i. Akaun Negara Akaun Satelit Teknologi Maklumat Dan Komunikasi

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i. Akaun Negara Akaun Satelit Teknologi Maklumat Dan Komunikasi
AKAUN NEGARA
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS
MALAYSIA
AKAUN SATELIT
TEKNOLOGI MAKLUMAT DAN KOMUNIKASI
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
SATELLITE ACCOUNT
JABATAN PERANGKAAN MALAYSIA
DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS MALAYSIA
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KATA PENGANTAR
Penerbitan ini merupakan usaha pertama Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia menerbitkan
statistik mengenai Akaun Satelit Teknologi Maklumat dan Komunikasi. Statistik yang
dibentangkan adalah bagi tempoh 2005 hingga 2013. Akaun Satelit Teknologi Maklumat
dan Komunikasi merupakan rangka kerja statistik yang mengintegrasikan dan
menyediakan maklumat bagi produk dan aktiviti berkaitan teknologi maklumat dan
komunikasi. Penyusunan ini adalah berdasarkan konsep yang disarankan oleh System of
National Accounts 1993 dan 2008, United Nations dan berdasarkan garis panduan
berkaitan teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi yang ditetapkan dalam OECD Guide to
Measuring the Information Society 2011. Statistik ini digunakan untuk pemantauan
prestasi sektor teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi dan panduan bagi membuat
keputusan berdasarkan maklumat dalam pembentukan dasar.
Ringkasan penemuan dan jadual statistik dipaparkan pada dua bahagian pertama
penerbitan ini. Nota teknikal bagi konsep, definisi, metodologi, sumber data dan
klasifikasi produk dan industri teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi turut dimuatkan bagi
memudahkan pemahaman terhadap statistik ini.
Jabatan merakamkan setinggi-tinggi penghargaan di atas kerjasama semua pihak yang
terlibat dalam mengeluarkan penerbitan ini. Sebarang pandangan dan cadangan ke
arah memperbaiki penerbitan ini pada masa hadapan amatlah dihargai.
Datuk Dr. Haji Abdul Rahman Hasan
Ketua Perangkawan
Malaysia
November 2014
i
PREFACE
This publication is the first attempt by the Department of Statistics, Malaysia to publish the
statistics on Information and Communication Technology Satellite Account. The statistics
presented is for the period of 2005 to 2013. Information and Communication Technology
Satellite Account is a statistical framework which integrates and presents information and
communication technology products and related activities. The compilation is based on
the concepts recommended by System of National Accounts 1993 and 2008, United
Nations and adopts the guidelines of information and communication technology as
stipulated in the OECD Guide to Measuring the Information Society 2011. This statistics is
useful in monitoring the performance of information and communication technology
sector and attaining evidence-based decision making on the formulation of policies.
Summary findings and statistical tables are highlighted in the first two parts of this
publication. Technical notes on concepts, definitions, methodology, data sources and
classification of information and communication technology products and industries are
also provided to facilitate better understanding of the statistics.
The Department gratefully acknowledges the cooperation of all parties involved in
realising this publication. All comments and suggestions towards improving future
publications are appreciated.
Datuk Dr. Haji Abdul Rahman Hasan
Chief Statistician
Malaysia
November 2014
ii
KANDUNGAN / CONTENTS
MUKA SURAT
PAGE
Kata pengantar
Preface
i
Ringkasan penemuan
Summary findings
1
Jadual
Tables
1:
Keluaran Dalam Negeri Kasar teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi mengikut
industri, 2005 - 2013
Information and communication technology Gross Domestic Product by
industry, 2005 - 2013
11
2:
Penawaran dan penggunaan produk teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi,
2005 - 2013
Supply and use of information and communication technology products,
2005 - 2013
12
3:
Eksport dan import produk teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi,
2005 - 2013
Exports and imports of information and communication technology products,
2005 - 2013
15
4:
Komponen pendapatan industri teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi,
2005 - 2013
Income components of information and communication technology industry,
2005 - 2013
17
5:
Guna tenaga dalam industri teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi,
2005 - 2013
Employment in information and communication technology industry,
2005 - 2013
18
6:
Sumbangan nilai ditambah kasar e-Dagang mengikut industri kepada
Keluaran Dalam Negeri Kasar, 2005 - 2013
Share of e-Commerce gross value added by industry to Gross Domestic
Product, 2005 - 2013
19
Konsep dan definisi
Concepts and definitions
23
Metodologi dan sumber data
Methodology and data sources
35
Klasifikasi
Classification
53
iii
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RINGKASAN PENEMUAN
SUMMARY FINDINGS
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RINGKASAN PENEMUAN
PENGENALAN
Ia
mencatatkan
pertumbuhan
7.4
peratus
didorong
oleh
(8.6%)
dan
yang
Akaun Satelit Teknologi Maklumat dan
perkhidmatan
Komunikasi (ASTMK) amat penting dalam
pembuatan TMK (5.7%), seperti yang
mengukur
prestasi
ditunjukkan dalam Jadual 1.
Maklumat
dan
industri
Teknologi
Komunikasi
(TMK)
TMK
di
Malaysia. Statistik ASTMK menyediakan
PENAWARAN DAN PENGGUNAAN PRODUK
maklumat terperinci mengenai transaksi
TMK
penawaran dan penggunaan produk
TMK (barangan dan perkhidmatan) dari
Penawaran dan penggunaan produk
pelbagai sektor dalam ekonomi. Akaun
TMK
satelit ini disusun bagi tempoh 2005
(2012: 2.6%) dengan nilai RM508.8 bilion
hingga 2013 pada harga semasa.
(Carta 1). Penawaran dan penggunaan
mengukuh
produk
PRESTASI INDUSTRI TMK
TMK
daripada
kepada
mewakili
jumlah
6.5
16.3
peratus
peratus
penawaran
dan
penggunaan dalam ekonomi.
Pada
2013,
sumbangan
industri
TMK
CARTA
kepada Keluaran Dalam Negeri Kasar
(KDNK) meningkat kepada 11.9 peratus
berbanding 11.6 peratus pada tahun
sebelumnya.
Kasar
Teknologi
Komunikasi
kepada
Keluaran
Dalam
Maklumat
(KDNKTMK)
RM117.8
Negeri
1
Sumbangan peratusan: Penawaran
produk TMK 2013
Import
34.7
dan
meningkat
bilion
berbanding
RM508.8
bilion
RM109.7 bilion dari tahun sebelumnya.
JADUAL
Pengeluaran
domestik
65.3
1
Penawaran produk TMK terdiri daripada
Sumbangan KDNKTMK kepada
KDNK, 2012-2013
KDNKTMK
Tahun
KDNK
pengeluaran
domestik
dan
import.
Pengeluaran domestik yang termasuk
cukai tolak subsidi atas pengeluaran dan
Pembahagian
peratus KDNKTMK
kepada KDNK
RM bilion
Perubahan
peratusan
tahunan
RM bilion
Perubahan
peratusan
tahunan
2012e
109.7
7.1
941.9
6.4
11.6
TMK. Sumbangan import produk TMK
p
117.8
7.4
986.7
4.8
11.9
ialah 34.7 peratus pada 2013.
2013
import
merekodkan
65.3
daripada jumlah penawaran
Pengeluaran
Nota: Nilai KDNKTMK termasuk e-Dagang industri TMK.
terus
1
domestik
didominasi
oleh
peratus
produk
produk
TMK
pembuatan
EKSPORT DAN IMPORT PRODUK TMK
CARTA
Sumbangan peratusan:
Pengeluaran domestik produk TMK
Produk TMK terdiri daripada barangan
mengikut industri, 2013
TMK, perkhidmatan TMK dan produk
kandungan media. Pada 2013, eksport
Peratus
produk TMK pulih kepada 3.8 peratus
56.0
(2012:
8.6
2013p
eksport
3.6
Perdagangan TMK
Kandungan dan media
Industri lain
bilion)
seperti
yang
diilustrasikan dalam Carta 2. Sementara
perkhidmatan
TMK
adalah
domestik
dengan
penggunaan domestik dan eksport.
domestik
produk
TMK
berkembang kepada RM287.8 bilion
(sumbangan:
56.6%)
RM264.7
pada
mencatatkan
Pertumbuhan
barangan
kepada
TMK
3.9
ini
yang
peratus
RM221.0
Eksport
produk
Import
Perubahan
Perubahan
peratusan RM bilion peratusan
tahunan
tahunan
% Eksport produk % Import produk
TMK kepada
TMK kepada
jumlah eksport jumlah import
2012e
212.9
(3.9)
166.8
(2.2)
26.5
24.0
2013p
221.0
3.8
176.3
5.7
27.4
24.7
Eksport
barangan
jumlah
eksport
Import
bilion,
produk
pemulihan
menyumbang 43.4 peratus daripada
penggunaan
2012-2013
TMK
produk
mendominasi
TMK
dengan
sumbangan 92.5 peratus (Carta 4).
berbanding
2012.
Eksport dan import produk TMK,
RM bilion
Penggunaan produk TMK merangkumi
bilion
mencatatkan
2
Tahun
mencatatkan 29.0 peratus.
Penggunaan
2).
Eksport
penyumbang kedua terbesar kepada
pengeluaran
dan
(2012: -4.5%).
JADUAL
(RM183.4
oleh
meningkat
Perkhidmatan TMK
TMK dengan sumbangan 56.0 peratus
jumlah
(Jadual
didorong
Pembuatan TMK
itu,
-3.9%)
sumbangan 27.4 peratus kepada jumlah
29.0
2.8
seperti
TMK
CARTA
(Carta 3).
CARTA
RINGKASAN PENEMUAN
2
3
5.7
yang
peratus
mencatatkan
(2012:
ditunjukkan
-2.2%)
dalam
4
Sumbangan peratusan: Eksport
produk TMK mengikut industri, 2013
Sumbangan peratusan: Penggunaan
produk TMK mengikut industri, 2013
TMK
Perkhidmatan
TMK
3.0
Produk
kandungan dan
media
4.5
Eksport
43.4
RM508.8
bilion
RM221.0
bilion
Penggunaan
domestik
56.6
2
Barangan TMK
92.5
barangan
dan
perkhidmatan
Sumbangan
import
produk
berkembang
kepada
24.7
TMK.
TMK
Komponen pendapatan merangkumi
peratus
pampasan pekerja, lebihan kendalian
CARTA
berbanding 24.0 peratus pada 2012.
kasar dan cukai tolak subsidi atas
pengeluaran dan import. Pampasan
5
pekerja bagi industri TMK merekodkan
Sumbangan peratusan: Import
nilai RM40.3 bilion dan menyumbang
produk TMK mengikut industri, 2013
34.2
kepada
jumlah
pendapatan industri TMK seperti yang
Produk
kandungan dan
media
5.5
Perkhidmatan
TMK
7.2
peratus
ditunjukkan dalam Jadual 3. Lebihan
kendalian
kasar
industri
TMK
mencatatkan RM72.2 bilion berbanding
RM67.0 bilion pada 2012. Cukai tolak
subsidi atas pengeluaran dan import
RM176.3
bilion
meningkat
Barangan TMK
87.3
kepada
RM5.2
bilion
daripada RM4.8 bilion pada 2012.
GUNA TENAGA DALAM INDUSTRI TMK
Pada
2013,
sumbangan
import
perkhidmatan TMK adalah 7.2 peratus
Guna tenaga dalam industri TMK pada
berjumlah
2013
RM12.8
kandungan
kepada
dan
5.5
bilion.
media
peratus
Produk
meningkat
kepada
meningkat
779,500 orang (2012: 759,800 orang).
berbanding
Industri TMK menyumbang 5.9 peratus
4.5 peratus pada 2012 (Carta 5).
kepada jumlah guna tenaga meskipun
3
Komponen pendapatan industri TMK,
2012-2013
2012e
2013p
Tahun
RM bilion
2012e
CARTA
JADUAL
terus
2013p
Sumbangan
peratusan
Pampasan
pekerja
37.8
40.3
34.4
34.2
Lebihan
kendalian
kasar
67.0
72.2
61.1
61.3
Cukai tolak
subsidi ke atas
pengeluaran
dan import
4.8
5.2
4.4
4.4
KDNKTMK
pada harga
pembeli
109.7
117.8
100.0
100.0
6
Sumbangan peratusan: Guna tenaga
mengikut industri TMK, 2012-2013
Peratus
3
2013p
50.9
2012e
50.5
21.9
20.3
22.6
24.5
4.6
4.6
Pembuatan TMK
Perdagangan TMK
Perkhidmatan TMK
Kandungan dan media
RINGKASAN PENEMUAN
KOMPONEN PENDAPATAN INDUSTRI TMK
Jadual 2. Pertumbuhan ini diteraju oleh
peratusan
yang
lebih
E-DAGANG
rendah berbanding 2012.
Guna
tenaga
dilihat
dalam
(sumbangan:
tertinggi
dapat
pembuatan
50.9%)
Aktiviti
diikuti
TMK
nilai
bilion
dan
pada 2013. Industri TMK mencatatkan
sumbangan 1.0 peratus manakala industri
bukan TMK 4.4 peratus (Jadual 4).
Sementara itu, kandungan dan media
bilangan
RM53.5
menjana
menyumbang 5.4 peratus kepada KDNK
oleh
yang menyumbang 44.5 peratus.
menggunakan
e-Dagang
ditambah
perkhidmatan dan perdagangan TMK
Secara keseluruhan, sumbangan industri
pekerja
TMK dan e-Dagang kepada ekonomi
sebanyak 4.6 peratus daripada jumlah
meningkat kepada 16.3 peratus. Statistik
guna tenaga dalam industri TMK.
ini
merangkumi
KDNKTMK
dan
e-Dagang industri bukan TMK.
JADUAL
RINGKASAN PENEMUAN
mencatatkan
4
e-Dagang, 2012-2013
Industri TMK
Tahun
Industri bukan TMK
% e-Dagang
industri TMK
kepada KDNK
% e-Dagang
industri bukan
TMK kepada
KDNK
% e-Dagang
kepada KDNK
RM bilion
Perubahan
peratusan
tahunan
RM bilion
Perubahan
peratusan
tahunan
2012e
8.3
12.3
40.3
13.1
0.9
4.3
5.2
2013p
9.6
15.5
43.8
8.8
1.0
4.4
5.4
4
SUMMARY FINDINGS
INTRODUCTION
It recorded a growth of 7.4 per cent
driven by ICT services (8.6%) and ICT
Information
and
Communication
manufacturing
Technology Satellite Account (ICTSA) is
and
statistics
provides
Supply
detailed
account
use
of
ICT
products
The supply and use of ICT products
services) from various sectors of the
satellite
and
with a value of RM508.8 billion (Chart 1).
and use of ICT products (goods and
This
in
strengthened to 6.5 per cent (2012: 2.6%)
information on the transaction of supply
economy.
shown
SUPPLY AND USE OF ICT PRODUCTS
Communication
Technology (ICT) industry in Malaysia.
ICTSA
as
Table 1.
vital in measuring the performance of
Information
(5.7%),
constituted 16.3 per cent of total supply
is
and use in the economy.
compiled for the period of 2005 to 2013 at
CHART
current prices.
PERFORMANCE OF ICT INDUSTRY
In 2013, the share of ICT industry to Gross
1
Percentage share: Supply of ICT
products, 2013
Imports
34.7
Domestic Product (GDP) increased to
11.9 per cent as against 11.6 per cent in
the
previous
year.
Communication
Information
Technology
and
RM508.8
billion
Gross
Domestic Product (ICTGDP) elevated to
RM117.8
billion
as
compared
Domestic
production
65.3
to
RM109.7 billion from the preceding year.
TABLE
Supply
domestic
1
Domestic
Share of ICTGDP to GDP,
products
production
production
consist
of
and
imports.
which
includes
imports recorded 65.3 per cent from the
ICTGDP
GDP
total supply of ICT products. The share of
Percentage
share of ICTGDP
Annual
Annual
to GDP
RM billion percentage RM billion percentage
change
change
e
109.7
7.1
941.9
6.4
11.6
2013 p
117.8
7.4
986.7
4.8
11.9
2012
ICT
taxes less subsidies on production and
2012-2013
Year
of
imports for ICT products was 34.7 per cent
in 2013.
ICT products in domestic production was
continuously
Note: The value of ICTGDP inclusive of e-Commerce ICT
industry
dominated
manufacturing
with
56.0
(RM183.4
per
cent
a
by
ICT
share
of
billion)
as
illustrated in Chart 2. Meanwhile, ICT
5
largest
products rebounded to 3.8 per cent
contributor to the domestic production
(2012: -3.9%) and posted a share of
and registered 29.0 per cent.
27.4 per cent to total exports (Table 2).
was
the
second
2
which rose to 3.9 per cent (2012: -4.5%).
Percentage share: Domestic production
of ICT products by industry, 2013
TABLE
CHART
The growth was impelled by ICT goods
Percentage
56.0
2
Exports and imports of ICT products,
2012-2013
8.6
2013p
Exports
29.0
Year
3.6
2.8
Use
ICT manufacturing
ICT trade
Content and media
Other industries
of
ICT
ICT services
products
comprise
Imports
Annual
Annual
RM billion percentage RM billion percentage
change
change
% Exports of ICT % Imports of ICT
products to
products to
total exports
total imports
2012 e
212.9
(3.9)
166.8
(2.2)
26.5
24.0
2013 p
221.0
3.8
176.3
5.7
27.4
24.7
of
domestic consumption and exports.
Exports of ICT goods dominated the total
Domestic
exports of ICT products with a share of
consumption
of
ICT
products expanded to RM287.8 billion
92.5 per cent (Chart 4).
(share: 56.6%) as against RM264.7 billion
2012.
Exports
RM221.0
billion,
accounted
for
CHART
in
contributing
43.4 per cent of the total use of ICT
products (Chart 3).
CHART
SUMMARY FINDINGS
services
4
Percentage share: Exports of ICT
products by industry, 2013
ICT services
3.0
3
Content and
media products
4.5
Percentage share: Use of ICT
products by industry, 2013
RM221.0
billion
Exports
43.4
ICT goods
92.5
RM508.8
billion
Domestic
consumption
56.6
Imports of ICT products registered a
turned around and recorded a growth of
5.7 per cent (2012: -2.2%) as shown in
EXPORTS AND IMPORTS OF ICT PRODUCTS
Table 2. The growth was spearheaded by
ICT goods and services. The share of
ICT products consist of ICT goods, ICT
imports for ICT products expanded to
services
24.7
and
content
and
media
products. In 2013, the exports of ICT
per
cent
as
24.0 per cent in 2012.
6
compared
to
CHART
subsidies on production and imports.
Percentage share: Imports of ICT
products by industry, 2013
CE recorded a value of RM40.3 billion
and contributed 34.2 per cent to the
Content and
media products
5.5
ICT services
7.2
total income of ICT industry as shown in
Table 3. GOS of ICT industry registered
RM72.2
billion
as
compared
to
RM67.0 billion in 2012. Taxes less subsidies
on production and imports increased to
RM176.3
billion
RM5.2 billion from RM4.8 billion in 2012.
ICT goods
87.3
EMPLOYMENT IN ICT INDUSTRY
Employment in ICT industry for 2013
advanced further to 779,500 persons
In 2013, the share of imports for ICT
(2012:
services was 7.2 per cent with a value of
RM12.8
billion.
Content
and
759,800
persons).
The
ICT
industry contributed 5.9 per cent to the
media
total
products expanded to 5.5 per cent as
employment
albeit
a
lower
percentage than 2012.
compared to 4.5 per cent in 2012.
CHART
(Chart 5).
INCOME COMPONENTS OF ICT INDUSTRY
Income
components
consist
of
Percentage share: Employment in
ICT industry, 2012-2013
Percentage
compensation of employees (CE), gross
TABLE
6
2013p
50.9
2012e
50.5
21.9
22.6
4.6
3
Income components of ICT industry,
2012-2013
ICT manufacturing
2012 e
2013 p
2012 e
ICT trade
ICT services
37.8
Gross
operating
surplus
67.0
40.3
34.4
4.6
Content and media
The highest employment was observed
Percentage share
in ICT manufacturing
Compensation
of employees
24.5
2013 p
Year
RM billion
20.3
(share: 50.9%)
followed by ICT services and trade
34.2
which contributed 44.5 per cent.
72.2
61.1
61.3
Meanwhile,
content
and
media
employed 4.6 per cent from the total
Taxes less
subsidies on
production
and imports
4.8
5.2
4.4
4.4
ICTGDP at
purchasers'
prices
109.7
117.8
100.0
100.0
employment in ICT industry.
7
SUMMARY FINDINGS
operating surplus (GOS) and taxes less
5
Overall, the contribution of ICT industry
and
e-Commerce
to
the
economy
e-Commerce activities generated a
elevated to 16.3 per cent. This statistics is
value added of RM53.5 billion and
inclusive of ICTGDP and e-Commerce of
contributed 5.4 per cent to GDP in 2013.
non ICT industry.
The ICT industry registered a share of
1.0 per cent while non ICT industry was
4.4 per cent (Table 4).
TABLE
SUMMARY FINDINGS
E-COMMERCE
4
e-Commerce, 2012-2013
ICT industry
Year
Non ICT industry
% e-Commerce
ICT industry
Annual
to GDP
percentage
change
% e-Commerce
non ICT industry
to GDP
% e-Commerce
to GDP
RM billion
Annual
percentage
change
RM billion
2012 e
8.3
12.3
40.3
13.1
0.9
4.3
5.2
2013 p
9.6
15.5
43.8
8.8
1.0
4.4
5.4
8
JADUAL
TABLES
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11
1:
8,609
9.5
3 Perkhidmatan TMK
3.6
Campur duti import
797,327
100,800
3,348
3,499
4,812
38,305
13,177
37,659
11.8
14.8
10.2
3.5
5.4
18.7
17.5
13.1
2010
12.3
100.0
3.5
3.9
5.2
36.8
12.8
37.9
2009
12.6
100.0
3.3
3.5
4.8
38.0
13.1
37.4
2010
11.6
100.0
3.7
3.5
4.9
39.8
14.4
33.6
2011
11.6
100.0
4.1
3.3
4.8
40.8
14.3
32.6
2012e
6.4
7.1
16.9
1.3
4.9
9.8
6.5
4.1
2012e
11.9
100.0
4.0
3.3
4.8
41.3
14.5
32.1
2013p
4.8
7.4
5.7
6.4
7.8
8.6
8.7
5.7
2013p
986,733
117,802
4,697
3,854
5,710
48,623
17,072
37,846
2013p
p = permulaan/preliminary
12.0
100.0
3.6
3.7
5.3
31.6
12.5
43.3
2008
11.0
1.6
13.6
2.3
4.9
6.5
11.9
(8.7)
2011
941,949
109,656
4,445
3,623
5,296
44,786
15,712
35,794
2012e
Note: *Other industries refers to industries that pruduce ICT products
13.3
14.4
(7.4)
(5.0)
(7.5)
(0.6)
(7.5)
10.7
(3.1)
(16.8)
2009
Sumbangan peratusan / Percentage share
15.7
4.2
26.2
17.0
11.3
13.1
20.5
(7.5)
2008
885,339
102,370
3,801
3,578
5,050
40,790
14,751
34,400
2011
e = anggaran/estimated
14.4
100.0
2.9
3.3
5.0
29.1
10.8
48.8
2007
11.5
100.0
2.9
3.3
4.8
27.3
712,857
87,776
3,039
3,382
4,567
32,274
11,214
33,300
2010
Nota: *Industri lain merujuk kepda industri yang mengeluarkan produk TMK
KDNK pada harga pembeli
100.0
3.3
5 Industri lain*
KDNKTMK pada harga pembeli
4.2
27.5
4 Kandungan dan media
3 Perkhidmatan TMK
10.0
51.7
51.5
1 Pembuatan TMK
9.9
2006
2005
Industri
2 Perdagangan TMK
9.8
10.2
KDNKTMK pada harga pembeli
3.0
5.5
(11.2)
Campur duti import
7.4
9.7
11.6
(2.6)
2007
1.7
KDNK pada harga pembeli
769,949
92,404
3,286
3,402
4,939
29,166
11,574
40,037
2009
RM juta / RM million
2008
Perubahan peratusan tahunan / Annual percentage change
665,340
88,655
2,605
2,909
4,439
25,797
9,608
43,298
2007
9.8
5 Industri lain*
26.6
11.5
2 Perdagangan TMK
4 Kandungan dan media
10.6
1 Pembuatan TMK
596,784
2006
543,578
86,039
Industri
KDNK pada harga pembeli
78,056
2,469
2,780
Campur duti import
KDNKTMK pada harga pembeli
2,861
2,606
4,132
3,264
23,510
5 Industri lain*
3 Perkhidmatan TMK
44,458
2006
4 Kandungan dan media
7,722
21,479
2 Perdagangan TMK
40,205
2005
Keluaran Dalam Negeri Kasar teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi mengikut industri, 2005 - 2013
Information and communication technology Gross Domestic Product by industry, 2005 - 2013
1 Pembuatan TMK
Industri
Jadual
Table
GDP at purchasers' prices
ICTGDP at purchasers' prices
Plus import duties
Other industries*
Content and media
ICT services
ICT trade
ICT manufacturing
Industry
GDP at purchasers' prices
ICTGDP at purchasers' prices
Plus import duties
Other industries*
Content and media
ICT services
ICT trade
ICT manufacturing
Industry
GDP at purchasers' prices
ICTGDP at purchasers' prices
Plus import duties
Other industries*
Content and media
ICT services
ICT trade
ICT manufacturing
Industry
12
2a(i):
2b(i):
499,233
3,531
194,467
301,235
6,540
8,924
48,838
15,036
221,898
2006
498,240
3,767
189,399
305,074
6,512
9,687
53,993
17,022
217,860
2007
24,635
2,317
476,747
Pembentukan modal tetap kasar produk TMK
Perubahan inventori dan barangan berharga
produk TMK*
Jumlah penggunaan produk TMK pada harga
pembeli
(ii) Industri bukan ICT yang tidak mengeluarkan produk TMK
Nota : (i) Industri lain yang mengeluarkan produk TMK
40,836
243,836
Eksport produk TMK
Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir produk TMK
165,121
2,459
5 Industri lain(i)
Jumlah penggunaan perantaraan industri TMK
1,758
11,548
3 Perkhidmatan TMK
4 Kandungan dan media
2,881
146,475
2005
499,233
574
23,445
45,160
264,198
165,856
2,722
1,748
13,303
3,687
144,396
2006
498,240
7,706
25,154
48,748
251,254
165,377
2,316
1,922
14,809
4,248
142,082
2007
Use of information and communication technology products, 2005 - 2013
Penggunaan produk teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi, 2005 - 2013
476,747
3,704
182,573
2 Perdagangan TMK
1 Pembuatan TMK
Industri
Table
Jadual
Jumlah penawaran produk TMK pada harga
pembeli
Cukai tolak subsidi atas pengeluaran dan import
produk TMK
Import produk TMK
290,470
5,914
5 Industri lain (i)
Jumlah output TMK pada harga asas
8,120
43,469
3 Perkhidmatan TMK
4 Kandungan dan media
12,725
220,242
2005
Supply of information and communication technology products, 2005 - 2013
Penawaran produk teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi, 2005 - 2013
2 Perdagangan TMK
1 Pembuatan TMK
Industri
Table
Jadual
465,652
3,823
25,583
54,654
239,235
142,357
2,464
2,133
16,127
4,338
117,295
2008
465,652
3,980
179,582
282,090
7,743
10,866
59,989
19,262
184,229
2008
421,675
(12,295)
24,268
57,200
219,841
132,661
2,478
1,890
17,220
4,899
106,173
2009
421,675
4,207
151,885
265,583
7,750
9,270
65,081
19,808
163,673
2009
RM juta / RM million
480,423
9,486
27,622
63,794
232,662
146,859
2,575
2,027
19,319
4,917
118,020
2010
480,423
4,489
178,410
297,524
8,075
9,872
75,150
21,807
182,619
2010
465,505
11,525
31,498
62,164
221,630
138,687
2,838
2,139
20,561
5,727
107,422
2011
465,505
4,493
170,545
290,467
8,457
10,499
80,121
24,945
166,444
2011
477,594
13,647
32,958
73,230
212,888
144,872
3,004
2,210
22,033
5,765
111,861
2012e
477,594
4,845
166,753
305,997
8,621
10,937
87,010
26,044
173,384
2012e
508,803
15,068
35,272
83,105
220,995
154,362
3,307
2,410
24,194
6,128
118,323
2013p
508,803
5,241
176,311
327,251
9,129
11,779
94,965
28,025
183,352
2013p
(i)
(i)
(ii) Non ICT industries not producing ICT products
Note : (i) Other industries producing ICT products
Total use at purchasers' prices on ICT products
Changes in inventories and valuables on ICT
products*
Gross fixed capital formation on ICT products
Final consumption expenditure on ICT products
Exports of ICT products
Total intermediate use on ICT industry
Other industries
Content and media
ICT services
ICT trade
ICT manufacturing
Industry
Total supply at purchasers' prices on ICT products
Taxes less subsidies on production and imports
ICT products
Imports of ICT products
Total ICT output at basic prices
Other industries
Content and media
ICT services
ICT trade
ICT manufacturing
Industry
13
2a(ii):
(4.7)
4.7
Cukai tolak subsidi atas pengeluaran dan import
produk TMK
Jumlah penawaran produk TMK pada harga
pembeli
(14.9)
(0.6)
10.7
4 Kandungan dan media
..
Perubahan inventori dan barangan berharga
produk TMK*
(ii) Industri bukan TMK yang tidak mengeluarkan produk TMK
Nota : (i) Industri lain yang mengeluarkan produk TMK
4.7
(4.8)
Pembentukan modal tetap kasar produk TMK
Jumlah penggunaan produk TMK pada harga
pembeli
10.6
8.4
Eksport produk TMK
Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir produk TMK
0.4
Jumlah penggunaan perantaraan industri TMK
5 Industri lain
10.0
15.2
3 Perkhidmatan TMK
(i)
28.0
2 Perdagangan TMK
(0.2)
..
7.3
7.9
(4.9)
(0.3)
11.3
15.2
(1.6)
(1.4)
1 Pembuatan TMK
2007
2006
Use of information and communication technology products, 2005 - 2013
Industri
Table
(0.2)
6.7
(2.6)
1.3
(0.4)
8.6
10.6
13.2
(1.8)
2007
Penggunaan produk teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi, 2005 - 2013
6.5
Import produk TMK
2b(ii):
3.7
Jumlah output TMK pada harga asas
Jadual
10.6
5 Industri lain (i)
9.9
12.4
3 Perkhidmatan TMK
4 Kandungan dan media
18.2
0.8
2006
(6.5)
..
1.7
12.1
(4.8)
(13.9)
6.4
10.9
8.9
2.1
(17.4)
2008
(6.5)
5.7
(5.2)
(7.5)
18.9
12.2
11.1
13.2
(15.4)
2008
(9.4)
..
(5.1)
4.7
(8.1)
(6.8)
0.6
(11.4)
6.8
12.9
(9.5)
2009
(9.4)
5.7
(15.4)
(5.9)
0.1
(14.7)
8.5
2.8
(11.2)
2009
13.9
..
13.8
11.5
5.8
10.7
3.9
7.3
12.2
0.4
11.2
2010
13.9
6.7
17.5
12.0
4.2
6.5
15.5
10.1
11.6
2010
(3.1)
0.1
(4.4)
(2.4)
4.7
6.4
6.6
14.4
(8.9)
2011
(3.1)
..
14.0
(2.6)
(4.7)
(5.6)
10.2
5.5
6.4
16.5
(9.0)
2011
Perubahan peratusan tahunan / Annual percentage change
Supply of information and communication technology products, 2005 - 2013
Penawaran produk teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi, 2005 - 2013
2 Perdagangan TMK
1 Pembuatan TMK
Industri
Table
Jadual
2.6
..
4.6
17.8
(3.9)
4.5
5.8
3.3
7.2
0.7
4.1
2012e
2.6
7.8
(2.2)
5.3
1.9
4.2
8.6
4.4
4.2
2012e
6.5
..
7.0
13.5
3.8
6.6
10.1
9.0
9.8
6.3
5.8
2013p
6.5
8.2
5.7
6.9
5.9
7.7
9.1
7.6
5.7
2013p
(i)
(i)
(ii) Non ICT industries not producing ICT products
Note : (i) Other industries producing ICT products
Total use at purchasers' prices on ICT products
Changes in inventories and valuables on ICT
products*
Gross fixed capital formation on ICT products
Final consumption expenditure on ICT products
Exports of ICT products
Total intermediate use on ICT industry
Other industries
Content and media
ICT services
ICT trade
ICT manufacturing
Industry
Total supply at purchasers' prices on ICT products
Taxes less subsidies on production and imports
ICT products
Imports of ICT products
Total ICT output at basic prices
Other industries
Content and media
ICT services
ICT trade
ICT manufacturing
Industry
14
100.0
0.7
39.0
60.3
2.2
3.0
16.2
5.0
73.7
1.6
1.5
5.2
0.5
100.0
Pembentukan modal tetap kasar produk TMK
Perubahan inventori dan barangan berharga
produk TMK*
Jumlah penggunaan produk TMK pada harga
pembeli
(ii) Industri bukan TMK yang tidak mengeluarkan produk TMK
Nota : (i) Industri lain yang mengeluarkan produk TMK
8.6
51.1
Eksport produk TMK
Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir produk TMK
34.6
Jumlah penggunaan perantaraan Industri TMK
5 Industri lain
1.1
1.1
4 Kandungan dan media
100.0
0.1
4.7
9.0
52.9
33.2
8.0
7.0
3 Perkhidmatan TMK
2.2
1.7
87.1
2 Perdagangan TMK
88.7
2006
100.0
1.5
5.0
9.8
50.4
33.2
1.4
1.2
9.0
2.6
85.9
2007
Use of information and communication technology products, 2005 - 2013
1 Pembuatan TMK
(i)
100.0
0.8
38.0
61.2
2.1
3.2
17.7
5.6
71.4
2007
Penggunaan produk teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi, 2005 - 2013
2005
2b(iii):
100.0
Industri
Table
Jadual
Jumlah penawaran produk TMK pada harga
pembeli
0.8
38.3
Import produk TMK
Cukai tolak subsidi atas pengeluaran dan import
produk TMK
60.9
2.0
5 Industri lain (i)
Jumlah output TMK pada harga asas
2.8
15.0
3 Perkhidmatan TMK
4 Kandungan dan media
4.4
2 Perdagangan TMK
75.8
1 Pembuatan TMK
2006
100.0
0.8
5.5
11.7
51.4
30.6
1.7
1.5
11.3
3.0
82.4
2008
100.0
0.9
38.6
60.6
2.7
3.9
21.3
6.8
65.3
2008
100.0
(2.9)
5.8
13.6
52.1
31.5
1.9
1.4
13.0
3.7
80.0
2009
100.0
1.0
36.0
63.0
2.9
3.5
24.5
7.5
61.6
2009
100.0
2.0
5.7
100.0
2.5
6.8
13.4
47.6
13.3
29.8
0.6
48.4
2.0
1.5
14.8
4.1
77.5
2011
100.0
1.0
36.6
62.4
2.9
3.6
27.6
8.6
57.3
2011
30.6
1.8
1.4
13.2
3.3
80.4
2010
100.0
0.9
37.1
61.9
2.7
3.3
25.3
7.3
61.4
2010
Sumbangan peratusan / Percentage share
Supply of information and communication technology products, 2005 - 2013
Penawaran produk teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi, 2005 - 2013
2005
2a(iii):
Industri
Table
Jadual
100.0
2.9
6.9
15.3
44.6
30.3
2.1
1.5
15.2
4.0
77.2
2012e
100.0
1.0
34.9
64.1
2.8
3.6
28.4
8.5
56.7
2012e
100.0
3.0
6.9
16.3
43.4
30.3
2.1
1.6
15.7
4.0
76.7
2013p
100.0
1.0
34.7
64.3
2.8
3.6
29.0
8.6
56.0
2013p
(i)
(i)
(ii) Non ICT industries not producing ICT products
Note : (i) Other industries producing ICT products
Total use at purchasers' prices on ICT products
Changes in inventories and valuables on ICT
products*
Gross fixed capital formation on ICT products
Final consumption expenditure on ICT products
Exports of ICT products
Total intermediate use on ICT industry
Other industries
Content and media
ICT services
ICT trade
ICT manufacturing
Industry
Total supply at purchasers' prices on ICT products
Taxes less subsidies on production and imports
ICT products
Imports of ICT products
Total ICT output at basic prices
Other industries
Content and media
ICT services
ICT trade
ICT manufacturing
Industry
15
3a:
613,695
Jumlah eksport
Jumlah eksport
39.7
100.0
1.8
3 Produk kandungan dan media
Jumlah
1.4
96.8
1 Barangan TMK
2 Perkhidmatan TMK
2005
39.5
100.0
2.1
1.4
96.5
2006
9.1
Jumlah eksport
Produk TMK
8.4
31.7
5.0
8.0
2006
669,505
264,198
5,645
3,655
254,898
2006
Jumlah
3 Produk kandungan dan media
2 Perkhidmatan TMK
1 Barangan TMK
Produk TMK
243,836
4,285
3 Produk kandungan dan media
Jumlah
3,480
2 Perkhidmatan TMK
236,070
2005
766,096
239,235
6,743
5,325
227,167
2008
651,671
219,841
8,672
5,892
205,277
2009
744,034
232,662
8,147
5,735
218,780
2010
810,221
221,630
9,153
6,443
206,034
2011
8.5
(4.8)
12.8
28.4
(5.8)
2008
(14.9)
(8.1)
28.6
10.6
(9.6)
2009
14.2
5.8
(6.1)
(2.7)
6.6
2010
35.6
100.0
2.4
1.7
96.0
2007
31.2
100.0
2.8
2.2
95.0
2008
33.7
100.0
3.9
2.7
93.4
2009
31.3
100.0
3.5
2.5
94.0
2010
Sumbangan peratusan / Percentage share
5.5
(4.9)
5.9
13.5
(5.4)
2007
27.4
100.0
4.1
2.9
93.0
2011
8.9
(4.7)
12.4
12.3
(5.8)
2011
Perubahan peratusan tahunan / Annual percentage change
706,380
251,254
5,980
4,149
241,125
2007
RM juta / RM million
Exports of information and communication technology products, 2005 - 2013
Eksport produk teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi, 2005 - 2013
1 Barangan TMK
Produk TMK
Table
Jadual
26.5
100.0
4.5
3.0
92.4
2012e
(0.9)
(3.9)
4.8
0.8
(4.5)
2012e
803,042
212,888
9,592
6,493
196,803
2012e
27.4
100.0
4.5
3.0
92.5
2013p
0.4
3.8
4.6
0.6
3.9
2013p
805,962
220,995
10,029
6,530
204,435
2013p
Total exports
Total
Content and media products
ICT services
ICT goods
ICT products
Total exports
Total
Content and media products
ICT services
ICT goods
ICT products
Total exports
Total
Content and media products
ICT services
ICT goods
ICT products
16
3b:
494,415
Jumlah import
Jumlah import
36.9
100.0
1.6
3 Produk kandungan dan media
Jumlah
5.3
93.1
1 Barangan TMK
2 Perkhidmatan TMK
2005
36.0
100.0
2.1
4.3
93.6
2006
9.1
Jumlah import
Produk TMK
6.5
40.6
(12.9)
7.0
2006
539,443
194,467
4,163
8,370
181,933
2006
Jumlah
3 Produk kandungan dan media
2 Perkhidmatan TMK
1 Barangan TMK
Produk TMK
182,573
2,961
3 Produk kandungan dan media
Jumlah
9,612
2 Perkhidmatan TMK
170,000
2005
594,160
179,582
5,805
10,067
163,710
2008
507,142
151,885
5,827
10,204
135,854
2009
608,728
178,410
5,472
10,496
162,441
2010
664,928
170,545
5,977
12,373
152,194
2011
3.5
(5.2)
26.1
5.2
(6.6)
2008
(14.6)
(15.4)
0.4
1.4
(17.0)
2009
20.0
17.5
(6.1)
2.9
19.6
2010
33.0
100.0
2.4
5.1
92.5
2007
30.2
100.0
3.2
5.6
91.2
2008
29.9
100.0
3.8
6.7
89.4
2009
29.3
100.0
3.1
5.9
91.0
2010
Sumbangan peratusan / Percentage share
6.4
(2.6)
10.6
14.3
(3.7)
2007
25.6
100.0
3.5
7.3
89.2
2011
9.2
(4.4)
9.2
17.9
(6.3)
2011
Perubahan peratusan tahunan / Annual percentage change
574,170
189,399
4,603
9,566
175,230
2007
RM juta / RM million
Imports of information and communication technology products, 2005 - 2013
Import produk teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi, 2005 - 2013
1 Barangan TMK
Produk TMK
Table
Jadual
24.0
100.0
4.5
7.4
88.1
2012e
4.4
(2.2)
25.5
(0.1)
(3.5)
2012e
694,063
166,753
7,502
12,359
146,891
2012e
24.7
100.0
5.5
7.2
87.3
2013p
2.9
5.7
28.3
3.4
4.8
2013p
714,425
176,311
9,625
12,775
153,911
2013p
Total imports
Total
Content and media products
ICT services
ICT goods
ICT products
Total imports
Total
Content and media products
ICT services
ICT goods
ICT products
Total imports
Total
Content and media products
ICT services
ICT goods
ICT products
17
4:
3,704
Cukai tolak subsidi atas
pengeluaran dan import
2006
2005
33.3
62.0
4.7
Komponen
Pampasan pekerja
Lebihan kendalian kasar
Cukai tolak subsidi atas
pengeluaran dan import
100.0
10.2
KDNKTMK pada harga pembeli
KDNKTMK pada harga pembeli
16.5
Cukai tolak subsidi atas
pengeluaran dan import
100.0
4.1
61.6
34.3
9.6
13.6
Pampasan pekerja
Lebihan kendalian kasar
2006
86,039
3,531
53,013
29,495
2006
Komponen
78,056
48,391
Lebihan kendalian kasar
KDNKTMK pada harga pembeli
25,961
2005
92,404
3,980
58,449
29,975
2008
87,776
4,207
55,002
28,567
2009
100,800
4,489
63,159
33,152
2010
100.0
4.2
62.2
33.6
2007
3.0
11.2
4.0
0.9
2007
(5.0)
69.7
(5.9)
(4.7)
2009
14.8
(1.1)
14.8
16.0
2010
100.0
4.3
63.3
32.4
2008
100.0
4.8
62.7
32.5
2009
100.0
4.5
62.7
32.9
2010
Sumbangan peratusan / Percentage share
4.2
(41.5)
6.0
0.7
2008
4,493
62,420
35,456
2011
100.0
4.4
61.0
34.6
2011
1.6
(37.8)
(1.2)
7.0
2011
102,370
Perubahan peratusan tahunan / Annual percentage change
88,655
3,767
55,115
29,773
2007
RM juta / RM million
Income components of information and communication technology industry, 2005 - 2013
Komponen pendapatan industri teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi, 2005 - 2013
Pampasan pekerja
Komponen
Table
Jadual
e
100.0
4.4
61.1
34.4
2012e
7.1
(41.7)
7.4
6.5
2012e
109,656
4,845
67,045
37,767
2012
p
100.0
4.4
61.3
34.2
2013p
7.4
36.9
7.8
6.8
2013p
117,802
5,241
72,243
40,318
2013
ICTGDP at purchasers' prices
Taxes less subsidies on
production and imports
Gross operating surplus
Compensation of employees
Component
ICTGDP at purchasers' prices
Taxes less subsidies on
production and imports
Gross operating surplus
Compensation of employees
Component
ICTGDP at purchasers' prices
Taxes less subsidies on
production and imports
Gross operating surplus
Compensation of employees
Component
5:
Guna tenaga dalam industri teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi, 2005 - 2013
Industri
Jumlah guna tenaga
Jumlah
4 Kandungan dan media
3 Perkhidmatan TMK
2 Perdagangan TMK
10,045.4
769.4
25.1
149.6
192.9
401.8
2005
2.8
2.3
2006
2005
52.2
25.1
19.4
Jumlah
Jumlah guna tenaga
Industri
1 Pembuatan TMK
2 Perdagangan TMK
3 Perkhidmatan TMK
Jumlah guna tenaga
Jumlah
7.7
100.0
3.3
23.1
4 Kandungan dan media
4 Kandungan dan media
(0.9)
3 Perkhidmatan TMK
7.7
100.0
3.9
18.8
25.1
52.2
3.0
2 Perdagangan TMK
2.8
2006
10,275.4
790.8
30.9
148.3
198.6
413.0
2006
10,659.6
798.5
33.5
167.6
204.4
393.0
2008
10,897.3
764.5
34.6
179.3
222.5
328.1
2009
11,899.5
762.8
36.4
167.5
158.0
400.9
2010
Bilangan orang / No. of persons ('000)
7.6
100.0
3.8
19.9
26.0
50.2
2007
2.6
1.6
(0.3)
8.0
5.3
(2.3)
2007
2.2
(4.3)
3.3
7.0
8.9
(16.5)
2009
9.2
(0.2)
5.2
(6.6)
(29.0)
22.2
2010
7.5
100.0
4.2
21.0
25.6
49.2
2008
7.0
100.0
4.5
23.5
29.1
42.9
2009
6.4
100.0
4.8
22.0
20.7
52.6
2010
Sumbangan peratusan / Percentage share
1.2
(0.6)
8.8
4.6
(2.3)
(2.6)
2008
783.6
38.3
180.1
156.7
408.5
2011
6.4
100.0
4.9
23.0
20.0
52.1
2011
3.2
2.7
5.2
7.5
(0.8)
1.9
2011
12,284.4
Perubahan peratusan tahunan / Annual percentage change
10,538.1
803.6
30.8
160.2
209.2
403.4
2007
Employment in information and communication technology Industry, 2005 - 2013
1 Pembuatan TMK
Industri
Table
Jadual
Perubahan 1
Peratusan
Tahunan
Pembuatan
TMK / Annual Percentage Change
18
e
6.0
100.0
4.6
24.5
20.3
50.5
2012e
3.6
(3.0)
(8.4)
3.4
(1.3)
(6.0)
2012e
12,723.2
759.8
35.1
186.2
154.6
383.9
2012
p
5.9
100.0
4.6
22.6
21.9
50.9
2013p
3.8
2.6
1.1
(5.5)
10.6
3.4
2013p
13,210.0
779.5
35.5
176.0
171.0
397.0
2013
Total employment
Total
Content and media
ICT services
ICT trade
ICT manufacturing
Industry
Total employment
Total
Content and media
ICT services
ICT trade
ICT manufacturing
Industry
Total employment
Total
Content and media
ICT services
ICT trade
ICT manufacturing
Industry
19
931
745
3 Perkhidmatan TMK
16,349
13,424
19,982
5 Industri bukan TMK
Jumlah TMK*
1.0
0.1
0.2
1.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
1.2
2.5
3.7
1 Pembuatan TMK
2 Perdagangan TMK
3 Perkhidmatan TMK
4 Kandungan dan media
Industri TMK
5 Industri bukan TMK
Jumlah TMK*
Note: *Total ICT refers to total industries produce ICT products
Nota: *Jumlah TMK merujuk kepada jumlah industri yang mengeluarkan produk TMK
4.0
2.7
1.3
0.0
2006
2005
Industri
Note: *Total ICT refers to total industries produce ICT products
Nota: *Jumlah TMK merujuk kepada jumlah industri yang mengeluarkan produk TMK
23,846
7,497
6,558
Industri TMK
40
511
388
2 Perdagangan TMK
26
6,015
5,398
1 Pembuatan TMK
4 Kandungan dan media
2006
4.2
3.0
1.1
0.0
0.2
0.1
0.9
2007
27,720
20,152
7,568
43
1,128
645
5,752
2007
29,936
24,056
5,880
29
1,652
874
3,325
2009
36,322
28,890
7,431
30
2,077
1,129
4,195
4.5
3.6
0.9
0.0
0.2
0.1
0.6
2008
4.2
3.4
0.8
0.0
0.2
0.1
0.5
2009
4.6
3.6
0.9
0.0
0.3
0.1
0.5
2010
Sumbangan peratusan / Percentage share
34,603
27,806
6,797
53
1,376
873
4,496
2008
RM juta / RM million
2010
4.9
4.0
0.8
0.0
0.3
0.2
0.4
2011
43,051
35,620
7,431
36
2,467
1,438
3,490
2011
Sumbangan nilai ditambah kasar e-Dagang mengikut industri kepada Keluaran Dalam Negeri Kasar, 2005 - 2013
Share of e-Commerce gross value added by industry to Gross Domestic Product, 2005 - 2013
2005
6:
Industri
Table
Jadual
5.2
4.3
0.9
0.0
0.3
0.2
0.4
2012e
48,617
40,272
8,345
37
2,932
1,595
3,781
2012e
5.4
4.4
1.0
0.0
0.4
0.2
0.4
2013p
53,470
43,833
9,637
40
3,501
1,866
4,229
2013p
Total ICT*
Non ICT industry
ICT Industry
Content and media
ICT services
ICT trade
ICT manufacturing
Industry
Total ICT*
Non ICT industry
ICT industry
Content and media
ICT services
ICT trade
ICT manufacturing
Industry
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KONSEP DAN DEFINISI
CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS
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KONSEP DAN DEFINISI
Pengenalan
Akaun Satelit TMK Malaysia 2005 hingga 2013 telah disediakan
berdasarkan konsep yang disarankan oleh System of National
Accounts 1993 dan 2008, United Nations dan mengikut garis panduan
TMK yang ditetapkan dalam OECD Guide to Measuring the
Information Society 2011 dan Internet Economy Outlook 2012. Konsep
dan definisi yang digunakan telah diselaraskan mengikut keperluan
Malaysia.
Konsep dan
TMK
definisi TMK
membolehkan maklumat dicapai, diproses, diubah, dimanipulasi dan
merujuk
kepada
teknologi
dan
perkhidmatan
yang
disebarkan termasuk penyiaran atau komunikasi melalui suara,
gambar dan/atau data melalui pelbagai media penyiaran.
Industri TMK
Industri TMK merujuk kepada industri yang menghasilkan produk TMK
sebagai aktiviti utama. Perincian industri TMK adalah seperti di seksyen
klasifikasi. Kategori utama industri TMK yang digunakan di dalam
penyusunan akaun satelit adalah:
Industri lain
1.
Pembuatan TMK
2.
Perdagangan TMK
3.
Perkhidmatan TMK
4.
Kandungan dan media
Merujuk kepada industri yang mengeluarkan produk TMK sebagai
output/pendapatan kedua.
Industri
Industri bukan TMK adalah industri yang tidak mengeluarkan
bukan TMK
sebarang produk TMK.
Produk TMK
Perincian produk TMK adalah seperti yang disenaraikan di seksyen
klasifikasi. Kategori utama produk TMK yang digunakan dalam akaun
satelit adalah:
1.
Barangan TMK
1.1
Komputer dan kelengkapan persisian
1.2
Kelengkapan komunikasi
1.3
Kelengkapan elektronik pengguna
1.4
Pelbagai komponen dan barangan TMK
23
2.
Perkhidmatan TMK
2.1
Perkhidmatan perisian perniagaan dan produktiviti dan
pelesenan
KONSEP DAN DEFINISI
3.
2.2
Perkhidmatan dan perundingan teknologi maklumat
2.3
Perkhidmatan telekomunikasi
2.4
Perkhidmatan pajakan atau sewaan kelengkapan TMK
2.5
Lain-lain perkhidmatan TMK
Produk kandungan dan media
3.1
Cetakan dan lain-lain kandungan berasaskan teks
pada media fizikal dan perkhidmatan berkaitan
3.2
Kandungan wayang gambar, video, televisyen dan
radio dan perkhidmatan berkaitan
3.3
Kandungan muzik dan perkhidmatan berkaitan
3.4
Kandungan atas talian dan perkhidmatan berkaitan
3.5
Lain-lain kandungan dan perkhidmatan berkaitan
Produk bukan
Produk bukan TMK merujuk kepada produk selain daripada produk
TMK
TMK yang dikeluarkan oleh industri TMK dan industri bukan TMK.
Keluaran
Keluaran Dalam Negeri Kasar (KDNK) adalah jumlah nilai barangan
dalam negeri
dan perkhidmatan yang dikeluarkan dalam tempoh tertentu selepas
kasar
ditolak kos barangan dan perkhidmatan yang digunakan dalam
proses pengeluaran. Nilai ini merupakan nilai sebelum ditolak nilai
peruntukan bagi modal tetap; iaitu jumlah nilai ditambah pada
harga pengeluar bagi pengeluar residen ditambah dengan duti
import. KDNK ini juga bersamaan dengan perbelanjaan ke atas
KDNK (pada harga pembeli) iaitu jumlah bagi semua komponen
perbelanjaan akhir ke atas barangan dan perkhidmatan tolak
dengan import barangan dan perkhidmatan.
KDNK boleh diukur dengan menggunakan tiga kaedah iaitu Kaedah
Pengeluaran, Perbelanjaan dan Pendapatan.
Keluaran
KDNKTMK adalah bersamaan nilai ditambah kasar TMK dicampur
dalam negeri
cukai tolak subsidi bagi produk TMK.
kasar TMK
24
Nilai
Nilai ditambah ialah perbezaan di antara output dan penggunaan
ditambah
perantaraan.
kasar
perkhidmatan dalam aktiviti ekonomi. Oleh itu, ia hampir menyamai
Ia
merupakan
nilai
ditambah
barangan
dan
dengan keuntungan perniagaan, gaji dan upah, susut nilai dan
cukai tidak langsung; campur faedah yang dibayar dan tolak
faedah yang diterima.
Nilai output bagi produk TMK pada harga asas tolak penggunaan
ditambah
perantaraan
kasar TMK
mengeluarkan produk TMK.
Pampasan
Pampasan pekerja termasuk saraan, wang tunai atau bukan
pekerja
berbentuk wang, yang perlu dibayar oleh sesebuah perusahaan
(pada
harga
pembeli)
yang
digunakan
dalam
kepada pekerja sebagai balasan bagi kerja-kerja yang dilakukan
dalam tempoh perakaunan.
Lebihan
Lebihan kendalian operasi sebelum ditolak penggunaan modal
kendalian
tetap dan pendapatan campuran.
kasar
Lebihan
Mengukur lebihan atau defisit terakru daripada proses pengeluaran
kendalian
sebelum ditolak apa-apa caj faedah implisit atau eksplisit, sewa atau
pendapatan harta lain yang dibayar ke atas aset kewangan, tanah
atau lain-lain sumber semula jadi yang diperlukan untuk menjalankan
pengeluaran. Secara definisi, lebihan kendalian operasi hanya boleh
diperoleh oleh industri.
Pendapatan
Pendapatan campuran mengandungi elemen ganjaran yang tidak
campuran
diketahui bagi kerja yang dijalankan oleh pemilik enterpris atau ahli
isi rumah, serta lebihan kendalian hasil daripada pengeluaran.
Penggunaan
Penggunaan modal tetap didefinisikan sebagai penurunan nilai
modal tetap
semasa stok aset tetap yang dimiliki dan digunakan oleh pengeluar
dalam tempoh perakaunan disebabkan oleh kerosakan fizikal,
keusangan biasa atau kerosakan biasa yang tidak disengajakan.
Cukai tolak
Terdiri daripada cukai ke atas produk dan cukai lain ke atas
subsidi atas
pengeluaran ditolak subsidi ke atas produk dan subsidi ke atas
pengeluaran
pengeluaran.
dan import
25
KONSEP DAN DEFINISI
Nilai
Purata
Purata pertumbuhan tahunan, ( r ) iaitu nilai sesuatu pemboleh ubah
pertumbuhan
bagi tempoh setahun adalah seperti berikut:
tahunan
yt
y 0 (1 r ) t
Penyelesaian bagi r,
r
e
y
1
ln t
t
y0
1
KONSEP DAN DEFINISI
Di mana,
yt
=
Nilai pada tahun semasa
y0
=
Nilai pada tahun sebelum
t
=
Bilangan tahun, yt - y0
r
=
Purata pertumbuhan tahunan
Definisi
Urusniaga e-Dagang adalah penjualan atau pembelian barangan
e-Dagang
atau
perkhidmatan
yang
dijalankan
melalui
rangkaian
pengkomputeran/internet dengan kaedah yang direka untuk tujuan
menerima atau membuat pesanan (untuk tujuan pembelian atau
jualan). Urusniaga ini berlaku sama ada antara perniagaan, isi
rumah, individu, kerajaan dan organisasi-organisasi awam/swasta
lain.
Kaedah pembayaran dan penghantaran muktamad barangan
atau perkhidmatan urusniaga e-Dagang ini boleh dijalankan melalui
atau bukan melalui rangkaian pengkomputeran/internet.
Urusniaga e-Dagang termasuk pesanan yang dibuat di laman
web, extranet atau Pertukaran Data Elektronik (PDE). Walau
bagaimanapun, urusniaga yang dibuat melalui panggilan telefon,
faksimili, e-mel (e-mel yang ditaip manual) dan yang seumpamanya
tidak dikategorikan sebagai urusniaga e-Dagang.
26
Singkatan
PP
Pampasan Pekerja
CPC
Central Product Classification
dll
dan lain-lain
GVA
Nilai Ditambah Kasar
i.e.
Latin expression meaning “that is; in other words”
ISIC
International Standard Industrial Classification of All
Economic Activities
Keluaran Dalam Negeri Kasar
KDNKTMK
Keluaran Dalam Negeri Kasar Teknologi Maklumat
dan Komunikasi
MCPA
Klasifikasi Produk Mengikut Aktiviti Malaysia
MSIC
Piawaian Klasifikasi Industri Malaysia
OECD
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and
Development
Simbol
Nota
SUT
Jadual Penawaran dan Penggunaan
TMK
Teknologi Maklumat dan Komunikasi
t.t.t.l
tidak terkelas di tempat lain
..
tidak berkenaan
e
anggaran
p
permulaan
RM
Ringgit Malaysia
0
nilai kurang RM1 juta
0.0
nilai kurang daripada 0.05
%
peratus
Penjumlahan angka komponen mungkin tidak bersamaan dengan
angka jumlah kecil atau jumlah besar disebabkan pembundaran.
27
KONSEP DAN DEFINISI
KDNK
CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS
Overview
ICT Satellite Account of Malaysia 2005 to 2013 has been prepared
based on the concepts recommended by System of National
Account 1993 and 2008, United Nations and adopted the guidelines
of ICT as stipulated in the OECD Guide to Measuring the Information
Society 2011 and Internet Economy Outlook 2012. The concepts and
definitions are adapted to Malaysia’s requirement.
Concepts and
ICT refers to the technologies and services that enable information to
definitions of
be accessed, stored, processed, transformed, manipulated and
ICT
disseminated, including the transmission or communication of voice,
image and/or data over a variety of transmission media.
ICT industry
ICT industries refer to the industries which produce ICT products as
primary activities. Details of ICT industries are described in the
classification section. The main categories of ICT industries in the
compilation of ICT satellite accounts are as follows:
1.
ICT manufacturing
2.
ICT trade
3.
ICT services
4.
Content and media
Other
Refers to industry which produce ICT products as secondary output/
industries
income.
Non ICT
Industry that does not produce ICT products.
industry
ICT products
The details of ICT products are listed in the classification section. The
main categories of ICT products in the compilation of ICT satellite
accounts are as follows:
1.
ICT goods
1.1 Computers and peripheral equipment
1.2 Communication equipment
1.3 Consumer electronic equipment
1.4 Miscellaneous ICT components and goods
28
2.
ICT services
2.1 Business and productivity software and licensing services
2.2 Information technology consultancy and services
2.3 Telecommunications services
2.4 Leasing or rental services for ICT equipment
2.5 Other ICT services
3.
Content and media products
media, and related services
3.2 Motion picture, video, television and radio content,
and related services
3.3 Music content and related services
3.4 On-line content and related services
3.5 Other content and related services
Non ICT
Non ICT product refers to products other than ICT that are produced
products
by ICT industries and non ICT industries.
Gross
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the total value of all goods and
domestic
services produced in a certain period after deducting the cost of
product
goods and services used up in the process of production. This value is
before deducting allowances for consumption of fixed capital i.e.
the sum of value added of resident producers in producers’ price
plus import duties. GDP is equivalent to expenditure on the GDP
(in purchasers’ price) i.e. the sum of all components of final
expenditure on goods and services less imports of goods and
services.
GDP can be measured by using three approaches namely
Production, Expenditure and Income Approach.
ICT gross
ICTGDP equals to ICTGVA plus taxes less subsidies on ICT products.
domestic
product
29
CONCEPTS AND
DEFINITIONS
3.1 Printed and other text-based content on physical
Gross value
Value added is the difference between output and intermediate
added
consumption. It represents the added value of goods and services by
economic activity. Hence, it is approximately equivalent to
commercial profit, salaries and wages, depreciation and indirect
taxes; plus interest taxes less interest received.
ICT gross
The value of output ICT products at basic prices less the value of
value added
intermediate consumption (at purchasers’ prices) used in producing
CONCEPTS AND
DEFINITIONS
the ICT products.
Compensation
Compensation of employees includes remuneration, in cash or in
of employees
kind, payable by an enterprise to an employee in return for work
done during the accounting period.
Gross
The operating surplus before deducting the consumption of fixed
operating
capital and mixed income.
surplus
Operating
Measures the surplus or deficit accruing from processes of
surplus
production before deducting any explicit or implicit interest charges,
rent or other property income payable on the financial assets, land
or other natural resources required to carry on the production. By
definition, operating surplus can only be earned by industries.
Mixed income
Mixed income contains and unknown element of remuneration for
work done by the owner of enterprise, or other members of the
household,
as
well
as
operating surplus
accruing
from
the
production.
Consumption
Consumption of fixed capital is defined as the decline, during the
of fixed capital
course of the accounting period, in the current value of the stock of
fixed assets owned and used by a producer as a result of physical
deterioration, normal obsolescence or nominal accidental damage.
Taxes less
Consists of taxes on products and other taxes on production less
subsidies on
subsidies on product and other subsidies on production.
production
and imports
30
Average
The average annual growth, ( r ) is the value of a variable over the
annual growth
period of a year based on:
rate
y 0 (1 r ) t
yt
Solving for r,
r
e
y
1
ln t
t
y0
1
Where,
=
Value at current year
y0
=
Value at previous year
t
=
Number of years, yt - y0
r
=
Average annual growth
CONCEPTS AND
DEFINITIONS
yt
Definition
e-Commerce transaction is the sale or purchase of goods or
e-Commerce
services,
conducted
over
computer
networks
by
methods
specifically designed for the purpose of receiving or placing of
orders. e-Commerce transaction can be between enterprises,
households, individuals, governments, and other public or private
organisations.
Method of payment and the ultimate delivery of the e-Commerce
goods or services might be done through computer network/internet
or traditionally.
e-Commerce transaction includes orders made in web pages,
extranet or Electronic Data Interchange (EDI). Nevertheless, orders
made by telephone calls, facsimile, or manually typed e-mail are not
categorized as an e-Commerce transaction.
31
Abbreviations
CE
Compensation of Employees
CPC
Central Product Classification
etc
et cetera/and other things
GVA
Gross Value Added
i.e.
Latin expression meaning “that is; in other words”
ISIC
International Standard Industrial Classification of All
CONCEPTS AND
DEFINITIONS
Economic Activities
GDP
Gross Domestic Product
ICTGDP
Information and Communication Technology Gross
Domestic Product
MCPA
Malaysia Classification of Product by Activity
MSIC
Malaysia Standard Industrial Classification
OECD
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and
Development
Symbols
Note
SUT
Supply and Use Tables
ICT
Information and Communication Technology
n.e.c
not elsewhere classified
..
not applicable
e
estimated
p
preliminary
RM
Malaysian Ringgit
0
value less than RM1 million
0.0
value less than 0.05
%
percentage
The sum of the component figures may not tally with the sub-total or
total figures due to rounding.
32
METODOLOGI DAN SUMBER DATA
METHODOLOGY AND DATA SOURCES
Muka surat ini sengaja dibiarkan kosong.
This page is deliberately left blank.
METODOLOGI DAN SUMBER DATA
Pembangunan
Penyusunan
akaun satelit
daripada System of National Accounts yang kukuh di Malaysia.
TMK
Terma “akaun satelit” digunakan bagi menggambarkan dengan jelas
Akaun
Satelit
TMK
dapat
dilaksanakan
berikutan
keadaan akaun yang dibangunkan. Ia merupakan “satelit” kepada
set utama Akaun Negara di mana ia memberikan maklumat
tambahan di luar daripada maklumat sedia ada di dalam Akaun
Negara.
Maklumat satelit memfokuskan kepada aspek ekonomi tertentu bagi
membolehkan pengukuran TMK dilaksanakan. Ia juga membolehkan
hubungkait yang lebih banyak kepada maklumat tambahan yang
spesifik bagi TMK seperti pendapatan, eksport, import dan guna
tenaga. TMK contohnya terdiri daripada industri seperti pembuatan,
perdagangan, perkhidmatan dan kandungan & media.
Pembangunan akaun satelit merupakan pengukuran statistik yang
sistematik di mana ia merangkumi konsep, klasifikasi dan definisi
berdasarkan
piawaian
antarabangsa
bagi
membolehkan
perbandingan di antara negara dilaksanakan. Pelbagai maklumat
diperoleh daripada agensi yang berbeza dikumpulkan di dalam
akaun ini untuk memberikan gambaran yang lebih baik dan holistik
berkenaan impak industri TMK di Malaysia.
Objektif
Tujuan Akaun Satelit TMK disusun adalah untuk menganalisa dengan
lebih terperinci semua aspek penawaran dan penggunaan bagi
sektor dan produk TMK. Objektif penyusunannya adalah seperti
berikut:
i.
Menyediakan maklumat produk TMK mengikut industri;
ii.
Mempromosikan
pemahaman
yang
lebih
baik
berkaitan
penawaran dan penggunaan produk TMK;
iii.
Membolehkan penawaran dan penggunaan
produk
dianalisis daripada perspektif ekonomi; dan
iv.
Membantu dalam pembentukan dan pembangunan polisi.
35
TMK
Rangka kerja
Asas bagi penyusunan Akaun Satelit TMK adalah rangka kerja jadual
akaun satelit
penawaran dan penggunaan. Walau bagaimanapun, ia hanya
TMK
memfokuskan kepada industri dan produk TMK. Jadual penawaran
mengandungi barangan dan perkhidmatan bagi produk TMK yang
dikeluarkan
oleh
setiap
pengeluar.
Sementara
itu,
jadual
penggunaan mengandungi penggunaan bagi setiap produk
mengikut industri, kerajaan, isi rumah dan eksport.
Penawaran bagi setiap produk (dinilaikan pada harga pembeli)
adalah terdiri daripada:
Pengeluaran domestik mengikut industri (dinilaikan pada harga
asas);
Import;
Pengangkutan, margin perdagangan bagi borong dan runcit;
dan
Cukai tolak subsidi atas pengeluaran dan import.
Penggunaan bagi setiap produk (dinilaikan pada harga pembeli)
METODOLOGI DAN
SUMBER DATA
adalah terdiri daripada:
Penggunaan perantaraan mengikut industri (produk yang
digunakan mengikut industri tersebut diproses semula bagi
menghasilkan produk lain); dan
Penggunaan akhir mengikut jenis perbelanjaan. Penggunaan
akhir adalah merujuk kepada produk yang digunakan oleh isi
rumah dan kerajaan, perubahan inventori dan eksport.
Jadual penggunaan terperinci mengandungi input utama yang
dikeluarkan bagi setiap industri iaitu pampasan pekerja, lebihan
kendalian kasar dan lain-lain cukai tolak subsidi bagi setiap produk
dan pengeluaran mengikut industri.
Jadual berikut menunjukkan struktur asas bagi jadual penawaran
dan penggunaan.
36
JADUAL PENAWARAN
Output mengikut industri pada harga asas*
Import
(aktiviti ekonomi)
Penawaran
mengikut
Produk
Industri
Industri
Industri
A
B
...
Produk TMK C
industri
(2)
penawaran
perdagangan
pada harga
dan
asas
pengangkutan
(3) = (1) + (2)
(4)
Cukai
Jumlah
tolak
penawaran
subsidi ke
pada harga
atas
pembeli**
produk
(6) = (3) + (4)
(5)
+(5)
(1)
Import
Output mengikut produk dan industri
mengikut
Penawaran mengikut produk
produk
Produk TMK …
Jumlah
penawaran
Margin
Jumlah
Produk TMK A
Produk TMK B
Jumlah
Jumlah
Jumlah output mengikut industri
Jumlah penawaran mengikut produk
import
(produk TMK)
JADUAL PENGGUNAAN
Perbelanjaan
Penggunaan perantaraan mengikut industri
akhir
(aktiviti ekonomi)
pengguna
Penggunaan
mengikut produk
Jumlah
Pembentukan
modal kasar
Eksport
penggunaan
pada harga
pembeli**
Jumlah
Industri
Industri
Industri
penggunaan
A
B
…
perantaraan
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5) = (1) + (2) +
(3) + (4)
(1)
Produk TMK B
Penggunaan perantaraan mengikut produk dan
Penggunaan akhir mengikut produk dan
Produk TMK C
industri
jenis perbelanjaan***
Produk TMK …
Jumlah
penggunaan
Jumlah penggunaan perantaraan mengikut industri
(produk TMK)
Jumlah penggunaan akhir mengikut produk dan
jenis perbelanjaan***
Pampasan pekerja
Lebihan kendalian
kasar
Cukai tolak subsidi
ke atas
Nilai ditambah mengikut komponen dan industri
pengeluaran dan
import
Output industri
pada harga asas*
Nota:
* Harga asas adalah harga yang diterima oleh pengeluar bagi setiap unit barangan dan perkhidmatan yang
dikeluarkan sebagai output, tidak termasuk sebarang cukai yang perlu dibayar, termasuk subsidi yang diterima ke atas
setiap produk hasil daripada pengeluaran atau penjualan. Ia juga tidak termasuk sebarang bayaran penghantaran
yang dicaj secara berasingan oleh pengeluar.
** Harga pembeli adalah harga yang dibayar oleh pembeli di mana barangan dan perkhidmatan tersebut dihantar
pada masa dan tempat yang ditentukan oleh pembeli. Ia termasuk sebarang caj pengangkutan yang dibayar secara
berasingan oleh pembeli.
*** Jenis perbelanjaan adalah merujuk kepada perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir, pembentukan modal tetap kasar
dan eksport.
37
METODOLOGI DAN
SUMBER DATA
Produk TMK A
Jadual penawaran dan penggunaan digunakan untuk mengumpul
dan
mengintegrasikan
semua
data
yang
diperlukan
bagi
menghasilkan anggaran ekonomi berkaitan TMK secara agregat.
Output
terdiri
daripada
barangan
dan
perkhidmatan
yang
dihasilkan oleh sesebuah pertubuhan yang boleh digunakan di luar
daripada pertubuhan. Nilai bagi output TMK merupakan nilai
pasaran bagi barangan dan perkhidmatan TMK. Nilai ditambah
dikira bagi industri TMK dan industri lain yang mengeluarkan produk
TMK.
Pelaburan TMK adalah pembentukan modal tetap kasar ditambah
perubahan inventori berkaitan produk TMK. Pembentukan modal
tetap kasar adalah nilai perolehan ditolak pelupusan aset baru atau
sedia ada.
Penggunaan akhir kerajaan adalah perbelanjaan semasa oleh
badan kerajaan awam bagi menyediakan perkhidmatan untuk
masyarakat
seperti
pertahanan,
ketenteraman
awam
dan
METODOLOGI DAN
SUMBER DATA
keselamatan.
Pengukuran
Pengukuran nilai ditambah e-Dagang adalah berdasarkan saranan
e-Dagang
oleh OECD dalam manualnya bertajuk Internet Economy Outlook
2012.
Dua kaedah pendekatan yang disarankan adalah narrow
dan broad approach. Narrow approach hanya meliputi sektor
perdagangan borong dan runcit. Manakala, broad approach
meliputi kesemua industri dalam ekonomi.
Diandaikan bahawa peratus keuntungan daripada e-Dagang
kepada keuntungan industri adalah berkadaran dengan peratusan
nilai ditambah e-Dagang kepada nilai ditambah industri tersebut.
Broad approach digunakan dalam pengukuran e-Dagang di
Malaysia.
38
Sumber data
Sumber data dalam penyusunan Akaun Satelit TMK adalah seperti
berikut:
INDUSTRI/DATA
SUMBER DATA
Pembuatan TMK
Banci Ekonomi Pembuatan
Penyiasatan Industri Pembuatan Tahunan
Penyiasatan Pembuatan Bulanan
Perangkaan Perdagangan Luar Negeri
Perdagangan TMK
Banci Perdagangan Edaran
Penyiasatan Antara Banci Perdagangan
Edaran
Penyiasatan Perdagangan Edaran
Bulanan
Perkhidmatan TMK
Banci Ekonomi Perkhidmatan
Maklumat dan Komunikasi
Penyiasatan Komunikasi
Penyiasatan Pekhidmatan Suku Tahunan
Bank Negara Malaysia
Banci Ekonomi Perkhidmatan Perniagaan
Aktiviti penerbitan buku, terbitan
Penyiasatan Pertubuhan Perkhidmatan
berkala dan lain-lain penerbitan
Jadual Penawaran dan Penggunaan
Aktiviti wayang gambar, video
Penyiasatan Perkhidmatan Suku Tahunan
dan program televisyen
Akaun Negara
Aktiviti rakaman bunyi dan
Penyiasatan Suku Tahunan Akaun Negara
penerbitan muzik
Aktiviti pemprograman dan
penyiaran
Aktiviti perkhidmatan maklumat
lain
Industri lain
Lembaga Air dan Pengeluar Sektor
Swasta serta Pengedar Bekalan Elektrik
dan Air
Industri Pengedaran Gas
Penyata Kewangan Syarikat
Banci Ekonomi Perkhidmatan
Penginapan
Penyiasatan Perkhidmatan Suku Tahunan
39
METODOLOGI DAN
SUMBER DATA
Kandungan dan media
INDUSTRI/DATA
SUMBER DATA
Jadual Penawaran dan Penggunaan
Banci Ekonomi Perkhidmatan Makanan
dan Minuman
Banci Ekonomi Perkhidmatan
Pengangkutan dan Penyimpanan
Penyiasatan Perkhidmatan
Pengangkutan
Pihak Berkuasa Pelabuhan, Tol dan
Operasi Penerbangan
Bank Negara Malaysia
Penyata Kewangan Syarikat
Banci/ Penyiasatan Pekhidmatan
Hartanah
Pusat Maklumat Harta Tanah Negara
(NAPIC)
Banci Penduduk dan Perumahan 2010
Penyiasatan Perbelanjaan Isi Rumah
Banci Ekonomi Perkhidmatan Pendidikan
METODOLOGI DAN
SUMBER DATA
Banci Ekonomi Perkhidmatan Kesihatan
dan Kerja Sosial
Agensi Kerajaan
Penyata Kewangan Kerajaan
Persekutuan, Kerajaan Negeri, Pihak
Berkuasa Tempatan dan Badan-badan
Berkanun
Kumpulan Wang Persaraan
(Diperbadankan)
Akaun Pertubuhan Utama
Penyiasatan Tenaga Buruh
Eksport dan import bagi barangan
Perdagangan Luar Negeri
dan perkhidmatan TMK
Perangkaan Imbangan Pembayaran
Bank Negara Malaysia
Borang Ikrar Kastam
Margin pengangkutan dan
Penyiasatan Margin Pengangkutan dan
perdagangan
Perdagangan
Banci Ekonomi
Keluaran Dalam Negeri Kasar Tahunan
40
INDUSTRI/DATA
SUMBER DATA
Cukai dan subsidi
Jabatan Akauntan Negara Malaysia
Akaun Negara Keluaran Dalam Negeri
Kasar Kaedah Pendapatan
Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
Penyata Kewangan Kerajaan
kerajaan
Persekutuan, Kerajaan Negeri, Pihak
Berkuasa Tempatan dan Badan-badan
Berkanun
Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
Penyiasatan Perbelanjaan Isi Rumah
swasta
Jadual Penawaran dan Penggunaan
Perangkaan Imbangan Pembayaran
Penyiasatan Suku Tahunan Akaun Negara
Penyiasatan Perdagangan Edaran
Bulanan
Banci dan Penyiasatan Perkhidmatan
Perangkaan Perdagangan Luar Negeri
Buku Tahunan Perangkaan
Bank Negara Malaysia
Pembentukan modal kasar
Penyata Kewangan Kerajaan
Persekutuan, Kerajaan Negeri, Pihak
Berkuasa Tempatan dan Badan-badan
Berkanun
Penyiasatan Suku Tahunan Akaun Negara
Penyiasatan Tahunan bagi Perbadanan
Awam
Banci dan Penyiasatan Perkhidmatan
(Suku Tahunan/ Tahunan/ Dwi-Tahunan)
Perangkaan Imbangan Pembayaran
Perangkaan Perdagangan Luar Negeri
Bank Negara Malaysia
Penyiasatan Pembuatan Bulanan
41
METODOLOGI DAN
SUMBER DATA
(Suku Tahunan/ Tahunan/ Dwi-Tahunan)
INDUSTRI/DATA
SUMBER DATA
Penyiasatan Perdagangan Edaran
Bulanan
Akaun Kerajaan Persekutuan
Pampasan pekerja
Penyiasatan Pendapatan Isi Rumah
Perbelanjaan dan Hasil Kerajaan
Penyata Kewangan Kerajaan
Persekutuan, Kerajaan Negeri, Pihak
Berkuasa Tempatan dan Badan-badan
Berkanun
Penyiasatan Tenaga Buruh
Akaun Negara Keluaran Dalam Negeri
Kasar Kaedah Pendapatan
Lebihan kendalian kasar
Banci Ekonomi
Keluaran Dalam Negeri Kasar Tahunan
Akaun Negara Keluaran Dalam Negeri
METODOLOGI DAN
SUMBER DATA
Kasar Kaedah Pendapatan
Semakan
Penerbitan ini mempersembahkan Akaun Satelit TMK bagi tahun
penerbitan
2005 hingga 2013. Penyusunan adalah berdasarkan struktur SUT 2005.
dan data
Siri ini akan dikemaskini berdasarkan data terkini yang diperoleh.
42
METHODOLOGY AND DATA SOURCES
Establishment
The compilation of ICT Satellite Account is made possible due to the
of ICT satellite
System of National Accounts is well established in Malaysia. The term
account
"satellite account" is adopted to reflect the nature of the account
developed. It is a "satellite" to the core set of National Accounts that
presents additional information which is beyond the available
information provided in the National Accounts.
This satellite information focuses on a particular aspect of the
economy i.e. ICT that could not be easily measured. It also permits
further linkages to additional information specific to ICT such as
income, exports, imports and employment. ICT for example consists of
industries
such
as
manufacturing,
trade,
services
and
content & media industries.
Development
of
satellite
account
is
a
systematic
statistical
measurement that applies concept, classification and definition which
are based on international standard to enable comparison among
countries. Various information available in different agencies is
compiled to provide holistic and better picture of the impact of ICT
industry in Malaysia.
Objective
The purpose of ICT Satellite Account is to analyse in detail all aspects
of
supply
and
use
of
ICT
sectors
and
products.
The
objectives are as follows:
i.
To provide information on ICT products by industry;
ii.
To promote better understanding on the supply of ICT and the
use of such products;
iii.
To enable the supply and use of ICT products to be analysed
from the economic perspective; and
iv.
To assist in policy formulation and development.
43
Framework of
The basis of ICT Satellite Account compilation in Malaysia is the
ICT satellite
framework of supply and use tables. However, it only focuses on ICT
account
products and industries. The supply table indicates the goods and
services of ICT products that are supplied by each producer.
Meanwhile, use table tracks the usage of those products by
industries, government, households and exports.
Supply of each product (valued at purchasers’ prices) consists of:
Domestic production by industry (valued at basic prices);
Imports;
Transport, retail and wholesale trade margins; and
Taxes less subsidies on product production and imports.
Use of each product (valued at purchasers’ prices) consists of:
Intermediate use by industries (products that are consumed by
industries in the process of producing other products); and
Final
use
by
type
of
expenditure.
Final
use
includes
consumption by households and government, products that
METHODOLOGY AND
DATA SOURCES
have been capitalized, changes in inventories and exports.
A comprehensive use table includes primary inputs of production
namely compensation of employees, gross operating surplus and
other taxes less subsidies on products and production for each
industry.
The following table illustrates the basic structure of supply and use
tables.
ETHODOLOGY AND DATA SOURCES
44
SUPPLY TABLE
Output of industries at basic prices*
Imports
(economic activities)
Supply of
Total supply at
basic prices
product
Industry
Industry
Industry
Total industry
A
B
...
(1)
ICT product A
(2)
Trade and
transport
margins
(3) = (1) + (2 )
Taxes less
Total supply
subsidies
at
on
purchasers’
products
prices**
(4)
(5)
(6) = (3) + (4)
+ (5)
Imports
ICT product B
Output by product and by industry
ICT product C
by
Supply by product
product
ICT product …
Total supply
Total
Total output by industry
(ICT products)
Total supply by product
imports
USE TABLE
Final
Intermediate use by industry
consumption
(economic activities)
Use of product
Industry
Industry
Industry
A
B
…
expenditure
Gross capital
formation
Total use at
Exports
prices**
Total intermediate
use
(2)
(3)
purchasers’
(4)
(1)
(5) = (1) + (2) + (3)
+ (4)
ICT product A
ICT product B
Intermediate consumption by product and by industry
Final use by product and by type of expenditure***
Total intermediate consumption by industry
Total final use by product and by type of expenditure***
ICT product …
Total use (ICT
products)
Compensation of
employees
Gross operating
surplus
Taxes less
subsidies on
Value added by component and by industry
production and
imports
Industry output at
basic prices*
Note:
* Basic prices is the price received by the producer for a unit of good and service produced as output, excluding any
tax payable or including any subsidy receivable on the product as a subsequent of its sales or use. It also excludes any
delivery charges invoiced separately by the producer.
** Purchasers’ prices is the price paid by the purchaser to take delivery of a good and service at the time and place
required by the purchaser. It includes any transport charges paid separately by the purchaser.
*** Type of expenditure refers to the final consumption expenditure, gross capital formation and exports.
45
METHODOLOGY AND
DATA SOURCES
ICT product C
The supply and use tables are used to assemble and integrate all
data required to produce estimates of economic aggregates
related to ICT. Output consists of those goods or services produced
within an establishment which become available for use outside that
establishment. The value of ICT output is the market value of ICT
goods and services. Value added will be computed for ICT industry
and other industries which produce ICT products.
ICT investment is gross fixed capital formation plus changes in
inventories relating to ICT products. Gross fixed capital formation is
the value of acquisitions less disposals of new or existing fixed assets.
Government final consumption expenditure is current expenditure by
general government bodies on services for the community such as
defence, public order and safety.
Measurement
Measurement of e-Commerce value added is based on the
of
recommendations by Internet Economy Outlook 2012, OECD. There
e-Commerce
are two recommended approaches, which are narrow and broad
METHODOLOGY AND
DATA SOURCES
approaches. Narrow approach only takes into account value
added from the wholesale and retail sectors. While, broad
approach includes all industries across the economy.
It is assumed that the share of revenue from e-Commerce to total
revenue for each industry is proportional to the percentage of value
added from e-Commerce to the total value added for the same
industry. Broad approach is used in measuring e-Commerce in
Malaysia.
Data sources
The data sources in compiling ICT Satellite Accounts are as follows:
INDUSTRY/DATA
DATA SOURCES
ICT manufacturing
Economic Census of Manufacturing
Annual Survey of Manufacturing Industries
Monthly Manufacturing Survey
External Trade Statistics
ICT trade
Census of Distributive Trade
Intercensal Survey of Distributive Trade
Monthly Survey of Distributive Trade
46
INDUSTRY/DATA
ICT services
DATA SOURCES
Economic Census of Information and
Communication
Survey of Communication
Central Bank of Malaysia
Financial Statement from Companies
Content and media
Economic Census of Business Services
Publishing of books, periodicals
Survey of Services Establishments
and other publishing activities
Supply and Use Table
Motion picture, video and
Quarterly Survey on Services
television programme activities
Quarterly National Accounts Survey
Sound recording and music
publishing activities
Programming and broadcasting
activities
Other information service
activities
Local authorities and private sector
producers and distributors of electricity
and water
Gas Distribution Industry
Companies Financial Statements
Economic Census of Accommodation
Services
Economic Census of Food and Beverages
Services
Economic Census of Transportation and
Storage Services
Survey of Transport Services
Port Authority, Toll and Airport Operations
Census/Survey of Real Estate Services
National Property Information Centre
(NAPIC)
Population and Housing Census 2010
Household Expenditure Survey
Census of Education Services
Census of Health and Social Work Services
Government Agency
47
METHODOLOGY AND
DATA SOURCES
Other industries
INDUSTRY/DATA
DATA SOURCES
Financial statement of the Federal
Government, State Government,
Local Authorities and Statutory Bodies.
Main establishment data
The Population and Housing Census 2010
Labour Farce Survey
Exports and imports of ICT goods and
External Trade Statistics
services
Balance of Payments Statistics
Central Bank of Malaysia
Customs Declarations Form
Trade and transport margin
Trade and Transport Margin Survey
Economic Census
Annual Gross Domestic Product
Tax and subsidies
Accountant General’s Department of
METHODOLOGY AND
DATA SOURCES
Malaysia
National Accounts Gross Domestic
Product Income Approach
Government final consumption
Final Statements of the Federal
expenditure
Government, State Government, Local
Authorities and Statutory Bodies
Private final consumption
Household Expenditure Survey
expenditure
Supply and Use Table
Balance of Payment Statistics
Quarterly National Accounts Survey
Monthly Survey of Distributive Trade
Survey and Census of Services
(Quarterly/ Annual/ Biennial)
External Trade Statistics
Yearbook of Statistics
Central Bank of Malaysia
Gross capital formation
Final Statements of the Federal
Government, State Government, Local
Authorities and Statutory Bodies
48
INDUSTRY/DATA
DATA SOURCES
Quarterly National Accounts Survey
Annual Survey on Public Enterprises
Survey and Census of Services
(Quarterly/ Annual/ Biennial)
Balance of Payment Statistics
External Trade Statistics
Central Bank of Malaysia
Monthly Manufacturing Survey
Monthly Survey of Distributive Trade
Federal Government Accounts
Compensation of employees
Household Income Survey
Government Expenditure and Revenues
Final Statements of the Federal
Government, State Government, Local
Authorities and Statutory Bodies
Labour Force Survey
National Accounts Gross Domestic
Gross operating surplus
Economic Census
Annual Gross Domestic Product
National Accounts Gross Domestic
Product Income Approach
Publication
This publication presents ICT Satellite Account for the year 2005 to
and data
2013. The compilation is based on SUT 2005 structure. The series will
revision
be updated whenever any latest data available.
49
METHODOLOGY AND
DATA SOURCES
Product Income Approach
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KLASIFIKASI
CLASSIFICATIONS
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KLASIFIKASI
Klasifikasi sektor TMK adalah berdasarkan Klasifikasi Piawaian Klasifikasi Industri Malaysia
(MSIC) 2008 Ver.1.0 yang diselaraskan dengan International Standard Industrial
Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Rev. 4. Klasifikasi bagi produk TMK adalah
berdasarkan Klasifikasi Produk Mengikut Aktiviti Malaysia (MCPA) 2009 yang diselaraskan
dengan Central Products Classification (CPC) Ver. 2.0.
Industri TMK
Keterangan ISIC REV. 4
ISIC Rev. 4
MSIC 2008
Pembuatan TMK
Pembuatan komponen dan papan elektronik
2610
26101, 26102,
26105, 26109
26103,
26104,
Pembuatan komputer dan kelengkapan peranti
2620
26201, 26202
Pembuatan peralatan komunikasi
2630
26300
Pembuatan elektronik pengguna
2640
26400
Pembuatan media magnetik dan optikal
2680
26800
Jualan borong barang sukan, barang permainan, barang kulit, barang
pengembaraan, dan peralatan muzik
4643
46432
Jualan borong lain-lain barangan isi rumah t.t.t.l.
4649
46496
Jualan borong komputer, peralatan peranti komputer (peripheral)
dan perisian
4651
46510
Jualan borong kelengkapan dan komponen (termasuk alat ganti)
elektronik dan telekomunikasi
4652
46521, 46522
Jualan borong lain-lain jentera dan kelengkapan
4659
46593
Jualan borong bahan buangan dan sekerap dan produk lain t.t.t.l.
4669
46699
Jualan runcit di kedai khusus yang menjual komputer, peralatan peranti
komputer (peripheral), sofwer dan peralatan telekomunikasi
4741
47411, 47412, 47413
Jualan runcit di kedai yang khusus menjual peralatan audio dan video
4742
47420
Jualan runcit di kedai khusus yang menjual peralatan elektrik, perabot,
lampu dan barangan lain isi rumah
4759
47597
Jualan runcit di kedai khusus yang menjual instrumen muzik dan
rakaman video
4762
47620
Jualan runcit di kedai khusus yang menjual barang baru lain
4773
47731
Jualan runcit barang terpakai
4774
47742
Jualan runcit barangan lain di gerai dan pasar
4789
47892, 47893, 47894, 47895
Jualan runcit melalui pesanan mel atau internet
4791
47911, 47912, 47913, 47914
Penerbitan perisian yang sedia cipta (bukan tempahan khas)
5820
58201, 58202, 58203
Aktiviti telekomunikasi berwayar
6110
61101, 61102
Aktiviti telekomunikasi tanpa wayar
6120
61201, 61202
Aktiviti telekomunikasi satelit
6130
61300
Aktiviti telekomunikasi lain
6190
61901, 61902,
61905, 61909
Perdagangan TMK
Perkhidmatan TMK
53
61903,
61904,
Keterangan ISIC REV. 4
ISIC Rev. 4
MSIC 2008
Aktiviti pengaturcaraan komputer
6201
62010
Aktiviti perundingan komputer dan pengurusan kemudahan komputer
6202
62021, 62022
Aktiviti perkhidmatan teknologi maklumat dan komputer lain
6209
62091, 62099
Aktiviti prosesan data, hosting dan yang berkaitan;
6311
63111, 63112
Web portal
6312
63120
Penyelidikan dan pembangunan eksperimen sains semula jadi dan 7210
kejuruteraan
72106
Pembaikan komputer dan peralatan sampingan
9511
95111, 95112, 95113
Pembaikan dan penyelenggaraan peralatan komunikasi
9512
95121, 95122, 95123,
95125, 95126, 95127
Aktiviti penerbitan buku, terbitan berkala dan lain-lain penerbitan
5811, 5812,
5813, 5819
58110, 58120, 58130, 58190
Aktiviti wayang gambar, video dan program televisyen
5911, 5912,
5913, 5914
59110, 59120, 59130, 59140
Aktiviti rakaman bunyi dan penerbitan muzik
5920
59200
Aktiviti pemprograman dan penyiaran
6010, 6020
60100, 60200
Aktiviti perkhidmatan maklumat lain
6391, 6399
63910, 63990
Kandungan dan media
Produk TMK
Keterangan CPC Ver. 2
CPC Ver. 2
MCPA 2009 (5 Digit)
KLASIFIKASI
Barangan TMK
Komputer dan kelengkapan persisian
45142, 45221, 45222,
45230, 45240, 45250,
45261, 45262, 45263,
45264, 45265, 45266,
45269, 45271, 45272,
45289, 45290, 47315,
47550
26201, 26202
Kelengkapan komunikasi
46921, 47211, 47212,
47213, 47221, 47222,
47223, 47401
26300
Kelengkapan elektronik pengguna
38581, 47214, 47215,
47311, 47312, 47313,
47314, 47321, 47323,
47330, 47402
26400, 26701
Pelbagai komponen dan barangan TMK
45281, 47130, 47140,
47150, 47160, 47173,
47403, 47530, 47540,
47590, 47910, 47920,
48315, 48354
26101, 26102, 26104, 26105,
26109, 26300, 26400, 26511,
26701, 26800, 32909
47811, 47812, 47813,
47814, 47821, 47829,
73311, 83143, 84341,
84342, 84392
58201, 58202, 58203
Perkhidmatan TMK
Perkhidmatan perisian perniagaan dan produktiviti dan
pelesenan
54
95124,
Keterangan CPC Ver. 2
CPC Ver. 2
MCPA 2009 (5 Digit)
Perkhidmatan dan perundingan teknologi maklumat
83117, 83131, 83132, 83141,
83142, 83151, 83152, 83159,
83161, 8316
62010, 62021, 62022, 63111,
70201
Perkhidmatan telekomunikasi
84110, 84121, 84122, 84131,
84132, 84140, 84150, 84190,
84210, 84221, 84222, 84290
61101, 61201, 61300, 61901,
61902, 61903, 61904, 61905,
61909
Perkhidmatan pajakan atau sewaan kelengkapan TMK
73124, 73125, 73210
77292, 77301, 77307
Lain-lain perkhidmatan TMK
83325, 87130, 87153, 87331,
87332, 87340
33200, 62099, 71102, 95111,
95112, 95113, 95121, 95122,
95124, 95125
32210, 32220, 32230, 32291,
32292, 32299, 32300, 32410,
32420, 32490, 32511, 32530,
32540, 32620, 32630, 47691,
47692, 83631
58110, 58120, 58130, 58190
Kandungan wayang gambar, video, televisyen dan radio 38950, 47620, 83632, 84611,
dan perkhidmatan berkaitan
84612, 84621, 84622, 84631,
84632, 84633, 84634, 96121,
96122, 96123, 96131, 96132,
96133, 96134, 96135, 96136,
96137, 96139, 96140, 96150
59110, 60100, 60200, 59200,
59120, 59130, 59140
Kandungan muzik dan perkhidmatan berkaitan
32520, 47610, 96111, 96112,
96113
59200
Kandungan atas talian dan perkhidmatan berkaitan
73312, 83633, 84311, 84312,
84313, 84321, 84322, 84331,
84332, 84393, 84394, 84399
58110, 58120, 58130, 58190,
59110, 59200, 63111, 63112,
63120
Lain-lain kandungan dan perkhidmatan berkaitan
47699, 73320, 83611, 83620,
83639, 83812, 83940, 84410,
84420, 85991, 89110, 96330
58110, 58120, 58130, 58190,
58201, 58202, 58203, 59110,
59120, 59200, 63910, 63990,
73100, 74200, 90001, 90002,
90003, 90004, 90005, 90006,
90007, 90009
Produk kandungan dan media
Cetakan dan lain-lain kandungan berasaskan teks pada
media fizikal dan perkhidmatan berkaitan
KLASIFIKASI
55
CLASSIFICATION
The classification of ICT sectors is based on Malaysia Standard Industrial Classification
(MSIC) 2008 Ver.1.0. which is in concordance with International Standard Industrial
Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Rev. 4. The classification of ICT products is
based on Malaysian Classification of Products by Activity (MCPA) 2009 which conforms
with Central Products Classification (CPC) Ver. 2.0.
ICT industry
ISIC Rev. 4
Description ISIC REV. 4
MSIC 2008
ICT manufacturing
Manufacture of electronic components and boards
2610
26101, 26102, 26103, 26104,
26105, 26109
Manufacture of computers and peripheral equipment
2620
26201, 26202
Manufacture of communication equipment
2630
26300
Manufacture of consumer electronics
2640
26400
Manufacture of magnetic and optical media
2680
26800
Wholesale of sports goods, games, leather, travelling goods and musical 4643
instruments
46432
Wholesale of other household goods
4649
46496
Wholesale of computers, computer peripheral equipment and software
4651
46510
Wholesale of electronic and telecommunications equipment and parts
4652
46521, 46522
Wholesale of other machinery and equipment
4659
46593
Wholesale of waste and scrap and other products n.e.c.
4669
46699
ICT trade
Retail sale of computers, peripheral units, software and telecommunications 4741
equipment in specialized stores
47411, 47412, 47413
Retail sale of audio and video equipment in specialized stores
4742
47420
Retail sale of electrical household appliances, furniture, lighting equipment 4759
and other household articles in specialized stores
47597
Retail sale of music and video recordings in specialized stores
4762
47620
Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores
4773
47731
Retail sale of second-hand goods
4774
47742
Retail sale via stall and market of other goods
4789
47892, 47893, 47894, 47895
Retail sale via mail order houses or via Internet
4791
47911, 47912, 47913, 47914
Software publishing
5820
58201, 58202, 58203
Wired telecommunications activities
6110
61101, 61102
Wireless telecommunications activities
6120
61201, 61202
Satellite telecommunications activities
6130
61300
Other telecommunications activities
6190
61901, 61902, 61903, 61904,
61905, 61909
Computer programming activities
6201
62010
Computer consultancy and computer facilities management activities
6202
62021, 62022
Other information technology and computer service activities
6209
62091, 62099
ICT services
56
ISIC Rev. 4
Description ISIC REV. 4
MSIC 2008
Data processing, hosting and related activities
6311
63111, 63112
Web portals
6312
63120
Research and experimental development on natural sciences and 7210
engineering
72106
Repair of computers and peripheral equipment
9511
95111, 95112, 95113
Repair of communication equipment
9512
95121, 95122, 95123, 95124,
95125, 95126, 95127
Publishing of books, periodicals and other publishing activities
5811, 5812,
5813, 5819.
58110, 58120, 58130, 58190
Motion picture, video and television programme activities
5911, 5912,
5913, 5914.
59110, 59120, 59130, 59140
Sound recording and music publishing activities
5920
59200
Programming and broadcasting activities
6010, 6020
60100, 60200
Other information service activities
6391, 6399
63910, 63990
Content and media
ICT Products
Description CPC Ver. 2
CPC Ver. 2
MCPA 2009 (5 Digits)
ICT goods
Computers and peripheral equipment
45142,
45230,
45261,
45264,
45269,
45289,
47550
45221, 45222,
45240, 45250,
45262, 45263,
45265, 45266,
45271, 45272,
45290, 47315,
26201, 26202
Communication equipment
46921, 47211, 47212,
47213, 47221, 47222,
47223, 47401
26300
Consumer electronic equipment
38581,
47311,
47314,
47330,
47214, 47215,
47312, 47313,
47321, 47323,
47402
26400, 26701
Miscellaneous ICT components and goods
45281,
47150,
47403,
47590,
48315,
47130, 47140,
47160, 47173,
47530, 47540,
47910, 47920,
48354
26101,
26105,
26400,
26800,
Business and productivity software and licensing services
47811,
47814,
73311,
84342,
47812, 47813,
47821, 47829,
83143, 84341,
84392
58201, 58202, 58203
Information technology consultancy and services
83117, 83131, 83132,
83141, 83142, 83151,
83152, 83159, 83161,
83162
62010, 62021, 62022,
63111, 70201
26102, 26104,
26109, 26300,
26511, 26701,
32909
57
CLASSIFICATIONS
ICT services
Description CPC Ver. 2
CPC Ver. 2
84121, 84122,
84132, 84140,
84190, 84210,
84222, 84290
MCPA 2009 (5 Digits)
Telecommunications services
84110,
84131,
84150,
84221,
61101, 61201, 61300,
61901, 61902, 61903,
61904, 61905, 61909
Leasing or rental services for ICT equipment
7312473125, 73210
77292, 77301, 77307
Other ICT services
83325, 87130, 87153,
87331, 87332, 87340
33200, 62099, 71102,
95111, 95112, 95113,
95121, 95122, 95124,
95125
Printed and other text-based content on physical media, and
related services
32210,
32291,
32300,
32490,
32540,
47691,
32220, 32230,
32292, 32299,
32410, 32420,
32511, 32530,
32620, 32630,
47692, 83631
58110, 58120, 58130,
58190
Motion picture, video, television and radio content, and related
services
38950,
84611,
84622,
84633,
96122,
96132,
96135,
96139,
47620, 83632,
84612, 84621,
84631, 84632,
84634, 96121,
96123, 96131,
96133, 96134,
96136, 96137,
96140, 96150
59110, 60100, 60200,
59200, 59120, 59130,
59140
Music content and related services
32520, 47610, 96111,
96112, 96113
59200
On-line content and related services
73312,
84312,
84322,
84393,
83633, 84311,
84313, 84321,
84331, 84332,
84394, 84399
58110, 58120, 58130,
58190, 59110, 59200,
63111, 63112, 63120
Other content and related services
47699,
83620,
83940,
85991,
73320, 83611,
83639, 83812,
84410, 84420,
89110, 96330
58110,
58190,
58203,
59200,
73100,
90002,
90005,
90009
CLASSIFICATIONS
Content and media products
58
58120, 58130,
58201, 58202,
59110, 59120,
63910, 63990,
74200, 90001,
90003, 90004,
90006, 90007,