Adjective Phrase Examples



Adjective Phrase Examples
Subjects have either a masculine or
feminine gender (ex. He, She)
In Spanish, subjects like we and they
also are either masculine or
feminine. [ex. We (mas.) and We
Subjects (cont.)
 If there is one guy in a group, the group
is masculine. For a group to be
feminine, all members of the group must
be girls.
 Ex. One million people in a group,
999,999 girls, one guy, the group is
In Spanish, nouns are similar to subjects.
They are either masculine or feminine.
They are also singular or plural.
In English, nouns are only singular or
plural. In Spanish they also have a
Ex. el libro
la casa
los libros
– the book the house the books
las casas
the houses
• Adjectives must agree in
gender and number to the
noun or subject they
 Ex.
Él es alto y cómico.
 Ex. Ella es alta y cómica.
 Ex. Los perros son gordos y
 Ex. Las casas son bonitas.
Adjectives (cont.)
 Most
adjectives are placed after the
noun they describe. (this is different
than English)
El muchacho loco = The boy crazy
 La muchacha perezosa = The girl lazy
Adjectives (cont.)
Numbers and adjectives that refer
to quantity or quality are usually
before the noun.
Ex. dos chicos muchos libros
To stress an adjective instead of
the noun, place it in front of the
Ex. mi mejor amigo
Adjectives (cont.)
Sometimes placing an adjective in
front can cause it to change.
When bueno, malo and grande are in
front of a masculine singular noun,
they shorten by dropping the –o or
Ex. buen amigo, mal doctor, gran
Note: Gran can mean “great” instead
of big or large.
Adjectives (cont.)
that end in –o or –a can be
changed to match any gender or
cómico cómica cómicos cómicas
 Adjectives that end in –e match both
 Adjectives
El perro inteligente Los perros grandes
La vaca inteligente Las vacas grandes
Adjectives (cont.)
 Adjectives
that end in a consonant
usually agree with both genders.
Ex. El chico normal La chica normal
Los chicos normales Las chicas normales
 Some
add an –a to the end of the
adjective to make them feminine.
These have to be memorized.
Ex. El chico trabajador
La chica trabajadora
Adjectives (cont.)
Origins commonly add –a to the end to
make them feminine
Usually this means getting rid of the
accent on the masculine adjective
inglés inglesa
francés francesa
japonés japonesa español española
ingleses inglesas franceses francesas
japoneses japonesas españoles españolas
Adjective Phrase Examples
The funny person
La persona cómica
The big and black dogs
Los perros grandes y negros
I like to read four long books.
Me gusta leer cuatro libros largos.
• The skirt is long and red.
• La falda es larga y roja.
• The dresses are short and blue.
• Los vestidos son cortos y azules.
El Fin
¡Gracias por su atención!

Similar documents