of manure can take us through several yogic poses, including warrior one, and downward dog. If we want to stretch sore muscles after a long session on the computer, we might simply help our neighbor plant her orchard, or harvest the kale for dinner? In so doing, we are stacking functions by breathing deeply, keeping our muscles and joints toned, telling stories, sharing songs and information, and creating positive change in the landscape all at the same time. The boundaries of our bodies expand to include garden, neighborhood, Earth‐community. Yummy! The reverse is also true. How many of us have thrown our backs out at the work party? When we recognize Earthwork to be the yoga that it is, we move more slowly and deliberately, checking for proper alignment, and we heed our bodies’ requests for a break. We also find that we actually get more accomplished this way. If we rest when we are tired, hungry, thirsty, or sunburned, we avoid injury and can be of better service the following day. (Repeat the commonsense‐ism: slow and steady wins the race.) I am not suggesting that we drop out of our yoga or tai chi classes. After all, we have many good teachers in our communities who need our support! However, I am suggesting that we add some self‐reliance and an expanded perspective to our practice. Four walls and a trained expert are not the only way to harness the power of yoga. And, especially at this time of “the Great Turning” of humanity towards a just and sustainable culture, we need many strong and healthy bodies outdoors, physically creating a sustainable landscape. Working, interacting, and participating, all together, in service of Earth—this is yoga. ***ANTI‐COPYRIGHT / COPYLEFT LICENSE*** This is a legal license which allows you to make copies of this document for non‐
commercial use, as long as all copies are given away free of charge. all or part of this document may be freely pirated and quoted. the author, however, requests to be informed, at the following address: [email protected] thanks y’all. Nalawalla is a transdisciplinary artist and activist working within the Bcollective on Marrowstone Island, WA. [email protected], www.bcollective.org Pink or Blue
By Leigh Spencer I am pregnant and I am asked “what do you hope for, pink or blue?” Red, green maybe yellow I answer. The questioner is asking whether I hope for a girl or a boy, I am describing what colors I plan to dress the baby in, no matter if the baby is a boy or a girl. This is a true anecdote of when I was expecting my first child. We didn’t mind whether the baby was a girl or a boy, it was those around us who seemed most concerned. We decorated the bedroom white with brightly colored drapes and bedding. Being superstitious I didn’t start buying baby clothing until the month before our son was born and refused to even consider buying anything in the first sizes or pastel blues, lemon, or white. Instead I chose clothing in red, green, bright yellow and navy blue that were in the larger sizes. Our first son was born late November; his coming home outfit was red. Presents of clothing soon arrived, some beautifully knitted in white with pale blue ribbons. These were quickly set aside, together with those that were predominantly white and those that he would grow out of within a week or so. It’s been several years since this took place so I can say without offending anyone that we donated many of the outfits that were given. Why didn’t I save them for any future children that we might have? In most areas of my life I’m not practical, but when it comes to children I am, children’s clothing needs to be easy to wash and dry, doesn’t cause allergies (wool), hard wearing, and can be handed down from baby to baby. During my second pregnancy I was asked the pink or blue question, my answer was that it didn’t matter as I had plenty of clothing that would work for either. Looking through the photo albums there are pictures of both our boys wearing the T‐
shirts, jeans, sweaters and coats that had been passed from brother to brother. What is more gratifying is that some of the small outfits, sweaters and elasticized waist pants in primary colors were then passed to our nieces who wore them as play clothes, saving their pretty dresses for when they went to visit. The moral of this tale, whilst it is lovely to have baby outfits that are specifically for a girl or a boy, it is better to have one or two outfits that are for a girl or boy but have the majority of the babies clothing which can be worn by either sex. That way it doesn’t matter what you have the next time, you will already have some clothes for them. Most of all you will be starting your children on the path to a life of recycling and make the best use out of the earth’s resources. 11
Body, Mind & Spirit
Essential Oil Profile
By Peter O’Rourke Niaouli ‐ Melaleuca viridiflora and Cajeput – Melaleuca cajeputi Parts used ‐ leaves Method of extraction ‐ steam distilled These oils have a sharp camphorous note. During winter when colds/sniffles and chilblains can be a real nuisance, here are a couple of oils that you may like to add to the medicine cabinet. Niaouli oil is a powerful respiratory decongestant, anti‐bacterial, and immune system tonic. It provides a useful alternative for people who cannot tolerate Eucalyptus, and is safe to use on Adults, Children, Cats and Dogs. This oil encourages the production of white blood cells and is therefore indicated for people recovering from sickness, and may prove to be a valuable supplement to HIV sufferers. It can also protect from the ravages of radiation burns, and can be applied to the body before and after radiation therapy. As a respiratory aid for adults and children Niaouli can be used neat, as an inhalation, or mixed with a carrier oil (5 drops to one teaspoonful of vegetable oil) and applied to the back and chest as a vapor rub. For cats and dogs, one or two drops of the neat oil can be rubbed into the fur under the chin. In this way your pet can inhale the vapors, but will be unable to lick the oil off. To get maximum results for the immune system: Mix 15 ‐ 20 drops of Niaouli with 1 or 2 ounces of Sea Salt and dissolve this mix in a warm bath immediately before entering the water. Soak for 20 ‐25 minutes and gently towel dry. Put on loose warm clothing and rest for a while to allow the oil to soak in, or do the treatment at night about 1 hour before retiring. Cajeput oil, a close relative of Niaouli is a powerful circulatory stimulant that will prove of enormous benefit to those who suffer from chilblains, frostbite, and people who are afflicted with Reynauds syndrome where the digital extremities are permanently cold. The oil may be applied neat in emergencies and 4‐5 drops massaged gently into the affected area will provide relief, but for general usage a blend of 30 drops Of Cajeput in one ounce of vegetable oil, applied two or three times a day will suffice. Peter OʹRourke BSc. Dip.I.T.H.M.A (UK) is a professional Aromatherapist with 25 years experience in the field, both here and in his native England. ʹThe Open Sky Academy of Aromatherapyʹ provides education and information on all aspects of aromatherapy, 100% pure essential oils, blends, and aromatherapy consultations. Email [email protected] for further information. Claims expressed or inferred for these products have not been endorsed by the FDA. End user accepts total responsibility for events occurring from the use or misuse of these products. Everyone thinks of changing the world, but no
one thinks of changing himself.
~Leo Nikolaevich Tolstoy
XÇÄ|z{àxÇ|Çz XäxÇàá
ASHLAND Check out the Rogue Valley Metaphysical Library for classes, workshops, discussions and resources. www.rvml.org Veterans of Foreign Wars Grizzly Post 353 meets the second Monday of every month at 7pm at Pioneer Hall in Ashland. All members and newly returning veterans are encouraged to attend. Pioneer Hall, 73 Winburn Way Every Thursday 5:30pm, Sexaholics Anonymous (S.A.) Please call or send e‐mail for an orientation Sexaholics Anonymous (SA) is a 12 step group for men and women who suffer from sex/ lust addiction, 888‐522‐1418, www.southernoregonsa.org [email protected] Second and fourth Tuesdays of the month Ashland Sufi Heart Circle Dances, Dances of Universal Peace are held at 7:30pm at Headwaters, 84 Fourth Street. Free. 482.4902. Wednesday evenings 5:45‐7pm & Thursday mornings 10:30‐11:45am. Free All‐Level Yoga Class, 10:30am ‐ 11:45am, Nuwandart Gallery‐ 258 A Street. Beginners welcome! Please bring your own yoga mat and arrive a few minutes early. The Enneagram Type by Type: An In‐Depth Exploration of the Nine Personality Types ~ One Sunday each month, Ashland, 10am‐6pm Enneatype 7 meets Jan 20. Topics include sub‐types, wings; stress, security points; defense mechanisms; fixations, holy ideas; tools for transformation; passions, virtues. Fees vary according to how many classes taken. Facilitators: Carl Marsak, M.A. & Marla Estes, M.A. (541) 482 4948 or [email protected] CENTRAL POINT Study Group on the Law of Attraction and Abraham‐Hicks teachings meets 1st and 3rd Tuesdays at the Central Point Senior Center at 123 N. 2nd St. Central Point. for info call Ellen 541‐664‐4249 GRANTS PASS Free Health Lectures at Gooseberries (1533 NE F St, Grants Pass) Every 3rd Wednesday of the month 6:00‐6:30pm. Presented by Kristen Plunkett, ND. Naturopathic Medical Clinic 476‐2916, [email protected] February 6th: FREE BLOOD PRESSURE CHECKS February 20th: Protect your Heart March 19th: Healthy Food Choices April 16th: Digestive Disorders May 6th: FREE BLOOD PRESSURE CHECKS May 21st: Prevent Allergy Symptoms THE SOUTHERN OREGON TEMPLE OF THE GODDESS. Primarily for women, men welcome second Monday of month. A center of spiritual expression and education for people of all faiths to honor and nourish Woman’s natural spiritual authority. Also provides community and personal rituals, sacred performances, classes and lectures. Moondays, 6:30 ‐ 8 pm at HeartSong (anteroom) 224 SW 6th St, Grants Pass.Spiritual Director Rev. Vajra Ma, 292‐6310. www.GreatGoddess.org/temple. Shamanic Practitioners: Women Shamanic Practitioners available for healing sessions – For more information, please contact Donna at the Center for Therapeutic Health & Wellness – 476‐1662. Psychic & Holistic Faire at the Josephine County Fairgrounds on the first Saturday of the month. ROSEBURG Mystic Earth offers many ongoing events, 650 S.E. Jackson Street. First Sunday of each month, at 5:30pm Dancing Dragons Pagan Study Group, First and third Saturday of the month at 7pm. Free‐style Drum Circle. Friday at 5pm Kabbalah Open Forum. Second Thursday of the month, KC Anton Intuitive Readings. www.mysticearth.net Submit your events to
[email protected]
We found a couple of great websites that can
help you change yourself & the world at the
same time…
Ask the Feng Shui Guy…
"P is for
By Sugeet So what can Feng Shui tell me about 2008? Williams, OR Unless you’re a student of Flying Star Feng Shui and parts of Compass Feng Shui, it has nothing to say about 2008! My school, BTB*, doesn’t depend on birthdays, construction year or other time‐dated materials when analyzing a space. It uses the energy map most all Feng Shui uses (the BaGua) to begin the analysis. If anything, the BTB school is the most flexible approach. It easily accommodates EMFs (Eletromagnetic Frequencies) computers, cell phones and other modern day devices, which were not in use in China some 3,000 years ago. However, you can make 2008 more productive, more loving, more resourceful by doing an analysis and correction of your own spaces and/or employing the services of a certified Feng Shui practitioner. For beginners, it’s easy to balance the energies of a room simply by using some of all of the colors of the BaGua. That would mean you would have some earth tones, some red, some green, some blue or black, some silver, gold o bronze, some red/purple and some pink along with some white. You can do this with those colors in an art piece or photograph. They can come from an accent pillow, or a table. If you choose to do this in a space, remember to do it with an intention – what is your intention? Once you’ve gotten a hold on that, draw up your plan and gather the materials/paint/whatever that you’ll use. Take some time to sit and breath deeply, holding the breath on the intake and outgo for 1‐2 seconds. After a few minutes of this, you’ll feel calm and centered. Then, with your intention firmly in mind, proceed with your plan. Once you’ve finished, look at the room and see how it feels. All of us have some intuitive Feng Shui – it’s why we like being in some spaces and don’t like being in others. Often I have client who tell me they just don’t use a room in their home. Once analyzed, its my job to figure out why and how to fix it. But back to the room you just worked on: if you look at it and I gives you pleasure, you’re set. Your internal Feng Shui feels at harmony with the space and it gives you pleasure. If this doesn’t happen, consider moving things or changing elements. You’re likely to find that combination that works for you. Don’t try to reason it out – invisible energy flow doesn’t fit very well in a logical, linear mindset. Just trust your gut feeling. If there’s a topic, you’d like to see covered in this column, just drop a line to [email protected] *Sugeet offers a free monthly newsletter. Subscribe at www.FengShuiCV.com. By Kaya Singer If you are like most businesses you have felt the end of the year crunch and are now looking forward to the New Year with anticipation. Most businesses are slower in December unless you happen to sell gift items. Either way it is likely that you are having thoughts like ʺIn January Iʹll do this or next year Iʹll do thatʺ. I used to cringe at that ʺPʺ word. Planning. It sounded boring and tedious because I tend to be an ʺSʺ type personality. ʺSʺ is for spontaneous. One of my close friends summed it up when she said ʺI never know what I will feel like doing until I get there, so how can I plan?ʺ However, some things require a longer process to manifest and without strategic planning they will never happen. It is about mapping out the steps toward an end goal. It is like carefully planning a vacation rather than just jumping on a plane with no direction. When there is no plan there is no telling where you will end up. That can be fun but if you have a specific goal you want to reach, you have to plan. What has changed for me is seeing the transformative value. I can actually envision what I want now and take solid steps to achieve it. It is exciting and fun to see the process unfold like magic. Similar to a jigsaw puzzle I can build the picture one piece at a time. I had a client recently tell me that he could come up with some goals but had trouble knowing what steps to take first. Many people get frozen at this point, afraid that the first step they take will be a wrong one and that something bad will happen. But similar to a puzzle, some people begin with the corners and others begin in the middle. There is no right way. In truth, it matters little what you do first as long as you do something toward your goal. Taking action is always a positive thing.January is a natural time to begin some new initiatives in your business. The New Year can feel like an opportunity for a new start.Take advantage of this collective energy and go for it. Here are a few guidelines to help your process. 1. Write down something you want to accomplish in 2008. 2. Tell your mentor, mastermind group, or business support person. 3. Imagine you have done it by the end of 2008. How do you feel? 4. Brainstorm all the things you can do toward this goal. Empty your mind of every possibility even if you donʹt know how. 5. Make a list of people who can offer you support or help. 6. Pick the first three things you will do and write them in your 2008 appointment book. 7. Give yourself a big hug. You have begun the process. Kaya Singer, owner of Awakening Business Solutions helps small business owners move through mental blocks that get in the way of their purpose and prosperity. She publishes a free monthly newsletter and has free tools and online help at www.AwakeningBusiness.com. Kaya offers seminars for small business owners, one‐
on‐one sessions and e‐book , Spirit of Business.Next seminar is Creating a Map of Your Business ‐ http://www.awakeningbusiness.com/business_plan_seminar.html. © Kaya Singer 2007 13
Classes & Workshops
Online Wellness Association’s Moving On Teleseminar Series. This is an educational series dedicated to sharing information from OWA members and colleagues. Four classes in this series are offered FREE and open to all. Four are offered for CEU credits for Oregon Wellness Practitioners. Information and regiastration http://www.OWASeminars.com. Deep Tissue Massage Overview 12.5 Continued Education Hours Course # 9.450T1 2/2/08‐2/3/08 9am‐4pm Students will learn treatment plans for therapeutic massage, understand pain symptoms, why pain occurs, and how to communicate with patients during a deep tissue massage. Rogue Community College (541)956‐7089 [email protected] www.roguecc.edu 2/23 The 2008 Josephine County Master Gardeners Spring Home Garden Seminar. There will be 27 different classes and subjects offered. The first session begins at 8:30 a.n. and the last class ends at 4:15 p.m. Attendees can take up to 4 classes or one per session. There will be a @20 registration fee. Sign up begins January 14. Registration can be by mail: Rogue Community College, Attention Community Education, 3345 Redwood Highway, Grants Pass, OR 97527 or in person: Redwood Campus Community Education Building ʺLʺ, or by phone 541‐956‐7303. Rogue Gallery and Art Center 40 S Bartlett St Medford OR 97520 [email protected] For Kids Tuesdays 10 – 11:30 am; Drop in and Draw ages 3 to 5 Wednesday 1:30 to 4pm; Drop in and Draw ages 6 & up Adult Classes Beginning 2/7 Bookbinding & More Beginning 2/9 The Nuts & Bolts of Assemblage Beginning 2/5 European Style Woodcut Printmaking Workshops
2/2 Precious Metal Clay 2/17Improvisational Painting 3/1 & 8 Mold Making and 3/15 Journal Making & Binding 3/22 & 23 Innovative Landscape Composition for Photographers & Painters ‐ The Illinois Valley Safe House Alliance is happy to offer free education to our community by hosting the upcoming class; “Helping Children Who Have Been Exposed to Batterers.” This class is designed for parents, grandparents, foster parents, teachers or anyone interested in helping children who have been exposed to domestic violence. At the end of class participants will receive a certificate. Where: Home Valley CARES building; 103 S. Kerby Ave. Cave Junction When: Mondays beginning January 14th through April 28th What time: 1:30am to 3:30pm Who: All support groups and classes are free and open to the public To RSVP or for more information call Susie, the Women’s Advocate at 592‐2515 Scuba Diving Classes: Start living your adventure today. Stop by Sundance Divers today to sign up. 543 NE E ST, 479‐9715, sundancedivers.com Meditation Class, Meets every Tuesday evening 6:00. Contact Donna at the Center for Therapeutic Health & Wellness – 476‐1662. Tʹai Chi with Nando Raynolds. Build flexibility, strength and inner peace while learning this traditional Chinese system of self‐defense. Yang style short form, Yang 24, two person play and saber and sword. Wed. 7‐ 8:30 PM at Jackson Wellsprings. $10/class, first class free. www.nando‐r.com 821‐6623 The following classes are offered every Monday and Wednesday. Full class information can be found at: www.jacksonwellsprings.com. Tai Chi / Chi Gung, 8‐9:30AM, $10.00 Tai Chi / Chi Gung Classes for Elders, 9:45‐10:45am. (Age 60 and over) Daily soak pass~$4.00 10‐visit senior punch card for spa~$35.00 Yoga 6‐7pm in the Community Room. Mats provided. $8.00 Bellydance: Back to Basics & Beyond. Mondays 7:15‐8:30PM. $9.00 drop‐ins welcome, or use your class card. This class is for everyone from beginners to advanced dancers. Jackson Wellsprings, 2253 Highway 99 N. Soak and sauna afterwards at Wellsprings and get a $1.00 discount on the use of the spa when you take a class at Wellsprings. Cutting Edge Stained Glass offers affordable classes in Grants Pass. 1867 Redwood Ave., Suite #8, 471.2155 The Milky Way Breastfeeding Class Benefits of breastfeeding for mom and babyHuman milk vs. formula.Anatomy and physiology of the breast.What to expect within the first hours, days and weeks. Class is offered the Second Monday of each month ‐ 5‐ 9pm , $75.Teacher: Jenn Head, CD(DONA), Childbirth Educator, Lactation Specialist. 206‐227‐3694, [email protected]
Classified Ads
The Green Book is holding a contest for non‐profits! Some requirements are: why you feel your organization is the most giving, cannot be a purely political group and must have a chapter/office in Oregon or California. Winning organization receives a FREE 1/8 page full color ad (value: $350) in 2008‐09 issue of The Green Book, released June 2008. Submission deadline: Jan. 31, 2008 Animal Sanctuary Farm Manager FT, minimum wage with almost free rent on 2 bed 2 bath farmhouse, couple/family & pets welcome. Gorgeous 55 acre ranch in Applegate Valley. More information & application online at www.OregonAnimalSanctuary.org We need a few people who are willing to work on a commission basis selling ads for Flowstone. The amount of money you make would be dependent on your ability to sell. Our advertising rates are dirt‐cheap and the concept behind our paper is based on community, sustainability and creativity...most of the time it is an easy sell. We will pay you 30% of your total sales each month. Our least expensive ad is $65...sell one ad an hour, thatʹs $19.50/hr. Our ideal sales representative... ‐Has sales experience and confidence. ‐Is willing to pound the pavement to find us new sponsors. ‐Is well connected in the local community. ‐Believes in the power of community and the importance of sustainability. ‐Has excellent customer service and communication skills. ‐Has Internet access and computer savvy. ‐Is friendly, outgoing, optimistic and willing to help us in our grassroots mission to strengthen our communities, locally & globally. Please send a letter outlining your experience, availability and why you believe you would be the best person for this position to [email protected] Astrology Discussion Group now forming in Eugene. From the merely interested to the professional astrologer, this group will explore how this ancient science can help us in our busy modern day lives. Please call 541.337.1192 or email [email protected] Submit your classified ad to Flowstone! Up to 40 words, $8 / .10 each additional word! Call 541.337.1192 or email your ad text to [email protected] Calling all performers and sponsors who want to make a difference in their communities. We have several benefit events planned for the coming year and you can help! www.flowstonenews.com Flowstone is printed on
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By Willy Whitefeather I Have Planted a Door
Seven men huddled around a campfire on a cold and snowy night. Each one held a wooden log, and each one stared at the dying fire. A wealthy man held on to his log, for he did not want to put it on the fire, to warm the poor man, across from him. The poor man also clutched his log tight, for he did not want to warm the rich man. The preacher held his log tight, for the man across from him was not of his church. He did not wish for his log to warm him. The priest kept his log, of wood, for why should he allow it to warm one of a different faith. The black man sat and watched the campfire begin to smolder, yet he would not allow his log to warm the white man who sat opposite him. The white man would not throw his log on the fire to warm the man across from him, whose skin was so black. The seventh man is you, my friend, as you sit and watch the other six men...that are slowly freezing to death. Not so much from the cold night, but from the cold within their own hearts. The campfire has almost gone out. What is your decision? Will you get the fire going, or will you let it go out? One thing to remember, the Cherokees are the Keepers of the Sacred Flame, given by the Creator, and carried on the Trail of Tears, from Tennessee to Oklahoma a 1000 miles. The flame has never gone out. Let us all rekindle the fire of Love, for the only thing we take with us when we die, is the Love we did not give... To read more of Willy Whitefeather’s stories and to see his award winning movie “Hope” go www.willywhitefeather.com. I have planted a door in the middle of the field – unpainted black oak with a black oak frame I surrounded it with a deck made out of old fence posts that the nearby wetlands almost swallowed and now, finally, here is a place to sit without the neighbors’ squabbling voices and droning machines and without the stench of the alley dumpsters this is a place to listen to wind and creek song – the scuffling feet of rat – the snakeslide of the red racer – the slouched crawl of the nutria this is where I can take in the scent of the mint field I will come back tomorrow with a chair, a loaf of bread and a jug of water I will stay all day watching the moon drift across the blue sky my mouth and fingers will burn with blackberries I have planted a door – my small contribution to the world – I’m proud to say it is something I have built with my own hands when I leave I will leave it open – walk in – stay as long as you want Michael Spring lives in OʹBrien, OR. He is the author of two poetry books: blue crow (LitPot Press, Inc., 2003) and Mudsong (Pygmy Forest Press, 2005). His poems have appeared in The Atlanta Review, Dublin Quarterly, The Midwest Quarterly, NEO, New Works Review and Verse Libre Quarterly. He is a martial arts instructor, natural builder, and poetry editor for The Pedestal Magazine. Calling all writers!
Whether you want to share you
technical experience or poetry,
Flowstone wants to hear from you.
You can learn more about our
writer guidelines by going to
I will not carry a gun.... I'll carry your books,
I'll carry a torch, I'll carry a tune, I'll carry
on, carry over, carry forward, Cary Grant,
cash and carry, carry me back to Old
Virginia, I'll even hari-kari if you show me
how, but I will not carry a gun!
~Hawkeye, M*A*S*H, "Officer of the Day"
Good food.
Cool vibe.
Real soul.
Monday – Saturday
Please support our fabulous
sponsors & let them know you
saw their ad in Flowstone.
Circle J CAFE
241 SW G Street
Grants pass
See Your Ad
Clan of the Triple Horses
Seasonal Celebrations & More
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We have grown
literally afraid to
be poor. We
despise anyone
who elects to be
poor in order to
simplify and save
his inner life. If
he does not join
the general
scramble and
pant with the
street, we deem
him spiritless and
lacking in
~William James
Dancers from Ayeshaʹs Oasis were fabulous! Whether they were dancing or drumming, their smiles were a delight. The Three Rivers Choraleʹs Madrigal Singerʹs sung like angels! The mountains and trees were a perfect back drop to the soothing songs and passionate music of Adrian Fringe. Many thanks to Kamie Clarke and Paul Hendershott for the all day use of their sound equipment. With a loop machine, a wine glass and a fabulous voice, Aletha Nowitski proved that you donʹt need traditional instruments to make music. With thoughtful and poignant lyrics, this performance was truly one of a kind. Listen for your self on Alethaʹs website www.macappella.com. Patrick Dodd & Michael Spring rounded out the days performances with heartfelt tunes and wonderful poetry. Saving the World with Words & Wine:
October 27, 2007
We are so grateful to all who participated in our first event! It was a gorgeous Fall day in the Applegate Valley. With so many talented performers and creative vendors, there were interesting conversations all day and a peaceful sense that we are all on the same page when it comes to caring about our communities. We’d like to extend special thanks to: Peter & Rubie O’Rourke Heartsong Herbal Brewing Company Adrian Fringe The Madrigal Singers Waterbound Aletha Nowitsky Patrick Dodd Michael Spring Jennifer Ben‐Dayan The Creative Alternative Kali Ma & Sons / Dancing Serpent Healing Arts Rogue Valley Metaphysical Center Ayesha’s Oasis Carol Valentine Camille McManus / Wolf Creek Gardens Frank & Marion Conrad Leigh & Mike Spencer & Sons Troon Vineyard Jennifer Eldred / Integrity Home Loans Carol & Marsha / C & M Fudge And all the guests who attended! 19
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