Planet PUMA - Professional Unification of Martial Arts


Planet PUMA - Professional Unification of Martial Arts
Planet PUMA
The magazine from the Professional Unification of Martial Arts
ISSUE 22, May 2012
n this issue………
Black Belt Presentations, October 2011……………………………………………….4
Junior Winning Essay…………………………………………………………………………..5
Adult Winning Essay……………………………………………………………………………6
Bath vs. Cambridge Fight Night…………………………………………………………..8
2nd P.U.M.A. World Open Championships…………………………………………10
The Ghana Fund Seminar Day…………………………………………………………..15
Musings From Korea: Part 2……………………………………………………………..17
A Step Back In Time………………………………………………………………………….21
You Know When You Are Really Into Training When………………………..27
Sidekick Specials……………………………………………………………………………….28
The Planet P.U.M.A. Comic Strip……………………………………………………….29
The Planet P.U.M.A. Pub Quiz…………………………………………………………..30
The Search………………………………………………………………………………………..31
The Little P.U.M.A. Page…………………………………………………………………….32
P.U.M.A. Calendar 2012…………………………………………………………………….33
ontributors: Tracey Bedborough; Pete Bullough; Rob Dinsey; John Dowding; Tiina Elise;
Master Ray Gayle VIII Dan; Henry Hodgkinson; Matthew Lloyd; Jim Thomas; and Andrew
Sanderson. Many thanks to the proof-readers, Regina Buechner and Tiina Elise, who generously gave up their time and did such a great job.
Editors: Pete Bullough, Mandy Bullough & Matthew Lloyd; Art & Design: Matthew Lloyd
Opinions expressed in these articles are those of the author(s) and may not represent the views of
P.U.M.A. as a whole. © P.U.M.A. 2012
Hello and welcome to issue 22 of Planet P.U.M.A. Have we got a great issue for you! The last few months
have been packed full of top events, at which everyone enjoyed themselves immensely. We have reports
on the last Black Belt grading, with some inspirational messages in the essays. Meanwhile the competition circuit has been buzzing! First we had the University Kickboxing Fight Night featuring the University
of Bath vs. Cambridge and Anglia Ruskin Universities, and this was followed by the 2nd P.U.M.A. World
Open Championships in March 2012. For those of you who don’t know (where have you been for the last
couple of months? On holiday on the moon??!!!) Master Gayle was awarded his 8 th Degree Black Belt on
the Sunday. Congratulations, Sir! Most recently we have had the Ghana Fund Seminar Day, which featured all the top P.U.M.A. instructors. The event was attended by almost 100 martial artists of different
ages and grades, and had something for everyone. With such a great events schedule, we are still buzzing
with excitement!
Also in this issue we have the next instalment of the ’Musings from Korea’, which offers a fascinating insight into Korean culture and thinking. Meanwhile, ’A look Back In Time’ gives us a glimpse of how Black
Belt grading used to be ‘back in the day’ and how they are now. The Planet P.U.M.A. Pub Quiz and other
features will test your Taekwon-Do knowledge, amuse and entertain you.
We hope you enjoy this issue. Do remember Planet P.U.M.A. is the ASSOCIATION magazine and we do
need people to contribute material. We are always around at competitions and other events, so don’t be
shy just come and say hello. All the best for now,
Mandy, Pete and Matthew
Black Belt Presentation October 2011
By Master Ray Gayle
Adam Swain
Hollie Sharp
Paul Phillips
Holly Perris
Pearl Gayle
Ian Bedborough
Peter Brannan
Ashley Cope
Jade-Marie Dunn
Peter Norrish
Ashray Shastry
Jade Moore
Phillipe Croze
Ben Ely
James Jeffrey
Rachel Campion (KB)
Ben Garner
James Martin
Regina Buechner
Benita Mackay
Jamie Richards
Robyn Beresford
Jason Murray
Ryan Emmett
Jeff Heward
Shaun Watson
James Martin
Simon Titcomb
Caroline Warrey
Jamie Richards
Stephen Dolphin
Caron Chipperfield
Jason Murray
Steve Luker
Jeff Heward
Terry Atkinson
Charlie Hodgkinson
Jemma Sharpe
Theresa Warrey
Chris Barrell
Jessica Tellwright
Thomas Baxter
Chris Donnelly (KB)
Jessica Williams
Tom Conway
Chris McKenna
Jim Thomas
Tommy Gillard
Alexander Dunstan
Andrew Sanderson
Beth Adams
Bozhider Zhelev
Brett Dowling (KB)
Catriona Conway
Christopher Ventura
Claire Bodger (KB)
Courtney Smith
John Brommage
Tony Goodwin
John Hooper
Vaughn Hodson
Joshua Morton
Julie McNeill
William Hine
Daniel Robinson
Kieren Dev
Yoshen Moodley
Zachary Salmon
Lauren Sharpe
David Pixton
Lorna Buechner
Will Rosie
Daniel Green
David Lear
Deborah Weiderman
Maia Poole-Spickett
Diane Dunstan
Mark Bishop
Dik Chance
Martyn Morton
Best male Black Belt - Brett Dowling
Donna Jones
Max Bowden
Best female Black Belt - Ellie MacLachlan
Megan Brannan
Best junior Black Belt - Catriona Conway
Melissa Tellwright
Earl Jesse
Eef Hebley
Heart & Soul - David Pixton
Eleanor MacLachlin
Megan Brannan
Best Coloured Belt female - Courtney
Ella Newland
Michael Elkins
Best Coloured Belt junior - Emily Bushel
Emily Bushell
Michael Pyne
Best Coloured Belt male - Shaun Watson
Female spirit award - Heidi Lawson
Eran Courtney
Michelle Harris
Gregorz Siembida
Mike Bridgeman
Male Spirit award - Terry Atkinson
Hadassah Buechner
Mitchell Gregory
Junior Spirit award - Joshua Morton
Harvey Marfil
Natasha Murphy
Indomitable spirit - Caroline Warrey
Heidi Lawson
Nicoli Krekis
Indomitable spirit - Pearl Gayle
Helen Norman
Norman Luker
Henry Hodgkinson
Olivia Harper
Indomitable spirit - William Hine
Honorary 4th Dan - Norman Luker
Junior Winning Essay (October 2011 grading):
What makes you continue practicing your art
By Henry Hodgkinson, Tiverton Taekwon-Do
Quotation: Know yourself, know your enemy, a thousand battles, a thousand victories. By Sun Tsu,
(Chinese military commander), The Art of War.
The reasons why I will still hope to continue practicing Taekwon-Do have probably changed since I first
joined at the age of 4.5 years.
Staying Safe: When I first joined my training school in Tiverton I had moved from London. Both myself
and my brother went to a new school where, unfortunately, we were both bullied by the same boy. One
of the parents recommended to my mum that she should try taking us to Taekwon-Do so that we could
learn how to defend ourselves and learn to stay safe from strangers.
I will remember my first training session as being lots of fun. I have lots of energy so really enjoyed doing
the warm-up sessions. There were many other girls and boys and my instructor was really enthusiastic.
One of the older girls, Sonja, brought in some medals that she had won. Everyone clapped her. It was
amazing. I had no idea at that point that one day I would be standing there and everyone would be clapping me.
Building Self Confidence and Self Esteem: One of the hardest things for me to learn at the beginning was
getting my balance and co-ordination together to do kicks. As I have grown so has my ability in what I can
do. I love to do the warm-up sessions. Taekwon-Do has taught me that size doesn’t matter. It’s about selfbelief in who you are.
A sense of achievement. Competitions can be hard work but also fun. Going up in each grading getting a
new belt and a certificate always makes you feel positive about having achieved something. Getting my
first credit is something that I will always remember. Taekwon-Do is not a sport but it has helped me in
building my stamina and determination to want to achieve in various sports at school. All my teachers and
friends know that I do Taekwon-Do and I often appear in my school newsletter.
Gaining Knowledge and Skills: I know that I find learning all the theory and history tough but my mum
tries to make it easier for me. She is always so positive and supportive. It seems such a long time ago
when I first joined my training school and I would never have believed that I have come this far and learnt
so much.
Friends For Life: Since starting I have made some really good friends even though we do not go to the
same school. It’s great to know that we can meet up when we go training and during holiday time.
Giving something back: I feel that I have a lot that I can give back in supporting other students and my
instructors. I like helping the younger students and have sometimes forgot to focus on myself just before
my gradings and have helped them with their patterns.
I also know that I still have plenty to learn and new skills to learn. I have been going to a different school
in Somerset over the last 6 years. This September I am going up to my Senior school and I know that it will
mean a whole load of prep work and studying.
Even being a black belt student I will be sure of one thing that won’t be changing, that my mum will still
be picking me up in her car after school and I will be eating my tea in the back of her car whilst we travel
to my next training session.
Adult Winning Essay (October 2011 grading):
What makes you continue practicing your art
By Jim Thomas, Crediton Taekwon-Do
In a word, “opportunities”. For me,
Taekwon-Do offers so many opportunities that it keeps me coming back
for more when so many other things
have left me uninspired after a very
short space of time. That would be
the first opportunity right there, an
opportunity to persevere; handy
then that this one ties in nicely with
the tenets of Taekwon-Do!
Perseverance has always been a
problem of mine. Some would say
that I am blessed in that I am able to
turn my hand to most things with a
reasonable degree of immediate success, but I would argue that it is
more of a curse when things come
easy. Why apply yourself to one
thing, especially when to do so
means having to dig deep when the
going gets tough? Surely it is easier
to move on to something else where
you can enjoy the quick returns of
beginner’s luck, or whatever it is?
Taekwon-Do is the first thing in my
life, outside of my family, that has
inspired me to persevere when the
going gets tough.
But this is just the beginning; Taekwon-Do gives me the opportunity to spend time sharing a common interest with my children. OK, so sometimes their motivation to train can be less than inspiring, especially
when they just want to sit around watching films or playing computer games and more than once we
have had to have a battle of wills about getting ready to train, but I always ask them afterwards if they
have enjoyed themselves and the answer is rarely no. Not only do I get to spend this time with my children, but we get to do so doing something that helps us all develop worthwhile skills and helps keep us
healthy. That’s the next great opportunity; the opportunity to do something that helps keep me healthy.
Sure I could go to the gym, or take up something like squash, indeed I have done both of these in the past,
but did they last? No, they did not. I work at a desk doing a job I enjoy, where my mind is stretched most of
the time and for this I am very grateful, but it does not help me re-discover the six pack I enjoyed as a teenager and so I need an excuse to exercise. Taekwon-Do gives me that excuse, or rather opportunity. That I
get to combine this with sharing experiences with my children is a most welcome added extra and they get
to be active also. Win, win I’d say!
I have smoked on and off since I was 14, mostly on to be honest. That’s 24 years deeply invested in something that if I’m honest I enjoy. I know it’s bad for me and I know it makes me smell awful, but sorry, I enjoy
it. However, I would rather be healthy and fit and resolving these two conflicting desires has not been easy.
Through a desire to improve my ability Taekwon-Do has given me the opportunity to tip the balance on the
side of sanity and I’m pleased to say I have now been a smoke free zone for four months. I have quit for
longer before, but I think I have at last found a perspective that will allow me to stay off the smokes. Thank
you Taekwon-Do!
Taekwon-Do also offers great opportunities to meet new people and make new friends. Sure, this could be
said of many things, but none of the ‘activities’ I have tried before have had quite the same feel. We share
our training on a regular basis and get to encourage each other to our goals; we get to support each other
at our gradings and share the sense of achievement that they offer; we cheer each other on at competitions and share each other’s successes and disappointments; we socialise at school events and summer
camps; we meet new people and catch up with existing friends at these events and those people come
from all walks of life, not just a narrow sub-section.
At long last, I have the opportunity to fulfil a long held desire; to be a Black Belt in Taekwon-Do. I must
have been about 15 when I briefly flirted with Karate and it was during this training that I had my first encounter with Taekwon-Do. One of the members of staff at the leisure centre where the Karate class was
taking place mentioned that he was a student of Taekwon-Do. I don’t recall how it came about but he and
my then instructor did a little sparring. I do recall being amazed at the way this guy could control his legs,
placing them wherever the Karate instructor attempted to go and I resolved that this was the art I would
I’m not sure why it took me almost 20 years to start practicing that art; I think perhaps it was simply down
to an advanced ability to day-dream coupled with an acute inability to actually get on with anything. Whatever, I did eventually start to practice the art and although the wishful thinking is somewhat tempered by
an ageing body that objects to being stretched in so many ways, and my idea of just what it means to be a
Black Belt is somewhat different to the active imagination of a 15 year old, I now find myself about to present myself for grading as a 1st degree Taekwon-Do Black Belt. How exciting!
Of course it doesn’t end there as Taekwon-Do never seems short of a new goal. There are always new
patterns to learn and attempt to master, with new movements and new techniques. There are opportunities to help others with their goals and endless opportunities to share knowledge and experiences. How
could you get bored when there are so many opportunities?
Bath v Cambridge Fight Night
By Rob Dinsey, University of Bath
The University of Bath’s P.U.M.A. Kickboxing
Club hosted its annual Fight Night on the 1st
December 2011 against a combined team from
Cambridge and Anglia Ruskin Universities. The
event was well attended as ever, with over 600
supporters turning up to watch the nine fights
which took place on the evening, raising a considerable sum of money for the “Help For Heroes” charity. The Bath squad contained fighters of various abilities, from multiple-time
P.U.M.A. British Open champions through to
first years competing for the very first time, matched for weight and experience against Cambridge fighters. Each bout was two rounds in duration and scored by P.U.M.A. officials and refereed by Mr Rob
Tettmar VI Degree.
Cambridge, with the exception of Bath’s
James Henson taking a creditable draw
against a more experienced opponent in
the opening fight of the night. When Cambridge’s most experienced fighter Georgios
Evangelinos made the most of a 12kg
weight advantage to win the fourth bout,
Cambridge were 3.5-0.5 ahead, a commanding lead and leaving them just needing one of the final four bouts to win overall.
Bath fought back immediately though,
with first year student Adam Pugsley taking a well-deserved victory over his opponent, show-casing excellent punching
combinations in a unanimous decision
victory. After an interval, Bath were again
victorious as Men’s Captain, Chris “Lady
killer” Harvey, beat Alex Elliott of Cambridge despite a weight disadvantage,
leaving a comeback a real possibility with
Bath just a single point behind.
Ultimately though, Cambridge took the victory with a win in the penultimate bout, with Bath’s Ahmed
Suleiman winning the night’s closing bout to finish with a score of 4.5 points for Cambridge against 3.5 for
Bath, sending the visiting supporters home happy.
The night also featured a number of performances from the University’s dance and cheerleading societies
and an exhibition women’s bout between Bath’s Sandrine Pierrat and Steph Darvill, who had each been
scheduled to fight a Cambridge opponent who was not able to turn up on the day. Ultimately the event
was a huge success and despite the end result, the fighters did their club proud.
James Henson
76kg Green Stripe
Dom Parfitt
68kg Green Belt
Ruth Eagle
63kg Green Belt
Robert Dinsey
74kg Red Belt
Adam Pugsley
70kg Green Belt
Nikos Konstandinidis
75 kg 1 year experience
Julius Busauskas
73kg 2 years experience
Daphne Tsalli
63kg 1 year experience
Georgios Evangelinos
86kg 4 years experience
Tim Williamson
70kg 1 year experience
Majority Draw
Chris Harvey
75kg Red Stripe
Andre John
84kg Red Stripe
Ahmed Suleiman
72kg Red Belt
Alex Elliott
84kg 1 year experience
Ollie Osunkunle
87kg 3 years experience
Alex Kaus
75kg 2 years experience
Bath Unanimous
Cambridge Unanimous
Cambridge Unanimous
Cambridge Split
Bath Unanimous
Cambridge Unanimous
Bath Unanimous
The 2nd P.U.M.A. World Open Championships
By John Dowding
The 2nd P.U.M.A. World Open Championships was held
over the weekend of 31st March and 1st April 2012 at the
Oasis Centre, Swindon, England. Following the success of
the 1st P.U.M.A. Open last year this event was greatly anticipated and expectations were high for some superb displays of Taekwon-Do sparring, patterns, destruction and,
equally importantly, etiquette. This year’s competition was
even bigger than last year’s with more associations and
countries attending. The arena was already buzzing with
excitement as everyone started to arrive and warm up for
the day’s competition.
The event started with an introduction from Master Gayle and
then a display from P.U.M.A.’s Flowering Youth Group, who are
all young exponents of Taekwon-Do hand-picked by Master
Gayle for their ability and promise. It was great to see the discipline of these youngsters as they confidently took to the
mats to begin their demonstration in front of the large expectant crowd. It’s a testament to Master Gayle’s teaching that
the young members were not fazed at all by the scale of the
event or by the fact that they were performing in front of their
Taekwon-Do peers from around the world. The demonstration
itself was carried off flawlessly starting with team patterns, some of the female team members then had
what can only be described as a Taekwon-Do “throw-down” which was similar to a break dance battle
but consisted of ever more flamboyant kicks! Then it was the turn of the boys who performed a very
slick self-defence routine with one poor “victim” sitting down trying to mind his own business and read
his magazine. However two “hoodies” had other ideas but unfortunately for them, our “victim” turned
into a flying Taekwon-Do Superman, literally! It was great fun and like the rest of the demonstration a
very well-rehearsed and polished performance which was well received by the whole crowd.
Then it was time for the first competitive events. The Saturday was largely devoted to the Junior and
Cadet categories. Throughout the day, as an umpire it
was a pleasure to watch these young people perform
patterns of whatever style with power, grace and
technical precision and it was obvious how much the
art is loved by these future stars. One thing that I personally enjoyed seeing was the mature attitudes of
the young competitors which were a true testament
to the benefits of martial arts training under a genuine
instructor. There were no tantrums, sulks or bad attitude, just young people doing their best for themselves and their instructors.
Late afternoon saw the Adult and Veteran patterns divisions with very high standard performances
which really made the job of judging extremely difficult due to the comparable skill levels. Patterns were
precise, crisp and truly inspiring and it was great to see all patterns being performed including Ko Dang
(the original and only version!) and Juche (the original and only version). On both days the patterns competition was divided into sine wave and non-sine wave categories so as to be inclusive to all Taekwon-Do
practitioners, no politics or “my style is the true style” nonsense just great displays of Taekwon-Do. Again
it was interesting to see the different styles which were almost like a timeline of Taekwon-Do evolution
from the hip twist to the sine wave. But so refreshing not to have anyone looking down on
another’s style, just a spirit of acceptance from
all and a genuine appreciation of great technique. The first day finished with the Junior
and Cadet Team Sparring events which provided an exciting spectacle to round off a long but
rewarding day. The passion and desire to do
the best for the team and the coach was tangible and the combination made for some fast
and furious bouts of mostly well controlled
sparring, with the fights being well controlled
by the referees when passions threatened to
run too high.
Day two saw the Adult sparring divisions cracking on bright and early and the anticipation was running
high for the competitors and just as importantly the referees and umpires. Everyone I spoke to that
morning was buzzing from the day before and the whole atmosphere was already charged but building
As I walked around it was great to see the different ways competitors readied themselves for the day’s
events, some just chilling out in their own world with headphones, some larking around with fellow team
mates and others “psyching” themselves up with patterns practice or some pad work. It was plain that a
lot of the competitors knew each other from the tournament circuit and it was great to see people catching up and mixing with no hint of bad feeling or unfriendly rivalry despite the fact that everyone was
there to win.
The sparring was hard and fast, but the referees
did a fantastic job of controlling the fights so
that the technical sparring side was encouraged
rather than the brawling trade off of punches
that can be prevalent in some tournaments.
Referees are often the forgotten heroes of tournaments and can be the target for disgruntled
competitors, coaches, relatives etc., but due to
the firm, fair and friendly approach taken by the
referees there was a distinct lack of disputes
and challenges. All competitors were given clear
instructions as what was permissible and what
was unacceptable. Obviously at a tournament of
this nature with a World title up for grabs the excitement, adrenalin and emotions make a heady mix and
it is a credit to the referees of all associations
that they did such a great job of controlling the
fights with fair and transparent decisions. The
job of the referee’s was helped by the fantastic
attitude of the individual and team coaches who
accepted the decisions with good grace and humour, always there to encourage their competitors and offer words of consolation if needed. I
have been to events where the coaches made
the referees life difficult but I saw no sign of this
over the whole two days, with the coaches supporting the referees even when decisions went
against their fighters. Overall it was this spirit of
fairness and co-operation that underpinned the whole event.
Mid way through the Sunday there was a break in the proceedings for a surprise, and much to the delight of all the spectators, competitors and Masters it was announced that Master Gayle was awarded his
8th Degree Black Belt. It was superb to see the depth of respect and affection for Master Gayle that the
Masters from other associations have for him. Master Harrison gave an emotional and moving speech
and the promotion was humbly accepted by Master Gayle who was unprepared for such an honour and
visibly moved.
This was followed by a presentation to Master John Black of two framed copies of the front cover of
Totally Taekwon-Do magazine featuring him. One was a framed copy of the original cover and the
second one was an alternative cover which was produced with an interesting photo of a young Master
Black in an unusual “dobok”, “protective helmet” and “sparring boots” from his early army days. The
presentation was due to be carried out by Stuart Anslow the Editor, but at the last moment he threatened me with one of his deadliest “apps” if I didn’t do the announcement over the microphone for
which I was totally unprepared and so I will apologise for my ramblings now!
The tournament resumed with the
final bouts of individual sparring
and the adult and senior team
events all of which carried on the
same level of skill coupled with control and above all etiquette. The
skill levels on the second day were
second to none, and some of the
most impressive I have seen in any
The final events of the day were the
team patterns which saw some superb routines that had clearly been
well thought out, well-rehearsed
and polished with the hours of practise and repetition required clearly paying off. The stand out performance for me was the male APTI
team who were clear winners with a flawless routine performed as a solid single entity.
Throughout the Sunday the destruction events were running in tandem with the other events, with the
boards being punished by hands and feet. In fairness to the boards as it was their first event they did put
up a spirited resistance and refused to break in quite a few instances. The breaking was decided on a
points total and a few competitors chose the route of trying to break multiple boards to rack up the
scores but this tactic proved their undoing due to the unforgiving nature of the new boards, the canny
competitors stacked up the points with individual breaks!
I was lucky enough on the Sunday to be able to take
some time off Umpiring and be a spectator and for
me, purely from that point of view, two adult fighters deserve a special mention. For the men Mr Tim
Kool of Holland absolutely blew me away with his
sparring prowess which was just amazing to watch
and for the ladies, P.U.M.A.’s own Natalie McColl
was mesmerising to watch, her downward kick has
to be seen to be believed and just looks so effortless
to perform. This is a quality that both fighters seem
to have, an ability to just make sparring at such a
level look easy and effortless, seemingly able to just
pick shots at will with no real effort, a genuine natural ability coupled with hard work and a will to win
that puts them onto another level.
All too soon it was the end of the tournament
and time to say goodbye to old friends and new
ones made over the weekend. As I headed home
down the motorway I reflected on the two days
with a feeling of pride in Taekwon-Do.
Thanks to the positivity of all spectators, competitors, coaches, referees, umpires, Masters, helpers, in fact everyone the real winners over the
weekend were friendship and of course Taekwon
-Do. The General would have been proud!
The Ghana Fund Seminar Day
By Louy Reeve. Photos by Tracey Bedborough
Just over a year ago, I was sitting on the floor of my living room, downing a glass or two of wine with a
good friend, chatting about how impressive the P.U.M.A. bike ride from Land's End to John O’ Groats was,
when the subject of David Walliams and his 12 hours of TV panel shows for Comic Relief came up.
The friend was Ms Tiina Elise, the conversation went something
like this.
"Twelve hours of TV, that's got to be tough - but at least it's not
Taekwon-Do…now that would be hard…"
"Yeah it would…(big gulp of wine)...But WE could do that!"
"Course we could…(another big gulp of wine)...then what are we
waiting for...?”
Decision made.
A few calls later and the school where I ran my classes gave us
12 hours of free hall hire. Mr Pixton and Mr Whitlock both
joined in with the teaching and Master Gayle came to lend his
support and encouragement throughout.
The 12 hour teaching marathon that followed raised over two
thousand pounds for the P.U.M.A. Ghana fund to add to the
sizeable amount raised by LEJOG and was such a fun day that I
never though anything would better it.
So, when I got a call from Ms Elise again this year to say we had been given 14 hours of free hall hire for
any fundraising we could dream up…well, we had to do something - but the thought of a 14 hour marathon made my legs spasm and we also had no time to get students to collect sponsorship - the main
raising money
the year before. The only
way out was to
put on an
event so special that it
crowds who
were willing to pay a nominal amount to train with some of the best instructors in P.U.M.A., and those
best instructors were more than happy to help.
We were lucky enough to get Master Ray Gayle, Mr Dave Pixton, Mr Derek Skidmore, Ms Tiina Elise, Mr
Andy Abbott, Mr Phil Whitlock, Mr Mike Whitlock and Mr Dik Chance who were all more than happy to
get involved. And it was especially great to get calls from Mr Brett Dowling and Mr Ian Bedborough who
both wished to offer their skills.
Throughout the day we covered patterns, sparring, set
sparring, destruction, knife defence, one step sparring,
semi-free sparring, nunchuck drills and loads more...and
then to end on a coup, Master Gayle presented a seminar
on ‘Preparing for your Black Belt grading’. It would not be
hard to write more about each seminar and what was
taught, but I would much rather issue an invitation to all
students – come to the next one and find out how good
these instructors are for yourself.
For most
of the day I found myself meeting, greeting and taking
the money. I was scheduled to teach but was more than
happy to make way for the wealth of teaching talent supplied by those who donated their time for free. Besides,
for me, the most important aspect of the day was the
students. Nearly 100 martial artists of all different ages
and grades, and from over 10 different P.U.M.A. schools,
attended and put their hand in their pocket for a great
cause. Many gave more than the requested £10, and
many brought donations from others who were unable to attend.
The seminars
were a great
success and the
day contributed over £1,030
to the Ghana
Appeal Fund. If
you want to
know how far
that will stretch
in Ghana, try multiplying this figure by 5, and that will give you an idea.
All in all, a wonderful day, a huge amount of money and I'm left
scratching my head wondering what we can possibly do next year to
beat it. Any ideas Ms Elise...?
usings from Korea:
Part 2
y Andrew Sanderson
A view of Gyeongju at sunset, a truly beautiful place.
My first week in Korea was largely uneventful
(especially when compared with what I had planned for the second week). I had attended a conference on
Jeju Island. More interestingly, however, I had visited the former site of General Choi's 29 th infantry division, finishing with an amble up Korea's tallest mountain, Mt. Halla.
The following day saw my departure from Jeju Island, by means of a short plane hop to Busan in the
southeast of the mainland. I had not planned on staying in Busan for long, and during my coach trip from
the airport to the train station, though I did not see all of it, I did not regret this decision. Not that there is
anything wrong with Busan, it just seemed, however, like countless other cities in the world, and other
than nearly letting a bus driver leave with all my luggage, nothing else of note happened here. I climbed
aboard the KTX bullet train, for a 200 m.p.h. sprint to my second base of operations for 3 days, Gyeongju.
Gyeongju is a small city in the south-east of the country. It was the ancient capital of the Kingdom of Silla,
and, subsequently was the capital of the unified Korean peninsula for roughly 700 years; as a result, there
were a great many cultural and historical sites around it. Over the next
few days in Gyeongju, I visited a number of cultural and historical places
which included (but were not limited
to): the Bulguksa temple, which was
considered a masterpiece of Buddhist
art in the Silla kingdom; the tomb of
General Kim Yu-Sin (after which the
3rd degree pattern Yoo-Sin is named);
the “underwater” tomb of King Munmu the Great (after which the 4th deThe Tomb of General Kim Yu-Sin, on the outskirts of Gyeongju.
gree pattern Moon-Moo is named);
Bunhwangsa Pagoda, part of the Bunhwangsa temple
complex, just outside Gyeongju, where Won-Hyo
studied and completed many of his great works.
The underwater tomb of King Munmu in the East Sea,
to the east of Gyeongju.
the Bunhwangsa temple where Won-Hyo worshipped and the site of Bogwangjeon hall, a shrine which is
dedicated to him; and Golgulsa temple, where I witnessed the monks practicing a martial art called Sunmudo. Gyeongju is a very picturesque place which is very proud of its place in Korean history. Simply
walking around the small city put a smile on my face, as I came across signs for the Hwa-Rang industrial
estate, and Wonhyo road, which emphasized their place in a living history and culture, rather than detached names in a book. Unfortunately, time was moving on, so I caught the train to my next and final location, Seoul. Arriving in Seoul at about midday, I quickly
checked into my hotel, and then hit the streets to visit
some Taekwon-Do sites before evening. I first paid a
visit to the Kukkiwon, the world headquarters for the
World Taekwon-Do Federation, who compete in the
Olympics. Knowing how politically charged the environment was when the Kukkiwon was built, I had assumed
that the headquarters of the national sport would be a
bit ostentatious, but in all honesty, it looks like any Korean office building. In fact, if it weren’t for the plaque
with the Olympic logo on the outside of it, I might have
carried on looking. I then went to Dosan Park, a park
dedicated to Ahn Chang-Ho (after which the 7th kup
A statue of Ahn Chang-ho, which stands in Dosan
Park in Seoul.
pattern Do-San was named) which features statues, a
memorial hall and the burial site of him and
his wife. Unfortunately, I did not
have time to fully enjoy the experience as time was thundering by,
and I had plans for the evening.
For a week leading up to this day,
I had been in contact with the
instructor of the only ITF dojang
in Seoul that I could find. "The
Way" dojang is run by Master
Kim Hoon, who holds a 7th Degree in WTF Taekwondo, a 7th
Degree in Hapkido, a 7th Degree
in Kickboxing and a 4th Degree in
Me with Master Kim Hoon, after the training session at The Way dojang,
ITF Taekwon-Do. It occupies a Seoul.
floor above a supermarket and
has a training area slightly smaller than a squash court, and on the night I attended, had only 6 other students. The modest proportions of Master Kim’s do-jang is not a reflection of his instruction, the instruction was as good as most I have encountered. It is more a reflection on how unpopular the ITF style of
Taekwon-Do is in South Korea, due to its popularity in North Korea, and the strong dislike of all things
North Korean south of the border. During Master Kim’s lesson, we did sparring drills with pads (which,
perhaps unsurprisingly, featured a very WTF-esque feel to them) and patterns. Though the lesson was the
same sort of thing we do here in the U.K., the training took on a special significance owing to the fact that
I was doing it in the home country of Taekwon-Do, and that was enough. I left the dojang with a sense of
happiness and pride that I have done something I had wanted to do for a long time, and that I would
remember for even longer. The day after, was a day packed full of tension and paranoia, as I embarked on
a journey to visit the border with North Korea. This was an eye-opening, very interesting, at times comical, but deeply saddening experience. We were given a list of strict requirements that we had to fulfil before we went on the trip, which included dress code, nationality checks, and guidelines on behaviour. The
day involved a surprisingly short trip from Seoul to the “tourist park” which the South has set up to cater
for the prodigious amounts of tourists visiting the border. From here, we were led to the third tunnel, so
named because it was the third tunnel that was discovered by the South that the North had dug from
their side, heading towards Seoul. Upon discovering it, we were told the North told the South that it was
a coal mine, despite the lack of any trace of coal. To remedy this, the North were said to have taken down
a quantity of coal and attached to the walls of the tunnel, in addition to painting areas of the tunnel
with black paint, to simulate
coal. We were then taken to
the Tongil observation post.
Tong-Il is a 6th Degree
pattern, and the name literally means one people or
one race, and is touted as
the call for unification of the
two Koreas. The irony was
not lost on me when visiting
the Tongil observation post,
as its primary function was
to ensure that the North
Koreans do not reach the
The border of North and South Korea. The blue huts span the border (the dark
line between the huts, above the central soldier's head). The grey building in the South, and therefore activebackground is in North Korea
ly trying to keep the two
Koreas separate. We were also taken to the joint security area (JSA) which is the site of the blue huts people may have seen photos of, and is where the North and South Koreans hold meetings with each other. A
number of the huts span the border, so that they can have their meetings without going into the other
side’s territory. The paranoia between the two sides is so strong that there is a table which runs almost
the width of the room, down the centre of which is a row of microphones, which represent the border, so
that delegates do not have to cross the border to converse. On the day my group visited, there were no
North Korean groups, so as a result, we had the hut to ourselves (for 3 minutes exactly, and under very
strict supervision), and were permitted to go to the North Korean side, and consequently, I have also visited North Korea (be it very gingerly, and briefly). After this, we got back onto our bus, which passed a monument to the 1973 axe murder incident (those who do not know about it, I would strongly recommend
that you find out), and were then taken back to Seoul, where I could breathe easily.
So concludes the second installment of my trip to Korea. I apologise if the article seems somewhat rushed,
as I do have constraints; however, it does at least convey the correct hurried experience to the reader. I
had crammed in visiting many historical sights in just a few short days, including many which inspired the
pattern meanings Taekwon-Do students the world over have to learn. In the next instalment, I will talk
about my last day in Seoul, which included a walkabout in Seoul, as well as a rather interesting trip to the
theatre. It will also include some of the perspective on Taekwon-Do and Korean culture my trip to Korea
had provided me with.
A Step Back In Time
By Pete Bullough
For those of you that don’t know me, I had an 18 year
period away from Taekwon-Do training. I came back in
September 2008, and from that time I have noticed a lot
of differences in the way we train now to how we used to
train then. I got to reflect on these differences when observing the gradings taking place on the 10th and 11th
April 2010. The hour long journey takes me back to when
I took my 1st Dan grading in 1983. Back then I travelled to
Leicester and the gradings were taken by Master Hee Il
Cho, VIII Dan. This very larger than life man had an aura
like so many of the Korean Masters. Many of us had
attended the seminar the day before to try to sharpen up
and improve on various techniques and patterns, but on the day, just as all our P.U.M.A. students, we all
felt the same: Sick, apprehensive, anxious, and asked ourselves, “Are you ready?”. The simple answer was
yes, you had done your apprenticeship, it’s time to become qualified! In those days you would be on the
floor for no more than 20 minutes. Don’t get me wrong it was tough for the short time you were up, with
very little room for error. If you mucked up in
one part of your grading it most definitely had
a bearing on your end result, so you had to be
at the top of your game. Theory was only three
questions but again you had to get them right.
A big part of the grading back then was destruction. If you did not break and you had
done something wrong in another area of your
grading you were almost sure to fail.
Day One - 10th April 2010
I arrive at Greendown School for the 2010 grading some 45 minutes before it is due to start. I walk into
the seated area to see instructors and some students, others are upstairs in the warm up area, all with the
same look on there faces. Quite a few people I know, some I don’t. I enter the Grading Hall and at the table are Master Gayle, Master Ogborne and Master Black. Mr. Salt 6 th Dan and Mr. Tettmar 5th Dan are also
there, and helping out on the theory table and on the power tests are Mr. Harper 5 th Dan, Mr. Lammin 5th
Dan, Mr. Walker 4th Dan, and Mr. Bishop 4th Dan. Before I know it the first group, twelve kickboxers,
enter the room and they go straight into combination drills which after 4 to 5 minutes start to slow them
down. It is quite clear that their fitness levels are exceptional. The drills last for 15 minutes, after which
the candidates put on their focus hand pads. They start again, and the pads boom from the power of the
techniques, the candidates are all serious about getting their grades. The panel watches everyone closely,
observing every move, kick, punch, strike, and the standard of fitness and technique.
After 25 minutes everyone puts on their sparring equipment. The adrenalin is flowing so much they are
still breathing hard when they pair up, the panel watch and wait. Attention and bow and they start free
sparring. The pace they start with is as if they have only just started their grading. After 3 rounds of two
minutes each, the candidates stop, remove their sparring equipment and reform. The grading finishes
with press ups and sit ups, before the candidates fall out to wait for their power tests. Mr. Walker instructs them to perform their most powerful techniques against the pad. The juniors go first, striking the
pads with so much power the hall booms again. We move on to the adults with a noticeable increase in
power. As they are finishing the power tests the first of the junior 1 st kups enter to begin their Taekwondo grading. They identify themselves and go straight into performing Chon-Ji then on to Do-San followed
by Won-Hyo and Joong-Gun. It’s like watching a squad team all in unison. As Joong-Gun begins, I look to
the other side of the hall and its question time for the kickboxers, with Mr. Harper and Mr. Lammin asking
all of the students about their craft. The juniors move on to Toi-Gye followed by Hwa-Rang and ChoongMoo. They perform this pattern as if it was their first, with plenty of power. Once they finish Master Gayle
asks them to perform a pattern of their choice. Following this is line work, with all the candidates showing
very precise control. The panel goes from sheet to sheet, marking, watching and discussing various things
with each other. The students stop and turn and face each other to perform 3-step sparring. This is followed by traditional and then freestyle 1-step sparring.
Master Gayle says stop and to put safety equipment on and take in drinks if needed. It is now well over an
hour since the kickboxers started, but they are still being asked questions. The coloured belts start free
sparring. The juniors show lots of control with many nice flexible techniques and an occasional thud when
a kick gets past a guard. They change partners a couple of times before they finish and get ready for the
power test.
The next group come in and they all look
nervous as they face the panel and identify
themselves, they start with the same format as before. I look more intently at this
group because these are students from the
school I train with at Bath. I watch and
hope they do well, as I have seen how
much hard work they have put in over the
many months. The kickboxers finally finish
their grading one and a half hours after
they entered the grading hall. The coloured belts are still going through their
paces, group after group come in, more
The Bath students with Mr Tettmar and Mr Dowding
students that I recognise. Eventually, the final group finishes the free sparring and power tests. Mr. Bishop
has asked me to say that he is the best pad holder that P.U.M.A. has ever had! Because he is tougher than
me and I don’t want to upset him I have to agree. This is followed by questions from Mr. Lammin and Mr.
Harper. Because of time the last students go to the top table to be quizzed by the Masters, Mr. Salt and
Mr. Tettmar.
The grading comes to a close for day one - or is it! Wait it’s the infamous Spirit Test! The students have a
brief break before moving outside. Today it will be tough, as it is very hot outside. Mr. Lammin and Mr.
Harper take them through their paces as they start with fitness drills. The spirit test is all about pacing
yourself and your state of mind. All the members of the grading panel are outside, along with instructors.
After 40 minutes the candidates finally finish their grading and they are well and truly spent.
Day Two - 11th April 2010 and a very Special Day
This date has such a big significance for Taekwon-do history as 55 years ago today our art was born. All
the Black Belts grading today will never forget it. Two of the Black Belts grading today have played a massive part in my return to Taekwon-do. Mr. Tettmar was one of the first students at Bath Taekwon-Do
School, training as a beginner under the then Mr. Gayle and Mr. Ogborne. Mr. Dowding I have only known
for a short time but I have come to respect him. He is a very technical Black Belt and I enjoy training at his
school most Fridays. Both Mr. Tettmar and Mr. Dowding have greatly encouraged me in my return to
Taekwon-Do. Today’s Grading Panel has a slight change to allow for the absence of Mr. Tettmar. His replacement is Mr. Harper 5th Dan, with Mr. Skidmore 4th Dan taking Mr. Harper’s place on the theory table.
It is past midday when the first group of Black Belts, mostly juniors, line up to identify themselves for their
grading from 1st to 2nd Dan. Master Gayle starts with Dan-Gun followed by Won-Hyo. Compared to the
previous day’s group, they are more crisp and definite in their moves with no hesitation and more confidence in the execution of the moves. The group moves on to Yul-Gok, followed by Joong-Gun, Toi-Gye,
Hwa-Rang and Choong-Moo. Once finished they go straight into the 1st Dan patterns Kwang-Gae, Po-Eun
and Ge-Baek. This is followed by a pattern of their choice; they all perform a different coloured belt
pattern, but Do-San seems to be a favourite.
Next is three or four minutes of kicking line-work, after which they turn and face for traditional 1-step
sparring. There are lots of loud shouts on execution of attacks, then its freestyle 1-step sparring. After a
couple of changes Master Gayle asks the candidates to put on their safety equipment. The group starts
with two minute rounds of free sparring. This is the chance for the first Dans to show off their skills using
everything from jumping techniques to reverse turning kicks. This is followed by two against one sparring.
The idea of this is to line up your two attackers so they cannot attack you both at the same time. At this
point the group has been on the floor for 35 minutes with no break.
The second group enters and the candidates identify themselves and they start with patterns as before.
There are more adults in this group so more power is in the techniques. The group then pads up ready for
free sparring. At this point the first group is coming to the end of their grading, an hour and ten minutes
after starting. The second group begins to spar, showing a wide range of vigorous techniques, and this is
followed by two against one sparring. Everyone is very tired by the time they return to their positions.
They move to another area of the hall for the power tests, most of the seniors break with lots of power
and accuracy.
The last group today,
consisting of the 2nd to
enters the hall. After
identifying themselves
they perform Chon-Ji,
Joong-Gun, Hwa-Rang,
There is a definite
change in tempo for
the more advanced
moves and more power in this group. This is
followed by the 1st
Dan patterns Kwang-Gae and Po-Eun. The sound of constant exhaling echoes around the room. All candidates appear quite relaxed now, showing their maturity and how comfortable they are doing their craft.
Master Gayle asks them to choose whether to perform the 2 nd Dan pattern Ko Dang or Juche. The various
grades then do patterns Eui-Am, Sam-Il, Choong-Jang, Choi-Yong, Ul-Ji. This is followed by choice patterns
for 2nd Dans, Yon-Gae, and Yoo-Sin for 3rd and 5th Dans. Everyone is looking very sharp and surprisingly
relaxed with the standard of Taekwon-Do definitely going up a level at this point. This is followed by Saju
Makgi for 2nd Dan’s, a choice 3rd Dan pattern or 5th Dan pattern Se-Jong. Finally the other candidates move
out so that Mr. Tettmar can perform the 72 movement 5 th Dan pattern So-San.
The group returns for kicking line work, which continues for 4 to 5 minutes. This is followed by freestyle 1step sparring. There is so much energy in the room from this group as each attack and counter with power
and precision. The panel commends the group for their performance in freestyle 1-step sparring saying it's
the best they have seen over the weekend, with Miss Raven and Mrs. Spreadbury and Mr. Dowding and
Mr. Tettmar getting a special mention. The group then put on their safety equipment as they turn
and face for free sparring. This is a lot heavier than previous groups, with the higher grades having more
to prove and the standard is very high. I look across to watch Mr. Tettmar and Mr. Dowding who spar each
other like they are not friends, with such determination on their faces. After a couple of rounds it is time
for two against one sparring, with all the candidates really being put through their paces. Soon it is time to
finish sparring, and the equipment is removed.
Then it is time for the power tests, one technique only against a pad or board for the ladies. All the ladies
choose the pads except Mrs. Bedborough and Miss Dowse who strike the board with speed, power and
accuracy. The men step up one after another, striking two boards. No-one has broken yet, and the panel
watch as each student takes their turn. Mr. Dowding takes the floor, and he elects to use dollyo chagi. The
determination on his face shows as he powers through the boards with ease, the kick being the first break
of the group. This is followed by questions at the top table. The panel asks questions one after another.
They take a lot of time with Mr. Dowding and Mr. Tettmar, as they are the most senior grade
candidates today. At the end of the grading Master Gayle commends the entire group on their standard.
The time is approaching for the Spirit Test. The candidates all gather outside for this very gruelling test, I
would love to tell you about what they did and how hard it was, but we at P.U.M.A. have decided this is
the Holy Grail. All the Black Belts reading this
already know what happens; all the coloured
belts will have to train hard to get to their
gradings so they can experience it for
So let’s go back to the beginning, the question
was how the gradings from 1983 to 2010 compare. The way I see it is the reason we have such
a very high standard in P.U.M.A. is how very
hard our Black Belt gradings have become. Our
Black Belts are much fitter and better prepared
than before. If you take a Black Belt grading but
don’t succeed at first, keep training. I know
Black Belts that have failed and the next time
they come back much better prepared and more
determined to pass. I look forward to seeing
those of you grading when I eventually take that
step and go for my next grade. I last graded in Mr Bullough, ready to train!
June 1987.
ou know you are really into your
training when……….
1. You address your spouse as “Sir” or “Ma’am”, even though they don’t practice;
2. Every time you meet a member of your school in the street you bow to them, address
them as “Sir” or “Ma’am”, and then engage in a bit of friendly sparring;
3. You address your training colleagues as “Sir” or “Ma’am” when chatting to them on
4. You refer to bank holidays as “Training Days”;
5. You plan your summer holidays based on the dates of Summer Camp and Kids Camp;
6. The wallpaper on your computer at work is a photo of you in your dobok;
7. You buy trousers based on whether you will be able to kick when wearing them;
8. You are coming home from training, and buy a can of drink from the local “chippie”.
When you get served, you take it with both hands and bow to the shop assistant;
9. You are driving through a city centre one evening, and spot a member of your school.
You wind down the window, and yell “Charyot, Kung-Ye” across a busy shopping centre;
10. You are at a civic award ceremony with the Lord Mayor. When you collect your
certificate from the Mayor, you go for your trademark bow and Taekwon-Do handshake;
11. You are at a local salsa class when you meet a member of P.U.M.A. You bow to them,
address them as “Sir” and do the handshake;
12. You think that all of the above is totally normal, and can’t understand why everyone
else doesn’t behave in this way.
(And in case you are wondering, all the above incidents have been demonstrated or observed by Senior grade members of P.U.M.A.)
Sidekick Specials
We are always looking for new content and ideas for the magazine so
when Mr Bedborough approached me and asked if we could do a section on sidekicks around the World or anywhere really I thought this
would be good.
Every issue we will put a few in, this is your chance to get in your
magazine so please forward them on to us. We will have some that you will recognise but some that you
will not. These might be
from when the older people in the organisation, like
myself, could reach a little
higher than mid-section.
The ones in this issue are
from some great locations.
Pete Bullough ~ Editorial
The Planet P.U.M.A. comic strip
The Planet P.U.M.A. Pub Quiz
By Tiina Elise
What is the Korean term for two step sparring?
Where and when did Ahn Joong Gun assassinate Hiro Bumi Ito?
Where is Lake Chon Ji?
How many patterns end in a left hand attack?
What are the five tenets of Taekwon-Do?
Which pattern has 24 moves?
When was Taekwon-Do introduced to the U. K. and by whom?
What is the literal translation of the name Won Hyo and in which year did he die?
How many battles at sea did Admiral Yi Sun Sin lead, and how many of those did he lose?
What is General Choi’s birth date?
9th November 1918.
He fought 23 battles and was never once defeated;
Won Hyo means ‘Dawn’ and he died in 686 A.D. at the age of 69;
Master Rhee Ki Ha in 1967;
Do San;
Courtesy, integrity, perseverance, self-control, indomitable spirit;
3 - Dan Gun, Choong Moo, Choong Jang;
In a crater on Paektu Mountain;
26th October 1909 at Harbin Train Station;
Ibo Matsoki;
he Search
Referee Mr Rob Tettmar VI Dan recently officiated the University Kickboxing match,
when he suddenly got distracted. Can you help him get his treat?
he Little P.U.M.A. page
Fill in the missing letters of these words describing student skills or
qualities to spell out a fun and exciting activity (answer at the bottom of the page).
Children’s Corner Jokes
Question: Why did the human cannon ball lose his job? Answer: He got fired!
Question: Who invented fireworks? Answer: Some bright spark!
Question: What a bed but does not sleep, and what has a mouth but does not speak? Answer: A river!
Question: What did the sea say to the sand? Answer: Nothing at all, he just waved!
P.U.M.A. Calendar 2012
Friday 8th Southampton Grading
Sunday 10th New Century Grading, Leek
Monday 11th Wiltshire Grading
Sunday 17th Plymouth & Cornwall Grading
Sunday 24th English Championships
Saturday 30th Black Belt Presentation evening
Sunday 1st Berkshire Grading
Saturday 7th Gravesend grading
Sunday 8th Bath Grading
Wednesday 11th Bristol Grading
Saturday 14th Black Belt Pre-Grading
Wednesday 18th Mid-Devon grading
Sunday 22nd South Glos Grading
Tuesday 14th Brentry Grading
Friday 19th Yate Grading (Sept grading)
Saturday 18th – 25th Adult camp
Sunday 21st Tang Soo Do Grading
Sunday 21st Exeter Grading
Saturday 1st P.U.M.A. DAY, Plymouth
Sunday 2nd Kids Championships, Plymouth
Sunday 9th New Century Grading, Leek
Friday 7th Southampton Grading
Monday 10th Wiltshire Grading
The reality of confrontations and violence are
grim and ugly.
F.A.S.T. stands for Fear Adrenaline Stress
Training. It is a world-renowned method for
training for the reality of confrontations,
conflict and violence.
Junior courses look at anti-bullying
and anti-abduction skills
F.A.S.T. courses offer training in key self
-protection skills such as awareness,
avoidance, situation control, using
your voice and simple, effective de- Full power techniques are practiced
fence techniques. All training is against our Bullet man padded assailant.
done in an adrenaline environment
so you learn not to freeze and panic when
you need it.
All of our
trained coaches are self-protection
instructors and dedicated martial
artists and with many years of practical experience.
Give yourself the edge in this fun,
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Contact PUMA on 0845 6001967 or email
[email protected]

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