Sport for professionals - Томский политехнический университет

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Sport for professionals - Томский политехнический университет
TOMSK POLYTECHNIС UNIVERSITY
M.V. Netesova
E.A. Leksina
SPORT FOR PROFESSIONALS
STUDENT’S BOOK
Recommended for publishing by the Editorial Board
of the Tomsk Polytechnic University
Tomsk Polytechnic University Publishing House
2010
Федеральное агентство по образованию
Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования
«НАЦИОНАЛЬНЫЙ ИССЛЕДОВАТЕЛЬСКИЙ
ТОМСКИЙ ПОЛИТЕХНИЧЕСКИЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ»
М.В. Нетесова
Е.A. Лексина
СПОРТ ДЛЯ ПРОФЕССИОНАЛОВ
Рекомендовано в качестве учебного пособия
Редакционно-издательским советом
Томского политехнического университета
Издательство
Томского политехнического университета
2010
2
УДК 802.0(075.8)
ББК Ш143.21-923
Н571
Н571
Нетесова М.В.
Спорт для профессионалов: учебное пособие /
М.В. Нетесова, Е.A. Лексина - Томск: Изд-во Томского
политехнического университета, 2010. - 84 с.
Учебное пособие предназначено для студентов факультета
физической культуры Томского Политехнического Университета и ВУЗов
России. Учебное пособие состоит из профессионально-ориентированных
текстов по теме спорт и физическая культура. Ко всем учебным текстам
авторами
разработаны
упражнения,
которые
предполагают
индивидуальную, парную и групповую работу.
Текстовый материал пособия позволит студентам получить
профессионально-ориентированную информацию на английском языке и
пополнить
словарь
профессиональных
терминов
по
своей
специальности. Тексты являются аутентичными и отобраны из
современных англоязычных источников (в том числе Интернет сайтов).
УДК 802.0(075.8)
ББК Ш143.21-923
Рецензенты
Кандидат педагогических наук, доцент,
зав. каф. теории и методики преподавания иностранных языков ТГПУ
О. Н. Игна
Кандидат философских наук каф. английской филологии
факультета иностранных языков ТГУ
И. А. Черепанова
© ГОУ ВПО «Национально исследовательский
Томский политехнический университет», 2010
© Нетесова М.В., Лексина Е.А., 2010
© Оформление. Издательство Томского
политехнического университета, 2010
3
TO THE STUDENTS
This book is for you if you are studying sport or if you work in the sport
industry. What is in English for sportsmen?
The Class Book and the Student’s Book contain 8 units. All based on themes from
sport industry. It includes topics such as:
 tennis
 football
 wrestling
 dancing
 fitness
Each unit opens with a few questions. And often some pictures, to start you
thinking about the theme you will be studying.
Reading will improve your reading skills.
Speaking activities present realistic and motivating situations where you can
practice the language you have studied.
The Vocabulary sections will help you to develop a richer vocabulary. These
sections introduce and practice many words and expressions required in the sport
industry. A word list of more than 100 sport terms included in the Class Book is printed
on the final pages, along with translations into Russian language.
A Workbook provides extra tasks for study at home or in class.
We very hope you will enjoy using SPORT FOR PROFESSIONALS.
4
UNIT 1.
THE FACULTY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION
WARM-UP
1. What do you know about Tomsk Polytechnic University? Do the
following quiz to check your knowledge.
1. Tomsk Polytechnic University was founded in …
A. 1898.
B. 1927.
C. 1896.
2. The faculty of Physical Education was founded in …
A. 1898.
B. 1927.
C. 1896.
3. For about 20 years the group cross country running in honour of Alexandra
Postolskaya was held because she …
A. was the best sports girl B. was the student of the C. was the student of the
of the University.
University
who
was University
who
was
perished as a hero during perished as a hero during
the Great Patriotic war.
World War I.
4. The head of the University is …
A. Vladimir Andreyev.
B. Yuri Pokholkov.
C. Peter Chubik.
5. The lingo centre of the faculty of Physical Education is situated on …
A. Sovetskaya street.
B. Usov street.
C. Lenin street.
2. Read the text about the faculty of Physical Education below and the
text about Tomsk Polytechnic University in the Workbook to check your
answers.
PRE-READING
3.
Find the similar words.
A. academic
1. prize-winner
B. diverse
2. supply
C. laureate
3. scholarly
D. equip
4. different
E. provide
F. course
5. fit out
6. line of motion or direction
5
4.
Complete the sentences with the words above. You can use the words
of both columns.
1. An umbrella _______________________ protection from the rain.
2. The price is _______________________ from ten to one hundred dollars.
3. The ship is on a _______________________ to Spain.
4. She loved school and wanted an _______________________ job.
5. Sorry, we can't handle that work. Our office is not __________________ for
such a big job.
READING
5.
You will read the text about the Faculty of Physical Education
in Tomsk Polytechnic University. Choose from the sentences (A-F) the best
ending to each section (1-6). There is one extra sentence.
A.
B.
… at the Olympic Games in Beijing.
… friendly and supportive atmosphere.
C.
D.
F.
… students and staff and helps to ‘evolve and develop.’
… were Nikolay Konstantinovich Zhuravlev and Dmitriy
Vladimirovich Moravetskiy.
… got the right to represent our country at the European
championship in 2007.
… was perished as a hero during the Great Patriotic war.
G.
… got the title “The Couch of the Year”.
H.
… are available for both training and recreational use.
E.
The Faculty of Physical Education
The Faculty of Physical Education is based on Tomsk Polytechnic
University, its academic roots go back to 1927. Members of faculty pride
their selves on their (1) … .
The Faculty consists of 2 departments: the department of Physical
Education and the Department of Sports Disciplines.
Physical training course at Tomsk Polytechnic University was
introduced in 1927 at the military department.
In 1934 the new sports equipment appeared in sport gymnasiums and
the department of Physical Education was opened. The founders of this
department (2) … .
Not only military-applied sports were developed, but weightlifting, trackand-field athletics, skiing, boxing, basketball, volleyball, football were also
popular.
The first traditions of sport days among the faculties were formed after
the Great Patriotic war. For about 20 years the group cross country running in
honour of Alexandra Postolskaya was held. She was the student of the
University Geological department and she (3) … .
6
In 2006 the Department of Physical Education became the Faculty of
Physical Education.
Disciplines provided by the Department of Sports Disciplines are:
weightlifting
track-and-field
athletics
cross country
skiing
boxing,
volleyball
basketball
football
biathlon
swimming
sambo
karate-do
judo
mountaineering
rock-climbing
sport orienteering
sport dances
chess
table tennis
Students come from diverse social and cultural backgrounds; some
local, others from all over the Russian Federation and increasingly overseas.
Many come after a break from full-time education. This makes the Faculty an
exciting place for (4) … .
Several gyms, football fields, outdoor tracks, courts for basketball and
volleyball, a swimming pool, well equipped sports centers and sport camp for
rest and training on the river Ob (5) … .
The university became the winner of Tomsk Universities Tournaments.
Maxim Tsoy and Eugenia Podborodnikova became the winners of karate
region competitions. Also Eugenia became the winner of Russians
competitions and (6) … .
Kurilov Aleksey won the bodybuilding cup and became “Mister
Universe”. In the regional contest Eugenia Podborodnikova became the
laureate and her coach Grigorovich Sergey Stanislavovich (7) … .
The Faculty’s graduates are prepared for a wide range of career outlets
such as PE teachers, coachers, physical activity and fitness leaders, sport
managers, exercise physiologists, and college and university professors.
6.
Complete the sentences, using the information from the text.
1. Students of Tomsk Polytechnic University can study sport disciplines at …
2. Military department was …
3. The department of Physical Education was opened when …
4. Disciplines provided by the Department of Sports Disciplines are …
5. There you can find students from …
6. If you want to have a rest in summer you will …
7. Winners of karate tournament are …
8. My future speciality is …
VOCABULARY
7
7.
Complete the sentences with the missing words from the box below.
There is one example.
0 studying
1. winners
2. term
3. obligatory
4. facilities
5. knowledge
6. artificial
7. pass
8. competition
9. information
10. championships
11. after-class
1. While (0) studying students get the (1) … of anatomy, physiology, hygiene,
biochemistry, biomechanics, sport medicine, medical massage, (2) …
technologies in physical culture and sport, methodology.
2. The students of Tomsk Polytechnic University became the prize - (3) … of the
world (4) … .
3. Sport training is (5) … for all student for three years.
4. They must (6) … the exam at the end of the sixth (7) ….
5. Besides all the students can participate in (8) … sport activities.
6. The traditional first year sport (9) … including 7 kinds of spots.
7. Every hostel has mini sport centres with training (10) ….
8. Sport facilities of Tomsk Polytechnic University include stadium; mini-football
playground with (11) … covering; skiing lodge and others facilities.
8.
Divide your class into two teams. Match each specific term in column I,
with the generic term in column II. The team which will match the terms first
correctly wins the score.
1. barbell
A. volley-ball
2. racket
B. cricket
3. wicket
C. golf
4. alpenstock
D. fencing
5. catcher
E. figure - skating
6. gauntlet
F. tennis
7. puck
G. ice-hockey
8. tee
H. mountaineering
9. spin
I. baseball
10. ring
J. boxing
11. net
K. chess-playing
12. chess-board
L. weight-lifting
SPEAKING
9.
Do you like studying at Tomsk Polytechnic University: what
are advantages and disadvantages?
8
10. Speak on each kind of sport on the list below; briefly describe it as
well as the qualities it requires from the sportsman, e.g. strength,
endurance, quickness of reaction, courage, etc. Say a few words about its
advantages and attractive features:
mountaineering, rowing, yachting, hockey, tennis, basket-ball,
volley-ball, chess, boxing, wrestling, fencing, artistic
gymnastics, figure-skating, skiing, ski-jumping, archery, discus
throwing, wind-surfing, marathon.
11. Make up dialogs discussing one (or several) of the sports from the list
above. Use the following:
in my opinion …; there’s nothing like …; I don’t quite see what
people find in …; how can you say such a thing!; I don’t know
anything more exiting than …; I see nothing exiting in …; I can’t
agree with you there; absolutely marvelous; I like it immensely
12. Say in what countries the following sports and games are popular:
cricket, surfing, karate, rugby, baseball, judo (jujitsu), lacrosse,
soccer, croquet, golf, tennis, football.
LISTENING
13. You will hear a conversation between a TV presenter and Professor
Giffen. Decide if each sentence is correct or incorrect. If it is correct put a
tick (√) in the box under Yes, if it is incorrect put a tick (√) in the box under
No.
Yes
No
1. Teaching profession is criticized
2. Professor Giffen has never been a classroom
teacher
3. Most students study better when they feel relaxed
and confident
4. Many people think that “friendly approach” leads to
bad discipline
5. Today teachers have less time to get to know their
students
6. Successful teacher constantly updates materials
14. What were your favourite subjects at school? Why? Was it a pleasure
to study them? Would you like to become a teacher after graduating from
the university?
9
WRITING
15. Try to describe your favourite game. Use a dictionary to
look up any special words. Write the description according to the plan given
in the example. Then change the writing papers with your partner. Let your
partner guess which game you are describing.
Example:
1. Number of players (per team):
Two teams of eleven players each.
2. Equipment necessary: a ball.
3. Place where played: a special field which has goal posts at both ends.
4. How to play and win: the players kick the ball to each other. They try to
kick it between the goal posts of the opposing team. The opposing team try
to stop them. The team scoring the greatest number of the ‘goals’ wins.
5. Length of game: one hour and a half, with a break in the middle.
6. Some of the rules: only the two goal keepers (who stand in front of the
two goals) are followed to touch the ball with their hands; no one can kick
or push another player.
10
UNIT 2.
WHAT IS WRESTLING?
WARM-UP
1.
The term ‘wrestling’ is an old English
word originated some time before 1100 A.D.
But what is ‘wrestling’? Choose the right
answer. Explain your choice. Use the model:
I think wrestling is …, because …
I think the first variant is true, because …
1. It is perhaps the oldest word still in use in the English language to describe
hand-to-hand combat.
2. A sport or contest in which two unarmed individuals struggle hand-to-hand
with each attempting to subdue or unbalance the other.
3. It is a strength sport that requires a large amount of muscle stamina.
PRE-READING
2.
You are going to read an article about wrestling. Before reading guess
if the sentences (1-4) are True (T) or False (F).
1.
2.
3.
4.
3.
Wrestling is a fight.
There are three people usually take part in the fight.
The only one style of wrestling exists nowadays.
There is no such kind of wrestling as beach wrestling.
Match the words (1-5) from the text to their synonyms A-E.
1. martial
A. fight
2. engagement
B. line
3. current
C. compete
4. range
D. fight
5. combat
E. modern, running
6. strive
F. warlike
11
READING
4.
Read the first part of the article and answer the questions.
What does a wrestling match consist of?
What do physical techniques include?
How many styles of wrestling are there in the world?
Wrestling is part of the martial arts. A wrestling match consists of physical
engagement between two people in which each wrestler strives to get an
advantage over, or control of the opponent. Physical techniques used, include
clinching, holding, locking, application of leverage and takedowns. Today there
are a wide range of styles with varying rules.
Particular wrestling styles have particular rules. Also, one can distinguish
between traditional and non-traditional styles of wrestling, and wrestling
techniques found in military hand-to-hand combat and self-defense systems.
According to the International Federation of Associated Wrestling Styles, there are
five current International wrestling disciplines acknowledged throughout the world.
They are Greco-Roman Wrestling, Freestyle Wrestling, Grappling, Beach
wrestling and Sambo.
5.
Match the words 1-6 from the text to their synonyms A-E.
1. clinching
A. leverage
2. holding
B. taking
3. locking
C. retention
4. application of leverage
D. tough capture
5. distinguish
E. recognized
6. acknowledged
F. to differ
12
6.
Read the second part of the text about styles of wrestling. Match the
titles (A-D) to the paragraphs (1-6). There is one extra letter. The first is
given as an example. (0) A
A. Greco-Roman
B. Freestyle wrestling
C. Submission wrestling
D. Sambo
E. Beach wrestling
F. Collegiate wrestling
G. Professional wrestling
0. A.
It is an international discipline and an
Olympic sport. "In this style, it is
forbidden to hold the opponent below
the belt, to make trips, and to actively
use the legs in the execution of any
action.". Pinning ones opponent to the
mat, is one way of winning. One of the
most
well
known
Greco-Roman
wrestlers is Alexander Karelin from
Russia.
2.
It is international discipline and an
Olympic sport, for both men and
women. This style allows the use of the
wrestler's or his opponent's legs in
offense
and
defense.
Freestyle
wrestling, has its greatest origins in
catch-as-catch-can wrestling and the
prime victory condition in this styles
involves the wrestler winning by pinning
his opponent on the mat.
13
1.
It is standing wrestling done by
wrestlers, male or female,
inside a sand-filled circle
measuring 6 meters (20 ft) in
diameter with only two weight
categories, heavy and light.
The objective is to throw an
opponent or take the opponent
to their back. The wrestlers
wear swimsuits rather than
special wrestling uniforms.
Wrestlers may also wear
spandex or athletic shorts.
3.
It is a martial art that
originated in the Soviet Union
(particular Russia) in the 20th
century. It is an acronym for
"self-defense
without
weapons" in Russian and had
its origins in the Soviet armed
forces. Its influences are
varied,
with
techniques
borrowed from sports ranging
from the two international
styles of Greco-Roman and
freestyle to judo, jujutsu,
European styles of folk
wrestling, and even fencing.
7.
4.
5.
This
competitive
wrestling
is
uncommon. Professional wrestling
refers
in
practice
to
"sports
entertainment", where matches are
commonly 'worked' to an arranged
outcome, as a result of staged combat.
This
kind
of
wrestling
(sometimes
known
as
scholastic wrestling or folkstyle
wrestling) is the commonly
used name of wrestling
practiced at the college and
university level in the United
States.
This
style,
with
modifications, is also practiced
at the high school and middle
school levels, and also for
younger participants. The term
is used to distinguish the style
from other styles of wrestling
used in other parts of the
world, and from those of the
Olympic
Games:
GrecoRoman
wrestling,
and
Freestyle wrestling.
Complete the sentences (1-7) choosing the best variant A, B or C.
1.
The term wrestling is …
A. an American word that originated some time before 1100 A.D.
B. an American word that means fight.
C. an Old English word that originated some time before 1100 A.D.
2.
A wrestling match consists of …
A. tight embrace between two people.
B. physical engagement between two people.
C. physical engagement between four people.
3.
This kind of fight is not a kind of wrestling.
A. Sambo
B. Judo
C. Grappling
4.
The one way of winning in wrestling is
A. pinning one’s opponent to the mat.
B. holding one’s opponent on the mat.
C. locking one’s opponent in the hands.
5.
It is not possible in wrestling
A. to hold the opponent below the belt.
B. to make trips.
C. to hit the opponent’s head.
14
6.
Sambo techniques were borrowed from
A. Freestyle wrestling.
B. Greco-Roman and freestyle, judo, jujutsu, European styles of folk wrestling.
C. Greco-Roman wrestling, and Freestyle wrestling.
7.
The objective of Beach wrestling is
A. to throw an opponent or take the opponent to their back.
B. to throw sand into opponent’s eyes.
C. to break some parts of the opponent’s body.
8.
Professional wrestling refers in practice to
A. sports for money.
B. sports entertainment.
C. sports competitions.
VOCABULARY
8.
Make up the word collocations. Use the words from the box.
martial
physical
trips
middle
particular
military
combat
without weapons
_______________arts
_______________ participants
______________ engagement
_______________rules
_______________ combat
_______________ known
_______________school
well
the belt
younger
of winning
circle
categories
hand-to-hand _____________
way _____________________
below ___________________
to make __________________
sand-filled ________________
weight ___________________
self-defense _______________
9.
Replace the word or words in italics in each sentence with the word
from the box.
arranged
outdoors
record
second
referee side
champion
professionally
captain
score
postponed
spare crew
a) Mary plays tennis as a way of earning her living. PROFESSIONALLY
b) Tomorrow's hockey match has been put off for another time._______________
c) In motor racing last year William Green was the best driver of all. ___________
d) The player with the lowest number of points wins the game._______________
e) A match between the two top teams has been fixed for next month._________
f) I like going swimming in my free time._________________________________
g) Jane Briggs was the runner-up in the 100 meters hurdles._________________
h) Who is the player in charge of your football team? _______________________
i) She won all her matches this season, which is a best ever performance.______
15
j) Charles was sent off for punching the person who controls the match.________
k) We decided to hold this year's dancing competition in the open air.__________
1) Everyone agreed that United were the best team.________________________
SPEAKING
What are advantages and disadvantages of doing wrestling?
10. Work in two teams:
team 1 is for wrestling
team 2 is against wrestling
11. Divide the list of advantages and disadvantages of doing wrestling into
two columns: for / against.
Points:
If you do wrestling you
1. stay fit
2. stay healthy
3. get up early in the morning
4. can’t sleep in the morning
5. are strong and brave
6. have boring life
7. don’t need to visit PE lessons
8. are late everywhere
9. can miss your morning bus
10. have no time for personal life
11. are always in good mood
12. don’t have symptoms of depression and anxiety
13. sleep well
14. lose weight
15. have attractive figure
16. can’t stay at home for the hole day
17. can be a champion
18. can’t have a lot of friends, because of limited time
12. Use the following examples of the sentences to tell about the choice of
your team. Can you add some more points into your list?
a) I am sure …
b) We suppose …
c) We think …
d) I think …
point … is for/against morning exercises, because
13. Have you got the same points in the both lists?
14. Are there any points your teams disagree? What are they? Why?
16
LISTENING
15.
You are going to listen to part of a sport radio programme. All the
things shown in the pictures (A-F) appear in the programme. What do you
think it is about? Why do you think so?
A. Ranulph Fiennes and Mike Stroud
B. A heart operation
C. The New York Marathon
D. Cairo
E. The Antarctic
F. Millions of pounds
16. Now listen to the programme to find out if you were right.
17. Listen again and choose the correct answers.
The winner of the marathon was Martin Lel / Rodgers Rop.
The fastest woman ran the race in 2 hours 10 minutes and 30 seconds / 2
hours 22 minutes and 31 seconds.
They ran their first marathon in the North Pole / Patagonia.
In the last seven days, Fiennes and Stroud have been to Sydney,
Singapore and Cairo / the Andes, the Amazon and the desert of Oman.
They have raised more than two / four million pounds for a multiple
sclerosis research centre.
Ranulph Fiennes is going into hospital / to work soon.
17
18. Who are the great sport heroes in your country? What have they done?
WRITING: an informal letter
19. Read the exam task and answer the questions.
You have recently taken up a new sporting activity and your pen friend Alex
wants to hear about it.
Write a letter to Alex describing the activity and explaining what you
particularly like about it. Write your letter in 120-180 words in an appropriate
style. Do not include any postal addresses.
1. Who will read your letter?
A. your pen friend
B. your sports instructor
2. Should the style be:
A. formal?
B. informal?
20. The task has two parts. Tick (/) the two points that you must include in
your letter.
A. what made you decide to take up this sport
B. what the activity involves
C. what your instructor is like
D. the best thing about the sport
E. why the sport is popular in your country
Exam tip!
You may mention other points about the sport in your letter as long as you
cover the two things that are asked for. However you should keep to the subject
of sport. Don't introduce other topics, e.g. your family, holidays, etc.
21. Look at the question again. Which one of the following would not be a
suitable activity to write about?
•
•
•
•
•
golf
basketball
fishing
photography
swimming
22. Tick the most suitable content for each paragraph of your letter.
Paragraph 1
1. news about your family
2. thank Alex for his/her letter and introduce the sport
3. news about your school
18
Paragraph 2
1. the history of the sport
2. what taking part in the sport involves
3. how popular the sport is in your country
Paragraph 3
1. describe a game or match you have enjoyed watching
2. say why you like the sport
3. say which aspect of the sport you enjoy most
Paragraph 4
1. invite Alex to come and take part in the sport
2. arrange to go on holiday with Alex
3. tell Alex about your exams
23. Now write your letter. Remember to:
write a suitable greeting and ending, use
an informal style, cover both parts of the task,
divide your letter into paragraphs.
24.
Check your work.
• Have you completed the task?
• Is the style appropriate?
• Have you used a good range of vocabulary and structures?
• Are the grammar and spelling correct?
19
UNIT 3.
FITNESS, DANCING & AEROBICS
WARM-UP
1.
Work in pairs. Discuss these questions.
 What’s the best way to be fit?
 Is it easy or difficult to get fit and healthy?
2.
What kinds of dancing do you know? What
style is in the picture? Can you dance?
3.
Learn the components of physical fitness. Decide which component is
a central component. Explain your choice.
There are four main elements that define physical fitness:
Aerobic (cardiovascular) fitness - The body's ability to take in and use oxygen
to supply energy throughout the body.
Muscular fitness - The strength and endurance of muscles.
Flexibility - The ability to move joints and stretch muscles fully through their
normal range of motion.
Body composition - The amount of fat tissue in relation to other tissue in the
body.
T1: All these are important elements to consider when analyzing your personal
fitness. But aerobic fitness is a central component. Increasing your aerobic fitness
has many health benefits, and can best be improved with exercise that
dynamically employs large muscle groups, such as walking, running, cycling, an
aerobic group fitness class, rowing and cross-country skiing.
PRE-READING
4. You are going to read an article in which Olympic athletes describe
how they train. Look at the photos and discuss these questions, using the
words and expressions from the box.
1. What special equipment and facilities do you need for each sport?
2. What physical and mental skills do you need for each sport?
3. How do you think each athlete trains for competitive events?
goggles net whistle trainers flippers rowing machine running
machine helmet weight-lifting equipment cycling machine racquet
gloves stick punch bag speed fast reflexes stamina
a good sense of balance hand-eye coordination determination
motivation courage
20
READING
5.
Read the text and do the task after the text.
A. The Boxer
I need all-body strength.
I build myself up with a lot of running, eight kilometers every morning. Then I
go and train at a local sports centre - weight machines, plus running, rowing and
cycling machines. I box from six to eight in the evenings, either a punchbag or
training with another boxer, whatever my coach says. It's difficult to find a good way to
make my footwork faster except to keep working on it. I've never done ballet, though
many boxers are keen on ballet as a way to improve their agility.
I have some cereal and a glass of orange juice for breakfast. At lunchtime, I have
fruit. When I've finished training, I have rice or pasta, with white meat. It may not sound
much, but as a feather-weight I've got to keep my weight below 57 kilograms.
21
B. The runner
I am a marathon running; I mainly need lower-body muscles, chiefly the legs.
They're developed over very long periods, I mean years. The upper body doesn't need so
much development, run 200 kilometres a week, so the most important thing for me is to
replenish my energy source because I'm burning up a lot of calories. I need a large amount
of carbohydrates and plenty of fluids. I make an effort to eat a really good variety of
foods, but not too much high-protein food, so that I'm taking in all the necessary
vitamins and minerals. And that makes my diet interesting as well.
On long training runs I think about a variety of things, just like someone out for a
walk. But in a race, it's very different. The focus is on what's happening, your plans and
responding to what people are doing around you.
C. The hockey player
For hockey, you need to be ready fit. I always do about thirty minutes running or
cycling first thing in the morning. That's followed by a session in the gym, but I never do
more than two hours a day. My coach warned me against overtraining. I once became
ill through training too much and missed out on an important competition. As well as
general fitness training, I practise hockey skills with the rest of the team about three
times a week. I'm still at university, and living on campus, so I don't get much choice
about my diet. I eat more or less whatever they put in front of me. There tends to be a
lot of high-carbohydrate food like pasta, bread or mashed potatoes. I burn off the calories
during training.
D. The cyclist
It might sound strange, but when pedaling a bike you don't use that much actual
strength. Cycling is about energy output, so you need stamina, not strength.
As for diet, I need the highest amount of carbohydrates I can get. I steer clear of fatty food
as much as I can. For breakfast I have cereal and a glass of orange juice. I eat again
when I feel hungry. I don't stick to traditional mealtimes because I don't think the human
body is designed to have three big meals a day. Mid-afternoon I might eat some fish and
then a couple of hours later I might have another bowl of cereal. So the whole thing can
vary.
My training is very methodical and it hurts a lot! I've got a static bicycle in my
garage, and I try and do a fraction more each time. When you look back at the record over
a long period of time, the difference is quite appreciable.
6.
Look at the text again. Answer the questions.
1. Which athlete seems to have the hardest routine?
2. Which sport do you find most exciting?
3. Which athlete
a) tries to eat a varied diet?
b) dislikes a certain activity?
c) doesn't pay special attention to what he/she eats?
d) mentions the time it takes to build the right muscles?
e) has to be careful how much he/she eats?
f) carefully measures his/her improvement?
g) mentions taking advice about his/her training?
h) does some training at home?
i) mentions an activity practiced by others in his/her field?
22
j) avoids certain types of food?
k) is careful not to spend too much time training?
VOCABULARY
7.
8.
Match the words (1-14) with their definitions (A-N).
1. burn up
A. Have a chance to do something
2. get to
3. work on
4. appreciable
5. necessary
6. quite
7. ready
8. replenish
9. static
10. vary
11. respond
12. fraction
13. improve
14. general
B. To be completely destroyed or consumed by fire.
C. Can be noticed or seen.
D. Be different from.
E. feeling excited, angry, worried
F. Completely or very much so
G. Not moving or changing
H. Make better.
I. Prepared.
J. To fill something that was emptied.
K. A small part of something.
L. Related to most members of a category.
M. To answer with words or actions.
N. Needed
Complete the sentences with the words from the previous exercise.
1. My taste in music _______________________ greatly from my friends.
2. We ate all the food and now we have to __________________ the refrigerator.
3. The police _______________________ to her call for help.
4. In ________________, dogs have brown eyes, but a few dogs have blue eyes.
5. He studied harder to _______________________ his grades.
6. I only got a _______________________ of the cake.
7. I never _______________________ say goodbye.
8. The letters _______________________ in the fire.
9. He gained an _______________________ amount of weight after he stopped
playing sports.
10. Dinner will be _______________________ in twenty minutes.
11. War is _______________________ bad.
12. It is _______________________ to have a drivers license to rent a car.
9.
Add the missing letters and find out what dancing styles are these.
Example: 12 cha - cha - cha
1. l_ _ ina
2. _um_a
3. s_m_a
4. t_ _ _o
5. s_ls_
6. ma_mb
7. fl_ m_ _ _o
8. pa_ad_ _l
23
9. _ip-h_ _
10. _ _ zz
11. w_ _tz
12. cha-_ _ _-cha
SPEAKING
10. Think of someone you know who would be a good contestant
for a TV game show as a:
 dancer;
 runner;
 fitness trainer.
Why would they be good? Make notes about the following:
their personality
their practical skills
their appearance and health
other reasons
11. Work in groups. Take it in turns to describe your person. Then decidein
a group who is the best person to go on the game show.
12. Choose the topic from the list below. You must talk for thirty seconds
without stopping. Before you speak, spend some time preparing what you
are going to say.
 Fitness
 Waltz
 Cycling
 Boxing
LISTENING
13. Listen to five short conversations and decide if the sentences are true
(T) or false (F).
1. Dave is going to cycle from London to Brighton to find money for charity.
2. He wants his colleagues to cycle with him.
3. Everybody in the office agrees to give some money.
Listen to the conversations again and complete the sentences with Camilla
(C), Avril (A), Derek (D), Linda (L) or Dave (D).
____doesn't have much money at the moment.
____doesn't think that Dave will complete the cycle ride.
____ gives the least amount of money.
____ gives £20.
____ has received some good news.
____ is extremely easy.
____ is not happy about doing somebody else's w
____ wants a cup of tea.
24
WRITING: report (evaluating)
Exam files: you may be asked to write a report for a superior or for colleagues or
other members of a club. You will have to supply information, for example, about
a place or a facility, and you may need to add recommendations or suggestions.
14. Read the writing task below.
A. Underline the points you need to keep in mind when you write your
report. One important point has been underlined for you.
You are a member of a student club. The club secretary wishes to find out
more about a new sports centre in your area so that he can inform club
members about it. Write a report for the club secretary describing the sports
centre and outlining some of its good and bad points.
Write your report in 120-180 words in an appropriate style.
B. Answer these questions.
1. Who are you writing your report for?
2. What style will be appropriate?
3. Why are you writing the report?
You need
A. to compare different sports centres
B. to give information about one sports centre
15. Read the report one student wrote and answer these questions.
1.
Has the writer included all the necessary information? Would the reader be
fully informed about the subject?
Style/register
2. Is the report written in an appropriate style for the target reader?
Format
3. How could the writer make the topic of each section stand out more
clearly?
Strategy
Make sure you:
• use a neutral or formal style depending on your reader. DON'T use
informal style.
• use the correct format for a report.
• divide information into separate sections. Use an appropriate heading for
each section. The reader can then quickly and ea identify the information
he/she needs.
• number points in a section if this helps to make things clearer.
• write a clear introduction and conclusion.
• use short sentences to make the information easier to understand.
25
Report
To: The club secretary
From: Peter Kay
Date: 12 May 20
Subject: Description of Kings Sports Centre
Introduction
Here is my report.
This centre is located in the city centre, so it is easy to reach. It opens every day
from 6 a.m. 10 p.m.
There is a well-equipped gymnasium, indoor and outdoor football pitches and
several tennis courts. There is also a large pool. (It was closed last week due to
technical problems but reopens next week.)
Admission prices are reasonable, so all our members can afford them. A booking
scheme is being introduced in order to limit numbers at peak times.
1.The centre is bright and well-equipped.
2.The instructors are well-qualified.
3. The changing rooms are excellent and there are secure lockers for belongings.
A member of staff patrols the rooms regularly so as to discourage thieves.
But the new car park is tiny, so you will spend a lot of time for a parking.
In spite of minor drawbacks, I think all our members would enjoy using this excellent
centre.
26
UNIT 4.
TENNIS
WARM-UP
1.
What do you know about these people?
Match the persons with the names of the sports.
1. Alina Kabaeva
a) basketball
2. Hassiba Boulmerca
b) tennis
3. Serena Williams
c) surfing
4. Michael Jordan
d) gymnastics
5. Kostja Tzju
e) figure skating
6. Roger Federer
f) running
7. Jack O’Neill
g) boxing
8. Maxim Marinin
h) tennis
2.
Work in two groups. Try to remember as many names of tennis players
as you can. The group which knows more names is the winner.
PRE-READING
3.
You will read an article about the world famous tennis player.
But what tennis tournaments do you know?
Match the names of tournaments A-D with their descriptions 1-4.
1. The Australian Open
A. is the oldest tennis tournament in the
world and is generally considered the most
prestigious. The tournament takes place over
two weeks in late June and early July.
2. The US Open tennis B. is the first of the four Grand Slam tennis
tournament
tournaments held each year. The tournament
is held each January at Melbourne Park
3. The Championships,
Wimbledon, or simply
Wimbledon
C. is a men's and women's tournament
played on a hard court surface in Beijing.
4. China Open
D. is one of the oldest tennis championships
in the world, first contested in 1881. It was
the final event of the Grand Slam
Tournament.
27
4.
What do you think is the name of this player?
A. Marat Safin
D. Tyler Hochwalt
B. Roger Federer
E. Pete Sampras
C. John Best
READING
5.
Now you are going to read the text about one of these
sportsmen. Who is this text about? Divide the text into paragraphs.
____________________
… was born in August 8, 1981. Now he is a Swiss professional tennis player who is
currently ranked World No. 2. He was the World No. 1 ranked player for a record 237
consecutive weeks, from February 2, 2004, through August 17, 2008. He is widely
considered to be one of the greatest male singles players in the open era. This
sportsman has won 13 Grand Slam singles titles (3 Australian Open, 5 Wimbledon, 5
US Open), currently just one shy of all-time leader Pete Sampras. He has also won 4
Tennis Masters Cup titles, and 14 ATP Masters Series titles, as well as winning
Olympic gold in doubles. He holds many records in the game, including having
appeared in 10 consecutive Grand Slam men's singles finals (2005 Wimbledon
Championships through the 2007 US Open) and 18 consecutive Grand Slam singles
semifinals (2004 Wimbledon-present). He also holds the open era records for most
consecutive wins on both grass courts (65) and hard courts (56). He has a storied
rivalry with Spaniard Rafael Nadal, who recently succeeded him as the World No. 1
player. As a result of his successes in the sport, he has been named the Laureus
World Sportsman of the Year four times (2005-08). He is highly involved in various
charities. He established the … Foundation in 2003 to help disadvantaged people and
to promote sports to youth. He was appointed a Goodwill Ambassador of UNICEF
from 2006. Since then, he has visited South Africa and Tamil Nadu, one of the worst
tsunami-affected areas in India. He has also appeared in UNICEF public messages to
raise public awareness of AIDS. … considers Swiss German his first language. He
also speaks German, French and English fluently and conducts press conferences in
all four. His favourite vacation spots are Dubai, the Maldives, and the Swiss
mountains. He is a good friend of golf superstar Tiger Woods and musician Gavin
Rossdale. He is Roman Catholic and met Pope Benedict XVI while playing the 2006
Internazionali BNL d'Italia tournament in Rome. Time Magazine named Federer as
one of the 100 most influential people in 2007. He is also a cricket and football fan.
And he is a fan of Italian club AS Roma. He spends part of his off-time playing cricket.
In 2007, he was photographed by Annie Leibowitz as King Arthur. This was part of a
series of photographs taken by her of many different celebrities for Disney's Year of a
Million Dreams project. He won the Kooyong AAMI Classic, an exhibition tournament
after defeating Carlos Moya 6-2, 6-3 and Fernando Verdasco 6-3, 3-6, 7-6 and
compatriot Stanislas Wawrinka 6-1, 6-3 in the final. In the first round of the Australian
Open, he beat Andreas Seppi 6-1, 7-6, 7-5. And then progressed onto the second
round where he faced hard-hitting Russian Evgeny Korolev, then he faced Russian
Marat Safin in the third round, whom he defeated in straight sets 6-3, 6-2, 7-6. In the
fourth round, he came back from 2 sets down to defeat Tomas Berdych 4-6, 6-7(5), 64, 6-4, 6-2. He will now face the number 8 seed Juan Martin del Potro in the Quarter
Finals.
28
6.
Read the text again then, for questions 1-7, choose the best answer, A,
B, C or D. More than one answer can be right.
1. This text is about … .
A. Jack O’Neill.
B. Maxim Marinin.
C. Michael Jordan.
D. Roger Federer.
2. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest … in the open era.
A. champions
C. players
B. starts
D. celebrities
3. Roger Federe is famous for his … .
A. gaming
B. records
C. wins
D. words
4. As a result of …, he has been named the Laureus World Sportsman of the
Year four times (2005-08).
A. his successes in the sport
C. his hobby
B. his records
D. his personality
5. The main aim of Roger Federer Foundation in 2003 is to … .
A. help disappointed sportsmen
C. to help youth to go in for sport
B. to help disadvantaged people
D. to help organizing different.
competitions
6. He speaks German, French and English fluently, that’s why we can call him a
(an) … .
A. polyglot
C. super star
B. master of foreign languages
D. excellent player
7. His best friends are ….
A. Jack O’Neill and Tiger Woods
B. Fernando Verdasco and Tiger
Woods
C. Carlos Moya and Gavin
D. Tiger Woods and Gavin
VOCABULARY
7.
Complete the text with the
missing words. Use the table
below.
THE HISTORY OF TENNIS
Everyone agrees that tennis
is a very old game but its actual
(0) age is unknown. Some people (1) ……… it came from ball games played in
ancient (2) ……………. However, most historians believe it was started in France
29
in the twelfth century, by groups of men (3)………… a simple religious life. They
played a very (4)…………game, where a ball was (5) …………….. against a wall
or over a rope with the palm of the hand. During the next century, the French
upper classes became interested, and they (6) ……………… the sport. (7)
……………….., in the sixteenth century, people started to (8) ………………..
rackets of varying shapes and sizes. In those (9) ……………… days of tennis,
balls were made (10) …………… leather with wool or hair inside, and were hard
enough to cause serious injury. The game soon spread to England and (11)
………….. in a big way. Even kings became (12) …………… players. The scoring
system in tennis (15, 30,40 - Game!) is interesting but it has often (13) ……………
great confusion. It probably comes from the time when the hand on a clock face
was moved forward (15) …………minutes to show that a point had been (14)
………. and when the hand reached 60 the game was over. Eventually, for
reasons no one understands, the 45 minutes was abbreviated
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
A.
A.
A.
A.
A.
A.
A.
A.
A.
A.
A.
A.
A.
A.
A.
demand
cultures
holding
similar
punched
brought up
Following
use
previous
by
got out
keen
influenced
won
at
B.
B.
B.
B.
B.
B.
B.
B.
B.
B.
B.
B.
B.
B.
B.
claim
backgrounds
running
same
hit
set out
Later
wear
beforehand
in
took off
interested
made
beaten
with
C.
C.
C.
C.
C.
C.
C.
C.
C.
C.
C.
C.
C.
C.
C.
request
customs
carrying
like
kicked
took up
Soon
exercise
preceding
of
turned on
occupied
resulted
succeeded
to
D.
D.
D.
D.
D.
D.
D.
D.
D.
D.
D.
D.
D.
D.
D.
confess
traditions
leading
alike
popped
put on
Shortly
play
early
to
came out
busy
caused
marked
on
8.
Find the odd one word in the line and explain why it is the odd one. The
first line is the example.
1 The Australian Open - Davis Cup - China Open - Wimbledon
2 net - racquet - ball - boots
3 pitch - hit - catch - kick
4 semifinal - final - game - victory
5 points - glasses - score - bonus
6 complication - tournament - championship - contest - competition
7 runner up - silver winner - second place - bronze winner
SPEAKING
9.
Answer the questions.
1 In what ways is tennis different from other sports?
2 Do you know much about the history of tennis?
30
10. Talk about the sports that use the ball. Use the words from the box.
Example: We use the ball to play football. It is necessary to score a goal.
kick hole net throw
11.
goal
club hit basket
racquet
Look at these remarks. Which sport could they be about?
B. It was a
super match!
A. The referee has blown his whistle.
C. They’ve
scored again!
You are loosers!
D. We are the
best team!
12. Let’s play a game.
What are you?
The teacher will give you a card with the name of an object. Imagine you are
this object. Describe yourself. But you must not name the object. Your
classmates must guess what you are.
LISTENING
13. You will hear an interview with Dinara Safina.
Listen to the tapescript and complete the text with the missing words.
A. Well, we play like (0) four
times already this year. So we
know
each
other
(1)
………well. We just played a
(2) ……. ago in San Diego last
time.
It's difficult to play against her, I
can say. Because she runs (3)
…….. good. You know, she,
whenever you give her more
angle, she gives you more
angle back. So you have to be
really, you know, wait for the
right shot. And I think I, for one,
I change a little bit my game. I
was starting to wait for (4)
……… the ball I can go for it.
B. Well, I think because we
spoke after about this, you know,
and he didn't like not exactly they
wrote the things that he said. It
was like I have to take (5)
……….
myself,
not
that
somebody else taking decisions
for me. So that's why he said
maybe she cannot play to (6)
……… because when it comes to
the tough moments she cannot
be strong enough herself to take
the decision what to do. Maybe
that's what it was. And well, now,
finally I'm taking my own
decisions, and I think it's working.
31
14. Listen again and write the questions for two answers above.
15. Say if the sentences are true (T) or false (F).
1. She will play with Camille.
2. Dinara had never played with Camille earlier.
3. Last time they played in San Diego.
4. It is not difficult to play against Camille.
5. Dinara lost her previous match.
6. Dinara took place at Gold Coast and Australian Open.
7. Dinara doesn’t always try to fight for every point.
8. Dinara’s brother thought she was not serious.
9. Dinara thinks? That she plays better now.
WRITING
16. You are a sportsman. What do you need to take part in the
Olympics 2014? Think about this question. Use the following tasks as the
help.
a) make a list of qualities you must have to be a successful sportsman;
b make up a list of things that you must do to take part in the Olympics
2014.
Write a short composition. Use 80-120 words.
32
UNIT 5.
FOOTBALL
WARM-UP
1.
Look at the photographs opposite.
Where do the activities take place? Match
a word in Box A with a word in Box B to
form compound nouns.
A.
football basketball
running sports
swimming fitness
B.
track centre
hall court
pitch pool
2.
Look at the words and expressions
in the box and explain how they relate to
the topic of football.
a man’s game club to toss a coin
sponsor(ship) coach fans transfer deal
to score referee a back-up career to
press
Example:
Football is often considered to be a man’s game.
PRE-READING
3.
You will read the text about different kinds of football. Before you read,
answer these questions:
1. What kinds of football do you know?
2. What are the differences between them?
4.
Try to complete these sentences.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
In Rugby and American Football players can…
Soccer is played with …
A game lasts ….
Each teams tries …
If a player is hurt and has to leave the field…
33
READING
WHAT KIND OF FOOTBALL?
In different parts of the world, people play different kinds of football.
In some countries, people play Rugby football. In France and Britain, both
Rugby and Soccer are played. Rugby football is played with a different ball.
Players can kick the ball with their feet and use their hands to pass the ball to
another player.
In the USA, a lot of people play and watch American football. The players
wear different clothes. As in rugby, American football players can pass the ball
with their hands.
But in most of the world football means soccer. The name 'soccer' comes
from the official English name for the game: Association Football. One hundred
years ago, some English students took the 'SOC in 'Association Football' and
started calling this new game soccer.
Soccer is easy to understand. There are only seventeen rules. It is played
with a round ball on a soccer field or pitch. Each team has eleven men or women
on the field: if a player is hurt and has to leave the field, another player - a
substitute - can take his or her place.
A game lasts for ninety minutes. At half time the players have a rest for
fifteen minutes and when the game starts again, the teams change ends.
Each team tries to score goals. The team with the most goals after ninety
minutes is the winner; the other team is the loser. Teams do not usually score
more than three or four goals in one match. If both teams get the same number of
goals, or if neither team scores, the game is a tie. In some competitions if the
game ends as a tie there is extra time, and then penalty kicks are used to find the
winner.
5.
Decide whether the statements are true (T) or falls (F).
1. In France only Rugby is played.
2. Rugby and Soccer are different kinds of sport.
3. The name ‘soccer’ came from the United Kingdom some years ago.
4. Soccer has many difficult rules.
5. If a player is hurt, he has to leave the field.
34
PRE-READING
6.
You will read the text about a famous referee. Before you read, answer
these questions:
1. What does a referee's job involve?
2. What difficulties might he/she encounter?
7.
You will read an article about Pierluigi Collina, a famous referee. Before
you read, look at the title of the article. What attitude do you expect him to
have towards his job?
8.
The following comments are made by Collina in the article. What do you
think he means? Discuss with a partner, then read the article quickly to see if
you were right.
1. ‘I’m quite a normal man, really.’
2. ‘At each step I was considered one of the best...’
3. ‘Nobody is perfect.’
4. ‘I don't want to start the match without trusting the players.’
9
D).
Read the article. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer (А, В, С or
1.
A.
B.
С.
D.
Collina's health disorder
has at times affected his refereeing.
makes players view him with respect.
made him more popular with the public.
affected his appearance dramatically.
2.
A.
В.
С.
D.
When the writer sees Collina for the first time, he is
disappointed by his appearance.
impressed by his command of English.
surprised at how ordinary he is.
shocked by his manner.
3.
A.
В.
С.
D.
Collina's university studies in Bologna
enabled him to succeed in refereeing.
made him want to become the best.
took place alongside his refereeing career.
suffered from his involvement in football.
4.
A.
В.
С.
D.
Collina quotes the Fiorentina coach in order to show that
mistakes in football must be forgiven.
footballers should not make mistakes.
refereeing mistakes can be quite serious.
attitudes towards goalkeepers are unfair.
5. According to Collina, why do people say referees make
more mistakes today than in the past?
A. Football techniques have changed.
35
В. TV coverage is more effective.
С. TV cameras cause confusion.
D. Refereeing decisions are more difficult.
6.
A.
В.
С.
D.
What does Collina refer to as 'simulation'?
A form of cheating
A style of refereeing
A form of strategy
A kind of injury
7.
A.
B.
C.
D.
What does Collina imply about the 1990 Barcelona match?
Manchester United didn’t really deserve to win.
Refereeing stopped him from enjoying the game.
He would have liked his presence to have been noticed.
He found the end of the match very exciting.
READING
WHISTLE WHILE YOU WORK
You can argue about the best team in the world - but not about the best referee.
Pierluigi Collina tells Jon Henderson that he's much less fierce off the pitch, and
explains why diving is a crime against football.
About 18 years ago, Pierluigi Collina lost all his hair in the space of 15 days
due to an attack of the little-understood disease alopecia. ‘I don't know what
happened,’ he says. ‘I don't remember anything in particular that could have
triggered the attack. All I can tell you is that I was 24.’ It is Collina's great
achievement that the disorder which gave him such a distinctive look, and would
have been the most memorable thing about almost any other referee, is not the
reason why we all know him so well. Earlier this year he was voted best referee in
the world for the fourth time in a row.
As his wife, Gianna, opens the front door of the family home in Viareggio,
Collina skips down the stairs. He extends a hand and greets me in
English. He is clearly as diligent a foreign language student as he is a referee.
The first impression is that Coflina looks much younger in the flesh than
does on television. He says that a combination of his looks and the
concentration involved in refereeing may make him seem older
- and,
occasionally, angrier - than he is. ‘But I'm quite a normal man, really.’
Collina, born and brought up in Bologna, played football until he was 17
when a school friend suggested they attend a referees course together. ‘At
each step I was considered one of the best, sometimes the best,’ he says of the
14 years it took him to work his way through the ranks to become a Serie A
referee. He also went to the University of Bologna, graduating with a degree in
Economics. In 1991 he moved to Viareggio to work for a bank, which he still does
as a financial consultant (Italian referees are not yet full-time professionals). Does
he think of himself as a referee or a financial consultant? ‘It's not easy to say what
36
my real job is, but being a financial adviser is something I will be doing long after
I've stopped refereeing.’
All the same there is no doubting his commitment to football and the sense
of kinship he feels with his fellow referees, and this is reflected in sensitivity to
questions about the standard of refereeing. He is weary of the idea that referees
are the only people who make mistakes in football. ‘Nobody is perfect. In football,
everyone tries to dо their best, but sometimes they can't. I remember a short
speech by Giovanni Trapattoni, given while he was the coach of Fiorentina, three
or four years ago. His goalkeeper had made a terrible mistake, which cost his
team dearly. Trapattoni said afterwards, "If a player cannot commit an error on
the field, then we might as well stop playing this game and go home now." And I
think it has to be the same for the referee, too.’
He regards television as ‘an unequal instrument’ when it comes to recording
refereeing mistakes. 'It's too easy to find an angle of vision different from my angle
of vision that could show clearly that something happened in a different way from
the way I judged. That's why it seems as though nowadays there are many more
refereeing mistakes than there were 15 years ago. Back then there were only
three cameras in the middle of the field covering the whole playing area. Now
there are 16. Maybe at the next World Cup there will be 20.’
Later, though, he does waver over whether television
may help in
eliminating what he calls ‘simulation’ - what we know as ‘diving’ - a player
falling deliberately to fool the referee into awarding a foul or -quite often - a
penalty. Collina sees diving as a crime against fellow workers. ‘At the end of the
day, all footballers are colleagues. I think gaining an unfair advantage by diving
can create a lot of problems for an opponent. The result of a relegation match, for
instance, could end a player's career. So I think a player should think carefully,
very carefully, before diving.’
Trust in players is a recurring theme with Collina and, even if you suspect
there must be some notable exceptions, it is equally possible to believe that the
secret of his success is his inclination to think the best of the 22 others he shares
a pitch with. ‘I don't want to start a match without trusting the players because I
couldn't have a good working relationship with a man I didn't trust. It's impossible.’
And the match he most enjoyed being part of? Refereeing usually gets in the
way of enjoying the football on display, ‘but there are matches with high emotion,
and I think no one will ever forget the Champions League 1999 final in Barcelona
(Bayern Munich 1, Manchester United 2). The way United clinched the title in the
last three minutes is, to my mind, one of the greatest moments in world football.’
They say the ultimate success for a good referee is if you hardly notice his
presence. You know, I'd clean forgotten Pierluigi Collina was in charge that night
in Barcelona.
10. Match the highlighted words/phrases in the article with their
synonyms.
tendency in person hard-working characteristic secured nevertheless
37
11. What does the writer mean by the following?
1.
2.
3.
…Collina skips down the stairs…
…work his way through the ranks…
…I’d clean forgotten Pierluigi Collina was in charge that night…
(From: Virginia Evans, Upstream, Advanced)
LISTENNING
12.
Discuss:
1. What do you think a football agent does?
2. Why does a football player need an agent?
13. You will hear an interview with Rachel Anderson, who talks about
being a football agent. For each of the questions, choose the best answer,
A, B or C.
1.
A.
B.
C.
3.
A.
B.
C.
5.
A.
B.
C.
7.
A.
B.
C.
For Rachel, what was the first step on the road to her present career?
She met a relative of a footballer.
She read an article in a newspaper.
A footballer offered her a job.
2.
Which of these is part of Rachel’s job?
A. She represents fifteen clubs.
B. She writes articles for newspapers.
C. She gives advice about money.
In her job, Rachel
always knows how much she will earn.
is not always paid immediately by her clients.
works as a part of a large team.
4.
Rachel’s first contact with football came through
A. her family.
B. her friends.
C. her first job.
Rachel complains about a social event because
she was prevented from attending.
she was not invented to attend.
she was not the member of the club.
6.
Rachel says that a woman working in football must
A. act like man
B. be good at football
C. work harder than men
Rachel says her family benefits from her
professional contacts
international experience
knowledge of football
(From: Alan Stanton, Fast Track to FCE)
VOCABULARLY
38
14. Complete each sentence with the word from the box.
handlebars racket rope glasses net whistle
saddle costume club ice
1. When Brenda entered the swimming competition she bought a new costume.
2. He learned ride a horse without using a _________________.
3. Gimme tried to hit the golf-ball with his _____, but missed it.
4. After the tennis match, one of the players jumped over the __.
5. My bike crashed into a tree, and I was thrown over the _____.
6. A mountain-climber’s life may depend on their ___________.
7. Open-air skating can be dangerous if the ________ is too thin.
8. Suddenly the referee blew his_____ and pointed to the penalty spot.
9. Skiing can be dangerous if you don’t wear dark ___________.
10. I had to pay the doubles match with a borrowed __________.
15. Decide which answer (A, B, C, or D) best fits each space.
Sport
Someone once said that there are three kinds of people who
are(1)____C____ in sport: people who (2)______
part, people who watch, and
people who watch (3)_______ television. It's very easy to make fun of stay-athome sports (4)______, but on the other hand, television does enable us to enjoy
all kinds of (5)_____ events. We can watch a racing car (6)_____
another, see
a cyclist (7)______ the finishing line, or enjoy the goals of our favourite football
(8)______. The first time I watched a tennis (9)_____was on television, and I
found it 10)_______ interesting. It's not always easy to (11)______ long distances
to football (12)______, and television is a good solution. Of course, you can
(13)______
used to sitting indoors all the time, and this is dangerous. We
should all try to (14)______fit, and have other interests and (15)________.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
A. playing
A. take
A. on
A. people
A. the
A. cross
A. overtake
A. group
A. match
A. valuable
A. trip
A. areas
A. or
A. keep
A. customs
B. really
C. interested
B. have
C. make
B. with
C. by
B. centres
C. programmes
B. future
C. sports
B. overtake
C. or
B. and
C. cross
B. class
C. band
B. it
C. which
B. imaginatively C. unexpectedly
B. tour
C. pass
B. grounds
C. teams
B. which
C. get
B. make
C. do
B. habits
C. pastimes
D. succeed
D. get
D. from
D. fans
D. athlete
D. from
D. professional
D. team
D. that
D. real
D. travel
D. fans
D. is
D. have
D. leisure
(From: Michael Vince, First Certificate, Language Practice)
39
SPEAKING
16. Discuss in groups:
1. What sports are the most popular in your country?
2. What sports do you like
a) to play? b) to watch as a spectator?
3. How has professional sport changed in recent years? Talk about:
a) women in sport
b) sponsorship
c) sports personalities as role models
4. How important is the concept of ‘fair play’ in sport.
WRITING
17. You have recently taken up a new sporting activity and your friend
wants to hear about it. Write a letter to him/her describing the activity and
explaining what you particularly like about it. Write your letter in 120-180
words in an appropriate style.
40
UNIT 6.
CHESS: sport or hobby?
WARM-UP
1.
What famous names of chess players have
you heard?
What chess players do you know? There is a list
of world famous people. Work in groups. The
task of the group is to choose only chess players. The winner is the group,
which do the task correctly.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
2.
Anatoly Karpov
Viswanathan Anand
Ruslan Ponomariov
Veselin Topalov
Robert Fisher
Roger Federrer
Ivan Cherezov
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
Dick Baker
Andrea Nahrgang
Andrew Agassi
Raúl
Aleksei Cherepanov
Garry Kasparov
Vladimir Linder
What sport do the other sportsmen do?
3.
Where do the sportsmen come from? Match the name of the country
(1-7) with the sportsman’s name A-G.
1. Anatoly Karpov
2. Alexander Khalifman
3. Viswanathan Anand
4. Ruslan Ponomariov
5. Rustam Kasimdzhanov
6. Garry Kasparov
7. Dick Baker
A. Uzbekistan
B. Russia
C. India
D. Russia
E. Ukraine
F. America
G. Russia
PRE-READING
4.
You will read an interview with the world famous chess player
Viswanathan Anand. Before you read the text, study the words below: find
the synonyms.
1. defend
2. tournament
3. speculation
4. looses
5. unsettle
6. blunder
7. predetermine
A. competition
B. mistake
C. destruction, ruin
D. protect
E. to be known beforehand
F. reflection, thought
G. disorder, irritate
41
READING
5.
Read the interview. Choose the right question (A-G) for
answers 1-6. There is an example.
A. Where do you feel more comfortable, during a match or tournament?
B. Were you ready to the draw?
C. Don’t you think that the quick game is not attractive?
D. What do you think about your victory?
E. Was it difficult to set to the game after the previous looses?
F. Is it true that the result of the match was predetermined by one move?
G. What strategy helped you to win?
ONE MOVE DETERMINED THE RESULT OF THE MATCH WITH KRAMNIK
The Indian grandmaster Viswanthan Anand, who has defended his world
champion’s title in the match with the Russian Vladimir Kramnik, gave an
interview to Sport Express.
0 A. Where do you feel more comfortable yourself, during a match or a
tournament?
”For me there is no difference between the so-called “match” and
“tournament” champion,” said Anand. “I am very glad that I have won
Kramnik. And he is after all a “match” player, is not he?
1.
I hear the speculations on this topic for ten years but know no man
who would change his opinion. People who like “knock-out” will always
say that it is good.
2.
There is an opinion that losses easily unsettle me. That allegedly
happened in the match with Kasparov. That was just my blunder that
having a spare pawn in the endgame and should not have been lost but
made a mistake. While I was recovering I lost two more games. I think
something similar has happened to Kramnik.
3.
I was just playing what I have prepared. We do understand the
danger of playing passively so sometimes I was rather aggressive.
4.
Of course I was ready to the draw in the ninth game but played the
way I thought was the best in that situation. I was absolutely sure in my
preparation.
42
5.
No one can argue that the result of the match was predetermined by
one move.
6.
I think that my victories play a great part in the development of chess
in India. Now the interest to chess is 100 times higher than it used to be
20 years ago. Lots of young people take up chess. I hope to make
grandmasters of them.
6.
Complete the sentences.
1. Viswanathan Anand thinks that tournament …
2. Vladimir Kramnik is …
3. Looses are always unsettled, because …
4. The result of the match …
5. Chess in India will develop, because of …
VOCABULARY
7.
Complete the text with the missing words from the table below.
woman
number
Chess Championship
records
title
chess player
position
history
Judit Polgar - No.1 Woman Chess Player
Judit Polgár is the (1) … female (2) … in the world. Polgár was the
first, and so far the only (3) … to smash chess' glass ceiling by
competing for the World (4) … title and entering the FIDE's Top
100 Players list, even to the top 10, with 2735 rating and the
number 8 (5) … . However, not all of Polgar's (6) … are gender
related. The Hungarian Princess of Chess was also the youngest
International Master, claiming the (7) … at the age of 12 and at 15
the youngest Grandmaster in (8) … of chess.
8.
What are these sports? Add the missing letters and find out.
Example: 0. F _ _t _a _ l
Football
1. _ _gg_ng
2. _ _ _ mm_ng
3. _ _ nn_s
4. s_ _ _ng
5. _ _ _n_st__s
6. _ _ _ _et_ ll
7. cr _ c_ _t
8. g_l_
9. _ _ r_b_cs
10. _ _ll_ _b_ll
9.
Read the article below and choose the correct item.
The modern (1)… of calisthenics is only 1.66 metres tall and 42 kilos. The
43
first (2)… came to Alina Kabaeva at the International Competitions of Moscow in
1996. In 1998 she (3)… in Goodwill Games in the USA and won four gold (4)…
and silver.
Then there were Japan, Holland, Australia and the girl was always a
success. She won the European Championship and the World Cup final in 2000.
She took the third place in the Olympics Games in Sydney.
Alina (5)… in Tashkent, but since 1995 she has lived in Moscow and has
been working with a famous (6)… Irina Vinner who (7)… a lot of famous
gymnasts. Alina is keen on ballet. She likes reading and she (8)… soft toys. She
took part in the Olympic Games in Athens.
Now she left the sport and became the (9)… on TV. The name of her
programme is ‘The secret of success.’ In her programme she meets with a lot of
successful and famous people.
1. a. fate
2. a. luck
3. a. took part
4. a. awards
5. a. was born
6. a. trainer
7. a. upstairs
8. a. gathers
9. a. TV presenter
b. star
b. fortune
b. was
b. medals
b. appeared
b. coach
b. brought up
b. accumulates
b. announcer
c. luminary
c. success
c. played a role
c. prizes
c. proved
c. leader
c. up to the top
c. collects
c. TV reporter
SPEAKING
10. Use the information about sportsmen below and tell about
them.
Dinara Safina
Residence: Monte Carlo, Monaco
DOB: April 27, 1986
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Height: 5' 11 1/2" (1.82 m)
Weight: 154 1/2 lbs. (70 kg)
Plays: Right-handed (two-handed
backhand)
Status: Pro (2000)
Garry Kasparov
Residence:
DOB: April 13 1963
Birthplace: Baku, Azerbaijan SSR
Status: Grand Master
3 times was married.
Children : daughter Nika
44
Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik
Residence: France
DOB: 25 June 1975
Birthplace: Tuapse, the Black Sea.
Status from 2006 to 2007:
World Chess Champion
Married, daughter Dasha (2009)
LISTENING
11.
Remember everything you know about doping tests, doping scandals
and share the information with the rest of the class.
12. In groups speak of the possible reasons for taking drugs. Then listen
to the text, compare your versions with the real reasons and find out who
has the closest version.
13. You will hear a man talking about drugs in sport. For questions 1-6,
choose the best answer A, B, C or D.
1.
When did the history of drug use in sport begin?
A. in 400 BC
B. in the 20th century
C. in 1967
D. in 1988
2.
What happened in 1988 at the Seoul Olympics?
A. there was the first recorded death from an overdose
B. the first drug tests were conducted
C. the Medical Commission was established
D. Ben Johnson was stripped of his gold medal
3.
What was sport in ancient times?
A. an activity in free time
B. a way to earn money
C. a way to become famous
D. a way to take drugs
45
4.
What actions were conducted by the International Olympic
Committee against drug use in sport?
A. Olympic games were banned
B. a list of drugs was developed
C. no actions were conducted
D. some rewards were suggested
5.
Why does drug use in sport continue?
A. because of moral principles
B. because of prestige
C. because of material interest
D. because of medical researches’ low level
6.
What replace sometimes moral principles?
A. sport achievements
B. financial interests
C. activity to fill in leisure time
D. sporting performance
WRITING a Creative Story
14. You are going to write a creative story. Read the example
story. Underline linking words.
A young Swedish man named Lars met a beautiful young French woman named Lise. They
met in a cafe in Amsterdam during the afternoon. As soon as Lars saw Lise, he fell
hopelessly in love because she was so beautiful and sophisticated. He wanted to meet her,
so he introduced himself and asked her if he could speak to her. Soon, they were talking
about their two countries and having a wonderful time. They decided to continue their
discussion that evening so they made a date to have dinner in a wonderful restaurant. They
continued to see each other every day because they had such a wonderful time together.
Five months later, Lars moved to France and they married and lived happily ever after.
15. Now think about your story, then read the questions below.
Quickly answer the questions and then use the information to write
your short story. Use your imagination to make the story as enjoyable as
possible!
Which man? (nationality, age)
Loved who? (nationality, age)
Where did they meet? (place, when, situation)
Why did the man fall in love?
What did he do next?
What did the two do together that day?
What did they do after that day?
Why did they continue to see each other?
How does the story end? Do they get married, do they separate?
46
Is your story sad or happy?
Write about 120-150 words.
47
UNIT 7.
OLYMPIC GAMES
WARM-UP
1. Do you know:
a) Where and when were the XX Olympic
Winter Games held?
b) Who are the stars of the XX Olympic Winter Games?
c) How many medals did Russian team win?
PRE-READING
2.
Match the names of the sports (1-9) with the definitions (A-I). There is
an example.
1. Alpineskiing A
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
4. Curling
7. Ice hockey
2. Biathlon
5. Figure skating
8. Short track speed
skating
3. Bobsleigh
6. Freestyle skiing
9. Speed skating
to move over snow on skis
sport with a large racing sledge for two or more people
ski racing with shooting
team game on ice with puck
skiing method that has few special rules
a game played on ice (native country is Scotland), with heavy flat round
stones which players slide along the ice towards the mark
skate racing
dancing on ice
skating with very high speed on short distance
3.
Read the article about the XX Olympic Winter Games. Choose from
sentences A-F the best ending to each section (1-6). There is one extra
sentence.
A. He also congratulated the female athletes with International Women's Day
B. Olympic events were mainly held in Turin, but other events (namely skiing,
snow-boarding, and the track sports) were held in outlying mountain villages.
C. Italy also hosted the Games of the XVII Olympiad in Rome in 1960.
D. Also bobsleigh racer Andre Lange is German and won 2 gold medals.
E. The Russian President Vladimir Putin announced that the Russian Olympic
team had confirmed its high status, and awarded the athletes with Japanese cars,
while their trainers received financial rewards.
48
READING
THE XX OLYMPIC WINTER GAMES
The 2006 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XX Olympic Winter
Games, were held in Turin, Italy from February 10, 2006, through February 26,
2006.
1___________________________
Torino was chosen as the host of the Olympics in 1999. The official motto of
the XX Olympic Winter Games was "Passion lives here".
The Games featured 84 medal events in 15 disciplines grouped over 7
sports. Disciplines:
•Alpine skiing •Biathlon •Bobsleigh •Cross country skiing •Curling •Figure skating
•Freestyle skiing •Ice hockey •Nordic combined •Short track speed skating •Ski
jumping •Snowboarding •Speed skating
Events that made an Olympic debut in Turin included mass start biathlon,
team sprint cross country skiing, snowboard cross and team pursuit speed
skating. 2______________________
Torino 2006 was an all German success, winning 29 medals and putting
them at the top for medals. German biathlete Michael Greis won gold three times.
3________________________
Among the disappointed nations there was certainly Norway.
Russia shown excellent results, and 4______________________
4.
Torino brought Russia success. There is a short text passage about
Russian Olympic stars. Read it and fill with the missing names. Before
reading the text guess the sport for each person.
A. Yevgeny Dementiev
B. Yevgeny Pluschenko
C. Tatyana Totmyanina and Maxim Marinin
D. Ivan Alypov
E. Svetlana Ishmuratova
RUSSIAN STARS
There are many faces of Torino 2006 who have made themselves known.
Russian "tsar" of figure skating 1_________ was of an extremely high artistic
level.
The first Russian athlete to win a gold medal was Siberia's 2____________
in the cross-country skiing event. The next day Vasily Rochev and 3__________
won bronze medals in team sprint.
A gold medal for 4_______________ was to be expected in pair figure
skating.
5________________ became a gold-winner in the 15 km biathlon rankings.
49
5.
Answer the questions.
1. Who is …
-
Svetlana Ishmuratova?
Ivan Alypov?
Maxim Marinin?
Andre Lange?
Tatyana Totmyanina?
Michael Greis?
Yevgeny Pluschenko?
2. Who won …
-
a gold medal?
bronze medals?
three gold medals?
two gold medals?
6.
Work in pairs. Do you know more names of winners or losers of the
XX Olympic Winter Games?
PRE-READING
7.
Work in pairs. Match at least one sport to each verb.
catch - hit - jump - kick pass - run - serve - throw
athletics - baseball - boxing - football - gymnastics - rugby volleyball - water polo
8.
Can you think of one more sport for each verb?
9.
Work in groups. Look at the sports in exercise 1 and discuss the
questions.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Which two sports are the most popular in your country?
Which two sports is your country best at?
Which two are the most enjoyable to do?
Which two are the most interesting to watch?
10.
Read the article about a world champion sportswoman and answer
the questions.
1. What sport does she compete in?
2. Is she famous in her home country?
50
READING
LOUISE’S OLYMPIC DREAM
Louise Crandal has been named European
Champion twice and has won the Women's World
Cup on two successive occasions Louise's sport is
one of a small number of sports where men and
women sometimes compete together. In 1998, she
was awarded
her 10 first
international
championship gold medal in Argentina, beating all
the men to do so. But despite her huge success,
hardly anyone has heard of her.
The reason lies with her chosen sport:
paragliding. If she were a swimmer or a gymnast, Louise would be a household
name. However, she fell in love with paragliding and not athletics. She first
discovered the sport in 1992 when she was working in Switzerland as a
waitress. Three years later, she entered her first competition.
Paragliding first became popular in the 1970s and it is estimated that;
there are already 400,000 paragliders in Europe alone. The first world
championships were held in 1979 and paragliding schools can now be found
around the world. Paragliders say that they do their sport simply for the love of
flying, but the World Paragliding Association is busy trying to get the sport
accepted as an Olympic sport. This will immediately make paragliding even
more popular It will help athletes to find sponsors and it will attract more people
to the air
To be accepted as an Olympic event, a sport must be played in at 75
countries on at least four continents (for women's sports 45 countries 30 on
three continents).The new sports that have been introduced in recent Olympic
Games reflect changing fashions around the world. Snowboarding was
introduced in Nagano in 1998, and the first Olympic Taekwondo competitions
were held in Sydney in 2000. Air sports such as paragliding, hang-gliding and
skydiving are becoming increasingly popular. Official competitions for
paragliding are held in more and more countries each year, and there is reason
to hope that paragliding will be added to the Olympic list before long.
When that happens, Louise will finally become a household name - at
least in her native Denmark. But in the meantime, what will she be doing when
the Olympics are being shown on TV? The one thing she enjoys most, of course: flying.
11. Read the article again. Which topic 1-6 is not mentioned in the article?
1. Louise's sporting successes.
2. Why Louise chose paragliding?
3. Why it is important to be accepted as an Olympic sport?
4. The process for acceptance as an Olympic sport.
5. Sports which have recently become Olympic sports.
6. Louise's paragliding ambitions.
12. Complete the sentences with the words from the article.
1. Can you name two athletes who are h____ names in your country?
51
2. In which sport would you like to с_____ in the Olympic Games?
3. What was the last sporting e____ that you went to?
4. Which companies are the best-known s______of sport in your country?
(From: Philip Kerr, Straightforward, Intermediate)
LISTENNING
14. Listen to a psychologist talking about child sports stars and answer
these questions.
1.
Which two sports do they talk about?
2.
Does the psychologist think the child star phenomenon is a positive one?
Why or why not?
15. Listen to the interview again and put the points below in the order they
are mentioned.
Child sports stars can health problems when they get older.
Child sports stars do not have a normal childhood.
It’s important for tennis players to be successful before they are sixteen.
Sometimes, it is the parents of the sports star who get the money.
Sports stars are getting younger and younger.
The first child sports stars appeared in the 1970s.
(From: Philip Kerr, Straightforward, Intermediate)
VOCABULARY
16. Find the words.
Example: postr - sport.
1. iabhtnol
2. hgbobesli
3. ingrcul
4. ginkast
5. elfrsteye
6. yekcoh
7. mpingju
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17. Form the new words by adding - ing.
Example: swim - плавать; swimming - плавание.
Words: yacht, row, jump, skate, boat, run, read, listen, dance, sing, play, box
18. Match the words with the definitions.
1. motto
2. construct
3. defeat
4. come from
5. come from
6. dominate
7. recover
8. success
9. performance
10. ranking
a) Build
b) To win a contest, game or battle
c) A phrase or expression that expresses a guiding thought.
d) Be a native of a place
e) To have a powerful over something or someone.
f) The source of something
g) The quality of action.
h) A place on a comparison list.
i) To get back or return to the original condition.
j) A good ending
19. Complete the sentences. Use the words from the previous exercise.
1. Mohammed Ali _____________________ Joe Frazier in the Thrilla in Manila.
2. The Brooklyn Bridge was _______________________ over 100 years ago.
3. "Live and let live" is his _______________________.
4. Everyone had a good time- the party was a _______________________!
5. Tom's __________________ in the game was terrible! He must be very angry.
6. Her ____________________ is school is great! Only three students did better.
7. She lost her wallet on the subway but the police _______________________ it.
8. Several of the students _______________________ Mexico.
9. The recipe _______________________ her grandmother.
10. For many years, Coca-Cola _____________________ the soft drink market.
20. Make up word collocations.
a) bronze
b) mass
c) disappointed d) figure
f) official g) team
e) artistic
1.__________ level
2.__________ motto
3.__________ skating
4.__________ sprint
5.__________ start
6.__________ nations
7.__________ medals
21. Make up some sentences using these word collocations.
SPEAKING
53
22. Work in groups. Discuss these questions.
1. Why do so many countries want to host the Olympic Games?
2. Has your country ever hosted the Olympic Games?
3. If yes, when? Which city was the host?
23. Work in groups. Choose a city in your country which you think could
host the Olympic Games. Then make a list of five reasons why it would be
an ideal location.
24. Explain which city you think it should be and why.
Useful phrases
We believe… is ideally suited because of its…
It would make the ideal host thanks to its…
In addition, it has…
What’s more, it can offer…
In conclusion, we are confident…
WRITING
25.
You and ten other students went on a school trip to a
summer sports camp which offered a wide variety of sporting activities and
instruction in each sport. It was the first time your school had been to this
particular camp, and on your return your teacher asked you to compare
notes on the trip. Read the original advertisement and the comments you
have collected and write a report for your head teacher outlining the
positive and negative features of the trip and recommending whether the
school should send students there next year (about 175 words).
Rockridge Summer Sport Camp
Rockridge is definitely for the adventurous. As well as all the popular indoor
and outdoor team sports, we offer instruction and close supervision in
• rock climbing & abseiling
• white-water canoeing
• hang-gliding and paragliding
• orienteering
• moto-cross (18yrs & above)
Situated in rugged countryside, Rockridge is all you could want of the 'great
outdoors'.
Accommodation consists of ranch-like bungalows (sleeping 6) and our
refectory provides three full meals a day (and we have frequent barbecues and
camp fire nights). For those who want to cater for themselves there is a fully-stocked
mini-market.
At Rockridge we firmly believe in sports as promoting cooperation and
teamwork and self-discovery - not to mention meeting like-minded new friends. If
you want fun, excitement and adventure, Rockridge is the place for you.
54
Sports (outdoor) OK for football, rugby and hockey (no cricket) & athletics,
(indoor) gym an old hall with poor amenities - could just about play a game of
basketball. No instructors for hang- or paragliding & orienteering instructor
got lost - otherwise very good.
Accommodation Not bad. Comfy beds, log fire, one bungalow leaky roof, a bit
cold at night.
Food Simple but good & lots of it - only two barbecue nights. Limited choice
at market but adequate for roughing it.
General Middle of nowhere - little to do evenings/ weekends for a
change. One communal TV (so long arguments about what to watch) - have to
take own entertainment. Agree had a good time but disappointed by above
problems.
55
UNIT 8.
EXTREME SPORT
WARM-UP
1.
The pictures above all show extreme or dangerous sports.
1. Compare and contrast two of the sports and say which of them you think is
more enjoyable.
2. Compare and contrast the remaining two sports and say which sport you think
is more difficult.
2.
Read the magazine article about extreme sports below quite quickly
and match each paragraph to the picture. Have you changed your ideas
about each sport?
PRE-READING
3.
You are going to read the article again. For questions 1-12, choose
from the sports (A-D). Each sport may be chosen more than once. When
more than one answer is required, these may be given in any order. There is
an example at the beginning (0).
A. Street luge
B. Ice-climbing
C. Base-jumping
D. Zorbing
Of which of the sports A-D are the following true?
You do not need to have any special abilities. 0 D
The equipment and clothes are specially made for the participant. 1.
56
You need to co-operate with a group of people. 2.
It was started by the inventors of another extreme sport. 3.
You can hurt yourself while trying to stop. 4.
It demands previous experience in another sport. 5.
You need to be both strong and psychologically prepared. 6.
It offers reasonably good protection from injury. 7.
It could get you into trouble with the police. 8.
It has caused deaths. 9. 10.
You can make your own protection for your feet. 11.
You need to be able to react quickly. 12.
READING
THE THRILL OF IT ALL
As our lives become safer, danger is being marketed as more and more
desirable. Here is an armchair guide to some of the sports which can make
skydiving seem about as 'extreme' as dominoes.
Street luge
Ice luge is an adolescent but established Olympic sport, but street luge, the
pavement version is its undisciplined younger brother. Both involve lying flat on
your back and steering a luge not much bigger than a skateboard, with your head
just inches off the ground. Street luge started off in southern California, where
groups of riders first began flying down steep, winding roads for thrills. A complete
lack of fear is an essential requirement for this sport, as well as a thick piece of
rubber, preferably from car tyres, for your footwear. Top lugers can reach speeds of
145 kilometres per hour, yet their only way of braking is to use their feet, often
causing painful injuries. But it is not only the element of risk which prevents many
people from taking up this sport. Not everyone can afford to pay $1500 for a skintight, tailor-made leather race suit and the luge, which is also built to fit the
athlete, is equally expensive.
Ice-climbing
As the name suggests, practitioners of this activity clamber up glaciers
with the aid of an ice axe and a great deal of other specialist equipment. It was
inspired by American climber Yvonne Chouinard who, in the 1970s, introduced ice
picks and crampons (metal spikes which are attached to the bottom of the
climbers boots) to the UK. As well as all the equipment, incredible physical and
mental toughness are essential, together with an ability to work closely with other
team members in the most dangerous circumstances. Extreme ascents are as
famous for the climbers who died trying to conquer them as for those who made
it to the top.
Zorbing
Brought to us by the same people who gave us bungee-jumping, zorbing is
the latest adventure experience from New Zealand. It involves rolling around in a
three-metre ball, or zorb, made out of PVC. It requires no more skill than a
hamster running in its wheel, because centrifugal force will keep you pinned
inside the zorb. Although zorbonauts have hurtled downhill at speeds of 50
kilometres per hour, the air cushioning inside means you don't risk hurting
yourself too seriously. Having said this, co-inventor Andrew Akers broke his collar
57
bone the first time he tried it.
Base-jumping
This sport began way back in 1978, when parachutists started jumping off
EI Capitan, a 100-metre-high cliff in Yosemite National Park, California. BASE is
an acronym for Buildings, Antenna, Span, Earth and participants have to freefall
from an object in each case. Being able to make split-second decisions is
essential as these objects are not very high off the ground and you need to open
your parachute at just the right moment. Before even contemplating your first
jump you should have done at least 100 skydives. You are at the mercy of gusts
of wind during the descent and must know exactly how to steer yourself away
from danger. Illegal in some countries, this sport has claimed the lives of 20
jumpers since it was invented and many more have been severely injured.
4.
Answer the questions:
1. Which of these extreme sports would you most and least like to do? Give
reasons for your answers.
2. Have you ever tried any unusual sports?
PRE-READING
5.
Discuss whether you agree or disagree with the statement below. Give
examples to support your opinion.
You can't experience real excitement without taking risks.
6.
The article opposite is about people who take risks. Read the text
quickly and find the names of the two people in the photos.
7.
Find these adjectives in the text and explain their meanings in the
context in your own words.
a. countless
b. tiny
c. inhospitable
d. furious
e. even
f. major
g. single-minded
h. addictive
8.
Read the text again carefully and for questions 1-8, choose the best
answer (A, B, C or D).
1.
According to the text, most people would prefer to have
A. a comfortable life without risk.
B. occasional chances to test their endurance.
C. some experience of danger.
D. fewer unpleasant tasks in their lives.
58
2.
Kanchana Ketkeaw did not suffer serious injury from the scorpions
because
A. they did not sting her.
B. scorpion stings are not very dangerous.
C. she did not allow the scorpions to touch her body.
D. her body has become used to the poison.
3.
The writer of the text believes that Kanchana Ketkeaw
A. is a bit mad.
B. was asked to perform her feat by her country.
C. did not perform her feat only for her country.
D. does not know why she performed her feat.
4.
When did Lynne Cox first discover that she enjoyed swimming in difficult
conditions?
A. in her forties
B. when she was nine
C. between the ages of nine and fourteen
D. at the age of fourteen
5.
Why is Lynne Cox particularly well suited to what she does?
A. Her style of swimming is similar to a seal's.
B. She likes swimming in outdoor pools.
C. She's rather fat.
D. Unusually, the fat below her skin has a regular thickness.
6.
In both of the expeditions mentioned, Sir Ranulph Fiennes
A. suffered physical injury.
B. endured very severe weather conditions.
C. discovered ancient ruins.
D. spent several years away from home.
7.
Sir Ranulph Fiennes uses the memory of his father
A. to give him strength at difficult moments.
B. to remind him of the limits of human endurance.
C. to remind him that death is always a risk.
D. to help him make difficult decisions.
8.
Adventurers find that they cannot stop taking risks because
A. they have become famous for risk-taking.
B. their lives are less stable than other people's.
C. they love the feeling it produces.
D. they believe they can achieve the impossible.
READING
AGAINST ALL ODDS
59
Why do some people feel compelled to do the craziest things, while most
of us are happy to sit on the sofa and watch their exploits on TV? Robin Styles
ponders this question.
Generally, we love to watch someone's bravery and drama - a single
person against the wilds of nature, testing their endurance beyond belief. And
our pleasure is greater because we live in a comfortable world of central heating,
gadgets and package holidays. We lead increasingly risk-free lives, where the
greatest test of endurance is getting to work through the rush hour. And most of
us would prefer it to remain that way. However, there are countless ways to test
the limits of your endurance, should you wish to do so, by attempting something
unpleasant, |uncomfortable or just plain dangerous.
Thirty-year-old performance artist, Kanchana Ketkeaw, £who spent 32
days and nights in a scorpion-filled room, said that she completed her amazing
feat of endurance for her country, Thailand. The new world record holder,
shared a tiny room for over a month with 3,400 deadly little friends, and was
stung at least nine times! Fortunately she has worked with scorpions for several
years now and has developed some natural protection against their poison.
Anyone else would be dead. To endure all that for her country, which certainly
didn't request it of her, must seem a bit mad to most people! There must be
another reason.
American Lynne Cox swims in sub-zero temperatures through the
planet's most inhospitable oceans wearing only a swimsuit - for fun! According
to Lynne, now in her forties, there is always something driving her on. She just
has to do it. As a nine-year-old child she was rather fat, and she used to swim
in an outdoor pool with the local youth club. One day a furious storm blew up,
but she refused to get out of the pool. Something made her carry on. Then she
realised that, as the water got colder and rougher, she was actually getting
faster and warmer, and she was really enjoying it. At the age of 14 she broke
her first endurance record, one of many more to come. Years later, experts
discovered that Lynne has a totally even layer of body fat, like a seal. She is
perfectly made for doing what she does, it seems.
The famous British explorer, Sir Ranulph Fiennes, has led many major
expeditions (and has lost several fingers) in the extreme cold, including walking
right round the Arctic Circle, which took three years! He has also led
expeditions in the extreme heat, and discovered the Lost City of Ubar in the
Omani desert. It seems that many adventurers spend their lives trying to live up
to the image of a parent. Sir Ranulph's father was Commander of a regiment in
the British Army, and died just before his son was born. Fiennes has said, 'If I
am getting weak, I find a very powerful way of squashing it is to know that my
60
father would have definitely done it.'
Adventurers are clearly different from the rest of us. There is probably no
such thing as a 'normal' adventurer. Unsurprisingly, risk-takers tend to be singleminded and unusually determined people who hate the stability and routine that
most people prefer. They tend to take risks for the sheer 'fun' of it. The
excitement becomes addictive, and they want more and more of it. Ordinary life
seems boring in comparison. The famous sailor, Sir Robin Knox-Johnston says:
'Humans have been taking risks since we evolved. If something is difficult,
almost impossible to achieve, then it is worth doing.' Well, obviously. Could
someone please pass me the TV remote control?
9.
Which of the three people in the article do you admire, if any? Why?
10. Quiz
Answer the questions given in the following quiz. The results of the quiz will help
you to figure out whether “extreme sports” can be your hobby or one of the ways
of spending your leisure time.
Pop quiz
Are you the sort of person who loves adventure?
1. Which activity would you prefer?
a. Gliding
b. Horse-riding
c. Stamp-collecting
2. You are lost in a strange town. What would you do?
a. I'd panic. If I had enough money, I'd take a taxi.
b. I'd ask a passer-by for directions.
c. If I wasn't in a hurry, I'd explore.
3. You've been to a disco. It's past midnight and you have missed the last
bus home. What would you do?
a. I'd start walking home.
b. I'd hitch a lift from a passing car.
c. I'd phone home and ask to be collected.
4. You are invited to dinner by some Australian friends. They want you to try
a special dish: kangaroo steaks. What would you say?
a. I'd say 'Fantastic! I wouldn't miss it!'
b. I would make an excuse so that I didn't have to go.
c. I would accept the invitation, a bit hesitantly.
5. If your best friend dyed his/her hair blue, what would you think?
a. I would think about changing my own hairstyle to something a
little bit more original.
b. I'd think that they were mad.
c. It would depend whether or not the colour suited them.
6. You win first prize in a competition: a trip to East Africa. What would be
the main attraction for you?
a. I'd enjoy staying in a luxury hotel and relaxing
b. I'd enjoy improving my sun-tan at the beach and joining a couple of
sight-seeing tours.
c. The main attraction would be discovering a new country:
61
the people, the scenery, the wildlife.
Add up your points
How to score the quiz:
1. a = 3; b = 2; c = 1
4. a = 3; b = 1; c = 2
2. a = 1; b = 2; c = 3
5. a = 3; b = 2; c = 3
3. a = 2; b = 3; c = 1
6. a = 1; b = 2; c = 3
If you scored between 6 and 10 points: You are not an adventurer. You don't like
to take risks. 'You are the sort of person who feels most comfortable with the
people and places you know.
Our advice: Have more confidence in yourself and in other people. Try
something new you might enjoy it!
If you scored between 11 and 14 points: You are the sort of person who is not
afraid of adventure. But you have enough common sense not to take unnecessary
risks.
Our advice: You seem to be a well-balanced person. Enjoy yourself!
If you scored between 15 and 18 points: You have a very adventurous spirit. You
are the sort of person who loves to try anything new. You are happy to take risks.
Our advice: Be sensible. Don't let your enthusiasm for adventure blind you
to the danger of a situation.
LISTENNING
11. Answer these questions.
1.
2.
3.
How popular is snowboarding in your country? Have you ever done it?
What are the potential dangers of snowboarding?
What are sponsors? How do you think they might help snowboarders?
12. You will hear an interview about snowboarding. For questions 1-7,
choose the best answer А, В or С.
1.
2.
3.
4.
How long has Liz been snowboarding?
A. one year
В. five years
С. every year since she was a child
According to Liz, if you want to be a snowboarder
A. you have to be naturally sporty.
В. you need to be born with good co-ordination and balance.
С. you don't need long to acquire the skills.
What injuries has Liz suffered?
A. She broke her back.
В. She broke an arm.
С. She fell badly on her back.
What does Liz say about the ratio of male to female snowboarders?
A. There are nearly the same number of girls as boys.
62
5.
6.
7.
В. You almost never see girls who snowboard.
С. There are a lot more girls than boys.
What does Liz say about money?
A. Girls don't get paid as much as boys.
В. Her sponsors don't give her any money.
С. She doesn't have to pay for her equipment.
What does she recommend to girls who want to snowboard?
A. They should have lessons on an artificial slope
В. They should buy lots of warm clothing.
С. They should go to a place where it snows.
Why does Liz do modelling work?
A. She earns money to finance her snowboarding
В. It will improve her job prospects.
С. She has always wanted to be a model.
VOCABULARY
13. Read the following text about the sport of free-diving. Use the word
given in capitals in the box to form a word that fits the space in the line.
There is an example at the beginning (0).
0) instruct, 1) possible, 2) compete, 3) appear, 4) dive, 5) common,
6) water, 7) courage, 8) likely, 9) judge, 10) direct
Former swimming (0) instructor Tanya Streeter, 26, has achieved what many
thought was (1) _______ and dived to 370 feet below the sea on a single lungful
of air. (2) _______ in free-diving take a deep breath before (3) ______ into the
depths of the ocean. Rigorous training has helped Tanya to go deeper than male
(4) ______ and break one of the most difficult diving records.
Free-diving is a dangerous sport. Deaths are frequent and it is not
(5) ______ to pass out or have a nose bleed on the descent. Tanya, who can hold
her breath for five minutes (6) ______, says that many men tried to (7) ______
her from attempting to break the record. “They all said it was (8) ______ that a
woman could reach such depths without breathing equipment. They (9) ______
my abilities and I proved them wrong.” In 1988 the French film (10) ______ Luc
Besson made a film about free-diving, Le Grand Bleu, which became the biggest
box-office hit in France of all time.
14. Read the text below and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines
are correct, and some have a word which should not be there. If a line is
correct, put a tick, if a line is incorrect, write the wrong word. There are two
examples at the beginning (0 and 00).
I have admired Tiger Woods since I was started playing golf
years ago. He has changed golf from a sport for the few to
a sport for everyone, and has proved that every one of us can
be successful in the life. Tiger’s father is an Afro-American who
63
0
was
√
1
2
served in the army for a number of some years, and his mother
she is from Thailand. When he was two, Tiger appeared on TV
hitting any golf balls, and at three he was already playing
a very good golf. At 21, he was the youngest-ever world
champion. One thing I like about which Tiger is that he always
seems calm and has a great deal of much confidence. He is
polite to his opponents, and he speaks and dress well. Like many
famous people, he rarely carries many cash. When he stays in
hotels, he makes his bed and irons shirts that have already been
pressed. Although a megastar, he is a private man who enjoys to
watching lots movies, going fishing or scuba diving and playing
video games. When he was young, he had speech problems and now
he cannot speak not any foreign languages, although he reads Spanish.
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
15. In most lines of the following text, there is one unnecessary word. It is
either grammatically incorrect or does not fit in with the sense of the text.
For each numbered line 1-16, find the unnecessary word. Some lines are
correct. The exercise begins with two examples (0) and (00).
JOGGING
0_too__At one time, I used to think that jogging was simply too
00_√_impossible. I can remember a time when just a two-minute
1.___dash to catch a bus would leave me with red in the face and
2.___barely be able to breathe. The turning point for me came when
3.___ a very persuasive friend talked me into the accompanying her
4.___on a four-kilometre run round the local park. I managed just
5.___five minutes before which my legs decided they'd had enough.
6.___I think it was that image of my friend as rapidly disappearing
7.___into the distance that it stuck in my mind, and led me to
8.___take up seriously a sport which has genuinely and benefited
9.___my health, state of mind and fitness. My love of jogging is now
10.___about three years of old and is prone to the natural peaks and
11.___troughs that affect by most enthusiasms. Recently, I've been
12.___going jogging just once a week. But I've reached the point where,
13.___however many long I leave between runs, I can still go out for
14.___twenty minutes, and feel any better for it. I guess there is
15.___a risk of gradually losing out my fitness, but having overcome
16.___the problem before, I know it will never be so difficult again.
16. In 1-6 below, one of the four words is not normally used. Underline the
word.
1. undercook
2. overgrown
3. overeat
4. misbehave
undercharge
overweight
oversing
misunderstood
underestimate
overlittle
oversleep
misspell
64
undersleep
overcrowded
overwork
missucceed
5. dislove
6. manageress
dishonesty
doctoress
disappearance
actress
disbedience
waitress
17. For sentences 1-4, complete each of the spaces with the correct form
of one of the words from exercise 16.
1. These jeans should have cost £30, but the assistant made a mistake
and________ me. I only paid £20 for them.
2. The house has been abandoned for years. That's why the garden is looking so
________.
3. I'm sorry I'm late. My alarm
didn't go off, so I
.
4.
You've
_________my
surname. There are two 't's in
Hutton, not one.
SPEAKING
18. Compare and contrast
the two activities shown in
the pictures. Think about the
equipment/qualities required
and the risks
involved. Which
would you prefer
to do? Why?
WRITING
19. You have seen this
advertisement in a magazine
and you want to organise a
weekend for you and six
friends. One of your friends is
only
17.
Read
the
advertisement and the notes
you have made. Then write a
letter to Adrenalin Adventure
asking for more details.
Activities: choose two from:
kayaking, hill-walking, surfing,
wind-surfing, mountain-biking,
climbing, horse-riding
experienced climbers only
£20 supplement applies
Accommodation: our three
wooden lodges sleep 12 people
65
each (single rooms?)
Cost: £199 per person (includes meals and hire of equipment?)
Dates: weekends in July and August (places available on 12-13 August?)
We welcome individuals and groups (adults only). (lower age limit?)
Put a-f into the paragraph plan below, with the two most important queries before
the less important ones.
a. ask about dates
b. ask about accommodation
с. say where you saw the advertisement
d. ask about age limits
e. say who you are and why you are writing
f. ask about cost
Paragraph 1
_________
_________
Paragraph 2
_________
_________
Paragraph 3
_________
_________
66
TEXTS AND EXERCISES FOR SELF-CONTROL
READING
1.
Read the article of Richard Powers about dancing. Match the titles (AD) to the paragraphs (1-6). There is one extra letter. The first is given as an
example. (0) A
A Dementia medicine.
B What kind of dancing?
C Dance often
D Social Dancing
E Why dancing?
F Who benefits more, women or men?
Use It or Lose It: Dancing Makes You Smarter
1. Dementia medicine.
For hundreds of years dance manuals and other writings have lauded the
health benefits of dancing, usually as physical exercise. More recently
we've seen research on further health benefits of dancing, such as stress
reduction and increased serotonin level, with its sense of well-being.
Then most recently we've heard of another benefit: Frequent dancing
apparently makes us smarter. A major study added to the growing
evidence that stimulating one's mind can ward off Alzheimer's disease
and other dementia, much as physical exercise can keep the body fit.
One of the surprises of the study was that almost none of the physical
activities appeared to offer any protection against dementia, but dancing
frequently - 76% reduced risk of dementia
2. ……………………..
We immediately ask two questions:
Why is dancing better than other activities for improving mental
capabilities?
Does this mean all kinds of dancing, or is one kind of dancing better than
another? That's where this particular study falls short. It doesn't answer
these questions as a stand-alone study. It's one of many studies, over
decades, which have shown that we increase our mental capacity by
exercising our cognitive processes. Intelligence: Use it or lose it. And it's
the other studies which fill in the gaps in this one. Looking at all of these
studies together lets us understand the bigger picture. One way to do that
is to learn something new. Not just dancing, but anything new. Don't
worry about the probability that you'll never use it in the future. Take a
class to challenge your mind. Dancing integrates several brain functions
at once, increasing connectivity. Dancing simultaneously involves
kinesthetic, rational, musical and emotional processes.
67
3……………………….
Take the kinds of dance classes where you must make as many splitsecond decisions as possible. That's key to maintaining true intelligence.
Does any kind of dancing lead to increased mental acuity? No, not all
forms of dancing will produce this benefit. Not dancing which, like golf or
swimming, mostly works on style or retracing the same memorized paths.
The key is the decision-making. Remember, Jean Piaget suggested that
intelligence is what we use when we don't already know what to do.
4………………………
In social dancing, the follow role automatically gains a benefit, by making
hundreds of split-second decisions as to what to do next. Women don't
"follow", they interpret the signals their partners are giving them, and this
requires intelligence and decision-making, which is active, not passive.
With different dance partners, you have to adjust much more and be
aware of more variables. This is great for staying smarter longer.
But men, you can also match her degree of decision-making if you
choose to do so. 1) Really notice your partner and what works best for
her. Notice what is comfortable for her, where she is already going, which
moves are successful with her and what aren't, and constantly adapt your
dancing to these observations. That's rapid-fire split-second decision
making. 2) Don't lead the same old patterns the same way each time.
Challenge yourself to try new things. Make more decisions more often.
Intelligence: use it or lose it.
5……………………….
Finally, remember that this study made another suggestion: do it often.
Recall that seniors who did crossword puzzles four days a week had a
measurably lower risk of dementia than those who did the puzzles once a
week. If you can't take classes or go out dancing four times a week, then
dance as much as you can. More is better.
And do it now, the sooner the better. It's essential to start building your
cognitive reserve now. Don't wait - start now.
2.
Say if the sentences are true (T) or false (F).
1. Dancing benefits for health were revealed not so long ago.
2. Exercises are much more important for our body.
3. Dancing has got the more essential influence on our mental state.
4. You should quickly change your decisions if you want to avoid dementia.
5. Women get more benefits from dancing than men.
6. The more you dance, the more you smart.
3.
Read the text an answer the question below.
Majority Of Americans Never Use Physical Education After High School
Kevin Higgins has found no real-world application for "jogging."
Kevin Higgins always hated gym class. Like many of his classmates, he
questioned the relevance of things like "exercise" and "physical fitness," and
68
wondered if these skills would ever provide any practical, real-world benefits.
Though he endured more than 720 hours of gym over 12 years, the 32-yearold accounting clerk said Monday that he has still never used physical
education once in his life.
"I don't know why they bothered teaching us all that stuff," said Higgins, who
since graduating has not once encountered a situation that required him to
move his body at a sustained pace or keep himself in healthy shape. "I mean,
come on - when will I ever need to physically exert myself for an extended
period of time?"
Higgins is not alone. According to a recent poll, nearly 85 percent of all
Americans admitted that, since entering the real world, they have found very
few reasons to utilize the concepts they learned in physical education. In fact,
most high school graduates claim that despite their gym teachers' insistence
that this knowledge would come in handy later in life, they have still never
used bending, breaking a sweat, or coordination.
"I remember my gym teacher droning on and on about this thing called
'physical well-being,'" Higgins said. "I still don't even know what that means."
Many educators and high-ranking health officials maintain that it is essential
for young adults to learn such valuable skills as participating in activities and
interacting with peers, increasing the intake of oxygen and nutrients to the
blood, going out of doors, and moving. However, thousands of Americans
have nonetheless gone on to lead very successful lives without ever bringing
their heart rate over 120 beats per minute.
Erica Burnstrom, a 28-year-old aeronautics engineer living in San
Jose, CA, said that abstract concepts such as aerobic activity and raising
one's knees above the hips in a rapid "pumping" motion have not added any
appreciable value to her day-to-day life.
Many Americans claimed that once they finished high school, skills such as
increasing joint mobility and building muscle strength were no longer
necessary.
"If something needs to get from one place to another, I can just use my cell
phone, or hop in the car. And I know they say that physical education
promotes balance, but that's what my cane is for," said Miami, FL resident
Keith Monahan, 32. "The only thing I still use from gym class is that
occasionally I'll throw on some sweatpants while I'm sitting on the couch
watching television. So I guess I learned that."
Omaha insurance salesman William Haylor, 43, said that when his 8year-old son asked him how to do a chin-up, he realized that he had simply
forgotten.
"I know I used to be able to do that, but for the life of me I can't remember,"
Haylor said. "They're really hard to do. I think that's why I stopped."
"I wish I could help him out," Haylor added. "But what's the point? He's never
going to use it anyway."
In response to these findings, many Americans have urged the
government to stop wasting millions of dollars on useless physical education
programs and start focusing on real problems, such as obesity, arthritis, and
chronic back pain.
69
1. Why does Kevin Higgins suppose exercises as stuff?
2. What are the main reasons why people avoid physical exercises?
3. What does “physical well-being” mean?
4. Why do Americans complain about wasting time at PE lessons at school or
college?
5. Do you consider Russians think in the same way as Americans, or not?
6. Do you agree with people who think doing exercises is a waste of time?
7. Is it necessary to change the system of PE at Russian schools?
8. Why don’t Russian schoolchildren like visiting PE lessons?
9. What problems can people have if they don’t train their bodies?
10. Do the Russian Federation and the United States of America have the same
problems concerning physical education?
11. Is it prestigious to do sports in our country?
4.
You will read an interview of Scottish football couch Alex Ferguson.
Choose from the sentences (A-E) the best ending to each section (1-5).
A "We are as bemused as anyone can be, we can't quite understand why he
would want to leave," said the Scot."
B "I was in the office on 14 August and David phoned me to say he [Rooney]
wasn't signing a contract," confirmed Ferguson.
C However, last Tuesday, after England's 0-0 draw against Montenegro in a
Euro 2010 qualifier at Wembley, Rooney contradicted the Scot's statement
and insisted he was fit and had not had an ankle problem.
D Rooney's future has been the subject of intense
speculation over the last few days following reports that he
was not prepared to sign a new contract.
E However, Ferguson added: "I feel that we still have to
keep the door open for him, especially as he's such a good
player."
70
Ferguson confirms Rooney rumours in dramatic media
conference
Sir Alex Ferguson has revealed Wayne Rooney wants to quit Manchester
United.
The Old Trafford boss admitted he was "shocked" and "disappointed" to
hear the news but said he had not fallen out with the 24-year-old England
striker. 1. ______
Ferguson said the "door is still open" for Rooney, who will miss Wednesday's
Champions League game with Bursaspor after being carried off in training.
The forward suffered minor ankle damage at the end of the session and will
sit out the European tie at Old Trafford.
2.__________
His current deal is due to finish at the end of the 2011/12 campaign.
If he does leave then Everton would be in line to scoop a small fortune. The
Toffees have a sell-on clause in Rooney's contract which states that they
would get 25% of any excess sum over the 27m United eventually paid for
the striker.
In an interview with MUTV filmed before he spoke to the media,
Ferguson said United chief executive David Gill had told him about Rooney's
decision not to sign a new contract back in the summer.
3. ___________
"I was dumbfounded. Only months before he was saying he was at the
greatest club in the world."
Rooney's decision has clearly had a big impact on Ferguson, who
signed the player from Everton in August 2004. United paid the Toffees an
initial 25.6m for the 18-year-old, a world record fee for a player aged under
20.
"We've done nothing but help him since he's been at this club," said
Ferguson, who has not given up hope of Rooney remaining at Old Trafford."
4. __________
Rooney has been a key figure for United,
helping them to win the Premier League in
2007, 2008 and 2009 as well as the coveted
Champions League in 2008.
He enjoyed a stellar 2009-10 season,
scoring 34 goals for his club, although he did
not find the net after injuring his ankle in a
Champions League game against Bayern
Munich in March.
Rooney injured his ankle in
5. __________
training on Tuesday
71
5.
Using the words from the bold, make up word collocations.
following signing a contract deal damage a world record a key
dramatic media to hear executive to have a big
1……………………….. conference
2 chief ………………………………
3……………………………the news
4 ………………………………….fee
5 ……………………………………..
6 ……………………………. impact
7 ……………………………….. deal
8 ………………………… a contract
9 ……………………………..reports
10 ……………………………..figure
VOCABULARY
6.
Read an advertisement about the ability to watch football on-line.
Complete the ad with the missing words. The first word is given.
watch directly action service streams miss buying world top
Live Football
Do you love to 0watch football and wish you could see more of the 1.______?
Well, we offer live streaming of all the 2.________ football matches right to your
PC, 24 hours a day, without the need of 3._______ Sky or Cable – no hardware
needed!
We enable you to watch live sports 4._______ online, as well as movies, music
and more, directly via your computer!
Sign up today for a TRIAL MEMBERSHIP and you could be five minutes away
from watching live football streaming 5.________ on your PC. Never 6._______ a
game again: with our 7.________ you can watch live football anywhere in the
8._________ !
For a 9._________ of forthcoming 10.________ shown live on Watch-Football.tv
please click here!
SIGN UP TODAY FOR A TRIAL MEMBERSHIP!
INSTANT ACTIVATION!
72
7.
Do the crossword.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Across
3. Bring someone who is
carrying the ball to the
ground.
6. Place where touchdowns
are scored.
15. A pass that is not
caught.
8. The player who
usually passes the ball.
17. The player who most
often runs with the ball.
9. A player that usually
catches passes.
Down
10. 6 points for running
or passing the ball into
the end zone.
7. Drop the ball.
1. How a football game
begins.
11. The person who calls
penalties.
2. Something that protects
a player's head.
13. Throw the ball from one
player to another.
4. The player who usually
kicks the ball.
5. When the defense
catches a pass.
73
12. 3 points for kicking
the ball through the
posts.
14. Tackle the
quarterback.
16. Kick the ball
8.
Read the news from the Official Website of the Paralympic Movement.
Complete the sentences with the missing words from the box below.
There is one example.
0 countries
1. title
2. silver
3. performances
4. turf
5. mark
6. winning
7. events
8. teams
9. outstanding
10. pressure
11. individuals
12. Championship
FEI Announces First Three Nations Qualified for London 2012 Paralympics
The International Equestrian Federation (FEI) has announced the three 0
countries that have qualified for the London 2012 Paralympic Games following
their medal 1. _________ 2. ___________ at the Alltech FEI World Equestrian
Games in Kentucky.
The three 3. _________ that have earned their tickets to London are Great
Britain, Germany and Denmark. A total of 11 team slots are available for the
London 2012 Paralympic Dressage 4. _______, with three nations qualifying from
the 2010 Alltech FEI World Equestrian Games.
The British riders were in stunning form in the Para Dressage World
Championships winning the team 5.________, taking a clean sweep of the
medals in the Grade 1a Individual and gold and 6. _________ in Grade 1b
Individual events.
Britain's Para Dressage record is 7. _________ - they have never been beaten in
the battle for the World title since taking team gold on their home 8. ________ in
1991.
Germany took team silver in the Para Dressage and 16 year old Stinna Tange
Kaastrup helped clinch team bronze for Denmark. Kaastrup was under huge
9. _______ going into the ring to do her Grade 1b test, but her 10. ________ of
70.174 with her 14 year old bay gelding Labbenhus Snoevs secured the bronze
medal for Denmark.
The British team dominated the Para Dressage 11. ________ at the Alltech FEI
World Equestrian Games in Kentucky by winning six 12. ________ Gold medals
besides the team title.
9.
What is sport equipment? Match the description of sport equipment
with its name. Say in what sport and what for each item of equipment is
used and guess kind of sport, where these kinds of equipment are used.
Make up sentences.
74
There is one example: 0 A a Flying discs are disc-shaped gliders which are
generally plastic and roughly 20 to 25 centimeters (8-10 inches) in diameter, with
a lip. The shape of the disc, an airfoil in cross-section, allows it to fly by generating
lift as it moves through the air while rotating Flying discs are used for games such
as disc golf and ultimate.
A … are disc-shaped gliders which are
generally plastic and roughly 20 to 25
centimeters (8-10 inches) in diameter, with a
lip. The shape of the disc, an airfoil in crosssection, allows it to fly by generating lift as it
moves through the air while rotating
a disc golf
B … the modern hard plastic version of which
was created by Paul Brown. It consists of a
hard plastic top with thick padding on the
inside, a facemask made of one or more
plastic bars, and a chinstrap. Some players
add polycarbonate visors, which are used to
protect eyes from glare and impacts.
C … consists of garments worn on the feet, for
fashion, protection against the environment,
and adornment.
b association
football, rugby,
baseball, ice
hockey
d American
football and
Canadian
football
4. A shin
guard, shin
pad or sport
greave
D … are metal loops with spring-loaded gates
(openings), used as connectors. Once made
primarily from steel, almost now are made from
a light weight aluminum alloy. Steel … are
harder wearing, but much heavier and often
used by instructors when working with groups.
E … is a sports implement consisting of a
handled frame with an open hoop across
which a network of cord is stretched tightly. It is
used for striking a ball.
5. Footwear
F is a piece of exercise equipment.
f climbing
6. A barbell
G … in its primary meaning comprises fibers
woven in a grid-like structure. It blocks the
passage of large items, while letting small
items and fluids pass. It requires less material
than something sheet-like, and allows seeing
through.
g squash,
tennis,
racquetball,
and
badminton.
0 Flying discs
1. A racquet
(or racket)
2. A net
3. A football
helmet
ultimate
c weight
training,
weightlifting
and power
lifting.
e tennis,
volleyball
badminton
fishing
h almost all
7. Carabiners H … protect against a large range of very
serious leg injuries. Modern day they are made kind of
of many differing synthetic materials, including: equipment
75
10. Find the Olympic events in the grid below.
archery
badminton
baseball
basketball
beach volleyball
boxing
canoe
cycling
decathlon
discus
diving
equestrian
fencing
field hockey
gymnastics
hammer throw
high jump
hurdles
javelin
judo
kayaking
long jump
marathon
pole vault
relay race
rowing
sailing
shooting
76
soccer
softball
swimming
synchronized
swimming
table tennis
tae kwon-do
tennis
triathlon
triple jump
volleyball
water polo
weightlifting
wrestling
11. Fill in the blanks with words from the box below.
compete
silver
represent
bronze
opening
speed
alpine
ice hockey
four
determined
podium
national anthems
judges
bobsled
luge
snowboarding
parade
train
fastest
gold
honor
events
cross country
figure
The Winter Games:
Every __________ years, athletes from around the world gather to
______________ in the Winter Games of the Olympics. The athletes, who
________________ extremely hard, are chosen to ______________ their
countries. The games begin with the _____________ ceremony, where the
athletes ______________ in front of an audience.
The Events:
The Winter Games is comprised of many different ___________. There are
sledding events such as the ___________ and the ____________. There are
skiing events such as ___________________ and _____________. There are
also team sports such as _________________. Every Olympics some new
events are added such as ______________, which was added in the 1998
Nagano Olympic Games.
Winning:
The dream of every athlete is to make it to the ___________, which is where the
medals are handed out. The first place winners receive the _____________
medal and have the _____________ of hearing their countries’
_______________________ played. The second place winners receive the
_____________ medal and the third place winners receive the
_________________ medal. Often, the winners are _______________ by who
has the _______________ time. Events such as the ________ skating are
decided this way. Other events such as ____________ skating are determined
by a panel of ____________, who give marks according to artistic and technical
ability.
77
Phrasal Verbs
12. Match phrasal verbs with their definitions.
0 break something down
A divide into smaller parts
1 break up
2 come across something
B move back in a position/group
C start, proceed
3 cross something out
4 drop back
D end a relationship
E fall to the ground
5 fall apart
6 fall down
F stop trying
G remove something (usually clothing)
7 give up
8 go ahead
9 take something off
10 work out
H find unexpectedly
I exercise
J break into pieces
K draw a line through
13. Complete sentences with missing prepositions from the box below.
The first verb is given.
back
ahead
down
up
across
apart
up
off
out
out
0 Our teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.
1. My boyfriend and I broke … before I moved to America.
2. I came … these old photos when I was tidying the stockroom.
3. Please cross … your old address and write your new one.
4. Andrea dropped …to third place when she fell off her bike.
5. My new dress fell … in the washing machine.
6. The picture that you hung up last night fell … this morning.
7. My maths homework was too difficult so I gave ….
8. Please go …and eat before the food gets cold.
9. Take … your socks and shoes and come in the lake!
10. I work … at the gym three times a week.
14. Match phrasal verbs with their definitions.
1. step forward
2. succeed in something
3. turn around (the corner)
4. turn back
5. turn up
6. work out
A. K to appear
B.1. to make a step forward; 2. to move
forward as a volunteer
C. to turn and go back
D. to train at the gym
E. to go past something or someone
F. to succeed in something
78
7. pass by
8. pass on
9. pull out
10. hurry up
G. if you … something …, you give it to
another person after receiving it yourself
H. If you … of something you're
participating in, like a competition or a
deal, you stop participating.
I. to go around (the corner)
J. be quick, act speedily
15. Complete sentences with missing phrasal verbs from the box below.
There is one example:
stepped forward x2
turn up
turned around
turned back
pass by
succeed in
pull out
works out
pass on
0 Hurry up! We'll miss the bus.
1. He ………and waved his hand.
2. He ………the corner and went down the street to the bank.
3. Three people ………to offer their help.
4. I ………because I left my wallet.
5.He often ………in the swimming - pool.
6. Everyone wants to ………life.
7. After taking the ball, … it … to the next person
8. Don't worry, some opportunity will ………sooner or later.
9. I ………the post office on my way to work, so I can drop in and post your parcel
if you like.
10. Phil was leading the tournament, but he had to ………after injuring his knee.
79
Word list
A
Achieve - достигать, добиваться
Assign - назначать, определять на
должность
Attract - привлекать
Aerial - воздушный, парящий
Chin - подтягиваться на руках
Arm - рука
Alpineskiing - горные лыжи
Athletics - занятия спортом,
атлетика
Arrange - приводить в порядок,
классифицировать
Awards - присуждение, стипендия,
награда
B
Baseball cap - бейсбольная кепка
Breathtaking - поразительный,
захватывающий
Bend - высотная болезнь
Boxing - бокс
Basketball - баскетбол
Biathlon - биатлон
C
Canoeing - гребля, гонки на каноэ
Click - иметь успех
Course - курс
Court - площадка для игр, корт
Coach - тренер, инструктор
Clap - хлопать, аплодировать
Chess - шахматы
Contest - состязание, соревнование
Championship - первенство,
чемпионат
Competition - соревнование, конкурс
Circle - круг для метания
D
Drive away - разгонять, уезжать
E
Elbow - локоть
Equip - снарядить, экипировать
F
Feet - ноги
Forehead - лоб
Foot - нога
Fingers - пальцы
Figure skating - фигурное катание
Flexible - подвижный, гибкий
Football - футбол
G
Go - идти
H
Head - голова
Hand - рука
I
Ice hockey - хоккей на льду
Improve - улучшать, исправлять
J
Judo - дзюдо
K
Kick - удар ногой, пинок
Karate - do карате-до
Knee - колено
L
Lean - поджарый, тощий
Lacrosse - лакросс
M
Mountaineering - совершать восхождение
на горы
N
Nod - кивнуть головой, задремать
Neck - шея
O
Outdoors - на открытом воздухе
P
Play - участвовать в игре
Perform - играть, делать трюки
Performance - выступление,
представление
Parachuting - парашютный спорт
Pitch - поле
Prize-winner - лауреат премии
R
Ring - ринг
Rock-climbing - скалолазание
Rink - каток
Referee - рефери, судья
S
Synchronised swimming - синхронное
плавание
Shoulder - плечо
Skip - прыжок, скачок
Skim - легкое скольжение
Swimming - плавание
Stadium - стадион
Step - степ
Sport orienteering - спортивное
ориентирование
Sport dances - спортивные танцы
Sambo - самбо
Score - счет, очко
80
T
V
Tongue - язык
Volleyball - волейбол
W
Technique - методика, прием
Trajectory - траектория
Wrist - запястье
Trainer - инструктор, тренер
Waist - талия
Tournament - турнир
Wind-surfing - виндсерфинг
U
Waterskiing - катание на водных лыжах
Up to the top - подняться вверх, Waistcoat - жилет
быть в лучшей позиции
Water polo - водное поло
Weightlifting - тяжелая атлетика
table tenni
81
References
1. Alan Stanton, Mary Stephens. Fast Track to FCE. - Longman, Pearson
Education Limited. - 2001.
2. Diana L. Fried-Booth, First certificate. Practice Tests. - Longman. 2002.
3. Danuta Gryca, Russel Whitehead. Exam Excellence. - Oxford University
Press. - 2006.
4. Evans V., Dooley J. Enterprise 4. Intermediate. Workbook. - Express
Publishing. - 1997.
5. Evans V., Dooley J. Enterprise 4. Intermediate. Teacher’s Book. Express Publishing. - 1997.
6. Evans V., Dooley J. FCE Mission 1. Course Book/Teacher’s book. Express Publishing. - 2001.
7. Evans V., Dooley J. FCE Mission 2. Course Book/Teacher’s book. Express Publishing. - 2001.
8. Evans Virginia, Edwards L. Upstream. Advanced. Course book. Express Publishing. - 2003.
9. Fast track to FCE. - Longman. - 2001.
10. Fried-Booth D. Focus on PET: Preliminary English Test. - Longman. 1996.
11. Fried-Booth D. Focus on PET: Preliminary English Test. Teacher’s
Book. - Longman. - 1996.
12. Harris M., Mower D., Sikorzynska A. Opportunities. Intermediate.
Student’s Book. - Longman. - 2000.
13. Harris M., Mower D., Sikorzynska A. Opportunities. Intermediate.
Language Powerbook. - Longman.-2000.
14. Harris M., Mower D., Sikorzynska A. Opportunities. Intermediate.
Student’s Book. - Longman. - 2000.
15. Kathy Gude, Mary Stephens. CAE Result. Advanced. - Oxford Academ.
- 2007.
16. Kenny Nick. First Certificate in English. Passkey Student's Book. Macmillan. - 1996.
17. Paul A. Davies, Tim Falla. FCE Result. Upper-Intermediate. - Oxford
Academ. - 2007.
18. Philip Kerr. Straightforward. Intermediate. - Macmillian. - 2007.
19. Sally Burgess, Judith Wilson, Jacky Newbrook. FCE Gold Plus
Maximiser (Gold). - Pearson Longman, ELT. - 2008.
20. Topics for English sports in our life / http://topics.nm.ru/new
21. Sport Stars / http://topics.nm.ru/new_page_1.htm
22. www.onestopenglish.com
23. http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/index.htm
24. www.britishcounsil.com
25. Lesson writer / http://lessonwriter.com/default.aspx
26. www.bogglesworldesl.com
82
Contents
Unit 1.
Unit 2.
Unit 3.
Unit 4.
Unit 5.
Unit 6.
Unit 7.
Unit 8.
THE FACULTY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION ……...
WHAT IS WRESTLING? ……………………………...
FITNESS, DANCING & AEROBICS …………………
TENNIS …………………………………………………
FOOTBALL ……………………………………………..
CHESS: sport or hobby? ……………………………...
OLYMPIC GAMES …………………………………….
EXTREME SPORTS …………………………………..
6
12
21
28
34
42
48
56
Text and exercises for self-control ……………………………. 67
Word list ………………………………………………………….
References ………………………………………………………
83
80
82
Учебное издание
НЕТЕСОВА Мария Витальевна
ЛЕКСИНА Евгения Анатольевна
СПОРТ ДЛЯ ПРОФЕССИОНАЛОВ
Учебное пособие
Научный редактор
кандидат исторических наук,
доцент
В.В. Верхотурова
Верстка
А.А. Дерюгина
Дизайн обложки:
Т.А. Фатеева
Подписано к печати __.__.2010. Формат 60х84/8. Бумага «Снегурочка».
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Национальный исследовательский Томский политехнический университет
Система менеджмента качества
Томского политехнического университета сертифицирована
NATIONAL QUALITY ASSURANCE по стандарту ISO9001:2008
. 634050, г. Томск, пр. Ленина, 30.
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