[KOTI Transport Session] Transjakarta Profile_Asia BRTS

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[KOTI Transport Session] Transjakarta Profile_Asia BRTS
TRANSJAKARTA – BUSWAY
BRT SYSTEM
D.A.Rini – jakarta transportation council
OUTLINES
I. BACKGROUND
II. INFRASTRUCTURE, OPERATIONAL,
ORGANIZATIONAL, AND BUSINESS MODEL
III. KEY PERFORMANCE FIGURES
IV. FUTURE DEVELOPMENT
Transport in Jakarta at glance
• The number of motor vehicles in Jakarta
currently stands at 6.7 million and
increases by 11% per year;
• 296 new four-wheeled motor vehicles are
added daily to the city’s traffic;
• A daily inflow of >700.000 motor vehicles
from Jakarta’s surrounding cities, brings an
estimated 1.6 million people;
• The low ratio of public transportation
vehicles to private vehicles (92.8);
• Low capacity of public transport of 17
million trips daily, only 53% are taken by
public transportation;
• The poor condition of public transportation
vehicles, which also gradually decrease in
number.
PUBLIC TRANSPORT DEMAND
(trips/day)
847,750
1,078,663
1,465,912
5.302.194
7.384.939
9.445.808
Bekasi
Tangerang
545,310
693,099
940,834
2002
7.3 Million Trips/day
2010
9.9 Million Trips/day
2020
13 Million Trips/day
620,702
791,295
1,148,528
Bogor & Depok
WHY BRT IN JAKARTA?
• Local government’s responsibility to provide good
public transport system
• Faster time of construction
• Road infrastructure supports the system
• Flexibility in determining the bus route
• Suitable infrastructure for transition before the
implementation of bigger system such as Subway
• Efficient usage of road space
• Success stories in other cities in the world
TRANSJAKARTA BRT
• In operation:
− 1st corridor: 2004
− 2nd & 3rd corridor: 2006
− 4th & 7th corridor: 2007
− 8th corridor: 2009
− 9th & 10th corridor: 2011
− 11th corridor: 2012
• Closed trunk BRT system
• Network-based System
• Off-board fare collection
• High platform-median BRT station
• Public sector bus procurement and
private sector bus operation
• Flat Fare throughout the system
TRANSJAKARTA
SYSTEM NETWORK
Length of Corridor:
191.25 km (11 corridors)
Number of Stations:
206 shelters (spacing ± 1 km)
Number of Routes: 21 routes
Feeder Service: 3 routes
Fleet Size: 544 buses (73 articulated)
Fleet Fuel: CNG except 1st corridor
Number of Operators: 9 operators
Number of Bus Depots: 8 depots
Employee: more than 5,500
Fare: IDR 3,500 (0.4 USD), free transfer
Transjakarta
Route Map
With 11 corridors,
the network is
expanded up to 25
routes, minimizing
transfer for
Passenger
TECHNOLOGY FEATURES IN TRANSJAKARTA
1. GPS-based vehicle tracking system
2. Onboard CCTV
3. Online CCTV system for BRT station
– 203 CCTV cameras, 30 of which are shared through
the website at www.transjakarta.co.id
– 48 are also monitored live via Fibre Optic
connection, the rest use on-site recording
4. e-Ticketing system
– contactless smart card
– 3 type of payment: JakCard, Single Trip, and Multi
Trip
– currently operational for 6th corridor, all corridor
will be operational by the end of this year
LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL FORM
• Transjakarta is managed by BLU Transjakarta, a
technical agency under supervision of Jakarta
Transportation Agency
• BLU Transjakarta is a government body with
flexibility in some financial aspect such as:
– Government agency that is allowed to sell its
services to the public.
– Revenues can be directly used for operation. NonBLU government agencies are not allowed to do this.
– Also allowed to receive subsidy
KEY PERFORMANCE FIGURES
TRANSJAKARTA PERFORMANCE
• Ridership (pax) per year :
– 2004
: 15,942,423
– 2005
: 20,798,196
– 2006
: 38,828,039
– 2007
: 61,446,336
– 2008
: 74,619,995
– 2009
: 82,377,670
– 2010
: 86,937,287
– 2011
: 114,783,774
Highest one-day passenger
record:
383,031 (July 2011)
With 8 years in operation, Transjakarta
passengers has increased almost 8
times since its opening year
TRANSJAKARTA BUSWAY FINANCIAL FACTS
•
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Revenues :
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012 (May)
: Rp
: Rp
: Rp
: Rp
: Rp
: Rp
: Rp
: Rp
: Rp
39,063,108,475
55,831,672,900
130,783,673,000
205,779,781,500
248,339,552,000
274,517,532,000
288,757,425,500
379,457,500,500
155,175,402,500
Approximately (in current US$ rate):
2011: USD 39,526,822.97
2012: USD 16,164,104 (May)
(@ US$1 = Rp. 9,600)
•
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Cost Recovery :
2004
: 89.91%
2005
: 97.51%
2006
: 75.18%
2007
: 59.37%
2008
: 60.94%
2009
: 61.30%
2010
: 62.56%
OPERATIONAL CHALLENGES
• Limited CNG supply
– only 5 CNG station in Jakarta to serve all the Transjakarta
fleet
– causing loss of service time of the fleet
• Mixed traffic and unsterilized lanes
– encroachment by motorcycles and cars
– substantial mixed traffic segment in almost all corridors
• Insufficient fleet supply
– highly increasing demand
FUTURE DEVELOPMENT
NETWORK EXPANSION
• Construction of 12th,
13th, 14th, and 15th
corridor as planned in
the Jakarta
Transportation
Masterplan.
• 12th corridor will be
operational by the end
of this year.
• 13th – 15th corridor will
be built elevated
DIRECT-SERVICE IMPLEMENTATION
• Based on
Guangzhou BRT
Senen
P.20
Manggarai
S.66
S.612
Kp Melayu
Blok M
KORIDOR 6
T.57
• Making
Transjakarta an
open system BRT
S.612
Ps Minggu
Lebak
Bulus
P.20
S.75
Ragunan Blk
• Incorporating
existing bus routes
to support
Transjakarta BRT
service
Kp Rambutan
STATION EXPANSION
• Implementation of multiple sub stops to
accommodate direct-service with overtaking lane
at every station.
NEW STATION DESIGN
• New station design to promote a better image of
Transjakarta as an integral part to the life of Jakarta citizens.
Thank You

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