the development of manufacturing industrial estate in indonesia

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the development of manufacturing industrial estate in indonesia
THE DEVELOPMENT OF MANUFACTURING
INDUSTRIAL ESTATE IN INDONESIA
Presented by: Imam Haryono, Ph.D.
Director General for Industrial Region Development, Ministry of Industry
“Expand Your Opportunities in Remarkable Indonesia”
Presented on Indonesia Investment Seminar
ASEAN-Japan Centre – The Indonesian Embassy in Tokyo
Tokyo, March 31, 2015
TOPICS
I.
II.
INDONESIA-JAPAN ECONOMIC RELATIONSHIP
REMARKABLE INDONESIA
III. INDONESIA’S ECONOMIC CONDITION
IV. INDONESIA’S MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY
V.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIAL
ESTATE
VI. ENHANCE INDONESIA’S INVESTMENT CLIMATE
2
I. INDONESIA-JAPAN ECONOMIC RELATIONSHIP
3
1. Trade Balance Indonesia-Japan
Value : Thousand USD
Description
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
Growth
(%) 20092013
Jan-Mar
2013
2014
Change (%)
2014/2013
TOTAL TRADE
28.418.459,20 42.747.614,40 53.151.308,40 52.902.939,30 46.370.847,00
12,66 11.571.873,59 11.751.546,70
1,55
INDUSTRY
16.794.339,09 26.862.659,08 31.811.106,09 34.442.107,88 30.108.562,77
15,2 7.482.219,29 8.250.777,00
10,27
NON INDUSTRY
11.624.120,11 15.884.955,32 21.340.202,31 18.460.831,42 16.262.284,23
8,6 4.089.654,30 3.500.769,71
-14,40
EXPORT
18.574.730,40 25.781.813,60 33.714.696,10 30.135.107,70 27.086.258,80
9,53 6.911.878,11 6.135.922,82
-11,23
7.034.537,99 10.020.127,35 12.577.409,97 11.794.260,55 11.112.334,28
11,4 2.842.000,23 2.669.670,47
-6,06
11.540.192,41 15.761.686,25 21.137.286,13 18.340.847,15 15.973.924,52
8,3 4.069.877,88 3.466.252,35
-14,83
IMPORT
9.843.728,80 16.965.800,80 19.436.612,20 22.767.831,70 19.284.588,20
17,81 4.659.995,49 5.615.623,89
20,51
INDUSTRY
9.759.801,10 16.842.531,73 19.233.696,12 22.647.847,34 18.996.228,49
17,7 4.640.219,07 5.581.106,53
20,28
27,7
34.517,36
74,54
INDUSTRY
NON INDUSTRY
NON INDUSTRY
83.927,70
123.269,07
202.916,08
119.984,36
288.359,71
19.776,42
TRADE BALANCE
8.731.001,70 8.816.012,90 14.278.083,90 7.367.276,00 7.801.670,50
-3,97 6.281.293,80 4.791.135,10
-23,72
INDUSTRY
-2.725.263,11 -6.822.404,38 -6.656.286,16 -10.853.586,79 -7.883.894,22
0 -1.798.218,84 -2.911.436,06
-61,91
NON INDUSTRY
11.456.264,81 15.638.417,28 20.934.370,06 18.220.862,79 15.685.564,72
8,1 4.050.101,46 3.431.734,99
-15,27
Source: BPS, Processed by DG IIC, Ministry of Industry
4
2. Japanese investment in Indonesia
compared to some Asian countries
(third quarter 2014 – USD Million)
Singapore,
4,899.5
Rest of World,
11,906.6
Taiwan, 107.6
Source: BKPM; processed by Ministry of Industry
Japan, 2,041.3
Malaysia,
983.9
South Korea,
752.0
Hong Kong
(SAR), 498.9
People's
Republic of
Thailand, 226.6 China, 328.7
5
3. Japanese Investment in Indonesia among
Japanese Investment in South-East Asia
25
USD Billion
20
15
10
5
0
2005 2006 2007 2008
Singapore
Thailand
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Indonesia
Malaysia
Philipines
Q3
2014
Vietnam
Source: JETRO; modified by Ministry of Industry
6
4. Japanese Investment in Indonesia by Sector
5.0
USD Millions
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
2010
2011
2012
Primary
Secondary
2013
2014
Tertiery
Tertiary
Source: BKPM; modified by Ministry of Industry
Secondary Sector (Manufacturing Industry) is the main sector for Japanese investor
7
5. Japanese Investment in Manufacturing Industry
(third quarter 2014 – USD Million)
Other Industry,
16,537.0
Motor Vehicles
& Other
Transport Equip.
Industry,
880,655.0
Food Industry, Paper and Textile
135,368.2
Printing Industry,
Industry, 42,914.2
63,180.1
Metal,
Machinery &
Electronic
Industry,
384,551.2
Chemical and
Pharmaceutical
Industry,
111,875.5
Rubber and
Plastic Industry,
97,704.6
Source: BKPM; modified by Ministry of Industry
8
II. REMARKABLE INDONESIA
9
1. Country Snapshot: The Biggest Archipelago
INDONESIA
GDP Size
US$ 878.0 Bi
GDP percapita US$ 3,508
Population
Land Area 1,904,443 sq km
Sea Area
3,116,163 sq km
Total Area
5,020,606 sq km
Coastal Line
81,000 km
251 Million people (4th biggest population)
Main Towns Population
Jakarta (Capital)
Surabaya
Bandung
Semarang
Medan
Samarinda
Makassar
(‘000)
9,558
2,584
2,393
1,553
2,109
791
1,339
GDP Share GDP/Capita
Jakarta (Capital)
East Java
West Java
Central Java
North Sumatera
East Kalimantan
South Sulawesi
(%)
16.3
14.7
14.3
8.5
5.4
6,2
2.3
(US$ ‘000)
9.9
2.3
1.7
1.5
2.3
10.0
1.6
Languange Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia)
As well as some 7500 other regional
languanges and dialects.
Source: various
The rising population share of Indonesia’s middle class (% of Pop)
2003
2010
37.7%
56.5%
Source: World Bank
10
2. Strategic Location: Gateway to ASEAN Market
Moscow (11 hrs)
New York (21 hrs)
London Berlin (15 hrs)
15hrs 30mnt
Tokyo (7 hrs)
Dubai (8 hrs)
Beijing (9hrs)
New Delhi (8 hrs)
Singapore (1hr 42 min)
Jakarta
Ria De Janeiro (24hrs)
Johannesburg (14 hrs)
Darwin (3hrs 20mnt)
Sydney (6hrs 50mnt)
Melbourne (6hrs 30mnt)
Strategic Location and Expanding Global Influence
Indonesia lies at the intersection of the Pacific Ocean, along the Malacca Straits and the
Indian Ocean. Over half of all international shipping goes through Indonesian waters.
11
3. Natural Resources: Need More Value Added (1/2)
Coal
Natural Gas
Oil
Renewable
Energy
Others



Indonesia is a major player in the global coal market
The world’s second largest thermal coal exporting country, third largest
exporter of steaming coal
Production of around 385 million tonnnes of 2013 and 28,978 million
tonnes proved reserves of coal

Around 150.7 trillion cubic feet of proven natural gas as at the end of
2012 and is the single largest holder of proven natural gas reserves in
the Asia Pacific region

7.42 billion barrels stock tank of proven oil reserves at the end of 2012

Holds 40% of the world’s geothermal resources, equivalent to 28.6GW
of power generation potential

Palm oil, cocoa, and other minerals
Source: Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (MEMR), 2013
The country is home to a biodiversity that is only second to Brazil, just to mention a few. These resources
provide tremendous investment opportunities. Moreover, development potential is far from saturated,
particularly in renewable energy.
12
3. Natural Resources: Need More Value Added (2/2)
World
Rank
No
Commodity
Production
Location
1
Crude Palm Oil
21.2 million tons (2013)
Sumatera, Kalimantan,
Sulawesi, Papua.
1st
2
Tin
63 thousand metric tons
(2013)
Sumatera
2nd
3
Rubber
3.1 million tons (2013)
Sumatera, Kalimantan
2nd
4
Cocoa
740 thousand tons (2013)
Sulawesi, Sumatera, Java,
Kalimantan, East Nusa
Tenggara
2nd
5
Copper
868 thousand metric tons
(2011)
Papua, Maluku, Nusa
Tenggara
5th
6
Nickel
189 thousand metric tons
(2011)
Sulawesi, Sumatera,
Maluku, Papua
2nd
7
Gold
105 metric tons (2011)
Kalimantan, Sumatera,
Maluku, Papua
7th
Source: BKPM, FAO, US Geological Survey, 2013
13
III. INDONESIA’S ECONOMIC CONDITION
14
1. Indonesian Economic Indicator
NO
INDICATOR
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
1
Growth of Gross Domestic
Income (%)
4.63 %
6.20 %
6.46 %
6.23%
5.8%
5.1%
2
Inflation (average)
2.78 %
6.96 %
3.79 %
4.3 %
4.4%
5.1%
3
Trade balance (USD Billion)
19.68
22.11
26.06
-1.63
-4.07
-1.88
4
Foreign Exchange Reserves
(USD Billion)
66.10
96.20
110.12
112.78
99.4
111.9
5
Export (US$ Billion)
116.51
157.77
203.49
190,04
182.55
176.29
6
Import (US$ Billion)
96.82
135.66
177.43
191.67
186.62
178.17
Source: Statistics Indonesia, Bank Indonesia, Ministry of Trade;
15
15
2. Indonesian Economic Indicator
253,0 244,7
265,4 9,66% 9,35%
10,14%
472,6
18,05%
1. Agriculture, Livestock, Forestry and Fishery
327,6
12,51%
2.Mining dan Quarrying
3. Manufacturing Industry
192,6
7,36%
172,0
6,57%
4. Electricity, Gas and Watersupply
5. Construction
670,1
25,59%
20,1
0,77%
6. Trade, Hotel and Restaurant
7. Transportation and Communication
8. Financial, Ownership and Business Services
9. Services
16
16
Potencies
3.B.Huge
Size of Domestic Market
(the growing consumption)
Domestic consumption contribute around 56.7% of economic growth
2014:
253 Million of
Population
o
GDP/Cap : US$ 4.700 (2014).
o
Middle Class Population : ± 80 Mio
 141 Mio in 2020.
o
Population Growth : 1% per year
o
Energy Demand Growth : 6% per
year.
o
Around 60 percent of the population
are in the age of productive period in
2014.
o
It will be increased to 70 percent of
the population in 2030.
2025:
320 Million of
Population
17
17
4. Investment Target (1/2)
Investment Strategic Plan 2015-2019
IDR
3,519 trillion
total investment
targeted
i n 2015-2019
100
0
FDI
 17.7%
DDI
 15.9%
800
700
600
500
400
300
Inves tment Target (IDR trillion)
900
200
 15%
 14.5%
 12.2%
38.9%
37.6%
36.3%
35.0%
33.8%
61.1%
115 % increase
from 2010-2014 period
(IDR 1,632.8 trillion)
15.1%
average growth
ta rgeted i n 2015-2019 period
62.4%
66.2%
65.0%
2015
2015
2016
2016
63.7%
100
0
2017
2018
2018
2019
2019
494.7
570.0
Ax2017 le
FDI
343.7
386.4
is Tit429.0
DDI
175.8
208.4
249.8
297.8
363.0
TOTAL
519.5
594.8
678.8
792.5
933.0
Indonesia’s investment Target, 2015-2019
Excl. Financial Sectors and Upstream Oil and Gas,
in IDR Trillion
FDI
2015-2019
DDI
2015-2019
63.6
%averageshare
36.4
% averageshare
of tota l i nves tment ta rget
i n 2015-2019
of total l i investment target
In 2015-2019
Source: The Investment Coordinating Board of the Republic of Indonesia
18
4. Investment Target (2/2)
Based on Capital expenditure (IDR trillion) in2010-2014, not including financial, oil & gas sectors
Tertiary
1000
900
800
700
Secondary
Total Group of Sectors
Primary Sector: 15%
Secondary Sector: 54%
Terti a ry Sector: 31%
15.1
900
Total Location
800
Java : 45%
Outs i de Java : 55%
700
55.5
16.4
500
42.6
600
47.2
53.5%
400
51.5%
400
52.7
50.9
54.4
300
62.0
200
100
31.5%
30.9%
30.6%
2015
2015
2016
2016
2017
2017
Axis Title
Primary
88.4
97.6
Secondary
267.5
Tertiary
TOTAL
30.4%
30.4%
200
100
0
2018
2018
2019
2019
107.9
119.3
131.8
313.5
363.2
431.9
517.8
163.6
183.7
207.7
241.3
283.4
519.5
594.8
678.8
792.5
933.0
Java
38.0
500
54.5
17.0%
Outside Java
1000
14.1
15.9
600
300
Primary
52.8
45.6
57.4
49.1
0
2015
2015
2016
2016
2017
2017
2018
2018
2019
2019
282.6
302.6
317.4
337.6
354.5
Outside Java
236.9
292.2
361.4
454.9
578.5
TOTAL
519.5
594.8
678.8
792.5
933.0
Java
Source: The Investment Coordinating Board of the Republic of Indonesia
19
IV. INDONESIA’S MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY
20
1. Growth of Manufacturing Industry
Manufacturing Sector Growth
8
7
6
Growth (%)
5
4
3
2
1
0
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
Economic Growth
5.04
5.69
5.49
6.34
6.01
4.63
6.22
6.48
6.26
5.74
5.06
Manufacturing Sector
7.51
5.89
5.25
5.16
4.05
2.56
5.1
6.73
6.4
6.12
5.34
Source: Statistics Indonesia
 The current performance of national industry is encouraging; the manufacturing
sector grew significantly by 6.12 % in 2013 and 5.34% in 2014, higher than the
GDP growth in the last four years.
21
2. Manufacturing Industry Growth by Sectors
Sectors
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
1
Food, Beverages, and
Tobacco
11.45
2.75
9.05
7.59
3.31
7.40
2
Textile, Leather Goods,
and Footwear
0.69
1.77
7.58
4.25
6.07
2.38
3
Wood Products and
Other Forestry Products
-1.32
-3.44
0.38
-3.14
6.28
7.33
4
Paper and Printed Goods
6.43
1.65
1.46
-4.74
4.53
6.23
5
Fertilizer, Chemical and
Rubber Products
1.67
4.70
3.94
10.48
2.60
1.28
6
Cement and Non Ferrous
Materials
-0.49
2.33
7.16
7.82
3.00
1.58
7
Ferrous and Steel
-3.94
2.39
13.18
5.86
7.04
4.22
8
Transportation,
Machinery and
Components
Other Products
-2.78
10.41
6.83
7.06
10.53
6.03
3.25
3.05
1.85
-0.95
-0.54
9.32
Non Oil and Gas
Manufacturing Industry
2.56
5.10
6.73
6.40
6.12
5.34
Gross Domestic Product
4.63
6.22
6.48
6.26
5.74
5.06
9
Source: Statistics Indonesia
22
3. Projected Growth of Manufacturing Industry Indicators
No
Indicators
Unit
2014
2015
2020
1
Manufacturing sector growth
%
5.7
6.8
8.5
2
Share of manufacturing sector GDP toward
national GDP
%
20.8
21.2
24.9
3
Share of manufacturing sector’s export
%
66.5
67.3
69.8
4
Manufacturing sector workforce
Million
people
14.88
15.44
18.44
5
Share of Manufacturing sector
employment toward total employment
%
13.7
14.1
15.7
6
Percentage of imported input goods
compared to manufacturing sector GDP
%
43.5
43.1
26.9
7
Value-added produced outside Java Island
%
29.0
30.0
32.0
Source: Statistics Indonesia
23
4. Law and Regulatory Framework (Law 3/2014 on Industrial Affairs)
OBJECTIVE OF INDUSTRIAL
DEVELOPMENT
Independent, competitive, and advanced
industry for the proseperity and welfare of
society.
Supporting Instruments
• Licensing
• Investment in Industrial
Sector
• Industrial Facility
Industrial Resources
Development
• Human Resources Development
• Natural Resources Utilization
• Development and Utilization of
Industry Technology
• Development and Utilization of
Creativity and Innovation
• Provision of Sources of Financing
The Undertaking of Governmental
Matters In Industrial Affairs
• Master Plan for National Industrial
Development
• National Industrial Policy
• Work Plan for National Industrial
Development
Empowerment of
Industry
Development of
Infrastructure
• Industrial Standardization
• Industrial Infrastructure
• National Industrial Information
System
• Industrial Estate
•
•
•
•
Small and Medium Industry
Green Industry
Strategic Industry
Increase in Domestic Products
Utilization (P3DN)
• International Cooperation in
Industrial Sector
Supporting
Instruments
• National Industrial
Commitee
• Community Contribution
• Supervision and Control,
• Sanction
Measures for Safeguard
and
Salvaging of industry
• Industrial Safeguarding
Measures
• The Industrial
Salvaging Measures
24
5. National Manufacturing Industry’s Structure
VISION & MISION
NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
Core Industry
Food
Processin
g Industry
Pharmaceutical,
Cosmetics and
Medical Devices
Industry
Textile and
Footwear &
Oher
Industries
Transportatio
n Equipment
Industry
Electronics
and ICT
Industry
Energy and
Power
Equipment
Supporting Industry
Capital Goods Industry
Component Industry
Supporting Industry&
accessories
Upstream Industry
Upstream Agro Industry
Basic metal industries
Upstream Coal, Gas and
Mineral Processing Industry
Resources
Natural Resources
Human Resources
Technology, Innovation &
Creativity
Pre-requisites
Infrastructure
Policy & Regulation
Financing
25
Manufacturing Industry
6. Priority Industries
 Food processing industries
 Pharmacy, cosmetic, and medical
apparatus industries
 Textile, leather, footwear, and others
industries
 Transportation equipment industries
 Electronic and ICT industries
 Power plant equipment and machinary
industries
 Capital goods,
 machinery component,
 input goods and industry-supporting
services
 Agro-based upstream industries
 Basic metal industries
 Petrochemical and coal-based chemical
industries
26
7. National Manufacturing Industry’s Development Policy
1
Fiscal incentives Provision
2
Total Equity Participation by
State
3
Domestic Industrial resilience
(duty, custom, product
standards)
4
Underwriting of energy supply,
raw material, and other
industrial resources.
5
Facilitate of land distribution and
supporting infrastructure
6
Application of Green Industry
7
8
Arrangement of trade system
setting imported product
Increasing of Domestic Products
Utilization
9
Acceleration of Technological Transfer
16
10
Risk Underwriting for the utilization of
Industrial Technology
Development of business intelligence
and market feasibility
17
Enhancement of linkages among big
industries and small medium industries
11
Development and Application of
Standardization also strengthening the
standardization of infrastructure
18
Establishment and strengthening
research and development institute as
well as industrial education and training
12
Enhancement of the coordination
between central and regional
government in terms of industrial
development
19
13
Development and Strengthening of
regional resources based industry
include regional core competence and
provinvial favoured industry
Development and application of
standardization (Indonesian National
Standards, technical specification, code
of practice, green industry standards and
standards of industrial estates ) also
strengthening standardization of
infrastructure
20
Industrial Restructuring by avoiding
monopolistic practices and any market
distortion
Acceleration for development of
industrial region
21
Affirmative policy for small and medium
industry
Promotion enhancement, domination
and adoption of industrial technology
22
Strengthening the institutionals of
promotion of small and medium
industry
14
15
27
8. Estimated Investment Needs for Manufacturing Industry
2035
2020
2015
2014
210
618
2025
4,150
1,000
270
*IDR TRILLION
(1 US $ + 13.000 IDR)
* Source: Ministry of Industry
28
V. DEVELOPMENT OF THE MANUFACTURING
INDUSTRIAL ESTATE
29
1. Regional Development In-equality Between Java and Outside Java
WEST INDONESIA
WIDE AREA
: 32,48 %
 POPULATION
: 81,32 %
 N. OF INDUSTRY : 95,56 %
JAVA ISLAND
WIDE AREA
:
 POPULATION
:
 N.OF INDUSTRY
:
6,8 %
57,5 %
90 %
EAST INDONESIA
WIDE AREA
: 67,52 %
 POPULATION
: 18,68 %
N. OF INDUSTRY : 4,44 %
REGIONAL
INEQUALITY
30
2. The Direction of Development Policy of Manufacturing
Industrial Estates
OUTSIDE JAVA
 Natural resource based industrial estates (renewable and nonrenewable)
 Enhance the efficiency of logistic system
 Industrial estates as main driver of new economic growth centers
JAVA
 High technology based industrial estates
 Labor-intensive industrial estates
 Industrial Estates oriented to consumer goods industry
31
3. Development of 14 Industrial Estates Outside Java
Kuala Tanjung
Industrial Estate
Aluminum Industry, CPO
Processing Industry
Landak Industrial Estate
Palu Industrial Estate
Rubber Industry, CPO
CPO Processing
Industry
Rattan, Rubber, Cocoa (agro),
and Smelter industries
Ketapang Industrial
Estate
Batu Licin Industrial
Estate
Steel Industry
Alumina Industries
Teluk Bitung
Industrial Estate
Agro and Logistic
Industries
Buli Industrial Estate
Smelter, Ferronickel,
Stainless steel and
downstream stainless steel
Teluk Bintuni
Industrial Estate
Oil& Gas, Fertilizer
Industries
Sei Mangkei Industrial
Estate
CPO Processing Industry
Morowali Industrial
Estate
Tanggamus Industrial
Estate
Maritime and Logistic
Industries
Smelter, Ferronickel,
Stainless steel and
downstream stainless steel
Jorong
Industrial Estate
Steel Industry, CPO
Processing Industry
Bantaeng
Industrial Estate
Smelter, Ferronickel,
Stainless steel and
downstream stainless steel
Konawe
Industrial Estate
Smelter, Ferronickel,
Stainless steel and
downstream stainless steel
32
14 Industrial Estates
No.
Industrial Estate Name
1 Teluk Bintuni, West Papua
Area Work Force
Anchor Industry
(Ha) (Persons)
2,112
51,500 PT. Pupuk Indonesia
2 Buli, Halmahera Timur,
300
North Maluku
3 Bitung, North Sulawesi
534
4 Konawe, South-East
5,500
Sulawesi
5 Morowali, Central Sulawesi 1,200
6 Palu, Central Sulawesi
1,500
7 Bantaeng, South Sulawesi
3,000
8 Ketapang, West Kalimantan 1,000
9 Landak, West Kalimantan
10 Batulicin, Tanah Bumbu,
South Kalimantan
11 Tanggamus, Lampung
12 Kuala Tanjung, Batu Bara,
North Sumatera
13 Sei Mangkei, Simalungun,
North Sumatera
14 Jorong, South Kalimantan
306
530
3,500
1,000
2,002
6,370
10,000 PT. Feni Haltim
90,000 PT. Pelindo
18,200 Jiangsu Delong Nickel
Industry Co. Ltd
80,000 PT. Sulawesi Mining
Investment
165,000 PT. Bangun Palu Sulteng
163,200 PT. Hwadi dan Bantaeng
Sigma Energi
10,000 PT. Well Harvest Winning
Alumina Refinery
33,600
10,000 PT. Meratus Jaya Iron and
Steel
104,800 PT. Repindo Jagat Raya
113,200 PT. Inalum
83,300 PT. Unilever Oleo chemical
Indonesia
30,000 PT. Semeru Surya, PT Delta
Prima
Focus of Industry
Fertilizer & Petrochemical Industries
Ferronickel Industry
Logistic & Agro Industries
Ferronickel Industry
Ferronickel Industry
Rattan base, Agro, Multivarious
Industries
Ferronickel Industry
Aluminum based industry
Rubber Processing Industry
Steel Industry
Maritime Industry
Aluminum based industry
CPO Processing Industry
Steel Industry & Agro Industries
33
3.1. Teluk Bintuni Industrial Estate
LABOR
PRODUCT
DIRECT
INDIRECT
SUPPORTER
polypropylene
3.000
4.500
15.000
Urea Fertilizer
4.000
5.000
20.000
7.000
9.500
35.000
Amount
Total
51.500
Profile
1. Onar Baru Villages, District of Sumuri, Teluk Bintuni
Regency of West Papua
2. Land Areas ±2112 Ha
3. Base of Industries : Fertilizer and Petrochemical
4. Value of Investments ± Rp 31,4 Trillion
5. Managed By PT Pupuk Indonesia
Progress
1. Land Status is “APL” which means it is NOT on the
status of PROTECTED FOREST and can be used for
other purposes, such as for industry.
2. Metering of the land has already undertaken by BPN
(National Land Agency) of West Papua Province;
3. Developing Government Regulation on stipulating
indigenous people’s land right
Actions
1. Facilitating to solve indigenous people’s land rights
2. Facilitating of relocating 88 local householders
3. Facilitating to build road access to industrial estate ±
30 Km
4. Facilitating to build the Power Plant ±200 MW
5. Facilitating to build the standard water installation
±2000 L/second
6. Facilitating on assigning industrial estate
administrator
7. Facilitating to map out the detailed spatial plan
outside industrial estate.
34
3.2. Bitung Industrial Estate
Profile 1. Tanjung Merah Bitung Village
2.
3.
4.
5.
Progress
1. Land Status of 92,6 Ha is Ex HGU (Business
Purposed Land Right ) owned by North Sulawesi
and on going process to become HPL (Land
Management Right) in National State Agency
(BPN).
2. On going process on the development of Toll
Highway from Manado to Bitung ±43 Km
provided by the Central Government
3. Providing Power Plant ±150 MW
4. Accelerating reclamation process, creating ±247
Ha of new land.
Actions
1.
2.
3.
4.
Employment : 90.000
Workers
Land Area ±534 Ha
Base of Industries: Coconut, Fishery and Logistics
Value of Investment ± Rp 2 Trillion
Managed By PT Sulut Membangun
5.
6.
Land Acquisition ±100 Ha
Build axis road to industrial estate 5 km
Facilitating on preparing industrial human resources
development
Facilitating and coordinating infrastructures
development outside industrial estate
Facilitating to build the standard water installation
±1200 L/second
Facilitating to map out the detailed spatial plan outside
35
industrial estate.
3.3. Palu Industrial Estate
Profile
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Por
t Of
Pan
tolo
an
Lo
gis
tic
Zo
ne
Progress
1. Land Status 110 Ha has already owned by Palu
City Government
2. Construction development of rubber based
industry factory and essential oil factory
3. The axis road to the industrial estate has already
established.
4. Electrical System has already provided by
Sulawesi Interconnection
Actions
1.
2.
3.
4.
Employment :165.000
Workers
Tawaeli Sub District, City of Palu, Central Sulawesi
Province.
Land Area ±1500 Ha
Base of Industries: Rattan, Seaweed, Cocoa, and
Mineral
Value of Investment ± Rp 12,5 T
Managed By PT Bangun Palu Sulteng
5.
6.
Land Acquisition ±100 Ha
Build road infrastructure inside industrial estate ( about
2 Km) and industrial estate technical services office
Facilitating on preparing industrial human resources
development
Facilitating and coordinating infrastructures
development outside industrial estate
Facilitating to build the standard water installation
±1500 L/second
Facilitating to map out the detailed spatial plan outside
industrial estate.
36
3.4. Indonesia Morowali Industrial Estate
Profile
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Progress
1.
2.
3.
4.
Actions
1.
2.
3.
Employment: 80.000
Workers
4.
5.
6.
7.
Bahodopi Sub District , Morowali Regency
Land Areas ±1200 Ha
Integrated Industrial Ferronickel, Stainless Steel and all the
down streaming related industries
Value of Investment ± Rp 49,7 Trillion
Managed By Tsinghang Industrial Morowali Industrial Park
Land Status 1200 Ha has already owned by TIMIP (the
industrial estate corporation)
Construction development of ferronickel factory Phase I
with capacity of 300.000 tons/year (progress up to 90%) and
Phase II with capacity of 600.000 tons/year the ground
breaking and basic construction has been established.
Build power plant 65x2 MW (with progress to 90%)
Development of sea port and air port are yet still on the
process of getting the licensing
Facilitating to build the standard water installation
16.500 L/second
Facilitating electrical transmission provision to the industrial
estates
Build polytechnic and Metal Based Mineral Innovation
Centre
Build 8 tower of dwelling for 1000 workers
Build Hospital Type C
Facilitating to map out the detailed spatial plan outside
industrial estate.
Facilitating to build sea port and air port
37
3.5. Halmahera Timur Industrial Estate
Profile
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Progress
1.
2.
3.
4.
Actions
1.
2.
3.
Employment: 10.000
Workers
4.
5.
Buli Sub District, East Halmahera Residency
Land Area ±300 Ha
Integrated Industrial Ferronickel, Stainless Steel and
all the down streaming related industries
Value of Investment ± Rp 4,4 T
Managed By PT FeNi Haltim
Land Status 300 Ha has already owned by PT Antam
Persero
Completion of sea port development which
integrated with industrial estate
Several industrial estate facilities has already been
built, such as: hostel, administrator office, and
oxygen plant
Request for Tax holiday from PT FeNi Haltim is still on
the discussion process in the Ministry of Finance’s
fiscal team
Facilitating to build the standard water installation
1.000 L/second
Build waste treatment and landfills facilities
Build axis road from sea port to industrial estate for
about 1 Km and to Town site about 2 Km
Facilitating on developing steamed powered electricity power
plant 2x110 MW
Facilitating to map out the detailed spatial plan outside
industrial estate.
38
3.6. Konawe Industrial Estate
Profile
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Progress
1.
2.
Actions
1.
2.
3.
4.
Employment: 18.200
Workers
5.
Bondoiala and Kapoiala Sub District
Land Area ±5500 Ha
Integrated Industrial Ferronickel, Stainless Steel and
all the down streaming related industries
Value of Investment ± Rp 28,7 T
Managed By PT Konawe Putra Propertindo
Land clearing and basic construction has already been
undertaken. There are an on going process on the
development of several facilities such as: offices ,
mess , and the finishing phase of sea port .
Endorsement Legal Letter from the Governor of
Southeast Sulawesi and Head of Konawe Residency
has already been accepted
Facilitating on reviewing the Konawe Residency
Spatial Plans and Southeast Sulawesi Spatial Plans
Accelerating the process for Environmental Feasibility
Assessment of Industrial Estate in the Province
Environmental Committee Office.
Facilitating Sea Port License Recommendation from
the Governor
Facilitating to build power plant and for phase I should
provide 10 MW of electricity
Facilitating to map out the detailed spatial plan
outside industrial estate.
39
3.7. Bantaeng Industrial Estate
Profile
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Progress
1.
2.
3.
Actions
1.
2.
3.
4.
Employment: 163.200
Workers
5.
Sub district Pajukukang Bantaeng Residency
Land Area ± 3000 Ha
Integrated Industrial Ferronickel, Stainless Steel and
all the down streaming related industries
Value of Investment ± Rp 24,4 T
Managed By kawasan PT Bantaeng Industrial Persada
Completion of the development of Industrial Estate’s
Masterplan dan Strategic Plan for area of 3000 ha.
The ground breaking of the development of Steamed
Powered Electricity Plant 2 X 300 MW has already
undertaken by PT Hwadi (China-Malaysia) and PT
Bantaeng Sigma Energi.
Land Clearing is already settled by PT Titan for
Ferronickel Industry for area of 300 Ha
Facilitating Environmental Feasibility Assessment in
Industrial Estate.
Facilitating to build sea port for industrial estate
Facilitating to build the standard water installation
for industrial estate
Facilitating to build a new road for traffic diversion
from the old and high jam road
Facilitating to map out the detailed spatial plan
outside industrial estate.
40
3.8.
Kuala Tanjung
Estate
KAWASAN
INDUSTRIIndustrial
TELUK BINTUNI
(North Sumatra)
Profile
Employment:
± 113.239 Workers
1. Batubara Residency, North Sumatra
Province
2. Land Area ±1000Ha
3. Base of Industry : Alumina
4. Value of Investment ± Rp 4,5 T
5. Anchor Industry PT Inalum
Progress
1. To accelerate the finalization process of
presidential decree to form the
management board of industrial estate
2. Coordinating and accelerating the
infrastructures development and land
provision
Actions
Infrastructure Development:
1.Build railroad from Bandar Tinggi to Kuala
Tanjung (22,15 km)
2.Road Systems:
Main Road (volume 97,125 m2)
Surrounding Road (volume 271,950 m2)
41
3.9. Sei Mangkei Industrial Estate
KAWASAN INDUSTRI BITUNG
(North Sumatra)
Profile
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Progress
1. Management Board of Special Economic Zone
has already established (Presidential Decree
No. 40 / 2014)
2. Innovation Centre facility for Palm Oil has
already operated in the area
3. Has already have anchor industry inside the
estate (PT. Unilever Oleo chemical Indonesia)
Actions
1.
2.
3.
Located at Simalungun Residency
Land Areas ±2.002 Ha
Base of Industries : CPO Processing
Value of Investment ± Rp 9,5 T
Anchor Industry PT Unilever Olechemical
Indonesia
Build railroad from KEK Sei Mangkei to Sepur
Simpang (2,9 Km)
Uplifting the function of existing railroad KA
Gunung Bayu - Perlanaan (4,15 km) to meet the
industrial standard
Facilitating the equipment for innovation center
Employment: ± 83.300 Workers
42
3.10. Tanggamus
KAWASANIndustrial
INDUSTRI Estate
PALU
(Lampung)
Profile
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Progress
Actions
Employment:
± 104.800 Workers
Located at: Kota Agung Timur Sub District, Limau
Sub District and Cukuh Balak Sub District of
Tanggamus Residency
Land Areas ±3500 Ha
Base of Industry :Maritime
Value of Investment ± Rp 17,5 T
Anchor Industry PT Repindo Jagad Raya
1. anchor industry has already exist (PT. Repindo
Jagad Raya)
1. On going intensive discussion between Tanggamus
Residence Government, Pertamina, and Ministry of
Industry to revoke the land restriction for industrial estate
which is in accordance to National Land Agency Regulation
maximum should be 400 ha. PT Repindo (the administrator
of industrial estate) was requested by the stakeholder to
finish the business plan of the estate.
2. Enhancing /upgrading the existing road to Maritime
Industrial Estate (Width 8m, Length 10km).
3. Land Acquisition (In 2016).
4. Build Vocational Training Center Balai Latihan Kerja .
5. Build Power Plant (In 2016).
6. Build streetlight System
7. Upgrading the development of sea port inside industrial
estate (Initiated by Ministry of Transportation).
8. Development of Steam-Powered Electricity Power Plan.
43
3.11. Batulicin Industrial Estate
(South Kalimantan)
Employment: 10.000 Workers
Profile
1. Located at Simpang Empat Sub district and
Karang Bintang Sub district of Tanah Bambu
Residency
2. Land Areas 530 Ha
3. Base of Industry : Steel
4. Value of Investment : Rp 2,12 Trillion
5. Anchor Industry PT Meratus Jaya Iron and Steel
Progress
1. Has already have Master plan and Strategic
Plan of industrial estate
2. Facilitating the Government of South
Kalimantan to manage the industrial estate
since it is owned by the South Kalimantan
Government (not by private sector)
3. Facilitating the Tanah Bambu Residency
Government to map out the detailed spatial
plan
Actions
1. Build dock with JT: 750 m , depth :22 m
2. Build Alternative road system (about 15) km
from outer ring road
3. Develop integrated Masterplan of the city,
industrial estate, sea port, air port, trade
center, residency, and tourism area
4. Shifting land status from Protected Forest Area
to be an area dedicated for industrial estate
(On going process since 2014)
44
3.12. Ketapang Industrial Estate
(West Kalimantan)
Profiles
1. Located at South Matan Hilir Sub
district , Ketapang Residency
2. Land Areas 1.000 Ha
3. Base of Industry : Alumina
4. Value of Investment: Rp 4 Trillion
5. Anchor Industry PT. Well Harvest
Winning Alumina Refinery
Progress
1. Facilitating Government of Ketapang
Residency to adjust the Residency
Spatial Plan
2. Facilitating anchor industry to
accelerate the development of
industrial estate
3. Groundbreaking will be on
September 2015
LUAS (Ha)
PENGGUNAAN LAHAN
INDUSTRI
Ke Pelabuhan
01
13
04
12
Ja
n
la
Pr
op
in
si
tap
04
an
UMKM
e
(K
01
02
ANEKA INDUSTRI
61,44
03
INDUSTRI SEDANG
101,63
04
INDUSTRI BESAR
270,58
INFRASTRUKTUR KAWASAN
LUAS (Ha)
PENGGUNAAN LAHAN
INDUSTRI
25,41
UMKM
5,93
KEMENTERIAN PERINDUSTRIAN
DIREKTORAT JENDERAL PENGEMBANGAN PERWILAYAHAN INDUSTRI
DIREKTORAT PENGEMBANGAN FASILITASI KEINDUSTRIAN WILAYAH I
PENGEMBANGAN KAWASAN INDUSTRI
KORIDOR KALIMANTAN
05
PEMADAM KEBAKARAN
06
POWER STATION
10,70
07
FUEL STATION
12,45
GAMBAR
08
42,24
MASTER PLAN
KAWASAN INDUSTRI PAGAR MENTIMUN
KABUPATEN KETAPANG
25,4108
09
PERGUDANGAN
LIQUID STORAGE CENTER
10,12
(NUNUKAN, PANGKALANBUN DAN KETAPANG)
g-
ANEKA INDUSTRI
61,44
10
PUSAT PENGEPAKAN
INDUSTRI SEDANG
101,63
11
PENGELOLAAN AIR BERSIH
11,27
BATAS WILAYAH PERENCANAAN
INDUSTRI BESAR
270,58
06
12
PENGELOLAAN LIMBAH KERING
15,86
GARIS PANTAI
13
IPAL
17,23
Ke
02
03
04
nd
aw
an
ga
INFRASTRUKTUR KAWASAN
n)
FASILITAS PENUNJANG
25
5,93
05
PEMADAM KEBAKARAN
06
POWER STATION
10,70
07
FUEL STATION
12,45 25
PERGUDANGAN
42,24
08
09
LIQUID
STORAGE CENTER
Selat
Karimata
03
10,12
PUSAT PENGEPAKAN
11
PENGELOLAAN AIR BERSIH
11,27
12
PENGELOLAAN LIMBAH KERING
15,86
13
IPAL
17,23
FASILITAS PENUNJANG
22,92
14
PERUMAHAN
15
SARANA OLAH RAGA
2,94
16
PARKIR ANGKUTAN KARYAWAN
1,19
17
SARANA PERIBADATAN
3,83
21,69
18
AREA KOMERSIAL
19
KANTOR MANAJEMEN
2,52
20
MEDIA CENTER
2,16
21
PERKANTORAN
13,68
22
TRADE CENTER
2,68
23
CONVENTION CENTER
6,04
24
MEDICAL CENTER
3,70
02
25
7,11
10
05
07
01
25
25
JALAN DAN SALURAN
LUAS KAWASAN INDUSTRI
KETERANGAN
JALAN PROPINSI
LUAS (Ha)
PENGGUNAAN LAHAN
INDUSTRI
22,92
14
PERUMAHAN
15
SARANA OLAH RAGA
16
PARKIR ANGKUTAN KARYAWAN
01
17
SARANA PERIBADATAN
18
AREA KOMERSIAL
2,94
1,19
25,41
01
UMKM
02
ANEKA INDUSTRI
03
INDUSTRI SEDANG
04
INDUSTRI BESAR
61,44
101,63
270,58
INFRASTRUKTUR KAWASAN
3,83
05
PEMADAM KEBAKARAN
06
POWER STATION
21,69
07
FUEL STATION
08
5,93
10,70
12,45
42,24
19 23 KANTOR MANAJEMEN
20 22 MEDIA CENTER
09
PERGUDANGAN
LIQUID STORAGE CENTER
2,16
10
PUSAT PENGEPAKAN
24PERKANTORAN
11
PENGELOLAAN AIR BERSIH
13,68
12
PENGELOLAAN LIMBAH KERING
17 CENTER
TRADE
2,68
13
IPAL
21
21
18 22
20
19
25
23
24
2,52
15
16
CONVENTION
CENTER
25
6,04
14
14MEDICAL
CENTER
3,70
18
RUANG TERBUKA
HIJAU
25
08
25
217,40
TAMAN,
10 JALUR
09 MEDIAN,
HIJAU JALAN, BUFER, KOLAM
01
07
LUAS KAWASAN
03 INDUSTRI
117,12
1.009,90
Employment: 10.000 Workers
7,11
17,23
FASILITAS PENUNJANG
14
22,92
PERUMAHAN
Actions
2,94
15
SARANA OLAH RAGA
16
PARKIR ANGKUTAN KARYAWAN
17
SARANA PERIBADATAN
18
AREA KOMERSIAL
19
KANTOR MANAJEMEN
2,52
20
MEDIA CENTER
2,16
21
PERKANTORAN
13,68
1.
1,19
3,83
21,69
117,12
22
TRADE CENTER
2,68
23
CONVENTION CENTER
6,04
24
MEDICAL CENTER
3,70
RUANG TERBUKA HIJAU
02
11
25
TAMAN, MEDIAN, JALUR
HIJAU JALAN, BUFER, KOLAM
217,40
117,12
JALAN DAN SALURAN
04
1.009,90
LUAS KAWASAN INDUSTRI
2.
LUAS KAWASAN INDUSTRI = 1.000 Ha
(IZIN LOKASI PT. KETAPANG BANGUN SARANA)
12
217,40
10,12
11,27
15,86
1.009,90
JALAN DAN SALURAN
RUANG TERBUKA HIJAU
TAMAN, MEDIAN, JALUR
HIJAU JALAN, BUFER, KOLAM
7,11
13
SKALA 1 : 30.000
0
1.000
2.000
3.000 m
SUMBER PETA
1. Keputusan Bupati Ketapang No: 248/PEM/2013
2. Keputusan Bupati Ketapang No: 249/PEM/2013
3.
Build sea port as an entry gate to the
estate for unloading the industrial
products
Enhancing/ Upgrading the province
road in the surrounding area
Upgrading the access road from
industrial estate to the sea port.
45
3.13. Mandor Industrial Estate
(West Kalimantan)
KIM I
Profiles
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Progress
1. Land Area 306 Ha (Owned by Residency
Government)
2. Administrator for Industrial Estate has already
established
3. Coordinating the access road development from
Pontianak sea port to Industrial estate
4. Coordinating the acceleration of infrastructure
development inside the industrial estate, such as:
Power Plan, road, telecommunication, Waste
Treatment System.
Actions
1. Build axis road from industrial estate to Pontianak
KIM
II
POWER
STATION
PENGELOLAAN
AIR
BERSIH
MEDIA
CENTER
INOVATION
CENTER
KANTOR
MANAJEMEN
Mandor Sub District
Land Areas 306 Ha
Base of Industry: Rubber Processing
Value of Investment Rp 1,22 Trillion
Anchor Industry PT. Cakrawala Energi
Nusantara
PERKANTORAN
EXHIBITION
CENTER
PERKANTORAN
FUEL
STATION
AREA
KOMERSIAL
CONVENTION
CENTER
PARKIR
ANGKUTAN
KARYAWAN
MEDICAL
CENTER
PERDAGANGAN
SARANA
PERIBADATAN
PERUMAHAN
COMMUNITY
CENTER
PUSAT
PENGEPAKAN
07
PEMAKAMAN
INDUSTRI
KECIL
MENENGAH
INDUSTRI
KECIL
MENENGAH
INDUSTRI
KARET
INDUSTRI
KARET
INDUSTRI
KARET
ANEKA
INDUSTRI
ANEKA
INDUSTRI
ANEKA
INDUSTRI
ANEKA
INDUSTRI
PEMADAM
KEBAKARAN
INDUSTRI
SEDANG
INDUSTRI
SEDANG
INDUSTRI
SEDANG
INDUSTRI KARET
INDUSTRI KECIL MENENGAH
ANEKA INDUSTRI
INDUSTRI SEDANG
INDUSTRI BESAR
PERUMAHAN
INDUSTRI
BESAR
PARKIR ANGKUTAN KARYAWAN
INDUSTRI
BESAR
SARANA OLAH RAGA
SARANA PERIBADATAN
COMMUNITY CENTER
KANTOR MANAJEMEN
PERKANTORAN
PUSAT INOVASI
MEDIA CENTER
CONVENTION CENTER
EXHIBITION CENTER
AREA KOMERSIAL
PERDAGANGAN
MEDICAL CENTER
IPAL
PENGELOLAAN
LIMBAH
KERING
PEMADAM KEBAKARAN
POWER STATION
FUEL STATION
PENGELOLAAN AIR BERSIH
IPAL
PENGELOLAAN LIMBAH KERING
PUSAT PENGEPAKAN
KAWASAN INDUSTRI MANDOR II
KABUPATEN LANDAK
Employment: 33.600 Workers
TAMAN
PEMAKAMAN
RTH/BUFFER
Sea Port 34km.
2. Build water reservoir to manage the water from
mandor River for the purpose of industrial
activities..
4. Build tank farm for latex.
5. Build Electricity System from main road to
industrial estate (about 2 km) and build power plan
substation
6. Build Waste Treatment System
7. There are already potential investors plan to invest
in the area (PT Djarum and PT Sampoerna)
46
3.14. Jorong Industrial Estate
(South Kalimantan)
Profile
1. Located at Jorong of Tanah Laut Residency
2. Land Areas 6,370 Ha (including Swarangan
Pelaihari port 1 037 Ha)
3. Base of Industry : Steel & Agro Industries
4. Value of Investment :
5. Anchor Industry :
Progress
1. Facilitating the Government of South
Kalimantan to manage the industrial estate
since it is owned by the South Kalimantan
Government (not by private sector)
2. Facilitating the Tanah Laut Residency
Government to map out the detailed spatial
plan
Actions
Employment: 10.000 Workers
1. Facilitating to build sea port for industrial
estate
2. Develop integrated Masterplan of the city,
industrial estate, sea port, air port, trade
center, residency, and tourism area
3. Facilitating to map out the detailed spatial
plan outside industrial estate
4. Facilitating on assigning industrial estate
administrator
47
4. Development of Manufacturing Industrial Estate
Industrial Estates Standard, assures the quality of industrial
Estates according to Government regulations so it gives quality
certainty for industrial Estates in Indonesia
Industrial Estates Award, drives the management of
industrial Estates in improving the quality of industrial
Estates
Establishing industrial Estates as Objek Vital Nasional
Industri (OVNI) or National Industry Vital Objects
Halal Industrial Estates, gives the easiness for industrial
activities in searching for locations, facilities, and
infrastructures which comply to halal requirements. Halal
products are not associated with religion issue anymore,
but hygiene, health, and quality aspects
Eco Industrial Estate, minimize negative impacts from the
industrial development
48
VI. ENHANCE INDONESIA’S INVESTMENT CLIMATE
49
1. Significant Increase of Electricity Infrastructure in 2015-2019
Electricity Infrastructure Development in 2015-2019
Electricity Power Infrastructure
• Power Generator:
 Construction phase
7.4 GW
 Planning phase
35.5 GW
Total
42.9 GW
• Transmission
• Sub-station
46.600 kms
105 GVA
Capital expenditure requirements:
• PLN
• Private Sectors
Total
IDR 609 Trillion
IDR 580 Trillion
IDR 1.189 Trillion
To secure 6.7% of economic growth, with 8.8% of growth in demand for electricity, and
electrification ratio target of 97.2%
(Source: Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Republic of Indonesia)
50
Power Generator Sites Map of 35.5 GW and 7.4 GW Program
Sumatera
:PLN : 2.79 GW (23 unit)
IPP : 5.96 GW (49 unit)
Total : 8.75 GW (72 unit)
Sumatera
:
PLN
: 1.43 GW (14 unit)
IPP : 1.14 GW (18 unit)
Total : 2.57 GW (32 unit)
Kalimantan
:
PLN
: 0,92 GW (18 unit)
IPP : 0,96 GW (12 unit)
Total : 1,87 GW (30 unit)
Kalimantan
:
PLN
: 0.88 GW (28 unit)
IPP : 0.09 GW ( 7 unit)
Total : 0.97 GW (35 unit)
Sulawesi
:
PLN
: 2,02 GW (28 unit)
IPP : 0,68 GW (40 unit)
Total : 2,70 GW (68 unit)
Maluku
:
PLN
: 0,26 GW (18 unit)
IPP : 0,02 GW ( 4 unit)
Total : 0,28 GW (22 unit)
Sulawesi
:
PLN
: 0.33 GW (15 unit)
IPP : 0.14 GW (10 unit)
Total : 0.47 GW (25 unit)
Maluku
:
PLN
: 0.05 GW (5 unit)
IPP : Total : 0.05 GW (5 unit)
Papua:
PLN : 0.07 GW (8 unit)
IPP : Total : 0.07 GW (8 unit)
Maluku
Kalimantan
Sumatera
Papua:
PLN : 0,22 GW (19 unit)
IPP : 0,12 GW (17 unit)
Total : 0,34 GW (36 unit)
Sulawesi
Jawa-Bali:
PLN : 7,38 GW (19 unit)
IPP : 13,53 GW (76 unit)
Total : 20,91 GW (95 unit)
Jawa-Bali:
PLN : 1.21 GW ( 6 unit)
IPP : 1.75 GW (12 unit)
Total : 2.96 GW (18 unit)
Java-Bali
Papua
Nusa Tenggara
Nusa Tenggara:
PLN : 0,66 GW (16 unit)
IPP : 0,05 GW ( 9 unit)
Total : 0,70 GW (25 unit)
Nusa Tenggara:
PLN : 0.19 GW (15 unit)
IPP : 0.08 GW ( 6 unit)
Total : 0.27 GW (21 unit)
Indonesia:
PLN : 18,42 GW (232 unit)
IPP : 24,51 GW (260 unit)
Total : 42,93 GW (492 unit)
Program: 35,56 GW
On Going: 7,37 GW
PLN: State-owned Electricity Company
IPP: Independent Power Producers
(Source: Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Republic of Indonesia)
51
Transmission Requirement Map of 35.5 GW and 7.4 GW Program
Sumatera:
: 611 kms
70 kV
: 11.239 kms
150 kV
: 5.082 kms
275 kV
: 1.130 kms
500 kV
500 kVDC : 1.243 kms
: 19.305 kms
TOTAL
Kalimantan:
150 kV
: 7.703 kms
275 kV
: 180 kms
TOTAL
: 7.883 kms
Sulawesi:
70 kV
: 86 kms
150 kV
: 4.900 kms
: 4.986 kms
TOTAL
Sulawesi
Java-Bali
Java-Bali:
70 kV
150 kV
500 kV
500 kVDC
TOTAL
:
44 kms
: 8.431 kms
: 2.411 kms
:
300 kms
: 11.185 kms
: 237 kms
: 416 kms
: 653 kms
Papua:
70 kV
150 kV
TOTAL
: 304 kms
: 60 kms
: 364 kms
Maluku
Kalimantan
Sumatera
Maluku:
70 kV
150 kV
TOTAL
Papua
Nusa Tenggara
Nusa Tenggara:
70 kV
: 1.408 kms
150 kV
: 813 kms
TOTAL
: 2.221 kms
INDONESIA
: kV
70
: 2.689 kms
150 kV
: 33.562 kms
275 kV
: 5.262 kms
500 kV
: 3.541 kms
500 kVDC : 1.543 kms
TOTAL
: 46.597 kms
(Source: Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Republic of Indonesia)
52
2. Connectivity to be accelerated
Development Sector in
Connectivity
Miangas
Baseline
Target
2014
2019
New road
(km, total in 5 years)
1,202
2,650
New toll road
(km, total in 5 years)
807
1,000
5,434
8,692
Maratua
Singkawang
Muara Te we
h
Enggano
Pohuwato
Tojo Una-Una
Taria
Namniwe l
Ke rtajati
Moa
15 airports and 24 major seaports
location
63%
increase
National budget
for infrastructure,
from IDR 178 T in
2014 to IDR 290 T
(USD 24.2 B) in 2015.
USD
141billion
Investment
opportunities
in infrastructure
offered to private
sectors, 31% of
total investment
required in 20152019.
Ke nyam
Aboy
Railway (km)
Koroway
Batu
Seaport (location)
278
450
Port dwelling time (day)
6-7
3-4
Airport (location)
237
252
Flight on-time
performance (%)
75
95
Broadband coverage
(% of district)
82
100
210
275
23
32
24.2
19.2
Crossing dock (location)
Market share of urban
public transport (%)
Logistic cost to GDP (%)
Source: National Medium Term Development, Planning, 2015-2019, Bappenas, Dec 2014 & MoF, Feb 2015;
prepared by The Investment Coordinating Board of the Republic of Indonesia
53
3. Improving of Licensing
Investors submit and obtain permits exclusively at BKPM with time certainty & online
monitoring.
Investors
FRONT OFFICE
BACK OFFICE
BKPM Desk
BKPM Desk
Ministry/
Institution
Desk
Ministry/
Institution
Desk
Ministry/
Institution
Desk
Ministry/
Institution
Desk
Ministry/
Institution
Desk
Ministry/
Institution
Desk
Ministry/
Institution
Desk
Ministry/
Institution
Desk
1. Documents admission
2. Consultation
Call Centre in
Indonesia
0807-100BKPM
Electronic
Investment
Information
& License
Service
(SPIPISE)
Online System
Online System
Licenses are
processed
Online Monitoring (Servi ce Performa nce Moni tori ng Da s hboa rd)
Source: The Investment Coordinating Board of the Republic of Indonesia
54
22Ministries/institutions integrated in the investment one-stop service at BKPM
Ministry of Energy & Mineral Resources
10 licenses related to power & geothermal
Ministry of Environment & Forestry
35 b business licenses
Ministry of Industry
6 business licenses
Ministry of Agrarian and Spatial/National
Land Agency
Centralization of issuing land rights licenses
for foreign direct investment
Ministry of Defense
Stationed Liaison Officer for consultation
Ministry of Trade
5 licenses
Ministry of Agriculture
5 business licenses
Ministry of Health
9 licenses related pharmaceutical
production, medical equipment
production
Ministry of Tourism
9 licenses related tourism and
economy creative sectors
Ministry of Communications and Information
Technology
5 licenses related post management,
telecommunication and broadcasting
Ministry of Manpower
3 b business licenses and principal licenses
Ministry of Public Works & Public Housing
7 business licenses
Ministry of Maritime & Fishery
2 business licenses
Ministry of Education & Culture
2 business licenses
Ministry of Finance
Import duty facility for machineries,
goods, materials for production
Ministry of Transportation
7 business licenses
Ministry of Law & Human Rights
1 business licenses
Indonesian National Police
6 business license in safeguarding business
Supporting Institutions: Nat’l Food &
Drugs Control Agency, Nat’l Crypto
Agency, Nat’l Standardization
Agency, Electricity Company
Source: The Investment Coordinating Board of the Republic of Indonesia
55
Timeline of Investment One-Stop Service (PTSP)
Covering all national-level licenses by 2015(Q2) & integrating all regions by January 2017.
Launching
Online
Licensing
at BKPM
December
2014
January
2015
Tryout
National
PTSP
(15 Jan)
Launching
National
PTSP (26 Jan)
February – December
2015
Regional PTSP
24 provinces – 120
districts
2016
Regional
PTSP
34 provinces
561 districts
Progress
• 77 liaison officers from 22 ministries/institutions are assigned for faster handling and
providing consultation.
• 150 permits are processed at PTSP BKPM.
• 1,198 business fields are served at PTSP BKPM.
• Online application have been available for 15 licenses from BKPM and several ministries.
Licenses from other ministries/institutions will follow.
• Simplification of licensing process is in progress.
Source: The Investment Coordinating Board of the Republic of Indonesia
56
4. Debottlenecking of Investment Realization
5 cases with total value IDR 14 trillion (USD 1.2billion) are solved.
94 cases with total value IDR 478 trillion (USD 39.8 billion) are under facilitation.
BKPM as a Clearing House
Coordinating with related governmental institutions authorized in licensing process and mediation between
companies and related stakeholders
Obstacle
22 cases of land issues
26 cases of licensing at any levels
2 cases of forests land use permit
3 cases of tax holiday facilities
17 cases of regulation at technical
ministries
9 cases of regional government response
6 cases of raw materials issues
7 cases of electricity issues
5 cases of PPP scheme
1 case of copyright issue
Location
14 Wes t Java
5 Central Java
4 Ea s t Kalimanta n
9 Banten
2 East Java
3 North Sumatera
5 South Kal ima ntan
1 Jambi
10 Jakarta
3 Central Kalimantan
1 South Suma tera
1 Lampung
2 Bali
3 North Sulawes i
7 West Papua
3 North Maluku
3 Pa pua
2 Wes t Kalimanta n
1 West Nusa Tenggara
2 Riau Islands
1 Central Sulawes i
2 Yogyakarta
3 South Sulawes i
3 Riau
1 Southeast Sulawes i
7 unlocated
Sector
8 Fi s hery
4 Planta ti on
1 Furni ture i ndus try
3 Suga r i ndus try
13 Chemical a nd pha rma ceutical
12 El ectri city, gas and wa ter suppl y
11 Infra s tructure
7 Tra ns porta tion & telecommuni ca ti on
2 Textile indus try
2 Meta l , ma chi nery & el ectroni c industry
6 Trade and repair
4 Food indus try
4 Tourism
17 Mi ni ng
2 Real es ta te, i ndus trial area and offi ces
2 Other i ndus tri es
Source: The Investment Coordinating Board of the Republic of Indonesia
57
5. Investment Incentives Provided
 Investment in Indonesia is regulated by Presidential Regulation No. 39 of 2014 on List
of Business Fields Closed to Investment and Business Fields Open With Conditions to
Investment.
 Basically, a foreign investor is able to invest for 100% FDI, as long as it goes in
accordance with the provisions in Presidential Regulation No. 39 of 2014.
Tax Holiday
Tax Allowance
Tariff Waiver in Importing Machine and
Raw Material for Particular Industries
58
5.1. Tax Holiday
Who are the eligible beneficiaries??
Pioneer industries eligible for obtaining tax
holiday include:
1. Basic metal industries
2. Refinery and basic petrochemical
industries
3. Machinery industries
4. Renewable resources industries
5. Telecommunication equipment
industries.
Requirements:
 Pioneer industries;
 Minimum amount of investment: IDR
1 trillion (± US$ 110 million);
 New company (established after
August 15th, 2010;
 10% (ten percent) deposit of total
investment.
List of pioneering industries as intended above are specified
into list of industries which defined by Directorate General
of Industrial Development (Directorate General of Agro
Based Industry, Directorate General of Leading High
Technology Based Industry and the Directorate General of
Manufacturing Based Industry).
Incentives given:
 5-10 years income tax exemption
 50% income tax reduction for 2 (two) years.
59
5.2. Tax Allowance (1/2)
Who are the eligible beneficiaries??
This incentive is given to new investment or expansion of industries as follows :
I. Particular Industries
II. Particular Industries in Particular Regions
1.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Food Industry (chocolate and sugar confectionery
industry)
Textile Industry (manufacture of fabric for
industrial needs)
Coke and Refined Petroleum Products Industry
Chemicals and Chemical Products Industry
Pharmaceuticals, Medicinal Chemical and
Traditional Medicine Products Industry
Rubber and Plastics Products Industry
Basic Metal Industry
Fabricated Metal Products, Except Machinery and
Equipment Industry
Computer, Electronic and Optical Products
Industry
Electrical Equipment Industry
Machinery and Equipment Industry
Motor Vehicles, Trailers, and Semi trailers Industry
Other Transport EquipmentIndustry
Repair and Maintenance of Machinery and
Equipment
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Food Industry (processing and preserving of
canned fruit and vegetables industry, margarine
industry, coconut cooking oil industry, sugar
industry, etc)
Textile Industry (preparation of textile fiber
industry, carpets and rugs industry, and non
woven industry)
Leather and Product Leather and Footwear
Industry
Paper and Paper Product Industry
Chemicals and Chemical Products Industry
Non Metal Mineral Goods Industry
Other Tranportation Eqipment Industry (only in
East Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Maluku, Papua,
West and East Nusa Tenggara)
Repair and Maintenance of Machinery and
Equipment (only in East Java, Kalimantan,
Sulawesi, Maluku, Papua, West and East Nusa
Tenggara)
Treatment of waste
60
5.2. Tax Allowance (2/2)
Requirements:
Incentives Given:
1.
1.
30% reduction on net
(distributed in 6 years).
2.
Accelerated depreciation and amortization
3.
Income tax of 10% or lower for dividends paid to
offshore taxpayers
4.
Loss carry forward of 5-10 years depending on
following terms:
• + 1 year in a bonded industry zone
• + 1 year for employing at least 500 Indonesian
workers for five consecutive years
• + 1 year for investing at least IDR 10 billion
spending on economic and social infrastructure in
its business area
• + 1 year for spending of at least 5% of investment
within 5 years on R & D
• + 1 year for utilizing minimum 70% domestic raw
material on component in years.
2.
To companies established after
the enactment of PP 52/2011
(after 22nd December 2011)
 Fulfill the requirements in the
Appendix I or Appendix II of
PP 52/2011
To companies established before
the enactment of PP 52/2011
(before 22nd December 2011)
 Fulfill the requirements in the
Appendix I or Appendix II of
PP 52/2011
 Minimum investment: IDR 1
trillion (± US$ 110 million);
 Not yet reach commercial
production at the enactment
of PP 52/2011
income
of
investment
61
5.3. Exemption of Import Duty on Imported Machines/ Goods /Materials
This incentive is set in Minister Of Finance Regulation No. 76/2012 on Amendment to Minister Of
Finance Regulation No. 176/2009 on the Exemption of Import Duty on Imported Machines, as well
as Goods and Materials for the Building or Development of Industries in the Framework of
Investment.
import of
machines, goods
and materials for
the building or
development of
industries
exemption of
import duties.
a. have not been produced domestically;
b. have been produced domestically but they have not met
the required specifications; or
c. have been produce domestically but their amount has
not met industrial needs
Incentives provided for the Building/Expansion of Industries:
 Import duty exemption for 2 years
 Import period can be extended according to the period of time for the
building/development of industries as contained in the import approval
62
Indonesian Expectation
• Encouraging Japanese companies to invest in Indonesia
especially in 14 manufacturing industrial estates, especially
in industries as follows :
(a) Mining processing;
(b) Agro based industry;
(c) Construction machineries and heavy equipment; and
(d) Petroleum, gas and electric power;
• Japanese investors can build partnership with Indonesian
company;
• The targeted market is not only Indonesian domestic market
but also export market.
63
どうもありがとうございます
Director General for Industrial Region Development, Ministry of Industry
Imam Haryono, Ph.D., mobile : +62 812 9991444
email : [email protected]
64

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