UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)

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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
TABLE OF CONTENT
Welcoming Speech by Rector UiTM Perlis
i
Welcoming Speech by Deputy Rector Research & Industrial Linkage UiTM Perlis
ii
IID PERLIS 2012 ORGANIZING COMMITTEE
iii
STAFF CATEGORY
CAPD eBook: Multimedia Application for Renal Patients
1
Arifah Fasha Rosmani1, Siti Zulaiha Ahmad, Mohammad Hafiz Ismail, Rashidah Ramle, Nurul
Fatahiyah Shalahudin
Write Perfect - Dyslexic Assistive Writing Aid
2
Siti Zulaiha Ahmad1, Siti Aishah Mustafar, Hawa Mohd Ekhsan, Arifah Fasha Rosmani, Umi Hanim
Mazlan
3
Comprehensive Wellness Program
Saidatulakmar Shamsuddin1, Norasyikin Abdullah Fahami 2, Surina Nayan3,
Latisha Asmaak Shafie4, Zulkafli Mansor
5
Bag-X to School Exercise
4
Syed Shahbudin Syed Omar1, Raja Muhammad Firhad Raja Azidin, Hashbullah Ismail, Muhammad
Fauzan Hassan, Hosni Hasan
Bird Flu Diagnosis Using Fuzzy Expert
5
Tajul Rosli B. Razak1, Mahmod B. Othman2, Mohd Nazari bin Abu Bakar3
Intelligent Mango Grading System (i-ManGoeS)
6
Mahmod B. Othman1, Mohd Nazari bin Abu Bakar2, Tajul Rosli B. Razak3
e-evaluator
7
Noriza Abd.Razak1, Latisha Asmaak Shafie, Surina Nayan, Nor Hayati Othman, Jamal Othman2
Characteristics of Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) Produce from Paper and Plastic Wastes
and the Potential of Rice Straw as A Binder
8
Hazwa Hashim1, Zulhafizal Othman2, Mohd Lias Kamal1
Optimum Design for Reinforced Soil Foundation (RSF) - Surface Strip Footing on
Double Layer System
9
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Siti Fatimah Sadikon1, Norshafa Elyza Muha, Nurjuhanah Juhari, Herda Balqis Ismail
Regi-Myst: Mobile Tracking System Tool for Registered Mail
10
Iman Hazwam Abd. Halim1, Muhamad Arif Hashim, Jiwa Noris Hamid
Practical C & CT Guidelines
11
Azizan Kassim1, Dr Shaiful Annuar Khalid, Ima Illyani Hj Ibrahim,
Rozihana Sheikh Zain, Nor Farehan Omar
Ethnomathematics of Malay World: Determination the Direction of Qibla
12
Azlan Mohd Daham1, Teoh Yeong Kin, Rohana Dollah, Suzanawati Abu Hasan, Nurmaizatulhanim
Othman
Let‟s Build WORDS
13
Anis Maesin1 , Mahani Mansor
i-IQRA': Multimedia Application for Iqra‟ Learning
14
Norfiza Ibrahim1 , Arifah Fasha Rosmani
E-NR(Rumah Sewa)
15
Sharifah Lailee Syed Abdullah1, Marzukai Ibrahim2, Khairi Shah Kamal Kumar3, Mohd Kamal Ariff
Azalli4, Razif Muhamed Nordin4
Juvenile Delinquency Cases Expert System: Providing Legal Authorities in Decision
Making Process
16
Noorzila Sharif1, Sharifah Lailee Syed Abdullah2, Rusnadewi Abdul Rashid3, Noorazizah Sharif4
Unfired Marine Sediment Brick (UMSeB)
17
Wan Safizah Wan Salim1, Siti Fatimah Sadikon, Samsuri Mohd Salleh,
Nur Asmaliza Mohd Noor, Mohd Fadzil Arshad
Decision-Tree Based Model for Predicting Financially Distressed Company
18
Hasyeilla Abd Mutalib1, Mohammad Hafiz Ismail2, Teoh Yeong Kin3, Tajul Rosli Razak4
UiTMtube: Multimedia Database Application using Content-Based Searching
Technique
19
Azmi Abu Seman1, Norfiza Ibrahim
MOSQUE CONGREGATION (MC):
20
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
A SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP APPROACH
Kamsol Mohamed Kassim1 , Badrul Hisham Ahmad, Fader Abdullah, PM Dr Amran Awang , Bahijah
Md Hashim
A potential use of a brackish cladoceran (Daphniopsis australis) as an alternative live
food in aquaculture
21
Hasnun Nita Ismail1, Jian Guang Qin2, Laurent Seuront2
Assembly of Carbon Nanotubes via Soft Template-Based Method
22
Abd Mutalib Md Jani1 and Siti Hajar Alias
Fast Notification Services for University Community
23
Nor Azzyati Hashim1, Shamsudin Md Sarif2, Ahmad Zambri Shahuddin2
Geo-SMS (Space Management System)
24
Khairulazhar Zainuddin, Ernieza Suhana Mokhtar
Development of Multi Sensor Satellite-based Method for Water Catchment Areas
Productivity Assessment
25
Mohd Rizaludin Mahmud, Masayu Norman
Perlis I-Tour
26
Ernieza Suhana Mokhtar, Siti Maryam Abdul Wahab, Norfariza Zainal
Retirement Saving Educational Game (ReSAVe)
27
Azrul Abdullah1, and Norshamshina Mat Isa
Campus Success Kit
28
Nazira Osman1, Surina Nayan, Latisha Asmaak Shafie, Mahani Mansor. Anis Maesin
Easy Universal Jack Extruder (EUJE)
29
Masyitah Md Nujid1, Abdul Halim Yusoff, Amir Khomeiny Ruslan, Rosnizam Mansor, Mohammad
Nazri Ali
Palm-based Transdermal Nanodelivery of Piroxicam
30
Nursyamsyila Mat Hadzir1, Mahiran Basri
SCUBA TEAMBUILDING
Mohamed Radzi Abdul Wahab1, Jamil Tajam2, Khairul Amri Hashim3
31
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Fish Optimization Location using Remote Sensing and GIS Technologies
32
Rohayu Haron Narashid1, Suhaila Hashim, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zakaria Mat Arof,
Siti Nor Maizah Saad
Kotak Kad Senarai Inventori UiTM
33
Mohd Fauzi Md Zain1, Norazizan Hanafiah, Rosli Samset, Zuhairah Abdul Rahman
Smart Dyslexia screener using interactive Multimedia approach
34
Hawa Mohd Ekhsan1, Siti Zulaiha Ahmad, Jiwa Noris bin Hamid, Rashidah Ramle, Nurul Huda
Mansor
The Innovation of Smart Water Trap
( i-Trap)
35
Herda Balqis Ismail1, Basharudin Abdul Hadi2, Siti Fatimah Sadikon2,
Nor Shafa Eliza Muha3, Nurjuhanah Juhari4
My Writing Management Tool
36
Latisha Asmaak Shafie1, Surina Nayan2, Azura Mohd Noor 3 , Haslinda Mohd Zali 4
Islamic Gold Dinar Commercial Card
37
Dr.Sabri Nayan1, Dr.Norsiah Kadir, Prof. Madya Dr.Mat Saad Abdullah, Sharudin Nayan
Security Framework for Ipv6 Deployment in Enterprise Network
38
Abidah Hj Mat Taib1*, Adil Hidayat Rosli2, Rahmat Budiarto3, Wan Nor Ashiqin Wan Ali, Mohammad
Hafiz Ismail
Production of Oil from Coal-Biomass Blend
39
Mohd Fauzi Abdullah1, Zaidi Ab. Ghani, Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak, Khudzir Ismail
Galah Pengait Harumanis GS2
40
Abdul Hadi Hj Abdul Said1, Sazali Ibrahim, Shahimi Shaari,
Zulkifli Aswan, Nazmi Muhammad
Soft Technique in Synthesizing Ceramics Nanopowder for Proton Conductor
41
Nafisah Osman1,a, Abd Mutalib Jania, Mohd Hafiz Yaakoba, Salmie Suhana Che Abdullahb
Heterogeneity Effect in Loosely Synchronize Learning Using Interactive Video
Mechanism
42
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Nor Arzami Othman1, Paul Calder2 and Robert Goodwin3
A Novel Continuous-Flow Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Circulation Extraction
System
43
Zaidi Ab Ghani1, Khudzir Ismail, Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak
BIO TERAPI SOLAT
44
Noor Azura Zainuddin1, Arifah Fasha Rosmani, Jamalia Aurani, Azhar A. Rahman, Sharifah Isa.
Mini Entrepreneur Transformation Model (Metram)
45
ABDUL RASHID SINTHA MADAR1 , DR. SHAIFUL ANNUAR KHALID2, DR NORMAH AHMAD3 ,
KAMSOL MOHAMED KASSIM4 & ABDUL RAZAK AMIR5
SF-ICMP6: Selective Filtering of ICMPv6 messages
46
Naimah Mohd Hussin , Abidah Hj Mat Taib1, , Nurul Sharidah Shaari, Wan NorAshiqin Wan Ali,
Rafiza Ruslan
UiTM Perlis E-Marketplace
47
Syafnidar Abdul Halim1, Muhammad Nor Al-Amin Ishak, Siti Zulaiha Ahmad, Hawa Mohd Ekhsan
Smart Class Booking System in Uitm (Perlis)
48
Hanisah Ahmad1, Abdul Hapes Mohammed2, Noorfaizalfarid Bin Hj Mohd Noor3, Muhamad Arif
Hashim4, Tajul Rosli Razak5
24/7 Web-SMS Academic Advising
49
Jiwa Noris Hamid1, Hawa Mohd Ekhsan , Mohammad Hafiz Ismail, Iman Hazwam Abd Halim, Shah
Rizar Mohd Basir
Bilik Nurkasih
50
Zainuddin Al Mansor¹, Hairul Reazuan Asmayadi, Marlina Ismail,
Iswadi Efendi Ismail,Kamarul Zaman Senawi
SMART_Geog: A Geography Teaching Kit
51
Dr Zakaria M1, Ernieza SM , Norshahrizan MH, Mohd Khairy K, Mohd Adhar AS
Carbon Nanotubes as Potential Aspirin Drug Delivery
52
Siti Hajar Alias1,a, Abd Muthalib Md Jani1, Nurul Zawani Alias1, Nor Aziah Buang2
Analysis of Paraquat and Glyphosate Residue in Caprylic Acid (C8) Using Three
Different Spe Sorbents Via Spectrophotometer
53
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Mohd Lias Kamal1, Non Daina Masdar, Zaini yusoff, Nurul Shuhada Md Desa
Off-Line Hs-Spme via Gc-µecd:
54
A Green Technique for Simultaneous Separation of Cypermethin Stereoisomers
Non Daina Masdar1, Mohd Lias Kamal, Zaini yusoff, Syarifah Mariana Binti Tuan Zahari
Students Motivation: Effect by Flaws in the Design of Textbook
55
Nor Hayati Shafii1, Azlan Mohd Daham, Noraini Noordin
Multimedia File Analyzer
56
Muhamad Arif Hashim1, Iman Hazwam Ab Halim, Tajul Rosli Razak, Mohammad Hafiz Ismail
The Hijri Map
57
Azhar Abdul Rahman1, Norshahrizan Mohd Hashim, Rafidah Ali, Dr Mohd Nasir Abdul Hamid, Nor
Azira Mohd Radzi
The Potential of Crosslinked Rice Husk/ Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA) Blend Beads as
Adsorbent of Cd (II) Ions in Waste Water
58
Rizana Yusof1, Dalina Samsudin, Rosyaini Afindi Zaman, Mohd Abd Muiz Che Abd Aziz
Malay Legal Text Indexer (Malay-LETI)
59
Rizauddin Saian1 & Dr.Zeti Zuryani Mohd Zakuan2
Measuring Web Service Quality for Non-Commercial Web Portal
60
Noraini Nasirun1, Sarina Muhamad Noor2 ,Zor Mat Nor3, Hisaruddin Ahmat4
Flexy Kariah Boundary Design
61
Norshahrizan Mohd Hashim1, Zakaria Mat Arof, Rafidah Ali, Mohd Hasif Ahmad Nasruddin, Tengku
Afrizal Tengku Ali
The Biodegradable films from poly(vinyl alcohol) and coconut coir husk
62
Dalina Samsudin1, Roziana Mohamed Hanaphi
Paddy Maturity Monitoring Supporting System
63
Rafidah Ali1, Norshahrizan Mohd Hashim, Zakaria Mat Arof, Rahayu Harun Narashid,
Ashraf Abdullah
SAFE NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR TIDAL RESTRICTION AREA
64
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Tengku Afrizal Tengku Ali1, Norshahrizan Mohd Hashim, Mohd Hasif bin Ahmad,
Mohd Adhar bin Abd Samad
The effect of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane pretreatment on water absorption of
lignocellulosic filter media
65
Syarifah Nursyimi Azlina Syed Ismail1, Wahida Abdul Rahman, Mohd Lias Kamal,
Siti Nor Din , Anies Suhaida Mohd Naspu
Parkir Basikal Berpusat-Keselamatan Bersistematik
66
Hairul Reazuan Asmayadi¹, Zainuddin Al Mansor, Marlina Ismail, Iswadi Efendi Ismail, Kamarul
Zaman Senawi
THE INNOVATION of FLOOR CAP (eco-Cap)
67
Nor Aminmin Bt Khalid1, Basharudin Abdul Hadi2, Razif Muhammad Nordin3, Latisha Asmaak
Shafie4, Juliana Martin2
INNOVATIVE RECYCLE GASKET for COLD WATER SUPPLY (inno-gasket)
68
Razif Muhammad Nordin1, Basharudin Abdul Hadi2, Nor Aminmin Bt Khalid3, Juwita Bt. Asfar1, &
Nur Shafieza Bt Azizan1
Au/ZnO Nanoparticles for Catalytic Reduction of p-Nitrophenol
69
Hanani Yazida*, Rohana Adnanb, Shafida A. Hamidc, Muhammad A. Farrukhd and Abd Mutalib Md
Jania
Bamboo Aquaponic Farming System
70
Mohammad Amizi A.2, Jamil T.1, Nor Azwan Mokhtar3, Nawwar Z. Mamat1, Mohammad Azizi
Invention of Lady construction probe (i-ladyprobe)
71
Basharudin Abdul Hadi1, Razif Muhammad Nordin2, Nor Aminin Bt Khalid3, Nur Juhanah Bt Juhari1,
Mohamad Zairani Bin Abdullah4
Virgin Coconut Oil as Natural Antioxidant
72
Nur Nasulhah Kasim1, Amirah Amalina Ahmad Tarmizi, Anisah Rafidah Ahmad, Zaini Fitriah
Othman, Norazila Ghazali
Automated Settling Curve Generator
73
Mohammad Hazizi Bin Jamal1, Badrul Nizam Ismail, Basharudin Abdul Hadi, Zulhafizal Othman,
Norshafa Elyza Muha
Floodplain Evacuation Location Using GIS
74
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Siti Nor Maizah Saad1, Rohayu Haron Narashid, Suhaila Hashim, Ashnita Rahim
Coursework Assessment of Non-Examinable Course in Outcome-Based Education:
Focus on Soft skill Rubrics for MOHE‟s Learning Outcome 7 (Information
management and lifelong learning skills)
75
Ashnita Rahim, Ernieza Suhana Mokhtar, Mukhlis Nordin, Siti Aminah Anshah
OBE-SCL Student‟s Learning Timetable (Jadual Belajar Pelajar-JBP)
76
Mukhlis Noordin, Siti Farah Nasehah Mukhlis, Ernieza Suhana Mokhtar
Recognizing Customized ICT Substance for Rural Community Usage
77
Abdul Hapes Mohammed1
In-situ Trans-esterification of Rubber Seed for Bio-diesel Production
78
Asnida Yanti Ani, Nurul Hidayah Yahya, Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak and Khudzir Ismail
Solvability of nonlinear three-point boundary value problems at resonance
Mesliza Mohamed1, Muhammad Sufian Jusoh
79
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
STUDENTS CATEGORY:
Improved Final Contractor Selection Using Fuzzy Method
80
Ng Kok Shien1, Chew Yee Ming2,
The Implementation Plan for Marine Cadastre in Peninsular Malaysia
81
Ashraf Abdullah1 and Nazirah Mohamad Abdullah2
The Power of Chelating Agents in Reducing Cost for Synthesizing Cerate-Zirconate
Compound
82
N. A. Abdullah, N. Osman, S. Hasan.
ARPerlis – Integrating Augmented Reality in Tourism Application
83
Sharfa Najwa Haji Salim, Mohammad Hafiz Ismail1, Shukor Sanim Mohd Fauzi &
Nur Farah Izzati Abdullah
Visualizing UiTM Perlis Staff Directory within Augmented Reality Space
84
Nur Farah Izzati Abdullah, Mohammad Hafiz Ismail1, Shukor Sanim Mohd Fauzi, Sharfa Najwa Haji
Salim
S4NGRID: Developing Computational Grid
85
Nur Aizzah binti Abdullah1, Nur Adilah binti Abd. Razak, Nur Solehah binti Rasali,
Nor Zarina binti Talib, Syafnidar binti Abdul Halim
CHARACTERIZATION OF Sn-3.5Ag-1.0Cu-Xni LEAD FREE SOLDER (X=
0,0.05,0.2,0.5) Via POWDER METALLURGY
86
Noor Asikin Ab Ghani 1, Iziana Yahya, Nor Aishah Jasli, Saidatulakmar Shamsuddin, Ramani
Mayappan
Physical Characterization of Sn-3.5Ag-1.0Cu-xZn (x: 0, 0.1, 0.4, 0.7) Lead-free
Solder Prepared via Powder Metallurgy Method
87
Iziana Yahya1, Nor Asikin Ab Ghani, Nor Aishah Jasli, Hamidi Abd Hamid, Ramani Mayappan
Potential and Characterization of Refused Derived Fuel (RDF) from Paper and Plastic
Waste by Using Dry Leaves as a Binder
88
Fiviana Nuri Anak Clement1, Zulhafizal Othman2, Mohd Lias Kamal1
Collaborative Virtual System for Learning Programming (CVSL)
89
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Siti Fatimah Mohd Azmi1, Mahfudzah Othman, Amirah Mohamed Shahiri
The Effect of Ag Addition on Intermetallic Formation in the (Sn-8Zn-3Bi)-1Ag/Cu
Solder Joint
90
Nor Aishah Jasli1, Iziana Yahya2, Noor Ashikin Ab Ghani3, Ramani Mayappan4, Hamidi Abd Hamid4
GIS Approach for Improving the UiTM's (Perlis) Room Management
91
Zulikha Ruzuan, Azmawati Ariffin, Ernieza Suhana Mokhtar, Khairulazhar Zainuddin
PAZO Smart Conductive Biodegradable Composites
92
Wan Nurul Syaza Wan Nawai1, Razif Muhammed Nordin, Saidatulakmar Shamsuddin, Siti Aisah
Hamzah and Nur Assakila Ramli
Great Step towards Realizing High Efficiency Proton-Conducting SOFC
93
Abdullah Abdul Samat1, Noor Zarina Baderisham, Mohd Razali Mohd Toop,
Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak, Nafisah Osman
A Preliminary Study on Developing One Stop Centre of Information for
Accomodation in Perlis
94
Nor Azlan Yusof, Muhammad Azim Mohd Yusoff, Ernieza Suhana Mokhtar, Siti Maryam Abdul Wahab
Charger HangerPRO
95
Nor Farihah Zainurin Lokman1, Noorsyafini Abdullah, Shamira Azmi, Norshamshina Mat Isa, Azrul
Abdullah
Smoke Shooter: Introducing Danger of Smoking to School Children with Persuasive
Technology
96
Nor Fariza Yahya, Mohammad Hafiz Ismail, Arifah Fasha Rosmani, Anis Mulezuana binti Rozi, Siti
Aminah binti Abdullah
Potential of Tree Bark as Pollutant Bio-indicator
97
Muhamad Fares Ameran1, Zaini Yusoff, Md Lias Kamal, Wan Ezaq Munir Wan Sazali
Green Coconut Fiber Natural Oil Absorbent
98
Mohd Norhisyam Mohd Mokhtar1, Razif Muhammed Nordin, Nik Noriman Zulkepli, Hafiz
Muhyiddin, Abdul Kadir Mohd Aini
Potential of Tetracera Indica (Mempelas paya @ minyak) Non Volatile Extract as
Antibacterial and Antioxidant Agent
99
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Muhammad Hafizie Zamani1, Noor Asikin Ab. Ghani, Rizana Yusof, Roziana Mohamed Hanaphi
ReTco: Rule-based Model for Effective Team Composition
100
Mazni Omar1, Sharifah Lailee Syed Abdullah, Naimah Mohd Hussin
Forest Stocking By Using Satellite Image in Perak
101
Muhammad Nur Azizi Mohd Azri1, Zuraihan Mohamad,
Masayu Norman, Muhammad Zulhaniss Jamion
Fun Park Mapping
102
Shamil Aiman Mohammad Ghazali1,Mohd Helmi Jaffri, Muhammad Amirul Ariff Abu Hashim,Masayu
Hj Norman, Zuraihan Mohamad,
IPv6 Deployment: Securing an Enterprise Network using Decentralized Distributed
Security Policy (DDSP) System
103
Wan Nor Ashiqin Wan Ali1, ‘Abidah Hj Mat Taib, Mohammad Hafiz Ismail, Mohd Raziff Rosdi,
Athirah Rosli
E-Financial Analysis
104
Mohd Nazuan bin Wagiman, Muhammad Hafizi bin Abdullah, Rabiatul Adawiah bt Ismail,
Muhammad Azizi bin Mohd Ariffin, Sharifah Lailee Syed Abdullah
Valuation of Watershed Services
105
Muhammad Amartur Rahman Zainal Abidin, Muhammad Muzammil Mohamad Nizar1, Muhammad
Fakhruddin Bin Roslan, Masayu Norman, Zuraihan Mohamad
GIS Application in Measuring the Carbon Stock
106
Muhammad Muzammil Mohamad Nizar1, Muhammad Amartur Rahman Zainal Abidin, Muhammad
Amri Bin Mohd Pouzi, Masayu Norman, Zuraihan Mohamad
Risk Assessment Mechanism Using Threat Model in IPv6 Deployment
107
Athirah Rosli1, ‘Abidah Hj, Mat Taib, Wan Nor Ashiqin Wan Ali, Syafnidar Abdul Halim
E-ABC Machine
108
Norjuhaida bt Amran, Khumaini bt Nordin, Zarifah Liyana bt Zahir Affandi, Siti Nor Asikin bt
Khamis, Dr. Sabri Nayan (Supervisor)
ANTICANCER FROM GRASS
Farzana Binti Abd Hamid1, Muhammad Izzuddin Bin Harun, Faridah Hanum Hj Badrun, Zailuddin
109
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Bin Ariffin
Foldable Daily Hanger1.0
110
Mohd Faizz Abdul Manap1, Muhammad Fahmi Duad, Azrul Abdullah, Norshamshina Mat Isa
Neo Multipurpose Sport Shoes
111
Ayuni Nabilla Saidi, Shahrul Redza Zahid, Saiful Adilin Khairuddin, Arif Afandi Wisman Sikumbang,
Ahmad Dzulkarnain Ismail
Sonic Accurate Standing Broad Jump
112
Mohamad Syafiq Fadzilan, Nor Afizah Amran, Nur Fitri Hidayah Basri, Ahmad Dzulkarnain Ismail,
Azzura Kamarudin
Alby Stork Stand Project
113
Mohd Faizal Ismail, Nur Ain Liyana Zaheed, Nurul Fa'eqa Razak, Ahmad Dzulkarnain Ismail,
Radzliyana Radzuwan
Box Foot
114
Muhammad Hakim Hilmi Muhmad Asri, Norshahidayah Badlishah, Mohd Fitri Ihasan, Ahmad
Dzulkarnain Ismail, Harris Kamal Kamaruddin
Stylo Flexiber
115
Asyril Syazwan Itamta, Ahmad Dzulkarnain Ismail, Muhammad Hafiz Ahamed, Muhammad Zabidi
Zoulkifli, Harris Kamal Kamaruddin
Eco Sustainable Green Fiber Paper
116
Siti Fatimah Hani Hamid1, Razif Muhammed Nordin, Basharudin Abd Hadi, Siti Aisah Hamzah and
Nur Assakila Ramli
OE (Ostrich Egg) POWDER
117
Jamirul Syafiq Jamil1 , Mohd Hanis Mansor, Mahfuzah Husna Zulkifli, Nurul Ain Othman
Supercritical Fluids: A New Technique of Cerate-Zirconate Powder Production
118
Najwa ‘Adni Ibarahim1, Siti Nurlia Ali, Nur Athirah Abdullah,
Nafisah Osman, Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak
Periodic Boundary Value Problems for Systems of First-Order Differential Equations
with Impulses
119
Huda Salmi Ahmad1, Mesliza Mohamed
Potential of Supercritical Fluid Extraction on Different Ripening Stages of Jatropha
Curcas Linn (JCL)
120
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Mohammad Fariz Yusop1, Siti Nurlia Ali, Siti Nur Ain Mohd Hassan, Khudzir Ismail, Mohd Azlan
Mohd Ishak
TinyHide – A Steganographic Tool for Information Hiding in Images
121
Wan Nurul Husna Mohd Pauzi, Mohammad Hafiz Ismail1, Muhamad Arif Hashim, Siti Muliani
Muhamad, Nur Amira Liyana Ahmad Kamil
Bio-Oil Production from Pyrolysis of Sawdust
122
Siti Nur Ain Mohd Hassan1, Mohd Abdillah Said, Mohd Norhisham Serdi, Zaidi Ab. Ghani,
Muhammad 'Azim Jamaluddin
Utilization of Malaysian Metakaolin in the production of High Performance Concrete
(HPC)
123
Muhd Norhasri Muhd Sidek1, Amir Khomeiny Ruslan1, Mohd Fadzil Arshad2, Megat Azmi Megat
Johari3, Mohd Zaid Yusof3
Microwave-assisted pyrolysis of palm kernel shell : Effect of microwave power
levels on the fractional yields and char quality
124
Muhammad ‘Azim Jamaluddin1, Khudzir Ismail, Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak, Zaidi Ab Ghani, Mohd
Fariz Yusop
EM-Passport
125
Ahmad Rashdan bin Mohamed1, Ainaa Hazwani binti Razak, Siti Quraisyiah binti Rosli, Nor Izayu
binti Ibrahim
Vending Machine (Slippers) SLIPPERLICIOUS
126
Nurzamzarina Amani Bt Basri, Robiah Bt Alias, Nur Fatihah Mohd Zaimi ,
Norzilawaty Bt Mamat
Performance Analysis of Packet Transfer in Ipv4/Ipv6 Network Using Dual Stack
Mechanism with Hybrid Topologies
127
Sharifah Nurzarah Hanis Syed Mohsin, Iman Hazwam Abd Halim, Norhamizah Kus Othman, Suzwani
Ismail
Analyzing the Impact of Image Processing Technique on Watermarked Fingerprint
Image
128
Norhamizah Kus Othman, Iman Hazwam Abd Halim, Sharifah Nurzarah Hanis Syed Mohsin, Suzwani
Ismail
eSchool : Web-based Portal for School Community using AJAX Technology
Haizum Hasan1, Azmi Abu Seman, Norfiza Ibrahim
129
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
THE EFFECT OF THE STEGANOGRAPHIC TECHNIQUES ON BMP IMAGE
USING LSB METHOD
130
Suzwani Binti Ismail, Iman Hazwam Bin Abd. Halim, Sharifah Nurzarah Hanis Binti Syed Mohsin,
Norhamizah Binti Kus Othman, Nur Atiqah Binti Ibrahim
Positive Solutions to a Singular Second Order Boundary Value Problem
131
Wan Ashraf Wan Azmi1, Dr. Mesliza Mohamed, Osman Omar
Production of Biochar from Pyrolysis of Sawdust
132
Eda Nurhidayu Abdullah1, Mohd Norhisham Serdi, Zaidi Ab Ghani, Mohd Abdillah Said
Production of Bio-ethanol: Optimization by Using Response Surface Methodology
133
Ernie Widhyharti Ismanto1, Zaidi Ab Ghani, Azanudin Shafii, Mohd Norhisyam Mohd Mokhtar
Antibacterial Activity in Aromatic Mango (Harum Manis) Leaves Extract
134
Nor Balqis Shafie1, Bushro Abd Halim, Khalydamurni Mohd Khalid, Anis Syafiqah Ayob, Roziana
Mohamed Hanaphi
Potential Value of Methanolic Extract from Mango Leaves (Chok Anan variety)
135
Izwan Mohamed Adam1, Afifah Sahidan, Mas Athira Johari, ‘Alia Mohd Zukri, Nur Siti Fatimah
Bukhori, Roziana Mohamed Hanaphi
Innovative Automatic Portable Sprinkle (Auto-Sprinkle)
136
Muhamad Hafees Bin Rosli1, En.Basharudin Abdul Hadi1, En. Mohamad Khairri Bin Arshad1,
Muhamad Majidee Bin Rajhan1, Mohd Hafrizam Bin Johari1
SMART PSYCHROMETRIC CHART (SPiC)
137
Muhamad Majidee Bin Rajhan1, En. Basharudin Abdul Hadi1, Miss Herda Balqis Ismail1, Muhamad
Hafees Bin Rosli1 & Ainil Hawa Bt Sarani2
MANGO SEED ACTIVATED CARBON (MAC) AS POTENTIAL HEAVY
METAL ABSORBENT
138
Nor Shafika Mohd Mazlan1, Zaini Yusoff, Non Daina Masdar
DRYING WARDROBE
139
Syafiq Sazali1, Basharudin Abdul Hadi1, Nor Aminmin Bt Khalid2, Fazwan Zainal1 & Darulnaim Che
Dollah1
Lamp PU
Ahmad Farid bin Ahmad Zaki11, En.Basharudin bin Abdul Hadi1, Pn. Sharifah Zaliha Bt Syed Zuber1,
140
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Mohamad Radhi bin Seman1 & Mohamad Azim bin Noordin1
Car Purchasing Decision Aid (CPDA)
141
Siti Sarah Md Ilyas1, Norfiza Ibrahim, Nur Shazwana Shamshudin
Flotation Technique using Potassium Amyl Xanthate as Collector- A New Safe and
Efficient Technique to Remove Sulphur Impurities from Tin Ore
142
Syarifah Rozita Sayed Aluwee1, Zaini Yusoff1, Ismail Ibrahim2
Positive Periodic Solutions of Singular First Order Functional Difference Equation
143
Osman Omar1, Dr. Mesliza Mohamed, Wan Ashraf Wan Azmi
Performance of Pt|BCZYb|Pt as Electrolyte for Future Proton Conducting Fuel Cell
(PCFC)
144
Mohd Razali Mohd Toop1, Abdullah Abdul Samat, Noor Zarina Baderisham, Nafisah Osman, Hamidi
Abdul Hamid
Potential Value of Methanolic Extract from Mango Leaves (Chok Anan variety)
145
Izwan Mohamed Adam1, Afifah Sahidan, ‘Alia Mohd Zukri, Nur Siti Fatimah Bukhori, Roziana
Mohamed Hanaphi
Cognitive Radio (CR)-based Technique for Future Wireless LAN
146
Rafiza Ruslan, Syaharida Mohd Shaari, Samirah Nasuha Mohd Razali,
Nor Aishah Mohd Nor, Nor Maheran Mohd Nadzari
SMART STORAGE
147
Mohammad Amirruddin Bin Omar, Muhammad Ashraf Bin Samsudin, Mohammad Faris Bin Mazlan,
Mohamad Nornaim Bin Mohamad Kamal
Vertical Fixed-Bed Reactor
148
Abd Qayum Abd Rahim1, Muhammad ‘Azim Jamaluddin, Zaidi Ab Ghani, Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak
X-Trunks Extension
149
Muhammad Harris Sharuddin, Muhammad Izzat Che Pa, Muhammad Akram Mat Radzi, Ahmad
Dzulkarnain Ismail, Muhammad Fauzan Hassan
Campus Wireless Network Deployment byUsing Wireless Mesh Network
Technologies
Tuan Ahmad Naufal Ku Hamzah1, Mohd Hafeez Johari,
150
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Mohd Mahazir Bin Hassan Basri, Alif Zulhimi Bin Zainal Abidin
FAS Shoe Wheel
151
Fatin Hanani Othman1, Nor’ Ain Ismail, Syazana Amira Norsalihin, Norshamshina Mat Isa, Azrul
Abdullah
Car Purchasing Decision Aid (CPDA)
152
Siti Sarah Md Ilyas1, Norfiza Ibrahim, Nur Shazwana Shamshudin
Tablet Purchasing Recommender System (TPRS)
153
Nur Shazwana Shamshudin1, Norfiza Ibrahim, Siti Sarah Md Ilyas
4 in 1 Portable Scale Bar and Artificial Target
154
Ismail Ma’arof1, Khairil Afendy Hashim1, Abd Manan Abd Samad2
An Effective Method in Recording Historical Building, Sites & Monuments
155
Khairil Afendy Hashim1 , Ismail Ma’arof1, Abd Manan Abd Samad2
Quality Palm Kernel Shell Char from
Microwave-assisted Pyrolysis
156
Muhammad ‘Azim Jamaluddin, Zaidi Ab. Ghani, Mohd Fauzi Abdullah, Khudzir Ismail and Mohd
Azlan Mohd Ishak
Potential of Rubber Seed Pericarp for Activated Carbon
via Microwave Irradiation Technique
Mohd Iqbaldin Mohd Nayai, Nur Amirah Mohamed Anawa, Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak and Khudzir
Ismail
157
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Assalamualaikum and Salam Satu Malaysia.
Good morning! Today, I feel very honoured to be present and to address all of you in the opening
ceremony of IID Perlis 2012.
Ladies and gentlemen,
Seeing another series of IID taking place on campus is a moment all of us should savour and enjoy. If
you take a quick glance at the number of posters around you, I am sure you will agree with me that UiTM
Perlis has come a long way in terms of participation in inventions, innovations and designs expositions.
Congratulations and thank you to the Division of Research and Industrial Linkage and the organizing
committee of IID Perlis 2012. Without your efforts, this event would not have materialised. My heartfelt
congratulations also go to the participants. You have proven not only to yourselves, but also the others in
UiTM Perlis and UiTM that you are indeed a special breed.
It is hoped that this event, in the future, will be able to draw greater participation not only from the staff
but also the students. IID is an avenue where you can get your innovative ideas promoted. It also fosters
collaboration among the UiTM Perlis and UiTM community: the academic and non-academic staff, the
academic staff and students, the intradepartment or intrafaculty staff as well as the interdepartment or
interfaculty staff. Where else could find such a great and promising avenue? You do not only compete for
awards; but also mingle to share thoughts and develop a network of contacts. This is indeed an apt
platform for sparking people‟s interest in inventions, innovations and designs.
I see lots of great ideas around me. It is my wish that most of them will secure opportunity for
commercialisation soon. This will benefit not only the UiTM Perlis and UiTM community, but the society
at large too.
Once again, I would like to extend my gratitude to all of you here, the organizing committee and
participants, for supporting and promoting the growth in inventions, innovations and designs agenda of
UiTM Perlis. Hopefully, your innovations, invention and designs can help us live a better life in the
future.
Professor Dr Hj Khudzir Hj Ismail
Rector
UiTM Perlis
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate and Merciful,
Ladies and gentlemen,
I am greatly honoured and pleased to welcome all of you to the opening ceremony of IID Perlis 2012. It is
indeed a great pleasure to witness the presence of a large crowd to the opening of the prestigious UiTM
Perlis yearly event, the IID. UiTM Perlis has long aspired to be a renowned learning organization which
encourages its staff and students to be innovative and creative. It is the hope of UiTM Perlis that more of
its citizens will share its aspiration and embark on inventions, innovations and designs.
IID is a very much anticipated event because it provides an avenue in which UiTM innovators and
creative thinkers can challenge themselves to put their best ideas forward and build a better future
together. It is not easy to make all of these possible. With great pleasure, I would like to congratulate all
the IID Perlis 2012 participants for taking this challenge. I applaud their courage, diligence and resilience.
They have proven that our university is indeed in its way to becoming a hub of innovation and creativity.
It is hoped that this competition which brings the intellects together; will bring insights, pave ways for a
more creative future and make the impossible possible. Through my observation, a great number of these
inventions, innovations and designs will soon be patented and commercialized. This marks the success of
the great brains of UiTM Perlis. The success is hoped to trigger off the creation of more innovators and
thinkers who will participate in future innovations and inventions events.
My hearfelt congratulations also go to the organizing committee for their efforts in making the IID Perlis
2012 a success. I believe that this event is a cornerstone of the development of an innovative and creative
society in UiTM Perlis.
Thank you.
Associate Professor Dr Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak
Deputy Rector
Research & Industrial Linkage
Universiti Teknologi MARA (Perlis)
ii
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
IID PERLIS 2012 ORGANIZING COMMITTEE
PATRON
Prof Dr Hj Khudzir Hj Ismail
(Rector of UiTM Perlis)
ADVISORS
Assoc Prof Dr Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak
Dr Nafisah Osman
CHAIRMAN
Mohammad Hafiz Ismail
SECRETARY
Arifah Fasha Rosmani
Hanisah Ahmad
TREASURY
Norshamshina Mat Isa
JUDGING/AUDIT COMMITTEE
Dr Hasnun Nita Ismail
Dr Mesliza Mohamed
Prof Madya Rohana Alias
Dr Ramani Mayappan
Azrul Abdullah
PUBLICATION COMMITTEE
Surina Nayan
Latisha Asmaak Shafiee
iii
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
LOGISTICS & TECHNICAL COMMITTEE
Zaidi Ab Ghani
Mohd Hafiz Yaacob
Fazril Izhar Mohd Idris
Ahmad Dzulkarnain Ismail
AWARDS & SOUVENIER COMMITTEE
Nor Arzami Othman
Teoh Yoeng Kin
Zulaiha Ahmad
Ernieza Suhana
REGISTRATION COMMITTEE
Zulhafizal Othman
Nurjuhanah Juhari
Noor Azura Zainuddin
Nik Azlina Nik Abdullah
Mohd Fauzi Abdullah
WEB / ICT
Azmi Abu Seman
Tajul Rosli Razak
RECEPTION COMMITTEE
Siti Zulaiha Ahmad
Syafnidar Abdul Halim
iv
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
STAFF CATEGORY :
Abstract 7
CAPD eBook: Multimedia Application for Renal Patients
Arifah Fasha Rosmani1, Siti Zulaiha Ahmad, Mohammad Hafiz Ismail, Rashidah Ramle,
Nurul Fatahiyah Shalahudin
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-4354336
ABSTRACT
CAPD eBook is designated for renal patients who undergo CAPD as their dialysis method. It is a
multimedia application that is developed as a guide for renal patients on how to perform Continuous
Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD) in their daily life. The application embraces multimedia
elements such as text, animation, audio, and graphics to ease renal patients in the learning process.
Additionally, this multimedia application is specifically designed to support the patients in their
CAPD training process and to assist in learning and performing CAPD as a way to remove waste
from their body. It can be easily used by nurses, patients and family members in order to assist
patients in their learning process and can be easily implemented in a hospital especially in CAPD
Unit or at home for training purposes. CAPD eBook blends elements of interactive multimedia with
Persuasive Technology where it can aids renal patients through a series of multimedia interaction on
the CAPD processes and helps to instill interests and motivation for renal patients in their CAPD
training.
1
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 9
Write Perfect - Dyslexic Assistive Writing Aid
Siti Zulaiha Ahmad1, Siti Aishah Mustafar, Hawa Mohd Ekhsan, Arifah Fasha Rosmani, Umi
Hanim Mazlan
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-6160477
ABSTRACT
Write Perfect is an interactive multimedia application specifically designed to assist dyslexia
children who have learning difficulties especially in writing. It has been developed to assist them
in enhancing their writing skills and techniques. The inclusion of writing techniques visualization
and a series of interactive activities enable the dyslexics to experience an effective learning
process. The application integrates multimedia elements such as graphics, audio, animations and
texts that well-suited with dyslexic special needs. Write Perfect is constructed with two main
modules; 1) Writing Technique, and 2) Writing Activity. Writing Technique module consists of
four different writing levels to expose them with different range of difficulties, whereas Writing
Activity module consists of various activities to develop and enhance their writing skills. As an
alternative writing aid, Write Perfect provides an interactive environment with user friendly
design, which could attract dyslexics to have fun while learning and improve their writing. Write
Perfect is suitable for dyslexic in early stage of their learning process and nevertheless, it is also
suited for pre-schooler to initiate their writing activity. It can be easily used by special education
teachers and parents either at home or in school settings as an education tool.
2
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 14
Comprehensive Wellness Program
Saidatulakmar Shamsuddin1, Norasyikin Abdullah Fahami 2, Surina Nayan3,
Latisha Asmaak Shafie4, Zulkafli Mansor 5
Faculty of Applied Science1,
Faculty of Business Management2
Academy of Language studies 3,
Academy of Language Studies4,
Faculty of Business Management5,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-4143103
ABSTRACT
University teaching staffs are engulfed with workplace demands which cause them to forego their
well-being. Thus, most of them find themselves debilitating with high-blood pressure, heart
attack, diabetes and other diseases. Comprehensive Wellness Program (CWP) aims to make
wellness as an organization‟s culture. It emphasises on the importance of wellness in contributing
to efficient and productive workforce. CWP encompasses activities focussing on spiritual, mental
and physical health which are imperative to well-being of workforce. This program is unique as it
combines community-based service and health activities by involving groups of entrepreneurs,
disabled people and government healthcare providers together with the teaching staff. This
program empowers the disabled, entrepreneurs and government healthcare providers by
contributing their skills to the teaching staff and the teaching staff are able to reciprocate. The
program recognizes the university‟s expertise by recruiting its own staff to conduct and share their
expertise in the area of spiritual, mental and physical health. The findings of this program indicate
the program is well-received by the teaching staff and could be implemented to the rest of the
campus community and society as a whole.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 15
Bag-X to School Exercise
Syed Shahbudin Syed Omar1, Raja Muhammad Firhad Raja Azidin, Hashbullah Ismail,
Muhammad Fauzan Hassan, Hosni Hasan
Faculty of Sport Science and Recreation,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019 409 5337
ABSTRACT
Recently, Malaysia has been reported as the highest obesity rate in Southeast Asia and rank sixth in Asia-Pacific
region (Bernama report, 2011). With the increase in prevalence of obesity and inactivity amongst children and
adolescents, focus should be centered on the preventive efforts in childhood obesity, with its associated comorbid conditions in childhood and likelihood of persistence into adulthood. Since children spent their majority
of their time in school, therefore it does make sense that school should be the avenue to provide an environment
that promotes physical activity behavior. School should also provide physical and social environment that
encourage and enable young people to engage in a safe and enjoyable structured exercise program (Maso,
2005). The aim of this project is to develop a 'no-frills, versatile, cheap and mobile' functional exercise program
which utilized school bags as the main tool. An integrated whole body multi-planar movement will be used to
enhance muscles and bones growth, reduce fats and generate higher calories expenditure. The main outcome of
this project is an exercise prescription guidelines manual book and instructional video.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 17
Bird Flu Diagnosis Using Fuzzy Expert
Tajul Rosli B. Razak1, Mahmod B. Othman2, Mohd Nazari bin Abu Bakar3
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, UiTM (Perlis)
Faculty of Applied Sciences, UiTM (Perlis)
[email protected]
017-5948303
ABSTRACT
This project proposed a system to diagnose bird flu or avian influenza disease using hybrid techniques which is
a combination of expert system and fuzzy logic. A doctor is a domain expert for this project to obtain data about
bird flu disease. The expert system converted the information obtained from a doctor into a rule based and then
stored in the knowledge based. Fuzzy inference engine is develop to detect whether the patients has a bird flu
disease infection or not. This system provides many benefited to both sides. The doctor‟s burden can be reduced
while the patients can have their consultation hour at anytime. This application contributes to reliable results
diagnosis the disease and it can be installed at open places for public used. It is user friendly and most
importantly can be used by users to self diagnosed without any assistant.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 18
Intelligent Mango Grading System (i-ManGoeS)
Mahmod B. Othman1, Mohd Nazari bin Abu Bakar2, Tajul Rosli B. Razak3
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences1, UiTM (Perlis)
Faculty of Applied Sciences2, UiTM (Perlis)
[email protected]
016-5940250
ABSTRACT
Mango is the third most important fruit product next to pineapple and banana in term of value and volume of
production. There are demands for this fresh fruit from both local and foreign market. However, mangoes
grading by humans in agricultural setting are inefficient, labor intensive and prone to errors. Automated grading
system not only speeds up the time of the process but also minimize error. Therefore, there is a need for an
efficient mango grading method to be developed. In this project, we proposed and implement methodologies and
algorithms that utilize digital image processing and fuzzy image analysis to determine the grade of local mango
production in Perlis. The main contribution of this project is on a design and development of system application
that implements an efficient algorithm for detecting and sorting the mango. The experimental result of this
project show comparable to the human expert grading. This project is significant and contributes to the
perspective of new knowledge on fuzzy image clustering model and can be adapted to the other fruit such as
apples, pineapples and banana.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 25
e-evaluator
Noriza Abd.Razak1, Latisha Asmaak Shafie, Surina Nayan, Nor Hayati Othman,
Jamal Othman2
Academy of English Language Studies 1,
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences2
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-5108910
ABSTRACT
MUET was introduced to evaluate the English language proficiency among those who plan to pursue tertiary
education at all Malaysian public universities and selected academic institutions in Singapore. This is a
mandatory test intended for those planning to undertake degree courses. Normally, candidates for MUET are not
only among school students but also adult learners who wish to improve their academic qualifications. These
independent candidates do not have the privilege to attend MUET preparatory classes or be informed of the
latest format of the test, before making an attempt at it. Having them in mind, this project, e-evaluator is set to
develop an easy- to -use software that allows these candidates to take responsibility of their own learning and at
the same time provides the experience of taking the real test. This project concentrates on MUET 800/3
(Reading) since this component carries the largest percentage (40%) of the whole test and it can give a
substantial influence on the total grade band. Independent candidates can practice the materials given in the
package, review the answers and get instant scores of the skill measured, wherever and whenever they like.
Through many MUET workshops and deep observations, facilitators noticed that candidates have difficulties
and are de-motivated when doing practices using the conventional method of reading practice. So, with eevaluator candidates can do away with textbook and can still participate in active learning with the help of
technology. This software allows the candidates to check their level of mastery upon completion of the
exercise, based on the score received thus enabling them to predict their MUET band. These independent
candidates, who also function as independent learners, may find it more stimulating to use interactive material
like e-evaluator as it enhances their confidence, motivates them and be more prepared to face the test. The
introduction of e-evaluator is very much in line with the idea promoted by Constructivist theorists who believe
that learning is accomplished best using a hands-on-approach. So far, interactive software for MUET has not
been invented to help independent learners to manage and monitor their own progress in reading performance.
The project can be commercialized with the inclusion of other MUET components such as listening, speaking
and writing. Profit generated through the invention of this software will greatly benefits UiTM .The software
can be used by students in schools, candidates in higher institutions or individuals who wish to continue their
study to the degree level.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 35
Characteristics of Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) Produce
from Paper and Plastic Wastes and the
Potential of Rice Straw as A Binder
Hazwa Hashim1, Zulhafizal Othman2, Mohd Lias Kamal1
Faculty of Applied Sciences1, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
Faculty of Civil Engineering2, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
017-2555204
ABSTRACT
It is noted that integrated waste management systems are one of the greatest challenges in order to
develop the green environment. In this research, the samples of paper and plastic waste are mix with
rice straw that act as a binder to produce Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF). In order to identify the
optimum ratio of RDF, 45 number of samples was prepared. The parameters being studied are
moisture content, carbon content, sulfur content, chlorine content and calorific value. Samples are
divided into 3 ratios which are 3:1, 3:1.5 and 3:2. Result indicated that sample 1 with ratio 3:1 give
the optimum ratio with the values of the carbon content 50.88%, moisture content 5.49%, chlorine
content 0.0049%, sulfur content 2.08% and calorific value is 29.0 MJ/kg. Hence, this samples ratio
has a great potential to produce refuse derived fuel (RDF) for application purpose.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 42
Optimum Design for Reinforced Soil Foundation (RSF) Surface Strip Footing on Double Layer System
Siti Fatimah Sadikon1, Norshafa Elyza Muha, Nurjuhanah Juhari, Herda Balqis Ismail
Faculty of Civil Engineering,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
ABSTRACT
It is common to see shallow foundations built on top of existing cohesive soil deposits resulting in
low bearing capacity and/or excessive settlement problems. These problems cause structural
damage, reduction in the durability, and/or deterioration in the performance level. Hence, to avoid
these from happening, we can either replace part of the weak cohesive soil by an adequately thick
layer of stronger granular fill, or to increase the dimensions of the footing, or a combination of
two. An alternative and more economical solution is the use of reinforced soil foundation (RSF).
This can be done by either reinforcing cohesive soil directly or replacing the poor soils with
stronger granular fill in combination with geosynthethics reinforcement. In this study, the
behaviour of strip footings resting on subsoil consisting of a reinforced-granular fill layer
overlying a low bearing capacity soil was investigated. A series of finite element (FE) analysis
based on Updated Lagrangian formulation were performed on a prototype model of both
reinforced and unreinforced foundations. Particular emphasis is paid on the fill and soft soil
strength, thickness of fill layer, reinforcement configuration, reinforcement length and stiffness.
The method of analysis was verified by comparison with solution obtained by previous studies
and analytical solution. The results of this study showed that the reinforcement had a
considerable effect on the ultimate bearing capacity and settlement performance of the strip
foundations. Based on the result, the optimum design criteria for reinforced soil foundation were
proposed in order to assist the practitioners in achieving the optimum system performance in their
design.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 38
Regi-Myst: Mobile Tracking System Tool for Registered
Mail
Iman Hazwam Abd. Halim1, Muhamad Arif Hashim, Jiwa Noris Hamid
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-5783744
ABSTRACT
The delay in receipt of registered mail by the recipient in UiTM Perlis due to the lack of tools to
track the status of the registered mail availability has become one of the major problems in these
present days. The need of one tool that is fast and secure to track the shipment status of the
registered mail for UiTM Perlis citizens has become the main concern of this project. The
objective of this project is to produce a registered mail mobile tracking system tool (Regi-Myst)
that enables the user to track their registered mail shipment status anytime and anywhere by only
using their mobile devices without having to repeatedly go to the Administration Office just to
check their registered mail shipment status. The Regi-Myst consists of three main parts;
administrator site, mobile client and the registered mail information database. The administrator
site and the mobile client is developed using PHP scripting language and MySQL database is used
to store the mail information. The outcome of this project is a prototype of a Registered Mail
Tracking System which will enable the user to track their registered mail shipment status by just
accessing the mobile application using their mobile devices such as smart phones.
10
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 45
Practical C & CT Guidelines
Azizan Kassim1, Dr Shaiful Annuar Khalid, Ima Illyani Hj Ibrahim,
Rozihana Sheikh Zain, Nor Farehan Omar
Faculty of Business Management,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-4779793
ABSTRACT
Creative and Critical Thinking (MGT312) subject was introduced in Universiti Teknologi Mara
since 2010. The course aims to assist students to adapt to the demands of university education and
careers in the 21st century by allowing students to become familiar with using the skills of critical
and creative thinking. Since the introduction of the course, a lot of quarries and demand on how
to teach the course effectively base on syllabus. Lectures who teach the subject from all UiTM
system want a proper guideline and assessment techniques to be developed so that teaching of
this course can follow a common standard. The objectives of the project is to produce a C &CT
Guideline which will be able to help lecturer in class.. The C&CT Guideline will cover four major
areas of the syllabus requirement. The C&CT Guideline will include student assignments and
assessments guidelines. The outcome of the project is to produce a C&CT Manual that can benefit
lecturers and students.
11
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 46
Ethnomathematics of Malay World:
Determination the Direction of Qibla
Azlan Mohd Daham1, Teoh Yeong Kin, Rohana Dollah, Suzanawati Abu Hasan,
Nurmaizatulhanim Othman
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis.
[email protected]
013-4145703
ABSTRACT
Ethnomathematics is the study about the relationship between mathematics and cultures. One of
its areas is to determine the direction of Qibla. Determination of Qibla is vital in fulfilling the
religious worship such as performing Solat. The objective of this project is to analyze and identify
the model available in order to determine the direction of Qibla accurately. This project consists
of three parts; identify the available models, analyze the available models and determine the best
and most accurate model. The outcome of this project can be converted into software which is
able to display live and updated through a special device or mobile.
12
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 47
Let’s Build WORDS
Anis Maesin1 , Mahani Mansor
Academy of English Language Studies,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-5196900
ABSTRACT
A very common hurdle that second language learners of English face is the problems of not being
able to understand what they listen to, read, and not being able to express their ideas and feeling
when they write and/or speak. All these are because they have limited vocabulary. As a result,
many students are not able to perform effectively in the four skills of speaking, listening, reading
and writing when using English. This apparently puts them in a disadvantage position compared
to their peers who are more proficient in the language. This project aims to develop a user-friendly
technique of playing a word-building game that will enable language instructors to encourage
students to learn more English words through a fun and motivating method. Through this
technique, students can play the game regardless of the size of the class. Due to its simplified
method of preparing for and playing the game, all students can now enjoy building words which
will enable them to increase their vocabulary and improve their performance in English. This idea
will lead to a creation of a board game that will cater for Malaysian students‟ needs and interests
that could be used widely in schools and learning institutions.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 48
i-IQRA': Multimedia Application for Iqra’ Learning
Norfiza Ibrahim1 , Arifah Fasha Rosmani
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-4354336
ABSTRACT
i-IQRA' is a multimedia application that has been developed to assist children aged 5 to 8 years
old in learning the Arabic characters. i-IQRA' has been designed based on Iqra' techniques and the
additional significance elements which are the Persuasive Technology and Multimedia Learning
Principles. Persuasive technology is designed to change people's attribute or behaviour whereas
Multimedia Learning Principles is proposed to encourage excellent and competent learning
process. These principles were adapted into this application so as to increase its efficiency and it
has the significant impact in educating the children to learn Iqra‟ effectively. I-IQRA‟ consists of
three different modules to support the learning process which are: (1) Introduction to Arabic
Characters; (2) Reading Arabic Characters, and (3) Quiz. This product provides an alternative way
to persuade children to learn Arabic characters using the Iqra‟ Technique either by themselves or
by the help of their parents at home and with their teacher at school. With this Interactive
Multimedia Application, children are able to improve their ability on Al-Quran recitals.
14
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 49
E-NR(Rumah Sewa)
Sharifah Lailee Syed Abdullah1, Marzukai Ibrahim2 , Khairi Shah Kamal Kumar3, Mohd
Kamal Ariff Azalli4, Razif Muhamed Nordin4
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences1,
Centre of Islamic Thought and Understanding2,
Hal Ehwal Pelajar 3,
Unit Sistem Maklumat Bersepadu4,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-481 5400
ABSTRACT
Students prefer to rent properties within the universities vicinity. New students often face
challenges when looking for properties to rent. These challenges can be in the form of
unscrupulous house owners, uninhabitable housing conditions or unsafe environments. Previous
complaints from students showed that some unscrupulous house owners provide lower standard
house condition but charging 5-star rental and the worst case is advertising posters depicting
houses that are non inexistent. Therefore the objective of this project is to provide information
with visual picture of houses as advertise for rental. By implementing this project, management in
organizations especially universities has the chance to ensure and administer information given by
house owner. Only respectable house owners are permitted to advertise their houses for rental
purposes. The web-based prototype was developed using php and mysql. This project is currently
used in NR unit of HEP UiTM Perlis. The availability of several functions for administrator,
house owners and tenants allow the sharing of valid information, searching and finding of perfect
rental properties that meet the students‟ preference of location, amenity and price.
15
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 50
Juvenile Delinquency Cases Expert System: Providing
Legal Authorities in Decision Making Process
Noorzila Sharif1, Sharifah Lailee Syed Abdullah2, Rusnadewi Abdul Rashid3, Noorazizah
Sharif4
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences1, 2, 4,
Faculty of Law3
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat (Perlis), 01000 Kangar, Perlis5,
[email protected]
012-6831836
ABSTRACT
Habitually, human make decisions based on experiences which is associated with embedded
knowledge. Often, this approach leads to human making different decisions to solve similar
problems. Consequently, discrimination during decision making process often occurred which
lead to frustration and dissatisfaction amongst individual involved in the decision making process.
The scenario described above often happen in our everyday life but it is considered critical in
juvenile delinquency cases. Therefore the objective of this project is to produce an expert system
which will provide compilation of legal authorities (provisions and decided cases) for the
reference of decision makers in juvenile delinquency cases. This is based on rule that like cases
should be treated alike. This expert system use hybrid approach of rule-based reasoning (RBR)
technique and case-based reasoning (CBR) technique to assist in providing the necessary
information to decision makers. The expert system constitutes of 3 elements; knowledge base,
reasoning process and justification technique that work harmoniously and therefore are able to
imitate human thinking. The outcome of this project is a prototype of legal expert system that uses
provisions and decided cases in order to be precedent to a new case. This expert system has the
prospect to be commercialized for all juvenile delinquency court cases and the novelty technique
of integrating legal statutes with precedent cases. The following are the advantages of this system;
(i) certainty – it creates certainty in the law, (ii) fairness – similar cases are treated in similar way,
this is in the interests of justice and fairness and (iii) time saving – it saves court time as for most
situation there is already an existing solution. The experience gained through the development of
juvenile delinquencies expert system will enable future development of new expert system for
other court cases in Malaysia.
16
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 53
Unfired Marine Sediment Brick (UMSeB)
Wan Safizah Wan Salim1, Siti Fatimah Sadikon, Samsuri Mohd Salleh,
Nur Asmaliza Mohd Noor, Mohd Fadzil Arshad
Faculty of Civil Engineering,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-5590421
ABSTRACT
Marine sediments was dredging out of harbour basin just to maintain the sufficient ferry and
shipping channel depth. This Dredged sediment can be classified as waste material and normally
manage by either dumping it back to the ocean or dewatering the sediments and deposit it to the
landfill. An alternative strategy in the marine sediments managements is to turn this waste
material to be a useful product as we propose here, unfired marine sediment brick (UMSeB).
UMSeB is an environmental brick, developed from engineering concept by utilizing the marine
sediment with attention to reduce the problems generated by the materials and introduced
alternative materials and method production to the brick industries. The UMSeB was produced by
mixing the materials at specific mixes proportion, cast and test to satisfy the BS3921. The
properties of marine sediment were identified and the potentiality of utilizing marine sediment in
brick production was determined. From the result obtained, it is initiate that the UMSeB is highly
potential to be produce. With this new product may reduce the demand and extraction of natural
clay.
17
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 56
Decision-Tree Based Model for Predicting Financially
Distressed Company
Hasyeilla Abd Mutalib1, Mohammad Hafiz Ismail2, Teoh Yeong Kin3, Tajul Rosli Razak4
Faculty of Business Management1, 2
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences3, 4, 5
University Teknologi MARA (Perlis)
[email protected]
01749935181
ABSTRACT
All public listed companies in Malaysia are traded on Bursa Malaysia Stock Exchange, which is
managed by Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad. . Although initially these companies may fulfill
listing requirements, changes in the company‟s financial position and business direction over time
may put them into a position that may classify them as financially-distressed company. As the
process of identifying financially-distressed company carries legal weight for Bursa Malaysia, it
is imperative for an automated system to identify potential PN17 companies to be developed. In
this project, we‟ve designed a model for predicting financially-distressed company by comparing
historical liquidity-solvency financial variables from other companies within the same industrial
group as a point for classification. Our prediction model uses J48 pruned trees as it is faster and
more suitable to implement on financial data which uses ratio. The resulting prediction model is
able to predict and classify unhealthy company more accurately when compared to Random Tree.
This prediction model has the benefits of being easy to implement in production environment
where it can be used together with other financial analysis tool to quickly asses and predict
financial status of a company based on its historical data.
18
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 57
UiTMtube: Multimedia Database Application using
Content-Based Searching Technique
Azmi Abu Seman1, Norfiza Ibrahim
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-4563808
ABSTRACT
Multimedia database is categorized as storage that able to store different type of media data such
as videos, audios, images and others. Multimedia data needs special database known as
multimedia database that can manage these type of data efficiently. Currently, multimedia data in
UiTM such as videos, images and audio are kept separately in different departments. Without an
effective database to manage the multimedia data, this type of data will continue to be lost.
UiTMtube acts as storage space that able to store the multimedia data elements systematically by
applying content-based searching as the appropriate searching technique for the various media
data. Besides, there are also raw databases which are in the form of folder that store the media raw
data that can be manage by the administrator such as Course Coordinator as well as departmental
webmaster. By developing UiTMtube, users are able to manage the multimedia data more
effectively and efficiently. Moreover, the application will help users to retrieve the multimedia
data more easily and quickly.
19
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 59
MOSQUE CONGREGATION (MC):
A SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP APPROACH
Kamsol Mohamed Kassim1 , Badrul Hisham Ahmad, Fader Abdullah,
PM Dr Amran Awang , Bahijah Md Hashim
Entrepreneurship Centre,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-5505432
ABSTRACT
The Mosque in Islamic history was the focal point where social and religious activities were
perfectly blended together. However, of late, the concept and role of the mosque also underwent
some changes. Consequently the active and dynamic role the mosque played was reduced to a
place of rituals and worship. In order to revive the mosque at least as a center for community “Mosque is to be converted into a community centre and business starter units.” According
to Chairat et al (2009),failures of community empowering projects particularly for the Muslims in
Thailand was due to mainly ignoring the social capital (social and religious structure). The same
situation occurs in Malaysia. For Muslim communities, there are enough evidences to say that
mosques are only the unshakable foundation for capitalizing community economics resources
center. Thus , is important in transforming it as social entrepreneurship community center due to
its permanent home for Muslims' unity. Entrepreneurial training and coaching will be given to the
identified congregation members of the selected mosque. This project puts forward a view of
social entrepreneurship as a process that catalyzes social change and addresses important social
needs in a way that is not dominated by direct financial benefits for the entrepreneur.
20
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 61
A potential use of a brackish cladoceran (Daphniopsis
australis) as an alternative live food in aquaculture
Hasnun Nita Ismail1, Jian Guang Qin2, Laurent Seuront2
Faculty of Applied Sciences1,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
School of Biological Sciences2
Faculty of Science and Engineering
Flinders University, 5100 South Australia
[email protected]
019-2953761
ABSTRACT
Rapid expansion of fish aquaculture practice around the world has marked an increasing demand
on the supply of live food. Since then, the production of common live food species, Artemia has
been on crisis and unable to support the great demand globally. The objective of this project is to
introduce an alternative live food species, Daphniopsis australis in placed of Artemia. In
comparison to Artemia, this alternative species establishes shorter generation time, greater
reproductive performance, smaller body size and tolerates to a wide range of both temperature and
salinity. The most unique feature is that the female individuals are able to switch their mode of
reproduction between sexual and asexual mode according to culture conditions. Sexual females
are able to produce resting eggs which indicate the ability to keep the live food species of
sustainable stock. The outcome of this project is an identification of the optimal life condition
which enables the greatest production of live food species. Also, this project indicates the ability
to manipulate this population in resting egg production. As advantage, this species can be either
mass cultured under man-made conditions or keep as a preserved live food stock. Finally, an
introduction of Daphniopsis australis as the alternative live food can reduce the dependent on
Artemia as a sole live food in many countries.
21
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 63
Assembly of Carbon Nanotubes via
Soft Template-Based Method
Abd Mutalib Md Jani1 and Siti Hajar Alias
Faculty of Applied Sciences1,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
04-9882278
ABSTRACT
Template synthesis has been shown to be a popular approach for fabricating nanostructured
materials. The advantage of this approach is that it does not require sophisticated instrumentation
and allows the fabrication of uniform sizes of nanomaterials of broad origin with high yield. We
report a simple and facile one-step approach for the preparation of carbon nanotubes (CNTs)
array. Nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) obtained by anodization of aluminum foils
were used as soft template for growing carbon nanotubes which copy the three-dimensional
structure of the nanochannels in the template. A polymer precursor of poly(methyl
methacrylate)(PMMA) is placed on top of an anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) template
containing regular nanopore arrays, and slow heating under nitrogen flow allows the molten
polymer to wet the template through adhesive force. The polymer spread into the nanopores of the
template to form polymer nanotubes. Upon carbonization the carbon nanotubes duplicate the
nanopores morphology precisely. The structure and composition of these carbon nanotubes are
characterized with field emission scanning electron microscopies (FESEM), Raman spectroscopy,
atomic force microscopy (AFM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX).
22
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 64
Fast Notification Services for University Community
Nor Azzyati Hashim1, Shamsudin Md Sarif2, Ahmad Zambri Shahuddin2
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences1,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences2,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor
[email protected]
04-9882830
ABSTRACT
Having effective and efficient communication becomes essential objective in any type of
organization because it is very crucial in today‟s environment. People demand instantaneous
information and exact delivery time or the information easily becomes obsolete. In a university,
communication exists between students, lecturers and administrations community. Members of
this organization find communication is very important for casting news, disseminating
information and promoting knowledge activities between and within the community. With the
advance of technology, various communication devices are changing daily activities in a variety
of ways and these devices make users tend to communicate in different ways. Yet, none of these
devices can guarantee successful communication. The underlying factor why many
communications fail is because each of the users has a media preference. Mismatch of media
preference between sender and receiver of information even makes matter worse. Nonetheless, to
channel everyone to use one type of media seems impossible. This research is presented as a
preliminary study to develop effective and efficient communication system in a university. Four
major communication medium – Short Messages Services (SMS), e-mails, university homepage
and notice boards are identified as important medium that are used for exchanging information in
a university. The idea is to develop a framework for „Notification Service Center‟ that acts as a
portal where an information can be automatically propagated from one application (sender) to
other application devices (receivers) used by the members of the community. It is hoped that
through the framework, it is able to provide notification services that allow fast and timely
information exchange where all the communities in a university can communicate between them
regardless of what are the types of communication devices used by the receivers of the message.
23
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 68
Geo-SMS (Space Management System)
Khairulazhar Zainuddin, Ernieza Suhana Mokhtar
Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-2629039
ABSTRACT
Common problem facing by the campus community is difficult to identify the examination hall as
well as the lecturer‟s room especially for new enrollment since there are no sources of information
that can retrieve quickly. An open source GIS tool is used in this project to develop a web-based
space management system of the buildings in the Universiti Teknologi MARA (Perlis) campus.
Database management system was used to relate spatial and descriptive data of the buildings and
space/room areas of the university. The preliminary outcome of this project shows that the spaces
and room areas in the building can be mapped out digitally and it can also be made available to be
accessed through the web for the community of the university.
24
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 69
Development of Multi Sensor Satellite-based Method for
Water Catchment Areas Productivity Assessment
Mohd Rizaludin Mahmud, Masayu Norman
Department of Surveying Science & Geomatics
Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
ABSTRACT
Spatial-based monitoring on the productivity of the humid tropical watershed is a challenging task due to the
dynamic climatic effects and geological characteristics. Assessing the amount of water stored (yield) in one
watershed is crucial for effective water management. This paper demonstrates an operational algorithm on
utilizing multi-sensor remote sensing data to quantify water yield. Two variables from the original water balance
equation, rainfall and evapotranspiration were parameterized using the multi-sensor remote sensing input. First,
the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) was used to estimate monthly rainfall. Second, two products
from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) which is MOD11 (Land Surface Temperature) and
MOD13 (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) were used to estimate the evapotranspiration (ET) using the
energy balance approach. Validation of the algorithm was conducted on two phases, (i) verification on the
satellite derived parameters with in-situ data, and (ii) verification on the estimated water yield with in-situ
stream flow. The satellite derived ET also agreed well with the ground-based computed ET. The satellite
derived water yield was compared with in-situ stream flow at five watersheds in Peninsular Malaysia for five
years period. The five years of monthly comparison showed significant pattern of the satellite derived water
yield and stream flow. High correlation value was obtained (R ~ 0.8) and indicates that the satellite derived
water yield produced reliable measurement at catchment scale. The output of this study can be further utilized
for other respective hydrological applications in operational fashion with cost and time effective environment.
25
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 71
Perlis I-Tour
Ernieza Suhana Mokhtar, Siti Maryam Abdul Wahab, Norfariza Zainal
Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-4002052
ABSTRACT
Currently, Perlis has their own tourist maps in form of paper map that only show the location generally
and tourists are unable to retrieve detail information of the fascinating places. GIS is the powerful tool for
decision-making; however, lack of funds is the main issue of not being able to implement the GIS
application in tourism. The aim of this project is to design the prototype of interactive tourist map (Perlis
i-Tour) using the open source GIS tool, Quantum GIS in identifying the fascinating places surrounding
Perlis for tourism purposes. Based on the aim, the objectives of the project are to i) gather and display
information of Perlis‟s fascinating places using multimedia approach and ii) identify the road direction to
the fascinating places iii) design the prototype of tourist map, Perlis i-Tour. The project is potentially to
be used as an aid for tourists to plan their journey, and it is applicable to increase the number of tourists
visiting Perlis.
26
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 73
Retirement Saving Educational Game (ReSAVe)
Azrul Abdullah1, and Norshamshina Mat Isa
Accounting Research Institute and Faculty of Accountancy
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-5781142
ABSTRACT
Teaching children to save money is not easy. They usually want to spend money they receive immediately.
Often to encourage savings, we may need to show children the benefits of saving in exaggerated ways. Once
they understand the concept we can back off a little. Hence, an educational tool is believed can play a vital roles
to help developing the understanding. ReSAVe is an educational board game that has been designed to
demonstrate and stimulate the saving and retirement concepts. This game enables players to learn from
experience of saving, spending and wealth accumulation for their retirement age. The game has three different
track races that represent stage of life: young-adult, adult, and during retirement. Significant wealth exists in this
game in accordance with the roll of dice. This game also includes spaces on which present financial obstacles
that can reduce their wealth accumulation process. Each of the players will start the game with an amount of
money, namely salary. Players will earn extra money in addition to their salary everytime they complete the
round of game. Eligibility to shift to upper level is based on eight round game completion or has achieved each
track races limit. In different stage of life, the players will find more unexpected financial difficulties. The rules
of the game include provision to declare a winner. It is believed that, ReSAVe can stimulate awareness among
players to the importance of saving and wealth accumulation. As an education tool, we perceived that our
product can be marketed through a massive production (i.e. board games), application software (i.e can be
downloaded from Apple market or Android), teaching and training tool.
27
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 76
Campus Success Kit
Nazira Osman1, Surina Nayan, Latisha Asmaak Shafie, Mahani Mansor. Anis Maesin
Academy of Language Studies,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-3951824
ABSTRACT
Many university students are not prepared with skills leading a university life. So often they face a cultural
shock, stress and feeling overwhelmed with tasks at hand. This can affect not only their academic performance
but also social interaction with others. Thus, this innovation called “CAMPUS SUCCESS KIT” is created with
the objective to help the university students undergo their university life successfully. The kit comes with a) a
booklet that consists of about 200 tips related to study, personal growth and social development, b) a weekly
planner for proper scheduling and c) a calendar. The target users of this product are the new students enrolling
each semester in all universities across the country, school students, school leavers and school counsellors. The
“CAMPUS SUCCESS KIT” will not only benefit the students as a campus guide but also as a motivational
companion. “CAMPUS SUCCESS KIT” also benefits the parents and university administrators as they will be
able to play more influential and effective roles in helping students navigating their campus life.The kit will
facilitate first-generation university students and their parents to be well-prepared for challenges in campus.
28
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 77
Easy Universal Jack Extruder (EUJE)
Masyitah Md Nujid1, Abdul Halim Yusoff, Amir Khomeiny Ruslan, Rosnizam Mansor,
Mohammad Nazri Ali
Faculty of Civil Engineering,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-3672330
ABSTRACT
Soil testing is vital component in civil engineering to determine bearing capacity of soil. The soil bearing
capacity will show the strength of soil which will carry the load place on it and can be obtained from penetration
test. Standard penetration test (SPT) and mackintosh / JKR probe test are penetration tests are being conducted
in Malaysia. The mackintosh probe test is commonly employed due to its simple procedure and less expensive.
The process of conducting the mackintosh probe penetration is by penetrating a cone head of 60° angles and
with diameter of 20 mm into the ground. The cone head is attached to a 12 mm diameter and several 1.2 m long
rod. A 5 kg hammer is used to hammer the cone into the ground. The hammed is drop at height of 280 mm and
the numbers of blows are counted. The test is stopped when the numbers of blows reach 400 blows or maximum
12 m depth of penetration. The final penetration is measured and the bearing capacity of the soil is determined
by referring to the JKR‟s chart. The main problem when conducting this test is extruding the rod from the
ground. The clamp provided with the equipment is not efficient and need large amount of strength and effort to
extrude the rod. Improper extrusion wall result the rod to be bend and unusable for future testing, this will
increase the maintenance cost of the equipment and it will also delay the test. If the rod penetrated in an angle
position, and excavation is needed to extract the cone from the ground. The new extrusion mechanism is needed
to overcome the problem. The easy extrusion device uses a normal hydraulic jack to push a plate fitted with
clamping device for extracting the rod. The device is cheap, light weight, easy to use and low maintenance.
Commercially the device could be marketed to private companies involving in soil testing, universities,
polytechnics and technical schools. This device will definitely revolutionized the soil testing by offering a
better, faster and economically.
29
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 82
Palm-based Transdermal Nanodelivery of Piroxicam
Nursyamsyila Mat Hadzir1, Mahiran Basri
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-4897915
ABSTRACT
Piroxicam is taken orally for the treatment of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, but long-term
administration can cause gastrointestinal ulcers and bleeding. To avoid such effects, it would clearly be
preferable to administer piroxicam topically. Transdermal nanodelivery of piroxicam is the delivery of
piroxicam across the skin and into the systemic circulation. Transdermal route is an alternative route especially
for the elderly patients who cannot tolerate oral dosage forms, avoid direct effects on the stomach and intestine,
and avoid drugs degradation by the enzymes and acids in the gastrointestinal system. Nanoemulsions, due to
their extremely small size (50 to 200 nm) are a possible vehicle to enhance transdermal delivery of NSAIDs.
Nanoemulsions for transdermal drug delivery system will overcome the problems associated with the adverse
effects of the drugs as well as with the barrier properties of the skin. Palm-based wax esters (MBSofax™) have
been used as the oil phase for nanoemulsions due to its novel characteristics such as superb wetting behavior at
interfaces and without the „oily feeling‟. Its utilization will also add on to the novel commodities of palm oil in
pharmaceutical industries in Malaysia.
30
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 88
SCUBA TEAMBUILDING
Mohamed Radzi Abdul Wahab1, Jamil Tajam2, Khairul Amri Hashim3
Faculty of Applied Science1,2,
Faculty of Sports Science and Recreation 3
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-579 6684
ABSTRACT
Among the common mode of training in teambuilding and teamwork development are based on
in-door management style, outdoor ventures, outward bound school, jungle-tracking, and survival
training. Teambuilding based on SCUBA is a new dimension in training of physical endurance,
collegiality and congeniality, mental strength, resilience, change management aptitude, outcome
oriented, focused, creativity and innovation development. By going through SCUBA (Self
Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus) training, namely endeavour in employing scuba
mask, breathing regulators, buoyancy devices, fins and gauges, participants explore the
underwater world under the supervision of a dive-buddy. Exposure to real life danger, ability to
adjust to new environment, self-control in high pressure situation, self-discipline in following
procedure, peer-coaching in observing standard safety rules, sensitivity-training, are expected to
empower in all members the spirit and soft-skills required in team-works. A survey will be
conducted to compare the response from participants, peer and departmental leadership as to the
effectiveness of the training. Although this training is targeted for the second-liner leadership in
an organization, it is expected to be an equally effective tool for the top-echelon ranking,
executive level, or even support staff. Due to its uniqueness, excitement and a totally distinctive
encounter, SCUBA Teambuilding has the potential to be another fully stimulating and thrilling
experience. Matchless deep awareness inculcated through the appreciation of the natural wonders
and the importance of conserving them is one single unrivalled advantage gained from SCUBA
experience.
31
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 90
Fish Optimization Location using Remote Sensing and
GIS Technologies
Rohayu Haron Narashid1, Suhaila Hashim, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zakaria Mat Arof,
Siti Nor Maizah Saad
Department of Surveying Science & Geomatic,
Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-4776654
ABSTRACT
Commonly, the fisherman use past experiences, gut feeling and information obtained from other
fellow fisherman to catch fish. However, the location with high aggregation of fish also can be
predicted over a highly saturated phytoplankton area. Currently, satellite observations of ocean
colour, which is a proxy for phytoplankton and compliment Sea Surface Temperature (SST)
measurement, provide oceanographers with a unique view of global as well as regional
productivity. In this study, new technique which integrates ocean colours of satellite remote
sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS) can be used by the coastal fisherman to
identify the potential fishing zones at Northern Region Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Images from
Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) of three (3) different monsoon periods
i.e. north east monsoon period (January), inter-monsoon period (March) and south west monsoon
period (June) are used. Based on the Chlorophyll-a concentration and SST distribution of MODIS,
the potential area for fish optimization point‟s location were identified and mapped by using GIS
technique. This approach can be used by Malaysian Department of Fisheries as tools in hardcopy
form as well as fish optimization area forecasting system to help the productivity of coastal
fisherman in more efficient ways.
32
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 93
Kotak Kad Senarai Inventori UiTM
Mohd Fauzi Md Zain1, Norazizan Hanafiah, Rosli Samset, Zuhairah Abdul Rahman
Perpustakaan Dato‟ Jaafar Hassan,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-4474997
ABSTRACT
Kad biru “Senarai Inventori UiTM” adalah dokumen yang dikeluarkan oleh Bahagian Bendahari
yang mengandungi senarai semua harta benda yang terdapat di sesuatu kawasan di sesuatu
bahagian / unit di UiTM (Perlis). Ia juga merekodkan penyemakan harta benda oleh pegawai yang
bertanggungjawab bahagian / unit setiap setahun sekali. Kad ini biasanya ditampalkan pada pintu
masuk sesuatu bahagian / unit atau pintu bilik pejabat pegawai. Oleh kerana kad ini disemak
hanya sekali dalam setahun, di dapati terdapat kad inventori yang tercicir, hilang, terkoyak, lusuh,
dan lokasinya telah berubah. Atas kesedaran terhadap keselamatan harta benda universiti,
Jawatankuasa SOSHCo Perpustakaan telah memperkenalkan kotak inventori bagi mengatasi
semua masalah berbangkit mengenainya. Ini adalah inovasi terhadap keselamatan dokumen
inventori harta benda daripada ditampal kepada disediakan kotak khas untuknya ekoran masalah
berbangkit.
33
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 97
Smart Dyslexia screener using interactive Multimedia
approach
Hawa Mohd Ekhsan1, Siti Zulaiha Ahmad, Jiwa Noris bin Hamid, Rashidah Ramle, Nurul
Huda Mansor
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-4107979
ABSTRACT
Smart Lexic is a multimedia application that acts as a screening tool to identify the possibility of dyslexia
among early primary students aged between 7 to 9 years old. Unlike paper-based and web-based screening, this
application provides interactive and attractive interfaces that can engage the students‟ attentions during the
screening process. The use of interactive multimedia provides a lot of benefits and advantages prior to perform
the screening test. It can motivate the students to accomplish the screening test and can be easily use by teachers
and parents. The result produced by the application is more reliable compared to paper-based screening tool
since they are attentive during the screening test. The result from the screening test is very important before they
go for further tests performed by psychologist to confirm the disabilities.
34
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 101
The Innovation of Smart Water Trap
( i-Trap)
Herda Balqis Ismail1, Basharudin Abdul Hadi2, Siti Fatimah Sadikon2,
Nor Shafa Eliza Muha3, Nurjuhanah Juhari4
Building Services and Maintenance Division 1, Geotechnical Division2
3
4
Water and Environmental Division , Structural Division
Faculty of Civil Engineering,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-7697266
ABSTRACT
Recycle and reuse of copper pipe from dispose air-conditioning unit is very rare. According to
Copper Development Association Inc. USA, in 1996, 64.5% of copper was recycled. But in
Malaysia, there is no official statistics on recycle and reuse of copper pipe especially from airconditioner unit. Meanwhile in plumbing works, almost all appliances in the toilet fitted with trap.
The trap contains the water seal. The main purpose of water seal is to avoid the bad odour and
bacteria to elevate the uncomfortable of human being. This invention project is integrated between
water trap and recycle copper pipe from disposal air conditioner unit. The recycle copper pipe acts
as bypass to channel or divert the air pressure from natural atmosphere in the space so that there is
no water losses in the trap. The objective of this invention project is to produce an alternative
device which can be used to avoid the possibility of water seal losses in the trap. On the other
hand, the main advantages of this invention appliance are to avoid self siphonage, induced
siphonage, and back pressure or compression.
35
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 105
My Writing Management Tool
Latisha Asmaak Shafie1, Surina Nayan2, Azura Mohd Noor 3 ,
Haslinda Mohd Zali 4
Academy of Language Studies1
Academy of Language Studies2
Faculty of Accountancy3
Universiti Teknologi MARA (Perlis), 02600 Arau, Perlis
KM Energy Sdn Bhd4
[email protected]
016-5318095
ABSTRACT
Writers are overwhelmed by various writing demands in tuning their writing manuscripts to
published writing materials. Some writers are involved in several writing projects of different
writing genres at the same time. Other writers practise collaborative writing with their writing
partners which requires writing process to be more transparent. In addition, writers find it hard to
determine the success of their writing projects when they can‟t determine the value of their
writing projects in term of money and time invested in each writing project. Due to these
demands, there is a need for a management writing tool to ensure each writing project is properly
managed so writers can be more productive and efficient. The objective of this project is to
produce a personal writing finance tool which will record writing developments, financial
expenses, income and inventory of each writing project from the initial stage of a writing project
until it is available to the public. My Writing Management Tool is a user-friendly spreadsheet
software which is designed by writers for writers to help them become more productive writing
entrepreneurs. My Writing Management Tool enables writers to track their income, turn their
expenses into investments, select profitable writing projects, mitigate their loss, cut unnecessary
spending and prepare for tax purposes. This tool is useful to new writers, freelance writers and
writers who use the services of self-publishing, print-on-demand publishing and publishing houses
which exercise buyback policy.
36
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 110
Islamic Gold Dinar Commercial Card
Dr.Sabri Nayan1, Dr.Norsiah Kadir, Prof. Madya Dr.Mat Saad Abdullah, Sharudin Nayan
Faculty of Business Management
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-5360375
ABSTRACT
Islamic Gold Dinar Commercial Card is a new method for transaction and investment. Individuals and
businesses would open gold accounts with an internet financial services provider who has a safe place to store
gold. Individuals and businesses may then transact among themselves - pricing their goods and services in
dinars. As transactions take place, only accounting entries among the participants need to be recorded. No
physical movement of gold is necessary unless one withdraw one‟s gold from his (her) account. The following
are among the economic benefits of the Islamic Gold Dinar Commercial Cards: the elimination of foreign
exchange risk; decline in currency speculation and arbitrage between currencies; relatively lower transaction
costs for currency trading. Since the gold accounts are kept internally through commercial banks and central
bank, transactions costs would not incur a gold outflow from the country.
Keywords: Islamic Gold Dinar Commercial Card, Arbitrage, Currency Speculation, Central Bank,
Commercial Bank, Internet Financial Services Provider, Gold Accounts
37
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 119
Security Framework for Ipv6 Deployment in Enterprise
Network
Abidah Hj Mat Taib1*, Adil Hidayat Rosli2, Rahmat Budiarto3, Wan Nor Ashiqin Wan Ali,
Mohammad Hafiz Ismail
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau Perlis
[email protected]
019-4741290
ABSTRACT
The security challenges in IPv6 deployment require an optimum security mechanisms model that can handle
threats of both IPv4 and IPv6 applications. Moreover in the situation where there are multiple network
segments, security policies for each segment may be different depending on its stage of IPv6 deployment.
Furthermore, the existing commercial security solution does not really support the deployment process. Thus,
this security framework is developed to help the Chief Information Officer (CIO) decides a suitable approach to
deploy IPv6 securely. This project identifies and categorizes the threats and vulnerabilities possibly faced by an
enterprise network. The analysis of these security issues and their countermeasures produces a threat model of
an IPv6 deployment in enterprise network. Then a conceptual framework for a secure IPv6 deployment which
emphasizes on security considerations face during transition of IPv4 to IPv6, enterprise security considerations,
and security mechansism approach for securing the enterprise network. All these components should be
considered by a network administrator in order to have a secure IPv6 deployment. Subsequently, all potential
security mechanisms that should be considered in securing the IPv6 deploment are put into a conceptual model
for easy visualization. A portion of this model (i.e. SF-STEP) had been tested in a case study which had been
conducted during an IPv6 transition‟s pilot project of one of the government agencies. The secure deployment
experienced in the case study revealed that the portion of security framework is viable and can be applied in any
IPv6 deployment process.
38
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 121
Production of Oil from Coal-Biomass Blend
Mohd Fauzi Abdullah1, Zaidi Ab. Ghani, Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak, Khudzir Ismail
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-4254396
ABSTRACT
As supply of fossil fuels is limited whilst energy demand continues to rise, research is
increasingly directed towards alternative renewable fuels. Renewable energy has become more
important globally especially with the current fuel and economical crisis. Increasing of coal price
cause research in coal-biomass was investigated. The objective of this project is to determine the
oil yield produce from the co-liquefaction of Mukah Balingian (MB) Malaysian coal with the
Palm Kernel Shell (PKS). Co-liquefaction on coal Mukah Balingian (MB) low rank Malaysia
coal and a biomass waste of Palm Kernel Shell (PKS) was successfully carried out in a 1000 ml
high-tempereture high- pressure bacth- wise reactor system at range temperatures 400 – 440 °C
and 4 MPa respectively, using tetralin as a hydrogen-donor solvent. The results thus far showed
that, the coal conversion and oil + gas yields increased as temperature increased with the
maximum coal conversion and oil+gas yield obtained were 90.8 % and 84 %, respectively at 420
°C. The qualitative GC-MS analyses on the oil fraction of below 200 °C indicated mainly the
presence of low molecular weight component such as naphthalene and phenol which is
comparable to the crude oil fraction of petroleum.
39
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 122
Galah Pengait Harumanis GS2
Abdul Hadi Hj Abdul Said1, Sazali Ibrahim, Shahimi Shaari,
Zulkifli Aswan, Nazmi Muhammad
Unit Pengurusan Ladang,
Universiti Teknologi MARA (Perlis), 02600 Arau, Perlis
04-9882480/2481/2482/2483
Fax : 04-9882353
ABSTRAK
Harumanis merupakan tanaman istimewa Negeri Perlis kerana ianya mempunyai cuaca dan
persekiran yang sesuai untuk tanaman ini berbunga serta menghasilkan buah. Permintaan terhadap
buah Harumanis sangat tinggi tetapi masalah kualaiti buah sering menjadi penghalang bagi buah
harumanis memasuki pasaran tempatan mahupun antarabangsa. Hasil dari pemantauan dan
pungutan data, didapati 40% buah yang tidak mencapai kualiti yang dikehendaki disebabkan
kerosakan semasa proses penuaian. Kaedah penuaian tradisional dan menggunakan peralatan tidak
sesuai menyebabkan berlakunya kerosakan seperti buah lebam, calar, pecah serta
bergetah.Berdasarkan kepada masalah yang dihadapi oleh pengusaha tanaman Harumanis ini,
pihak kami telah merekacipta alat pengait buah yang dinamakan GS2.Alat ini telah melalui
beberapa peringkat penambahbaikan untuk menjadikan ianya galah yang amat praktikal serta
ergonomic kepada pengguna. Galah GS2 mempunyai cirri –ciri istimewa seperti galah bolehlaras,
ringan, tahan lasak serta Alat ini berupaya mengurangkan kerosakan Harumanis semasa proses
menuai sehingga kurang dari 20 % serta mampu meningkatkan hasil berkualiti, pendapatan
pengusaha serta menjimatkan tenaga kerja. Percubaan serta pemantauan berterusan mendapati
GS2 amat sesuai untuk penuaian Harumanis serta lain-lain buahan di Negara kita. Pihak kami
telah memohon mempatenkan GS2 sebagai harta intelek UiTM (Perlis) melalui RIBU dan
bercadang untuk memkomersialkan GS2 kepada pengusaha ladang-ladang buah-buahan seluruh
negara
40
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 123
Soft Technique in Synthesizing Ceramics Nanopowder for
Proton Conductor
Nafisah Osman1,a, Abd Mutalib Jania, Mohd Hafiz Yaakoba, Salmie Suhana Che Abdullahb
a
Faculty of Applied Sciences
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
b
School of Materials Engineering
Universiti Malaysia Perlis
Kompleks Pusat Pengajian Jejawi 2, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
ABSTRACT
Relatively low temperature route namely sol-gel method has been developed for the preparation of
BaCe0.54Zr0.36Y0.1O2.95 (BCZY10) in the form of nanoparticulate powders to be used in a proton ceramic fuel
cell. This method make use of the chelation of metal (II), (III) and (IV) ions by a combination of citric acid and
EDTA to form stable metal-complexes. The route leads to single phase yttrium doped barium cerate-zirconate
perovskites, as observed by X-ray diffraction, after heat treatment at 1100 oC for 5 h. This temperature is 300 oC
lower than those usually used for preparation of barium cerate-zirconate favour to a mixture of dense oxide
powder. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) revealed the formation of powder constituting nanoparticles
of size <50 nm in diameter and irregularly shaped rod-like structure of size < 200nm. The availibity of
sufficiently small particles opens up the possibility of well-densified perovskite membranes of high conductivity
in which grain boundary effects are minimized.
41
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 125
Heterogeneity Effect in Loosely Synchronize Learning
Using Interactive Video Mechanism
Nor Arzami Othman1, Paul Calder2 and Robert Goodwin3
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-5209766
School of Computer Science, Engineering and Mathematics
Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia
[email protected]
+618 8201 2827
[email protected]
+618 8201 3113
ABSTRACT
The advent of multimedia technology inspire active teaching and learning by letting the students actively
participate, interact and engage in the learning process. With the emergent of technologies create new
exciting opportunities for educational activities to use. It lead to increase emphasize on the use of flexible
method especially for content delivery. However, this process is hard and time consuming because it mostly
depends on student ability and creativity. This scenario has motivates us to conduct this study by
investigating the impact and determine the student acceptance using interactive video. The objective of this
study is to determine the reflective of interactive video in loosely synchronize learning. It evaluates the
effectiveness of reflective learning pedagogies in current territory education. This approach also tries to
convince that it can go beyond the traditional learning and keep the student engaged with the flexibility. The
findings of the study involve fifty random selected students at Universiti Teknologi MARA Perlis. The
prototype of interactive video has been develop and distributed to the students. They will explore and
interact with the prototype. After a period of time, data will be gathered and analyse about the effectiveness.
Questionnaire has been used to evaluate the potential and usability of this study. Based on preliminary
study, audiovisual material such as interactive video can provide valuable aids especially for teaching and
learning environment. Result shown that it wills work and useful if the educator and learner remains active
and motivated. The findings also support to enhance the process of developing knowledge based society.
42
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 127
A Novel Continuous-Flow Supercritical Carbon Dioxide
Circulation Extraction System
Zaidi Ab Ghani1, Khudzir Ismail, Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
017-5692989
ABSTRACT
A novel continuous-flow supercritical carbon dioxide circulation extraction system was developed
to speed up, facilitate, and improve the accuracy extraction of the essential oil and bio oil from
herbals and plant materials. The extraction system is made up of ¼-inch diameter of 316 stainless
steel tubing that can withstand pressure of up to 30 MPa. This system is capable of extracting the
materials continuously by circulating the supercritical CO2 fluid. To ensure the separation of
extracted materials from CO2 fluid, a cooled separator is placed after the extraction vessel. This
will turn the fluid into liquid phase. The mixture will then be separated based on the difference in
densities between the oil and CO2. Another two separators (as a backup unit) is placed after the
first unit to trap any excess of oil from the CO2 liquid. The system comprised of an oil-less
vacuum pump (760 mm Hg, 240 V), a gas regulator (8 MPa), a CO2 booster pump, a 50 L heating
chamber, a 500 mL extractor vessel, a temperature controller, a high-pressure circulation pump,
an air compressor (2 MPa), a water chiller, 2 units of 316 stainless steel separator, a water bath
and a collecting vial. The system is found suitable to extract various herbs and plant materials
such as Vitex negundo, Vitex trifolia, Pogostemon cablin, Jatropha seeds, Oil palm fruits, Castor
nuts and Agar wood (Gaharu).
43
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 128
BIO TERAPI SOLAT
Noor Azura Zainuddin1, Arifah Fasha Rosmani, Jamalia Aurani, Azhar A. Rahman, Sharifah
Isa.
Pusat Pemikiran dan Kefahaman Islam (CITU)
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-4300653
ABSTRACT
Perintah solat adalah manifestasi kasih sayang Allah kepada manusia. Terlalu banyak
kelebihannya kepada rohani dan jasmani manusia sekiranya solat diperhalusi dan dihayati.
Justeru, pelbagai kajian dilakukan dan keistimewaan solat sedikit demi sedikit terungkap seiring
kemajuan sains dan peredaran zaman. Solat terbukti bukan sahaja mengubati penyakit-penyakit
jiwa bahkan penyakit-penyakit fzikal.Objektif projek ini ialah menghasilkan satu produk yang
boleh membantu penghayatan dan pemahaman orang Islam mengenai keistimewaan solat sebagai
alternatif rawatan penyakit-penyakit fizikal. Produk ini memudahkan sesiapa sahaja untuk
memahami dan mempraktikkan gerakan-gerakan dalam solat dengan cara yang tepat, benar dan
terbaik. Belum ada produk-produk visual di pasaran secara eksklusif menunjukkan tatacara solat
meliputi postur tubuh badan dan gerakan yang divisualkan dari setiap sudut. Produk sedia ada di
pasaran lebih kepada teori atau gambaran dalam bentuk yang statik. Ini menyukarkan pemahaman
orang ramai dalam mencontohi gerakan dan postur tubuh yang betul sebagaimana dikehendaki
oleh Islam. Dengan penghasilan (outcome) produk BIO TERAPI SOLAT ini, diharap boleh
membantu orang Islam menghayati gerakan dalam solat yang bukan sahaja membawa kepada
kekusyukan dan terapi jiwa, bahkan berfungsi sebagai penyebab pemulihan penyakit-penyakit
fizikal.
44
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 131
Mini Entrepreneur Transformation Model (Metram)
ABDUL RASHID SINTHA MADAR1 , DR. SHAIFUL ANNUAR KHALID2,
DR NORMAH AHMAD3 , KAMSOL MOHAMED KASSIM4 & ABDUL RAZAK AMIR5
Faculty of Accountancy, 1, 3
Faculty of Business Management2, 45,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
017-6826714
ABSTRACT
Getting mini loans to starts home base business is very difficult. Most financial instituitions are not interested in
extending mini loans to their clients to start up mini home based business. Home base business means business
done from home without any extra overhead expanses by utilizing and improvising asset at home to generate
revenue. It can be food base business, repairing electronics appratus, tuition class and others. This model aimed
at creating entrepreneur among the underprivilage, less academically qualified, women , younger generation
(Gen Y) to be involved in which can pull them out from becoming social problems to the nation. We provide
them with basic entrepreneursip course to equip them with self confidence start up skills and capabilities to
jumpstart a mini business using our meticulously developed model. This programme will involve many public
and private agencies through smart partnership.
45
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 132
SF-ICMP6: Selective Filtering of ICMPv6 messages
Naimah Mohd Hussin , Abidah Hj Mat Taib1, , Nurul Sharidah Shaari,
Wan NorAshiqin Wan Ali, Rafiza Ruslan
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-4741290
ABSTRACT
IPv4 depletion issues have awakened many CIOs to deploy IPv6 in their organizations. The
earlier an organization starts planning and preparing their personnel towards IPv6 deployment is
the better. Allocating certain budget for acquiring IPv6 enable devices and training personnel
such as network system administrator and security manager is essential in order to get the
transition from IPv4 to IPv6 is smooth and secure. The security challenges in IPv6 deployment
mainly caused by some IPv6 protocol features that could be exploited, untested scripts or
programs due to lacking of testing tools, and untrained personnel. Among the hot issues in IPv6
deployment is handling the threats and vulnerabilities of ICMPv6 related messages. Since
ICMPv6 is indispensable in network connectivity, simply blocking any ICMPv6 message to avoid
potential attacks is not practical because it will result in a connectivity problem. To reduce the
potential attacks that may be performed due to vulnerabilities introduced in the correspondence of
ICMPv6 messages, a selective ICMPv6 filtering (SF-ICMP6) approach that is capable of
selectively filter the ICMPv6 related messages is proposed. This work begins with producing a
threat model of ICMPv6 related attacks and then proposes a set of filtering policies to mitigate the
potential attacks. A flowchart of thorough icmpv6 message filtering is built to help the network
administrators do a self-check to ensure proper filtering configuration is done at the host via hostbased firewall as well as at the router or network gateway. By applying this approach, a network
administrator can ensure that appropriate filtering rules have been configured at the respective
nodes. SF-ICMP6 can be easily adapted to the existing security policy of a corporate network. In
other word SF-ICMP6 is economical and effective to be deployed in production environment. The
usage of this approach may shorten the time taken by the network administrator to plan a set of
security steps and configurations in dealing with vulnerabilities of ICMPv6-related messages.
Hence, maintaining secure ICMPv6 messages in IPv6 deployment is attainable.
46
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 134
UiTM Perlis E-Marketplace
Syafnidar Abdul Halim1, Muhammad Nor Al-Amin Ishak,
Siti Zulaiha Ahmad, Hawa Mohd Ekhsan
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
04-9882839
ABSTRACT
E-marketplace is a virtual market where sellers and buyers communicate and conduct business
over the internet. However, the currently available e-marketplaces such as mudah.my, lelong.com
and E-bay, were developed for the general web users without much emphasize on the cultural
values of a particular user group i.e. Malaysian tertiary students. Therefore, implementing a
dedicated and secured C2C e-marketplace website is useful for Malaysian tertiary students who
are interested to do business activities online. Currently, an e-marketplace designed specifically to
Malaysian tertiary students‟ culture has not been created. This study proposes a prototype of an emarketplace designed specifically for students. A survey questionnaire was distributed in order to
get the students‟ feedbacks on the preferred e-marketplace website design that complements their
culture. Based on the survey‟s result, a prototype of UiTM Perlis e-marketplace website was
developed. Since universities have been encouraging the students to take part in business
activities, the usage of such e-marketplace may contribute in developing student‟s
entrepreneurship skills and generating income to the university through advertisement space. The
e-marketplace can also be use as a teaching aid and is useful as a platform for future researches on
social issues, marketing, economic, web design, cultural issues, computer network design, and
information security assessment.
47
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 135
Smart Class Booking System in Uitm (Perlis)
Hanisah Ahmad1, Abdul Hapes Mohammed2, Noorfaizalfarid Bin Hj Mohd Noor3, Muhamad
Arif Hashim4, Tajul Rosli Razak5
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
UiTM (Perlis)
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-5956114
ABSTRACT
Classes in UiTM (Perlis) become most important or popular places for lecturer to conduct their class, extra
class, replacement class, Test and etc. All lecturer needs to book it first in order to use that class and it has been
conducted as manually by record in reservation book at HEA. There have some cases that have the clash
booking between lecturers even they have booked it and difficult to determine the suitable class or hall. The
main purpose of this system is to replace the manual booking system by solve the problem and make the
booking process more efficient and systematic. By using this system, lecturer can book the class through their
computer using UiTM (Perlis) intranet technology. This system is implementing the intelligent agent technique
in their search engine and it applying user friendly interface. Lecturer need to input the parameters like date,
time and number of student, and the agent act as assistant in the system will searches all or some part of
timetable databases, gather information, do analysis, organize the schedule, interpret information and present the
best suitable class or list of suggestions to lecturer. This system also can generate and update booking schedule
for viewing by user.
48
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 137
24/7 Web-SMS Academic Advising
Jiwa Noris Hamid1, Hawa Mohd Ekhsan , Mohammad Hafiz Ismail, Iman Hazwam Abd Halim,
Shah Rizar Mohd Basir
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-4886979
ABSTRACT
Academic advising plays an important role in connecting students with the learning process and assists them in
the development of meaningful educational plans that are compatible with their life goals. Advisors must
provide opportunities to their students, including supporting and encouraging them to participate in curricular
activities, supporting research projects and providing research experience, and directing academic programs
beyond the university. However, the current practice of academic advising is very tedious and time consuming
for advisors and students. Furthermore, students only receive minimal advising activities from their advisor due
to the conflict of timetable between them. Therefore, a new method of academic advising technique by using
web SMS technology is proposed. The objective of the project is to develop academic advising system and to
implement web SMS technology in academic advising using SMS gateway that enables academic advisor to
send information and guidance from web based to student‟s mobile phone. The integration of web and SMS
technology is useful to create a better communication between the advisors and their students. The proposed
system allows information to be disseminated from computer to mobile phone at any time without requires face
to face meeting. Furthermore, students also can always aware of any latest appointment or information no matter
where they are.
49
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 138
Bilik Nurkasih
Zainuddin Al Mansor¹, Hairul Reazuan Asmayadi, Marlina Ismail,
Iswadi Efendi Ismail,Kamarul Zaman Senawi
Unit Pengurusan Kolej & NR
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau Perlis
[email protected]¹
012-4780004¹
ABSTRAK
Kolej kediaman merupakan kemudahan yang disediakan oleh Universiti bagi penginapan pelajar. Ianya bukan
sahaja berfungsi sebagai tempat pelajar tinggal malahan merupakan tempat utama bagi kebanyakan pelajar
menghabiskan masa selain daripada di Fakulti. Realiti kehidupan pelajar bahawa kampus merupakan pelengkap
kepada kitaran pendidikan. Kolej kediaman tidak lagi dilihat sebagai tempat mahasiswa melepaskan penat atau
berehat semata-mata selepas mereka mengikuti kuliah atau tutorial, sebaliknya kolej kediaman perlu dilihat
sebagai pusat lanjutan atau kesinambungan daripada proses pembelajaran yang diterima di Fakulti atau pusat
pengajaran [UPSI:2009]. Elemen Pengurusan disiplin pelajar merupakan antara perkara yang penting di dalam
mengurus tadbir sesebuah kolej kediaman. Pengurusan disiplin ini sangat diperlukan bagi memastikan
kelangsungan fungsi-fungsi kolej kediaman seperti yang telah dinyatakan tadi. Kertas kerja ini membincangkan
peranan dan tindakan pengurusan kolej kediaman siswa di dalam menguruskan disiplin pelajar yang dikenakan
tatatertib bagi kesalahan merokok di dalam kawasan bilik. Projek ʽBilik Nurkasih’ ini adalah merupakan salah
satu tindakan di dalam mendisplinkan semula pelajar yang didapati melakukan kesalahan merokok di dalam
kawasan kolej. Dengan penguatkuasaan dan pemantauan berterusan dari pihak pengurusan kolej, projek ʽBilik
Nurkasih‟ ini telah dapat mengurangkan kadar pelajar yang merokok di dalam kawasan bilik dan kolej
kediaman.
50
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 140
SMART_Geog:
A Geography Teaching Kit
Dr Zakaria M1, Ernieza SM , Norshahrizan MH, Mohd Khairy K, Mohd Adhar AS
Department of Surveying Science & Geomatic
Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-4193306
ABSTRACT
A holistic view of geographic perspective is crutial in most decision making process. Geography
data is hard to capture, integrate, analyze and manipulate in order to built the knowledge structure.
It is due to the spatial complexity in nature. Hence the aim of teaching Geography at school to
enhance spatial thinking ability among their pupil is less efficient. This project is to introduce, a
smart Geography teaching and learning kit, designed to assist teacher in teaching and learning
Geography‟s subject at school @ SMART_Geog. It is a unique innovation that allows the smooth
flow of geographical information to be extracted in various level of classes, respective to any
decision issue addressed. It uses the client server concept. The teachers @client platform will used
a Quantum GIS OS while the server side will use ArcGIS software. SMART_Geog will help
teachers in teaching, demonstrating and illustrating with a more dynamic mapping about any
phenomena. It is expected the innovation will inspire the teaching Geography Panatia and the
Ministry Of Education in embedding the concept into the school teaching curriculum at large to
enhance spatial based knowleged transformation.
51
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 142
Carbon Nanotubes as Potential Aspirin Drug Delivery
Siti Hajar Alias1,a, Abd Muthalib Md Jani1, Nurul Zawani Alias1, Nor Aziah Buang2
Faculty of Applied Sciences1,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
Faculty of Science2,
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Skudai, Johor.
[email protected]
04-9882368
ABSTRACT
Carbon nanotubes(CNTs) have fascinated scientists with their extraordinary properties such as
ultralight weight, high mechanical strength, high electrical conductivity, high thermal
conductivity, metallic or semi-metallic behavior and high surface area. The combinations of these
characteristics make CNTs a unique material with the potential for diverse application, including
biomedical. The functionalization of carbon nanotubes can improve substantially their
dispersability and biocompatibility profile, thus offering the potential exploitation of carbon
nanotubes in drug administration. In this study, the multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)
were functionalized and the generation of carboxylic groups was proven by FTIR spectroscopy. In
addition, the loading of aspirin (ASA) drug onto functionalized and non-functionalized MWCNTs
was done and the presence of ASA attached onto MWCNTs were characterized using various
characterization instruments. The results from UV-Vis Spectrophotometer gave the percentage of
ASA loading onto functionalized MWCNTs with the amount of 77.64% (77.64 mg/ 100 mg).
From the release study of ASA in Simulated Body Fluid (SBF) at 37 oC (human body temperature)
and 39oC (fever temperature), the results show a fast release of ASA from ASA-f-MWCNTs
composite for the first 5 hours compared to the commercialized ASA tablets and followed by a
controlled release at the following hours. It reveals that MWCNTs have the ability to improve the
pharmacokinetics of ASA drug in the biomedical applications, thus it can be used as to improve
the drug delivery system.
52
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 145
Analysis of Paraquat and Glyphosate Residue in Caprylic
Acid (C8) Using Three Different Spe Sorbents Via
Spectrophotometer
Mohd Lias Kamal1, Non Daina Masdar, Zaini yusoff, Nurul Shuhada Md Desa
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-5599369
ABSTRACT
Paraquat and glyphosate are the most extensively utilized herbicides in oil palm plantation in
Malaysia. These efective yet toxic herbicides are needed to protect oil palm trees against a variety
of unwanted plants that would result in low production and quality of the palm oil fruits. The
excessive use of these herbicides which are known to be persistant prone to cause adverse effects
to living organisms including humans. Therefore, a highly sensitive and selective analytical
procedure to detect the presence of paraquat and glyposate residue in caprylic acid (CA) is
evaluated. Caprylic acid, a palm oil product is in great demand due to its antiviral, antibacterial
and antifungal properties which has an antiparasitic effect against E-Coli, Haemophilus influenza,
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), Herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) and etc. In this study, the
efficiency of three different SPE sorbents namely C18, Florisil and Envi-carb, was investigated as
attractant media for the isolation, purification and clean-up procedure. Florisil was found to be the
most effective sorbent which give the highest percent RSD.
53
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 148
Off-Line Hs-Spme via Gc-µecd:
A Green Technique for Simultaneous Separation of
Cypermethin Stereoisomers
Non Daina Masdar1, Mohd Lias Kamal, Zaini yusoff, Syarifah Mariana Binti Tuan Zahari
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-5599369
ABSTRACT
A green separation technique was developed to separate the stereoisomers of cypermethrin (CPM), a non
volatile and extremely effective insecticide against a wide range of insect pests. CPM consists of eight
stereoisomers, where 1R-cis isomers being the most toxic on aquatic life. In this study, a simple and
environmental friendly technique, HS-SPME-GC-µECD was introduced and optimized. Two different solvents;
acetone and hexane, and two different polymer-coated SPME fibers; PDMS and PDMS-DVB were used for the
analysis. The combination of PDMS fiber and acetone was found to be the most feasible for this purpose.
Addition of 20% w/v Na2SO4 showed a favorable effect on the extraction of CP stereosiomers. The optimized
method provides an excellent (75 %) separation of the four CP stereoisomers concentration in 100 ppm CP
standard with less than 15 minutes separation.
54
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 149
Students Motivation: Effect by Flaws in the Design of
Textbook
Nor Hayati Shafii1, Azlan Mohd Daham, Noraini Noordin
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis.
[email protected]
019-9867144
ABSTRACT
Student‟s capabilities of thinking can be improved through textbook reading. However, many
students find it a problem to read textbooks or even study problem solving examples in the
textbooks. A case study was carried out to evaluate students‟ motivation level towards the design
of the textbook that they were using and Instructional Materials Motivation Survey (IMMS) based
on Keller‟s ARCS Model was used as the instrument for the study. Rasch analysis done was
benchmarked against Dick Reiser‟s four criteria for textbook evaluation. The findings from this
case study are being highlighted todescribe which criteria has to be improved for better reception
by the students in order to increase their motivation level.
55
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 151
Multimedia File Analyzer
Muhamad Arif Hashim1, Iman Hazwam Ab Halim, Tajul Rosli Razak, Mohammad Hafiz
Ismail
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-3996472
ABSTRACT
Internet user cannot run from file such as text, image, audio or video file when doing activities
related Internet. There are many corrupted or modified files circling the Internet nowadays. It is
hard to differentiate between the intended file that user want and the corrupted or modified ones.
This often causes troubles to network administrator who tries to filter out these unwanted file
from flooding the Internet. The objective of this project is to produce an application which will be
able to provide users with useful analyses and give result regarding the status of the file that needs
to be check. The Secret File Analyzer is built using Matlab software to provide friendly user
interface. Inside the application, several analyses can be made depends on the type of file that
needs to be analyze. These analyses such as MSE (Mean Square Error), SNR (Signal to Noise
Ratio) and PSNR (Peak Signal to Noise Ration) can be use to differentiate between clean file and
corrupted or modified file. Finally based on the results of the analyses, the final status regarding
the analyzed file can be recognized. The outcome of this project is a prototype of file analyzer
which is able to analyze and display the status of the intended file for the use of file user and
network administrator.
56
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 153
The Hijri Map
Azhar Abdul Rahman1, Norshahrizan Mohd Hashim, Rafidah Ali, Dr Mohd Nasir Abdul
Hamid, Nor Azira Mohd Radzi
Centre of Islamic Thought and Understanding,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
016-2020345
ABSTRACT
Hijri is a significant day in the Muslims‟ community and had been the main agenda in initial
development of the Islamic religion. The understanding of the Hijri requires visual information
which is assists by describing the Hijri specifically and accurately. This project‟s objective
focuses on the production of a Hijri map via Geographical Information System (GIS) which
enable to provide interactive techniques to visualize the process of the Hijri. The flexibility of the
the Hijri‟s Map which are able to be linked with related images and videos which enhanced
comprehension and value of Hijri as a whole. The final product of the Hijri‟s Map can be used by
the Muslim Scholars as a tool (in CD form) to explain about the Hijri. In addition, other potential
customers are the Ministry of Education and Religious Authorities where the product can be used
as an alternative way to educate people especially the young Muslim generation. Hence, this
product can enhance the Islamic human capital development in this challenging world.
57
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 166
The Potential of Crosslinked Rice Husk/ Polyvinyl Alcohol
(PVA) Blend Beads as Adsorbent of Cd (II) Ions in Waste
Water
Rizana Yusof1, Dalina Samsudin, Rosyaini Afindi Zaman, Mohd Abd Muiz Che Abd Aziz
Faculty Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-9665426
ABSTRACT
Cd(II) ion which normally found in industrial wastewater is a toxic heavy metal which can be
hazardous to human health. The use of agricultural waste such as rice husk as a low cost and
effectively adsorbent has been explored. In this study, rice husk/PVA blend beads were prepared
by suspension polymerization method using glutaraldehyde as crosslinker. Acetal formed in
crosslinked rice husk with PVA blend beads was determined by FTIR. The potential of adsorbent
to remove Cd (II) ion was investigated in batch process by varifying few affecting parameter such
as contact time, temperature, pH and adsorbent dose. The optimized condition were chosen to
apply method to the wastewater collected at nearest industrial factory in Perlis. Samples were
analysed with AAS. Results show that cosslinked rice husk/PVA blend beads has great potential
as a cheap and efficient adsorbent to remove Cd(II) ions in waste water.
58
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 171
Malay Legal Text Indexer (Malay-LETI)
Rizauddin Saian1 & Dr.Zeti Zuryani Mohd Zakuan2
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences & Faculty of Law,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-4547424
ABSTRACT
Legal indexing is vital in the legal field as texts and published work in this field are often lengthy, complex and
wide ranging. This is due to the fact that law covers all areas of life which means law is universal in the subject
matter it addresses. For those who are not familiar with legal terms and jargons would find it difficult to find
information regarding certain areas of law without a good guidance and it even get worst if the texts are in
Malay. Hence, it is vital for the users to have good finding aids in dealing with Malay legal materials. Thus an
indexer would be a good mechanism for the users to overcome this problem. The Malay Legal Text Indexer
(Malay-LETI) is a specialised program for indexing Malay legal text. This program is a fully automated
indexing system that can index lengthy Malay legal text document and provides recommendation for the related
search.
59
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 173
Measuring Web Service Quality for Non-Commercial
Web Portal
Noraini Nasirun1, Sarina Muhamad Noor2 ,Zor Mat Nor3, Hisaruddin Ahmat4
Faculty of Business Management1&2,
Universiti Teknologi MARA,Arau 02600 Perlis
COLGIS3
,Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah
Research Unit4,
Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah
ABSTRACT
The emergence of internet encourages organizations to introduce web portal to enhance customers‟ services. By
having their own portals, organizations are able to communicate well with the users. Hence, the ability to
disseminate information reduces the barrier between service providers and the customers. Generally, web portals
are classified as commercial web portals and non-commercial web portals. Majority of previous studies have
focused on commercial portals, leaving those in non-commercials struggling to understand the dimensions
unique to them. Hence, this study attempts to determine the appropriate dimensions that are specific to the noncommercial users. The adapted questionnaire was administered to students of Higher Learning Institutions in
Malaysia. Using factor analysis, the result revealed four different dimensions of service quality web portals from
the original eight dimensions. These dimensions are identified as site quality, assurance, communication
response and technical. The finding provides a very useful tool for researchers and web administrators of the
non-commercial web portal to improve the service provided to the users.
60
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 177
Flexy Kariah Boundary Design
Norshahrizan Mohd Hashim1, Zakaria Mat Arof, Rafidah Ali, Mohd Hasif Ahmad Nasruddin,
Tengku Afrizal Tengku Ali
Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-2091860
ABSTRACT
„Kariah‟ is a jurisdiction area of a particular mosque which defines the rights and responsibilities of the
Muslim who live in the entire area. Presently, the kariah boundaries are normally alienated according to
the historical borders and leader‟s intuition. However with the highly demanded community efficiency
management, the situation is getting more complex and has caused a lot of confusion regarding the rights
of kariah members. The aim of this project is to design a new and more sustainable parameters and
procedures in kariah boundaries delineation. ARCGIS techniques of overlaying, reclassification
according to Thiessen principle, Neighborhood and Matching area have been used in the process. The
priority criterion of boundary establishment is specifically defined by referring to the standard based map
which hugely supports data integration with other agencies for maximum utilization of spatial data. The
outcome of this project can be used by the Islamic Religious Council as a tool to determine the „kariah‟
boundaries. In addition, other potential customers are the agencies such as municipal councils where the
product can be used as a tool to identify the jurisdiction area which might have same impacts on
council‟s revenue. Hence, this product can help to enhance the effectiveness of various agencies
administration having a more efficient management system, these agencies could expect a greater return.
61
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 178
The Biodegradable films from poly(vinyl alcohol) and
coconut coir husk
Dalina Samsudin1, Roziana Mohamed Hanaphi
Faculty Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-3324313
ABSTRACT
Synthetic poly(vinyl alcohol)(PVA) is a water soluble polymeric material from fossil fuel source. The
high value buys of fuel nowadays, also affect the price of synthetic PVA. However, synthetic PVA always in
high demand in the plastic industry due to their contribution in various applications, thus lead to the plastic
waste problem. This problem occurs because of the resistancy of synthetic PVA that take years to fully degrade
in nature. However, we tried to overcome this problem by increasing the biodegradability rate in the plastic
products by blended synthetic PVA with natural source which is the coconut coir husk (CCH). The blended
constituents hopefully can help to minimize our dependable on 100% synthetic plastic‟s products. The
environmental friendly product with 15% of coconut coir husk in polyvinyl alcohol were produced by knowing
the characteristic of hydroxyl group in CCH (cellulose and hemi celullose) able to retain water and at the same
time it helps the synthetic pva to biodegrade. The blended of a 15% of coconut coir husk and polyvinyl alcohol
were produced in the form of film by casting methods and the results shown that the biodegradibility rate were
30% within 4 weeks buried in soil environments.The biodegradation activity were confirmed by isolated of
bacteria Ps aeruginosa, Aero. Hydrophila, S.paucimobilis and Shew. Putrefaciens in the soil environment after 4
weeks. The development of this film will help the socio environment by reduce the usage of pva plastics and
promote the usage of abudant coconut coir husk thus help to save the environment. This film have a potential to
be used as peat ornament to plant or can be used in packaging industry.
62
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 180
Paddy Maturity Monitoring Supporting System
Rafidah Ali1, Norshahrizan Mohd Hashim, Zakaria Mat Arof, Rahayu Harun Narashid,
Ashraf Abdullah
Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-208 1860
ABSTRACT
Geographical Information System (GIS) is a dominant technology for spatial analysis and is widely used in
various kind of applications. Although the technology is extremely excellent, it has not been fully utilized in the
plantation sector especially in paddy management. The aims of this project are to develop a more systematic
paddy maturity monitoring system and to generate a yield prediction model based on field activities. GIS, Map
Object and Visual Basic have been used in the development process. The system which operates within GIS
environment has extremely enhanced the effectiveness of spatial based paddy maturity monitoring application
and use for yield prediction. The system is user friendly in design to ensure the non GIS users can operate with
ease. The product has proven its ability to enhance paddy growth data management, stakeholder, interaction and
yield prediction based on current activity and not on the actual yield as currently practised. The feedback shown
that, eighty percent of the MADA officers agree with the system‟s performance. The product can be utilised by
the Agriculture sector as a tool to manage and manipulate the plantation activities especially in yield forecasting.
The information can largely increase the productivity and assist in the decision making process.
63
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 182
SAFE NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR TIDAL
RESTRICTION AREA
Tengku Afrizal Tengku Ali1, Norshahrizan Mohd Hashim, Mohd Hasif bin Ahmad,
Mohd Adhar bin Abd Samad
Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-3585804
ABSTRACT
The sea moves: the land usually stays still. As seawater is dynamic, the navigation happens to
be difficult without any equipment or guidance of any aid to navigation system. ECDIS are rapidly
gaining popular acceptance as powerful for increasing navigational safety and augmenting
situational awareness. However, most of the ECDIS not represents the actual depth of water. It is
the goal of this study to develop a system that be able to update the water depth depend on tidal
levels at given date and time, with various size of vessels draft and determines locations of the sea
that is safe for vessels to sail through. Although there are several factors should be taken into
account to ensure the under keel clearance adequate, this study only take the draft as a main factor.
This system was developed using Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0, Map Objects 2.0 to visualize the
spatial data and with tidal data prediction in Microsoft Access database. The output of this system
is a prototype of dynamic tide mapping show locations of the sea that has sufficient depth levels
for vessels with different sizes to sail through. The result would be an improvement in port safety
because the actual depth of water and safely navigable area for a vessel of particular draft is
displayed on the system in real time and can be help especially at tidal restriction area.
64
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 184
The effect of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane pretreatment
on water absorption of lignocellulosic filter media
Syarifah Nursyimi Azlina Syed Ismail1, Wahida Abdul Rahman, Mohd Lias Kamal,
Siti Nor Din , Anies Suhaida Mohd Naspu
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-2278550
ABSTRACT
Surface interaction of oil palm fiber and chitosan was modified in order to produce high integrity
fiber-chitosan based composite filter. The oil palm cellulosic fibres were treated with 3aminopropyltriethoxysilane and mixed with chitosan prior to hot pressing at a temperature of 190 0
C and a pressure of 1900 psi. Square sheet composite filters were obtained by the process and
continued through drying and crosslinking overnight. The composite were characterized on the
water absorption behaviour from 24 hours to 168 hours of immersion time. The graph of water
absorption versus immersion time was plotted. The result indicated that the treated composites
absorbed least water compared to untreated composites. The result indicated that the 3aminopropyltriethoxysilane plays a major role in reducing the water absorption and improved the
water resistance to the cellulosic filter composite. The tensile test was further conducted to
measure the tensile strength properties of the treated and untreated composites after water
immersion time. The results indicated that the tensile strength of the treated composites increased
compared to the untreated composites. The Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR)
results has proven that the surface modification of the oil palm fiber has been observed due the
decreased of intensity and sharpness of all peaks of treated silanized fiber compare to untreated
fiber after water immersion. The presence of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane pretreatment was
believed to enhance the adhesion between fiber/chitosan polymer matrix.
Keywords: 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, oil palm fiber, Fourier Transform Infrared
Spectroscopy, tensile test, water absorption test
65
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 185
Parkir Basikal Berpusat-Keselamatan Bersistematik
Hairul Reazuan Asmayadi¹, Zainuddin Al Mansor, Marlina Ismail, Iswadi Efendi Ismail,
Kamarul Zaman Senawi
Unit Pengurusan Kolej & NR
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau Perlis
[email protected]¹
012-4780004¹
ABSTRAK
Fakulti Sains Sukan & Rekreasi UiTM Perlis adalah menawarkan beberapa program diploma dan ijazah. Salah
satu subjek yang ditawarkan ialah Kelaziman Fizikal yang memerlukan pelajar kursus ini menggunakan basikal
di dalam memenuhi kehendak silibus pembelajaran. Faktor keselamatan basikal sentiasa menjadi perbualan di
kalangan pelajar memandangkan harga basikal yang di beli adakalanya mencecah sehingga ribuan ringgit.
Beberapa isu pengurusan juga timbul ekoran dari tempat letak basikal yang tidak disediakan sekaligus basikalbasikal diletakkan di merata tempat. Justeru itu, kebanyakkan pelajar meletakkan basikal mereka di depan bilik
masing-masing dan ini membuatkan keadaan koridor kolej kediaman siswa agak sesak, suasana asrama yang
tidak kondusif dan tidak selamat sekiranya berlaku kecemasan seperti kebakaran dan sebagainya. Keadaan ini
juga mewujudkan peluang berlakunya kes kecurian. Lantaran itu, apabila projek ʽParkir Basikal BerpusatKeselamatan Bersistematik’ di wujudkan, ianya telah dapat menyelesaikan masalah perkara yang berbangkit
dan juga dapat memuaskan hati bagi semua pihak yang terlibat.
66
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 187
THE INNOVATION of FLOOR CAP (eco-Cap)
Nor Aminmin Bt Khalid1, Basharudin Abdul Hadi2, Razif Muhammad Nordin3, Latisha
Asmaak Shafie4, Juliana Martin2
1
Faculty of Business Managment, 2Faculty of Civil Engineering, 3Faculty of Chemical Engineering & &
4
Institute of Linguistic
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau,
[email protected]
019-44688581
ABSTRACT
Nowadays, the Malaysian problem is unexpected flooding in certain area of Malaysia especially in
Kangar, Perlis. The worst part is the water flowing to bathroom from septic tank pipe. Moreover,
the venomous snake and animal and unwanted insect try to enter the residential through sewer pipe
connected to bathroom floor trap. Meanwhile, the global consumption of gloves and plastics is
about 10 and 75 million tons/year, respectively. The production from both materials from of these
products is expected to increase to 20 to 35% annually. Currently, the amount of waste glove and
plastic had reached 14 million every year worldwide. These recycled materials have to invent to
produce new useful product. By integrated both above problems an innovative idea should be
design. The innovative eco-cap is made from recycle glove and plastic and the main function as
cap for floor trap. Eco-cap is used to prevent back siphon in sanitary pipe line, prevent from
venomous animals and prevent from bad odors if the floor trap loss the water seal. In this
innovative project, 70% of waste glove was blend with 30% waste plastic to produce a eco-cap
that have the rigidity of plastic and elasticity of rubber through melt mixing and the strength
material is 13 MPa. This design is economical and environmental free. This innovative product is
very useful for every individuals and families in Malaysia and the world.
67
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 189
INNOVATIVE RECYCLE GASKET for COLD WATER
SUPPLY
(inno-gasket)
Razif Muhammad Nordin1, Basharudin Abdul Hadi2, Nor Aminmin Bt Khalid3, Juwita Bt.
Asfar1, & Nur Shafieza Bt Azizan1
1
Faculty of Chemical Engineering, 2Faculty of Civil Engineering,
3
Faculty of Business Management & 4Institute of Linguistic
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau,
[email protected]
019-55653481
ABSTRACT
The annual consumption of natural rubber is more than 15 million tons and the output of tires is
more than 290 million worldwide. With the development of automotive industry, a lot of waste
tires are produced in the world every year. Presently, the amount of discarded tires reached 13
million every year worldwide. Meanwhile, from piping industry for cold water supply in Malaysia,
using the gasket from rubber base as jointing between pipes. The main function is to reduce the
vibration from water pressure. Unlikely this rubber material made from natural rubber and no
standard for this rubber gasket. For two problems the inventor integrated the problem and solved
by produced the recycle gasket for pipe industry. This innovative product, 50% of waste tire or
tube was blended with virgin natural rubber to produce a new gasket through mechanical shearing
for pipes. The advantage of this rubber because it strength can be achieved about 20 to 24 MPa and
considered qualified for cold water supply in Malaysia. Inno-gasket is made by recycle tires and
tube. This high strength inno-gasket a good in high compression strength and due to that it has
potential to use in jointing of pipe line. The advantage of this product it is applied reduce, reuse
and recycle system and can save the earth. The governments many can be cut down for spend for
this facility. This innovative product can be selling to over the whole world and become a major
export for Malaysia in future,
68
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 190
Au/ZnO Nanoparticles for Catalytic Reduction of pNitrophenol
Hanani Yazida*, Rohana Adnanb, Shafida A. Hamidc, Muhammad A. Farrukhd and Abd
Mutalib Md Jania
a
Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi Mara (Perlis), 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia.
b
School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia
c
Department of Biotechnology, Kulliyyah of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia, 25200
Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia.
d
Department of Chemistry, GC University Lahore, Lahore-54000, Pakistan
[email protected]*
019-2253977
ABSTRACT
Supported gold (Au) nanoparticles possess tunable catalytic properties in many chemical reactions under mild
condition. Promising activity and selectivity towards corresponding reactions can be achieved through the
control of the Au particle size. In this study, a series of Au nanoparticles supported on zinc oxide (Au/ZnO) was
synthesized at several pH levels by deposition-precipitation (DP) method. Physico-chemical characterization of
these supported nanoparticles indicates the formation of Auo with 4-8 nm size. The catalytic potential of the
Au/ZnO was tested in the reduction of p-nitrophenol (p-NP) with an excess amount of hydrazine, under mild
reaction condition. The catalytic reaction was monitored spectrophotometerically and the highest rate constant
(k) achieved based on pseudo first order kinetic model was 20.5 x 10-3 s-1. There is no trace of poisoning or
deactivation of the catalyst during the catalytic process and can be reused without significant change of the k
value even after 3 cycles. These reflect the stability of the prepared catalysts and open up the utilization of
Au/ZnO for catalyzing nitro reduction in an aqueous solution.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 192
Bamboo Aquaponic Farming System
Mohammad Amizi A.2, Jamil T.1, Nor Azwan Mokhtar3, Nawwar Z. Mamat1, Mohammad Azizi
Abdullah2
1
Faculty of Applied Sciences
Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology
3
Academic Affairs Department
University Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013 228 5751
2
ABSTRACT
Aquaponic systems combine aquaculture and hydroponic for the production of plants and fish in a sustainable
closed system. An aquaponic system consists of three major components. These include the fish rearing
component, the filtering component and the plant rearing component. Plants are fertilised with the waste water
from the fish tank which provide almost all the nutrients required by the plants and the water is being filtered
and cleaned by the gravel and river stones and it flows back to the fish tank. Aquaponics gardening allows us to
grow organic vegetables, plants, fruits and other greens while providing fresh fish as a great source of protein. In
addition, an aquaponic environment can be set up anywhere, in the garden, on a porch, in abandoned ponds,
including on a limited land area. The chief aim of the project is to propose using bamboo aquaponic farming
system to produce aquaponic production of both crops and fish in any possible farming areas including
abandoned ponds as inexpensive as possible. The piping material of irrigation piping for hydroponics is
substituted with bamboo which is normally installed with PVC pipe. The advantages of this system include
promoting efficient land and water use, minimising environmental impact on the wastewater discharge, and also
an effective and inexpensive way to produce organic agriculture product and fresh fish. On a larger scale, it is a
key solution to mitigating food insecurity, climate change, groundwater pollution and the impacts of overfishing
on the oceans.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 194
Invention of Lady construction probe (i-ladyprobe)
Basharudin Abdul Hadi1, Razif Muhammad Nordin2, Nor Aminin Bt Khalid3, Nur Juhanah Bt
Juhari1, Mohamad Zairani Bin Abdullah4
1
Faculty of Civil Engineering, 2Faculty of Chemical Engineering & 3Faculty of Business Managment
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-44788581
Research Innovation Bussiness Ent. 4
Seksyen U3, Subang Perdana, 40150 Shah Alam, Selangor
[email protected]
019-55173964
ABSTRACT
The soil strength is an important element in designing structure foundation. By knowing the soil
strength the designer can determined the types of foundation to be used in the construction works
for example piling, strip, slab or pad footing. In general, Macintosh Probe used to measure the soil
stength for building which is less than 4 floors and for road & highway construction. The soil
strength is measured by probing at a certain depth of soil layers versus the number of dropped
hammer. The users, especially ladies faced risk to be injured during handling this equipment
during lab experimental or on construction site. The factors which lead to this issue are due to the
physical characteristics of the apparatus such as the probe body and drop hammer is too heavy,
prone to rusty, the weight is heavy thus difficult to be trasported, the hanger of casing is exposed to
lightning strike due to the length of the jointing rod which is too long. The probe is noisy and the
looked is also bored because it is plane and no colour.This invention project which is known as
The i-ladyprobe is to simplify and modify the existing probe thus help ladies to perform their
technical training and works safely. The advantages of i-ladyprobe are the weight is more light,
the design is more attractive and colourful, easy to portable, reduced noise and applied the short
rods. On the other hand, several types of recycled materials also used in this invention thus help in
sustainability. For example, the probe casing is customize from recycle tyres and the bag pack is
formed from recycle polyvinyl poster or banner. The noise produce of this apparatus is absorbed
by rubber from recycle gloove.This
i-ladyprobe is a good alternative to help the users
especially ladies to complete their task conviniently, happily and safely.
71
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 195
Virgin Coconut Oil as Natural Antioxidant
Nur Nasulhah Kasim1, Amirah Amalina Ahmad Tarmizi, Anisah Rafidah Ahmad, Zaini Fitriah
Othman, Norazila Ghazali
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
04-9882151
ABSTRACT
Virgin coconut oil (VCO) is one of the most popular vegetable oil that rich in medium chain
saturated fatty acids that have been intensively investigated to have antimicrobial, antiviral and
several beneficial health effects. The extract of virgin coconut oil was obtained from different
stage ripening of coconut fruit and the quality of the extraction was compared with commercial
VCO product. The extraction was performed through fermentation of coconut milk expelled
from scraped coconut endosperm for 24-36 hours. Wet extraction process is the most accepted
method that could be extracted this valuable natural oil which about 88 % of the total oil.
Apparently, an antioxidant property was presence naturally in this oil and the characteristics of
VCO was measured through some Instrumental and chemical analyses such as acid value,
peroxide value (PV), iodine value (IV), UV-Vis and FTIR. From the finding, the chemical
properties of the virgin coconut oil that produces by wet extraction method has almost showed the
same quality to the commercial VCO product. Thus, VCO is highly recommended as natural
antioxidant sources to human body system.
72
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 198
Automated Settling Curve Generator
Mohammad Hazizi Bin Jamal1, Badrul Nizam Ismail, Basharudin Abdul Hadi, Zulhafizal
Othman, Norshafa Elyza Muha
Faculty of Civil Engineering,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-9554699
ABSTRACT
Sedimentation analysis of fine particles can be performed using several techniques. In this
product, a new technique for sedimentation analysis is proposed, which is based on analysing
digital image captured during sedimentation. The captured digital image is converted to binary
images and percentages of black pixel for each image are calculated. The results show that
percentages of black pixel decrease as the finer content decrease. This is consistent with the
theory that finer particles require more time to settle. Hence, The product is a new method in
identifying sedimentation rate of particle. It is an automated measurement technique for settling
test which is developed from the relationship between image intensity and sedimentation process
of particles in hydrometer test. The measurement of sedimentation process is done by capturing
digital image at the side of the measuring cylinder. The image is then processed using the digital
image processing software to analyze the captured image, followed by automatic generation of the
settling curve. This automated settling curve can be used to predict the rate of sedimentation that
are very useful for the government agencies such Department of Irrigation and Drainage (DID),
Jabatan Kerja Raya (JKR) and any parties or companies that are involve in hydrological and water
engineering.
73
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 199
Floodplain Evacuation Location Using GIS
Siti Nor Maizah Saad1, Rohayu Haron Narashid, Suhaila Hashim, Ashnita Rahim
Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-5699535
ABSTRACT
Flood occurrences are considered as the most significant natural disaster affecting Malaysia from
the perspective of their frequency, financial implications and most importantly the huge negative
impact on the population due to the disruption of their socio-economic activities. Geographic
Information System or GIS is ideally suited for various floodplain management activities, which
includes managing flood evacuees by producing relevant maps and data analysis. This study was
conducted using GIS technique for the purpose of suggesting the best location as flood evacuation
centers for flood evacuees to move in when the floods hit their area. The analysis was performed
by producing flood prediction maps with reference to certain flood levels. The objective of this
project is to map the potential services location for flood evacuees. This study can be potentially
used to help relevant departments or local authorities and flood emergency response teams in
identifying flood zone areas and focus on the operation of moving the flood evacuees to a safe
location during the time of flooding effectively.
74
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 200
Coursework Assessment of Non-Examinable Course in
Outcome-Based Education: Focus on Soft skill Rubrics for
MOHE’s Learning Outcome 7 (Information management
and lifelong learning skills)
Ashnita Rahim, Ernieza Suhana Mokhtar, Mukhlis Nordin, Siti Aminah Anshah
Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-4002052
ABSTRACT
Implementation of Outcome-Based Education (OBE) in teaching and learning for all the programmes in
UiTM (Perlis) in accordance to the directive of the Ministry of Higher Education, requires the soft skill to
be assess based on the rubrics design. This paper intended to assist and guide lecturers in the coursework
evaluation process by designing a fair and comprehensive rubric for a non-examinable course (Computer
Application 2, SUG230) to achieve MOHE‟s Learning Outcome 7, information management and lifelong
learning skills. The usage of the proposed rubric will help in standardizing the marking scheme among
lecturers in teaching the same course.
75
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 201
OBE-SCL Student’s Learning Timetable (Jadual Belajar
Pelajar-JBP)
Mukhlis Noordin, Siti Farah Nasehah Mukhlis, Ernieza Suhana Mokhtar
Faculty of Civil Engineering,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-475 1862
ABSTRACT
Students are always told by their lecturers to make a timetable for studying. New students in particular are at a
loss since they are unfamiliar to the concept of Target Cummulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) and student
learning time (SLT) as introduced by Outcome Based Education and Student Centered Learning (OBE-SCL).
Student Learning Time table or „Jadual Belajar Pelajar (JBP) is a tool to guide students to create a study
timetable for themselves. The objectives for this project are to aid students to manage their day-to-day time
efficiently and rearrange their study time to meet the requirement of notional hours spent for each credit units.
JBP consists of two parts; the Timetable and the Target CGPA. The Timetable originates from the standard class
timetable with additional feature; it generates the SLT for each course the student is taking for the current
semester. Students can then arrange the study time that is suitable for themselves. The Target CGPA is a goal set
by the student for the current semester. Having a target is essential since it is related to the Timetable. Whan a
student sets a target, the SLT will adjust accordingly to make sure the target can be reasonably be achived. The
outcome of this project is a prototype timetable which enable students to make adjustment depending on the
performance of the students throughout the semester.
76
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 204
Recognizing Customized ICT Substance for Rural
Community Usage
Abdul Hapes Mohammed1
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA (Perlis), 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
016-3188-491
ABSTRACT
Since the days of Malaysia's independence in 1957 until today, Malaysia has increased
tremendously to become a developed country that is capable of competing with other
countries in various fields. In order to turn into a developed nation, one thing to consider is
the development of rural areas. Until today, 35% of the population in Malaysia is
still living in rural areas. ICT is a tool to be mastered by all parties to continue in line with
the expansion of the information and how people communicate with each other. Generally
the populations in rural areas have yet to take full advantage of ICT. Various factors that
could cause this to happen and one of the factors are due to no interest in using ICT. So it
is critical to emphasize the importance of grassroots research, such as community need
assessments for the generation of contextually appropriate content through ICT, including
the role that local universities may play as facilitators in identification and processing the
content. Therefore, in order to attract them to use ICT, it‟s a must to provide a content that
can give a direct impact and can be of assistance in their lives. If the matter can be
cultivated in the life of rural population, then indirectly it will show a positive impact on
their lifestyle. The outcome of this project will be a model to determine the tailored content
to be offered in attracting rural community to utilize ICT.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 209
In-situ Trans-esterification of Rubber Seed for Bio-diesel
Production
Asnida Yanti Ani, Nurul Hidayah Yahya, Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak and Khudzir Ismail
Fuel and Biomass Energy Research Group, Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA (Perlis), 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
ABSTRACT
The production of bio-diesel from rubber seed was successfully carried out using batch-wise reactor system in
optimized conditions of 280 C, 10 MPa and at 30 min of reaction time. 43.7 % of crude bio-diesel yield was
obtained. Qualitative analysis of Gas Chromatography on the rubber seed bio-diesel revealed the presence of
FAMEs (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters, i.e. bio-diesel), which conform the occurrence of in-situ trans-esterification
process. The physiochemical properties of rubber seed bio-diesel also indicate that the bio-diesel produced are
compatible with the bio-diesel standard. The in-situ process is simple to operate and requires less than 30 min
for the trans-esterification reaction to complete. Moreover, the bio-diesel produced has relatively low impurities
with no saponification by-product since the process is catalyst-free. This process is viable for commercialization
since it involved in-situ process to produce bio-diesel direct from the seed. Thus, it will avoid the conventional,
time consuming, two-step process-oil extraction followed by trans-esterification process to produce bio-diesel.
78
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 217
Solvability of nonlinear three-point boundary value
problems at resonance
Mesliza Mohamed1, Muhammad Sufian Jusoh
Jabatan Matematik & Statistik
Fakulti Kejuruteraan Awam
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
0144350131
ABSTRACT
The boundary value problems for ordinary differential equations is considered. The main purpose
of this project is to investigate the existence of solutions of first order boundary value problems at
resonance for a very general case in which both the system of ordinary differential equations and
the boundary conditions are nonlinear. By employing the implicit function theorem sufficient
conditions for the existence of three-point boundary value problems are established. Our results
are analogues for three-point boundary conditions of those periodic conditions for perturbed
systems of first-order equations at resonance considered by Coddington and Levinson and Cronin.
79
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
STUDENTS CATEGORY:
Abstract 2
Improved Final Contractor Selection Using Fuzzy
Method
Ng Kok Shien1, Chew Yee Ming2,
Faculty of Civil Engineering1
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences2,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-4539395
ABSTRACT
Some contractor selection methods in construction projects are criticized as prejudiced because it involves
complex multi criteria decision-making process. Therefore, a fuzzy framework is proposed to improve the final
contractor selection. In this framework, the ratings of the contractors versus eight main criteria, such as tender
price, financial capability, past performance, past experience, resources, current workload, past client contract or
relationship and safety performance and its sub criteria and the weights of all the criteria are assessed by fuzzy
numbers. Three fuzzy approaches such as fuzzy TOPSIS method, fuzzy number weight center method and
simple defuzzification method are developed to rank the best contractor in the final stage. Moreover, a
hypothetical case study was conducted to demonstrate the feasibility of the suggested fuzzy framework. The
advantage of the fuzzy framework will help construction clients to identify contractors with the best potential to
perform satisfactory outcomes in the final contractor selection process which is not simply based on the lowest
bid. The fuzzy framework is basically simple, efficient and suitable for practitioner making human decision
process in real life.
80
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 3
The Implementation Plan for Marine Cadastre in
Peninsular Malaysia
Ashraf Abdullah1 and Nazirah Mohamad Abdullah2
Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
Unit Ukur Tanah,
Jabatan Kejuruteraan Awam
Politeknik Merlimau, 77300 Merlimau, Melaka
[email protected]
013-5235956
ABSTRACT
In Malaysia, the introduction of Marine Cadastre is still in preliminary stage compared to other
countries like Australia, Netherlands and Canada but there are not strongly implemented on that reality. The
importance in governing the ocean territory is due to the realization that coastal and marine areas provide social,
economic and natural functions which contribute to the quality of life. The objective of this research is to
propose the procedure of demarcation of marine area, to discuss boundary demarcation guidelines for marine
cadastre survey and to determine the appropriate spatial data for developing Marine Cadastre Database. In this
study, surveying method by using the Global Positioning System (GPS) was found to be suitable for the marine
cadastre conceptual model in Malaysia. The analysis covered several aspects related to accuracy of survey,
monumentation issues, marine demarcation guidelines and suitability of spatial data used in producing the
Marine Cadastre Database. Based on the results of the study, it was found that the use of GPS Real Time
Kinematic (GPS RTK) method is suitable to be used for demarcation of marine boundary. Due to the sea
conditions and surrounding environment, the difference in area between pre-computation and survey area is less
than 2 percent (%). This difference is still within the tolerance specified by Department of Survey and Mapping,
Malaysia that is 5% for a new survey. Besides that, cadastre data from field work and nautical chart, data
contribution from the Department of Survey and Mapping, Malaysia and License Land Surveyors are required
to develop the spatial data for marine database by using ArcGIS software. Essentially, this study refers to
guidelines and procedures for demarcation of marine boundary and the usage of Marine Cadastre Database
system which could facilitate the authorities such as the Department of Survey and Mapping, Malaysia and
statutory bodies, as well as the private sector, in administering marine areas by referring to the certified survey
regulations and practices. This procedures can be as the guideline to provided the new marine alienations for the
next future and will contribute the highest beneficial for nations in marine sources contexts.
81
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 22
The Power of Chelating Agents in Reducing Cost for
Synthesizing Cerate-Zirconate Compound
N. A. Abdullah, N. Osman, S. Hasan.
Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA,
02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia.
[email protected]
ABSTRACT
The focus on the green technology, lower cost and safer products has led to the introduction in
using various chelating agents to synthesis cerate-zirconate powder. The industry demands that
the chelating agents used perform better than the traditional counterparts and the performing,
sustainability and efficiency along with lower cost. The role of chelating agents is about
manipulating the interaction between the metal ions and the chelating agent to form polymerize
complex at atomic and molecular level and has a potential to enhance the quality of homogeneous
powders. In this work, BaCe0.54Zr0.36Y0.1O2.95 (BCZY) ceramics powder was synthesized using
four types of chelating agents which are glycolic acid, acrylic acid, triethylenetetramine (TETA)
and NTA. TETA is a new chelating agent in preparing ceramics powder, containing only N donor
atom in its structure. FTIR and XRD results show that by using TETA, the formation of
homogeneous perovskite phase cerate-zirconate powders was accomplish at 1100 oC. TETA
offers the versatility to complex different metal ions due to the presence of the –
NH(CH2CH2NH)2CH2CH2NH- ligand. TETA exhibits strong coordinating ability towards metal
ions due to the electron-donating activity of amine groups with a lone pair of electrons in
nitrogen. It acts as catalytic effects that increases the reaction rate and enhance the crystallization
process during heat treatment. The role of TETA as chelating agents sheds a new light for the
development of synthesizing Ba(Ce,Zr)O3 at relatively low temperatures. It is believed that the
results obtained from this research will embark a significant finding in terms of reducing cost for
synthesizing cerate-zirconates compound.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 23
ARPerlis – Integrating Augmented Reality in Tourism
Application
Sharfa Najwa Haji Salim, Mohammad Hafiz Ismail1, Shukor Sanim Mohd Fauzi &
Nur Farah Izzati Abdullah
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-7605169
ABSTRACT
This project aims to integrate tourist attraction spots in Perlis through the use of augmented reality (AR).
Existing mobile tourist guides only presents information in a manner that does not involve users immersing
themselves in the surrounding areas. Thus, in order to improve existing mobile application in tourism, we opted
to enhace users‟ perception of reality with AR, by layering additional information about tourist attraction on top
of handheld display screen (which shows the physical world). The advantages of integrating AR in handheld is
the ubiquitous nature of camera phones and the high-speed connectivity it provides. Users (tourists) will find the
use of AR applications is more attractive compared to traditional mobile application, as it gives them the
opportunity interact with their surroundings in real-time. ARPerlis application is also can be easily marketed
through common mobile marketing channels as it is portable accross popular mobile devices platform (iPhone,
Android, Symbian and Blackberry), thus giving it advantage of receiving wider-audiences.
83
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 24
Visualizing UiTM Perlis Staff Directory within Augmented
Reality Space
Nur Farah Izzati Abdullah, Mohammad Hafiz Ismail1, Shukor Sanim Mohd Fauzi, Sharfa
Najwa Haji Salim
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-7605169
ABSTRACT
Augmented Reality (AR) is a technology that enables important information superimposed over physical objects
(via computer imagery) in real time. The interaction between user and AR can greatly enhance user experience
as they feel immersed with the combination of virtual display and physical world. In this project, we present a
conceptual prototype which visualizes lecturer‟s office in AR. The prototype uses data streamed from UiTM
Perlis Directory of Expertise, which in turns feeds it to Layar API with JSON. The information is then
superimposed on camera‟s viewfinder whenever a user points the camera in the general direction of a lecturer‟s
office. The aim of the project is to provide a proof-of-concept mobile application to promote UiTM Perlis (and
to extent, its lecturers‟ expertise) to the world as AR application is the latest trend in presenting contextsensitive information in pervasive devices. The application also has commercial potential as it can be easily
adapted and customized for use by other universities or organization
84
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 29
S4NGRID: Developing Computational Grid
Nur Aizzah binti Abdullah1, Nur Adilah binti Abd. Razak, Nur Solehah binti Rasali,
Nor Zarina binti Talib, Syafnidar binti Abdul Halim
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
University Teknologi Mara Perlis
[email protected]
019-52194421
ABSTRACT
Computational Grid or Grid Computing is the act of sharing tasks over multiple computers, therefore creating a
large system with massive computational power that far surpasses the power of a handful of supercomputers.
Grid computing provides heterogeneous computing system and is cost effective. Computational jobs can be split
into small pieces and will be processed simultaneously by different servers in the grid therefore reducing
processing time. Grid computing is rapidly developed and deployed by industries and academic institution. It
forms the basis of new cyber infrastructure, and is enabling a new generation of applications that are based on
seamless and secure aggregations and interactions. Currently, UiTM Perlis do not have super computing power
to support complicated and computational heavy computer sciences projects. Grids can be developed based on
many purposes such as education, administration and sports. Therefore, the grid in UiTM Perlis can be
specialized based on high demand purposes. The objective of this project is to develop a Grid Computing
infrastructure in UiTM Perlis called S4NGRID and to analyze the performance of S4NGRID whether it can
functions in UiTM Perlis network environment. For this project, three computers are clustered to form the grid
network. This grid network is developed using Globus Toolkit as middleware and Rock Cluster for clustering.
S4NGRID project will contribute to a successful grid computing network in education.
85
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 36
CHARACTERIZATION OF Sn-3.5Ag-1.0Cu-Xni LEAD
FREE SOLDER (X= 0,0.05,0.2,0.5) Via POWDER
METALLURGY
Noor Asikin Ab Ghani 1, Iziana Yahya, Nor Aishah Jasli, Saidatulakmar Shamsuddin, Ramani
Mayappan
Faculty of Applied Sciences1
Universiti Teknologi MARA Perlis, Malaysia
[email protected]
ABSTRACT
The effect of varying weight fractions of Ni (Ni= 0.0.05,0.2 and 0.5) into Sn-3.5Ag-1.0Cu The
solder was synthesized via powder metallurgy route. The powders were mixed at 2 hours. After
this, they were pressed by using hydraulic press at 140 bars. Then the sample were sintered at 150
o
C under nitrogen gas. The solder were characterized into density test by using densimeter.
Melting characteristic was determined by using different scanning calorimeter (DSC). The
microhardenss value for Ni based composites has shown higher micro vickers hardness compared
to un-reinforced counterparts.
86
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 37
Physical Characterization of Sn-3.5Ag-1.0Cu-xZn (x: 0,
0.1, 0.4, 0.7) Lead-free Solder Prepared via Powder
Metallurgy Method
Iziana Yahya1, Nor Asikin Ab Ghani, Nor Aishah Jasli,
Hamidi Abd Hamid, Ramani Mayappan
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-4619039
ABSTRACT
The toxicity in the Sn-Pb solder has promoted the development of Pb-free solder in the electronics industries.
Among the Pb-solders, the Sn-3.5Ag-1.0Cu solder is considered a potential replacement and being studied by
many researchers. In order to improve the performance of previous solder, various amount of Zn is added and
the physical characteristics of Sn-3.5Ag-1.0Cu-xZn lead-free solder were studied. The solder was prepared
using powder metallurgy route which includes blending, compacting and sintering. Finally, the effect of sample
variables on the melting temperature, density and hardness of the solders is reported.
87
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 39
Potential and Characterization of Refused Derived Fuel
(RDF) from Paper and Plastic Waste by
Using Dry Leaves as a Binder
Fiviana Nuri Anak Clement1, Zulhafizal Othman2, Mohd Lias Kamal1
Faculty of Applied Sciences1, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
Faculty of Civil Engineering2, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-5323166
ABSTRACT
The increasing number of human population and the modernization of the world produce a lot of solid
waste. The excessive amounts of solid waste become uncontrollable and contribute to ecological
phenomena that make people tend to think the easiest way to dispose the waste. This research has
been conducted to produce the Refused Derived Fuel (RDF) from paper and plastic waste in UiTM,
investigate the characterization of the RDF produce by using dry leaves as a binder and to indentify
which potential RDF ratio can give optimum performance. Samples were divided into 3 different
ratios 3:1, 3:1.5, and 3:2 (waste: binder) and being characterize for their moisture content, percentage
of carbon, chloride, sulfur and calorific value. Results conclude that samples with ratio 3:1.5 gave the
optimum performance with percentage of moisture content is 3.03%, carbon content 41.43%, calorific
value 25.90 MJ/kg, chloride and sulfur content are 0.018% and 2.24% respectively . Hence, RDF
produce from paper and plastic waste by using dry leaves as a binder have a great potential to use as
alternative fuel such as fuel tablets.
88
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 43
Collaborative Virtual System for Learning Programming
(CVSL)
Siti Fatimah Mohd Azmi1, Mahfudzah Othman, Amirah Mohamed Shahiri
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-4645749
ABSTRACT
Collaborative Virtual System for Learning Programming (CVSL) is a web-based system that is developed to
support online collaborative environment with the main objective is to allow students learn cooperatively in a
virtual computer environment. CVSL development was motivated by the effectiveness of the collaborative
learning techniques that have been widely implemented and applied in the traditional classrooms environment in
order to support the students‟ learning activities. CVSL was built to support the teaching and learning of the
introductory programming courses whereby it can be viewed as a proposed application for the lecturers of
Computer Science in UiTM Perlis to diversify their teaching methods in order to decrease the failure rates
among students who are pursuing the course. CVSL is developed using the open source web-based technologies
such as MySQL, PHP and Apache web server that makes the system more cost-effective. In addition, CVSL
also incorporates the ” Fishbowl” collaborative learning technique which allows the students to engage in an
online discussion and collaboration through the chat room available in the system.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 44
The Effect of Ag Addition on Intermetallic Formation in
the (Sn-8Zn-3Bi)-1Ag/Cu Solder Joint
Nor Aishah Jasli1, Iziana Yahya2, Noor Ashikin Ab Ghani3, Ramani Mayappan4, Hamidi Abd
Hamid4
Faculty of Applied Science
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
ABSTRACT
This study investigated the effect of Ag on the formation of intermetallic compounds of the Sn-8Zn-3Bi alloys
under liquid state aging. The intermetallics compounds were formed by reacting Sn-8Zn-3Bi and (Sn-8Zn-3Bi)1Ag lead free solders on copper substrate. The soldering was done using reflow method at 220°C and 270 oC.
Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to see the morphology of the phases and energy dispersive x-ray
(EDX) was used to estimate the elemental compositions of the phases. Present of Ag in the solder had retarded
the formation of Cu5Zn8 and promoted the growth of Cu3Sn and Cu6Sn5 intermetallic. The morphology of the
Cu3Sn and Cu6Sn5 were rather scalloped while Cu5Zn8 was flat. Increasing of aging time cause the intermetallics
thickness of Cu3Sn and Cu6Sn5 IMC thickness increasing. Understanding microstructural evolution of
intermetallics during liquid-state in this study is important as it can provide understanding on the nature of the
interfacial evolution from metallurgical point of view. Furthermore accurate control of soldering reactions can
have significant impact on the optimization of the liquid-stage aging process.
90
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 51
GIS Approach for Improving the UiTM's (Perlis) Room
Management
Zulikha Ruzuan, Azmawati Ariffin, Ernieza Suhana Mokhtar, Khairulazhar Zainuddin
Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-4002052
ABSTRACT
Currently, room management in UiTM (Perlis) is recorded on the paper. This approach normally
contributes to the problems to the UiTM administration in managing the room information, for
instant preparation of final examination location and identifying the lecturer‟s room information.
Thus, this project was developed to overcome the problems. The aim of this project is to help the
UiTM‟s communities in creating the effective room management application using GIS. This
project was developed by combining the graphic (spatial) and non-graphic data (attribute)
information. The outcome of this project is a prototype of room management which is the user is
able to display and updating the UiTM‟s room information.
91
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 52
PAZO Smart Conductive Biodegradable Composites
Wan Nurul Syaza Wan Nawai1, Razif Muhammed Nordin, Saidatulakmar Shamsuddin, Siti
Aisah Hamzah and Nur Assakila Ramli
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-9355706
ABSTRACT
Discoveries of conductive polymers with unique properties that lead to new technology of plastic
electronics by fabricated the PVA/ZnO. In this project, novel biodegradable PVA/ZnO smart
composites materials have been prepared at room temperature via solution casting method.
Conductive of thin film was studied with the addition of 0.01% and 0.001% of ZnO to the PVA as
a polymer host and water as a plasticizer. The integration of fillers in polymeric materials can
generate an infinite variety of new materials with unique physical properties and reduced
production cost compared with other materials. Hence, due to its unique physical properties and
reduced production cost as well as biodegradable composite, this product has significant potential
for commercialization.
92
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 60
Great Step towards Realizing High Efficiency ProtonConducting SOFC
Abdullah Abdul Samat1, Noor Zarina Baderisham, Mohd Razali Mohd Toop,
Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak, Nafisah Osman
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-2688960
ABSTRACT
Proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cell (H+-SOFC) is deemed to revolutionise electric power
generation in the 21st century as it offers high energy efficiency, low pollutant and fuel flexibility.
Nowadays, investigation is focusing on development of novel ceramic electrodes and electrolytes
to achieve lower operating temperature with the aim of bringing down manufacturing costs.
However, an importance issue for the successful operation of H+-SOFC is the chemical
compatibility between electrode/electrolyte interfaces. Formation of any reaction products and air
gaps at this layer may negatively alter the properties of materials involved and significantly
decrease the H+-SOFC efficiency. Therefore, selection of good compatibility and contact between
electrode and electrolyte materials is one of the great steps towards realizing high efficiency H+SOFC. In this work, La0.6Sr0.4CoO3-α (LSCO) was chosen as cathode and BaCe0.38Zr0.57Yb0.05O2.975
(BCZY) as electrolyte materials. The powders of LSCO and BCZY were prepared using a sol-gel
method and their interface layers were examined by a scanning electron microscope (SEM). It was
found the cathode functional layer well adhered on dense electrolyte surface due to no air gaps
being observed. The absence of air gaps leads to low polarization resistance as it accelerates
charge transfer processes. Hence, the outcomes of this study are expected to embark a significant
step in fabricating an excellent H+-SOFC.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 66
A Preliminary Study on Developing One Stop Centre of
Information for Accomodation in Perlis
Nor Azlan Yusof, Muhammad Azim Mohd Yusoff, Ernieza Suhana Mokhtar, Siti Maryam
Abdul Wahab
Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-4002052
ABSTRACT
Accommodations is one of the important aspect in the development of a competitive tourist sector. By providing
adequate information of accommodation in terms of location, available facilities and price, it will be easier for
travelers to choose the accommodation that suits their needs and budget. Thus, the aim of this project is to
developed one stop centre of information for accomodation in Perlis to support the needs of tourist. This project
is potentially to aid in preparing the georeferenced location, details information of facilities and the
rate of each accomodation. As a result, the information of accomodation can be retrieved from the centre
of information and it will help the tourist in planning their vacation. In addition, Ministry of Tourism, Perlis
office is enable to monitor and update the information of every hotel and homestay surrounding Perlis.
94
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 75
Charger HangerPRO
Nor Farihah Zainurin Lokman1, Noorsyafini Abdullah, Shamira Azmi, Norshamshina Mat Isa,
Azrul Abdullah
Faculty of Accountancy,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
016-5029081
ABSTRACT
Charger HangerPro (CHpro) is a hanger that provides its user to charge their electronic gadgets
practically. Specifically, it is designed to safely organize wire when the power outlet is at high
place. In addition, it also offers the user akin to hang clip to hold the electronic devices while
charging their battery. CHpro present a smart way to charge electronic devices by avoiding tangle
and dangle wire as well as offering a practical plugging style. There are two types of CHpro
developed in these early prototype versions. In this version, a holder box and adapter plug has
been used as the project outcomes and material. It is believed that by a mass production, CHpro
can easily grasp the potential market attention. It is also believed that the significant cost can be
reduced as the demand for this product increases.
95
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 78
Smoke Shooter: Introducing Danger of Smoking to School
Children with Persuasive Technology
Nor Fariza Yahya, Mohammad Hafiz Ismail, Arifah Fasha Rosmani, Anis Mulezuana binti
Rozi, Siti Aminah binti Abdullah
Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected], [email protected]
012-7605169
ABSTRACT
Children need to have adequate information on danger of smoking because smoking is bad to their
health. This can be achieved by using persuasive technology to change the attitudes or behaviors
of the users through persuasion and social influence. Mobile game with the help of persuasive
technology can be used to spread information toward primary school students on danger of
smoking since most primary school children loves playing arcade games and have access to
mobile devices. The objective of this project is to provide a new platform for entertaining children
and campaigning on the danger of smoking. This project applies the principles of persuasive
technology (based on Bandura‟ Social Learning Theory and Fogg‟ Behavior Model) into
interactive mobile game to influence children behavior into rejecting smoking habits from early
age. The outcome of the acceptance test conducted on Smoke Shooter has shown that (male)
children are receptive towards the concept of Smoke Shooter and fully aware of the long-term
effect of smoking on their health. The result of acceptance test has shown that the game has the
potential to be further developed and commercialized on popular mobile platforms such as iPhone
and Android.
96
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 79
Potential of Tree Bark as Pollutant Bio-indicator
Muhamad Fares Ameran1, Zaini Yusoff, Md Lias Kamal, Wan Ezaq Munir Wan Sazali
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-4528947
ABSTRACT
The emission of the pollutants such as organic or inorganic substances from anthropogenic
activities into the air contributes to the air pollution problem. The accumulation of these air
pollutants can be measured and monitored via biological indicator like tree bark. Tree bark can
serve as a passive biomonitoring technique which able to evaluate the environmental impact of
emission of pollutants into the environment. The barks, which is the outermost layer of the tree
trunk is made up of cells that would eventually die off in order to protect the inner layer. The
special morphology of the tree bark enables it to adsorb various airborne particles. The
concentration of the adsorbed pollutants extracted from the powdered tree bark thus gives the
indication of the level of pollution in the area where the barks are collected. Tree barks of Teak
trees (Tectona grandis) have been used to study the level of contamination of PAHs (polycyclic
aromatic hydrocarbon) and heavy metals in Chuping, Perlis and Teluk Ewa, Langkawi
respectively. Result from these two studies show the presence of selected pollutant in the studied
location. The highest concentration PAHs detected in tree barks collected in Chuping area is 22.15
ppm while the highest concentration from 9 elements heavy metal obtained from tree barks
collected in Teluk Ewa is Zn, 3.74ppm.
97
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 81
Green Coconut Fiber Natural Oil Absorbent
Mohd Norhisyam Mohd Mokhtar1, Razif Muhammed Nordin, Nik Noriman Zulkepli, Hafiz
Muhyiddin, Abdul Kadir Mohd Aini
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-3675740
ABSTRACT
Coconut fiber is obtained from the fibrous husk ( mesocarp ) of the coconut (Cocos nucifera) from the coconut
palm. Coconut fiber mixed with natural rubber is the new technology. Absorbed oil can be used again in other
processes. Recycling of agricultural wastes as raw materials for green natural oil water hugely reduce the
unnecessary materials on land and reducing the disposal cost. It is economical because we use of agricultural
waste as a main ingredient in the formula.
98
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 84
Potential of Tetracera Indica (Mempelas paya @ minyak)
Non Volatile Extract as Antibacterial and Antioxidant
Agent
Muhammad Hafizie Zamani1, Noor Asikin Ab. Ghani, Rizana Yusof, Roziana Mohamed
Hanaphi
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-4044384
ABSTRACT
Tetracera Indica is a family of Dilleniaceae and its rough surface leaves commonly used for
polishing rather than for its medicinal value. The study sought to identify chemical constituents
and study potential of plant as an antibacterial and antioxidant agent. Phytochemical constituents
of Tetracera Indica were extracted by maceration using methanol, dichloromethane and hexane
solvent. Highly presence of flavonoid and tannin were found in methanol extract followed by
dichloromethane and hexane extract. The antibacterial and antioxidant activities were determine
by using Kirby Bauer Disc Diffusion method and DPPH Scavenging method respectively. The
results showed methanol extract have highest antibacterial and antioxidant activity followed by
dichloromethane and hexane. Tetracera Indica shows a good potential as an antibacterial and
antioxidant agent although at low concentration which are comparable with commercially
available antibacterial and antioxidant agent in a market.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 85
ReTco: Rule-based Model for Effective Team Composition
Mazni Omar1, Sharifah Lailee Syed Abdullah, Naimah Mohd Hussin
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-4748082
ABSTRACT
Most organizations recognize that human capital is important asset in their workplace. Working as
a team is central in every organization as it ensures that organizational goals and strategies are
met. This often requires the organization to compose effective team members. Therefore, a rulebased model of effective team composition, ReTco was developed to serve as a novel solution that
can be used to guide decision makers to compose effective members. ReTco is a model that is
capable to determine effective team composition based on members‟ prior academic achievement,
personality type, team diversity and type of method used by the team. To realize the model, three
main components of the ReTco which consist of interfaces, rule-based inference engine, and
database were constructed. The rule-based engine contains a tested and verified IF-THEN rules
extracted from rough set technique, thus increasing validity and reliability of ReTco to determine
team effectiveness. Usability evaluation was carried out by 12 experts from academic and
industrial domain to assess the usefulness and ease of use of ReTco. Results show that ReTco is
able to provide useful tool for decision makers as an early preventive mechanism to determine
team effectiveness. By using ReTco, management can be assured of composing the most effective
teams in the organization. Furthermore, ReTco can serve an assistive tool for decision-makers to
decide tactically their organizational strategic planning.
100
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 91
Forest Stocking By Using Satellite Image in Perak
Muhammad Nur Azizi Mohd Azri1, Zuraihan Mohamad,
Masayu Norman, Muhammad Zulhaniss Jamion
Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-4216907
ABSTRACT
Forest stocking is used to estimate the volume distribution of trees in the forest. Monitoring
procedures were developed using Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery. The main objective of
the project are to derive empirical equation for forest stocking estimation by using multispectral
satellite image and map the spatial pattern of forest stocking in inland forest to produce spatial
distribution map of forest stocking. The volume, age, and area of forest at Perak were obtained
from the inventory and in-situ data collection during field survey. Image processing was
performed using mapping software and suitable analyses to show the forest stocking model
application that lead to the better performance for volume prediction. This project demonstrates
the development of monitoring tools to assess resource availability and variability over time, and
establish its linkages to policies. The inventory information, models, and monitoring protocols are
needed for effective resource management planning aimed to maximizing the desired level of
stocking to production of timber.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 92
Fun Park Mapping
Shamil Aiman Mohammad Ghazali1,Mohd Helmi Jaffri,
Muhammad Amirul Ariff Abu Hashim,
Masayu Hj Norman, Zuraihan Mohamad,
Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-6931841
ABSTRACT
Conventional map making are due to several limitations mainly in terms of how the features
(natural or manmade) are designed during the process of map making and also how they are
represented to the end users. This problem causes failure to the cartographic communication
process. Thus, modern mapmakings are now commonly applied with the aid of high-end hardware
and software. This enables the cartographer (map maker) to be more creative during the design
process and this software also enables the user to freely create symbols that accurately portrays
the real spatial features. Digital map productions are enabled with the aid of suitable software
including ArcGIS and SketchUp, also with the aid of advancement in map productions whereby it
is not limited only to the extent of hardcopy map. This project emphasizes on digital map making
technology in the productions of both hardcopy and digital map for better representing the real
world.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 94
IPv6 Deployment: Securing an Enterprise Network using
Decentralized Distributed Security Policy (DDSP) System
Wan Nor Ashiqin Wan Ali1, ‘Abidah Hj Mat Taib, Mohammad Hafiz Ismail, Mohd Raziff
Rosdi, Athirah Rosli
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-5351992
ABSTRACT
Deploying IPv6 in the IPv4 environment brings several security issues which have increased the security issues
in enterprise network. The vulnerabilities of some IPv6 features such as auto configuration and IPsec could pose
some risks if enterprises do not manage their network well. This valuable IPv6 addressing feature can indirectly
be misused when enterprises do not implement security policy to disable their IPv6 auto configuration. Hence,
any new node can easily get an IPv6 address and ultimately exposing it to be attacked. IPSec is also potential to
be misused in attacking the victim host since IPSec is a mandatory in IPv6 installation. Even though IPSec was
created as a security defence, but attacker can misuse the IPSec to inject any worms or malicious data inside the
encrypted packets. Therefore, it is crucial to have a mechanism in managing security policy for every end host
defence. The objective of this project is to develop the DDSP system which will be able to provide users with
updated policy and end-to-end policy communication between hosts. The DDSP system consists of five core
features; the web server, mobile client, PC client, database and log information. The mobile client is presented
using Android operating system and uses DDSP system (web services) to retrieve information from database
while log information is used to recall the history of the policy updated. The PC clients will act as end host
managing the policy using DDSP system similar to mobile client. The deliverable of this project is a prototype
of DDSP system which is able to manage and provide end-to-end policy communication as well as making IPv6
deployment more secure. In other words, DDSP system can indirectly offers enterprise to reduce the cost for
maintaining IPv6 firewall as well as cost for IPv6 training and produce real-time communications. DDSP
system also can offers consultation for other parties about IPv6 policies thus indirectly providing revenue for
enterprises. However, the major impact of DDSP system is it can contributes to the efficiency in managing the
IPv6 security policies and can predict in preventing from frequently occurrence attacks.
.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 95
E-Financial Analysis
Mohd Nazuan bin Wagiman, Muhammad Hafizi bin Abdullah, Rabiatul Adawiah bt Ismail,
Muhammad Azizi bin Mohd Ariffin, Sharifah Lailee Syed Abdullah
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
017-7991593
ABSTRACT
It is important for companies to monitor its‟ subsidiary companies. One of the methods is to
identify the financial strengths and weaknesses of these subsidiaries. Financial reports by
subsidiary companies allow top managements to understand better company performance, assess
credit worthiness, predict future financial performance and analyse possible acquisitions or takeover. It is important for top management to meaningfully interpret these financial reports,
construct measure of financial performances and analyse the reporting choices made by the
companies. However, the information provided in the financial statements need further analysis
because no meaningful conclusions can be drawn from these statements only. In addition,
subsidiaries companies often submitted its financial statements behind schedule and in various
formats, thus adding to the problems of developing proper financial report for top management.
Therefore it is the intention of this project to design and develop an automated web-based
financial analysis that allow subsidiary companies to upload their financial statements and
produced financial reporting that conform to top management needs. The financial analysis model
uses Horizontal (Trend) analysis to compare current with previous year‟s financial data. The
analysis is facilitated by showing changes between both years in ringgit and percentages. The
reporting of the financial statement allows top management to quickly identify companies facing
problems and therefore enable proactive actions to be taken.The outcome of this project is a
prototype of automated web-based financial analysis that transforms financial statements from
subsidiary companies into financial reporting that assists top management in taking proactive
actions thus enabling the company to have controlling power when there are changes in political
environment and organizational policies. This automated web-based financial analysis has the
prospect to be commercialized for all financial reporting on subsidiary companies and the novelty
of providing summary of financial reporting for each subsidiary company.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 96
Valuation of Watershed Services
Muhammad Amartur Rahman Zainal Abidin, Muhammad Muzammil Mohamad Nizar 1,
Muhammad Fakhruddin Bin Roslan, Masayu Norman, Zuraihan Mohamad
Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-6554605
ABSTRACT
Watershed services have been identified as one of the most important ecosystem services provided by
tropical forest (Bonell, M. & Bruijnzeel, 2005). In recognition of forest role in supplying watershed
services, programs to institute payments for watershed services are expanding more rapidly than other
ecosystem services. Virgin forest tends to have higher conservation value than forests that have been
logged. If they also enhance watershed services, then the net cost of retaining virgin forests is reduced.
Ordinarily, the major social cost of conservation is an opportunity cost: the forgone returns from next
best alternative land use. The focus of this project is to develop econometric modeling of the impacts of
forest on watershed services and the analysis of the opportunity cost of supplying incrementally higher
levels of watershed services. This project has been undertaken with the specific aim to find the
contaminated catchment areas using Geographical Information System (GIS) which able to provide
accurate data in order to identify the contaminated water catchment areas as well as to overcome
problems in managing the maintenance services. The output of this project will provide the map of
potential site for implementation of high level of watershed services.
105
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 98
GIS Application in Measuring the Carbon Stock
Muhammad Muzammil Mohamad Nizar1, Muhammad Amartur Rahman Zainal Abidin,
Muhammad Amri Bin Mohd Pouzi, Masayu Norman, Zuraihan Mohamad
Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-6554605
ABSTRACT
Carbon stock is needed for mainting the eqosystem cycle. About 500 billion tons of carbons are stored in
vegetation worldwide. Deforestation and forest degradation alone accounts for 17.4% of the world‟s
greenhouse gas emissions. The problem is especially acute in tropical and subtropical forests where
carbon stocks are decreasing at an alarming rate of 1-2 billion tons a year. The objectives of this project
are to produce a model which will be able to measure the carbon stock value among tree and provide a
distribution map of carbon stock. The interpolation method, Inverse Distance Weight (IDW) has been
used to gain the carbon stock value using carbon data per tree. Meanwhile, the carbon data per tree has
been obtained by applying the formula.The outcome of this project enable us to measure the carbon stock
for each of the tree and assist in monitoring the changes of carbon stock either it is increasing or
decreasing.
106
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 99
Risk Assessment Mechanism Using Threat Model in IPv6
Deployment
Athirah Rosli1, ‘Abidah Hj, Mat Taib, Wan Nor Ashiqin Wan Ali, Syafnidar Abdul Halim
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-4545184
ABSTRACT
Since beginning of IPv6 deployment, the word “security” became an excessive issue to the enterprise network.
Several vulnerabilities inside the IPv6 features tend to increase the security issues. Hence, the IPv6
vulnerabilities might lead to risk and threat which can bring harm to the enterprise network. The objective of
this project is to provide the risk assessment mechanism regarding IPv6 deployment as well as helping the
enterprises analyze their risk assessment effectively. This project is divided into four main parts; creating a
threat model using Inspiration 9.0 which based on literature review, conducting testing, analysis using attack
graph and reconstructing the existing threat model based on the analyzing of attack graph. The testing is
conducted via GNS 3.0 and analyzes the results using MulVAL 1.1. The attack graph will help us in analyzing
the risk and threat inside the enterprise. Threat model based on the attack is constructed and compared to the
earlier threat model. The outcome of this project is an adapted threat model based on the previous threat model.
Through this project, the enterprise would be able to cut down their cost in ongoing software support. Threat
model will allow enterprise to detect vulnerabilities at the early stage of design and development phase. This
will help enterprise to mitigate future patches and financial issues.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 103
E-ABC Machine
Norjuhaida bt Amran, Khumaini bt Nordin, Zarifah Liyana bt Zahir Affandi, Siti Nor
Asikin bt Khamis, Dr. Sabri Nayan (Supervisor)
Faculty of Business Management,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-9119261
ABSTRACT
E-ABC Machine stands for Electronic Air Batu Campur Machine functions to help the seller to reduce the time
of making ABC. The increasing demands of ABC in Malaysia creates the idea to improve the present machines
to be more easy to use, fast to deliver and at the same time can maintain the deliciousness of ABC. The
machines work with the help of the computer system and the sensor. There are several parts of container to put
the ingredients. This machine can be applied as a self service since it is convenience to be use by every people.
It gives the big impacts to the business operations especially for the entire entrepreneur. It is very commercial
because every part of ingredients to make ABC will be combined in a machine.
108
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 104
ANTICANCER FROM GRASS
Farzana Binti Abd Hamid1, Muhammad Izzuddin Bin Harun, Faridah Hanum Hj Badrun,
Zailuddin Bin Ariffin
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA (Perlis), 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
014-9077935
ABSTRACT
Many literatures have declared in their studies that Amygdalin or Vitamin B17 possesses
anticancer effects. In this study, Amygdalin is obtained from grass using the method of reflux
extraction by water. In order to quantitate Amygdalin in the grass samples, a reversed-phase highperformance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method using methanol-water as mobile phase is
used. The concentration of citric acid used during reflux is found to be dependent upon the type of
grass samples. The highest yield of Amygdalin is 1 % (wt/wt) found in wheat grass when refluxed
with 0.1 % citric acid. This study if pursued further will revolutionize the use of grass as a cheap
raw material for use in anticancer supplements.
109
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 106
Foldable Daily Hanger1.0
Mohd Faizz Abdul Manap1, Muhammad Fahmi Duad, Azrul Abdullah, Norshamshina Mat Isa
Faculty of Accountancy,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-7605169
ABSTRACT
Hanging and separating clothes from hanger are tedious work for many people. However this may
not be happened with Foldable Daily Hanger (FDH). FDH is a hanger that is designed to serve the
purpose of hanging and separating the clothes easier. It is also designed to reduce the usage of
space for storing and characterised by a high durability material. In this early version of FDH, the
material used to create the hanger is made from iron, which is similar with the iron hanger
available at the market. In order to make it fold, a clip system has been employed to the hanger to
make it users easily release and hang their clothes. It is believed that, by this function and fancy
design, FDH will be demanded when it enters the market through a massive production.
110
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 108
Neo Multipurpose Sport Shoes
Ayuni Nabilla Saidi, Shahrul Redza Zahid, Saiful Adilin Khairuddin,
Arif Afandi Wisman Sikumbang, Ahmad Dzulkarnain Ismail
Faculty of Sports Science & Recreation,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis.
[email protected]
019-2788482
ABSTRACT
Even though our product is still new, but we can guaranty our products are very reliable and ready for this
millennium century. We also provide the instruction guide together with each of our product and it is to make
sure our customer know how to wear the shoes properly. Our shoes is the first product that produce by the
students of Faculty of Sports Science. We take the initiative to produce multipurpose sport shoes because we
want to make sure that our local shoes will be recognized by all people in the world. Our sport shoes is an
unique product which there are no such that product at our market. NEO Enterprise is the organization that care
about their customer. We will put the contact number for each our product to get feedback from customer. They
also can give comment about our product, so that we can improve our product quality. We also try to put the
price that is not just can cover our cost but also balance with the society‟s income and status of life. We are sure
that everyone can afford our product because of its quality and perfections. Beside that,our product also will
attract our customer because it is extra ordinary and suits with our customer‟s taste of sport shoes.
111
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 111
Sonic Accurate Standing Broad Jump
Mohamad Syafiq Fadzilan, Nor Afizah Amran, Nur Fitri Hidayah Basri, Ahmad Dzulkarnain
Ismail, Azzura Kamarudin
Faculty of Sports Science & Recreation,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis.
[email protected]
019-2788482
ABSTRACT
Muscular power is an ability of the muscle to produce a maximum amount of force in the shortest amount of
time. The examples of muscular power are weight lifting and shot put. It means when the athlete wants to throw
for the shot put, he must have the power at hand. If the athlete doesn‟t have the power at the hand, the shot put
can‟t go far from starting position. The objective of this project is to produce a testing measurement to measure
the level of power of the athlete that is importance for the coach or sports personnel to check the level of
performance in this component fitness. The advantages of this instrument, it easy to conduct and the subject can
get faster result of the data. It also can be keep easily because this instrument can be folded into 4 parts.
Moreover, this instrument can be commercialized for the usage in the gym or sport centre. This instrument be
renovated from the usage of measuring tape and yard stick, which by this instrument, the result will become
more accurate. This project targets for athletes at school, university, and also for Malaysian athletes. The
outcome of this project is prototype testing measurement that can measure the level of power in directly can
increase the performance of athletes.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 112
Alby Stork Stand Project
Mohd Faizal Ismail, Nur Ain Liyana Zaheed, Nurul Fa'eqa Razak, Ahmad Dzulkarnain Ismail,
Radzliyana Radzuwan
Faculty of Sports Science & Recreation,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis.
[email protected]
019-2788482
ABSTRACT
Balance ability was related to competition level for some sports, with the more proficient athletes displaying
greater balance ability. There were significant relationships between balance ability and a number of
performance measures. Evidence from prospective studies supports the notion that balance training can be a
worthwhile adjunct to the usual training of non-elite athletes to enhance certain motor skills, but not in place of
other conditioning such as resistance. Main focus for this project is to produce a testing measurement which will
be able to measure the level of balance of our athletes and provide a good reference to the coach for their
training program schedule and the improvement of the athletes performance during their training and
competition itself. The advantage of this instrument are it is easy to conduct, can get fast result for the data,
light, and the cost is cheap. Other than that, it can be commercialized for the use of the gym, school, sport
complex and any sport organization. This testing measurement is innovated by using the basic stork stand
balance and being upgraded to give a better and accurate result. This instrument targets for the athletes in
school, universities and also for Malaysian athletes. The outcome of this project is prototype testing
measurement that can measure the level of balance of the athletes to increase their sport performance.
113
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 113
Box Foot
Muhammad Hakim Hilmi Muhmad Asri, Norshahidayah Badlishah, Mohd Fitri Ihasan,
Ahmad Dzulkarnain Ismail, Harris Kamal Kamaruddin
Faculty of Sports Science & Recreation,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis.
[email protected]
019-2788482
ABSTRACT
From the sports perspective, a body's ability to perform in sports is very important as it can help athletes to achieve
goals. One of the body's ability that is considered vital towards an athlete is the ability to balance their body and this is
where the equipment called the BOX FOOT is invented. The purpose of this equipment is to help athletes to improve
their balancing skill depending on the sports that they are in. This is because each sport contains its own difficulty level
of balance that is required. This equipment gives many benefits and advantages such as minimum cost is needed, can
measure the capability of a person and identify athletes in the right sports depending on their balancing capability. This
equipment can be commercialized to varies types of people not only to amateur and professional athletes, but can also
be commercialized to non-athletes if they see that balance is one of the component on having a healthy living. It will
bring positive effects not only to the social economy, but also to the sports economy and while also developing athletes
with high performance capability and also having a healthy social environment.
114
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 114
Stylo Flexiber
Asyril Syazwan Itamta, Ahmad Dzulkarnain Ismail, Muhammad Hafiz Ahamed, Muhammad
Zabidi Zoulkifli, Harris Kamal Kamaruddin
Faculty of Sports Science & Recreation,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis.
[email protected]
019-2788482
ABSTRACT
Flexibility is defined as the static maximum range of motion (ROM) available about a joint. The largest limiting
factor of static ROM is the structure of the joint itself. Thus, even after endless stretching exercise, there will be
a limit as to how much movement is available. In addition, joint structures can vary between individuals, and
this must be recognized when assessing flexibility standards in athletes. The objective of this project is to
produce a testing measurement which will be able to measure the level of flexibility of our athletes and provides
a good reference to the coach for their training program schedule and for the sport industry itself to increase the
athlete performance. The advantage of this instrument; it is easy to conduct, light and can get fast result for the
data. Moreover, it can be commercialized for the use in the gym and any sport complex. This testing
measurement is innovated by using the basic sit and reach box and it is being upgraded to give better and
accurate result. This instrument targets for the athletes at school, universities and also for the Malaysian athletes.
The outcome of this project is prototype testing measurement that can measure the level of flexibility of the
athletes to increase their sport performance.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 116
Eco Sustainable Green Fiber Paper
Siti Fatimah Hani Hamid1, Razif Muhammed Nordin, Basharudin Abd Hadi, Siti Aisah
Hamzah and Nur Assakila Ramli
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600, Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-2566216
ABSTRACT
The intention of the study is to achieve the objective of zero waste. In this project, waste tissue paper act as main
material bind with waste starch and other three materials to produce Eco Sustainable fiber paper that has been
prepared through solution casting method. Due to its unique physical properties, eco-friendly users, varies
application and low production cost as well as biodegradable composite, this product has significant potential
for commercialization.
116
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 118
OE (Ostrich Egg) POWDER
Jamirul Syafiq Jamil1 , Mohd Hanis Mansor, Mahfuzah Husna Zulkifli, Nurul Ain Othman
Faculty of Business Management
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
+60135093628
ABSTRACT
Nowadays the important of healthcare and beauty arise in the concern of the world society. Other than eating
healthy food, they seek out for products that are effective and at the same time unharmed in solving their skin
problem. The objective of our project is to provide product that can meet the customer needs and demand by
using the ostrich egg as a secret ingredient. Ostrich egg contains calcium, phosphorus and vitamins such as
vitamin A, vitamin E, riboflavin and thiamin. Trace elements such as magnesium, manganese, selenium, zinc
copper and iron are also found to be present in the contents of the ostrich eggs. These elements plus other
additional ingredients benefit human by rejuvenation, refreshing, whitening, moisturizing, vanish wrinkles and
prevent development of acnes. Furthermore, this product will be a great push factor in forming a healthier, better
lifestyle and also increase individual confidence in interacting with each other. This product is unique as it is an
environment friendly, no chemicals except for natural ingredients. This product can be commercialize because it
is the first cosmetic product that using ostrich egg as the core element. In further, it can penetrate the market
today as there are so many fake and hazardous cosmetic products existed.
117
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 126
Supercritical Fluids: A New Technique of CerateZirconate Powder Production
Najwa ‘Adni Ibarahim1, Siti Nurlia Ali, Nur Athirah Abdullah,
Nafisah Osman, Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-4421509
ABSTRACT
Supercritical fluids (SCF) technology presents a new and interesting routes for metal oxides particle formation
which avoids most of the drawbacks from the traditional methods. It offers the advantages of green chemistry
technique (GTC) which release non hazardous and non toxic waste. Thus, the solvent can be used repeatedly
before it is released to the environment. SCF act as a particle-forming media due to their unique properties such
as high diffusitivities, low surface tension and liquid like densities. In this work, BaCe 0.54Zr0.36Y0.1O2.95 (BCZY)
powder was synthesized by a GTC using batch wise reactor system with supercritical ethanol. Ethanol acted
both as reaction medium and reducing agents besides having a low critical temperature and pressure (T c =
240.85 C, Pc = 6.1 MPa). After treated at post-critical state and calcined at 1100 C, a single-phase powder and
particles size in the range of 600- 1100 nm was obtained. At post-critical state the solubility of sample is higher,
therefore it accelerates the reaction rate and increase the supersaturation degree to produce cerate-zirconate
powder. The significant contributions of using GTC over conventional methods are (a) simple in terms of
sample preparation and (b) controllable size and morphology of particles at relatively short period of processing
time. Thus, these advantages make SCF becomes a promising technique in production of ceramics compound.
118
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 129
Periodic Boundary Value Problems for Systems of FirstOrder Differential Equations with Impulses
Huda Salmi Ahmad1, Mesliza Mohamed
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA (Perlis), 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-3085661
ABSTRACT
The theory of impulsive differential equations has become an important aspect of differential equations to
describe the dynamics of evolutionary processes in which sudden, discontinuous jumps occur at certain
moments of time between intervals of continuous evolution. Because the duration of these perturbations are
often negligible compared to the total duration of the process, the changes of state can be assumed to be in the
form of impulses. Such processes are naturally seen in many fields such as biology, population dynamics,
physics, engineering, etc. Due to its significance, it is important to study the solvability of impulsive differential
equations. In this paper, we prove the existence and uniqueness for the following system of first-order impulsive
differential equations with periodic boundary conditions:
To establish such result, sufficient conditions of limit forms are given. The present work extends the work of
previous authors and obtain new existence result for problem considered.
119
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 130
Potential of Supercritical Fluid Extraction on Different
Ripening Stages of Jatropha Curcas Linn (JCL)
Mohammad Fariz Yusop1, Siti Nurlia Ali, Siti Nur Ain Mohd Hassan,
Khudzir Ismail, Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-3675840
ABSTRACT
Fruit at different ripening stages, has different physical and chemical condition. Determination of the right
ripening stage to harvest the fruit will give optimum quality and highest quantity oil extracted from Jatropha
Curcus Linn seeds. The maturities of fruit had been categorized into immature (green), mature (yellow) and
fully mature (yellowish-brown) and over-mature (black). In order to determine the effect of fruits maturity on
extractable bio-oil yield, the seeds dehusked immediately after harvested, then dry for 30 minutes at 105 oC and
grinded. 24 hours n-hexane soxhlet extraction and 30 minutes supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) were chosen
to extract the Jatropha oil. The results showed that the mature yellowish-brown fruits yielded the highest bio-oil
at 37.3% for soxhlet extraction and 74.7% for SFE. On one hand, soxhlet extraction of yellowish-brown fruit
could increase the extractable bio-oil up to 6% compare to other maturity. On the other hand, the total oil
extracted using SFE is almost double from conventional method at all maturity stages. The outcome of the
research shows SFE able to increase the extraction efficiency even for short reaction time.
120
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 133
TinyHide – A Steganographic Tool for Information Hiding
in Images
Wan Nurul Husna Mohd Pauzi, Mohammad Hafiz Ismail1, Muhamad Arif Hashim, Siti
Muliani Muhamad, Nur Amira Liyana Ahmad Kamil
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-7605169
ABSTRACT
Steganography is the art of hiding the fact that communication is taking place, by hiding a piece of information
in other information. Many different carrier file formats can be used, but digital images are the most popular
because of their ubiquity on the Internet. The basic idea in this project is to present method that hides
information in cover image using Least Significant Bit (LSB) technique in Bitmap (BMP) images. TinyHide the tool that we‟ve developed enable users to embed covert messages easily in Bitmap images without changing
its file size, thus eliminating suspicion that a convert conversation has taken place. Written in C, TinyHide
engine is very modular and can be used across several different operating system platforms. Combined with its
portability and compact size, TinyHide is a marketable tool that can be used by security-conscious users that
values their privacy.
121
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 136
Bio-Oil Production from Pyrolysis of Sawdust
Siti Nur Ain Mohd Hassan1, Mohd Abdillah Said, Mohd Norhisham Serdi, Zaidi Ab. Ghani,
Muhammad 'Azim Jamaluddin
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-4330203
ABSTRACT
Manufacturing industries residues such as sawdust are one of the biomass categories that can be
utilized for conversion to bio-oil via pyrolysis process. Sawdust was pyrolyzed in a vertical fixbed reactor. The objective of the present work is to determine the effects of temperature, flow rate
of N2 and heating rate on the optimization of production of renewable bio-oil from sawdust.
Response surface methodology (RSM) based on central composite rotatable design (CCRD) was
applied to optimize the combination effect of the three important reaction variables. According to
this study the maximum yield of bio-oil (38.5 wt%) can be obtained, working at the medium level
for the operation temperature (331.8 °C), 45 °C/min heating rate and 150 ml/min of N2 flow rate.
Temperature is the most important factor, having a significant positive effect on yield product of
bio-oil. The oil was characterized by Fourier Transform infra-red (FT-IR) spectroscopy and gas
chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS) techniques. The bio-oil is applicable to be utilize as
directly as diesel fuel substitute, as a hydrocarbon fuel (hydrocracking), syngas (gasification),
ethanol production (fermentation), and etc.
122
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 139
Utilization of Malaysian Metakaolin in the production of
High Performance Concrete (HPC)
Muhd Norhasri Muhd Sidek1, Amir Khomeiny Ruslan1, Mohd Fadzil Arshad2, Megat Azmi
Megat Johari3, Mohd Zaid Yusof3
Faculty of Civil Engineering1,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
Faculty of Civil Engineering,
Universiti Teknologi MARA Malaysia2, 40000 Shah Alam, Selangor
School of Civil Engineering3,
Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kampus Kejuruteraan Nibong Tebal, Pulau Pinang
[email protected]
0133351286
ABSTRACT
Metakaolin was established as Supplementary Cementitious Materials (SCM) in improving the compressive
strength of concrete. Malaysia has been blessed with a bundle of kaolin clay but the utilization of the materials
is limited to porcelain industries. From the research carried out the Malaysian Kaolin clay transformed to
metakaolin is found successfully improved and increased the concrete strength and durability properties.
123
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 141
Microwave-assisted pyrolysis of palm kernel shell : Effect
of microwave power levels on the fractional yields and
char quality
Muhammad ‘Azim Jamaluddin1, Khudzir Ismail, Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak, Zaidi Ab Ghani,
Mohd Fariz Yusop
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-3781300
ABSTRACT
Microwave-assisted pyrolysis of palm kernel shell was carried out in a fabricated household
microwave to study the effects of microwave irradiation power levels to final reaction
temperature, product fractional yields and quality of the char produced. Four different microwave
power levels (100 W, 300 W, 600 W and 1000 W) were selected with fixed reaction time of 30
minutes and constant nitrogen gas supply at 150 mL/min. Final reaction temperature of the sample
is directly proportional to microwave power levels. Solid (char) and liquid fraction of the
pyrolysis product decreased while gas fraction increased from 100 W to 300 W. The fractions
remain almost constant at power 300 W to 1000 W. Volatile matter content and fixed carbon
content of char decreased and increased respectively with microwave power ranging between 100
W to 300 W, but then there are no significant differences to the volatile matter, fixed carbon,
calorific value and ash content of the char at microwave power of 300 W to 1000 W. 300 W is
selected as the optimum power for microwave-assisted pyrolysis process as it produced char with
high fixed carbon and calorific value and lower in volatile matter and ash content at relatively low
microwave irradiation power and final temperature.
124
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 143
EM-Passport
Ahmad Rashdan bin Mohamed1, Ainaa Hazwani binti Razak, Siti Quraisyiah binti Rosli,
Nor Izayu binti Ibrahim
Faculty of Business Management,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-3672975
ABSTRACT
As to maintain and improved the security of our country, EM-passport will be created with the innovation from
e-passport with high definition of usage, flexibility and performance. EM-passport is the simplest and time
efficiency for users. Users just need to touch on the electronic device and all the security detail of the user will
appear on the screen. This will replace the old fashion of using the book and stamping and also replace the epassport of using the biometric concept with the new magnetic concept. EM-passport will implement the high
technology of eyes detection and thumbprint for higher security clearance. The immigration officers just need to
clarify and approve or reject the security check for that user. The usage of EM-passport with the simplest
technology will attract the foreigners, tourists and investors to come to our country. This will indirectly increase
the income of our country. After we implemented in Malaysia, we will try to hold a conference upon EMpassport to commercialise it in the developed country.
125
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 144
Vending Machine (Slippers)
SLIPPERLICIOUS
Nurzamzarina Amani Bt Basri, Robiah Bt Alias, Nur Fatihah Mohd Zaimi ,
Norzilawaty Bt Mamat
Faculty of Business Management
Universiti Teknologi MARA Perlis,
02600 Arau,
Perlis Indera Kayangan
ABSTRACT
The ease of travel and wide array of experiences are making Malaysia one of the most attractive emerging
tourism destinations in the world. Backpackers are the usual term used for tourists and travelers from all over
the world. To add on, tourists and travelers usually prefer not to bring too much things when they travel, but
they will buy all items like slippers, hats and t-shirts when they travel to other places. However, sometimes at
some places such as beach or theme park, it is hard to find all these items. If any, it might be too expensive in
return. So, we have come out with the idea to invent the vending machine for slippers, since slippers are the
most preferred thing and the most comfort thing to be worn when travelling. Instead of bringing many pairs of
slippers, tourists and travelers can buy it from the vending machine. The price is slightly cheaper and buyers
have the option to choose either to pay by cash or by swiping their credit card or debit card. This vending
machine is a technology with touch screen which enables buyers to choose designs and sizes of slippers that
they intended to buy. Moreover, buyers would get free chocolates when they buy the slippers, which explained
why the vending machine is named as Slipperlicious.
126
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 146
Performance Analysis of Packet Transfer in Ipv4/Ipv6
Network Using Dual Stack Mechanism with Hybrid
Topologies
Sharifah Nurzarah Hanis Syed Mohsin, Iman Hazwam Abd Halim, Norhamizah Kus Othman,
Suzwani Ismail
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
017-3120037
ABSTRACT
The development of the IPv6 protocol as well as being fundamental to the growth of the Internet is the basis of
the increase in IP functionality and performance. This project focused on the performance of packet transfer in
IPv4/IPv6 network using dual stack transition mechanism with hybrid topologies. The primary objectives of this
project are to analyze the performance of packet transfer in IPv4/ IPv6 environment with hybrid topologies and
to determine which hybrid topologies provide the best performances in IPv4/ IPv6 environment. Currently, the
internet consists of native IPv4, native IPv6 and IPv4/IPv6 dual networks. IPv6 is the next generation Internet
Protocol and IPv4 and IPv6 are incompatible protocols. It is not yet possible to completely migrate to IPv6 but
several mechanisms are available to allow IPv6 and IPv4 coexist together in the same network infrastructure. In
this project, the transition mechanism used is Dual Stack Transition Mechanism. In order to achieves the
objectives, the network topology of IPv4/IPv6 will be created using Graphical Network Simulator 3(GNS3).
The performance will be analyzed using metrics such as throughput, latency and packet size.
127
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 150
Analyzing the Impact of Image Processing Technique on
Watermarked Fingerprint Image
Norhamizah Kus Othman, Iman Hazwam Abd Halim, Sharifah Nurzarah Hanis Syed Mohsin,
Suzwani Ismail
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-5934308
ABSTRACT
Protection of biometric data and templates is gaining interest and crucial issue for the security of biometric
systems. Digital watermarking techniques are used to authenticate a source that has been subjected to potential
attacks. This project will apply concept of information hiding into biometric identification system. A Fragile
image watermarking technique has been used to hide additional information into fingerprint images. These
project objectives are to analyze the reliability of the fingerprint embedded data in case the fingerprint system
had been attacked and also to identify how watermarking technique will enhance the security of fingerprints
data. The image quality between the original and watermarked image will be compared by referring to the Mean
Square Error (MSE) and Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR) of both image. Based on the result obtained the
percentage of performance degradation with comparison of fingerprint image quality test between the original
and the watermarked fingerprint template against attack such as image cropping, blurring and compression will
be taken.
128
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 152
eSchool : Web-based Portal for School Community using
AJAX Technology
Haizum Hasan1, Azmi Abu Seman, Norfiza Ibrahim
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
0135902460
ABSTRACT
eSchool is a powerful web-based portal in delivering school information to parents and teachers.
The portal is developed using AJAX technology which is more sophisticated functionality using
easier-to-implement web standard. Build using Javascript, XML and CSS, AJAX technology can
update parts of the page at any time, giving users an instantaneous response to their input and
queries thus shorten the waiting time. The portal also supports real-time sharing of information
between parents and teachers through a social network widget compare to traditional method
which is they have to meet at school meeting or talk through phone calls. Therefore, by using the
eSchool portal the process of delivering information to school community will become more
effective and efficient.
129
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 155
THE EFFECT OF THE STEGANOGRAPHIC
TECHNIQUES ON BMP IMAGE USING LSB METHOD
Suzwani Binti Ismail, Iman Hazwam Bin Abd. Halim, Sharifah Nurzarah Hanis Binti Syed
Mohsin, Norhamizah Binti Kus Othman, Nur Atiqah Binti Ibrahim
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
017-4921815
ABSTRACT
Steganography is the art and science of writing hidden messages in such a way that no one, apart from
the sender and intended recipient, suspects the existence of the message, a form of security through
obscurity. Steganography means hiding a secret message (the embedded message) within a larger one
(source cover) in such a way that an observer cannot detect the presence of contents of the hidden
message. We know that, with the use of steganographic techniques, it is possible to hide information
within digital audio, images and video files which is perceptually and statistically undetectable. The
method of embedding secret message which can be plain text, cipher text, or even images is usually
based on replacing bits of useless or unused data in the source cover which can be audio files, sound,
text, Disk space, hidden partition, network packets, digital images, software, or circuitry. This project
will use Least Significant Bits (LSB) technique in order to hide messages. The file format that will use
is BMP image.The challenge of using steganography in cover images is to hide as much data as
possible with the least noticeable difference in the stego-image. The objectives of this project are to
analyze the size of data that can be inserted into a bmp image based on bit manipulation used and also
to evaluate the quality of image after embedding data based on bit manipulation used. This project also
has its own commercial potential. One of the commercial potential is it can help people to hide text
into image. Besides, it also helps researchers to make their analysis easier about hiding text into image.
And the most important thing is it helps network administrator to improve security. The benefit of this
project to society is it allows for some morally-conscious people to safely whistle blow on internal
actions. It also allows for copyright protection on digital files using the message as a digital
watermark. This project also can be used for the transportation of high-level or top-secret documents
between international governments. The novelty of this project is it can hide text within photo and it
will not change the file size.
130
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 157
Positive Solutions to a Singular Second Order Boundary
Value Problem
Wan Ashraf Wan Azmi1, Dr. Mesliza Mohamed, Osman Omar
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-9413907
ABSTRACT
The existence of positive solution of singular boundary value problem of ordinary differential
equation has been studied by many researchers in real world such as heat flow and a viscous flow
behind a shock wave. The objective of this project is to find the existence and multiplicity of
positive solutions for singular second order boundary value problems in terms of different λ. We
show that our result is based on Krasnosel‟skii fixed point theorem on compression and expansion
of cones.
131
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 161
Production of Biochar from Pyrolysis of Sawdust
Eda Nurhidayu Abdullah1, Mohd Norhisham Serdi, Zaidi Ab Ghani, Mohd Abdillah Said
Faculty of Applied Science,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-9520028
ABSTRACT
Biomass is come from many sources such as from wood industry, municipal solid waste, energy
crops and also from human and animal manure. Sawdust is the fine particles of wood made by
sawing wood that is hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees. Sawdust is a waste
that can present as a hazard in manufacturing industries, especially in term of its flammability. So,
sawdust is one of biomass waste source that can be converted into biomass energy and at the same
time are expected to replace fossil fuels that are getting exhausted. In this study sawdust is first
analyzed to determine the amount of fixed carbon, volatile matter, moisture and ash within the
solid before go trough pyrolysis process in order to produce biochar. This method is applied by
technique Response Surface Methodology (RSM) based on Central Composite Rotatable Design
(CCRD) experimental design. The advantage of biochar is biochar yields several potential cobenefits. It is a source of renewable bioenergy; it can improve agricultural productivity,
particularly in low-fertility and degraded soils, contribute less to environmental pollution and it is
producible from biomass waste. Biochar is believed to reduce the use of fossil fuels thus help to
improve country‟s economic.
132
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 162
Production of Bio-ethanol: Optimization by Using
Response Surface Methodology
Ernie Widhyharti Ismanto1, Zaidi Ab Ghani, Azanudin Shafii, Mohd Norhisyam Mohd
Mokhtar
Faculty of Applied Science,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-3979195
ABSTRACT
The growing demand for renewable energy sources has primed the necessity of bio-ethanol
production as a strategy to combat global warming and to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels.
Production of bio-ethanol in countries where sufficient renewable biomass resources exist, offers
a large-scale bio-ethanol production facilities that improve the prospects for commercialization.
Bio-ethanol production provides unique environmental by producing lower carbon monoxide and
carbon dioxide emissions, economic strategic benefits that support farmers and can be considered
as a safe and cleanest liquid fuel alternative to fossil fuels. Bio-ethanol can be produced by
fermentation of sugars from various agricultural materials. This study aimed to develop an
optimal condition for production of bio-ethanol from the fermentation of Sorghum bicolour (L).
Moench. Response surface methodology based on central composite rotatable design (CCRD) was
utilized to optimize the parameter like temperature, pH, and time for fermentation of Sorghum
bicolour (L). Moench using yeast to produce bio-ethanol. The type of fermentation process used is
batch fermentation. A total of 20 individual experiments were conducted. The results showed that
the RSM based on CCRD is well adaptable for fermentation studied in this system. The maximum
of yield 41.15% bio-ethanol was achieved with the optimum conditions of temperature of
33.78oC, pH of 8, and time of 27.22 hours.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 163
Antibacterial Activity in Aromatic Mango (Harum Manis)
Leaves Extract
Nor Balqis Shafie1, Bushro Abd Halim, Khalydamurni Mohd Khalid, Anis Syafiqah Ayob,
Roziana Mohamed Hanaphi
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
0134859391
ABSTRACT
Mango or its scientific name Mangifera indica belongs to the Anacardiaceae family. There are lots of mango
varieties within the tropical region. The variety of Harum Manis can be found only in Northern part of Malaysia,
Perlis. It is one of the best mango varieties available in the market with high demand. Commonly, the mango
plants only being used to harvest the fruits. However, the other potential part of mango tree such as leaves are
rarely being used. Therefore, we has decided to tackle this problem by identifying the potential antibacterial
properties of the mango plant by focusing the leaves part of the plant. This study was emphasized specifically on
the potential of the Harum Manis leaves extract as a source of antibacterial against Gram-positive
(Staphylococcus aureus) and Gram-negative (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) bacterial strains.
In this study, the compounds in the young mango leaves were extracted using three different chemical
substances which were the methanol (polar solvent), dichloromethane (intermediate polar solvent), and
petroleum ether (non-polar solvent). By using the discs diffusion method, all the solvent extracts with
concentration 50mg/ml showed strong antibacterial activity. The polar compounds extracted by the methanol
react successfully as the antibacterial agent against three strains of bacteria namely Escherichia coli,
Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa by showing 14.89-15.22 mm zone of inhibition. Gramnegative (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) bacterial strains showed the most susceptible towards
the extract compared to Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus). Nowadays, people are trying to search for
potential of natural sources especially in medicinal values as the alternative to the hazardous chemical. By doing
this study, we can showed the high value in socio economic impact of the Harum Manis leaves extract as the
new antibacterial sources. This would increase the market value of the mango plant not only for the fruits but
also for the leaves.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 164
Potential Value of Methanolic Extract from Mango Leaves
(Chok Anan variety)
Izwan Mohamed Adam1, Afifah Sahidan, Mas Athira Johari, ‘Alia Mohd Zukri,
Nur Siti Fatimah Bukhori, Roziana Mohamed Hanaphi
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-5258314
ABSTRACT
Mango (Mangifera indica) is a fruit that belong to the genus Mangifera and the family
Anacardiaceae. Mangifera indica is a large evergreen tree, with a heavy, dome-shaped crown of
canopy. It can easily be found all over the tropical regions and commonly being used in
horticultural and natural product. Leaves extract of Mangifera indica were investigated for
antibacterial activity against three bacteria strains which were Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia
coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa by using methanolic extract. Methanol was used as extraction
due to the presence of polar (-OH group) thus it can extracted out the polar compounds from the
mango. The mango variety used in this study was Chok Anan, one of the famous local mangos in
Malaysia not only because of the sweetness and its unique taste, it also showed the highest
antioxidant efficiency compared to other varieties of mango. By using discs diffusion method, the
methanolic extracts in concentrations 50mg/ml and 100mg/ml showed antibacterial activities
against three bacteria strains which were Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and
Pseudomonas aeruginosa. It was found that, 100mg/ml concentration showed the widest zone of
inhibition compared to 50mg/ml concentration and pure methanol solvent. The diameter range of
inhibitory zone was within 38 to 40 mm for 100mg/ml concentration with Staphylococcus aureus
showed the widest inhibition zone. According to the result, all of the bacteria were susceptible to
the extract, which means leaves extract of Mangifera indica possess value for antibacterial
activity. The extract from the study can be commercialized as antibacterial products derived from
natural sources. The commercialization can be considered cheap because the extraction was done
by only harvesting the leaves of the mango tree, and can be done throughout the year without
waiting for the fruit bearing season. Moreover, the socio economic of Perlis can be generated not
only for the mango production, but also in natural products sources especially in biological impact
such as antibacterial potential. Therefore, from the research, we can promote the usage of natural
sources products with a reasonable price.
135
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 167
Innovative Automatic Portable Sprinkle (Auto-Sprinkle)
Muhamad Hafees Bin Rosli1, En.Basharudin Abdul Hadi1, En. Mohamad Khairri Bin Arshad1,
Muhamad Majidee Bin Rajhan1, Mohd Hafrizam Bin Johari1
1
Faculty of Civil Engineering
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
017-53498451
ABSTRACT
Automatic portable sprinkle (auto-sprinkle) is an automatic sprinkler to detect the moisture content
of soil for golf course, football fields, agriculture activities and etc. The innovative function for
this automatic portable sprinkle was equipped with water detector of moisture content and this
sensor connected to water tank in central unit. If the sensor detected the soil less water the
sprinkler automatically spraying water to plant. On the other hand, if the sensor detected the soil
saturated it will stop the sprinkler to function. The main features built-in auto-sprinkler are water
detector, sprinkle, water tank, four wheels and tough body. It is auto - portable sprinkle machine.
This machine is easy to install and less maintenance. This auto sprinkle also can be applied to
variable topography areas. By having this technology the owner of plantation can save cost
because the old technology using long pipes can avoided, and this system have disadvantages
because the leakage is the main problem. Lastly, in term of advantage, the employers can hire less
worker because this unit is an automatic portable sprinkler by controlling moisture content in soil
layer. This innovative technology offers save money, less maintenance, reliable, less workers and
very effective in plantation management.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 168
SMART PSYCHROMETRIC CHART (SPiC)
Muhamad Majidee Bin Rajhan1, En. Basharudin Abdul Hadi1, Miss Herda Balqis Ismail1,
Muhamad Hafees Bin Rosli1 & Ainil Hawa Bt Sarani2
Faculty of Civil Engineering & 2Faculty of Computer Science1
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
017-58763711
ABSTRACT
Psycrometric chart is used to design the air-conditioning unit. The existing the Pscychrometric Chart are
boring, not accuracy, not portable and no colourful. Due to that problem, the innovative one Smart
Psychrometric Chart or SPiC software was developed. SPiC was developed by using Computer Science
Programming (C++). The designer just enter the two value to get the desire value in different dimension.
For example the designer enter Dry Bulk Density and Relative Humidity value, then this software will
automatically calculate and give another value likes Moisture content. This Smart Chart is easy to
understand because it doesn‟t use the psycrometric chart or graph. SPiC is suitable for anyone, it can help
the designer to get the desire value very fast and more accurately if compare to manual chart. Engineer,
technical assistant and student can learn very fast, more easily and not too complicated on Psycrometric
chart.
137
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 169
MANGO SEED ACTIVATED CARBON (MAC) AS
POTENTIAL HEAVY METAL ABSORBENT
Nor Shafika Mohd Mazlan1, Zaini Yusoff, Non Daina Masdar
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
0135010143
ABSTRACT
Production of mango-based products generate tonnes of organic wastes such as mango seeds each year. This
mango seed wastes has a huge potential to be a biosorbent for heavy metals such as cadmium, zinc and lead in
contaminated water. In this study, three types of manggo seed activated carbon ie MAC 12, MAC24 and MAC36
were produced after being subjected to both physical and chemical activation processess; carbonisation and
soaking processes. The proximate analysis was done to check the quality of MAC produced and the adsorption
capacity was analysed using atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). MAC 24 was found to the best activated
carbon with moisture and ash content 1.95 % and 1.21% respectively. The absorption capacity of MAC24 was
59.3 % for zinc and 22.3% for cadmium.
138
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 174
DRYING WARDROBE
Syafiq Sazali1, Basharudin Abdul Hadi1, Nor Aminmin Bt Khalid2, Fazwan Zainal1 &
Darulnaim Che Dollah1
1
Faculty of Civil Engineering, 2Faculty of Business Managment,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-3088 4591
ABSTRACT
Nowadays, everybody owned their wardrobe located at their bedroom. The main function of
wardrobe is to keep clothes in good tidiness, dry and save from any insect. Moreover, it is very
easy to find clothes upon we wanted to wear it. Due to global warming, the monsoon season is
unpredictable. Many housewives faced a problem where their wet clothes are not dry under natural
sunlight because the heavy rain and rainy phenomena always occurred. The drier is a key answer
to this problem.Hence, we creatively, integrated the function of the wardrobe and drier in one unit
known as drying wardrobe. This innovative product functions are as a wardrobe itself and easily
can dry up the clothes inside this unit. This unit equipped with UV lamps, propeller fan, switch
control and solar panel. Meanwhile, the advantages of our project, it is convenient, portable and
efficiently to use especially in monsoon season (to dry the clothes or shoes) and during dry session
the function as a wardrobe. This innovative wardrobe are convenience and comfortable for
individual and family during the wet session especially to the occupants in high-rise building.
139
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 175
Lamp PU
Ahmad Farid bin Ahmad Zaki11, En.Basharudin bin Abdul Hadi1, Pn. Sharifah Zaliha Bt Syed
Zuber1, Mohamad Radhi bin Seman1 & Mohamad Azim bin Noordin1
1
Faculty of Civil Engineering,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
017-67275651
ABSTRACT
Human created lighting called artificial lighting and its functions as comfort to residents of house,
office and resort. Uniquely, each lamp has its own function and be classified as general, local and
accent lamps. However, there is still no lamp that has three functions in market shelve. This
innovative Lamp PU is designed to solve the students and users problem by integrated night lamp
and study lamp. This unit have many features and one of them is portable USB (Universal Serial
Bus) charger type. It is make this lighting very easily to charge and anyway can charge it. LED
technology known as very technology where it can about 50% energy saver and this innovative
project applied that kind of technology. This creative lighting have interchangeable mode; from
study lamp to night lamp where the ambient of colour exchangeable depend on application by
user. The products save money when it intergrated two types of light become one unit design. For
student, the Lamp PU will helping the privacy of their roommate, when one of them wanted to
study and another one choose to sleep.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 181
Car Purchasing Decision Aid (CPDA)
Siti Sarah Md Ilyas1, Norfiza Ibrahim, Nur Shazwana Shamshudin
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-4586414
ABSTRACT
Car Purchasing Decision Aid (CPDA) is a web-based system which assists the user in purchasing
a car. The existence of variety of car in the market makes people face some difficulties to choose
the suitable car. Currently, people make decisions based on their instinct and suggestions from
their family and friends. CPDA will provide its user with some suggestions on which car they
should buy. The suggestion will be generated after the user rate by percentage their preferred
criteria provided by the system. This system will not only recommend the user with new cars but
also allow the user to choose for used car as well. The cars included in this system are Malaysia‟s
local cars since Malaysians are more familiar with it rather than imported cars. This system is
developed thoroughly using Simple Multi Attribute Rating Technique (SMART) in order to
provide the user with more precise suggestions. Therefore, by using this system the user will have
some idea on which car they should buy since car have become a necessity nowadays.
Furthermore, this system also has the potential to be commercialized as a personal decision aid in
buying a car in Malaysia.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 191
Flotation Technique using Potassium Amyl Xanthate as
Collector- A New Safe and Efficient Technique to Remove
Sulphur Impurities from Tin Ore
Syarifah Rozita Sayed Aluwee1, Zaini Yusoff1, Ismail Ibrahim2
Faculty of Applied Sciences1, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis.
Mineral Research Center 2, Jabatan Mineral & Geosains, Ipoh.
[email protected]
013-6545462
ABSTRACT
Tin or stanum is a valuable mineral which make up only a small percentage of the earth crust. Tin exist as tin
ore in which cassiterite or tin (IV) oxide (SnO2) being the main and most abundant ore. Cassiterite, however
contains a large proportion of sulphide minerals such as pyrite (FeS2) which need to be removed in order to
obtain tin concentrate. Previously, the common practicing method used in mining industries to remove pyrite
impurities is by the „Lanchute method ‟which not only consume large amount of chemical substances but also
unsafe to the workers. An alternative technique known as flotation technique with modified parameters is
developed to replace the lanchute method. This method which make use of potassium amyl xanthate (PAX) with
5 different concentrations as collector, polypropylene glycols 750 (PPG750) as frother and diesel oil as
promoter. In this study, the tin ore sample of -600µm in size is analysed for sulphur content after subjected to
flotation technique using sulphur assay. The optimum sulphur removal is obtained using 400g/tone of PAX with
95% recovery.
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UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 193
Positive Periodic Solutions of Singular First Order
Functional Difference Equation
Osman Omar1, Dr. Mesliza Mohamed, Wan Ashraf Wan Azmi
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
014-5265449
ABSTRACT
The existence and multiplicity of positive periodic solutions for functional difference equations
have gained the attention of many researchers in recent times. It appears in many ecological
models, for example the discrete Hematopoiesis model, discrete model of blood cell production
and also the discrete Nicholson‟s Blowflies model. The objective of this project is to establish
new results on the existence and multiplicity of positive periodic solutions for singular first order
functional difference equation by utilizing the well-known theory of Kranoselskii fixed point
theorem.
143
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 196
Performance of Pt|BCZYb|Pt as Electrolyte for Future
Proton Conducting Fuel Cell (PCFC)
Mohd Razali Mohd Toop1, Abdullah Abdul Samat, Noor Zarina Baderisham, Nafisah Osman,
Hamidi Abdul Hamid
Faculty of Applied Science,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-6171965
ABSTRACT
A Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is an electrochemical device that converts chemical energy into
electrical energy with high efficiency and low pollutant emission. The performance of SOFC
depends on the properties of its major components such as electrodes and electrolyte. SOFC needs
high temperature (800- 1000oC) to operate. In this study, we worked on solid electrolyte based on
cerate-zirconate operating at intermediate temperatures (500 -700oC). The total conductivity of this
electrolyte in 5% wet H2 at 500 C, 600 C and 700 C were 1.02 x 10-3 S cm -1 , 4.33 x 10-3 S cm -1
and 1.80 x 10-2 S cm -1, respectively. For practical applications for PCFC the value of conductivity
must be in the range of 10-1 to 10-3 S cm -1. Thus our results fall within this range and at lower
temperature. The electrolyte also exhibits good mechanical and chemical stability even when kept
at room temperature for over a year. Since this electrolyte performs at lower temperature, the
lifespan of the electrolyte can be increased. Therefore, this solid electrolyte is a promising
candidate for application in PCFC at intermediate temperatures.
144
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 197
Potential Value of Methanolic Extract from Mango Leaves
(Chok Anan variety)
Izwan Mohamed Adam1, Afifah Sahidan, ‘Alia Mohd Zukri,
Nur Siti Fatimah Bukhori, Roziana Mohamed Hanaphi
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-5258314
ABSTRACT
Mango (Mangifera indica) is a fruit that belong to the genus Mangifera and the family
Anacardiaceae. Mangifera indica is a large evergreen tree, with a heavy, dome-shaped crown of
canopy. It can easily be found all over the tropical regions and commonly being used in
horticultural and natural product. Leaves extract of Mangifera indica were investigated for
antibacterial activity against three bacteria strains which were Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia
coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa by using methanolic extract. Methanol was used as extraction
due to the presence of polar (-OH group) thus it can extracted out the polar compounds from the
mango. The mango variety used in this study was Chok Anan, one of the famous local mangos in
Malaysia not only because of the sweetness and its taste, it also showed the highest antioxidant
efficiency compared to other varieties of mango. By using discs diffusion method, the methanolic
extracts in concentrations 50mg/ml and 100mg/ml showed antibacterial activities against three
bacteria strains which were Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas
aeruginosa. It was found that, 100mg/ml concentration showed the widest zone of inhibition
compared to 50mg/ml concentration and pure methanol solvent. The diameter range of inhibitory
zone was within 38 to 40 mm for 100mg/ml concentration with Staphylococcus aureus showed
the widest inhibition zone. According to the result, all of the bacteria were susceptible to the
extract, which means leaves extract of Mangifera indica possess value for antibacterial activity.
The extract from the study can be commercialized as antibacterial products derived from natural
sources. The material from the research can be considered cheap because the extraction was done
by only harvesting the leaves of the mango tree, and can be done throughout the year without
waiting for the fruit bearing season. Moreover, from the research, Perlis can be generated not only
for the mango production, but also in natural products sources especially in biological impact such
as antibacterial potential. Therefore, from the research, we can promote the usage of natural
sources products with a reasonable price.
145
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 202
Cognitive Radio (CR)-based Technique for Future
Wireless LAN
Rafiza Ruslan, Syaharida Mohd Shaari, Samirah Nasuha Mohd Razali,
Nor Aishah Mohd Nor, Nor Maheran Mohd Nadzari
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-5920230
ABSTRACT
Due to the rapid growth of online applications such as online banking, social networks, blogging, online
shopping, online gaming and etc., the usage of Wireless LAN will increase as well. As a result, more hotspots
being deployed at most of the places such as offices, universities and public areas. According to the IEEE
802.11 standards, wireless stations will associated to the Access Point (AP) that has the strongest Received
Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI). Although selecting AP without transmitting any packets is a simple and quick
method, it results in high density to certain APs. In fact, the wireless station located near to the APs will also
contribute to the load of AP. As a result, unbalanced traffic loads may be occur. Some APs tend to suffer from
heavy load while the adjacent APs may carry only light load. Thus, this research proposed the idea of using CRbased techniques to adjust transmission power in order to balance the load among the APs in a given area. This
research begins with implementing the related algorithms and then simulate it with a few scenarios using
Cognitive Radio Cognitive Network (CRCN) model that runs on NS2 network simulator. This CR-based
techniques will also consider the interference that occurs between the APs. The results will be analyze at the end
of the simulation. The algorithm implemented in this research may shorten the network delay between nodes.
Hopefully, this new technology will improve the overall network performance.
146
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 203
SMART STORAGE
Mohammad Amirruddin Bin Omar, Muhammad Ashraf Bin Samsudin, Mohammad Faris Bin
Mazlan, Mohamad Nornaim Bin Mohamad Kamal
Faculty of Business Management (BM),
University Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
Email: [email protected]
017-4828608
ABSTRACT
Student still have to carry lot of books and assignment in school. After having a good discussion among our
members we came out with a solution to create new innovation. We found a new way to reduce the burden of
students. They are alternatives that have been analyzed through several surveys as steps for collecting some
information and valid data for our research regarding this issue. After a survey that have been done, we notice
that most of student can overcome this situation by representing our new ideas that can help student solve this
problem. Todays, with the rapid expansion of technology provided lot of benefits to them. This new ideas
enable the student to overcome their problem in carry books. Previously we notice that technology such diskette
as a medium of storage. But, nowadays as a new generation of developed country we want to represent others
new creation of storage that knows as “Smart Storage”. These kinds of innovation have improved the previous
medium of storage by replacing the old method of study by prepared a lighter and according to the technology
era. It comes with large storage that is store with several functions such as Bluetooth and dictionary that can
make it easier if they want to submit assignment and doing their homework.
147
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 205
Vertical Fixed-Bed Reactor
Abd Qayum Abd Rahim1, Muhammad ‘Azim Jamaluddin, Zaidi Ab Ghani, Mohd Azlan Mohd
Ishak
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-7416361
ABSTRACT
Pyrolysis is important in the thermal processing of biomass wastes, since it decomposes wastes
into three types of intermediate products char, oil and gas. Produced products can be collected as
fuel feedstock or to be gasified/ combusted. A vertical fixed-bed reactor was developed to carry
out a pyrolysis process in order to have uniformly flow distribution of N2 gas during the pyrolysis.
The reactor is made up of a 316 stainless steel tube with the volume of 1 liter that can withstand
temperature of up to 1000 °C. The reactor is heated by a tubular ceramic furnace equipped with a
photo ionization detector (PID) temperature control and type K thermocouple placed at the center.
In each run, approximately 50 to 500 g of sample material can be placed inside stainless steel
basket and the system was then purged with 100 mL/min of N2 for 10 min to ensure inert
conditions in the bed. The reactor also equipped with two condensers which used to condense the
volatile compound especially in the process of collecting condensable gaseous. The vertical fixedbed reactor comprised of a tube furnace, a retainer, a flow controller, a condenser, a thermocouple
and a temperature controller. This reactor is found suitable in the pyrolysis of various type of
biomass such as sawdust, rice husk and Jatropha husk.
148
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 206
X-Trunks Extension
Muhammad Harris Sharuddin, Muhammad Izzat Che Pa, Muhammad Akram Mat Radzi,
Ahmad Dzulkarnain Ismail, Muhammad Fauzan Hassan
Faculty of Sports Science & Recreation,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis.
[email protected]
019-2788482
ABSTRACT
There are several important components of fitness to classify an outstanding athlete. One of the components of
fitness is flexibility. Flexibility is the ability of a joint to move through its full range of motion. This equipment
is designed by our group to facilitate an athlete‟s body to assess the extent to which flexibility and to facilitate a
training development either in the short or long term to increase the athlete‟s performance. The advantage of this
equipment is it is easy to use and we can get the result immediately. The cost to produce this product is
reasonable. It can be commercialized for the use in the sport complex, gym and school. Besides that, it can be
used for athletes at any level of achievements. This equipment is created to measure the trunk extension that is
located in the centre of body, which is our stomach muscle (rectus abdominis). The strength of Rectus
Abdominis is very important in most of sports such as rugby, football and gymnastics.
149
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 207
Campus Wireless Network Deployment byUsing Wireless
Mesh Network Technologies
Tuan Ahmad Naufal Ku Hamzah1, Mohd Hafeez Johari,
Mohd Mahazir Bin Hassan Basri, Alif Zulhimi Bin Zainal Abidin
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
UniversitiTeknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-9337687
ABSTRACT
Deploying a wireless network istime consuming and involving a lot of money. This makes
the wireless network covers only certain part of the campus. However, with the Wireless
mesh networks, an emerging technology may solve this problem.The objective of this project
is to deploy a campus wireless network by using wireless mesh network technologies which
is easily deploy, effectively covers the campus area witha fraction of the cost of traditional
wireless technologies.Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs) have been proven to be a low cost
yet reliable and effective solution to cover a large area with Internet connectivity. The
biggest advantage of wireless mesh networks compare to current wireless solution is that
they are completelywireless, where the current wireless solution has to be wired to the
Internet. In a wireless mesh network, the network connection is spread out among dozens or
hundreds of wireless mesh nodesthat "talk" to each other to share the network connection
across a large area. The more nodes added, the further the connection spread.The outcome of
this project is a prototype of campus wireless mesh network with internet connectivity which
will demonstrate the capabilities of the wireless mesh network.
150
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 208
FAS Shoe Wheel
Fatin Hanani Othman1, Nor’ Ain Ismail, Syazana Amira Norsalihin, Norshamshina Mat Isa,
Azrul Abdullah
Faculty of Accountancy
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
0174171615
ABSTRACT
Shoes are mens‟ bestfriend. Same like human beings, it also needs a shelter to live on. Thus, we come out with
an idea about shoe rack which named as FAS Shoe Wheel. We gain the idea by looking at the “Eye on
Malaysia” where it can support people without make them falling down. Hence, the outcome of this project is a
prototype shoe wheel rack. It is designed to ease the consumer where they can keep their shoes properly
whereby they do not have to scattered the shoes in order to find a perfect shoe for the day. Another unique
design of this FAS Shoe Wheel is its spinning features. Consumer can spin the wheel in order to choose their
favourite shoes. Furthermore, it also comes out with a door for every shoe compartment and with a special help
of light. Thus, consumer can see what kind of shoes they want to wear especially at night. Moreover, this FAS
Shoe Wheel is portable as it is supported by a wheel. Accompanied by its unique designed, we believed it may
grasp consumer attention as compared to current available shoe rack in the market.
151
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 210
Car Purchasing Decision Aid (CPDA)
Siti Sarah Md Ilyas1, Norfiza Ibrahim, Nur Shazwana Shamshudin
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-4586414
ABSTRACT
Car Purchasing Decision Aid (CPDA) is a web-based system which assists the user in purchasing
a car. The existence of variety of car in the market makes people face some difficulties to choose
the suitable car. Currently, people make decisions based on their instinct and suggestions from
their family and friends. CPDA will provide its user with some suggestions on which car they
should buy. The suggestion will be generated after the user rate by percentage their preferred
criteria provided by the system. This system will not only recommend the user with new cars but
also allow the user to choose for used car as well. The cars included in this system are Malaysia‟s
local cars since Malaysians are more familiar with it rather than imported cars. This system is
developed thoroughly using Simple Multi Attribute Rating Technique (SMART) in order to
provide the user with more precise suggestions. Therefore, by using this system the user will have
some idea on which car they should buy since car have become a necessity nowadays.
Furthermore, this system also has the potential to be commercialized as a personal decision aid in
buying a car in Malaysia.
152
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 212
Tablet Purchasing Recommender System (TPRS)
Nur Shazwana Shamshudin1, Norfiza Ibrahim, Siti Sarah Md Ilyas
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
013-4586414
ABSTRACT
A Tablet Purchasing Recommender System (TPRS) for is a web application system developed to
assist people on deciding which tablet they should buy. The system allow user to select the most
preferable criteria they ideally aimed for such as price, operating system, RAM, connection and
screen size. The system then considered all those criteria and come up with the best tablets that fit
their requirements. This system is designed with Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) technique. By
using the system, users may able to make a decision in a fastest way as they only need to follow
simple steps to get the result. This application can be a major benefit for those who have a tough
time picking their own tablet since the increasing in choice nowadays have made it much harder
for decision makers to decide which model of tablets to buy.
153
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 215
4 in 1 Portable Scale Bar and Artificial Target
Ismail Ma’arof1, Khairil Afendy Hashim1, Abd Manan Abd Samad2
Faculty of Architecture, Surveying & Planning1,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis.
Faculty of Architecture, Surveying & Planning2,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450, Shah Alam, Selangor
[email protected]
0195733453
ABSTRACT
In recording historical building and monuments, a scale bar is a means of visually showing the of an object in a
photos or photograph. Surveying or conventional Staff Bar or Substance Bar are not suitable and practically
used for rapid and fast moving scene photography in close range Photogrammetry. The Scale Bar are 100
Centimeters (CM) or 1 meter long (max. length 4 meters) and 600 gram weight (each). The Objective of this
project is to produce mobile and simplified tools which are able to help photogrammetrist or surveyor to lessen
their works and make it possible to bring the scale bar wherever there went. The traditional scale bar is made
from iron or wood, This new type of scale bar is made from High quality Aluminium. By having all four types
of mark or artificial target on the scale bar which will have different appearance and purpose. The advantage of
this tool it is easy for storage, easy to used, lightweight , convenience and customize design target. This tool
should be able to help surveyor, building surveyor, engineer, photographer or any other people involved in
recording historical building and monuments.
154
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 216
An Effective Method in Recording Historical Building,
Sites & Monuments
Khairil Afendy Hashim1 , Ismail Ma’arof1, Abd Manan Abd Samad2
Faculty of Architecture, Surveying & Planning1,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis.
Faculty of Architecture, Surveying & Planning2,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450, Shah Alam, Selangor
[email protected]
0195733453
ABSTRACT
In Malaysia, recording the historical building and monuments are authorize and done by
Department of Museum and antiquities. Several linear or direct measurement and photography
guide were introduce for recording purposes. But, in order to have all the geometrical view of the
building and surface visualization from every angle it is impossible by traditional or conventional
method. Recording is very important in restoration and preservation. Records including all the
geometrical building or monuments detail data such as type of building, design, roof top and cross
relation between design and local culture (past and present). The objective of this produce a more
effective and practical method to recording every inch of the historical building and monuments
surfaces. Due to digital era and electronic museam soon, this method are able to produce three
dimensional (3D) viewing and it is important to visualize the real building or monuments with
actual size in exhibition room. Outcome of this project is 3D dimensional historical building and
monuments data which is able to display in multiple view and drawing export formats.
155
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 218
Quality Palm Kernel Shell Char from
Microwave-assisted Pyrolysis
Muhammad ‘Azim Jamaluddin, Zaidi Ab. Ghani, Mohd Fauzi Abdullah, Khudzir Ismail
and Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
012-3781300
ABSTRACT
Microwave-assisted pyrolysis of palm kernel shell was carried out in a fabricated household
microwave to study the effects of microwave irradiation power levels to final reaction
temperature, product fractional yields and quality of the char produced. Four different microwave
power levels (100, 300, 600 and 1000 W) were selected with fixed reaction time of 30 minutes
and constant nitrogen gas supply at 150 mL/min. Final reaction temperature of the sample is
directly proportional to microwave power levels. Solid (char) and liquid fraction of the pyrolysis
product decreased while gas fraction increased from 100 W to 300 W. The fractions remain
almost constant at power 300 W to 1000 W. Volatile matter content and fixed carbon content of
char decreased and increased respectively with microwave power ranging between 100 W to 300
W, but then there are no significant differences to the volatile matter, fixed carbon, calorific value
and ash content of the char at microwave power of 300 W to 1000 W. 300 W is selected as the
optimum power for microwave-assisted pyrolysis process as it produced char with high fixed
carbon and calorific value and lower in volatile matter and ash content at relatively low
microwave irradiation power and final temperature.
156
UiTM Perlis IID 2012: Evolution Through Innovation (7 April 2012)
Abstract 219
Potential of Rubber Seed Pericarp for Activated Carbon
via Microwave Irradiation Technique
Mohd Iqbaldin Mohd Nayai, Nur Amirah Mohamed Anawa, Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak and
Khudzir Ismail
Faculty of Applied Sciences,
Universiti Teknologi MARA (Perlis),
02600 Arau, Perlis
[email protected]
019-3619963
ABSTRACT
Activated carbon from rubber seed pericarp was successfully produced through chemical activation process
using KOH as chemical activating agent via microwave irradiation technique. The best impregnation ratio
between 50% KOH and precursor was achieved at 4:1 with temperature at 80 C for 30 min. Microwave
irradiation was carried out at 600 W for 20 min with nitrogen flow rate at 200 mL/min. Interestingly, high yield
of activated carbon was produced i.e. 75%, with relatively high calorific value obtained, i.e. 30 MJ/kg. Scanning
electron microscope (SEM) results revealed that the surface morphology of the activated carbon was highly
porous indicating higher surface area created. Thus, potential of rubber seed pericarp for the production of
activated carbon via microwave irradiation technique could be a promising approach in future due to its rapid
process, good quality and reduce abundant of biomass waste material.
157