Installation Instructions for Solid Flooring


Installation Instructions for Solid Flooring
Our Commitment to the Homeowner
Special Considerations for Antique Impressions Flooring
1. Please note that the standard box length is 8'. All 8' boxes contain a mixture of plank lengths ranging from
36" to 96". An order will also contain boxes that are 7', 6', 5' or 4' in length. These boxes contain planks that
are in fixed lengths of 7', 6', 5', and 4'. These must be worked into the flooring out of the 8' boxes.
2. Although the lengths of the Antique Impressions flooring are not truly random (there are fixed lengths
ranging from 3' to 8'), a random look can easily be achieved when time is taken to prepare the layout. Rack
out the floor before nailing or gluing down to randomly distribute grain and colour variances. Avoid clusters
of light or dark colours and avoid the creation of discernable patterns such as “H” joints or “steps” (see diagram
on page 4).
IMPORTANT: Always store in a controlled environment that is as close to normal living
conditions as possible. Do not store Antique Impressions solid hardwood in a garage or basement where
the wood may be subjected to extreme temperatures and/or humidity fluctuations. Damage to flooring
caused by improper storage is not covered by Antique Impressions’ limited warranties.
Care throughout Installation
Prefinished hardwood floor installation requires a little more time and precaution than unfinished
flooring. Handle with care to avoid damaging board surface or finish.
• The room must be kept clean throughout the • Cover installed portion of the floor with a breathable
installation process.
protective wrapping such as building paper or
• Cut boards outside the room where the floor is being
installed to avoid dust and debris on your new floor.
8028 Enterprise Street Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1V7
Tel: 604-692-2555 • Toll Free: 1-877-828-1888
Fax: 604-692-2556 • Email: [email protected]
Storage and Handling
Updated: March 27th, 2012
Antique Impressions Solid Plank Flooring is designed for installation on or above grade.
(It is not recommended for installation over radiant heated subfloors). Please refer to the
Installation Application Methods Chart to determine suitable applications for Antique Impressions Solid
Hardwood Flooring.
Creative At Home, the manufacturer of Antique Impressions, wants you, the Homeowner, to be completely
satisfied with your floor. It is very important that you or the installer inspect the boards carefully before
installation because once the flooring has been installed it will be considered as having been accepted
by the installer and homeowner. If the homeowner is absent during the installation, the installer must
exercise good judgment.
— Page 1 of 6
Installation Instructions for Solid Flooring
Creative At Home Inc. is committed to providing homeowners with the best in wood flooring products.
We take great pride in every aspect of our business to ensure that the quality of our products exceeds
your expectations.
Installation Instructions for Solid Flooring
Installation Instructions for Solid Flooring
of your hardwood. Otherwise, please contact your
dealer/retailer if you require one.
• Restrict traffic from other trades on the hardwood • Touching up minor blemishes with stain markers or
floor during and after installation.
putty is an acceptable form of repair.
• A touch-up kit for minor repairs during and after
installation may have been included with the purchase
Installer and Owner Responsibility
Wood floors are a product of nature, and therefore are not perfect. Antique Impressions hardwood flooring
and mouldings are manufactured in compliance with accepted industry standards, which permit a defect
tolerance and grading tolerance not exceeding 5%. Because of the natural colour variation in wood
flooring from piece to piece, and the variety of box lengths, work out of a minimum of 4 cartons at a
time (as described in the Special Considerations box on page 1). This will ensure a beautiful blend of shading.
Prior to installation, the installer and owner must make sure that every subfloor inspection and preinstallation requirement listed in this guide is satisfactorily met or exceeds minimal specifications.
Final grade, manufacturing, finish quality check and approval of product before installation
remains the sole and joint responsibility of owner and installer, even if the owner is absent at the
time of installation. The installer must exercise sound judgment before and during the installation. If a
board does contain a minor defect or imperfection, simply cut off the flawed piece and discard or use it in
a closet or another hidden place. Once installed, any board is considered as having been accepted
by the installer and owner.
— Page 2 of 6
Antique Impressions hardwood floors are covered by a Limited Lifetime Structural Warranty (see attached)
that may be voided due to improper installation or failure to follow the instructions and recommendations
provided by the manufacturer, or through the use of inappropriate tools or materials.
Updated: March 27th, 2012
Site Preparation
To ensure a successful installation, the following site conditions requirements must be met. Hardwood
floor installation should be the very last step of any construction or renovation project.
Evaluation of the job site and moisture content
• Never lay your tools, toolboxes or nails on your new
hardwood floor.
Before installation, inspect the job site thoroughly to determine if the subfloor and conditions
are acceptable. Check the following:
• Flooring will not be exposed to excessive periods of • All work involving water or moisture (plumbing, plaster/
high humidity.
drywall, ceiling and wall finishes, painting, etc.) has
been finished with enough time to allow complete
• Crawl spaces are well cross-ventilated and ground is
drying prior to installation of the flooring.
100% covered with 6 mil black poly and a minimum
of 18´ to the underside of the joists.
• Exterior landscaping is complete and graded away
from the building. Gutters and downspouts are in
• Vents are located throughout the foundation (a
place and directing water away from the foundation.
minimum of two) and should be open year-round,
with total openings equal to 1.5% of the square'/ • Prior to installation, the heating system has been
square-metre area of the crawl space. (Example: a
operational for one week, maintaining a temperature
1000 sq. ft./m2 crawl space should have a total of 15
of 22°C (72°F).
sq. ft./m. of vent space.)
• Relative humidity (RH) is 35–55%.
• The building is closed in with outside windows and
doors installed.
8028 Enterprise Street Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1V7
Tel: 604-692-2555 • Toll Free: 1-877-828-1888
Fax: 604-692-2556 • Email: [email protected]
• Subfloor surface should be as level as possible and
should not vary more than 3/16" (5 mm) within a 10'
(3 m) radius. If necessary, flatten down any irregularities
and fill any uneven spots with levelling compound.
• Installation requires a minimum of ⅝" (16 mm)
plywood, or ¾" (19 mm) approved OSB chipboard
subfloor, if installed over 16" (400 mm) centre-tocentre joist sub-structure.
• Remove all baseboards, base mouldings, shoe
mouldings, doorway thresholds, etc.
• Particleboard is not an approved subfloor.
• Wooden subfloor must be securely fastened down
to joists to prevent any movement or squeaks.
Thoroughly inspect and replace existing floor or
subfloor that shows evidence of water damage or
structural weakness.
• Floor must be installed perpendicular to the joists
unless an additional layer of ½" plywood is used when
installing parallel to the joists.
• Undercut all doorjambs.
• Remove debris or obstacles such as cleat nail heads,
dried glue and/or any other material, and then vacuum.
Once the site conditions have been met, have the flooring delivered into the rooms where the installation
will occur a minimum of 48 hours before installation is to begin. This will allow the wood to acclimatize
to the recommended indoor conditions.
To avoid damaging boards during installation:
8028 Enterprise Street Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1V7
Tel: 604-692-2555 • Toll Free: 1-877-828-1888
Fax: 604-692-2556 • Email: [email protected]
- Safety glasses
- Vacuum
- Scraper
- Table saw
- Level
- Mitre saw
- Hand saw or jamb saw
- Chalk line
- Square
- Hammer
- Rubber mallet
- Measuring tape
- Pry or pull bar
- Touch-up kit
- Power drill and 3/32" bits
- Slip tongues (optional)
- Utility knife
- Wood and/or concrete moisture metre
- 2" cleats or staples
- Pneumatic nailer
- Rubber mallet
- Manual nailer
- Flooring screws
- Finishing nails
- #15 black felt paper
- Adapter to fit nailer for engineered flooring
- Air compressor for pneumatic nailers (set to 70–80 psi)
Updated: March 27th, 2012
• Use quality nails or staples that are approved for use in • Ensure that the nailer base sits flat on the floor and
the nailer or stapler and are the correct size and gauge.
plumb against tongue before nailing board down.
• Ensure that the nailer base remains clean and free • Set and check air pressure regularly. Different
from nicks at all times. When not in use, refrain
hardwood species or subfloor types require specific
from laying nailer directly on floor. Use a test piece
air pressure settings.
to ensure that the fastener is properly seated in the • Before starting the installation, test and become
correct position in the reveal pocket at the back of the
familiar with the nailer operation. Practice on a few
tongue. Adjust the nailer or air pressure to achieve
offcuts before proceeding with the installation.
proper placement of the fasteners.
— Page 3 of 6
Nailer tips
Installation Instructions for Solid Flooring
• The plywood subfloor should be within a 2% difference
of the Antique Impressions floor’s moisture level. The
plywood subfloor moisture content must not exceed
12% before delivery of the flooring. Moisture content
above recommended levels could cause moisturerelated problems after installation. If the moisture
reading is too high, postpone delivery and installation
of material. Locate the source of the moisture and
correct if needed. Raise heat and increase ventilation
until proper conditions are met.
Subfloor preparation
• Cover the subfloor with 15 lb. asphalt felt paper or • Measure the room carefully to ensure that the new
floor can be installed squarely and evenly.
equivalent, lapped at least 2" along the seams. This
will help keep dust down, slow moisture movement • Choose starting point or wall.
from below and help prevent squeaks.
• Choose layout angle; 90º or 45º angle to joists is
• Rosin, construction or wax paper is not approved
Installation Instructions for Solid Flooring
Installing the Floor
• Because of the variety of plank lengths, and the • Starting no closer than 2" from the end of each board,
natural colour variation in wood flooring from
drill pilot holes into the tongue at a 45º angle every
piece to piece, work out of a minimum of 4 open
6–8" with shank nails, or use a 2" brad nailer. Blind
cartons of varied box length at a time to ensure a
nail at a 45º angle into the tongue approximately
beautiful blend of shading and board pattern. Please
1–3" from the board ends and 6–8" along the board
see Special Considerations box on page 1 for
edges. Set the nails, making sure that the heads are
important further instruction.
completely set. Each board must be fastened with
a minimum of two nails. Make sure nails are not
• Using a chalk line, measure the width of the flooring
proud of the tongue, or flooring may not fit tightly
plus ¾" for expansion gap, and trace a line parallel
together. Each board must have glue bonding the
to the starting wall and perpendicular to line on
end joints together.
the end wall. For example, if using 3½" boards,
— Page 4 of 6
trace guideline at 4¼" from starting wall. Starting • Measure and cut the last board in the first row, leaving
with a straight, square line is imperative to a
a ¼" space between the wall and the end of the board.
successful installation.
To minimize trim waste, select a board long enough
for the row end, so that the remaining end may be
• Lay the starting strips with the tongues facing away
long enough to start the following row.
from the wall along the chalk line, using flooring or
Updated: March 27th, 2012
casing nails, top nail every 10" into the face of the • The first board of the second row must be at least 6"
strip as close to the wall as possible. Do not position
longer or shorter than that of the first row. Leave a ¼"
a nail closer than 2" from the end of a board. Face
gap between the wall and the end of the board.
nailing from the end of the boards approximately 1–3". • Lay out 7 or 8 rows at a time of the flooring, end to end
Each board must be fastened with a minimum of two
in a staggered pattern with the end joints a minimum
nails. These nail holes will be hidden by the baseboard
of 6" apart. This will allow you to see what the pattern
after installation. Pre-drilling the nail holes will
will look like after they have been installed. Ensure
prevent cracking. Set the nail with a nail set and
that you have a good mix of colours and nuances of
putty the holes with coloured putty to match the wood.
Correct end board layout (end matches form
random pattern)
8028 Enterprise Street Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1V7
Tel: 604-692-2555 • Toll Free: 1-877-828-1888
Fax: 604-692-2556 • Email: [email protected]
Incorrect end board layout (end matches form
pattern at 1" increments)
• Depending on the width of the boards being
installed, you may have to manually nail the first 3–4
rows. After that you can switch to a floor-nailing tool
that drives staples or cleats. The floor is to be nailed
every 6–8", and 2–3" from the ends of each board.
Each board, regardless of its length, must be nailed
a minimum of two times. Each board must have glue
bonding the end joints together.
• Complete the last 3–4 rows manually as you did the
first few rows. You may have to rip-saw the last row
of boards to leave the required ¾" expansion gap
alongside the finishing wall.
• Do not glue down final rows to the subfloor. Face nail
or blind nail only.
• If applicable, install transition mouldings, stair
nosings and reducers.
• If applicable, reinstall baseboard and trims, making
sure to nail them into the walls. DO NOT nail them
into the floor as this will restrict floor movement.
Establishing starter line for nailing first strip.
• Inspect and touch up any visible blemishes.
• When installation is complete, vacuum and cover to
prevent damage until project is complete.
Installation over Concrete Subfloors
• Use minimum ¾" or thicker exterior grade plywood.
To fasten the plywood to the concrete, use powder
actuated nail gun or hammer-driven concrete nails.
Now that the floor has been installed, you have three very important responsibilities: cleaning,
protection and moisture control.
• It is extremely important to keep floors clean and • Sweep floors often with a soft, fine bristle broom,
removing grit before it can scratch your floor. Sweep
dry so place entry mats outside exterior doors and
kitchen and entry areas twice as often as other areas.
absorbent floor mats at all entrance ways. This will
keep dirt and moisture from being tracked onto • Vacuum your wood floors as often as your carpets,
your floors. Shake out, wash and vacuum these mats
with a soft brush attachment to capture dirt, sand
regularly. Do not use rubber or plastic backed mats
and clean out grooves and distressing marks. Be
inside as they may stick to or damage the finish.
mindful to use a plastic attachment when vacuuming
8028 Enterprise Street Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1V7
Tel: 604-692-2555 • Toll Free: 1-877-828-1888
Fax: 604-692-2556 • Email: [email protected]
• When installing plywood over concrete use 1–½
staple or cleat.
• Use a good quality urethane adhesive such as
Bostik's, Franklin and Sika adhesive systems for
concrete subfloors where manufacturer offers a
Bond Warranty. We recommend the installer follow
the adhesive manufacturer's instructions carefully
for subfloor preparation, moisture testing, and
installation so that all parties are covered by these
warranties. Not warranted by Creative At Home
beyond finish warranty.
Updated: March 27th, 2012
• Concrete must be flat within 3/16" over 10". If not,
grind down the high spots or fill the low spots with
an appropriate floor levelling or patching compound.
• Debris must be removed and floor vacuumed.Once
the site conditions have been met, have the flooring
• Concrete must be a minimum of 45 days old prior to
any testing being conducted.
• Installed floor patch (if required) must be within
moisture limits prior to installation.
— Page 5 of 6
• Measure the moisture of the concrete. The moisture must
not exceed 4%; 3 lbs./24 hours/1000 square feet with
calcium chloride testing or 75% RH with in situ testing.
Installation Instructions for Solid Flooring
tone through the boards. Now is the time make any
changes to the layout.
Installation Instructions for Solid Flooring
in corners and hard to reach areas to avoid scratches • DO NOT WET MOP FLOORS OR USE
from any hard metal ends. DO NOT use a vacuum
with a beater bar attachment.
Again, water is incompatible with real wood products
and can seep down into cracks with a mop. Use a
• Since water is incompatible with any real wood
diluted-vinegar and water mixture in a spray bottle or
product, even with a superior finish like ours, it is
a spray-on hardwood floor cleaner. After vacuuming,
important to clean up any spills immediately! Wipe
spray lightly and quickly wipe up with a soft absorbent
up with a soft dry cloth or very carefully with wet/
dry mop. Make sure to rinse and wring the mop
dry vacuum. Make sure to dry thoroughly without
frequently while washing. Wash floors monthly or as
blasting heat directly on the area. Areas in front of
needed. NEVER use wax, oil-based detergent or any
sinks should have absorbent mats to catch any spills.
general-purpose household cleaner.
If wet, shake out and hang up mat until completely
dry before placing down on floor.
• Area rugs go very well with wood floors but must • We suggest removing shoes when entering your house
to minimize tracking in dirt on soles. This will also
be shaken out and cleaned under regularly. Natural
make for a more sanitary house overall. Do not wear
fabric rugs are best. Don’t use any rubber or plastic
high heels, cleats, cowboy boots or work boots on
backed mats as moisture can be trapped underneath
wood floors as the concentrated heel pressure can
and could damage flooring. In bright sun-lit areas,
leave indents.
rotate rugs occasionally to minimize discoloration.
— Page 6 of 6
• Place felt pads or soft furniture protectors under all • Keep pet nails trimmed and minimize animal play
on wood floors to prevent scratching and dulling of
furniture. Narrow glides and casters can damage
wood finish.
hardwood floors, so switch to wide types if possible.
PICK UP all furniture to move over flooring. Large • Elevate potted plants from flooring as moisture
appliances must be moved with sufficient protection
can seep from ceramic pots and leave marks on
covering the flooring – such as plywood – to protect
wood floors.
finish from scratching and wood from grooving.
Updated: March 27th, 2012
Moisture control
• Wood flooring will expand and contract due to • Purchase a good quality humidistat to monitor the
RH within the home and, if necessary, purchase a
changes in humidity. To minimize changes, a
humidifier or dehumidifier to help maintain the
humidifier in dry winter conditions and deproper balance.
humidifier during steamy summer times is
• Maintain the recommended levels of temperature
and humidity at all times, even when the home is not
• Keep the interior of your home at a constant
temperature of 15–26º C (60–80ºF).
• Keep the interior of your home at a relative humidity • Please be aware that because wood is a natural
product, it is expected that a small amount of
(RH) of 35–55%. Variances in these ranges could
gapping may occur with changes in the seasons and
produce adverse reaction in the hardwood flooring.
the accompanying variances in relative humidity.
For additional information on applications that may not be covered in these instructions, please refer to
the National Wood Flooring Association (NWFA) installation guidelines at
Please ask your wood flooring provider if you have any further or more specific questions or
concerns. They will be happy to help you protect your wood floor investment.
8028 Enterprise Street Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1V7
Tel: 604-692-2555 • Toll Free: 1-877-828-1888
Fax: 604-692-2556 • Email: [email protected]

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