LUCRĂRI ŞTIINŢIFICE SERIA AGRONOMIE

Comments

Transcription

LUCRĂRI ŞTIINŢIFICE SERIA AGRONOMIE
PRINT ISSN 1454-7414
ELECTRONIC ISSN 2069-6727
UNIVERSITATEA DE ŞTIINŢE AGRICOLE
ŞI MEDICINĂ VETERINARĂ
“ION IONESCU DE LA BRAD” IAŞI
LUCRĂRI ŞTIINŢIFICE
SERIA AGRONOMIE
VOL. 54, NR. 1
EDITURA “ION IONESCU DE LA BRAD” IAŞI
2011
Lucrări Ştiinţifice – vol. 54, Nr.1/2011, seria Agronomie
CONTENTS
Petr KONVALINA, Ivana CAPOUCHOVÁ, Zdeněk STEHNO, Pavel HŮDA, Ladislav BLÁHA,
Jan MOUDRÝ jr., Jan MOUDRÝ
CURRENT CONDITIONS FOR SEED USE IN THE CZECH ORGANIC FARMING .............................. 7
Toto SUNARTO, Sadeli NATASASMITA
RESISTANCE LEVEL OF SOME CITRUS CULTIVARS TO THE CITRUS NEMATODE
(TYLENCHULUS SEMIPENETRANS COBB) IN WEST JAVA, INDONESIA ........................................... 11
Mădălina Cristina BURLACU (ARSENE), Anca-Elena CALISTRU, Constantin LEONTE
EVALUATION OF THE GENETIC DIVERSITY AMONG SOME OILSEED RAPE BRASSICA
NAPUS CULTIVARS REVEALED BY RAPD MARKERS COMPARED WITH
MORPHOLOGICAL TRAITS EVALUATION ............................................................................................ 15
Tina Oana CRISTEA, Constantin LEONTE
PRELIMINARY STUDIES REGARDING THE ANDROGENETIC RESPONSE OF WHITE
CABBAGE (BRASSICA OLERACEA L.) ANTHERS UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF BASAL
MEDIUM COMPOSITION ............................................................................................................................ 19
Florin Daniel LIPŞA
INVESTIGATIONS ON THE INFLUENCE OF FERTILIZATION AND MAIZE (ZEA MAYS L.)
ROOT EXUDATES ON SOIL MICROFLORA ............................................................................................ 24
Viorica IACOB, Eugen ULEA
NEW PARASITIC AND SAPROPHYTIC MICROMYCETES ON ORNAMENTALS PLANTS
IN MOLDOVIA .............................................................................................................................................. 28
Mihai Alexandru LUCA, Constantin GAUCA, Liana Doina TOMA, Constantin LEONTE
FOLIAR PIGMENTS AND THEYR DYNAMICS DURING DIFFERENT VEGETATION
PHENOPHASES IN FIVE CULTIVARS OF CANNABIS SATIVA L. ......................................................... 32
Andreea MĂNESCU, Mihail LUCA, Claudiu-Augustin ILIŞANU, Simona Adina ALEXANDRESCU
CONCERNS FOR THE IMPACT OF THE MININ PLANTS ON THE WATER QUALITY OF
BISTRIŢA RIVER .......................................................................................................................................... 36
Aliona MORARIU, Raluca Petronela CAULET
MORPHINE CONTENT VARIATION IN PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM L. DURING PHENOLOGICAL
DEVELOPMENT ........................................................................................................................................... 40
Iuliana Cornelia NICULIȚĂ, Mihai NICULIȚĂ
METHODS FOR NATURAL LAND MAPPING UNITS DELINEATION FOR AGRICULTURAL
LAND EVALUATION ................................................................................................................................... 44
Servilia OANCEA, Andrei Victor OANCEA
CHAOS SYNCHRONIZATION IN THREE-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS INVOLVED IN
WEATHER PREDICTION ............................................................................................................................. 50
Servilia OANCEA, Silvica PADUREANU, Andrei Victor OANCEA
DIFFERENCES IN RESPONSES OF SOME CEREALS TO UV IRRADIATION ..................................... 55
Silvica PĂDUREANU, Servilia OANCEA, Andrei Victor OANCEA
THE EFFECT OF COLD PLASMA OBTAINED IN VACUUM ON TRITICUM AESTIVUM L. ............... 59
3
Universitatea de Ştiinţe Agricole şi Medicină Veterinară Iaşi
Anişoara STRATU, Bogdan ŞURUBARU, Roxana CIUBOTĂROŞIE, Nicolae ŞTEFAN
ECOPHYSIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF SOME HERBACEOUS SPECIES FROM CODRII
PAŞCANILOR FOREST ................................................................................................................................ 63
Claudia-Elena BĂLĂCEANU, M. DUMITRU, Anca-Rovena LĂCĂTUŞU
SULFUR POLLUTION OF SOILS LOCATED INTO THE INFLUENCE AREA OF COAL-FIRED
POWER STATION ROVINARI .................................................................................................................... 69
Dan-Adrian CHELARU, Adrian URSU, Florin Constantin MIHAI
THE ANALYSIS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDSCAPE CHANGE USING GIS TECHNIQUES.
CASE STUDY: PODOLENI, ROMANIA ..................................................................................................... 73
Cristian HUŢANU
THE USE OF THE CADASTRAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (CIS) FOR MANAGE AND
CADASTRAL DATABASE QUERY ............................................................................................................ 77
Alexandrina MANEA, Mihail DUMITRU, Irina CALCIU, Nineta RIZEA
INFLUNCE OF SOIL ACIDIFICATION ON SOME SOIL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
(WATER STABLE AGGREGATES AND DISPERSION) ........................................................................... 83
Roxana Mihaela ANGHEL
THE INFLUENCE OF WAX PROTECTION FILM ON APPLE FRUITS,
IN ORDER TO MAINTAIN THEIR QUALITY DURING COLD STORAGE............................................ 87
Roxana Mihaela ANGHEL
THE INFLUENCE OF TREATMENT WITH HIGH TEMPERATURE APPLIED ON
APPLE FRUITS, IN ORDER TO MAINTAIN THEIR QUALITY DURING COLD STORAGE ............... 91
Gheorghe-Virgil ATODIRESEI
BOTANICAL RESOURCES OF SPONTANEOUS AND CULTIVATED FLORA,
WITH APPLICATIONS IN THE COSMETICS INDUSTRY....................................................................... 94
Gheorghe-Virgil ATODIRESEI
BOTANICAL RESOURCES OF SPONTANEOUS AND CULTIVATED FLORA,
WITH APPLICATIONS IN THE TEXTILE DYES INDUSTRY ................................................................. 98
Mihai BERCA, Cristina Silvia BUZATU
MAIZE ANSWER MODELLING AT NUTRITION WITH NITROGEN AND PHOSPHOROUS
WITHIN THE ROMANIAN SPACE ............................................................................................................. 102
Nicuşor BOJA, Florinel BOJA
RESEARCH REGARDING THE INFLUENCE OF THE WORK METHOD ON THE SOIL
MOISTURE AND THE WATER RESOURCE IN THE FORESTRY NURSERY OF IARAC ................... 106
Lucian BUZDUGAN, Luxiţa RĨŞNOVEANU, Dumitru NÃSTASE
RESEARCH OF ADAPTABILITY TO WINTER OILSEED RAPE GENOTYPES UNDER
ALLUVIAL SOILS INSULA MARE A BRÃILEI ........................................................................................ 112
Otilia COTUNA, Veronica SĂRĂŢEANU, Lavinia Mădălina MICU, Doru PETANEC
ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL ROOT COLONIZATION OF TWO SPECIES FROM
THE GENUS PLANTAGO .............................................................................................................................. 119
Răzvan FILIMON, Marius NICULAUA, Sorina SÂRBU, Roxana FILIMON, Cristina ARION
DETERMINATION OF CHROMATIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE HYDROALCOHOLIC
EXTRACTS OBTAINED FROM THE FRUITS OF SOME CHERRY AND SOUR
CHERRY VARIETIES ................................................................................................................................... 124
4
Lucrări Ştiinţifice – vol. 54, Nr.1/2011, seria Agronomie
Cornelia LUPU, Margareta NAIE
RESEARCH ON THE EFFECT OF WHEAT YIELD FERTILIZATION IN THE LONG TERM
EXPERIENCE AT ARDS SECUIENI ........................................................................................................... 130
Andreea NISTOR, Nicoleta CHIRU, S. RUSU, Mihaela CIOLOCA
RESEARCH ON THE INFLUENCE OF CULTURE TECHNOLOGY, FOR CERTAIN POTATO
CULTIVARS IN LĂZAREA - HARGHITA COUNTY, ROMANIA ........................................................... 139
Traian Ioan POMOHACI, Margareta NAIE
SEED PRODUCTION OF BIOLOGICAL CATEGORIES AT TOP OF SOYBEAN CULTIVARS
AND THEIR BEHAVIOR TO SOIL AND CLIMATIC CONDITIONS AT ARDS SECUIENI ................. 146
Dan D. POPESCU
ARE THERE GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOOD ON THE ROMANIAN MARKET? ............................ 152
Luxiţa RÎŞNOVEANU
ASPECTS OF WINTER RAPE PESTS POPULATION CONTROL THE FERTILITY MANAGEMENT
IN THE CONDITIONS AGRICULTURAL AREA NORTH-EAST BARAGAN ........................................ 156
Luxiţa RÎŞNOVEANU, Lucian BUZDUGAN
SOME ASPECTS THE INFLUENCE OF SOWING TIME OF WINTER OLISSED RAPE
PRODUCTION IN THE CONDITIONS NORTH- EAST BĂRĂGAN ........................................................ 163
Liliana ROTARU, Cintia COLIBABA, Ancuţa VASILE, Gabriela PETREA
THE INFLUENCE OF SOME PHYTOTECHNICAL MEASURES ON THE TABLE GRAPE
VARIETY GELU GROWN IN IAŞI VINEYARD ........................................................................................ 170
Liliana ROTARU, Cintia COLIBABA
THE INFLUENCE OF CLIMATIC CHANGES ON THE BEHAVIOUR OF SOME GRAPE
VARIETIES FOR WHITE WINES IN MOLDAVIAN VINEYARDS ......................................................... 174
Ioan ŢENU, Petru COJOCARIU, Petru CÂRLESCU, Radu ROŞCA, C.L. BUTNARU
IMPACT OF AGRICULTURES OF TRAFFIC OVER PHISICAL OF MECHANICAL
PROPERTIES OF SOIL IN OVER CROP YIELD ........................................................................................ 180
Ioan ŢENU, Petru COJOCARIU, Petru CÂRLESCU, Radu ROŞCA, Dan CAZACU
RESEARCHES REGARDING THE AGGRESIVENESS OF THE ACTIVE PARTS OVER
THE SOIL ....................................................................................................................................................... 184
Stejărel BREZULEANU, Carmen Olguţa BREZULEANU, George UNGUREANU,
Ion Valeriu CIUREA, Constantin IAŢCO
USE OF COMPUTER-ASSISTED MANAGEMENT FOR –MAKING STRATEGIC DECISIONS
IN THE AGRICULTURAL FARMS ............................................................................................................. 188
Aurel CHIRAN, Elena GÎNDU, George UNGUREANU, Anca DUDAŞ
ASPECTS CONCERNING THE TOURISM AND AGRO TOURISM POTENTIAL IN VÂRTOP –
ARIEŞENI AREA FROM APUSENI MOUNTAINS .................................................................................... 193
Aurel CHIRAN, Elena GÎNDU, Ion-Valeriu CIUREA, George UNGUREANU
STRATEGIES FOR TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN NE REGION OF ROMANIA ................................. 198
Romeo Cătălin CREŢU, Liliana POPESCU, Elisabeta SIMA
RESEARCHES ON THE IMPACT OF THE 2011 NORMATIVE ACTS ON AUTHORISING
AGROTOURIST GUESTHOUSES IN ROMANIA ...................................................................................... 203
5
Universitatea de Ştiinţe Agricole şi Medicină Veterinară Iaşi
Florina DODOLOI
POSIBILITIES TO IMPROVE THE FORRAGE BASE IN THE SUBURBAN AREA OF IASI
USING UNCULTIVATED SOILS IN ORDER TO INSURE THE OPTIMAL MILK AND DAIRY
PRODUCTS ...............................................................................................................................................207
Corina MATEI GHERMAN
MANAGEMENT MARKETING VALUE ENGINEERING AND FIRM PERFORMANCE .................213
Alina-Petronela HALLER
MOTIVATING FACTORS OF LIBERALIZATION AND PROTECTIONISM DECISIONS
IN THE KNOWLEDGE-BASED SOCIETY ............................................................................................218
Alina-Petronela HALLER
ALVIN TOFFLER AND THE ECONOMICO-SOCIAL EVOLUTION ..................................................222
Adelaida Cristina HONTUŞ
BEFORE STARTING THE STUDY IMPORTANCE OF GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING ...........227
Adelaida Cristina HONTUŞ
INTEGRATED TOURISM CONCEPT A CONTRIBUTION TO REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
IN THE COUNTRY MARAMUREŞULUI ..............................................................................................230
Cătălina LACHE, Elena Lidia ALEXA
PARTICULAR ASPECTS OF THE TOURIST PRODUCTS CONSUMERS’ LOYALTY ....................234
Emilian MERCE, Cristian C. MERCE, Diana E. DUMITRAŞ
THE INTERWAR AGRICULTURE: IDEAL OR TRAP .........................................................................239
Marilena MIRONIUC, Ioan-Bogdan ROBU, Mihai CARP
EMPIRICAL STUDY ON THE IDENTIFICATION AND ANALYSIS OF A PROFILE OF THE
AGRICULTURAL COMPANIES .............................................................................................................247
Elena PETREA
THE ELABORATION OF A SPECIALIZED FRENCH LANGUAGE PROGRAM: ANALYSIS
OF THE METHODOLOGICAL PRELIMINARIES ................................................................................253
Gabriela-Paula PETRUŢA
STUDENTS OPINION CONCERNING REALIZATION OF INTERDISCIPLINARY
CORRELATIONS WITHIN THE SCIENCES LESSONS .......................................................................257
Cecilia POP, P.G. COSTIN, D.S. ŞTEF, Ioan Mircea POP
THE EVOLUTION OF NON-ANIMAL FOOD PRODUCTION SECTOR IN IASI COUNTY
UNDER THE EUROPEAN NORMS ON FOOD QUALITY AND SAFETY .........................................261
Liliana POPESCU, Romeo Cătălin CREŢU, Elisabeta SIMA
RESEARCHES INTO THE SPANISH TOURIST POLICY AIMED AT DEVELOPING
AGROTOURISM.......................................................................................................................................267
Alexandru-Mihnea SPIRIDONICĂ
THE USE OF STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL IN PHARMACEUTICALS INDUSTRY ...........271
Gheorghe ŞOVĂIALĂ, Gabriela MATACHE, Ştefan ALEXANDRESCU, Roxana Dana BUCUR TECHNOLOGY AND DEVICES FOR LIQUID PRESSURE PIPELINE INTERVENTIONS IN
LIVESTOCK FARMS ...............................................................................................................................276
6
Universitatea de Ştiinţe Agricole şi Medicină Veterinară Iaşi
METHODS FOR NATURAL LAND MAPPING UNITS DELINEATION FOR
AGRICULTURAL LAND EVALUATION
Iuliana Cornelia NICULIȚĂ1, Mihai NICULIȚĂ1
E-mail: [email protected]
Abstract
Agricultural land evaluation has a key role in the sustainable agriculture. The agricultural land evaluation methodology
is applied to land mapping units for computing a suitability index, based on the value of several soil and environment
indicators, which characterize these land mapping units. The natural land mapping units, are delineated using various
criteria and thematic layers, but most times the approach is subjective. GIS, geomorphometry, remote sensing and
geostatistics bring the possibility to objectively delineate most suitable natural land mapping units for applying the
agricultural land evaluation methodology. The methods for natural land mapping units delineation can be divided in two
classes of methods: supervised and unsupervised. The first, require some knowledge about the area, and can be used to
carry the results for a specific purpose of the land evaluation. The last, related especially to cluster analysis and image
segmentation, depend on the input data and the number of specified classes or the seed points, so require first the
analysis of the input data, to reveal the clusters/seed sampling. Both approaches were used to delineate the natural land
mapping units for a DEM covering a test area, and were used to extrapolate the method settings for a DEM covering 15
villages from Iasi county agricultural area. Because reference data concerning the natural land mapping units is almost
impossible to derive, we analyzed statistically and conceptually the results along a topographic transect, in order to try
to find the most suitable method. Generally, unsupervised segmentation methods gave the best results, and from them
the segmentation procedures, although very intensive from a computational point of view, can depict interesting
patterns of natural aggregation of natural land mapping units.
Key words: land mapping unit, agricultural land evaluation, GIS
working scales. We performed several supervised
and
unsupervised
methods,
used
in
geomorphometry, remote sensing and earth
sciences in general. The supervised methods
require knowledge about the data and a previous
semantic schema of the target land units. The
unsupervised methods don’t need previous
knowledge of the data, but for better and
interpretable results, there is need of a training set
or the number of required classes/cluster (which
sometimes is computed prior the classification,
using several approaches).
Land evaluation plays an important role in
the development of a sustainable agriculture
(Davidson, 2002). Using various methodologies, a
suitability index is computed for homogenous
environmental areas (named in this paper natural
land mapping units), as in Romanian
Methodology of Land Evaluation (ICPA, 1987),
or for land units, as in FAO framework (FAO,
1977). The classical approach for delineating
these natural land mapping units, rely on the
expert-knowledge opinion applied to topographic
contours maps, using slope and exposition
(aspect), as the principal criteria for delineation.
GIS, geomorphometry, remote sensing and
geostatistics recent advances, bring the possibility
to derive methods for objectively and
automatically delineate the land mapping units for
land evaluation. In our approach we considered
only a DEM and geomorphometric variables as
inputs in the delineation approach, because we
considered them stable and error free, in
comparison with other interpolated inputs
(geology, climate, radiation, vegetation, soil),
with considerable uncertainty and also without
great mapping resolution especially on small
1
MATERIAL AND METHOD
As the base for the delineation approach we
used a digital elevation model obtained from
contours (from 25k topographic maps) and height
points (from 5k topographic maps), obtained with
Thin Plate Splines function from SAGA GIS 2.0.7
(www.saga-gis.org), with 11 levels for a smooth
generalization and outliers removal. This
approach and a pixel size of 12.5 m were used
after (Hengl, 2006) guidelines for eliminating as
well as possible the interpolation errors. The
University Al.I.Cuza, Iasi, Faculty of Geography and Geology, Departament of Geography
44
Universitatea de Ştiinţe Agricole şi Medicină Veterinară Iaşi
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bohner, J., Selige, Th., Ringeler, A., 2006 - Image
segmentation using representativeness analysis
and region growing, Gottinger Geographische
Abhandlungen, 115:29-38.
Bechtel, B., Ringeler, A, Boehner, J., 2008 Segmentation for object extraction of trees using
MATLAB and SAGA, in: Boehner J., Blaschke
J., Montanarella L. eds. SAGA – Seconds Out.
Hamburger Beitrage zur Physischen Geographie
und Landschaftsoekologie, 19:59-70.
Davidson, D., 2002 – The assessment of land
resources: achievements and new challenges,
Australian Geographical Studies, 40:109-128.
Hengl, T., 2006 – Finding the right pixel size,
Computers & Geosciences, 32:1283-1298.
Hengl, T., 2009 – A practical guide to geostatistical
mapping, http://www.lulu.com, ISBN 978-909024981-0, 270 p.
Ihaka, R., Gentleman, R.R., 1996 – A language for
data analysis and graphics, Journal of
Computational and Graphic Statistics, 5:299314.
MacMillan, R.A., Pettapiece, W.W., Nolan, S.C.,
Goddard, T.W., 2000 – A generic procedure for
automatically
segmenting
landforms
into
landform elements using DEMs, heuristic rules
and fuzzy logic, Fuzzy Sets and Systems
113:81-109.
Malczewski, J., 2004 – GIS-base land-use suitability
analysis: a critical overview, Progress in
Planning, 62:3-65.
Niekerk, van A., 2010 – A comparison of land unit
delineation techniques for land evaluation in the
Western Cape, South Africa, Land Use Policy,
27:937-945.
Pedroso M., Taylor J., Tisseyre B., Charnomordic
B., Guillaume S., 2010 – A segmentation
algorithm for the delineation of agricultural
management zones, Computers and Electronics
in Agriculture, 70:199-208.
Pennock, D., Zebarth, B., DeJong, E., 1987 –
Landform classification and soil distribution in
hummocky terrain, Geoderma 40:297-315.
Quick,
R
–
Cluster
analysis,
http://www.statmethods.net/advstats/cluster.html
Reuter, H.I., Wendroth, O., Kersebaum, K., 2006 –
Optimisation of relief classification for different
levels of generalization, Geomorphology 77:7989.
Schmidt, J., Hewitt, A., 2004 – Fuzzy land element
classification from DTMs based on geometry
and terrain position, Geoderma 121:243-256.
Soto, S., Pintó J., 2010 - Delineation of natural
landscapes units for Puerto Rico, Applied
Geography, doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2010.01.010.
Venables, W.N., Ripley, B.D., 2002 – Modern applied
statistics with S, Springer, 495 p.
Wood,
J.,
1996
–
The
geomorphological
characterization of digital elevation models, PhD
thesis, University of Leicester.
***, 1977 - FAO – A framework for land evaluation, ILRI,
Wageningen, 87 p.
***, 2011 - GRASS Development Team, Geographic
Resources Analysis Support System (GRASS)
Software.
Version
6.4.1
Open
Source
Geospatial Foundation. http://grass.osgeo.org.
Figure 7 Topographic profile superimposed with
classification results
CONCLUSIONS
The literature on the studied subject
(Malczewski, 2004, Pedroso et. al., 2010, Soto
and Pintó, 2010) shows that in general,
segmentation algorithm gave best results, in
comparison with classification results. Our
conclusion is that both types of classification
algorithms can be used for delineation of land
mapping units for land evaluation inside soil land
mapping units, as used in Romanian land
evaluation
methodology.
The
supervised
classifications can be used also with the
incorporated landscape knowledge. Cluster and
segmentation results can be very hard to interpret
from a pedological and land evaluation point of
view.
The possibility of applying fuzzy set theory
in the problem of land mapping units delineation
is to be considered, especially because we don’t
have real data for validation.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
This work was supported by the European
Social Fund in Romania, under the responsibility of the
managing Authority for the Sectoral Operational
Programme for Human Resources Development 20072013 [grant POSDRU/88/1.5/S/47646 and grant
POSDRU/89/1.5/S/49944].
48

Similar documents