via expresa grau

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via expresa grau
Grant agreement no.: 234061
Coordination and support actions (Coordinating)
Activity code:SST.2008.3.1.4.: Urban freight delivery systems
Gamarra Case study
Paris workshop 28.4.2011
Cesar Lama
Outline
CONTENTS
• Methodological Scheme of work
§ Analysis of City Context and Implications (STEP 3)
§ Characterization of The City (STEP 2) (2)
§ Diagnostic of the Problems (STEP 1) (3)
§ Look around for similar contexts (STEP 4)
§ Selecting examples of source urban contexts (STEP 5 and 6).
§ Measures with potential for transfer (STEP 6)
§ Packaging and dimensioning the measures for transferring –
(STEP 7 and 8)
§ Considered needs for adjustment (STEP 9 and 10)
§ Scheme of Action Planning for implementation (1).
§ Final recommendations (1).
Cesar Lama| PTL UNI| Paris | 28.4.2011
2 | 15
METHOLOGICAL SCHEME OF WORK
In order to integrate the
transferring process to Public
Policies and Urban Planning,
we propose arriving to “Urban
Logistics Action Plan” at
District level
(1)
Measures
(2)
Action
Plan
(3) Objectives
(4) Urban
Strategies
(5)
Complem.
Measures
(6) Programm
of Investment
Cesar Lama| PTL UNI| Paris | 28.4.2011
3 | 15
Analysis of City Context and Implications (STEP 3)
Lima Metropolitan Area: Process of decentralization in 5 sub-areas:
North, South, Central-East and Callao
L
i
m
a
N
o
r
t
e
L
i
m
a
E
s
t
e
L
i
m
a
S
u
r
La Victoria District
Population: 192,724 inh (2007)
Peru:
Lima: 8 millions inh. 30% Population and more than
60% of economy
Cesar Lama| PTL UNI| Paris | 28.4.2011
There are complexity of
activities in: National
Passengers Transport ;
workshops for repairing cars
and commercial activities in
automotive repair pices
1. Gamarra Commercial and
Productive Complex is a part of
La Victoria District
2. The size and growth of Gamarra in the last
20 years, create conditions to modify urban
structure of the District.
3. The complexity of different Metropolitans
Activities in La Victoria to be considered
officially: Logistic District
4 | 15
Characterization of The City (STEP 2)
1981 - 270,780 Inhabitants
2007 - 192,724 inhabitants
192,724 Inhabitants 346,779 FLOATING
For each 3 inhab. there are 7 floating inhabitants daily
Cesar Lama| PTL UNI| Paris | 28.4.2011
5 | 15
Cesar Lama| PTL UNI| Paris | 28.4.2011
6 | 15
Cesar Lama| PTL UNI| Paris | 28.4.2011
7 | 15
Characterization of The City (STEP 2)
WASTES NEGLECTED
Gamarra produces 85 m3/ day.
About 45% of critical point in District
movement of
Factors (persons
and goods) from
Activities in
GAMARRA
LOW QUALITY OF AIR PM 2.5ug/m3
Gamarra: Level of emisions : 42 ppm,
2.5 more size than international standard
permited level ECA (15 ppm).
HIGH LEVEL OF NOISE
Average: 75 dBA
ENVIRONMENTAL
IMPACTS OF
GAMARRA GROWTH ON
LIMA AND LA VICTORIA
DISTRICT
Conditions of
Infrastructure
and regulations
LA VICTORIA
DISTRICT
(60 dBA admisible)
SCARCITY OF GREEN AREAS
Deficit of 6.3m2/hab.
URBAN LOGISTICS
SHOULD
SERIOUSLY
CONSIDER THE
E
ENVIRONMENTAL
VULNERABILITY
(ONU 8M2)
PHYSICAL VULNERABILITY
Sismic and desastres risks
(Upgrades and occupation of areas of evacuation)
HIGH LEVEL TRANSIT ACCIDENTS
Existing critical points
Aviación Ave with México Ave. And Nicolás
Arriola Ave, 20 monthly.
Cesar Lama| PTL UNI| Paris | 28.4.2011
Elaborated by: Cesar Lama
S
PGUR 2009 - SP FAUA UNI
Source:
8 | 15
Diagnostic of the Problems (STEP 1)
Damero B
Gamarra complex, is the largest Trade-productive
concentration of Peru, one of the largest on LatinAmerica.
It´s specialized in large store of clothes. It´s based on
micro scale activities originally for informal sector, being
progressively formalized. Gamarra attends 74% of Lima
demands, and Sales are under process of growing
yearly. Selling are estimated in 1,200 millions of dollars
yearly.
35% of clothes
sales
Outline
Gamarra Commercial
Complex
Damero A: Municipality regulates: pedestrian
streets and the download process in specific
parking lots, from 10 pm to 10 am.
Damero A
Area of highest
development
73% of clothes sales
Occupies 60 hectares, and has 60.000 workers. There
Are 17 000 micro stores in 144 galleries. Price of
galleries store are in a range of 8.000 to 14.000 dollars
per M2.
It was an old residential zone, last 40 years was
converted in commercial center, transforming houses
from 2 and 4 floors to buildings from 4 to 14 floors high .
From first to fourth floor, are dominated by commercial
galleries. In upper floors, houses and workshops related
with clothes producing.
Normally are 60,000 visitor and clients daily. The
days of marketing and fair are attended over 250,000
visitors.
Streets are mostly regulated for pedestrian.
Cesar Lama| PTL UNI| Paris | 28.4.2011
9 | 15
Diagnostic of the Problems (STEP 1)
DENSITY
ECONOMIC AND
COMMERCIAL
CO
AS
ASPECTS
•Bu
•Business:
$ 1,200 USA $
millions Yearly
mil
•$ 4
4000 each month by store
•Real State value: $8000 –
•Re
$14 000 by m2
•Employment: 60 000
•Em
workers
wor
USE OF LAND:
•60 000 daily visitor
•250 000 visitors in
commercial celebrations
•Represent 74% of Lima
demands
•17 000 stores
•14
•144 Commercial galeries .
•80
•800 Commercial houses
•Gr
•Growth: 500 store yearly
•60 blocks on dameros A and B.
•Extending to residencial areas,
•El Porvenir, Matute, Cerros El
Pino y San Cosme –There are
workshops.
Source: SPG- FAUA-UNI Taller de Aplicación
Cesar Lama| PTL UNI| Paris | 28.4.2011
Source: V.. Plaza
10 | 15
Look around for similar contexts (STEP 4)
We propose that the “similarities of situations”
are important, but in the case of Gamarra and ,
the selects of cases have two faces: 1)
structural critical situations of Gamarra, and 2)
the probable specific case as answer-solution
for specific conditions. Considerations of city
context comparison is a secondary factor .
Considering Step 1 and Step 2, as well conclusions of
Step 3, The situation of Gamarra- case, the proposition
is to set Selection of case on the way to solve critical
barriers and with idea to use strategic possibilities. The
“similar cases” concept could be applied to find
complementary solutions. The presence of different
shopkeepers gives conditions of comparability. It could
og
p
be used in the case of urban logistics
problems.
Figure 11: Zero
Emissions Corridor:
Alternate routes for
Freight Transport
Source: SETRAVI, Mexico
City Government (FD), 2010.
Translation: Red lines with
arrows are the alternative
routes for freight transport;
Green line is the Zero
emission corridor the Central
Axis
The critical conditions are: 1) Spatial Limitations of to
economic existing and growth model of Gamarra, obliges
select specifics solutions-cases. 2) Critical barrier is the
understanding between Municipalities and Unions of
shopkeepers and, 3) the possibilities to improve urban
logistics process on basis of cooperation between
Municipalities and Union of Shop and factories holders.
From this situation, we can select “cases as solutions”.
Cesar Lama| PTL UNI| Paris | 28.4.2011
11 | 15
Diagnostic of the problems (STEP 1)
Problems
Ggamarra form
Gamarraafecting
Problems
Gamarra andwith
La Victoria
District + low 1
connected
La Victoria.
Urban Problems
Congestion
Road network Insufficient
Not exist Urban Transport System
Chaotic situation in Land uses
Relevance
++ Medium 2 +++ large 3
Freigth Problems
Lack of ditribution centers
Trucks in Historic Center
Agents problems
Unformal sector in transport activity
Unformalsector en shoopkeepers
Lack of Municipality regulations
3
3
2
3
2
2
1
2
3
Defined zones in La Victoria District with
influence on Gamarra Problems
(1) Gamarra Zone, (2) Cerro San Cosme,
(3) Cerro El Pino, (4) Majorist Market,
(5) Matute Zone, (6) El Porvenir Zone,
(7) 28 de Julio Ave, (8) North of Mexico Ave.
(9) Cerro El Pino.
Cesar Lama| PTL UNI| Paris | 28.4.2011
12 | 15
SELECTING EXAMPLES OF SOURCE URBAN
CONTEXTS (STEP 5)
•
Profile
Preselected
Cities
Belhorizont
The select of cases have been analyzed taking into
considerations concepts of Logistic Profile.
Profile A
Cluster of
shops
specialized in
one specific
type of
service/prod
Profile B
Profile C
Hotels,
Business center
restaurants, (courier, small
small grocery deliveries, B2C)
stores,
neighborhoo
d markets
Utrech
X
X
Mexico
X
New York
X
Paris
X
Gamarra
La Victoria
Profile D
Profile E
Profile F
Large
Residential areas Anchor
commercial
with local trade Neighborhoods
(retail, shopping
centers,
distribution
warehouses)
X
X
La Victoria is a district of high congestion, with multiple and complex activities
that generate high levels of freight traffic and congested streets due to intensive
demand for passenger transport, the latter are mixed with the transport of goods.
Cesar Lama| PTL UNI| Paris | 28.4.2011
13 | 15
Identify measures with potential for transfer
(STEP 6)
MEASURES
SELECTED PROBLEMS TO
SOLVE, CONSIDERING ACTION A. Requirements of loading
B. Vehicle control of
C. Freight regulation
D. Off-hour delivery
PLANNNING IN GAMARRA - LA and unloading spaces inside
greenhouse gas emissions program for historic centre
companies with large traffic
programme (New York)
VICTORIA
(Mexico City)
of Mexico City
movements (Belo Horizonte)
Less congestion in the streets To decrease congestion
1. Vehicular and people Mobility
of Gamarra and La Victoria
levels in Gamarra and La
Congestion
District
Victoria
2. Limited physical spaces for
loading and unloading,
To create more spaces for
loading and unloading in all the
District
To increase spaces for
loading and unloading, and
parking
To regularize spaces of
loading and unloading by
Municipality policies
3. Lack of regulations for loading
and unloading, and parking
4. Informal urban trade and
transport
5. Lack dialogue between
municipality and shopkeepers
6. Lack security for shopkeepers,
carriers and people
7. Pollution in the zone
To decrease congestion with Less congestion with this
this measure
measure
Less informality in the district
Agreement between the main Participation of the
protagonists in La Victoria Municipality
To create security policies
To decrease pollution in the
district
Cesar Lama| PTL UNI| Paris | 28.4.2011
Participation of the
Municipality
Less insecurity
To increase security in the
district
To decrease pollution in the
district
Less pollution
Dialogue between
Municipality authorities and
shopkeepers
14 | 15
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AV. GRAU
PLAZA
MIGUEL GRAU
D.A.Carrion
10
10
10
1
REPUBLICA
4
16
7
5
4
3
2
HUAMANGA
1
10
6
5
3
Plaza
A
JR. TARAT
EVIDEO
JR. MONT
9
8
EVIDEO
JR. MONT
MANUEL CUADROS
2
LETICIA
LOAYZA
3
15
AY
AV. ABANC
ZAVALA
2
1
10
9
PASEO DE LA
MIGUEL ALJOVIN
1
2
1
NDI
A
Reference of application of measures (STEP 6)
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Packaging and dimensioning the measures for
transferring – (STEP 7)
• For the case of Gamarra and La Victoria, must incorporate the four
measures selected. Success of transferring depends on the
dimension of the implementation.
• Packaging of Measures is following spatial and functional
considerations, as follows:
3 packages:
(1) Package related with Congestion: considering Gamarra and 3
Logistic Corridors: Mexico Ave; Aviacion Ave and 28 de Julio Ave.
(2) Package related with management of Logistics and Urban
Mobility;
(3) Package related with loading and unloading, and off-hours
deliveries.
Cesar Lama| PTL UNI| Paris | 28.4.2011
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Ex-ante assessment of measures
to transfer (STEP 8)
MEASURES
A. Requirements of
loading and unloading
spaces inside
companies with large
traffic movements (Belo
Horizonte)
B. Vehicle control of
greenhouse gas
emissions (Mexico City)
ECONOMIC
APPROACH
Difficulties in short terms,
requires a stages
program- High
Investments and lacking of
physical space
Requires promotion and
incentives for introduce
changes in vehicular
characteristics
SOCIALENVIRONMENTAL
APPROACH
Benefits considering
quality of social
environment in public
spaces - Increase
opprtunities for organize
use of land
CRITERA OF
ASSESSTMENTS
Measures
Considereing
cases of :
Belo Horizonte,
Mexico City and
New York.
INSTITUTIONAL
APPROACH
Cesar Lama| PTL UNI| Paris | 28.4.2011
C. Freight regulation D. Off-hour delivery
program for historic
programme (New
centre of Mexico City
York)
Requires promotion
and incentives with
Public-Private
investmet
Existing experience in
Gamarra; Requires
demostration of
benefit-cost on offhour loading for La
Victoria District
Benetits to organize
Benefits on renewal
flows of charges and
Benefits on the
and recovering
increase opportunities
environmental conditions of
tratidional values
to get spaces for
air and health
contributes to increase
loading and unloading,
business oportunities
and parking
Requires institutional
Requires an
Requires concertation and
programmes for
Requires regulations and
Institutional capability
interinstitutional
promotion and
promotion from Municipality
for technical and
cooperation: Public-Private
normative incentives
and Central Goverment
normative intervention.
policies
to introduce measures
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Identify need for adjustment (STEP 9)
Aim: Decrease congestion and create spaces for loading and unloading, and parking
in Gamarra and La Victoria: Places for Logistic Platforms; Organization and
Management of traffic; Signals; Regulations.
CASES MEASURES AND BARRIERS TO APPLY IN GAMARRA ZONE AND LA VICTORIA DISTRICT
TYPE OF
Reference
MEASURE
GAMARRA
PLATFORMS
MEASURES
FINANCIAL
Easy: There is
A. Requirements
of loading and financial interest to
unloading spaces improve activities.
Demand of ground
inside companies
and price is high.
with large traffic
High yield land
movements .
ensures financial
return.
Belo Horizonte
PHYSICAL
TECHNOLOGICAL
CULTURAL
POLITICAL
GAMARRA + LA
VICTORIA
B. Vehicle control of vehicles are old,
of green house and have more than Easy: to manage, easy to
10 years old,
define the location.
emissions.
needing to
Difficult: Important Easy: need participation of
necessity of new
shopkeepers and
equipment.
community.
introducing new
ones.
REGULATION
LOADING AND
UNLOADING /
CONGESTION
LA VICTORIA
GAMARRA + LA
VICTORIA
SECURITY
High difficult: Doesn't
Difficult: No system or
Easy: Users tends to
exist space to organize
means of
High difficult:
High difficult: There
colaborate if they receive
the area. And despite of
telecommunications good regulations that are because the City has High difficult: There isn't coordination
the ground resistance
or experience in the convenience for them. By no politically tradition isn't laws about this
between the
there has access
implementation of tradition, people get there taking action for
issue or the
policemen,
problems and impact of
Technological
of taxi and public service
loading and
municipality doesn't municipality and
mobility and area is not
instruments for
know about it.
community for
and evacuate the same unloading platforms.
enough because canals
loading and
way. No use of Urban
good.
for acces and exit routes
unloading.
Logistics Platforms.
around are reduced.
Difficult: The major
SIGNALS
LEGAL
Easy: To concert
decitions.
High difficult:
Cause of high
Difficult: There are
demmand in the
laws but they are not
city, should be
implemented in La
resolved in an
Victoria.
integral solution for
the whole district.
Mexico City
C. Freight
High difficult: Because
transport
it involves a complex
High difficult: There
regulation
High difficult: For the
Difficult: Because it would
discussion with
Difficult: Should be
High
difficult:
Doesn't
isn't
a legal platform
Difficult:
It
has
no
program of the cost to others actors
clash with the problems of neighbors, Urban
resolved in an
exist space to reorganize integrated intelligent
for the management
to implement the
identity in different ways transport companies,
integral solution for
Historic Centre
the area.
management.
of urban logistics
measure.
informal cargo
on housing areas.
the whole district.
program of the
policy.
transport
traders,
the
Historic Centre of
informality of the
Mexico City.
businesses, etc.
Mexico City
Difficult: To concert
different actors in
D. Off-hour
financial purposes
delivery program. cause of the disparity Easy: Not necessary. Only
and dispertion of
signals, facilitys.
shopkeepers and
whickly budget of the
municipality.
New York
Cesar Lama| PTL UNI| Paris | 28.4.2011
Difficult: There are
different kind of
systems envolved
with needing to
agreed
Easy: Exits experience
about loading and
unloading regulated.
High difficult: Not
High difficult:There
High difficult:
difficult in Gamarra, isn't laws about this
Because the
but more difficult in
or depends on
security solution
the rest of La Victoria
Metropolitan
depends on a
District to agree with Municipality. Difficult
comprehensive
inhabitants, users,
to arrange time of
solution.
etc.
arrival to Lima.
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Implement measures and steer results (STEP 10)
- Implement each one of the elected
measures by integrated way, on basis
of interconnected Gamarra’s and La
Victoria’s needs.
- Implement Urban Logistics Action Plan for
La Victoria District, Considering the
Participation of Actors and Urban
Context
Participation
of Actors
Urban Logistic
Action Plan
Objectives
STEP 10
Selected
Measures
L
i
m
a
N
o
r
t
e
Urban context
L
i
m
a
E
s
L
t
i
e
m
a
S
u
r
Urban
Strategies
Policy
Packages
Program of Actions and Investments
Cesar Lama| PTL UNI| Paris | 28.4.2011
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Challenges and Distrital Urban Logistic Action Plan
Terminal for
Passengers
national scale
New Urban
Train station
Complejo Gamarra
GAMARRA
Centre
New
Possibities
of private
cars arrival
URBAN LOGISTICS
ACTION PLANNING
OF LA VICTORIA
DISTRICT:
Phases
(1) Assume Selected Measures
(2) Propose political desition to
prepare Action Plan
(3) Define Objectives
(4) Determine and assume
Urban Strategies
(5) Selecting complementary
measures from assessment
(6) Define Investment program
15,000 passengers
per hour
Cesar Lama| PTL UNI| Paris | 28.4.2011
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