monster oley sea

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monster oley sea
Teacher'sBook
Virginia
Evans- JennyDooley
Express
Publishing
Publishedby Expresspubtishing
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O
VirginiaEvans- Jenny Dootey, 2000
Firstedition1996
New edition2000
All rightsreserved.No part of this publicationmay be reproduced,storedin
a retrievar
system,or transmittedin any form,or by any means,electronic,mechanical,
photocopyrng
or otherwisewithoutthe priorwrittenpermissionof the Publishers.
Testsr"y'b" reproduced
withoutpermissionfor classroomuse onlv.
Note:
Thereare threetests in two versions.Each test is providedwith a marking
scheme
based on a total of 20 marks.
lsBN 1-84216-804-5
Contents
Unit 1
Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
5
6
8
Unit 1: Part 1
Unit I
I
Unitl-Part1
Warm-upActivities:Part 1 (p. 6)
.
(Suggestedanswer)
Sports eg.
team, coach,match,pitch,tenniscourt,swimmingpool, bicyclerace,basketball,football,stadium,
Olympics,medal,trainingprogramme,rowing,footballstrip etc.
As an alternative T draws on the board the following spidergram and wiltes down some words related
to the topic (sports), then T asks Ss to come up with words related to each sport.
linesman
team
coacn
feree
racket
court
umpire
match
| -/
\l#l
football
grouno
cyclist
flagsman
bike races
rane
\
Tourde France
linesman
Olympics pool
I
trophy
b""l*tdt
1-
rereree
coacn
.
(Suggestedanswer)Thetextcouldbe aboutcycling,racing,a cyclingchampionshipetc becauseI can seecyclists
competing.As an extensionT can ask Ss to report on the most popular racesin their countrythen comment on the
dangersinvolved.e.g. RallyAcropolisis held everyyear in my country.Many driverscompete in it. lt's quite
dangerousthough, becausethere are lots of inluries.
.
a. True
b. False
c. False
d. True
Reading Task: Part 1 (p. 6-7)
1. E
2.H
3.8
4. 1
5.F
6.A
7.C
VocabularyExercises:Part 1 (p. 8-9)
(lf Ss have difficulty explaining the words T should help Ss
by elicitingthemeaning.Thesewordsaretestedin thenext
/essonafter Ss have read aloud the relevantbrt. The same
instructionsapply to Ex. 2 in all units.)
1. favourites - those expectedto win
compete in - take part in a competition
heading off - going somewherein particular
tendon - body tissuethat joins musclesto bone
paths - linesof direction
heightened - made more intense
suspense - excitementand anticipation
battle royal - grand challenge
calculating - able to arrangethingsto get what
you want
strengths - strong points
to dismiss - to reject,not consider
victory - completesuccess
desire - wish
objective - aim or goal
ambition - desireto succeed
equally - same as
2. f .
2.
3.
4.
in isolation
distinctive
altitude
highlighted
5.
6.
7.
8.
in anticipationof
obsession
on the sidelines
culmination
Unit 1: Part2
(Ssshou/dbe encouragedto memorisetheselext
relatedcollocations
and expressions.
T checksin the
next/esson.)
.
(Suggestedanswers)
GroupA 53; WillMiguelIndurainrestbefore
takingpartin theTourde France?
GroupB 53; No,he won't.
3 . 1 . to beat
4. far
7. to take
2 . complimentary5. a lifetime's 8. to dismiss
J.
to come
6. to win
9. a stepup
4 . 1 . oddsand ends
2 . put an end to
.t. to make ends meet
4 . dead end
5 . light at the end of the
tunnel
GroupB 54..ls winningtheTourde Francean
obsession
for Rominger?
GroupA 54;No,it'snot.
6. brought o an end
7. got the wrong end ol
the stick
8. at a loose end
GroupA 55; WillIndurain
takepartin morethanone
racein his preparation
for theTourde France?
GroupI 55; Yes,he will.
GroupB 56; DoesRominger
believethatIndurain
is capableof winningtheTourde France?
GroupA 56: Yes,he does. etc
(Ss do Ex. 5 on their own then T checks answers
givingleliciting definitions for all distractorsand
explaining the slight differences between the words
and how they are used.)
5. 1. train 2. alike 3. wounded 4. capacity
1. train (v) = to practisea sport regularlyin order
to improve,e.g. athletestrain daily
instruct (v) = to teach (instructsb to drive)
master (v) = to become expert at sth
discipline (v) = to train sb/oneselfin a skill,
behaviouretc.
2. like (prep) = similar(followedby a noun)
alike (adj) = similar
identical to (adj) : exactlyalike;havingno
differences.(However,we say: they are so
alikethat you can't tell them apart).
same as (adj) = (followedby a noun) identical
3. damage (v) = to harm sth (damagea car)
break (v) = to damage so that sth separates
into pieces (breaka glass,break your leg etc.)
spoil (v) = to ruin; go off (spoilthe broth,spoil
a child etc)
wound (v) = to hurt a livingthing (wounded
soldiersetc)
4. ability (n) = skittor power neededto do sth
capability (n) = power to do sth
skill (n) = abilityto do sth well
capacity (n) = abilityto hold an amount/number
of sth
6. 1. j
2.a
3.b
4.d
5.h
6.f
7.9
8.e
f.i
1 0 .c
Follow-upActivities:Part 1 (p. 9)
(Two cassettesare availabte with all reading fefs. f
should encourage Ss to listento the tape at home and
follow the lines of each text. This activityshould be
assignedin a///essonsand Tshoutdcheck Ss'oronunciation in each /esson.lt is extremetyimportantthatthis
activity should not be skipped in any lesson and T
should emphasize the need for Ss to become fluent
and pronounce words correctlv.)
Comprehension
Question/ AnswerContest
GrammarCheck:Part1 (p. 9)
(T refersSs to fhe GrammarReference Sectionfhen Ss do
the exercise.Thesame technique appliesto all Grammar
Checks.)
1 . a m g o i n gt o
2. will
3. Shall
4. will
5 . a m g o i n gt o
Unit 1 - Par t2
Warm-upActivities:Part2 (p. 10)
.
(Suggested answer) The articlecould be about the
sea, travelling,high speed trainsetc.
(T should ensure fhat Ss tisten fo the cassette with
books closed and anticipate the end of the story.)
.
(Suggested answer) The story could end with a fire
breakingout and the train being evacuated/ the
passengersbeing injuredand trapped in the tunnel
etc
ReadingTask: Part2 (p. 10-11)
8.
9.
10.
11.
A
B
B
A
( L n1 )
(Ln 3)
( L n7 - 8 )
( L n1 5 - 1 6 )
1 2 .B ( L n1 8 - 1 9 )
13.C (Ln 20-22)
1a.D (Ln36-38)
15.D (Ln38-40)
VocabularyExercises:Part2 (p. 12-1Sl
1. railwaycomplex- allthe buildings
on a railway
site
brand-new- completely
new
immigrationpoints- pointswherepeople
entering
a countryhavetheirdocuments
checked
loudspeaker- deviceto increase
thevolume
of someone's
voice
predictably- as onewouldhaveguessed
underground- metro,subway
- acrossthe EnglishChannel
cross-channel
undoubtedly- mostcertainly
Unit1: Part2
2. 1. d
2.n
3.b
4.e
-7
5.i
6.j
3. 1. expectations
2. attractive
3. unpredictable
1
8.c
On
1 0 .a
4. failure
5. Undoubtedly/Doubtless
6. requirements
4 . (Ss shou/d be encouraged to memorise these text
relatedcollocationsand expressions.T checks in the
nexf /esson.)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
halfway
to deal with
double-decker
the crossing
to hit
6.
7.
8.
9.
a crew
we shot back
a fire alarm
the cry of
5 . (Ss do Ex. 5 then T elicitslpresentsthe differences
between speak, talk, say or tell.)
'1.
tell
3. speak
5. talks
4. say
6. talk
2. speaking
etc/foroneself
speak: to sb/well/badly/English
talk: to sb about sth
say: sth to sb/that/goodmorningetc/one'sprayers/
a few words/so/no more/for certain/forsure etc
tell: sb to do sth/sbthat/sb how to do sth/thetruth/
a lie/sbthe time/sb one's name/astory/sba secret/
sb the way/onefrom another/sb'sfortune/sbsoi
the differenceetc.
6. (AfterSs have done Ex. 6 T checks answersgiving
eliciting definitions for all distractors.)
'I
. opportunity
z-
steering
3. requirements 5. rugged
4. recruits
A. occasion (n) = a particulartime when it's possibleto do sth
B . opportunity (n) : chance
luck (n) = successusu unexpected
D . fortune (n) = chance/luckusuallyaffecting
people'slives
2 . A . drive (v) = to operateand controlthe direction
of a vehicle(car,train, bus etc)
B . lead (v) = to show sb the way, esp by going in
f r o n t( e . 9 .t h e g u i d el e du s r o u n dt h e m u s e u m )
tour (v) = to make a journeyusuallyfor pleasure and to see placesof interest(e.9.tour of
France)
D . steer (v) = to directthemovementofa boat/car
(to steer a boat, to steer a car)
3 . A . requirement (n) = thing that is demanded/
needed
B . desire (n) = strongwish to have/dosth
request (n) = thing that is asked for
about
D . inquiry (n)= requestfor help/information
sth
4 . A . hire (v) = to givesb a job/position(hiresb, also
hire a hall/boatetc)
B . engage (v) = to arrangeto anPloY sb
recruit (v) = to find new peopleto join a company/organisation
1
D. dismiss (v) = to fire sb
5. A. smooth (adl) = havingan even surface,without rough patches
B. even (adj) = level,smooth,flat
C. crude (adj) = in its naturalstate,not refined
D. rugged (adj) = rough and uneven
7. a car - get in (to),get out of, drive,steer
a train - catch,miss,disembarkfrom, get on(to),get
off,take, drive
a plane - catch,miss,get on(to),get off,take, board,
d i s e m b a r kf r o m
a motorbike - get on, get off, ride,steer
a boat- miss,disembarkfrom, get on, get off, catch,
steer
a bus - catch, miss,get on to, get off, take, drive
a b i c y c l e - g e t o n ( t o ) ,g e t o f f .r i d e ,s t e e r
a ship - disembarkfrom, get on, get off, board
a taxi - catch,get in(to),get out of, take, drive,steer
8. 1. out
2. downwith
3. along with
9. 2. roar
3. purr
4. buzz
4. through
5. over
6. ahead with
5. howl
6. squeal
7. moo
7.after
8. quack 11.squeak
'1
9. neigh 2. chirp
1 0 .b a r k
F o l l o w - u pA c t i v i t i e s :P a r t 2 ( p . 1 3 )
( S u g g e s t e da n s w e r )
S A : l c " e : c : ' a . =: . : : a : : : : a - : : ' :
S 8 : W e t l c ( e : 3 : ' a , =3 , a : ' : : a ' = a q u r c K e swla y c ' : ' a , e ^ : e : :
S A ; I d u s et h e p r a n eo e : a - s e: : - :
means of transport.
S B ; T h a t ' st r u e .I d c h o o s el h e : a ' : - : - l y o u c a n s t o p w h e r e v e yr o u w a n i a - : : - . : . '
sceneryetc
(Suggested answers)
SA; l'd like to travelby plane becauseit s the fastest
means of transport.
SB; Well,actuallyI hatetravellingby plane. lt scares
me. I prefertravellingby car so that I can stop
whereverI want and enjoy the sceneryetc.
SA: Travellingby boat is slowerand more relaxing
than travellingby car.
SB; However,travellingby car is more convenient
than travellingby boat.
by motorbikeis more dangerousthan
SA.'Travelling
t r a v e l l i n gb y b u s .
SB: Yes,buttravellingby motorbikeis alsofasterthan
t r a v e l l i n gb y b u s .
SA; Travellingby plane is fasterthan travellingby
train.
SB; However,travellingby train is more economical
t h a n t r a v e l l i n gb y p l a n e .
SA: Travellingby taxi is more comfortablethan
t r a v e l l i n gb y b u s .
Unit 1: Part3
SB.'However,travellingby bus is lessexpensivethan
travellingby taxi.
SA.'Travellingby bicycleis less pollutingand more
leisurelythan travellingby car.
SB; Yes, but travellingby car is more convenientand
fasterthan travellingby bicycle.
SA.'Travellingby train is more reliableand pleasant
than travellingby bus.
SB.'However,travellingby bus is more economtcal
than travellingby train.
SA.'Travelling
by planeis fasterand more reliablethan
travellingby boat.
SB.'However,travellingby boat is less crampedand
more leisurelythan travellingby plane,etc.
GrammarCheck:part2 (p. 13)
1. which 2. where 3. whose
estatedeveloper- companywhichbuildson empty
sites
departmentstore- largeshopsellingvarious
products
employee- personwhoworksfor someone
checkit out - havea lookat it
refrigerator- appliance
usedto keepthingscold
heat- warmth
unique- oneof a kind
spray- coverwithsmalldropsof liquid
leisure- relaxation
powdery- havingthetextureof powder
microns- verysmallunitsof measurement
asserts- claims
chairlifts- chairswhichyou sit on to be carriedup a
hitl
fake - not real
4. who 5.why
Unitl-Part3
part3 (p. 14)
Warm-up
Activities:
T draws the following diagram on the board divided into
four sections,then elicitslrom Ss words relatedto natural
features,people, equip ment and structures Ibuitdinas.
NATURALFEATURES
2 . 1.
2.
3.
4.
steeland concrete
courtesy
insulation
whisked
5.
6.
7.
8.
nozzle
compressed
misty
steep
(Ss do Ex. 3 on their own then T exptainsleticlfs
the
meanings of the highlighted words.)
1. convert
2. persuade
3. influence
4. convince
convert = change into
persuade = cause sb to believesth
influence = affect
convince = make sb feel certain
4. (Ss should be encouraged to memorise these text
related collocationsand expressions.T checksin the
next /esson.)
1. experienced
2. skiing
3. to charge
ski instructor
chairlifts
4 . t o m i s so u t
5. sandy
6. entrance
5 . 1. base 2. internal
3. well-off
7. ski
g. to spread
9. scientific
4. forbid
(Suggested answers)
6 . (Ss do Ex. 6 on their own, then T exptainslelicits
Indoor activities:squash,tennis,boxing,basketball,
the definition of each word.)
snooker,swimming,ice hockeyetc
1. tenant
3. native 5. inhabitants
Outdooractivities:football,rugby,tennis,basketball,
2. residents
4. citizen 6. dwellers
hockey,skiing,horse ridingetc
tenant = personwho pays rentto a landlordto use a
a. No
b. No
c. yes
d. yes
house,room, flat etc.
residents = someonewho livesin a place perma_
ReadingTask: Part 3 (p. 14-1S)
nently
native = local inhabitant
1 6 .E
1 7 .G 1 8 .D . t 9 .H
2 0 .A 2 1 .F
citizen = personwho haslull rightsas a memberof a
country;personwho livesin a town
part 3 (p. 16-17)
VocabularyExercises:
inhabitant = perSonlivingin a place
dweller = person livingin a specifiedplace (used
1 . head off - set off for somewhere
e s p e c i a l l yi n c o m p o u n dn o u n s )
slope - area raisedabove the oround
excursions - outinos
Unit 1: Part4
7 . 1. speedtrap
2. Morehastelessspeed
3. fullspeed
4. highspeed
8 . 1. pants
2. boots
3. goggles
5. prckedup speed
6. at lightning
speed
7
fn qnocd
Unitl-Part4
rrn
4. poles
7. tift
5. slopes
u. Jump
6. instructor
Warm-upActivities:Part3 (p. 18)
.
(Suggested answers)
Follow-upActivities:Part3 (p. 17)
.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
D
RyosukeUematsu
Funabashi,a town 30 minuteseast of Tokyo
$ 3 6 4m i l l i o n
Two
Restaurant,TV, swimmingpool, sauna
$3s
(T d.rawsthe following diagram on the board divided
intofour sectionsthenhe lshernvifesSsto come u.pwith
as many words as posslb/e relatedto pertormances.)
Pavarotti
rehearsal
stage
opening
srnger
ptay
orchestra
dress rehearsal
(Suggested answer)
The world'slargestindoor-skifacilityhas been builtin
Funabashi,Japan,a town 30 minuteseast of Tokyo
by train.The resortcost $364 millionto buildand has
two ski slopes- one for beginnersand one for more
experiencedskiers.The managerof the resort,Ryosuke
Uematsu,saysthatto get the same high-qualitysnow
elsewhere,one would haveto travelto the mountains
of northernJapan.Whilewaitingto ski, visitorscan
eat,watchTV,swim or sit in a sauna.The entrancefee
r s$ J 5 .
.
(Suggested answer)
Academv Awards
SNOES
director
Nureyev
GrammarCheck:Part3 (p. 1Z)
4. mustn't
5. didn'tneedto
6. needn'thave
oancer
prem
I l i k eg o i n gt o t h e c i n e m as o m e t i m e si ,ft h e r ei s a g o o d
f i l m s h o w i n g .I a l s o l i k eg o i n g o u t f o r c o f f e ew i t h m y
friendso
, r p l a y i n gb i l l i a r d so r v i d e og a m e s .e t c
.
Lastsummer I visitedthe resortof Brighton which rs
on the south coast of England,fifty milesfrom
London.Apartfrom swimming in the sea,therewere
plenty of things to do, likego to the funfair,visit the
D o l p h i n a r i u mw
, a l k a l o n g t h e p i e r ,v i s i t B r i g h t o n
Pavilion,and ride on Volk's Railway,a mini-train
that
runs along the seafront.At night there were many
differentforms of entertainmentto choosefrom.
Thereare a lot of night clubs, or you can go to the
theatre, or to see a film at the cinema. We stayedat
t h e G r a n dH o t e l ,a l u x u r i o u hs o t e l o nt h e s e a f r o n tb, u t
there are also dozens of smaller hotels or bed and
breakfaststo stay in, which are cheaper.
1 . n e e d n ' th a v e
2. needn't
3 . d i d n ' tn e e dt o
ballerina
aF
bF
cT
dF
R e a d i n gT a s k : P a r t 4 ( p . 1 8 - 1 9 )
22. F
23. B
24. D
zJ.
t\
2 6 i 2 7 .G . H . i n a n y o r d e r
2 8 1 2 9 . 8G
. , inanyorder
3 0 / 3 1 .C , D , i n a n y o r d e r
32133.A, D, in any order
3j *
35 C
VocabularyExercises:Part4 (p. 20)
1 . m e m o r a b l e- t h a t w h i c hw i l l b e r e m e m b e r e d
blend with - are mixedwith
delivered with - performedwith
vocal coach - singinginstructor
m a n i p u l a t i n g- c o n t r o l l i n g
tames - makes sth manageable
swallows - moves sth from mouth to stomach
opaque - not transparent
twinkle - sparkle
a n g u i s h - m i s e r y t, o r m e n t
to pursue - to follow
animates - bringssth to life
coarse - rude/withoutmanners
F
f
ExamFocus:Unit 1
2. (BeforeSsdo Ex.2 T asksSsquestionsabout Batman
as warm-upe.g. Haveyou seen "BatmanForever?"Did
you enjoy it? Wouldyou like to go and seeit? etc. Then
Ss do Ex. 2.)
1.
2.
3.
4.
cast
winner
villains
evil
5.
6.
7.
8.
plot
9. director
sensational '10.captures
breathtaking 11.masterpiece
'12. contemporary
passion
ExamFocus- Useof English:Unit 1 (p. 21)
(Part 2 is a modified open-cloze consistingof 1S
blanks to be filled in with one word each. Emphasrsis
placed on grammar and vocabula4z.Ss read the text
onceto getthe gistof thetext,thenre-readandfill inthe
mlssrng words. Ss read the text once more to see if the
text makessense and check for spelling mistakes.)
Parl2
3 . (Ss shou/d be encouraged to memorise these text
relatedcollocationsand expressions.T checks in the
nexf /esson.)
'1. gift
a
4. overflowing 7. climbed
2. a memorable 5. major
8. to die
3. performing
6. eccentric
9. vocal
4. (Ss do Ex. 4 on their own, then T elicitslexplainsthe
meanings of the highlighted words.)
1. toact
2. to play
3. toperform
4. to execute
5. toperform
6. to execute
act : performa part in a play or film; be an actor/
ACTTCSS
play = take part in a game
perform :
1) do as one has agreedto do (e.g.
performan operation); 2) act and play, play music
execute = performa task (e.9.executea plan)
1 . over
6. but
which/that 7. thoughts/ones
who
8. themselves
4 . from
9. that/which
5
more
10. so
Z.
(Part 3 conslsfs of 10 discrete lfems with a lead-in
sentenceand a gapped responseto complete
using a given word. Grammarand vocabularyare
tested in this part. Ss read the lead-in sentence and
the given word and think how it can be usedgrammatically in the gapped response,then write their answers,
keeping the meaning similar to that of the lead-in
sentence. Ss haye to keep in mind that they must use
tuvoto five words (the given word counts) to fill in the
secondsentence.Ss re-read theirfinalanswerschecking for correct spelling and grammatical accuracy.)
Follow-upActivities:Part4 (p. 20)
.
(T should write on the board useful vocabulary for fitm
reviews, e.g. the film is set in, the film is called, it telts
the story of, it's a love storylscienceiictionlcomedy
etc, lt is well directed, the plot centres on, I can
thoroughlyrecommend, the plot is ratherunconvincing, it's a masterpiece of its kind, etc.)
(Suggested answer)
The film "Senseand Sensibility"starringEmma
Thompsonand Hugh Grantand directedby Ang Lee,
is a romanticfilm adapted{rom the book by Jane
Austen.
It tellsthe story of two sisterswho are completely
differentin character,and their experienceswith the
men they love.
"Senseand Sensibility"managesto recreatethe
atmosphereof early 19thcenturyEngland,which
helps the film-goerto understandthe reasonsfor
someof the characters'actions,and is bothhumorous
and moving.Althoughthe Jilmis not particularly
excitingin terms of action,it is dramaticenough to
keep you wonderingwhat's going to happen next.I
can thoroughlyrecommendgoing to see it if you feel
likea changefrom modern-dayviolentand shocking
films.
10
11 . b e
12.able/taught
1 3 .b y
14.these/such
1 5 .l i k e l y
Part3
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
. . . d i d n o t f i n d t h e s t o r y. . . .
. . . q u i c k e ra t t y p i n gt h a n . . . .
. . . h a v i n gt r a i n e d. . . .
. . . u n t i lt h e c h i l d r e nl e f tb e f o r e. . . .
. . . a d i a m o n dr i n g w h i c hw a s . . . .
. . .w a s r u n o v e rb y . . . .
. . .w o n d e r e dw h e t h e rs h e w o u l d e v e r . . . .
. . . a p o l o g i s e df o r b e i n g . . . .
. . . s t a n db e i n g l a u g h e d. . . .
. . .t o b r i n gu p a c h i l d. . . .
Prepositions
(Thisexercisewillalways beassignedasHW.T checks
the answersand in the next /esson helshe checks the
exercise usually with closed books.)
e.g. T:
close your books
to be _isolation
57;
to be in isolation
T:
to come _an end
52;
to come to an end
etc.
1 . in
z . to
6. for
7. o l
on
8. in
4 . with
9. of
a b o u t 1 0 .o f
11. atlfor
1 2 .b y
1 3 .o n
'14.
in
1 5 .o f
'16.
of
'17.
on
1 8 .a t
1 9 .a t
20.in
2 1 .o t
22.in
23.with
24. oflltor
25. of/about
ExamFocus:Unit 1
ExamFocus-Listening(Part1):Unit1 (p.221
(Part 1 focuses on understandingmain points,Iocation, roles, function, attitude, feelings, opinions,intentions etc. /f conslsfs of eig ht s ho rt unreIated extractsof
about 30 seconds each,followedbythree option multiple choice questions. Whilelistening forthe firsttime,
Ss /ook out for key words related to one of the three
choices, paying attention to what is heard because
these key words may be included in the incorrect
choice. While listening to the extracts agarn, Ss
check their answers.)
Partl
1.A
2.8
3. A
4.C
5. B
6.C
7.4
o.u
Part 1
You'll hear people talking in eight diflerent sltuafions.
For Questions7 fo 8, choose fhe besl answer,A, B
or C.
1. You will hear a boy talking aboul sporls. Which sport
does he mostlyplay at the moment?
A volleyball
B football
C hockey
Boy; Well, I haveto say I was mad about footballfor
a while and I stilllike it of course,but I've been really
into volleyballfor the past three years.l've been
thinkingabouttakingup hockeylately,but my friends
all say it'sa boringsportand to stickto what I'm good
at. I'd reallylike a bit of a changethough.
2. You will hear someone talkingabout the weatherin
London at Christmas.Whatis the weathernormallv
like?
A snowy
B dull
C sunny
Woman: Most people think we always have a white
l e t h e d a y ! | m e a n ,y e s ,
C h r i s t m a si n E n g l a n dT. h a t ' l b
of course there's snow in Scotland - well, in the
Highlandsanyway- but to be honesteveryChristmas
that I can remember has been your average dark,
miserableday. There'sthe odd ray of sunshinenow
and then, but generallyit's just gloomy.
3. You will hear tvvogirls discussrng what to do on
Saturdaynight. Where do they decide to go?
A the local disco
B the cinema
C the roller-skating rink
Anna.'Well, I suppose we could go to the cinema.
What'son at the moment?
Fiona:Oh, that film with WilliamHill.I'd like to see it,
but you're not keen on him,
Anna; Not really.How about the disco around the
corner?
F i o n a :M a y b e . . .o. r w e c o u l de v e ng o t o t h en e wr o l l e r skatinorink in town.
Anna.'Let'sstick with havinga good dance instead.
4 . You work in an office where you overhearthe following
conversation.Whatis the boss worried about?
A the company'sfinancialposition
B his speech at the board meeting
C his dinner guests
Boss; Well, Mary,I'm just not sure what to do about
tonight. I've got that speech to give at the board
meetingand then I'vegotto rushstraighthome.We've
g o t p e o p l ec o m i n gf o r d i n n e r .
Mary: So what's the problem?
Boss.'Welloneof the guestsis afinancialdirector,and
a very important one, and another is a university
professor.How can I keep them entertained?
Mary: \Nell,I think .... (fadeout)
5 . Llsten fo thisactor talkinoabout his life. Wheredid he
meet his wife?
A at a shooting gallery
B at a cinema
C on a film set
Actor: You see,l'd justaboutcompletedthe film"Dark
Dance"and, er - well, it was kind of strangehow we
met. We'd been shooting all day and I decided I
wantedto seea movie.lt was "TallBoys"- somebody'd
recommendedit. Anyway,just as the Jilmstartedthis
woman sat nextto me and sort of - | don't know how
it happened- spilledher coke all over me! And that's
how we got to know each other.
6 . Listento this woman talkingabout her car. Whyis she
happy with it?
A lt is an antique car
8 /t ls a nice colour
C /t is reliable
Woman:ActuallyI'vehad this car for nearly20 years.
I know it'sa bit old and there'sa lot of ruston it. lt's not
very fast either,and it doesn'teven look that good - |
mean,the colour'scompletelyout of fashion,isn't it?
But it does get me from A to B and back again- in fact
it's never let me down, and that'swhy I keep it.
7 . You will hear a reporter talking about earthquakes.
When did the one in Mexico take place?
A lastweek
B three months ago
C lastyear
Reporter;Well,if you think back to last year, you'll
rememberthat terribleearthquakethat struck Kobe,
Jaoan.And then there'sthe more recentdisasterin
MexicoCity which shook the capitala week ago and
measured6.5 on the Richterscale. However,these
two are nothingcomparedto the quakethat hit one of
Mexico'sneighboursabout 12 weeks ago, causing
thousandsof ... (fadeout)
1'l
Exam Focus:Unit 1
8. You overhearthis conversationbetvveentwo
colleagues. Whatare they looking for?
A a briefcase
B a reporl
C a computer disc
Paul: I know it's heresomewhere.I put it down wnen
I w e n tt o h e l pD o u g d n d . . .
Diane: Have you looked in your br.iefcase?
Paul: My briefcaseisn't here - | left it behind this
morntng.
D i a n e :O h , r i g h t .O h , n o ! T h e f i n a lr e p o r t ' si n i t ,
isn't it?
Paul: I'm not worriedaboutthat - we'vegot copiesof
it. lt's the stuffwe haven'tevenprintedout I'm worried
about.
ExamFocus- Speaking:Unit 1 (p. 23)
Part 1
(Part 1 /asls abouf four minutes and has to do with
socialisingand giving personalrnformation.Ss should
be able to talk about themse/yes for about two
mtnutes-)
part 2
(Part 2 /astsabouf four minutesand focuseson
exchangingpersonal and factualinformationbased
on given visual prompts. Ss are given tvvocolour
photographs each and they have to talk about them
in relation to themselves without being interrupted
and helped by the T. Theyare also askedto
comment brieflyon each other'spictures.)
(Suggested answers)
PictureA showssb showjumpingwhereaspicture B
shows a motor race. Both pictureshave to do with
professionalcompetitivesports.
I'd preferto watchshow jumpingas I love horsesand
I think it is very exciting.
N o , I d o n ' t t h i n k p r o f e s s i o n aslp o r t s m e ns h o u l d b e
p a i d h i g h l yb e c a u s et h e y a r e s u p p o s e dt o p r o m o t e
the sport they play,without becominggreedy.
Yes, I would liketo be a professionalsportsmanas t
would liketo be able to play my favouritesportall day
insteadof sittingin an office.I enjoy being active.
Picture C is of a masked play whereas picture D
s h o w sa c h o i rs i n g i n g .
l'd preferto go and watchthe play,becauseI thinkthe
actorslook very funny in their masks.
Yes, I can play the clarinet.I practiseeveryday and I
have a lessononce a week.
I would like to have music and drama lessons at
school, becauseI think they're an importantpart of
e d u c a t i o nI.w o u l dl i k et o s i n g i n a c h o i r ,a n d a c t i n a
play with my school friends.
12
ExamFocus- Writing:Unit 1 (p.Zq)
(T presentsthe theoryand it is importantfhatSs shou/d
memoriseall outlines.T checksthem next lesson.The
same technique appliesto all writing sectlons of fhis
book.)
1 . 1 . M o d e l1
2 . M o d e l2
3 . - ' M o d e l1
4 . M o d e t 2 7 . M o d e t 2( s t o r y ) ,
5. Model2
M o d e l1 ( f a c t u a l
6 . M o d e l1
report)
2 . (Suggestedanswer)
Trafficin London has been disruptedall day due to
striking bus drivers.Traffic is being monitored by
p o l i c eb
, u t m a n ym a i nr o a d sa r es t i l lb l o c k e dc, a u s i n g
long tailbacks and (a number of) accidents nave
alreadybeenreported.The mainreasonsforthestrike
are the growingnumberof attackson driversand the
bus company'srefusalto providethem with greater
protectton.The drivers' union has demandeo an
increasein the numberof securitystaffemployedby
the bus company.An emergencymeetingwas called
b y t h e b u s c o m p a n y ' sm a n a g e m e n t h i s m o r n i n g ,
which resultedin an offerto hold talkswiththe drivers'
u n i o n .B o b B r o w n ,h e a do f t h e d r i v e r su' n i o n ,w a r n e o
that more strikeswould take place if management's
promiseswere not fulfilled.
3. Height: short,medium-height
Build: tiny, slim, muscular,overweight,plump
Face.'oval,long, freckled,ugly, attractive,wrinkled
E y e s ; b l u e , d a r k , b r o w n ,a l m o n d - s h a p e ds,l a n t i n g ,
oval, attractive
Nose.' straight, upturned, long, broken, crooked,
Roman
Hair: short,straight,dark, brown, wavy, blond, long
Clothes.' shabby, elegant, attractive,fashionable,
wrinkled
4. 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
reliable
unstable
lazy
boring
optimistic
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
patient
intelligent
generous
lively
practical
5 . (Suggested answers)
Malcolm is very reserved; he never expresseshis
emotions.
Mary is a sensible girl.She would neverdo anything
stupid.
Jane is extremelyselfish; she neversharesanything.
The policemanwas very helpful, and told me how to
g e t t o B u c k i n g h a mP a l a c e .
Jamesis so unreliablethat you can neverdepenoon
h i mt o b e o n t i m e .
Charlottecan be silly attimesand actsjust likea child.
My son is very honest; he alwaystellsthe truth.
Ann can be unpredictableat times- you neverknow
w h a t s h e ' sg o i n gt o d o
Michaelis very serious, he hardlyever laughs
Exam Focus: Unit 1
It was dishonest of you to blame Clarrewhen rt was
you who had crashedthe car,
Brianis so pessimistic;he alwaysthinksthe worst is
going to happen.
Liz is a sociable person;she enjoysthe companyof
other people.
Tom is witty and fun to be wlth becausehe always
finds somethingcleverto say.
Danielis alwaysamusing and makeseveryonelaugh.
Lucy is a pleasant girl, she's nice and easy to get
along with.
Keith is ratherdull; all he talks about is his stamp
collection.
Her baby is very curious; she is interestedin everything that goes on around her.
Edward is fairly naive for his age; there are a lot of
t h i n g sh e d o e s n ' tk n o w .
6 . (Suggested answers)
Sentencesare not expandedupon, writingdoes not
"flow".
Very few personalcommentsand feelingsincluded.
Outlinefor descriptionof person not followed.
Paragraphsare not developed.
All adjectivesclusteredtogetherwith no justification
given for each adjective.
Negativequalitiesaren'tsoftenedby using mild
language.
a) unfriendly/shy:becausehe wasn't speakingto
anyone
patient/tolerant:he neverhurriesyou or gets
angry if he's kept waiting
kind: he oftenfeeds straydogs and cats
careless: often makes mistakesat work
n e v e r r u d e : h e l p sa l l t h e c u s t o m e r si n t h e
bookshoo
b) The fourlh paragraph
c) The last paragraph
(As an extensionT can ask Ss to writeabout a person
they admire following the outline on p. 26 S's Book.)
(Note: staticsuggest no movementat all)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
static
static
moving
static
moving
static
7. static
8. static
9. moving
1 0 .m o v i n g
11 . m o v i n g
1 2 .m o v i n g
13. static
14. moving
1 5 .s t a t i c
1 6 .s t a t i c
1 7 .m o v i n g
1 8 .s t a t i c
a . 1 .a l o n g
2. Behind
3. up
4. covered
5. rise
6. From
b. beautiful,perfect,fragrant,fresh,colour.ful,
busy,
d e l i c i o u st,h i c k ,o l d , w o o d - b e a m e dp, e a c e t u r ,
noisy.
Para 1: Name and geographicalsituationof the
place.
Para 2: Reasonfor choosingthe place.
Para 3: Particulardetailsabout the place
Para 4: Feelingsand final thoughtsabout the
otace.
c
beautiful,fragrant,fresh,colourJul,struck,view,
d e l i c i o u ss, m e l l ,a r o m a ,p e a c e f u ls, i l e n c e ,
noisy activities.
d. (Suggestedanswer)
I come from Tavistock,a smalltown in southwest
E n g l a n d .l t h a s a p o p u l a t i o no f a b o u t3 , 0 0 0
p e o p l e ,a n d i s s u r r o u n d e db y t h e b e a u t i f ucl o u n trysideof Dartmoor.
Tavistockis a quiettown,and peoplewho areused
t o c i t y l i f em i g h tf i n d i t b o r i n g .I t h i n kt h a t i t i s a
lovelyplaceto relax.lt hasa gorgeoustown centre,
with lots of placesto eat and a traditionalmarket
a n d t h e r e a r e e n d l e s sw a l k s t o t a k e i n t h e s u r r o u n d r n gc o u n t r y s l d eT. h e p e o p l ea r e e x t r e m e l y
friendly,and if you prefercities,it is only twenty
milesawayfrom Plymouth.I thinkthat Tavistockis
a c h a r m i n gp l a c ea n d i f y o u l i k es m a l lt o w n sw h e r e
l i f ei s r e l a x e dt,h e n l ' m s u r ey o u w i l lt h i n ks o t o o .
9 . O p i n i o n :c h i l d i s hd, i s g u s t i n g
Size/Weight:enormous,light,little,heavy
Age: ancient,modern,new
Shape : round,flat, square
C o l o u r : p u r p l e ,r e d , b l a c k
Origin : SpanishB
, r i t i s hC
, hinese
M a t e r i a l :r u b b e r ,s t e e l ,m e t a l
1 0 . O l d s q u a r el e a t h e rs, m a l ld a r k l e a t h e rt,i n y r o u n d
m e t a l ,i n t e r e s t i n cgo l o u r f upl a p e r ,s m a l ls i l v e r
metal,new black plastic,lightweightgrey Japanese
(Asan extendon f asks Ss to describe other objects
e.g. g/asses,bag, chair. T wiltes these on the
board and elicits from Ss releyanl vocabulary
glasses; gold-ilmmed, biJocal /enses,bluelinted
bag: black, leather,suede, gold, metal squares
chair: wooden, varnished,hand-carved, Ieather, soft
(Ihen Ss write a paragraph including a descilption
of the objects.)
glasses: When my fatherarrivedhome yesterday,
he realisedhe had left his glassesat the office.He
calledhis secretaryand told her to look for a pair of
g o l d - r i m m e db, l u e { i n t e dg l a s s e sw i t h b i - f o c a l
l e n s e sw h i c h w e r e i n s i d ea b u r g u n d yh a r d - p l a s t i c ,
embossedcase and were probablylying on his
OCSK.
bag: When my sistersaid she was going shopping
I asked her to buy me a bag that I'd had my eye on.
I told herit was a blackleatherbag with brown,suede
patcheson it and small,gold, metalsquaresaround
thetop.
chair: When her motherwentto the auctionshe was
looking for a particularstyle of antique chair. The
chairwas wooden,varnishedand hand-carvedwith
QueenAnne legsand a soft brownleatherseat.She
bid the highestand was lucky to purchaseit.
't3
Unit2: Part 1
11.1.C
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
2.E 3.8
4.A
5.D
C isa factualreport,
formalstyle,useof passive
voice,onlyfacts.
E - story,informalstyle,detailedand chatty
descriptions.
B - story,informalstyle,chattylanguage.
A - factualreport,formalstyle,useof passive
voice,onlyfacts,highlevelof vocabulary.
D - factualreport,formalstyle,highlevelof
vocabulary,
onlyfacts.
't2. 1.8
2.E
3.D
4.F
5.C 6.A
7.c
(Suggested answers)
Story: The sun was shining as we got into the plane.
Robeftwas makingjokes. I could neverhave
guessedwhat was about to happen.
We'd been flyingfor about ten minuteswhen there
w a sa l o u db a n g ,a n d s m o k eb e g a nt o p o u ro u to f t h e
propeller.We were scared,but Robertpointedout a
placewherewe could land.The planewas difficultto
control,and we crashedviolentlyinto the ground.
Robert and I were knockedunconscious.We would
have died, but luckilya passer-bysaw the crash
and got us out just seconds before the plane exploded.
I'd neverfly again now. Incidentslikethat make you
realisehow valuablelifeis. The man was awardeda
medal for braverywhich he deserved:he could've
b e e n k i l l e da s w e l l !
Report: Two men were injuredlast Wednesdaywhen
their plane crashedinto a field in Dorset.
Luckily,they were rescued in an amazing feat of
braveryjust secondsbeforetheir plane exploded.
RobertJohnson(32)and SamuelWorthing(28)had
been in the air Jor about ten minuteswhen Robert
noticed black smoke pouring out of the propeller.
The controlsof the planestoppedworking,and the
plane was forced to crash-landin a nearbyfield.
LuckilyPhilipVickes(25)had seenthe incident,and
was able to drag the two pilots out o{ the plane
secondsbeforeit exploded.Philipwas laterawarded
a medalfor bravery.
"l'd never fly again now." said Samuel afterwards.
"lncidentslikethatmakeyou realisehow valuablelife
reallyis."Robertis alsosaidto be in a stateof shock.
(T reads the best compositionsaloud).
Unit 2
Unit2-Part1
Warm-upActivities:Part 1 (p. 30)
(Suggested answer)
.
The pictureshows some vegetables(carrots,
lettuce,tomatoesetc) and some fruit (apples,
grapes,etc).There'salso some brown bread and
some spaghetti.The text could be about healthy
eating.
.
Not much actually.I think that diabetesis causedby
t h e b o d y n o t p r o d u c i n ge n o u g hi n s u l i nt,h e h o r m o n e
that controlsthe amountof sugar in blood. Diabetics
haveto avoid eatingfoods containingsugar and fat.
a. F b. F c. T
d.T
e.T
f. F
ReadingTask:Part1 (p. 30-31)
1.A 2.C
3.H 4.c
5.D 6.8
VocabularyExercises:
Part1 (p.32-33)
1 . 1.
2.
3.
4.
14
hormones
insulin
pancreas
disorder
5.
6.
7.
8.
treatment
consumption
fibre
cornerstone
2. (Ss should memorise these text related collocations
and expressions.f checks in the next /esson.)
.1
. fat-free
4. starchy
7. to follow
2. daily
5. to generate
8. to control
3. to enjoy
6. short-term
9. weight
3. (Ss do Ex 3, then T elicitslexplainsthe four dlsfractors
of each sentence.)
1. control
2. reduce
3. rise
4. achieved
5. remove
6. treated
7. false
8. lean
1. check - to make suresth is correcte.g. an answer
f o r s p e l l i n gm i s t a k e s .
examine - to look at sth carefullye.g. under a
mrcroscooe.
control - to regulatesth
test - to try sth for a short while
2. reduce - to make smallerin size/quantity/amount/
degree
weaken - to become less strong
shrink - to contract
shorten - to make sth smallerin length
3. rise (rose-risen)(intv) - increase
raise (tr v) - to make higher
- (of problems,difficulties
arise (arose-arisen)
etc)
to occur
grow up - to become older and more mature
4. manage to do sth - to be successfulin doing sth
Unit2: Part2
acquire - to get
achieve sth - to succeedin doing sth aftera lot of effort
succeed (in) - to have been able to do sth
6
remove - to take away
delete - to rub sth out e.g. a line of writingon the computer
extract - to pull out e.g. a tooth/information
take out - to get e.g. a book from the library
treat - to deal with sb/sth in a particularway
behave - to act a certainway
use - to take advantageof sb
operate - to causesth to work e.g. a machine
artificial - sth that is not naturale.g. light from a lightbulb,flowers
fake - sth which is made to seem real e.g. a painting
false - sth which is not real eg. teeth
counterfeit - sth which has been made to make peoplethink it is real eq. monev
B . bony - extremelythin
skinny - underweight
thin - not fat
lean - with no fat
.1. 1.off
2.up
3. away
4.up
5. out
6.in
7. across
8. after
9. over
10. out of
weight
heart
the target
a train
2.d
3.e
4.a
11. away from
1 2 .i n t o
Ine's way
13.through
14.up against/into
the chance l u g g a g e t h e p l a n e
money
lose
mrss
6.1. c
5.f
6 b
Follow-upActivities:Part 1 (p. 33)
.
MEMORYQUIZ (Suggested answer)
should eat - low fat butterand cheese;fat-freemilk;
"diet"foods and drinks;artificialsweetener;fruit:
vegetables;beans;lentils;brown bread;brownflour;
h igh{ibre breakfastcereals
should avoid - sweets;chocolate;cakes; biscuits;
s u g a r ;w h i t eb r e a d ;b u t t e r ;c h e e s e ;c h i c k e ns k i n :
cookingwith largeamountsof fat
U n i t 2- P a r t 2
Warmup Activities:Part2 (p.34)
(Suggestedanswers)
.
I think that the two girlswere too afraidto stay alone
i n t h e h o u s e , e s p e c i a l l yC a r o l i n e ,s o t h e y t r i e d t o
persuade Mr. Helstoneto take them with him. Mr.
Helstonedidn't agree,and leftthem at home asking
them to lock all doors and not to open them to anyone. AfterMr. Helstonehad left,some soldiers
attackedthe house and took the two girls hostage.
A possibletitlefor the story is "Night of Terror."
.
You can have a burglaralarm installedand special
l o c k so n a l l y o u rd o o r sa n dw i n d o w sf i t t e d I. d o n ' tt h i n k
I would keep a weapon becauseI don't know now to
use one. Shirleywas giventwo pistols.Then the two
girls had supper and Carolinewas given a knife.
They didn't go to bed, but waited for somethingto
happen.A troop of men approachedthe house
makingthe dog bark. Carolinewas scaredto death.
Fortunately,
the troop leftwithoutattackingthe house
a n d t h e g i r l sd e c i d e dt o g o t o b e d .
(Suggestedanswers)
,
Havingdiabetesdoes not mean thatyou cannotlead
a normal life. lt is advisable to control your body
weightand weighyourselfweekly.tt is highly recommended that you eat a lot oJ fruit, vegetablesand
starchyfood. lt is appropriateto chooseto eat brown
breadinsteadof white,as well as high{ibrebreakfast
cereals.You should avoid eating cakes, biscuits,
sweetsand chocolateas they usuallycontain large
amountsof sugar and fat.
GrammarCheck:Part1 (p. 33)
.1
.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
have forgotten
to have arrived
have stayed
not to eat
have been working
be feeling
7. have come
8. to hire
9. have been
.10. get
11 . h a v e b e e n
1 2 . h a v eb e e n w a i t i n g
ReadingTask:Part2 (p.34-35)
7.
8.
9.
10.
B (Ln 3)
D ( L n9 - 1 0 )
A ( L n1 4 )
B ( L n2 0 - 2 1 )
1 1. D (Ln 26-28)
1 2 .B ( L n3 0 )
1 3 .A ( L n4 1 - 4 2 )
tc
Unit2: Part2
VocabularyExercises:Part2 (p. 36-37)
1. 1. guardian
2. fainted
3. disturbance
4. riot
5. tread
6. resumed
7. incidents
8. bolt
2. (Ss do Ex 2 on their own, then T while checking their
answers elicitslexplains all four distractors for each
senrcnce.)
1. A
2.8
3.A
4.8
5.C
6.D
1 . t r o u b l e ( n )- p r o b l e m s / d i f f i c u l t y
n u i s a n c e( n ) - s t h a n n o y i n g
anxiety (n) - feelingof nervousnessand worry
problem (n) - unsatisfactory
Situation
2. disturb (v) - to make sb feel worriedand upset
annoy (v) - to make sb feel slightlyangry
bother (v) - to cause problemsfor sb
frustrate (v)- to makesb angrybecausethey can't
finda solution
3. shiver (v) - to shake esp becauseof cold or
Ierror
tremble (v) - to shakefrom fear,cold, weakNESS EIC
stutter (v) - to say sth, esp the first part of o
word, with difficulty
shudder (v) - to shakewith fear
4. violently (adv)- creatingphysicaldamage
fiercely (adv)- with anger
stormily (adv)- being angry in a loud way
intensely (adv)- in an extremeway
5. storage (n) - placewhere one keepsthings for
futureuse
attic (n)- roomundertheroofof a houseforstorage
c e l l a r ( n )- r o o mu n d e rt h e g r o u n df l o o ro f a h o u s e
usu for storage
loft (n)- spaceunderthe roofof a housefor storage
6 . w a l k ( v )- t o m o v eb y p u t t i n go n e f o o t i n f r o n t otfh e
other
stride (v) - to walk with long steps
stroll (v) - to walk slowlyand rn a relaxedway
march (v)- to walkwithregularsteps(espsoldiers)
3. 1. behave 2. treat 3. behave 4. treat
4. (Ss should memorise these text related collocations
and expressions.T checks in the next /esson.)
1. to place
2. to watch
3. growing
5. 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
behaviour
possibility
disturbance
nervously
cautiously
4. went
5. to fall
6. to lean
7. to put out
8. the need
9. resumed
6. amazement
7. undoubtedly
8. interruption
9. courageous
1 0 .a r r a n g e m e n t s
(As an ertension Ss talk about a nastyexperience of
their own.)
16
6. 1. out
2. through
7. 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
do
do
make
do
make
3 . d o w nt o 5 . a w a y
4. forward 6. off
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
make
do
make
do
make
11. do
12. make
13. make
14. do
15. do
7. on
8. up
16.make
17. make
18. do
19. make
20. make
Follow-upActivities:Part2 (p. 37)
(Suggestedanswer)
I t w a s 2 . 3 0 i n t h e m o r n i n g .S a m a n t h aa n d P h i l i p
Matthewsand their three childrenwere asleep ups t a i r s i n t h e i r b e a u t i f u lb r a n d n e w h o m e , w h e n
Samanthawas woken up by a noise downstairs.
She nudged her husbandbut he was fast asleep,so
she decidedto go down and investigate.She slowly
crept out of bed and down the stairs.
When she got to the bottomof the stairs,she listened
out forthesoundagain,but it had stopped.As shewas
turningto go upstairs,she felta breezeon the back of
her neck and realisedthe living room window was
o p e n .S a m a n t h a
w a sa b o u tt o c l o s et h ew i n d o ww h e n
she realizedthe catch had been broken.That'swhen
s h e k n e ws o m e b o d yh a d b e e ni n t h e h o u s e .S h e r a n
. i t h i nm i n u t e st h e yh a da r r i v e da, n d
t o c a l l t h ep o l i c eW
c a u g h t s o m e b o d y r u n n i n ga c r o s s a n e i g h b o u r i n g
field.
T h e i rh o u s eh a d b e e n b u r g l e d ,b u t t h e c r i m i n aw
l as
caught and taken to court. She was very relievedto
hear that he was going to be put in prison.
Gr amm arCheck:Par t2 ( p.37)
(Suggestedanswers)
2. promise- She promised
to bringthe moneyshe
owedmethe nextday.
3. threaten- Shethreatened
to sackhim if he didn't
work harder.
4 . a l l o w - H e a l l o w e dh e r t o u s e h i s o h o n ew h e n e v e r
she wanted.
5. beg - He begged her to go with him.
6 . r e m i n d - H e r e m i n d e dh e r t o c h e c kt h e o a o e r s .
7. accuse - He accusedhim of vandalisingthe school
gym.
8. apologise - She apologisedfor damaginghis car.
9 . d e n y - H e d e n i e ds t a r t i n gt h e f i g h t .
1 0 . s u g g e s t- H es u g g e s t e dg o i n gt o P a r i st h a ts u m m e r .
11. invite - He invitedher to his party on Saturday.
12. warn - He warnedme notto go nearthe firebecause
I would burn mvself.
Unit2: Part3
Factors
Unit2-Part3
regularexercrse
a v o i dd r i n k i n ga n d s m o k i n g
leadinga stressfree life
have a balanceddiet
Warm-upActivities:Part3 (p. 38)
(Suggested answer)
.
.
.
I thinkthe treesin the oictureare olivetrees.Oliveoil
is produced by pressing olives. lt is then used in
cookingand salads.lt is mostlyconsumedin Mediterranean countries.Recent researchhas shown that
oliveoil is considereda "healthyfood." Countriesthat
consume a lot of olive oil have lower rates of heart
diseaseand longer life expectancy.
4 . (Ss shou/d memorise fhese text related collocations
and expressions.T checks in the next /esson.)
1. high
2. to live
3. whether
4. heart
5. to overcome
6. to take
7. hardly
8. the effects
9. confirms
4. useup
(Suggestedanswer)
5. 1. backup 2. showup 3. tie up
I thinkseasonalvegetablesand fruitare healthyto eat.
I also think that dairy productsare healthyto eat, but
t h e y s h o u l d n ' tb e c o n s u m e di n l a r g eq u a n t i t i e sT. o
help us live longer we should live in pollution{ree
environments,exerciseregularly,eat healthilyand
learnto relaxmore.
6. (Ss do Ex 6 then T elicitslexplains the meaning of each
distractor.)
a. T
b.F
c.T
1. B
ReadingTask:Part3 (p. 38-39)
2 0 .D
VocabularyExercises:Part3 (p. 40-41)
1. varied - not all the same
calories - unitfor measuringthe amountof energyin
food
lactose - a type of sugar found in milk
patterns - generaltrends
rates - how fast and how often sth haooens
puzzle - mystery
concerns - has to do with
carpenter - personwho works with wood
dessert - sweet food eaten at the end of a meal
walnuts - type of nut
formula - particularmethod/wayof doing sth
moderate - not extreme
fatty acid - essentialchemicalcomponentof fat
2. 1. consume
2. overcome
3. resist
3. 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
4. individual
5. process
6. vital
last/past
6.
which
7.
most
8.
taking
9.
can/could/does 1 0 .
7. average
8. ingredient
so
though/if
from
enough
be
11 . c a s e
1 2 .b e e n
13.from
1 4 .a n y
1 5 .t h e r e
3.A
4.8
1. study (n) - work for a set subject
research (n) - act of gatheringinformationfor a
project
report (n) - written account of sth
examination (n) - test
think (v) - to organiseinJormation
in your head
regard as (v) - consider
assume (v) - to guess sth from previousfacts
consider (v) - to decidewhetheror not to do sth
J.
confirm (v) - to make sure about
affirm (v) - to state that sth is true
assure (v) - to tell sb that sth is right
testity (v) - to give evidencein court
4 . show (v) - to make sth clear
indicate (v) - to show that sth will happen
clarity (v) - to explain
prove (v) - to give evidenceabout sth
d.F
1 4 .A 1 5 .H 1 6 .F 1 7 . E 1 8 .B 1 9 .|
2. D
7.
t.
z.
4. to
off
through 5. out
over
6. Jor
7. in with
8. on
9. behind
10. out with
Follow-upActivities:Part3 (p.+1)
(Suggested answers)
Good lor you - walnuts;drinkingwine with a meal;
yoghurt; cheese;vegetables;honey; fruit; olive oil;
salads
Bad for you - smoking; drinking wine in between
meals;fulljat milk; butter
You had better stop smoking; What about taking
some light exercise?;How about drinkingwine with
your meals only?;What if you startedcooking with
olive oil insteadof with butter?;Shouldn't you considerincludingmore{ruitand vegetablesin yourdiet?;
You could eat yoghurtwith honeyand walnutsas an
alternativeto ice-creamand cakes.;Why don't you
start drinking skimmed milk instead of the full{at
varietv?
17
Unit2: Part4
G r a m m arC h e ck:P a rt3 (p .4 1 )
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Despite
In spite of the fact that
although
yet
e v e nt h o u g h
6.
7.
8,
9.
10.
though
However
No matterhow
yet
but
Unit2 -Part4
(Suggested answers)
They were taken in and outsidehotels.The first picture showsan averagehotelwhereasthe secondone
s h o w st h e i n t e r i o o
r f a r a t h e re x p e n s i v eh o t e l .I t h i n k
the first hotel offersbasic facilitieswhile the second
hotel offersluxuriousones.
.
FamousHotels- The Ritz,The Rochester,
The Beverly
W i l t s h i r eT, h e D o r c h e s t e rT, h e H i l t o n :
P e o p l ew o r k i n g i n h o t e l s - r e c e p t i o n i sdt ,o o r m a n .
p o r t e r c, h a m b e r m a i dc,h e f ,w a i t e rw
. a i t r e s sb, e l l - b o y ,
manager
.
I p r e f e rl u x u r i o u sh o t e l sb e c a u s eI h a v e e x p e n s i v e
t a s t e s .l t ' s a n i c e b r e a kf r o m o n e ' s d a i l yr o u t i n e .l f I
w e r et o s t a yi na h o t e li n E n g l a n df o ra w e e k ,I ' dc h o o s e
a f r i e n d l yh o t e lb e c a u s ei t w o u l db e c h e a p e sr o I c o u l d
s p e n d m o s t o f m y m o r r e yv i s i t i n gm u s e u m sa n d
s e e i n gt h e s i g h t s .
(T draws the following spidergram on the board and
elicitsfrom Ss names of jobs related to a hotet.)
suite
lounge recreational
cook
barman
operator
poner
bar
restaurant
m a n a g e r receptionist
pool
prayroom
d i n i n gr o o m
.
a . T h e r e ' sn o c h a r g ea t a l l .
b . L o n gt e r mh o t e l s- b e c a u s et h e r ea r en o p r o p e r f i r e
escapesand they are locatedin an areanotorious
for crime.
c . B e c a u s et h e y a r e s m a l la n d f r i e n d l y .
d. lt is situatedin the heartof London.
ReadingTask:Part4 (p.42-431
2 1 1 2 2A
. ,B in any order
2 3 1 2 4A. , D i n a n y o r d e r
25. E
26. C
27.A
28. C
1B
1. 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
longterm
casual
unrform
suite
notorious
6. on a budget
7. discreet
8. impressive
9. complex
1 0 .a c c o m m o d a t i o n
2. (Ss should memorise fhese lext related collocations
and expressions.f checks in the next /esson.)
Warm-upActivities:Part4 @.A2)
.
VocabularyExercises:
Part4 (p.44)
29.C
3 0 / 3 1 .D , B i n a n y o r d e r
32. E
33. D
3 4 .C
35. D
1. to run
2. centrally
3. fairly
3. 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
4. tire
7. extra
5. a common 8. comfortably
6. reasonably 9. afully-stocked
high-class
chambermaid
lobby
porter
c h e c ki n
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
tip
reservation
continentalbreakfast
room service
air-conditioned
Follow-upActivities:Part4 (p. 441
(Suggested answers)
Advantages - Excellentsportsfacilities
- T h e r o o m sa r ef o r s i n g l ep e o p l e- n o
" s i n g l es u p p l e m e n ta" n d t h e r e f o r e
good for singletravellers
- comfortablyfurnishedrooms with
t h e i ro w n b a t h r o o m
- safe
- centrallylocated
- easy to meet people
- long term - you can stayfor months
or even years
- for both men and women
I would chooseto stay at the Dorchester Hotel
becausethe servicesthey provideare the best
available.The staff have to wear a uniformand are
trainedto be very discreetand professional.
Everythingis done in a very correctbut friendlyway
a n d I c o u l d d e p e n d o n e v e r y t h i n gb e i n g s p o t l e s s l y
cleanand in good workingorder.The factthat I could
relax In my room watchingtelevisionor enjoying a
drinkis veryattractiveto me as I likemy privacy.lt may
b e a h i g h - c l a shs o t e lb u t I d o n ' tm i n dp a y i n gb e c a u s e
the serviceis so good.
I w o u l d n ' tl i k et o s t a yi n o n e o f t h e l o n gt e r m h o t e l si n
King'sCross.As it is now an area notoriousfor
crime ratherthan an area with cheap hotelsfor rourists,I would feel very unsafethere.The accommooat i o n i s c h e a p b u t a l s o d i r t y ,d a m p a n d d a n g e r o u s .
D r u g d e a l i n gi s a c o m m o n f e a t u r ea n d t h e h o t e l s
rarelyhave fire escapes.Altogetherit sounds like a
dangerousplace,and I would neverchoose to srav
there.
ExamFocus:Unit2
ExamFocus- Useof English:Unit2 (p. 45)
(Part 4 ls a text containing errors. Some lines are
correctwhereasolherscontainan extraand unnecessary word which must be identified. Ss shou/d read
through the text to get an understanding of its general
meaning. Ihen Ss read the text agarn carefully line by
line to identify the unnecessary word (e.9. artrcle,
participle,conjunction,preposition,tense,etc).Ss tlck
any correct linesand write the unnecessarywords in
the correspondingspace. Ss read the textonce more
lo see if their answersare correct.)
Part4
1. The
2. ,/
3. called
4. ,/
5. for
6. as
7. ,/
8. with
9. been
1 0 .u p 1 3 ./
1 1 . , / 1 4 .m o s t
'12.on 15.the
(Part 5is a fext containingten gaps, each one corresponding to a word . The rootsof the mlssing words are
given beside the text and must be transformed to
provide the missing word. Ss read through the text to
get an understandingof itsgeneralmeaning.Ihen Ss
read the text and the given words again to determine
the missingword. Ss read once more to check if their
answersmake sense and are spelled correctly.)
Part 5
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
generally
luxurious
accommodation
expensive
services
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
reservation
manager
consideration
possibly
central
Prepositions
1. for
2.ot
3. on
4 . i n ,o f
5. on
6. at
7.
L
9.
10.
11.
12.
of
in
at
in
in
with
13. for
14. at
15.of
16. with
17. at
18. for/at
19. at
20. oI
21. on
22. for
23. inlol
ExamFocus:Listening(Part2): Unit2 (p.46)
(Part 2 is a monologue or text involving interacting
speakers.It I astsab o ut 3 min utes. Ss /istenthe li rst time
and fill in any gapsthey can. Ss /istenagaln filling in the
rest and checking their answers to see if they make
sense..)
9.
10.
11 .
12.
13.
14.
15.
Dunn
H e l oO u t
h e l p h o m e l e s sy o u t h
over 5 years
2 y e a r sa g o
personalexperience/involvement
with friend
f u n d - r a i s i n g / m a k i nmgo n e y
16. events/concerts
and dances
1 7 . t e l e p h o n em e s s a g el i n e ,H e l pO u t H o u s e / S h e l t e r
for homelessyouth
1 8 . d e g r e ei n b u s i n e s s
Parl2
Youwillheara girl being intervrewedabout her involvement in a local charity.For questions9 to 18,fill in the
journalist'snotepad.
Journalist: As you know, Ms Dunn,we're runninga
s e r i e so f a f t i c l e so n y o u n g p e o p l e ' si n v o l v e m e ni tn
l o c a ll i f e ,a n d w e k n o w y o u ' r ev e r y a c t i v ei n a g r o u p
c a l l e d e. r . . .
Dunn; lt's called Help Out, actually.We try to help
y o u n g p e o p l ew h o h a v e n ' tg o t p r o p e rh o m e s - y o u
know,runawaysand peoplewho haveno familiesand
t h a t .B u t i t ' s m a i n l yf o r t h o s e u n d e re i g h t e e n .
Journalist:So it's to help homelessyouth?And how
long has the group existed?
Dunn: lI was foundedin - er - well,it's overfiveyears,
anyway.
Journalist:Right.And how long have you been involved?
Dunn: Only about 2 years- not qurte2 years.
Journalist: Okay,fine. Now, what exactlymade you
d e c i d et o v o l u n t e e -r e r , t o j o i n t h i s g r o u p ?
Dunn; Well,it'ssorl of a longstory.You see,thisfriend
of mine ran away from home and, er - well, it was all
a m i s u n d e r s t a n d i nrge,a l l y b, u t s h e w a s t o o p r o u dt o
g o b a c k .A n y w a y w
, h e n s h e ' db e e ng o n ef o r a b o u t3
w e e k ss h e c o n t a c t e dm e ,a n d I w e n tt o s e e h e ri n t h i s ,
t h i s . . . w e l l ,s q u a t I s u p p o s e ,b u t i t w a s d i s g u s t i n g ,
f r e e z i n gc o l d a n d f i l t h y a
, n d I c o n v i n c e dh e rt o g e t i n
t o u c hw i t h h e r p a r e n t sl.t a l l w o r k e do u t a l l r i g h t ,a n d
I s a w y o u c o u l d d o s o m e t h i n gt o h e l p p e o p l ei n t h a t
s i t u a t i o ns, o l j o i n e d
Journalist: So it was, er, a personalexperiencethat
p r o m p t e dy o u ?
D u n n ; R i g h t ,y e s .
Journalist:And whatexactlydo you do for the group?
Dunn; Lots of differentthings,really- but mainlyI do
f u n d - r a i s i n ge,r , m a k i n gm o n e yf o r t h e g r o u p .
Journalist:\Nhichbringsme to my nextquestion- how
d o y o u r a i s em o n e y ?
Dunn: Mainlywe put on events- not salesand things
s o m u c h ,b u tc o n c e r t sa n d d a n c e sm a i n l y- t h i n g st h a t
i n t e r e syt o u n g p e o p l e .
Journalist:I see.Now,arethereany particularprojects
the group is rnvolvedin at the moment? Anything
y o u ' r ei n t h e p r o c e s so f d e v e l o p i n g ?
D u n n ; A c t u a l l y y, e s . O n e t h i n g i s , e r , a t e l e p h o n e
servicethat helpsyoung peopleget in touch withtheir
f a m i l i e sa, n dt h e o t h e rw a y r o u n d ,o f c o u r s e l. t ' sa k i n d
o f t e l e p h o n em e s s a g es e r v i c er e a l l yA. n d t h e nt h e r e ' s
t h e h o u s e- H e l p O u t H o u s e ,i t ' s c a l l e d- w h i c h w i l l
p r o v i d es h e l t e fro r h o m e l e s sy o u n gp e o p l e .T h a t ' si n
the earlystages- we haven'teven got a buildingyet
- b u t I t h i n k i t ' l lb e r e a l l yg o o d o n c e i t g e t s g o i n g .
19
ExamFocus:Unit2
Journalist: Right.And one last question.What are
y o u rp l a n sf o r t h ef u t u r e ?N o tt h e g r o u p ' s ,I m e a n ,b u t
your own personalplans?
Dunn: Well, I'm about to start a degree in business
administration.I want it so I can be more useful in
h e l p i n gr u n g r o u p sl i k e H e l p O u t . I c a n ' t s e e m y s e l f
becominga soft of high-poweredbusinessperson.
I
want to keep doing this sort of work, and I think the
d e g r e ew i l l b e h e l p f u -l s o t h a t ' sm y p l a n .
Journalist:Thankyou, Ms Dunn.I wish you and your
organisationall the best for the future.
Dunn: Thanks.
E x a mF o c u s- Sp e a ki n gU: n i t2 (p .4 7 1
Part3
(ln Part3 Ss are examinedin pairs.Theyare given visual
p rom ptswh ic h g en eratea discusslonand they talk with
one another. Ss /ook carefully at the visual prompts
concentratingon relevant details. The conversation
shouldnotbe dominatedby one student.Ss havetotalk
onlyaboutthetasktheinterviewerhasgiventhem.This
part /asts about 3 minutes).
(Suggested answer)
SA; I'd get all the money and jewelleryfrom the safe
and run towardsthe fire exitand leavethe house.I'd
be too scaredto face the burglar.
S B ; l ' d o p e n t h e w i n d o wa n d s h o u tf o r h e l p .
SA; But isn't it too dangerous?| mean he would
definitelyhear you and possiblyattackyou.
SB; Then I'd use my riflethen and face him. The rifle
would deter him Jromattackingme and he would run
away.
S A . ' T h a t 'as g o o d i d e a ,b u t I c o u l d n ' td o i t .I w o u l dt r y
to call the policeand ask for help etc.
Part4
(ln Part 4 Ss talk with one another about mattersrelated
tothetheme of Part3. Ss shou/d/isten totheirpaftner's
ansu/ers and respond accordingly. lt is impoftant to
remember that when one partner is speaking, helshe
should not be interrupted bv the other. Part 4 /asts
about 4 minutes.)
(Suggested answers)
'
'
20
SA; I'd have an alarm system installed,which would
deter burglarsfrom breakingin.
SB; That'sa good idea.And l'd make sure to bolt all
windowsand doors when I leftthe houseso that they
c o u l d n ' tg e t i n .
SA.'Yes,neighbourhoodwatch schemesare a good
ideaand do work becausethereis alwayssomeoneto
keep an eye on your housewhen you're not there.
SB; These schemesare useJulfor when you go on
holidaybecauseyour propertyis being looked after
a n d y o u c a n e n j o yy o u r h o l i d a y .
.
.
SA; Well,the area I livein is patrolledby policemenall
day round.This is becausethere are many banks in
the area.
SB.'You are lucky. I can't say the same for my area
becauseI livein the suburbs.Of course,most houses
have alarm systems installed,but burglarsare still
t e m p t e dt o t r y b r e a k i n gi n .
SA; l'd try to leavethe housewithoutbeingnoticedby
the burglarand I'd run to the nearestpolicestation.
SB; I'd pick up my gun and attackthe burglar.Afterall,
it is my property,isn't it?
ExamFocus- Writlng:Unit2 (p.+8)
(Specialattentionshould be drawn to the layoutof the
addresses and the use of commas and full stoos:
name, title, place of work, number of street,name of
street, town, country, day, month and year. lf the
recipientlives in the same countryas the personwho
sending the letter then we write only the name of the
town the person lives in (see oufllnes 2 and 3 p. 48
Student'sBook). lf the recipienthowever, livesin
another country, then the names of the two countries
should appear in the addresses(see outline 1 p. 48
Sludent'sBook). Wealwaysleave one line blank after
the address before we start writing Dear... .
lf you write to a friend of yours, or to your brotherl
sister/cousin lniece,you addresshimlherusing Dear
and hislher name e.g. Dear Tom, not: Dear Friend,
Dear Mary not: Dear Sister or Dear SisterMary). lf you
write to an auntluncle of yours, you addresshimlher
usingDear + kind of relation + name e.g. DearUncle
Tom not: Dear Uncle. lf you write to your mum, dad,
grandpa or grandma, you write Dear + kind ot
relation (e.9. Dear Mum, Dear Grandma not: Dear
Mum Mary,DearGrandmaAnn).lnformal lettersif you
know the name of the recipient (see Model 1 p. 49 in
Student'sBook) you sign using Yours sincerely and
your full name. lf you don't know the name of the
recipient though,you sign using Yours faithtully and
your full name (see Model 1 p. 53 m Sfudent'sBook).
1. 1. | 4. |
2. F 5. |
3. F 6. |
7. F
8. F
9. F
10.t 13.
11.F 14.
12.F 15.
1 6 .F 1 9 .I
1 7 .F 2 0 . 1
1 8 .F
(Note:stressthat I look forward to is formallanguage
whereasI'm looking forward to is informal
language).
2 . 1 . M o d e l1
2 . M o d e l1
3 . M o d e l2
4 . M o d e l1
5 . M o d e l2
6 . M o d e l1
7 . M o d e l2
8 . M o d e l2
9 . M o d e l2
3 . D e a rS i r ,
1. B - reasonfor writing- mild (to statethe
problem)
2. D - first complaint- strong (to show you are not
satisfied)
3. C - secondcomplaint- strong(toshowyou arenot
satisfied)
ExamFocus:Unit2
4. A - demandforaction- strong(toemphasise
what
you want)
Yoursfaithfully,
JamesAarons
s.1.E 3.A
2.H 4.D
I w a n tt o t e l l y o u
about
say I'm sorry
I want you to know
I w a s r e a l l yu p s e t
Paragraph1:
Paragraph2:
Paragraph3:
Paragraph4:
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
let
get together
soon
friendlychat
say agarn
Reasonfor writing
Apology (and explanation)
Suggestmeeting
Apology repeated
Formal(B)
1 . I a m w r i t i n gt o
7. meet
2. with regardto
8. in the nearfuture
3. apologise
9 . a m i c a b l ec o n 4. I would like to express
versation
5 . l w a s m o s t d i s a p p o i n t e d 10. reiterate
6. allowed
Paragraph1: reasonfor writing,apology
Paragraph2: thanksfor help
Paragraph3: explanationfor behaviour,suggest
meeting
Paragraph4: apology repeated
7.1
8.8
9.F
D e a rM r T h o m p s o n ,
Paragraph1 = sentencesE, H
Paragraphs2, 3 = SentencesA, D, C, G, I
Paragraph4=B,F
Yoursfaithfully,
J. Peters
4. Informal (A)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
5.C
6.G
6. 1. A (letterof application- formal)| wishto applyfor
t h e p o s i t i o no f . . . ,l J e e Il a m w e l l q u a l i f i efdo r t h e
o o s i t i o no f . . . .e t c .
2. D (letterof apology - formal)| deeply regret...,
I wish to offermy sincereapologyfor ... etc.
3. B (friendlyletter- catch up with the news i n f o r m a lH
) o w h a v ey o u b e e n . . . I; h a v e n ' t
heardfrom you for ages...etc.
- informal)I'm so
4. F (letterof congratulations
p l e a s e df o r y o u . . . ,W e l ld o n e . . . e t c .
5. C (letterof invitation- informal)I'd love to see
y o u . . . ,W h y d o n ' t y o u c o m e . . . ?e t c .
6. H (letterof apology- formal)| regret..., I wish to
offermy apologyfor ... etc.
7. G (letterof givingadvice- formal)| adviseyou to
take the followingcourseof action...,I recomm e n d t h a t y o u . . .e t c .
8. E (letteracceptingan invitation- formal)| look
forwardto attending...,we would be delighted
to attend etc.
T is advised to go through the following tables to see fhe language used and the difference in formal and informal
letter writing according to each type of letter. T can ask Ss lo think of any opening and closing remarks for each
type of letter before he does Ex.6 or, after having done Ex. 6, feed Ss wrth more opening and closing remarks.
Some useful opening and closing remarksfor lettersare:
Lettersof invitation
Formal
lnformal
Opening
Remarks
We would be honouredif you, I wish to cordiallyinviteyou to, Your presenceis required
at, You are invitedto attend,etc
I am writingto inviteyou to, Why don't you come
and spend some time, Pleasecome to, l'd love it il
you could come to, etc
Closing
Remarks
We would be gratefulif you could informus,
We hope to see you, Pleaseindicatewhether
you will be able to attend,etc
l'd love to see you again, I hope you'll be able tc
make it, Pleaselet me know as soon as
possible,I'm lookingforwardto, etc
21
ExamFocus:Unit2
Acceptingan invitation
Formal
Opening
Remarks
Closing
Remarks
Informal
I w o u l db e d e l i g h t e dt o , I w o u l db e h o n o u r e d I'd loveto come,Thanksfor the kind invitation,
Tne
to, I am writingto acceptyour kind invitation, partyyou invitedme to sounds lovely,l'd be glad
etc
to. etc
I will be attending,I look forwardto seeing
you, etc
I can't wait to see you again, Untilnext Saturday
then. etc
Refusingan invitation
Formal
lnformal
Opening
Remarks
I t w i l lb e i m p o s s i b l e
t o a t t e n d ,I a m u n a b l et o
fit it into my schedule,I am afraidI am unable
to, I haveto refuse,Owing to other commitments.etc
I'm afraidI can't come, I'm sorryto tellyou, I'd love
t o c o m eb u t ,I c a n ' tm a k ei t ,l w o n ' tb e a b l e t oc o m e ,
etc
Closing
Remarks
I am sorry to miss the opportunityof, I hope
to be giventhe opportunityto meetyou some
other time, etc
It'sa realshame,I hope we can get togethersome
o t h e r t i m eI,' m s o r r r y t om i s s ,H o w a b o u tn e x t w e e k
instead,etc
Asking for information
Formal
lnformal
Opening
Remarks
I am writingto ask/inquireabout, Could you
possibly send, May I request, I would be
grateful if, Could you please send further
details,etc
Closing
Remarks
I would appreciateit if you could informme as Let me know, Tell me soon, Send me the details,
soon as possible,I look forwardto receiving, eIc
It wouldbe of greathelp if you couldfax methe
details.etc
Can you send me, Tell me iJ,Let me know, etc
Giving information
22
Formal
Informal
Opening
Remarks
I a m w r i t i n gt o i n f o r my o u a b o u t ,I n r e p l yt o
your query,The followinginformationis what
was requested,I am pleasedto be able to
assistyou in your enquiries,etc
Afteryou asked me to, This is what I found out, I
hope this is the informationyou were lookingfor,
This is what you asked me about, etc
Closing
Remarks
I hope that I have been of some help to you, I I hope this will help you, Let me know if you need
trust that this is the informationyou require, a n y m o r e h e l pf i n d i n go u t a b o u t ,I ' m g l a d I c o u l d
Please inform me if I can be of anv further h e l py o u , e t c
assistance.etc
ExamFocus:Unit2
Lettersgivingdirections
Formal
lnformal
Opening
Remarks
I have enclosedsome directionsand a map, I
would be delightedif you could attend,and to
e n s u r ey o u c a n f i n d y o u r w a y I w i l l w r i t es o m e
detailed directionsbelow, In case you do not
know the exact locationof the...hotel/venue,
have includedsome directions,lf you followthe
d i r e c t i o n sb e l o w / m a pb e l o w . . .e, t c
In case you don't know the way l'll give you
some directions,Here are a few drrections,so
y o u d o n ' t g e t l o s t ,l ' l lt e l ly o u h o w t o g e t t h e r e ,
This is just a quick note,to tell you how to get
t o . . . ,l ' v e w r i t t e ns o m e d i r e c t i o n sa, n d d r a w na
map to help, etc
Closing
Remarks
I trust that you will find these directionshelpful, I hopethe directionsaboveare clearenoughfor
I hope that you are able to follow the directions you, I hope that you can find your way alright,
otven.eIC
Pleasepay specialattentionto the directions,
M y d i r e c t i o n s h o u l d n ' bt e t o o d i f f i c u ltto f o l l o w ,
etc
Applicationfor a job
I am writingwith regardto your advertisement,
I would like to apply for the post of,
I wouldappreciatea replyat yourearlrest
convenience,I lookforwardto meetingyou, Pleasecontact
me regardingany queriesyou may have,etc
Lettersof apology
Formal
lnformal
Opening
Remarks
U n f o r t u n a t e l yI m u s t a p o l o g i s ef o r . . . ,
Pleaseaccept my sincerestapologies
f o r . . .H
, o wc a n I a p o l o g i s ee n o u g hf o r . . . ,
I m u s t a p o l o g i s ep r o f u s e l yf o r . . . ,e t c
I h o p ey o uw i l lu n d e r s t a n w
d h e nI s a y t h a tW
, h a tc a n
I say, exceptI'm sorrythat...,I certainlyowe you an
a p o l o g ya s 1 . . .I,' m s o s o r r yi f I u p s e ty o u i n a n yw a y ,
I f i n di t v e r yh a r dt o t e l ly o u t h a t . . . a n d
l ' m s o r r yf o r . . . ,
I c a n ' td e s c r i b eh o w s o r r y| a m a n d h o w g u i l t yl f e e l ,
etc
Closing
Remarks
I h o p e y o u c a n f o r g i v em e . . . ,I i m p l o r e
y o u t o a c c e p t m y a p o l o g i e s . . .W
, ords
cannot expresshow sorry I am, I hope
y o u w i l la c c e p tm y a p o l o g i e sI,h o p e m y
apologieswere receivedwithoutresentment. etc
I hope you believeme when I say how sorry I am, I
c a n n o te x p r e s sh o w m u c h I r e g r e t . . .I, b e g y o u t o
f o r g i v em e f o r . . .T
, h e r ei s n o e x c u s ef o r . . . a n dI h o p e
y o u ' l la c c e p tm y a p o l o g y ,e t c
Lettersof complaint
Strong
Mitd
Opening
Remarks
I was disgustedby, I was appalled at, How I am writingto complain,I had been led to expect,
dare you, I want to expressmy strongdissat- I would like to cancelthe order/request,I have no
isfaction,etc
other alternative,etc
Closing
Remarks
I am takingthe matterto cou11,
I intendto sue,
I insistyou replacethe item at once, etc
Nevertheless,I hope you will replace,I trust the
situationwill improve, I hope the matter will be
resolved,etc
23
ExamFocus:Unit2
Lettersof advice
Formal
Opening
Remarks
I stronglyrecommend
that,I wouldsuggest lf I wereyou, How aboutdoing this,Why don't you,
that,I believethe bestcourseof actionis, I Let me give you some advice,etc
wouldadviseyouto, etc
Glosing
Remarks
I trust you will accept this advice,I hope this
w i l lb e o f h e l p ,I w o u l dv e r ym u c h l i k et o k n o w
if this was helpful/hasbeen of some use, etc
7. 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
C - reasonfor writing
A - descriptionof event
E - descriptionof event
B - descriptionof event
D-closingremarks
Hope this helped,Let me know how it went, ls this
of any use, etc
e. Informal - letter of thanks
Dear Katharine,
I hope you are well. You looked lovelyat the
w e d d i n g .W e ' r ew r i t i n gt o . . .
. . . O n c e a g a i n ,t h a n ky o u v e r y m u c h f o r y o u r
thoughtfulness.
We mustget togetheragainsoon.
8. (Suggestedanswers)
a. Informal - asking for advice
DearJane,
How are you? I'm fine, but I have a bit of a
problemand I'd be gratefulfor some advice.
l ' l l b e f i n i s h i n gs c h o o ls o o n a n d I d o n ' t k n o w
w h a tt o d o . I ' m t h i n k i n go f b e c o m i n ga n u r s el i k e
you .
. . . A n y w a y ,I h o p e y o u ' l l b e a b l e t o h e l p m e
makea decision.Writebacksoon and letme Know
what you think.
Love,
Julie
b. Informal - letter of invitation
DearJane and Matthew,
How are you both? Hope you're welll I'm
writingto inviteyou to a littleget-togetherwe're
planning...
We'd loveto see you, so let us know if you'llbe
able to come.
Love,
Mike and Sarah
c. Informal - accepting an invitation
Dear Mike and Sarah,
Thankyou for your kind letterinvitingus to your
get-together...
... Lookingforwardto seeingyou on Saturday.
LOVE,
Jane and Matthew
d. Informal - refusing an invitation
Dear Mike and Sarah,
Thankyou so much for your letterinvitingus to
your get-together.However...
...We'rereallysorry,but I hope we'll be ableto
meet some othertime soon.
Love,
Jane and Matthew
24
Informal
LOVC,
M a r ka n d J e n n y
f. Formal - letter requesting information
Dear Sir/Madam,
I am writingto inquireaboutthe Frenchcourse
that your school will be runningnext month ...
I look forwardto hearingfrom you.
Yoursfaithfully,
Sarah Brown
9. Good - Model 1
- appropriateformal styleand language
- well-orderedparagraphs
- informationrequestedin separateparagraphseach has a tooic
- informationincludedusino own words
Bad - Model 2
- inappropriatelanguage- too informal
- badly structured
- informationclusteredtogether;lack of paragraphing
- not all informationincluded
10. paragraph1: reasonfor writing
paragraph2: giving informationin order requested
paragraph3: giving informationin order requested
paragraph4: giving informationin order requested
paragraph5: conclusionof letter- closingremarks
The letteris informal,giving informationin replyto
set questions.
Exam Focus: Unit 2
2. Semi-formal- expressing regret
1 1 . (Suggested answer)
Dear Sam,
I am pleasedto hearthatyou are planningto apply
for a job as a waiterin the hotelwhere I worked last
s u m m e r .B e f o r ey o u m a k e u p y o u r m i n d ,t h o u g h ,I
f e e ly o u s h o u l dk n o w w h a tt h e j o b i s l i k e .T h e h o t e l
itselfis only 100mfrom the beach and is owned by
M r L e g r a n da n d h i sw r f e ,w h o i s E n g l i s hS
. h e w i l lb e
a b l et o h e l py o u i f y o u a r e h a v i n gt r o u b l ew i t h y o u r
French,especiallysince most of the touristswho
stay there are French.
I w o r k e df r o mJ u n et o S e p t e m b ebr u t I ' m s u r et h a t
you could ask for a two monthcontractif you prefer.
The accommodationprovidedwas very clean, but
the only problemwas that I had to sharea room with
a n o t h e rw a i t e r ,w h i c h I d i d n ' t l i k e v e r y m u c h . I
workedtwelvehours a day, six days a week,which
was quite tiring,and was paid 4000 fr (aboutt400)
a m o n t he x c l u d i n gt i p s .
All in all, workingfor the Legrandswas an enjoya b l e e x p e r i e n c ea, n d I t h i n k y o u s h o u l dg o a h e a d
and apply. Apart from anything else, it's a great
opportunityto practrseyour French.
Pleasewrite and let me know what Vou decide
to do.
LOVC,
Richard
z
J.
1 . 8 F o r m a l e t t e ro f i n v i t a t i o e
n . g .W e w o u l d b e
h o n o u r e di f y o u c o u l d a t t e n d. . . ,Y o u a r e
cordiallyinvitedto ... etc
2 . 4 I n l o r m al e t t e re x p r e s s i n g
t h a n k se . g .T h a n k s
a l o t f o r . . . ,I l o v e dy o u r p r e s e n t. . . e t c
3 . D F o r m al e t t e r o cf o m p l a i n t e . gI .w i s h t o e x p r e s s
m y d i s s a t i s f a c t i oant . . . ,I a m m o s t u n h a p p y
w i t h . . .e t c
4 . E I n f o r m alle t t e rg i v i n ga d v i c ee . g .W h a t I t h i n k
y o u s h o u l dd o i s . . . ,L e t m e t e l ly o u w h a t
l w o u l d d o . . .e t c
5.C Formalletteraskrngfor inJormation
e.g. I am
w r i t i n gt o e n q u i r ea b o u t . . . ,I w o u l d b e
gratefulif you could send me ... etc
(Suggestedanswers)
1. Formal - request
D e a rS i r .
My name is James Waltersand I stayed in your
hotel on the weekendot 22123Marchthis year.
Duringmy stay I lost my cameraand I believeit is
possiblethat I left it in my room.
The camerais a large,black Canon, a 23x zoom
l e n sm o d e l .
I would be very gratefulif you could look out for it
and send it to the addressabove if you find it. I will,
of course,be happy to pay for any postagecosts.
The serviceat your hotelwas excellentand I hope
y o u c a n h e l p m e w i t h t h i s p r o b l e m .I t h a n k y o u i n
advancefor your co-operationand look forwardto
hearingfrom you in the nearJuture.
Yoursfaithfully,
James Walters
Dear Mrs Potter.
I havejust receivedyour letterinformingme of the
s c h o o lr e u n i o no n J u n e 2 4 t h .
I am sorryto say that I will be unableto attendthe
r e u n i o nb e c a u s eI w i l lb e o n h o l i d a yf o r t h e w h o l eo f
t h e m o n t ho f J u n e .H a d I k n o w na b o u tt h e r e u n i o ni n
advanceI wouldhavemadeotherarrangements,
but
thisis now impossible.
I s t i l lk e e pi n t o u c hw i t h m a n yo f m y f o r m e rs c h o o l
f r i e n d sa n d a m r e a l l yd i s a p p o i n t etdh a tl w i l lm i s st h e
occasion. However, I'm sure the party will be a
s u c c e s sa n d I w o u l dl i k et o t h a n ky o u f o r s e n d i n gm e
an invitation.
O n c e a g a i n ,I ' m s o r r yt o m i s st h i s y e a r ' sr e u n i o n
but I hope to be there next year.
Y o u r ss i n c e r e l y ,
C a t h e r i n eS m r t h
3. Informal - letter of apology
D e a rJ a c k ,
I'm writingto say sorryfor keepingyou waitingat
the stationlastweekend.WhenI missedthe trainI was
so upset I completelyforgotto phone you at once to
l e ty o u k n o w .B y t h et i m eI p h o n e dy o u h a da l r e a d yl e f t
for the station.I want to apologisefor being so
t h o u g h t l e s sI,p r o m i s ey o u i t w o n ' t h a p p e na g a i n .
I stillfeel rottenfor not contactingyou, so to make
u p , I ' d l i k et o i n v i t ey o u t o m y h o u s ef o r t h e E a s t e r
weekend.We're havinga big partyand lots of old
f r i e n d sw i l l b e t h e r e .I h o p e y o u c a n m a k e i t .
I ' m s u r ew e c a n s t i l lb e f r i e n d sa n d I h o p et h a tw e
c a n s e e e a c h o t h e ra g a i n .l t w o u l d b e s i l l yt o f a l lo u t
over my own stupidity.Pleasegivemy regardsto your
familyand write back soon.
Love.
Victoria
4. Formal - lefter of complaint
D e a rS i r / M a d a m ,
I was a customer,along with severalfriends,at
your restaurantlastweek,and am writingto complain
about the treatmentwe received.
The manager was extremelyrude to us from the
momentwe enteredthe restaurant,
and we hadto wait
almost half an hour for a table, although we had
b o o k e do n e .
Having ordered our food, we were kept waiting
almostan hour.When it finallyarrivedit was so badly
cookedthat we had to send it back. No apologywas
offeredfor the appallingfood, and we thus decidedto
leavethe restaurantwithout re-ordering.
T h i si n c i d e n rt u i n e do u r e v e n i n ga, n d I a m w r i t i n gi n
the hope that some action will be taken againstthe
staff of vour restaurant.
Yoursfaithfully,
PeterBrown
25
Unit3: Part 1
5. Formal - asking for information
6. lnformal - giving advice
Dear SiriMadam.
I am writing with regard to the guided tours oi
Londonthat you offer.I would be very gratefulif you
could send me some detailedinformationabout the
tours and which areasof Londonthey cover,as well
as times of departurefor each tour.
I h a v ea n l t a l i a nf r i e n dv i s i t i n gt h e U . K .t h i ss u m m e r
and he is very interestedin art and history.Do you
have any tours which include visits to galleriesor
museums? My friend is a student so I would be
interestedin detailsof any discountsthatareavailable
and also the full price of each tour.
I thank you in advancefor your co-operationand
look forwardto receivingyour replyin the nearfuture.
Dear Sarah.
Thank you for your letter,which I have just rec e i v e d I. ' m s o r r yt o h e a ra b o u ty o u rj o b d i l e m m aa, n o
l'm glad that you asked me for help with it.
My advice is very simple;you need to find a job
quickly, no matter how bad the pay is, otherwrse
there'sa danger that you may be evictedfrom your
Jlat.You shouldconcentrateon earningsome money
quickly, not on getting a good job at the momenr.
Once you havesome money in your pocket,you can
startlookingfor a job that's rightfor you. lf you can,t
f i n d a n y t h i n g l, e t m e k n o w i m m e d i a t e l ay n d l ' l l l e n d
you some money to get by on.
I hope that my advicewill help you. Write back if
y o u n e e d a n y m o r e a n d l ' l l b e h a p p yt o h e l p ! I n t h e
m e a n t i m eg, o o d l u c k .
Yoursfaithfully,
S a mJ o n e s
LOVC,
Joanna
Unit 3
Unit3-Part1
VocabularyExercises:
Part1 (p.58-59)
Warm-upActivities:Part 1 (p. 56)
(Suggested answers)
.
.
.
The photos could have been taken somewnere rn
EasternEurope,such as Hungary.I would like to
visitthe place in the photos becauseit looks interesting and probablydoesn't have many tourists.
I n t e r e s t i n sgi g h t s ,f r i e n d l yp e o p l e ,e x c i t i n gn i g h t l i f e
etc.
Tourismcan benefita countryby encouragingpeopte
to visit and spend money, which improvesthe local
economy.Morejobs are createdfor inhabitantsof the
country, and facilitiesare improved.The possible
drawbacksof tourismare that it may resultin areas
becomingover-crowdedand polluted.Some resorls
losealltheircharacterand charmas hotelsare builtto
accommodateincreasingnumbersof tourists.
1. t1.5
2. director
3. Golden
4. city
5. Austrian
6. theatre
1 . prosperity -stateof economicwell-being
accounted for - made up (a part of sth)
foreign exchange - money in a foreigncurrency
optimistic - expectingthe best in all things
pouring - providingin largequantities
to expand - to become or make greater in size,
number or importance
landscapes - all the featuresof an area that can be
seen when lookingacrossit
investment - money to buy shares or propefty,oevelop a business,etc, in order to earn interest,bring
profitor improvethe qualityof something.
spread - to distributeover a wider area
concentration - large amount of sth in a small or
definedarea
sewage system - networkof undergroundpipesused
to transport waste water to treatment centres
h i k i n g - g o i n g o n a l o n g w a l k ,e s p e c i a l l yi n t h e
country
7. wildlife
8. transportation
2 . 1. exclusive
9. facilities
2. boom
(AfterSs havecompletedthe listening
3. bid
activity,T asks
4. convention 7. ootions
5. prospects 8. wandering
6. inJrux
Ss fo glve a summaryof the textusingthe rcrt.)
3. (Ss shouid memorise these brt-related collocations
Reading Task: Part 1 (p. 56-57)
1.t
26
2.A
3.c4.C5.H
6.D7.8
and expressions.T checks them in the next /esson.)
1. to preserve
2. to encourage
3. to lessen
4. culture
5. unspoilt
6. to become
7. to explore
8. rich
9. to restore
Unit3: Part2
a. 1. sight
2. demolish
3. loss
4. vacant
5. stimulated
6. margin
SB.'Personallyl'd liketo visitthe Acropolisin Athens
as I'm very interestedin ancienthistory.
SA.'Not me, I lovethe hustleand bustleof big cities.
Tokyo must be exhilarating.I'd also enjoy the food
there.
S B : W e l l ,I ' m h o p i n gt o g o t o P a r i st h i ss u m m e r T
. here
is so much to see there:NotreDame,the EiffelTower,
t h e L o u v r e .I ' m s u r e i t w i l l b e a f a s c i n a t i n g
holiday.
(T can go through the list of words and elicit their
meaning before Ss do Ex. 5.)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
bank
change
currency
notes
coins
credit card
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
exchangerates
cash
t r a v e l l e r 'csh e q u e s
c a s hc a r d
withdraw
GrammarCheck:Part1 (p. 59)
1. since
2. 'for
A . 1 . o n g o o d t e r m sw i t h 3 . i n t e r m so f
2 . o n e q u a lt e r m s
4 . o n u n e q u atle r m sw i t h
B . 1 . c o m e t o t e r m sw i t h 2 . i n t h e l o n g t e r m
at first sight
w i t h i ns i g h t
out of sight
c a u g h ts i g h to f
5.
6.
7.
8.
lost sight of
h i s / h e rs i g h t so n
out of sight out oJ mind
by sight
1. renovate (Note:renovateold buildings;return
t h e mt o g o o d c o n d i t i o n )
2. restore (Note:restorean oil painting,a statue,a
car etc; to repairor rebuildsth so that it looks
as it originallydid)
3. repair - to mend somethingthat is broken or
damaged
4. preserve - to keep somethingin its originalstate
or in good condition.
Follow-upActivities:Part 1 (p. 59)
Prague- shopping,eatingin restaurants/cafes,
enjoy
beautifularchitecture
Cesky Krumlov - visitcastles,seethe oldestbaroque
theatrein the world completewith stage sets, costumes and a library ol opera libretti
Sumava - wildlife,unsooiltnature
(Suggestedanswer)
ln Scotland,a touristcould visitLoch Nessand enjoy
the beautifulscenery as well as trying to spot the
famed Loch Ness monster.They could also go to
Stirlingand visit the castleand the WilliamWallace
monument.ln Glasgow,the Ad Gallerywould be of
interest{or the famous lmpressionistpaintingskept
there.
(Suggestedanswer)
(Ss work in pairs.T checks round the c/ass then asks
some pairsto repoft back to the c/ass.)
SA.'lwould love to visit New York City and go to the
top of the Empire State Building.lt's no longer the
tallestbuildingin the world but it's certainlyone of the
most impressive.
5. Since
6. for
7. Since
Unit3 -Part2
(Ex. 7 should be asslgned as HW. Ss shou/d consult
their dictionaries in order to find the missrng idioms. T
should do the firsttvvoin classas a model.)
A. 1.
2.
3.
4.
3. for
4. lor
Warm-upActivities:Part2 (p.60)
(Suggested answers)
.
The photos could have been taken at some kind of
festivalor celebration.These people could be celebratingthe arrivalof springor theircountry'snational
day etc. Their clothes are traditionaland old-fashioned ratherthan modern.
(Suggested answers)
.
.
Well,there'sthe May Day{estivalwhen peoplego into
the countrysideor they go to a fair with traditional
dancing.The other main celebrationis Guy Fawkes
Nightwhen it's customaryto lighta bonfireand let off
fireworks.
a) about10,000
b) five years old
c) baskets,furniture,walkingsticks
d) a massivecookbook of inventiverecipes
e) cheese,mashed potatoes,cream, butter,garlic
ReadingTask:Par t2( p.60- 61)
8.
9.
10.
11.
B (Ln 7)
C ( L n 1 0 - 11 )
C ( L n1 5 - 1 6 )
A ( L n1 9 - 2 0 )
12.A (Ln 22-23)
1 3 .B ( L n3 0 - 3 1 )
1 4 .D ( L n3 7 )
1 5 .C ( L n4 0 - a 1 )
VocabularyExercises:Part2 (p. 62-63)
1 . a b l e s s i n gi n d i s g u i s e- s o m e t h i n gt h a t s e e m sb a d ,
but is actuallygood
j u d g e m e n t- d e c i s i o n
c h e s t n u t- a k i n d o f e d i b l en u t
soaked - extremelywet all the way through
highlights - the best parls
panel - committee;group of people who make a
decisionabout sth
region - area
j o g - s l o wr u n
panly - not entirely
s a m p l e d- t r i e d
mouthfuls - bitesof sth
27
Unit3: Part2
puree- sth mixedor processed
untilit is creamy
6. W E A T H E R- c l o u d y :w i n d y ; r a i n y ;h u m i d ;f r e e z i n g ;
- e.g."lt hada creamytexture."
texture- consistency
sunny; blustery:roasting
jollier- happier
A T M O S P H E R E j o l l y :l i g h t - h e a r t e d
n ;o i s y ;f r i v o l o u s ;
stirred- mixed
tense;playful; exhilarating ; cheerful; colourful,
paddles- oarsusedfor rowinga boat
nervous;anxious
2 . 1. fragrant
2. literally
3. downpour
4. mashed
5.
6.
7.
8.
recipe
incorporating
massive
vigorously
(Ss shou/d memorise these Ert-related collocations
and expressions.f checks in the nertiesson.)
'1.
traffic
4. to stare
7. to consist
2. to own
5. to make
8. original
3. to sample*
6. to stir
9. running
off
(*Note: we can say to sample dishes but not: to
sample recipes)
4 . 1. for a rainyday
2 . C o m e r a i no r s h i n e
3. as right as rain
4. cats and dogs
5. it never rains but it
pours
5 . (Ss do Ex. 5 on their own then T elicitslexplainsthe
meanings of each distractor.)
1.A
2.C
1.A
B
lane (n) = narrowroads usu in the country
way (n) = direction;route
alley (n) = narrowstreet,usu betweenor
b e h i n db u i l d i n g s
route (n) = way Jromone placeto another
rotten (adj) : (of food) spoiled;no longer
edible
sweet (adj) = tasting of sugar
bitter (adj)= havinga harsh,unpleasanttaste
sour (adj) = havinga sharp taste like lemon
harsh (adj) = (of weatherconditions)severe
cruel (adj) = unkind
strict (adj) = firm; unaccepting
stern (adj) = grim and serious
go for a spin (exp; = to go for a drivelor
oleasure
moisten (v) = to make slightlywet
soak (v) : to make extremelywet
damP (v) = to make slightlywet
dampen (v) = to make slightlywet
recipe (n) = instructionsJorpreparinga
particulartype of food
prescription (n) = piece of paper on which a
doctor writesthe name of a medicationto be
obtainedby the patient.
receipt (n) : piece of paper givento one
statinghow much one has paid for sth
formula (n) = listof substancesto be mixedto
make anothersubstance
D
z.
t\
B
C
D
3. A
B
C
D
4. A
5. A
B
C
D
6. A
B
C
D
28
3.A
4.D
5.8
6.8
7 . (Suggested answers)
SCHOOL FAIR - races for parents and children;
d a n c i n g ;m u s i c ;s t a l l ss e l l i n gh o m e - m a d ej a m s
FUN FAIR - fortune tellers; rides on a big wheel;
clowns performing;standssellinghot-dogs
W I N E F A I R- w i n e t a s t i n g ;s e l l i n go f w i n e ;b a r
VILLAGE FAIR - races for parents and children;
donkey rides;potterysales;dancing;fireworks
display;music; bar; stallssellinghome-madejams
ANTIQUESFAIR - auctions;potterysales;old furniture; old coins;stamp collections;old jewellery
Foflow-upActivities:Part2 (p. 63)
Weather- rainyday,almostuninterrupted
rain,sunny,
downpour,pouringdown
Atmosphere - curiosity,watchedcalmly,deeplyfrustrated,staredin amazement,jollieratmosphere,
cneers
Suggestedtitle:A CountryFair
Weather - pouring with rain, rainy, sunny, uninterruoted
Food for sale - chestnutcakes, mashed chestnut,
cheeseand bacon sandwiches,aligot
Events - cookerycompetition,Aligotevening,dance
(Suggested answers)
Well the fair was reallynice, exceptfor the weather.
You see, it was pouringwith rain all day long.
Anyway,the villagerswere preparedto have a fabulous day. Therewas plentyof food: chestnutcakes,
mashed chestnuts,cheeseand bacon sandwiches.
There was a cookery competition.The judges sampled seven dishes beforethey made their decision.
Thenthe villagerstastedaligot(a localdish)and after
that it was time for the dance. lt was reallv a mosr
enjoyableevening.
(Suggested answers)
DearJane,
Rememberthefund-raising
lair my tennisclub was
going to hold? Well,it was a tremendoussuccess.
Hundredsof peopleturnedup - duetothe beautiful
weatherI'm sure - and becauseit was a
Saturdayafternoonthey didn't mind stayingall day.
We worked very hard to make the tennis club look
attractive,usingflags,puttingup tentsand marquees,
and tying balloonsand streamers everywhere.
John had the fabulous idea of hiring a "bouncy
castle"for the childrenand it provedto be very
successful.The home-bakingstall was laden with
cakes,biscuitsand sweetsand therewere lots of
games,competitionstoo, as well as racesand facepaintingfor the children.All in all, it was a verv
Unit3: Part3
successfulday. I forgotto tellyou - | won a new tennis
racquetin the raffle.
Nextyearyou'll haveto come with me. I had such
a good time.
Writesoon,
Carol
GrammarCheck:Parl2 (p. 63)
1 . q u i t e ,r a t h e r
2. quite, rather
3. quite
4. ralher
7. rather
5. rather
8. rather
6. fairly/pretty
Unit3-Part3
Warm-upActivities:Part3 (p. 64)
(Suggestedanswers)
.
'
.
I think the text is going to be about rain/theweatheri
bad weatheretc.
S n o w , h a i l ,s l e e t ,r a i n ,s u n s h i n e c, l o u d y ,c o l d , h o t ,
warm,freezingetc (/fSs havedifficultyThelpsthemby
giving words related to weather and explaining their
meantng.)
My favouritetype of weatheris when it is warm and
sunny.You can find out what the weatherwill be
likeby listeningto the forecaston the radioor watchn g i t o n t h e t e l e v i s i o nY. o u c a n a l s o p h o n et h e
Meteorological
Officefor a detailedweatherforecast.
Sailor,pilot,air-trafficcontroller,gardener,fisherman
etc. NationalRiversAuthority,police,highway
authorities,airports,supermarkets,gas and fuel inI ustries.
Reading Task: Part 3 (p. 64-65)
16.G 17.A
18.H
19.E 20.B
21.D
VocabularyExercises:Part3 (p. 66-67)
'
observations- studies:pointsmade about sth
damp - slightlywet
misty - havingathin fog producedby verysmalldrops
cf waterformed just abovethe ground or water
comparative- relative;comparedto sth else
unpredictability- inabilityto tell what will happento
sth next
regional - in a certainarea
forecasters - people who predictwhat the weather
w i l lb e l i k e
powergenerators- machinesthat produceelectricity
dictate - control
demand - amount needed
capacity - amountthat sth can hold
range - variety
inputs - piecesof informationput into a computer
satellites- flying objectswhich send information
from soace
wirelessoperators- peoplein chargeof communication by radio.
flow - rate or pattern of the movement of sth
eg. flow of traffic
seaboard - coast;area by the sea
accurate - orecise:exact
f.
2.
3.
4.
intrigued
controversial
insight
offshore
5.
6.
7.
8.
1. weather-beaten
2. in allweathers
3. weatherpermitting
1. opposite
2. guide
coastal
resortto
orbiting
eavesdropping
4. weatherthe storm
5 . u n d e rt h e w e a t h e r
3. decision
4. joyful
5. assume
6. correct
(Ss do Ex. 5 on their own, then T elicitslexplainsthe
meanings of each distractor.)
1. A
2.C
3.A
4.8
5.C
6.D
1. A capacity (n) = amount of sth, usu people,
that sth can holc
B mass (n) = amount of solid substancein sth
C volume (n) = amount of space sth contains
D capability (n) = abilityto do sth
2. A exact (adj) = absolutelyprecise
B sharp (adt) = pointed;clever
C accurate (adj) = correctto a specificlevel
(eg accurateweather forecast, accurate lab
Instruments)
D fine (adj) = good
prediction (n) = statementabout what will
J.f\
happen in the future
B forecast (n) = statementabout future
events,particularlythe weather
foresight (n) = abilityto plan ahead
guess (n) = very uncertainprediction
U
4 . 4 weighty (adj) = heavy;serious
B significant(adj)= havingan importanteffect
on sb/sth
extreme (adj) : more than expected;exaggerated
D basic (adj) = simple
5 . A direction (n) = movementtowardssth
B guidance(n) = act of tellingsb how to
behave,what to do etc
influence (n) = power to determinethe way
sb thinks/behaves
D manipulation(n) = act of usingor changingsb
or sth for sel{ishreasons
b.A
understand (v) = to know the reasonfor sth
B realise (v) = to become awareof sth
comprehend (v) = understand
D perceive (v) = to have/getan impressionof
sth/sb
29
Unit 3: Paft 4
6 . (Ss shou/d memorise these text-relatedcollocations
and expressions.T checks in the next /esson.)
1. orbiting
2. showed
3. a wide
4. a populated
5. theflow
6. power
(Suggestedanswer)
Good morning,I'm SylviaDavis.Aftera good startto
the day the weather is going to take a turn for the
worseT
. e m p e r a t u r ewsi l l d r o p f r o m4 ' C t o a c o l d - 2 ' C
in the nodh and a thickfog will spreadacrossborder
regions in the late afternoon- so drivers beware!
Showersare expectedin all regionsduringthe night
w i t h h e a v i e r a i ni n t h e H i g h l a n d sa n d a p o s s i b i l i toy f
snow in the north. The bad weather will continue
tomorrowwith strongwindsand thunderstormsin the
n o r t ha n d H i g h l a n d sT. e m p e r a t u r ews i l l c o n t i n u et o
drop to -3'C in the southso wrap up warmlyand have
a goodweekend.
7. to take
8. a highprofile
g. local
7 . G o o d w e a t h e r- h o t ,s u n s h i n eb, r i g h t ,c l o u d l e s s k y ,
g e n t l ew i n d ,s u n n y ,b l u e s k y ,w a r m b r e e z e
B a dw e a t h e r- g l o o m y d, a m p ,w i n d y ,l i g h t n i n gs,t o r m y ,
snowy, dark sky, cloudy.overcast
8 . (Ss shou/d memorise lhese expressions.I checks in
the next /esson.This can be done as a competition
nAmA
ad'T
drizzla
Grammar Check: Part 3 (p. 67)
Group AS1: frne dizzle
T. hurilcane
Group BS1: powerlul hurricane,etc
1.
2.
3.
4.
fine
heavy
sudden
brief
5.
6.
7
8.
freezing
violent
thick
loud
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
9. powerful
1 0 .d e s t r u c t i v e
11 .h e a v y
12.light
9. (T should elicitlexplainthe highlightedwords
before Ss do Ex 9. 7'also explainsthat AA standsfor
Automo b iIe Assoclation.)
1. sunshine
3. showers 5. fog
2 . t e m p e r a t u r e4 . s u n n y
6. ice
Warm-upActivities:Part 4 (p. 68)
7. sleet
B. snow
(Suggestedanswer)
I t h i n kt h a ti n v e n t i o A
n i sa c o a t h a n g e r t h ahta sa s p a c e
f o r h i d i n gm o n e y i n .
InventionB is a new kind of toothpastethat whitens
teeth.
I n v e n t i o nC i s a b r o o mt h a t c l e a n sv e r yt h o r o u g h l y .
I n v e n t i o nD i s a m i n i g o l f s e t t h a t c a n b e u s e d
anywnere.
InventionE is an oven that stirs the food while it is
cooking.
(Suggested answers)
O f t e np e o p l el e e ld e p r e s s e d
w h e nt h ew e a t h e ri s b a d .
l f t h e s k y i s g r e ya n d g l o o m ya n d i t ' sc o l d ,y o u m a y b e
s t o p p e df r o mg o i n go u t a n d d o i n gs o m e t h i n gy o u ' v e
b e e n p l a n n i n gf o r a l o n gt i m e .S o m ep e o p l es a y t h a t
i fy o u s e ec o w sl y i n ga t t h et o p o f a h i l l .i t w i l lb e a g o o d
oay
There is a saying- "Red sky at night s h e p h e r d ' sd e l i g h t
R e d s k y i n t h e m o r n i n gs h e p h e r d ' sw a r n i n g "
which means that if there's a beautifulsunset.the
weatherthe next day will be good. lf. however.the
sky is red at sunrise,you can expect bad weather
soon.
.
a)F
b)T
(I is advised to do this activit.vin c/ass. T should elicit
relevantvocabularyfrom Ss and write it on the
board eg temperature,drop, thick fog, heavy rain,
snow, strong wind, thunderstormsetc and useful
expressions such as. a good start to the day, the
weathertakesa turn for ..., fog spreads,temperatures
continue to drop etc. ThenSs work in pairsto wilte the
weatherforecastwhile T helps them if necessary.
Then,each pair reads aloud their forecast.T can read
fhe "SuggesfedAnswer"in c/assforSs to see the sfyle
in this type of writing).
22. E
zJ. w
2 4 .A
d)F
e)F
26. C
27.D
28. E
29. E
30. A
3 1 .B
32133.C, D (in any order)
34/35.C, D (in any order)
VocabularyExercises:
Part4 (p. 70)
1 . 1. p o r t a b l e 3 . i n g e n i o u s
2. raked
4. to swing
.
5 . s u s p e n d e df r o m
6. moulded
/Ss should memorise these text-relatedcollocations
and expressions.T checks in the next /esson.)
2 . 1 . t o h a n gu p
2. to take
3. to whiten
A
a.
30
c)F
ReadingTask: Part 4 (p. 68-69)
zc. o
.
6 . used to/would
7 . noi r rqorl in
8 . daf I raa.l tn
9 . used to
1 0 . would/usedto
U n i t 3- P a r t 4
Follow-upActivities:Part3 (p. 67)
.
u s e dt o
u s e dt o
a r e u s e dt o
g e t u s e dt o
g e t u s e dt o
+A^ ^4^^+
U tc Et tEUL
5.
6.
7.
8.
to comply with
to cope with
durabie
thefinest
ExamFocus:Unit3
9. to last
10. to indicate
11. lifetime
12. to stir
13. scrambled
14. to eliminate
15. to reduce
3. a. 1. transmit 2. made 3. durable(faxmachine)
b . f . i n d u s t r y 2 . d i g i t a l 3 . l a s e r( C D )
c. 1. carried
2. composed
3 . m i c r o c h i p s( m o b i l ep h o n e )
a = p i c t u r e2
b = picture3
c = p i c t u r e1
Follow-upActivities:Part4 (p. 20)
(Suggestedanswers)
I c o u l d n ' tl i v ew i t h o u ta t e l e p h o n eo r a f r i d g e .
The most usefulinventionis the hideawaysafe on a
coathanger.lt's avery good way of keepingvaluables
s a f ew h i l eo n h o l i d a y T
. h e g o l f d r i v i n gr a n g ei n y o u r
back gardenis the most uselessidea.lt seemsro me
a s t h o u g hi t w o u l d b e q u i t ed a n g e r o u sa n d t h a t y o u
would be betteroff going to a golf drivingrangeat a
club.
It is made in Britainalthoughit was developedby an
American.lt consistsof 2 applicatortrays and a
whiteninggel.The priceis t9.99. lt is usedfor whiteningdiscoloured
t e e t ha n d c o u l d b e u s e d b y a n y o n e .
(BeforeSs are asslgned this as writtenHW, T should
dlscuss lt rn c/ass to help Ss write a proper letter of
complaint using the appropriate sty/e. Reler Ss to Unit
2 p. 50 to revise letter writing if necessary)
(Suggestedanswer)
Dear Sir,
I am writingto complainabout a Micromixwhich I
boughtfrom "Scots"last week.
Afterusingthe Micromixfor the firsttime I noticed
that the plastichad discolouredand that the button
had melted. lt seemed that the oroduct was completelyunsuitablefor microwaveuse. I returnedit to
the storewhere I had bought it, expectinga complete
refund. Instead,your sales representativewas extremelyrudeto me, accusingme of usingit in my oven
instead.He refusedto give me a new Micromixor my
money back.
I hope that you will be able to olfer me a more
acceptable solution after inspecting the Micromix
which I enclose.I also expectyou to reprimandyour
salesrepresentative
for his behaviour.
I look forwardto your prompt reply.
Yourssincerely
ExamFocus- Useof English:Unit3 (p. 71)
(Part 1 is a modified cioze text containing 15 gaps
followed by 15 four-optionmultiplechoice quesflons.
Ss read through the text to get an understanding of its
generalmeaning.ThenSs read the texta second time
trying to find the answer. Keep in mind that some
choices are meant to be misleading.Ss shou/d read a
third time to check if their choices make sense).
Part 1
1. B
2. D
3. C
4.8
5.A
6.D
/.u
d.u
9.A
1 0 .B
1 1 .D
1 2 .B
1 3 .A
1 4 .B
(A/terSs have done Part 1 T asksthem to listadvantagesId isadvantagesof touri sm.)
Pr epositions
( p.71)
1 for
2. Ioltor
3. for
4 about
5. forito
6. in
7. in
8. on
9. of
10. with/
without
11. from
12. of
1 3 . o n / u p o n ,f o r
14. in/into/with
15. with
16. by/with/aI
17. at
i f . in
19. of
20. in
21. ot
22. oniaboutl
against/of
23. (a)round
24. in
25.Ior
26. in(to)/with
27. with
28. Iorlat
29.against
3 0 .f o r
(Ss shou/d memoriselhese prepos itions.T checks in
the following/esson.)
ExamFocus- Llstening(Part3) Unit3 (p.72)
(Part 3 is a multiple matching exercise based on a
seriesof five shoft related extractsof about 30
seconds each, from monologues or exchanges between interactingspeakers.Ss /isten,making a first
choice of answers.Thenthey Itstenagainsearchingfor
specific words related to the options).
1 9 .D
2 0 .C
2 1 .F
22.8
2 3 .A
Part 3
You'llhear five people talkingabout differentkinds of
shops. For questrons19 to 23, choose from the listA
to F the type of shop that is being described. Use the
Iettersonly once. There'sone extraletterwhich you do
not need fo use.
Speaker 1 (temale): lf you ever go to London,there
are some very famousstoresyou must visit.The first
time I yyentto Lockhearts,which is now my favourite,
I s p e n ta l l d a y t h e r e .I d i d n ' tt h i n ki t w a s p o s s i b l eb, u t
I spent hours lookingat everything- perfume,jewellery,clothes.shoes,carpets,toys - everything!In fact
I even had lunch there. These stores are alwavs
?1
ExamFocus:Unit3
wonderful at Christmastoo. You can do all your
C h r i s t m a ss h o p p i n gi n o n e g o , a n d i f y o u c a n ' tf i n d
what you're looking for, they will often help you by
trying to order it. ln fact, the store has a saying: "lf it
exists,we can get it for you".
Speaker 2 (male): When I was young I used to love
going to thesestores.Therewereso many interesting
t h i n g st o l o o k a t a n d f e e l - r o p e s a n d c h a i n so f a l l
shapesand sizes.Theyalsousedto havea row offront
doorsof housesfor sale.I usedto go up and down the
a i s l ep r e s s i n ga l l t h ed o o r b e l l sa s l w e n t . . . b u t I l o v e d
l o o k i n ga t t h e p a i n t b e s t . I ' d n e v e r s e e n s o m a n y
differentshades of pink before. I used to mentally
redecoratemy bedroom. There were always a few
plantsbesidethe checkoutand my dad would sometimes buy me some seedsso that I could try to grow
some flowers.
Speaker3 (temale): lt's so useJulhaving that little
s h o pa t t h e e n d o f t h e r o a d .I d o m o s to f m y s h o p p i n g
in the supermarket,but thereare alwaysthingsthat I
forgetto buy, and of course I like to buy fresh bread
and milkeveryday,and I don't alwayshavetrmeto go
t o t h e s u p e r m a r k eTt .h e m a nw h o o w n st h e s h o pi s s o
nice too. I actuallyenjoy going down the road to buy
a newspaperor some tea or whatever.He always
suggestssomethinggood or particularlyfresh and I
a l w a y se n d u p s p e n d i n ga l o t m o r e t h a n I i n t e n d e d .
H e ' sj u s ta g o o d s a l e s m a nt h a t ' sa l l ,a n d h e d e s e r v e s
to be successful.
Speaker 4 (male): You know how you said that you
w e r e l o o k i n gf o r a n e w s u i t ef o r y o u r l i v i n gr o o m . . .
w e l l. . .I s a wa r e a l l yc o m f o r t a b loen ei n " R i c h a r d s o n s " .
I t h i n ki t w o u l dg o n i c e l yi n y o u r r o o m a n d t h e c o l o u r
is exactlywhat you're lookingfor. But,the interesting
thingwasthatthe saleswomanadvisedme to go to the
departmentstore across the road because it's t50
cheaperthere.Butshe did saythatif yourexistingsofa
a n d c h a i r sh a v e n ' tf a l l e na p a r t ,a n d i t ' s . j u stth a t y o u
d o n ' t l i k e t h e c o v e r sa n y m o r e ,t h e n t h e y c a n m a k e
loose-coversfor you. That'san idea you know,Jane,
becauseyour sofa reallyis in good condition.They
havelovelyfabricstooand can makelampshadesand
curtainsto match.
Speaker 5 (male): Oooh... I HATE shops like that they'reso touristyand false.In Scotlandthey are full
of tartan dish-cloths,kilts and miniatureLoch Ness
monstersfor people to take back home. You can
a l w a y sh e a rb a g p i p em u s i cp l a y i n g a
, n d o t h e rk i n d s
of traditionalmusic that no one reallylistensto any
more. But, I suppose that if you are interestedin
history and culture,they do tend to stock lots of
interestingbooks and calendarswith nice scenic
photographs-they makegood presentsactually,and,
thinkingabout it, they do normallysell good sweets
and chocolate- expensive,but tasty nevertheless.
ExamFocus- Speaking:Unit3 (p. 73)
Part 2 (Suggestedanswers)
. In picture A there is a pyramid,so it must be Egypt,
w h e r e a sp i c t u r e B i s o f a s w i m m i n gp o o l i n t h e
Caribbeanor somewhere.Both placeslook very hot.
. I would most liketo visitthe pyramidsin Egyptas I am
very interestedin the historyof this country.
. Whenyou travelyou learna lotaboutdifferentcultures
and nationalities.
You also learnabout the
historyof differentplaces.
. lf you travel alone you meet lots of new people
becauseyou are not restrictedto a group.You can do
whateveryou want withoutwaitingfor someoneelse
to decide.However,travellingalone can be dangerous, and you only haveyourselfto rely on. Travelling
in a groupon the otherhandcan befun,as you arewith
your friends.However,sometimestt is difficultto do
exactlywhat you want,as there are otherpeoplewho
may want to do differentthings.
.
.
.
.
Picture C shows some sort of traditionalfestivalwith
p e o p l ed a n c i n gi n t r a d i t i o n acl o s t u m e .P i c t u r eD
showsa sign for a concertwhichwill probablybe a lot
more seriousto watchthan the dancersin oictureC.
I t h i n kI ' de n j o yt h et r a d i t i o n adla n c i n gm o r e ,a s I d o n ' t
l i k ec l a s s i c am
l usic.
T h e d a n c i n gi n p i c t u r eC i s s i m i l a rt o t h e d a n c i n gw e
do in my country.Everybodyjoins in and enjoys
themselves.Some peoplego to concertsin my country,but onlyin the big cities.
Nowadaysmost peoplewatch TV for entertainment,
whereastwenty years ago more people went to the
cinemaor the theatre.Peoplestillgo the theatreand
c i n e m a ,b u t i t ' s n o l o n g e rs o i m p o r t a n ti n p e o p l e ' s
s o c i a ll i v e s .
ExamFocus- W r iting:Unit3 ( p.741
(Ssare advlsed to buy a dictionary of quotationseg The
MacMillan Dictionary of Contemporary Quotations by
JohnathonGreen)
1. 1. d
-2)i
5.k
6.b
7.1
8.e
9.c
10.i
11.9
2. To make contrasting points
. Killingendangeredspeciesis illegal,neverthel e s s p e o p l ew i l l n o t s t o p h u n t i n gt h e m .
. ln spite of the factthat killingendangeredspecies
i s i l l e g a l p, e o p l ew i l l n o t s t o p h u n t i n gt h e m .
. K i l l i n ge n d a n g e r e ds p e c i e si s i l l e g a l b
, ut people
w i l l n o t s t o p h u n t i n gt h e m .
. W h i l ek i l l i n ge n d a n g e r e sd p e c i e si s i l l e g a lp, e o p l e
w i l l n o t s t o p h u n t i n gt h e m .
. Despitethe factthat killingendangeredspeciesis
i l l e g a l p, e o p l ew i l l n o t s t o p h u n t i n gt h e m .
.
32
3.h
4.a
E v e n i f k i l l i n ge n d a n g e r e ds p e c i e si s i l l e g a l ,
p e o p l ew i l l n o t s t o p h u n t i n gt h e m .
Exam Focus: Unit 3
.
.
E v e nt h o u g h k i l l i n ge n d a n g e r e sd p e c i e si s i l l e g a l ,
p e o p l ew i l l n o t s t o p h u n t i n gt h e m .
K i l l i n ge n d a n g e r e ds p e c i e si s i l l e g a la, t t h e s a m e
t i m e p e o p l ew i l l n o t s t o p h u n t i n gt h e m .
To list points
. Firstly, the governmentmust revisethe out-ot
date environmentallaws which were written
twentyyears ago.
. ln the first place the governmentmust revisethe
lawswhichwerewritten
out-of-dateenvironmental
twentyyears ago.
. To start with, the governmentmustrevisethe outof-datelawswhichwere writtentwentyyearsago.
. Secondly,the governmentmust revisethe out-ofdate laws whrchwere writtentwentyyears ago.
. Thirdly, the governmentmust revisethe out-ofdate laws which were writtentwentyyears ago.
. Finally, the governmentmust revisethe out-ofdate laws which were writtentwentyyears ago.
To add more points on a topic
. What is more,the cityshouldconductinspections
of zoos.
. T h e c i t ys h o u l da l s o c o n d u c ti n s p e c t i o nosf z o o s .
. Apart from this/that/ln addition to this, the city
s h o u l dc o n d u c ti n s p e c t i o n os f z o o s .
. Moreover the city should conduct inspectionsof
ZOOS.
.
Besides, the city should conduct inspectionsof
ZOOS.
.
.
The city should conduct inspectionsof zoos too.
... not to mention the fact that the city should
conduct inspectionsof zoos.
To list advantages/disadvantages
. One of the greatestadvantagesof regularexercise
is that it leadsto a healthierlifestyle.
. Another great advantageof regular exerciseis
that it leadsto a healthierlifestyle.
. One other advantageoi regularexerciseis that it
leadsto a healthierlifestyle.
. A further advantageof regularexerciseis that it
leadsto a healthierlifestyle.
. The main advantageof regularexerciseis that it
leadsto a healthierlifestyle.
. The f irst/greatestadvantageof regularexerciseis
that it leadsto a healthierlifestyle.
To express personal opinion
. To my mind/way of thinking, departmentstores
offer a greater selectionof clothes than small
boutiques.
. I personally believe departmentstores offer a
greaterselectionof clothesthan small boutiques.
.
lt strikes me that departmentstoresoffera greater
selectionof clothesthan small boutiques.
.
.
.
.
I feel very strongly that departmentstoresoffer
a greater selectionof clothes than small boutiques.
I am inclined to believe that departmentstores
offer a greater selectionof clothes than small
boutiques.
lt seems to me that departmentstores offer a
g r e a t e rs e l e c t i o no f c l o t h e st h a ns m a l lb o u t i q u e s .
As far as I am concerned departmentstoresoffer
a greater selectionof clothes than small boutiques.
To refer to other sources
. With reference to this report,that brand of
s u n c r e a mc a u s e si r r i t a t i o tno s e n s i t i v es k i n
To conclude
. Finally,the university
offersa widerangeof courses
a n d p r o v i d e sm o d e r nf a c i l i t i e s .
. Lastly,the university
offersa widerangeof courses
a n d p r o v i d e sm o d e r nf a c i l i t i e s .
. Above all, the universityoffers a wide range of
coursesand providesmodernfacilities.
. A l l i n a l l , t h e u n i v e r s i t yo t f e r sa w i d e r a n g e o f
c o u r s e sa n d p r o v i d e sm o d e r nf a c i l i t i e s .
. Taking everything into account, the university
offersa wide rangeof coursesand provrdes
m o d e r nf a c i l i t i e s .
. O n t h e w h o l e ,t h e u n i v e r s i toyf f e r sa w i d er a n g eo f
c o u r s e sa n d p r o v i d e sm o d e r nf a c i l i t i e s .
. All things considered, the universityoffersa
w i d e r a n g eo f c o u r s e sa n d p r o v i d e sm o d e r n
facilities.
. In conclusion, the universityoffersa wide range
of coursesand orovidesmodernfacilities.
. As I have said, the universityotfersa wide range
of coursesand providesmodernfacilities.
. As was previously stated, the universityoffers
a wide range of coursesand providesmodern
facilities.
. To sum up, the universityoffersa wide range of
c o u r s e sa n d p r o v i d e sm o d e r nf a c i l i t i e s .
To express cause
. Because of the harsh winter, many crops were
destroyed.
. Owing to the harsh winter, many crops were
destroyed.
. For this reason, many crops were destroyed.
To express effect
. Lots of factorieshave closed down, therefore,
m a n y p e o p l eh a v el o s tt h e i rj o b s .
. Lots of factorieshave closed down; thus, many
p e o p l eh a v el o s tt h e i rj o b s .
. Lotsof factorieshavecloseddown;consequently,
many people have lost theirjobs.
33
Exam Facus: Unit 3
'
.
Lots of factorieshavecloseddown so manv peop l e h a v el o s tt h e i r1 o b s .
Lots of factorieshave closed down: as a conseq u e n c e ,m a n y p e o p l eh a v el o s tt h e i rj o b s .
T o e m p h a s i s ew h a t y o u s a y
. Clearly researchhas proved that eating healthy
f o o d s a n d e x e r c i s i n gr e g u l a r l yr e d u c et h e r i s ko f
h e a r td i s e a s e .
. Obviouslyresearchhasprovedthateatinghealthy
f o o d s a n d e x e r c i s i n gr e g u l a r l yr e d u c et h e r i s ko f
heartdisease.
' Of course researchhasprovedthateatinghealthy
f o o d s a n d e x e r c i s i n gr e g u l a r l yr e d u c et h e r i s ko f
heartdisease.
. In particular.researchershaveprovedthateating
h e a l t h yf o o d sa n d e x e r c i s i n g
r e g u l a r l rye d u c et h e
risk of heartdisease.
To express reality
. Actuallythe reportstatesthat mostcollegegradua t e sa r e i n t e r e s t e idn p u r s u i n gr i M a s t e r sd' e g r e e
in thefuture.
. As a matter of fact, the report statesthat most
c o l l e g e g r a d u a t e sa r e i n t e r e s t e di n p u r s u i n ga
M a s t e r sd' e g r e ei n t h e f u t u r e .
. In practice the report states that most college
g r a d u a t e sa r e i n t e r e s t e di n p u r s u i n ga M a s t e r s
d e g r e ei n t h e f u t u r e .
. T h e f a c t o f t h e m a t t e ri s t h a tm o s tc o l l e g eg r a d u a t e sa r e i n t e r e s t e d
i n p u r s u i n ga M a s t e r sd' e g r e e
in thefuture.
To express difference between appearanceand
reality
. O n t h e f a c e o f i t t h e b u i l d i n gl o o k e ds a f e .b u t
.
aftera detailedinspectionit was reportedto be in
n e e d o f m a j o rs t r u c t u r arle p a i r s .
Apparently the building was safe, but after a
detailedinspectionrtwas reportedto be in needof
m a l o rs t r u c t u r arle p a i r s
T o s t a t e a n a r g u m e n ta g a i n s ty o u r o p i n i o n
. lt is popularly believed that the teachingprofes.
"
.
.
s i o n n e e d sm o r e q u a l i f i e de d u c a t o r s .
People often claim that the teachingprofession
n e e d sm o r e q u a l i f i e de d u c a t o r s .
lt is often alleged that the teaching profession
n e e d sm o r e q u a l i f i e de d u c a t o r s .
People argue that the teachingprofessionneeds
m o r e q u a l i f i e de d u c a t o r s .
l t i s f a c t t h a t t h e t e a c h i n gp r o f e s s i o n e e d sm o r e
q u a l i f i e de d u c a t o r s ,
To state other people's opinions
. Some people argue that the mayor'sproposalto
raiselocaltaxes is unfair.
. A lot of people think/believe that the mavor's
proposalto raiselocaltaxes is unfair.
34
To introduce the other side of the argument
. However there are people who believethat increasingthe school year will only overworkstuoents.
. Those who oppose increasingthe school year
claim that it will onlv overworkstudents.
To express balance
. O n t h e o n e h a n d w o r k i n gf o r a l a r g ec o m p a n yi s
prestigious,but it can be very stressful.
. Workingfor a largecompanyis prestigious,but on
the other hand it can be very stressful.
. J o h ni s a h a r dw o r k i n gp e r s o nw
, h e r e a sA n n i s n ' t .
To give examples
. For example,in the pastsrxmonthsretailershave
reporteda 25"k drop in salesof electronicequipment.
To refer to what actually happens
. In effect consumersspendmoremoneyon luxury
items.
To make general statements
. Generally,girlsget betterexamresultsthan boys.
. In general,girlsget betterexamresultsthan boys.
. As a general rule. girls get betterexam results
.
thanboys.
On the whole, girls get betterexam resultsthan
boys.
To make partly correct statements
. C o n s i d e r i ntgh eh i g hr a t eo f u n e m p l o y m e nst ,o m e
companieshave,up to a point, tried to create
m o r ep o s i t i o n s .
. C o n s i d e r i ntgh eh i g hr a t eo f u n e m p l o y m e nst ,o m e
companieshave,to a certain extent,tried ro
c r e a t em o r e p o s i t i o n s .
. C o n s i d e r i ntgh eh i g hr a t eo f u n e m p l o y m e nst ,o m e
companieshave, in a way, tried to create more
Dositions.
. C o n s i d e r i ntgh e h i g hr a t eo f u n e m p l o y m e nst ,o m e
companieshave,in a sense, tried to create
morepositions.
To express limit of knowledge
. To the best of my knowledge, residentswere
.
o p p o s e dt o t h e c i t y ' sp l a nt o b u i l da n u c l e a r
p o w e rp l a n ti n t h e i ra r e a .
For all I know residentswereopposedto the city's
p l a nt o b u i l da n u c l e a rp o w e rp l a n ti n t h e a r e a .
To rephrase
. That is to say, they disagreewith the manager's
decision.
ExamFocus:Unit3
To bring up other points or aspects
. R e g a r d i n gt h e c o m m u n i t yt.h e a r e ai s i n n e e do l
a n e w e l e m e n t a r sy c h o o l .
. W i t h r e g a r d st o t h e c o m m u n i t yt,h e a r e ai s i n
n e e d o f a n e w e l e m e n t a r sy c h o o l .
. A s f o r t h e c o m m u n i t yt,h e a r e ai s i n n e e do f a n e w
e l e m e n t a r sy c h o o l .
Disadvantages: . Lack of privacy.
. Constantharassmentfrorrr
people.
. Livesare scrutinisedin newsp a p e r sa n d m a g a z i n e s .
. S u s p i c i o nt h a t p e o p l el i k ey o u
for who you are ratherthan the
k i n d o f p e r s o nv o u a r e .
T o i m p l y t h a t n o t h i n ge l s e n e e d st o b e s a i d
. A n y w a y ,a n e w c o m m u n i t yc e n t r ew i l l g r e a t l y
.
Linking words: however (to make contrasting
p o i n t s,)t h e m a i n a d v a n t a g e( t o l i s ta d v a n t a g e s ) .
points).
d e s p i t e ( t o m a k ec o n t r a s t i n g
f u r t h e r m o r e( t o a d d m o r e p o i n t so n a t o p i c ) ,
i n c o n c l u s i o n( t o c o n c l u d e ) .
benefitthe oeooleof the town.
I n a n y c a s e ,a n e w c o m m u n i t yc e n t r ew i l lq r e a t l y
b e n e f i t h e o e o o l eo f t h e t o w n .
Accepting the situation
. A s i t i s , t h e s i t u a t i o nc a n n o tb e i m p r o v e d .
. T h i n g sb e i n ga s t h e y a r e ,t h e s i t u a t i o nc a n n o tb e
rmoroved.
5 . L i n k i n g w o r d s : I n r n y o p i n i o n .t h e f i r s t r e a s o n ,f o r
e x a m p l e .m o r e o v e r ,t h e f i n a l a n d m o s t i m p o r t a n l
r e a s o n ,s u c h a s . w h i l e .c o n t r a r yt o p o p u l a rb e l i e f a
, .;
a l r e a d ys t a t e d .
Examples: .
3 . M o d e l 1 i s g o o d a n d M o d e l2 r s b a d .
M o d e l 1 f o l l o w st h e o u t l i n eo f a g o o d a r g u m e n t a t i v e
essay.lt is forrnalrnstyleand thetopic is clearlystated
. h ea d v a n t a g eas n d c i i s a d v a n i n t h ef i r s tp a r a g r a p hT
tages are clearlystatedand each paragraphbegins
w i t ha k e ys e n t e n c ew h i c hs u m sL l pa o a r t i c u l apr o i n t
E x a m p l e sa r eg i v e nt o s u p p o r te a c hp o i n to f v i e w .T l r e
quotationused is from a reputablesourceand adds
v i t a l i t tyo t h ec o m p o s i t i o nl t.n r a k e sg o o du s eo f l i n k i n g
w o r d sa n d p h r a s e sT. h e c o n c l u d i n gp a r a g r a p hs u m s
u p t h e e n t i r ec o m p o s i t i o nb y r e s t a t i n gt h e t o p i c w i t h
b a l a n c e dc o n s i d e r a t r otno b o t h v i e w s , a n d i t a l s o
e x p r e s s e tsh e w r r t e r ' sp e r s o n aol p i n i o n .
.
'
b.
.
.
M o d e l 2 d o e s n o t f o l l o wt h e o u t l i n eo f a g o o d a r g u .
rnentativeessay.lt is very infornralin stylewith
r n c o r r e c tl a n g u a g e .T h e r e a r e g r a r n n t a t i c ael r r o r s
t h r o u g h o u tE
. a c hp a r a g r a p hi s c o n s t r u c t e dp o o r l y .
T h ef i r s ts e n t e n c ei n e a c hp a r a g r a p hd o e sn o ts u m u p
.
the main part of the paragraph and there are no
e x a m p l e tso s u p p o r e
t a c hp o i n to f v i e w .T h o u g hs o m e
advantagesare stated,disadvantagesare not. The
quotationused is not fi'onra reputablesource.The
7. .
c o n c l u s i o nd o e s n ' tg i v e b a l a n c e dc o n s i d e r a t i o tno
b o t hv i e w s .T h e l a s tp a r a g r a p hi s o n l yo n e s e n t e n c e .
T h e r ea r e n o l i n k i n gw o r d so r p h r a s e s .
4. Advantages: .
.
.
.
.
"
l t t e n d st o g o h a n d i n h a n d w i t h
b e i n gr i c h .
Y o u c a n b e m i s e r a b l ei n c o r n f o r t .
W i t hf a m e c o m e sa d o r a t i o n .
P e o p l ea l w a y sw a n tt o s e ey o u a n d
b e s e e nw i t h y o n .
Y o u a r e w e l c o m e dw h e r e v e yr o u
go.
Y o u a r e s u r r o u n d e db y t h e g o o d
t h i n g so f l i f ea n d p r o t e c t e df r o r r
thebad.
.
F o re x a m p l ed, i a b e t i c w
s o u l dn o tt - r ;
a b l et o i n j e c ti n s u l i n. . h a di t n o t
b e e n d e v e l o p e db y t e s t i n gi t o n
anrmals.
insecticicles
cancer
T t r es u g g e s t i o tnh a tn e w l a w ss i r o u l db e p a s s e di s
r u s t i f i e db y t h e p o i n tt h a t t h e g o v e r n m e nst h o u l c
h a v eE r e a t e cr o n t r o lo v e rg u n s .
Th e s u g g e s t i o tnl r a t fr eg o v e r n r n e nsth o u l dc r e a t e
l o b s a n d w o r k p r o g r a m r n e fso r y o u n g p e o p l ei s
j u s t i f i e db y t l - r ep o i n tt h a ty o u n gp e o p l en e e dl r e l p
to findwork.
T h e s u g g e s t i o nt h a t y o u r r g p e o p l e s h o u l d b e
t a u g h t t h a t v i o l e r r c ei s n o t t t r e a n s v v e tro t h e i r
p r o b l e m si s j u s t i f i e db y t h e p o i n tt h a t b e t t e re d u cation is an rmportantpart of deterringcrinre.
T h es u g g e s t i o n
t h a tm o r ec r i m i n a l sw i l lb e c a u g h t
i s j u s t i f i e db y t h e p o i n tt h a t m o r ev i g i l a n p
t olicirrr,;
i s t h e b e s t s o l u t i o nt o t h e p r o b l e m .
A r g u m e n t sf o r t e c h n o l o g i c a a
l nd scientific
advancement:
. M a k e so u r l i v e se a s r e r
. Businessescannotfunction
easilvwithcutfaxes,
p h o t o c o p r e r sa.n d t e l e p h o n e s .
A r g u m e n t sa g a i n s tt e c h n o l o g i c a a
l nd
s c i e n t i ifc a d v a n c e m e n t ;
. E v e r y t h i n cg a r rb e d e s t r o y e da t t h e t o u c h o f
a button.
. M a c h i n e sw i l l c o m p l e t e l yr e p l a c eh L r m a n s .
. L e a v ef e w e rj o b s .
. R e d u c eh u r n a nc o n t a c t .
/Vofe.specla/ emphasisshould be given to lhe Dlscr-rssicnClcck an p 80ln the Ss' back. Thisc/cc,<helpsss
35
ExamFocus: Unit 3
organisetheirthoughtswhen consideringa dlscursive
essayand come up with a well-witten composition.T
can demonstrateitsfunctionby analysingthe following
question: The importance of sport.
Discuss. T helps Ss analyse the subject using the
discusslon clock andlor gives them ideasto
demonstratehow theclock works.AiterSshaveworked
on this, they are asked to do Ex I as follow up.
Psychological:Can have both good and bad effects
o n s e l f - c o n f i d e n cdee, p e n d i n go n a b i l i t y .
R e l i g i o u s :g a m e sw e r eh e l d i n a n c r e ntti m e st o h o n ourthe gods.
S c i e n t i ifc : N e wd r u g sd e v e l o p e d
t o i m p r o v ea t h l e t e s '
performance.
Artistic: Sportssuch as synchronisedswimmingand
gymnasticsincludeartisticelement.
Economic: Sport can be very profitableand creates
r e v e n u ef o r t h e s p o r t i n gi n d u s t r y .
E d u c a t i o n a l :S p o r t p l a y s a n i m p o r t a n tr o l e i n c h i l d r e n ' s m e n t a la n d p h y s i c a ld e v e l o p m e n tt,e a c h i n g
them to work as parl of a team and co-operatewith
others.
Social:Sportunitespeoplefrom differentsocialbackg r o u n d sb
, u tc a na l s od i v i d et h e me . g .c r o w dv i o l e n c e
at footballmatches.
Political:Governmentscan influencesport,e.g banning athletesfrom competing in certain events for
p o l i t i c arl e a s o n s .
Moral: Eventsareoftensponsoredby cigarettemanuf a c t u r e r s tp
o r o m o t ep r o d u c t sh a r m f u l t oh e a l t hw
, hich
c a n b e c o n s i d e r e di m m o r a l .
Historical:Sporthas beenpartof people'slivessrnce
a n c i e n t i m e s ,a n d c o n t i n u e st o p l a y a l a r g er o l e i n
today's society.
G e o g r a p h i c a l :S p o r t n o t o n l y u n i t e s p e o p l e f r o m
differentbackgrounds,but from differentpartsof the
w o r l d a s w e l l e . g . w h e n w a t c h i n gt h e W o r l dC u p .
P e r s o n a lS
: p o r ts h o u l db e u s e dt o e n c o u r a g ep e o p l e
to lead a more healthyand peacefullife.
8. .
.
.
E c o n o m i c- S p o r tc a n b e v e r y o ' : ' : a : =
c r e a t e sr e v e n u ef o r t h e s p o r t i n g- : - : : - .
:- :
O p p o s i t ep o i n to f v i e w :L a r g es u m s c ' - : - = , a r e
o f t e np a i dt o o r g a n i s e r o
s f s p o r t r n ge , e - : s i o
p r o m o t ep r o d u c t sw h i c ha r e h a r m f u : : : ^ : s
health.
9. 1.8
2.C
3 .A
4.D
Techniques
Paragraph 1: Openingparagraphstartswith a probl e m t h a t n e e d sa s o l u t i o n .
Last paragraphstatesa strong,firm opinion.
Paragraph 2: Opening paragraphstates a strong,
f i r mo p i n i o n .
Last paragraphincludesa quotation.
Paragraph 3: Opening paragraphstartswith a rhet o r i c a lq u e s t i o n .
Last paragraphsummarisesthe articleand states
a p e r s o n aol p i n r o n .
P a r a g r a p h 4 : O p e n i n g p a r a g r a p hb e g i n s b y a d dressingthe readerdirectly.
Last paragraphsummarisesthe article.
Outlines used for each topic
. T o p i c1 - E x p r e s s i n o
g p i n i o n .( s e ep . 7 8S ' s B o o k )
.
Topic 2 - DiscursiveEssay.(see p.80 S's Book)
.
Topic 3 - Providingsolutionsto problems.(see
p . 7 9S ' s B o o k )
.
T o p i c4 - E x p r e s s i n og p i n i o n .( s e ep . 7 8S ' s B o o k )
Suggested titles for each topic
. Topic 1 - "lncreaseIn Drug Use Threatens
Society?"or "SocietyThreatenedby Drugs."
. T o p i c 2 - " T e l e v i s i oTn h r e a t e n sC h i l d r e n ' s
D e v e l o p m e n t ,o"r " T e l e v i s l o nC: h i l d ' sF o e
Not Friend."
. Topic 3 - "What Can Be Done To ProtectOur
Aspects in composition:
E n v i r o n m e n t ?o"r " E n v i r o n m e n t a
T lh r e a t
Social - Sportunitespeoplefromdifferentsocial
C
o
n
t
i
n
u
e
s
.
.
.
.
"
b a c k g r o u n da
sndincreasep
s e o p l e ' st o l e r a n c eo f
. Topic 4 - "The Ups and Downsof LivingAbroad,"
each other.
or "ls LivingAbroadA PerfectSolution?"
Oppositepointof view:Justas sportunitespeople
s o i t c a n d i v i d et h e m . . . c r o w vdi o l e n c ea t f o o t b a l l 1O. (Tshouldgothrough each topic and discussthe plan
games.
before Ss write the compositions.)
EducationalSport plays a large role in both
c h i l d r e n ' sp h y s i c aal n d m e n t a ld e v e l o p m e n t .
Teacheschildrento work as partof a team and cooperatewith otherswhileimprovingtheirphysical
condition.
O p p o s i t ep o i n to f v i e w :C h i l d r e nw h o a r el e s sa b l e
to per{ormin sportsare likelyto feel inadequate
comparedto more giftedclassmates,which may
affectself-confidence.
36
.
(Suggested answers)
1. Living in the Countryside - Advantagesr
Disadvantages
Introduction: statetopic
Main body:
advantages:less trafficand industry, fewer
healthproblems.bettersurroundings.
lessstressful life
ExamFocus:Unit3
disadvantages:fewer schools/libraries/hospitals,
less publictransport,less entertainment
Conclusion; balancedconsideration
Thereare many pointsto take into consideration
with regardto the benefitsof livingin the country.
The biggestadvantageof the countrysideis the
envlronment.Less trafficand industrymeans that
the air is cleaner and people have fewer health
p r o b l e m sS
. e c o n d l yt,h e h i l l s t, r e e sa n d f i e l d sf o u n d
in the countrysideprovidea morebeautifulsettingin
which to live. Finally, people are thought to be
friendlierin the country and there is certainlyless
crime. lt can be arguedthat these factorslead to a
less stressful,healthierlifestyle.
On the otherhand,the countryhasfewerschools,
l i b r a r i e sa n d h o s p i t a l sI.n a d d i t i o ng, e t t i n gt o t h e s e
placescan also be difficultwithouta car sincetnere
i s l e s s p u b l i ct r a n s p o r t .
Some people believea furtherdisadvantageis
that livingin the countrysideis boringbecausethere
are fewer cinemas,discos,museumsetc.
In summary,despiteits lackof publicservicesand
entertainments,
the countrysidestilloffersa healthy
lifestylein an attractiveenvironment.Whetheror nor
it appealstoyou dependsentirelyuponyourperception of qualityof life.
2. lmportance of tourism - discursive
Introduction: statetopic
- economicbenefits
Main body:
- e n v i r o n m e n t ac lh a n g e s
- culturalasoect
C o n c l u s i o n : g i v eo w n o p i n i o n
Tourismhas becomebig businessoverthe last30
years and improved communicationswill ensure
that it continuesto grow.
The economic benefitstourism provrdesto a reg i o n a r e c l e a r .T h o u s a n d so f p e o p l e w o r k i n t h e
touristindustry,from bar ownersto airportworkers,
and in many ruralareas tourism is essentialto the
economy. However,jobs are often seasonaland
some thrivingsummer resortsare nearlydeserted
i n w i n t e rt i m e .
Tourism can also dramaticallychange the landscapeofan area.Manybeautifulbeacheshavebeen
spoilt by the constructionof large hotelsand many
villagesbecome neon-litholidayresorts.Yet it can
be argued that numerous sites and monuments
have been restoredwith money earned from tourism.
Many people enjoy visitingforeign cities,museums and galleries.Travellingis an excellentway of
gaining knowledgeof other countries'historyand
thereforetourismplaysan importantrolein breaking
down negativenationalstereotypes.Sadly, many
"packageholiday"touristsspendtheirvacationon a
beach,rarelyeven meetinga local person.
I n m y o p i n i o n ,t o u r i s mc a n o n l y b e n e f i ta r e g i o n
fully if it is properlymanaged.lt is also important
to rememberthat there is alwaysmore to see in a
countrythan its beaches.
3. Banning cars (expressingopinion)
Outline
I n t r o d u c t i o n s: t a t ey o u r o p i n i o n
Main body:
Para2 - first point - driving/parking
difficulties
Para 3 - secondpoint- betterpublictransport,
jobs
Para 4 - last point - pollution
Conclusion: Restateopinionexpressingit
differently
The enormousnumberof cars on the road today
i s c a u s i n gm o r e p r o b l e m st h a n a n y o n ec o u l d h a v e
imagined. I strongly believe that cars should be
bannedfrom city centres.
Huge trafficjams and parkingdifficultieshave
becomea normalpartof city life.This makesdriving
in a city centrean uncomfortableand
frustratingexperience.A ban on cars would end
s u c h a n n o y i n gj o u r n e y s .
Restrictions
likethis would also force city authorities to increasepublictransportservices.As well as
c r e a t i n gj o b s ,i m p r o v e dr a i l ,b u so r t r a mc o n n e c t i o n s
would resultin everybodybeingableto travelto and
f r o m t h e c i t y m u c h m o r e e a s i l ya n d q u i c k l y .
These are importantpoints, but by far the most
s e r i o u sr e a s o nf o r b a n n i n gc a r s i s p o l l u t i o nC
. ars
causeterrificdamageto both the environmentand
to health.
M a n yo l d b u i l d i n g sa r ew e a k e n e db y t h e c o n s t a n t
rushof trafficand in Londonover30% of schoolchildrensufferfromrespiratory
problemssuchasasthma.
T o s u m u p , b a n n i n gc a r s w o u l d n o t o n l y m a k e i t
easierto get intoand out of a citycentrebut also lead
to improved health and a cleaner,more pleasanr
envrronment.
4. Endangeredanimals - Providing solutions to
problems
lntroduction:state problems
Main body: - createbigger nationalparks
- ban sale of animaloroducts
- ban hunting
C o n c l u s i o n :r e s t a t eo o i n i o n
The natural environmentof many animals has
been eitherdestroyedor harmedduringthe 20th
century.The main reasonsfor this are deforestation
and the expansionof towns and cities.
Furthermorethe high prices offeredfor the skin
and organs of rare specieshas led to an increasein
hunting. These activitieshave led to the possible
e x t i n c t i o no f a l a r g en u m b e ro f a n i m a l s .
One solutionto this problemwould be to create
more "naturereserves"and to expandthose already
37
Urtit4. ParI 1
he willeventually
lf a huntercannotsellhisproduct,
nationscouldalsohelp
RichWestern
stophunting.
poorercountries'police"parks.ensuringhunters
cannotkillor takeanyantmals.
governments,
spurredon by the
In conclusion,
public,must
protests
of thegeneral
andpetitions
endangered
decideifenoughisbeingdoneto protect
anrmals,
i n e x i s t e n c eI.n t h e s e p a r k s m a n i s p r o h i b i t e df r o m
g i t h t h e a n i m a l si n a n y w a y .
b u i l d i n go r i n t e r f e r i n w
Nationalparkshavebeen successfulin many partsof
Asia and Africa,
U n f o r t u n a t e l yh,u n t e r si n p o o r c o u n t r i e sa r e e n couragedto break park laws by the demand for
p r o d u c t ss u c h a s a n i m a ls k i n s ,e l e p h a n t u s k s e t c ,
M o r ec o u n t r i e sn e e dt o b a n t h e s a l eo f t h e s et h i n g s .
Unit 4
t i m b e r - w o o d f o r c o m m e r c i aul s e
ecological balance - perfectstateof nature
substantial - vast
safeguards - defences
Unit4-Part1
Warm-upActivities:Part1 (p. 82)
(Suggested answers)
.
T r e e s ,g r a s s .w o o d . m u s h r o o m sf.o r e s t ,v e g e t a t i o n ,
squirrels,leavesetc
(Suggestedanswer)
2. 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
backyard
wide-ranging
woodland
putforward
discoloration
6.
7.
8.
9.
10
conoemneo
o Ynprls
commitments
reductions
responded
.
T r e e sa r e i m p o r t a nfto r : o x y g e np r o d u c t i o np. r o t e c 3. 1. Conservationists 6. alarming
t i o n o f e c o l o g i c abl a l a n c et.i m b e ri n d u s t r ye t c
7. Ecologists
2. endangered
p
o
l
l
u
t
i
o
n
.
r
a
i
n
,
a
c
i
d
: ir
F o r e s t sa r ed a m a g e dt h r o u g h a
8. reduction
E
n
v
i
r
o
n
m
e
n
t
a
l
3
.
, x p a n s i o no f c i t i e se t c .
clrmatic hangese
9. Protection
4
destruction
I no r d e r t op r e v e ndt a m a g et o t h ee n v i r o n m e npte o p l e
1
0. hoPefullY
s
u
r
v
i
v
a
l
5
.
p
r
o
b
l
e
m
s
and the
need to be made awareof the
g o v e r n m e n t s h o u l de n f o r c es t r i c t e r e g u l a t i o n fso r
t h ee n v i r o n - 4 . Becauseof freakweatherconditions,fire and acid
f r o mp o l l u t i n g
c o m p a n i e tso p r e v e n t t h e m
rain that destroywoodlandsand forests.
ment.
.
a - T h e ya r es i c ka n d d y i n g .T h e ya r eb e i n gd a m a g e d .
b - A i r p o l l u t i o na n d c l i m a t ec h a n g e s
c - T h e r ew i l lb e a r e d u c t i o ni n w a t e rq u a l i t yl.t w i l la l s o
c a u s ea c r i s i si n t h e f i s h i n g t. o u r i s ta n d t i m b e r
i n d u s t r i e sT. h e e c o l o g i c abl a l a n c ei n E u r o p ew i l l
alsobe threatened.
d - T h e yw i l l i n v e s t i g a tfeo r e s tp r o t e c t i o na n d a s k f o r
s a f e g u a r dtso p r o t e c t h e h e a l t ho f E u r o p es t r e e s ,
R e a d i n gT a sk:P a rt1 (p .8 2 -8 3 )
1F
2.A
3.H
4.C
5G
6B
Part1 (p. 84-85)
VocabularyExercises:
1 . c o n t i n e n t- a r e ao f l a n d m a d e u p o l v a r i o u sc o u n t r i e s ,e . g . E u r o p e
factors - reasonsfor a decisionor action
widespread - occurringin a lot of places
forestry - the study and practiceof planting,caring
foi' and managingforests
ignoring - not paying attentionto
38
3.
(Ss do Ex 5 on their own, then T elicitslexphins the
meaning of each distractor.)
6.C
4.D
5.C
3.A
1 A
2.D
.1
. A. protect (v) = 16 ensurethat sth or sb is safe
from harm
B. shelter (v) = to give sb or sth protection
from the weather.attacketc
C. cover (v) = to place sth over sth else in order
to protectit
D. support (v) = to give encouragementto st)
for sth
2 A . e d i t i o n( n ) = f o r mi n w h i c ha b o o ki s p u b l i s h e d
B . i s s u e ( n ) = a p a r t i c u l aer d i t i o no f a m a g a z i n e ,
n e w s p a p eer t c
n b o u ts t h i n
C p u b l i c i t y( n ) = i n f o r m a t i o a
order to attractattention
i n f o r m a t i oanb o u t s t h
D . r e p o r t( n ) = p a p e r g i v i n g
3. A. region (n) = area not exactlydefined
B. state (n) = countryrun by a political
organisation
C. place (n) = pafticularbuilding/area/site
D , s i t e ( n ) = p l a c ew h e r es t h i s s i t u a t e d
(egcampsite)
Unit 4: Part 2
4. A.
B.
C.
D.
5. A.
B'
C.
D.
6. A.
B.
C.
D.
standard (n) = certainlevelof sth usu quality
amount (n) = quantityof sth
quantity (n) = a certainamount/measure
of sth
quality (n) = degree of goodnessor worth
wreck (n) = vehicle,plane etc that has been
badly damaged in an accident
ruin (n) = stateor processof being destroyed
damage (n) = loss of value caused by an
accident,event etc
disaster (n) = eventthat causesdamage or
ruin
tip (n) = pointededge of sth
top (n) = highestpoint or part of sth
summit (n) = meetingbetweentwo or more
importantleaders
P e a k ( n ) : h i g h e s tP o i n to f s t h
i n v o l v i n go i l t a n k e r sa r e d a m a g i n gt h e c o a s t l i n ea n d
a n i m a ll i f et h e r e .B u t a l l t h i s c o u l d c h a n g ei f p e o p l e
become awareof the problems.
It would help if peoplecut down on electricityby
switchingoff the light when it is not necessary;not
relyingon theircomputerfor everythingand by seekingalternative
formsof entertainment
insteadof watching TV allthe time.
P e o p l eh a v ea l s ob e c o m et o o d e p e n d e not n t h e i r
cars and should try to cycle or walk for shorter
journeys.
Strictergovernmentrulesare requiredin order to
preventfactoriesfrom pumpingharmfulgasesintothe
a t m o s p h e r ew, h i c hd e s t r o yt h eo z o n el a y e r a n dc a u s e
g l o b a lw a r m i n g .
Overall,people'sattitudesneed to change. lf
e v e r y b o d yc a n m a k ea s m a l lc o n t r i b u t i o ni t,w i l lm a k e
a b i g d i f f e r e n c ei n t h e e n d .
6. (Ss should memorise these text related collocations
and expressions.T checks in the next lesson.)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
severe
to reach
detailed
to produce
forestry
6. ecological
7. substantial
8 . t h e r ei s a n e e d
9. tropical
7 . 1 . s i g no f t h e t i m e s
2. backbreaking
3. backuo
4 . s h o w ss i g n so f
5. signlanguage
6. backbone
GrammarCheck:Part1 (p. 85)
l. even
2. very
3. very
4. too
5. very
6. much
7. most
8. further
9. very
1 0 .f a r
11 . f u r t h e r
'12.
most
1 3 .a b i t
1 4 .a n y
Unit 4 - Par l2
Warm-upActivities:Part2 (p. 86)
Follow-upActivities:Part1 (p. 85)
(Suggestedanswers)
(Suggested answers)
'
'
,
.
reforestation,
turn forestsinto protectedareas,campaignto reducepollutionand make air cleaner,try to
increaseknowledgeon the subject.
Dangers that forests are facing: forestsare being .
destroyed by air pollution,environmentaldamage.
Europeonly has 1% of its ancientforestsremaining.
Consequencesof damaging the woodlands: if the
woodlandscontinueto be damaged, it will cause a
reductionin waterquality,a crisrsin the fishing,tourist
a n d t i m b e ri n d u s t r i e sa, n d i t w i l l t h r e a t e nt h e e c o l o gical balancein Europe.
Action being taken by the EuropeanCommunity:a
programmeof forest managementhas been organised. Europeanparliamentis to begin investigating
forestprotection:it may also ask for new safeguards
to protectEurope'strees.
(Thisactivityshould be done after T has presentedthe
theory of articles.See S's book p.700 . f can help Ss
with ideas before helshe assigns lhis as written HW.)
P o l l u t i o ni s i n c r e a s i n gd u e t o t h e v a s t a m o u n t so f
gases being emitted from vehicle exhaustsand to
factoriespumpingout enormousamountsof smokein
order to supply the growing demand for electricity.
F a r m l a n di s b e i n g d e s t r o y e db y c h e m i c a l sa n d t h e
i n c r e a s e du s e o f p e s t i c i d e sI.n a d d i t i o n a, c c i d e n t s
B i r d s : f l y i n gw, i n g s ,f e a t h e r sb, e a k ,d u c k s ,n e s t ,e g g s ,
pigeons,canaryetc
(Suggestedanswers)
lt is a heron.lt has very largewings,liveson the water
and has a large red beak.
T o s e e t h e o c e a na n d f i n d t h e h e r o n ' sn e s t .
b. A heron.
c . Y e s ,s h e d o e s .
d . She feelsoverwhelmed
ReadingTest: Part 2 (p. 86-87)
7. C (Ln 1-2)
8 . C ( L n4 - 5 )
9 . D ( L n7 - 8 )
1 0 . B ( L n2 1 )
1 1 .A ( L n 2 6 - 2 7 )
1 2 .B ( L n 2 8 - 3 0 )
1 3 .C ( l n4 1 - 4 2 )
VocabularyExercises:Part2 (p. 88-89)
1. pine tree - a type of tree that is green all year round
excitement- feelingof enthusiasmabout somethinq
heron - large bird found by rivers
nest - place where birds lay their eggs
adventure - excitingsometimesdangerous
experience
glory - feelingof havingachievedsth great
?q
Unit 4: Part 2
t r i u m p h - f e e l i n gc a u s e d b y w i n n i n g ,o r a c h i e v i n g
7 . A . s l e e p y ( a d j )= t i r e d
something
B . a s l e e p ( a d j )= s l e e p i n g
f a d i n g - g e t t i n gw e a k e r
C. sleeP (v) = to be asleep
b a r k - t h i c ks k i n t h a t c o v e r st r e et r u n k s
D . a w a k e ( a d j )= n o t s l e e p i n g
oak tree - type of largetree
8. A. hold on (v) = to take hold of sth to preventit or
twigs - small branches
y o u f r o mf a l l i n g
s t i c k y - d i f f i c u ltto r e m o v e ;c l i n g i n g
C. cling (v) = to hold onto someoneor sth tightly
t h o r n y - c o v e r e di n s h a r ps p i k e s
( c l i n gi s u s e dw i t h a p r e p o s i t i o n
c l i n go n / t o )
h a w k s - l a r g eb i r d sl i k ee a g l e s ,w h i c h h u n t a n i m a l s
B. tackle (v) = to attackanotherplayerin a ball
overwhelmed - unable to act because of strong
g a m e i n o r d e rt o t a k e t h e b a l l
emotion
D g r i p ( v ) = t o h o l ds t ht i g h t l y
sweeping - moving gracefullyand withoutefforl
4 . /Ss shou/d memonse these text related collocations
mate - partner
and expressions.
T checks rn the next/esson.)
2. 1
2.
3
4.
weak
exhaustion
stiff
dawn
5. dazzling
6. clumsy
7. edge
8. visible
Q
nath
1 0 .b r a v e l y
3 . (Ss do Ex 3 on their own then T elicitslexplainsthe
meaning of each distractor.)
1B
2.C
3.A
4.C
5.D
6.A
7.8 8.D
'1
.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
toweredabove
fast
to creep out
a i rw a s
fading
b l o o dr a c i n g
7.
8.
9.
10.
11 .
12
to feel
to grow
to reach
to shine
t o s h a k ew i t h
to fly
5 . (lf Ss have difficulty with the words, T explainsl
elicitstheir meanrngsbefore they do Ex.5 and 6.)
1 A a n t i q u e ( a d j ): o l d ( u s e dt o d e s c r i b e d
'1
. leaves 3. trunk
5. branches
valuableobjects)
2. bark
4. twig
6. roots
B . a n c i e n t( a d j )= b e l o n g i n gt o p a s tc i v i l i s a t i o n s ,
e g G r e e k ,R o m a no r E g y p t i a n
6. 1. feathers 3. cage
5. peck
C. old (adj) : no longer new/young
2. claws
4. wings
6. beak
D. old-fashioned (adj)- out of date
2 A. arrive in/at (v) = to come to a placeat the
Foffow-upActivities:Part2 (p. 89)
end of a journey
B . a p p e a r( v )= t o c o m et o a p l a c ew h e r ey o u c a n
glory.triumph,bravely,clumsy,stiff,doubt,
excitement.
oe seen
weak, shakingwith exhaustion,overwhelmed,froze
C. reach (v) : to arriveat/ina place(reachis used
w i t h o u ta p r e p o s i t i o n
PossibleTitle: A NastyExperience/Adventure
e . g . r e a c hP l y m o u t h )
at Dawn
D. go to (v) : to move/travelto a placefor
(BeforeSs are assigned this as wiltten HW, T should
a purpose
3 . A . m a r s h ( n ) : a r e ao f w e t l a n d n o r m a l l yn e a r
remind them of all techniques involved in writing
a lake,riveror sea
narrativesemphasisings|//e - See Ss book p. 24.)
B. swamp (n) = lanOthat is coveredin water
C . P u d d l e ( n ) = s m a t tP a t c ho f w a t e r
(Suggested answer)
D . m o o r l a n d( n ) = h i l l yl a n dc o v e r e dw i t h r o u g h
. , .a s m a l l s, h i v e r i n g
b u n d l eo f f u r .L o o k i n gc l o s e l y ,
grass elc
she realisedit was a puppy She picked it up and it
4 A . cool off (v) = to become colder
s n u g g l e di n t o h e r j e r s e y ,s e a r c h i n gf o r w a r m t h
B . c h i l l ( v ) = t o b e c o m ec o l d
''Come '
o n , s a i dJ u l i e .S h ec a r r i e dt h e p u p p yi n t o
a lreeze (v) : to turn into ice: stop suddenly
the house.She driedit offwitha tea-toweland noticed
when shockediscaredby sth
that it was wearinga collar,with a tag attachedto it.
n dampen = to make sth wet
W r i t t e no n t h e t a g w a s : S a l l y ,0 1 7 1 3 4 67 1 0 0 .
5 A . swing (v) = to move backwardsand forwards
''ls
t h a t y o u r p h o n e n u m b e rS a l l y ? "J u l i ea s k e d .
B . sway (v) = to move slowlyfrom side to side
S
a
l
l
y
w
a g g e dh e rt a i l ,a n d l o o k e du p w i t hb i g ,t r u s t i n g
n lay (v) = to put sb or sth in its place carefully
e y e s .J u l i eh a d s e c r e t l yb e e nh o p i n gt h a tS a l l yd i d n ' t
D . perch (v) = (of birds)to sit on a branchor sth
have an owner.so she could keep her. But now she
else
knew that she would have to take her home. The
6 . A . shake (v) = to movefromsideto sideor up and
w o m a no n t h e p h o n es o u n d e dv e r yn i c e ,a n d s h ew a s
d o w n q u i c k l yb e c a u s eo f c o l d ,n e r y o u s n e s s
overjoyedthat Sallyhad been found. "We were
or anger
w o r n e ds i c k . "s h e s a i d ." W e l o s th e r w h i l ew a l k i n gi n
=
B . shiver (v) to shakeslightlybecauseof cold
t h e p a r kt h i s m o r n i n g . "
or frioht
A f t e rt h e y h a d p i c k e dS a l l yu p , J u l i ef e l t s a d , b u t
C . s h u d d e r ( v ) = t o t r e m b l ew i t h d i s g u s to r f e a r
s h e s o o n c h e e r e du p . T h e o w n e rh a d s a i ds h e c o u l d
D. move (v) = to cause Strongfeelingsin sb
s u c ha s s a d n e s sh
. a p p i n e s se t c
Unit4: Part3
walk Sally any time she liked,which was almost as
g o o d a s h a v i n ga p u p p y .J u l i eh a d m a d e s o m e n e w
friends.
GrammarCheck:Parl2 (p. 89)
1.
2.
3.
4.
the most beautiJrrr
5. greener
the clearest
6. the moreinteresting
the most picturesque 7. better
the most majestrc
Unit4-Part3
Warm-upActivities:Part3 (p. 90)
1. A.
B.
C.
D.
2. A.
B.
C.
D.
3. A.
B.
C.
D.
4. A.
(Suggestedanswers)
.
B.
T h e s ep e o p l ea r ed i v i n gu n d e rt h e o c e a n .T h e yc o u l d
be exploringthe ocean and/or lookingat coral reefs.
Old shipwrecksand treasurecould lieat the bottomof
theoceans.
a . T o e n a b l es c i e n t i s ttso g u i d es u b m a r i n e w
s ithout
them havingaccidents.
b. Hot fluidswere burstingfrom the sea floorand the
watertemperaturebegan to rise.
c. They found gianttube worms.
d. In order to discoverthe temperatureof the sea
waler.
ReadingTask: Part 3 (p. 90-91)
14.8 15.E 16.A 17.G
18.C 19.F 20.D
VocabularyExercises:Part3 (p. 92)
1 . 1.
2.
3.
4.
eruption
hazardous
deposits
constant
2. a.
1 . w a t e ru n d e rt h e b r i d g e
2. go throughfire and water
3. in unchartedwaters
4 . i n d e e ow a t e r
b. 1. off to sea
2. all at sea
5. exploiting
6. unique
7. fluids
8. renewal
9. rapidly
1 0 .s a m p l e s
3. (Ss should memorise these text related collocations
and expressions.T checks in the next /esson.)
7. ocean
8. mat
9. hot
4 . (Ss do Ex 4 on their own, then T elicitslexplainsthe
meaning of each distractor)
1.8
2.4
3.D
4.C
5.A
6.C
D.
5. A.
B.
D.
6. A.
D.
7. A.
B.
a
D.
8. A.
B.
D.
5. 1.
2.
3.
4.
3. high seas
4. plentymore fish in the sea
1.to take
4. to set up
2. mineral
5. volcanrc
3. geological 6 . s u b m a r i n e
C.
7.D
8.B
encourage (v) = to make sb want to do sth
enable (v) = to make sb able to do sth
empower (v) = to give sb authorityto do sth
entitle (v) = to give sb the rightto do sth
effort (n) = use of energyand strengthto do
sth
attempt (n) = act of trying to do sth
trY (n) = attempt
trial (n) = experimentalattempt
band (n) = group of musiciansor robbers
gang (n) = fairlydisorganisedgroupof people
team (n) = group of sportspeoplewho play
together
c r e w ( n ) = g r o u po f p e o p l ew o r k i n go n a s h i p
m a s s a c r e( n ) = k i l l i n go f l a r g en u m b e r so f
people/animals
holocaust (n) = largescale destructionoJ
peoole
catastrophe (n) = (naturalor man-made)
disaster
destruction (n) = large scale damage
mat (n) = smattcoveringused to protecta
floor
c a r p e t ( n )= l a y e r o sf o f t m a t e r i auls e d t o c o v e r
the whole floor of house
rug (n) = smallcarpetcoveringpart of a floor
mattress (n) = thicXcushion{or sleepingon
area (n) = region
Plain (n) = flat area of land
valley (n) = area with hills on eitherside
meadow (n) = fietOcoveredin grass
subside (v) = to weaken;become lower
sink (v) = to go down into water
ascend (v) = to go up
descend (v) = to go down
strengthen (v) = to become stronger
harden (v) = to become more solid
tighten (v) = to become stifferor narrower
toughen (v) = become less soft or flexible
explorer
probably
daring
continuous
6. 1. drought
2. Famine
5. preparation
6. equipment
7. provisions
8. closelv
9. ultimately
10. notoriously
3. earthquake 5. forestfire
4. flood
6. Tidalwaves
Follow-upActivitles:Part3 (p. 93)
(Suggested answers)
There are many reasons for doing this such as:
curiosity,searchfor fuel/minerals/etc,
a need to understandmore about planets/oceans
etc. Nowadays
technologymakesthis kind of explorationpossible.
interest,technology, investigateearth's structure,
understandmovementsof the earth'ssurface,creation of mountainranges,record changes,to understand "mysteriesof the deep."
41
Unit4: Part4
r1
z
A
Recent technological developments have enabledscientiststo explorethe oceanfloor, and discover
more about the earth'ssurfaceand formation.
T h e g e o g r a p h yo f t h e o c e a n f l o o r i s d i v e r s ew
. i t h m o u n t a i nr a n g e s ,p l a i n sa n d v a l l e y s .
The Alvin research group recordeda volcaniceruption,temperaturechangesin the water,chemicaland
geologicalchanges.and the recoveryof the area afterthe eruption.
The sea bed was coveredin fresh lava afterthe eruption.and nothingwas left alive.After21 months
though,the sea bed was showingsignsof recovery,Gianttube worms had appeared, growingto a lengthof
four feet.
G r a m m aC
r h e ck:Part3 (p, 93)
1 .t o t u r n
2. eating
3. seeing
4. to do
5. mentioning
6. to inform
7
9. looking
1 0 .g o
o2tinn
8. to have
Unit4-Part4
Warm-upActivities:Parl4 (p. 94)
(Suggested answers)
.
S i n g l er o o m ,D o u b l er o o m ,h o t e l ,f l a t .h o u s e .b e d a n d b r e a k f a s tb. a t h r o o me t c
'
The cottageshavethatchedroofsand smallwindowsand are surroundedby treesand plants.My idealcottage
would look like these cottagesand would have a large kitchenand a fireplace.
.
a. True
b. False
c. True
d. False
Reading Task: Part 4 (p. 94-95)
21.C
22.F
23.H
24.E
25.D
26.E
27.c
28,29.H. C (inanyorder)
30,31.E. F (inanyorder) 34,35.D, F (in
32,33.A, F (inanyorder)
anyorder)
VocabularyExercises:Part4 (p. 96)
'l
.
1.virtually 2. bay
3. stroll 4. winds
5. recreation
2 . Before Ss do Ex 2, T draws a spidergram on the board and elicits lrom Ss various types of dwellrngs as well as their
features.
exPenslveluxurious
spacrous
pflvare
D E T A C H E DH O U S E
pnvate
garden
mooern
secure
solttary
cosy
reasonablypriced
no garden
norsy
lowceilings
s m a l lr o o m s
economrcal
old
garden
modern
traditional
thatchedroof
SEMI-DETACHED
HOUSE
family-sized
+Z
no individuality
garden
ExamFocus:Unit4
A. 1.
2.
3.
4.
tower
suburbs
small
modern
B . 1 .t h a t c h e d
2. quaint
3. garden
4. small
5.
6.
7.
8.
cheap to heat
balcony
convenient
p u b l i ct r a n s p o r t
5. cosy
6. comfortable
7 . h o m e l ya t m o s p h e r e
8. pleasant
C. 1. family
2. 3 bedroomed
3. garden
4. garage
7. comfortable
5 . t h i nw a l l s
6. homely
3. (Ss should memorise these text related collocations
and expressions.T checks in the next /esson).
1.within
4. puffin
2. coastal
5. home-cooked
3 . h a l fa m i l e ' s 6 . e a s i l y
7. forms
B. tennis
9. to order
Follow-upActivities:Part4 (p. 96)
.
I would pre{erto stay in Hooperscottagebecauseit is
closeto a harbourwhereyou can windsurf, and I enloy
t h a t s p o r t .l t o v e r l o o k st h e g r e e n ,w h i c h s o u n d s
p l e a s a n ta, n d i s c o n v e n i e nfto r v i s i t i n gn e a r b y
places,such as Puffinlsland.
.
Dear Sir/Madam
I saw your advertisement
for cottagesto rent,and
I w o n d e ri f y o u c o u l ds e n d m e a b r o c h u r ea, n d s o m e
furtherinformation.
We are interestedin spendinga weekend in the
Lake Districtin July and would like to know if any
four bedroomedcottagesare available.ls it possible
to rentsomewherefor so shorta periodof time?lf not,
could you let me know what the minimumstay
oeriod is?
Your advertisementmentionsthat the properties
a r ea l l f u l l yf u r n i s h e dW
. h a te x a c t l yi s p r o v i d e d ?
would
we haveto bring bedlinen?
L a s t l yw
, e w e r ep l a n n i n go n b r i n g i n go u r d o g w i t h
u s . W o u l dt h i s b e a p r o b l e m ,a n d a r e t h e r ee x t r a
chargesfor pets?
Thankyour for your assistanceand I hope to hear
from you soon.
Yoursfaithfully,
ExamFocus- Useof English:Unit4 (p. 97)
Part4
4. our
7.,/
5. been 8. it
6. from 9. ,/
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6. scientists
7. varieties
8. Additional
9. vitally
10. generations
environmental
reduction
harmful
endangered
threatened
Prepositions
to
for
of
4. from
5. in
6. in
l
z.
7.
8.
9.
10.
1f .
12.
Ior
at
with
to
in
with
13. of/by
1 4 .o I
1 5 .i n
1 6 .i n
1 7 .i n
1 8 .i n , o f
1 0 .m u c h
11./
12.Io
13. ,/
1 4 .t h e m
15. have
19. of
20. in
21.for
ExamFocus:Listening:Unit4 (p. 98)
Part4
24.N 25.D 26.D 27.C 28.N
(Suggestedanswers)
1 .o n
2. ,/
3. very
Part 5
29.C 30.D
You'llhear a conversationin which David, Clare and
Neeraj are trying to decide how to spend their evening.
Answer quesllons 24 to 30 by writing D (for David),
N (for Neeraj) or C (for Clare) in the boxes provided.
David: So what are we going to do tonight then?
Anybody got any ideas?
C/are; I'm for going out, but l'm not sure about what
we should do. What about you, Neeraj?
Neeraj: Oh, I don't know.Thereare a few good things
o n W t h a t I w o u l d n ' tm i n d s e e i n g ,i n c l u d i n g" W h o ' s
afraidof VirginiaWoolf"
Clare: I lovethatfilm!lsn'tElizabethTaylor{antastic
in
i t ? S h e c a o t u r e st h e . . .
David: (interrupting)No! We've got to go out. We
haven't done anything decent at the weekend for
ages. I'm fed up with watchingTV.We shouldmake a
bit of an effortand try and get out of the house.Even
if it's just for a coffee.
Neerai:That'strue, David.But l've sort o1settledinto
the idea of relaxingin front of the telly. You know,
pizza,a few drinks. But I could be persuadedinto
g o r n go u t .
Clare; No, David's right. We've got to get out. As
much as I love "Who's afraidof VirginiaWoolf,"and
pizza,we should hit the town.
Neeraj:OK, Clare.We'll go out - but where?
David: Wellthat dependson what we feel like doing.
There'salwaysthe old favourites,
the CafeRoyalfor a
d r i n k ,o r w e c o u l dg o f o r a n I n d i a nm e a l .D o e sa n y o n e
f a n c yg o i n gt o a c l u b ?
Neeraj: Dancing might be the thing, but what's on
Dave?
David: The Place have that American DJ. Kenny
L a r k i n p, l a y i n g- p l u sa p e r s o n aal p p e a r a n c e
by B12.
Or there'sthat new club on ShandwickPlace.That's
s u p p o s e dt o b e q u i t eg o o d .
43
Exam Focus:lJnit 4
C l a r e :I w o u l d n , m
t i n d g o i n gt o T h e p l a c e ,b u t i t , l l
be
an all ticketjob, won't it? And won't it be
expensrve?
David: I don,tknow how much it is. But Man
would be
able to get us tickets.you could give him
a rrng and
find out, couldn'tyou Clare?
Clare; yeah, I could do that.
Neeraj:What else is there?
C l a y : l _ k n o wS, p i k eL e e ' sn e w f i l m , . C l o c k e r s , ,
is on
at the Cameo. We could go there have
a couple of
drinks, maybe somethinglo eat, and go
to the late
s h o w i n g .H o w d o e st h a t s o u n d N e e ?
lf we're going to eat out, we coulo go to the
!."?r?i,
K e b a bM a h a l .l t , sc h e a p e rt h a n t h e C a m e o
and it,s
betterfood.
.
C/are:Whata greatidea!| haven'thad Indian
food for
qu u5.
j u s r r e m e m b e r e dT. h e R o b e r tF i s h
?yldi_Oh, I've
C.eilidhBandare playingat the AssemblyRooms
and
Mikehas leftsome ticketsat the door foius.
A Ceilidh
is alwaysgood for a lauqh.
Clare: I saw them durin! the festivaland
they were
b r i l l i a n tl .t w a s s u c h a g o o d n i g h t l
Neeraj:I'm not all that keen oi them, but
t,d go at a
push. Particularlyif we've got free
tickets. t,m a bit
short of cash this week.
Clare: ll we're lookingto save some money.
I could
w h i p u s u p s o m e s p a g h e t t iy. o u k n o w I l i k e
messing
around in the kltchen.
Neeraj: No, it's not that bad. I still want to go
to the
Kebab Mahal, whateverelse happens.What
about
you Dave?
David: Me too.
Clare..So, we're definitelygoing for an Indran
meal?
David & IVeeray..yes.
Clare.' Now we've got to choose between
going
going to the cinemaor going to the
gtuO.OjnO,
Ceilidh.
David: yes, but why don,t *"
eat now and
96
decidewhat to do once we'rethere?
"n"O
l,m starvingand
I d like to eat soon.
Neeraj:Greatldea.Just let me change
my rop.
ExamFocus- Speaking:Unit4 (p.99)
Part3
(Suggestedanswers)
S4.'Pollutionis becominga real problem
for forests.
S8.'Yes.Wastefrom cars and factories
causesacid
raln,which is very bad for the trees.
This could be
1u:19"dby using other,less harmfulkindsof energy.
SA;Well,thatwouldsolvethe probtemot aciO
rain.gut
what about other problems,such as people
cutting
forestsdown in order to use the wood'for'timber?
SB; That could be solved by introducinq
stricter
regulations,and growingtrees specially
toitnat
purposeratherthan cuttingdown
ancientforestsfor
wood. But naturaldisasteiscan be a problem
too:
what about forestfires?
SA.'Sometimes
forestfiresare necessary.Theyciean
the forest,whichwould otherwisehavebecome
over_
grown. But if we had forestrangersto supervrse
and
c o n t r o ls u c h t h i n g s ,a l o t o f t h e d a n g e r c o u t o
be
avoided.
SB; I agree.Forestrangerscould also make sure
that
people did not leave litter,or cut down
the trees for
timber.
SA; Exactly.
Part 4
(Suggested
answers)
SA.' There are many differentthings that
can oe
re_cycted,
such as old cans, newspapers,and plastic
UOU J,
SAI Yes, and what about bottles,and other
types of
plastic,such as shampoocontainers?
S/; Absolutely.Recyclingis good, becauserr
means
that fewer suppliesare wasted.
SB; Especiallypaper,which destroystrees.
S4.'Yes, but thereare other benefiti as well.
Making
plastic in factorlesproduces harmful gases,
so by
recyclrngplasticbagsand containers,*e help
to keep
p o l l u t i o nl e v e l sl o w .
S8.' Other things can be recycledas well. Having
a
compostheap in your gardenis a good idea:you
can
puryourwasteon it,suchas unwanted
food,and it will
get broken down over time. The result
is compost,
which is very good for the plants.
SA;Yes.Infact,if you knowhow it is possibleto
recycle
a l m o s ta n y t h i n g l
SA; Individualscan cut down on household
wasteby
r e c y c l i n gm o r e .
SB; Yes,and also by just not usingso much
in the first
place! For example,you don't al*ays
need to ger a
p13.1"bag when you go to the supermarket.
SA; That'sthe fault of the supermarkets
though. So
much of what you buy is in packetsnowadays.
That
createsa lot of extrahouseholdwaste.
SB: Yes, but it s also the fault of the individuats.
l,ve
seen people in supermarketsbuying three
separare
p i l t : : f i i t k w h e nt h e ys h o u t dr e a l r yi u u e O o u g not n e
otgcontainer.
S;4;Yes.And if peoplewere more carefulabout
what
they bought, perhapsthe food companies
would be
m_orereliableabout packaging.
SB; I aoree.
SA; lt is very imporlantto protectthe environment
for
a lot of reasons.lf we do not protectthe environment
now,we willdestroythe planetfor futuregenerations.
58; Y;9 lf we keepusingmotorcars,for example,
the
a i r w i l l b e c o m eu n b r e a t h a b l e .
S A ;A l s o .i f w e c o n t i n u ep r o d u c i n gC F C , s ,
m o r eo f t h e
ozone layerwill be destroyed,and more people
will
g e t s k i nc a n c e r .
S 8 ; T h a tw i l la l s oc a u s eg l o b a w
l a r m i n gw
, h i c hm e a n s
that sea levelscould rise,becauseice"Oergs
witimett.
ExamFocus:Unit4
SA; Pollutionfrom factorieswill lead to acid rain
destroyingthe forests.
SB.'Yes,whichwillmeanlessoxygenbeingproduced
by trees.
SA; Rubbish is another problem. lt is importantto
c l e a nu p t h e r u b b i s ht h a t i s p o l l u t i n gt h e o c e a n s .
SB.Y
. e s .A n d t h e d a n g e r o u so i l s p i l l sf r o m b i g s h i p s ,
w h i c ha r e k i l l i n gs o m u c h w i l d l i J e .
.
2. F
3. E
SA: lthink thattherearea lot of thingsthe government
s h o u l d d o t o r e d u c e p o l l u t i o n .F o r e x a m p l e ,t h e y
should be takingsteps to ban motor cars,which
pollutethe atmosphere.
SB; Yes maybe, but they could never do that. How
would people get around?Motor cars are much too
p o p u l a rf o r t h e g o v e r n m e ntto b a n t h e m .
SA.' People could use electriccars. Of course they
couldn'tban them now, but they could take steps to
slowlyintroduceother,lessharmfulkindsof transport.
SB; I think that the governmentshould try and clean
u p r u b b i s hi n t h e c i t y .
SA;Yes.Theycould providemorelitterbinsfor people
to use.Thatwould preventthe problemfrom happening again.
SB; Perhaps they should pay for a campaign to
educate people about the dangers of pollutingthe
envrronment,and ways of becoming more environmentallyfriendly.
SA; That'sa good idea.lf peopleknew more about it,
p e r h a p ss o m e t h i n gc o u l d b e d o n e .
SB.'Yes.Definitely.
4.
ExamFocus- Writing:Unit4 (p. 100)
ARTfCLES (While teaching aftictes, T should eticit
style techniques from Ss, by revisrng stytefrom previous unlts.Ss shou/dbe a skedto memorisethe outlines
on p.100 of the Student'sBook and refer to them
when necessary).
1. 1. C
2.E
?n
4.8
5 .A
2. (Suggested headlines)
1 . " H i d d e nd a n g e r sa t t h e b e a c h "o r " B e a c n e sa d a n g e rz o n e . "
2. "Waragainstdiseases"or "New breakthrouqhsin
m o d e r nm e d i c i n e . "
3 . " P a s s i o n- H e r et o d a y ,g o n e t o m o r r o w . '
4. "Cape May Resort- a hiddenparadise"or "Exotic
Hawaii."
3. 1. C
first paragraph- the readeris addresseo
directly
lastparagraph- the readeris givensomething
to consider
The outlinefor a discursivearticleshould be
USEd.
(Suggestedtifle)Sport in Schools.
5.
4. A
5. D
6. B
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
first paragraph- a strong opinionis stated
last paragraph- the articleis summarised
Theoutlinefor a "forand against"articleshould
be used.
(Suggestedtitle)Boxing Ban.
firstparagraph- a rhetoricalquestionis asked
last paragraph- a personalopinionis stated
Theoutlinefora"forand against"articleshould
be used.
(Suggestedtitle)Computersversus
Teachers.
first paragraph- a strong opinionis stated
last paragraph- the articleis summariseo
(it ends with a quotation)
The outlinefor an articlegiving advantages
and disadvantagesshould be followed
(Suggestedtitle) Life in the City.
first paragraph- the readeris addressed
directly
last paragraph- a personalopinionis stated
The outlinefor an articlegivingadvantages
and disadvantagesshould be followed.
(Suggestedtitle) ls Air TravelNecessary?
first paragraph- startswith a problemthat
n e e d sa s o l u t i o n
last paragraph- the articleis summarised
The outlinefor an articleprovidingsolutionsto
a p r o b l e ms h o u l db e u s e d .
(Suggestedtitle)TeenageAlcoholism.
However- to make contrastingpoints.
The main disadvantageof - disadvantages.
Moreover- to add more pointsto a topic.
I n a d d i t i o nt o - t o a d d m o r e o o i n t s .
On the other hand - to expressbalance.
Apart from - to add more pointson a topic.
A l l t h i n g sc o n s i d e r e d- t o c o n c l u d e .
Model 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
w i t h o u t h e b a s i ck n o w l e d g eo f
To startwith
should be in constantcontact
Thus,any problemsthatdo arisecan be dealtwith
quickly.
the studentsare kept motivatedand willingto
study.
it is the parents'responsibility
to understand
T h i s i n v o l v e sh e l p i n gt h e m w i t h t h e i rh o m e w o r x
t h e s o l u t i o nl i e si n t h e i m o r o v e m e n t
Model 2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
w i t h o u tk n o w i n g
Firstly
should have close contact
so that any problemscan quicklybe sortedout.
the kids learnand theirwork is rewarded.
t h e p a r e n t ss h o u l db e m o r e u n d e r s t a n d i n g
They should offerhelp with homework
I believethat things will get better
45
ExamFocus: Unit 4
6.
The dynamiccity of Frankfurtin centralGermany
is perfectfor those lookingfor an excitingbreak, lt is
l o c a t e do n t h e r i v e rM a i n ,i n o n e o f t h e m o s t s c e n i c
partsof Germany.
S k y s c r a p e r tso w e r o v e r t h e s k y l i n e .t h e i ' b r i g h t
lightsreflectingin the river.and the busy hum of traffic
i s a c c o m p a n i e db y t h e q u i e tl a p p i n go f t h e r i v e ra s i t
f l o w si t sw a y s t e a d i l yu n d e rt h e n u m e r o u si l l u m i n a t e d
bridges.
You will find it difficultnot to get caught up in the
of Frank{urts
hustleand bustlethat is characteristic
busy streets.At night the city is transformedinto an
exhilaratingcentrefull of night life.
l{ you are lookingfor a iasterpace of life.Frankfurt
i s t h e p l a c e t o g o : y o u c e r t a i n l yw i l l n o t b e d i s a p Dointed.
Purposeof paragraph 1 - Nameand locationof place
P u r p o s eo f p a r a g r a p h s2 a n d 3 - P a r t i c u l adre t a i l so f
the Dlace
P u r p o s eo f f i n a l p a r a g r a p h- F e e l i n g sa n d f i n a l
t h o u g h t sa b o u tt h e p l a c ei n c l u d i n gr e c o m m e n d a t i o n .
Static features - located
Moving features - tower over,flows its way steadily.
w a l ka l o n g
7 . Purposeof paragraph 1 - Nameand locationof place
and reasonfor choosingit.
P u r p o s eo f p a r a g r a p h s2 a n d 3 - P a r t i c u l adre t a i l so f
the place.
s n df i n a tl h o u g h t s
P u r p o s eo l p a r a g r a p h4 - F e e l i n g a
about the olace.recommendation
Words where senses are used: smell of pine trees.
c r u n c ho f s n o w .
8 . T h e o u t l i n et h a t m u s t b e u s e d h e r e i s f o r a n a r t i c l e
p r o v i d i n gs o l u t i o n st o p r o b l e m s .
1B
+o
first paragraph - startswith a problemthat
n e e d sa s o l u t i o n
last paragraph - the articleis summarised
Articleprovidingsolutionsto a problem
( S u g g e s t e dh e a d l i n eT) h e D e c l i n eo f B o o k s
ZV
en
first paragraph - startswith a quotation
last paragraph - a personalopinionis stated
Articlegiving "for and against"arguments
(Suggestedheadline)War or Peace?
44
first paragraph- addressesthereaderdirectly
last paragraph - ends with a quotation
Articlegiving arguments"for and against"
( S u g g e s t e dh e a d l i n e C
) h i l dA b u s e ?
5E
f irst paragraph- makesreferenceto a strange
scene
last paragraph - leavesthe readerwith somet h i n gt o c o n s i d e r
Discursiva
erttcle
(Suggested
h e a d l i n eE
) n v i r o n m e n t aDli s a s t e r
10. (Suggested answer for missing paragraphs):
Paragraph1 - Overthepastfewdecadesit hascome
t o l i g h tt h a tt h e o z o n el a y e rs u r r o u n d i n tgh e e a r t hi s
slowly being destroyeddue to the vast amountsof
. e s p i t et h e
c h e m i c a l sp o l l u t i n gt h e a t m o s p h e r e D
controlgroupsto raise
effortsof someenvironmental
publicawarenesson this matter,very littlehas been
d o n e t o p r e v e n ti t s d e s t r u c t i o nC. l e a r l ys o m e t h i n g
must be done beforeit is too late.
S u g g e s t e da n s w e r f o r m i s s i n g p a r a g r a p h s :
An effectivesolutionwould be for the government
t o b e g i nb u i l d i n gh o u s e sa n d f l a t st h a tc a n b e r e n t e d
to homelesspeople at a cheap rate.There is also a
needfor hostelsto deal with teenagersrunningaway
from broken homes.
Anothersuggestionwouldbe to remedythe cause 1 1 .
o f h o m e l e s s n e s sT.h e g o v e r n m e nst h o u l dh e l p p e o j o b sa n d w o r kp r o g r a m m e s
p l ef i n d w o r k b y c r e a t r n g
f o rt h e l o n gt e r mu n e m p l o y e dM
. o r es u p p o r tc o u l db e
g i v e nt o f a m i l i e sw h i c h a r e e x p e r i e n c i nfgi n a n c i aol r
p h y s i c aal n d e m o t i o n apl r o b l e m st h r o u g hc h a r i t a b l e
foundationa
s n d g o v e r n m e nftu n d e dh e a l t hc l i n i c s .
9 . (T is advisedto revrsethe use of linking words used in
argumentativecomposition.See page 75 in Students
Book before Ss do Ex 9..)
first paragraph - startswith a problemthat
n e e d sa s o l u t i o n
last paragraph - the articleis summarised
Articlegiving advantagesand disadvantages
(Suggested
h e a d l r n eC) o m f o r to r t h e E n v i r o n ment?/lsthe car the best meansof transport?
Paragraph4 - Peoplehavecausedenoughharmto
t h e e a r t h .l t i s n o w u p t o t h e f u t u r eg e n e r a t i o n tso
improvethe situationby ensuringthatthe protection
of the ozonelayerremainsa priority,througheducation.
( S u g g e s t e da n s w e r f o r m i s s i n g p a r a g r a p h s )
Paragraph 1 - Overthe pastfew decadestelevision
has become an important part of many people's
l i v e s .A n r n c r e a s i n gn u m b e r o f h o u s e h o l d so w n
televrsionsto the extentthat only a very small perc e n t a g eo f p e o p l ed o n o t p o s s e s sa s e t .
P a r a g r a p h4 - O n b a l a n c e w
, h i l e t e l e v i s i o nc a n b e
beneficialto a child s education,it can also have a
detrimentaleffect on their social development.lt is
thereforeimportantto ensurethat it is usedin moderat i o n a n d d o e s n o t r e p l a c es o c t a lc o n t a c ti n a c h i l d ' s
iife.
Exam Focus: Unit 4
12.
1. AdvantagesiDisadvantages
(Suggestedheadline)Dog- Man'sBestFriend?
Outline: statetopic
give advantages
give disadvantages
give a balancedconsideration/
opinion
2. For and against
( S u g g e s t e dh e a d l i n e M
) u l t i l i n g u aKl i d s ?
Outline: statetooic
argumentsfor
argumentsagatnst
balancedconsideration.
3 . E x p r e s s i n gO p i n i o n
(Suggestedheadline)Rich Rewards
O u t l i n e : s t a t eo p i n i o n
point 1
p o i n t2
restateopinionand reason
4. For and Against
( S u g g e s t e dh e a d l i n e B
) a n o n O l d e rD r i v e r s
O u t l i n e : s t a t et o p i c
a r g u m e n t sf o r
argumentsagainst
balancedconsideration
5. Suggestions
(Suggestedheadline)HeatthyLiving
Outline; statetopic
S u g g e s t i o n1
Suggestion2
best option and reason
6. Discursive
(Suggestedheadline)Fashionat the Expense
of Taste
Outline: statetooic
one point of view
anotherpoint of view
third point of view
g i v eo w n o p i n i o n
7. Narrative/Descriotive
(SuggestedheadIne,;BeautifulLewes
Outline: name and locationof place
reasonfor choosingthe place
particulardetailsabout the olace
f e e l i n g sf,i n a lt h o u g h t sa b o u tp l a c e
and recommendation.
(Suggested answers to questions 1, 2, Z)
1 . The advantagesand disadvantagesof owning
a pet.
Owninga pet is somethingthatmany peoplethese
daysdecideto do, mostlydue to thefactthat,for most,
it has more advantagesthan disadvantaqes.
One of the mainadvantagesof owningi pet isthat
rt can providea much-neededsense of companion_
ship to those who would otherwisebe livinga lonely
life, for examplethe elderly.A pet will always be a
faithfuland loyalcompanionand a valuablesourceof
comfort, and it is very common for pet owners to
oecomeextremelyattachedto theiranimals;in some
cases,more than they do to humans.This is under_
standable,becausean animalwill neverquestionits
owner'sbehaviourand will alwaysmake them feel
valuedand loved.lt was once sald that ,,youcan tell
b y t h e k i n d n e s so f a d o g h o w a h u m a ns h o u l db e . "
However.thereare certaindisadvantages
to own_
rng a pet, particularlyfor those who live in an urban
area. This is mainly due to the fact that there is not
enough space in smallapartmentsto accommodate
a familyplus a pet. Added to this is the fact that it is
c r u e lt o k e e pa n a n i m a li n c r a m p e dc o n d i t i o n sw h e r e
i t i s n o t a b l et o r u n a r o u n df r e e l v .
AnotherCisadvantage
of owning a pet is the fact
that it can cost a lot of money.Food hasto be bought,
a n d v e t ' sf e e s p a i d ,a m o n g o t h e rt h i n g s .
I n c o n c l u s i o na, l t h o u g ht h e r ea r e a l o t o f a d v a n _
tages associatedwith owning a pet, they do not
alwaysoutweighthe disadvantages
thatsome peopte
may face.As such, prospectiveownersshould care_
fully consider the various aspects of owning a pet
b e f o r et a k i n go n s u c h a l a r g er e s p o n s i b i l i t y .
2. All children should be made to learn at least one
foreign language.
T h e q u e s t i o no f w h e t h e ra l l c h i l d r e ns h o u l d b e
m a d et o l e a r na f o r e i g nl a n g u a g ei so n e t h a th a sa n s e n
over the past decadewith the formationof the Euro_
p e a nU n r o nl e a d i n gt o c l o s e rt i e sw i t ho t h e rE u r o p e a n
countries.This has led to a need for bettercommuni_
cation between countriesin order to improve rera_
tions.
It can thereforebe said that thereare severalvery
g o o d r e a s o n sf o r c h i l d r e nt o l e a r na f o r e i g nl a n g u a g e ,
t h e m a i no n e b e i n gt h a t i t w i l le n s u r et h a tt h e yn a v ea
futureaheadof them in today'scompetitivejob market
where a knowledgeof languagesis a definiteasset
w h e n a p p l y i n gf o r a j o b . W h a t i s m o r e , k n o w i n ga
foreignlanguagegivesa young person greaterfreedom to traveland to work abroad,meaningthat they
w i l l n o t b e c o n f i n e ds o l e l yt o w o r k i n gi n t h e r rn o m e
country,but wlllbe ableto work anywherethey desire
in Europe.
However,therearealsoseveralargumentsagainst
m a k i n ga l lc h i l d r e nl e a r na f o r e i g nl a n g u a g et,h e m a i n
o n e b e i n gt h a tn o t a l l c h i l d r e nh a v et h e a b i l i t vt o l e a r n
languages.
While some may have a natural talent for lan_
guages,othersmay performbetterin other subjects,
s u c ha s s c i e n c eo r m a t h e m a t i c sl f. s u c h c h i l d r e na r e
made to learnlanguageswhichthey find difficult,this
may leadto feelingsof inadequacywhich mightaffect
a c h i l d ' sa c a d e m i cp e r f o r m a n c a
es a whole.
I n c o n c l u s i o na, l l c h i l d r e ns h o u l db e e n c o u r a g e d
t o l e a r na f o r e i g nl a n g u a g eb e c a u s ei t w i l l u n d o u b t _
edly be of advantagetothem.However,thosewhoare
47
Unit 5: Parl 1
museum with artefactsfrom the Middle Ages. The
castleis in such good conditionthat you can almost
hearthe cannonsbooming as battleswere fought.
Lewes has a successfulhandicraftindustry,and
v i s i t o r st o " T h eN e e d l e s ,a" s h o p p i n gc e n t r e a, r es u r e
to find somethingto theirtastein one of the many gift
shops.
Set deep in the Sussexcountryside,Lewes is a
beautifulold town,and is so closeto the coastthatyou
c a n a l m o s ts m e l lt h e s e a a i r .
A n y o n el o o k i n gf o ra q u i e tw e e k e n di nt h ec o u n t r y side will be pleasantlysurprisedby Lewes, where
q u a l i t ys h o p p i n gc a n b e c o m b i n e dw i t hs i g h t s e e i nogr
just a relaxingstrollthroughthe historicstreets
unableto, should not be made to take up a foreign
languagebecausethe pressureof havingto learnmay
ultimatelydo them more harm than good.
7. "Lewes is always there for you"
The town of Lewes in East Sussex,on the south
coast of England,is one of the most scenic in the
r e g i o n .O r i g i n a l l ay m a r k e t o w n ,i t i s n o w t h e a d m i n istrativecentreof the regton.Lewesis also home to a
N o r m a n c a s t l e ,b u i l t w h e n t h e N o r m a n s i n v a d e d
E n g l a n di n t h e e l e v e n t hc e n t u r y .
Visitorsto the castlewill be greetedwith a panoramic view of the surroundingcountrysideand the
E n g l i s hC h a n n eiln t h e d i s t a n c eT. h e r et sa l s oa s m a l l
Unit 5
rnostpoints is the winner.
TeamA 52: telephone
eg TeamA 51: watch
Team B 52: experiment
Team B 51: patent
Unit5-Part1
Warm-upActivities:Part1 (p. 106)
.
(Suggestedanswers)
.
\Vell,to become rich one has to work reallyhard for
somec n g h o u r s .O n ec a n b e c o m er i c hb y i n v e n t i n g
t e a l t hf r o m a r i c h
:rrngcleverO
. r , o n e c o u l di n h e r i w
'elative.Winningthe lotteryis anotherway of
b e c o m i n gr i c h .
.
T writes the word inventions on the board, lhen asks
Ss to thrnkof as manv words as thev can related to
the topic.
Watch
TV
Telephone
Computer
S t e a mE n g i n e
INVENTIONS
BoardGames
Robots
Satellites
Electricity
Fax Machines
Microchips
M o b i l eP h o n e
fhen f asks Ss to think of verbs related to the topic and
to derive the noun.
invent- inventor
experiment- experimenter
research- researcher
discover- discoverer
(Asan alternativeTdivides the classinto two teamsand
asks them to think of words related to INVENTIONS.
Each correct answer gets 1 point. The team with the
48
(Suggested answers)
The telephone - the wheel - TV - the mousetrap cardboard drinks cartons - Monopoly.
W e l l .I t h i n kt h a tt h e t e l e p h o n ei s t h e m o s t i m p o r tant inventronbecause one can stay in touch with
people that live far away.The wheel comes second
becausepeoplewere able to shortendistancesand
go to placesthat were too far to reach on foot. TV is
another important invention because we can see
p i c t u r e sf r o m a l l o v e rt h e w o r l d ,s e e o t h e rp e o p l e ' s
culturesand be kept informedof the latestnews.The
mousetraphelpedpeoplea lot,but it's now a littleoldfashioned because people use pesticidesor more
updated electricaldevicesto get rid of mice. Cardboarddrinkscartonsarequiteusefulbecausetheyare
easilycarriedand stored.Monopoly is a successful
boardgamewhichdefinitelymade its inventor(s)rich.
Lots of people enjoy playingit.
1.
2.
3.
4.
financial
carton
patent
thousand
5. inventors
6. amateurs
7. original
8. market
9. games
1 0 .b e s t - s e l l e r
ReadingTask: Part 1 (p. 106-107)
1. H
2.E 3A
4.G
5.C
6.8
7.1
Unit5: Part 1
VocabularyExercises:
Part1 (p. 108-109) 5. 1.flight
1. ease - lack of difficulty
persistence- determinationto continuetrvinoto do
sth
initial - first
time-consuming - taking up a lot of time
cardboard drinks carton - box made of cardboardin
which drinksare contained
fortune - a lot of money
market - advertisea product in order to sell it
range - vary
vital - very important
profit margin - money made from sth after
expenseshave been paid
board game - game playedwith piecesand/or
dice on a speciallymarked board
2 . 1. consultation
2. patent
3. amateur 5. overlooked
4. pursuit
3. (Ss do Ex. 3 on their own then T checks and elicitsl
explainsthe meaning of each distractor.)
1.D
2.C
3.8
4.A
1. A create (v) = to make sth original.
B produce (v) = to make sth in largequantities.
C process (v) = to change raw materialsusing
industrialmethods
D manufacture (v) = to produceon a large
scale,esp in a {actory
2. A keep (v) = to continueto have in one's possession
B gain (v) = to obtain sth (eg gain expenence)
obtain (v) : to get sth (eg obtaina visa)
D issue (v) = to supplyor providesb with sth (eg
to issuea visa for sb)
3 . A discover (v) = to finOsth (egdiscoverAmerica)
B invent (v) = to design sth new (eg inventthe
telephone)
C explore (v) = to travelin order to learnabout
a place (eg explorethe Antarctic)
research (v) = to studysth in orderto discover
newinformation
4. A company(n) = business
organisation
B group(n)= numberof people/things
put
together
C team (n)= groupof peopleworkingtogether,
esp in sportor business
D association(n) = organisation
4 . (Ssshou/dmemorise
thesetexfrelatedcollocations
4. carefully
7. creation
2. inventors
5. detailed
8. Fortunatelv
3. Development 6. construction
6. 1.economical
2. identical
3. amateur
4. invention
7 . 1. rags-to-riches
2. strikeit rich
3. fair game
4. the game was up
5. name of the oame
8 , 1 .f o r
2. after
3.up
4. down on
5.into
6. through
9. 1. publicised
2. campaign
3. advertisingagency
4. promote
Successful inventions: Monopoly, Trivial Pursuit,
cardboarddrinkscartons.
Possible prollems: obtaininga patent,an advertising company must be found to developand market
the product.
(Suggestedanswer)
I think that your unbreakablelightbulbis a fantastic
invention,but without a good marketingcampaign
nobodywillknowaboutit.lf I wereyou, I wouldcontact
a good advertisingagency,and get them to promote
the product.This could be done using bothtelevision
commercialsand postersaround town. Don't forget
that you need to get people to noticethe advertisements, so it is important to make the advertising
striking.The qualityof the productis important,but in
realitythe advertisingis what countsthe most. Don't
overlook the fact that some people are easily offended,so try and make sure that the campaignwill
appealto everybody.
(Before Ss are asslgned it as written HW, f dlscusses
all points Ss shou/d include in their letter.)
1.
2.
3.
4.
D e a rS i r ( s ) ,
9. to stand
10.best
11.to obtain
12.financial
5. commercials
6. hoardings
7. advertisements
Characteristicsof a good inyention: originality,a
marketfor the product,economicalso that it will be
taken up by a company,must be sth that can be
developed,to sell for yearsto come.
(Suggested answer)
5. time
6. board
7. a wide
8. wel
7. forward to
8.up
Follow'upActivities:Part 1 (p. 109)
and expressions.
T checksin thenext/esson.)
to make
the road
profit
drinks
5. acceot
6. basic
I was very interestedto see your advertisementfor
a waste-poweredcar in the paper yesterday.
Could you please send me a copy of your free
brochure?
49
Unit5: Part2
Couldyou also give me some generalinformation
aboutthe car, such as how many peopleit can carry,
and how fast it can go? | would also be interestedin
knowing exactlywhat kinds of rubbishit will run on,
and how much luggageit can carry.Couldyou let me
know about the possibilityof a test drive?
I have been very interestedin the idea of environmentally-friendly
transportfor a few years now, and
wouldthereforelikeinformationaboutany otherproductsthat you offer.lf you could contactme as soon as
possible,I would be most grateful.
Yoursfaithfully,
GrammarCheck:Part1 (p. 109)
.1
. lots of, few
2. a good deal of, little
3. a lot of, great
4. a few, several
5. no, much
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
m u c h , h a r d l ya n y
a few, some
a l i t t l e s, o m e
All, Lots of. A few
a f e w ,s e v e r a l
Unit5 - Parl2
Warm-upActivities(p. 110)
(Suggested answer)
Thissign standsforrecycling.Thechildrenarecollecting rubbishfrom a beach in an attemptto keep the
beaches clean. This is extremelyimportantas we
shouldall be environmentally
awareand try to protect
our environment.
ReadingTask:Par l2 ( p. 110- 111)
8. B (Lna-5)
s. D (114)
1 0 . B ( L n1 4 )
11 . A ( L n2 4 )
12.A (Ln30-31)
13.D (Ln35-37)
1a.C (Ln39)
15.B (Ln43-44)
VocabularyExercises:Part2 (p.112-113)
1. durable - long lasting,hard-wearing
ambition - strong desire
textile - material
single-handed- on one'sown,withoutanyone'shelp
per capita - per person
scrap metal - metalthat has been discarded
landfill sites - placeswherethingsare disposedof by
b u r y i n gt h e m u n d e rt h e g r o u n d
disposal - act of gettingrid of sth
alternatives- other methodsof doing sth; options
2. 1.waste
2. long{erm
3. site
4. desirable
5. transport
3. 1.cupboard
2. plastic
4 . 1 .s o l u t i o n
2. ambitious
6. packaged
7. wrapping
8. sorted
9. entirely
10. goodinvestment
3. glass
4. question
5. involve
6. deflate
3. extremely
4. electricity
5 . (Ss do Ex. 5 on their own, then T checks answersand
elicitslexplainsthe meaning of each distractor.)
(suggested answer)
recycledpaper, bottle banks. recyclingplants,can
crushers,etc.
We can recycle things by: collectingtin cans for
recycling,taking old newspapersto the collection
point,re-usingplasticbags etc.
Julie Lewis is wearing an expensive-looking
pair of
boots. They are made of manmadematerials.
Recyclinghas becomeextremelypopularin the USA
In recentyears.65 per cent of aluminium cans are
recycled,plus a quarterof paper and 20 per cent of
glass. Taiwan buys used paper and Japan uses
American scrap metal to make cars. A successful
s c h e m eh a s b e e n o p e r a t i n gi n P a l m B e a c hC o u n t y .
Rubbishis sorted out. Paper,glass and plastic are
sold to recyclingfirms. Other materialsare used to
make soil, to grow fruit and vegetables. Of course,
r e c y c l i n gc a n b e e x p e n s r v e .
Manufacturersin Germany are trying to solve the
problemsat the productionstage,by lookingat how
theirgoodsarepackaged.Soappowdersareconcentratedand toothpastetubes are sold withoutboxes.
50
1 .B
2.D 3.D 4.C
5.A 6.8
A material (n) : solid substanceused to make
sth
B substance (n) = solid, powder or liquidwith
particularproperties
C matter (n) = physicalpart of the universe
D fabric (n) = cloth
z . A garbage (n) : sth to be thrown away
B rubbish (n) = stn to be thrown away
C litter (n) = rubbishdropped outdoors
D toxic waste (n) = poisonoussubstance
producedby factories,power plantsetc
A enclose (v) = to surroundwith sth solid in
order to protector separate
B fold up (v) = to make into a neat shape by
bending
C package (v) = to put a productintoa box,bag
etc for sale
IJ
wrap (v) = to put paper,foil etc around sth
4 . 4 councillor (n) = memberof localgovernment
B c o u n s e l l o r( n )= s b w h o s e j o bi s t og i v e a d v i c e
to peoplewith problems
adviser (n) = sb who gives officialadvice
concernrngbusiness,law etc
Unt5: Part3
D informer (n) = sOwho reportsillegalactivities
to the police,governmentetc
5. A sort out (phr v) = to separateinto categories
B select (v) = to choose
C separate (v) = to divide
D segregate (v) = to keep groups of people
physicallyapart
6. A pattern (n) = particularform or design
B scheme (n) = plan which is meantto solvea
problem
C plot (n) = illegalplan, ie. to overthrowa
governmenl
D system (n) : way of doing sth
S8.' You're right.The other thing to do is to get the
governmentto impose regulationson products,
l i k et h e y d i d w i t h C F C ' si n t h e 1 9 8 0 ' s .
SA; Yes, and to get the governmentto take action
towardscleaningup litterand pollutionwhich has
alreadyoccurred.
SB; They'vealreadydone that in some big cities,but
i t n e e d st o b e d o n e i n t o w n sa s w e l l .a n d i n s m a l l e r
villages.
(Before Ss are assigned it as written HW, f discusses
the topic in c/ass.After T has corrected the students'
composition,helshe reads the best ones ln c/ass./
(Suggested answers)
6. (Ss should memorise these te.xtrelated collocations
and expressions.T checks in the next /esson.)
1. electricity
2. to run
3. to pose
7. 1.rest
2. remnants
3. remainino
8. 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
4. landfill
5. news
6. to make
7. to power
8. soap
9. disposal
4. remain
5. leftovers
6. remainder
7. pollution
8. contamination
e n v i r o n m e n t a lal yw a r e
recycling
d i s p o s i n go f
aluminium
bottlebanks
Recyclingis becoming an extremelyimportant
issue nowadays.Our planet's resourcesare being
u s e du p a t a n i n c r e d i b l sep e e da t t h e m o m e n t a
, n dw e
a r e d e s t r o y i n gt h e e n v i r o n m e nwt i t ht h e r u b b i s ha n d
p o l l u t i o np r o d u c e db y n o t r e c y c l i n g .
Firstly,it is uneconomicalto throw away rubbish,
both for ourselves,and for societyin general.lf you
start recycling,you will be amazedat how much
moneyyou can save.Some centresactuallypay you
f o r t h e r u b b i s hy o u b r i n gi n !
Recyclingis also extremelyimportantfor the envir o n m e n t .l t ' s a m a z i n gh o w m a n y t h i n g sc a n b e
recycled,savingboth litterand the pollutionresulting
f r o m m a k i n gt h e p r o d u c t s .
Also,the more peoplerecycle,the more recycling
centreswill be encouragedto keep their good work
g o i n g .N o t o n l y i n t h i s g o o d f o r t h e e n v i r o n m e n itt, i s
an interestingand profitablebusinessto get into.
In general,I am very much in favourof recycling,
and it's so easy that there is no excusefor not
doingit.
6. plastic
7. decompose
8. products
9. environment
Foffow-upActivities:Part2 (p.113)
(Suggested answers)
Recyclingwaste is important because it slows
down the destructionof the environment.Everyone
can help to recyclewaste by taking their recyclable
r u b b i s h ,l i k eb o t t l e sc, a n sa n d o l d p a p e rt o r e c y c l i n g
centres.That way, your recycledwastecan be made
. o u c a n a l s oh e l pb y o n l y b u y i n g
i n t o n e w p r o d u c t sY
recycledproducts,which will encouragethe environmentallyfriendlycompanies,and Jorceothercompaniesto recyclemore.When going to the shops,it's a
good ideato take an old plasticbag with you, and reuse it. That way you won't need a new one.
Gr am m arCheck:Par t2 ( p.113)
1 . w o u l df i n d
2. rise
3. willrise
4 . w i l lb e f l o o d e d
Unit5-Part3
Warm-upActivities:Part3 (p.114)
(Ss work in pairs.T checks then some pairsreport to
the c/ass).
SA; I think that the most imponantstep we can take
towards savingthe environmentis to inform people
about the dangersof environmentalpollution.
S8; Yes,but it is alsoimportantto forcebig companies
to stop makingand using productswhich are bad for
the environment.
SA.'I agree,but the bestway to do that is to get people
to stop buying products which pollutethe environment. That way companieswill be forced to change
their methods.
5 . w i l lb e c o m e
6 . w o u l db e
7. would not havebeen oolluted
8. would not havebeenreleased
.
(Suggested answers)
The picturesare of whalesand a killerwhale.Whales
are mammalswhichlivein the sea.Theyareextremely
i n t e l l i g e n tI .t h i n k i t i s c r u e lt o k e e p a n i m a l si n z o o s ,
becausethey oftenbecomeboredand unhappy,and
theirenclosuresareoftentoo smallforthem.However.
it is sometimesnecessaryto keep animalsin enclosuresto makesurethatthey arewell protected.Some
endangeredspeoes havebeensavedfrom extinction
i n t h i sw a v .
a. T
b.F
cF
d.T
e.F
f.T
Unit 5: Part 3
Re a d i n gT a s k :P a rt3 (p .1 1 4 -1 1 5 )
1 6 .D
17.8
1 8 .G
1 9 .C
2 0 . E 2 1 .A
Part3 (p.116-117)
VocabularyExercises:
'l. frustration =
stateof annoyancecaused by an
i n a b i l i t yt o d o s t h .
constant = continuous
administratols = people runningan organisation
marine = relatedto the sea
area
regional = concerningan administrative
generated : made to exist
adjusting = becomingaccustomed
release = act of settingsb/sthfree
commission - group of expertswith a particular
purpose
2. 1. captivity
2. aggression
3. 1.species
2. extinct
3. protect
3. attached
4. native
4. captivity
5. breed
6. released
5. mood
7. natural
8. confine
4 . (Ss have to memorise these text related collocations
and expressions.T checks in the next /esson./
1.
2.
3,
4.
top
to show
sudden
to adjust
5. experts
6. caoable
7. to catch
8. to cause
9. procedure
1 0 .u n d e r
11. desperate
12. saletv
5 . (Ss do Ex. 5 on their own, then T checks answers and
elicitslexolainsthe meaninq of each distractor.)
1. D
2.D
3.C
4.8
1 . A flee (v) : to run awa', usu from danger
B liberate (v) = to free from externallimitations
emancipate (v) = to liberate
D release (v) = to allowto leave
2 . 4 sign (n) = indicationthat sth is a certainway or
is happening
B s i g n a l ( n ) = a c t i o nw h i c hi s i n t e n d e dt o g i v ea
message
symbol (n) = sth which representssth
D gesture (n) = sth done to expressone's attitude or intentions
J.
f,\
increase (n) = growth in size,amount etc
a d v a n c e m e n t( n ) = p r o m o t i o ni n o n e ' sj o b
make progress (exp) = to become better
at sth
D development (n) = gradualgrowth and enhancement
4 . 4 generate (v) = to produce,usu electricity
B conduct (v) = to allow electricityor heatto
pass through
charge (v) = to renew power, usu of a battery
D discharge (v) = to releasefrom hospitalor
militarv:releasewaste
52
6. 1. down
2. up 3. to
4. out
4. wildly
7. 1. recently
2 . c o n t i n u i n g 5. screntists
3. extinction 6. breath
5. in
7. reliant
8. independent
Follow-upActivities:Part3 (p.117)
(Ssworkin pairs.Tchecksthensome pairsreportback
to the c/ass.,)
(Suggestedanswers)
SA.'In my opinion,Ulyssesis tame,and usedto being
in captivity.lf we releasedhim into the wild, he just
w o u l d n ' ts u r v i v e .
SB; ldisagree.Ulyssesis obviouslyunhappy.Hispool
is far too small,and he needsa mate.We could help
h i m a d j u s tt o t h e o u t s i d ew o r l d ,a n d h e ' d b e m u c h
happier.
SA; I stillinsistthat it would be best to keep him here.
W e c a n g e t h i m a m a t e ,a n d b u i l dh i m a b i g g e rp o o l .
He's so good-naturedwe'd miss him if he left.
SB.'Yes,buton the otherhandhe'sbeenunhappyand
aggressivelately,and he could become dangerous
unlessfreed.
SA; Yes, but think how much money we will lose Ulyssesis our star attraction.
S8; Exactly,I quiteagree.He is veryfamous,so think
of all the positivepublicityyou would get by setting
himfree!
(Suggested answers)
(f dlscusseslhetopic in classand elicitsideaslromSs,
then helsheasslgns it as writtenHW. T also
relers Ss to the relevanttheory on articles stressrngthe
importanceof formal languageand style.After
T has corrected Ss' compositions,helshe reads the
besf ones rn c/ass.)
All overthe world,animalsare kept in zoos and safari
parks. Whether or not they should be is a very
topic.Althoughpeoplemightnot realise
controversial
it, zoos are not just there for our entertainment.
Zoos play a very importantpart in savinganimals
thatwouldotherwisehavebecomeextinct.Inthe wild,
some animals are in danger of extinctionbecause
their habitat is being destroyed,while others are
huntedJortheirfuror justforsport.Zooshelptoprotect
theseanimals.Zoos are also good, becausethey are
educational.
O n t h eo t h e rh a n d ,z o o sr e m o v e a n i m a l s f r o m t h e i r
n a t u r a sl u r r o u n d i n g a
s n d p l a c et h e m i n a n e n v i r o n ment which is unnatural.This can causethe animals
to become bored and unhappy.Regulationsare not
strictenoughin somecountries,meaningthatanimals
are often treatedbadly,and kept in small cages.
I think zoos should continueto exist in order to
protectanimalsand to educatepeople about them.
But I stronglybelievethat regulationsshouldbe made
stricter,and zoos should make more of an effortto
recreateanimals'naturalsurroundinos.
Unit 5: Part 4
GrammarCheck:Part3 (p.117)
'1.
by
2. with
3. by
4. with
5. by
6. with
Unit5-Part4
Warm-upActivities:Part4 (p. 118)
(Suggested answers)
.
.
meditalion - deep thought
stamina - abilityto keep going
sheer - total (usedfor emphasis)
peaks - highestpointsof mountains
2. (Ss should memorise these brt related collocations
and expressions.T checks in the next /esson.)
1. poorly-lit 4. intensive
2. mental
5. sheer
3. martial
6. to get
7. stressful
8. insurance
9. climbable
lce skating,wrestling,swimming,polo, football,socc e r , h o c k e y ,r o w i n g ,s k i i n g ,b i c y c l er i d i n g ,b o b s l e d ding, car racing,canoeing,rafting,motor racing,sail- 3 . 1 . characteristics 5. competitive
z . fitness
6. responsibility
b o a r d i n gs, a i l i n gw
, i n d s u r f i n gs,u r f i n g r, o c k c l i m b i n g
3 . strength
7. determination
etc.
A
dedication
W e l l ,t h e o n l y t h i n g sI d i d n ' tt h i n ko f w e r e s u p e r circuitsand aqua-aerobics.I think that supercir6 away
1 . away
3. off
7. otI
cuits might have somethingto do with runningor
z
.
4.
back
oul
6
back
8.up
racrng.
Rock climbingalso needsa lot of specialequipment.
I think that the most dangerousone is rock-climbing
Follow-upActivities:Parl4 (p.120)
since many accidentsoccur and lots of people have
been injuredor have even died in their attemptto
Kung Ful (benefits) learn self-defence,boost your
reacha peak.
c o n f i d e n c ea, c q u i r em e n t a ld i s c i p l i n ec, l e a r e rm i n d .
Supercircuits:(benefits) improvesstrengthand
a. Chinesemartialarts
(drawbacks)very demandingfitness
b. strength,fitness
Aqua-aerobics:(benefits)safe,fun, relaxing,keeps
c. swimmingpool
you lookinggood, feelingfit
d. stressful
T'ai Chi: (benefits) relievesstress,betterhealth,
e . d a n c i n g ,m o v i n g
improvesleveloJstrengthand fitness
f. strength,stamina
lce Skating: (benefits) get {it
g. excluded
(drawbacks)expensive
h. thrilling
Rowing: (benefits) helps strengthand stamina
Footballfor over 40's: (benefits)olderpeoplecan do
R e a d i n gT a s k : P a r t4 ( p . 1 1 8 - 1 1 9 )
it becausethey are skilledand experienced
R o c k C l i m b i n g :( b e n e f i t s )t h r i l l i n ge, x c i t i n g
22,23.C,E (inanyorder)
(drawbacks)dangerous
24,25. A, D (inany order)
26.
B
(suggested answer)
27.
A
I'd preferto do aqua-aerobics.In my opinionit is
28,29. F, G (in any order)
the
best sport becauseit's completelysafe. lt's also
3 0 ,3 1 . A , D ( i na n y o r d e r )
fun
and
relaxingand keeps you fit.
32.
H
I wouldn'ttake up rock-climbingbecauseit's very
33, 34. B, F (in any order)
dangerousand stressful.You mightget hu11.
Sharing
35.
G
climbingequipmentcan also be dangerousbecause
it might not fit you properly,and it is too expensiveto
VocabularyExercises:Part4 (p.120)
buy yourown.
1. martial art - self-defencetechnioue
supple - flexible
crime-ridden - with a lot oJcrime
boost - increase
mental - of the mind
acquire - get
alternating- doing one thing and then another
impact - force with which two things collide
supplementing - adding to
consultation- meetinqheld to oive adviceor make a
decision
GrammarCheck:Part4 (p.120)
1. every
2. Neither
3. whole
4. all
5. None
6. both
7. either
53
Exam Focus: Unit 5
Ex a mF o c u s- U s eo f E n g l i shU
: n i t5 (p .1 2 1 )
Parl2
1 .B
2.4
3 .D
4.C
s.C
6.8
7.D
8.8
L A
1 0 .A
1 1 .C
12.D
1 3 .D
1 4 .C
1 5 .A
Pr e p o s i ti o n(p
s .1 2 1 )
(Ssshou/d m emoilse these prepos itions.T checks in
the next /esson.)
'1.
on
o{/by
at
A
in
5. in
6 . about
t-
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
otlto
of
on
with/for
for
in/on/to
13.of
14. by/about
1 5 .i n
16.{rom
17.lrom
1 8 .i n
ExamFocus- Listening:Unit5 (p.122)
I
A 2.8
3.A 4.8
5.8
6.C
7.8
8.B
Part 1
You'll hear people talking in eight different sltuations.
For questions 1 to 8, choose the best answer,A, B or
1. Llslen to this conversation. Whattype of fortunelelling
does fhe woman recommend?
A palm reading
B tarot card reading
C tea leaf reading
Man: So, do you think I should havemy fortunetold?
Woman:Well,it dependson who you go to. I'vetried
just about everything- tea leaves, palmistry,tarot
cards - but last year I went to this woman, and
everythingshe said would happen actually did. I
mean,movinghouse,my promotion,gettingmarried
- how could she know all that just from lookingat my
h a n Q ?S o I t h i n ky o u s h o u l dg o t o h e r . . .
2. Listen to this conversation.What does the woman
blame the man for?
A forgetting to write a report
B forgetting to ring someone
C forgetting to have food delivered
Woman:I reallyneverdreamedyou'd let me down like
this.
Man: Me? Didn't I ring everyoneon the list?Didn't I
write up the reportfor the board? And don't forget I
organised the catering,which vou forgot to even
mention!
54
Woman: All right,all right. I'm just wonderingwhy
M r W i l s o nd i d n ' t k n o w a b o u t i t . H e c l a i m sh e w a s
nevercontacted.
3 . You are going to hear part of a radio phone-in. What
went wrong with the holiday described?
A The hotel had not been built yet.
B They arrived at the wrong resort.
C The hotel was not the one they had booked.
Radio Speaker; And for those of you who have just
tuned in this morning'sphone-inis about holidays
thatwent horriblywrong.We'vejust heardfrom Sarah
in Kent,who arrivedat a Spanishresortonlytofindthe
five-starhotelshe and her husbandhad bookedwas
nothingmorethana buildingsite.lf you havea similar
experienceyou'd liketo share,ring us on...(fadeout)
4 . Listen to this conversation. Where do the speakers
decide to meet?
A the pub
B the station
C the bus stop
Man.'So we'remeetingat 9 o'clock- at the pub, right?
Woman: Well, I don't know. Are you going home
before?
Man.'Probablynot.
Woman: Becausel'll be out of town all day - | haveto
go to that thing about bus stops at the county hall...
Man: You'regoing by bus?
Woman:No, no. l'll be coming back on the seventen
- it gets in at eight twentyor so, and if you could...
Man: Oh, right,l'll meet you on the platformthen.
5 . You'llhear someone talking on the phone. Who is he
talking to?
A an electrician
B a plumber
C a glazier
Man: Erm,yeah, it's runningconstantly,and I'm just
'cos
afraid
there'sa lot of wiring underthere and if it
actuallyleaks through then I don't know ... (pause)
Yeah, yeah, it's right under the window... (pause)
right,l'll expectyou this afternoonthen...
6 . You'llhear someone speakingal a buslnessmeeting.
Whatdoes the speaker want the staff to do?
A improve their products
B increase their production
C improve their advertising
Woman:What I'm tryingto say is that we've dramatically improved our production, and the products
themselves,but the fact is that our image with the
public has stayedthe same. The bottom line is that
nobodyseemsto knowaboutus,so whatI'm suggesti n g i s . . .( f a d eo u t )
ExamFocus:Unit5
7. Youwill hear awoman talking to a gardener. Whatdoes
she want him to do?
A mow the lawn
B replant a shrub
C clean the oond
.
.
Gardener:What was it you wanted doing then?
Woman: You know that bush with the white flowers.
the - oh what's it called?
Gardener:The viburnum?
Woman:Yes,right.Well,it's so closeto the pond that
when the flowersfall,it makesthe waterdirty,and I'm
sure it must make it difficultto keep the lawn nice,so
I thoughtperhapsanotherspot...on the otherside of
the lawn, or the back of the big bed?
Gardener:Rightyou are.The waterin the smallpond
does need to be kept clean, no doubt about that...
(fade out)
8. Youoverhearthis conversationin a departmentstore.
What is the man complaining about?
A the staff
B the prices
C the quality of the goods
Assistant.' How can I help you, sir?
Man: Well,I boughtthis alarmclock from you yesterday and l, er Assistant; Oh dear, doesn't it work? We've had several comolaintsabout that model.
Man; Well, it woke me up this morningso I suppose
it's all right. lt's just that I was looking in some shop
windowearliertodayand I saw exactlythesameclock
for a lot less,and they offerfree service,so I thought
you might want to...
ExamFocus- Speaking:Unit5 (p.123)
Parl2
(Suggested answers)
.
.
.
.
Picture A is of some people playingpolo, which is a
game you play on horseback.Picture B is of a car
race.They are both picturesof spofts that are quite
fast and dangerous.
I would like to play polo, becauseI like ridinghorses
and it is fun to play team games,althoughit can be
quite dangerous.lt is much saferthan FormulaOne
racingbecauseit is very easyto crashwhile racinga
car.
Peopleenjoydangerousthingsbecauseof the excitementthey get from them. For some people, knowing
thatthey could get hurt makesa spod morefun.Also,
for peoplewho work in an officeall week dangerous
sports can be an excitingcontrastto everydaylife.
Takingpartin a sporlcan improvehealthand helpyou
to relax.
.
.
Yes,thereare some endangeredspeciesin my country, We used to have a lot of bears in the north of
Greece,but now thereareonlyabout 100left.Wolves,
and some species of eagles are also endangered,
along with sea-tuftles.
A lot of speciesbecomeendangeredbecausepeople
hunt them. Organisationscan be set up to protect
these species from hunters,and governmentscan
make it illegalfor peopleto killthem. Anotherreason
some species die out is that their habitatsare destroyed.This could also be avoided by turning the
areas into nationalparks.
lt is importantto protectall speciesto preventthem
from becomingendangered.lf a speciesdies out, it
can have disastrouseffectson the environment,becausethe animalsthat relyon thatspeciesforfood will
have nothing to eat, and will also die as a conseouence.
I have nevertaken part in a conservationproject,but
I t h i n ki t m u s tb e a v e r yi n t e r e s t i ntgh i n gt o d o . l t w o u l d
be rewardingas well,to knowthatyourworkis helping
to protectendangeredspecies,orto preservean area
of countryside.
ExamFocus- Writing:Unit5 (p.nal
Reports
A reporthas to Jollowthe characteristic
reoort
formatwith headings.lt should be clearly
organisedand presentedand the tone should be
formal.lt should not be written like a letter and
this is somethingthat T has to point out to Ss. T
has to prepareSs to write a proper reportas it
i s i l l u s t r a t eodn p p . 1 2 4 - 1 3 1 .
However,if Ss fail to followthe characteristic
reportformat or their reportsounds a bit informal
they will not necessarilyfail the FCE exam.
1. 1.
2.
3.
4.
majority
By Iar the largest
minority
large proportion
2. 1.c
2.e
3.a
5.
6.
7.
8.
A s m a l ln u m b e r
A significantnumber
percent
substantial
4.d
5.b
3 . (Suggestedanswers)
1 . . . .t h a t m o r e a n d m o r e p e o p l ea r e r e a l i s i n gt h e
d a n g e ro f s m o k i n g .
2 . . . .t h a t m a n y y o u n g p e o p l eu n d e r2 5 e n j o y
travellingto other countries.
3. ... that people believebrand name colas taste
better.
4. ... that marriageis somethingvery few couples
rush into.
5 . . . .t h a t m o r e a n d m o r e p e o p l ea r e b e c o m i n g
addictedto computergames.
Picture C is of a sea-cow,whilepicture D is of a polar
bear.These are both endangeredspecies.
55
Exam Focus: Unit 5
4. 1. C
2.A
3. E
4.D
5. B
5. (Suggestedanswers)
'1
. ... the fact that 7 out of 10 peopletravelby train.
2. ... the fact that 670/o
of all officesare smoke-free
zones.
3. ... the fact that supermarketsalesof beer have
increasedby 300%
4 . . . .t h e f a c t t h a t 5 2 % ovfi d e or e n t a l s a r h
eorrorfilms.
5 . . . .t h e f a c tt h a t9 o u t o f 1 0 p e o p l ew e a rw e l l - k n o w n
brandsof jeans.
6. (/f Ss have difficulty doing Ex. 6, T should help them by
giving information as shown in the suggested
answer.)
b
Facts:
- 7)Voof hotelssurveyedofferthesefacilities.
- Nearlyall of the hotelssurveyedprovideroom
service,laundryserviceand a free maid
service.
- Only3% of hotelssurveyedofferfreeuse of an
exerciseroom.
- 80V"of hotelshave outdoor oools and 4o/ool
hotelshave indoor and outdoorfacilities.
- All of the hotelssurveyedhave a lounge,bar
area and restaurant.
- The averagepricefor a double room is t85t 1 2 0 p e rn i g h t .
- Only 14%of the hotelsincludebreakfastin the
b a s i cp r i c e .
Generalisations:
(suggested answers)
- The majorityof hotelsare well-equipped.
- Usualservicesare providedby most of the hotels.
1. T h e p u r p o s eo Jt h i s a s s e s s m e nits .. .
- Free exercisefacilitiesaren't usuallyprovided.
2. This surveywas conductedto...
- Swimmingfacilitiesare readilyavailable.
3. Ticketsat 10%discountare offeredto students.
- Accessto food and drinkis consideredimoortant.
4. Afax machineis avallable(foruse)in the executive
- Price-rangeof Maytown'shotelsis quite high.
rounge.
- On thewhole,theexistinghotelsarewell-equipped.
5 . U s e o Jt h e f a c i l i t i e iss a v a r l a b l teo a l l v i s i t o r s . /. .
Facilitiesare availablefor use by all visitors... .
6 . A s w i m m i n gp o o l i s p r o v i d e df o r ( u s eb y )
9. Model 1 is good because it is divided into subguests./Provided
you're a guest,you can use
headings.The purpose and content of the report is
t h e s w i m m i n gp o o l .
clearlystatedin the introduction.Each poinr rs sum7, Your bags will be carriedto your room by the
marisedgiving both positiveand negativeaspects.
hotel oorter.
Appropriatelinkingwords and the passivevoice are
8. This hotel offersa continentalbreakfast(to its
used.The conclusionincludesa generalassessment
guests).
and recommendation.
9. lt is advisedthat this ferry servicebe used.
1 0 . T h e r e s u l t so f t h e s u r v e ys h o w . . .
Model2 is bad because its styleis very personaland
it includesirrelevantdetails.The use oJshortforms is
7. (Suggestedanswers)
apparentand it is not objective.The passivevoice is
not used and there are no sub-headings.The para2. complained- Somepeoplecomplainedthatbuses
graphs are poorly structured.
were neveron time.
3. claimed - Many peopleclaimed that the service
Linking words: the purpose of, although, in fact,
wasn't very good.
consistingof, however,also, on the face of it, taking
4 . protested - Many people protested that they
everythinginto account.
didn't want a prison in theirtown.
explained - The officialsexplained that the bus
Good points
timetablehad been changed.
- The campsiteis easilyaccessibleto cusromers
o . admitted - They admitted that conditionswere
very poor.
arrivingby road or rail.
- lt offersan outstandingview.
7 . promised - The policeofficialpromised that he
- T h e r ei s a l a r g es h o w e rb l o c k .
would do everythinghe could to improve
- There is a bus serviceto the village.
the situation.
- There is a launderette,a restaurantand a bar.
8 . a 1 . M o d e l1
4 . M o d e l1
7 . M o d e l1
2 . M o d e l1
5 . M o d e l2
8. Model 1
Bad points
3 . M o d e l2
6 . M o d e l1
9 . M o d e l2
- The site is not protectedfrom the wind and can
b e c o m eq u i t ec h i l l yi n t h e e v e n i n g s .
(T should point out the good layout of Model 1 in
- The cleanlinessof the showerand toiletblocks is
contrast with that of Model 2).
not of an acceptablestandard.
- The bus servicetends to be inconvenient.
- The restaurantand bar are expensive.
10.1.C
56
2.D
3.A
4.E
5. B
ExamFocus:Unit5
11. (Suggested answers)
1 . . . . t h et h i n s u s p e c ti n p o l i c ec u s t o d yc o u l d n o t
have attacked me.
2 . . . . t h ec a rr a d i om a y h a v eb e e ns t o l e na t t h a t t i m e .
3. ...theycould have some connectionto the
bombing.
4. ...hecould havebeenthe personwho brokeinto
t h e i rh o u s e .
5. ...therobbercould have enteredthrouohthat
ooor.
12. evidence: They were about 22 years old.
hypothesis: ...sothey could have been students.
evidence: ...theycame runningout withoutwaiting
t o f i l l t h e i rb a g w i t h m o n e y .
hypothesis: I thinkthey must havepanickedat that
point...
13.
The smalltown of Brindonwas shakenawakeat
3.20 am this morning when a Delta Airlines757
aircraft crash-landedin the grounds of the local
primaryschool.
Residentsof the area rushedfrom their homes,
as fire and rescueteams arrivedat the scene.
At present,215 passengersand crew havebeen
rescuedfrom the aircraft.A further82 remaintraoped insidedue to the fact that the aircraftis lyingon
its side,and most exitsare blocked.Due to the time
and locationof the crash,therewere fortunatelyno
casualtiesoutside the aeroplane.but there was
seriousdamageto the schooland surroundingarea.
Chief Fire Officer,SergeantBen Williamssaid,
"We are using all availablemanpowerto free the
crew and passengersstill in the wreckage.Two of
our men are in the craft trying to keep morale up
among the injuredwhile we work at getting them
out."An extensiveinvestigation
is alreadyunderway
into the cause of the crash and details will be
publishedas they become available.
Purposeof first paragraph:to summarisethe event
- time, place and people involved.
Purpose of second paragraph: to describe the
main event and people involvedand give detailed
facts.
Purposeof third paragraph:to notedown comments
and make referenceto futuredevelopments.
14.a Model A is a witnessstatementand Model B is a
news reDon.
1 . M o d e lB
2 . M o d e lA
3 . M o d e lA
4 . M o d e lB
5 . M o d e lB
6 . M o d e lA
b Model 1
- The purposeof the first paragraphis to set the
scene - time, place and people involvedin the
evenI.
- The purposeof the second paragraphis to
describethe main eventsand people involved:
stateshypothesisand evidence.
- The purposeof thethirdparagraphisto describe
the Jinalresultof the incident.
Model 2
- The purposeof the first paragraphis to summarise
the event - time, place and people involved.
- The pulposeof the secondparagraphis to describe
the main eventsand the people involvedand give
detailedfacts.
- The purposeof the third paragraphis to give comments and referto any futuredevelopments.
15. (Suggested answers)
Paragraph1 - Introduction
Paragraph2 - Location
Paragraph3 - Price
Paragraph4 - Atmosphere/Decor
Paragraph5 - Facilities
Paragraph6 - Conclusion
16. (Suggestedanswer)
I was sittingwatchingTV when I heard a sound
coming from the back of the house,so I got up and
went to see what it was.
I walkedinto the kitchenand saw that the window
was broken.Then somethingvery heavyhit me from
behind.I fellforwardsonto the floor and then triedto
turn my head to see who had hit me.
There was a young man with long hair standing
over me, but beforeI could get a good look at him
he kickedme in the chestand then again in the face.
I was readyto pass out but the man forced me to tell
him whereI keptmy jewelleryand went upstairsto get
it. When he came back down he had all my jewellery,
p l u s t 1 5 0 w h i c h I h a d h i d d e ni n m y j e w e l l e r yb o x .
I then passedout, and the nextthing I knew I was
in an ambulanceon the way to hospital.
17. (Suggested answers)
1. News reoort
Outline.
Introduction-summary
of eventsand people
involved.
Main body - detaileddescriptionof event and
people involved
Concludingparagraph- inclusionof any comments and referenceto futureeventsor
developments.
Styleshould be formalwithoutsub-headings.
2. News report (outlineas above)
57
Exam Focus: Unit 5
3. Assessinggood and bad points.
Outline:
Introduction- contentand purposeof report
stated
Main body - summaryof each point, giving
both positiveand negativeaspects
Conclusion- generalassessmentand recommendation.
Styleshould be formalwith sub-headings.
4. Analysinga survey
Outline:
Introduction- contentand purposeof report
stated
Main body - informationsummarisedunder
s u i t a b l es u b - h e a d i n g s
Conclusion- recommendations
or generalconclusionmade
Styleshould be formalwith sub-headings.
2 . (Suggestedanswer)
Juvensat took on Mansitter United yesterday to
prove once again that they were capable of defeating
themforthethirdyearin a row.The match,whichtook
placeat home,waswatchedby a stadiumpackedwith
an estimated30,000 loyalfans eager to watch their
Ieam wrn.
By half time. Rideringwas proving once again
whatan outstandingplayerhe is. In a matterof twenty
minuteshe had scored two of the most sDectacular
goals of the season,takinghis team to the European
Cuo Final.
Organisersof the match were delightedwith the
fans' behaviourand the policemade only one arrest.
Policebelievethat the calm atmospherewas due to
the factthatthey had obtaineda courtorderto banthe
sale of any alcohol in the area.
This matchjust goes to prove how successful
well-organised
eventscan be.Thanksto cooperation
between the police, stadium staff and fans, football
was the focus of the day ratherthan violence,as has
been the case in oreviousmatches.
5. Witnessstatement
Outline:
Introduction- set the scene- time,place,people
Main body - descriptionof main eventsand
3. (Suggestedanswer)
people involved,hypothesisand evidence
To:
J. Thomas
stated.
From:
M. Smith
Conclusion- the final resultof the incident
Subject: "Air Madrid"services
Styleshould be informalwithoutsub-headings.
This report has been written to assess the service I
receivedon a recentflightwiththe airline"AirMadrid."
6. Assessinggood and bad points (Outlineas for
Pointscoveredincludethe treatmentI received,the
no.3)
standardof the food servedon the flight,and inJlight
entertainment.
TOPICS
1. (Suggestedanswer)
HurricaneGeorginahit Jamaicayesterdaycausing damageestimatedat over$20 millionand making
h u n d r e d so f f a m i l i e sh o m e l e s s .
The hurricanehad been forecastand localshad
beenwarned,but nobody could havebeen prepared
f or the extentof the damage.A stateof emergencyhas
been declaredas the islandhas come to a comolete
standstill.
Publicserviceshavebeenthrownintochaos
as only the northernbranchof NationalBankand two
telephoneexchangesremainstanding.
Almosta month beforethe hurricanehit Jamaica,
localsbegan preparingemergencyshelterswith
copiousamountsof dry food and water.Eventhough
locals knew where the temporary accommodation
was,HurricaneGeorginahit so fastthatfew wereable
to reach it in time.
Jamaicanauthoritieswill begin a massivecleanup operationwithinthe next few days, which is expectedto take at leastthree monthsto complete.
58
Treatment
Mostairlinestaff,bothon the groundand on boardthe
plane, were polite and helpful.However,one flight
attendant'sbehaviourlefta lot to be desired.She was
extremelyrudeto severalpassengersand unwillingto
help or servethem.
Food
The quality of the food served on the flight was
outstanding,the only exceptionbeing the dessert.
In-flight entertainment
Two films were shown during the flight, both being
familyentertainment
suitablefor allages.Thereis also
a musicchannelavailable{or passengers,butthiswas
not particularlyentertaining.
Conclusion
I think that MadridAir does ofier a fairlygood service
to passengers,but that staffshould be bettertrained
in customerservice.ln-flightentertainment
was satisfactory,but could be improved.
ExamFocus:
Unit5
4. (Suggested answer)
To:
J. Smith
From:
P. Jones
Subject: Surveyon people holidayingabroad
Introduction
This report was written to analyse the results of a
recent survey into the number of people who take
holidaysabroad everysummer.Informationwas ootainedfrom majortravelagentsthroughoutthe counIry.
Air Fares
On the whole, there has been a steady increasein
people travellingabroad over the last five years.
Increasedcompetitionbetweencharterairlineshas
led to a drop in air fares, which is the reason why
studentsand young familieshavecontributedto 65%
of the growingtravelmarket.
Scheduledairlinesare alsodroppingtheirfares,maxing it possiblefor people to travel to more distant
destinations.
Hotels
European hotels in particularhave become more
accommodatingto families,offeringdiscountsor
freeaccommodationto children.Hotelbookingswere
up by almost30% this summer in Greece,Spainand
Italydue to well-plannedfamilypackages.
Conclusion
The survey clearly shows that the trend towards
foreign holidaysis increasingand will continueto
increasedue to the now recognisedneedfor cheaper
airfares,updated hotel servicesand improvedlacilities for children.
5. (Suggested answer)
Itwasabout3.00p.m.on Saturdayafternoon
when
the accidenthappened.I pulledup at the trafficlights
halfway down HamiltonAvenueand waitedfor them
to turn to green.
I wasn't reallypaying much attentionto what was
going on outsidebecauseI was tryingto calm my two
childrendown. They were fightingin the back seat
and I couldn'tconcentrate.Suddenly,however,a blue
VolkswagonBeetlescreechedround the cornerand
smashedrightinto us. lt pushedmy car rightonto the
pavement because it was going so fast. There were
two young boys in the car and when I got out to see
if they were all right I could smellthat they had been
drinking,and there were beer cans all over the floor.
When I saw the drivertryingto starl the engine I
quicklytookthe car keysout of the ignitionso thatthey
couldn't drive away.
Luckily someone saw what had happened and
calledthe police,who soon arrived.No one was hurt,
but it could havebeen much moreseriousif we hadn't
all been wearingseatbelts.
6. (Suggested answer)
To:
P. Hones
From:
S. Jefferson
Subject: Facilitiesat a New LeisureCentre
This report was requestedby Perth High School to
assessthe facilitiesat BellsLeisureCentreand
its suitabilityfor our staff.
Location
The centrehas beenbuiltas an additionto NorryMiller
Parkwhich is convenientfor all local bus routesano
has undergroundstationson eitherside.lt is about 10
minutesby bus from the schoolwhich makesit easily
accessiblein school hours. However,bus and tube
servicesdo not passthe parkafter6 p.m.whichmakes
it difficultto get to in the evening.
Facilities
The centre housesan Olympic-sizeswimmingpool,
fourtenniscourts,two squashcourts,afully-equipped
gym, three trampolines,aerobicsclasses,a sauna,
excellentshowerand changingroomsand a juice bar
and cafe.Thereare trainedinstructorson hand who
are willingto take groups for swimming,tennis and
squashlessonsbetweenMondaysand Fridays.
Fees
There is an annual membership of [30 which is
reducedto e 15 for students.A minimumcharge of
t1 is then paidfor eachfacilityused.However,groups
pay a set fee of [20 per member per year with no
additionalcharge.
Conclusion
The centreoffersexcellentfacilitiesand is withineasy
reach of the company.The fees are a litflehigh for a
privatemember,but it is recommendedthat we take
advantageof the group price and registerimmediately.
59
Unit 6: Part 1
Unit 6
A. specific(adj)= exactand detailed
B. chief (adj)= mostimPoftant
personor thing
C. main (adj)= principle
(adj)= typicalof sb/sth
D. characteristic
3 . A. handling(n)= thewaysthor sb is dealthwith
B. treatment(n) : the wayof actingtowardsor
withsb/sth
dealing
C. behaviour(n) = thewaysb actstowards
Unit6-Part1
Warm-upActivities:Part1 (p. 132)
.
(Suggested answers)
Althougha lot of peoplethinkthat Gypsiescome f rom
Egypt originally,they reallycome from India.There
are gypsiesin my country.They travelabout in large
groups,and livein tentsand caravans.Theyoftenget
marriedveryyoung,and havea lot of children.People
do not make them feel welcome. I think that they
should be treated with more resoect.and that the
g o v e r n m e nst h o u l dh e l pt h e mt o l i v et h e i rl i v e si n o u r
country.
nlhor
D . P o s i t i o n( n ) = v i e w :o P i n i o n
4 . A. display (n) = act of showingsth
B. exhibition (n) = collectionof objectsthat is
s h o w nt o t h e o u b l i c
C. show (n) = form of public entertainment
D. performance (n) = act of performingfor
entertainment
A. demonstrate(v) = to showsth by givingproof/
evidence
B. uncover (v) = to find out sth unknownor sth
kept secret
C. reveal (v) = to make known (truth,facts,
secrets etc)
D. expose (v) = to make known (usu a guilty
personor action)
6 . A. attraction (n) = act of attractingsb/sth
B. appeal (n) = qualityof attractiveness
C. charm (n) = powerto attractor fascinate
peopre
D. fascination (n) : very strong appeal
(T should revise cardinallordinal numbers e.g.
2,000,000 tvvo million ... before Ss do the listening
exercise.See OxfordAdvanced Learner'sDictionarv
Appendix 4 Numerical Expresslons.)
.
a. 1176
b. 13th
c. 10th
'15
d.
million
e. 2 million
f. 16th
ReadingTask:Part1 (p. 132-133)
1.D
2.H 3.A
4.C s.G 6.B
VocabularyExercises:
Part1 (p. 134-135)
1. 1.
2.
3.
4.
maintain
modifications
persecution
descendant
5. conceal
6. distrustof
7. reveal
8. referenceto
2 . /Ss shou/d memorise these fexl related collocations
and expressions.f checks in the next /esson.)
1. racing
2. long
3. to attend
3. 1. central
2. civilisation
4.
'I. conceal
4. to pickup
5 . t o m o v eo n
6. to work
3. leaders
4. solely
2. deal
7. customs
8. the saying
9.gypsy
6. a. 1. civilisation
2. culture
b. 1. race
2. match
c. 1.event
2. incident
d . 1 .f a i r
2. gala
7. 1. ott
3. across
2. by/round 4. by
5. cultivation
3. attend
4. trailers
.
3.C
4.A
5.C
6.D
1. A. error(n)= something
whichis wrong
B. fault (n) = mistakeor a weakness(often
referring
to behaviour
or character)
C. by mistake(exp)= accidentally
D. oversight(n) = lackof successin noticingor
doingsth
60
5. down with 7. uo with
6. into
8. out
(Suggested answers)
They come from India, their customs are rarely revealed,they attendfairs,they distrustoutsiders,
they'vegot a unique nomadic lifestyle.
meaningof all distractors.)
2.A
3. custom
4. tradition
3. game
4. contest
3. occasion
4. episode
3. festival
4. bazaar
Follow-upActivities:Part 1 (p. 135)
5 . (Ssdo Ex.5 on theirown,then T elicitslexplains
the
1. C
nonnlo
.
(Ssworkin pairs.Tchecks round the classthenhelshe
asks some pairsto repoft to fhe c/ass.)
SA; A sportsman'slife is centredaround his training
schedule,which takes up severalhours o{ each day.
Unit6: Part2
S8; Yes. And as well as traininghe has to keep ro a
strict diet. His social life tends to be very restricted
becauseof trainingand competitions.
S4; But successfulsportsmencan afford luxurious
lifestyles.Many of them are millionairesetc.
SA;A politicalleadersuch as BillClintonhasvery little
time to himself.He probablyhas a lot of meetingsano
TV interviews.
S8; Life in politicsis very stressfuland a politician
often has littletime for personallife.
SA: Howeverit is a well paid, high statuscareererc.
S/; This businessmanprobablyleadsa verystressful
life. He almost certainlyworks very long hours and
doesn't have much time to spend with his familv.
SB; He probablyeven works on the train while
commutingto work.
SA.'Yes...andcarriesa mobile phone and a laptop
computeretc.
GrammarCheck:part 1 (p. 13S)
1.
2.
3.
4.
as,as,like
l i k e ,a s
as, as, as
as, as,as
5.
6.
7.
8.
l i k e ,a s , l i k e
A s , l i k e ,l i k e
a s , l i k e ,a s
as,as,llke
Warm-upActivities:part2 (p. 136)
.
(Suggested answers)
Yes,I can swim. I can swim very well becauseI learnt
when I was five. I enjoy swimming,and it is good
exercise.Beingableto swim is important;it couldsave
your lifein a shipwreck,or you could savesomebodv
e l s ef r o m d r o w n i n g .
(T draws the following spidergram on the board and
writes down some words related to the tooic
(swimming) then T asks Ss to come up with words
related to each point)
backstroke, butterfly,
crawl,breast-stroke
a.
b.
c.
d.
Because
shecouldn'tswim.
Threetimes.
Shewentto a hypnotherapist.
At the poolof herlocalsportscentre.
ReadingTask:parl2 (p. 136-107)
7.
8.
9.
10.
B (Ln 1-2)
B (Ln 6-7)
A (Ln 13)
D (Ln 22-23)
1 1 .C ( L n 2 5 - 2 8 )
12. B (Ln 38-39)
1 3 .C ( L n a 5 )
VocabularyExercises:part 2 (p. 13g-139)
1. 1.
2.
3.
4.
armbands
bullied
leaflet
drowned
5.
6.
7.
8.
s u b c o n s c i o u s 9. achieved
ftoat
1 0 .i n s p i r e d
instructor
defeated
2. 1.
2.
3.
4.
f u l l yg r o w n
deeply
to enrol
birthday
5.
6.
7.
8.
my heart
to give
to book
to want
9. panic
10.to shaKe
11. to overcome
12. out of
3. (Ss should memorise these lext related collocations
and expressions.T checks in the next /esson.)
1. aback
2. after
Unit 6 - Parl2
.
.
4. 1.
2.
3.
4.
3. in
4. 'for
frightening
courageous
difficulty
instructor
5. a. 1. professor
2. instructor
b . 1 . enrolled
z . registered
5. off
6. on
5.
6.
7.
8.
7. over
8. up
knowledgeable
naturally
undoubtedly
rewarding
3 . teacher
4. trainer
5. coach
3. subscribed 5. recruited
4. enlisted
6. recorded
6 . 1 . black and blue
z . o n c e i n a b l u em o o n
out of the blue
4. scream blue murder
5. the blues
armband,
trunks,swimsuit. 7. (Ss read the brt of Ex.7 once before attempting to fitt
goggles,
flippers,
in the blanks.)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
sea, lake,swimming-baths
swim
relax
s w i m m i n gp o o l
float
splashing
breast-stroke
7.
8.
9.
10.
11 .
12.
back-stroke
goggles
flippers
diving
d i v i n gb o a r d
lifeguard
swimmer,lifeguard,
Instructor,learner
61
Unit6: Part3
can be a good thing as long as you can cope with the
power and influenceit often affordsyou, and that you
don't allowyour personalityto be adverselyaffected.
Foflow-upActivities:Part2 (p. 139)
(Suggested answers)
PossibleTitle:Gettingon Swimmingly
Useful equipment: armbands,buoyancyaid, float
How to treat the learner:patiently,don't bully,stayin
pool with them
Possible problems: learner may panic suddenly,
progressmay be slow
.
a.F
d. T
c. T
b.T
e.F
f.F
ReadingTask:Part3 (P.140-141)
1 4 . C 1 5 .H
'16. 17.
A
G
1 8 .B 1 9 .| 2 0 .D
VocabularyExercises:Part3 (p. 142-143)
lf you wantto learnhow to swim,you shoulddefinitely
take proper lessons.Don't worry if progressis slow,
and try notto panicwhen you are in the water,lf you're
learningin a pool,you ought to wear gogglesto stop
the chlorinegettingin your eyes.lt would be best not
to swim unsuperviseduntilyou feel reallyconfidentin
the water.
1. 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
(Suggestedanswer)
2 . (Ss do Ex. 2 on therr own, then T elicitslexplainsthe
D e a rS u e ,
lwas thrilledto hearin your lastletterthatyou have
finally decided to learn how to swim. Has it got
anythingto do with the holidayDavewantedto take
you on round the Greek islands?
The firsttime you go to the pool you will probably
feelquitescared.Don'tworrythough becauseeverything will be fine.You ought to wear a swimming
costumeratherthan a bikini.You'llfeel morecomforta b l e i n i t . . . a n di f I w e r e y o u , I w o u l d b u y a p a i r o f
swimminggoggles so that the chlorinein the water
doesn't hurt your eyes.
You are not supposedto swim aftera mealin case
you get stomachcramps,so it wouldbe bestnotto eat
for at leastan hour beforehand.
Incidentally,you should contact Shona at the
EastwoodLeisureCentre.She gives privatelessons
to adultswho want to learnto swim and she seems
veryniceand patient.lthink she charges18 per hour,
but I'm sureitwouldbeworthit,as she staysinthe pool
with you ratherthan shoutingordersfrom the side.
Good luck, and try not to panic.
Love,
Ann
GrammarCheck:Part2 (p. 139)
1 . w h e n ,h a s f i n i s h e d
2. if, have
3 . i f ,w i l l p h o n e
4 . W h e n ,w i l l y o uh e l p
5 . l f ,w i l lm e e t
Unit6-Part3
Warm-upActivities:Part3 (p. 140)
.
62
entrepreneur
lacks
awkward
executive
focus
6. motivation
7. Discrimination
8. expulsion
9. originated
10. vacancy
meaning of all distractors.)
1. B
2. A
3. D
4.8
5.C
6.A
1. A. early (adj) = beforethe usualtime
s ,l a c e s
B . t h e f o r m e r( a d j )= t h e f i r s t o f t w o t h i n g p
etc mentioned
C. Previous (adj) = before
D. premature (adj) = beforethe expectedtime
2. A. concentrate(on) (v) = to givetotalattentionto
B. consider (v) = to think about sth (withthe aim
o f m a k i n ga d e c i s i o n )
C. calculate (v) = to ludge the amountor cost of
something
D. comprehend(v)= to understand
3. A. condition (n) = state
B. mark (n) = actionwhich representsa
feelingor characteristic
C. angle (n) = particularviewpointon a problem
or issue
usu good
D. quality (n) = characteristic,
4. A. conference (n) = meetingor seriesof
meetingson a particularsubject
B. course (n) = seriesof lessonson a particular
subject
C. session (n) = periodof time spent doing sth
D. lesson (n) = periodof time duringwhich one
is taught (usu at school)
A. fail (v) = not to succeed
B. lose (v) = not to succeed (in a competition)
C. lack (v) = not to have or containsomething
D. miss (v) = to omit something
A. prosperous (adj) = successful;moneymaking
B. fortunate (adj) = |r"1t
C. welloff (adj) = lisfi
D costlY (adj) = exPensive
(Suggestedanswers)
3. a. 1. damage 2. tragedy 3. disaster 4. ruin
All these picturesrepresentsuccessand wealth:lots
3. qains 4.beats
b. 1. earns 2. wins
o f m o n e y a n d b u s i n e s sd e a l s . B e i n g a m i l l i o n a i r e
would meanyou could do manythingswithoutworrying about being able to affordit. Wealthand success
Unit 6: Part 4
4. 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
successful
musical
performances
achievements
determination
ability
5. 1. at
2. otl
3. around
4. over
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
helpful
compassionate
famous
powerful
commitment
dedication
Theimportant
thingto remember,
is tharsuccess
doesnotjusthappenby accident.
Youcan'tjustsit
aroundwaitingforit to happento you,youhaveto go
out and reallylookfor it!
GrammarCheck:Part3 (p. I43)
5. through 7. away
6. down
8. on
All "SouthernTravel's"buses will be refurbishedthis
year. Twenty brand new models have also been
ordered. Passengerswill be provided with a high
standardof luxuryand comfoft.The buseswillbe used
more often once servicesare improvedby Southern
Travel.lt shouldbe noted by commutersthat the new
buseswere expectedto be receivedby December.
Due to a delay,they will be deliveredin February.
6. 1. none of her business
2. businessis business
3. do businesswith
4. got down to business
5. mind your own business
7. "l.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
easy money
to be rollingin money/tohave money to burn
to make money
to get their money'sworth
to have money to burn
spend money like water
Unit6-Part4
Warm-up
Activities:
Part4 (p. 144)
.
(Suggested answers)
Well,yes I do read magazines.I usuallyread magazines about computers because l'm interestedin
computersand want to be kept informedof the latest
news about them. Kerpowi might be a magazine
about music. I think Metropolitan Woman is about
fashion, working women and women's problems.
Sparklemight be a comic magazine,Tech-knowledge
is definitelyabouttechnology.Gamingmust be about
sports. Home Maker must be about how to make
thingsfor your house.Finally,GlamorousYoumustbe
about beautyand how to keep fit.
.
1. i
Follow-upActivities:Part3 (p. 143)
.
The leachers; "Gainingknowledgeis all you needto
do well in society."
Dr. RaymondBull; "Good looks make earlylifeeasier.
Also, people expect a good-looking person to be
kinderand more efficient."
Professor Cooper; Sixtypercentof successfulentrepreneursleftschool early,eitherdue to expulsionor
boredom."
Michael Breen: "Successdoes not happen by
accident.Successfulpeople are those who, when
somethingdoesn'twork, try somethingelse."
2. c
3. h
4.e
5. j
6. a
7.b
ReadingTask:Part4 (p. fia - 145)
(Suggested answer)
I agreewith MichaelBreen'spoint of view becauseI
stronglybelievethat things do not happen on their
own and that one should fight one's way through
obstaclesand try variouswaysto reachone'stargets.
.
2 1 .F
22. E
23. F
2 4 .A
25.D
26,27.B, G in anyorder
28. E
29. C
30.B
3 1, 3 2 . B , G i n a n y o r d e r
33, 34. A, C in any order
35.C
(suggested answer)
Veryfew peoplebecomesuccessfulthroughluck
VocabularyExercises:Part4 (p. 146)
alone accordingto MichaelBreen,a man who runs
courseson being successful.Whilesome peopleare
1. gigs - live concertsor performances
born wealthy,making money is often a questionof
compilations - collectionsof songs from different
attitudeand effort.One thing that often singles out
people
musicians
successful
istheirabilityto concentrateon one
thing properly,insteadof trying to do severalthings
challenging - needingeffortand determination
at once. A job well done gives personalsatisfacroughand tumble- situation
whereyou haveto try
tion, which is an essentialfactorfor success.
hardto get whatyou want
Of course, success is always a combinationof
handyhints- usefultips
things.lt can be due to looks,efficiency,determina_
trim - neatand attractive
tion,or manyotheraspects.probablythe most impordefinitive- the mostcompleteof its kind
tant qualityis being likeableand able to get on with
fixtures- sportsevents
other people.
write-ups- reviews
stacks- vastamountsof
treasure-trove- a verygood sourceof sth
63
ExamFocus:Unit6
innovations- newmethods/inventions
issue- copyof a magazine
stimulus
inspiration- motivation;
(Ssshou/dmemorisethesetexl relatedcollocations
f checksin thenext/esson.)
and expressions.
1.
2.
3.
+.
5. handy
natural
6. problem
comic
forthcoming7. to tuneinto
8. caring
to apply
9. to subscribe
10. technological
11. to enter
12. to spend
andwrites
(TelicitsfromSsvarioustypesof magazines
themon the board.Ihen Ss do Ex.3.)
(Suggestedanswers)
D-l-YMagazine- householdhints,tips on growing
olants.
FashionMagazine- agonyaunt
SportsMagazine- reviewof a match,fixturelists
MusicMagazine- thetop ten,competitions
Magazine- articleaboutsoftComputer/Technology
ware
- fixturelists,reviewof a match
Sports/Gambling
competiChildren'sComic- comicstrips,puzzles,
tions
NaturalHistoryMagazine- newsstoryaboutecologicaldisaster
Women's Magazine- householdhints,recipes,
agonyaunt,horoscopes
GardeningMagazine- tipson growingplants
4. 1. down
2. back 3. about
4. out 5. round
Follow-upActivities:Part4 (p. 146)
.
(Suggestedanswers)
interviewwith popstars
comoetitions
informationabout gigs etc
make up advice
MW
keep{it
child care advice
comic strips
Sparkle
puzzlesand games
Tech-Knowledge newtechnologY
sportsnews
Gaming
interviewswith sports-stars
D-l-Yadvice
Home-Maker
beautyadvice
GlamorousYou
keeo-{it
fashion
Kerpow!
/ would liketo buy "GlamorousYou"becauseI liketo
keep fit and to read about new stylesand trends.
My sisterwould like "MetropolitanWoman" because
she'sjust had a baby and would be interestedin
any advice for new mothers. I think that my Grandfather would buy "Gaming"as he followsall kinds of
sportsavidly.My Motherwould probablybuy "TechKnowledge"becauseshe's interestedin the
or+
lnternetand how it could benefither at work. lan, my
tJncle,is a do-it-yourself
enthusiastso he mightliketo
for himselfand "Sparkle"for his 8
buy "Home-Maker"
year-oldson to encouragehim to read.
For a magazineto be popularwith peopleof my age'
it should reallyincludeinformationabout style,
health,technologyand music.Horoscopesand problem pages normallygo down well too.
From:
John Tydhurst
Mr Wilson
To:
Subject: MagazineSales- Star Publications
lntroduction
The aim of this report is to analysethe resultsof a
surveycarriedout regardingthe magazines
p u b l i s h e db y o u r c o m p a n y .
Types
As other nationalsurveyshave shown, specialised
magazinesare more popularthan generalones.This
is demonstratedby the fact that of the 2,000 people
surveyed,80% said they regularlybought
"Gaming",and "Homecraft",
while
"Tech-knowledge",
only 20% bought "Homemaker"and "Kerpow".An
exceptionto this trend was our children'smagazine,
"Sparkle",which was bought by nearlyhalf of those
interviewed.
Age Groups
The surveyshowedthatthe 30 - 40 age group bought
far more magazinesthan any other group, at nearly
6 0 % .S e c o n dw a s t h e 2 0 - 3 0 a g e g r o u p ,a t 4 0 % . I h e
lowest magazinesales appearedin the 10 - 20 age
group.Thisis shownby thefactthat'Kerpow"sellsthe
leastof all our magazines,at 5% of total sales.
Price
Price had very little influence on magazine sales
accordingto our survey.70% claimedthat they consideredtheir own interestsfirst,and price second or
not at all.
Recommendations
Based on the resultsof the survey,I would suggest
that we concentrateon the more specialisedmagazines and consider phasing out the least popular,
such as "Kerpow"and "Homemaker".
GrammarCheck:Part4 (P.1c6)
1. so
2. so
3 . s u c ha
4. so
5. such
6. such
7 . s u c ha n
ExamFocus- Useof English:Unit6 (p. 147)
Part2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
what
got/achieved/gained
less/from
about
with
arelget/become
longer
by/through
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
way
much/far
than
how
worth
on
yourself
ExamFocus: Unit 6
Part3
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Woman: I do accountsfor severalsmall businesses.
F r e e l a n c ey,o u k n o w .
Man: Andifyou couldgiveme an ideaofyourincome?
To the nearestten thousand,you know - under ten
thousand,ten to twenty and so on.
Woman:Well,it variesyou know,and my businessis
o n l y j u s t s t a r t i n gt o b u i l d u p , b u t I ' d s a y I ' m i n t h e
second category.Up to 20 thousandI mean.
Man; Right.And do you buy any magazinesregularly
- or any at all is what I mean.
Woman: There'sonly one I reallyread.
Man; Which is that?
Woman: lt's called,er, WorkingWoman.
Man: You don't mean Professional
Woman,do you?
Woman: Oh, er - yes, you're right. I alwaysget that
wrong.
Man: Okay.And how often do you buy it?
W o m a n :O h , I n e v e rm i s sa n i s s u e .
Man: And that's a weekly,isn't it?
Woman: That'sright.
Man; Good. Now, do you haveany,er,favouriteparts
of the magazine- certainfeaturesthatyou particularly
enjoy or that you find particularlyuseful?
W o m a n : M m , l e t m e t h i n k . I k n o w t h e f i r s tt h i n g I
always read is the profilething - you know, a piece
about a successfulbusinesswoman.
how she made it
to whereshe is and allthat.Yeah,I likethat.I alsoreally
enjoythe historicalpieces,aboutwomen'srolesin the
past and how they changed and all that.
Man; So that's the biographicaland historicalsect i o n s . l s t h e r e a n y t h i n gy o u d o n ' t l i k e a b o u t t h e
m a g a z i n e- a n y t h i n gy o u ' d l i k et o s e ec h a n g e di n a n y
way?
W o m a n :I d o n ' t m u c h l i k et h e f a s h i o np a g e s .I m e a n ,
t h e r ea r eo t h e rm a g a z i n e fso rt h a tk i n do f t h i n g ,a r e n ' t
there? I'd rather read about somethinga bit more
serious.l'm not too keen on the horoscopeseither- |
m e a n ,t h e y ' r ea m u s i n gs o m e t i m e sb, u t r e a l l yi t ' sj u s t
a waste of oaoer.
Man; ls thereanythingelseyou'd liketo say aboutthe
m a g a z i n e- | m e a n ,t o g i v eu s a n i d e ao f w h y y o u b u y
iI?
Woman : Ytlell,I thin k that,u nlikea lot of otherwomen s
magazines,this one giveswomen a real place in the
w o r l d .F o rs o m e o n el i k em e ,t r y i n gt o m a k ea g o o f m y
own business,I suppose it boosts my confidence.
Y e a h ,i t - i t ' s c o n f i d e n c e - b u i l d i n g .
Man: Well, thanks very much - you've been very
helpful.
Woman: lt was nothing...
. . . h a st o h a v eh e r h a i r . . .
. . . h a dh i s b i c y c l es t o l e n . . .
. . . h a v eb e e n d i v i d e di n t o . . .
. . . w a sm a d et o c o n f e s s. . .
. . . a r eo n l y a f e w c o u r s e s . . .
. . . i ss a i d t o s a v e . . .
. . . m a k eu p h i s m i n d . . .
. . . i sa s i n t e l l i g e nat s . . .
. . . a w a r eo f t h e i m p o r t a n c e . . .
. . . a b o u dt o e s n ' tm a k e s e n s e . .
Prepositions
f.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
in
at
of
to
on
for
of/about
of
of
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
oflabout
on
Ior
on
inlonl
atlfor
'15.
with
16. of
17. with
18.
19.
20.
2 1.
22.
23.
24.
25.
for
of
on
in
of
on
on
about
ExamFocus- Listening:Unit6 (p. 148)
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
25
(freelance)accountant
t10-20,000
Professional
Woman
everyweek/weekly
profile/biographical
historical/about
women's roles in the pasr
fashionpages
horoscopes
g i v e sh e r / b u i l d sc o n f i d e n c e
Part2
You will hear a young woman being interviewed for a
market researchproject about magazines.For questions 9 to 18. fill in the questionnaire.
Man; Excuseme. I was wonderingif you'd havetime
to answera few questions?
Woman: Oh - oh I'm not sure. You see l'm meetinq
s o m e b o d yi n h a l fa n h o u r a n d Man: lt'll only take a few minutes.
Woman:Oh,all right.Whatdid you wantto ask about?
Man.'We'redoingsomemarketresearchaboutmagazines - which people buy, how often and all that.
Woman: I see. Okay,fire away.
M a n ; F i r s to f a l l ,i f y o u w o u l d n ' tm i n dt e l l i n gm e y o u r
ExamFocus- Speaking:Unit6 (p. 149)
Part3
aaa?
Viorant Today'smy birthdayactually- l'm a quafter
of a centuryold. Bit of a shock really(laughs).
Man: Oh, er - happy birlhday!
Woman: Thanks.
Man: And what do you do for a living?
(Suggested answers)
.
SA; Well,I thinkthe first magazineis obviouslyabout
f a s h i o n l.t ' sp r o b a b l yg o t l o t so f i n f o r m a t i oanb o u tt h e
latestclothespeople are buying and where you can
findthem.
65
:, am Focus:Unit6
S B ; Y e s , I t h i n k w o m e n w o u l d p r o b a b l yb e m o r e
r n t e r e s t eidn t h i s ,a s t h e y ' r eg e n e r a l l ym o r e f a s h i o n conscious.
SA:The secondmagazinemustbe aboutscienceand
technology.
SB; lt probably contains informationabout all the
l a t e s itn v e n t i o n sa,n d w h a ts c i e n t i s tas r ed i s c o v e r i n g .
SA: I think that peoplewho are interestedin science
w o u l db u y i t .S c i e n t i s tas n d p e o p l ew h o a r e s t u d y i n g
scrence.
" a g a z i n ew i l lt e l ly o u a b o u tc a r sa n d
S B : ' M o t o r i n gm
d r i v i n g ,n e w c a r s t h a t h a v ej u s t b e e n l a u n c h e da n d
c l a s s i cc a r st h a t h a v eb e c o m ec o l l e c t o r ' si t e m s .
S A ; P e o p l ew h o a r e l o o k i n gt o b u y a n e w c a r m i g h t
b u y t h i s m a g a z i n ea s t h e y w o u l dw a n t a l l t h e l a t e s t
r n f o r m a t i oanb o u tw h a t ' so n t h e m a r k e t .
S B ; T h e m a g a z i n e" S e a w a y sw' i l lt e l l t h e r e a d e r sa l l
a b o u t b o a t s ,y a c h t sa n d s a i l i n g O
. b v i o u s l yi.t w o u l d
o n l yb e o f i n t e r e s t t op e o p l ew h o s a i lo r o w n s o m es o r t
of boat.
S A ; T h i s m a g a z i n e" T h e F a i r yQ u e e n "l o o k s l i k e a
m a g a z i n ef o r c h i l d r e ne. s p e c i a l l yl i t t l eg i r l s .
SB; lt probablyhas lots of fairy storiesinsidewhich
y o u n g g i r l sw o u l d l i k e .
s o u l db u y" G a r d e n sm
S A :l t h i n kg a r d e n e r w
" agazine.
a s i t w i l lb e a b l et o g i v et h e m i d e a so n w h a tt o d o w i t h
t h e i rg a r d e n s .
S B : T h e l a s tm a g a z i n e' T h eE c o n o m i s ti"s o b v i o u s l y
fo r p r o f e s s i o n aal sn d p e o p l ew o r k i n gi n b u s i n e s sw h o
w a n tt o k n o w a b o u tf i n a n c ea n d o o l i t i c s .
Part 4
S A ; I l i k er e a d i n gb o o k sa n d m a g a z i n e sI.l i k eb o o k s
a b o u ta d v e n t u r e o
s r c r i m en o v e l s .
S 8 : I l i k ef a s h i o nm a g a z i n e b
s e c a u s eI c a ng e ta n i d e a
f w h a t I s h o u l db e w e a r i n g .
S A ; I b u y m a g a z i n e tso r e a df o r f u n .I l i k et o s p e n dm y
{r-ee
t i m e r e a d i n gt h e m . I d o n ' tt h i n kt h e y ' r ev e r y
e d u c a t i o n at h
l ough.
S 8 : I d i s a g r e eI.o f t e nu s e m a g a z i n e w
s h e nl m d o i n g
p r o j e c t sa t s c h o o l .I t h i n k t h e y c a n b e v e r y e d u c a tronal.
SA; I get most of my informationfrom the TV. I don t
reallyread newspapersexceptto find out what s on
TV
S8: I always read a newspaperas I think it s really
m p o r t a n t o k n o w w h a t ' sg o i n g o n i n t h e w o r l d .
S A :l t h i n kc o m i c sa r eb e t t e r f ocr h i l d r e nt h a nw a t c h i n g
T V b e c a u s ea t l e a s tt h e y s t i l lu s e t h e i ri m a g i n a t i o a
n
t t l e ,a n d t h e y d o e n c o u r a g ec h i l d r e nt o r e a d ,
S 8 ; I d o n ' tt h i n kc o m i c sa r e g o o d f o r c h i l d r e na t a l l .I
t h i n k t h a t c h i l d r e ns h o u l d b e e n c o u r a g e dt o r e a d
b o o k s , a n d n o t s o m e t h i n gw i t h s o m a n y p i c t u r e s
, v h e r et h e yj u s t l o o ka t t h e p i c t u r e sa n d d o n ' th a v et o
r s e t h e i ri m a g i n a t i o n .
ExamFocus- Writing:Unit6 (p. 150)
Reviews
' 1. 1 .
2.
3.
4.
audience
role
stars
plot
9. acted
5. scene
6 . i l l u s t r a t e d 1 0 .p o r t r a y s
7. masterpiece
8. acting
2. first paragraph - introduction,background,setting
s e c o n d p a r a g r a p h- m a i n p o i n t so f p l o t
t h i r d p a r a g r a p h- g e n e r a cl o m m e n t s
c o n c l u d i n gp a r a g r a p h- r e c o m m e n d a t i o n
1. On the Eastcoast of America
2 . A l P a c i n oa n d C h r i sO ' D o n n e l l
3 . A y o u n gs c h o l a r s h i p
s t u d e n ta n s w e r sa n a d v e r t i s e m e n rt e q u e s t i n ga s t u d e n tc o m p a n i o nf o r a
b l i n dc o l o n e la n d i s f o r c e dt o a c c o m p a n yt h e
c o l o n e lo n a t r i ot o N e w Y o r k .T h e s t u d e n tl a t e r
d i s c o v e r tsh a tt h ec o l o n e il s p l a n n i n gt o k i l lh i m s e l f
a n d i t i s u p t o h i m t o p r e v e n ti t f r o m h a p p e n i n g .
4 . Y e s ,i t i s h i g h l yr e c o m m e n d e d .
3. "Shirley"by Charlotte Brontei
T h eb o o ki ss e ti n a c o u n t r yt o w ni n E n g l a n dd u r i n g
t h e N a p o l e o n i cW a r s .l t t e l l st h e s t o r yo f S h i r l e y a, n
h e i r e s sC
, a r o l i n eh, e rf r i e n da n d t h e m e n t h e y l o v e .l t
is a historicalnovel with elementsof romance and
adventure.
T h e s t o r yd e a l sw i t h R o b e r tM o o r e ,a m i l l o w n e r
who is trying to modernisehis factory.A group of
p e o p l ec a l l e dt h e L u d d i t e sa r e t r y i n gt o s t o p h i m a s
t h e y k n o w n e w m a c h i n e r yw i l l m e a n l o s s o f j o b s .
C a r o l i n eH e l s t o n ei s i n l o v ew i t h R o b e r t b
, ut believes
h e l o v e sS h i r l e ya, n d S h i r l e yr e t u r n sh i sa f f e c t i o nW
. e
s e eh e r s u f f e r i nagn d i n a n g u i s hu n t i ls h e f i n d s o u t t h a t
S h i r l e yd o e s n o t l o v e R o b e r t ,b u t h i s b r o t h e rL o u i s .
L o u i si s a t u t o ra n d a s h e i s s o c i a l l yi n f e r i otro S h i r l e y ,
theytry to denytheirfeelingsfor eachother.The novel
e n d s w i t h R o b e r td e c l a r i n gh i s l o v ef o r C a r o l i n ea n d
S h i r l e ya n d L o u i sd e f y i n gs o c i a lc o n v e n t i o n
andmarrying.
"Shirley"is a beautifullywrittennovel. lt portrays
CharlotteBront'e'sbeliefthatthe denialof the world of
f e e l i n gi s r e s p o n s i b lfeo r m u c h o f s o c i e t y ' ss u f f e r i n g .
I c a n t h o r o u g h l yr e c o m m e n dt h i s b o o k a s i t i s a
c l a s s i co f i t s k i n d t h a t i n f l u e n c e dm a n vw r i t e r si n t h e
.19th
century.
Tenses used to describe plot are the present and
p r e s e n tc o n t i n u o u s ,
The purpose of the first paragraph is to set the
background.
The purpose of the secondparagraphis to give us an
i d e ao f t h e m a i n p o i n t so f t h e p l o t .
The purpose of the third paragraphis to give some
g e n e r a cl o m m e n t s ,
The purpose of the last paragraphis to recommend
" S h i r l e yt"o t h e r e a d e r s ,
Unit 7: Part 1
4 . it is beautifullywritten- book review
it was well acted - film review
it is publishedby - book review
it stars - film review
the role of ... is played by - film review
it is well directed- film review
it is a thrillingread - book review
5 . (Suggested answer)
Mrs Harrison's Secret
This is the latest film by veteran director Larry
Chereson.Set in VictorianLondon,it stars Melandra
Priceas servantLucieJeavons,who knowsmorethan
she should about her employer,the sinisterDoctor
Harrison.
The plotcentreson Lucie'srelationship
withthe
doctorand hissicklywifeMaura.Thisis Price's
firstmajorroleanditisa stunning
debut.Sheisutterly
convincingas the courageousLucie.She is ably
supportedby the restof the cast,especially
the
excellentBrianMalovinas the doctor.His acting
seemsto get betterwitheveryrole.
Basedon the novel"Gaslight
Horror",
the script
waswrittenbyJimFreeman,
whoprovides
a shocking
andtotallyunexpected
tvvist
to the plotwhichhadus
all on the edgeof our seats.
Thefilmis one of the bestto comefroma British
directorfor a longtimeand is wellworthseeinq.
Unit 7
UnitT-Part1
Warm-upActivities:Part1 (p.152)
(Suggested answers)
'
Yes, I definitelyenjoytravellingby boat becauseI likethe sea a lot.Thereare certaindisadvantages
though.You
can get held up becausethe ship can't departif the weatheris bad. Also,some peopleget seasickand then the
voyage becomesa nightmarefor them.
Somewordsrelatedto boatsare:sailing,voyage,ship,anchor,port,captain,crew,seasick,shipwreck,lifeboat,
sails, canoe etc. (As an alternative,T can draw a spidergramon the board and eticitthe fotlowingwords.)
a n c h o r ,s a i l s ,m a s t ,d e c k ,
e n g i n er o o m ,b r i d g e ,r u d d e r ,
stern.helm.wheel
captain,sailor,
steward,crew,
mechanics,
passengers,
engineers,purser,
doctor, bar staff,
cleaners,chef
rowing boat, catamaran.
s a i l b o a tt,a l l s h i p s ,
cargo boats,lifeboat,
cruiseliner,steam boat,
riverboat, canoe
harbour,port, marina,
seaoort
'
The SailTrainingAssociationis a British charityorganisationwhichgivesyoung peoplea chanceto sailon a large
ship.lt recentlygavethitly-nine
youngstersJromeightEuropeancountriesthe chancetosailinthe CuttySarkRace.
Theywereat seaforfivemonths.The ship had problemsbecauseof highwindsand a rough sea.The youngnovice
sailorswere seasick.Despitethis,theyoungstersenjoyedthe work they had to do and the friendsthey made.
Everyonehad to speak some English to participate.They all agreedthat they had no regretsabout the voyage
but they were glad to returnand they woke up the Norwegianport town with their singingand cheering.
ReadingTask: Part 1 (p.152-153)
1.A
2.C 3.H 4.F 5c
6.t
7.8
67
Unit 7: Part 2
Vocabulary
Exercises:
Part1 (p.154-155)
(Suggestedanswer)
.
1. final leg - last parl of a trip, race etc
tall ships - boats with exceptionallytall masts
u n i t i n g- b r i n g i n gt o g e t h e r
h i g h w i n d s - s t r o n gw i n d s
novice - inexperiencedoersonin a certaintask
fairground ride - an attractionat a fair like the big
wheel/rollercoaster
participants- those who take parl in sth
dry land - (exp)land, aftera time at sea
cheering - shoutingloudlyto show approval
2. L
2.
3.
4.
5.
I have seen that you are holding your annual
charityrace on Friday 13thApril,and I am writingto
ask you to send me an applicationform so that I may
enIer.
I am a keen sailor,but I do not have any sailing
qualifications.
Can you pleaselet me know if this
will be a problem?Also,willyou supply life-jackets
to
the competitorsor shall I bring my own?
Should I be eligibleto enterthe race,please
informme of the time it will startand how much
earlierI should be there to carry out checks,final
preparationsetc.
Finally,as I am a student,is there any possibility
of a reductionin the entrancefee?
I look forwardto hearingfrom you soon.
6. wasawarded
7. trainee
8. participate
in
9. request
10. unpredictable
trophy
destination
Association
charity
contribute
D e a rS i r / M a d a m .
Yoursfaithfully,
3. fss should memorise these text-relatedcollocations
and expressions.T checks in the next /esson.)
1. to give
2. to make
3. to bring
4. 1.
2,
3.
4.
5.
6.
4. to reach
5. charity
6. became
particularly
sailing
Frequently
participants
knowledge
experienced
7.
8.
9.
10.
11 .
GrammarCheck:Part1 (p.155)
7. to Jace
8. at the same
9. to raise
arrangements
ability/abilities
enjoyable
fully
adventurous
1.
2.
3.
4.
flight
ride
raise
reward
6. 1. beach
2. show
7. 1 . o u t
2.up
3.
4.
2.
2.
tour
trip
rise
award
5.
6.
3.
3.
3. request
4. rarely
3. into
4 up
journey
voyage
arise
prize
Warm-upActivities:Parl2 (p.156)
Follow-upActivities:Part1 (p.155)
.
68
(Suggested
answers)
(T drawsthe followingspidergramon the boardand
elicitsrelevantwordsfrornSs.)
5. option
6. Jlatmate
5. upfor
Participants: 39 young people from 8 European
countries
Nameof ship and race: "SirWinstonChurchill",Cutty
SarkTall Ships Race
Destination:Norway(N.8.they didn'tgo to Antwerp)
Good experiences:workingas part of a team,
seeingNorway,making new friends,co-operating,
being able to practisespeakingEnglish
Bad experiences:being seasick,travellingin rough
weather,crampedsleepingquaders
5. has been to
6. have gone to
7 . h a s g o n et o
Unit T - Parl2
.
5. a. 1.
2.
b. 1.
c. 1.
h a s b e e ni n
h a s g o n et o
have been to
have,been to
proseculor
defendant
stenographer
clerk
bailiff
policeofficer
a fine
a jail sentence
lethalinjection
electricchair
solitaryconfinement
gas chamber
communityservice
a Dan
arsonist
rapist
shoplifter
mugger
burglar
murderer
thief
strangler
kidnapper
rape
muroer
theft
forgery
fraud
speeding
shoplifting
Unit 7: Part2
Well,actuallyI sawit on TVtwo yearsago and I was
veryimpressed.
6. (Ss should memorise these texf related collocations
and expressions.T checks in the next /esson.)
f.
(TshouldtellSsa briefsummaryof theactualstory.Dr
2
.
Jekyll was a sclentlslwho developeda potion that
3.
alteredhls stafeof mind and appearance.He named
4.
his"otherself'Mr Hydeand, undertheinfluenceof the
formula,committedmanymurders.Hydedisappeared
followingthedeathof a prominentfigure,SirDanvers, 7. f .
2.
and re-emergedinto societyas Dr Jekyll.)
in the open
violent
peace
to grow
5.
6.
7.
8.
to do
to recover
pitiless
troubled
in reward
took to her bed
3. at peace
.
1 . Mr Hyde disappears.
2 . Dr Jekyllstartsto go out more often.
On January8th, Uttersonhas dinnerat Dr Jekyll's
nouse.
4 . Uttersonis reJused
admittancetoDrJekyll'shouse.
Uttersongoes to see Dr Lanyon.
6 . Dr Lanyonlooks very il,.
7 . Dr Lanyondies.
ReadingTask: Parl2 (p. 156-157)
8.
9.
10.
11.
B ( L n .2 )
B ( L n .1 0 - 1 1 )
C ( L n .1 6 - 1 8 )
C ( L n .1 8 - 2 0 )
1 2 .D ( 1 n . 2 8 - 3 0 )
13.A (Ln 35-36)
1 a .B ( L n . 3 7 - 3 8 )
1 5 .C ( L n .3 9 - 4 0 )
8.1.k
2.d
cloud
fog
damaged
ruined
5. pale
6. faint
4. 1. faded
2. pale
3. faint
4. faint
5. 1. happily
2. shocking
3. lengthy
4. investigation
5. burglary
6. guilty
7. proof
9.c
10.e
11.f
12.1
Follow-upActivities:Part2 (p. 159)
2. 1. distinguished 3. disgraceful 5. tempting
2. conscience
4. dine
6. immoral
3.
4.
3.
4.
7.i
8.a
9. Types of criminals - a rapist,an arsonist,a mugger,
murderer,a burglar,an offender
People in court - a jury, a prosecutionlawyer,
an offender,a stenographer,a defencelawyer
Verbs of crime - to steal,to acquit,to murder,to rob
Forms of Punishment- a jail sentence,a fine,death
sentence,electricchair,lethalinjection,gas chamber,
a s u s p e n d e ds e n t e n c el,i f ei m p r i s o n m e n t
1 . c r u e l t y- u n k i n d n e s s
.
acquaintances- peopleyou know,but notwellenough
to considerthem as friends
hatred - very strongfeelingof contemptor dislike
whisper - to talk very quietly
gradually - slowly
evil - wicked/unkind
influence - the powerto form people'sopinions
familiar - known to sb
.
generosity - willingnessto shareone's possessions
with others.
laboratory - room where scientificexperimentsare
conducted
mist
smog
wrecked
spoiled
5.j
6.b
4. it struck
5. melt into the foo
arsonist,shoplifter,mugger, burglar,murderer,kidnapper,terrorist,pickpocket,assassin,hijacker,
forger,thief
VocabularyExercises:
Part2 (p. 158-159)
3. a. 1.
2.
b. 1.
2.
3.9
4.h
9. to be refused
10.a look
11. to strengthen
12. in low
.
Dr Jekyll - changeable,moody,sometimessociable,
k i n d ,g e n e r o u so, t h e rt i m e su n s o c i a b l ei ,s o l a t e sh i m self
Mr Utterson - has a conscience,worries about his
friends
Dr Lanyon- filledwithterror,actingstrangely,sudden
w e i g h tl o s s ,h a i rl o s s ,a g e i n g
/Ss work in pairs.T checksround class and asKSso/ne
pairs to report back to fhe c/ass.)
(Suggested answers)
speeding - a fine and a ban on drivingfor 6 months
shoplifting - smallfine and 30 days communityservice
m u g g i n g - 1 - 3y e a r si n p r i s o n
burglary - 6 monthsto one year in prison
armed robbery - 5-10 years in prison
m u r d e r - l i f ei m o r i s o n m e n t
n e g l e c t i n ga n a n i m a l - f i n e a n d a b a n o n k e e p i n g
anrmals
(Suggested answers)
I was standingwith my mother in a queue at the
M i d w e s tb a n k a t a b o u t 1 1 : 0 0a m o n M o n d a y3 r d
April, when suddenlytwo men burst in through the
d o o r s h o l d i n gg u n s
N o b o d yr e a l i s e w
d h a t w a sg o i n go n u n t i l o n eo f t h e
men shoutedat everyoneand told us to lie down
on the f loor.The otherman thenwentoverto a cashier
a n d p o i n t e dh i s g u n a t h e r .H e t o l d h e r t o o p e n t h e
69
Unit7: Part3
safeand put allthe moneyin a bag which he gaveher.
I think the man was quite nervous,becausehe kept
tellingthe woman to hurry.The whole time this was
happeningthe other man was pointinghis gun at all
the peopleon the floor and tellingus not to move.
Both men seemedto be quite young, althoughI
couldn'tseethem properlybecauseI was lyingon the
floor. I did noticethough that one had short blond
hair and was about 6 feet tall,and the other one
was shortand fat with dark brown hair.I thinkthat the
robbershad plannedwhatthey were going to do well
in advance,becausethey both seemedquitesure of
what they were doing, and knew to strikeat a time
when the safe was full.
Whenthe bag had beenfilledwith moneythemen
ran out and jumped onto a motorbike.They, then
drove off in the directionof Whitehawk.
GrammarCheck:Part2 (p. 159)
1 . ourselves 5. himself
herself
himself
4 . myself
z.
9. myself
6. yourself
10.themselves
7. yourselves 11. herself
8. yourself
12.himself
UnitT-Part3
VocabularyExercises:Part3 (p. 162-163)
1. fading- becominglessstrong
referredto - called
flow - movement
of sth,espa liquid
sap - wateryliquidin plantsandtrees
cracks- smallgapsbetweentwothingswhichhave
beenjoinedtogether
tides- the riseandfallof the sealevel
composedof - consisting
of
- of factswhichcannotbe explained
supernatural
- e.g.ghostsetc
scientifically
be blamedon - beaccusedas beinqthecauseof sth
2. 'l. waning
2. torch
3. confined
to
4. superstitious
5. firewood
3 . 1 . superstitious
1.
2.
3.
4.
(Suggested answers)
.
.
The picturesshow the moon. I can't see any direct
connectionbetweenthe picturesand the tifle of the
textotherthan,perhaps,that 'VillageLamp"is another
expressionfor the moon. The moon may have been
called this because it helped villagerssee at night
when there was no electricity.
Factsabout the moon: Thereis no lifethere.Man has
travelledthere.The Moon orbitsthe earth.lt seemsto
changeshape etc.
Well,I've heard some superstitions,like if you see a
blackcat it meansbad luck,or if a mirrorbreaksthen
you will have seven years of bad luck. As far as the
moon is concerned,I think i{ you see the new moon
throughglassyou will have bad luck unlessyou turn
aroundthreetimesand bow. lt is believedthat some
peopleturn into werewolvesat full moon.
a. Lamp
b. candles,torches
c. light
6. 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
70
19.H 20.C
Keep
action
21.F
to last
widespread
to make
electric
5.
6.
7.
8.
5. expand
6. disregard
to follow
supernatural
full
the light
9. to take
t o u c hw o o d
k e e p o u r f i n g e r sc r o s s e d
black cat
ladder
b r e a ka l e g
b r o k e nm i r r o r
2. post
b. 1. trace
2. lrack
3. trail
4. lane
d. pig-killer
e. planted,new
f. water
ReadingTask: Part 3 (p. 160-161)
17.B 18.A
3
4
7. a. 1. columns
B.
16.G
4. intriguing
5. mysterious
6. beliefs
unexplored
3 . technological
z.
4 . 1 . distance
z . tune
weeds
widespread
shrink
declined
arlificial
5. (Ss should memorise these text relakjd collocations
and expressions.T checks in the nert /esson.)
Warm-upActivities(p. 160)
.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
3. pillars
c. 1. consist
2. compose
3. include
d. 1. lay
2. Lie
3. lying
4. laid
5. lay
6. lie
-
e. 1. affect
2. influence
f. 1. logs
2. wood
'1.
light heart
2. as light as a feather
e
3. boards
pitch dark
4 , in the dark
UnitT-Part4
Follow-upActivities:Part3 (p. 163)
.
t h e y b e l i e v e di n " a f e w ' s u p e r s t i t i o n sb,u t n o t o t h e r s .
O n l y a s m a l lp e r c e n t a g e1, 8 % ,o f t h o s ea s k e d ,
d i d n o t b e l i e v ei n s u p e r s t i t i o nast a l l .
(Suggested answers)
P e o p l es h o u l d n ' tk i l l p i g s w h e n t h e m o o n i s f a d i n g
becausethe meat might go bad. Cuttingfirewood
s h o u l db e d o n e i n t h e " d a r ko f t h e m o o n " ,P l a n t i n g
s e e d ss h o u l db e d o n e a t t h e t i m e o f t h e n e w m o o n
or shortly after it. Laying floorboardsin a cottage
s h o u l db e d o n e d u r i n gt h e l i g h to f t h e m o o n " ,
otherwiseboards shrinkand weeds appear through
the cracks.
.
Ditferent Superstitions
The superstitionsmost widely believedin were that
w a l k i n gu n d e ra l a d d e ri s u n l u c k y a, n d t h a t b r e a k i n g
a m i r r o rc a u s e ss e v e nv e a r s 'b a d l u c k .
Conclusion
The survey showed that superstitioncontinuesto
i n f l u e n c ea l a r g en u m b e ro f p e o p l e ' sl i v e st o d a y ,
a l t h o u g ht h i s a p p l i e sm o r e t o t h e o l d e r g e n e r a t i o n
than to younger membersof society.
(Suggested answers)
(ReferSsto the relevanttheoryand discussbrieflywhat
theyshould include in theirreport. This report can be
written in formal style or a rather informal one.)
GrammarCheck:Part3 (p. 163)
Less Formal Style
The resultof a recentsurveyshowsvery clearlythat a
large majorityof people today still hold very strong
beliefswhen it comes to superstitions.The survey
showsthat the 65% most likelyto believein superstitions are over the aoe of 40.
1 . T h e r e ,i t
2 . I t ,t h e r e
There
A
T h e r e ,t h e r e ,i t
5.
6.
7.
8.
lt,there
l t ,t h e r e
there
it
9 . T h e r e ,i t
1 0 . l t ,t h e r e
in super- Unit
Thosepeoplewhoareleastlikelyto belreve
stitions
areundertheageof 25.as only20
7 -Part4
surveyedbelievein superstitions.In fact, a surprisinglylargepercentage,38%,of those askedsaidthat
while43%said
theybelieve"strongly"in superstitions,
t h a tt h e y b e l i e v e di n o n l y a f e w s u p e r s t i t i o n sO.n l y a
'18%,
very small percentage,
did not believein
superstitionsat all. The superstitionsthat are most
widely believedare that walkingunder a ladder is
unlucky, and that breaking a mirror causes seven
years' bad luck.
The survey showed that superstitioncontinues to
i n f l u e n c ea l a r g en u m b e ro f p e o p l e ' sl i v e st o d a y ,
although this applies more to the older generation
than to the younger membersof society.
Warm-upActivities:Part4 (p. 164)
lf the same reportwasto bewritten in formal style,then
the following answer would be acceptable.
Formal Style
The resultsol a recentsurveyshow very clearlythat a
This
largemajorityof peopletoday are superstitious.
is indicatedby the fact that 81% of those asked said
that they believein supersititions.
Age Differences
It was found that those most likely to believe in
supersititonswere over the age of 40 - 65% of those
over 40 believein supersitions.Those least likelyto
wereunderthe age of 25 - only
believein superstitions
20"/"ol under 25 year olds believein superstitions.
.
(Suggestedanswers)
(T drawsthe followingspidergramon the boardand
writesdown some words relatedto the topic. then
fromSs.)
elicitsrelevantvocabularv
, useums,
tourists,sightseers,tour guide, c n u r c n e s m
, onuments,
t e m p l e sr, u i n s m
bus driver.coach driver,
r e l i g i o u ss i t e s .b a t t l es i t e s .
m u s e u mg u r d e ,g r o u p
homes of famous people,
modern architecture
PEOPLEINVOLVED
SIGHTSEEING
M E A N SO F
TRANSPORT
b u s ,t r a r n ,c o a c h ,
double-decker,
o p e n - t o pb u s
.
.
Depths of People's Beliefs
The extentto which people believein superstitions
was found to vary greatly.A surprisinglylarge
percentage,38%, of those asked said that they
believe"strongly"in superstitions,
while43% saidthat
t o u r ,g u i d e ,l e a d ,r i d e ,
s h o w a r o u n d ,e x p l o r e ,
narrate,describe,walk
a r o u n d ,s t r o l l
Well,l'd choosea placeof historicalinterestbecause
I want to learnabout ancientcivilisattons
a n d a b o u tt h e c u l t u r eo f p e o p l ew h o l i v e di n t h e p a s t .
a . R o m a n ,1 7 ,g l a s s
b. ferry
U.
DUd
d . " G u i d eF r i d a y "d, a y , l a r g e s t
e . 4 0 , R i v e rW i l d ,r e f r e s h m e n t s
71
ExamFocus: Unit 7
Reading Task: Part 4 (p. 164-165)
22.C
23,24.A, D (inanyorder)
25,26.B, D (inanyorder)
27.E
28,29.A, D (inanyorder)
3 0 .E
3 1 .B
32.C
33. E
3 4 .A
35.D
VocabularyExercises:
Part4 (p. 166)
1. 1. amazingly 3. visitors
2. peaceful
4. delightful
5. creatively
6 . c o n t i n e n t a*l
(* continental-style
restaurantmean restaurants
servingFrenchfood)
2. a. f. inter-city
2. goods
b. 1. single
3. 1. warfare
2 pilgrims
3. express
4. local
2. return
3. season
3. medieval
4 . e m b a r ko n
5. outlook
Many holidaymakersgo to Parissimplyto see the
sights.The EiffelTower is a must. lf you ventureto
the top, there is a breathtakingview of the city. The
Sacre-Coeur,a beautifulancientcathedral,is also
worth a visit,whereasthe Pompidou Centre,at the
o p p o s i t ee n d o f t h e s c a l e ,g r v e sy o u a g l i m p s eo f
m o d e r n - d a yP a r i s i a na r c h i t e c t u r e .
H o w e v e ra, c t i v i t i e s u c h a s s h o p p i n gs h o u l dn o t
be overlooked.The Champs ElysOehas the latestin
t o p f a s h i o n sA. l t h o u g hi t t e n d st o b e a b i to n t h e p r i c e y
s i d e ,t h e r ea r e s o m e g o o d b a r g a i n st o b e f o u n d .A t
night,you can eithergo to a quietcaf6on the "terrace,"
o r i f y o u ' d p r e f e rs o m e t h i n ga l i t t l em o r eo u t r a g e o u s ,
a v i s i tt o t h e f a m o u s" M o u l i nR o u g e " .
P e r s o n a l l yI ',d r e c o m m e n dP a r i st o a n y o n e .l t h a s
a certarnmagic about it that cannot be described.
Grammar Check: Part 4 (p. 166)
3. 1.
2.
3.
4.
6
Follow-UpActivities:Part4 (p. 166)
(Before Ss do the activities, ask them to read the texts
of Part 4 and underline the unknown words. T Lltett
then
etrcitslexptains
rhese words.)
(Suggestedanswers)
O f t h e f i v e p l a c e sm e n t i o n e di n t h e t e x t ,t h e o n e l d
m o s tl i k et o v i s i ti sY o r k .l ' d e n l o yw a n d e r i n ga b o u tt h e
n a r r o ww i n d i n gs t r e e t st,h i n k i n ga b o u t t h e p a s t a n d
types of livespeople led back then - what jobs they
d i d ,w h a tt h e yd i d w h e n t h e yw e r e n ' tw o r k i n ga n d s o
o n . A l s o ,I ' d b e a b l e t o d o s o m e s h o p p i n ga n d b u y
some presentsfor my friendsback home.Aftershopp r n g ,I ' d m o v e o n t o d o s o m e s i g h t s e e i n ga t Y o r k
M i n s t e ra, n d , t h e n w a l k r o u n dt h e c i t y w a l l st o g e t a
g o o d v i e wo f t h e w h o l e p l a c e .
(BeforeSs are assigned this as wiltten HW T should
give them or elicit from them information relevant to
Paris:location:in the northwestof France;population:
15,000,000; attractions : The Eiffel Tower, Sacre-Coeur,
the Pompidou Centre,the Louvre etc; shopping: the
Champs Elysee;entertainment:cafes,MoulinRouge.)
(Suggestedanswer)
The much lovedFrenchcapitalParisis situatedin
thenorthwestof
France,hasa populationof 15,000,000
and is a holidaylocationfor touristsfrom all over the
world.
-2
- - ,- - ,t h e
t h e ,t h e
t h e , - - ,t h e
- - ,t h e , t h e
6 . t h e ,- 7 . - - , - - ,t h e
8 . T h e , - - ,t h e , t h e
9 . - - ,t h e ,t h e
----
ExamFocus- Useof English:Unit7 (p. 167)
Part2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
foilin
6.
so
7.
from
8.
till/until
9.
variety/range 10.
away
which/that
with
throughout
There
11. on
12. Iact
'13.
as
14. old
15. both
Part4
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
like
own
being
,/
it
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
./
was
,/
sound
many
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
of
/
to
/
been
Prepositions
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
for
ot
over
with
on
of
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
in
on
in
for/on
by
of
1 3 .i n
14.from
1 5 .o n
16. to
17.on
18.up
19. at
20. to
21. by laI
22. tor
(Ss shou/d memorisethese prepos itions.T checks in
the nextiesson.)
Exam Focus: Unit 7
ExamFocus- Listening:Unit7 (p. 168-169)
Part3
1 9 .E
20.C
21.D
22.8
23.F
Part 3
You'llhear five people talking about their favouritekind
of film.For questions19 to 23, choose from the listA to
F the type of film that is being described. lJse the letters
only once. There'sone ertra btter which vou do not
need to use.
Speaker 1 (male)t reallycan't stand all that mushy
lovestuff.I find it veryembarrassingreally,particularly
i fy o u g o o u t w i t ha g i r lf o r t h e f i r stti m e .N o ,w h a tI r e a l l y
enjoyis lotsof gunsand action,nottoo much violence
mind you, but car chases and heroesthat you can
r e a l l ya d m i r e L i k e a l l t h o s e o l d w e s t e r n s o
, r even
t h o s eo l d c o p s a n d r o b b e r sf i l m s .
Speaker2 (male):Violencein anyform reallybothers
m e a l o t .l ' m a l s on o tt o o k e e no n t e c h n o l o g i c at hl i n g s
or special effects with computers. lt just doesn't
interestme. I like a good storylineand believable
characters.A real human intereststory, you know.
S o m e p e o p l ef i n d t h o s ek i n d o f f i l m sd e p r e s s i n g .
But I likefilmsthat make you think even if the story is
very movingand closeto reallife.I like rathersenous
f i l m sr e a l l y .I d o n ' t g o t o t h e c i n e m at o e s c a p e .
Speaker3 (male).'llovebeingscaredto death.I really
meanit. I don't carewhetherthe plot is set in the future
or the past - just as long as it's scary, l'll like it. The
v i o l e n c ed o e s n ' tb o t h e rm e - | m e a n ,a m o n s t e rw i t h
an axe is hardlygoing to come afteryou in reallife,is
h e ? l t ' sj u s t a b i t o f f u n , a n e s c a p ef r o m r e a l i t yI. l i k e
monstersand all the bodies everywhere.lt's fun.
Speaker4 (female): I can't stand anythingwhich is
senousand too much likethe problemswe havein real
life.What I enjoy is a good laugh.The stupiderand
s i l l i eirt i s ,t h em o r eI e n j o yi t .I l o v e t h o s eo l ds i l e n ft i l m s
withthe charactersfallingoverallthetime and making
funny faces.I also enjoy cleverdialogue.Reallywitty
stuffthat makes you think but also bringsa smile to
your face.
Speaker5 (temale):l'm very interestedin computers
and the latesttechnology.I can imaginea futurerun
by machines.I love horrorfilmstoo, but my main love
is futuristicstuff - the stuff of the 21st century and
beyond.The way we imaginethe world could be with
r o b o t sa n d m a c h i n e sa n d c o m p u t e r s l.' m n o t i n t e r ested in real-liJedramas,and most comedies I find
q u i t es t u p i d .
Part 4
24.F 25.F 26.r
2 7 . F 2 8 . T 2 9 . F 3 0 .T
Part 4
You'll hear a conversationwhich takes place in an
office. Answer questions24 to 30 by writing T (for true)
or F (for false) in the boxes provided.
Louise; .. I thought I'd never get him off the phone.
Now, as you both know,the move is coming up next
w e e k e n da
, n d i t ' sg o i n gt o t a k es o m e s e r i o u so r g a n i sationif we're not to end up in completechaos in the
new offices.Of courseit couldn'thavecomeat aworse
t i m e ,w h a tw i t ha l lt h e s en e w a c c o u n t sc o m i n gi n , b u t
it can't be helped I suppose.Now, David,have you
organisedmovingthe computers- and the files?
David:Well,I'vebeentryingto organiseit for days but
nobodyseemsto be availableto do it at the weekend.
Louise; But I thought you'd alreadyfound a reliable
c o m p a n ya n d . . .
David:WhenI rangthem backto confirmthey claimed
we'd nevermade a definitebooking.I triedto get on
to the personI'd spokento before,but she'saway,and
they say they just can't fit us in.
Louise; Well,that's fine - perfect.Now what are we
s u p p o s e dt o d o ?
Paula: Actually,my brother-in-lawhas a removats
firm. lt's - they're not exactlyspecialists,but I know
t h e y ' r ev e r y g o o d a n d . . .
Louise;Well,givethenumbertoDavid- see if you can
a r r a n g es o m e t h i n g .B u t o n l y i f t h e y ' r ep r o p e r l yi n s u r e d ,m i n d .
David: And if they're not available?
Paula:l'm surethey'llbe ableto do it. Maybethey can
put somebodyelse off. Afterall, it's urgent,isn't it?
Louise; Exactly.Well,let's keep our fingerscrossed.
N o wP a u l a- a r ea l lt h es u p p l i e sr e a d yt o g o ?A n d h a v e
we arrangedfor everyoneto pack up theirown desks?
Paula:Erm,it's all arrangedaboutthe desks- | mean,
apartfroma coupleof peoplewho insisttheycan'tstay
o n F r i d a ya n d d o t h e i r s .B u t I t h o u g h tI c o u l d Louise.'No, no, no - you'vegot enoughto do without
t h a t .C o u l dy o u j u s t g i v em e t h e i rn a m e sw h e nw e ' v e
f i n i s h e du p h e r e a
, n d l ' l l l e t h e mk n o w t h a t h e ys i m p l y
have no choice in the matter.No one else is going to
be made responsible
f o r a n y o n ee l s e ' sd e s k .W h a t
a b o u ts u p p l i e s ?
Paula: I think that's all in order. Some of the boys
stayed late yesterday,and when I looked in this
m o r n i n gi t s e e m e da l l r e a d yt o g o .
Louise;Well,that'sa reliefat least.Oh, I nearlyforgot.
David,havewe arrangedaboutsettingup the computers at the otherend? | mean.if they'renot functioning
firstthing Mondaymorningwe'll be completelyparalysed. The new phone system is in already - I've
c h e c k e dt h a t - b u t t h e c o m p u t e r s. . .
David: No need to worry about that. They've got a
w h o l et e a m o f p e o p l er e a d ya n d w a i t i n g .
Louise; Goodl Good! Now,am lforgettinganything?
Oh no! What about the old files?Thereare cabinets
a n d c a b i n e t sf u l lo f t h e m !
Paula:Mr Williamssaidthat sincewe hardlyusethem
they could stay behindfor a while- | mean,untilwe've
all settledin the new olace.
73
ExamFocus:Unit7
Louise.'Hardlyusethem?| wasjust in thereyesterday
tryingto trackdown some very importantdocuments.
l ' l lh a v ea w o r dw i t hM r W i l l i a m st h e n .T h o u g hw h y w e
haven'tgot allthaton the computersby now is beyond
me... (fadeout)
SB; Yes, but they won't be lookingat advertisements,they'll be watchingthe match.
SA; Advertismentsin newsDapersare effective because readersof the newspaperhave no choice
but to read them.
SB; However,many peoplejust ignoreadveftisements in newspapers.
SA; Promotinga productby sellingit door-to-doorcan
be effectivebecausepeoplecannotignore the product if it's on their doorstep.
S8; Yes,but some peoplecan get irritatedby this kind
of advertising,which may put them off the product.
SA; Advertisingusing an aeroplaneto fly a message
through the sky can be effectivebecause it always
attractspeople'sattention.
SB; However, it is quite an expensivemethod of
advertisingand doesn't last very long.
SA: Advertisingon buses is effectivebecause it is
seen by a lot of people as the bus travelsall over
thetown.
S8; Yes, I agree.Billboardadvertisingis also
effectivebecausea lot of peoplewill see the advertisementas they pass by every day.
SA; Yes, but it can be expensive,etc.
E x a mF o c u s- Sp ea ki n gU: n i t7 (p .1 7 0 -1 71)
Part2
(Suggestedanswers)
PictureA is oJa full moon, and picture B is of a black
cat. Both of these thinos are associatedwith
superstitions.
.
No, I am not very superstitious,but I alwaystouch
wood when I hope that somethingI've said won't
happen.
.
There are a lot of superstitionsassociatedwith the
m o o n .T h e f u l l m o o nf,o r e x a m p l ei sa t i m e w h e ns o m e
peopleare supposedto turn into werewolves.In the
, r cut
c o u n t r y s i d ep,e o p l ew o u l do n l y p u t u p f e n c e s o
logs for firewood, when the moon was in certain
stages.Beliefscan vary in differentcultures.A black
cat crossingyour path for example,is good luck in
s o m e c u l t u r e sa, n d b a d l u c k i n o t h e r s .
Part4
(Suggested
answers)
.
SA; I thinkthe mosteffectiveform of advertisingis that
using buses,trains and other forms of public transoort.
are
SB.'Yes,I think you're right.The advertisements
seen by large numbersof people and are likelyto
catch their eye.
.
SA; I think that a lot of soap powdersare clevely
advertisedon the W usingfamouspeopleto promote
tnem.
S8: I don't agree.I think that some soap powder
advertisements
aren'tverygood. Peopledon't thinka
productis good just becausea famouspersonsays it
is. I prefercleverer,more thought-provoking
advertisementsnot just those with beautifulor famous
peopre.
.
B r e a k i n ga m i r r o ri s s u p p o s e dt o b r i n gy o u 7 y e a r s '
b a d l u c k . l t i s a l s o b a d l u c k t o w a l k u n d e ra l a d d e r .
F i n d i n ga f o u r l e a f c l o v e ri s s u p p o s e dt o b r i n g y o u
g o o d l u c k .l n E n g l a n d s, e e i n go n e m a g p i ei s s a i dt o
bring you sorrow,while seeingtwo is meantto bring
youloy.
.
Picture C is of a boat, and picture D is of a train.
They are both differentways of travelling.
.
I would preferto travelby boat, becauseit would be
more excitingthan travellingby train. Some people
g e t s e a s i c kb
, ut I don't.
.
Thereare lotsof waysto passthe time whiletravelling.
I wouldreada book,or lookout of thewindow.You can
alsowritelettersto people,or if you are travellingwith .
somebodyelse you can play games.
.
I think that the train is a very convenientmeans of
travel, because if there is a storm, boats can be
delayed.Trainsare also much Jasterthan boats,and
t h e j o u r n e y i s m u c h s m o o t h e r .B u t g e n e r a l l yt,h e
plane is the most convenientof all.
SA; Good advertisingcertainlydoes encouragepeople to try productsthat they would not usuallybuy.
SB.'Yes,but it only effectspeoplewho can be easily
in{luencedor persuadedto buy thingsthat they don't
reallyneed.
ExamFocus- Writing:Unit7 (p.1721
1.
1.C
2.A
3.D
4.B
Part3
2. (Suggestedanswer)
.
JA
(Suggested
answers)
SA;Advertising
at footballgroundsis veryeffective
because
whogoesto watcha matchwillsee
everyone
We'd beenlookingfonvardtothis holidayforages.
Just my husbandJohn and l, as the kidswerestaying
with my parents.We boardedearlyon Tuesdaymorning so as to get a good seat on the top deck. The
weatherwas sunny,but cold with quitea strongwind.
Exam Focus: Unit 7
The firstfour hourswere lovely.We had a meal in
the restaurantand then walked on the deck for ten
minutes.We were just going back into the lounge
when suddenlythe enginesstopped.Aftera few
minutes,the captain'svoice came over the loud
speakertellingus not to worry.Therewas a slight
problemwith the starboardengine,but the boat
should be underwayagain in the next 15 minutes.
Two hours laterwe were stilldead in the water."lf
we're stuck hereany longerwe'll be too lateto check
intothe hotel,"complainedJohn.To be honest.I was
gettinga bit worriedas the wind was gettingstronger
and the boat seemedto be moving sideways.
The next three nightswill stay in my memory
forever.Food and waterran low and fights broke out
as people became more and more tired and frightened.I had almostgivenup hopewhenwe werefinally
found and towed to some port in Holland.As I leftthe
lerry a reporterasked me how I felt. I said something
aboutwantinga showerand some sleep.I was just so
glad to be on dry land again.
4. Dear Mary,
I thought I'd drop you a line to let you know how
we're getting on. After two days back at work I felt as
if I'd neverbeen on holiday- how aboutyou? Anyway
we'vehad our photosdevelopedand we'd loveit if you
could come and spend next weekendat our house.
We could look at the photosand rememberthe good
times we had.
Hereare a few directionsso you won't get lost.As
you enterManchester,
followthesignsforToxtethuntil
you come to a very big roundabout.Take the third
turningfor Mayfieldand follow that road for about 3
k m . Y o u s h o u l dt h e n p a s st h e G r a n d H o t e lo n y o u r
right and then immediatelyafterthat a school.Turn
rightat the schooland we'rethe secondon the left.lf
y o u g e t l o s tj u s t g i v e u s a r i n ga n d G e o r g ew i l lc o m e
and getyou.
I hope you'llbe ableto make it as we'd loveto see
y o u a g a i n . G i v e o u r r e g a r d st o y o u r f a m i l y .W e ' r e
l o o k i n gf o r w a r dt o s e e i n gy o u s o o n .
LOVE.
3. (BeforeSsdo Ex.3 T explainsthatthe titleof the article
is partof aproverb:"AllWorkand No Play makesJack
a dull boy." Thisproverbmeansthatif someoneworks
too hard it can make them very uninteresting.)
(Suggested answer)
- The articleis argumentative,
givingadvantages
and disadvantages.
Outline:
First paragraph - statethe topic of the article
Second paragraph - give advantages
Third paragraph - give disadvantages
Concluding paragraph - give a balancedconsiderationof the topic and includea personal
ooinion
Linking words: the main incentivefor, there are
also many drawbacksto, the main one (to list
advantagesand disadvantages)
Added to this,also (to add more pointsto a topic)
Such as (to give an example)
However(to make a contrastingpoint)
As a result (to express effect)
(Suggested answer)
First paragraph:As the economicsituationof
many countriesimproves,more and more businessesare expanding,creatingnewjobs for many
people.This has led to an increasein the numoer
of executivepositionsin many businessesand
t h u sa s u r g ei n t h e n u m b e ro f e x e c u t i v e sB.u ti s a n
executivecareeralwavsall that it is made out to
be?
Joan & George
Paragraph 1 - reasonsfor writing
P a r a g r a p h2 - d e v e l o p m e n t
Final paragraph - closing remarks
5. (Suggested answer)
D e a rS u e ,
How are you? Haveyou got anythingplannedfor
t h e s u m m e rh o l i d a y s ?W e l l ,d o y o u r e m e m b e rt h a t
greatlanguagecourseI went on lastyear in France?
T h e y ' r er u n n i n gi t a g a i na n d y o u ' v ej u s t g o t t o c o m e
w i t h m e t h i st i m e .
The courseis held in a gorgeousFrenchchateau
surroundedby lakesand trees.The town of Nantes
is about 3 km away.The teachersare all qualified
and there are never more than 15 studentsrn a
class.Afterschoolwe can swim in the indoor
swimmingpool,playtennisor playfootball(therewas
a tournamentlast yea|. Everyeveningthere is a
d i s c oa n d a f i l m i n t h e c h a t e a u c i n e m a .
W e ' l ls l e e pi n a d o r m i t o r yf o r 1 2 p e o p l ew h i c h i s
greatfun and a good way to meetthe otherstudents,
who are from all overthe world.The cost is only t400
so it's reallycheap.
Writesoon and tell me if you can come with me. I
h o p e y o u c a n .W e ' l lh a v ea b r i l l i a ntti m e .
Love,
Jenny
Last paragraph: All things considered,despite
the fact that executivejobs do offer a lot of advantages in terms of careerand privileges,it is often
at the expenseof things that can be considered
moreimportantsuchas family,friendsand health.
It is up to each individualto decide if the sacrifice
is worthwhile.
75
ExamFocus: Unit 7
6. (Suggestedanswer)
The most wonderfulexperienceI have ever had
was a holidayI spent with a friend in Cornwall.As
we werecamping,we wereaJraidthat it mightrain,but
the weatherturned out to be gorgeous.I remember
that week so clearly:the walk to the beach each
day;turningthatfinal cornerand suddenlyseeingthe
magnificentocean spread out beforeme like a sparkling blue carpet;the hours spent lazilylying in the
s u n ,a n d p l u n g i n gi n t ot h e s e a w h e n i t g o t t o o h o t . l t
was marvellous.
On the lastday we werethere,Jackand lwere lying
on the beach when Jack lauohedand said."Look at
76
that sillywoman wavingat us!"We both grinnedand
waved back, but she didn't look very happy.
"Holdon," I said suddenly,"she'snot wavingto be
friendly,she'swavingfor help!"We both ran down the
beach and dived into the waterto save her. She was
OK, but she had got cramp and would certainlyhave
drowned if we hadn't been there!We both got our
picturesin the paper!
All in all it was an excitingand rewardingholiday.
I ' m p l a n n i n gt o g o a g a i nt h i s y e a r !
Mission:FCE 1
TEST1 A
TEST 1A
(Units1-2)
( Time:80m inutes)
SectionA
Youaregoingto reada magazine
articleaboutworkersin Denmark.
Choosefromthe list
A-Hthe sentence
whichbestsummarises
eachpart(1-6)of the article.
Therets oneextra
sentence
whichyou do not needto use.Thereis an exampleat the beginning(0).
A
Peoplego backto work freshand relaxed.
B
The governmentwillcoverallthe costs.
C
Evenemployeeswith difficultjobs can be replaced.
D
E
Temporaryemploymentmay sometimesleadto a permanentiob.
The plan has not had a great effecton unemployment.
F
The employercan pay more than the fixed rate.
G
Denmarkwill makea new plan a regularpartof workinglife.
The programmeis supportedby governmentfinancing.
H
Timeto play
Thegovernment
of Denmark
hasfounda wayto motivate
workersandnon-workers.
mentsfortheirpregnantworkersor
workerswhotaketimeoffto study,
findthismore
An ambitiousexperiment
With high unemploymentrates butprivateemployers
was
Thishasbeenmadeeasier
carriedout in Denmarklast vear. throughoutEurope,many coun- difficult.
The ideawas to giveemployeesa tries are studyingthis new pro- asgovernmentfunding
helpscompanies
find
yearoffwhileunemployed
replacements.
gramme
people
withinterest.
Theunemtemporarilytook their places at ployedgeta chanceto re-enter
the
work. lt worked so well that the workforce,whichgivesthem hope
governmenthas decidedto make for the future.The temporaryrethisnormaloractice.
placements
equivajobs, Peopleon leavereceivethe
aren'tguaranteed
but a companyoftenfindsroomto lent to the top rate of unemployment benefit(t300).Thoseon pakeeothemon.
rental or study leave receive70
percent
of the benefit.The emThepointof the experiment
wasto
ployer in all cases is free to pay
helpworkersandnon-workers
alike.
The workersare allowedtime to CivilservantllseHyttingwentyacht- moreif he wishes.
relax,enjoytheirchildren,or im- ing in the Mediterranean
on ner
provetheirskillswhilebeingsureof break.Shewantedto learnsomegettingtheir job back when they thingaboutdifferent
peoplein difrate in Denreturn.lt helpsto reducestressand ferentcountries.Herofficefoundit The unemployment
allowsthem to learn something difficultto replacesomeonewith markhasfallen,but criticssaythis
The peoplewho take
new so they returnto work better her qualifications,
so a colleague is deceptive.
and happierpeople.Non-workers, took her job to make room for an o v e r j o b s t e m p o r a r i l ya r e n o t
counted as unemployedfor that
or peoplewho havebeen unem- unemployed
person.
year.However,if they don't find a
ployedfora longtime,geta chance
permanentposition,they will beto get back to work,at leastfor a
come unemployedthe next year.
while.
Anotherproblemthis programme Thus,the programmemay seem
dealswithis parentalor studyleave more effectivein fighting unemin private
businesses.
Government ploymentthanit reallyis.
emptoyers
canusuallyfindreplace-
G
77
p.2
TEST1 A
Mission:FCE 1
SectionB
word(s)fromthe lisf. Usefhe word(s)only once.
Fillin the appropriate
to put out
double-decker
complimentary heart
fire
milk
1'l
Section C
Choosethe correctitem.
17. That planthas a very (distinctive/ exclusive)smell;no otherplantsmellslike it!
18. The policewere calledto controlthe crowdaftera violent(revolution/ riot) brokeout.
19. Rhythm'n'blues
musichas had a greatinfluenceon manyof today's(contemporary/ common)
rock'nrollartists
20. Becausehe was only (ordinaryi average)in height,he could not join the basketballteam.
21. Thereis a lot of (vivid / vital) information
storedin the company'scomputersystem.
22. fhe unionworkers,upsetovertheirsalarycuts,causeda great(disturbance/ dispute)outside
the Town Hall.
23. The opposingpoliticalpartywon a (triumphi victory) in the lastelection.
SectionD
Fillin the gapswith the appropriate
word(s)trom the list below:
tread
whisked
consumption
process
masterpiece
heightened
suspense
24. John
... us to the concefthallas we were latefor the concert.
25. The Mona Lisais LeonardoDaVinci'sgreatest
26. Doctorswarn us that the daily ..........
.. of red meatcan leadto high cholesterollevels.
27. I could hear his heavy
... as he was walkingup the woodenstaircase.
28. Recovering
from a seriousillnessis a slow and difficult
2 9 . T h e e m o t i o n so f t h e a u d i e n c e. . . . . . . . . . . .
w h e nt h e f i n a lg o a lw a s s c o r e d .
3 0 . E v e r y b o dw
y a i t e di n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . .f.o r t h e j u r y ' sv e r d i c t .
SectionE
Choosethe appropriate
word(s)to fill eachgap.
. . . . .p n e u m o n i ai f y o u d o n ' tt a k eo f f y o u rw e t c l o t h e s .
3 1 . Y o u w i l lg o
you
you
32. lf
don't study,
will fall
with vour schoolwork.
3 3 . T h e c r i m i n a l f i n a lgl ya v e. . . . . . . . . .
a n d t o l d t h e t r u t ha b o u tt h e r o b b e r y
3 4 . T h eb u r g l a r a n. . . . . . . . . . . . .
w h e n h e h e a r dt h e p o l i c es i r e n s .
p
u
t
35. He
.............
t h e i d e ao f b u i l d i n ga n e w l i b r a r yi n t h e t o w n c e n t r e .
7B
TEST1 A
Mission:FCE 1
p.3
Section F
Fill in the correct preposition(s).
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
ChristopherColumbusis famous
.........
discoveringAmerica.
Job centresare aimed
.........
decreasingthe levelsof unemployment.
She is confident
.........
the factthat she will pass all her examswith A's.
The servantshavealwaysbeen ..........
her Majesty'sdisposal.
The ambulancearrivedin aid .........
the heartattackvictim.
SectionG
Choosethe appropriate
idiomto fill in thegaps.
odds and ends
more haste,less speed
set eyes
skin deep
in the public eye
41. lt's alwaysbeen said that beautyis only
", said Jane'smotheras she tore her blousein a rushto out it on.
42. " .........
people
43. Famous
are always
4 4 . H e l i k e dh e r f r o m t h e m o m e n th e . . . . . . . . . . . .
on her.
4 5 . G r a n d m o t h ehra s a l o t o f
. . . . . . . .l v. i n qa r o u n dt h e h o u s e .
SectionH
Fill in the correct word derived from the words in bold.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
Usingall his physical
, he managedto push the car out of the ditch.
H e w a s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .g. .u.i.l.t ya s a l l t h e e v i d e n c ew a s a g a i n s h
t im.
H i s b o s sc o n s i d e r e d
h i m t o b e h i s b e s t. . . . . . . . . . .
Ann'sgrandfather
was in hospitaldue to a severeheart............
.
T h e h o u s ew a s a l w a y sw a r md u e t o t h e t h i c k. . . . . . . . . . . . . .b. e
. .t.w e e ni t s w a l l s .
STRONG
DOUBT
EMpLOy
ORDER
INSULATE
SectionI
completethe sentences
usingthe wordsin bold.use twoto fivewords.
5 1 . T o m i s t a l l e r t h aB
nill
as
Billisn't
52. Althoughshe is wealthy,she is sometimesmiserable.
despite
She ..........
53. "l'm leavingfor America,"Anna saidto William.
informed
Anna .........
54. lt is saidthat he will be changingjobs soon.
said
He .............
55. He hatesit when his friendscriticisehim.
being
He hates
. . . . . . . . . . . .T. o
. m.
.. her wealth.
. . . . . . .l e a v i n gf o r A m e r i c a .
.. jobs soon.
friends.
Section J
Writean answerto one of the tuvofollowingquestions.Writeyouranswerin 120- 180wordsin
an appropriatestyle,givingthe outlinefirst.
1
You want to entera shorl story competition.You must begin your story with the words: "Thecar
drove off and Jane was left alone. The restof the day was littteshortof a nightmare....."
2
You haveboughtan electricalappliancefrom a shop.Writea letter of complaintto the
shop manager,complainingaboutthe faultyelectricalapplianceand askingfor a refund.
79
Mission:FCE 1
NAME :
CLASS:
(Time:80 minutes)
TEST 1A
(units1-2)
SectionA
1[-_l
2
'16
\
SectionC
17. ............
19.
21
20.
22.
\
23.
\
2q
26.
28.
27.
29.
30
SectionE
3 . r .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 5 .
SectionF
36............
37. ................ 38. ...............
39. .............
45.
80
40.
Mission: FCE 1
p.2
TEST1 A
SectionI
51
51
52
52
53
54
54
55
55
SectionJ (Writing)
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TEST1 B
Mt ssion:FCE 1
p.3
Section F
Fill in the correct preposition(s).
36. People
oughtto beaware
,..,.thedamage
theyarecausing
to theenvironment.
37. Hewaskeen
.....collecting
stamps;he hadhundreds
of them.
38. Thewitnessprovided
the police
.....information
relevant
to thetheft.
39. Theywere..........
a tightbudget,because
theywantedto saveup for a car.
4 0 . F u l lb o a r dw a si n c l u d e .d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .t.h. .e.p. .r.i c eo f t h ep a c k a g h
eo l i d a y .
SectionG
Choosethe appropriate
idiomto fill in thegaps.
bird's eye view
the apple of her eye
jump out of my skin
at lightningspeed
make ends meet
4 1 . S o m es c e n e si n t h e h o r r o fr i l mm a d em e . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .
42. He managedto drivefrom Londonto Manchesterin 3 hours;he must havebeen driving
, 1 3 .H e rg r a n d s o ni s . . . . . . . . . . . . , . , . .;. s. .h. .e.a. d o r e sh i m !
44. Whilsthe was flyingoverAthens,he got a(n) ............
of the city.
45. Now that her husbandis unemployedit is very difficultfor them to ...............
SectionH
Fillin the correctword derivedfrom the wordsin bold.
.16
47
aB
-19
50
H e r m a i n. . . . . . . . . . . . . . i. n. .l.i.f ew a s t o b e c o m ea d o c t o r .
H e b e h a v e s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . y. .o. .u; n e v e rk n o ww h a th e ' l ld o n e x t .
M y w e d d i n gw a s t h e m o s t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . d
. .a. .y. o f m y l i f e .
The gymnasticshe performedwere very ...........
They were so rude to us; we had neverexpectedsuch awful
from them.
OBJECT
PREDICT
MEMORY
IMPRESS
TREAT
SectionI
Completethe sentencesusingthe wordsin bold.Usetwo to fivewords.
51. This book by ArthurMilleris lessinteresting
than his others.
as
T h i s b o o k b y A r t h u rM i l l e r. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . h. i s o t h e r s .
52 Althoughshe was verytiredshe agreedto take careof her sister'schildrenfor the evening.
despite
She took care of her sister'schildren
......she was very tired.
53 "Thecar needsto be washed".Philiosaid.
pointed
P h i l i p. . . . . . . . .
. . n e e d e dt o b e w a s h e d .
54 He will publishhis third novelin July.
published His ............
. . . . . . .i.n J u l y .
55. I hateit when peopletalk behindmy back.
being
I hate
. behind mv back.
SectionJ
Writean answerto one of the tuvofollowingquestions.Writeyouranswerin 120-180wordsin
an appropriatestyle,givingthe outlinefirst.
1
You have seen an advertisementin the newspaperabout a vacancyfor a tour guide.
Writea letter of application for the job.
2
You want to entera shofi story competition.You must end your story with the followingwords:
"Thenhe vanished.A moment later the cashier was in the street lookino for helo."
B4
Mission:FCE 1
NAME:
DATE:
CLASS:
( Tim e:80minutes)
TEST 1 B
(Units1-2)
SectionA
1l-l
2
31. ................ 32...............,. 33. ................ 34. ................ 35.
SectionF
36. ................ 37. ................ 38. ................ 39. ................ 40.
43.
44.
85
Mission:FCE 1
p.2
TEST1 B
SectionI
51
51
52
52
54
54
55
55
SectionJ (Writing)
86
Mission:FCE 1
KEY
TEST1 A
A.
1.A
2.D
B.
7. complimentary
8. double-decker
9. scientific
4.H
3.C
5.F
6.E
C.
17. distinctive
18. riot
19. contemporary 21. vital
22. disturbance
20. average
D.
24. whisked
25. masterpiece
26. consumption
27. tread
28. process
29. heightened
E.
31. down with
32. behind
33. in
F.
36. for
G.
41. skindeep
42. More haste,less speed
H.
46. strength
l.
51. ...so/astallas ...
52. ... is sometimesmiserabledespite...
53. ... informedWilliamthat she was ...
J.
1.
(Suggestedanswers)
2.
16. to put out
10. overflowing 13. heart
14. afully-stocked
11. fat-free
15. fire
12. to watch
37. at
35. forward
40. of
43. in the publiceye
44. set eyes
47. undoubtedly
30. suspense
34. away/off
39. at
38. of
23. victory
48. employee
45. oddsand ends
49. disorder
50. insulation
54. ... is saidto be changing...
55. ... beingcriticisedby his ...
The car droveoff and Mrs Brownwas leftalone.The restof the day was littleshortof a nightmare.
Mrs Brownlookedaround.She didn'trecognisethe place- the buildingand the landscapelooked
Mrs Brownstoppedwalkingfor a momentto decidewhat she was goingto do.
unfamiliar.
Justthen she heardthe noiseof motorcyclesin the distance.The noisestartedto get louderand
louderand all of a suddenwhatseemedlikedhundredsof huge motorbikescame roundthe corner.
Therewas nobodyon them.As she stoodtherein the middleof the road,they
MrsBrownwas horrified.
startedto circleher.The circlestartedto get smallerand smalleruntiltheywereverycloseto her.Mrs
Brownfelt herselffallto the ground.
The nextthingshe knew,she was lyingin bed. Her husbandwas strokingher hand.She had had
a terriblenightmare.
DearMr White,
I am writingto complainaboutan electrickettleI boughtfrom your shop lastweek.
WhenI was in your shop I askedthe assistantto test it for me and it workedfine,but when I took
it home I filledit with water,pluggedit in, switchedit on and it didn'twork.
you were away at
The followingday I came back into town to returnthe kettle.Unfortunately,
Head Officeand the shop assistantI spoke to said therewas nothingthat he could do and as
the kettlewas on specialofferthe moneycouldn't be returned.
I understandthat the kettledoes havea one-yearguaranteeand that the guaranteemeansyou
are obligedto eitherreturnthe moneyor replacethe kettle.
I look forwardto hearingfrom you as soon as possible.
Yours,
MarkingSchemefor Test 1 A
Section A: 6 itemsx 2 pointseach =
.|0 itemsx 1 pointseach =
Section B:
Section C: 7 itemsx 2 pointseach =
Section D: 7 itemsx 2 pointseach =
Section E: 5 itemsx 1 pointseach =
12
10
14
14
5
Section F:
Section G:
Section H:
Section l:
Section J:
5 itemsx pointseach = 5
5 itemsx pointseach = 5
5 itemsx pointseach = 5
5 itemsx 1 pointseach = 5
=25
(Writing)
Total 100x2=20.0
87
^r4
ls s/on r\rtr
I
TEST1 B
KEY
A.
1.E
B.
7. to beat
8. to dealwith
L to missout
10. eccentric
11. starchy
12. to lean
13. to take
14. reasonably
15. the effects
16.short-term
c.
1 7 . compressed
1 8 . swallowing
19. notorious
20. to lean
21. take
22. coarse
23. swift
D.
24. discreet
25. courtesy
26. shuttle
28. bolted
27. cornerstone 29. consume
2.A
3.8
E. 3 ' t . over/down 32. ott
4,F
35. alongwith
38. with
39. on
40. in
G.
41. jump out of my skin
42. aI lightningspeed
H.
46. objective
L
51. ... is not so/asinteresting
as ...
52. ...despitethe factthat ...
53. ... pointedout that the car ...
1
30. captured
34. away
36. of
J.
6.G
33. off
F.
37. on
5.D
43. the apple of her eye
44. bird's eye view
47. unpredictably
48. memorable
45. make ends meet
49. impressive
50. treatment
54. ...thirdnovelwillbe pubtished
...
55. ... beingtalkedabout ...
(Suggestedanswers)
DearSir/Madam,
I recentlysawyouradvertisement
in the newspaperfor a tour guideand I wouldliketo applyfor the post.
For the past six years I have been workingas a clericalassistantin an office,but as I'don't meet
manypeople,I am lookingfor a change.I wouldreallylikethe challengethatthispostwouldpresentand
as I'm very good at relatingto peopleI'm surethat I would be perfecifor the job.
I enclosemy currentcurriculumvitaeand would be able to attendan interviewwheneverit suitsyou.
I eagerlyawaityour responseand look forwardto meetingyou.
Yours.
2.
One day Nikkiwas sittingat the checkoutas she normallydid on a Saturdayevening.Unlikemost
Saturdayevenings,this was a particularly
quietone and Nikkiwasstartingto get borel. Her eyes
startedwonderingaroundthe shop and she beganto thinkof thingsshe could havebeendoing
insteadof sittingthere.
JustthenherfriendMelinawalked
inandtheystartedtalkingaboutwhatthey
hadbeenupto.Theyhadn,t
noticedthe customerwho had come in behindMelinaand they bothjumpedwhenthey saw him at the
checkout'Nikki was expectingto see him unload his basketof food-ontothe conveyorbelt. When he
suddenlypulledout a gun, Nikkiand Melinascreamed.He told them to lie on the ground.
Then he vanished.A momentlaterthe cashierwas in the streetlookingfor help.
MarkingSchemefor Test 1 B
Section A: 6 itemsx 2 pointseach =
Section B: 10 itemsx 1 pointseach =
Section C: 7 itemsx 2 pointseach =
Section D: 7 itemsx 2 pointseach =
Section E: 5 itemsx 1 pointseach =
12
10
14
14
5
Section F:
Section G:
Section H:
Section l:
Section J:
5 itemsx 1 pointseach =
5 itemsx 1 pointseach =
5 itemsx 1 pointseoch =
5 itemsx 1 pointseach =
=
(Writing)
5
5
5
5
25
Totaf 100x2 =2O,A
38
Mission:FCE 1
TEST2 A
TEST2 A (Units3 - 4)
(Time:8O minutes)
SectionA
You aregoingto reada magazinearticleabouta youngwomanstudyingFrench paris.
in
Seven
sentenceshavebeenremovedfromthe article.Choosefromthe senterrces
A-H,the one which
fits each gap (1-6)'Thereis one extrasentencewhich you do not need to use.
Thereis an
e x a m p l ea t t h e b e g i n n i n g( 0 ) .
It was worthbreakingthe ice
Lauravan Bilderbeek,18, had alwavs wantedto
learn French in Paris.She'd lovedihe language
srncestudyingit at schoolin the UnitedStates,but
when her familymoved back to Londonshe was
disappointedto find that her high-schootFrench
wasn'tqoo9 enoughfor herto take FrenchA_level.
0 | B I She wantedto pick it up in a reatenvrronmentratherthan attendinga coursein Eng_
land,so she decidedto go to paris.
a huge auditoriumwith lots of people you don't
know,but rt'stheonlywayto meetFrenchstudents.
3 |
| They are not alwaysvery friendlyat
first,but she saysit'sworththe effortonce Voubreak
the ice.Sheaddsthat it'sluckythatshe'sa bit of an
extrovert.
Accommodation
in Parisisn'ta big problem,andthe
Sorbonnehas an officewhichcan helpwithfinding
lodgings. 4 n
Lauraliveswith a very old
Herfirsttwoweeksin Pariswerea bitlonely,butthen womanin Montparnasse.
Laurasays:',She,s
94 and
shemeta coupleofAmericangirlswho encouraged she tells incrediblestories
about when sne was
her to enrolat the Sorbonne.She lovedit from the young. She can rememberwhen
the pavemenrs
start. 1 T_l "At the moment l'm readrno
were made of wood and there were horses and
Baudelaire
for my oral exam.,'
carriagesin the streets. 5 n
And if I lived
withsomeonemy ownage,theywouldn'tbe arouno
Shesaysherclassis greatfun,partlybecauseof the all day to talk to me and help
me with my home_
mixtureof nationalities.
Becausethestudentscome w o r k . "
from so many countries,however,thereis a temptationto speakin English,whichmostof themknow She loveswanderingaroundparis
in the daytime,
well. 2 fI
and finds that the only problem in paris is the
expense. 6 T-l Barsand clubs are atsovery
She alsoforcesherselfto attendgenerallecturesat expensive.
She takespleasurein going to the cin_
the Sorbonneto improveher French.She is espe- ema,though,wherestudentsget
a hugereduction.
ciallyinterestedin the ones on art,philosophyand
history.Shesaysit can be a bitfrightening
sittingin
A
At lecturesshe makesherselfgo up and speakto otherstudents.
B
Duringher yearout, she decidedto learnit on her own.
C
A coffeecan cost more than two pounds,and even food in the supermarketis
more expensivethan in London.
D
LaurawisheslearningFrenchwere not so slow and difficult,but feelsshe is
makingprogress.
"Theclassesare stimulating
and you learnabout literature
as wellas phonetics,,,
Laurasays.
E
F
I get a realsenseof historytalkingto her.
G
They often place you with a familyso you can practiseyour French.
H
Laurahas managedto resistthe temptationby insistingon speakingFrenchto everyone.
89
p.2
TEST2 A
Mission:FCE 1
Section B
Fillin the appropriateword(s) trom the list. Use the word(s)only once.
unspoilt
severe
ecological
thereis a need
7. ..............
8. ..............
9. ..............
10. .............
11. ............
traffic
easily
. . . . . .n a t u r e
. . . . . .c h a o s
. . . . . a. r o u n dt h e e a r t h
. . . . . ,s. t a i n e dt e e t h
. . . . . . .b. a l a n c e
to whiten
forms
orbiting
volcanic
12. ,...........
13. ............
14. ............
15. ............
16. ............
. . . . . . .d. a m a g e
. . . . . . .e. r u p t i o n
. . . . . . .a. c c e s s i b l e
. . . . . . .o. f e n t e r t a i n m e n t
. . . . . . .f .o r a c t i o n
SectionC
Choosethe correctitem.
17. The sunlight,reflectedoff the brightwhitebuildings,was (lightingI dazzlingl.
18. lt was so cold I startedto (shiver/ tremble)!
19. lt took us three monthsto (renew / renovate)the old cottage.
20. We stayedup all nightto watchthe (dawn / dusk).
21. Everynightdad (switches/ winds) the clock.
22. \Nhenher husbandwas kidnapped,Janet(virtually/ visually)gave up hope of everseeing
h i ma g a i n .
23. We stood in the (pouring/ gloomy) rain,withoutumbrellas,waitingfor a taxi.
SectionD
Fillin fhe gapswiththe appropriate
word(s)from the list below:
bid
24
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
prosperity
fragrant
reduction
boom
swayed
vigorously
Housepriceshave risendramatically
sincethe economic
I w e n tt o t h e a u c t i o nt o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. f o r a s e t o f a n t i o u ec h a i r s .
The room was
with the smellof freshflowers.
He shook her hand
and led her into his office.
T h e t r e e ' sb r a n c h e s. . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . .i n t h e w i n d .
The workerswent on strikein protestover a pay ............
H i sw e a l t ha n d . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . .w e r ed u e t o h i s w i s ef i n a n c i ai ln v e s t m e n t s .
SectionE
Fillin the gapswiththe appropriate
word(s)from the list below:
hailstorm
mild
drizzle
gentle wind
cloudburst
I woke up to greyskiesand wonderedif l'd haveto cancelmy tripto the beach.However,when I stepped
outsideit was (31)
not too cold, and the trees were swayingin a (32)
. lt looked
as if I would stillbe able to go. I went back indoorsto fetch my bag, but when I came back outside,it had
startedto (33)
. I ran back for my umbrella,threweverythingintothe car and droveoff. I hadn't
got half a mile down the road beforethere was a (34)
. I was glad I hadn't been on my bike;
I d havebeen soaked.The heavyrainwas swiftlyfollowedby a (35) .................;
ballsof frozenrain
clatteredagainstthe windscreen.FinallyI admitteddefeat,turnedthe car round and went back home.
90
Mission: FCE 1
TEST 2 A
p.3
Section F
Fill in the correctpreposition(s).
3 6 . I f e evl e r yo p t i mi sti
c
..............
th efu tu re .
37.
38.
39.
40.
When my grandmotherdied, I investedthe moneyshe leftme ............
stocksand shares.
Jack had to leavethe army becausehe refusedto comply
the regulations.
EversinceI was bittenby a dog as a child I havebeenterrified...........
them.
I can't account
the missingmoney;it must havebeen stolen.
SectionG
Choosethe appropriate
idiomto fill in thegaps.
backbreaking , in the long term, weather-beaten, in uncharted water, as right as rain
4 1 . " A l t h o u g h i t wb
i l el h a r d a t f i r s t ,
t h e t a x i n c r e a s e wbi lel n e f i t u s a l ls, a i d t h e P r i m e M i n i s t e r .
4 2 . S a n d r aw a s i l lf o r a g e s ,b u t n o w s h e ' s. . . . . . . . .
43. The old man had spenthis lifeworkingin the fieldsand so his face was tannedand ............
44. Buildingthe wall was ............
work;the brickswere heavyand awkwardly-shaped.
4 5 . W i t ht h i sn e w v e n t u r e t h ec o m p a n yi s s a i 1 i n 9 . . . . . . . . . . . .n. .o. t. h. ;i n gl i k ei t h a s e v e rb e e nt r i e db e f o r e .
SectionH
Fill in the correct word derived from the words in bold.
46. Mandywas ............
by the lettersof supportshe received.
47. When he leavesschoolBrianwantsto study
as he's
alwaysbeen interestedin trees.
48. when I workedin Malawi,I was ..........
well off,for exampleI had
a jeep and a motorbikewhereasmost peopledidn'tevenown a bicycle.
49. We had to use candlesfor lightingwhen the electricity
brokedown.
50. I'd eatenseveral..................
of the dessertbeforeI realisedit had qone off.
OVERWHELM
FOREST
coMpARE
GENERATE
MOUTH
SectionI
completethe sentencesusingthe wordsin botd.use two to fivewords.
51. lt was so hot that I could hardlybreathe.
day
lt was
52. Katharinedoesn'tagreewith George'spoliticalbeliefs.
of
Katharine
53. Since it was a holiday,we were off work.
to
We were
54. This is the cemeterywhereOscarWildeis buried.
in
This is
55. When it had stopped raining,we pitchedthe tent.
until We waited
. I could hardly breathe.
George's political beliefs.
a holiday.
Oscar Wilde is buried.
.....beforewe oitchedthe tent.
SectionJ
Write an answer to one of the tvvo following questions. Write your answer in 120- 180 words in
an appropriate style, giving the outline first.
1
A localnewspaperhas invitedreadersto writein withtheiropinionson the followingtopic:
Violentsportsshould be banned. Writean article statingyour own opinionson this issue.
2
Writean article about a holidayresortyou havevisitedfor a travelmagazine.
91
Mission:FCE 1
NAM E :
DATE:
CLASS:
(Time:80 minutes)
TEST2A
(units3-4)
SectionA
1l-l
2
13.
16.
14.
15.
21
23.
22.
25
26.
28.
27.
29.
30.
SectionE
31 ................ 32. ................ 33. ................ 34. ................ 35.
SectionF
45.
92
Mission:FCE 1
TEST2 A
p.2
SectionI
SectionJ (Writing)
93
Mission:FCE 1
TEST2 B
TEST2B
(Units3-4)
( Time:80minutes)
Section A
havebeen
Youaregoingto reada magazine
articleabouta footballmanager.
Sevensentences
A-H,the onewhichfitseachgap (1-6).
removed
fromthe afticle.Choosefromthe sentences
Thereis one extrasentence
whichvou do not needto use.Thereis an exampleat the
beg i n n i n(g0 ) .
It's a Woman'sWorld
SteohanieRawdenis a housewifeand a motherof
two who has neverplayeda game of footballin her
life.YeteverySundaymorningshe can be foundat
ground,wheresheshoutsencourherlocalfootball
agingwordsand yellsordersat the players.
o THI
AlthoughStephaniewearsthe typicalfootball
manager's"uniform"
of boots,jeansand a thickcoatshe
alsochoosesto wear make-upand earrings.
1 [--l
Her femininityis importantto her and
helpsher presentan imageshe rs happywith.But
whenshewalksintothe changingroomto talkto the
team the men don't noticeher good looks.They
knowshe is in chargeand they listento everyword
she has to say.
3 n
To Steph's surprisethe committee
electedheras the new manager.Witha monthto go
beforethe startof thefootballseason.Steohwatched
dozens of footballvideos and read everythingrelatedto footballshe could get her hands on. She
owesa lot to her husband'spatience.Howeverthe
real battlewas tryingto earn the players'respect.
ThereI was,a mum who'd neverplayedfootballin
her life,tellinga groupof men howtheyshouldplay
football."Steohanierecallsthatthe firstfew oames
with her in chargewherea disaster. 4 n
Butastheseasonwenton, herconfidencegrew.By
the timethe team had won a few gamesshe found
thattheirattitudeshad changed. 5 l-l
Linbyfinishedfifthin the NottinghamSunday
leaguein Stephanie's
firstseason.Thisyearthey're
third in the leagueand aboutto get promoted.
She believesit is her sharpwit and good senseof
humourthathelpto gettheattention
of theclub.The
29-year-oldtalks passionatelyabout the team: I Whenit'sfreezing
coldandtheteamloses,Stephanie
keepthem informed,"
she says,"andl'm not afraid mustfindherselfwonderingwhy on earthshe does
it. She believes,however,thatthe victoriesmake it
to tellthemwhen they'vemade a mistake.
all worthwhile.She not only gets supportfrom her
lncredibly,
two yearsago, Stephanre
knewvirtually familybut from the men on the team. 6 l-l
nothingabout the game of football.Her husband When asked whethershe has any desireto play,
Lee was the reasonshe got involved. 2 -f
Steph admits she is quite happy to stand on the
I realisedthat if I didn'toet involved.l d neversee sidelines.
She is clearlycontentwithshowingthata
hrm.
woman can succeedin a man's iob.
W h e ns h ef i r s jt o i n e dt h ec l u b ,s h eu s e dh e rs k i l l sa s
a qualifiedaccountantto becomethe treasurer.
94
A
She feelsthat just becauseshe is a footballmanager,she doesn'thaveto look likea man.
B
Thenthe currentmanagerresignedsuddenly.
C
Some of the playersleftbecausethey felt uncomfortable
takingordersfrom a woman.
D
She describesthem as her secondfamily.
E
"He spentmost of the weekendplayingfootball,"she remembers.
F
An interestin footballis vitalfor the job.
G
The playersrealrsedthat she was not only seriousabout her job, but good at it.
H
She is, in fact,the firstfemalemanagerof the LinbyAthleticFootballClub.
TEST2 B
Mission: FCE 1
p.2
SectionB
Fillin the appropriate
word(s)fromfhe trst.use fhe word(s)only once.
mat
hot
to stare
fading
blood racing
within
7.
B.
9.
10.
11.
to lessen
a populated
pre-wargreatness
In amazement
continent
eggs
t h r o u g hh e r v e i n s
scrambled
to restoreto
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
moonlight
springs
easy reach
of bacteria
the strain
Section C
Choosethe correctitem.
17. Thatcompanyusedan (ingenuous/ ingenious)advertising
campargn.
18. She was caughtin a (sleetingi downpour) on her way to worK.
19. Manypeoplein Africahavesufferedduringthe (droughti dryness)and many havedied of
starvation.
20. She feelsvery (clumsy/ harmful)todayas she has alreadydroppedtwo glassesand a teapot.
21. Many (unanimous/ controversial)issuesare discussedon that programme.
22. Ihe Biochemist's
(conventioni commitment)is takingplacethisweek.
23. Theydecidedto (prolong/ expand)the businessby introducingan import/export
department.
SectionD
Fillin the gapswith the appropriate
word(s)from the list below:
jolly
eruption
wing
commitment
strolling
discoloration
condemned
2 4 . T h e s e a g u l hl a d b r o k e na ( n ) . . . . . .... . . . . . . .a. .n d i t c o u l d n ' ft l y
2 5 ' T h e P r e s i d e nht a s . . . . . . . . . . . .
t h i sn e w o u t b r e a ko f v i o l e n c e .
26. Thiswashingpowderwill protectyour clothingfrom
27. Marriageis a life-long
......that has to be takenseriously.
28. The ..'....of the volcanocame completelyunexpectedly
and frighienedthe residentsof the village.
29. Manypeopleenjoy .........
alongthe beachin the lateafternoon.
30. Therewas a very ...........
atmosphereat the weddingreception.
SectionE
Fillin the gapswith the appropriate
word(s)from the tist betow:
sunshine
shower
thunderstorm windy
cloudless
Itwasquite(31)
.......whentheysetoffon theirtripto the country.Thewindwas blowingso strongly
that it almostsweptthem off theirfeet.To make mattersworse,darknessstartedfallingand they *ere met
with a heavy(32)
.........
of rainwhich madethem stop and thinkaboutgoing back.The rainwas
followedby a (33)
. with lotsof lightning,whichtorethe skies,and deafeningboltsof thunder.
Theystayedin the carand theyfellasleep.Whentheywokeup theywereundera (34)
sky and
brilliant(35)
.. ......,which encouragedthem to continuetheirjourney.
q6
Mission:FCE 1
p.3
TEST2 B
Section F
Fillin the correctpreposition(s).
3 6 . N o m a t t e rh o w h a r dh e t r i e d ,h e c o u l d n ' ct o p e . . . . . . . . . .t.h. .e s t r e s so f t h e j o b .
theirpicnic.
37. The clearingwas the idealsite
3 8 . H e i s a l w a y sv e r ya c c u r a t e. . . . . . . . . . . .h. i.s. p r e d i c t i o n s .
theirteacher.gave her flowerson the lastday of classes.
39. The pupils,beingveryfond ............
40. The workersbenefited
the company'snew policy.
SectionG
idiomto fill in fhe gaps.
Choosethe appropriate
weatheredthe storm
to cometo termswith
water has gone under the bridge
backbone
for a rainyday
41. He found it difficult
the fact that he was unemployed.
42. She puts a littlesomethingasideeach month
4 3 . D e s p i t ef i n a n c i adl i f f i c u l t i ewse . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . .a. n d b u s i n e s si s n o w b o o m i n g .
4 4 . H i sd i l i g e n c he a s l e d h i mt o b e c o m i n g
t h e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .o. f. .t .h.e. c o m p a n y .
4 5 . l t ' s b e e na l o n gt i m e s i n c ew e s a w t h e m ,a n d l ' m s u r ea l o t o f . . . . . . . . . .
SectionH
Fill in the correct word derived from the words in bold.
4 6 . S i n c et h e r ew a sn o t. . . . . . .i.n. c r i m i n a t ienvgi d e n cteh ej u d g ed i s m i s s et d
h ec a s e . S U B S T A N C E
47. His
made a lot of peoplevrewhim suspiciously.
PREDICT
48. Studentsof Enqlishas a secondlanouaqehavedifficultvin understandinq
accents.
4 9 . I n t h e o l d d a y s ,a r a d i ow a s c a l l e da . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
50. We went to a fashionshow of
desionerclothes.
REGION
WIRE
EXCLUDE
SectionI
Complete
thesentences
usingthe wordsin bold.Usetwo to tivewords.
5 1 . l t w a s s u c ha f u n n yj o k et h a tI c o u l d n ' h
t e l pl a u g h i n g .
so
lt was
52. Herfatherwouldn'tagreeto her ridinga motorbike.
of
Her father
53. Sinceit was very hot,they wentfor a swim.
to
They went
54. This is the churchwherethey got married.
in
Thisis the church
55. Whentheirmotherleft,they raidedthe fridge.
They waited
until
that I couldn'thelp laughing.
riding a motorbike.
the heat
. . . . .m a r r i e d .
before they raided the fridge.
SectionJ
Writeananswerto oneof thetwofollowingquestions.
Writeyouranswerin 120-180wordsin
an appropriate style, giving the outline first.
1
Yourschoolis holdinga compositioncompetition.
The competitionrulesstatethat you mustwrite
about the followingquestion:Whatare the advantagesand disadvantages
of being an only child?
Writea compositionfor the competition.
2
Writea shortarticleaboutthe dangersof sunbathingfor a medicaljournal.
96
Mission:FCE1
NAME:
DATE:
CLASS:
( Tim e:80m inutes)
TEST2B
(unns3-4)
SectionA
r[-l
2
13.
'1't.
16.
14.
12.
15.
19.
21.
20.
22.
23.
28.
30.
29.
SectionE
31. ................ 32. ................ 33. ................ 34. ................ 35.
SectionF
36. ................ 37. ................ 38. ................ 39. ................ 40.
45.
97
---
SectionI
SectionJ (Writing)
98
TEST 2 B
p.2
Mission:FCE 1
TEST2 A
KEY
A.
1.E
B.
7. unspoilt
8. traffic
9. orbiting
c.
17. dazzling
18. shiver
2.H
3.4
D. 24. boom
25. bid
E.
31. mild
32.
F.
36. about
37. in
G. 41. in the longterm
42. as right as rain
4.G
5.F
6.C
10. to whiten
11. ecological
'12.
severe
13. volcanic
14. easily
15. forms
16. there is a need
19. renovate
20. dawn
21. winds
22. virtually
23. pouring
26. fragrant
27. vigorously
28. swayed
29. reduction
30. prosperity
gentlewind
33. drizzle
38. with
39. of
43. weather-beaten
44. backbreaking
lt.
46. overwhelmed
t.
51. ,..sucha hotdaythat...
52. ...doesn'tapproveof ...
53. ...offworkdueto ...
47. forestry
34.cloudburst
35.hailstorm
40. for
45. in unchartedwater
48. comparatively
49. generator
50. mouthfuls
54. ... the cemeteryin which...
55. ... untiltherainhad stopped...
J.
1.
(Suggestedanswers)
There'sno doubtthatthe bulkof the populationareunderthe illusionthatwe livein a civilisedsociety.lf this
is so, thenhow can the continuedtolerationof violentsportsbe maintained?
There'slittledoubtthata sportsuchas boxingis exceedingly
violentand boxershavesuffereddeath,brain
damageand permanentdisabilityfromthe blowsthey receivedin the ring.Martialartsor rugbycouldbe
considered
violent,butthefactthat
millionsof peoplewatch
thesesportsandtheymakebillionsof dollarsimplies
thatsocietymaynot be as civilisedas it thinks.Thepleasurethatpeoplegainfiom watchingand participating
in violentsportsurelymeansthat banningthemwouldbe an uphill,if not impossibletask.
Asfortheparticipants;
aslongastheyareableto makerationaldecisionsto
participate
inthesesports,society
shouldnot intervene.
Thereis alsothe dangerof drivingthesesports"underground",
by banningthemwhich
wouldremoveotficialcontrolsand surelyleadto evenworseincidencesof injuryor death.
2.
MiamiBeach,Floridais the playgroundof the stars.lt's got sun,pdm trees,goldenbeachesand
heapsof glitzand glamour.
MiamiBeachhasa 7 mile,100yardwide beltof wonderfulwhitesand.lt is a man-madebeachbut
lookstotallynatural.Weatherwise,
the winter,from Decemberto April is the besttime but it is also
busierand moreexpensivebecauseAmericansfromthe northdescendfor a doseol wintersun.
Summeris muchcheaperbut hot and humid- especially
whenyou areawayfromthe beach.
Thereis plentyto do in and aroundMiami.Visitthe zoos,aquariumsand the 45 foot lighthouseSouth Florida'soldestlandmark.Daytrips can also be madeto the Everglades- a slow,swamfy river
that is hometo manyhundredsof alligatorsand of courseDisneyWorldin nearbyOrlando.
'
lf you are travellingon a budget,be sureto contact"BrighamGardens"in Sunnylsles- a charming
hotelwith 14 gardenapartments
with kitchensfor only$25a night.Phone305-531-1931
for details.
Marking Schemefor Test 2 A
Sectlon A: 6 items x 2 points each =
Section B: 10 itemsx 1 pointseach =
Section C: 7 itemsx 2 pointseach =
Sac{on D: 7 itemsx 2 pointseach =
Soction E; 5 items x 1 points each =
12
10
'14
14
5
SectionF:
SectionG:
SectionH:
Sectionl:
SectionJ:
5 itemsx pointseach
5 itemsx pointseach
5 itemsx pointseach = 5
5 items x 1 pointseach
(Writing)
=25
Total 100x2=20,0
99
Mission:FCE 1
TEST2 B
KEY
A.
1.A
B.
7. to restoreto
8. to stare
9. a populated
2.E
3.8
s.G
4.C
6. D
1 0 . scrambled
1 1 . blood racing
12. fading
1 3 .hot
1 4 .within
1 5 .mat
16. to lessen
c.
17. ingenious
18. downpour
1 9 . drought
20. clumsy
21. controversial
22. convention
23. expand
D.
24. wrng
25. condemned
26. discoloration
27. commitment
28. eruption
29. strolling
30. jolly
E.
3 1 . windy
32. shower
F.
36. with
37. tor
G.
41. to cometo termswith
42. tor a rainyday
H.
46. substantial
t.
5 1 . ... so funnya joke ...
52. ... couldn'tapproveof her ...
53. ... for a swim due to ...
33. thunderstorm
38. in
39. of
34. cloudless
35. sunshine
40. from
u13. weatheredthe storm
44. backbone
47. unpredictability 48. regional
45. water has gone underthe bridge
49. wireless
50. exclusive
54. ... in whichthey got ...
55. ... untiltheirmotherhad left ...
J.
1.
(Suggestedanswers)
Thereareseveralanglesthatthis issuecouldbe examinedfrom.Thefirstangleshouldbe lrom the child's
visionof theworld.
A generalassumption
wouldbe thatthechildwouldprobablygrowup witha fairlyrosy(ifnotdistorted)view
of the world.They haveundoubtedlyhad a very secure,lovingupbringing,with doting parents.This is a
charmingenvironment
to grow up in, but it's possiblethatthis couldleadto problemsin laterlife.
Oneofthemostimportantdeprivations
of beingraisedasanonlychildisthelackofsiblingrivalry.Thelessons
welearnfrombrothersand
sistersarehowtobothshareandcompete.Thiscanincludesharlngtoysoremotions
as wellsas competingfor them.
An onlychildcouldwellfindtheseexperiences
aliento themand couldrun intotroublewhenformingadult
relationships.
lt seemsa logicalassumption
therefore,that siblingscontributeto a well-rounded
charicter.
2.
Theworldhasbeenmadeacutelyawareof globalwarmingand the holein the ozonelayerin recentyears.
Ultravioletraysfrom the sun havereacheddangerouslevels,but despiterepeatedwarningsfromthe medical
peoplepersistin sunbathing.
establishment,
Apart from the obvious pain and discomfortof being sunburntfrom spendingtoo long in the sun with
insufficientsun block, there are some other far more seriousconsequencesol sunbathing.Sunstroke,a
conditionofbeinginthesuntoolongwithoutheadcovering,
canleadtodisorientation,
possibly
dehydrationand
hospitalisation.
Theworstscenariofor sunworshippers,however,is the prospectof skin cancer.Thisdisease,
whichis a potentialkiller,has increasedalarmingtyin recentyearsand due to carelessnessin the sun, shows
no sign of abating.
The effectsof humanbodiesreceivinglargedosesof ultravioletrays could leadto other seriousinternal
damage.The warningsare there,but it's up to the individualto take heed of them.
MarkingSchemefor Test2 B
SectionA: 6 items x 2 points odch =
SectlonB: 10 itemsx 1 pointsesch =
SectionC: 7 items x 2 points each =
SectionD: 7 items x 2 points €dch =
SectlonE: 5 items x 1 points e?ch =
12
10
14
14
5
SectionF:
SectionG:
SectionH:
Sectionl:
Sec{ionJ:
5 itemsx 1 points oach *
5 itemsx 1 points each =
5 itemsx 1 points eoch =
5 itemsx 1 points €dch =
{Writing)
5
5
5
5
25
Total 100x2=20,0
100
TEST3 A
Mission:FCE 1
TEST3 A (Units
s, 6,7)
( Time:80m inutes)
SectionA
Youaregoingto readinformation
aboutcomputer-related
products.
Forquestions
1 - 14,
choosefromtheproducts(A-E).Someof theproductsmaybe chosenmorethanonce.When
morethanoneansweris required,
thesemaybe givenin anyorder.Thereis an example
a t t h eb e g i n n i n(g0 ) .
Which product or products would you choose:
if you want an instructionbook included?
0
to learnabout computers?
1
if you want to protectyour systemfrom trouble?
2
if you want to work on differentprogrammesat the same time?
3
if you want to produce high-standardprintedmaterial?
4
if you want to use batterypower?
5
if you want to test your computer?
6
if you want somethinghigh pricedand well-designed?
7
if you want a choice of sizes?
8
if you want to work with "Windows?"
9
if you want a computeraccessorywhich does not need
to be connectedto your PC?
11
if you want somethingidealfor use at home?
12
if you want very quick results?
14
E
f:l
1o
13
101
TEST3 A
Mission:FCE 1
p.2
Computer-related
Products
capability.
ThisproductwillworkwithanyPCthathas
a standardkeyboardsocket.The keyboarditselfis
Thispairof Windows'programmes
comeson a single poweredby two AAAbatteries,and is very compactfloppydisk.Oneof themclaimsto helpyou improve about5.5inchesby 11.5 inchesso it canresteasilyon
theperformance
of Windowsandtheotheris meantto your lap or coffeetable.
protectyour systemagainstdamage.The kind of
damagethey
meanisoverloadcausedby programmes Viewsonic20G
youinstall,
useonce,andthencancel.Win-Tuner
runs
thirteentestson yourPCsystemand Ini-Guard
makes Wearegettingusedto 15inchmonitorsconnectedto
copiesof WindowsInifilesand severalotherskeptin PCsthesedays.Larger20 inchmonitorsarestilla little
the Windowssystemdirectory.For furtherdetailsof bit expensivefor the averagebuyer but they are
handyfor graphicworkor desktoppublishtuningyour systemreferto the eleven-page
manual. extremely
ing.Viewsonic's
modelis a stylish-looking
pieceof
equipmentwhich is very light,by 20 inch monitor
SoftvisionWord6 and Excet5videosf
standards.
Evenso,itweighs30 kg,so youshouldbe
Softvisionproducesvideosto help peoplelearnhow carefulwhereyou placeit.The imageon the monitor
to use softwareat their own pace and in their own is veryclearand steady,displayingWindowsbeautiplace.Mostof thevariousprogrammes
areexplained. fully. lt can displayup to four times the standard
Eachvideoisovertwohourslongintotal,butis broken screen,which meansthat you have room to keep
up intoa numberof sections.Thestartingtimeof each severalprogrammesopen and in view at the same
sectionis listedon the cover,so you cansimplywind time.
thetape,untilyou reachthe oneyou areinterested
in.
A presenterprovidescommentaryand answersimSmart-LabelPrinterPro
portantquestionsas the productis demonstrated.
printeristhatusersmay
Therearealsoshotsof thescreen,so thatyou cansee Theideabehindthisminiature
print
want
to
single
labels,
or
may wish for more
whattheyaredoingon the computer.
professional-looking
resultsthanpossiblefroma typewriter.lt connectsto yourPCand hasitsownexternal
SejinWirelessKeyboard
mainspowersupply.Foursizesareavailable
andthey
are
surprisingly
fast,takingonlya coupleof seconds
A remote-control
keyboardthat isn'tattachedto your
computershouldbe an attractive
productespecially
in for eachlabel.
the home where TVs and videosalreadvhave this
Win-Tunerand Ini Guard
Section B
Fill in the appropriateword(s) from the tist, Use the word(s) only once.
charity
a wide
to overcome to pickup
to.
1-7
1R
19.
20.
102
to obtain
in low
range of
bulletin
to sea life
peaKS
a ranguage
my fears
forthcoming
climbable
21.
22,
23.
24.
25.
zo.
to adjust
to strengthen
supernatural news
releases
.... organrsatron
. spirits
powers
my ties with
....a oatent
TEST3 A
Mission:FCE 1
p.3
Section C
Choose the correct item.
27. Thecat atethe (leftover/ remains)of the meal.
28. Theaudiencewasdeeply(effected/ atfected)by the soprano'svoice.
29. The(peak/ summit)timefor ice-cream
salesis duringthesummer.
30. We hada lovelydaywanderingroundcountry(lanes/ avenues).
31. lf you (subscribe
youwillgeta discount.
/ submit)to thismagazine
32. The (polluting/ contamination)
of the waterwasso badthatallthefishdied.
SectionD
Fillin the gapswiththe appropriate
word(s)from the listbetow:
amateur
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
commercial
disposal
coach
breed
persecution
I love that surfing
. on TV becauseit gives you a sense of freedom.
H i s a i m w a s t o s e t u p a f a r m i n o r d e rt o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .p. .e. .d.i g r e eh o r s e s .
F o rt h e m o m e n th e i s a ( n ). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .d. .i v. .e. rb u t h e h o p e st o b e c o m ea p r o f e s s i o n a l .
The safe ...........
of rubbishis very importantfor publichealth.
In Romantimes the
. of the Christiansresultedin many deaths.
The
shoutedat his team when thev failedto score.
SectionE
Fillin the correctparticle(s).
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
She alwayslooks.........
peoplewho she considersto be inferior.
Terry asked me out for a date but I turned his offer
H i st e a c h e re n c o u r a g e d
h i m t o k e e p . . . . . . . . . . . t. h
. .e. e x c e l l e nwt o r k h e w a s d o i n g .
Liz was carried
promises
his
by
deceitful
and trustedhim.
Afterhis fatherdied,John took .................
the managementof the company.
SectionF
Fillin the correctpreposition(s).
44. Be quietand try to concentrate..........
your homework.
45. Don't blameme ...........
the accident;it was purelyJames'fault.
46. She takesgreatpride ..........
her expensivechinatea set.
47. fhey were refusedadmittance...........
the club becausethey were underage.
48. Grandfather
peace.
askedthe boys to be quietand leavehim ...........
SectionG
Choosethe appropriate
idiomto fill in thegaps.
a light heart, rollingin money, fair gamefor, the nameof the game, out of the blup
49. Theprivatelivesof Hollywoodstarsshouldnot be
.........newsreporters.
50. I hadn'texpected
themfor dinner;theyjustdroppedby ..............
51. Don'ttakethe matterwith...........
. . lt'sreallyimporlant!
52. "Success"
is .........
......andwe mustallworkhardfor it.
53. Paulwon the footballpoolsand now he's
103
Mission:
FCE1
p.4
TEST3 A
Section H
Fill in the correct word derived from the words in bold.
54. I don'twantto go to the cinema.ls thereanother
?
5 5 . l t t o o kh i ms o m et i m et o m a k e. . . . . . . . . . . . .o. .n. h. .i sW s e ts o h e
programmes.
couldwatchhisfavourite
. had beenmade,the spacecraft
56. Aftercertain
was readyto go.
57. Sheis so ....................
thatoneneverknowswhathernextstepwillbe.
5 8 . S h et h o u g htth a th i sr u d e n e swsa st h em o s t. . . . . . . . . . . . . t. h
. .i.n. .gs h eh a d
everexperienced.
ALTERNATE
ADJUST
MODIFY
PREDICT
GRACE
SectionI
Completethe sentencesusingthe wordsin bold.Usetwo to fivewords.
59. The teachermade him rewritehis homework.
to
He .............
ruined
her vegetablegarden.
60. Somebody
had
She ..........
61. Your room needstidyingup.
have
You need
62. She couldn'tdecidewhichdressto buy.
make
S h e c o u l d n ' t. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
63. lt is said that he was a famous athlete.
been
He .............
h i s h o m e w o r kb, y t h e t e a c h e r .
. . . . . . . .r.u i n e d .
............u
. .p. .
. . . . . .w h i c h d r e s st o b u y .
. . . . . . . .a. f a m o u s a t h l e t e .
Section J
Writean answerto one of the two followingquestions.Writeyouranswerin 120- 180wordsin
an appropriatestyle,givingthe outlinefirst.
1
As you werestandingin a queuein a centralbank,you witnessed
a robbery.
Writea statementfor the oolice.
2
Youworkfor an estateagentandyou haverecentlyvisitedthreehousesfor a potentialbuyer.
Writea reportfor yourboss,describing
the houses,theirfacilities
and commenting
on theirgood
and bad points.
104
Mission:
FCE1
NAME:
DATE:
CLASS:
(Time:80minutes)
TEST 3 A
(unitss, 6,z)
SectionA
1E
3tl
5[]
7fl
eE
lr[
z fl
13fl
4 fl
6E
8E
roE
EE
n
E
SectionB
15.
18.
21.
24.
16.
19.
22.
25.
17.
20.
23.
26.
SectionC
27.
29.
31
28.
30.
32.
SectionD
33.
35.
37.
34.
36.
38.
SectionE
3 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2 .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3 .
SectionF
4 4 .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 8 .
53.
105
Mission:FCE1
p.2
TEST3 A
SectionI
59
59
60
60
1
61
62
62
fft
63
SectionJ (Writing)
106
TEST3 B
Mission:FCE 1
TEST 3 B (Units5, O,7)
(Time:80minutes)
SectionA
Youaregoingto readinformation
aboutusefulaccessories.
Forquestions1 - 14,choosefrom
theproducts(A-H).Someoftheproductsmaybechosenmorethanonce.Whenmorethanone
answeris required,
thesemaybe givenin anyorder.Thereis an exampleat the beginning
(O).
Whichaccessoryor accessories:
is popularwithathleticpeople?
0
is usefultodisco-dancers?
l
is an English
invention?
z
comeswitha freegift?
3
comesfromJapan?
4
is for peoplewithoutmuchsparemoney?
5
is madein a rangeof colours?
6
helpthosewithbusylives?
l
arepopularwithtravellers?
g
areavailable
in maleandfemalestyles?
ll
aremadefromrecycledmaterials?
19
tE
fl
tl
E
tl
I
E
10
12
E
tl
E
14 []
Accessories
whichis perfectfor eveningwearand can makeany
outfitlook fantastic.Thoseof you with busy liveswill
This is the idealaccessoryfor peoplewho find they find this accessoryparticularlyuseful- if you haveto
have too many loose itemswith them to fit in their go out straightafterwork,justturnoveryourbeltand
pockets.Clip one of our new waistpouchesaround you'rereadyto go!
you and keep everything
togetherwithoutthe inconvenienceof a bag. Neat-looking
OrganlserBag
and fashionable,
it's
perfectfor travellingwhen you want to keep your
importantitemsextrasafe.And for those of you who How manyhoursof your lifehaveyou spentlooking
enjoydiscosbutdon'tlikedancingroundyourbag on for somethingat the bottomof your bag? You can
thefloor,thisisthesolution.Buyone nowwhilestocks spendthat time doing somethingmore usefulif you
buy one of our organiserbags! lts many pockets
last...
provideyou with a placefor everythingso you know
exactlywheresomethingis whenyou want it. Those
Flexl-belt
of you who are often rushed or busy will find it
your lives! Moreover,with every purchase
changes
latest
great
Our
fashionitem is
for those of you on a
budget - you get two for the price of one! Why? we'll giveyou a fold-awayumbrellacompletelyfree!
Becausethe flexi-beltis reversiblel
Forday timewear So order one now, and tell vour friendsabout this
- at work,at meetingsetc - it has a smartdark-brown fantasticoffertoo!
leatherexterior,the perfectcomplimentto any outfit.
Turnitoverandhavea glittering
gold- orsilver-surface
Waistpouch
107
TEST3 B
Mission:FCE 1
p.2
at the supermarket.lt's a simple device- made of
water-proofcanvaswith a zip fastener,it attachesto
yourwristswithvelcrosothatit canbetakenoffquickly
Athleteswill be thrilledwith this new speedometer
and easily.We havea varietyof designsintendedto
watchfrom Japan.lt doesn'tjust enableyou to time
caterfor a rangeof individual
tastes,withlargerstyles
your exercise,but will also congratulate
you on your
for
men
and
a
ranoe
for
women.
oetite
results- it willplayyourNationalAnthemas you cover
variousstagesof your targetdistance!Extradesign
featuresincludea luminousfaceand pressuregauge,
Mini-Mac
and the modelis water-resistant.
Buyone for yourself
Themini-mac
isjustthejob for peopleon themoveor
gift.Our watchis suitablefor all
or as an imaginative
who liketravelling- it foldsawayto the sizeof a tennis
ages.
ballandweighsno morethanonelYou'llhardlynotice
it's in your bag,but you'llcertainlyappreciateit when
UmbrellaHat
it'sraining!
Completewith
hood,double-sealed
seams
and full in length,we guaranteeit will keep off any
Thisnewproductmadein Englandstopstherainfrom
shower. Moreover,it's made from 100% recycled
ruiningyour day. How?Becauseit sitsin your head
materials
so when you buy it you'll be helpingthe
andnotinyourhands!This
ingenious
umbrella
means
environment
tool
that you can carry on with whateveryou're doing
despitea showeror twol You ooen it and thenattach
Watch Ring
it to your head usingthe adjustableband and then
continueas before.lt's so simple!Gardening,
shop- As part
of our "environmentally
friendly"range we
ping,walkingthedog,fishingandthousands
of other haveincluded
thismagnificent
watchring.Combining
activitiesare all made more pleasurableby our umfashionwith practicality,
we have produceda watch
brellahat.Andyoucanevenselectthecolouryouwant
that
is
made
from
recycled
drinkscansand whichfits
as we havea wide ranqeavailable- whilestockslast.
on your finger!The adjustablestrapmeansthat you
won'thaveanytroublefindingoneto fit andwe have
Wrist-Grlp
Purse
producedstylesto incorporate
bothmaleand female
tastes.
lt's
an
eye-catching
accessory
and unusual
grip-your-purse
Our
is designedespecially
for people
whotendto forgetwherethey'veputthingsor who are too. Buy one and be different!
alwayslookingfortheirpurseswhentheygetto thetill
Speedometer
watch
SectionB
Fillin the appropriate
word(s)tromthe list. Usethe word(s)only once.
to power
pitiless
to give it
sudden
16
17.
18.
'19.
20.
stressful
the road
to success
a generator
moodchanges
the saying
widespread
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
poorly-lit
to reach
troubled
comic
strips
a destination
cruelty
belief
conscrence
life
Section C
Choosethe correct item.
27. Thelittleboyfollowedthe (lane/ track)leftby the bearin thesnow.
28. ThePresident's
declining
healthhada great(impact/ collision)on thecountry's
stability.
29. Sheclaimsto be a(n)(inheritor/ descendant)of QueenVictoria.
(counterfeit
30. Expensive
/ artificial)flowersalmostlooklikerealones.
31. TheNationalBankis goingto (recruit/ subscribe)newtraineesin October.
32. Theirdog alwayseatsthe (leftovers/ remnants)afterdinner.
108
TEST3 B
Mission:FCE 1
p.3
SectionD
Fill in the gapswith the appropriateword(s)trom the list betow:
advertisement
extinct
acquired
consultation
entrepeneur
register
33. H e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .w. .i.t.h.t h e d o c t o rl a s t e dh a l fa n h o u r .
34. "Brillo" washingup liquidis boundto win the best
...of the yearaward.
35. H e ' sa r e a l. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .h. e. .h. ;a s s o m a n yd i f f e r e nbt u s i n e s si n t e r e s t s .
36. lf many more elephantsare killed,the specieswill soon become
37. B e f o r ey o u j o i nt h e s w i m m i n gc l u b ,y o u h a v et o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .a. .s.a. . m e m b e r .
38. I've recently
.. a taste for olives.
Section E
Fill in the correct particle(s).
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
Can you look this word
in the dictionaryplease?
Waterturns ...........
ice when it freezes.
He carried
his dutiesas a diplomatvery successfully.
Pleasekeep ..........
the subjectof religionbecausesomebodymightbe offended.
How did you come ...........
thosebeautifulantiquechairs?
SectionF
Fillin the correctpreposition(s).
44. S h o u l dI r e f e r. . . . . . . .h. i.ma s M r S m i t ho r J i m ?
45. she alwaysputsthe blame
hersisterwhensomething
wronghappens.
46. He'sveryproud
hisbrandnewcar.
47. Herhusbandhasa realtaste
cigars.
48. Theystorea widevariety
winesin thatshop.
SectionG
Choosethe appropriate
idiomto fittin thegaps.
has moneyto burn, pitch dark, struckit rich, once in a blue moon, screamedblue murder
49. WhenPhilboughtthatshop,he reaily
.........
:
50. Livingso far apart meansthey see each other
51. Duringthe powercut it was
.......;
it wasimpossible
to seeor do anything.
5 2 . W h e ns h es a wt h es p i d e irn h e rb a t hs n e. . . . . . . . . . . .
53. You'dthinksheila
........
fromtheamountshespendson clothes.
SectionH
Fillin the correctwordderivedfrom the wordsin bold.
54. The..........
of thesecretarial
department
wasundertaken
by MrsSmith.
55. Hisparentsrefusedto supporthimand he wasforcedto live
56. He hasn'tgot the
.. to work hard enoughfor a promotion.
5 7 . Everybodylikes Debbiebecauseof her
. and tolerance.
58. T h e d a y o f t h e P r e s i d e n t '.s. . . . . . . . . . . .w
. .a. .s a d a y o f n a t i o n am
l ourning.
ADMINISTRATE
DEPEND
MOTIVE
GENEROUS
ASSASSINATE
109
Mission:FCE 1
TEST3 B
p.4
Section I
Completethe sentencesusrngthe words in bold. Use two to tive words.
59. Hermothermadeherdothewashing-up.
to
Sh e...........
60. Someone
stolehismotorbike.
ha d
H e .............
........
thewashing- by
up herm other .
.....stolenby someone.
61. I thinkthatthe kitchenneedspainting.
painted.
be
I thinkthat ...........
62. They couldn'tdecide whetherto go out or stay in, that night.
up
T h e yc o u l d n ' t. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
w h e t h e tr o g o o u t o r s t a yi n , t h a t n i g h t .
63. lt was said that he had been an alcoholic.
have
He was
..... an alcoholic.
Section J
Writean answerto one of the two followingquestions.Writeyouranswerin 120- 180wordsin
an appropriatestyle,givingthe outlinefirst.
1 Youworkasa journalist
fora newspaper.
Writea reportabouta firethatbrokeoutin a block
flats
in
of
central
London.
2
A survey
preferences.
wasrecently
conducted
intopeople's
reading
Writea reportforyourboss
analysing
theresults
ofthesurvey.
110
Mission:
FCE1
NAME:
DATE:
CLASS:
(Time:80minutes)
TEST3 B
(Unns
s,6,z)
SectionA
1E
z I
3fl
4 E
sE
6fl
eE
10E
rE
8E
11E
pE
ls E
14tf
SectionB
15.
18.
21.
24.
16.
19.
22.
25.
17.
20.
23.
26.
SectionC
27.
29.
31,
28.
30.
32.
SectionD
33.
35.
37.
34.
36.
38.
SectionE
3 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1 .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2 .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . 4 g .
SectionF
4 4 .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 8 .
SectionG
49.
51.
50.
52.
53.
111
Mission:FCE 1
TEST3 B
p.2
SectionI
59
59
60
60
1
61
62
62
63
63
SectionJ (Writing)
112
Mission:FCE 1
TEST3 A
A.
1.8
2.4
KEY
3.D
4.E
5.C
6.A
7.D
8.E
9, 10 A, D (in any order)
11. C
B.
15. a wide
16. news
17. to adjust
c.
27. remains
28.affected
29.peak
F.
44. on
45. for
46. in
18. climbable
19. to pick up
20. to overcome
21. forthcoming
22. charity
23. in low
12,13C, B (inanyorder)
't4. E
24. supernatural
25. to strengthen
26. to obtain
30.lanes 31.subscribe 32.contamination
D, 33' commercial 34.breed 35.amateur 36.disposal 37.persecution 38.coach
E. 39. down on
40. down
41. up
42.away
43. over
G. 49. fair gamefor
50. out of the blue
51. a lightheart
52. the name of the game
H.
54. alternative
t.
59. ... was made to rewrite...
60. ... had hervegetablegarden...
61. ... to havethe roomtidied...
J.
a
t.
47. to
55. adjustments
56. modifications
4g. in
53. rollingin money
57. unpredictable
58. disgraceful
62. ... makeup theirmind ...
ffi. ... is said to have been ...
(Suggestedanswers)
LastFridayon the 29thI was in BarloydsBank.l'd goneto pay in my wages.I was waitingin the
queuenearestthe door whensuddenlythreemaskedmen holdingsawn-offshotgunsran in.
We all fellto the floor.One of the gunmen,who had blackhair,shotat the seiuritycamerasso
theywouldn'twork.Thesecondone,who wasshortand ratherfat,waswatchingall oi us. He kept
shoutingin a nervousvoice"Don'tmoveor l'll shoot".Thethirdguy,seemedlik; the leader.He went
behindthe counterto get the money.I thinkthey had chosentnat Fridaydeliberately
becausea lot of
peop]ggot theirwageson that day,so therewouldhavebeena lot of moneyin the vault.
Afteraboutten minutes,the thirdmancamebackfrom behindthe counterwithseveralbags
ol money.Stillpointingtheirgunsat us, the threeof them leftthe bank.The bankmanagerraised
the alarmand withinminutesthe policearrived.
To:
From:
Subject:
MrsJancisNorton
JeanWhite
Properties
for Salein Thornburryarea
lntroduction:As requested,I haveinvestigated
the followingthreepropertieswhichmightinterestyou.
Property1
A spacioussemi-detached
housewiththreebedrooms,recenflymoderriised
bathroom
and largegarden.Althoughidealin manyways,it is 25 minutesfromthe centreof townand is not well
servedby publictransport.
A gosytwo bedroomterracedproperty,newlydecoratedand fully-carpeted.lt is only
fropgrty 2
fiveminutes'walkfrombusandrailstations,andcloseto localshops.Noisefromneighbours
canbe a problem
withterracedhouses.Nevertheless,
thishousehasmanypositivefeaturesincludingdoubleglazinginailrooms.
Property 3
A largesemi-detached
house,withthreebedroomsandtwo livingiooms.tiwittneedextensive
redecoration
and thereforeis beingofferedat a bargainprice.lt is quitecloseto localfacilitiesand on an
excellentbus route.
Conclusion At firstsight,Property1 seemedideal,but its distancefrom amenitiescouldbe problematic.
Properties2 and 3 are both attractive,but takingeverythinginto account,| fully recommendproperty2 as the
bestwithinyourpricerange.
MarkingSchemefor Test 3 A
SectionA:
SectionB:
SectionC:
SectionD:
SectionE:
14 itemsx 1 pointseach =
12 itemsx 1 pointseach :
6 itemsx 2 pointseach =
6 itemsx 2 pointseach =
5 itemsx 1 pointseach =
14
12
12
12
5
SectionF:
SectionG:
SectionH:
Sectionl:
SectionJ:
5 itemsx 1 points each = 5
5 itemsx 1 points each E 5
E
5 itemsx 1 points each
5 itemsx 1 points each
=25
(Writing)
Total 100x2=20,0
113
Mission:FCE 1
TEST3 B
A.
KEY
1.A
2,E
3.C
4.D
B.
15. the road
16. to power
17. sudden
c.
27. track
F.
44. to
5. B
6. E
7,I BIC (in any order)
9, 10 G/A (in any order)
18. poorly-lit
19. thesaying
20. to giveit
11,12 HIF(inanyorder)
13,14H/G(inanyorder)
21. comic
22.to reach
23. pitiless
24. widespread
25. troubled
26. stressful
28. impact 29.descendant 30.artificial
D . 33. consultation
35. entrepeneur 37.register
34. adveftisement 36. extinct
38.acquired
E. 39. up
40.into/to 41.out
42. oft 4i!. by
45. on
G . 49. struckit rich
50. oncein a bluemoon
46.ot
47.tor
51. pitchdark
52. screamedbluemurder
J.
1.
59. ...wasmadeto do ...
60. ...hadhismotorbike
...
6 1 . ...thekitchenneedsto be ...
32. leftovers
48.of
H . 54' administration 55. independently 56. motivation
t.
31. recruit
53. has moneyto burn
57.generosity 58. assassination
62. ...makeup theirminds...
63. ...saidto havebeen...
(Suggestedanswers)
On Fridaymorningin centralLondona fire brokeout in a blockof flats.Mostresidentsof the buildinghad
alreadyleftfor workand onlya fewpeoplewereinsideat thetimeof the blaze.Theywereableto escap6w1h
minorinjuries.
At 9.20am thefirealarmssoundedat'17-20
TowerStreet,centralLondon.Fireand rescueteamsarrivedon
the sceneto find flamesshootingout of the basementwindows.Thefirequicklyspreadto the floorsabove.
Residents
who wereinsidemanagedto get out of the buildingby wayof the firsescape.Two elderlytenants
werehelpedby rescuersto escapefroma thirdfloorbalcony.Thetwo lenants,Johnand MaryAckerlywere
treatedfor the effectsof smokeinhalation
at St ThomasHospitaland werereleasedshortlyafterwards.
Thebasement,
firstand secondfloorsof the four-storey
buildingwerecompletelydestroyed.Thicksmoke
filledthe thirdand forthfloorsbut the damagewas minimal
Fireinvestigators
suspectthatthe
blazewascausedbyfaultyelectricalwiring
inthebasement.
Residentswho
-by
werelefthomelessby thefirearetakingshelterat temporaryhousingset up the RedCross.FirechiefRick
Marshall
commented:"Thebuildingsin thisareaof townarequiteold.Extracareandattentionis neededwhen
replacing
the wiring".
Asa resultofthefirethecity'sBuildingInspectors
willbecheckingtherecently-repaired
wiringin neighbouring
buildings.
Fashion
Men
Women
News
Sports
3lo
20"/o
37o/o
11o/o
25/"
327"
15o/o
3o/o
8o/"
25o/o
Technology Health/Fitness
Home/Gardening
40h
17o/o
Introduction The purposeof this reportis to analysethe resultsof a reeentsurveyabout people'sreading
preferences.
Onehundredmenandone hundredwomenwereaskedwhichmagazinestheyprefenedreadiig:
fashion,news,sports,technology,health/fitness,
or home/garden.
Men's preferencesThe surveyshowedthat most men preferreadingabout sports.This is illustratedby the
fact that 37o/"of men in our surveypreferreadingsportsmagazines.bne out of four men preferhealth/
fitnessmagazines,whileonly a smallminoritypreferfashionind home/gardenmagazines.Twentypercentof
men surveyedpreferreadingnewsmagazines.
Mission:FCE 1
TEST3 B
KEY
Women'spreferencesTheresultsindicatethata largenumberof womenpreferreadingfashionmagazines.
A minoritypreferreadingsportsmagazines
and only 8o/oprefertechnologymagazineJ.
Somewomenare
concernedabouttheirhealth.Thisis shownby the factthatone in fourwomenpreferreadinghealth/fitness
magazines.
Only 15%of womenprefernewsmagazineswhilea slightlyhigherpercentagepreferhome/
gardeningmagazines.
ConclusionOnthewhole,mostmenprefersportsmagazines,
whilemostwomenpreferfashionmagaztnes.
A smalfpercentage
of menand womenreadtechnologymagazines
whileit is shownthat both 21o/o
of men
and womenpreferhealth/fitness
maqazines.
MarkingSchemefor Test 3 B
SectionA: 14 itemsx 1 points€€lch=
SectionB: 12 itemsx 1 pointse?ch =
SectionC: 6 itemsx 2 oointseach =
SectionD: 6 itemsx 2 pointseach =
SectionE: 5 itemsx 1 points€dch =
14
12
12
12
5
Section F:
Section G:
SectionH:
Sectionl:
Section J:
5 itemsx 1 pointseach
5 itemsx 1 pointseach
5 itemsx 1 pointseach
5 itemsx 1 pointseach
=25
(Writing)
Total 100x2=20.0
ttc
"Use of E
lish" Sectioh (pp.1s2.1s61
"Key"Word Transformations
1
1.
2,
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11 .
12.
13.
14.
15.
2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
3
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
4
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
'13.
5
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
. . . w e e k ss i n c e| ( l a s t )p l a y e d. . .
. . . s t i l lh a s n ' tc l e a n e d. . .
. . . d i d n ' t l e a v eu n t i l. . .
. . .w e n tt o t h e g y m w a s . . .
. . . h a s b e e n l e a r n i n gJ a p a n e s ef o r . . .
've
...
n e v e rs e e n s u c h a . . .
. . . i s i t s i n c eS a l l yg o t . . .
. . . t i m e h e w e n tj o g g i n gw a s . . .
. . . s w i t c h e do f f t h e T V w h e n . . .
. . . h a s b e e n p r e p a r i n gd i n n e rf o r . . .
. . . h a v e n ' ts e e n h e r s i n c e. . .
. . . b e e n o n a p i c n i cf o r . . .
. . . m e t s u c ha n i c e. . .
. . . s t a r t e dw o r k i n gh e r e . . .
. . . s t i l lh a v e n ' td o n e . . .
7 . . . . r e g r e t e l l i n g / h a v i ntgo l d h e r / t h a It t o l d h e r . . .
8 . . . .w i s h y o u w o u l d s t o p t a l k i n g. . .
9 . . . . I c o u l dw a t c h . . .
'10.
. . . a s t h o u g hh e w e r e . . .
11 . . . . ( a b o u t / h i g ht )i m e s h e w e n t . . .
1 2 . . . . h a d b e t t e rs t o p i n t e r r u p t i n .g. .
1 3 . . . .w o u l d h a v eb e e n b e t t e ri f . . .
1 4 . . . . w o u l ds o o n e rM a r kp o s t e d. . .
'1
5 . . . .w o u l d n o t h a v em i s s e d. . .
1 6 . . . . y o u w o u l d s t o p b i t i n g. . .
1 7 . . . . h a d b e t t e rt a k e . . .
1 8 . . . . a s l o n g a s y o u h a v e. . .
1 9 . . . .f o r h e r c o u r a g e. . .
2 0 . . . .u n l e s sy o u p u t . . .
6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
B.
9.
10.
11 .
12.
13.
14.
15.
7
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11 .
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
1 7.
18.
19.
20.
2 1.
22.
. . .i s n e e d e dt o m a k e. . .
. . .s o s a d t h a t .
. . . a r e f e w e g g s l e f t. . .
. . . i s c o n s i d e r e d. . .
. . . g a v e u s v e r y l i t t l e. . .
. . .w a s t o o i l lt o g o . . .
. . . w e r e r a t h e rd i s a p p o i n t e d. . .
. . . i s n ' tt a l l e n o u g h. . .
. . . e a t i n go u t t o c o o k i n g. . .
. . . h a d d i f f i c u l t y( i n )u n d e r s t a n d i n .g. .
. . . w a s a l l o w e dt o g o . . .
. . . u s a w e e kt o p a i n t . . .
. . .w a s m a d e t o r e w r i t e. . .
. . . y o u m i n d s p e a k i n g. . .
. . .f o u n d i t d i f f i c u ltto . . .
. . . m a y n o t h a v es t o l e n. . .
. . .l i k em e t o h e l py o u . . .
. . .m i n d i f I u s e o. . .
. . . n e e d n ' th a v eg i v e nm e . . .
. . . m u s t h a v ep r e p a r e d. . .
. . . n e e dt o s p e n d . . .
...may be going..
. . . i s l i k e l yt o a c c e p t. . .
. . . c a n ' t h a v ea t t e n d e d. . .
. . . w e m e e to u t s i d e. . .
. . . d o n ' t n e e d / n e e dn o t w e a r . . .
. . . m u s tn o t w a l k . . .
. . . m a y b e a s l e e p. . .
1 4 . . . . J u l i eh a v et o l e a v e. . .
1 5 . . . . w i l l p r o b a b l ym o v e . . .
. . .o n l yh e c o u l c . . .
. . . w i s h y o u h a d l i s t e n e d. . .
. . . ' d r a t h e rS h e i l ah a d t o l d . . .
. . . I h a d n ' tl o s t .
. . . p r o v i d e dy o u r e c h a r g e. . .
. . .w e r e y o u I w o u l d p r a c t i s e. . .
8
. . .h a d h i sl e g p u t . . .
. . . h a s t h e h o u s ec l e a n e d. . .
. . .m a k em e c o m e . . .
. . .i s b e i n gh e l d. . .
. . . i s s a i dt o h a v e b e e n . . .
. . . l o v e sb e i n gt o l d . . .
. . .w i l lh a v eb e e nc o m o l e t e d . . .
. . . i s g o i n gt o b e r e p o r t e d. . .
. . . h a d t h e f l o w e r sd e l i v e r e d. . .
. . . h a s t o b e v a c c i n a t e d. . .
. . .w a s m a d et o g o . . .
. . .w a s k n o w nt o b e . . .
. . . h a d w i n es o i l l e d. . .
. . . h a s h a d h e r p u r s es t o l e n. . .
. . .c a n b e f o u n d. . .
. . . s u g g e s t e d( t h a t )t h e y s h o u l dt r y . . .
. . . a c c u s e dE r i ko f r u i n i n g / h a v i nrgu i n e d. . .
. . . b e g g e dm e n o t t o t e l l . . .
. . . d e n i e db r e a k i n gt h e . . .
. . . w a r n e du s n o t t o g o . . .
. . .w o n d e r e dw h e t h e rs h e w o u l d . . .
. . . p r o m i s e dt o t a k e u s . . .
... preferredto cook ratherthan ...
. . . r e m i n d e dJ a n e tt o s w i t c ho f f . . .
. . . a p o l o g i s e dt o S a l l yf o r b e i n g . . .
. . .a g r e e dt o h e l pm e . . .
. . . o f f e r e dt o h e l o h e r . . .
. . .t h r e a t e n e d
t o p u n i s hm e . . .
. . . e x c l a i m e dt h a t t h e p a i n t i n gw a s . . .
. . . i n v i t e dt h e m t o h i s p l a c e . . .
. . . w o n d e r e di f l w h e t h esr h e w o u l d b e h a v e. . .
.. . r e fu s e dt o w a s h a l l t h o s e . . .
. . . s u g g e s t e dt h a t t h e y s h o u l d. . .
...admittedtelling/having
told/thathe had told ...
. . . a c c u s e dm e o f l o s i n g / h a v i nlgo s t . . .
. .. a d v i s e dm e t o t a k e . . .
. . . p r o m i s e dt o l e n d . . .
1 . . . .h a d t o f e e d . . .
2 . . . . w o u l d n o t h a v et o t y p e . . .
3 . . . . s a i d t h a t J o r d a nc o u l dt e l l . . .
117
Use of English"Section
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
'1
0.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
9
. . . H e l e nd i d n ' th a v et o . . .
. . .t o l d m e t h a t t h e y m i g h t . . .
. . . w o u l d b e a b l et o g o . . .
. . .i f h e c o u l dg o o u t . . .
. . .w o u l d n ' th a v et o p r e p a r e. . .
. . . s a i dt h a t s h e m u s t b e . . .
. . . w o u l d b e a b l e t o c a n c e l. . .
. . .t h e c a b i n e tw h i c h c o n t a i n s. . .
. . .n o n eo f w h i c hi s . . .
. . . m o s t o Jw h o m w e r e . . .
... the hotelwhere we stayed ...
. . . w h o J o h n w a s t a l k i n gt o . . .
. . .t h e t e a c h e rw h o s ec l a s s. . .
. . . w h i c hw a s v e r y n i c e o f . . .
. . w i t hw h o m I s p e n t. . .
. . . o f t h e f i l m ,w h i c hw a s . . .
10 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
. . . r u n b e c a u s eo f i t s . . .
. . . i n c a s e S u s a ni s . . .
. . . a s i t w a s g o i n gt o . . .
. . .f o r f e a r h e m i g h t / s h o u l d. . .
. . . t o a v o i db e i n g . . .
. . . p r e v e n t h e c h i l d r e nf r o m f i n d i n g. . .
. . . t h e r e a s o nf o r h i s r e s i g n a t i o n
...
. . . a n d a s a r e s u l t. . .
. . . p r e v e n t h e r a i nf r o m g e t t i n g. . .
. . .s o a s t o p a s s . . .
. . . i n s p i t eo f b e i n g / d e s p i tbee i n g . .
11
. . . i n a v e r y s w e e tw a y . . .
. . . w o r k e dh a r d e rt h a n . . .
. . . d a n c e s / c a nd a n c ea s w e l l a s . . .
. . .t h e b e s t p h o t o g r a p h. . .
. . . i s l e s ss o c i a b l et h a n . . .
... more he practisesthe better...
. . .t o s o u n d s i m i l a rt o . . .
... the most comfortablehostel...
. . . a s m a n y h o u r sa s . . .
. . . i s a s i m a g i n a t i va
es . . .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Mixed"Key"Word Transformations
12 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
B.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
'1
18
. . .h a v et o w e e d . . .
. . . i s n ' tf a r f r o m m y . . .
. . . i s i t / h a si t b e e n s i n c e. . .
'd
. . . r a t h e rn o t t a k e . . .
. . . h a v er u n o u t o f . . .
. . . a p o l o g i s e d( t o m e ) f o r c a l l i n g. . .
. . . p u t o u t t h e f i r ew i t h . ..
. . . h a v e n ' tb e e n c a m p i n gf o r . . .
. . . y o u h e a r dl r o m t h e . . .
. . . h a d h a d t h e c a r s e r v i c e d. . .
. . . i s s a i dt o b e . .
. . . w a s t o o t i r e dt o . . .
. . . h a s b e e na b l e t o . . .
. . .w e r e m a d e t o s t a y . . .
. . . g a v e u p e a t i n gm e a ty e a r s. . .
. . . r e m i n d e dP e t e rt o g o t o . . .
. . .t u r n e do u t t o b e . . .
18.
19.
20.
2 1.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
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. . . c a n ' t h a v ek n o w na b o u t . . .
. . . y o u o b j e c tt o m y / m e . . .
... necessary(foryou) to speak ...
. . .b e i n gs h o r t .J a m e si s . . .
. . .t a k e sm e t w e n t ym i n u t e s. . .
. . . a r e f o r b i d d e nt o t a k e . . .
. . . d a n c e de x c e p t( f o r ). . .
. . . d o e s n ' ta p p r o v eo f . . .
. . . w a s c h o s e nb y . . .
. . . b e l i e v et h a th e i s . . .
... was postponedbecauseof ...
. . . i s n o t u s e dt o s p e a k i n g. . .
. . .s o c o l d t h a t I c o u l d . . .
. . .n e e d n ' h
t a v eb o u g h t . . .
. . . s o h a p p yt h a t h e c o u l d . . .
. . .h e h a d g o n e . . .
. . . w a r n e dm e n o t t o . . .
. . . c o u l d n o t l e a v et h e t a b l e . . .
... must have forgotten...
. . . m i s t o o km e f o r . . .
. . . u n l e s st h e l i g h t sa r e t u r n e d. . .
. . .a g o d i d y o u e a t . . .
. . . h a d b e t t e rw a l k . . .
... wonder whether/ifCarl teleohoned...
. . . h a d h e r w e d d i n gd r e s sd e s i g n e d. . .
. . . r u n a s f a s ta s . .
. . . y o u l o o k a f t e r. . .
. . . p r e f e rt o g o . . .
. . p l a y w o u l d b e s u c h a / p l a yt o b e s u c h a . . .
. . . m a k eu p m y m i n d . . .
. . . w i l l h a v eb e e nf i x e d . . .
y f t a k i n g. . .
. . . i s n o p o s s i b i l i to
. . . w e r e i n y o u r s h o e s. . .
. . . i n c a s ei t r a i n s
. . .g e t r i d o f . . .
. . . a v o i d e dd r i v i n gd u r i n g. . .
. . m a y h a v ew o k e n u p . . .
. . .y o u ro p i n i o no f . . .
. g i v em e a h a n dw i t h . . .
. . . t u r n e dd o w n P a u l ' s. . .
. . . h e r i n t e n t i o nt o g o . . .
... bad weatheroreventedus from ...
. . . s u g g e s t e dg o i n g . . .
. . .i s i n t e r e s t eidn c o l l e c t i n g . . .
. . . h a v eb e e n i n v i t e d. . .
. . . l o o k i n gf o r w a r dt o . . .
. . . t h e t a l l e s tl a d d e r. . .
. . . u s e dt o w o r k . .
. . .i s o u t o f o r d e r.
. . . t o c a t c ha g l i m p s e. . .
. . . i n o r d e rt o a r r i v e. . .
. . .t o o k t o t h e i rn e w t e a c h e r. . .
. . . m a y h a v e m i s s e d. . .
. . .l i k eh e rt o t a l k. . .
. . . a b o u tg o i n g o u t . . .
. . . n o p o i n t ( i n )c a l l i n gC h r i s. . .
. . . d o e s n ' ta p p r o v eo f . . .
. . . o l d e n o u g ht o g e t . . .
. . . a r e n o t i c k e t sl e f t. . .
. . . A l i s o nn o r S h e i l al i k e . . .
. . . i s s i m i l a tro . . .
"Use ol Enqlish"Section
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. . . a s i f l t h o u g ht h e y w i l l g o . . .
. . . a r e o n g o o d t e r m sw i t h . . .
. . . h i sf a m e h e h a s n o t . . .
. . . n e e dt o b e . . .
. . . h a s n ' tb e e n d e l i v e r e d. . .
. . . p u t o n w e i g h tw h i l e| . . .
. . . o b j e c t st o m e w a t c h i n g. . .
... becauseI was too ...
. . .g a v e i n a n d m a d e a . . .
. . . a n d h e r s i s t e ra r e . . .
. . . p e n b e l o n g st o . . .
... being treatedbadly by ...
. . . w o u l d r a t h e rn o t l e a r n. . .
... agreed that the film was ...
. . . w i s h y o u w o u l d / c o u l dc o m e . . .
. . . w e r e a m u s e db y . . .
. . . s u g g e s t e d( t h a t )| s h o u l dw a i t . . .
. . .t o F r a n c e w
, h e r eh e s p e n t . . .
. . . a l l o f w h i c h h e s o e n t. . .
. . . i s t h o u g h tt o h a v eb e e n a . . .
... has been/isten years since ...
. . . p i c k e du p t h e r u b b i s hf r o m . . .
. . . w e r e m a d e t o c o p y t h e i r. . .
. . . i s a b e t t e rs i n g e rt h a n . . .
. . . s t a m pc o l l e c t i o ni s w o r t h . . .
. . . w i s h I c o u l d a f f o r d. . .
. . . h a d t o h a v eh i s h o u s e. . .
. . . m a k e a n y s e n s eo f . . .
. . . b e c o m ea m e m b e ro f . . .
. . .t o o k h e r h o u r st o b a k e . . .
... was scared otlby ...
. . . w a s s o h e a v yt h a t . . .
. . .w a s n ' ts h a r pe n o u g h. . .
. . .f i r s tt i m e l ' v e e v e r . . .
. . .t o o e x p e n s i v e
for me ...
. . .g a v eu p s m o k i n g. . .
. . . a n d I l i v ec l o s et o . . .
. . . s o i t eo f t h e r a i nw e . . .
... preferschocolateto ice-cream.
. . . a c c u s e dT i n ao f s t e a l i n g. . .
. . . m u s t h a v eb e e n J o h n . . .
. . . i s l i k e l yt o g o t o . . .
. . .t u r n e dd o w n m y a p p l i c a t i o n. . .
. . . i t h a d n o t b e e nf o r . . .
. . . h i g h / a b o utti m e t h e c h i l d r e nw e r e . . .
... came to/roundafterbeing ...
. . . o u g h tt o h a v ec a l l e d. . .
... carriedon writingthe test ...
. . . s i x - h o u frl i g h t. . .
... beforehad I met ...
. . . h a v et h e y g o t a . . .
. . . h a s t o l o o k a f t e rh e r . . .
. . .t a k e sa f t e rh e r f a t h e r. . .
... regrettellingher/regrethavingtold her/that
I told her ...
. . . m a k e u p t h e i rm i n d s . . .
. . . s u c h a l o n g d r i v et h a t . . .
. . . J e n n yw a s t o b l a m ef o r . . .
. . .t i m e y o u h a d y o u r h a i r . . .
... out off due to .
ErrorCorrection
1 . D o n ' tw o r r ya b o u tt h e d o g ; i t w i l l b e t a k e nc a r e
of it.
2. The woman who just came in she is our boss.
3. The tea too hot for me to drink it.
4. A man whose name it was Georgewas looking
for you.
5. I will neverforgetthat man who he was so kind
to me.
1 . I l o v eh o l i d a y i n g
a t t h e L a k eG e n e v a v e r ym u c h .
2. She won the lotteryand she bought a {urniture
for her new flat.
3. Many people think that happinessis the most
importantthing in the life.
4 . S h e i s c r a z ya b o u tt h e E r i cC l a p t o n ' sm u s i c .
5. The many people have visitedthis area for the
past couple of months.
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D o n ' tm a k e m e t o d o t h i s ,p l e a s e !
S h e h e a r dt h e d o o r t o s l a m b e h i n dh e r .
Y o u m u s tt o n e v e rl i e .
1 . W h e n y o u w i l l r e t u r nw e c a n h a v e d i n n e rt o gether.
2. Don't start doing the exerciseunless I will tell
you so.
3. Tracywill make all her callsafterwe will leave.
4 . I w i l l g o s h o p p i n gi f I w o u l d f i n i s hw o r k e a r l y .
5 . l ' l l w a i t u n t i ly o u w i l l c o m e b a c k .
1 . I c a l l e dt o h i m t w i c e ,b u t h e d i d n ' t a n s w e rt h e
ohone.
2. They answeredto my questionimmediately.
3. When shallwe discussabout it?
4. The train reachedat the stationa few minutes
afterfour.
5. Childrenare to obey to their parents.
6. Mary resembleswith her grandmother.
7. I regretfor not buying ticketslast week.
8. We enteredinto the room and sat down on the
sofa.
1. He livestoo much fartherfrom schoolthan I do.
2. Mark was wearingthe same colour tie as was
Tom.
3 . H e i s m o r e t a l l e rt h a n h i s f r i e n d .
4. He is not as cleveras is Jane.
5. l'm afraid I cooked many too much food for
tonight.
119
Jse ol English" Secflon
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Revision Secfion
Revision SeCtiOh (pp.iez. 2161
A. MultipleChoiceQuestions
1.B
2.C
3.4
4.8
5.C
6.D
7.4
8.8
9.C
10. B
11. A
12. B
13. C
14. B
15. B
16. C
17. D
18. B
'r9.
D
20. c
21. B
22.8
23. B
24.A
25. D
26. B
27. D
28. D
29. C
30. D
31. D
32. B
33. C
34. B
35. B
36. B
37. A
38. C
39. A
40. B
41.A
42. B
43.8
44.C
45.A
46.B
47. D
48. B
49.C
50. B
51. C
52. C
53. D
54. B
s5. C
56. A
57. B
58. A
59. B
60. A
61.D
62.C
63.A
64. D
65.8
66.C
67. B
68.4
69.8
70. C
71. B
72. D
73. C
74. A
75. C
76. B
77. B
78. C
79. C
80. D
81. A
82. C
83. B
84. B
85. D
86. A
87. D
88. A
89. A
90. D
91 A
92. A
93. A
94. C
95C
96. D
97C
98. B
99. A
100. D
B. Key-WordTransformationSentences
1 . . . . i s u n u s u a fl o r u s t o . . .
2 . . . .a s l o n g a s y o u b r i n g. . .
3 . . . .i n c a s e i t . . .
4 . . . . w a s h a r d l ya n y t h i n g i a n y o nien . . .
5 . . . . b e a b e t t e ro p t i o nt h a n . . .
6 . . . . y o u m u s t p r o v i d e. . .
7 . . . . y o uc a n n o tb o r r o w . . .
8 . . . . n o p o i n ti n s p e a k i n g. . .
9 . . . .n o t l i k eh e r t o b e . . .
1 0 . . . . h a d a d i s c u s s i o na b o u t . . .
1 1 . . . .a t t h e a g e o f . . .
1 2 . . . . t i m e y o u l e a r n e d / l e a r n. .t.
1 3 . . . . l a s tt i m e I s a w T h o m a s. . .
1 4 . . . .i s i n c l u d e di n . .
1 5 . . . . h a d b e t t e rs e e .
'16.
. . .w a s c a n c e l l e do w i n gt o . . .
1 7 . . . . g a v e u s p e r m i s s i o nt o . . .
1 8 . . . .w a s t o o h o t f o r .
1 9 . . . . i s r e s p o n s i b l feo r l o o k i n ga f t e r. . .
2 0 . . . . w i s h I h a d t a k e n. . .
2 1. . . . i s n o t b e i n g o p e n e d . . .
2 2 . . . . d o t h e s ec d s b e l o n gt o . . .
2 3 . . . . h a d d i f f i c u l t y( i n )p e r s u a d i n g. . .
2 4 . . . . w i l l h a v et o b e g i v e n . . .
25. ... is a betterpainterthan ...
2 6 . . . . i n c a s ey o u g e t . . .
2 7 . . . . i s n o t e a s yf o r F r e d . . .
28. ... last heardfrom my brother...
2 9 . . . . w a s n o b o d yL u c y k n e w . . .
30. ... one of the tyres was ...
3 1 . . . .t e l lt h e d i f f e r e n c e. . .
3 2 . . . . h a s t e n d e n c yt o b l u s h . . .
3 3 . . . . u s a d e t a i l e dd e s c r i p t i o no f . . .
3 4 . . . . n o d o u b tt h e b o y s w i l l . . .
3 5 . . . . u n t i lt h e y h a d p a i n t e d. . .
3 6 . . . . i n o r d e rt o b e .
3 7 . . . .w a s b e t t e rt h a n w e . . .
3 8 . . . .u n l e s ss h e d o e s . . .
39. . whatday it ...
4 0 . . . . d i d n o t s u c c e e di n p e r s u a d i n g. . .
4 1. . . . i s a m o n t hs i n c e. . .
4 2 . . . .f o l l o w i n gt h e p u b l i c a t i o no f . . .
4 3 . . . . w o u l d r a t h e rs t u d y e n g i n e e r i n g. . .
4 4 . . . . l o o k e du o t o . . .
45. ... do exactlywhat the captain...
4 6 . . . . b e e v a c u a t e da s a r e s u l t. . .
47. ... everybodyapart f rom ...
4 8 . . . . d o e s n o t f e e l l i k ec o m i n g . . .
4 9 . . . . b o r r o w e dh i s l a p t o pw i t h o u ta s k i n g. . .
5 0 . . . .n o t l i k eW i l l i a mt o b e . . .
5 1 . . . . w a n t a n y b o d ye l s et o d i s c o v e r. . .
5 2 . . . . i n c a s et h e C D - R O Mi s . . .
5 3 . . . .t o o f a s tf o r u s t o . . .
5 4 . . . . d o e s n o t m a t t e rw h i c h r e c i p e. . .
5 5 . . . h a s n o t b e e nt o . . .
5 6 . . . . i s t h e s a m e s i z ea s . . .
5 7 . . . .t h e e x c e p t i o no f M r O l s o n. . .
5 8 . . . . i n c a s ey o u a r e . . .
5 9 . . . . i s e s t i m a t e dt o b e w o r t h . . .
6 0 . . . . a s l o n g a s y o u p r o m i s e. . .
6 1 . . . . i t i s n o t w o r t h s t a y i n g. . .
6 2 . . . . i s s u p o o s e dt o b e . . .
6 3 . . . . m a n a g et o d e f e a t. . .
6 4 . . . . d i d n o t r e m e m b e ra n y t h i n g. . .
6 5 . . . . i s u n l i k e l tyh e r ew i l l . . .
6 6 . . . . i s r e s p o n s i b l feo r a r r a n g i n g. . .
6 7 . . . . t o o k / m a d ea n o t e . . .
6 8 . . . .o n l ya f e w . . .
6 9 . . . .i s n o p o i n ti n . . .
7 0 . . f i n i s h e db y t h a n k i n g. . .
7 1 . . . .t u r n e dd o w n . . .
7 2 . . . . n o t i n t e r e s t e di n g o i n g . . .
7 3 . . . . c a n ' t h a v es t o l e n. . .
7 4 . . . . i s n o w i n s e a r c ho f . . .
7 5 . . . . i s v e r yg o o d a t . . .
7 6 . . . . i f t h e y w e r e s u p p o s e dt o . . .
7 7 . . . . b e c a u s eI h a d b e e n p a i n t i n g. . .
7 8 . . . . w e r e g i v e nv e r y l i t t l e. . .
7 9 . . . . s o o n a s F l o r a( h a d )l e f t. . .
8 0 . . . .f i r s tt i m e J o a n n ah a s e v e r . . .
8 1. . .. h a d h e r t h e a t r ec o s t u m e sd e s i g n e d. . .
8 2 . . . . h a t e b e i n gt o l d w h a t . . .
8 3 . . . . i s b e i n gd e s i g n e d. . .
8 4 . . . . w a s n o t t h i c ke n o u g h. . .
8 5 . . . . i s s t i l lp r e p a r i n g. . .
8 6 . . . . m a d e a d e c i s i o na b o u t . . .
8 7 . . . .w a s t o o b o r i n gf o r u s . . .
8 8 . . . . o n l y I h a d c o n t r a c t e dh e r . . .
8 9 . . . . m i g h t b e d e l a y e ds o . . .
121
Revision Section
90. ...doesthiscarbelongto ...
9 1. ... matterwhathe tellsyou ...
92. ...hadbettersee...
93. ...is as interesting
as ...
94 ...wonderif Jacky(has)sent...
95. ...the lasttimeyou attended...
96. ...objectto meimyusing...
97. ...forbiddenfor visitorsto feed...
9 8 . . . .m a k eu p h e rm i n d. . .
99. ...I werein yourshoes...
100. ...regrethavingtakenmy mother's
...
a
B,E,F
9 . Static and moving features
1 0 . Yes. Narrativetechniquesare appropriateif the
descriptionis detailedand chatty.
(Suggested answer)
The Best Place on Earth
London,the capitalof England,is situatedon
the RiverThames.lts varietyof cultures,wonderful
entertainmentand bustlingstreetsmake it one of
the most excitingcitiesin the world.
Thereis so much to do and see in London.No
visitwould be completewithouta tripto a marketor
a largedepartmentstore.From PortobelloRoadto
Harrods,it is certainthat you'll find somethingto
buy. When you get tired of shopping, a stroll
through beautifulHyde Park will help you forget
you are in the middle of an extremelybusy city.
Londonis well-knownfor its amazingnight-life.
For the theatrelover,the West End is definitelythe
place to go as the choice of serious plays and
musical shows is endless. For those who enjoy
eating good food, there are literallyhundreds of
restaurants to choose from and every taste is
cateredfor. Certainly,a nightout in Londoncan be
an unforgettableexperience.
London is a city that has plenty to offer. lt really
is the perfect destinationif you are looking for
somethingdifferent.No matterwhatyou chooseto
do, you are sure to have a memorabletime.
C. ErrorCorrectionTexts
1. 1.
z-
a
himself
tn
5. bit
2. 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
much
she
being
to
will
3. 1.
2 . WAS
3. a
A
AS
5.
4 . 1 . myself
z.
A
5
SO
her
of
6. despite
7. to
8. ,/
9. out
10. /
11 . w h i c h
12. ,/
13. more
14. /
'15. been
itself
7.
8 . on
9.
1 0 . of
11 . l i n l e
12. /
13. ,/
14. ,/
15. that
too
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9 . had
10. /
11. ./
12. very
'13. most
14. so
15. some
b.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
being
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himself
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11 .
12.
1 3 . who
1 4 . some
1 s . the
D. CompositionDiscussion
'1
. A descriptivearticleabout a place.
2. To writeabouta placeI know and to havemy article
published.
3. The editorof the publishingcompany; people
w h o w i l lb u y t h e b o o k .
4.A.C.G
5. Para 1. name and locationof olace
Para 2: reasonsfor choosingplace
Paras 3 & 4: particulardetailsof the place (sights
to see, how to spend free time, etc)
Final para: feelingsand final thoughtsabout the
otace
Note: The name, locationof the place and the
reasonsfor choosingit can be includedin one
paragraph.
6.8
7 Sight,sound, smell,taste and touch.
122
B . 1 . A letterof application.
z.
?
o.
To apply for a job.
Mrs Sarah Flavell.
Para 1: reason(s)for writing
Para 2'.qualifications- previousexperience
Final para: closing remarks
Formallanguageshould be used as this is a letter
of applicationto a personwho is unknownto us, so
the languageneedsto be appropriate.
B
18, 2A
1B would be suitablefor mv letter.
B.C.E.F
(Suggested answer)
Dear Mrs Flavell,
I am writingin responseto the advertisement
in
yesterday'seditionof "LocalNews".I would liketo
apply for the positionof assistantchef.
I graduatedfrom HopetownCollegeof Technology with a degree in catering in June, 2000.
Moreover, I have passed exams in written and
spokenFrenchand therefoream a fluentspeaker.
In addition, I have worked for "Chez Nous", my
cousin'spartyfood cateringcompany,for a year.
While working at "Chez Nous", I gained valuable
experiencein cateringfor large groups.
Revision Section
t am enclosing a curricu\um v\tae and two re{erences.I look forwardto hearingfrom you
soon.
Yourssincerelv.
Jan Wright
C. 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
A narrative.
To entera comoetition.
T h ej u d g e s .
The plot line.
Para 1: settingthe scene
Para 2: beforethe main event
Para 3: the main event
Para 4: the end of the story
6. Simple past, past continuous,past perfect,etc.
7 . I n t h i r dp e r s o n .
8. Yes, becausethose are techniquesused in
narratives.
9.4,C
10. A, B, D, E
11 . n o s o o n e r . .t.h a n ,f i r s t a
, s s o o na s ,w h i l e ,a f t e r t h a t ,
by the time, finally
12. A, C, D
6.E,F,H
positive points: B, C, G
negative points: A, D
7. 1 B
8. 1 B, 2A
1 B is most suitablefor my letter.
(Suggested answer)
Dear Peter,
Sorry I haven'twrittenfor so long but I've been
reallybusy with my new job. So far everythingis
great and I reallylove teaching.
Firstof all,the workingconditionsare excellent
and the environmentis very pleasant.What is
more, my colleaguesare really friendlyand I've
made many friends. Secondly, the job itself is
extremelyinterestingand challengingand I enjoy
it very much.There'salwayssomethingdifferentto
do and I neverget bored.
However,there are a few things that I'm not
happyabout.Firstly,the salaryI receiveis a bit low
but I have been told that I will get a pay rise soon,
so I hope everythingwill be alright.What's more,
the childrenare sometimesnaughtywhich can be
very tiring.
All in all, this has been a great experience.I
reallyhope you manageto visitme soon and who
knows?Perhapsyou'lldecideto stay!pleasewrite
and tell me your news.
(Suggested answer)
"Don't be frightened,everything'sgoing to be
alright," Tom told his brother, Dave, who was
clingingto the sideof the lifeboat.lt was bitterlycold
as the wavestossedthe boat around like a toy.
Theirsailingweekendhad startedthat morning
full of excitementand promisebut then everything
had gone terriblywrong. Two hours into their trip
they had sailed into a violent storm. They had
managedto get the lifeboatinto the waterjust as
theirboat beganto sink.Now,theywerelostat sea,
with no sign of rescuein sight.
Suddenly,Davepointedwitha shakingfingerto
a huge rock,whichwas directlyin frontof them.',Oh
no! We're going to hit itl' he screamed.The boys
tried to steer away from the rock with their hands
but the boatseemedto havea mind of its own.Just
as they were about to crash,the boys jumped into
the water and startedswimmingfranticallytowards
the rock. No sooner had they reachedit than they
hearda helicopterabovethem. "We'redown here!
We're down here!"they shoutedat the top of their
tungs.
Later,when they wereon dry land,the brothers
lookedat each other.No words were said but they
both knewwhatthe otherwas thinking- it would be
a long time beforeeitherone went sailingagain.
D. 1. Informalletter.
2. To give information/tell
my latestnews to my pen
friend.
3. My pen friend.
4. Para 1: reason(s)for writing
Paras 2 & 3: development(what I like ano
don'tlike)
Final para: closing remarks
5. Informal- the letteris to a Jriend.
Best wishes,
Amy
E. 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
A descriptivearticleabout a person.
To enter a competition.
T h ej u d g e s .
Para 1: place and time you met him/her
Para 2: physicalappearance
Para 3: personalitycharacteristics
Para 4: activitiesiachievements,
etc.
Para 5: commentsand feelings
Note: Dependingon the aspect(s)given in the
topic, certainparagraphsmay be omifted.
Tenses: simple past, presentand future
past and present perfect
past continuous
A variety of tenses need to be used to
describe past and present activities/
states.
Good and bad qualitiesshould be mentionedin
order to make the writingmore balanced.
s e e d t ob e j u s t i f i e d
A l lq u a l i t i e n
i no r d e r t o m a k e t h e
articlecredibleand realistic.
T h e l a n g u a g es h o u l db e m i l d .
1C
2A
3E
4D
58
'l
beaming
4 muscular
2 plump
5 shabby
3 freckled
( S s 'o w n a n s w e r s )
( S s ' o w na n s w e r s )
123
f evisionSecfion
(Suggested answer)
The Most lnteresting Person I know
l f i r s tm e tS t e l l ao n a t e n - h o u r f l i g h t tRoo m e S
. he
was the lastpersonto boardthe planeand it just so
happenedthat she sat next to me.
Stella is a very graceful woman in her late
forties.She has got strikinggreen eyes and the
most beautifulsmile I have everseen.Stellahas a
taste for expensivedesigner clothes and always
dresseselegantly.
Stella has a warm personalityand is a very
optimisticperson.Peoplefeel relaxedwhen they
a r ei n h e rc o m p a n ya n d t h i si s n o s u r p r i s eb e c a u s e
she alwayslookson the brightsideof liJe.However.
she can be a bitforgetfulat times.Forexample.she
oftenforgetspeople'sbirthdaysbut herclosefriends
don'tmind.
One of Stella'sgreatestinterestsis cooking.
S h e l o v e st o g i v ed i n n e rp a r t i e sa n d r sw e l l - k n o w n
f o r t h ee x o t i cd i s h e ss h em a k e s S
. h e ' sa l s ok e e no n
potteryand has even sold a few of her piecesto
localshops.Stellais one of those rarepeoplewho
are good at everythingthey do.
A l li n a l l ,S t e l l ai sa t r u l yr e m a r k a b l pe e r s o n I.f e e l
very fortunateto have her in my life.
F . 1 An argumentativecomposition,outliningadvantages and disadvantages.
2 My teacherand perhapsother students.
3 Yes, I would. Formalstyle is alwaysused for this
type of composition.
4 Para 1: statetopic by makinga generalstatement
Para 2: advantages/statements
to supportthem
Para 3: disadvantages/statements
to support
them
Para 4: a balancedconsideration/ooinion
5 B,C,F
6 1D
2A
3A
4D
5D
(Suggestedanswer)
The Advantages and Disadvantages
of Being a Vegetarian
Nowadays,vegetarianismhas becomea trend
for people who are in search of a healthierlife.
However,it can be said thereare both advantaoes
and disadvantages
for decidingto be a vegetarLn.
Firstly,vegetariansfeel that there are certain
advantagesto be gainedby not eatingmeat.They
consider substitutefoods such as soya, cereals
and vegetablesarean evenbettersourceof protein
than meat.lt is maintainedthat such foods are low
in fat and cholesterolthereforepromoting better
health.Finally,by avoidingmeat,vegetariansbelievethey are not eatingcontaminatedfood which
is often a source of many illnesses.
O n t h e o t h e rh a n d ,s o m ep e o p l ef e e lt h a tb e i n g
a vegetarian has disadvantages.For example.
such a diet can be boring and tasteless.Also,the
choiceof food availableis oftenlimitedwheneating
out. In addition,not eatingmeat can often lead to
iz4
a deficiencyin iron and proteinwhich can resultin
. i n a l l yh, u m a n se v o l v e d
s e r i o u sh e a l t hp r o b l e m s F
as meat-eaters,
so by not eatingmeat,they might
be atfectingtheir very nature.
To sum up, I believeit is a matterof personal
opinionwhetheror not someoneeatsmeat.People
are free to decide on their own eatingpatterns.
G. 1. A transactional
letter(givingand requestingfurther
information).
a.
To give and requestfuftherinformation.
3 . M r J a m e sM a r k s .
A
Y e s .i t i s .
5 . That the style (formalor informal)is appropriate.
That all the informationin the questionhas been
g i v e ni n m y o w n w o r d s .
Thatall the questionshave been asked in my own
words.
That each paragraphhas a topic.
The languageshould be formalas Mr Marks is
u n K n o w nt o m e .
7 . P a r a 1 : r e a s o n ( sf)o r w r i t i n g
Paras2&3: development
F i n a l p a r a : c l o s i n gr e m a r k s
8. 1 B, 2A
I would use 2 A in mv letterbecauseit is a formal
letter.
9 Two.
1 0 . Informationand questionsshouldbe appropriately
d i v i d e d ;o t h e r w i s eo n e p a r a g r a p hw i l l b e f u l l o f
q u e s t i o n sa n d t h e o t h e rn o t .
11. A, B. C. E
(Suggested answer)
D e a rM r M a r k s .
I am writingwith regardto your advertisement
on the noticeboardof the St JamesSchool.I would
greatlyappreciateit if you could provideme with
some informationabout the private lessons for
computerprogrammes,
I am a 19-year-old
studentand at the momentI
am doing my A-levels.I intend to study accountancy at universityand I need to improvemy computer skills.Therefore,I would be gratefulif you
could tell me whetherExceland Accessare available.
M o r e o v e rI,w o u l dl i k et o k n o ww h e r ea n d w h e n
the lessons will be taking place. Also, I would
appreciateit if you could let me know if the lessons
w i l l b e h e l d o n a n i n d i v i d u aol r a g r o u p b a s i s .
Finally.could you pleasetell me what the fees are
and if it is possibleto pay monthly?
Thank you in advancefor your cooperation.I
am lookingforwardto hearingfrom you.
Yourssincerely,
C l i v eB r o n s o n
RevisionSectlon
H. 1. An assessmentreoon
2. To assessthe good and bad pointsof a new
campsitewhich has just opened in the area.
3. The manager(of the international
travelaqencv I
work for).
4. I should use formalstyle.
5.A,C,D,F,G
6. Introduction:statepurposeand contentof your
reoon
Development:summariseeach point giving both
positlveand negativeaspects
C o n c l u s i o n :g e n e r aal s s e s s m e nat n d r e c o m m e n _
dation
/.
A, U,
tr. l-. (tr
8. ln the final paragraph.
9. Yes, becauseassessmentreportsshoulo oe
objective.
10. Presenttenses.
11. . express reality: as a matterof fact. actually,
in practice
. make contrasting points: nevertheless
Vet,
in spite of, however
. express the difference between appearance
a n d r e a l i t y :a p p a r e n t l ya.t f i r s st i g h t ,o n t h ef a c e
of it
Restaurant
T h e r e s t a u r a nht a s a w i d ev a r i e t yo f d i s h e si n c l u d i n gs p e c i am
l e a l sf o r y o u n gc h i l d r e na n d t h e r ei s a
wide choice of dishes for vegetarians.Although
some dishes are ratherexpensive,the prices are
generallyreasonable.Last but not least,the staff
a r e w e l l - t r a i n eadn d p o l i t e .
RecreationRoom
The recreationroom is large and has a friendly
a t m o s p h e r eT. h e r ei s a b i l l i a r d st a b l ea t o n e e n a
and table tennisat the other.Moreover,there is a
large screen TV in the middle oJ the room. Elect r o n i ca n d c o m p u t e rg a m e sf o r c h i l d r e na r es e t u p
in one corner.The recreationroom is open every
day from 10 am to 10 pm and it is very popularwith
teenagers.
Recommendation
To sum up, I would recommendLakeviewCamositefor touristswith children.lt is a well-organised
campsitewithgood facilities,highsafetystandaros
and helofulstaff.
E. SpeakingTests
(Suggested answer)
To:
From:
Subject:
Date:
M r F . M o r t i m e rM
, anaoer
S u s a nT a y l o r ,A s s i s t a i tM a n a g e r
LakeviewCampsite
2 6 N o v e m b e r2. 0 . . .
Introduction
The aim of this reportis to assessthe surtabilrty
of
LakeviewCampsitefor touristswith children.
Sports Facilitiesand Swimming pool
The campsite'ssportfacilitiesare suitablefor both
a d u l t sa n d c h i l d r e nF. o re x a m p l ey, o u n g e rc h i l d r e n
c a n e n j o yp l a y i n gi n t h e c a m p s i t e ' sw e l l _ e q u i p p e d
playground,whileteenagerscan make use of the
c a m p s i t e ' sc o u r t sa n d g r o u n d sa n d o r g a n i s et o u r naments and recreationalactivities.The camp_
site'sownersare very proud of their Olymprcsrze
s w i m m i n gp o o lw h i c hh a st h r e ed i v i n gb o a r d sa n d
two qualifiedand experiencedlifeguards.What is
more,thereareswimminginstructorswho givefree
l e s s o n st o c h i l d r e n .
Bathroom facilities
The fact of the matteris that the bathroomfacilities
are excellentand well-maintained.
In addition,hot
wateris availableon a 24-hourbasis.Furthermore,
thereare changingroomsand lockersfor all camp_
ers. However,there are not enough showersfor
everybody.As a result,when the campsiteis full,
there are often queues.
Part 1
(Par7 1 /asls aboul four minutes and has to do with
socialisingand giving personal information.Ss shou/d be
able to talk about themse/yesfor two minutes.)
Parl2
(Part 2 lastsabout four minutesand focuseson exchano_
ing personaland factualinformationbasedon given visial
prompts. Ss are given two colour photographs each and
they have to talk about them in relation to themseues
withoutbeing interruptedand hetped by the T. Theyare also
asked to comment on each other's pictures.)
Part3
(ln Part 3 Ss are examined in parrs.They are given visual
p rom ptswh ic h g eneratea discusslonand they tatk with one
another.Ss look carefullyat the visual promptsconcentrat_
ing on relevant details. The conversation should not be
dominated by one student. Ss have to tatk onty about the
taskthe interviewerhasgiven them. Thisparf /asfsabout 3
minutes.)
Part 4
(ln Part 4 Ss falk with one another about matters relatedto
the theme of Part 3. Ss shou/d listen to their paftners'
answers and respond accordingly. lt is impoftant to re_
member that when one partneris speaking helsheshoutd
not be interruptedbythe other.Part 4lastsabout4 mtnurcs.)
125
RevisionSecflon
SpeakingTest 1
SA: I wouldloveto justsiton a beachor go swimming
all day.
Parts 1 & 2 (Suggestedanswers)
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Picture A shows a team of rugby playerswhereas
picture B shows a windsurferalone.The main difference is that windsurfingcan be done alone whereas
rugby is a team sport.
I would prefer to do windsurfingbecause it is very
excitingand I love the sea.
To do team sports you need to consideryour teammates and not be selfish.With individualsports you
only have yourself to depend on so you have to
concentratemuch more.
Peoplechooseto do dangeroussportsbecausethey
have a desirefor excitementin their livesand so are
preparedto take risksto achieveit.
Picture C showsstudentssittingInformallyin a classr o o m .T h e yc o u l db e d i s c u s s i n gt h e i rl e s s o nw h e r e a s
picture D showsa teachertalkingto some studentsin
a formalclassroomsituation.
I believe that students learn better when they are
listeningto a teacher.They are more likelyto concentrate and learn somethingthan if they just sit around
talkingto other students.
I believethis is only possible if parentsare actually
teachersthemselves.
A teacherneedsto be kindand patient.Theyalsoneed
to know their subjectvery well and possessa skill in
puttingil acrossin an enjoyableway so that students
take pleasurein what they are learning.
Part 3 (Suggested answers)
SA: I think that you would definitelyneed to take your
passport especiallyif you are gong to a foreign
country.
SB: Well, yes! Otherwiseyou wouldn't be allowed into
the country.What about luggage?You would certainlyneed to take clotheswith you, wouldn'tyou?
SA: Oh yes. lt would be almostimpossibleto buy everything you need once you get to your hotel.Well, I
w o u l d n ' t a k e a n u m b r e l l aw
, o u l dy o u ?
SB: No, nor an alarm clock, but I think I would take a
camera.lt's good to take photosof placesyou visit,
isn't it?
SA: Of course,but don't you think it would be betterto
buy postcardsand take good sunglasseswith you
instead.
SB: No, you can alwaysbuy sunglassesbut you might
not be ableto buy a postcardof everythingyou see.
At leastyou can photographwhat you want, when
you want.
Part 4 (Suggested answers)
. SA: My idealdestinationwould be one where lcould
just relaxunder the hot sun all day, somewhere
l i k eC u b a o r J a m a i c a .
SB: Well, I would preferto go somewherecold like
Alaska.I livein a hot countryso it's alwayssunny.
It would be nice to have a change.
S A : l t h i n k y o u w o u l dm i s s t h e s u ne v e ni fy o uj u s t w e n t
away for a few weeks.
tzo
S B : I w o u l dg o m a d d o i n g n o t h i n g .I w o u l d l i k et o d o
some kind of activityon holidaysuch as skiingor
snow-boarding.
SA: I believethat holidaysshould be differentfrom
what we do every day, so that's why I would
chooseto do nothingbut sit about on a beach.
.
SA: Weneedholidaystorelaxandchangeourroutine.
SB: Yes,everyoneneedsa holidayand whenwe have
two or three weeks break, we can often travel to
anothercountry.
.
SA: I believe that there are several advantagesin
travellingalone. Firstly,you can do exactlywhat
y o u l i k ew h e n y o u l i k e .
SB: Also you are likelyto meet many more peopleas
you will probablyfeelthe needto havesome kind
of contactwith people.lt would be impossibleto
spend a holidayalone without speakingto anyone.
SA: I think that travellingalone also makes a person
more independenttoo.
.
SA: This dependson whetheryou travelin a group or
not.
SB: lf you stay with a group in a hotel and never
explorethe localarea,you willneverget to seethe
countryyou are visiting.
SA: Yes,but if you travelalone,you are more likelyto
exploreand get to knowthe localpeopleand way
of life.
SpeakingTest 2
Parts 1 & 2 (Suggested answers)
. Picture A shows people receivingtheir food at the
counter of a fast food restaurantwhereaspicture B
shows peopletalkingto a waiter.They are sittingat a
table in a restaurant.
. I would preferto go to a peacefulrestaurantwhereI can
enjoygood food and be servedby a waiter.lthink that
fast food placesare noisy and you can't reallyenjoy
your food there.
. Peopledon't have so much time to cook these days
and so it is much easierto buy food from a takeaway
or a fast food restaurant.Also, teenagersseem to
prefereatingburgersto eatinghealthyfood.
. Withfriendsyou can talk,laughand enjoyyourfood in
a more relaxedway. You can't alwaysbe likethis with
your family.
. Picture C shows a teacherhelpinga studentread a
book whereaspicture D shows a young boy working
on a compurer.
. I think it is easy to learnfrom a computeras you can
take your time doing the lesson and the computer
never gets upset if you make a mistake or don't
u n d e r s t a n ds o m e t h i n o .
Revision Section
.
.
I don't thinka computerwould be successfulat teach_
ing languagesbecauseonly peopleare able to hold a
real conversationand this is importantwhen learninq
a language.
Computershave made our liveseasierin many ways
b y d o i n gt h et h i n g st h a ta h u m a nb r a i ni s u n a b l et o d o .
Theyare alsoableto storevastamountsof knowledoe
and rnformation.
Part 3 (Suggested answers)
SA: For me, the most seriousenvironmentalproblemis
that of pollutionin towns and cities.
SB: Yes, it is a seriousproblem but I believethat forest
fires are a bigger threatto the planet.
SA: Butif allfactorieswerebuiltoutsidetowns,thenthere
wouldn'tbe any pollutionand peoplewouldn,tsuffer
from serioushealthproblems.
SB: That'strue, but trees provideus with valuableoxv_
gen so if the alreadydestroyedforestsare not re_
planted soon, we are all going to have bigger
problems.
SA: I agree.So if the factonesare movedand forestsare
planted,the treescan balancethe damaqe caused
by pollutants
SB: Yes. I believewe have to starttalkingbettercare of
our naturalenvironment.
Part 4 (Suggested answers)
. SA' I believethat humanbeings
are responsiblefor all
the environmentalproblemswe have nowaoavs.
SB: Yes, unfortunatelywhen plastics and certiin
chemicalswere first developed,no one saw the
problemsthey would cause.
SA: lt would be difficultto stop usingthesethings,but
we have to find a way to solve the problemswe
nave.
.
SA: One of the major benefitsis that thingswon.t be
b u r i e du n d e rt h e g r o u n d .M a n yt h i n g sl i k ep l a s t i c
neveroecompose,so they haveto be recycled.
SB: And if we recycleall our paper,then not so manv
treeswill haveto be cut down.
SA: So recycledmaterialscan be usedto make other
usefulproducts.
.
SA; Global warming is changing our planet quicker
than scientistsexpected.For example,the polar
ice-capsare meltingand this will resultin manv
low-lyingcountriesbeing flooded.
SB: Not only that.The hole in the ozone lavermeans
the sun's rays are strongerand more peopleare
gettingskin cancer.
SA; Yes and animalsare losingtheirnaturalhabitats.
lf the land is not floodedthen it is drying up and
places are becoming deserts,so animals have
nowhereto live.
.
SA: I thinkthattherewill be fewerforestsand certainlv
no animals.
SB: Yes, and most people will be living in northern
parts of the world because the south will be a
desert.
SA: Becauseof the pollutionmany people will have
healthproblems,too.
.
S A : I t h i n ki t w o u l db e a g o o d i d e at o l i v eo n t h e m o o n .
At leasttherewouldn'tbe so many peoplethere.
S B : Y e s ,b u t i t w o u l d n ' tb e a s g o o d a s l i v i n go n E a r t h .
The atmosphereis not the same and there rs no
greenerythere.
SA: Maybeatsometimein thefuturescientistswill
find
a way to make it look more like Eafth.
SpeakingTest 3
Parts 1 & 2 (Suggested answers)
. Picture A shows a man who is very
happy perhaps
because of somethinggood that happened at work
whereaspicture B showsa man who is standingby a
f i l l i n gc a b i n e ta n d a p p e a r st o b e v e r y s t r e s s e d .
. P e o p l ea r eh a p p yw i t ht h e i rj o b w h e n
t h e yh a v ea g o o d
s a l a r ya n d t h e i rj o b i s r e w a r d i n ga n d s t l m u l a t i n g
. The perlectwork environmentwould
be a placewhere
t h e c o n d i t i o n sh e l p p e o p l et o p r o d u c et h e t rb e s t a n d
where colleaguesare friendlyand loyal.
. I would not sacrificemy familyfor
my 1obbecauselobs
can be replacedbut familiescannot.
. Picture C shows a man working
out liftingweightsin
a gym whereas picture D shows a man takino his
e x e r c i s eb y r i d i n ga b i k e .
. Both sports help develop a good
body and make
people fit and healthy They also help deveropmus_
cles.
. Some footballfans see othersbehaving
badly and so
they do the same. Others use violenceas a wav of
expressingtheir anger and aggression.
. Peopleshould be shown, perhaps
on TV or in maga_
zines,what the effectsare of leadingan unhealthylife.
Part 3 (Suggested answers)
SA: I believe that the satellite is probably the most
impoftantinventionin the 20th century.Withoutthis,
m a n y o t h e r i m p o r t a n t t e c h n o l o g i c a li n v e n t r o n s
wouldn't have happened.What do vou think?
S B : Y e s ,I a g r e e ,b u t t h e c o m p u t e ri s a l s o i m p o n a n ta s
our liveshave become easierby using computers.
SA: Yes, but don't forget that without satettites,tne
Internetwouldn't be possible.
S B : N e i t h e rw o u l dt h e m o b i l ep h o n e ,b u t I d o n ' tt h i n k i t
is the most importantinvention.I alsothinkthat highs p e e dt r a i n ss h o u l db e i n c l u d e di n t h e b o o k .
SA: Definitely,
as travellingin thisway hasopenedup the
w o r l dt o m a n y p e o p l e .
SB: Thesetrainsalso help goods be transportedmuch
qutcker,so they are reallyimportantto all of us.
127
Revision Section
Part 4 (Suggested answers)
.
SA: Readinga real book is much betterthan reading
i t o n t h e c o m p u t e rT
. u r n i n gt h e p a g e so f a b o o k
cannot be comparedto clickinga key on a keyboard.
S B : l t h i n k t h a tc h i l d r e nw o u l df i n d i t m o r ei n t e r e s t i n g
to read from a screenthan from a book.
SA: But readinga book has more of an "atmosphere'
t h a n s e e i n gi t b r i g h t l y - l u
i tp o n t h e s c r e e n .
.
S A : T h eI n t e r n eht a sr e a l l yc h a n g e do u r l i v e sY
. o uc a n
find any informationyou want.you can buy whatever you need and you can even make new
friends.
SB: Yes,but manypeoplehavesacrificeda normallife
t o s p e n d h o u r so n t h e N e t .
SA: Just think how it has helpedpeoplewho are
d i s a b l e do r u n a b l et o g e t o u t o f t h e i rh o m e s .
Part 3 (Suggested answers)
S A : I t h i n kt h a t t h e c u r r i c u l u ms h o u l dg i v e l e s s o n st h a t
will be usefulto peopleafterthey leaveschool,such
a s c a r m a i n t e n a n c eW. h a t d o y o u t h i n k ?
S B ; Y e s .b u t g i r l ss h o u l db e a l l o w e dt o l e a r na b o u t i t a s
well.What about teachinganotherpracticalsubject
suchas plumbing?
S A : T h a ts a g o o d i d e a .B u t w o u l dg i r l sb e i n t e r e s t e d
in
such a thing?They might find cookery better.
S B : N o . b o y s a n d g i r l sc a n l e a r nt h a tf r o m t h e i rf a m i l y .I
t h i n k p l u m b i n gi s a g o o d i d e a . D o y o u t h i n k t h e
c u r r i c u l u ms h o u l d i n c l u d ec o m p u t i n g ,f i r s t - a i do r
swimming?
S A : W e l l .c h i l d r e nc a n l e a r ns w i m m i n ga t t h e l o c a lp o o l .
Many childrenalso learncomputingby themselves
at home. But I think it would be importantto learn
b a s i cf i r s t - a i d .
SB: Yes.that would be very useful.
.
SA: I believe that scientistswill never accept that
technology has a limit and as far as they re
concerned there are always going to be new
things to discover.
S B : L o o ka t c l o n i n g f, o r e x a m p l eW
. h e r ew i l lt e c h n o l o g y s t o p ?S h o u l d n ' t h e r e b e a l i m i t ?
S A : N o . N o t i f i t ' s g o i n g t o h e l p i m p r o v eo u r l i v e s .
Part 4 (Suggested answers)
. SA: Most of the games children have are not very
educational.even the computergames.
S B : B u t d o n ' tc o m p u t e rg a m e st e a c hc h i l d r e nh o w t o
t h i n kl o g i c a l l y ?
SA: Butgamesnowadaysarefullof monstersor aliens
and that's not very educational.
.
SA: One of the advantagesto livingso long would be
thatyouwouldgetto knowyourgreat,great.great
grandchildren.
S B : A l s o y o u w o u l d s e e n e w t e c h n o l o g ya n d m a n y
excitingeventsthroughoutthe years. However,
u n l e s sm e d i c i n eh a s i m p r o v e dy, o u m i g h tb e j 5 0
but too weak to move or understandwhat is
h a p p e n i n ga r o u n dy o u .
S A . M a y b eb y t h e n ,t e c h n o l o g yw i l l h a v ed e v e l o p e d
so much that we will want to liveto be 250 vears
old!
.
SA: Learning"dead"subjectsat school like historyor
Latin is not very useful,becausewe hardlyever
need these sublectswhen we leaveschool.
SB: Yes, but we can't live our lives not knowing the
history of our country or where our language
c o m e sf r o m .
SA: I supposeif you were reallyinterested,you could
alwaysreadaboutsuchsubjectsin yourfreetime.
.
SA: There are so many people nowadayswho have
f i n i s h e du n i v e r s i toy r c o l l e g eb u t w h o c a n ' tf i n da
j o b . B e i n go v e r - q u a l i f i eddo e s n ' tm e a ny o u ' l lg e t
the job you want.
SB: Yes.becauseeveryoneneedsto work,thrsmeans
thatthey haveto takeany 1obwhichwill pay them
a salary whether it is what they want or not
regardleso
s f t h e i rq u a l i f i c a t i o n s .
SA: Yes, there are so many people trying to get the
samefew jobs that peoplefeelthe more qualifications they get the more chances they have of
gettingthe job.
.
SA: Alreadymanypeoplehavelosttheirjobs because
computerscan do the work betterand faster.
S B : Y e s .b u t t h e r ea r e s o m ej o b s w h i c hn e e d p e o p l e
to do them as computerscan't.
SA: I don t think that computers can do every job.
There won't ever be a time when people don't
work becausecomputershavetakenoverthe iob
market.
SpeakingTest4
Pafis 1 & 2 (Suggested answers)
. P i c t u r eA s h o w sa s c h o o lb u st a k i n gc h i l d r e nt o s c h o o l
w h e r e a sp i c t u r e B s h o w sa c h i l dr i d i n ga b i c y c l e .
. T h e m o s t e n j o y a b l ew a y i s o n e w h r c h i s q u i c k a n d
comfortable.
. I n m y o p i n i o n ,t h e m o s t d a n g e r o u sw a y w o u l d b e f o r
a childto cycle as they could easilybe knockedoff by
a car.
. The best way is to travelby car. In this way, you can
comfortablyenjoy your journey and stop wnenever
you want.
. Picture C shows people playingtennrson an outside
court whereaspicture D shows a swimmerin a pool.
. In my opinion,tennisoffersthe most exerciseas you
not only get to exercisebut also to enjoythe freshair.
. I believe(that)winningis more importantthan taking
part becauseit feelswonderJulto be the best.
. N o , I d o n ' tt h i n kt h e yd o . T h e yd o n ' td o a n y t h i n gm o r e
than any other spor.tsperson,
tz6

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