GUS GUZ HAB

Transcription

GUS GUZ HAB
GUS
GUZ
Gurrumina, sf. (Coll.) Cxoriousness, an unbe- Gustación, sf. (Obs.) Gustatíon.
coming submission to one's wife.
Gustadura, sf. Gustatíon, the act of tasting.
Gurrumino, sm. (Coll.) A husband who is un- Gustar, ra. 1. T o taste, to gust, to discern and
becomingly obedient and submissive to his
perceive the relish andflavourof things. 2.
T o palate, to perceive by the taste. 3. To
wife.
Gurullada, sf. 1. A crowd of people. 2. Crowd like, to love. 4. T o enjoy a thing with pleaof constables or poUce officers.
sure. 5. T o experience,toexamine. 6. Te
Gurúllo, sm. L u m p or knot. V. Burujo.
take a pleasure or delight ín a thing.
Guruméte, sm. Ship's boy. V. Grumete.
Gustativo, a. Lingual: applied to a branch of
Gurupa, sf. Croup of a horse. V. Grupa.
the inferior maxillary nerve.
Gurupéra, sf. Crupper. V. Grupera.
Gustazo, sm. augm. A great pleasure.
Gurupetíu, sm. dim. A small crupper.
GustíUo, sm. 1. Relish. 2. (Dim.) Agreeable.
Gurvio, a, a. Curved, arched, incurvated.
delicate tosté.
Gusanear, rn. T o itch. V. Hormiguear.
Gusto, sm. 1. Taste, the sense by which any
Gusanera, sf. 1. Place or spot where ~ maggots thing on the palate is perceived, gust, sense
or vermin are bred. 2. (Met.) W o r m of conof tasting. 2. The sensation which all things
taken into the mouth give, partícularly to the
science, sting which pricks one's conscience.
Gusaníco, íto, sm, dim. A smaU worm or maggot. tongue. 3. Pleasure, delight, gratification,
Gusaniento, ta, a. Troubled with maggots or
complacence, contentment. 4. Liking, mind,
gust. 5. One's own will and determtoation.
vermin, maggoty, full of maggots or worms;
worm-eaten.
6. Election, choice. 7. Taste, intellectual reGusanillo, sm. 1. (Dim.) A small worm or mag- lish or discernment. 8. Caprice, fancy, divergot. 2. A kind of embroidery. 3. Bit of a
sión. Gustos, Sensual pleasures; evil babits;
gimlet or auger.
vices. D a r gusto, T o gratify.
Gusano, sm. 1. Maggot, worm. 2. A n humble Gustosamente, ad. Tastefully, fain, gladly, very
meek person. 3. Distemper among sheep.
desirously, acceptably.
Gusano de seda, Silk-worm. Gusano marino, Gustoso, sa, a. 1. Gustable, dainty, lickerish,
Sea-worm. Gusano de San Antón, Gray
flavorous, pleasing to th'e taste. 2. Tasty.
grub. Gusano de la conciencia, W o r m of 3. Cheerful, merry, content, joyful. 4. Pleasconscience.
ing, pleasant, entertaining.
Gusarápa, sf. (Prov.) V. Gusarapo.
Gutogámba, Gutiámbar, sm. Gamboge.
Gusarapiento,to,a. W o r m y , full of wwrms; cor- Gutural, a. 1. Guttural, pronounced to the throat.
rupted.
2. Guttural, belonging to the throat.
Gusarapíllo, íto, sm. dim. A small water-worm. Guturalménte, ad. Gutturally.
Gusarapo, sm. Water-worm, an aquatic inserí. Guzmánes, sm. pl. Noblemen who formerly
Gusépe, sm. Kind of polypus.
served as midshipmen in the navy, or cadets
Gustáble, a. 1. Tastable, gustable, capable of
in the aimy.
being tasted or reUshed. 2. (Obs ) V. Gus- Guzpatárra, sf, Ancient play of boys.
toso.
H
HAB
His not properly considered as a letter, not aspirated in all words which originallj
j but as a mere aspiration. The syllables
began with h, or between two vowels, as ho
cha, che, chi, are pronounced as in English. ñor, almohaza.
Formerly ch had sometimes the sound of k, H a ! interj. 1. H a ! 2. A h ! alas ! 3. (Ñau.)
as in chimico, chimera, chamelote, but theHaul away!
Spanish Academy has very properly fixed Haba, sf. 1. (Bot.) Bean, a kind of pulse. Haba
the pronunciatíon of all words in which they
común, Garden bean vetch. Vicia faba, L.
had the hard sound, by writing them as in
Haba común caballar, Horse-bean. Vicia
químico, quimera, camelote. The moderas usefaba, L. varietas equina. Haba loca or haba
h to soften the pronunciatíon of many words,
narbonensé, Broad-leaved vetch. Vicia naras facer,fljo,are now written hacer, hijo. bonensis, L. Haba de perro, (Bot.) Dog's
For the same purpose it is placed before u,
bañe. Apocynum, L. 2. A kind of mange
followed by e, in many words derived from
in horses and oxen. Habas, Little white and
the Latin, as huevo,fromovum, an egg, hueso black balls used in giving votes. Esas son
from os. The h is never sounded in the Spahabas contadas, A thing clear and manifest
nish language, except by the common people Habano, na, a. Applied to tobáceo of Havannah,
in Andalusia and Extremadura, and those Habar, sm. Bean-field, afieldsown with beans,
words in which it was preceded by a p, and Haber, ra. 1. T o possess, to have in one's
took the sound of / are now written as propower or custody. 2. T o have ; an auxiliary
nounced, thas, fenómeno, phenomenon After verb. 3. T o take, to recover. 4. To happen,
r and / the h is entirely omitted, as in reuma, to fall out, to befall. 5. T ofcxist—r.impers.
rhcum, teatro, theatre ; but it is retained but V. Acaecer. Mas vale saber que haber, It is
4(¡4
HAB
HAC
which one thing bears to another. 2. (Obs.1
better to be wise, than to be rich, or knowledge is preferable to wealth. Haberlas or
Habitude, custom.
habérselas con alguno, T o dispute, to contend Habla, sf. 1. Speech, idiom, language. 2. Dis
course, argument. 3. Talk, conversation. Es
with any o n e — r r . T o behave, to act, to con
tar en kabla, T o talk about a matter. Estar
duct one's self.
Haber, sm. Property, incóale, fortune.
sin habla or perder el habla, T o be speechless.
Habichuela, sf. (Bot.) French-bean or kidneyNegar or quitar el habla, T o refuse speaking
to a person.
bean. Phaseolus, L. Habichuela común, C o m m o n kidney bean. Phaseolus vulgaris, L. Hablador, ra, s. A n impudent prattier; a triflingtelker,a gabbler, a prattler, a chattering
Habichuela común negra, Black c o m m o n kidfellow.
ney-bean. Phaseolus vulgaris semine nígro,
L. Habichuela multiflora, Scarlet bean. Pha-Habladorcíllo, Ua, s. oVm. A babblíng dandi- '
prat.
seolus multiflorus, W. Habichuela enana,
C o m m o n dwarf kidney bean. Phaseolus na- Habladuría, sf. A n impertinent speech.
Hablantín, Hablanchín, na, s. (Coll.) A talkanus, W.
Hábil, a. 1. Clever, skilful, dexterous, masterful, tive person.
expert, knowing; cunning. 2. Capable, in- Hablar, ra. 1. T o speak, to utter articúlate
telligent, learned, able to understand. 3.
sounds; to express thoughts by words. 2. T o
Agile, active, ready. 4. Apt,fit,handy, able, talk, to speak in conversation, to commune,
qualified for. .
to reason, to converse. 3. T o harangue, to
Habilidad, sf. 1. Ability, ableness, dexterity in make a speech. 4. T o advise, to admonish.
performing. 2. Cleverness, expertness, masHablar Dios á alguno, T o be inspíred. Hatery, knowledge ; cunning. 3. Nimbleness,
blar á bulto or á tiento, T o talk at random.
quickness, speed. 4. Instinct.
Hablar disparates or necedades, To talk nonHabilitación, sf. Habiütation, qualification.
sense. Hablar at aire, T o talk to the air, to
Habiütádo, da, a. and pp. oí Habilitar, Habilí- speak vaguely. Hablar al alma, T o speak
one's mind. Hablar al caso, T o speak to the
tate, qualified.
Habiütádo, sm. A n officer w h o is charged in
purpose. Hablar alto, T o talk loud. Haevery Spanish regiment with the agency of
blar de burlas or dé chanza, T o jeer, to mock.
his regiment; a paymasfer.
Hablar de la mar, T o talk on an endless subHabilitadór, ra, s. Qualifier, one w h o makes fit
ject. Hablar de memoria, T o talk without
or able.
reflection. A ó dejar que hablar, T o convince
HabiUtár, ra. 1. T o qualify, to enable. 2. T o
any one, to impose silence. Hablar de veras,
provide, to supply, to able.
T o speak seriously. Hablar paso, quedo or
Habillamiénto, sm. (Obs.) Habiliment, dress.
bajo, T o talk low. Hablar con los ojos, T o
Hábilmente, aa". Dexterously, ably, knowingly,
indicate one's sentiments by looks. Hablar
cleverly.
de hilván, T o speak too rapidly and conHabitable, a. Habitable, lodgeable.
fusedly. Hablar de vicio, T o be loquacious.
Habitación, sf. 1. Habitation, abode, lodging,
No hablarse, Not to speak to each other from
the place or house in which a person resides.
enmity or aversión. Hablar de or en bóveda,
2. Set of rooms, that part of a house which
T o speak pompously or arrogantly.
is destined to be inhabited.
Hablatista, sm. (Joc.) A trifling prattler, an idle
Habitáculo, sm. (Coll.) Habitacle, a dwelling.
talker.
Habitador, ra, s. Inhabitant, resident, dweller, Hablilla, sf. Rumour, report, little tale.
abider.
Habón, sm. augm. Large kind of bean.
Habitante, pa. Inhabiting.—s. Inhabitant or ha- Haca, sf. Pony, pad, a smaU horse. Que
bitant, dweller.
haca 9 or que haca morena 9 For what good ?
Habitar, ra. T o inhabit, to live, to reside, to
to what purpose ?
lodge or to lie in a place.
Hacanéa, sf. N a g , a small horse somewhat bigHabüíco, íllo, íto, sm. dim. A s m a U dress oí
ger than a pony.
habit.
Hace, sm. (Obs.) V . Haz.
Hábito, sm. 1. Dress, habit, habiliment, garment.Hace.cíco, íllo, ito, sm. dim. A smaU sheaf.
Hábitos, Dress of ecclesiastics. 2. Habit, a Hacedero, ra, a. Feasible, practicable ; easily
power in m a n of doing any thing acquired
effécted.
by frequent doing, habitude, long custom, Hacedor, ra, s. 1. Maker, author; factor. 2.
customableness, customariness. 3. T h e robes
Steward, one w h o manages the estáte of anof the military orders. Caballero del hábito other. 3. A good workman, an ablt perde Santiago, A knight of the military order
former.
of Saint James.
Hacendado, sm. A m a n of property, a great
Habituación, sf. (Obs.) Habitude, custom.
landholder.
Habitual, a. Habitual, accustomed, invetérate, Hacendado, da, a. and pp. oí Hacendar, Acred,
customary, customable, c o m m o n , frequent.
landed, having a fortune in land, having a
Habitualidád, sf. (Littl. us.) Custom, use.
real property.
Habitualménte, ad. Habitually, customarily, by Hacendar, ra. T o transfer or m a k e over the prohabit, accustomably.
perty of an estáte.—rr. T o m a k e a purchase
Habituar, ra. T o accustom, to habitúate, to
of land in order to settle in a place.
ínure.—rr. T o beeome accustomed, to accus- Hacendéja, sf. dim. A small farm.
tom one's self.'
Hacendera, sf. Public work, at which al) tlm
Habitud, sf 1 Habitude, the respect or relation
ueighbourhood assists.
V O L . I.
4 fió
2 H
HAC
HAC
when one is afraíd, to pluck up a heart. Ha.
Hacendero, la, a. Industrious, laborious, sedu
lous.
.
cer de necesidad virtud, T o make a virtue of
Uaci-ndíllu, Hacenduéla, sf. dim. 1. A smaU
necessity. Hacer de figura or hacer figura,
farm. 2. A trifling work.
To make afigureor to cut afigure.Hacer
Hacendoso, sa, a. Agsiduous, diligent.
estrados, T o give a hearing : applied to
Hacer, ra. and n. 1. T o make, to form of maÍ'udgesand magistrates. Hacerfermentar, To
te dais, to produce. 2. T o do, to practise, to
leat. Hacer frente á, T o make head against,
act any thing good or bad, to make, to perto face, to resist. Hacerfiesta,T o make a
form. 3. To put in execution, to carry into
holiday. Hacerfiestas,T o fondle, to ondear,
effect -, to effect. 4. T o make, to cause to
toflatter,to cajole. Hacer gasto, T o spend.
have any quaUty, to bring into any new state
Hacer gente, T o raise soldiers. Hacer homor condition, to prepare, to dispose, to combre á alguno, T o make one's fortune. Hapose. 5. T o make up a number, to complete.
cer humo, 1. T o smoke. 2. (Met.) T o con6. To make, to raise as profit from any thing,
tiuue long in a place. Hacer honras, T o hoto gain. 7. T o make, to turn to some use.
nour, to pay honours ; to hold in esteem.
8. T o habitúate, to accustom. 9. T o make,
Hacer intención, T o intend,tomean,tomind.
to mould, to form. 10. To give, to grant.
Hacer juego, T o be well matched. Hacer la
11. T o include, to contato. 12. To cause, to
comida, T o dress the dinner. Hacer limosna,
occasion. 13. T o resolve, to determine, to
To give alms. Hacer la barba, To shave, to
judge, to consider. 14. T o assemble, to conget shaved. Hacer la cuenta sin la huéspeda,
voke ; to correspond. 15. T o make, to comTo reckon without the hostess. Hacer las
pel,toforcé,toconstrain, to oblige : in this amistades, T o make if up. Hacer las cosas
sense it is followed by an infinitive verb.
por arte de birlibirloque, T o do things by
Hacer venir, To oblige to come. 16. To dress: virtue of hocus-pocus. Hacer la mamona,
appUed to hawks or cocks for fighting. 17.
To pulí one's nose, to scoff or ridicule. HaT o grow, to increase or receive any thing.
cer mal de ojo, (Coll.) T o fascínate. Hacer
18. T o matter, to import. 19. T o be, to exist merced or mercedes, T o confer honours oí
Hace frió, lt is cold. 20. T o accord, to agree, employments. Hacer milagros, T o do wontofit,to answer, to suit. 21. Joined with the ders. Hacer morisquetas, T o play pranks.
particle a, it signifies to be ready or disposed. » Hacer niebla, T o haze. Hacer papel, T o act
Hacer á todo, T o be ready or disposed to do
a part; to make or to cut a figure; to acany thing. 22. Joined with the particle ae,
quit one's self well. Hacer penitencia con aland the ñames of offices or professions, it sig- guno, To take pot-luck or a family dinner, to
nifiestoperform their duties, as Hacer- de es- diñe with one on whatever he chances to have.
cribano, To act as a scrivener or notary. Ha- Hacer plato, To carve. Hacer por, T o try,
cer de portero, T o act as a porter. 23. Joined to do one's best. Hacer prenda, T o take a
with a*e, se, el, la, lo, it signifies to represent,
pledge or security for a debt. Hacer progreto counterfeit or to show what is not in
sos, T o gain ground, to improve. Hacer pereality. Hacer de bobo, To counterfeit an
dazos, To pulí to pieces. Hacer pucheros.
idiot. 24. With por or para joined to an
To make wry faces, as children are used to
infinitive verb, it signifies taking patos and
do before they begin to cry. Hacer pie, T o
care in executing the import of such verb, as
find the bottom of water without swimming;
Hacer por llegar, T o endeavour to arrive; to be firm and secure in any thing ; to stop,
Hacer para or por salvarse, T o strive to save to reside in a place. Hacer que hacemos, To
one's self. 25. FoUowed by substantives it
act officially, to affect doing some business.
gives them a verbal signification, as Hacer
Hacer saber, T o acquaint, to make known.
estimación, To esteem. Hacer almanaques, Hacer sombra, (Met) T o protect, to support;
T o be very pensive and silent. Hacer ánimo,
to impede, to obscure. Hacer su agosto, To
To mean, to mind, to intend. Hacer aguas,
make hay while the sun shines : literaUy, to
make one's harvest. Hacer ventaja, T o ex(Coll.) T o make water. V. OAnar. Hacer
antesala, To attend in a hall in order to speak ceed, to surpass. Hacer agua, (Ñau.) T o
leak oí to spring a leak, to water or to make
to any person of consequence in passing.
Hacer- alarde, To muster; to boast of. Ha- water : speaking of a ship which is leaky.
cer aire, To blow : speaking of the wind, Hacer el bastardo, (Ñau.) To veer or tack,
Hacer aire á alguno, To vex, to plague or to so as to bring the ship before the wind. Hacer fanal, (Ñau.) T o carry the poop-lantein
torment any one. Hacer alguna cosa á la
moda, T o fashion. Hacer á uno perder' los lighted: applied to the headmost ship which
estribos, T o make any one lose his temper : leads the van. No hay que hacer or eso na
literally, to make a m a n lose his stirrups.
tiene que hacer, It is only to act, it is easily
Hacer bancarrota, T o fail, to break, to make done. Hacer vela, (Ñau.) To set sail. Habankrupt. Hacer carne, T o wound, to malcer fuerza de vela, (Nau.) T o crowd saü.
treat; t« kilL Hacer caso de, To pay atten- to carry a press of sail. Hacer poca vela,
tion to. Hacer correrías, T o make incursious. (Nau.) T o carry an easy sail. Hacer der
Hacer cara, T o make head against,toface,
rota, (Nau.) T o stand on the course. Hacer
to reeist. Hacer chacota, Toridicule,to turn buen bordo, (Nau.) T o make a good tack.
into ridicule. Hacer costilla or costillas, To
Hacer camino para avante, (Nau.) To have
bear with patience, to suffer. Hacer del
headway. Hacer camino para popa, (Nau.)
cuerpo, T o go to stool. Hacer de tripas co- T o make stern-vay. Hacer cabeza. (Nau.;
razón, To bully and to show much boldness
To head.
4S6
HAC
HAL
Hacerse, rr. 1. T o recede, to sepárate. 2. To
corn. 2. To hoard, to make hoards. 3. To
beeome, to enter into some new state or concumúlate; to coacérvate.
dition. 3. To aecustom one's self. Hacerse Hacino, na, a. V. Avaro and Triste.
de miel, To treat one gently, not to be very Hada, Hadada, sf. pl. (Obs.) Witch ; enchanted
severe. Hacerse con algo or de algo, T o ac- n y m p h ; fortune-taller; any of the fates.
quire, to attain ; to pinchase any thing which Hadado, da, a. and pp. oí Hadar, Fortunata,
is wanting. Hacerse lugar, T o gain a ñame lucky.
or reputation. Hacerse memorable, T o be- Hadadór, ra, s. (Obs.) Sorcerer, fortune-taller.
come memorable, to beeome famous, noto- Hadar, ra. (Obs.) T o divine, to foretell future
rious, etc. Hacerse tortilla, To fall down as
evento.
flat as a cake. Hacerse á la vela, (Nau.) To
Hado, sm. Fate, destiny, inevitable doom.
set sail.
Hadrólla, s/(Prov.) Fraud, deceit or imposition
Hacerír, va. (Obs.) V. Zaherir.
in selling and buying.
Hacezuélo, srn. dim. oí Haz.
Hala, interj. Holla ! a word used in calling to
Hacha, sf. 1. A large taper with four wicks. any one at a distance. Hala el bote d bordo,
Hacha de viento, Flambeau, torch, link. Page(Nau.) Haul the boat aboard.
de hacha, Ltok-boy. 2. A u axe or hatchet. Halacabúllas, Halacuérdas, sm. Fresh-watei
Hacha de armas, Battle-axe. 3. Ancient
sailors.
Spanish dance.
Halagador, ra, s. Cajoler, flatterer.
Hachazo, sm. Blow or stroke with an axe.
Halagar, ra. To cajole, toflatter;to caress, ta
Hachear, ra. To cut with an axe; to hew.—rn.
dandle, to coax, to coy, to make much of, to
T o strike with an axe.
wheedle, to hug, to í'ondle, to treat with tenHachero, sm. 1. Torch-stand, a large candlederness.
stickfortapers or torches. 2. (Mil.) V. Gas-Halago, sm. Cajolery,flattery,caress, adulatador. 3. (Obs.) Person appointedformak.ng tion; cooing.
signáis in a watch-tower or light-house. 4. Halagüeñamente, ad. Endearingly, flatteringly.
Wood-cleaver or wood-cutter; a labourer em- Halagüeño, ña, a. Endearing, attractive, f'awnployed to fell wood and cut timber. 5. (Prov.) ing,flattering,meek, gentle.
Halar, ra. (Nau.) To haul, to pulí by a rope.
Carpenter.
Hachéta, sf. dim. 1. A small hatchet. 2. A
Halar ul viento, (Nau.) To haul the wind.
small torch or link.
Halcón, sm. (Orn.) Falcon, a hawk trained foi
Hacho, sm. Fagot or bundle of straw or feathersport. Falco, L.
grass covered with pitch or resin.
Halconado, da, a. Falcon or hawk-líke.
Hachón, sm. 1. A large torch made of bass and Halconcíco, íllo, íto, sm. dim. Jashawk, a young
pitch. 2. Kind of alt*, on which bonfires
falcon or hawk.
are lighted for illuminations.
Halconear, ra. (Coll.) 1. To look and inveigle:
Hachuéla, sf. dim. A small hatchet or axe. Va- applied to women of the town. 2. (Met.) T o .
chuela de abordar, (Nau.) Boarding-axe.
look about as haughty as a falcon ; to view
Hacia, ad. Towards, in a directíon to, near to, with contempt.
about. Hacia adelante, Forward. Hacía acá
Halconera, sf. Place where faleons are kept.
or hacia esta parte, Hitherward, hitherwards.
Halconería, sf. The sport offowlingwith hawks.
Hacia donde, Whither, towards which, to Halconero, sm. Falcouer, one who rears or tratas
what place, to where. Hacia casa, hacia su hawks for sport.
pais,flomeward,homewards.
Halda, sf. 1. Bag or sack made of sack-cloth.
Hacienda, sf. 1. Landed property, lands, tene- 2. Skirt of a garment. V. Falda. Haldas en
ments, having. 2. Estáte, fortune, wealíh.
cinta, (Coll.) Disposed and ready for any
3. Domestic work done by the servatos of
thing. De haldas ó de mangas, (Coll.) Justly
the house. Hacer hacienda, To mind one's or unjustly, with good or ill will, in any way
business,todo what is to be done. Hacien- Haldada, sf. Skirt fuU of any thing.
das apalabradas, Goods already bespoken.Huldeár, rn. T o run along with the skirts flying
Real hacienda, Exchequer. Ministro de ha-loóse.
cienda, The Chancellor of the Exchequer. Haldíca, illa, íta, sf. dim. A small skirt.
Haciente, pa. Agent, doer. Fe haciente, (Law)
Haldúdo, da, a. Havingflyingskirts.
Applied to such testimonies and instruments Haleche, sm. Horsemackerel, a kind of macke
as constitute evidence in a court of justice,
reí. V. Escombro.
Hacimiénto, sm. Acting, doing, the act or ac- Halieto, sm. Sea eagle.
tion. Hacimiento de gracias, Thanksgiving.
Hálito, sm. 1. Breath, the air drawn in and
Hacimiénto de rentas, The act of disposing of ejected out of the body. 2. Vapour. 3. (Poet.)
a farm, léase, etc. by public auction.
Soft air.
Hacina, sf. 1. Stock or rick of corn piled up in Hallado, da, a. Found. Bien hallado, Very fasheaves. 2. A n y collectiou of things placed
miliar, welcome, easy, contented. Mal haregularly one over another.
llado, Uneasy, not at ease, constrained.—pp.
Hacinador, ra, s. Stack-maker, one who piles up of Hallar.
the sheaves of corn. Hacinador de riquezas,
Hallador, ra, s. 1. Finder, discoverer, 2. (Obs.)
Hoarder of riches.
Inventor.
Hacinamiento, sm. 1. Accumulation, act of heap-Hallar, ra. 1. Tofind,to obtain by seardrng
ing or hoarding up. 2. Acervation, coaceror seeking. 2. Tofind,to hit on or to hit
vation, heaping together.
upon by chance, to perceive by accident. 3
Hacinar, ra. 1. To stack or pile up sheaves of
Tofind,to meet with, to fall upon. 4. To
4G7
2 H2
HAR
HAT
find out, to discover. 5. To find, to gain
by
leunger,
lubbard, micher, an idle, lazy person
any mental endeavour, to invent, to excogí2. Idle, slothful, ínactive, indolent.
tete. 6. To find, to remark, to observe, to Haraganaménte, aa*. Idlely, lazüy, slothfully,
note; to compare, to verify. 7. T ofind,to
indolently.
discover something hidden. 8. T ofind,to Haraganázo, za, a. augm. Very idle.
letect, to catch ; to understand, to compre- Haraganear, vn. T o lead an idle Ufe, to be lazy,
hend. 9. Tz manifest, to show any thing
to act the truant, to lounge, to idle,toloiter.
unexpectod.—vr. 1. T o meet oecasionally in Haraganería, sf. Idleness, laziness, sluggishany place, ti light, to happen tofind,to fall
ness, inactivity, slothfulness ; luskishness.
upon by chance. 2. T o be content or pleased Haráldo, Haraúte, sm. (Obs.) Herald, king at
in any place. 3. T o be somewhere. 4. To
arms.
find himself, to be, to fare with regard to Harapo, sm. R a g hanging down from torn
ease or pain.
clothes; fringe.
Hallazgo, sm. 1. The act offihdingor recover- Harbár, ra. (Obs.) To huddle, to perform in i
ing any thing lost. 2. Reward given for find- hurry.
ing any thing lost. 3. Thing found.
Harem, sm. Harem, Turkish seraglio.
Hallulla, sf, 1. A kind of paste made and used Harija, sf. Mill-dust, the flour whichfliesabout
in a corn-mill.
to feed fowls. 2. V. Hallullo.
Hallullo, sm. Cake baked on or under cinders. Harina, sf. 1. Flour, the edible part of corn and
Halo, Halón, sm. (Astr.) Halo, a red circle
meal. 2. (Met.) Powder, dust
round the sun or moon.
Harinádo, sm. Flour dissolved in water.
Halotécnia, sf. (Littl. us.) The science whichHarinero, sm. 1. Mealman, One who deals in
treats of salte.
flour. 2. Place whereroealorflouris kept.
Halóza, sf. Wooden shoe. V. Galocha.
Harinero, ra, a. Made o'fflour,belonging to
Hamaca, sf. Hammock, a kind of bed suspended
flour.
between two trees or posts
Harinoso, sa, a. Mealy, that which contains
Hamaquero, sm. Person who carries a hammeal.
mock.
Hárma, sf. (Bot.) V. Gamarza.
Hamáno, sm. A kind of pink cotton stuff which Harmága, sf. (Bot.) V. Gamarza.
comes from the Levant.
Harmonía, sf. Harmony. V. Armonía and ito
Hambre, sf. 1. Hunger, the natural desire of adjunets.
food; appetite; the pain felt from fasting. Harmonísta, sm. Musirían.
Tener hambre, T o be hungry, to have an ap- Harneríco, íllo, íto, sm. dim. A small sieve.
petite. 2. Scarcity and dearth of provisions, Harnero, sm. Sieve. V. Criba. Estar hecho un
famine. 3. Greediness, eagerness of appeflamero, T o be covered with wounds.
tite or desire. 4. Hunger, a violent desire Harón, na, a. (Obs.) Slow, inactive, sluggish.
of any thing. Acosado de hambre, Pinched Harpagón, sm. Harrow.
with hunger. Muerto de hambre, Starved Harpéo, sm. (Nau.) Grapnel, grapling, grapwith hunger.
pling-iron or grapple.
Hambrear, rn. T o hunger, to be hungry, to Harpón, sm. V. Arpón.
crave victuals.—ra. 1. T o hunger, to cause Hartar, ra. 1. To stuff with eating and drinking;
hunger. 2. To starve, to famish, to kill with
to glut. 2. T o cloy, to satiate, tofillto loathhunger, to subdue by famine.
ing. 3. To satiate, to gratify desire. 4. To
Hambrientamente, ad. Hungrily.
satiate, to satisfy, tofillto uneasiness, to fill
Hambriento, ta, a. 1. Hungry, starved, hungerly, beyond natural desire. 5. Joined with de and
hungred, greedy, ravenoiis. 2. Greedy, eager, any nouus, it signifies to give or to cause an
vehemently desirous.
abundance or excess of the things expressed
by the nouns.
Hambrón, na, s. (Coll.) A hungry fellow, one
who is often hungry.
Hartazgo, sm. Satiety, the act of glutting or filling beyond natural desire.
Hamédis, sf. A sort of musito.
Haméz, sf. A distemper in hawks or faleons Harto, ao\ Enough.
which makes them lose their feathers.
Harto, ta, a. and pp. irr. of Hartar, 1. Satiate,
Hampa, sf. Bully, bragger, boasfer ; life of a
satiated, glutted, full of satiety. 2. Sufficient,
full, complete.
company of rogues and vagabonds formerly
in Andalusia, who used a jargon, like gyp- Hartura, sf. 1. Satiety, futaess beyond desire oí
sies, called Gerigonza or Germanía.
pleasure, glut, cloyment. 2. Plenty, abundance.
Hampesco, ca, a. Vagabond, villainous, vainglorious.
Hasíz, sm. Guard or keeper of silk.
Hampo, Hampón, a. Bold, valiant, licen- Hasta, ad. Until, as far as; also, even. Hasta
tious.
no mas, To the highest pitch. Hasta ahora,
Hanega, sf. A dry measure. V. Fanega.
hasta aquí, Hitherto.
Hanegáda, sf. Quantity of land sown with a. faHastial, sm. (Obs.) V. Fachada or Frontispicio.
nega oí corn.
Hastiar, ra. T o loathe, to créate disgust.
Hanquílla, sf. A kind of boat.
Hastío, sm. Loathing, want of appetite; disgust,
Hánzo, sm. (Obs.) Hilarity, facundity.
abhorring.
Háo, interj. (Obs.) Holla, a vulgar word used Hataca, sf. (Ob3.) 1. A large kind "of wooden
iu calling to any one at a distance.
ladle. 2. Rolltog-pto, with which paste >i
Maquilla, íta, sf. dim. Very little pony.
moulded.
Haragán, na, s. and a. 1. Idler, loiterer, lingerer,
Hatajar, ra. To divide cattle intoflocksoí herd»
468
HAZ
HEC
Hatajo, sm. 1. A small herd of cattle. 2. Assem- Hazteálla, sf. Roughness or austerity in be-blage, collection ; abundance.
haviour or disposition.
Hatear, vn. T o collect one's clothes necessary He, ad. Behold, look here. It is used with pro«
for travelling, when on a journey.
nouns, as te, lo, los, etc. and aquí or allí.
Hatería, sf. AUowance of provisto js, and clothes
H e , interj. 1. H o ! hoa! a sudden exclamation
for shepherds when travelUng with their
to give notice of any thing. 2. Hark! list •
flocks.
hear I listen ! 3. W h a t ? what do you
Hatero, sm. Shepherd or other person who carsay?
ries provisions to those who attend a flock qf Hebdómada, sf. 1. Hebdomad, a week, a spaat
sheep.
of seven days. 2. Seven years.
Hatero, ra, a. Applied to the animáis that carry Hebdomadario, ria, s. Hebdomadary, a membej
the shepherd's baggage.
of a ehapter or convent, whose week it is te
Hatíjo, sm. Covering of straw or feathergrass
officiate in the choir.
over bee-hives.
Hebén, a. 1. Applied to white grapes, like musHatillo, sm. -dim. A few clothes. Echar el hati-cadels. 2. (Obs.) Empty, futile : appUed to
llo al mar, T o irrítate, to vex one's self. Co- persons.
go
ger or tomar su hatillo or el hatillo, ToHebetár,
rn. (Littl. us.) T o hebetate, to stupefy.
away, to leave a place.
Hebilla, sf. B uckle, a link of metal with a tongue
Hato, sm. 1. Clothes, wearing apparel. 2. A large or catch, toade to fasten one thing to ano
herd of cattle. Un hato de carneros, A flock ther ; a clasp, a fermillet.
or fold of sheep. 3. Provisions for shepherds, Hebilláge, sm. Collection of buckles, or mountfor some days' consumption. 4. Heap, duster, ing of horses, accoutrements.
number driven together. 5. Herd, in con- Hebilléta, íca, íta, uéla, sf. dim. SmaU buekle.
tempt a company of m e n ; a crowd, multi- Hebillár, va. T o buekle, to fasten with a buckle.
tude or meeting of suspicious people. 6. As- Hebillón, sm. augm. A large buckle.
semblage, collection, abundance. 7. (Coll.) Hebillóna, ota, sf.augm. V. Hebillón.
V. Corrillo. 8. Fold, place chosen by shepHebra, sf. L A needleful of thread of linen,
herds to eat and sleep near their flocks.
yarn, worsted or silk, or as much thread as is
Haubítz, sm. (Gunn.) Howitzer a kind of ordgenerally put at one time in the needle. 2.
nance.
Capillament of the fiower or blossom of
Haya, sf. (Bot.) 1. Beech-tree. Fagus, L. Haya saffron and other plants. 3. Vein of minerals
común or silvática, C o m m o n beech. Tagus or metáis. 4. Fibre,filament.5. (Poet.) Hair.
silvática, L. 2. Presente formerly given to
Cortar la hebra, To cut the thread of life.
dancing-masters by their pupils.
«Ser or estar de buena hebra, T o be strong
Hayal, Hayedo, sm. Plantation of beech-treer.
and robust. 6. Toughness,flexibility,pliaHayéno, na, a. (Obs.) Beechen.
bility. Hebras, FUaments, smallfibresof the
Hayo, sm. Indian shrub.
roots of trees ; hairs.
Hayucál, sm. (Prov.) Grove of beech-trees.
Hebraico, ca, a. Belonging to the Hebrews.
Hayuco, sm. Beech mast, fruit of the beech.
Hebraísmo, sm. Hebraism.
Haz, sm. Fagot, fascine, a bundle of brush Hebraizánte, sm. Hebrician, hebraist.
wood or sticks ; a bundle of hay or grass ; a Hebrea, sf. Jewess.
sheaf of corn.—sf. 1. Outside or right side Hebreo, sm. 1. A Hebrew; ñame giventoAbraof cloth. 2. Surface of the ground, face of
ham the son of Heber, and his descendants.
the country. 3. (Obs.) Face or front of a
2. (Coll.) A merchant, a tradesman.
wall; facade of a building. Sobre ¡a haz de Hebreo, éa, a. Hebraic, Judaical. A' la hebrea,
la tierra, Upon the face of the earth. A so- In the Hebrew manner. Hebreo, Hebrew lan
bre haz, Apparently, exteriorly, atfirstview. guage.
En haz y en paz, With common consent and Hebréro, sm. (Obs.) Febraary. V. Febrero.
approbatíon. Ser de dos haces, To be double-Hebrica, ülai íta, sf. dim. A small needleful of
faced, to say one thing and think another.
thread.
4. (Obs.) Rank andfileof soldiers.
Hebroso, sa, a. Fibrous,filaceous;consisting of
Haza, sf. 1. Piece of cultivated land. 2. (Obs.) manyfibresand threads.
Bundle of thongs.
Hecatómba, Hecatombe, sm. Hecatomb, a saHazábra, sf. A small kind of coasting vessels.
crifice of an hundred cattle.
Hazáda, sf. V. Azada.
Hecha, sf. (Obs.) 1. V. Hecho. 2. (Prov.) LandHazadón, sm. V. Azadón.
tax. De esta hecha, From this time.
Hazalája, sf. A towel.
Hechiceresco, ca, a. Relating to witchcraft.
Hazaña, sf. 1. Exploit, achievement, a heroic Hechicería, sf. 1. Witchcraft, the practices of
feat. 2. Ignoble action.
witches. 2. Witchery, enchantment. 3,
Hazañería, sf. Show or affectation of scrupu- Charmingness, the power of pleasing.
losity.
Hechicero, ra, s. and a. 1. Witch; hag. 2.
Hazañero, ra, a. Frudish, affectedly grave and
Charmer, enchanter, bewitcher. 3. Charming,
scrupulous.
bewítching, charmful, pleasing or attractive
Hazañero, ra, s. Affected, prudish peison.
in the highest degree.
Hazañosamente, aa*. Valorously.
Hechizar, ra. l.To bewitch,towitch,toenchant,
Hazañoso, sa, a. Valiant, courageous, heroic.
to injure by witchcraft. 2. To charm, tiHazcóna, sf. Dart. V. Dardo.
please irresistibly, to fascínate.
Hazmereír, sm. Ridiculous person, laughing- Hechizo, sm, 1. Bewitchment, fascination, 2
stock, gazing-stock or jesting-sfock
Enchantmsrit, irresistible power of pleasing
169
HEI
HKM
enchanter, charmer. 3. Entertatement, amusewithout action ; to be stupefied ; to be dispi
,meht.
rited.
Hechizo, za, a. Made or done on purpose ; arti-Hele, Hétele aquí, aa*. Behold if, look here,
ficial, factitious, imitated. well-adapted.
V. He.
Hecho, cha, a. and pp. irr. of Hacer, \. Made,
Heleár, ra. (Prov.) T o point with the finger.
done. 2. Accustomed, inured, used. Hecho Helécho, sm. (Bot.) Fern-filix. Helécho maal trabajo, Inured to labour and hardship. cho, Male fern. Tectariafilixmas, Car. HeHecho un león, Like a líon. Hombre hecho,
lecho hembra, Female fern-tectaríafilixfaeA m a n of experience. Tiempo hecho, (Nau.) . mina, Cav.
Settled weather. Viento hecho, (Nau.) SteadyHelena, sf. (Nau.) Castor and Pollux, a meteor,
wind.
which in violent tempesto sometimes appears
Hecho, sm. 1. Action, well oí ill performed. 2. on the masts of ships, called also nightfire oí
Act, feat. 3. Event, íncident. 4. Subject
jack with a lantern.
or matter discussed. 5. (Law) Point litigated. Helenismo, sm. Hellenism, Greek idiom.
De hecho, In fact, actually, effectually. EnHelenista, sm. Hellenist, a ñame given to the
hecho de verdad, In truth. Hombre de hecho, Jews of Alexandria, who spoke Greek, or te
A m a n of his word. Hecho y derecho, Ver- the Greeks who embraced Judaism.
feet, absolute, complete; right. A hecho, Heléra, sf. Pip, disease in fowls.
Ineessantly, indiscriminately.
Helgado, da, a. Jag-toothed.
Hechor, ra, s. (Obs.) Factor.
Helgadura, sf. Irregularity of the teeth.
Hechura, sf. 1. Act of performing or domg any Heliáco, ca, a. Heliacal,risingor setting of a
star.
thing. 2. The work done or made, and the
prieé of making it. 3. Form, cut, shape, Hélice, sf. 1. (Astr.) Northern constellation of
fashion, make, making,figureor form given
ursa major. 2. Helix or helical line.
to a thing. 4. (Obs.) Effigy, statue. 5. Heliocéntrico, ca, a. (Ast.) Heliocentric, appearWorkmanship. 6. Creature, client, a person
ing from the centre of the sun.
who owes his rise or fortune to another.
Helidmetro, sm. Heliometer.
Heciénto, ta, a. Full of lees.
Helioscópía, sm. 1. (Bot) Wart-wort, sunHectóreo, ea, a. Belonging to Hector.
spurge. Euphorbia helioscopia, L. 2. HeHedentina, sf. Stench, sttak.
lioscope,telescopepeculiarlyfittedfor viewing the sun.
Heder, rn. 1. T o stink, to emit an offénsive
smell, to fust, to smell ill. 2. (Met.) To vex, Heliotrópio, Heliotrópo, sm. I, (Bot.) Turnsol,
to fatigue, to be intolerable.
heliotrope. HeUotropium, L. 2. Heliotrope,
a precious stone.
Hediondamente, ad. Sttokingly.
Hediondez, sf. A strong stench or stink ; thingHelmíntico, ca, a. Helminthic : applied to mestinking, fustiness, fétidness.
dicines against worms.
Hediondo, da, a. 1. Fetid, emitting an offénsiveHematites, sm. Haematites, ore of iron.
smell, mephitical, stinking. 2. Irascible, pet- Hembra, sf. 1. Female, one of the sex which
tish, unpleasant. Este es un hediondo, H e is brings forth young. 2. Head of hair of woa stinkard.
men. 3. Nut of a screw. 4. Eye of a hook.
5. Hembras del timón, (Nau.) Googings of
Hediondo, sm. (Bot.) V. Gamarza.
the rudder. 6. V. Muger.
Hedor, sm. Stench, stink, fetor.
Hedrár, ra. (Prov.) To dig a second time about Hembreár, rn. 1. T o be incUned totamales:
applied to males. 2. To genérate or produce
the vines.
Hegíra, sf. Hegira, epocha of theflightof M o - tamales only.
hammed from Mecca, from which the Ara- Hembríca, illa, íta, sf. dim. A little female.
Hembrilla, sf. 1. A sort of wheat of very fine
bians begin to compute time.
grato. 2. Spool of a loom. 3. (Prov.) Leather
Heláble, a. Congealable.
trace of horses for ploughing.
Helada, sf. Frost; nip.
Hembrúno, na, a. (Prov.) Feminine, female, beHeladura, sf. (Prov.) Jelly.
longing to the female sex.
Heladizo, za, a. Easily congealed.
Hemenciár, ra. (Obs.) T o work or execute with
Helado, da, a. and pp. oí Helar, 1. Gelid, frigid.
the greatest care and patas.
2. Frozen, congealed with cold, frostbitten,
glacial, icy. 3. Frozen, chill in afleetion, in-Hemiciclo, sm. V. Semicírculo.
Hemicránea, sf. Hemícrany, a disease.
differeut. 4. Astonished, astounded.
Heroína, sf. 1. A measure containing the third
Helado, sm. Ice-cream; concreted sugar.
Helamiento, sm. Congelation, frostiness, glacia- part of a fanega. 2. Hemina, á Greek liquid
measure.
tion.
Helar, va. and n. 1. T o congeal, to turn by frostHemionife, sf. 1. (Bot.) Hemionitis, L. 2. Hemionity, hart's tongue. Asplenium hemioni.
. from afluidto a solid state, to ice or to tura
tis, L.
to ice. 2. Tofreeze,to congeal or to be congealed with cold. 3. T o freeze, to chill by Hemiplégia, sf. (Med.) Hemiplegy, a disease.
the loss of power or motion. 4. To astound, Hemisférico, ca, a. Hemispheric, hemispherical,
to astonish, to amaze. 5. T o dispirit, to dis- half round.
courage.—vr. 1. To freeze, to be congealed Hemisferio, sm. Hemisphere, half-spheie, the
half of a globe, where it is supposed to be
with cold, to be frozen. 2. T o glaciate, to
cut through its centre.
turn into ice. 3. T o congeal, to concrete, to
gather into a mass by cold ; to be coa- Hemistiquio, sm. Hernistich or hemistic, half a
verse.
gulated. 4. To grow motionless, to remain
470
HER
HER
Herbáceo, cea, a. 1 Herby, having the nature
Hemorragia, sf. Hemorrhage, hemorrhagy, flux
of herbs. 2. Herbaceous, belonging to herbs,
of blood.
Hemorroida, sf. 1. V. Hemorroide. 2. V. He-Herbáge, sm. 1. Herbage, grass, pasture, feeding. 2. Payment for pastuiage. 3. (Prov )
morroo.
Tribute to a new king for cattle. 4. Kind of
Hemorroide, sm. (Med.) Pile, hemorrhoid, a
disease.
ancient coarse cloth made of herbs.
Herbagéro, sm. One who rento meadows or pasHemorroidal, a. Hemorrhoidal.
tures ; one who lets pasturage.
Hemorróo, sm. Kind of serpent.
Herbajar, rn. To pasture, to graze cattle.—va.
Henar, sm. Meadow of hay.
Henchidór, ra, s. Fíller, satiator, one who
T o inclose afieldfor pasture.
filis.
Herbar, ra. To dress skins with herbs.
Herbario, sm. 1. V. Botánico. 2. Hertarium,
Henchidura, sf. Repletion, act of filling.
Henchimiento, sm. Abundance, repletion. Hena hortus-siccus, collection of dried plants.
chimientos, (Nau.) Filling timbers, used toHerbario, ria, a. Herbaceous, of or belonging
fill up the vacant part of the ship's frame.
to herbs.
Herbátu or Herbitum, sm. (Bot.) Sulphur-wort,
Henchir, ra. 1. To fill up. 2. T o stuff or to fill
hog's fennel. Peucedanum, L.
with mingled ingredients, to farce. 3. To sow
discord, to produce mischief.—rr. T ofillone's Herbazal, sm. A place herbaged or covered with
self. Henchirse de lepra, T o be covered with herbs or grass ; a pasture ground for cattle.
the leprosy.
Herbecer, rn. To begiu to grow: applied to
Hendedór, ra, s. Divider, one who divides or
herbs or grass.
Herbífero, ra, a. Herbiferous, bearing or prosplits any thing.
Hendedura, sf. Fissure, crack, rent, chink, cleft,ducing herbs.
cranny, crevice, cut, an opening or aperture Herbívoro, ra, a. Herbivorous, herbaceous, feeding on herbs.
longwíse.
Hender, ra. 1. To chink, to break into aperturesHerbolado, da, a. Applied to things poisoned
or chtoks, to crack, toflaw,to break, to fis- with the juice of plants, as daggers, darts.
sure, to cleave, to split. 2. To go through ; Herbolaria, sf. (Littl. us.) Herbwoman, a woman
that sells herbs.
to open a passage. 3. T o break into pieces.
—vr. To gape, to open infissuresor holes. Herbolario, sm. 1. Herbalist, herbarist, herbist,
Hendible, a. Fissile, capable of being split.
a person skilled in herbs, 2. Herbman, he
Hendido, da, a. and pp. oí Hender, Cranuied, who sells herbs. 3. Aridiculousextravagant
full of chtoks.
man. 4. (Obs.) V. Botánico.
Hendidura, sf. V. Hendedura.
Herborización, sf. Herborization, botanizing.
Hendiente, sm. (Obs.) Down-stroke of a sword Herborizadór, Herborizante, sm. Herbalist, heror edged tool.
barist, one who herborizes.
Hendríja, sf. (Prov.) A smallfissureor crack. Herborizar, rn. To herborize, to go in search of
Henil, sm. Hay-loft, a place where hay is pre- different herbs and plants.
served.
Herboso, sa, a. Herbous, herby, grassy, aboundHeno, sm. Hay, grass dried to fodder cattle in
ing in herbs.
winter.
Hercúleo, ea, a. 1. Herculean. 2. Epileptic.
Henogíl, sm. V. Cenogil.
Hércules, sm. 1. (Obs.) Epilepsy, a convulsive
Heñir, ra. To knead dough or the paste of bread. motion of the whole body, or of its parts. 2.
Hay mucho que heñir, (Coll.) There is much (Astr.) A northern constellation.
to do. Tiene mucho que heñir, (CoU.) It is
Heredad, sf. 1. Piece of ground which is cultivery difficult.
vated and bears fruit. 2. (Obs.) HereditaHepática, sf. (Bot.) Liverwort Anemone hepá- ment.
tica, L.
Heredadéja, sf. dim. oí Heredad.
Hepático, ca, a. Hepatíc, hepatical, belonging Heredado, da, a. V. Hacendado. Estar hereto the liver.
dado, T o be in possession of one's family
Heptacórdo, sm. Heptachord, a musical instruproperty.—pp. oí Heredar.
ment.
Heredamiento, sm. Landed property, lands, teHeptagonal, a. (Math.) Heptagonal. V. Heptá- nements.
gono, which is more used.
Heredar, ra. 1. T o inherit,toheir. 2. T o make
Heptágono, na, a. Heptagonal, having seven
over any kind of property to another, to be
angles or sides.
possessed by himself and his heirs or sucHeptágono, sm. Heptegon, afigureconsisting
cessors. 3. T o possess the disposition or
of seven sides and angles.
temperament of their fathers: applied to chil
Heptárquia, sf. Heptórchy, a sevenfold govern- dren.
ment.
Heredera, sf. Heiress, a woman that inhents.
heráldica, sf. Heraldry, the art and office of a V. Heredero.
herald.
Heredero, sm. 1. Heir, one that is inheritor to
Heráldico, ca, a. Heraldic, that which relates or any thing left by a deceased person. 2. Heir,
belongs to a herald.
one possessíng the same propensities as his
Heraldo, sm. Herald, an officer whose business predecessors. 3. (Prov.) Vintager, one who
ít is to register genealogies and adjust argathers the vintage. Heredero forzoso, Heii
morial ensigns.
apparent.
Hernpríca, sf. (Pharm.) Hierapicra, a bitter, Hereditáble, a. (Obs.) Hereditable.
purgative medicine.
Hereditariamente, ad. Hereditarily.
471
HER
HER
Hereditario, ria, a. Hereditary, belonging to or ther.—rn. T o fratemize, to join, to unite.—
claímed by right of inheritance ; lineal or derr. To love one another as brothers.
rived from ancestors; gentílitious or entailed Hermanastro, sm. (Prov.) Half-brother.
on a family.
Hermanazgo, sm. Fraternity, brotherhood.
Herége, s. com.. Heretic, one who propagatesHermandad, sf. 1. Fraternity, the state or quaopinions in opposition to the catholie church.
lity of a brother. 2. Oonformity, resemblance,
3. Amity, friendship. 4. Brotherhood, confraCara de herege, Hideous or deformed aspect
of any one.
ternity, an association of men under certain
Heregía, sf. 1. Heresy, an opinión of prívate m e n rules for some determínate purpose; fraterdifferent from that of the orthodox church.
nity. La santa hermandad, A kind of court
2. Literary error, contrary to the principies
of justice, which had the right of trying and
of a science. 3. Injurious expression against
punishing without appeal such persons as
any one.
had committed any offences or mísdemea>
Heréja, sf. (Obs.) Female heretic.
nours infieldsand roads.
Herejázo, sm. augm. A perttoacious heretic, an Hermanear, ra. T o treat as a brother.
heresiarch.
Hermaníca, illa, íta, sf. dim. A little sister.
Herejóte, ta, s. augm. A perttoacious heretic. Hermauíco, íllo, íto, sm. dim. A little brother.
Herén, sm. (Bot.) Vetch. V. Yero.
Hermano, na, a. Matched, suitable, having reHerencia, sf. Inheritance, hereditament, heri- semblance.
tage, héirskip, heirdom.
Hermano, na, s. 1. Brother, one born of the
Heresiárca, sm. Heresiarch, a leader to heresy.
same parents with another. 2. Brother-in- :
Heresiólogo, sm. (Littl. us.) Writer on heresies. law. 5. Similarity; as among the members of :
Heretical, a. Heretical, containing heresy.
a religious community. Hermano carnal,
Heréticamente, aa*. (Littl. us.) Heretically.
Brother by the same father and mother. HerHereticár, ra. (Obs.) To believe and defend permano de leche, Foster-brother. Hermano de ,5
tinaciously any heresy.
trabajo, (Prov.) V. Ganapán.
Hermano ,-*
Herético, ca, a. Heretical, concerning heresy or político, Brother-in-law.
Medio hermano, '••'
belonging to it
Half-brother.—pl. 1. Members of the same x
Héria, sf. Strolling vagrant V. Hampa.
religious confraternity. 2. Lay-brothers of a
Herida, sf. 1. Wound. 2. Affliction, any thing reUgious order.
which afflicte the mind. 3. Injury, outrage, Hermanuco, sm. Ñ a m e given in contempt to
mischief. 4. Place where the game perches
lay-brothers of some religious orders.
when pursued by the hawk.
Herméticamente, ad. Hermetically.
Heridéro, sm. Place where a wound is inflicted. Hermético, ca, a. Hermetical, chemical.
Herido, da, a. and pp. oí Herir, 1. Wounded. Hermodáctilo, sm. Hermodadil or hermodactiMalherido, Dangerously wounded. 2. (Obs.)
lus ; snake's head. Iris tuberosa, L.
Bloody, cruel. A grito herido, With loudHermosamente, aa*. Beautifully, bandsomely
cries. A pendón herido, Ardently, conten- lovely; perfectly, properly.
tiously. Bienes heridos, Estafes b'urdened Hermoseadór, ra, s. Beautifier.
with some incumbrance by their former pos- Hermosear, ra. T o beautify, to embellish, to
sessors.
accomplish, to handsome, to adorn, to add
beauty.
Heridór, ra, s. Wounder, striker.
Herimiénto, sm. 1. Act of wounding. 2. Con- Hermosílla, sf. 1. (Bot.) Blue throat-wort.
junction of vowels in a syllable ; elisión.
Trachelium coeruleum, L. 2. Kind of silk
Herir, ra. 1. To wound, to break the continuity
stuff.
of the animal body. 2. To wound, to hurt Hermoso, sa, a. 1. Beautiful, handsome, graceby violence, to cause either bodily or mental
ful, lovely, comely, ueat, goodly,fine,beaupain, to harm, to mischief. 3. T o shine upon,
teous, fair. 2. (Obs.) Rare, uncommon.
to cast his beams upon, to irradíate : applied Hermosura, sf. 1. Beauty, that assemblage of
to the sun. 4. T o knock, to dash together,
graces which pleases the eye. 2. Handsometo strike, to collide. 5. To strike, or to make ness,formosity,goodliness,fineness,faimess,
an impression upon the mind or upon the
freshness. 3. Symmetry, agreement of one
senses, to affect, to touch, to move. 6. T o
part to another. 4. Beauty, a beautiful
person.
play on a stringed instrument 7. To offénd,
to pique, to irritóte: applied generally to Hernia, sf. Hernia, rupture.
words and writings.—rr. V. Agraviarse. Hernísta, sm. Surgeon who applies himself in
Herir las letras, To pronounce the letters. particular to the cure of ruptures.
Herir el casco de un navio, (Nau.) To hullHerodiáno,
a
na, a. Herodian, belongingtoHerod.
ship, to wound her hull.
Herodianos, Herodians, a Jewish sect.
Hermafrodíta, Hermafrodíto, sm. Hermaphro- Héroe, sm. 1, Hero, a m a n eminent for bravery
dite, androgyne, an animal or plant uniting
and valour. 2. Hero, the principal person to
two sexes.
any poem.
Hermana, sf. 1. Sister. 2. Siater-in-Iaw. V. Heroicamente, aa*. Heroically.
Hermano.
Heroicidad, sf. Quality or character which con
Hermanáble, a. Fraternal, brotherly.
stitutes an heroic action. V. Heroísmo.
Uermanableménte, aa*. Fraternally.
Heroico, ca, a. 1. Heroic, eminent for bravery.
Hermanál, a. Brotherly, belonging to a brother. 2. Heroica", befitting an hero. 3. Recitíng the
Hermanar, ra. 1. To match, to suit, to propor- acto of héroes. A la heroica, At the fashion
tion, to feUow, to pair. 2. To own for a bro- of heroic times.
472
HER
HIB
Herrumbroso, sa, a. 1. Rusty, drossy, scaly. 2
Heroína, sf. Heroine, a female hero.
Participating of the qualities of iron.
Heroísmo, sm. Heroism, the qualities oí characHerventar, ra. T o boil any thing.
ter of an hero.
Herpe, sm. Herpes, tetter, a cutaneous disease : Hervidero, sm. 1. Ebullition, the noise and agitation of afluidwhich boils in bubbies. 2.
commonly used in plural.
Kind of water-clock or small spring, whence
Herpético, ca, a. Herpetic.
water bubbies out. 3. Rattüng in the throat,
Herrada, sf. Pail, a wooden vessel in which
4. Multitude, great quantity or number.
liquids are carried.
Herrada, a. Applied to water in which red-hot Hervir, rn. l.To boil, to be agitated by heat.
2. (Met.) T o swarm with vermin ; to be
iron has been cooled.
crowded with people. 3. T o be fervent to be
Herradero, sm. 1. Place destined for marking
vehement. Hervir el garbanzuelo T o be too
cattle with a hot hon. 2. T h e act of marking
soUcitous and clamorous.
cattle with a hot iron.
Hervor, sm. 1. Ebullition, the agitation of boilHerrador, sm. Farrier, a shoer of horses.
Herradura, sf. 1. Shoe: speaking of animáis. ing fluids; exestuation. 2. Fervoui, heat,
Herradura de caballo, Horse-shoe. 2. Collar vigour; fret. 3. ( M e t ) Noise and movement of waters. Alzar or levantar el hervor,
or necklace in the form of a horse-shoe,
T o begin to boil.
which ladies wear about their neck.
Herráge, sm. 1. Ironwork, pieces of iron used Hervorcíco, íllo, íto, sm. dim. oí Hervor.
for ornament and strength. Herrage de un Hervoroso, sa, a. (Obs.) V . Fogoso.
navio, (Nau.) Ironwork of a ship. 2. Horse- Hesitación, sf. (Littl. us.) Hesitation, doubt,
shoe, an iron píate nailed to the feet of horses. perplexity, want of resolution ; hesitancy.
Hesitar, r». (Littl. us.) T o hesitate, to doubt.
3. V . Uerrax.
Herramental, sm. and a. B a g or pouch with in- Hespéride, Hespérido, da, a. L Relating to the
Pleiades. 2. (Poet.) Western.
struments for shoeing horses, and what beHespérides, sf. pl. V . Pléyades.
longs to it.
Herramienta, sf. 1. Set of tools or instruments Héspero, sm. The planet Venus.
for workmen. 2. Ironwork. 3. Horns of a Heteroclítico, ca, a. (Gramm.) Heteroclite.
Heterodoxia, sf. Heterodoxy, misbelief.
beast. 4. (Coll.) Teeth, grinders.
Herrar, ra. 1. T o garnish any thing with iron. Heterodoxo, xa, a. Heterodox, deviating from
the established opinión; not orthodox.
2.To shoe horses, to nail a piece of iron-plate
to their feet. 3. T o mark cattle with a hot Heterogeneidad, sf. Heterogeneousness, heterogeneity.
iron. 4. T o mark a slave in the face.
Herráx, sm. Stones of olives after having ex- Heterogéneo, nea, a. Heterogeneous, not kindred, opposite or dissimilar in nature, heterotracted the oil. V. Errax.
gene, heterogeneal.
Herrén, sm. 1. Meslin, mixed corn for feeding
Hoteróscios, sm. pl. (Geog.) Heteroscians.
horses. 2. V. Herrenal.
Herrenal or Herrenal, sm. Piece of ground in Hética, Hetiquéz, sf. Phthisis, consumption,
hectic.
which meslin is sown.
Herrería, sf. 1. Ironworks, where iron is manu-Hético, ca, a. Hectic, hectical, affected with a
slow hectic fever; languid: it is also used as
faríured and moulded into pigs or bars. 2.
a substantive applied to a peíson affected with
Forge, the place where iron is beaten into
a hectic fever, and to a person or animal who
form. 3. Clamour, a loud, confused noise.
is very thin.
Herreríco, íllo, íto, sm- dim. A little smith.
Herrerillo, sm. Small bird with blue back and Hexacórdo, sm. (Mus.) Hexachord.
Hexaedro, sm. Hexaedron, a cube.
red breast.
Herrero, sm. Smith, one w h o forges with the Hexágono, sm. Hexagon, a plainfigureconsisting of six sides.
h a m m e r or beats iron into form.
Hexágono, na, a. Hexagonal, having six sides
Herrerón, sm. A bad smith.
or corners.
Herreruelo, sm. 1. (Orn.) Stone-chatter. Motacilla provincialis, L. 2. V . Ferreruelo. 3. Hexámetro, sm. Hexameter, a verse of six feet.
Hexapéda, sf. V. Toesa.
(Dim.) V . Herrerico.
Herrete, sm. Tag, the point of tin or other metal Hexástilo, sm. (Arch.) Hexastyle, a building
put at the end of a lace, cord or string.
with six columns in front.
Herretear, ra. T o tag a lace, to put a point of Hez, sf. 1. Lee, the dregs of liquors. 2. Dross
metal to a cord, string or ribbon.
of metáis. 3. Gratas of malt. La hez del
Herretéro, ra, s. Tag-make.r, a person who pttts . pueblo, T h e scum of the people. Heces,
tags to cords or strings.
Fasces, excrements.
Herrezuélo, sm. Light piece of iron.
Hi, Hi, Ai, interj. Expression of merriment oí
Herriál, a. Applied to a kind of large black
laughter.
grapes, and to the vines which bear them.
Hi, aa*. (Obs.) V . Allí.
Herrín, sm. Rust of iron.
Hi, sm. Used for hijo, son. Hi de puta, ( L o w )
Herrón, sm. Staple with a ring, in the middle of
A by-word expressive of astonishment oí
which is a hole, at which boys pitch quoits ;
wonder.
a quoit.
Hiádas, Hiádes, sf. pl. V. Pléyades.
Herronáda, sf L A violent blow or stroke. 2. Hiáute, a. Applied to a verse with a hiatus.
(Met.) Blow with a bird's beak.
Hiato, sm. Hiatus, pause or cacophony by tha
Herrugiénto, ta, a. Rusty.
suceession of an initial to a final vowel.
Herrumbre, sf. Rust of iron ; irony taste,
Hibernal, Hibernízo, za, a. Hibernal, wintryi
473
Hll)
HIG
Hibernar, rn. (Prov.) T o winter, to live D someHidrómetro, sm. Hydrometer, instrument fot
place during the winter.
measuring the weight of fluids.
Hibierno, sm. Winter. V. Invierna.
Hidropesía, sf. 1. Dropsy. 2. (Met) Insatiable
Hil n's co, sm. (Bot.) Syrian mal low, althaea fru- desire of riches or honours.
Hidrópico, ca, a. Hydropic, hydropical, diseased
tex. Hibiscus syriacus, L.
with the dropsy.
Hibléo, bléa, a. (Poet.) Abundant; pleasant;
belonging to mount Hybla.
Hidróscopo, sm. Hydroscope, water-clw k.
Híbrida, sf. Hybridous animal, as a mulé; hy- Hidrostática, */. Hydrostatics, the science of
weighingfluids,or weighíng bodies in fluids.
brídous words,—a. Hybridous, hybrid.
Hicocérvo, sm. Fabulous animal; chimera a Hidrostáticaménte, ad. Hydrostatically.
Hidrostático, ca, a. HydrostoticaL
vain and wild fancy.
Hidalgamente, ad. Ñobly, in a gentlemanüke Hidrotecnia, sf. The art of making engines for
manner.
moving and raising water.
Hidalgárse, rr. (Coll.) To assume the noble- Hiedra arbórea, sf. (Bot.) Ivy. Hederá heman, to affect the gentleman.
Ux, L.
Hidalgo, ga, a. Noble, illustrious, exceüent, ex- Hiedra terrestre, sf. (Bot.) Ground-ivy or comm o n ground-ivy. Glechoma hederacea, L.
altad.
Hidalgo, ga, s. Hidalgo, a noble m a n or woman,Hiél, sf. 1. Gall, bile, an animal juice of a yeliow colour and bitter taste. 2. (Met.) Bittera person of noble descent, one who is ennobled. Hidalgo de bragueta, O n e who enjoys ness, asperity. Echar la hiél, T o labour excessively. No tener hiél, To be meek, simple
the privileges of nobility on account of his
and gentle. Estar hecho de hiéles, To be as
being father of seven sons without any intervening female child. Hidalgo de gotera, bitter as gall. Hieles, Calamities, misfortunes, toils. Dar á beber hieles, T o make
H e who enjoys the rights of nobility in one
one Uve a most wretched life.
place or town only.
Hidalgón, na; Hidalgóte, ta, s. augm. A n oídHiél de la tierra, sm. 1. (Bot.) C o m m o n fumitory or earth smoke. Fumaria officinalis, /..
noble m a n or woman, proud of the rights and
2. C o m m o n erythraea. Erythrsea ceutouprivileges of their class.
Hidalguéjo, ja, Hidalguéte,to,Hidalguíllo, Ua, rium, P.
*, aVm. A petty country squire, a poor gentle- Hielo, sm. 1. Frost, ice, crystalUzed water. 2.
Congelation. 3. (Met.) Coolness, indifference.
m a n or lady.
Hidalguía, sf. 1. Nobility, therightsand privi- 4. Astonishment, stupefadion. Hielos, Iceleges of noblemen. 2. Nobleness of mind,
creams.
liberaüty of sentiments.
Hiéltro, sm. A kind of measure.
Hidra, sf. 1. Hydra, a fabulous monsfer with Hiemal, a. Hyemal, hibernal.
many heads, related to have been killed by Hiena, sf. 1. Hyen or hyena, afierceanimal,
belonging to the family of dogs. Canis hyena,
Hercules. 2. A poisonous serpent. 3. (Met.)
L. 2. Fish in the Indian sea.
Seditions, plots.
Hidragógo, sm. and a. (Med.) Hydragogue.
Hienda, sf. (Obs.) Dung. V. Estiércol.
Hidráulica, sf. Hydraulics, the science whichHierádo, sm. (Bot.) Hawk-weed.
treats of the motion offluids,and the art of Hierárca, sf. Hierarch, among the Greeks, the
chief of a sacred order.
conveying water.
Hidráulico, ca, a. HydrauUcal, hydraulic, rela-Hieroglífico, ca, a. Hieroglyphic, hieroglyphiting to the conveyance of water through
cal, emblematícal.—sm. (Obs.) V. Gerogiífico.
pipes.
HidraúUco, sm. Professor of hydraulics.
Hierológia, sf. (Littl. us.) Hierology, discourse
on sacred things.
Hídria, sf. Jar or pitcher for water.
Hidrocéfalo, sm. (Med.) Hydrocephalus, dropsyHierománcia, sf. (Littl. us.) Hieromancy, divination by sacrifices.
in the head.
Hidrodinámica, sf. Hydrodtaamies, science Hieroscópia, sf. V. Aruspicina.
which relates to the motion of non-elastic Hierrecíco,fllo,íto, sm. dim. SmaU piece of
wrought iron.
fluids.
Hierro, sm. 1. Iron, a malleable metal. 2. A n y
Hidrofilácio, sm. Great cavern full of water.
iron tool. 3.Brand, a mark madeby burning
Hidrofobia, sf. Hydrophobia, hydrophoby, a
disease.
ddth a hot iron. 4. A n iron instrument to
Hidrófobo, sm. Person suffering hydrophobia.
wound with. Hierro de la grímpola, (Nau.)
Hidrógeno, sm. (Chem.) Hydrogen.
Spindle of the vane. Hierro albo, Red-hot
Hidrogógía, sf. The art or science of taking the iron. Hierro colado, Cast-iron. Hierro forlevel of the water.
jado, Forged iron. Es de hierro, H e is inde>
Hidrografía, sf. Hydrography, the descriptíon of fatigable or as hardy as steel. Machacar oí
the watery part of the terraqueous globe.
majar en hierro frió, T o labour in vain.
Hidrográfico, ca, a. Hydrographical.
Tienda de hierro, A n ironmonger's shop.
Hidrógrafo, sm. Hydrographer
Hierros, Irons, fetters; jail. Le echaron
Hidrológia, sf. Hydrology, descriptíon of the
hierros, They put him in irons.
nature and properties of water m general.
Higa, sf. 1. Amulet, charm, an appendant reHidrománeia, sf. Hydromancy, superstitious
medy ; a thing hung about the neck for predivination by water.
venhng or curing disease. 2. Method of
Hidrómetra, sm. Professor of hydrometry.
shutting the hand. 3. Ridicule, derision.
Hidrometría, sf. Hydrometry.
Higadillo, sm. dim. A small liver.
474
HIL
HIN
trench for dividing the water which is destined
Hígado, sm. 1. Liver, one of the entrails. 2.
for the irrigation of differeiit pieces of ground,
(Met. Coll.) Courage, valour, bravery. Tener
A la hila, (Prov.) In a row oí Une. one aftei
malos hígados, 1. T o be white livered, to be
another.
ill-disposed. 2. (Met.) T o hate. Echar los
hígados, T o be very tired or fatigued. Echar Hilacha, sf. Filament or threads raveUed out of
cloth.
los hígados por alguna cosa, (Coll.) T o desire anxiously. Malos hígados, (Coll.) 111- Hilachoso, sa, a. Filamentous.
will. Hasta los higados, (Coll.) T o the Hilada, sf. 1. R o w or line of bricks or stones in
a building. 2. V . Hilera.
heart.
Hígáte, sm. Potage, formerly m a d e of figs, Hiladíllo, sm. 1. Ferret silk. 2. Narrow riband
or tape.
pork and fowl, boiled together, and seasoned
with sugar, ginger, cinnamon, pimento and Hilado, sm. Spunflax,h e m p , wool, silk or cotton.—Hilado, da, pp. oí Hilar.
other spices.
Hilador, ra, s. Spinner, spinster.
Higiene, sf. (Med.) Hygiene.
Higo, sm. 1. Fig, the fruit of the fig-tree. Higo Hilandera, sf. Spinster, w o m a n w h o spins.
chumbo ox de pala, Fruit of the nopal or In- Hilandería, sf. Place where h e m p is spun.
dian fig-tree. l'an de higos, Cake m a d e of Hilandero, sm. Spinner ; spinning-room, a ropewalk.
figs. 2. A kind of piles. Higo maduro, (Orn.)
HilanderíHa, sf. dim. A little spinster.
Green wood-pecker.
Hilanza, sf. (Prov.) Thread, Une, m o d e of spinHigrometría, sm. Hygrometry.
ning.
Higrómetro, sm. Hygrometer, an instrument to
Hilar, ra. 1. T o spin, to draw silk, cotton, wool
measure the degrees of moisture.
etc. into thread. 2. T o argüe, to discuss.
Higuera, sf. (Bot.) Fig-tree. Ficus carica, L.
Hilar delgado, T o handle a subject in too
Higuera infernal, Castor-oil plant. Ricinus
subtle and nice a manner. 3. T o form the
communis, L. Higuera de Iridias or ae las
pod: applied to silk-worms.
Indias, Indianfig-tree.Castus opuntia, L.
Hilaracha, sf. Filament. V . Hilacha.
Higueral, sm. Plantation oí fig-trees.
Higueríca, illa, íta, sf. dim. A small fig-tree. Hilaza, sf. 1. A n y thing spun or drawn out into
thread. V. Hilado. 2. Yarn. Hilazas, FilaHiguerón, sm. Large tree in America.
mento or slender threads of plants.
Higuíco, íllo, íto, sm. dim. A small fig.
Hija, sf. 1. Daughter. 2. Daughter-in-Iaw. V . Hilera, sf. 1. R o w or line of several things following one after another; file. 2. (Prov.)
Hijo, ja.
The hollow part of a spindle. 3. A n iron
Hijar, sm. V. Ijar.
píate with holes, for drawing gold or silver
Hijastro, tra, s. Step-child.
into wire. 4. B e a m which forms the top of
Hijézna, sm. T h e young of any bird.
the roof.
Hijíco, íca; íllo, illa; íto, íta, s. dim. Little
Hilero, sm. 1. Sign of currents in the sea. 2.
child, little dear.
Tlireaib-seller.
Hijo, sm. 1. Son. 2. Son-in-law.
Hijo, ja, s. 1. Child. 2. Y o u n g of all living Hiléte, sm. dim. V . Hilico.
animáis. 3. Son or native of a place. 4. Hilíco, íllo, íto, sm. dim. Small thread, filament.
Child, son, daughter, any thing which is the Hilo, sm. 1. Thread, a small line or twist, formed
of wool, cotton, silk, etc. 2. Wire, metal drawn
product or effect of another. 5. B u d or rooi
into slender threads. 3. A slender thread,
of the horns of animáis. Hijo del agua, A
formed by liquids falling down in drops. 4.
good saiior, a good swimmer. Hijo de ta
(Met.) Thread or connection of a discourse. 5.
piedra, Foundling. Hijo de leche, FosterFine thread of spiders or silk-worms. 6. V.
child. Hijo bastardo, hijo de ganancia or
Filo. Hila á hilo, Drop by drop. Hilo de
hijo de su madre, (CoU.) Bastard.
palomar, or hilo bramante, Packthread. Pilo
Hijodalgo, Hijadálgo, s. V. Hidalgo.
Hijuela, sf. 1. Piece of cloth or linen joined to de perlas, String of pearls. Hilo de una corriente, (Nau.) Directíon of a current. A hilo,
another which is too short or narrow. 2. A
Successively, one after another. Ir al hilo dei
small mattress, put between others, to m a k e
mundo, T o follow the opinión of the rest of
the bed even. 3. Pall, a square bit of linen
the world. De hilo, Directly, instantly.
or pasteboard put over the chalice. 4. A small
drain for drawing off water from an estáte. Hilván, sm. Basting, long stitches set in clothes
to keep them in order for sewing.
5. Schedule or inventory delivered in Spain
to parties entitled in distríbution to the Hilvanar, ra. 1. T o baste, to sew slightly. 2. T o
act or perform in a hurry.
estáte of a deceased, containing an exact
account of their distributive share. 6. A n Hímen, sm. H y m e n , the virginal membrane.
inventory, a catalogue of the articles which Himeneo, sm. 1. (Poet.) Marriage, matrimony.
2. Epíthalamium, hymeneal, hymenean. 3,
belong to the estáte of a deceased person. 7.
H y m e n , the god of marriage.
Cross-road. 8. Postman w h o delívers the lettersfrom the office. 9.Palm-seed. 10. (Prov.) Himnísta, sm. (Coll.) Composer of hymns.
Fascine of wood. 11. (Prov.) Cord m a d e of Himno, sm. H y m n , an encomiastic song, oí
the gut of silkworms.
song of •adoration to the Supreme Being.
Hijuelo, la, s. dim. 1. A young child. 2. (Bot.)Himplar, rn. T o roar or bellow : applied to the
panther and ounce.
Sueker.
Hila, sf. 1. R o w , line. V . Hilera. 2. Thin gut.Hín, sm. Sound emitted by mules or horses.
3. Act of spinning. 4. Lint scrapéd into a soft Hincadura, sf. Act offixingany thing.
woolly substance, to lay on sotes. 5. Small Hincapié, sm. A n effbrt m a d e with the foot b)
475
HIP
HIP
fixing itfirmlyon the ground. Hacer hinca-Hipnál, sm. Kind of serpent said to occasíoi
pie, To make a strenuous attempt.
sleep.
Hincar, ra. 1. T o thrust in, to drive into,to nail Hipnótico, ca, s. and a. (Med.) Hypnotíc.
one thing to another. Hincar la rodilla, ToHipo, sm. 1. Hiccough, a convulsive motion of
kneel down. 2. (Prov.) T o plant Hincar
the stomach. 2. Wish, desire, anxiety. 3.
el diente, T o appropriate property to one's Anger, displeasure, fury.
Hipocampo, sm. Hippopotamus.
self; to censure, to calumníate.
Hincha, sf. (CoU.) Hatred, displeasure, en- Hipocentáuro, sm. Híppocentaur, a fabulous
monster.
mity.
Hinchadamente, «a*. Haughtily, loftily.
Hipodstide, Hipodsto, s. (Bot) Hypocistis.
Cytínus hypocistis, L.
Hinchadíco, íca, íllo, illa, íto, íta, s. dim. Snghtly
Hipocondría, sf. Hypochondria, melancholy,
swollen.
Hinchado, da, a. and pp. of Hinchar, 1. Swolhypochondriasis, hypochondriac affection oí
passion.
len, tumefied, swelled, hoven, hulched. 2.
Vain, arrogant, presumptuous. 3. Inflated, Hipocondríaco, ca, a. Hypochondriasis, hypoehondriacal, melancholy, melancholian, dísturgid, tumid, puffy: applied to a pompous
ordered in the Ímagination, fanciful.
style.
Hinchar, ra. 1. T o Ínflate,toswell with wind. Hipocondríaco, ca, s. Hypochondriac, melancholist
2. T ofilla musical instrument with air. 3.
To swell, to raise to arrogance.—rr. 1. To Hipocóndrico, ca, a. Hypochondriac, hypochondriacal, of or belonging to the hypochonswell, to grow turgid, to be tumefied. 2. To
dres.
be elated with arrogance or anger.
Hinchazón, sm. 1. Swelling, tumefadion, a Hipocondrio, sm. (Anat.) Hypochondrium, that
part of the body which'lies under the cartí
tumid inflammation. 2. Ostentatíon, vanity,
lages of the false ribs: it is more generally
pride; inflation.
used in its plural, hypocóndres.
Hinchazoncíca, illa, íta, s. dim. A trifling or
superficial swelling.
Hipocrás, sm. Hippocras, a kind of Uquor,
Hinchír, ra. (Obs.) V. Henchir.
composed of wine, sugar, cinnamon, clove
and other ingredients.
Hincón, sm. Post to which cables are fastened
on the banks of rivers.
Hipocrenídes, sf. pl. (Poet.) Epithet applied to
Hiniesta, sf. (Bot.) Spanish broom. Spartium the muses of Parnassus.
junceum, L.
Hipocresía, sf. Hypocrisy, dissimulation with
Hiniéstra, sf (Prov.) Window. V. Ventana.
regard to the moral or religious charader.
Hinníble, a. Capable of neighing : appiíed to a Hipócrita, a. Hypocritical, hypocritie, falsefaced,
horse.
dissembling, insincere.
Hínóios Fitos, ad. (Obs.) O n bended knees.
Hipócrita, s. Hypocrite, a dissembler in moraHinojál, sm. Bed or place full of fennel.
lity or religión.
Hinojár, rn. and r. (Obs.) V. Arrodillar and Hipócritamente, ad. Hypocritically.
Arrodillarse.
Hipocritílla, sf. dim. A sly hypocrite.
Hinojo, sm. 1. Knee. V. Rodilla. 2. (Bot) Hipócrito, ta, a. Feigned, dissembled, hypoFennel. Anethum fceniculum, L. 3. Hinojo critical.
marino, (Bot)' Samphire. Crithmum mariti- Hípocritón, na, a. augm. Extremely hypocritical
or dissembling.
mum, L.
Hintéro, sm. Table on which bakers knead their Hipódromo, sm. Híppodrome, circus.
dough.
Hipogástrico, ca, a. Hypogastric.
Hiñír, ra. (Prov.) V. Heñir.
Hípogástro, sm. Hypogastrium, the lower part
Hipar, rn. 1. T o hiccough,tosob with frequent of the belly.
convulsions of the stomach. 2. T o be harassed Hipoglósa, so, s. (Bot.) Horse-tongue. Ruscus
with anxiety and grief. 3. T o pant, to desire
hypoglossum, L.
eagerly, to be anxious. 4. To follow the chase Hípógnfo, sm. Híppogfiff, a winged horse.
by the smell: spoken of pointers.
Hipolibónoto, sm, South-east wind.
Hipear, rn. T o hiccough. V. Hipar.
Hipómanes, sm. Kind of poison with the anHipecóo, sm. (Bot.) Horned cumin or hypecoum. cients.
Hypecoum, L.
Hípomarátro, sm. (Bot.) Wild fennel. Jesseli
Hipérbola, sf. (Geom.) Hyperbola, a sectíon of hypomarathrum, L.
a cone made by a plano, so that the axis of Hipomódio, Hipomóclion, sm. Fulcrum of a
the sectíon indines to the opposite leg of the
lever, part on which the beam of a balance
cone.
revolves.
Hipérbole, sf. Hyperbole, afigurein rhetoric,Hipopótamo, sm. Hippopotamus, a river-horse.
by which any thing is increased or decreased Hipóstosis, sf. (Div.) Hypostasis.
beyond the exact truth.
Hipostático, ca, a. Hypostatical.
Hiperbólicamente, aa*. Hyperbolically,
Hipoteca, sf Mortgage, pledge; security given
Hiperbólico, ca, a. Hyperbolical.
for the performance of an engagement.
Hiperbolizar, rn. To use hyperbolss.
Buena hipoteca, A phrase commonly used to
Hiperbóreo, rea, a. Hyperborean.
express that a person or thing is •¡vorthless
Hiperdulía, sf. Hyperdulia, worship of the virgin and not to be relied upon.
Mary.
Hipotecáble, a. Capable of being pledged.
Hipérico, Hipéricon, sm. (Bot.) St. John's-wortHipotecar, va. T o hypothecate, to pledge, fo
Hypericum, L.
mortgage.
476
HIS
HOC
chronider, a writer of history or of facts and
Hipotecario, ria, a. Belonging to a mortgage.
Hipotenusa, sf. Hypothenuse, the line that subevents.
tends the right angle of aright-angledtri- Historial, a. Historical, historie.
Historialménte, aa*. Historically.
angle; the subtense.
Hipótesis, sf. Hypothesis, a supposition ; a Historiar, ra. 1. T o historify, to record in history. 2. T o represent historical events in
system formed upon some principies not
painting or tapestry.
proved.
Hipotético, ca, a. Hypothetic, bypothetical, con-Históricamente, ad. Historically.
Histórico, ca, «. Historical, historie, belonging
ditional.
to history.—sm. (Obs.) Historian.
Hirásco, sm. A castrated he-goat.
Historieta, sf. dim. A short story or tale, a short
Hirmár, ra. (Prov.) V . Afirmar.
novel, love tale or an anécdota mixed with
Hírme, a. (Prov.) V . Firme.
fact and fable.
Hirsuto,to,a. (Poet.) Hirsuto, rough, rugged.
Historiógrafo, sm. Historiographer, historian, a
Hirundinária, sf. (Bot.) V . Celidonia and Golonwriter of history.
drinera.
Historión, sm. A tedious, long-winded story.
Hirviénte, pa. Boiling.
Hísca, sf. Birdlime, a glutinous substance spread Histrión, sm. 1. Actor, player; a person engaged in performing plays: used only in
upon twigs, by which the birds that light upon
contempt. 2. Buffoon, juggler, puppetman.
them are entangled.
Histriónico, ca, a. Histrionic, histrionical, befitHiscál, sm. A rope of three strands.
ting the stage ; suitable to players.
Hisopada, sf. Water sprinkled about with a
Histrionísa, sf. Actress, a w o m a n that plays on
water-sprinkler.
the stage.
Hisopear, ra. T o sprinkle or scatter water about
Histrionísmo, sm. In contempt, histrionism, the
with a water-sprinkler.
art and profession of an actor or player.
Hisopíllo, sm. 1. A small water-sprinkler. 2.
Bit of soft linen put at the end of a stick, and Hita, sf. 1. A sort of nail without a head. 2.
Landmark. V . Hito.
used to wash and refresh the mouth of a sick
person. 3. (Bot.) Winter-savory. Satureja Hito, ta, a. 1. (Obs.) Black. 2. Fixed, firm ;
importúnate.
montana, L.
Hisopo, sm. 1.v B o t ) Hyssop. Hyssopus, L. 2. Hito, sm. 1. Landmark, any thing set up to
mark boundaries.
2. Guide-post, a post
Water-sprinkler, with which holy water is
where two or more roads meet, directing the
scattered or sprinkled, m a d e of a lock of
traveller which to follow. 3. Pin or m a r k at
horse-hair fastened to the end of a stick.
which quoits are cast by w a y of amusement;
Hisopo húmedo, (Pharm.) Grease collected
mark to shoot at. A hito, Fixedly, firmly.
in washingfleecesof wool.
Mirar de hito en hito, T o view with cióse
Hispánico, ca, a. Spanish.
attention, to fix the eyes on any object. Dar
Hispanismo, sm. Spanish idiom, a mode of
en el hito or a*ar en el hito de la dificultad,
speech peculiar to the Spanish language.
T o hit the nail on the head, to come to the
Hispanizado, da, a. and pp. oí Hispanizar. V.
point.
Españolizado.
Hiúlco, ca, a. Harsh, unharmonious: applied to
Hispanizar, ra. V . Españolizar.
poetry.
Hispano, na, a. Spanish.—s. (Poet.) A SpaHobachón, na, a. Slothful, sluggish, lazy.
niard.
Híspido, da, a. Bristly, having bristles like Hobéchos, sm. pl. Soldiers armed with pikes ;
hogs.
pikemen.
Hispir, vn. (Prov.) T o beat as eggs, to m a k e Hoblonéra, sf. Hop-ground, hop-yard, hopspongy, to rarefy.
garden, any place where hops are cultivated.
Hobús, sm. (Gunn.) Howitzer, a sort of mortar,
Histérico, sm. Hysterics, a disease.
or sbort cannon with a wide mouth, for throwHistérico, ca, a. Hysteric, hysterical, relating
or belonging to hysterics or hysteric fits;
ing shells.
belonging or relating to the w o m b .
Hocicada, sf. 1. A blow given with the snout of
Histerismo, sm. V . Histérico.
a beast, and sometimes also with the mouth.
Histerotomía, sm. A n anatomical dissection of
2. Fall upon the face, or headlong on the
the w o m b .
ground. 3. (CoU.) A smart reprimand.
Histiodromía, sf. Histiodromia, art of naviga- Hocicar, ra. T o break up the ground with the
ting by means of sails.
snout.—rn. 1. T o faU headlong with the
Historia, sf. 1. History, a narration of events
face to the ground. 2. T o stumble or slide
and facts delivered with dignity. 2. (Coll.)
into errors.
Tale, story; fable. 3.fiistory-piece,an Hocico, sm. 1. Snout, the nose of a beast. 2,
historical painting, representiñg some reMouth of a m a n w h o has very prominent lips.
mar kable event. Meterse en historias, T o 3. A n y thing disproportionably big or promimeddle in things without possessing suffinent. 4. Gestures of thrusting out the lips,
cient knowledge thereof, or being concerned
pouting. 5. (Met.) T h e face. Meter el hoin them.
cico en todo, T o meddle in every thing. De
Historiado, da, a. Applied to a painting consisthocicos, B y the nose, upon the face.
ing of various parts harmoniously united. Hocicudo, da, a. 1. L o n g snouted. 2. BlubberLibro historiado, Book illustrated with plates. lipped, flap-moutedh, 3. Looking sullen by
— p p . oí Historiar.
thrusting out the lips.
Historiador, ra, s. Historian, historiographer, Hocino, sm. 1, Bill, a sort of hatchet with a
477
HOL
HOM
to any one at a distance. 2. H o ! ho i a
hooked point. 2. Skirt of an eminence oí
mountain stretching towards a river. 3.
sudden exclamation of wonder or astonish(Prov.) Garden or orchard situated on the
ment. 3. (Nau.) H o y !
skirt of a mountain. 4. Arch made of brick Holáu, sm. (Prov.) Cambric.
and mortar which supports theflightoof a Holanda, */. Holland,fineDutch Unen.
staircase. 5. The narrow bed of a river which Holandilla, Holandeta, sf. A lead-coloured
glazed linen, used for lining.
flows between mountains.
Holgadamente, aa*. 1. Widely, amply, fully,
Hociquíllo, íto, sm. dim. A little snout.
loosely. 2. Quietly, carelessly.
Hogañázo, aa*. (CoU.) V. Hogaño.
Holgado, da, a. and pp. oí Holgar, 1. Loóse,
Hogaño, ad. (Coll.) This present year.
Hogar, sm. 1. Hearth,fire-place,the place on
not tight, lax, disproportionaUy wide or broad.
2. Loóse, disengaged, at leísure. 3. Well
whichfireis made; the pavement of a room
off, in easy circumstances, free from want.
wherefireis kindled. 2. (Met.) House, resiAndar or estar holgado, T o be well to pass.
dence, home.
Hogaza, sf. 1. A large loaf of household bread.Holganza, sf. 1. Repose, ease, tranquillity of
muid, quiet or quíetness, repose. 2. Diver2. A n y large loaf.
sión, recreation, amusement, entertaininent.
Hoguera, sf. 1. Bonfire, afiremade for some
public rejoieing. 2. A n y transitory blaze, Holgar, vn. 1. T o rest to cease from labour, to
lie at rest. 2. T o spend one's time free
produced by burning things heaped together.
Hoja, sf. 1. Leaf, the green deciduous part of from business. 3. T o live or to be at ease,
to be at quiet 4.To take delight, pleasure or
trees, planto andflowers.2. Leaf, any thing
satisfaction in. 5. T o be glad of, to be pleased
foliated or thinly beaten; scales of metal.
with. 6. T o be well entertained at a feast or
3. Leaf, one side of a double door, shutter,
walk. 7. T o be laid up as useless: applied
etc. 4. Blade of a sword. 5. Ground which
to inanimate things.—rr. To sport, to daily,
is cultivated one year, and lying at rest
to play, to trifle, to idle, to toy, to play the
for another. 6. Half of each of the prinfool.
cipal parts of a coat, etc. 7. Each part of
which armour was composed. Hoja de lata, Holgazán, na, s. Idler, loiterer, vagabond,
Tin. Hoja de lata negra, Iron plato. Hoja lounger, loiterer, and indolent, lazy person.—.
de papel, Leaf of paper. Hoja de un libro, a. Idle, lazy, slofhful, inadive, indolent.
Leaf of a book, containing two pages. Hoja Holgazanear, rn. T o idle or to be idle, to lead
de tocino, Flitch of bacon. Hoja de estaño, an idle life, to be lazy, to loiter, to lounge.
Sheet of bismuto, tin and quicksilver laid on Holgazanería, sf. Idleness, laztoess, sluggishness, slothfulness, inactivity, indolence, averthe back of a looking-glass. Doblemos la
hoja, N o more of that. Volver la hoja, 1. T o sión from work.
change the conversation. 2. T o change leaf, Hólgin, na, a. V. Hechicero.
to turn a new leaf, to altor one's sentiments Hulgón, sm. (Prov. CoU.) A n egregious loiterer
who wastes his whole Ufe in idleness and
and proceedings.—pl. 1. Leaves, greens. 2.
amuseinents.
Lamina, thin plates, one coat laid over ansm. (Coll.) Mirth, jollity, noisy merriother. Vino de dos, tres or mas hojas, W i nHolgorio,
e
ment.
two, three or more years oíd. Hojas de las
puertas, (Nau.) Port-lids.
Holgueta, sf. (CoU.) A feast, a merry-making,
Hojalatero, sm. Tin-man, a manufacturer of tin, a merry-meeting.
or iron tinned over, a metal-man.
Holgura, sf. 1. Country-feast, an entertainHojaldrado, a. Laminated, foliated, resembling
ment in the country. 2. Width, breadth. 3.
Ease, repose.
thin cakes.—Hojaldrado, da, pp. oí Hojaldrar.
Holladura, sf. 1. Act of trampling. 2. Duty
Hojaldrar, ra. To make any thing of puff paste. paid for the run of cattle.
Hojaldre, sf. A sort of paneake or paste. Quitar
Hollar, ra. 1. To tread upon, to trample undei
la hojaldre al pastel, (Coll.) T o detect any foot. 2. T o trample on or to tread in confraud, to discover a plot.
tempt, to puU down, to humble, to depress.
Holléca, sf. (Orn.) V. Herrerillo.
Hojaldrista, sm. Maker of buttered cakes.
Hojaránzo, sm. (Bot.) C o m m o n hornbeam. Car- Hollejíco, íllo, íto, uélo, sm. dim. A small pelticle
pinus betulus, L.
or peel of grapes and some other fruits.
Hojarasca, sf. 1. Withered leaves ; reduudancyHollejo, sm. Pellide, peel, the thin skin which
of leaves; foliage. 2. Useless trifles.
covers grapes and other fruit.
Hojear, ra. T o tura the leaves of a book.—rn. Hotií, sm, Balsam or resinous licuor which is
To form metal into sheets; to foliate.
imported from N e w Spain.
Hojecér, rn. (Obs.) T o leaf, to shoot forth Hollín, sm. Soot, the condensed gross and oily
leaves.
parts of smoke.
Hojíca, illa, íta, sf. dim. A small leaf.
Holliniénto, ta, a. Fuliginous, sooty.
Hojoso, sa, Hojudo, da, a. Leafy, full of Holocausto, sm. 1. Holocaust, a burnt sacrifice.
leaves; covered with leaves; leafed, leaved.
2. V. Sacrificio.
Hojuela, sf. 1. (Dim.) A small leaf. 2. PuffHomarráche, sm. Buffoon, jack-pudding, a
paste, composed of thinflakeslying on one
merry-andrew.
another. 3. Gold or silver leaf which sur- Hombracho, sm. A squat and square thick man.
rounds the thread whereof lace is made. 4, Hombrachón, sm. augm. A very tail, square,
Skins of oUves after pressing.
thick man.
Hola, interj. 1, Holla ! a word used in calling
Hombrada, sf. L A manly action. 2. It i,
478
HOM
HON
used also in an iron ¡cal sense foi a ridiculous Hombruno, na, a. L M a n U k e , virile; belonging
to man. 2. Relating to the shoulders.
action.
H ó m b u , s. (Bot.) Tree philotaca. Phytolacca
Hombrázo, sm. augm. A large man.
dioica, L. .
Hombre, sm. 1. Man, a rational animal. 2.
M a n , a human being of the male sex. 3. H ó m e , sm. ( O h s Q V . Hombre.
Man, not a boy. 4. Man, one of uncommon Homecíllo, sm. (Bot.) Hops. Humulus lupulus, L.
qualifications, and a human being qualified
to a particular manner. 5. M a n , not a beast. Homecíllo, Homedo, sm. (Obs.) V. Homicidio.
6. Subject, vassal. 7. M a n , a word of fami Homenáge, sm. Homage, service paid and fealty
tiarity bordering on contempt 8. Husband, professed to a superior lord; obeisance. Rendir homenáge, T o pay homage, to profess
when mentioned by the wife. 9. Horse, a
fearty. Torre de homenáge Tower in a casframe on which clothes are brushed and
tle where the governoi took the oath of
cleaued. 10. Ombre, game at cards. Hombre bueno, A n y one of the community who is fidelity.
not an ecclesiastic or nobleman. Hombre de Homicida, s. com. Murderer, homicide, one who
bien, A n honest man. Hombre de bigote, A commits homicide.
grave and spirited man. Hombre de buena Homicida, a. Homicidal, murderous.
capa, A well-dressed man.
Hombre de Homicidio, sm. 1. Murder, homicide. 2. Ancient
burlas, A n empty jester. No es hombre de tribute.
burlas, H e is not a jesting person. HombreHomicíllo, sm. (Obs.) 1. Fine for wounding oí
de calzas atacadas, A rigid observer of oíd killiug any one. 2. V. Homicidio.
customs; a very rigid and upright man. Homildád, Homildánza, sf. (Obs.) V. Humildad.
Hombre de capa y espada, The gentleman
who Uves upon his property, without follow- Homilía, sf. Homily, a discourse read in a congregation.
ing any particular profession. Hombre de
capricho, A fanciful man, a whimsical fel- Homiliadór, sm. (Littl. us.) HomiUst, preacher.
low. Hombre de corazón or ae gran cora-Homilário, sm. Collection of homilies.
zón, A courageous man. Hombre de chapa, Homilista, sm. Author or writer of homilies.
A m a n of judgment, abilities and merit. Hominicaco, sm.(Coll.) A paltry, cowardly tallow.
Hombre de dias, A n oíd man. Hombre de Homogeneidad, sf. Homogeneity or homogenepro or de provecho, A worthy, useful man. ousness ; participation of the same principies
of nature, simititude of kind.
Hombre de puños, A very strong man. Hombre hecho, A grown man. Hombre honrado, Homogéneo, nea, a. Homogeneous, having the
same nature or principies.
A n honest, worthy man. Hombre de negosf. (Littl. us.) Homologation,
cios, M a n of business. Hombre seco,- 1.Homologación,
A
publication or conflimation of a judicial act
thin and spare man. 2. A n austere man,
one of no conversation. No tener hombre, to render it more valid.
To be without protection. Hombre sin dolo,Homólogo, ga, a. Homologous, having the
same manner or proportions; synonymous.
A plain- dealing man. Hombre de su palabra, A m a n of his word. Ser muy hombre, Homonímia, sf. Homonymy.
Homónimo, ma, a. Homonymous, equivocal.
To be a m a n of spirit and courage.
Hombrear, rn. To assume the m a n before the Honda, sf. 1. Sling, a stringed instrument for
time,—vn. and r. To vie with another; to put casting stones with great violence. 2. (Nau.)
Parbuckle, a rope used on board of ships, añil
himself upon a level with another in point of
rank, merit or abilities.
on quays, wharfs, etc. to ship and unship
Hombrecíco, sm. dim. V. Hombrecito.
casks, pieces of ordnance, and other heavy
Hombrecillo, Hombrezuélo, sm. dim. Mannikin, articles.
manling, a pitiful, little fellow. Hombrecillos,
Hondamente, ad. 1. Deeply, profoundly, to a
(Bot.) Hops. Humulus lupulus, L.
great depth. 2. Deeply, profoundly, with
Hombrecito, sm. Youth, a young man.
deep concern; with deep insight, in a. deep
Hombredád, sf. (Obs.) Masculineness.
and sagacious manner.
Hombrera, sf. Piece of ancient armourforthe Hondárras, sf. pl. (Prov.) Dregs or lees of any
shoulders.
liquor remaining in the vessel which conHombría de bien, sf. Probity, honest deal- tained it.
ing. Ricu-hombría de España, A ñame Hondazo, sm. Cast or throw with a sling,
formerly given to the ancient nobüity of Hondear, ra To unload a vessel.
Spain.
Hondero, sm. Slinger, a soldier anciently armed
Hombrillo, sm. Gusset, a piece sewed to cloth in with a sling.
order to strengthen it.
Hondfca, illa, íta, sf. dim. A small sling to cast
Hombro, sm. Shoulder, the joint which connects
stones.
the arm to the body. Hombro con hombro, Hondíjo, sm. V. Honda.
Cheek by jóle. Encogerse de hombros, To Hondíllo, sm. A n y of the pieces of cloth or linen
shrug up the shoulders. A' hombro or sobre
which form the seats of breeches or drawers.
los hombros, O n the shoulders. Llevar en Hondo, da, a. 1. Profound, deep, descending far
hombros, To support, to protect.
below the surface. 2. Profound, low with
Hombrón, sm. 1. (Augm.) A big, lusty or huge respect to the neighbouring places. 3. (Met.)
man. 2. A m a n distinguished for talents,
V. Profundo.
knowledge and valour.
Hondo, sm. (Prov.) V. Fondo for bottom.
Hombronázo sm.augm. A huge, vulgar man.
Hondón, sm. 1. Bottom of a vessel or jar where
479
HON
HOR
the dregs oí liquor settle. 2. A n y deep or Honramiento, sm. Act of honouring.
broken ground. 3. A deep hole. 4. Eye of Honrar, ra. 1. T o honour, to reverence, to rea needle.
spect. 2. T o cajole, to caress, to fondle. 3.
Hondonada, sf. 1. Dale, bottom of a steep place. T o dignify, to íllustrafe, to exalt, to glorify.
2. Comb, a valley surrounded by bilis.
4. T o praise, to applaud. 5. T o honest, to
Hondura, sf. Depth, piofundity.
credit, to grace, to adorn.
Honestad", sf. (Obs.) Honesty. V. Honestidad.
Honrilla, sf. dim. Nice point of honour: ít is
Honestamente, aa". Honestly; modesfiy.
almost always used with the adjective negra,
Honestar, ra. 1. To honour, to dignify. 2. To
black. Por la negra honrilla he omitido haexcuse, to palliate.
cerlo, I have left it undone from some liiüe
Honestidad, sf. 1. Honesty, composure, mopoint of honour or bashfulness.
desty, moderation. 2. Honesty, purity of Honrosamente, aa*. Honourably, honestly, cresentiments and principies, honourableuess;
ditably.
urbanity.
Honroso, sa, a. 1. Honourable, decent, decorous,
Honesto, ta, a, 1. Honest, decent, honourable,
creditable. 2. Just, equitable, honest 3. Jeacreditable, handsome, grave. 2. Honest,
lous of one's houour.
comely, puré, chaste, virtuous. 3. Honest, Honrúdo, da, a. Firm in maintaining one's horeasonable, just. Muger de estado honesto, A nour, and acting conformably to it,
spinster.
Hontána, sf. Fountain, spring.
Hongo, sm. 1. (Bot.) Mushroom. Fungus, L. Hontanál, sm. V. Hontanar. Hontanales, Feasts
2. Fungus, an excrescence which grows upon
which the ancients held at fountains.
the bark of trees, and servesfortinder. 3. A Hontanar, sm. Place ín which waterrises,source
fleshy excrescence growing on the lips of
of springs and rivera.
wounds.
Hopa, sf. A long cassock with sleeves.
Hongóso, sa, a. Fungous, spongy.
Hopalanda, sf. Tati or trato of a gown worn by
Honor, sm. 1. Honour, a public mark of respect students.
to virtue or merit 2. Honour, reputation, Hopear, rn. T o wag the tail: applied to animal».
fame, celebrity. 3. Honour, chastity in wo- Hopeo, sm. (Coll.) Volatile coxcomb.
men. 4. Honour, dignity, ránk, employment: Hopo, sm. Tail with a tuft of hair, similar to that
more commonly used in plural. Palabra de
of a fox or squirrel. Seguir el hopo, T o dog;
honor, W o r d of honour. Señoras de honor, to pursue closely. Volver el hopo, To escape,
Maids of honour. Honores, 1. Honours, pri- to run away.
vileges of rank ox birth. 2. Honours or pri- Hoque, sm. Treat given at the conclusión of a
vileges conferred without gain. 3 PubUc
bargain or contract, to celébrate ito completion.
marks of respect or civitities paid to a person
of rank.
Hoquedád, sf. V. Hueco.
Honorable, a. Honourable, illustrious, noble.
Hora, sf. 1. Hour,- a measure of time, which
Honorablemente, ad. Honourably, cieditably.'
makes the twenty-fourth part of a natural
Honorár, ra. (Obs.) V. Honrar.
day. 2. Hour, a particular time for doing
Honorario, ria, a. 1. Honorary, giving or confer- any thing. 3. Hour, the time as marked by
ring honour. 2. Honorary, bestowing honour the dock. - 4. (Prov.) W a y made to an hour,
without gain. Consejero honorario, Honorary a league. 5. Time between twelve and one
counsellor, one who has the rank and title of
O'cloek on the day of the ascensión, during
a counsellor without receiving any pay.
which that mystery is celebrated in Catholie
churches. Hora horada, Hour passed over.
Honorario, sm. Salary or stipend given to any
Hora menguada, Fatal moment. A la hora
one for his labour.
de esta or á la hora de ahora, (CoU.) At this
Honorcíllo, sm. dim. V. Honrilla.
moment. Caáa hora, Every hour, continually.
Honoríficamente, ad. Honourably.
Honorificéncia, sf. The act of honouring or do- A buena hora, At a seasonable time. A la
hora, At the nick of time ; then. En hora
ing honour.
buena, It is well. Vete en hora mala, (Coll.)
Honorífico, ca, a. Creditable, honourable, liBegone, get out of m y sight. Por hora, Each
beral, that which gives honour.
Honra, sf. 1. Honour, reverence, résped. 2. Ho- hour. Por horas, B y instante.—pl. 1. Houis
or canonical hours, the statedtimesof devonour, reputation, celebrity, fame, glory. 3.
tion of the Catholie church. 2. Book of deHonour, chastity in women. 4. Honour, mark
votion, which contains the office of the blessed
of respect, favour conferred or received. honVirgin, and other devo'tions.
ras, Funeral honours.
Honradamente, ad. Honourably, reputobly, ho- Hora, ad. N o w , at this time, at present
nestly, with integrity and exemption from re- Horacár, ra. (Obs.) V. Horadar.
Horadáble, a. Capable of being pierced.
proach.
Honradez, sf. Honesty, probity, integrity, ho- Horadación, sf. Act of boring or piercing.
nour, honourableness, fairness, faithfulness, Horadado, sm. Silkworm's pod bored through,
exactness in the performance of engage—Horadado, da, pp. of Horadar.
Horadar, ra. To bore or pierce from side to side,
mente.
Honrado, da, a. 1. Honest, honourable, reputa-Horado, sm. 1. Hole bored from side to side.
ble, just, fair. 2. Honest, exact in the per- 2. Cavern, a hollow place in the ground; i
formance of engagements. 3. In an ironical
grotto; niche or cavity in a wall.
sense, refined in point of roguery and fraud. Horámbre, sm. Hole in the cheeks of milis.
Honradór, ra, s. Honourer, one that honours. Horáño,fía,a, V. Huraño.
480
II OR
HOR
Horario, ria, a. Horary, horal, relating to an Hormigueamiénto, sm. Formication, act of itching or moving like ants.
hour, continuing for an hour.
Hormiguear, rn. J . To itch, to feel that uneasi
Horario, sm. Hourhand of a dock or watch.
ness in the skin which is in some measure
Horca, sf. 1. Gallows; a beam laid over two
removed by rubbing. 2. To run about like
posts, on which malefactors are hanged. Señor de horca y cuchillo, Lord of the manor, ants.
who is invested both with the civil and cri- Hormigüéla, sf. dim. A small ant.
minal jurisdiction within the circuit of his Hormigueo, sm. Formication, a sensation like
that of the creeping or stinging of ants.
estáte. 2. Sort of yoke put on the neck of
dogs or hogs, t'o prevent them from doing Hormiguero, sm. 1. Ant-hill or hiílock. 2. Place
where there are a crowd of people moving.
mischief; also used formerly as a punishment. 3. Fork with two wooden prongs, used Hormiguero, ra, a. Relating to the cutaneous
eruption called hormiga.
by husbandmen for lifting up straw, corn,
hay, etc. 4, Rope or string of onions or Hormiguíca, illa, íta, sm. dim. A small ant.
Hormiguilla, sf. A distemper which affeets the
garlie.
Horcado, da, a. Forked into different branches ; hoofs of horses.
Hormiguillár, ra. To mix gratos of silver with
forky.
Horcadura, sf. Fork of a tree, part where it di- salt.
Hormiguillo, sm. 1. Distemper which affeets the
vides into two main branches.
hoof of horses. 2. People ranged in a line,
Horcajadas (A'), or á horcajadillas, ad. Astride
who pass from hand to hand the materíals
on horseback.
Horcajadúra, sf. Fork formed by the two thighs. for a work to be raised. 3. In México, a beverage made of pounded biscuit, sugar and
Horcajo, sm. Yoke or collar put on the neck of
spice, boiled together. 4. Mixture of salts
mules, when employed in drawing.
with silver. 5. (Prov.) V. Hormigueo.
Horcate, sm. 1. A yoke or collar of a horse.
2. H a m e , that part to which the draft is at- Hormilla, sf. 1. (Dim.) A small last. 2. Bit of
wood, bone or ivory, of which buttons are
tached.
Horchata, sf. A n emulsión commonly made of formed, by covering it with gold or silver
twist, silk, etc.
melón or pumpkin seeds or of almonds.
Hornab'éque, sm. (Fort.) Hornwork, an outwork,
Horchílla, sf. True dyer's orchill, rocella, arehil.
composed of a front and two demi-bastions,
Roecella tinctoria, A. Linchen roccellff, L.
joined by a curtain.
Horco, sm. Rope or string of onions or garlie.
Horcón, sm. A forked pole, set upright, to sup-Hornacéro, sm. Person who watches crucibles
with silver and gold in the furnace.
port the branches of fruit trees.
Hornacho, sm. 1. Shaft of a mine, an excavation
Horda, sf. Horde, clan, tribe.
or hollow formed in a hill. 2. Furnace ÍK
Hordiate, sm. 1. Beverage of barley-water. 2.
(Bot.) Barley without awns or beard. 3. (Bot.) which metal is melted for casting statues.
Spring naked barley. Hordeum vulgare, B. Hornachuéla, sf. Hole made in a wall.
Caeleste, L.
Hornada, sf. Bateh, the quantity of bread baked
at one time.
Horfandád, sf. Orphanage, state of an orphan.
Horizontal, a. Horizontal, parallel to the hori-Hornadíca, illa, íta, sf. dim. A small batch.
zon ; on a level.
Hornáge, sm. (Prov.) Money paid to a baket
for the baking of bread.
Horizontalménte, ad. Horizontally, flatly.
Horizonte, sm. 1. Horizon, the line which ter- Hornaguear, ra. To open the ground in search
of pit coals.
mínates the view. 2. (Geog.) Horizon, the
largest circle of the sphere, which divides it Hornaguera, sf. Pit-coal.
Hornaguero, ra, a. 1. Wide, spaciotts. 2. Coally:
into two equal parts.
Horma, sf. Mould, model in which any thing
applied to ground containing coals.
is cast, formed or modelled. Horma de za- Hornaza, sf. L A small furnace, used by gold
patero, Shoemaker's last. Hallar la horma and silversmiths, and other founders, to melt
de su zapato, 1. (Coll.) To meet one's wishes, and cast metal. 2. A yeliow glass, made of
to accommodate or satisfy any one. 2. (Iron.)
red calcined antimony and tin, used by piotTo meet with his match, to meet with any one
ters to varnish their earthenware.
who understands his artífices and can oppose Hornazo, sm. 1. Cake made up with a batter of
his designs. Horma or pared horma, A dry
eggs and butter. 2. Present given on Eastei
wall, built without lime or mortar.
Sunday by the inhabitants of a village to the
Hormazo, sm. 1. (Prov.) House and garden.
friar or clergyman who has preached the
2. (Obs.) V. Pared horma,
Lent-sermons.
Horméro, sm. Last-maker.
Hornear, ra. To carry on the trade of a
Hormíca, íta, sf. dim. A small last.
baker.
Hormiga, sf. 1. Ant, pismire or emmet. 2. A Hornería, sf. Trade of a baker.
cutaneous eruption, formed by black warts Hornero, ra, s. Baker, one whose business is to
and producing an itching which resembles
bake bread.
the biting of an ant.
Hornija, sf. Brushwood bumt in an oven to heat
Hormigón, sm. A fine sort of plaster.
itforbaking bread.
Hormigos, sm. pl.\. A sort of ragout, made ofHornijéro, sm. Person who supplies the oven
poundedfilberts,grated bread, and honey.
with fuel.
2. Coarse parts offlour,or ill-ground wheat, Hornilla, sf. 1, Stew-hole, a small stove in a
Hormigoso, sa, a. Relating to ants.
kitchen-bearth on which any thing is put to
Vci.. 1.
481
2 I
HOR
HOS
boil or stew. 2. Pigeon-hole, a hole made for Horrorosamente, ad. Horribly.
pigoons to make their nests and breed in.
Horroroso, sa, a. 1. (Coll.) Horrid, hideout,
Hornillo, sm. 1. (Dim.) A small stove. 2. (Mil.) frightful, haggish, very ugly. 2. Horrid.
Chamber of a mine. 3. (Mil.) Fougade, a
dreadful. shocktog, offénsive.
small mine dug under some work or fortifi- Horrura, sf. 1. Scoria, dross, recremeut. 2.
cation, in order to blow it up, if the enemy
Dreariness of a thicket or cióse wood. 5,
should make himself master of the work.
Filth, dirt, obscenity. 4. (Obs.) Terror, horHorno, sm. 1. Oven, an arched cavity for baking ror.
bread, pastry and meat, a kün, a furnace. Hortál, sm. (Obs.) V. Huerto.
Horno de ladrillo, Brick-kiln. 2. Lime-kiln.
Hortaliza, sf. Garden stuff', pot-herbs, aU sorts
3. Cavity, in which bees lodge. Calentarse of esculent plants produced in a garden.
el horno, (Met.) T o grow warm in conversa- Hortatório,ria,a. V. Exhortatorio.
tion or argument.
Hortelaneár, vn. (Prov.) To cultívate an otchard.
Horometría, sf. Horometiy, art of measuring Hortelana, sf. A gardener's wife.
hours.
Hortelano, sm. Gardener, horticulturist, one
Horón, sm. (Prov.) Large, round hamper or frail.who cultivates a garden-ground. Hortelano,
Horóscopo, sm. Horoscope, the configuration of (Orn.) Ortolan. Emberiza hortelana, L.
the planets at the hour of birth.
Hortense, a. Hortensia!, hortulan.
Horqueta, sf. 1 (Dim. of Horcón) A Uttle fork.
Hortera, sf. A wooden bowl.—sm. Nickname
2. (Nau.) V. Horquillas.
of shop-boys in Madrid.
Horquilla, sf. 1. Forked stick, for hanging upHosco, ca, a. 1. Dark brown, bút little different
and taking down things from an elevated
from black, liver coloured. 2. SuUen, gloomy.
place. 2. Disease which causes the hair of
3. Boastful, ostentatious, vain-glorious, arthe head to spUt. Horquillas, (Nau.) Crotches rogant.
or crutches, the crooked timbera which are Hoscoso, sa, a. Crisp, rough.
placed upon the keel in the fore and hind Hospedáble, a. (Obs.) Hospitable.
part of a ship. Horquillas del fondo, ForeHospedado, da, a. Applied to a house receiving
crotches. Horquillas de sobre-pluro, Crotchesguests.—pp. oí hospedar.
of the riders. Horquillas de dar fuego,Hospedadór, ra, s One who kindly receives and
Breaming forks.
entertains guests and strangers.
Horquilladúra, sf (Prov.) Forkedness.
Hospedáge, sm. 1. Kind reception of guests and
Horra, a. A m o u g graziers, applied to tamales strangers. 2. (Obs.) Inn, a house of enternot with young; also to the head of cattle
tainment for travellers.
given to herds to keep at the expense of their Hospedamiento, sm. Reception of guests.
owners.
Hospedar, ra. T o receive,tolodge and entertain
Horrendamente, ad. Dreadfully.
strangers and travellers, to hospitate, to harHorrendo, da, a. 1. Vast, enormous; dreadbour.—rr. To host, to take up eutertainment;
ful, hideous, monstrous, fearful, gashful,
to lodge or take a temporary residence.—rn.
T o lodge collegians who havefinishedtheir
horrible, grim. 2. Extraordinary, uncommon.
studies, though they Uve in the college, but
at their own expenses.
Hórreo, sm. A kind of granary built upon
pilasters, to prevent rato and mice from in- Hospedería, sf. 1. A house cióse to amonastery,
a convent or a college, for the reception and
juring the grain.
accommodation of travellers and strangers.
Horréro, sm. One who has the care of & gra2. Hospitium, a house kept in some places,
nary; store-keeper.
at the expense of communities, to iodge theii
Horribilídád, sf. Horribleness, dreadfulness.
members. 3. V. Hospedáge.
Horrible, a. Horrid, dreadful, hideous, grimly,
Hospedero, sm. 1. One who kindly receives guests
horrible, heinous, gashly.
and strangers. 2. Hospitaller, he whose trade
Horriblemente, aa". Horribly, heinously, horis to receive and accommodate travellers and
ridly, formidably, damnably.
Hórrido, da, a. Horrid, vast, enormous, hideous. strangers.
Horrífico, ca, a. (Poet) Horrific, causing honorHospiciano, na, s. Poor person who Uves in a
house of charity.
or dread.
Horripilación, sf. (Med.) Horripilation, a symp-Hospicio, sm. 1. Hospitium, charitable institution, house of charity. 2. Woik-house. 3.
tom of the approach of fever.
Horripilatí vo, va, a. (Med.) Causing horripilation (Prov.) House of correction. 4. Kind reception to guests and strangers. 5. In monasor belonging to it
Horrísono, na, a. (Poet.) Horrisonous, sounding teries, the same as hospedería.
Hospital, a. Hospitable, hospital, affable, hardreadfully.
Horro, ra, a. 1. Enfranchised, set at liberty from borous.
slavery. 2. Free, disengaged. Ovejas horras,Hospital, sm. Hospital, infirmary, a place buüt
for the reception of the sick or support of fh«
Barren ewes.
Horror, sm. 1. Horror, consternation, fright. 2. poor.
Horror, terror mixed with detestation, hate, Hospitalario, sm. Hospitaller, one of a religious
community whose office was to relieve the
abhorrence. 3. Horridness, enormity; hidepoor, etc.
ousness, grimness, frightfulness, the cause
Hospitalario, ria, a. Applied to the relígious
of fright or astonishment.
Horrorizar, ra To cause horror, to terrify.—rr. communities which keep hospitals.
Hospitalero, ra, s. 1. Person intrusted with the
T o be terrified.
482
HOZ
HUE
corn is cut down. 2. Defile, ravine; a narrow
care and directíon of an hospital. 2. A n y
pass.
hospitable person.
Hospitalidad, sf. 1. Hospitality, hospitege, theHoz, aa*. De hoz y de coz, Headlong.
practice of kindly entertaining travellers and Hozadéro, sm. Place where hogs turn up the
ground.
strangers. 2. Hospitableness, kindness to
strangers. 3. The days which a person re- Hozadúra, sf. Grubbing, the act of turning up
the ground as hogs do with their snouts.
mains in a hospital.
Hozar, ra. To grub, to tura up the ground as
Hospitalillo, íto, sm. dim. A small hospital.
hogs do with their snouts.
Hospitalménte, ad. Hospitably.
Hosquíllo, Ua, a. dim. Darkish, somewhat H u , ad. (Obs.) V. Donde.
Hucár, sm. (Nau.) Hooker, a kind of Dutchgloomy.
built vessel.
Hostal, sm. V. Hostería.
Húcia, sf. (Obs.) V. Confianza.
Hostelero, sm. (Littl. us.) Inn or tavern-keeper,
host, one who keeps an inn or tavernforthe Hucha, sf. 1. A large chest in which labourtog
people are accustomed to keep their clothes,
reception and accommodation of travellers
money, and other valuable articles. 2. Moneyand strangers.
box. 3. Money kept and saved.
Hóste, sm. (Obs.) 1. Enemy. 2. Host, army.
Hoste puto, (Coll.) Expression of repugnanceHuchear, ra. (Littl. us.) T o hoot, to shout at
in derision.
or aversión from any thing disagreeable.
Hosteláge, sm. (Obs.) 1. V. Mesón. 2. Pay at Huchóho, sm. W o r d used to caU birds.
Huebra, sf. 1. Extent of ground which a yoke
an inn.
of oxen can plough every day. 2. Pair of
Hostería, sf. Inn, tavern, hostry.
Hostia, sf. 1. Host, victim, sacrifice offered and mules with a ploughman hired or let out for
a day's work. 3. (Prov.) V. Barbecho.
put to death on the altar. 2. Host, the body
of Christ offered in the bloody sacrifice of Huebréro, sm. Ploughman, who attends a paii
of mules labouring by the day.
the cross for our sins. 3. Host, in the mass,
is the sacred body of our Lord Jesús Christ Hueca, sf. Notch at the small end of a spindle.
contained under the spedes of bread and Hueco, ca, a. 1. Hollow, empty, concave at the
inside. 2. Empty, vain, ostentatíous. 3. Tumid,
wine. 4. Host, the wafer prepared for the
resonant, inflated. Voz hueca, Sonorous and
sacrifice of the mass.
hollow voice. 4. Soft, spongy : applied to
Hostiário, sm. Wafer-box, in which the bread
ground, or to short woolfitonly for carding.
is preserved that is to be consecrated.
Hueco, sm. 1. Notch or nick of a wheel, into
Hostiéro, sm. Person who prepares the host.
which the leaves of a pinion or the teeth of a
Hostigamiento, sm. Chastisement, vexation,
wheel hitch, and set it in motion. 2. Interval,
molestation.
Hostigar, ra. To vex, to trouble, to molest, to space of time between the ceasing and recommencement of any thing. 3. Hollowness,
gall, to tire.
state of being hollow. 4. Hollow, gap, hole.
Hostigo, sm. 1. That part of a wall which the
5. A n y vacaut space or aperture in a house
rato and wind beats on. 2. The beating or
or other building. 6. V. Muesca. ( 7. (Met.)
dashing of rain and winds against a wall.
Office or post vacant. 8. Fill, the place beHostil, a. Hostile, adverse.
tween the shafts of a carriage. Huecos de las
HostiUdád, sf. Hostility, opposition in war.
olas, (Nau.) Trough of the sea, the hollow
Hostilizar, rn. To commit hostiUties ; to hostispace between two waves or billows, which
lize.
follow each other in rapid suceession.
Hostilmente, ad. Hostilely.
Hoto, sm. (Obs.) V. Confianza.
Huégo, sm. (Prov.) V. Fuego.
Hoy, ad. 1. To-day, this present day. 2. TheHuélfago, sm. Difficulty of breattaug in beasts
and hawks or other birds.
present time, the time we live in. Hoy dia,
Huelga, sf. 1. Rest, repose; relaxation from
hoy en el día or hoy en dia, Now-a-days. Hoy
por hoy, This very day. De hoy en adelante work. 2. Recreation, merry-making. 3. Fallow, ground lying at rest. Huelga de la bala,
or de hoy mas, Henceforward, in future. Antes hoy que mañana, Rather to-day than to- (Gunn.) Windage of piece of ordnance, being
morrow, the sooner the better.
the différence between the diameter of the
Hoya, sf. 1. Hole, cavity, pit. 2. V. Sepultura.
bore and that of the baU.
3. Excavation made for the purpose of pre- Huelgo, sm. 1. Breath, respiration. Tomar huelparing charcoal. 4. (Nau.) Á kind of scrubgo, To breathe, to respire. 2. V. Holgura.
bing broom for cleaning a ship's bottom. 5. Huella, sf. 1. Track, footstep ; the print of the
Socket of the eye, dimple in the cheek.
foot of a m a n or beast. 2. The horizontal
Hoyada, sf. The lowest part of a field.
width of the stops of a staircase. 3. Act auc'
Hoyánco, sm. Great cavity or hollow.
•effect of treading or trampling. 4. ImpresHoyíco, íto. sm. dim. A smaU hole, cavity, pit sion of a plato or other thing on pape1-.
or excavation.
Huello, sm. 1. Ground, theflooror level of a
Hoyo, sm. 1. Hole, pit, excavation. 2. V. Sepul- place. 2. Step, pace. 3. Lower part of au
tura. 3. Inequality of a superficies, uneven- animal's hoof.
ness of a surface.
Huequecíco, íca; íllo, illa, íto, ita, a. dim. of
Hoyoso, sa, a. Pitted, full of holes.
Hueco.
Hoyuelo, sm. 1. (Dim.) A little hole, a dimple Huequecíto, sm. dim. A smaU cavity or space.
•n the chin or cheek. 2. A boy's play.
Huerco, sm. (Obs.) Bier. V. Muerte.
z, sf. 1. Sickle, a reaping-hook, with which
Huérfago, sm. (Veter.) V. Huélfago.
<¡83
2 1 <i
HUÍ
HUM
Haerfauíco, íca,filo,illa, íto, íta, s. dim. A little
escape. Huir el cuerpo, T o avoid or deorphan.
cline.
Huérfano, na, s. Orphan, a child who has lost a Hule, sm. 1. Oil-cloth, oil-skin. 2. Elastie
father or mother, or both. Huérfano de pagum.
dre, Fatherless.—a. Orphan, bereft of parents.Hulla, sf. (Prov.; Pt-coal.
Huérgano, sm. (Obs.) V. Crgano.
Humada, sf. V. Ahumada.
Huero, ra, a. 1. Empty, addle. 2. (Met.) Addle,
Humanado, da, a. and pp. oí Humanar, Humáempty, void..
nate, invested with humaníty: appliedtothe
Huerta, sf. 1. A large orchard, fruit garden or Son of God.
kitehen-garden, where esculent plants are pro- Humanamente, ad. Humanely, kindly, merciduced or fruit-trees are cultivated. 2. (Prov.)
fully. It is also used to denote the ímpossíLand which can be irrigated.
bility of doing any thing, as, Eso humana.
Huertecíca, illa, íta, sf. dim. A small kitchen mente no se puede hacer, That cannot possibly
garden.
be done.
Huertecíco, íUo, íto, sm. dim. A small orchard Humanar, ra. 1. To humanize, to soften. to
or garden.
make susceptive of tenderness or benevoHuerto, sm. Hortyard, a small orchard or
lence. 2. (Poet.) To toansform or convert
kitchen garden generally situated near the
into man.—vr. 1. T o ''"come man : applied
houses.
to the Son of God. 2. T o beeome humane
Huesa, sf. Grave, sepultare.
or meek, to grow familiar;tobe humbled, to
Huesarrón, sm. augm. A large bone.
be lowered.
Huesecíco, íllo, íto, sm. dim. A little bone.
Humanidad, sf. l.Humanity, the nature of man.
Hueso, sm. 1. Bone. 2. Stone, core, the case
2. Humanity, human kind, the collective body
which contains the seeds and kernels of some
of mankind. 3. Humanity, benevolente,
fruit. 3. The part of a lime-stone which retenderness, kindness, benignity. 4. (Coll.)
mains unburnt in the kiln. 4. A n y thing
Corpulence, bulkiness of body,fleshiness.-5.
which produces more pains than profit. 5.
Propensity for carnal pleasures. 6. Human
A n y useless or unprofitable thing. 6. Piece
weakness.—/)/. Philology, grammatical stuof ground- of little valué and bad quality.
dies.
Huesoso, sa, a. Bony, osseous.
Humanista, sm. Humanist, plúlologer, grammaHuésped, da, s. ]. Guest, lodger, one entertained rían.
in the house of another. 2. (Obs.) Host, Humanizarse, rr. V. Humanarse.
hostess, he who entertains others iu his house. Humano, na, a. 1. H u m a n , belonging or pecu3. Inn-keeper, tavern-keeper. 4. Stranger.
liar to man,or having the qualities of a man.
Hueste, sf. Host, army in campaign. Huestes,
2. Humane, kind, merciful, benevolent, graHosts, armies.
cious.
Huesudo, da, a. Bony, having large bones.
Humarazo, sm. V. Humazo.
Hueva, sf. E g g or spawn of fishes.
Humareda, sfl.l.A great deal of smoke. 2. ConHuevar, rn. T o lay eggs.
fusión, perplexity.
Huevecíco, íllo, íto, zuélo, sf. dim. A small egg.
Humazga, sf. Hearth-money, fumage, tax paid
Huevera, sf. 1. Ovarium of birds. 2. Egg-stand. on fire-places.
Huevero, ra, s. Dealer in eggs.
Humazo, sm. Smoke ; fume proceeding from
Huevo, sm. 1. E g g laid by feathered animáis,
burning paper which is doubled and twisted.
from which their young is produced. 2. Spawn, Humazo de narices, (Met.) Displeasure, dissperm. 3. Hollow piece of wood used by shoedato, vexation.
makers for shaping shoes. 4. Small waxen Humeante, pa. Fuming, fumant.
vesselfilledwith scented drops. Huevo de Humear, vn. l.To smoke, to emit smoke. 2. To
juanelo, Applied to any thing which appears vapour, to emit ortoexhale fumes or vapours.
most difficult to do, but when tried and known
3. (Met.) To inflame, tofire: applied to the
seems easy. A huevo, For a trine, at a low passions. 4. (Met.) T o kindle or stir up a
tumult, quarrel or lawsuit.
price.
Hugonote, ta, s. and a. Hugonot, a French pro-Humectación, sf. (Obs.) Humectation.
Humectante, pa. (Med.) Moistening.
testant
Huida, sf. 1. Flight, escape, outleap. V. Fuga.
Humectar, ra. (Med.) T o moisten, to huméctete, to wet, to humerí.
2. Hole made to put in or draw out any
thing with facility.—pl. Evasions, subter- Humectativo, va, a. Humeríive, causing moisfuges.
ture.
Huidéro, sm. 1. Place of retreat, whither game Humedad, sf. Humidity, moisture, damp oí
retires. 2. Labourer, in quicksüver mines,
dampness, moistness.
who opens the holes in which the beams or Humedal, sm. Humid soil, a marsh.
supporters ol the mine are introduced and Humedecer, ra. To moisten, to wet, to soak, to
fixed.
steep, to humect or to huméctate, to damp.
Huidizo, za, a. Fugitive, flying.
Húmedo, da, a. Humid, wet, moist, watery,
Huir, rn. 1. Tofly,toescape ; to pack, to go, damp or dampy, moistful.
toflinchor to get away,.to get off: 2. To Humeral, a. (Anat.) Humeral, belonging to the
give the slip or to slip away, to pass. 3. T o
humeri os.
shun,to avoid doing a bad thing.—rr. To run Húmero, sm. Humeri os, a long cylindrical
or to make away, to escape, to take to one's
bone, situated between the scapula and foreheel», to pack off one's tools, te make one's
arm.
484
HUN
HUK
Humero, sm. Tumiel, funnel, the shaft of a
fall, to pulí or beai down, to destroy,taruin
chimnej ; the passage for the smoke.
— r r . 1. To sink, to faU down, to faU to a level.
Humildad, sf. 1. Humility, freedom from pride, 2. T o sink, to go to the bottom. 3. (Coll.)
humbleness, modesty, meekness. 2. LowTo hide, to lie hid : applied to things which
liness, meanness, lowness of mind or birth ;
cannot be found. 4. To have dissensions
submission. Humildad de garabato, Feigned
and quarrels.
humility.
H upa, A word used by children either to ask
Humilde, a. 1. Humble, modest, submissive,
of any one to lift them up, or to complain of
i meek. 2. Humble, low, not high, not great,
some harm.
not tail. 3. Base, ignoble, of little worth or Hura, sf. 1. Furuncle, an angry pustule on the
account.
head. 2. A wild boar's head.
Humildemente, aa*. Humbly, submissively; Huracán, sm. Hurricane, a violent storm.
modestly, meekly.
Huraco, sm. (Low) Hole. V. Agujero.
Humild'íto, ítiy a. dim. Very humble or modest.Hurañamente, aa". I. Wildly, to a savage and
Humillación, sf. 1. Humiliation, submission, intractable manner. 2. Diffidently, disdatoabatement of pride. 2. Humiliation, act of
fully.
humility, abjectness, humbling ; obsequious- Hurañería, sf. (Prov.) 1. Shiness, diffidence,
mistrust. 2. Disdain, contempt.
ness. 3. Humiliation, mortification, selfcontempt.
Hurañía, sf. Stubbornness, aversión to deal with .
Humilladero, sm. A small chapel in the roads
the world.
and near the villages.
Huraño,fía,a, 1. Shy, diffident; intiactable. 2.
Humillador, ra, s. Humiliator.
Disdainful. 3. Cold-hearted, loveless.
Humillar, ra. 1. To humble, to lower; to bend, Hurción, sf, V. Infurcion.
to bow. 2. To humble, to crush, to subdue, Hurgamandera, sf. In cant language, a prostitute.
to bring down from loftiness and pride.—rr.
To humble one's self, to beeome humble or Hurgar, ra. 1. To stir, to move with a stick or
iron. 2. To stir up disturbances, to excite
submissive.
Humillo, sm. l.(Dim) Smoke or vapour which
quarrels.
is not dense. 2. Vanity, petty pride, or prideHurgón, sm. 1. Poker, an iron bar for stirring
exerted upon slight grouuds : it is commonly
thefire;a fire-fork. 2. Thrust in fencing.
used in plural. 3. Disease of sucking pigs. Hurgonada, sf. V. Estocada.
H u m o , sm. 1. Smoke, the visible effluvium or Hurgonazo, sm. A violent thrust.
sooty exhalation from any thtog burning. 2. Hurgonear, ra. 1. To stir the fire with a poker.
Vapour, steam, fume. 3. Thin, clear, black
2. To make a thrust in fencing.
silk stuff.—pl. 1. Families or housestoa town Hurgonero, sm. Poker. V. Hurgón.
or village. 2. (Met.) Vanity, petty pride, Hurí, sf. Houri, a Mahometan nymph of parahaughtiness, presumption.
dise.
Humor, sm. 1. Humor or humour, a general Hurón, na, s. 1. Ferret. Mustela furo, L. 2.
ñame for any fluid of the body. 2. Humour,
Ferreter, one who pries into others' seoets.—
the present disposition of a person to do any
a. Cold-hearted, loveless, shy, intractable,
thing or to act ••, any way. 3. Humour,
disdainful.
general turn or temper of mind, mood. jB«en Huronear, ra. 1. To ferret,tohunt with a ferret,
humor, Good nature, pleasant disposition.
2. T o hunt another in bis privacies.
Mal humor, IU-temper.
Hombre de buen Huronera, sf. 1. Ferrethole. 2. Lurking-place
humor, A good-humoured man. Estar de
where a person conceals himself.
buen humor, To be in humour, to be gay.
Huronéro, sm. Ferret-keeper.
Humorada, sf. 1. Graceful sprightUness. 2. AHurraca, sf. (Orn.) Magpie. Corvus pica, L.
witty saying.
Hurtágua, sf. (Prov.) V. Regadera.
Humorado, da, a. 1. Full of humours. 2. WellHurtáble, a. Capable of being stolen.
or ill-disposed.
Hurtó cordel (A'), ad. 1. Spinning a top onf.he
Humoral, a. Humoral, proceeding from the
palm of the hand. 2. (Met) Suddenly, insihumours.
diously, unexpectedly.
Humorázo, sm. augm. oí Humor.
Hurtadas (A'), aa*. (Obs.) V. A' hurtadillas.
Humorcíco, íllo, íto, sm. dim. of Humor. They Hurtadillas (A'), aa*. B y stealth, privately, in a
are generally used to express that a person
hidden manner.
h¡>z a bad temper.
Hurtadineros, sm. (Prov.) V. Alcancía.
Humorosidád, sf. Copiousness of humours.
Hurtador, ra, s. Robber, thief.
Humoróso, sa, a. Humorous.
Hurtar, ra. 1. To steal, to rob, to make away
Humoso, sa, a. Smoky, fumid, fumous, fumy or with. 2. To cheat in weight or measure. 3.
fumish.
To wrest a piece of ground from the sea or
Hundible, a. Fusible, capable of submersion or
a river. 4. To sepárate, to part. Hurtar e.
destruction.
cuerpo, To fice, to avoid any difficulty. 5.
Hundimiento, sm 1. Submersion, immersion,
To commit plagiary.—rr. T o remove or wilhthe act of sinking. 2. Downfal, destruction
draw; to abscond.
of fabrics.
Hurtarópa, sf. Boy's play.
Hundir, rn, 1. To submerge, to immerge, to Hurto, sm. 1. Theft, robbery, the act of stealsink or to put under water. 2. To sink, to
ing. 2. Theft, the thing stolen. 3. In mines,
crush, to overwhelm, to beat down. 3. To re- passage between the principal apartments,
fute, to coniound. 4. To sink, to ifTake to
A hurto B y stealth.
485
HUS
HUT
Husada, sf. A spindleful of thread or worsted.
Husá»o, sm. A large spindle.
Húsar, sm. Hussar, originally an Hungarian
horse soldier.
Husilléro, sm. O n e w h o attends the spindle in
oil-mills.
Husillo, sm. 1. (Dim.) A small spindle. 2. A
hollow cylinder running round in a spiíal
nut; a screwpin.—pl. Drains, smaU channels
for dratoing fens.
Husíta, sm. A follower of John Huss.
H u s m a . Andar á la husma, (Coll.) T o peep
narrowly in order to know secreto or uuknown
things.
Husmeadér, ra, s. Scenter, smeller.
Husmeadordllo, Ua, s. dim. Little smeller.
Husmear, ra. 1. T o sceut, to find out by smell.
ing. 2. T o pry, to peep, or insped cu
riously, offidously or impertinently.—rn To
stink: applied to flesh.
H u s m o , sm. Smell of meat which is somewhat
tainted. Estar al husmo, T o be upon the
seent; to watch a favourable opportanity foi
obfaining one's end.
Huso, sm. Spindle, the pin by which the thread
is formed, and on which it is wound.
Huta, sf. Hut, kind of shed in which huntsm e n hide, in order to start their dogs at the
chase.
Husón, sm. (Ichth.) Sturgeon. Acipenseí
huso, L.
Hutía, sm. Indian rat.
IDA
ID1
[ T h e third of the Spanish vowels, called to return. Idas, Frequent visito. Darse dos
idas y venidas, (Coll.) T o talk a matter oveí
5 the Latin i, to distinguish it from the y
very briefly, to transact business expedicalled Greek. / in Spanish is sounded like
tiously. En dos idas y venidas, Briefly,
the English long e in even.
promptly.
rbice, sm. Ibex, kind of goat. Capra íbex, L.
rbis, sf. (Orn.) Ibis, a kind of bird. Tanta- I'de, sm. (Ichth.) Kind of carp, a fresh-watei
fish. Cyprinus idus, L.
lus, L.
Icáco, sm. (Bot.) W e s t Indian eocoa-plumb. Idea, sf. 1. Idea, a mental image. 2. Notion,
conception. 3. Contrivance, design, intenChrysobalanus icaco, L.
tion, plan, project, scherne. 4. Thread of a
Icneumón, sm. Ichnenmon, a small animal.
Icnografía, sf. 1. Ichnography, ground-plan, a discourse. 5. Model, example. 6. Genius,
talent. 7. Fancy, conceit, extravagant nodelineation of the length, breadth, angles and
tion : in this sense it is used commonly in
Unes of a fortification or building. _ 2.
plural. 8. (Bot.) V. Frambuesa.
Ground-plot, the ichnography of a buüding.
Ideal, a. Ideal, mental, intellectual, imaginary,
Icnográfico, ca, %. Iehnographical.
Iconografía, sf. I.-onography, the art of descri- notional; not physical.
Idealmente, ad. Ideally, intellectually.
bing by pictures.
Iconográfico, ca, a. Relating or belonging to Idear, ra. 1. T o form or conceive an idea. 2.
T o think, to contrive, to imagine, to plan, to
iconography.
scherne, to meditate, to idéate. 3. T o discuss
Iconólatra, sm. Iconolater, a worshipper of
a subject on vain, futile grounds; to indulge
images.
in vain or airy conceptions.
Iconología, sf. Iconology, representation by
I'dem, pron. (Lat.) ítem, the same.
figures.
Iconoclasta, Iconómaco, sm. Iconoclast, ímage- Idénticamente, ad. Identically.
breaker, heretic who denies the worship due Idéntico, ca, a. Identic, identical, congener,
congenerons, the same,tarplytagthe same
to the holy images.
thing.
Iconoclástico, ca, a. (Littl. us.) Iconoclastic.
I'cor, Icoroíde, sm. Gleet, ichor, a thin, wateryIdentidad, sf. Identity, sameness, identicalnesS,
opposite to diversity.
humour from a sore.
Identificar, ra. T o identify; to ascertein the
Icoróso, sa, a. Ichorous; serous.
Ictericia, sf. Jaundice, a disease of the Uver, sameness of two objeets.—vr. T o beeome the
same.
which makes the patient look yeliow.
Ictericiado, da; Ictérico, ca, a. Ictérica!, jaun- I'deo, ea, a. (Poet.) Belonging to mount Ida
Idilio, sm. (Poet.) Idyl.
diced, belonging to the jaundice.
Idiocrásia, Idiocrásis, sf. Idiocrasy, pecuUarity
Irtiofágia, sf. Ichthyophagy, diet of fish.
Ictiófago, ga, a. Fish-eating, relating to the ich- of constitution.
Idiocrático, ca, a. Idiocratical, peculiar in conthyophagists.—s. Ichthyophagist.
Ictiología, sf. Ichthyology, the science of the stitution.
Idioma, sm. 1. Idiom, the language peculiar to
nature of fishes.
I'da, sf. 1. Departure, a d of going from one a nation or country. 2. Idiom, mode of speaking peculiar to a dialed or language. 3.
place to another. 2. (Met) Impetuosity; rash,
Sounds with which brutes express their wanta
inconsiderate or violent proceeding; sally. 3.
or sensations.
Act of driving a bail out of the truck-table.
4.
thoM ground.
a480
r k or impression
Ida del humo,
of the Departure
foot of g a mnever
e on Idiopatía,
some particular
sf. Idiopathy,
part of the
a disease
body. pecuüar to
IGN
IGU
Idiopático, ca, a. Idiopathic, primary, independ- Ignominiosamente, ad. Ignomiiiicusly, oppro.
ent: applied to diseases.
briously.
Idiosincrasia, sf. Idiosyncrasy, a peculiar tem- Ignominioso, sa, a. Ignominions, opprobrioiis,
reproachful, dísgraceful.
per or disposition not c o m m o n to another.
Idiota, sm. Idiot, a fool, a natural, an ignorant Ignorado, da, a. and pp. oí Ignorar, U n k n o w D ,
person.
occult, ignored.
Idiotez, sf. Idiotism, silliness, ignorance, idiocy.
Ignorancia, sf. Ignorance, unlearnedness, want
Idiotismo, sm. 1. Idiotism, peculiarity of expresof knowledge, illiterateness; idiotism; folly;
sion. 2. Idiotism, idiocy, folly, natural imdarkness, dark.
becility of mind.
Ignorante, pa. and a- 1. Ignorant, stupid, unI'do, da, pp. irr. oí Ir, Gone.
learned, uninstructed. 2. Ignorant, without
Idólatra, a. Idolatrous; heathen, paganish.
knowledge of some particular.—sm. Ignorant
Idólatra, sm, 1. Idolater, a worshipper of idols. Ignorantemente, ad. Ignorantly.
2. O n e w h o ido'lizes a w o m a n , or loves her Ignorantón, na, a. augm. Grossly ignorant
with excessive fondness.
Ignorar, ra. T o be ignorant of, not to know.
Idolatradamente, ad. Idolatrously.
Ignoto, ta, a. (Obs.) U n k n o w n .
Idolatrar, ra. 1. T o idolatrize, to worship idols. Igual, a. 1. Equal, similar, coequal, like another
2. T o idolize, to love with excessive fondin bulk, quantity or any quality that admite
ness.
comparíson. 2. Level, even, flat. 3. Like,
Idolatría, sf. 1. Idolatry, the worship of images resembling, eonsimilar; uniform, equable.
or idols, paganism. 2. Inordinate love, excess- 4. Constant, firm, determined, equanimous,
ive fondness.
consistent. En igual de, Instead of, in lieu
Idolátrico, ca, a. (Obs.) Idolatrous, idolátrica", of. Al igual, Equally. No tiene igual, H e
idolish.
has not his like. Por igual or por un igual,
Idolíco, íllo, íto, sm. ( D i m ) 1. A Uttle idol. 2. Equally, with equality. Sin igual, N o t to be
equalled.
Darling, favourite, the object of fondness.
Idolísmo, sm. Idolatry. V. Idolatría.
Iguala, sf. 1. Agreement, convention, stipulaI'dolo, sm. 1. Idol, an image worshipped as
tion, contract. 2. Equalizing, equalling, the
God. 2. Idol, one loved or honoured to adoact of equalling. 3. Level, an instrument
ration.
whereby masons adjust their work. 4. GratiIdoneidad, sf. Aptitude,fitness,capacity, apt- fication given by farmers to their day-labourness.
ers over and above their usual wages. A la
Idóneo, nea, a. Idoneous,fit,convenient, proiguala, Equally.
per, meet.
Igualación, sf. 1. Equalling, equalizing, equaliI'dus, sm. Ides, one of the three parts into
zation, levelling, the act and effect of making
which the R o m a n s divided the month.
equal or making even. 2. Agreement, stipufglésia, sf. 1. Church, the collective body of
lation, contract 3. (Alg.) Equation, an exChristians. 2. Church, body of Christians
pression of the same quantity in two dissimiadhering to some particular form of worship.
lar terms, but of equal valué. 4. Counter3. Church, place which Christians consécrate
gage, a trimming of one piece of wood into
to the worship of God. 4. Temple, place
another.
either of Christian or heathen worship. 5, Igualado, da, pp. oí Igualar, Equalled. Dejar
Ecclesiastical state ; chapter ; diocese. Homá uno igualado, (Coll.) T o give one a severe
bre de iglesia, A n ecclesíastic. 6. Right of drubbing.
impunity enjoyed to churches. Iglesia fría, Igualador, ra, s. 1. Equalizer, leveller. 2.HarChurch where a malefactor does not enjoy
rower, one w h o makes ploughed ground even
protection against the laws of his country.
and level with a harrow.
Iglesia me llamo, I a m called the church: ex- Igualamiento, sm. Equalizing, equalization, act
pression of delinquents when they do not
of equalling.
wishtotelltheir ñame, but seek the i m m u - Igualar, va. 1. T o equalize, to equal, to m a k e a
nity of the church.
person or thing equal to another, to match,
Ignaro, ra, a. (Obs.) Ignorant, unlearned, unto mate. 2. T o judge without any partiality.
instructed.
to hold in equal estimation. 3. T o flatten,
Ignavia, sf. (Obs.) Idleness, laziness, careless- to m a k e even or level without prominence or
ness.
elevation, to level the ground. Igualar las
ígneo, ea, a, Igneous, fiery.
mercaderías, T o put a fair price upon merIgnición, sf. Ignition, the act of kindling or set chandize.—rr. 1. T o level, to efface distincting on fire.
tion or superiority, to place one's self upon a
Ignícola, s. Fíre-worshipper.
level with others. 2. T o agree, to adjust
Ignífero, ra, a. Igniferous, ignifluous, containdifférences. 3. T o settle by mutual agreeing or emitting fire.
ment the amount of wages or any other kind
Ignipoténte, a. (Poet.) Ignipotent, powerful
of pay. Igualar la sangre, (Coll.) 1. T o
over fire.
bleed a second time. 2. (Met.) T o give a
ígnito, ta, a. (Obs.) Ignited, inflamed, red-hot
second blow to one.
Ignívomo, m a , a. Ignivomous, vomiting fire. Igualdad, sf. 1. Equality, similitude, coequality.
Ignóble, a. V . Innoble.
2. Conformity, consimilitude, likeness. 3.
Ignografía, sf. V . Icnografía.
Levelness, evenness, equality of surface. 4,
Ignominia, sf. Ignominy infamy, public disEquality, uniformity. Igualdad de ánimo,
gTace, opprobrium.
Evenness of m i n d ; coustancy, equability.
487
ILD
1MB
Igualmente, ad. Equally, uniformly, equably, Iluminativo, va, a. llluminative.
Ilusión, sf. 1. Illusion, false shaw, counterfeit
evenly ; likewise ; constantly.
appearance ; fallaciousness. 2. A sort of
Iguana, sf. G u a n a , a kind of lizard, a native of
smart and lively ironyAmerica. Lacerta iguana, L.
Iguarias; sf. pl. Vianda dressed and served up. Ilusivo, va, a. Delusíve, ütosive, false, deceitful,
Ijada, sf. 1. Flank, that part of the side of a Iluso, sa, a. Deluded, deceived, ridiculed.
quadruped near the hinder thigh. 2. Flank, Ilusoriamente, aa*. lllusively.
in m e n , the lateral part of the lower belly. 3. Ilusorio, ria, a. 1. Delusíve, iUusory, deceitful,
having a counterfeit appearance. 2. (Law)
T h e fleshy part of the side of a pig, without
Nuil, void of effect; of no valué.
bones. 4. Pain in the side, cholic. Tener
Ilustración, sf. 1. Illustration, explanation, elusu ijada, (Met.) T o have a w e a k side.
cidation, exposition, expUcation. 2. (Obs.)
Ijadeár, vn. T o pant, to palpítate.
Illustration, brightness, splendour, light. 3
Ijár, sm. Flank. V . Ijada. Caballo de pocos
Revelation, divine inspiration.
yares, A light-flanked horse.
Ilación, sf. Inf'erence, illation, conclusión drawn Ilustrador, ra, s. IUustrator, explicator.
from previous arguments.
Ilustrar, ra. 1. T o ¡Ilústrate, to clear up,toexIlativo, va, a. Illative, that which denotes illaplain, to elucídate. 2. T o inspire, to infuse
tion or conctasion.
supernatural light. 3. T o aggrandize, to enIlécebra, sf. (Obs.) AUurement, enticement,
noble, to ¡Ilústrate, to heighten.
temptation.
Ilustre, a. Illustrious, noble, celebrated, conspiIlegal, a. Illegal, unlawful, contrary to law.
cuous, glorious, high, honourable, magniflcent, magnifie, magnifical.
Ilegalidad, sf. Illegality, contrariety to law, unIlustremente, aa*. IUustriously, greatly.
lawfulness.
Ilegalménte, aa". Illegally, lawlessly, unlawfully. Ilustrísimo, m a , a. Appellation of honour given
to prelates, etc. in Spain, w h e n they are adIlegible, a. IUegible, what cannot be read.
dressed either in writing or couversation.
Ilegítimamente, aa". Illegitimately, foully.
Ilegitimar, ra. T o illegitimate, to render 'Ilegití- Imadas, sf. pl. (Nau.) Sliding planks used in
the launching of ships.
mate, or to prove a person illegitimate.
Imagen, sf. 1. Image, figure, any eorporeal
Ilegitimidad, sf. Illegitímacy.
representotion, ímagery, statue, effigy. 2.
Ilegítimo, m a , a. 1. Illegal, contrary to law. 2.
Image, show, appearance, fancy, concep
Illegitimate, misbegot or misbegotten, unlawtion. 3. (Rhet.) Picture or lively descripfully begotten.
tion.
íleon, I'lion, sm. Ileum, the third división of
Imagendca, illa, íto, sf. dim. A little image.
the s m a U intestines.
Ileso, sa, a. Unhurt, free from damage, harm- Imaginable, at Imaginable, contrivable, conceivable.
Imaginación, sf. 1. ímagination, fancy; the
Itiberál, a. (Obs.) IUiberal.
power of forming ideal pictores. 2. ímagiIlícitamente, ad. IUicitly, forbiddenly.
nation, conception, image of the mind. 3.
Ilícito, ta, a. Illicit, unlawful.
Conceit, fantasy; any unsolid or fauciful
Ilimitáble, a. (Littl. us.) llUmitable.
opinión or idea.
Ilimitado, da, a. Unlimited, ilUmited, boundless,
finiteless, Umitless, without bounds; incon- Imaginar, rn. 1. T o imagine, to fancy, to image,
to paint in the mind. 2. T o imagine, to
ditional, inconditionate.
scherne, to contrive, to excogítate, to conIlíquido, da, a. Unliquidated: applied to acceive; to find out. 3. T o form erroneous
counts or debts.
suppositions.—ra. (Obs.) T o adorn with
Iliterato, a. Illiterate, unleamed.
images.—rr. V. Figurarse.
Iludir, ra. (Obs.) V . Burlar.
Iluminación, sf. 1. Illumination, the act of sup- Imaginaria, sf. (Mil.) Reserve guard, corps
ready to assist the actual guards.
plyíng with light. 2. Illumination, festive
lights, h u n g out as a token of joy. 3. Illu- Imaginariamente, ad. In a visionary manner.
mination, infusión of intellectual light, know- Imaginario, sm. Painter or Sculptor of images.
Imaginario, ria, a. Imaginary, fancied, visionary,
ledge or grace.
existing only in the Ímagination.
Iluminado, da, a. and pp. oí Iluminar, Illuminate, enUghtened: c o m m o n l y appUed in a Imaginativa, sf. ímagination, fancy.
Imaginativo, va, a. Imaginative, fantastic, full
bad sense.
of Ímagination, fanciful, formfol.
Iluminado, sm. Illuminate, in plural, illuminati:
ñ a m e given to certain heretics of the six- Imaginería, sf. ímagery, an embroidery representingflowers,birds or fishes.
teenth century, and to some philosophers in
Imán, sm. 1. Loadstone, the magnet, a hard
our o w n times.
and solid stone which attracts iron. 2,
Huminadór, sm. Illuminator, one w h o iUumines;
C h a r m , attractiou.
one w h o adoras with eolours.
Iluminar, ra. 1. T o illumine or illuminate, to Imantár, ra. T o touch the mariner's compass
needle with a loadstone, to give it a direction
Ught, to fill with light or to supply with
north and south.
light. 2. T o illuminate, to adorn with festal
lamps or bonfires.
3. T o illuminate, to Imbeáto,te,a. (Obs.) Unfortunate, unhappy.
lighten, to enlighten inteUectualIy, to infuse Imbécil, a. W e a k , feeble, imbeeile.
knowledge or grace. 4. T o give light and Imbecilidad, sf. Imbeciliry, weakness, debilito
want of strength.
m a d e to a piece of painting; to colour, to
Imbele, a. (Obs.) Feeble, weak
Ulumine books. 5. T o render transparent.
488
1MP
IMF
ing. 2. Impassible, exempt from external
Imbibición, sf. Imbibition.
impression, insensible of pain.
Imbiérno, sm.V. Invierno.
Imbornal, sm. (Nau.) Scupper-hole. Imbornal Impávidamente, ad. Intrepidly, undauntedly.
de bomba, P u m p scupper-hole. Imbornales de Impavidez, sf. Intrepídíty, courage, boldness.
varengas, Llmber-holes. Imbornales de la Impávido, da, a. Dauntless, intrepid.
Impecabilidad, sf. Impeccability, impeccaney.
caja de agua, Scuppers of the manger.
Imbricado, da, a. Imbricated, indented with con- Impecable, a. Impeccable, exempt from possibitity of sin.
cavities : especially appUed to shells that are
Impedido, da, a. Impeded ; incapable of
waved.
making use of one's limbs ; having lost the
Imbuir, va. T o imbue, to admit into the mind,
use of the limbs.—pp. oí Impedir.
to infuse into the mind, to instruct.
Imbursación, sf. (Prov.) Act of putting into a Impedidór, ra, s. Obstructor, what ímpedes.
Impedíante, pa. Hindering. that which impedes.
sack.
Imhursar, va. (Prov.) T o put into a sack or bag. Impedimento, sm. Impediment, obstacle, hiuderance, obstruction, let, clog, cumbrance,
Imitable, a. Imitable.
cumbersomeness, impeachment.
Imitación, sf. 1. Imitation, the act of copying.
2. Imitation, that which is offered as a copy. Impedir, ra. 1. T o impede, to impedite, to hinder, to obstruct, to prevent, to let, to keep or
A imitación, After the example, in imitato keep back, from or off, to forbid. 2. T o
tion of.
constrain, to restrain, to cohibit; to counterImitado, da, a. and pp oí Imitar, Copied, imiact. 3. T o suspend.
tated. imitative.
Impeditivo, va, a. Impeding, hindering, impeImitador, ra, s. Imitator, follower.
ditive.
Imitar, va. T o imítate, to copy, to endeavour to
Impeler, ra. l.To impe!, to give an impulse. 2.
resemble, to follow; to counterfeit.
T o incite, to stimulate, to move. 3. T o imImitativo, va, a. Imitative, formed after some
pel, to press on, to urge forward.
original, or aiming at resemblance.
Impenetrabilidad, sf. Impenetrability, impeneImitatorio,ria,a. (Obs.) Imitative.
trableness.
Impaciencia, sf. 1, Impatience, inability to suffer pain; rage under suffering. 2. Impa- Impenetrable, a. 1. Impenetrable, impervious,
what cannot be pierced or penetrated. 2.
tience, inability to suffer delay, eagerness,
Impenetrable, incomprehensible, not to be
hastiness. 3. Impatience, vehemence of temconceived by the mind ; fathomless.
per, heat of passion.
Impacientar, va. T o vex, to irrítate, to m a k e one Impenetrablemente, ad, (Littl. us.) Impenetrably, imperviously.
lose all patience.—rr. T o beeome impatient,
Impeniténcia, sf. Impenitence, impeniteney,
to lose all patience.
want of penitenee.
Impaciente, a. Impatient,fidgetty,restless, not
Impenitente, a. Impenitent, obdurate, beartable to endure delay.
Impacientemente, ad. Impatiently, longingly,
hardened.
Impensadamente, ao*. Unexpectedly.
eagerly, ardently, with great desire.
Impacto, ta, a. Impacted, thrust into, packed Impensado, da, a. Unexpected, unforeseen, not
thought of, fortuitous.
tight.
Impalpable, a. Impalpable, not to be perceived Imperante, pa. C o m m a n d i n g . — a . (Astrol.)
Ruling: applied to a star. Formerly it was
by the touch.
used as.a substantive.
I'mpar, a. 1. Unequal, dissimilar, odd. 2. U n Imperar, rn.To c o m m a n d , to reign.—va. (Obs.)
even, not divisible into equal numbers.
T o c o m m a n d a person, to direct his actions.
Imparciál, a. 1. Impartía", equitable, free from
regard of party. 2. Impartial, indifferent, Imperativamente, ad. Imperatively, authoritadisinterested, equal in dístribution of justice,
tively.
Imperativo, va, a. Imperativo, commanding,
just. 3. .Unprejudiced, inprejudicate.
expressive of c o m m a n d ; a m o o d in grammar.
Imparcialidad, sf. Impartiality, equitableness,
Imperatoria, sf. (Bot.) Masterwort. Imperatoria
justice; indifference.
ostruthium, L.
Imparcialménte, ad. Impartially, equitably,
Imperatorio,ria,a. 1. Imperial, royal, belongjustly, honestly.
ing to an emperor or monarch. 2. Eminent,
Impartibilidad, sf. (Littl. us.) Imparity, indivipossessed of superior qualities.
sibility.
Impartible, a. 1. Indivisible, what cannot be Imperceptible, a. Imperceptible.
divided or separated. 2. (Law) Impartible, Imperceptiblemente, ad. Imperceptibly.
communicable, what can be bestowed or con- Imperdible, a. (Coll.) Imperdible, not to be
lost or destroyed.
ferred.
Impartir, ra. 1. T o demand or require assist- Imperdonable, a. (Coll.) Impardonable, irremisance: chiefly applied to courts of judicature,
sible.
which demand one another's assistance for Imperfección, sf. Imperfection, fault, slight
the effectual administration of justice. 2. T o
failure or defect.
grant, to impart.
Imperfectamente, ad. Imperfectly, faultily,
Impasibilidad, sf. Impassibility, exemption from lamely, inadequately.
the ageney of external causes, impassible- Imperfecto, ta, a. Imperfect, net complete; deuess, exemption from suffering or from senfective, faulty.
sibility of pain.
Imperforación, sf. (Med.) Imperforation, tto
Impasible, a. I. Impassible, incapuble of sufferstate of being closed.
489
IMP
iMP
ímperforádo,da, a. ^Med.) Imperforate, closed up.Impetrador, ra, s. O n e w h o impetrates.
Imperial, sm. 1. Roof of a coach or carriage. 2. Impetrante, pa. Impetrattog—sm. (Law) Grantee; impetrator.
(Nau.) Poop-royal, a platform which serves
Impetrar, ra. T o impétrate, to obtain by enas a covering of the poop-gallery of a ship.
treaty.
Imperial, a. 1. Imperial, belonging to an emperor or monarch. 2. Applied to a kind of I'mpetu, sm. 1. ímpetus, a violent tendency fe
any point; a violent effbrt. 2. Impetuosíty,
small black plumb.
violence or vehemence of passion.
Imperiales, sm. pl. Imperialiste, a ñ a m e given
Impetuosamente, ao". Impefuously, vehemently,
to the troops of the emperor of Austria.
Impericia, sf. Unskilfulness, want of knowledge violently.
Impetuosidad, sf. Impetuosíty, vehemence.
or experience.
Imperio, sm. 1. Empire, dominión, command. Impetuoso, sa. a. 1. Impetuous, violent, fordble,
fierce. 2. Impetuous, vehement, passionate,
2. Dignity of an emperor. 3. Empire, the
heady.
dominions or possessions of an emperor. 4.
Kind of Unen made in Germany. Alto oí Impía or Flor impía, sf. Scarlet-flowered pen.
tapetes. Pentapetes phaenicea, L.
bajo imperio, Upper or lower empire.
Imperiosamente, ad. Imperiously, lordly, mas- Impíamente, ad. Impiously.
Impiedad, sf. 1. Impiety, irreverence to the Suterly.
preme Being ; irreligión, contempt of the
Imperioso, sa, a. 1. Imperious, commanding,
duties of religión. 2. Impiety, any ad of
arrogant, haughty. 2. Powerful, overbearing,
wickedness, impiousness; cruelty.
magisterial.
Impígero, ra, a. (Obs.) Adive, prompt, lively.
Imperitamente, ad. UnskilfuUy, ignoranfly.
Imperito, ta, o. Unleamed, unskilled; deficient Impiísimo, m a , a. sup Very impíous, extremely
wieked.
in the practícal knowledge of arte and
Impío, pía, a. Impious, írreligious, wieked, prosciences.
fane, míscreant, godless.
Impermeabilidad, sf. Impermeability.
Impermeable, a. Impermeable, that which is no* Impíreo, rea, a. V. Empíreo.
I'mpla, sf. (Obs.) W o m a n ' s veil.
permeable, or caunot be passed through.
Implacable, a. Implacable, ímpacable, not to be
Impermutable, a. Immutable.
pacified; inexorable; constato in enmity.
Imperscrutable, a (Obs.) V. Inescrutable.
Impersonal, a. 1. Impersonal, not varied accord- Implacablemente, ad. Implacably.
ing to the persons: applied to verbs. 2. M o d e Implaticable, a. Intractable, unmanageable.
of speaking impersonally. En or por imper- -Implicación, sf, Impücation ; contradiction ;
implicitness.
sonal, Impersonally.
Impersonalménte, ad. Impersonally, according ImpUcádo, da, a. and pp. oí Implicar, ImpUcit,
entangled, impUcated.
to the manner of an impersonal verb.
Impersuasible, a. Impersuasible, not to be moved Implicar, vn. T o oppose, to contradid one another : applied to terms and propositions.—ra.
by persuasión.
T o implícate, to involve; to entangle, ta emImpertérr'ito,ta,a. Intrepid,unterrified,dauntless.
Impertinencia, sf. 1. Impertinence or imperti- barrass.
nency, folly, nonsense, rambling thought, ImpUcatório,ria,a. Implicative.
foolish action. 2. Peevishness,fretfuldis- Implícitamente, ad. Implicitly.
position, humorousness. 3. Impertinence, Implícito,to,a. Implidt, inferred; tacitly com
.prised, not expressed.
íroublesomeness, intrusión. 4. Minute accuImploración, sf. Entreaty, imploration, the act
racy in the performance of a thing.
of imploring.
Impertinente, a. 1. Impertinent, intrusíve, importúnate, meddling. 2. Impertinent, non- Implorar, ra. 1. T o implore, to cali upon in supsensical, trilling, of no relation to the matter pücation, to solidt. 2 T o implore, to ask
with eagerness, to crave, to entreat, to
in hand, of no weight. 3. Peevish, fretful,
beg.
cross, forward, ill-humoured.
Implúme, a. Unfeathered, naked of feathers.
Impertinentemente, ad. Impertinently.
Imperturbabilidad, sf. (Littl. us.) Impetturba Impolítica,*/ 1. Incivility, want of courtesy,
clownishness, rudeness, coarseness. 2. Imbility.
policy.
Imperturbable, a. Imperturbable, free from perImpolíticamente, ad. (Coll.) Impolitically, imturbation, not to be disturbed.
politicly.
Imperturbablemente, aa", (Littl. us.) ImperturImpolítico, ca, a. 1. ImpoUtic or impolitieai, inbably.
Impervio, via, a. Irnpervíous, impassable, impe- discreet, irnprudent 2. Impolite, rude, coarse,
misbehaved, unpolished.
netrable.
Impetra, sf. 1. Diploma, licence, permission. 2.Impoluto, ta, a. (Obs.) Unpolluted, puré, free
from stain, clean.
Bull by which dubious benefices are granted,
with a proviso of the incumbent removing or Imponderable, a. Inexpressible, unutterable.
Imponedór, sm. H e who imposes or charges.
clearing up the doubts at his own expense.
Impetráble, a. (Law) Impetrable, possible f o be Imponer, va. 1. T o lay, put or set in or upon.
2. T o ímpose or to lay a tax, a duty, etc.
obtained.
3.
impose,
lay fallaciously,
on asor
ato
burthen
or peImpetración,
sf.
the act of
obtain- 5.
Impetrado,
ing
impetrated.
by
490
prayer
da,
a.orImpetration,
a.nd
entreaty.
pp. ofImpetrar,
Impétrate,
(Obs.")
nalty.
TT oo advise,
4.
T oT oobtrude
charge
totogive
upon
notice,
impute
acquaint
to falsely.
imposo
i6.
IMP
IMP
4. Injunction of any thing as a law or duty
upon. 7 (Print) T o impose, to arrange
5. A m o n g piinters, imposition, the arrangepages of types for the press.
ment of pages for the press.
Importable, a. 1. (Obs.) Importable. V . Insoportable. 2. W h a t can be importad from Imposta, sf. (Arch.) Imposte, that part of a pülar in vaults and arches on which the weight
abroad : applied to goods.
Importación, sf. Importotion, the act or practice of the whole building lies.
Impostor, ra; s. Impostor, one w h o cheats by a
of bringing into a country from abroad.
Importado, da, a. and pp. oí Importar, Importad; fictitious character, ajuggler.
brought into a country from abroad: speak- Impostura, sf. 1. A false imputation or charge
2. Imposture, fiction, deceit, cheat, fraud,
ing of goods.
supposititiousness, gullery, juggle.
Importancia, sf. 1. Importance, import, consequence, moment, momentousness, concern. Impotencia, sf. 1. Impotence or impotency,
want of power, inabüity, weakness. 2. Im2. Importance, considerableness, a claim to
potence, frigidity, incapacity of propagation.
notice; a respectable worthiness of regard,
Impotente, a. 1. Impotent, disabled from perclaim to respect.
forming a thing, weak, feeble, wanting forcé,
Importante, a. Importónt, momentous, of great
wanting power. 2. Impotent, frigid, without
consequence, mighty, weighty, material, conpower of propagation.
siderable.
Importantemente, ad. Importantly, usefully, m a . Impracticable, a. 1. Impracticable, impossible,
unfeasible. 2. Impassable : appUed to roads.
terially, essentially.
Importar, r. imp. T o import, to be of moment, Imprecación, sf. Imprecation, curse; prayer by
which any evil is wished.
to be important or convenient, to concern, to
matter. No importa, N o matter, it is no Imprecar, ra. T o imprécate, to curse.
matter, it matters not. Qué importa or qué Imprecatorio, ria, a. Imprecatory, containing
wishes of evil.
importa eso 9 W h a t matters it? what of that ?
what does it signify ? Importa mucho, It Impregnación, sf. Impregnation.
matters much.—ra. 1. T o import, to carry Impregnado, da, a. and pp. oí Impregnar, I m prégnate, impregnated.
into any country from abroad. 2. T o amount
or to amount to. 3. (Obs.) T o occasion, to Impregnar, ra. T o impregn or to imprégnate,
tofillor satúrate with any matter or quality.
cause.
— r r . T o be impregnated.
Importe, sm. A m o u n t or gross amount, valué.
Importunación, sf. Importunity, incessant soU- Impremir, ra. (Obs.) V. Imprimir.
Imprente, sf. 1. Printing, the art or process of
citation.
impressing letters or words, imprimery. 2.
Importunadamente, aa*. Importunately.
Importunado, da, a. and pp. of Importunar, Im- Printing-office, where books are printed. 3.
Print, the form, size, arrangement and othei
portuned; teazed.
qualities of the types used in printing books.
Importunadór, ra, s. Importunator, importune!.
Importunamente, ad. 1. Importunely, with im- Imprescindible, a. That which cannot be prescinded or put aside.
portunity. 2. Importunely, unseasonably, out
Imprescriptible, a. Imprescriptible, without the
of time.
compass of prescription
Importunar, ra. 1. T o importune, to disturb by
reiteration of the same request; to crave. 2. Impresión, sf. 1. Impression, the act of pressing
one body upon another. 2. Impression, imT o vex, to molest, to harass with slight vexpress, mark m a d e by pressure, stamp. 3.
ation perpetoally recurring, to teaze, to disturb by reiteration of the same request.
Print, the form, size and other quaUties of
the types used in printing books. 4. ImImportunidad, sf. Importunity, importunacy,
pression, edition, number printed at once,
importunateness.
Importuno, na, a. 1. Importune, importúnate,
one course of printing. 5. Impression, efficacious agency, influence or operation of one
unseasonable, coming, asking or happening
at a wrong time. 2. Importune, troublesome,
body upon another. 6. Impression, impresa,
vexatious, heavy.
image fixed in the mind. 7. (Astrol.) InImposibiUdád, sf. ímpossibility, impracticabiUty, fluence of the stars; impression or efFect.
impracticableness, the state of not being fea- Impresionar, ra. T o imprint or to fix on the
sible.
mind or memory.
Imposibilitar, va. T o disable, to render impos- Impreso, sm. Pamphlet, a smaU book, a shoit
treatise.
síble.
Imposible, a. 1. Impossible, impracticable, un- Impreso, sa, pp. irr. oí Imprimir, Printed.
feasible. 2. Extremely lifficult Los impo- Impresor, sm. Printer, one that prints books.
sibles, A kind of Spanish dance. Imposible Impresora, sf. Wife of a printei, a female prode toda imposibilidad, (CoU.) Altogether im- prietor of a printing-office.
possible.
Imprestable, a. That cannot be lent.
Imposible, sm. ímpossibility, impossible, that Imprevisto, ta, a. Unforeseen, unexpected, imwhich cannot be done.
provided, unprovided against.
Imposiblemente, ad. Impossibly.
Imprimación, sf. Priming, the act of laying on
Imposición, sf. 1. Imposition, the act of laying thefiísteolours on canvass or boards to be
any thing on another. 2. Imposition, the act
painted; stuff for priming.
of laying, putting or setting in or upon. 3. Irnprimadéra, sf. T h e instrument used in pnImposition, the act of imposing taxes or duming or laying thefirsteolours on in paint»
ties, and the tax, charge or duty imposed,
ing.
49)
IMP
1NA
Imprimador, sm. O n e w h o luya thefirsteolours Impúdico, ca, a. 1. Unehaste, lewd, lustful,'ol.
on a piece of Unen or board to be painted.
scene, luxurious. 2. Impudent, shameless.
Imprimar, va. T e prime, to lay thefirsteolours Impuesto, sm. Tax, impost, duty.
on in painting.
Impuesto, ta, a. and pp. irr. of Imponer, ImImprimir, va. 1. T o print, to impress words or
posed.
m a k e books by the press, to stamp. 2. T o Impugnable, a. That which m a y be impugned.
imprint, to fix an idea on the mind or m e - Impuguadón, sf. Opposition, contradirtion, remory. 3. T o put a work to press, to get it
futation, impugnatíon.
printed.
Impugnador, ra, s. O n e w h o refutes, attacks oí
Improbabilidad, sf. Improbability, unlíkelíhood, contradiría; impugner, objector.
difficulty to be believed.
Impugnar, ra. T o impugn, to contradict,toopImprobable, a. Ii»i»Tobable, unlikely, difficult to pose, to confute.
be proved.
Impugnativo, va, a. Impugning.
Improbablemente, aa". Improbably.
Impulsar, ra. T o impel, to give an impulse, to
Improbar, va. T o disapprove, to dislike, to cenurge on.
sure.
Impulsión, sf. 1. Impulsión, impulse, communil'mprobo,ba, a. 1. Corrupt, wieked. 2. Labocated forcé, the effect of one body acting upon
rious, painful.
another. 2. Impulsión, impulse, influence
Improperar, ra. T o upbraid, to charge contempacting upon the mind, motive.
tuously with any thing disgraceful, to gibe, Impulsivo, va, a. Impulsive.
to taunt.
Impulso, sm. Impulsión; impulse. V. ImpulImproperio, sm. Contemptuous reproach, an in-'
sión.
jurious censure.
Impulsor, ra, s. Impeller.
Impropiamente, aa*. Improperly.
Impune, a. E x e m p t from punishment, unpuImpropiar, vr. (Obs.) T o twist or dístort the
nished.
trae sense of a law,fojunction or word.
Impunemente, ad. W i t h impunity, impunibly.
Impropiedad, sf. Impropriety, unfitness, watt Impunidad, sf. Impunity, freedom from punishof justness.
ment.
Impropio, pia, a. 1. Improper, unfit; not con- Impuramente, aa". Obscenely, impurely.
ducive to the right end; unqualified. 2, Im- Impureza, sf. 1. Impurity, want of purity, the
proper, misbecoming.
state of those things which are foul with exImproporción, sf. Disproportion, want of protraneous mixtures. 2. Impurity, dishonesty,
portion.
any act of unchastity. 3. Obscenity, obseeneImproporcionado, da, a. Disproportionate, unness; foulness.
symmetrical, impropoitionate, unsuitable in Impuridád, sf. (Obs.) V . Impureza.
point of quality or quantity.
Impuro, ra, a. Impure, foul.
Impropriamente, ad. V . Impropiamente.
Imputable, a. Imputable, chargeable.
Impropriedád, sf. Impropriety.
ItoputóbíUdád, sf. Imputableness.
Improprio,ria,a. V. Impropio.
Imputación, sf. Imputation, attribution of any
Improrogáble, a. That which cannot be prothing: generaUy of ill.
rogued.
Imputadór, ra, s. Imputer.
Impróspero, ra, (Obs.) a. Unfortunate, unpros- Imputar, ra. T o impute, to charge upon, to atperous, unhappy.
tribute, to father, to lay, to fasten in: generally ill.
Impróvidamente, ad. Improvidently.
Improvidencia, sf. (Obs.) Improvidence.
Imputativo, va, a. (Littl. us.) Imputative.
Impróvido, da, a. Improvident, wanting fore- In, prep. lat. Used only in composition, where it
has generally a negative signification, as MIcast, wanting care to provide.
capaz, incapable.
Improvisación, sf. (Littl. us.) Extemporíness.
Improvisamente, ad. Unexpectedly, improvi- Inacabable, a. Interminable, inconsumptible,
that cannot be brought to an end.
dently.
Improvisar, ra. T o extemporize, to speak extem- Inaccesibilidad, sf. Inaccessibitity, the state or
quality of being inaccessible.
pore or without premeditation.
Improviso, sa, Improvisto, ta, a. Unexpected, Inaccesible, a. Inaccessible, not to be reached,
not to be approached.
unforeseen, not provided against. De improviso or a la improvista, Unexpectedly, on a Inaccesiblemente, ad. Inaccessíbly.
sudden.
Inacceso, sa, a. Inaccessible.
Imprudencia, sf. Imprudence, want of prudence, Inacción, sf. Inaction, cessation from laboui,
indiscretion, heedlessness; impolicy; improforbearance of labout.
viJence.
Inadaptáble, a. Not capable of adoption.
Imprudente, a. Imprudent, indiscreet, improvi- Inadecuado, da, a. Inadequate.
dent
Inadmisible, a. Inadmissible.
Imprudentemente, ad. Imprudently.
Inadvertencia, sf. Inadvertence, carelessness,
inattention, h edlessness.
Impudencia, sf. Impudence or impudeney,
shamelessness, immodesty, malapertness.
Inadvertidamente, aa*. Inadvertently.
Impudente, a. Impudent, shameless, wanting Inadvertido, da, a. 1. Inadvertent, inconsiderate, careless. 2. Unseen, unuoticed.
modesty.
Inafectado, da; a. Natural, free from affectation,
Impúdicamente, ad. Lewdly, impudently.
Impudicicia, sf. Unchastity, lewdtiess, inconti- Inagenáble, a. Inalienable, that cannot be alien
atad
' nence, lustfutaess, iuipudiclty.
492
ING
INfi
Inagotable, a. 1. Inexhaustible, exhaustless, not Incantación, sf. (Obs.) V . Encanto.
possible to be emptied 2, Unexhausted : ap- Incapacidad, sf. 1. Incapacity, inability, want
plied to the powers of the mind. 3. Neverof natural power, want of power or strength
failing.
of body. 2. Incapability, incapableness, naInaguantable, a. Insupportable, that cannot be
tural inability, want of comprehensiveness of
borne.
mind. 3. Incapability, legal disqualification
Inalienable, a. Inaüenable.
or want of legal qualifications.
InalterabiUdád, sf. Immutebility, stability, inal- Incapaz, a. 1. Incapable, unable, not equal to
terability.
any thing. 2. Incapable, wanting power to
Inalterable, a. Inalterable, that cannot be aJdo any thing. 3. Incapable, wanting undertered.
standing, unable to comprehend, learn or unInalterablemente, ad. Unalterably.
derstand ; wanting talent. Incapaz de sacraInalterado, da, a. Unchanged, stable.
mentos, (Coll.) Applied to a very weak, silly
Inamisible, a. Inamissible, not to be lost.
person.
Inamovible, a. That which cannot b'e removed. Incardinación, sf. ( L a w Obs.) Administration
Inamovibilidád, sf. T h e quality of that which
without property.
cannot be removed.
Incasable, a. Ünfít for marriage.
Inane, a. (Littl. us.) E m p t y , void, inane.
Incasto, ta, a. (Littl. us.) Unchaste, dishonest,
Inanición, sf. (Med.) Iuanition, extreme weakimpure.
ness produced by want of nourishment
Incatólico, ca, a. (Obs.) Uncatholic.
Inanimado, da, a. Inanimate, lifeless, void of Incautamente, aa*. Unwafily, incautiously.
life; without animation.
Incauto, ta, a. Incautious, unwary, heedless.
Inapagable, a. Inextinguishable, unquenchable. Incendiar, ra. T o kindle, to set on fire, to inInapeable, a. 1. That cannot be lowered or leflame.
velled. 2. Incomprehensible, inconceivable. Incendiario,ria,s. 1. Incendiary, one w h o sets
houses or towns onfirein malice or for rob3. Obstínate, stubborn, fixed in opinión or
resolution.
bery,firer.2. Incendiary, firebrand, one w h o
Inapelable, a. Without appeal, not admitting
inflames factions or promotes quarrels.
appeal.
Incendio, sm. I. Fire, conflagration, burning.
Inapetencia, sf. Inappetence or inappetency,
2. Inflammation, the act of setting on flame;
want of appetite or desire of food.
the state of being in flame; combustión;
Inapetente, a. 1. Having no appetite or desire
broil.
of food. 2. Disgusted.
Incensación, sf. T h e act of perfuming with inInaphcáble, a. Inapplicable.
censé.
.Inaplicación, sf. Indolence, inapplication, want Incensar, ra. 1. T o perfume, to incensé, to offer
of application.
incensé on the altar. 2. T o bestow fulsome
Inaplicado, da, a. Indolent, careless, inactive.
praise or adulation. 3. (Prov.) T o run up
Inapreciable, a. Inestimable, invalúable, inapand down, to go here and there.
preciable, too valuable to be rated, transeend- Incensario, sm. lncensory, the vessel in which
íng all price.
incensé is burnt and offered.
Inaptitud, sf. (Prov.) V . Ineptitud.
Incensor, ra, a. (Obs.) V. Incendiario.
Inarticulado, da, a. Inarticulate, not uttered Incensurable a. Unblamable, not culpable.
with distinctness, like that of the syllahles of Incentivo, sm. Incentive, incitement, spur ; enh u m a n speech.
couragement, inciting cause or motive for
Inasequible, a. That which cannot be followed.
doing any thing.
Inatacable, a. (Coll.) W h i c h cannot be attacked. Inceptor, sm. (Obs.) Beginner, he that comInaudible, a. (Littl. us.) Inaudible.
menees any thing.
Inaudito, ta, a. Unheard of, strange, most ex- Incertídúmbre, sf. Incertitude, uncertainty,
traordinary.
doubtfulness, hesitaney, fluctuation.
Inauguración, sf. 1. Inauguration, investiture Incertitud, sf. (Obs.) V . Incertidumbre.
by solemnities. 2. Exaltation or elevation to Incesable, a. Incessable, unceasing, that which
royal dignity. 3. Auguration, the practice of
never ceases or cannot cease.
augury.
Incesablemente, ad. Incessantly, without any
Inaugurado, da, a. and pp. oí Inaugurar, Inauintermission.
gúrate ; ínaugurated.
Incesante, a. Incessant, incessable, unceasing,
Inaugural, a. Inaugural.
continual, uninterrupted.
Inaugurar, ra. 1. T o divine by the flight of Incesantemente, ad. Incessantly, continually,
birds. 2. T o inaugúrate, to invest with a new
without intermission.
office-by solemnities.
Incestar, va. (Obs.) T o commit incest.
Inaveriguable, a. That cannot be ascertained, Incesto, sm. Incest, an unnatural and criminal
that cannot be easily proved.
connexion of persons of a different sex within
Inbáb, sf. A sort of stuff which comes from
degrees prohibited.
. Cairo.
Incestuosamente, ao\ Incestuously.
Incalár ra. (Obs.) V . Pertenecer.
Incestuoso, sa, a. Incestuous, that which belongs
Incalculable, a. Incalculable, beyond calculatíon. to incest.
Incansable, a. Indefatígable, unwearied, not ex- Incidencia, sf. 1. Incidence or incideney, an
haustible by labour.
accident. hap, casualty. 2. Incidence, the
Incansablemente, aa". Indefatigably.
directíon with which one body stiikes upon
Incantable, a. That cannot be sune.
another.
493
INC
INC
Inclination, the operation by which a deai
Incidente, a. Incident, casual, incidental, hapliquor is poured out by gently sloping the
pening by chance.
Incidente, sm. Incident, hap, accident, casualty, vessel.
occurrence, accidental event, something hap- Inclinado, da, a. and pp. oí Inclinar, 1. Inclined
to any part. 2. (Met.) Inclined, disposed,
pening besides the main design.
affected, minded, propense.
Incidentemente, aa*. Incidentally.
IncUnadór, ra, Í. O n e w h o inchnes.
Incidir, rn. T o fall in or upon, to meet with.
Incienso, sm. 1. Incensé, an aromatic g u m used Inclinante, pa. Inclining, bending, drawing
nigh to.
in religious functions to perfume the altar.
2. Peculiar reverence and veneration paid to Inclinar, ra. 1. T o incline, to bend; to give a
tendeney or directíon to any place or state,
a person. 3. Court paid to a person out of
flattery or interested views. Incienso hembra, 2. T o indine, to influence, to turn the desire
towards any thtog.—rn. T o resemble, to be
Impure frankincense, that which is obtained
alike.—rr. 1. T o incüne, to lean, to bend to,
by incisión. Incienso macho, Puré frankinto tend toward any part. 2. T o incline, to
cense, that which flows from the trees sponlean, to be favourably disposed to. 3. To
taneously.
bend the body, to bow. 4. T o have a partiInciénte, a. (Obs.) Ignorant.
cular reason to follow some opinión or do
Inciertamente, ad. Uncertainly.
Incierto, ta, a. 1. Untrue, false, contrary to rea- something. 5. (Nau.) T o heel.
lity. 2.Uncertain, incertain, doubtful. 3. U n Indinatívo, va, a. Incünatory.
I'ncüto, ta, a. Famous, renowned, conspicuous,
stable, inconstant; unknown.
illustrious.
Incindénte, a. (Littl. us.) Cutting, that which
Incluir, ra. 1. T o include,tocomprise; to comcuts.
Incineración, sf. Incineration, the act of burn- prehend, to contato. 2. T o aUow one a share
in a business.
ing any thing to ashes.
Inclusa, sf. Foundling-hospito!.
Incinerar, ra. T o burn to ashes.
Incipiente, a. Beginning, incipient, inceptive, Induséro, ra, s. and a Foundling.
Inclusión, sf. 1. Inclusión, the act of inclosing,
ínchoative, that which com menees.
or containing a thing. 2. Easy access, famiIncircunciso, sa, a. Uncircumdsed, not circumliar intercourse.
cised.
Inclusivamente, Inclusive, ad. Inclusively.
Incircunscripto, ta, a. Undrcumscribed.
Incisión, sf. 1. Incisión, a cut; a wound made Inclusivo, va, a. Inclusive.
Incluso, sa,a. and pp. irr. oí Incluir, Inclosed.
with a sharp instrument. 2. V. Cesura.
Incisivo, va, a. Incisive. Dientes incisivos, In-Induyénte, pa. Including.
cisors, cuitara, teeth in the forepart of the Incoado, da, a. and pp. oí Incoar, Inchoate, begun, commenced.
mouth.
Incoagulable, a. (Littl. us.) Incoagulable.
Inciso, sm. C o m m a . V. Coma.
Incoar, ra. T o commence, to begin, to inchoate.
Inciso, sa, a. Incised. V . Cortado.
Incoativo, va, a. ínchoative, inceptive; nottog
Incisorio, ria, a. Incisory, that which cuts.
inchoation or beginning.
Incitación, sf. Incitation, incitement
Incitador, ra, s. Instigator, inciter, exciter, in- Incobrable, a. Irrecoverable, irretrievable.
Incógnito, ta, a. Unknown. De incógnito, Incog
censor, kindler, one w h o incites.
or incógnito.
Incitamento, Incitamiento, sm. Incitement, impulse, inciting power, excitation or excite- Incognoscible, a. Imperceptible, which cannot
be perceived or known.
ment, incentive.
Incitar, va. T o incite, to excite, to spur, to sti- Incoherente, a. Incoherent, inconsistent.
Incoherénda, sf. Incoherence, want of connecmulate.
Indtótíva, sf. ( L a w ) Writ from a superior tri- tion.
bunal to the c o m m o n judges that justice m a y I'ncola, sm. (Obs.) Inhabitant.
Incolumidad, sf. Incolumity, safety.
be administered.
Incitativo, va, a. 1. Incentive, inciting, incen- IncombustibiUdád, sf. Incombustibility.
Incombustible, a. Incombustible, not to be consive. 2. ( L a w ) V . Aguijatorio.
sumed by fire.
Incitativo, sm. Incitement
Incombústo, ta, a. Unburnt, not consumed bj
Incivil, a. Uncivil, unpolíshed, incivil.
Incivüidád, sf. Incivility, rudeness, coarseness, fire.
Incomerciable, a. 1. Contraband, unlawful, progrossness.
hibited : applied to objeets or articles of trade.
Incivnméute, ad. Uncivilly, rudely, ineivilly.
Inclemencia, sf. 1. Inclemency, severity, harsh- 2. Intractable, rude, harsh. 3. (Met.) Lnpassable : applied to roads.
ness, rigour, unmercifulness. 2. Inclemency
of the weather. A la inclemencia, Openly, Incómodamente, ad. Incommodiously.
Incomodar, ra. T o incommode, to give trouble,
without shelter.
to cumber.
Inclemente, a. Inclement, cruel.
Indinación, sf. 1. Inclination, the act of incli- Incomodidad, sf. 1. Incommodity, inconvenience, trouble, nuisance, constraint, patas. 2.
ing and the state of being inclined. 2. In(Nau.) Distress.
clination, propensión of mind, favourable disa.Incomparable,
Incommodious,
inconvenient
love,
Uking,
fancy.
3.
the
Aposition,
Inclination,
bow,
body
494anor
act
incüning
tendeney
ofaffedion,
reverence
the
towards
head.
m a dany
e 5.
by
point.
(Pharm.)
bending
4. Incómodo,
Incomparable,
matchable.
chased. da,
2.a,
1.
Not to be acquired
matchless,
or impm
ÍNC
INC
Incomparablemente, ad. Incomparably.
metry or proportion; unsuitableness, want i»i
Incomparádo, da, a. V . Incomparable.
adaptation.
Incompartible, a. Indivisible, not to be divided Incongruente, a. Incongruous, incongruent.
into equal parts.
Incongruentemente, ad. Incongruously, incomIncompasible, a. V. Incompasivo.
patibly.
Incompasivo, va, a. Incompassionate, void of Incongruidád, sf. (Obs.) Incongruity.
pity.
Incongruo, grúa, a. 1. Ineongruous, dísproporIncompatibilidad, sf. Incompatibüity, inconsist- tionate, unsuitable. 2. AppUed to ecclesiasency, contrariety.
tical livings which do not yield a competent
Incompatible, a. Incompatible.
tocóme, and to the priests w h o perform the
Incompetencia, sf. Incompeteney, inability, want duties of those livings.
of adequate ability or quaUfication.
Inconmensurabilidad, sf. Incommensurability.
Incompetente, a. 1. Incompetent, not propor- Inconmensurable, a. Incommensurable, not to
tionate, not adequate. 2. ( L a w ) Unqualified
be reduced to any measure.
3. Unsuitable.
Inconmutabilidad, sf. V . Inmutabilidad.
Incompetentemente, ad. Incompetently, unduly, Inconmutable, a. 1. Incommuteble, that cannot
unsuitably.
be exchanged, commuted or bartered. 2. V .
Incompletamente, ad. Incompletely.
Inmutable.
Incompleto, ta, a. Incomplete, inconsummate. Inconquistable, a. 1. Unconquerable, impregnaIncomplexo, xa, a. Incomplex, simple.
ble, inexpugnable ; invincible. 2. IncorruptiIncomponible, a. Incompoundable, not to be
ble : applied to persons.
compounded together.
Inconsecuencia, sf. Inconsequence, inconclusiveIncomportable, a. Intolerable, unbearable.
ness, want of just inference; unsteadiness,
Incomposibilidád, sf. Incompossibility.
changeableness.
"^
Incomposible, a. Incompossible.
Inconsecuente, a. Inconsequent; changeable.
Incomposición, sf. 1. W a n t of pioportion, oí Inconsideración, sf. Inconsideration, inconsiderdefective composition. 2. (Obs.) V . Descomacy, want of thought, inattention, inadverpostura.
tency, abruptness.
Incomprensibilidad, sf. Incomprehensibility, in-Inconsideradamente,
ad.
Inconsiderately,
comprebensibleness, incomprehensiveness.
thoughtlessly, hand over head.
Incomprensible, a. 1. Incomprehensible, that Inconsiderado, da, a. Inconsiderate, thoughtless,
cannot be comprehended or conceived, inconinattentive, inadvertent, headless, wanting due
ceivable. 2. Incomprehensible, expressing
regard.
thoughts in an obscure or confused manner, Inconsiguiente, a. Inconsequent, without just
not to be fully understood.
conclusión, without regular inference, contra.
Incomprensiblemente, aa". Inconceivably, incom- dictory.
prehensibly.
Inconsistencia, sf. 1. Inconsistency or inconsistIncomprimíble, a. Incompressible.
ence, self-contradictíon, incongruity, contraIncompuestamente, ad. (Obs.) Disorderly.
riety. 2. Inconsistence, unsteadiness, changeIncompuesto, ta, a. (Littl. us.) Simple, uncomableness.
posed ; unadorned.
Inconsistente, a. Inconsistent, incongruous, abIncomunicabilidad, sf. Incommunicability.
surd.
Incomunicable, a. Incommunicable, that can- Inconsolable, a. Inconsolable, not to be comnot be communicated.
forted.
Incomunicado, da, a. Incommunicated; incom- Inconsolablemente, ad. Inconsolably.
municating, having no intercourse.
Inconstancia, sf. Inconstancy, fickleness, want
Inconceptíble, a. Inconceptible.
of constancy and firmness, unsteadiness, leInconcerniénte, a. Improper, unfit, unsuitable.
vity, lightness, frailty.
Inconciliable, a. (Prov.) V . Irreconciliable. Inconstante, a. Inconstant, changeable, mutaInconcino, na, a. Dísordered, uuhandsome.
ble, variable,fickle,light or lightminded.
Inconcusamente, ad. Certainly, indubitably.
Inconstantemente, ad. Inconstantly,fickly,gidInconcuso, sa, a. Incontrovertible, incontestable,
dily.
not to be disputed, not admitting debate.
Inconstruíble, a. 1. (Coll.) Whimsical, fantasInconducente, a. Incongruous.
tical, fanciful, variable, fickle. 2. (Gramm.)
Inconexión, sf. 1. Incoherency, incongruity,
Obscure, uninteUigible, difficult to be conwant of dependence of one part upon another.
strued.
2. Inconnexion, want of connection, contra- Inconsulto, ta, a. (Obs.) Unadvised, indeUbedictiousness, contrariety to itself, foreignness.
rate.
Inconexo, xa, a. 1. Unconneríed, incoherent, Inconsútil, a. Seamless, having no seam.
relative, inconsequential, Tiaving no depen- Incontable, a. Innumerable.
dance of one part upon another. 2. Inde- Incontaminado, da, a. Undefiled, unpolluted,
penden!, not supported by any other.
not contaminated.
Inconfeso, sa, a. Unconfessed: applied to a cri- Incontestable, a. Incontestable, indisputable, unminal w h o does i;ot confess his guilt.
controvertible.
Inconfidencia, sf. 1. Distrust, mistrust, want ofIncontestablemente, ad. Incontestablv.
confidence. 2. Disloyalty, want offidelityto Incontinencia, sf. Incontinence or incontinency,
the sovereign.
inability to restrain the appetites; undiastity,
Incongí nainénte, aa*. Incongruously.
lust, lustfulness, lewdness. Incontinencia de
Incongruencia, sf Incongruence, want of symorina, (Med.) Incontinence of uriñe, a disease,
495
INC
ÍNC
Incontinente, a. 1. Incontinent: applied to one Incorrupto, ta, a. 1. Incorrupt or incorruptod,
incorruptíve, free from foulness oí depravaw h o has no c o m m a n d or government of his
tion. 2. Uncorrupt or uucorrupted, puré of
lust or passions. 2. Incontinent, uuchaste,
manners, honest, good, incorruptible. Incurindulging unlawful pleasuie, lubric.
rupta, Applied to a virgin.
Incontinente, aa*. Instantly, immediately, inconIncrasár, ra.To ínspissate, to fhicken, to merastinent or incontinently, without delay.
sate : applied to humours.
Incontinentemente, aa*. 1. Incontinently, unIncreado, da, a. Uncreated, not created, inchastely. 2. (Obs.) V . Incontinente.
created, increate: an attribute peculiar to God.
Incontinenti, ad. Incontinently, instantly, imIncredibilidad, sf. Iucredibility, incredibleness_
mediately, without delay.
Incontrastable, a. 1. Insurmountable, irresistible, the quality of exceeding or surpassing belief,
incontrollable, insuperable. 2. Inexpugnable, Incredulidad, sf. Incredulity or incredulousness,
hardness of belief, want of faith, niísbelief,
inconquerable. 3. Inconvincible.
miscreance.
Incontratable, a. V. Intratable.
Incontrovertíble,a.Incontrovertible, indisputable. Incrédulo, la, a. Incredulous, hard of belief, refusing credit.—s. A miscreant.
Inconvencible, a. 1. Inconvincible, not capable
Increíble, a. Incredíble, surpassing beUef, not
of conviction. 2. V . Invencible.
Inconvenible, a. (Obs.) Inconvenient.
to be credited.
Inconveniencia, */. 1. Inconvenience or incon- Increíblemente, aa*. Incredíbly.
veniency, tocommodity, unfitness. 2. Incon- Incremento, sm. Incremento increase; act of
gruence, unsuitableuess.
growing greater, cause of growing more.
Inconveniente, a. Inconvenient, incommodious, Increpación, sf. Increpation, reprehensión, chitroublesome.
ding.
Inconveniente, sm. Difficulty, obstacle, obstruc- Increpadór, ra, s. Ctoder, rebuker, scolder.
tion, impediment.
Increpar, ra. T o incrépate, to chide, to repreInconversable, a. Unsociable, inconversable, inhend, to scold,
communicative.
Ineruénto,ta, a. Incruental, unstained with blood.
Inconvertible, a. Inconvertible, that cannot be Incrustación, sf. Incrustation.
Incrustar, ra. T o incrust or incrustóte, to cover
converted or changed.
with an additional coat.
IncórdiOj sm. Bubo, a tumour in the groin.
Incorporáble, a. That cannot be íncorporated.
I'ncubo, sm. 1. Incubus, the night-mare, amortad oppression in the night, resembling the
Incorporación, sf. Incorporation, the act of unipressure of a weight upon the breast. 2. Inting or being united in one mass.
cubus, a pretended fairy or demon.
Incorporado, da, a. and pp. oí Incorporar, InInculcación, sf. (Print.) Act of binding or wedgcorpórate, associated; mixed together.
tagtoa form.
Incorporal, a. Incorporeal.
Incorporamiento, ad. Incorporeally, incorporally. Inculcar, ra. 1. T o incúlcate, to impress by frequent admonitions. 2. T o m a k e one thing
Incorporar, ra. l.To incorpórate, to unite in
tight against another. 3. (Print.) T o lock up
one mass, to imbody. 2. T o incorpórate, to
types.—rr. T o be obstínate, to conform one's
form into a corporation or body politic. 3. T o
self in an opinión or sentiment.
raise or to m a k e a patient sit up in his bed.
— r r . 1. T o incorpórate or to imite with some- Inculpabilidad, sf. Inculpableness, unblamableness.
thing else, to mingle. 2. T o beeome incor
porated or united in one mass or body. In- Inculpable, a. Inculpable, imblamable.
corporarse en la cama, T o sit up in bed. Inculpablemente, ad. Iuculpably.
3. (Nau.) T o sail iu company, to join the Inculpadamente, ad. Faultlessly.
Inculpado, da, a. Faultless.—pp. oí Inculpar.
convoy.
Incorporeidad, sf. Incorporeity, incorporality, Inculpar, ra. T o acense, to blame.
Incultamente, ad. Rudely, without culture.
ímmateriality.
Incorpóreo, rea, a. Incorporeal or incorporal, im- Incultivable, a. Incapable of cultivation, inarable.
materíal, unbodiedf.im«)ateítatized': --—
Inculto, ta, a. 1. Incult, uncultivated, untilled.
Incorporo, sm. V . Incorporación.
Incorrección, sf. Incorrectaess, incorrection, in- 2. Uncivilized, unpolished, uureftoed, clownish, clumsy.
aecuracy, want of correetness.
Incultura, sf. Inculture, want or neglect of culIncorrectamente, aa*. Inaccurately.
Incorrecto, ta, a. Incorrect, inaecurate, not exact. ture.
Incorregibilidád, sf. Incorrigibleness, hopeless Incumbencia, sf. 1. Incumbeucy. 2. Duty imposed upon a person ; ministry.
depravity; badness beyond al! means of
Incumbir, vn. T o be tacumbent upon any one,
amendment.
to have any thing imposed as a duty.
Incorregible, a. Incorrigible, froward.
Incurable, a. Incurable, immedicable, not admit
Incorregiblemente, ad. (Coll.) Iitcorrigibly.
ting remedy; irremediable, hopeless.
Incorrupción, sf. 1. Incomiption, íncapacity of
corruption. 2. Incorruptness, purity of man- Incuria, sf. Negligence, indolence, inaecuracy.
Incurioso, sa, a. Negligeut, indolent, incurious.
ners, integrity, honesty.
inattentive.
íncorraptamé'nte, aa". Incorruptly.
Incorruptibilidád, sf. Incorruptibility, insuscep- Incurrimiénto, sm. Act of tacurríng.
Incurrir, rn. T o incur. to beeome liable to pu+ibility of corruption, incapacity of decay.
nishment or reprehensión ; to deserte.
Incorruptible, a. Incorruptible, not to be peIncursión, sf. 1. T h e act of incurring. 2. Inverted, corruptless.
4Q6
IND
INÜ
loss ; to maintain unhurt, to m a k e amends.
cursion without conquest, the act of overrunto compénsate, to m a k e it good to one.
«ing an enemy's country.
Independencia, sf. Independence or iudepen.
Incúrso, sm. (Obs.) Attack, incursión.
dency, freedom from reliance or controul, abIncúrso, sa, pp. irr. of Incurrir.
soluteness.
Incusár, ra. (Obs.) T o accuse. V . Acusar.
Indagación, sf. Indagation, search, inquiry, ex- Independénte, Independiente, a. Independen!,
not supported by any other, not relying on
amination, inquest.
another, uncontrolled; free : it is sometimes
Indagador, ra, s. Investigater, inquirer, indaused as a substantive. Independiente de eso,
gator, an examiner.
Independent of that, besides that.
Indagar, ra. T o search, to indágate, to inquire,
Indepeudenteménte, Independientemente, ad.
to examine into; to investígate.
Independently.
Indebidamente, ad. Unjustly, illegally.
Indebido, da, a. Undue, illegal, unlawful, void Indescifrable, a. That which cannot be deciphered.
of equity and moderation.
Indecencia, sf. lndeceney, todecorum, any thtog Indescribible, «. Indescribable.
unbecoming, any thing coutrary to good man- Indesignable, a. That which cannot be designed,
Indestructibilidad, sf. Indestructibility, Ímpossiners, misbecomiugness.
bility of being annihilated.
Indecente, a. Índecent, dishonest, unbecoming
Indestructible, a. Indestructible, that cannot be
or misbecoming.
destroyed» ímperishable.
Indecentemente, aa*. Indecently, fulsomely.
Indeterminable, a. 1. Indeterminable, that canIndecible, a. Inexpressible, uuutterable.
not be determined or fixed. 2. Irresoluto,
Indeciblemente, ad. Inexpressibly.
undecided.
Indecisamente, aa*. Irresolutely.
Indecisión, sf. Irresolution, indecisión, want of Indeterminación, sf. Indetermination or iudeterminateness, irresolution ¡ want of determtoafirmness of mind.
tion or resolution.
Indeciso, sa, a. 1. Irresoluto, indecisive, not
constato in purpose, njt determined. 2. Un- Indeterminadamente, ad. Indeterminatey.
Indeterminado, da, a. 1. Indeterminate, unfixed,
decided, not settled.
not defined. 2. Indetermined, irresolute,
Indeclinable, a. 1. Incapable of a decline or dedoubtful. 3. Pusillanimous, chicken-hearted.
cay,firin,unshaken. 2. ( G r a m m . ) Indecli4. Indefinito, general; loóse.
nable, not varied by terminations.
Indecoro, sm. Indecorum, indecorousness, in- Indevoción, sf. Indevotion, want of devotion.
Indevoto, ta, a. Indevoto, irreligious, indevoto.
decency.
Indecorosamente, aa*. Indecorously, indeceutly. I'ndia, sf ( M e t Coll.) Great wealth, abundance
of m o n e v and other precious things.
Indecoroso, sa, a. Indecorous, Índecent, unbeIndiana, sf. Chintz, printed cotton.
coming or misbecoming.
Indefectibilidád, sf. Indefectibility, quality of Indiano, sm. 1. O n e w h o has resided in India.
2. Nabob, one w h o has acquired great wealth
suffering no decay or defect.
in India.
Indefectible, a. Indefectible, unfailing, that
Indicación, sf. 1. Indication, any mark, token,
which cannot fail.
sign or note. 2. (Med.) Indication, the
Indefectiblemente, ad. Indefectibly.
symptom or the collection of signs or sympIndefensable, a. Indefensibie.
toms which indicate what is to be done.
Indefenso, sa, a. Defenceless, indefensive, desIndicador, sm. (Littl. us.) Indicator.
titute of defence.
Indeficiente, a. Indefectible, unfailing, that Indicante, sm. pa. Indicating.—sm. (Med.) Iu
dícant, any thing from which an indication
which cannot fail.
is drawn to a disease.
Indefinible, a. Indefinable, that cannot be deIndicar, ra. 1. T o indicate, to show, to point out,
traed.
2 (Med.) T o indícate, to point out a reIndefinidamente, ad. Indefinitely.
medy.
Indefinido, da, a. 1. Indefinita, that which is not
defined. 2. Indefinito, not determined, not Indicativo, va, a. Indicative, poiuling.
settled. 3. Indefinito, large beyond the com- Indicativo, sm. ( G r a m m ) Indicative, one of the
moditications of verbs.
prehension of man. 4. Indefinita, not liIndicción,*/ Indiction, the convening of a synod,
mitad.
council, or in general of a public assembly,
Indefinito, ta, a. Indefinita, without limits.
Indicción Romana, R o m á n indiction: a manIndeleble, a. Indelible, not to be blotted out.
ner of computing time, introduced by ConIndeleblemente, ad. Indelibly.
stantine the Great, which extonds to a cycle
Indeliberación, sf. 1. Indetermination, irresoluof 15 years, and when finished they begin
tion. 2. Inadvertency, want of attention.
again.
Indeliberadamente, ad. Inadvertently.
Indeliberado, da, a. Indeliberate or indelibe- I'ndice, s. 1. Mark, sign, index. 2. H a n d of a
watch or dock. 3. Pin that casts the shade
rated, unpremeditated; done without sufficient
on a sun-dial. 4. Index, table of contento to
consideration.
a book. 5. Index, forefiuger. I'ndice ex
Indemne, a. U n d a m a g e d , unhuit.
purgatorio, Catalogue of books prohibited ui
Indemnidad, sf. Indemnity, exemption from daordered to be correríed by the Inquisition
inuge or hurt.
Congregación del índice, A commission ap.
Indemnización, sf. Indemnifícation, reimbursepointed at R o m e , under the papal gover.im e n t of loss or penalty.
m e n t to examine into the contento o. book»
Indemnizar, w». l o indemnifv, to secure against
V c i I.
497
?K
IND
IND
Indiciado, da, a. and pp. oí Indiciar, Suspi- Indiligencia, sf. IndiUgence, want of diligence,
cious, liable to suspicion; giving reason to
carelessness.
imagine ill.
I'ndio, ia, a. 1. Indian. 2. of a blue colour
Indiciadór, ra, s. 1. O n e w h o entertains suspiazure. Somos indios 9 (Coll.) A retort te
«ons. 2. Informer, one w h o discovers ofany one w h o wishe» to deceive or delude.
fenders to the magistrates.
Indirecta, sf. Inuendo, an oblique hint, a cue
Indiciar, ra. ( L a w ) 1. T o give reasons to susIndirecta del Padre Cobos, A broad hint.
pect or surmise. 2. T o discover offenders to Indiréctaméute, Indirecto, ad. 1. Indirectly, ab.
the magistrates. 3. V . Indicar.
liquely. 2. Indirectly, not in express terms.
Indicio, sm. Indication, mark, sign, token, foot- Indirecto, ta, a. Indirect, not tending otherwise
step, opening : any thing from which inferthan collaterally or consequentíally to a pur
ences are drawn.
pose, oblique.
I'ndico, sm. índigo. V . Añil.
Indiscernible, a. (Littl. us.) Indiscernible, incon
I'ndico, ca, a. Indian.
spicuous.
Indiestro, tra, a. (Obs.) A w k w a r d , unhandy, Indisciptina, sf. W a n t of discipUne or subordiclumsy; unskilful.
nation, insubordination.
Indiferencia, sf. 1. Indifference, iucuriosity, a Indisciplinable, a. Indisciplinable, incapable of
state of the mind in which no moral or phyinstrudion, subordinatíon or discipline.
sical reason preponderates. 2. Neglect, un- Indisciplinado, da, a. Uutought, undisciplined.
concern, want of affection, coolness or cold- Indiscreción, sf. Indiscretion, imprudence, rashness, lukewarmness, listlessness. 3. N e u ness, inconsideration, folly, injudicíousness.
trality, suspensión ; equipoise or freedom Indiscretamente, ad. Indíscreetly.
from motives on either side.
Indiscreto, ta, a. Indiscreet, ¡mprudent, incauIndiferente, a. 1. Indifferent, neutral; not detious, fooUsh; injudidous, inconsiderate.
termined to either side. 2. Unconcerned, in- Indisculpable, a. Inexcusable, not to be exattentive, regardless. 3. L u k e w a r m , cool,
cused.
frigid, listless.
Indisolubilidad, sf. Indissolubility, indissolubleIndiferentemente, ad. Indifferently, impartially,
ness
coolly.
Indisoluble, a. Indissoluble, not separable as to
Indígena, a. Indigenous, native.—s. Indigene,
its parts, indiscerpible, indissolvahle.
a native.
Indisolublemente, ad. Indissolubly.
Indigencia, sf. Indigence, want, penury, poverty,Indispensable, a. Indispensable, that cannot be
need.
dispensed with, needful.
Indigente, a. Indigent, necessitous, poor, needy, Indispensablemente, aa*. Indispensably, necesin want.
sarily.
Indigestible, a. Indigestible, not soluble in the Indisponer, ra. 1. T o disable, to indispose, to
stomach.
render unfit. 2. T o indispose, to disincline,
Indigestión, sf. 1. Indigestión, inconcoction,
to m a k e averse or to m a k e unfavourable. 3
crudity or want of due concoction of food in
T o indispose or to disorder slightly with rethe stomach. 2. Rudeness of temper, iUgard to health: commonly used in its recinatuie.
procal sense.—vr. 1. T o be indisposed, to
Indigesto, ta, a. 1. Indigest or indigested, not
grow ill, to be out of order. 2. T o beeome
peevish or fretful.
concocted in the stomach. 2. Indigest, confused, not separated into distinct parts, not Indisponible, a. ( L a w ) That which cannot be
bequeathed.
methodized, not well considered. 3. (CoU.)
Indisposición, sf. 1. Indisposition, indisposedRude, ill-natured.
ness, distoclination, dislike. 2. Indisposition,
Indigéte, sm. (Obs.) Indigite, native demi-god
slight disorder.
or hero of antiquity.
Indignación, sf. Indignation, anger mingled Indisposicioncílla, sf. dim. Slight indisposition.
with contempt or disgust. Con indignación, Indispuesto, ta, a. and pp. irr. oí Indisponer, 1.
Indisposed, disordered with regard to health.
Indignantly.
2. Indisposed, at variance.
Indignado, da, a. and pp. oí Indignar, Provoked,
Indisputable, a. Indisputable, incontrovertible;
teazed; indignant, angry.
clear, that admite no doubt.
Indignamente, aa*. Unworthily, indignly.
Indisputablemente, ad. Indisputably.
Indignante, pa. Indignant; irritating.
Indignar, ra. T o irritóte, to provoke, to teaze.— Indistinción, sf. Indistinction, omission of discriminatíon, indiscriminatíon.
rr. 1. T o be inflamed with anger and disdain,
to beeome angry or indignant. 2. (Obs.) T o Indistinguible, a. Undistinguishable, indistinguishable, indístinctible.
be inflamed: applied to a wound.
Indignidad, sf. 1. Indignity, want of merit, want Indistintamente, ad. Indistincfly, indiscriminately.
of the necessary qualities for obtaining some
end. 2. A n unbecoming or unworthy action, Indistinto, ta, a. Indistinct, indiscriminate, that
cannot be discerned from other things.
meanness. 3. Indignation, passion.
Indigno, na, a. 1. Unworthy, indign, undeser- Individuación, sf. Individuatíon, indrvidiiity,
that which m a k e s an individual.
ving. 2. Unbecoming, incongruous, unsuitable. 3. Unworthy, indign, bringing indig- Individual, a. Individual, sepárate from others
of the same species, numerically one.
nity, disgraceful, vilé, mean, despicable.
Individualidad, sf. Indivíduiüity, individuity
l'ndigo, sm. (Bot.) V . Añil.
sepárate or distinct existence.
Indigófera, sf. (Bot.) índigo. Indigofera, L.
49*J
IND
INK
Individualizar, ra. T o specify individually, to Inducimiento, sm. Inducement, motive to any
individúate.
Ib ing, that which altores or persuades to any
Individualmente, ad. 1. Individually, numerithing.
cnlly, numerally, distinctly. 2, Individually, Inducir, ra. 1. T o induce, to persuade, to innot separably.
fluence, to attraet, to entice, to lure, to lead,
Individuar, ra. T o individúate, to distinguish
to abet. 2. (Obs.) T o cause, to occasion.
from others of the same species ; to particu- Inductivo, va, a. Inductive.
larise, to detail, to specify individually.
Indudable, a. (Prov.) V. Indubitable.
Individuidád, sf. (Obs.) Individuality.
Indulgencia, sf. 1. Indulgence. forbearance, tenIndividuo, sm. Individual, a single particular
derness, clemency, forgiveness; opposite to
person or thing; a m e m b e r of a body or comrigour. 2. Fond kindness. 3. Indulgence,
munity.
a reléase of the penalty due to sin.
Individuo, dua, a. Individual, single particular; Indulgente, a. Indulgent, kind, mild, gentle,
indivisible, inseparable.
element.
Indivisamente, ad. Indivisibly.
Indulgentemente, aa*. Indulgently.
Indivisibilidad, sf. Indivisibility, a state in Indultar, ra. l.To pardon, to forgive. 2. T o
which no more división can be made.
free, to exempt.
Indivisible, a. Indivisible, that cannot be broken Indultário, sm. H e w h o in virtue of a pontifical
or separated into parts, indiscerptible.
privilege can dispense ecclesiastical benefices.
Indivisiblemente, aa*. Inseparably, indivisibly.
Indulto, sm. 1. Pardon, forgiveness; amnesty ;
Indiviso, sa, a. Undivided, individúate, not
condonation. 2. Indult, privilege, exemption.
broken or separated into parts. Pro indiviso,
3. Impost, tax or duty imposed on merchan( L a w ) Applied to an inheritance w h e n the
dise imported into Spain.
partitions are not made.
Indumento, sm. Wearing apparel.
Indiyudicáble, a. (Obs.) N o t to be judged.
Induración, sf. (Med.) Induration, a morbid
I'ndo, sm. (Bot.) A kind of myrobalan.
hardness of any part.
Indócil, a. 1. Indocile, unteachable, indocible, Industria, sf. 1. Industry, diligence, assiduity
2.Inflexible, not to beprevailed upon; head2. Ingenuity, subtilty, acuteness. De indusstrong, froward
tria, Designedly, purposely, intentionally.
Indocilidad, sf. 1. Indocility, refusal of instruc- Industrial, a. Belonging to industry, or being
tion. 2. Inflexibiliíy, stubbornness of mind.
the produce of industry.
Indócilmente, aa*. Inflexibly.
Industriar, ra. T o teach, to instruct.
Indocto, ta, a. Ignorant, uninstructed, un- Industriosamente, ad. 1. Industriously. 2.
learned.
(Obs.) Designedly.
Indoctrinado, da, a. (Obs.) Uninstructed, igno- Industrioso, sa, a. 1. Industrious, skilful, dexrant.
terous ; painstaking, laborious, assiduous.
I'ndole, sf. Disposition, temper, inclination,
2. M a d e with ingenuity, skilfully or finely
peculiar genius, idiosyncrasy, humour, nadone.
ture.
Inebriar, ra. 1. (Obs ) T o inebriate, to m a k e
Indolencia, sf. Indolence, indifference, laziness; drunk. 2. (Met.) T o intoxícate ; applied to
a state of insensibílity of grief or pain.
violent commotions of the mind.
Indolente, a. Indolent, indifférent.
Inebríatívo, va, a. Inebriating.
Indolentemente, ad. Indolently, inertly.
Inedia, sf. Fast, abstinence from food.
Indomable, Indomeñáble, a. 1. Untameable, in- Inédito, ta, a. N o t published, unedíted, indomable, indomitable, unmanageable: apedited.
plied to wild animáis. 2. Inflexible, uncon- Inefabilidad, sf. Ineffability, unspeakableness;
querable : applied to the passions.
Ímpossibility of being explained.
Indomado, da, a. Untamed.
Inefable, a. Ineffable, unspeakable.
Indomesticable, a. Untameable, not to be tamed, Inefablemente, aa". Ineffably.
not to be subdued or domesticated.
Ineficacia, sf. Inefficacy, want of power, want
Indoméstico, ca, a. Untamed,fierce,intractable.
of effect, ineffedualness, inefficaciousness,
Indómito, ta, a. Untamed, ungoverned, maste.rinefficieney.
less, froward, haggard, wild.
Ineficaz, a. Inefficacious, ineffectual, ineffective,
Indotación, sf. ( L a w ) W a n t of awife's portion.
inefficient, unable to produce effects; weak.
Indotado, da, a. 1. U n e n d o w e d , wanting endow- Ineficazmente, ad. Inefficaciously.
ments or talents. 2. Portionless, without por- Ineguál, a. (Obs.) V. Desigual.
tion : applied to w o m e n .
Inelegante, a. Inelegant.
Indubitable, a. Indubitable, unquestioned, cer- Inenarrable, a. Inexplicable, inenarrable, inextain, irrefutable, out of doubt. undoubted,
pressible, incapable of being explained.
unquestionable.
Inepcia, sf. (Littlv us.) Ineptitude, unfitness,
Indubitablemente, ad. Undoubtodly, indubitaimbecility.
bly, unquestionably.
Ineptamente, ad. Unfitly, ineptly.
Indubitado, da, a. (Obs.) Undoubted, indubi- Ineptitud, sf. Ineptitude, inability, unfitness.
tate.
Inepto, ta, a. Inept, unfit, useless; foolish.
Inducción, sf. I. Induction, inducement, persua- Inercia, sf. 1. Inertia, that passive principie iu
sión. 2. Induction, the act of ínferring a
matter which causes it to continué in the
general proposítion from several particular
same state, whether of motion or rest; inertones. Por inducción, Inductively.
ness or want of motion. 2. Inactivity, inerInducidor, ra, s. Inducer, persuader.
tia, dulness, indolence.
499
2K2
INF
INF
Inerme, a. Disarmed, without arms.
Infamador, ra, s. Defamer, libeller, one that
Inerrable, a. Inerrable, exempt from error.
injures the reputation of another.
Inerrancia, sf. (Obs.) V. Infalibilidad.
Infamante, pa. and a. D e f a m i n g ; ojproInerránte, a. (Astr.) Fixed: applied to the
brious.
stars.
Infamar, va. T o defame, to m a k e infamous, to
Inerte, a. 1. Iuert, dull, sluggish. 2. Unskilful,
infame, to deprive of honour, to dishonotu
wanting art, wanting knowledge.
by reports.
Inescrutable, a. Inscrutahle, unsearchable, not Infamativo, va, a. That which defames.
to be traced out by inquiry or study.
Infamatorio, lia, a. Defamatory, libellous, foul
Inescrutablemente, aa*. (Littl. us.) 1 iscrutably.
spoken.
Inescrudiñáble, a. Inscrutoble.
Infame, a. Infamous, vile, despícable, damiilnescusáble, a. 1. Inexcusable, not to be palable.
liated by apology. 2. Inevitable, indispen- Infamemente, aa*. Infamously, vilely.
sable, not to be dispensed with. 3. Excuse- Infamia, sf. Infamy, dishonour, pubUc reproach
less.
or opprobrium, notoriety of bad character;
Inescusableménte, ad. Inexcusably.
meanness, baseness.
Inesperadamente, aa*. Unexpectedly, suddenly.
Infancia, sf. 1. Infancy, thefirstpart o: life. 2,
Inesperado, da, a. Unexpected, inexpected, unInfancy, the first age of any thing, beginforeseen.
ning, original, c o m m e n c e m e n t
Inesperiéncia, sf. Inexperience. want of experi- Infancino, sm. Oil m a d e of green olives.
mental knowledge.
Infándo, da, a. Infandous, so abominable as
Inespérto, ta, a. Inexpert, unskilful, inexpenot to be expressed, too bad to be mentioned,
rienced.
Infant, sm. (Obs.) V. Infante.
Inespiáble, a. Inexpiable, not to be atoned; Infanta, sf. 1. Infanta, a princess of the royal
not to be mollified by atonement.
blood of Spain. 2. Infant, a female child
Inesplicáble, a. Inexplicable, ínexplainable, not
under seven years oíd.
to be explained.
Infantado, sm. Territory assigned to a prince of
Inespugnáble, a. 1. Inexpugnable, impregnable;
the royal blood of Spain.
not to be subdued. 2. Firm, constant; ob- Infante, sm. 1. Infant, a male child under seven
stínate, stubborn.
years of age. 2. Infante, a title given to all
Inesténso, sa, a. (Littl. us.) Unextended.
the sons and some nephews of the king of
Inestimabilidád, sf. Inestimableness.
Spain, except the heir apparent to the crown.
Inestimable, a. Inestimable, too valuable to be
3. A foot-soldier. — pl. Choristers. boys
rated, exceeding all price.
brought up to sing iu some cathedral
Inestimado, da, a. ( L a w ) That which has not
churches.
been rated or valued.
Infantería, sf. Infantry, foot, a body of foot
Inestinguíble, a. Inextinguishable, unquenchsoldiers.
able ; perpetual.
Infantidda, sm. Infanticide, a murderer of an
Inestricáble, a. Inextricable, not to be diseninfant
tangled, not to be cleared.
Infanticidio, sm. Infanticide, the murder of J,
Inevitable, a. Inevitable, unavoidable, ineluctachild or infant.
ble ; fatal.
Infantico, íca; íllo, íUa; íto, íta, s. dim. oí inInevitablemente, ad. Inevitably.
fante, ta.
Inexactitud, sf. Inaccuracy, want of exactness. Infantil, a. Infantile, infantine.
Inexacto,to,a. Inaccurate, not exact.
Infanzón, sm. Nobleman.
Inexhausto, ta, 1. Unexhausted, unemptied, un- Infanzonádo, da, a. Pertaining to a noble.
spent, inexhausted, inexhaustible or inexbaus- Infanzonazgo, sm. Territory of a nobleman.
tive. 2. Full, abundant, plentiful.
Infanzonía, sf. Nobility.
Inexistencia, sf. (Obs.) 1. Existence of one Infatigable, a. Indefatígable, unwearied, untired
unexhausted by labour.
thing in another. 2. Inexistence.
Inexistente, a. Iuexistent, existing in something Infatigablemente, ad. Indefatigably.
Infatuación, sf. (Littl. us.) Infatuation.
else.
Inexorable, a. Inexorable, not to be moved by Infatuado, da, a. and pp. oí Infatuar, Infatúate,
infatuated, stupified; infatuating.
entreaty,flinty,hardhearted.
Infaceto, ta. a. (Littl. us.) Dull, unpleasant, Infatuar, ra. T o infatúate, to strike with folly,
to fool, to deprive of understanding.—rr. To
graceless.
Infactíble, a. (Coll.) Infeasible, impracticable,
beeome stupified.
that cannot be done.
Infaustamente, ad. Unluckily.
Infacundo, da, a. Ineloquent, not persuasive, Infausto, ta, a. Unlucky, unhappy, imfortunate,
not oratorical.
aecursed.
InfalibiUdád, sf. Infallibiiity, unerrableness, in- Infección, sf. 1. Infection, the act of catching a
errableness.
disease through the médium of an atmoInfalible, a. Infallible, privileged from error, in- sphere charged with poisonous miasma oí
capable of mistake, never-erring, inerrable,
effluvia, and the same miasma oí effluvia. 2.
Infection, that which propagates mischief.
unerrable.
Infaliblemente, aa*. InfalUbly, inerrabLy.
Infecir, ra. (Obs.) V . Infectar.
Infamación, sf. Slander, calumny, defamation, Infectado, da, a. and pp. oí Infectar, Infect, inthe defaming or injuring the reputation of
fected.
Infectar, va. 1. T o infect, to hurt by infection
another.
500
INF
INF
2. To corrupt, to vitiate, to pervert.—vr. To under ground where the machinery and movecatch, to take or receive by infection.
m e n t of a horse-mill are seen and felt.
Infectivo, va, a. Infective, infectious.
Infigurable, a. That which cannot be repreInfecto, ta, a. and pp. irr. of Infecir, Infected, sented by any figure.
infect, tainted.
Iri£ttraci5n, sf. [Mea.) Infiltration.
Infecundárse, rr. (Obs.) T o beeome sterile.
Infiltrarse, rr. T o infíltrate, to insinúate into by
Infecundidad, sf. Infecunuity, sterility, inferfiltration.
tility.
I'nfimo, m a , a. 1. Lowest, lowermost, most inInfecundo, da, a. Barren, unfruitful, infeeund,
ferior ; the least. 2. Abject, vile, low bred.
Infingidór, ra, s. (Obs.) Dissembler.
infertile.
Infelíce, a. (Poet.) V . Infeliz.
Infinidad, sf. 1. Infinity, infiniteness, i m m e n Infelicidad, sf. Misfortune, calamity, disgrace, sity, boundlessness.
2. Infinity, endless
misery, unhappiness, infelicity.
number.
Infeliz, a. 1. Unhappy, infortunate or unfortu- Infinitamente, ad. Infinitely, immensely.
nate, luckless, fortuneless, miserable, misad- Infinitesimal, a. (Mat.) Infinitesimal: applied
to fluxions.
ventured. 2. (CoU.) Applied to a m a n of
Infinitísimo, m a , a. sup. (Coll.) Most infinite.
excessive softness and good-nature.
Infelizmente, ad. Unhappily, unluckily, unfor- Infinitivo, sm. ( G r a m m . ) Infinitive, one of the
moods in the conjugation of verbs, which
tunately or infortunately.
Inferencia, sf. Inference, illation.
does not denote any determínate time.
Inferior, a. 1. Inferior, lower in place. 2. In- Infinito, ta, a. 1. Infinite, unbounded,unlimited,
ferior, lower to valué or excellency. 3. Infe¡mínense,finiteless.2. Infinite, very numerior, lower in station or rank. 4. Inferior,
rous, excessive.
Infinito, ad. Infinitely, immensely.
subordínate, subject.
Inferioridad, sf. Inferiority, subjection.
Infintoso, sa, a. (Obs.) Feigned, simulated.
Inferir, ra. T o infer, to deduce by ratiocination, Infirmar, ra. 1. T o infirm, to weaken, to shake.
to draw conclusions from previous argumento,
2. ( L a w ) T o invalídate, to render nuil.
to collect, to gather.—vr. T o follow, to be Inflación, sf. 1. Inflation, the state of being
consequential as inference to premíses.
swelled with wind; flatulence. 2. Inflation,
Infernáculo, sm. A kind of boyish play.
conceit, vanity, haughtiness, vain-gloriousInfernal, a. 1. Infernal, hellish, tartarean. 2.
ness.
Extremely hurtful or prejudicial.
Inflamable, a. Inflammable, easy to be set on
Infemalménte, aa". (Coll.) Hellishly, inferflame.
nally.
Inflamación, sf. 1. Inflammation, the act of setInfernar, ra. 1. T o d a m n , to d o o m to eternal
ting on fíame ; the state of being in flame. 2.
torments. 2. T o teaze, to vex, to provoke.
(Med.) Inflammation, a morbid state characInferno, na, I'nfero, ra, a. (Poet.) Infernal.
terised by heat, pain, redness, attended with
Infestación, sf. Act of harassing, infestation,
more or less tumefaction and fever. 3. Inannoyance.
flammation, excitement of passions or of ferInfestar, ra. 1. T o infest, to oveirun, to harass
vour of mind.
or to annoy an e n e m y by ineursions. 2. V . Inflamamiento, sm. (Littl. us.) InflammableInficionar. 3. V . Apestar.
ness.
Infesto, ta, a. (Obs.) Prejudicial, dangerous.
Inflamar, ra. 1. T o inflame, to kindle, tofireor
Infeudár, ra. V. Enfeudar.
to set onfire,to flame. 2. T o inflame, to
Infición, sf. Infection. V . Infección.
kindle desire.—rr. T o beeome red, to beeome
Inficionar, ra. 1. T o infect, to hurt by infedion.
inflamed or heated.
2. T o corrupt, to defile, to pervert by bad Inflamatorio, ria, a. Inflammatory.
m a x i m s or bad example. 3. T o defile the Inflar, ra. 1. T o ínflate, to swell with wind. 2.
honours of a noble descent, to taint the
( M e t ) T o elate, to Ínflate, to puff'up with
purity of noble blood ; to vitiate.
pride—rr. T o Jet, to strut.
Infidelidad, sf. 1. Infidelity, treachery, deceit, Inflativo, va, a. That which inflates.
faithlessness. 2. Miscreance or miscreaney, Inflexibilídád, sf. I. Inflexibility, stiffness, the
unbelief, false faith, want of faith, disbelief
quality of resisting flexure. 2. Inflexibility,
of Christíanity. 3. T h e whole body of ininflexibleness, obstinacy, quality of the temfidels.
per not to be bent, inexorability.
Infidencia, sf. Unfaithfulness, faithlessness; Inflexible, a. 1. Inflexible, not ,to be bent 2.
treason.
Inflexible, not ta be prevaiíed upon, i m m o Infidente, a. Unfaithful.
vable; contumacious.
Infidel, Infido, da, a. (Obs ) V . Infiel.
Inflexiblemente, aa". Inflexibly, inexorably; inInfiel, a. Unfaithful, infdel; faithless, disvariably.
loyal; godless; pagan it is sometimes used Inflexión, sf. 1. Inflection, the act of bending
as a substantive.
or tuming. 2. ( G r a m m . ) Inflection, variaInfielmente, aa". Unfaithfully.
tíon of a noun or verb. 3. Inflection, m o d u Infierno, sm. 1. Hell, the place of the devil and
lation of the voice.
wieked souls ; torment of the wieked; limbo. Inflictivo, va, a. ( L a w ) Inflictive, used as
2. A n y thing which causes confusión, pain or
punishment.
trouble; discofd, dispute. 3. Refectory or Infligir, ra. (Obs.) T o inflict, to condemn.
eating-room to some convento. 4. A large Influencia, sf. 1. Influence, ihe power of the
retort or othei chemical vessel. 5. Place
celestial bodies upon terrestrial bodies and
501
INF
IISG
affairs. 2. <Met.) Influence, influx, influ- Infraoctáva, sf. Six days comprehended in any
church festival of eight days, not countihg ths
eucing, credit, consequence, holding ascendant power, power of direrítog or satisfying.
first and the last.
3. (Met.) Inspiration of divine grace.
Infraoctávo, va, a. Applied to any of the six
Influente, pa. and a. Influencing, inftaential.
days within the eight-day festival.
Influir, ra. 1. T o influence, to act upon with di- Infringir, ra. T o infringe,toviólate or to break;
rective or impulsive power; to modify to any
to ínfract.
purpose; to \ revail upon, to guide. 2. T o Infracción, sf. V . Infuraon.
interfere; to inspire with grace.
Infructífero, ra, Infrugífero, ra, a. Unfruitful,
Influjo, sm. Influx, influence, power, credit.
not bearing or producíng fruit; useless.
Inforciádo, sm. Second part of the digest or pan- Infructuosaméute, aa". Unfruitfully, fruitlessly.
dects of Justinian.
Infructuoso, sa, a. Fruitless, unproductive, unInformación, sf. 1. Information, account, intelprofitable, gainless, abortive.
ligence given ; instruction; hint. 2. Infor- Infruníto,to,a. (Obs.) Torvous, sour of asped;
mation, charge or accusation exhibited. 3.
stern, severe of countenance.
Judicial inquiry and process. 4. Brief, the I nfulas, sf. pl, 1. Ornamente or marks of sacerwriting given to the pleaders, containing the
dotal or pontifical dignity. 2. Expectation.
case.
3. Presumption, ostentation.
Informador, ra, s. (Obs.) Informer, one w h o Infundadamente, aa*. Groundlessly, without
gives intelligence.
reason oí cause.
Informal, a. 1. Informal, irregular, contrary to Infundado, da, a. Groundléss, void of reason.
established forms. 2. Applied to persons
w h o do not keep their word, or w h o have no Infundible, a. Infusible, incapable of fusión.
regard for the established forms of society.
Infundir, va. 1. T o infuse, to pour liquor into a
Informalidad, sf. Informality, want of attention
vessel. 2. T o infuse, to m a k e an infusión
to established forms.
with any ingredient. 3. T o infuse, to inspire
Informante, pa. Informing, instructing.—sm. 1.
with. 4. T o infuse, to pour into the mind, tu
Informant, informer, one w h o gives informainstíl.
tion. 2. Informant, one w h o is peculíarly Infurción, Infulción, sf. Tribute paid in Spain
charged to collect information respecting the
to the lord of the inanor for the ground of
descent and quality of a person.
houses.
Informar, ra. 1. T o inform, to instruct, to sup- Inf urdoniégo, ga, a. Subject to pay the groundply with iatelligence or knowledge, to acreut of a house.
quaint. 2. T o inform, to animate, to actúate Infuscar, ra. (Obs.) T o obscure.
by vital powers. 3. T o state a case to a Infusión, sf. 1. Infusión, the act and effed of
infusiug. 2. (Med.) Infusión, the act of
counsellor or judge.—rr. T o take cognizauce,
pouring water of any requíred degree uf temto m a k e an inquiíy, to ask for information.
Informativo, va, a 1. Instructive, that which
peratura on substances of a loóse texture,
and suffering it to stand a certain time; and
informs. 2. Informative, having power to
the liquor obtained by the above process,
animate.
3. T h e act of sprinkling water on the person
Informe, sm. 1. Information, the act of c o m m u baptized. 4. Infusión, influxion, inspiration;
nicating intelligence or imparting knowledge,
the act of pouring into the mind. Estar en
account. 2. Briel. V . 3. Información.
Informe, a. 1. Informous, shapeless, formless, of infusión para alguna cosa, (CoU.) Said of
persons w h o are going to obtain what they
no regular figure. 2. N o t performed in a
proper and regular manner.
wish.
Informidad, sf. (Littl. us.) Informity, shapeless-Infuso, sa, a. andp/j. of Infundir, Infused, inness.
troduced : applied solely to the. grace of G o d
in the soul.
Infortificáble, a. That which cannot be fortified.
Infortuna, sf. (Astrol.) Sinistrous influence of Ingeneráble, a. Ingenerable, notto be produced
or brought into being.
the stars.
Infortunado, da, a. (Obs.) Unfortunate, unlucky, Ingeniar, ra. T o con;BÍve, to contrive, to strike
out.—rr. T o work in the mind, to endeavoiu
unhappy, infortunate.
to find out, to try by aU means to obtain or to
Infortunio, sm. Misfortune, ill luck, calamity,
do any thing.
misluck, misadventure, mischance ; misery ;
Ingeniatura, sf. (Coll.) Ingenuity, subtilty,
fatality.
Infosúra, sf. Surfeit in cattle and other animáis. acuteness.
Infracción, sf. 1. Infraction, the act of break- Ingeniería, sf. Enginery, art of anengineer
ing. 2. Infraction, breach, confravention, Ingeniero, sm. 1. (Obs ) Contriver, inventor. í.
Eugineer, he that plans and.directo all works
infringemehr, violation of a compact; misdeof military architecture.
meanour, trespass.
Ingenio, sm. 1. Genius, mental power or faculInfracto, ta, a. Steaily, not easily moved.
ties. 2. Genius, a m a n endowed with supeInfractor, ra, s. Infractor, a breaker, a violator,
rior faculties. 3. Engine, any mechanical
one w h o violates a compact or law.
complícation in which various movements
Infraescríto, ta, a. Undeiwrítten, undersigned:
and parts concur to one effect 4. Means,
applied to ñames.
expedient, address, industry, devíce, contriIn Fragranté, ad. V. En fragante.
vanee. 5. Plough, a tool used by bookInfrangibie, a. Infrangibie, not to be broken ;
binik'r". Ingenio de azúcar, Sugar-work,
inviolable.
502
IX H
INI
Inhabilidad, sf. Inability or tahability, unskil.
fulness, incapacity, unfitness.
Inhabilitación, sf. 1. Act of disablíng or disquaIngeniosamente, ad. Ingeniously.
Ingeniosidad, sf. Ingenuity, ingeniousness, in- lifying. 2. Disqualíficatíon; disability.
Inhabilitar, ra. 1. T o disqualify, to m a k e unfit,
vention.
to disable by some natural or legal impediIngenioso, sa, a. 1. Ingenious, inventive, posment. 2. T o disqualify, to deprive of a right
sessed of genius. 2. M a d e with ingenuity.
or claim.—vr. T o lose a right or claim.
Ingénito, ta, a. 1. Unbegotten, not generated.
2. Innate, inborn, ingenerate, ingenite.
Inhabitable, a. Uninhabitable ; incapable of
Ingente, a. (Obs.) Very large, huge, prodigious. being ínhabited.
Ingenuamente, ad. Ingenuously, fairly.
Inhabitado, da, a. Uninhabited.
Ingenuidad, sf. Ingenuousness, candour, frank- Inhalación, sf. (Med.) Inhalation.
Inhallable, a. (Littl. us.) N o t ta be found.
ness, openness, openheartedness, naivete.
Ingenuo, nua, a. 1. Ingenuous, open, candid, Inherencia, sf. Inherence or inherency, existence in something else so as to be insepafair, openhearted.
2. ( L a w ) Ingenuous,
rable.
free-bom, not of servile extraction.
Ingeridúra, sf. 1. Grafting. 2. T h e place where Inherente, a. Inherent, existing in something
a tree is grafted.
else.
Inherentemente, ad. (Littl. us.) Inherently.
Ingerimiénto, sm. Grafting.
Ingerir, ra. 1. T o insert, to place in or a m o n g Inhestar, ra. V . Enhestar.
other things. 2. T o introduce, to inclose Inhibición, sf. Inhibition, prohibition. (/rden
de inhibición, Writ to forbid a judge from
within another. 3. T o graft.—rr. T o interfere
farther proceeding in the cause depending
officiously, to intermeddle.
before him.
Ingertár, va. T o ingraft a tree, to graft, to inoInhibir, ra. (Littl. us.) 1. T o inhibit, to prohibit;
cúlate.
to prevent from doing any thing. 2. ( L a w )
Ingerto, sm. Graft or graffj Üie tree ingrafted.
Ingerto, ta, a. and pp. irr. oí Ingerir, Grafted, T o prohibit an inferior court to proceed any
farther in a cause depending before. them.
ingrafted.
Inhibitorio, ria, a. Prohibitory.
Ingina, sf. V. Quijada.
Inhiesto, ta, a. Entangled, perplexed. V . EnI'ngle, sf. Groin, the part next the thigh.
hiesto.
Inglés, sa, a. English, native of England. A la
Inhonestamente, ad. Dishonestly.
Inglesa, In the English fashion.
Iuhonestidád, sf. Dishonesty.
Inglés, sm. English language.
Ingléte, sm. Oblique Une which divides a square Inhonesto, ta, a. 1. Dishonest, void of honesty
or probity. 2. índecent, immodest.
into two triangles.
Inglosable, a. That admito no gloss or com- Inhonorár, ra. V . Deshonrar.
Inhospedable, Inhospitable, a. Inhospitable,
ment.
affording no kindness or entertainment to
Ingobernable, a. Ungovernable, that cannot be
strangers.
govemed.
Ingraduáble, a. (Coll.) That cannot be gra- Inhospital, a. (Obs.) Uninhabitable.
Inhospitalidad, sf. Inhospitality, inhospitableduated.
ness, want of hospitelity; want of courtesy
Ingratamente, ad. Ungratefully, ingratefully.
to strangers.
Ingratitud, sf. Ingratitude, ungratefulness, ingratefulness, unthankfutaess, retribution of Inhumanamente, ad. Inhumanly.
Inhumanidad, sf. Inhumanity, cruelty, want o(
evil for good.
Ingrato, ta, a. 1. Ungrateful, unthankful. 2.
humanity.
Ungrateful, harsh, disagreeable, unpleasing. Inhumano, na, a. I n h u m a n , savage, cruel, in3. Ingrato, ingrateful.
compassionate.
Ingrediente, sm. Ingredient, a component part Iniciación, sf. (Littl. us.) Initiation, introduction.
of a body consisting of different materials :
commonly applied to medicines.
Iniciado, da, a. and pp. oí Iniciar, Initiate, initiated.
Ingreso, sm. 1. Ingress, entrance, the passage
by which a place is entered. 2. C o m m e n c e - Inicial, a. Initial, placed at the beginning. Lement or beginning of a work. 3. Entry, any
tras inicia/es or las iniciales, Initials.
s u m of money which is received, and is to be Iniciar, ra. T o initiate, to instruct in the rudicharged in accounts. 4. Surplice-fees. Deremento of an art, to put into a new society.—
chos de ingreso, V . Derechos de entrada.
rr. T o be initiated, to receive the first
Inguinal, a. (Med.) V. Inguinario.
orders.
Inguinario, ria, a. Inguinal, belonging to the Iniciatívo, va, a. Initíating or producíng initiation, initiatory.
groin.
Ingurgitación, sf. Ingurgitation.
Iníco, ca, a. (Obs.) V . Inicuo.
Ingurgitar, ra. (Obs.) T o ingurgitote, to Inicuamente, ad. Iniquitously.
swallow.
Inicuo, cua, a. Iniquitous, wieked, unjust, neIngustable, a. (Obs.) 1. Ingustable, not percepi'andous, naughty, criminous, íníquous.
tible by the taste. 2. Tasteless, having no Iniésta, sf. (Prov.) V . Retama.
taste.
Iniguál, a. (Obs.) V. Desigual.
Inhábil, a. 1. Unable, inhabile, incapable, un- Inimaginable, a. Inimaginable, inconceivable
qualified; disqualified, unfit. 2. Unskilful,
that cannot be imagined.
clumsy, awkward.
Inimícícia, sf. (Obs.) V. Enemistad.
503
sugar-mill. Ingenio de pólvora, Powder-
toül.
INM
INM
Inimitable, a. Inimitable, above imitation; not Inmensurable, a. Iinmensurable, measureless,
to be copied.
not to be measured ; not to be counted.
Inimitable.! éute, aa*. (Littl. us.) Inimitably. Inméritamente, ad. Unmeritedly.
IiiinteUgíble, a. Unintelligible, that cannot be Inmérito, ta, a. (Obs) Undeserved, undeunderstood.
serving.
Iniquidad, sf. Iníquity, injustice, unrighteous- Inmérito, ad. (Obs) Undeservedly, without
ness. wickedness, naughtiness.
reason or desert.
Injeridúra, sf. V . Ingeridura.
Inmeritorio, ria, a. Immeritorious, undeservíng,
Injerir, ra. V. Ingerir.
without merit.
Injertar, tía. V. Ingertar.
Inmersión, sf. Immersion, the ad of putting
Injerto, sm. V. Ingerto.
any person or thing into a fluid below the
Injuria, sf. 1. Injury, offence, wrong, insult,
surface.
outrage, any hurt without justice. 2. Injury, Inminente, a. Imminent, impending, at hand.
annoyance, hardship, contumely, mischief. Inmiscible, a. Immiscible; incapable of being
3. Injury, contumelious language, reproachmixed.
ful appellation.
Inmoble, a. 1. Unmoveable, immoveable, moInjuriado, da, a. and pp. ot Injuriar, Injured, tionless, fast, not to be forced from its place.
wronged.
2. Unmoveable, immoveable, unshaken, unInjuriador, ra, s. Aggressor, injurer, wrongdoer. afféded, constato.
lujuriante, pa. Injuring, injurer.
Inmoblemente, ad. (Littl. us.) Immoveably,
Injuriar, va. To injure,towrong, to annoy, to Inmoderación, sf. Immoderatíon, immoderate.
harm or to hurt unjustly, to offénd.
ness, want of moderation ; excess.
Injuriosamente, ad. Injuriously, offensively, Inmoderadamente, ad. Immoderately.
hurtfully.
Inmoderado, da, a. Immoderate, excessive, exInjurioso, sa, a. Injurious, contumelious, receeding the due mean.
proachful, hurtful, opprobrious, obliquous, Inmodestamente, ad. Immodestly.
offénsive.
Inmodestia, sf. Immodesty, indecency, want of
Injustamente, aa*. Unjustly, wrongly or wrong.
modesty, indelicacy, want of purity or deliInjusticia, sf. Injustice, iníquity, grievance,
cacy.
wrong.
Inmodesto, ta, a. Immodest, wanting shame,
Injusto, ta, a. Unjust, hard, extorsive, contrary wanting deücacy or chastity.
to justice, wrongful.
Inmódico, ca, a. (Littl. us.) Superfluous, excesInlegíble, a. Elegible, that cannot be read.
sive.
Inllevable, a. Insupportable.
Inmolación, sf. Immolatfon, the ad of sacrifiInmaculadamente, ad. Immaculately.
cing; a sacrifice offered.
Inmaculado, da, a. Immaculate, holy, puré, Inmolador, ra, s. Immolator.
spotless.
Inmolar, ra. T o immolate, to sacrifice.
Inmaduro, ra, a. Immature, unripened, unmel- Inmortal, a. 1. Immortal, exempt from death.
lowed.
2. Immortal, never ending or endless.
Inmanejable, a. Unmanageable, incapable of Inmortalidad, sf. 1. Immortality, exemption
being managed ; intractable.
from death. 2. Immortality, exemption from
Inmanente, a. ímmanent, inherent.
oblivíon.
Inmarcesible, a. Immarcessible, unfading, never-Inmortalizar, ra. 1. T o immortetize, to makt
fading.
immortal. 2. To immortalíze, to exempt
Inmaterial, a. Immaterial, incorporeal; distinct
from oblivion,toperpetúate.
from matter, void of matter.
Inmortalménte, ad. Immortally.
Inmaterialidad, sf. Immateriality.
Inmortificación, sf. Immortification, want o.
Inmaturo, ra, a. Immature.
subjectíon of the passions, licentiousness.
Inmediación, sf. Contiguity, actual contad, Inmortificádo, da, o. Unmortified,freefrom morconfinity.
tification.
Inmediatamente, aa*. Contíguously; imme- Inmoto, ta, a. Unmoved.
Inmovible, Inmóvil, a. Immoveable. V . Inmoble.
diately, forthwith.
Inmovilidad, sf. 1. Immobility, uumoveahleInmediata, aa*. Immediately; contíguously.
Inmediato, ta, a. Contiguous, meeting so as to ness, want of motion or resistance to motion.
touch, cióse; hard by, next. Llegar á las in- 2. ImmoveabiUty, incapacity of being remediatas, To arrive at the critical moment of moved. 3. Immoveableness, the state oí
a dispute or contest.
quality of being immoveable ; firmness,
Inmedicable, a. Incurable.
constancy.
Inmemorable, a. Immemorable.
Inmudable, a. inmutable. V. Inmutable.
Inmueble, a. Immoveables or immoveable
Inmemorablemente, ad. Immemorably,
Inmemorial, a. Immemorial, past time, out of
estáte: applied to landed, opposed to chattel
memory ; so ancient that the beginning canproperty.
not be traced.
Inmundicia, sf. 1. UncleanUness, nastiness, dirInmensamente, aa". Immensely, infinitely,
tiness,filth,filthíness.2. Uncleanness, iinmundicity, impurity.
without measure, hugely.
Inmensidad, sf. Immensíty, unbounded great- Inmundo, da, a. 1. Unclean,filthy,dirty. 2.
ness ; infinity.
Obscene, unchaste.
Inmenso, sa, a. Immense, unlimited, unbounded,Inmune, a. 1. Free, oxempt 2. Enjoy ing immunity.
infinite.
504
INO
INQ
Inmunidad, sf. Immunity, privilege, exemption, Inocente, a. 1. Innocent, puré, free from guilt
or harm, void of mischief, innoxious, candid,
franchise. freedom, discharge from any obliunhurtful, harmless, hurtless, lambí ike, just,
gation ; liberty.
Inmutabilidad, sf. ímmutebility, immutableness. crimeless. 2. Innocent,freefrom any partiInmutable, a. immutable, not liable to a change; cular guilt. 3. Innocent, simple, easily iminvariable, unalterable, irremoveable.
posed upon. 4. Innocent: applied to chilInmutación, sf. Change, alteration.
dren.
Inmutar,ra.To.change,to altar.—rr. T o change Inocentemente, ad. Innocently, guiltlessly,
harmlessly, hurtlessly, innocuously, innoxone's appearance.
Inmutatívo, va, a, That which changes or causes
iously.
alterations.
Inocentíc , íca, íllo, illa, íto, íta. a. dim. oí Inocente.
Innacíble, a. (Obs.) Unborn, unbegotten.
Innaeiénte, a. That which is not born of an- Inoculación, sf. Inoculation, thetoseriionof a
poison into any part of the body : commonly
other.
Innato, ta, a. Innata, innated, ingenite, inborn, applied to that of the small-pox.
Inoculadór, sm. Inoculator.
ingenerate, natural.
Innavegable, a. 1. Inuavigable, not to be passed Inocular, ra. T o inocúlate, to propágate by
means of íncisions or insertions.
by sailing. 2. Incapable of saíling: applied
Inofenso, sa, a. (Obs.) V . Ileso.
to ships.
Innecesario, ria, a. Unnecessary.
Inoficioso, sa, a. ( L a w ) Done at an improper
Innegable, a. Incontestable, incontrovertible.
time, and not in the manner prescribed by
Innoble, a. Ignoble, not nobly born; m e a n of
law ; irregular; inoffidous.
birth; not of noble descent.
Inojéte, sf. T o p of a boot; that part which coInnocuo, ua, a. Inuocuous, harmless in effect,
vers the knee.
Inope, a. (Littl. us.) Poor, indigent.
doing no harm.
Innominado, da, a. Nameless, having no ñame. Inopia, sf. (Obs.) índigence, poverty, penury,
Hueso innominado, Innominatum os.
want of the necessaries of Ufe.
Innóto, ta, a. (Obs.) U n k n o w n .
Inopinable, a. 1. Unthought of, not to be foreInnovación, sf. Innovation, change by the inseen or expected. 2. Indisputable, incontrovertible ; not admitting any diversity of opitroduction of novelty.
nión.
Innovador, ra, s. 1. Innovator, one w h o makes
changes by introducing novelties. 2. Inno- Inopinadamente, aa". Unexpectedly.
vator, an introducer of novelties; innova- Inopinado, da, a. Inopinate, unexpected, unforeting.
seen.
Innovar, va. 1. T o innóvate, to bring in some- Inoportuno, na, a. (Littl. us.) Inopportune.
thing not k n o w n before. 2. T o innóvate, to Inoportunamente, ad. (Littl. us.) Inopportunely.
change by introducing novelties. 3. T o pur- Inordenadamente, ad. Inordinately.
sue a cause while an appeal or decree of inhi- Inordenado, da, Inordinado, da, a. Inordinate,
bition ís yet pending.
irregular; disorderly.
Innumerabilidad, sf. Innumerabílíty, innúmera- Inorgánico, ca, a. (Med.) Inorganícal, void of
bleness.
organs.
Innumerable, a. Innumerable, not to be counted Inórme, a. (Obs.) Enormous. V . Enorme.
for multitude ; innumerous, numberless, In Próntu, ao*. Promptly; readily ; extempore.
countless.
Inquietación, sf. (Obs.) Inquietotion, disturbInnumerablemente, ad. Innumerably.
ance, annoyance.
ínnúpta, a. (Obs.) Unmarried, single.: applied Inquietador, ra, s. Disturber.
to w o m e n .
Inquietamente, ad. Disquietly, uneasily, without
rest.
Inobedescér, ra. (Obs.) V . Desobedecer.
Inobediencia, sf. Disobedience, inobedience, Inquietar, ra. 1. T o disquiet,toinquiet,totrouble,
to disturb, to peiturb the rest or quiet. 2. T o
want of obedience; violation of lawful comm a n d s or prohibition.
molest, to vex, to pain, to concern. 3. T o stii
Inobediente, a. 1. Disobedient, inobedient, not
up or excite disturbances.—vr. T o becoma
uneasy or restless.
observant of lawful authority. 2. Inflexible:
applied to ínanimate things.
Inquieto, ta, a. 1. Restless, turbulent. 2.
Inobserváble, a. Unobservable, inobservable.
Noisy, troublesome, clamorons. 3. Anxious,
Inobservancia, sf. Inadvertency, neglect, inobsoUcitous, uneasy,fidgetty,disquiet, unquiet.
servance.
Inquietud, sf. Inquietude, restlessness, uiisasiInobservante, a. Deficient in observing.
ness, disquiet, vexation, anxiety.
Inocencia, sf 1. Innocence or innocency, the Inquilinato, sm. ( L a w ) Right acquired by the
state and quality of the person w h o has not
tenant of a house.
committed injurious actions ; untainted inte- Inquilíno, na, s. 1. Tenant, the inhabitant of a
grity. 2. Innocence, harmlessness, ínnoxhouse that is hired from another. 2. O n e that
iousness, guiltlessness, guilelessness, ínnoon certain conditions has temporary possescuousness. 3. Innocence, freedom from
sion and use of the property of another; av'i
guilt imputed. 4. Innocence, sincerity, simtomate, a lodger.
plicity in words and actions, with some degree Inquina, sf. (Coll.) Aversión, hatred.
of weakness.
Inquinar, ra. (Obs.) T o inquínate.
Inocentada, sf. (Coll.) A simple or sUIy speech Inquiridór, ra, s. Inquirer, inquisitor.
or action.
Inquirir, ra. 1. T o inquire, to look for carefullv
505
INS
INS
or anxiously, to look after. 2. T o ascertain Insensiblemente, ad. Insensibly.
by research and ínquiry, to explórate.
Inseparabíüdád, sf. Inseparableness, insepara.
Inquisición, sf. 1. Inquisition, examination, judi- bílity
cial inquiry. 2. Inquisition, a court formerly Inseparable, a. 1. Inseparable, not to be di*
established in Spain and other countries, for
jomted. 2. Applied to things or persons not
the detectíon of heresy. 3. Building, where
easily separated or disjointed.
the tribunal of Inquisition held its sittings. Inseparablemente, ad. Inseparably.
Hacer inquisición, T o examine papers or Insepulto, ta, a. Unburied, not interred, graveless.
books in order to burn the useless ones.
Inquisidor, ra, s. 1. Inquirer, examiner. 2. In- Inserción, sf. Insertion, the a d of placing any
quisitor, a m e m b e r of the tribunal of Inquithing in or a m o n g other matter.
sition.
Inserir, ra. (Obs.) T o insert, to plant.
Inquisitivo, va, a. Inquisitive, curious ; busy in Insertar, va. T o insert, to introduce, to place in
search; active to pry into any thing.
or a m o n g other things.
Inquisitorial, a. Inquisitorial, inquisitorious.
Inserto,to,a. and pp. irr. of Insertar, Inserted.
Inrámo, sm. A kind of spun cotton, which comes
V . Ingerto.
from the Levant.
Inservible, a. Unserviceable, useless.
Inrazonáble, a. (Prov.) V . Irracional.
Insidia, sf. A m b u s h , snare, contrivance.
Insabible, a. (Obs.) Inscrutable, inexpUcable. Insidiador, ra, s. Plotter or way-layer, insidiator.
Insaciabilidád,s/ Insatiableness, greediness not Insidiar, va. T o plot, to way-lay.
to be appeased.
Insidiosamente, ad. Insidiously, guilefully.
Insaciable, a. Insatiable, greedy beyond mea- Insidioso, sa, a. Insidious, sly, circumventive,
sure, craving.
guileful.
Insaciablemente, ad. Insatiably.
Insigne, a. Notable, remarkable, flagrant,
Insaculación, sf. ( L a w ) Act of casting loto or
noted.
baUoting for ñames.
Insignemente, ad. Notably, signaUy, conspiInsaculadór, sm. ( L a w ) Balloter.
cuously.
Insacular, va. T o ballot, to put the ñ a m e of any Insignia, sf. A distinctive m a r k of honour, a
person destined for an office into a bag or
badge. Insignias, Insignia, distinguishing
box.
marks of office or honour.
Insalubre, a. Insalubrious, unhealthy.
Insignificancia, sf. (Littl. us.) Insignificance oí
Insalubridad, sf. Insalubrity, unhealthfulness.
insignificancy.
Insignificación, sf. Insignificance.
Insignificante, a. Insignificant, unimportant,
Insanable, a. Incurable, irremediable.
wanting weight.
Insania, sf. Insanity. V . Locura.
Insignificatívo, va, a. Insignificant; insignificative.
Insano, na, a. Insane, mad.
Inscribir, va. 1. T o inscribe, to m a r k any thing Insimular, ra. (Obs.) T o aecuse, to charge with
a crime.
with writing. 2. (Geom.) T o inscribe, to
Insinuación, */. 1. Insinuation, overture, hint
draw a figure within another.
or gentle introduction of a proposal, notice,
Inscripción, sf. Inscription, something written
etc.; innuendo. 2. Insinuation, power of
or engraved.
pleasing or stealing upon the afferíions. 3.
Inscripto, ta, pp. irr. oí Inscribir.
( L a w ) Exhibition of a public instrument beInscrutable, a. V. Inescrutable.
fore a judge. 4. (Rhet) Kind of exordtom.
Insculpír, ra. T o insculp, to engrave, to cut,
Insecable, a. (Prov.) N o t to be dried, that can- Insinuante, pa. and a. Insinuant, insinuating,
having the power to gain favour.
not be dried.
Insección, sf. (Littl. us.) Incisión, cut ; a Insinuar, ra. 1. T o insinúate, to hint, to impart
indirectly. 2. T o touch slightly on a subw o n n d m a d e with an edged instrument.
ject.—rr. 1. T o insinúate, to ingratiate, to
Insectil, a. Insectile.
wheedle, to gain on the afferíions by gentle
Insectívoro, a. ( N a t hist.) Insectivorous.
degrees; to gain another's favour and beneInsecto, sm. Inserí, insectile.
volence by artful means. 2. T o insinúate, to
Inseculación, sf. BaUoting. V . Insaculación.
get in, to creep in or into, or to steal into imInseculár, ra. T o ballot V. Insacular.
perceptibly : speaking of the insinuation of a
Insenescéncia, sf. Quatity of not becoming oíd.
virtue or víee into the mind.
Insensatamente, ad. Madly.
Insensatez, sf. Insensateness, stupidity, folly, Insípidamente, ad. Insipidly, without taste;
dully, without spirit
stupidness.
Insensato,to,a. Insensato, stupid, m a d or mad- Insipidez, sf. Insípidity, insipidness.
brained, mindless, fatuous, out of his wits.
Insípido, da, a: Insipid, tasteless, unpleasant;
Insensíbuidád, sf. 1, Insensibility, insensiblespiritless,flat,actless.
ness, inability to perceive, dulness of mind. Insipiencia, sf. Insipience, ignorance, want of
2. Insensibüity, want of feeling, hard-heartknowledge or testé.
edness.
Insipiente, a. Ignorant, tasteless, uninformed,
Insensible, a. 1. Insensible, void of feeling either wanting knowledge or instruction.
mental or corpórea!;tasentient,callous, stu- Insistencia, sf. Persistence, steadiness, conpid. 2. Imperceptible, not discoverable by
stancy, obstinacy.
the senses. 3. Hard, stupid, unfeeling, ob- Insistir, rn. 1. T o insist, to persist in, nottoredurate, gelid, cold or cold-hearted, loveless.
cede from terms or assertions. 2. T o insist,
Insensible ni konor or á la gloria. Ingloríous. to dwell -ipon in discourse
506
INS
INS
Instabilidad, sf. Iustability, instableness, iuconI'nsito, ta, a. Ingrafted, natural.
Insociabilidad, sf. Iusociability, unsociableness. staney, fickleness, mutabihty, fugitiveness,
fugacity, fragílity, giddiness.
Insociable, a. Insociable, averse from conversaInstable, a. Instable, inconstant, chauging, m u tion and society.
table,fickle,fugacious.
Insolación, sf. Insolation, the influence of a
Instalación, sf. Installation, instalment, the act
scorching sun on the brain.
Insolar, ra. T o insólate, to dry in the s u n ; to
of giving possession of a rank or office ; inexpose to the action of the sun.—rr. T o disduction.
ease one's self by the heat of the sun.
Instalar, ra. ( L a w ) 1. T o install, to give posInsolaáble, a. 1. That cannot be soldered, or will
session of a rank or employment. 2. T o indurí, to put into actual possession of a benot admit of any metallic cement. 2. Irrepanefice.
rable, irretrievable; that cannot be remedied
or replaced.
Instancia, sf. 1. Instance or instaney, imporInsolencia, sf. 1. Insolence, impudence, effron- tunity, persisteney, urgeney. 2. Instance,
tory, malapertness, haughtiness, frowardness. prosecution or process of a suit. 3. Instance,
2. Eff'rontery, barefacedness. 3. Insulting.
pressing argument. De primera instancia,
Insolentar, ra. T o m a k e bold.—vr. T o beeome
Instantly, on thefirstimpulse;first,in the
first place.
insolent.
Insolente, a. 1. Insolent, impudent, froward, Instantáneamente, ad. Instantly, instantoneously,
haughty. 2. Performing u n c o m m o n things.
3. Unusual, u n c o m m o n ; unaecustomed. It Instantaneidad, sf. (Littl. us.) Instantaneify,
unpremeditated production or instantoneous
is also used as a substantive for a barefaced
existence.
or shameless m a n .
Insolentemente, aa*. Insolently, haughtily, in- Instantáneo, nea, a. Instantaneous, done in an
instant.
sultíngly.
Insólidum, aa". ( L a w ) Jointly, so as to be an- Instante, sm. Instant, so short a part of duration that w e perceive no suceession, a minute,
swerable for the whole.
a moment. Al instante, Immediately. Cada
Insólito, ta, a. Unusual, unaecustomed, insolite.
Insolubilidad, sf. Indissolubility : applied to
instante, Every m o m e n t , frequently. En un
things which cannot be dissolved.
instante, In a m o m e n t ; immediately. Por
Insoluole, a. 1. Indissoluble, insoluble, not to
instantes, Incessantly, continually.
be dissolved. 2. Insolvable, that cannot be Instante, pa. and a. Instant, pressing, urgent.
paid.
Instantemente, aa*. Instantly, with urgent importunity.
Insolutundación, sf. (Obs.) Assigument of
goods or effects in payment of a debt
Instar, ra. 1. T o press or urge a request or peInsolvencia, sf. Insolvency, inability to pay
tition. 2. In schools, to i m p u g n the solution
debts.
of a question.—rn. T o urge the prompt execution of any thing.
Insolvente, a. Insolvent, unable to pay debts.
Insomne, a. Sleepless, wanting sleep, insom- Instauración, sf. Instauration, restoration.
nious.
Instaurar, ra. T o renew, to le establish, to reInsomnio, sm. Insomnolency, watchfulness,
build.
Insondable, a. 1. Unfathomable not to be Instaurativo, va, a. Restorative.
sounded by a line, fathomless
2. Inscru- Instigación, sf. ínstigation, incitement, impulse,
table, unsearchable ; not to be traced out by
excitement, excitation.
inquiry or study. 3. Abysmal.
Instigador, ra, s. Instigator, abetter.
Insoportable, a. Insupportable, intolerable.
Instigar, va. T o instígate, to incite, to provoke,
Insoportablemente, ua". (Littl. us.) Insupportto urge to ill.
ably.
Instilación, sf. Instillation, the act of pouring in
Insostenible, a. (Coll.) Indefensibie.
by drops.
Inspección, sf. Inspeetion, survey; superinteud- Instilar, ra. 1. T o instill, to infuse by toops
ence; controlment, control.
2. T o instill, to insinúate any thing imperInspeccionar, ra. T o inspect, to examine, to
ceptibly into the mind.
oversee.
Instinto, sm. 1. Instinct, natural desire or averInspector, ra, s. Inspector, a careful examiner;
sión; natural tendeney. 2. Instinct, the powei
overlooker, superintendent, comptroller.
determining the will of brutos. 3. Divine
Inspiráble, a. (.Med.) Inspirable.
inspiration. 4. Encouragement, incitement,
Inspiración, sf. 1. Inspiration, the act of drawimpulse. Por instinto, lnstinctively.
ing the air into the lungs. 2. (Met.) Inspi- Institor, sm. ( L a w ) Factor, agent.
ration, infusión of ideas into the miiid by a Institución, sf. 1. Institution, establishment,
superior power.
settlement 2. Institution, education, inInspirador, ra, s.Tnspírer, one w h o inspires.
struction. 3. Collation or bestowing of a
Inspirante, pa. Inspíring.
benefice. Instituciones, Institutes of any
Inspirar, ra. 1. T o inspire,todraw the air into
science.
the lungs, to inhale. 2. T o inspire with for- Instituénte, pa. Instituting; founder.
titude, courage, etc. 3. T o inspire, to infuse Instituidor, ra, s. Institutor, founder.
into the mind. 4. T o inspire, to animate by Instituir, ra. 1. T o institute, to establish, to
supernatural infusión.—rn. (Poet.) T o blow.
found. 2. T o institute, to teach, to instruct.
Inspirativo, va, a. That which has the powei of
3. T o nominate, to appoint; to determine oí
inspiring.
resolve.
507
INS
INT
Instituto, sf. Instituto, a part or sectíon of the Insulso, sa, a. 1. Insipid, tasteless, insulse. 2.
R o m á n law, which contains its principies.
(Met.) Dull, heavy ; flat; cold.
Institúio, sm. Instituto, established law; settled Insultador, ra, s. Insulter.
order ; design, object, end.
Insultante, pa. Insulting, insulter.
Institutor, ra, s. V . Instituidor.
Insultar, va. T o insult, to treat with insolence
Instituyante, pa. Institutor; founding.
or contempt, to fly in the face.—rr. (Coll.)
Instridente, a. (Obs.) Pressing, compressing.
T o meet with an accident, to be suddenly atInstrucción, sf. 1. Instruction, the art of teachtacked with disease.
ing ; lesson. 2. Precepto conveying know- Insulto, sm. 1. Insult, act of insolence oí
ledge, lore, knowledge. Instrucciones, Incontempt, insultotion, insulting. 2. A sudstructions, authoritative information.
den and violent attack. 3. D a m a g e done Dy
Instructivamente, ad. Instructively.
an attack or contemptuous treatment. 4.
Instructivo, va, a. Instructíve, conveying knowAbusiveness, contumeliousness, contomely.
ledge.
5. A sudden fit of illness.
-nstructór, sm. Instructor, teaeher, ledurer, mo- Insuperable, a. Insuperable, insurmountable;
nitor.
overbearing, not to be overeóme.
Instructora, sf. Instructress.
Insupuráble, a. That which cannot suppurate or
Instruir, ra. 1. T o instruct, to teach, to form by
form pus.
precept, to lecture, to lesson; to acquaínt. Insurgente, sm. Insurgent, one w h o rises in
2. T o civilize. 3. T o inform authoritatively.
open rebellion against the established go4. ( L a w ) T o instruct, to model or to form a
vernment of his country: it is also used as
cause according to the established rules.
an adjective.
Instrumental, a. 1. Instrumental, consisting of Insurgir, rn. (Obs.) V. Alzarse.
instrumento, produced by instruments, not Insurrección, sf. Insurrection, a seditious rising,
vocal. 2. ( L a w ) Belonging to legal instrua rebeUious commotion.
ments. Causa instrumental, Instrumental Insurreccional, a. (Littl. us.) Insurrectionary,
cause, that which is acting to some end or
suitable to an insurrection.
coutributing to some purpose.
Insustancial, a. Unsubstantial, futile, insubstanInstrumentalménte, ad. Instrumentally.
tial.
Instrumentista, sm. Player on an instrument of Intacto, ta, a. 1. Untouched, not touched. 2.
music.
Untouched, not meddled with, not spoken of.
Instrumento, sm. 1. Instrument, a tool used for
3. Puré, unmingled ; entire; intacf.
any purpose; an engine or machine. 2. In- Intangible, a. Intangible, not to be touched.
strument, the agent or means of any thing. Integárrimo. m a , a. super. Very sincere.
3. ( L a w ) Instrument, a writing containing a Integración, sf. Integration.
contract, or serving as a proof or evidence Integral, a. Integral, whole : applied to a thing
as comprising all its constituent parts.
of any thing. 4. (Mus.) Instrument, any
machine or frame m a d e to yield harmonious Integralmente, ad. Jiitegially.
sounds. 5. (CoU.) Instrument, one w h o acto I'ntegraméute, ad. V . Enteramente.
only to serve the purposes of another. Instru- Integrante, a. Integral, integrant.
mento de viento, A wind instrument. Instru- Integrar, ra. 1. T o intégrate, to form one whole,
to give integrity, to compose a whole of its
mento de cuerda, A stringed instrument.
integral parts. 2. (Obs.) V. Reintegrar.
Insuave, a. Unpleasant, disagreeable.
Insubordinación, sf. Insubordinatíon, a state of Integridad, sf. 1. Integrality, wboleness, com
pleteness, integrity, intireness. 2. Int, grity,
disorder, want of due obedience.
Insubordinado, da, a. and pp. oí Insubordinarse, honesty, purity of manners, uneomiptness.
3. Virginity, maideuhead. 4. Coiitideuce,
Rebellious, opponent to lawful authority.
honour.
Insubordinarse, rr. T o rebel against lawful authority : commonly applied to military men. I'ntegro, gra, a. 1. Integral, entire, complete,
not broken intofracturas.2. Candid, corruptInsubsisténcia, sf. InstabiUty, iuconstancy.
less, upright, honest, disinterested, just.
Insubsistente, a. 1. Unable to subsist, incapable
of duration. 2. Instable, incoiistant, chang- Integumento, sm (Obs.) 1. Integument, envelope, covering. 2. Fable, fiction.
ing.
Intelección, sf. Intellection, the act of under
Insubstancial, a. V . Insustancial.
standing.
Insudar, vn. T o toil, to work hard.
Insuficiencia, sf. Insufficiency, ínadequateness Intelectiva, sf. Intellect, the power of understanding.
to any end or purpose.
Insuficiente, a. Insufficient, inadequate to any Intelectivo, va, a. Intellective, having power to
understand.
need, use or purpose; wanting abilities.
Insuficientemente, ad. (Littl. us.) Insufficiently. Intelecto, sm. (Obs.) Intellect, understanding.
Insuflar, ra. (Obs.) T o blow. V . Soplar.
Intelecto, sm. (Obs.) V . Inteligencia.
Insufrible, a. intolerable, insuff'erable, overbear-Intelectual, a. Intellectual, intelligential, relating
ing, insupportable.
to the uiiderstandiug; mental, ideal, belongInsufriblemente, aa*. Insufferably.
ing to the mind.
ínsula, sf. 1. (Obs.) Isle. V. Isla. 2. (Joc.) A Intelectualménte, aa". InteUectually, mentally,
ideally.
petty state or government.
Insular, Insulano, na, a. Insular. V . Isleño.
Inteligencia, sf. 1. Intelligence, commerce of
Insulsamente, ad. Insipidly.
information ; mutual communication, ci- iv
Insulsez, sf. ínsipidity,flatness,insulsity.
prehensión, knowledge, knowing. -. Intel508
INT
INT
act between two parties, to entreat for anoligence ortotelligency,understanding, skill,
ther. 2. T o intercede, to interpose, to place
ability, experience. 3. Intelligence, commerce
between.
of acquaintance, friendly intercourse. 4.
Sense, signiñcation of a passage. 5. Intel- Intercepción, sf. (Littl. us.) Interception, interligence, spirit, unbodied mind. jEn inteligen- clusion.
Interceptar, ra. T o intercept, to stop and seize
cia, In the understanding, suppositively.
in the way, to cut off, to obstruct.
Inteligenciádo,da,a. (Coll.) Instructed, informed.
InteUgénte, a. Intelligent, skilful, clever, learn- Intercesión, sf. Intercessiou, mediation, interposition, interceding, entreaty for another.
ed, knowing.
Inteligible, a. Intelligible, conceivable, perspi- Intercesor, ra, s. Intercessor, interceder, mediator, excuser, soücitor, one w h o pleads for ancuous, to be conceived by the understanding;
other.
to be perceived by the senses.
Intercesoriaménte, aa*. (Obs.) Entreatingly.
Inteligiblemente, ad. Intelligibly.
Intemperancia, sf. Intemperance, want of m o - Intercesório, ria, a. (Prov.) Intercessory, ínter
vening between two parties ; entreating foi
deration ; excess in eating, drinking or any
another.
other gratification.
Intemperante, a. Intemperate. V . Destemplado. Intercíso, sa, a. Applied to a day the morning
of which is a festival and the afternoon for
Intemperie, sf. Intemperateness, unseasonablelabour.
ness of weather ; intemperature.
Intempesta, a. (Poet.) Excessively dark and Interclusión, sf. Interclusion.
Intercolúnio, sm. Intercolumniation, the space
dreary: applied to the dead of the night.
between pillara or cobraras.
Intempestivamente, aa". Unseasonably, aborIntercostal, a. Intercostal, placed between the
tively, totempestively.
ribs.
Intempestivo, va, a. Unseasonable, not suitable
to the time of the year or occasion; abortive. Intercurrénte, a. (Prov.) Intercurrent, intervening.
Intención, sf. 1. Intention, design, meaning,
mind. 2. Instinct of brutes. Hombre de in- Intercutáneo, nea, a. Intercutaneous, placed between the skin and flesh.
tención, A dissembler.
Interdecir, ra. (Obs ) T o interdict, to prohibit.
Intencionadamente, aa". Designedly.
Interdicción, sf Interdiction, prohibition; inIntencionado, da, a. Inclined, disposed.
terdict.
Intencional, a. Intentional, designed; done by
Interés, sm. 1. Interest, concern, advantage,
design.
concerument. 2. Interest, share or participaIntencionalménte, ad. Intentionally.
tion in any profit. 3. Interest, any surplus
Intendencia, sf. 1. Administration, manageof advantage. 4. Interest, m o n e y paid for
ment. 2. Place, employment or district of
the use of money. 5. Interest, part taken for
an intendant.
or against any person. 6. (Poet.) Pathos or
Intendenta, sf. L a d y of an intendant.
interest of dramatic incidents. ínteres de inIntendente, sm. Intendant, an officer of high
terés, C o m p o u n d interest. Dar á interés, T o
rank w h o oversees any particular allotment
put out on interest. Llevar cinco por ciento
of the public business. Intendente de matrículas, Intendant or commissary genera! of de interés, T o bear five per cent interest.
Interesable, a. (Obs.) Lucrative, profitable ;
the impress service.
bringing money.
Intensamente, ad. Intensely.
Interesadamente, ad. (L'.ttl. us.) Selfishly.
Intensidad, sf. (Med.) Intensity.
Intensión, sf Intensión ; intenseness, vehe- Interesado, da, a. and pp. oí Interesar, 1. Interested. concerned, having a connexion with
mence, ardency; earnestness, great attention.
that which m a y affect the interest, welfare or
Intensivo, va, Intenso, sa, a. Intense, intensive,
happiness. 2. Interested, paying too m u c h
vehement, ardent, lively.
regard to prívate profit; m o v e d merely by
Intentar, va. 1. T o try, to attempt, to endeapecuniary views ; selfish. 3. Merceuary, too
vour. 2. T o intend, to m e a n , to design. 3.
studious of profit.
T o enter an action, to c o m m e n c e a law-suit.
Intento, sm. Intent, purpose, design. De in- Interesado, da, s. A person concerned in any
undertaking or business, a partner. Los intetento, Purposely, designedly, knowingly.
Intentona, sf. (CoU.) A n extravagant design,
resados, T h e concern, persons connected in
business or their affairs in general.
a chimerical attempt.
I'nter, ad. (Obs.) 1. Inthe m e a n while. V . ín- Interesante, a. Interesting, useful, convenient.
terin. 2. A prepositive particle used in com- Interesar, rn. and r. T o be concerned or inteposition.
rested in,to have a share in or to take a part
lutercadéncia, sf. 1. Interruption, interposition. in any concern.—ra. 1. T o interest, to con2. Inconstancy. 3. (Med.) Intermission oí
cern, to give a share in. 2. T o interest, to
inequality of the pulse.
concern, to engage by feeling or sentiment.
Intercadente, a. Changeable, variable.
3. (Poet.) T o interest, to affect or to touch
Intercadentemente, aa*. Changeably.
with passion : speaking of a poem.
Intercalación, sf. Intercalation, the act of insert-Interesencia, sf. 1. Personal assistance at any
ing or placing in or amongst other things.
thing. 2. Residence of the prebendarles, atv.1
Intercalar, ra. T o intercálate, to insert or place
their presence at the choir.
in or a m o n g other things.
Interesente, a. Preseiit, concurring.
Inteicalár, a. Intercalary, intercalar.
Intoresillo, sm. dim. A slight iutoresiInterceder, rn. 1. T o intercede, to mediato, to I'nterin, sm. V . Interinidad,
50Q
INT
INT
I nterin or E n el ínterin, ad. In this interím, to
space between two knots or joints of the stalk
the m e a n time. V. Interinamente.
of a plant.
Interinamente, ad. In the intervening time, in Internuncio, sm. Internuncio, an agent of the
the iuterim, in the m e a n while or in the
court of R o m e ; interlocutor.
m e a n time; provisionally.
Interpelación, sf. 1. ( L a w ) Interpellafion, sumInterinar, ra. ( L a w Obs.) T o ratify, to confirm.
m o n s . 2. Interpellation, an earnest adInterinidad, sf. Quality of holdtag a temporary
dress.
charge or office.
Interpelar, ra. 1. T o appeal to, to implóle the
Interino, na, a. Provisional; appointed proviaid of. 2. ( L a w ) T o s u m m o n , to cite.
sionally, having the temporary charge of an Interpolación, sf. 1. Interpolation, something
employ or office.
added or put into the original matter. 2. Act
Interior, a. Interior, infernal, inward, inner.
of adding or putting something into the oriInterior, sm. 1. T h e interior, inside, that which
ginal matter.
. is within, the inner part. 2. Mind. Interio- Interpoladaménte, ad. In an interpolating manres, Entrails, intestines.
ner.
Interioridad, sf. 1. Inside, interior part; the partInterpolar, ra. 1. T o interpólate, to foist in 2,
within. 2. T h e act oí" concealing any thing,
T o interpose, to intermix; to intermit 3. T o
and the thing hidden.
interpel, to interrupt.
Interiormente, ad. In the interior, infernally, Interponer, va. 1. T o interpose, to place between,
inwardly, interiorly.
to totercome. 2. (Obs.) T o refer. 3. T o thrust
Interjección, sf. Interjection, a part of speech
in as an toterruption or obstruction.—vr. To
that discovers the mind to be seized or afgo between, to interpose.
fected with some passion.
Interposición, sf. 1. Interposition, the state of
Interlineacíón, sf. Interitoeatíon.
being placed between other things or persons.
Interlineal, a. Interlineal.
2. Interposition, intervenient agency, interInterlinear, ra. V . Entrerenglonar.
ference, mediation, meddling. 3. Interval,
Interlocución, sf. 1. Interlocution, dialogue ; in- time passing between.
terchange of speech. 2. (Littl. us.) Interven- Interpósita persona, sm. (Lat. L a w ) Person who
tion, mediation.
acts for another in law proceedings.
Interlocutor, ra, s. 1. Interlocutor, one w h o Interprender, ra. (Obs.) T o carry a place by
speaks in the ñ a m e of another. 2. Collocuassault; to seize by main forcé.
tor, coüoquist, one of the speakers in a día- Interprésa, sf. Enterprise, an undertaking of
logue.
hazard; an arduous attempt.
Interlocutoriaménte, ad. In an interlocutory Interpretable, a. (CoU.) Interpretable.
manner.
Interpretación, sf. 1. Interpretatioii, the act of
fnterlocutório,ria,a. Interlocutory, preparatory
¡nterpretíng. 2. Interpretation, elucidation, exto a definitive decisión.
planation, exposition, construction, c o m m e n Interlúnio, sm. T i m e w h e n the m o o n , about to
tary ; the sense given by au interpreter.
change, is invisible.
Interpretador, ra, s. Interpreter; translator.
Intermediar, va. T o toterpose, to be in the Interpretante, pa, and s. Interprettog, translator.
middle.
Interpretar, ra. 1. T o interpret, to explain, te
Intermedio, dia, a. Intermedíate, intervening,
expound, to clear by exposition. 2. T o transinterposed, intermedial.
íate, to interpret to another language, to
Intermedio, sm. 1. Interval, intermedíum, time
construe. 3. T o interpret, to take or to unpássíng between ; interim. . 2. Interlude, an
derstand the meaning in a particular sense
or manner. 4. T o attribute.
entertainment between the acts of a play;
farce ; interval; middle.
Interpretativamente, aa". Interpretatively.
Interminable, a. Interminable, endless, intermi- Interpretativo, va, a. Interpretative.
nate.
Intérprete, s. com. Interpreter, expounder, transIntérmino, na, a. (Obs.) Interminable, taímense. lator ; indication, sign.
Intermisión, sf. Intermission,toterruption,for- Interpuesto, ta, a. and pp. irr. of Interponer,
bearance.
Interposed, intervenient, placed between, m e díate.
Intermitencia, sf. Disconttauance of an tatermittent fever the interval between the dif- Interregno, sm Interreign, interregnum, the
ferent fits.
time in which a throne is vacant; vacancy
Intermitente, a. Intermittent, intermissive,
of the throne.
coming by fits.
Interrogación, sf. Interrogation, a question put;
Intermitir, ra. T o intermit, to discontinué.
an inquiry; the m a r k (?).
Internación, sfl. Importatíon. Derechos de in- Interrogante, a. Interrogative : applied to marks
ternación, Importation duties.
of interrogation.—pa. Interrogatíng.—s. InInternamente, aa". Internally. V. Interiormente. terrogaron
Internar, va. T o pierce, to penétrate beyond the Interrogar, ra. V . Preguntar.
surface ; to penétrate into the interior of a Interrogativamente, ad. Interrogatively,
country.—rr. T o insinúate, to gain upon the Interrogativo, va a. Interrogative.
afferíions by gentle degrees; to wheedle.
Interrogatorio, sm. Interrogatory, a serie* of
Interneción, sf. (Littl. us.) Internedon, massa- questions put to a person in a law-suit.
cre, slaughter.
Interrumpidamente, ad. Interruptedly.
Interno, na, a. Interior, interna!, inward, intern. Interrumpido, da, a. and pp. of Interrumpir
Internódio. sm <"Bot.) Internode or internodiurn,
Interrupt,toterrupted,broken.
510
INT
INT
able to endure ; not favourable to toleraInterrumpir, va. 1. T o interrupt, to hinder or
tion.
obstruct the continuance of a thing. 2. T o
interrupt, to hinder from proceeding, to cut Intolerantismo, sm. (Littl. us.) Intoleration,
opinión of those w h o will not admit any reoff, to cut short.
ligión but that which they profess.
Interrupción, sf. Interruption, interpellation,
Intonso, sa, a. (Poet.) 1. Unshorn, having the
diseontinuance.
hair uncut. 2. Ignorant, unpoUshed.
Intersecár, ra. (Obs.) T o crosscut.—rr. (Geom.)
Intramuros, ad. Within the walls.
T o intersect each other.
Intersección, sf. Intersection, the point where Intransitable, a. Impassable, impenetrable.
Intransitivo, va, a. (Gram.) Intransitive.
Unes cross each other.
Iutrasmutáble, a. Intransmutable.
Interserir, ra. (Obs.) T o interserí;.
Intrasmutabilidád, sf. Immutability.
Intersticio, sm. Interstice; interval.
Interusúrio, sm. Interest for a certain time. In- Intratable, a. 1. Intractable, ungovernable, stub.
terusurio dotal, Interest allowed to a w o m a n born, obstínate, unmanageable. 2. Intractable, unsociable, rude, mumpish, hard to deal
for the delay in repaying or returning her
with. 3. Impassable, not admitting passage,
marriage portion.
Intervalo, sm. 1. Interval, space between places. Intrépidamente, aa*. Intrepidly, fearlessly.
• 2. Interval, time passing between two assign- Intrepidez,*/ 1. Intrepidity, courage, boldness,
feailessness, daringness. dauntlessness, hardable points, interlapse. Lúcido intervalo, Reiness. 2. Temeriiy.
mission of delirium or madness.
Intervención, sf. Intervention, assistance, m e - Intrépido, da, a. Intiepid, daring, temerarious,
fearless, courageous, dauntless, gallant, hardy,
diation, interposition.
Intervenir, rn. 1. T o intervene, to come between Intricár, ra. (Obs.) T o involve, to perplex.
tnings or persons; • to mediato; to intorcur, Intriga, sf. Intrigue, a prívate transaction in
which m a n y parties are engaged : a modern
to intermedíate. 2. T o assist, to attend.—r.
word.
impers. V. Acontecer.
Interventor, ra, s. O n e w h o intervenes; a comp- Intrigante, sm. Intriguer, cunning meddler : a
modern word.
troller.
Interyacente, a. Interjacent, intervening, lying Intrigar, rn. T o intrigue, to form plots: a m o dern word.
between.
Intestado, da, a. Inféstate, dying without a wiU. Intrincáble, a. Intricate, perplexed, easily entangled.
Intestinal, a. Intestinal, belonging to the intesIntrincación, sf. Intricacy, intrication, intricatetines.
ness.
Intestino, na, a. Intestine, internal; civU, doIntrincadaménte, aa". Intricately.
mestic.
Intrincado, da, a. and/)/), oí Intrincar, Intricate,
Intestino, sm. Intestine, the gut; the bowels.
entangled, perplexed, knotty, obscure, gorI'ntima, sf. V . Intimación.
dian.
Intimación, sf. Intimation, hint.
Intrincamiento, sm. Intricateness, intrication.
I'ntimaménte, ad. Intimately.
Intimar, ra. T o intímate, to hint,tom a k e known. Intrincar, ra. T o perplex, to intricate, to entan.
gle, to knot, to involve ; to confound, to ob
— r r . 1. T o pierce, to penétrate or to m a k e
scure.
way into any thing. 2. T o gato on the afIntrínsecamente, ad. Intrinsically, essentially.
feríions, to insinúate.
Intimatorio,ria,a. ( L a w ) Applied to writs, let Intrínseco, ca, a. 1. Intrinsic, íntrinsical, infernal, hidden. 2. Cióse, habitually silent.
ters or dispatches, in which a decree or order
is intimated.
V . Tntimo. 3. ( L a w ) V. Judicial.
Intimidación, sf. (Littl. us.) Intimidation.
Introducción, sf. 1. Introduction, the act of
conducting or ushering to any place or perIntimidad, sf. Intimacy, cióse familiarity or conson, intromission. 2. Access, intercourse. 3.
nexion, friendship, consociation, inwardness.
Introduction, the act of bringing any n e w
Intimidar, va. T o intimídate, to m a k e fearful;
thing into notice or practice. 4. Introduction,
to m a k e cowardly, to daunt,todastard or dasthe preface or part of a book containing pretardize, to craven; to fright.
vious matter.
1'utimo, m a , a. 1. Infernal, innermost. 2. Intímate, familiar, confamiüar, conversant, near,Introducir, va. 1. T o introduce, to intromit, to
closely acquainted.
conduct or usher into a place, to let in, to
Intitular, va. 1. T o entitle, to prefix a title to a
lead in or to lead into. 2. T o introduce, to
book or writing. 2. T o entitle, grace or digbring into notice or practice. 3. T o induce,
nify with a title or honourable appellation.
to facilitate, to concUiate.—vr. T o insinúate,
— r r . T o use a title or honourable appellato gain on the afferíions; to inferiere; to
tion.
find one's way.
Intitúlate, sf. ( O b s ) Title prefixed to a book or Introductor, ra, 1. Introducer, any one w h o
writing.
brings a thing into notice. 2. Introductor,
Intolerabilidad, sf. Intolerableness.
introducer, one w h o introduces another to a
Intolerable, a. Intolerable, insufferable, bad beperson or place.
yond suffeíance.
Introductorio, ria, a. (Obs.) Introductory.
Intoleiáncia, sf. Intolerance, want of toleration; Introito, sm. 1. Entrance, entry. 2. Introit, the
want of patience and candour to bear the opibeginning of the m a s s ; the c o m m e n c e m e n t
nions of others.
of public devotions.
Intolerante, a. Intolerant, not enduring, or not Intrusamente, ad. Intrusively.
511
LNV
INV
Intrusión, sf. Intrusión, obtrusion, the act of Invariación, sf. Immutobility, invariableness,
intruding or obtruding one's self ¡tito any
constancy.
place, state or office without right or welcome. Invariadaménte. aa". Unvariedly.
Intruso, sm. Intruder, obtruder, one w h o torces Invariádo, da, a. Unvaried, constant, invaried.
himself into any place, office, company, etc. Invasión, sf. Invasión, hostile entrance, attack
without right or welcome.
Inva&ór, ra, s. Invader.
Intruso, sa, a. Intruded, iutrusive, obtrusive.
Invectiva, sf. Invective, a severe censure ia
speech or writing.
Intuición, sf. Intuition, knowledge not obtained
by deduction of reason.
Invehir, va. (Obs.) T o inveigh, to censure.
Intuitivamente, aa" Intuitívely.
Invencible, a. Invindble, insuperable, unconIntuitivo, va, a. Iutuitive, evident ; perceived
querable.
by the mind immediately and without ratioci- Invenciblemente, ad. Invincibly.
nation.
Invención, sf. 1. Invention, excogitation, the
Intuito (Por), ad. O n account of, in consideract or power of inventmg. 2. Invention, disation.
covery, the thing invented. 3. Invention,
Intuítu, sm. View. V . Vista and Ojeada. Por
coutrivance,fiction,artífice. Hacer inveniniuitu, In consideration of.
ciones, T o m a k e wry faces. Vivir de invenIntumescencia, sf. V. Hinchazón.
ciones, T o live by tricks and cunning.
Intususcepción, sf. (Med.) Introsusception, Invencionero, ra, s. 1. Inventor. 2. Boaster,
intussusception or intersusception.
decider. 3. (CoU.) Gestículator, mimick.
Inulto, ta, a. (Poet.) Unrevengedj unpunished. Invendible, a. Unmerchanfable; not marketaInumeridád, sf. V . Inumerabilidad.
ble, not saleable.
Inundación,s/. 1. Inundation, overflow or over- Invéntale, a. (Obs.) That m a y be found.
flowing of waters; flood, deluge. 2. Con- Invenir, va. (Obs.) V . Hallar.
fluence <rf any kind.
Inventar, va. 1. T o tovent, to discover, to find
Inundante, pa. Inundating; inundant, what inout, to excogitóte. 2. T o tovent, to forge, to
undates.
frame, to contrive falsely.
Inundar, ra. 1. T o inúndate, to overflow, to de- Inventariar, ra. 1. T o m a k e an inventory, to inluge, to flood, to float. 2. T o overrun by
ventory, to register, to place in a catalogue.
great numbers.
2. (Coll.) T o commemorate the doings of a
Inurbanamente, aa". Incivilly, uncivilly.
person.
Inurbanidád, sf. Incivitity, want of education, Inventario, sm. Inventory, account or catalogue
inurbanity.
of chattels and estafes.
Inurbano, na, a. Incivil, rude, unpolished, inur- Inventiva, sf. T h e faculty of invention.
bane.
Inventivo, va, a Inventive, quick at contrivance,
Inusitadamente, aa*. Unusually.
ready at expediento; inventful.
Inusitado, da, a. Unusual, not in use, not accus- Invento, sm. Invention, discovery.
tomed.
Inventor, sm. 1. Inventor or inventer, a finder
Inútil, a. Useless, unprofitable. inutile, fruitless, out of something not k n o w n before. 2. Inneedless, frivolous, idle.
ventor, a contriver, a framer.
Inutilidad, sf. Inutility, uselessness, unprofita- Inventora, sf. Inventress, a female that invents.
bleness, needlessness, unfitness to any end.
Inverecundo, da, o. Shameless, impudent.
Inutilizar, va. T o render useless.
Inverisímil, a. Unlike, improbable.
Inútilmente, ad. Unelessly, idly.
Inverisimilitud, sf. Improbability, unlikeliInvadeable, a. N o t fordable, impassable without
hood.
swimming.
Invernáculo, sm. Green-house for preservfog
Invadir, ra. T o invade, to attack a country; to
plants in winter, hot-house, conservatory.
m a k e an hostile entrance, to fall upon.
Invernada, sf. Winter-season.
Invalidación, sf. Invalidation, invaUdity, the act Invernadero, sHi.Winter-quarters: applied gene
of invaUdating or rendering void and inrally to wintering places for sheep.
vatid.
Invernal, a. (Obs.) Hyemal, hibernal.
Invalidad, sf. (Obs.) V . Nulidad.
Invernar, rn. T o winter, to pass the winter; to
be the winter season, to hyemate.
Inválidamente, ad. lnvalidly.
Invalidar, ra, T o invalídate, to deprive of forcé Invernizo, za, a. 1. Winterly, suitable to the
winter ; of a wintry kind, hyemal, hibernal.
or efficacy; to irrítate, to render nuil and
void, to nullify.
2. Winter-beaten, harassed byfrostand severe
Inválido, da, a. Invalid, without forcj; of no
weather.
weight or cogency; feeble, weak, nuil.
Inverosímil, a. V. Inverisímil.
Inválido, sm. (Mil.) 1. Invalid oí invalide, a sol- Inversamente, ad. (Littl. us.) Inversely.
dier w h o has retired from the service in con^ Inversión, sf. 1. Inversión; change of order,
time or place. 2. T h e act of employing or
sequence of being oíd or disabled by sickness
or hurte. D a r or conceder inválidos, T o give spending a s u m of money.
pensions f o veteran soldiers, to invalide sol- Inverso, sa, a. and pp. irr. oí Invertir, Invetse,
diers. 2. (Coll.) Invalid, any person weakened
inveited, reciprocal,
by sickness.
Invertir, ra. 1. T o invert, to t u m upside down ;
Invariabilidád, sf. Invariability.
to change the order of time oí place. 2. To
Invariable, a. invariable, that cannot be altored
employ or to speud money.
Investidura, sf. Iuvestiture, the act of giving
or changed, constant
possession of a manor, office or renefice.
Invariablemente, ad. Invaiiably.
5i2
INY
[sivestigáble, a. Uninvestigaose, not to be
searched out.
investigación, sf. Investigatíon, research; inqnest.
Investigador, ta, s. Investigator.
Investigar, ra. T o investígate, to search out; to
find out byrational disquisition, to look after,
to explórale.
Investir, ra. T o invest, to gird. V . Envestir.
Inveterado, da, a and pp. oí Inveterarse, Invetérate, grown oíd, obstínate by long continuauce.
Inveteradamente, ad. Inveterately.
Inveterarse, rr. T o beeome antiquated, to grow
oíd: it has been used, though seldom, as an
active verb.
Inviár, ra. V. Enviar.
Invictamente, ad. Unconquerably, valiantly.
Invicto, ta, a. Unconquerable, not subdued.
Invídia, sf. Envy. V. Envidia.
Invidiár, ra. V. Envidiar.
Invidióso, sa, a. V. Envidioso.
Invierno, sm. Winter, the cold season of the
year.
Invigilar, rn. T o watch, to be cautiously observad, to be attentive.
Invincíble, a. (Obs.) V . Invencible.
Inviolabilidad, sf. Inviolability, inviolableness.
Inviolable, a. Inviolable, not to be violated.
Inviolablemente, ad. Inviolably; holUy; infal-
IK
Ipecacuana, sf. Ipecacuanha, a medicinal rooi
obtained from the callicocca ipecacuanha.
Ipso Facto, ( L a w ) an adverbial phrasc, I m m e diately, out of hand, without delay.
Ipso Jure, ( L a w ) A n adverbial phrase used in
courts of law to denoto that a thing does not
require thé declaration of the judge, as it constantes the law itself.
I psola, sf. A kind of wool which comes from
Constentinople.
Ir, vn. 1. T o go, to move, not to stand still. 2.
T o go, to walk, to m o v e step by step. 3. T o
be, to exist. 4. T o bet, to lay a wager. Van
cien doblones que es cierto, I lay a hundred
pistóles that it is trae. 5. T o consist, to de
pend on. 6. T o import, to concern. Ñaua
se me va en ello, 1 have no concern on it, I
do not care for it. 7. T o différ, to be different, to be distant. 8. T o lead: applied to a
road. 9. T o devoto one's self to a calling, to
follow a profession: in this last sense it is
used with por. 10. T o proceed, to act. 11.
T o decline a noun or conjúgate a verb for
another. Ir joined to present participles implies the existence or actual execution of the
action designated; joined with past participles
it signifies to suffer their action; with the
preposition á and infinitive mood, it implies
disposition towards, as ir á oír misa, to go
to hear m a s s ; followed by con, it gives the
noun an adverbial import, as ir con tiento, to
go on softly; and accompanied by the prepolibly.
sition contra or fuera de, it signifies to perseInviolado, da, a. Inviolate, unhurt, uninjured.
vere or to act contrary to.—rr. 1. T o go, to
Invirtúd, sf. (Obs.) Vice, want of virtue.
go off or to go away, to depart or to remove
Iiivirtuosaménte, ad. (Obs.) N o t virtuously.
Invirtuóso, sa. a. (Obs.) Contrary to virtue, not from a place. 2. T o be dying. 3. T o go off',
to go out of life, to be gone. 4. T o leak, to
virtuous.
ooze. 5. T o exhale, to evapórate. 6. T o disIuvisibilidád, sf. Invisibility.
Invisible, a: Invisible, not perceptible to the
charge wind. 7. T o break; to grow oíd.
sight, not to be seen. En un invisible,
Ir á caballo, T o ride. Ir á la mano á alguno,
T o restrain or modérate any one. Ir al
(CoU.) In an instant.
amor del agua, To temporize. Ir á medias,
Invisiblemente, ad. Invisibly.
to go halves. Ir or irse á pique, (Nau.) T o
Invitar, ra. (Obs.) T o invite.
founder, to go to the bottom. Ir adelante,
Invitatório, sm. Invitatory, psalm or anthem
T o go on. Ir á pie, T o walk. Ir de una
sung at the beginning of the matins or morning worship.
parte á otra, T o go up and down. Ir en conInvocación, sf. 1. Invocation, the act of calling
tra de, T o go against. Ir en decadencia or
ir empobreciendo, T o go d o w n the wind. Ir
upon in prayer. 2. (Poet.) Invocation, the
en demanda de, (Nau.) T o be on the look-out
form of calling for the assistance or presence
for. Ir en busca de or ir por algo, T o go
of any being.
for. Ir otra vez, T o go back or to go again.
Invocadór, ra, s. O n e w h o invokes.
Ir separadamente, T o go asunder. Ir sobre
Invocar, ra. T o invoke, to invócate, to cali upon
in prayer, to implore, to cry unto.
seguro, T o go upon sure grounds. Ir tras le.
corriente, T o go d o w n the stream. Ir á los
Invocatorio, ria, a. That which invocates.
Involucríllo, sm. dim. (Bot.) Involucre, involualcances, T o pursue very closely. Ir bien or
crum.
mal, Speaking of the state of a business, it
Involucro, sm. (Bot.) Involucel. Involucro parmeans that it is going on prosperously or raícial, V. Involucríllo.
prosperously. Ir con alguno, 1. T o be of the
same opinión as another. 2. T o be of the
Involuntariamente, ad. Involuntarily.
Involuntariedád, sf. Involuiitariness; the quasame party as another. 3. T o accompany.
lity of being involuntary
Irse á la mano, T o beeome modérate or reInvoluntario, ria, a. Involuntary.
strain one's self. irse á leva y monte, T o esInvulnerabilidád, sf. Invulnerability.
cape, to retire. Irse con Dios or irse con su
Invulnerable,a. Invulnerable, not to be wounded.
madre de Dios, T o absent one's self; to disInyección, sf. Injection, tbe introduction of
patch with disgust or disapprobation. írsele
liquids by m e a n s of a syringe or other instru
á alguno la cabeza, T o perturb the mind, to
ment into the vessels.
contase the reason. Quien va 9 or quien va
Inyectar, ra. T o inject.
allá f W h o is there, or w h o goes there ?
Inyungir, ra. (Obs.) V. Prevenir.
Fai/a Fd. or vele con Dios, Farewell; G o d
Voi. I
513
2 L
IRR
IRR
be with you. Faya Fd. al cielo, or al rollo, Irregularménte, aa". Irregularly, loosely.
or á pasear, etc., G o to, expression» of con- Irreligión, sf. Irreligión, contempt of religión ¡
impiety, misbeliei, miscreance or miscretempt for what another says.
aney.
['ra, sf. 1. Iré, anger, passion, indignation,
wrath, fury, choler, rage, mood, heat of Irreligiosamente, ad. Irreligiously.
miíld. 2. Iré, desire of vengeance, chastise- Irreligiosidad, sf. Irrelígiousness, impiety.
ment threatened or executed. 3. (Met.) Vio- Irreligioso, sa, a. Irreligious, impious.
Irremediable, a. Irremediable, incurable; adlence of the elemente or weather.
mitting no cure, irreUevable; helpless.
Iracundia, sf. Irascibility, propensity to anger;
iré, irascibleness, passíonateness, irritableness. Irremediablemente, ad. Irremediably, helplessly, irrecoveiably.
Iracundo, da, a. 1. Passionate, easily m o v e d to
anger ; ireful. 2. (Poet.) Enraged, furious : Irremisible, a. Irremissible, unpardonabJe.
Irremisiblemente, ad. Unpardonably, irremisapplied to the winds.
sibly.
Iráscénda, sf. (Obs.) V . Iracunaia.
Irascible, a. Irascible, partaking of the nature Irremunerado, da, a. Unremunerated
Irreparable, a. Irreparable, irreUevable, irretrievof anger; impetuous, determined.
able, not to be repaired.
Irenárca, sm. Irenarch, an officer of the Greek
empire, employed to preserve public tranquil- Irreparablemente, aa*. Irreparably, irretrievably,
irrecoverably.
lity.
Irreprensible, a. Irreprehensible, exempt from
I'ride salvage, sf. (Bot.) V . Efémera.
blame, irreproachable, irreprovable.
Iridio, sm. (Min.) Irídium.
I'ris, sf. 1. Iris, the rainbow; a semicircle of Irreprensiblemente, aa*. Irreprehensibly, iireproachably.
various eolours, which appears in showery
weather. 2. Iris, the circle round the pupil Irreprochable, a. (Obs.) Irreproachable, irreprovable, free from reproach.
of the eye. 3. Mediator, peace-maker. 4.
(Bot.) V . Lirio pajizo or espad'añal. 5. Irresistibüidád, sf. Irresistibility
Irresistible, a. Irresistible.
Prism.
Irlanda, sf. 1. Cloth m a d e of cotton and woollen Irresistiblemente, aa*. Irresistibly.
Irresoluble, a. 1. Indeterminable, not tobe deyarn. 2. Fine Irish linen.
fined ; not to be resolved, irresoluble. 2.
Irlandés, sm. lns'h, the. Irish language.
Ironía, sf. Irony, a m o d e of speech in which the Irresoluta, not constant in purpose.
Irresolución, sf. Irresolution, want of firmness
meaning is contrary to the words.
of mind, irresoluteness, hesitation oí hesiIrónicamente, ad. Ironically.
taney, misdoubt, fluctuation.
Irónico, ca, a. Ironical.
Irracional, a. Irrational, void of reason, absurd: Irresolutamente, ad. (Littl. us.) Irresolutely,
irresolvedly.
it is sometimes used as a substantive for an
Irresoluto, ta, Irresuelto, ta, a. Irresoluto, miirrational animal.
st eady.
Irracionalidad, sf. Irrationality, absurdness.
Irreverencia, sf. Irreverence, want of reverence,
Irracionalmente, aa*. Irrationally, absurdly.
Irradiación, sf. 1. Irradiation, the act of emitting respect or veneration.
beams of light; irradiance or irr&diancy. 2. Irreverente, a. Irreverent, not paying due hom a g e orrevereuce.
Illumination, intellectual light.
Irradiar, va. T o irradíate, to emit beams of Irreverentemente, aa". Irreverenfly.
Irrevocabilidád, sf. Irrevocability, the state of
light
being irrevocable.
Irrazonable, a. Unreasonable.
Irreconciliable, a. Irreconcileable, not to be re- Irrevocable, a. N o t to be recaUed, not to be
brought back, irrevocable, irreversible.
conriled, not to be appeased, unreconcileable.
Irrevocablemente, ad. Irrevocably.
Irreconciliablemente, ad. Irreconcileably.
Irrecuperable, a. Irrecoverable, not to be re- Irrisible, a. Risible, laughable.
Irrisión, sf. Irrisión, the act of laughing at angained, irretrievable.
other, mockery.
Irrecusable, a. 1. N o t to be refused or dedined.
Irrisoriamente, ad. Latighingly, derisively.
2. Inevitable.
Irredimible, a That which cannot be redeemed; Irrisorio, ria, a. Derisive, risible.
Irritabilidad, sf. Irritabiíity.
irrepleviable.
Irreducible, a. 1 Irreducible, not to be reduced. Irritable, a. 1. That can be rendered void or annulled. 2. Irritable, easily provoked. 3,
2. Stubborn, obstinate.
Irritable, easily irrit.tod.
Irreflexión, sf. Rashness, indiscretion, inconsiIrritación, sf. 1. Irritation, commotion, agitaderation.
Irreformable, a. N o t to be reformed or reclaimed. tion. 2. Invalidation, abrogatíon. 3. (Med.)
Irritation, morbid or increased action of the
Irrefragable, a. Irrefragable, irrefutable, not to
organs.
be confuted; superior to argumental opposiIrritadór, ra, s. Irrítotor, stimulator.
tion.
I'rritóménte, ad. Invalidly, vainly.
Irrefragablemente, ad. Irrefragably.
Irregular, a. 1. Irregular, orderless, disorderly, Irritamiento, sm.. Irritation ; abrogatíon.
abnprmous, out of rule. 2. Irregular, in- Irritante, a. and pa. 1. Aiinulling or making
Ii rule,
methodical,
or
regularidad,
order;
514
misorder,
extraregular.
not
sf.
ímsgovcrnance,
contraed
Irregularity,
to any
deviation
abnormity.
certain from
rule Irritante,
Irritar,
irrítate,
void ;ra.
irritant.
s»i.(Med.)
to
1.exaspérate,
T o annul,
2. Stimulant.
Irritatory,
to
to render
agítate
stimulating.
void.
vioíently,
2. Tiuo
ISO
1ZQ
nettle, to offend, to m a k e angiy. 3. T o alter, I'spida, sf. (Orn.) Kingfisher. Alcedo ispida, L
Ispír, rn. (Prov.) T o puffup, to rendei spijngy
to produce a material change.
Israelita, sm. Israelite, Jew.
I'rrito, ta, a. Nuil, void.
Irrupción, sf. Irruption, the act of forcing an Israelítico, ca, a. Israelití'sh, Jewish.
entrance; inroad, burst of invaders into a I'stmo, sm. Isthmus, a narrow neck of land be
tween two arms of the sea, joining the peni»
country or place.
sula to the continent.
Isagoge, sf. Introduction.
Isagógico, ca, a. Isagógica", introductive, íntro- Istriár, ra. T oflute.V. Estriar.
Istrúto, ta, a. (Obs.) V. Instruido.
ductory.
Italianizar, ra. T o italianate, to do after the
Iságono, sm. (Geom.) Isagou.
Italian manner.
Iscúria, sf. (Med.) Ischury, a disease.
Italiano, sm. T h e Italian language.
Iserína, sf. (Min.) Iserine.
I'tem, s. ítem, another or new article.—ad. Also
isidoriáno, na, a. Belonging to St. Isidore.
Iteráble, a. (Obs.) Repeated or reiterated, capaIsípula, Irisípula, sf. (Obs.) V. Erisipela.
ble of repetition.
I'sla, sf. 1. Isle, island, a tract of land surrounded by water. 2. A remote or retired Iteración, sf. (Obs.) Iteration, repetition.
spot. En isla, Insulated. 3. Square, an área Iterar, va. T o itérate, to repeat. V. Repetir.
of four sides, with houses on each side. Islas Iterativo, va, a. Iterative, repeating, redoubling.
de barlovento, W t o d w a r d íslands. Islas deItinerario, sm. Itinerary, book of roads; march,
route.
solaventó, Leeward íslands.
Itinerario, ria, a, Itinerary,
Islán, sm. A kind of veil worn by women.
Isleño, Sa, s. Islander, an inhabitant of a coun- I'tria, sf. (Min.) Ittria.
I'va, sf. (Bot.) M u s k y bugle. Tenerium iva, L.
try surrounded by water.
I'za, sf. ( L o w ) W o m a n of the town.
Isleo, sm. Island formed by rocks.
Izaga, sf. Place abounding in rushes and reeds.
lsléta, sf. dim. A small isle, islet
Izar, ra. (Nau.) T o hoist, to raise up on high.
Islíca, üla, ito, sf. dim. V. Isleta.
Islilla, sf. Flank, that part of the animal body Izquierdár, rn. T o degenerate, to fall from its
kind; to grow wild.
whieh goes from the hip to the armpit
Izquierdo, da, a. 1. Lefthanded; left; sinister.
Islote, sm. A small barren island.
A la izquierda, T o the left. 2. Crooked, not
Ismaelita, a. Mahomedan, Ishmaelite.
right or straight 3. Applied to horses which
Isóceles, a. (Geom.) Isósceles, a triangle.
turn out then; toes in travelling.
Isócrono, a. Isochronal, having equal times.
Isógono, na, a. Having two equal angles:
Izquierdo, da, s. A left-handed person.
Isoperimétrico, ca, o. Isoperimetrical.
JAB
JAB
THE/serves in the Spanish language always
Jabequéro, ra, a, Belonging to a sweep-net foi
as a consonant, and its pronunciatíon is
fishing.
guttural, or like the sound of h strongly aspi- Jabeque, sm. (Nau.) Xebec, a small three-masted
rated.
vessel, navigated in the Mediterranean, and
Tabaícón, sm. Bracket, purUn.
on the coasts of Spain and Portugal.
Jabalconar, ra. T o support by brackets the rcof Jabí, sf. 1. S m a U w U d apple or crab. 2. Small
of a house.
kind of grapes.
Jabalí, sm. Wild boar. Sus, L.
Jabino, sm. (Prov.) V . Chaparro.
Jabalina, sf. 1. Sow of a wild boar. 2. Javelin,Jáble, sm. Circular groove to the staves of casks
a kind of spear, chiefly used for hunting of
which receives the bottoms and heads.
wild boars, handstaff
Jabón, sm. 1. Soap, a substance used in washing,
Jabalón, sm. V. Jabalcón.
m a d e of .alkaline salt and unctuous matters.
Jabalonar, ra. V . Jabalconar
2. (Met.) A n y saponaceous mass or matter.
Jabaluno, na, a. (Obs.) Resembling or belongJabón de patencia, (Coll.) Batlet used by
ing to a wild boar.
washer-women to wash linen. Jabón de pieJabardear, va. T o swarm, to rise as bees in a
dra, 1. Castile soap. 2. (CoU.) Smart stroke
body.
with a batlet. Dar un jabón, T o reprimand
Jabardillo, sm.\. Jabardo for a crowd.
severely. Bola de jabón, Wash-ball.
Jabardo, sm. 1. A small swarm of bees. 2. A n y Jabonado, da, a, and pp. of Jabonar, Soaped,
crowd or assembly of low people, mob, rabble.
cleaned with soap.
Jabato, sm. A young wild boar.
Jabonado, sm. 1. W a s h , the act of washing
Jábeca, sf 1. Sweep-net, a large net for fishing. with soap. 2, Parcel of linen washed with
2. V . Jábega.
soap.
Jábega, sf. A Moorish wind instrument, some- Jabonadura, sf. T h e act of washing. Jabonaduwhat like a flute.
ras, 1. Suds or soapsuds, a lixivium m a d e of
Jabeguero, sm. Físhcrman, who fishes with a
soap and water. 2. Lather, a foam or frotSi
sweep-ne*
made by beating soap with water.
515
2L2
JAC
JAM
Jabonar, ra. 1. T o soap, to clean with soap. 2. Jaculatorio, ria, a. Jaculatory,
Jada, */. (Prov.) V. Azada.
(Coll.) T o reprimand severely.
Jaboncillo, Jabonete or Jabonete de olor, sm. Jáde, sm. Jade, a mineral.
Jadear, vn. T o pant, to palpítate, to have the
Wash-ball.
Jabonera, sf. 1. Box or case for a wash-baU. 2. breast heaving as for want of breath; to jade.
(Bot.) Soapwort. Saponaria, L. Jabonera Jadeo, sm. Pant, palpifation.
oficinal, C o m m o n saponaria. Saponaria offi-Jadiar, ra. (Prov.) T o dig up with a spade.
cinalis, L. Jabonera de la Mancha, Fleshy Jaecero, ra, s. Harness-maker.
Ieaved gypsophila. Gypsophila strutium, L. Jaén, sm. A kind of large gr3pe, with thick
rind.
Jabonería, sf. Soap-manufadory, soap-house.
Jabonero, sm. Soap-boíler, one who manufac- Jaez, sm. 1. Harness, the traces of draught
horses. 2. Manner or quality in which several
tures soap for sale.
Jabonoso, sa, a. (Littl. us.) Soapy.
things resemble each other. Jaeces, Orna
Jaca, sf. Nag, pony. V. Haca.
ments or harness of horses in processions.
Jága, sf. Wound. V. Llaga.
Jácara, sf. I. A sort of romance, generally celebrating some feat or commemorating an ex- Jágua, sf. Fruit of a tree in Cuba.
traordinary event. 2. A kind of rustic tune Jaguadéro, sm. (Obs.) V. Desaguadero.
for singing or dancing, a kind of dance. 3. Jagüey, sm. In Pera, a large pool or lake.
Company of young men who walk about at Jaharrar, ra. T o plaster, to overlay or make even
with plaster.
níght-time singing jácaras. 4. Molestation,
vexation. 5. Idle talk or prattle, story, tale;Jaharro, sm. Plaster, the ad of plastering.
fable, lie, vain-glorious fiction.
Jalapa, sf. (Bot) 1. Jalapa. Convolvulus jalapa,
Jacarandina, Jacarandana, sf. 1. Low,foullan- L. 2. Jalap, the root of the jalap, plant freguage ; the language of ruffians and prostiquently used in medicine.
tutes' bullies. 2. Singing of jácaras or boast- Jalbegado, da, a. and pp. oí Jalbegar, Whitewashed, painted.
ings. 3. (Low) Assembly of ruffians and
thieves.
Jalbegar, va. 1. To whiten, to white wash. 2. To
Jacarear, rn. 1. T o sing jácaras. 2. T o go about paint excessively, to lay too much white on
the face.
the streets singing and noising. 3. T o be
troublesome and vexatious.
Jalbegue, sm. 1. Whitewash, a kind of Uquid
Jacarero, sm. 1. Ballad-singer. 2. W a g or merry plaster with which walls are whitened. 2.
droll, a facetious person.
Whitewashing, the act of whítening a wall
jacarílla, sf. dim. oí Jácara.
with lime. 3. Whitewash, a paint or wash to
Jácaro, sm. Boaster, bully. A' lo jácaro, In a make the skin seem fair.
boastful or hragging manner.
Jaldado, da, Jaldo, da, a. Oí a bright yeliow
Jácaro, ra, a. Belonging to boastere or noisy
colour.
singers.
Jalde, a. Bright yeliow, crocus-coloured.
Jacéna, sf. Girder, a beam on which the joists Jáldre, sm. A bright yeliow colour, peculiar to
rest.
birds.
Jacerina, sf. MaU, a coat of steel net-work forJalea, sf. Jelly, the inspissated juice of fruit,
defence.
boiled with silgar. Hacerse una jalea, (Met)
Jaceríno, na, a. (Obs.) Hard, steely.
T o love with excessive fondness. Jalea del
Jachalí, sm. (Bot.) Netted custard apple. Anagro, Conserve of citrón.
nona retícula, L.
Jalear, ra. To encourage hounds to foUow the
Jacinto, sm. 1. (Bot.) Hyacinth; hairbell. Hya- chase.
cinthus, L. 2. Hyacinth, a precious stone. Jaleo, sm. (CoU.) Genteelness, jantiness.
Jaco, sm. ). Nag, pony. 2. A short jacket, Jales, sm. (Obs.) Coarse linen, pack-doth.
formerly used by soldiers. 3. V. Jaque.
Jaletina, sf. Compound jelly, made of animal
Jacobínico, ca, a. Jacobin, jacobinic oí jacobi- substances, with a mixture of fruit and sugar.
nical, belonging to jacobins.
Jaljacóte, sm. (Bot.) Guava, a kind of South
Jacobinismo, s.n. Jacobinism, the principies of American pear-tiee, the leaves of which are
ajacobine.
used for curing the. itch and cutaneous disJacobino, sm. Jacobin or jacobine, one of a
eases. Psidium pyriferum, L.
faction in the French revolution, and the Jallúlo, sm. (Prov.) Bread toasted in the ashes,.
person who approves or maíntatos the prin- Jalma, sf. A kind of pack-saddle.
cipies of that faction.
Jalméro, sm. One whose trade is to make packJacobíta, sf. Jaeobite, one attached to the cause saddles and harness for mules.
oí family of James the second after his ab- Jaloque, sm. South-east-wind. V. Siroco.
dication.
Jamacúco, sm. V. Zamacuco.
Jactancia, sf. Jactoncy, boasting, act of boasting,
Jamar, va. (Coll.) V. Llamar.
arrogance, ostentation or ostentotiousness.
Jamás, ad. 1. Never, at no time. 2. (Obs.)
Jactanciosamente, ad. Boastingly.
Once. Para siempre jamas, For ever. Jamas,
Jactancioso, sa, a. Boastful, vain-glorious ; ar- por jamas or nunca jamas, Never, nevermore.
rogant, glorious, ostentatíous, ostentotíve.
Jamavás, sf. A kind offloweredsilk.
Jactarse, rr. To vaunt, to boast, to display withJamba, sf. (Arch.) Door-jamb, wtodow-posf,
ostentation, to glory, toflourish,to crow. to which supports the lintel or head-piece.
crack,tobrag, to gasconade.
Jambáge, sm. (Arch.) Collection of jambs.
Jaculatoria, sf. Ejaculation, a short prayer Jambo, sm. . Yambo.
darted out occasioiieüy.
Jambo, ér, sm. (Prov.) V Camarero.
51fí
JAR
JAR
labdanum shrub- 2. A very intricate or puzJambiár, va. V. Enjambrar.
zling point.
Jamerdana, */. Sewer which runs from a
slaughter-house, and into which thefilthis Jaramágo, s?n. (Bot.) All the species of the ciuciferous plants bearing yeliow flowers.
thrown.
Jamerdar, ra. T o «lean the guts of animáis; to Jaraméño, Sa, a. Applied to bulls reared on the
banks of the Jwama, ariverin Spain.
wash hastily.
Jamete, sm. A sort of stuff, formerly worn in Jaramugo, sm. Small fish used as bait for
others.
Spain.
Jarana, sf. (Coll.) Merry clatter, outcry.
Jametería, sf. (Prov.) V. Zalamería.
Jaiapóte, sm. (Prov.) V. Jaropeo.
Jámila, sf. V. Alpechín.
Jamís, sm. A kind of cotton stuff which comes Jarapoteado, da, a. Stuffed with medicinal drugs.
Jarapotear, va. (Prov.) To stuff orfillwith mefrom the Levant.
dicinal drugs.
Jamón, sm. H a m , the thigh of a hog salted.
Jaraquí, Jarácuo, sm. (Littl. us.) Place for a
Jamona, a. Applied to oíd maids.
recreating walk.
Jamoncíco, íllo, íto, sm. dim. Little ham.
Jamúga or Jamugas, sf. A kind of side-saddle Jarázo, sm. Blow or wound with a dart.
Jarcia, sf. 1. Parcel or bundle of a variety of
for women.
things laid by for use. 2. (Nau.) Tackle,
Jamuguílla, sf. dim. Small side-saddle.
rigging and cordage belonging to a ship. 3.
Jamuscár, ra. (Obs.) V. Chamuscar.
Jándalo, la, a. Having the gait and dialect of A completefishingtackle. Jarcia de primera
suerte, (Nau.) Cordage of thefirstquahty.
an Andalusiau; particularly in giving the A
Almacén ¿. jarcias, (Nau.) Rigging-house,
a strong guttural sound.
store-house for rigging. Jarcias de respeto,
Jangada, sf. Raft, a frame orfloatmade by
(Nau.) Spare riggmg. Tablas de jarcia,
laying pieces of timber across each other.
Jangada de perchas para arboladura, (Nau.) (Nau.) Suit or set of rigging.
Jardín, sm. 1. Garden, a piece of ground inRaft of spars for masting.
langúa, sf. A small armed vessel, like a raft. closed and cultivated, planted with herbs,
floweis or fruits. 2. Privy, necessary on board
Jannequín, sm. A sort of cotton which comes
of ships. 3. Spot which disfigures an emerald.
from the Levant.
Jardines de popa, (Nau.) Quarter-galleries.
Jansenismo, sm. Jansenism, the dodrine and
Jardiníco, íllo, íto, sm. dim. A small garden.
opinions of Jansen, bishop of Ipres.
Jansenista, sm. Jansenist, a foUower of Jansen. Jardinería, sf. Gardening, the art of cultivating
or laying out of gardens.
Jantío, sm. (Bot.) Lesser burdock. Xantium
Jardinero, ra, s. Gardener,. one that attends oí
strumarium, L.
Jantolína, sf. 1. Persian worm-seed. 2. Laven- cultivates gardens.
der cotton, female wormwood. Santolina, L. Jardinico, íllo, íto, sm. dim. Little garden.
Jaque, sm. 1. Braggart, boaster. 2. Move at Jareta, sf. 1. Seam made by doubling the edge
of cloth, and through which a string or lace
the game of chess. Jaque y mate. Checkmay be drawn. 2. (Nau.) Netting, harpings.
mate. 3. Saddle bag. 4. Sort of smooth
Jaretas del pie de las arraigadas, (Nau.) Cat
combing of the hair. Jaque de aquí, Away
harpings.
from here, avaunt!
Jaretera, sf. V. Jarretera.
Jaquear, ra. To give or make check-mate.
Jaqueca, sf. Megrim, hemicrany, a pain gene- Jarifo, sm. V. Jerifle.
Jarifo, fa, a. Showy, full dressed, adorned.
rally affécting one side of the head.
Jiro, ra, a. Resembling a wild boar : applied to
Jaquel, sm. Chess-board.
Jaquelado, da, a. Checkered: applied to cut dia - hogs.
Jaropar, Jaropear or Jarapotear, va. T o stuff or
monds or precious stones.
fill with medicinal drugs; to give any liquor
Jaquero, sm. Finetoothedcomb.
as a medical draught, to medicine.
Jaqués, sa, a. AppUed to an ancient Spanish
Jarope, sm. 1. Medical draught or potion. 2.
coin, struck at Jaca.
A n y kind of bitter drink or beverage.
Jaquéta, sf. Jacket, a short, loóse coat.
Jarra, sf. 1. Jug, jar, pitcher, an earthen vessel
Jaquetílla, sf. dim. A small jacket.
with a swelling and a narrow neck. 2. (Prov.)
Jaquetón, sm. augm. 1. A large wide coat. 2.
Ancient equestrian order. En jarra or de
Great swaggerer, boaster.
jarras, With the hands fixed in the girdle.
Jaquína, sf. Headstall of a halter.
Andar enjarras, To set one's arms a-kimbo.
Jaquimazo, sm. 1. Stroke with the headstall of
a halter. 2. Displeasure; an unfair trick, Jarragin, sm. (Obs.) Place having gardens and
pleasure grounds.
ill turn.
Jarrear, rn. (CoU.) To fetch or take out often
Jara, sf. 1. (Bot.) Cistus or rock rose, labdanumwater or wine with a jug ; to drink often.
tree. Cistus ladamiferus, L. 2. A kind of
dart or arrow. ./ara cerval, (Bot.) Round Jarrero, sm. Vender or maker of jugs or jais.
Jarreta, illa, íta, sf. dim. A small jar.
leaved cistus. Cistus globularifolious, L.
Jarretar, va. 1. (Obs.) To hough, to hamstring.
Jarabe, sf. Syrup or syrop, the juice offruitor
2. To enérvate, to deprive of stiength oí
herbs boiled with sugar; any sweet beverage.
courage.
Jarabear, ra. T o prescribe syrups very often.—•
vr. T o take syrups or sweet beverages fre- Janéte, sm. H a m , the upper part of the leg.
Tener bravos jarretes, T o have strong ham».
quently.
Jarretera, sf. 1. Garter. 2. Garter, the higliesl
Jaraíz, sm. Pit for pressing grapes.
order of English knight hood.
Jaral, sm. 1. Place planted with the cistus oí
517
JER
JOC
2. Jargon, gibberish, unintelligible talk, V
farretéro, sm. (Obs.) Hamstring, a muscle of
Gerigonza. 3. Large sack. Estar or ponn
the ham.
una cosa en jerga, (Met.) T o block out.toLa
íarrico, íllo, ito, sm. dim. A small jug or pot
with one handle.
began, but not finished.
Jarro, sm. \. Jug or pot with one handle only. Jergón, sm. 1. Large, coarse mattress or sack
2. (Prov.) A chatterer, an idle falker.
filled with straw or paper cuttings. 2. Suit
of elothes iU made. 3. A n íll-shaped person.
Jarrón, sm. augm. A large jug, an urn.
4. (Coll.) Paunch, belly. Llenar el jergón,
Jasar, ra. (Obs.) V. Sajar.
T o eat heartily.
Jaspe, sm. Jasper, a hard stone of a beautiful
green colour, sometimes clouded with white. Jerquílla, sf. A sort of serge made of silk oí
Jaspeado, da, a. and pp. of Jaspear, Spotted, worsted.
like jasper; marbled.
Jerífe, sm. Title or appellation of honour among
Jaspeadúra, sf. Marbling, the act of marbling the Moors.
or variegafing like marble.
Jerosolimitáno, na, a. Native of Jerusalem,
Jaspeár, va. T o marble, to paint, to vein or to Jesucristo, sm. Jesús Christ.
speckle with variegated eolours in imitation Jesuíta, sm. Jesuit.
of the jasper.
Jesuítico, ca, a. Jesuitical, relating to the Jesuits.
Jastial, sm. Fa<¡ade of an edifice.
Jesuíticamente, ad. Jesuitically.
Jástre, sm. (Obs.) V. Sastre.
Jesuitismo, sm. Jesuitism.
Jateo, tea, a. Chasing the fox: applied to fox-dogs.
Jesús, sm. Jesús, the ñame of the second person
íáto,to,s. V. Becerro.
of the Holy Trinity. Decir los Jesuses, To
íaúla, sf. 1. Cage, an inclosure of twigs oí
assist dying persons. En un decir Jesús, In
wire, in which birds are kept. 2. Cell for
an instant. Jesús mil veces ! Good God '
mad or insane persons.
Jesusear, vn. T o repeat often the ñame of Jesús.
íaulíca, illa, íta, sf. dim. A small cage for birds.
Jeta, sf. Bristle. V. Seta and Geta.
Jaulón, sm. augm. A large cage for birds.
Jetar, ra. (Prov.) T o dissolve in a liquid.
Jaurádo, da, a. (Obs.) Desoíate, afflicted, dis- Jeto, sm. (Prov.) An - empty bee-hive rubbed
consolate.
with honey to attract the bees.
lauria, sf. Pack of bounds.
Jía, sf. (Obs.) A sort of black mande or cowl.
Jauto,to,a. (Prov.) V. Soso.
V. Chia.
Javalína, sf. V. Jabalina.
Jibia, sf. (Ichth.) Cuttle-fish. Sepia, L.
Javéque, sm. V. Jabeque.
Jibión, sm. Cuttle-fish bone used by gold and
Jayán, na, s. A tail, strong and robust person. süversmiths.
Jayanázo, sm. augm. A huge, big fellow.
Jicara, sf. Chocolate-cup.
Jazílla, sf. Vestíge, mark, trace.
Jifa, sf. Refuse of slaughtered beasts.
Jazmín, sm. (Bot!) Jessamine, a fragrant fiower. Jiferada, sf. Stroke with a butdier's knife.
Jasminum, L. Jazmín real, Catalonian jes- Jifería, sf. Slaughtering, the act of killing beada
samine. Jasminum giandiflorum, L. Jazfor the shambles.
mín amarillo, Italian jessamine. JasminumJifero, ra, a. Belongingtathe slaughtor-house.
humile, L. Jazmín de Virginia, Ash-leaved Jifero, sm. 1. Butcher's knife. 2. Butcher.
trumpet fiower. Bignonia radicans, L. Jaz- Jifia, sf. (Ichth.) Xiphias, the sword-fish. Ximín oficinal or común, C o m m o n white jessa- phias gladius, L.
mine. Jasminum officinale, L. Jazmín horro,Jijallár, sm. A place full of broom or cytisus.
V. Jazminorro.
Jijállo, sm. (Bot.) Prickly broom, hairy cytisus.
íazminórro, sm. (Bot.) C o m m o n yeliow jessaCytisus hirsutos, L.
mine. Jasminumfrueficans,L.
Jijona, sf. A variety offlintywheat. Triticum
Jéa, sf. Import-duty formerly paid for all goods gaertnerianum jijona, Lag.
imported from the Moorish dominions.
Jilguero, sm. (Orn.) Linnet.
Jebe, sm. (Prov.) Roche-alum.
Jilobálsamo, sm. (Bot.) Tree which yields the
Jeera, sf. Piece of drained marshy ground.
balm of Gilead.
Jefe, sm. Chief, head, superior, leader. Jefe de
Jilostéo, sm. (Bot.) Pyrenees honeysuckle, uplas caballerizas, Master of the horse. Jefe right honeysuckle. Lonicera pyrenaira el
de escuadra, (Nau.) Rear-admiral.
Xylosteum, L.
Jelfe, sm. A negro slave.
Jimenzar, ra. (Prov.) T o rippleflaxor hernp.
Jemal, a. V- Gemal.
Jinglar, rn. (Low) T o cry.
Jeme, sm. V. Geme.
Jiquiléte, sm. (Bot) V. Añilera and Indígófersi
Jenabe, Jenable, sm. Mustard. V. Mostaza.
Jiríde, sf. (Bot.) V. Lirio hediondo.
Jéno, na, a. (Obs.) V. Lleno.
Jisca, sf. (Bot.) Cylical sugar-cane. Saccharam
Jépe, sm. V. Alumbre.
cylindricum, Lam. Alopeincurus cyliudriJeque, sm. 1. A n oíd m a n ; a governor or chief
cus, L.
among the Moors. 2. Portmanteau. 3. V. Jitádo, da, a. and pp. oí Jilar, Ejeded, cast out.
Jaque.
Jitár, ra. (Prov.) T o emit, to turn out.
Jera, sf. 1. Extent of ground which can be Jo, interj. Used to stop horses.
ploughed in a day with a pair of oxen. 2, Jocosamente, ad. Jocosely, jocularly, waggíshly,
V. Gira. 3. Piece of drained marshy ground. humorously, ludicronsly, good-tiumouredly.
Jerapellina, sf. A n oíd ragged suit of clothes. Jocoserio,ria,a. Jocoserious, partaking of mirth
Jerezano, na, a. and s. Native of or belonging and sei:ousness.
to Jerez de la Frontera.
Jocosidad; sf. Jocularity, jocoseness, jocosity
Jé:?a, sf. 1. Coarse frieze, m y coarse cloth,
waggcry faceteness.
518
JOV
JUB
Jovial, a. 1. Jovial, under the influence of JupiJocoso, sa, a. Jocose, jocular, waggish, facetious,
ter. 2. Jovial, gay, airy, meiry, cheerful, mirth.
ludicrous, good-humoured.
ful, good-humoured.
Jocundo, da, a. (Obs.) Jocund, merry; gay.
Jovialidad, sf. Joviality, jollity, mirth, merriJofaina, sf. A china jug. \ . Aljofaina.
ment, gaiety, good-humour, festivity.
Joliéz, sf. Jollity, juvenile merriment.
Jolito, sm. (Obs.) Rest, leisure, calm. Haber jo- Jovialmente, ad. (Littl. us.) Mirthfully.
litó, (Nau.) T o be becalmed: applied to a Joya, sf. 1. Jewel, a precious stone set in gold
or silver. 2. A n y thing well polished and
ship.
finished. 3. Present, gift. 4. Astragal, an orJónico, ca, Jónio, nia, a. i,Arch.) Ionic: apnament on pieces of ordnance. Joyas, Jewels,
plied to an order of architecture.—sm. A foot
trinkets ; all the wearing apparel and orna
in poetry.
ments of w o m e n , especially of brides.
Jonjolí, sm. (Obs.) V . Ajonjolí.
Joyante, a. Extremely glossy: applied to silks,
Jorcar, va. (Prov.) V. Ahechar.
Pólvora joyante, Refined gunpowder.
Jorco, sm. (Prov.) A feast, and licentious dance
Joyel, sm. Jewel of little valué.
a m o n g the vulgar.
Jordán, sm. (Prov.) A n y thing which revives or Joyera, sf. W o m a n w h o keeps a jeweller's shop.
Joyería, sf. Jeweller's shop, where jewels and
gives a fresh bloom.
trinkets are sold.
Jorfe, sm. (Obs.) A wall m a d e of dry stones
Joyero, sm. Jeweller, one w h o trafiles in jewels,
only.
trinkets and toys.
Jorgina, Jorguina, sf. Witch, sorceress whose
Joyíta, sf. dim. V . Joyuela.
chamas consist in soporiferous draughts.
Joyo, sm. (Bot) Bearded darnel, darnel-grass.
Jorguín, sm. (Prov.) Soot, condensed smoke.
Jornada, sf. 1. March or journey performed in Lolium temulentum, L.
one day. 2. Journey, travel by land. 3. A Joyón, sm. augm. A large jewel.
military expedition. 4. Opportunity, occasion, Joyuela, sf. dim. Jewel of small valué.
circumstance. 5. Passage through life. 6. Act, Juaguárzo, sm. (Bot.) Montpelier rock-rose. Cistus monspeliensis, L.
one of the parts into which Spanish plays are
divided. 7. N u m b e r of sheets printed off in Juan, sm. John. Buen Juan or Juan de buena
alma, A poor, silly fellow. Hacer San Juan,
one day, which in Spain is regularly 1500.
T o leave a place before the expiration of the
A grandes or á largas jornadas, With celetime agreed upon : applied to servatos. Juan
rity and promptness, by forced marches. Al
lanas, (Low) A simpleton.
fin de la jornada, (Met) A t the end, at last.
Jornal, sm. I. Day-work, day-labour or journey- Juanete, sm. l.The knuckle-bone ofthe great
toes, especially when it sticks out more than
work, the work done by a workman hired by
usual. 2. T h e malar process of the superior
the day. 2. Day-wages or wages paid to daymaxillary bones when it is very prominent.
labourers for one day's work. Muger que tra3. (Nau.) Top-gallant sail, carried above the
baja á jornal, Char-woman. A jornal, B y
main andfore-topsails. Juanete de sobremethe day. 3. (Com.) Journal, diary, a book
sana, Mizen-top-gallant sail.
used by merchants: it is a modern word.
Juanetudo, da, a. Applied to persons w h o have
Jornalar, ra. (Obs.) T o work by the day.
the knuckle-bone of the great toes very proJornalero, sm. Day-labourer, one that works by
tuberant
the day, formerly a journeyman.
Joroba, sf. 1. H u m p , a prominence on the back.Juárda, sf. Stain in cloth, occasioned by the
wool having imbibed too m u c h oil before it
2. (CoU.) Importunity, incessant, troublesome
solicitation.
was carded and spun.
Jorobado, da, a. Crooked, gibbous, hump-backed Juardóso, sa, a. Stained, spotted: applied to
or crook-backed.—pp. oí Jorobar.
woollen cloth.
Jorobar, ra. (Coll.) T o importune, to teaze or Jubertár, ra. (Nau.) T o hoist the boat on board.
harass by the frequent repetition of the same Jubetería, sf. (Obs.) Shop where jacketo and
doublets are sold; a slop-shop.
request.
Jorro (A'), ad. (Nau.) V . Remolque.
Jubetéro, sm. O n e w h o makes and sells jacketo
and doublets.
Joselasár, sm. A sort of spun cotton which comes
Jubilación, sf. T h e act and effect of pensioniug
from Smyrna.
Jostrado, da, a. Round-headed: applied to a
off or of superannuating a placeman; an exfoil, shaft or dart.
emption from the duties of a professorship,
Joto, sf. 1. Ñ a m e of the letter /. 2. Jot, tittle. charge, etc. without losing the salary belong3. V. Ojota. 4. Spanish dance. 5. Kind of
ing tp it.
pottage or broth m a d e with parsley and other Jubilar, ra. 1. T o pensión off; to superannuate;
herbs, spices and bacon. No saber una jota,
to exempt any one from the duties of a charge.
T o be very ignorant of any thing.
2. T o exempt from toil and labour. 3. T o
Joven, a. Young, youthful, juvenile.—s. Youth,
lay aside as useless.—rn. T o beeome a pena stripUng, a young m a n ; a young w o m a n ;
sioner in consequence of having been exa person in the state of adolescence.
empted from the labour or burthen of a
Jovenado, sm. T h e time or place in which young
charge, office or ministry.
persons, after taking the vows, are under the Jubileo, sm. Jubilee, a public festivity; concesdirectíon of a master in convents.
sion of plenary indulgence ; an ecclesiastical
Jovencíllo, illa, íto, íta, s. aVm. Youngster.
solemnity, celebrated by the Jews every fifty
Jovenete, sm. Youth, a young man.
years. Por jubileo, Rarely, happening selJoventúd. sf. (Obs.) V . Juventud.
dom.
519
JUE
JUG
Júbilo, sm. Glee, joy, merriment, rcjoiciiig, fes- veniently be separated from the rest. 7. Di»
tivity, hilarity, mirth.
position, ability or artfulness to obtain or to
Jubón, sm. Doublet, jacket, a juppon. Jubón de prevent any end or object. 8. Method, convenient order. Juego de palabras, A pun, a
azotes, (Coll.) A public whipping.
Jubonázo, sm. augm. A large juppon.
quibble. Juego de bola, A bowling-green.
Juego de manos, Juggling feat. Juego de
Juboncíco, filo, íto, sm. dim. A small juppon or
jacket, a doublet of little valué.
pelota, Tennis court. Juego de velas, A set
J u bonéro, sm. Maker of jacketo, doublets or jupor a complete suit of sails. Juego de niños,
Play-game. Tener juego, (Nau.) To have
pons.
Júcla, sf. One of the seven vowel-marks used by
fetched way ; not to be firm or steady. El
the Arabs.
palo mayor tiene juego en su fogonadura,
Judaico, ca, a. Judaical, jewish, relating to the
The main-mast has fetched way in its partners. Juegos, Public feasts, exhibitions or reJews.
Judaismo, sm. Judaism. religión of the Jews.
joicings. Juego trasero, Hind part of a fourJudaizante, pa. and s. Judaizing, judaizer, one
wheeled camage. Por juego or por modo de
who judaizes.
juego, In jest, in joke, by way of diversión.
Judaizar, va. T o judaize, to follow or observe
Entrar en juego, T o come in play. Hacer
the rites of the Jews.
juego, T o match, to suit, to fit. (hnocer- et
Judas, sm. 1. One that treacherously deceives
juego, (Met.) To discover any one's desigus.
hisfriend,an impostor, traitor. 2. Silkworm Jueguetíco. íllo, íto, sm. A little game, a bit of
that does not spin. 3. Effigy of Judas hurto
play.
in the streets in the Spanish towns during Juera, sf. (Prov.) Kind of sieve made of bassweed.
Lent.
Judería, sf. Jewry; a quarter or part of the town Jueves, sm. ThuTsday. Cosa del otro jueves,
Something that is seldom seen. Jueves de
where the Jews live; tax on Jews.
Judía, sf. 1. (Bot.) French bean, kidney bean.
comadres, The penultímate Thursday befoie
Phaseolus vulgaris, L Judía de careta, Kind carnival. Jueves de compadres, The anteof small spotted French beans. 2. Jewess,
penultímate Thursday before Lent.
an Hebrew woman.
Juez, sm. 1. Judge, one invested with power and
Judicación, sf. (Obs.) Judgment, the power and authority to dedde and determine causes and
act of passing judgment.
lawsuits. 2. Judge, one who has suffirieut
Judicánte, sm. (Prov.) Judge appointed to inskill to form a corred opinión or judgment
of the merit of any thing Juez arbitro, Arquire into the conduct and proceedings of
bitrator, umpire. Juez de enquesta, In Arofficers of justice.
Judicár, va. (Obs.) V. Juzgar.
ragon, a judge whose duty was to investígate
Judicatura, sf. 1. Judicature, the power and act
the conduct and decisions of judges, minisof adminístefing justice. 2. Dignity of a
ters of justice, notaries, soUcitors, etc. and to
punish them if gtolty by virtue of his office,
judge.
and not at the instance of others.
Judicial, a. Judicial, juridical, practised in the
distribution of justice or used in courts of Jugada, sf. 1. Play, the ad of playing. 2. The
act of playing a card. 3. 111 tura, wieked
justice.
trick.
• Judicialmente, ad. Judicially.
Judiciária, sf. Judiciary astrology.
Jugadera sf. Shuttle used to make net-work.
V. Lanzadera.
Judiciário, ría, a. Judiciary, professing the art
of foretelling future events by means of the Jugador, ra, s. 1. Player, one who plays. 2.
Gamester, gambler. Jugador de manos, Jugstars.
Judicióso, sa, a. (Obs.) Judicious. V. Juicioso. gler, one who practises sleight of hand, oí
Judiega, sf. Kind of olives good for making oil, plays trícks by legerdemain.
Jugar, ra. and n. 1. T o play, to sport, to frolic,
but not eating.
to trifle, to toy. 2. To play, to game, to conJudiego, ga, a. (Obs.) Jewish.
tend at some game. 3. T o gamble, to game.
Judihuelo, sm. 1. A young Jew. 2. French bean.
Judío, día, a. Judaical, jewish.
to play extravagantly for money, to lose at
Judío, sm. 1. Jew. 2. Appellation given by boys
play. 4. To put iu action or motion : speakto the trumpeters who attended the procesing of a part of the body. 5. T o match, to
sions in the holy week. 3. W o r d of contempt
suit, to fit. 6. T o move on joints or hinges.
used by angry persons. Judío de señal, Con- 7. T o intervene; to take an active part in au
verted Jew, who living among Christians
affair; to exercise. 8. T o mock, to wanton.
wears a mark on his shoulder.
Jugarreta, sf. (CoU ) Bad play, unskilful manJudíos, sm. pl. A large sort of French beans ;
ner of playing.
Dutch kidney beans. Phaseolus multiflo- Júge, sm. (Obs.) V. Juez.
rus, L.
Juglar, sm. Buffoon, mimic, juggler. mounteJuego, sm. 1. Play, amusement, diversión, sport. bank.
2. Jest, jesting, sneer, ludícrous scorn, spor-Juglarésa, sf. A female buffoon oí mimic.
tive insult. 3. G a m e , gaming, gambling, Juglería, sf. (Obs.) Buffbonery, mimiery.
Juego de suerte y ventura, G a m e of hazardJugo, sm. 1. Sap, juice of planto. 2. Juice,
or chance. 4. A single match at play. 5.
moisture. 3. (Met.) Marrow, pith, substaiice
Manner of acting of an engine. 6. Set, a
of any thing.
number of things suited to each other ; or a Jugosidad, sf. Sappiness, suceulence, juirineas.
number of things of which one cannot con. Jugoso, sa, a. Sappy, juicy, suceulent.
520
JUN
¿13 P
Jugue, sm. Filthiness.
Junglada, sf. (Obs.) Stewed haré. V. Lebrada
Juguete, sm. 1. Toy, play-thing, gewgaw, trinket.Júuio, sm. June, the sixtk month of the year.
2. Jest, joke. Por juguete, Jestingly. 3. Júnior, sm. ln convento, one still subject to inCarol, a song of joy and exultation.
struction.
Juguetear, rn. 1. T o trifle, to fool, to toy, to Junípero, sm V . Enebro.
frolic, to sport, to daily, to faddle, to act theJunquera, sf. (Bot.) Rush.
buffoon, to play childish tricks. 2. T o play Junqueral, sm. V. juncal.
loosely, to wave, to float: applied to flags, Junquillo, sm. 1. (Bot.) Jonquille. Narcissus
pendants or streamers.
junquilla, L. 2. A small round moulding.
Juguetón, ná, a. Playish, acting the buffoon, Junta, sf. 1. Junta or junto, a congress, an aswanton, playful, playsome.
sembly, a council, a convention. a tribunal.
Juicio, sm. 1. Judgment, the power of judging
2. A n y meeting of persons to speak about
or forming judgments; the act of judging.
business. 3. Conjunction, unión, junction,
2. Sense, soundness of faculties, strength of
consertion, consession ; fraternity. 4. Each
natural reason. 3. Judgment, notion, opiof the lateral superficies of a square stone
nión. 4. Prudence, wisdom : applied to pracwhich has to be joined to others. Junta de
tice. 5. Judgment, the act of joining ideas
médicos, A consultation.
together by affirmation or negation. 6. Judg- Juntadór, ra, s. Joiner, one who joins.
ment, the act of exercising judicature. 7. Juntamente, aa". Jointly; at the same time, conCourt of judicature, tribunal. Pedir en juicio, junctively.
T o sue at law. Ser un juicio, (Coll.) T o be Juntamiento, sm. (Obs.) Congiegation, act of
a confused multitude of persons or things.
assembling.
Juiciosamente, ad. Judiciously, considerately. Juntar, ra. 1. T o join, to conjoin, to combine, to
Juicioso, sa, a. Judicious, prudent, mature, clear- get together, to connect, to connex, to
sighted.
coalesce, to unite. 2. T o join, to convoke,
Julepe, sm. Julap, a medical potion.
to couple or accouple, to assoeiate, to consoJulgár, ra. (Ohs.) V. Juzgar.
ciate,tocongrégate. 3. T o amass, to collect,
Julio, sm. July, the seventh month of the year.
to heap, to gather, to lay or to lay up.—rr.
Julo, sm. 1. Bell-mule, that takes the lead of a
l.To join, to meet, to assemble, to convent,
sumpter's or carrier's mules. 2. Male which
-to concur. 2. T o be closely united. 3. T o
guides the flocks of goats, sheep or black
copúlate : appliedtobeings of different sexes.
cattle.
Juntar meriendas, (Coll.) T o unite toterests.
Jumelár, ra. (Nau.) T o strengthen masts with Juntera, sf. Carpenter's plañe, jóinter.
partners.
Junterílla, sf. dim. S m a U plañe.
Jumélas, sf. pl. Cheeks; a general ñ a m e a m o n gJunto,to,a. and pp. irr. of Juntar, United, conmechanics for almost all those pieces of majoined.
chines which are double.
Junto, ad. Near, cióse to, at hand, near at hand ;
Jumélos, sm. pl. (Nau.) Partners, strong pieces
at the same time. Por junto or de por junto,
of timber, bolted to the beams which surround
In the bulk, by the lump, wholesale.
the masts on the deck, to keep them steady Juntório, sm. Kind of tribute..
in their stops.
Juntura, sf. \. Juncture, the part at which two
Jumento, sf. Female ass.
things are joined together, joining. 2. Joint,
Jumentil, a. Belonging ti the ass.
articulation of limbs; juncture of movable
Jumentíllo, illa, íto, íta, s. dim. A little ass oí bones in animal bodies. 3. (Nau.) Scarf.
beast of burthen.
4. (Obs.) V . Mezcla. Juntura de las plantas,
Jumento, sm. 1. Beast of burthen. 2. Ass, juKnuckle.
ment. 3. A stupid person. V. Asno.
Júpiter, sm. 1. Júpiter, a planet. 2. A m o n g
Juncada, sf. 1. Kind of fritters. 2. A horse me- chemists, tin. 3. Sky, heaven.
dicine against the glanders.
Jur, sm. (Obs.) V . Derecho.
Juncal, Juncar, sm. Maishy ground full of Jura, sf. 1. Oath, an affirmation, negation oí
rushes.
promise, corioborated by the attestation of
Juncia, sf. (Bot) Cyperus. Cyperus, L. Juncia
the Divine Being. 2. Oath of allegiance.
olorosa, Sweet cyperus, English galanga! Jurado, sm. 1. Jury, a certain number of perCyperus longus, L. Juncia avellanada or resons sworn to declare the truth upon such
donda, Round-rooted cyperus, the round cyevidence as shall be given before them. 2.
perus. Cyperus rotundus, L. Juncia comesJuror, juryman, one serving in a jury. 3.
tible. V. Chufas.
Jurat, a magistrate in some corporations.
Junciana, sf. Brag, boast.
Jurador, ra, s. Swearer, one w h o is in the habit
Junciera, sf. A n earthen vessel with a perforated of obtesting the gieat ñ a m e wantonly and
lid, in which aromatics are kept
profanely.
Jundno, na, a. Rushy, consisting of rushes.
Juraduría, sf. Office of a jurat.
Juncír, va. (Obs.) V. Uncir.
Juramentar, ra. T o swear, to put to an oath.—
Junco, sm. 1. (Bot) Rush. Juncus, L. Junco
rr. T o bind one's self by an oath, to obtest by
dr. esteras, Soft rush, Juncus eff'usus, L. an oath.
Junco de flor orflorido,Umbelled flowering Juramento, sm. 1. Oath, an affirmation, negarush. Butomus umbellatus, L. 2. Junk,
tion or promise, corroborated by the attestation
small Chínese ship.
of the Divine Being. 2. Oath, curse, impreJuncoso, sa,a. Full of rushes, lesemblingiushes;
cation: commonly used in plural in this last
juncous.
sense. Juramento asertorio, Declaratoiy oath,
52 J
JUS
•JUZ
Justiciar, ra. (Obs.)Toexecufe a malefactor.
JUJÁI va. To obtest some superior power; to
atteet the great ñ a m e ; to promise upon oath; Justiciazgo, sm. (Obs.) T h e place and office o)
to swear, to m a k e oath.
a justice.
Juratória, sf. (Prov.) Píate of silver eontaining Justiciero, ra, s. Justícer, one w h o rigorously
the holy evangelists, on which magistrates
observes justice; one w h o chastises all crimen
with rigid justice.
lay their hands in taking an oath.
Juratória, a. Caución or fianza juratória, Jura- Justificación, sf. 1. Justification, defence, maintory security, an oath taken by a poor person
tenance, support. 2. Production of the docuto return to prison, when called on, having
ments or instruments tending to estabüsha
claim or right. 3. Equity, couformity witk
no bail.
Juratório, sm. Instrument setting forth the oaths
justice. 4. Sanctification by grace. 5. (Print)
Adjustment of Unes ta a page of types.
taken by Arragonese magistrates.
Jurdía, sf. Kind offishinginstrument.
Justificadamente, ad. Justly, eorrectly, justifiably.
Jurel, sm. A sea fish.
Jorgina, sf. Witch, sorceress.
Justificado, da, a. Equal, justífied; conformable
Jurídicamente, ad. Lawfully, legally, juridito justice.—pp. oí Justificar.
cally.
Justificador, sm. Justifier, justificator. V. Santt
Jurídico, ca, a. Lawful, legal, jurídica!; done
ficador.
according to law.
Justificante, pa. Justifying; justifier.
Jurisconsulto, sm. 1. Jurisconsult, one w h o gives Justificar, ra. 1. T o justify, to free from past
his opinión to law. 2. Civílian, civilíst. 3.
sin by pardon, to render just by the infusión
Jurist, a m a n w h o professes the science of the
of grace. 2. T o justify, to clear from imlaw, a lawyer.
putad guilt; to absolve from an accusation;
Jurisdicción, sf. 1. Jurisdiction, legal authority, to excúlpate. 3. T o prove or establish a
extent of judicial power; power, authority.
claim in a court of judicature. 4. T o prdve
2. Jurisdiction, district to which any judicial
or show by argument or testimony. 5. T o
authority extends.
justify, to reríify, to adjust, to arrange, to
Jurisdiccional, a.Jurisdictioiial, relatingtojuris- regúlate exactly. 6. (Print.) T o justify oí
diction.
equalize a line of types.—rr. T o vindícate
Jurispericia, sf. Jurisprudence.
one's character, to clear one's self from imJurisperito, sm. A professor of jurisprudence or
putad guilt.
the science of law. V . Jurisconsulto.
Justificativo, va, a. Justificative, justifying, jusJurisprudencia, sf. Jurisprudence, law or the
tificatory.
science of law.
Justillo, sm. A n under garment, or jacket withJurisprudente, sm. V . Jurisconsulto.
out sleeves.
Jurista, sm. 1. Jurist, lawyer, a m a n w h o pro- Justipreciar, ra. T o estímate any thing.
fesses the science of the law. 2. Pensioner, Justipreciador, sm. Appraiser, a person appointed
one w h o has an annuity assigned to him
to set a price upon things.
upon the revenue of the crown.
Justo, ta, a. 1. Just, conformable to justice, rightJuro, sm. 1. Right of perpetual property. 2.
ful, lawful; fair. 2. Just, upright 3. Just,
Annuity assigned upon the revenue of the
honest, honourable, good, faithful. 4. Just,
crown. De juro, Certainly.
exact, strict, punctual. 5. Just, fit, tight,
Jusbárba, sf. (Bot.) Field myrtle. Ruscus acudose, exactly proportíoned. 6. Just, good,
Jeatus, L.
pious.
Jusello, sm. Pottage m a d e of broth, parsley, Justo, sm. A just and pious m a n . En justos y en
grated cheese, eggs and spice.
verenjustos, (Coll.) Right or wrong, with reaJusgár, ra. (Obs.) T o condemn any one by jusson or without.
tice.
Justo, ad. Tíghtly, straitly. Al justo, Fitly
Justa, sf. 1. Joust, tilt, tournament, m o c k fight duly; completely, punctoally.
on horseback. 2. Literary contest in poetry Juta, sf. (Orn.) A kind of American duck.
or prose,
Juvénco, ca, s. (Obs.) V . Novillo.
Justacór, sm. (Obs ) Waistcoat, doublet.
Juvenil, a. Juvenile, young, youthful; girlish.
Justador, sm. Tilter, one w h o plays at jousts.
Juventud, sf. Youthfulness, youth, juveniJustamente, ad. Justly,just, exactly; precisely;
iity.
fairly.
Juzgado, sm. Tribunal, court of justice ; judiJustar, rn. T o joust, to tilt.
cature.
Justicia, sf. 1. Justice, the virtue by which weJuzgador, ra, s. Judge, one who judges.
give to every m a n what is his due. 2. Retri- Juzgamundos, s. com. O n e w h o censures the
bution, punishment. 3. Reason, honesty;
actions of every one but himself,
equity; right. 4. Justice, magisfrafe or tri- Juzgante, pa. Judging ; judge.
bunal. 5. Public punishment. Justicia de Juzgar, ra. and n. 1. T o judge, to pass sentence
Arragon, (Obs.) T h e chief magistrateof Arraor to pass sentence upon, to give judgment
gon. Justicia mayor, (Obs.) T h e lord chief
2. T o judge, to apprehend, to form or give an
justice of Spain. De justicia, Aecordíng to opinión, to opine, to hold, to find.
nistíce, duly, merítedly.
522
K
T H E letter h is not now used in the Spanish
language; and even in the few words in
which it was, its place has been supplied by
c before a, o and u, and qu, before e and i.
Its pronunciatíon is similar to that of the c
LAB
before a, o and « ; but itsfigureis retained
in Spanish only for the intelligence of othel
languages, and in the spelling of propeí
ñames.
LAB
THE / is in the Spanish language a setr.i- Laborante, sm. 1. (Obs.) Labourer, workman,
2. Laborant, chemist.
vowel, and sometimes becomes a liquid
when a mute letter precedes it; e. g. in the Laboratorio, sm. Laboratory, a chemist's workwords claustro, gloria,flueco. T h e / always room.
keeps the same sound as in English. T h e 11 Laborcica, illa, íta, sf. dim. A n insignificant
work or task.
or double / is considered by the Spanish Acad e m y as a single character; they therefore Laborear, ra. 1. T o culture, to till the ground,
2. (Nau.) T o work a ship, to direct her
place it after all the other words beginning
movements. V. Maniobrar.
with an /, but in this work it is retained according to the English custom. It ís pro- Laboreo, sm. (Prov.) Culture, labour.
nounced by placing the tip of the tongue to Laborera, a. Cl'ever, skilful: applied to a good
workwoman.
the palate, and dropping it whilst emitting
the breath. N o sound in English resembles Labório, sm. (Littl. us.) V. Labor.
Laboriosamente, ad. Laboriously, painfully.
it exactly.
La, is an article denoting the feminine gender Laboriosidad, sf. Laboriousness.
in the singular number. It is also the accu- Laborioso, sa, a. 1. Laborious, assiduous. 2.
Laborious, requiring m u c h toil and labour,
sative case of the personal pronoun feminine
tiresome, painful, not easy.
La, sm. (Mas.) La, the sixth sound of the hexaLabrada, sf. Land ploughed and fallowed to be
chord.
sown the ensuing season.
Lábaro, sm. Standard of Constantine with the
cipher of Christ ou it.
Labradero, ra, a. Labourable, capable of labour,
Labe, sf. (Obs.) Stain, spot. V . Mancha.
Labradío, día, a. V . Labrantío.
Laberinto, sm. 1. Labyriuth, maze, a place Labrído, da, a. W o r k e d : applied to figured
formed with inextricable windings. 2. A n
cloth in opposition to that which is plain.—
pp. oí Labrar.
intricate and obscure matter, hard to be understood, maze, uncertainty, perplexity. 3. Labrado, sm. Land cultivated: commonly used
in plural.
(Anat) Labyrínth of the ear.
Labia, sf. (Coll.) Sweet, winning eloquence.
Labrador, ra, s. 1. Labourer w h o works at the
Labiado, da, a. (Bot.) Labiate.
plough or spade. 2. Cultivator, farmer, a
Labial, a. Labial, uttered by the lips: applied
landworker, a husbandman or w o m a n . 3.
to letters.
Rustic, peasant
Labiérnago, sm. (Bot.) V. Filirea.
Labrador, ra, a. 1. Born or residing in a small
Labihendido, da, a. Hare-lipped.
village. 2. (Obs ) Laborious.
Labio, sm. 1. Lip, the outer part of the mouth ; Labradorcíco, íca, íllo, illa, it", íta, s. dim. of
the muscles which cover the teeth. 2. Lip,
Labrador and Labradora.
the edge of any thing. Labio hendido, Haré- Labradoresco, ca, a. Belonging or relating to a
lip.
labourer; rustic, clownish.
Labiodentá!, a. Labiodentel.
Labrandera, sf. (Obs.) Seamstress, she w h o
Labor, sf. 1. Labour, task, the act of doing
supports herself by needle-work.
what requires an exertion of strength. 2. Labrante, sm. Stone-cutter, Sculptor.
Labour, work to be done, work done. 3. Labrantín, sm. A petty farmer, who cultivates a
Symmetry, adaptation of parís to each other;
Small farm.
design. 4. A seamstress's work, any kind of Labrantío, tía, a. Producing grain : applied to
needle-work, embroidery.
Labor blanca,
arable landfitfor the culture of grain.
White work. Ir á la labor, T o go to school: Labranza, sf. 1. Tillage, the cultivation of the
speaking of girls.
Sacar la niña de la
ground, ploughing. 2. Husbandry, the emlabor, T o take a child from her needle. 5.
ployment of a cultivator or farmer. 3. Farm,
A thousand tiles or bricks. 6. Cultivation,
land let to a tenant; tilled land ; an estáte
husbandry, tillage. V. Labranza. 7. (Prov.)
appUed to the purposes and pursuits of agriE g g of a silk-worm. Labores, Figures raised
culture. 4. (Obs.) Labour, work
upon a ground ; variegated needkvwoik ; Labrar, va. 1. T o work, to labour. 2 T o till, to
diaper.
cultívate the ground. V . Arar. 3. T o build,
Laborable, a. Labourable.
to construct buildings. 4. T o do needie-work,
Laboradór, sm. V. Trabajador and Labrato embroider. 5. T o inform, to instruct. 6,
dor.
T ofinish,to polish to the degree of excel523
LAC
LAD
lence intended or required. 7. T o harass, to Ladidnio, sm. Milk-pottage, and, in general,
mortify. 8. Labrar un madero, (Nau.) T o
all sorts of food prepared with milk.
fashion a piece of timber.—rn. T o m a k e a Lacticinoso, sa, a. V. Lácteo.
strong impression on the mind.
Lactífagos, sm. pl. (Littl. us ) Galacfiphagy,
Labrero, ra, a. Applied to a kind of fishing- Lactífero, ra, a. Lactiferous, lacteal, nulky.
net
Lactumen, sm. Scab breaking out on the head
Labriego, sm. Peasant.
of sucking children.
Lábrio, Labro, sm. i^Ohs.) V. Labio.
Lacustre, a. (Obs.) Marshy, belonging to lakes,
Labrusca, sf. A wild vine.
Láda, sf. V. Jara.
Laburno, sm. (Bot.) Laburnum. Cytissus la- Ládano, sm. Labdamun, g u m or resinous juice
burnum, L.
obtained by boiling from the Cistus ladanifeLaca, sf. 1. Lac, a red, brittle, resinous substance,rus, L., a kind of rock-rose, very common in
brought from India, and used.for dying and
Portugal and Spain.
making sealing-wax. 2. Red colour. 3. Ladeado, da, a. and pp. oí Ladear, Turned to
Lacker, a kind of varnish.
one side, inclined, lopsided.
Lacárgama, sf. (Bot.) Alkatiet, ted-rooted bu- Ladeamiento, sm. V. Ladeo.
gloss. Anchusa tinctoria, L.
Ladear, va. T o move or tara to one side; to go
Lacayo, sm. 1. Lackey, footman, servant, foot- side by side; to go along rails.—vn. 1.
boy. 2. Knot of ribbons worn by women.
(Nau.) T o incline : applied to the needle of
Lacayuélo, sm. dim. Foot-boy.
a mariner's compass. 2. T o go by the side,
Lacayuno, na, a. Belonging to a lackey or foot- to incline to one side.—vr. T o indine to an
boy.
opinión or party.
Lacear, ra. 1. T o adorn with ribbons tied in Ladeo, sm. Inclination or motion to one side.
bows; to lace. 2. T o pin up the g a m e or Ladera, sf. Declivity, gradual descent.—pl. 1.
drive it into an appointed place.
RaUs or staves of a c o m m o n cart. 2. Cheeks
Laceración, sf. Laceration, lancination, teartog. of a gun-carriage.
Lacerado, da, a. 1. Unfortunate, unhappy. 2. Laderíca, illa, íta, sf. dim. A smaU declivity oí
Leprous.—pp. oí Lacerar.
the ground,
Lacerar, va. 1. T o mangle, to tear in pieces, to Ladiérna, sf. (Bot.) Buckthorn. R h a m n u s alalacérate, to laniate or to lancínate. 2. (Obs.)
ternus, L.
T o suffer, to labour under patas or fatigues. Ladiérnago, sm. (Bot.) V. Filirea.
3. (Obs.) To lead the life of a miser.
Ladilla, sf. I. Crablouse. Pediculus pubis, L.
Laceria, sf. 1. Misery, poverty, wretchedness.
2. (Coll.) Hang-by, hanger-on. 3. (Bot.)
2. Labour, fatigue. 3. (Obs.) Leprosy, sero- C o m m o n barley. Hordeum distichum, L.
nda. 4. A set of nets laid out together for Ladillo, sm. Shifting panel placed in the sides
some particular purpose.
of coaches, which in Spain is generally taken
Lacerioso, sa, a, Miserable ; scrofulous.
out in spring.
Lacha, sf. Shad. V. Alacha.
Ladinamente, ad. Sideways, artfully, sagaLacio, cia, a. Faded, withered, dried up ; flac- ciously.
cid, languid.
Ladino, na, a. 1. (Obs.) Versed iu an idiom,
Lacivióso, sa, a. V. Lascivo.
speaking different languages fluently. 2.
Lacónicamente, ad. Laconically, concisely,
Sagacious, cunning, crafty.
dose.
Lado, sm. 1. Side, that. part of the h u m a n body
Lacónico, ca, a. Laconic, brief, concise.
which extends from the armpit to the hipLaconismo, sm. Laconism, conciseness, brevity, bone. 2. Side or half of an animal. 3. Side,
concise expression or style.
therightor left. 4. Side, any part of any
Lacra, sf. 1. Mark left by some wound or dis- body opposed to any other part. 5. Side,
order. 2. Fault, vice, wickedness.
any part placed in contradistinction or oppoLacrar, va. 1. T o injure or impair the state of
sition to another. 6. Side, the margin, edge
health. 2. T o hurt or injure in point of proor verge of any thing. 7. (Met.) Side, party,
perty or money.
faction, interest. 8. (Met.) Companion, comLacre, sm. Sealing-wax.
rade. 9. Mat used to cover carts, etc. 10,
Lacrear, ra. (Littl. us.) T o seal with sealing(Met.) Patrón, protector. 11. Course, m a n
wax
ner; mode of proceeding. 12. Side: it is
Lacrima, sf. (Obs.) V. Lágrima.
used to note consanguinity. Al lado, Just
Laminación, sf. (Obs.) Effusion of tears.
by, at hand or near at hand. De lado, InciLacrimal, a. Lachrymal.
dentolly. A un lado, Clear the way.
Lacrimatorio, ria, a. and s. Lachrymatory.
Ladón, sm, V. Jara.
Lacrimoso, sa, a. Weeping, shedding tears.
Ladra, sf. 1. Barking. 2. Cry of hounds after
Lácris, sm. Fruit of rosemary.
the game.
Lactancia, sf. Lactation, the time of giving Ladrador, ra, s. 1 Barker, one who barks or clasuck, or durtog which a child sucks.
mours. 2. (CoU.) Talker, one who talks
Lactante, sm. Sueker, one who sucks milk.
m u c h and to no purpose
Lactario, ria, a. Ladary, lacteous, lactescent, Ladrante, pa. Barking, latrant; barker.
Lactáto, sm. (Chem.) Lactate.
Ladrar, vn. 1. T o bark, howl or cry like a dog,
Lácteo,tea,a. Lacteous, tnilky, lacteal, ladean, to latrate. 2. T o use empty threats. 3. T o
lactescent, milken, consisting of milk, conclamour, to vociférate,tomake outeries. Laveying
Via láctea,
milk (Astr.)
or chyle,
Galaxy,
and resembling
the milky-way,
milk. Ladrido,
drar elsm.
estomago,
1. Barking
T o beorhungry.
howlíng of a dot^
LAG
LAM
quantity. 3. (Bot.) Gray-mill, gromwell.
2. Vociferation, outcry ; calumny ; inciteLithospermum, L. Lágrima de Moisés or
ment
de Job, (Bot.) Job'stoara.Coix lacryma Jobí,
Laihilládo, sm. Floor made with bricks.
¿. 4. Wine extractad from the grape by
Ladrillador, sm. V. Enladrillador.
Ladrillal, Ladrillar, sm. Bríck-field, brick-kiln, a very slight pressure, in order to have the
purest juice. Lágrimas de S. Pedro, Pebbles,
place where bricks are made and baked.
stones thrown to any person. Lágrimas de
Ladrillazo, sm. Blow with a brick-bat
Ladrilléjo, sm. 1. (Dim.) Little brick. 2. Boy's Batavia or de Holanda Prince Rupert's
amusement of knocking at doors with a piece
drops, glass globules.
Lagrimable, a. Lachrymable, lamentable; worof brick.
Ladrillera, sf. Brick-kiln.
thy of toare.
Lagrimal, sm. Comer of the eye near the nose.
Ladrillero, sm. Brick-maker.
Ladrillo, sm. Brick, a mass of clay burnt for Lagrimar, Lagrimear, rn. lo weep, to shed
building. Ladrillo de chocolate, Cake oftears.
Lagrimilla, ita, sf. dim. A little tear.
chocolate.
Lagrimón, sm. augm. A large fear.
Ladrilloso, sa, a. Made of brick.
Lagrimoso, sa, a. 1. Weeping, shedding tears.
Ladrón, na, s. 1. Thief, robber, a highwayman,
2. Watery: applied to humours running from
a cut-purse. 2. Lock, sluice-gate. 3. Snuff
the eye; laehrymary.
of a candle that makes it melt.
Ladronamente, ad. Thievishly, dissembtihgly. Laguna, sf. 1. Lake, a large diffusion of stagLadroncillo, illa, sm. dim. Filcher, cut-purse, a nant water, marsh. 2. A n uneven country
full of marshes. 3. Blanks in a book or
petty thief.
Ladronera, sf. 1. Nest of rogues, den of rob- wiítíug.
bers. 2. Filching, stealing; defrauding, ex- Lagunajo, sm. Small pool of water in a field
aftei rain.
tortion. 3. Sluice-gate in a mili. 4. Box. V.
Hucha.
Lagunar, sm. Timber-roof.
Ladronería, sf. V. Ladronicio.
Lagunero, ra, a. Belonging to marshes or lakes.
Lagunoso, sa, a. Marshy, fenny, abounding ia
Ladronesco, ca, a. (Coll.) Belongingtothieves,
lakes; laky.
thievish.
Ladronicio, sm. Larceny, theft, robbery, expila-Laical, a. Laical, belonging to the laity or peotion.
ple, as distinct from the clergy.
Lagaña, sf. A slimy humour running from the Laico, ca, a. V. Lego.
Laido, da, a. (Obs.) V. Ignominioso and Feo.
eyes, lippitude, blearedness.
Lagañoso, sa, a. Blear-eyed, being troubled withLaja, sf. A thinflatstone.
a slimy matter running from the eyes.
Lairén, a. AppUed to a kind of grapes, and to
Lagar, sm. 1. Place where grapes are squeezed
the vines where it is produced.
out of their juice. 2. Wine-press, an engina Lama, sf. 1. Mud, sume, ooze. 2. Cloth of gold
or silver. 3. (Prov.) A flat even country.
for squeezing the juice out of grapes.
Lagaréjo, sf. A smaU wine-press.
4. (Prov.) Fine sand used for mortar. o.
Foam on the surface of water. 6. Dust of
Lagarero, sm. 1. Wine-presser, one employed
ores in mines.
in squeezing the juice out of grapes. 2. One
Lamár, ra. (Obs.) V. Llamar.
•
employed in expressíng the.juice of olives.
Lagareta, sf. Small wine-press.
Lamliér, ra. (Obs.) V. Lamer.
Lagarta, sf. Female lizard.
Lamhrequínes, sm. pl. (Blaz.) Ornaments which
Lagartado, da, a. V. Alagartado.
hang from helmeto.
Lagartera, sf. Lizard-hole, a hollow place underLambrija, sf. 1. W o r m bred in the human body.
ground where lizards breed.
V. Lombriz. 2. (Coll.) Meagre, slender
Lagartero, ra, a. Catching lizards: applied to
person.
such animáis as are fond of devouring lizards. Lamedal, sm. A musty miry place.
Lagartija, sf. Eft, newt, a small lizard.
Lamedor, ra, s. 1. Ltaker, one that laps and
Lagartijero, ra, a. Catching efts: applied to
Iicks. 2. (Pharm.) Loch, a soft medicine
animáis.
between a syrup and an electuary. 3. (Met.)
Lagartillo, sm. dim. A small lizard.
Enticement, alluiement, wheedling.
Dar
Lagarto, sm. 1. Lizard. Lacerta agilis, L. 2. lamedor, T o feign losing at play in order to
(Obs.) Insignia of the order of Santiago. 3.
insure greater success.
Gusset, a piece of lace put into the side of a Lamedura, sf. A d of licking.
surplice. 4 A large muscle of the arm. 5. Lamelar, va. To roll copper into shee„s.
A sly artful person.
Lamentable, a Lamentable, deplorable, grieva.
Lago, sm. Lake, a large diffusion of inland wa- ble, mournful, funest, lachrymable.
ter ; a large quantity of any liquid. Lago de Lamentablemente, ad. Lamentably.
leones, A den of Iíons.
Lamentación, sf. Lamentation, expression of
Lagostín, sm. V. Langostín.
sorrow, lamenting, groaning.
Lagotear, rn. (Coll.) Toflatter,to wheedle to Lamentador, ra, s. Lamentar, weeper, mourner,
cajole.
complainer.
Lagotería, sf. (Coll.) Flattery, adulation.
Lamentar, va. To kment, to mourn, to bewail,
Lagotero, ra, a. (CoU.) Flattering, soothing.
ta sorrow for, to moan.—rn. and r. To laLágrima, sf. 1. Tear, the water which any emo- ment, to express sorrow, to grieve, to wail, to
tíon foices from the eyes, eyedrop. 2. A n y complain, to cry.
moisture tríckling in drops; a drop or small Lamento, sm, Lamentation, lamen!, moan,
525
LAM
LAN
groaning, mourning, cry, grief uttered inLampión, sm. A large 1 ante ni.
Lampo, sm. (Poet) Light, splendour, blaze
complaiuts or cries, expression of sorrow.
Lamentoso, sa, a. Lamentable, mourning, to be Lampóte, sm. Cotton cloth made iu the Philip.
pine isles.
lamented.
Lameplatos, sm. Lick-plate, nickname given to Lamprea, sf. (Ichth.) Lamprey. Petromyzon, L.
the servatos who attend at table.
Lamer, ra. 1. T o lick, to pass over with the Lamprear, ra. T o dress a lamprey.
tongue. 2. To lick, to lap, to take in by the Lamprehuela, Lampreílla, sf. Kind of small
tongue. 3. T o touch slightly.
lamprey.
Lamerón, na, s. (Coll.) A persou very fond of Lámpsana, sf. C o m m o n nipplewort. Lámpsana
communis, L.
daintíes or delicacies.
Lameronázo, za, s. augm. (CoU.) A person ex- Lampúga, sf. (Ichth.) Lampuga, a kind of
crab.
tremely fond of daintíes.
Lana, sf. 1. Wool, thefleeceof sheep. 2. Short
Lametáda, sf. Thing licked or polished.
Lamia, sf. 1. Lamia, a fabulous monster. 2. curled hair of some animáis. 3. Woollen maKind of shark. 3. (Met.) Hariot, a woman
nufacture in general. 4. (Coll.) Cash, rnoney.
of the town.
A' costa de lanas, At another man's expense.
Lamido, da, a. Deformed, worn out with use.—
Lana burda, Coarse wool.
pp. oí Lamer.
Lanada, sf. Spunge for cleaning cannons.
Lanado, da; a. V. Lanuginoso.
Lamiente, pa. Licking, licker.
Lamín, sm. (Prov.) V. Golosina.
Lanar, a. Woolly, clothed with wool; applied
Lámina, sf. 1. Píate, sheet of metal, any thin to sheep.
píate, lamina or flake. 2. Copper-plate, a Lañaría, sf. (Bot.) Cud-weed.
píate on which a picture is engraved, and the Lance, sm. 1. Cast, throw. 2. Casting of a net
print or impression from a figure eng-aved
into the water to catch fish. 3. A favourable
on copper.
opportunity, critical moment. 4. Chance, caLaminado, da, a. Covered with plates or laminas, sualty, accident, hap-hazard, fortuitous event.
lamellated or laminated.
5. Sudden quarrel or dispute. 6. Skül and
Laminar, va. (Prov.) 1. T otick,to guzzle dain- industry of a player. De lance, Cheap, at setíes. 2. T o roll or beat metal into sheets.
cond hand.—pl. 1. Míssile weapons. 2. Plot
Laminera, sf. (Prov.) Bee advanced before ito or intrigues of a play, A pocos lances, In a
companions.
short time and with little labour.
Laminero, ra, s. Manufacturer of metal plates; Lancear, ra. T o wound with a lance.
one who makes shrinesforrelies.
Lanceóla, sf. (Bot.) Rib-grass plantain. PlanLaminero, ra, a. (Prov.) V. Goloso.
tago lanceolata, /..
Laminíca, illa, íta, sf. dim. A small plato. Lancera, sf. Hooks, in an armoury, on which
Lamiscar, ra. T o lick with haste and great
arms are placed.
eagerness.
Lancero, sm. 1. Pikeman, lancer, one armed
Lamiznéro, ra, a. (Prov.) Lickerish, lickerous. with a pike or lance. 2. Maker of pikes.
Lamoso, sa, a. (Nau.) Oozy, slimy: applied to Lanceta, sf. 1. Lancet, a small pointed chírurgithe anchoring ground.
cal instrument. 2. Potter's knife.
Lampacear, ra. (Nau.) T o swab, to clean the Lancetada, Lancetazo, s. Act of opening oí
wounding with a lancet.
decks with a swab.
Lanpadáfori», sm. The victor in ancient races Lancha, sf. L A thin and flat piece of stone.
with torches at religious festivals.
2. (Nau.) Barge, lighter; long boat of a ship
Lámpara, sf. 1. Light, a luminous body. 2. A of war; lanch or launch. Lancha de socorro,
lamp, a cresset, or, more properly, a glassLife-boat. Lancha cañonera, Gun-boat 3.
lamp. 3. Spot or stain of oil or grease. 4.
Snare for partridges.
Branch of a tree placed at the door on fes- Laucháda, sf. A lighter full of goods ; as much
tivals or rejoidngs. Lámpara de bitácora, as a lighter carries at once.
(Nau.) Binaele-lamp
Lanchazo, sm. Blow with aflatstone.
Lamparero, ra, s. Lamp-lighter.
Lanchón, sm. (Nau.) Lighter. Ijanchon de lasLamparilla, sf. 1. (Dim.) A small lamp. 2. A trar, Ballast-lighter.
small bit of paper, twisted at the end, which Lanchonéro, sm. Lighterman.
when put to oil and lighted servesfora lamp. Lancílla, íta, sf. dim. A small lance.
3. A sort of coarse camlet.
Laución, sm. (Nau.) A kind of guardship ia
Lamparín, sm. Case into which a glass lamp is
India.
put.
Lancurdía, sf. Small trout.
Lamparista, s. com. Lamp-lighter,
Lánda, sf. A n extensive tract of heath-land.
Lamparón, sm. King's evil, a scirrhous tumour Lánde, sf, (Ast.) Acora, thefruitof the oakin the neck.
tree.
Lampatán, sm. A Chínese plant.
Landgráve, sm. Landgrave, a Germán title.
Lampazo, sm. 1. (Bot.) Burdock. V. Bardana, Landgravíádo, sm. Landgraviate.
2. (Nau.) Swab, a mop made of oíd ropes or Lando, sm. Landau, a kind of carriage.
rope-yarn, and used to clean the decks and Landre, sf. 1. A morbid swetiing of the glands.
cabin of a ship. Paños de lampazo, Tapestry
2. A purse concealed in the dothes. 3. Acora.
on which landscapes are represented. LamV. Bellota.
pazos, Pimples breaking out on the face.
Landrecilla, sf. Round lump among the glands,
Lampiño, ña, a. Beardless; having little hair. Landrero, ra, a. Applied to ona who hoard»
526
LAN
LAR
money in a bag or purse concealed in his Lanzar, ra. 1. To elance, to throw, to dart, to
lanch, to jacúlate, to fling. 2. To cast up, to
clothes.
vomit. 3. (Law) To eject, to dispossess. 4.
LandriUa, sf. Small grain which growj uader
To let loóse.—rr. To rush or dart upon; to
the tongues of hogs.
Lanería, s/.,Shop where washed wool is sold.
launch.
Lanéio, sm. 1. Dealer iu wool. 2. Warehouse Lanzón, sm. augm. A short and thick lance.
Laña, sf. 1. Cramp or cramp-iron. 2. Green
for wool.
Langaruto, ta, a. (Coll.) Tail, lank, ill-shaped. cocoa nut.
Langór, sm. (Obs.) Languor, faintness ; a de- Lañar, ra. 1. To cramp, to fasten two things together with a cramp-iron. 2. (Prov.) To open
cay of spirits.
and gut fish. 3. To lament.
Langosta, sf. 1. Locust, a devouring insect.
Gryllus, L. 2. Lobster, a crustaceous sea- Lapa, sf. 1. Scum or pellicle raised on the surface of some liquors. 2. (Ichth.) A kind of
fish. Cáncer homarus, /.. 3. One who exshell-fish. Lepas, L. 3. (Bot.) Goose-grass,
torts money.
deavers. Galium aparine, L.
Langostín, sm. A small locust.
Langostino, sm. Grasshopper. Gryllus gros- Lapachar, sm. Hole full of mud and mire.
Lápade, sf. (Ichth.) A corn shell-fish. Lepas, L.
sus, L.
Lapáza, sf (Prov.) Rough panic-grass. PaniLangostón, sm. The large green locust.
cum verticillatum, L.
Langráve, sm. V. Landgrave.
Lapicero, sm. A metal peneil-case.
Langüénte, a. Infirm, weak.
Lánguidamente, aa*. Languidly, languishingly. Lápida, sf. A flat stone, on which inscriptions
Languidez, Languideza, sf. 1. Languishment, are engraved.
languidness, languish, languishing, heavi- Lapidación, sf. (Obs.) Lapidation.
ness, languor, weariness, faintness. 2. Decay Lapidaria, sf. The art or profession of a lapidary, who deals in stones and gems.
of spirits, melancholy.
Lánguido, da, a. 1. Languid, faint, weak, lan-Lapidario, sm. Lapidary, lapidist, one who deals
in stones and gems.
guishing, lingering, feeble. 2. Dull, heart
Lapidario, ria, a. Lapidary.
less.
Lapídeo, dea, a. Lapideous, stony; of the naLanguor, sm. Languor. V. Languidez.
ture of stolte.
Lanífero, ra, a. (Poet.) Laniferous.
Lanificación, Lanificio, s. Woollen manufacture,Lapidificación, sf. Pefrification, lapidification.
Lapidificar, va. (Obs.) T o convert into stone, te
the art of manufacturing wool, lanifice.
Lanilla, sf. 1. Nap of cloth, down, villous sub- petrify.
stance. 2. Swanskin, a kind of veryfineflan-Lapidifico, ca, a. Lapidescent, lapidific, growing
or turning to stone.
nel. 3. (Nau.) Buntine, a thin woollen stuff,
Lapidoso, sa, a. Lapideous, stony.
of whichflagsand eolours are made.
Lapílla, sf. (Bot.) Hound's tongue.
Lanío, a, a. Woolly. V. Lanar.
Lanosidad, sf. Down of the leaves of plants. Lapislázuli, sf. Lapis-lazuli, an azure stone of
which the ultramarine colour is prepared by
Lanoso, sa, a. V. Lanudo.
Lanteja, sf. Lentil. V. Lenteja.
calcination.
Lápiz, sm. Black chalk used in drawing; black
Lantejuela, sf. 1. Spangle, a small píate of shilead. Lápiz encarnado, Red ochre.
ning metal. 2. Scurf left on the skin after
Lapizar, sm. Black lead mine.
any sore.
Lantérna, sf. (Prov.) Lantern, lanthorn. V. Lapizar, ra. To draw or delinéate with black
chalk or black lead.
Linterna.
Lantía de bitácora, sf. (Nau.) Binnacle-lamp. Lapo, sm. (Coll.) Blow with the flat side of a
sword.
Lanudo, da, a. Woolly, consisting of wool,
Lapsána, sf. (Bot.) V. Lámpsana.
clothed with wool, lanigerous, fleecy.
Lanuginóso, sa, a. Lanuginous, lanigerous, Lapso, sm. (Law) Lapse or course of time.
Laque, sm. Running footman.
downy : covered with soft hair.
Lanza, sf. 1. Lance, spear, javelin. 2. Pole ofLar,
a sm. 1. V. Hogar. 2. A n amphtbious bird.
coach or waggon. 3. Pikeman, soldier armed Larário, sm Place where the pagans worshipped
with a pike or lance. Lanza en ristre, Ready their house-gods.
for action. A punta de lanza, Strenuously, Lardar, Lardear, ra. 1. To baste, to drip oil oí
with all might. Lanzas, Duty paid to the
butter upon meat on the spit. 2. To beat with
Spanish government by the grandees and
a stick.
nobility of the realm, in lieu of military Ser- Lardero, a. Applied to the Thursday before Lent.
vices.
Lardo, sm. Lard, the fat or grease of swine and
Lanzada, sf. Blow or stroke with a lance.
of some other animáis.
Lanzadera, sf. Shuttle, the instrument with Lardón, sm. A marginal note, observation oí
which the weaver shoots the cross threads.
addition in a book or in a proof.
Lanzador, ra, s. Thrower, ejecter.
Lardosíco, ica, íllo, illa, íto, íta, a. dim. Greasy,
Lanzamiento, sm. 1. The act of launching, cast- dirty with grease.
ing or throwing. 2. Jaculation, the act of Lardoso, sa, a. Greasy, fatty.
throwing missive weapons. 3. Dispossessing, Lares, sm. pl. 1. House-gods of the ancient
ejeetment. 4. (Nau.) Flaring of the bows
Romans. 2. H o m e . 3. Pot-hooks, hooks on
and knuckle-iimbers; rake of the stem and
which poto are hung over the fire.
sternpost. í/mzamientos, Length of a ship Larga, sf. Delay, procrastination, crastination :
from stem to stempost.
it is comrronly used in plural. V. Largo.
527
LAS
LAf
bric, libidinous,flirt,goatish. 2. Luxoriauf,
Largamente, ao". Largely, copiously; completely ; liberally, frankly; for a long time.
exuberant.
Largar, ra. ". To loosen, to slacken. 2. T o let Láser, sm. (Bot.) Benzoin.
go, to set at liberty. 3. (Nau.) T o loosen a Laserpício, sm. (Bot.) Laserwort. Laserpisail, to ease a rope. Larga las brazas de la tium, L.
gavia, (Nau.) Let go the mato top-saíl braces.Lasitud, sf. Lassítude, weariness, faintness.
Larga el lof, (Nau.) U p tack sheets. TodaLiso, sa, a. 1. Weary, tired with labour, subvela larga, (Nau.) A U sails out. Largar el dued by fatigue. 2. Lax, flaccid.
cable por el chicote or por ojo, To pay out
Lastár, va. T o pay, answer or suffer for another
the cable end for end. Largar las velas,Lástima, sf. 1. Grief, compassion, pity, conde(Nau.) T o set sato—rr. 1. (Coll.) T o go off, lence. 2. Object of compassion or pity. Lástima es, It is a pity.
to pack away, to pack off one's tools. 2.
(Nau.) T o set sail.
Lastimar, ra. 1. T o hurt, to wound, to oflénd.
Largo, ga, a. 1. Long, of a certain measuie in
2. T o move to compassion, to excite pity, to
length. 2. Long, not short: applied to space
pity.—rr. T o be moved to compassion, te
grieve, to be sorry, to complain.
and to time. 3. Long, protracted, not soon
ceasing or at an end. 4. Large, generous, Lastimeramente, ad. Sadly, sorrowfidly.
free, liberal. 5. Copious. 6. Prompt, expe- Lastimero, ra, a. Sad, doleful, mournful, miserditíous. Largo de lengua, Toofreeand unable, complainable, moving, compassionable,
commiserable, lamentable, grievous.
guarded in the use of expressions. Largo de
uñas, Light-fingered. De largo á largo or áLastimosamente, ad. Miserably, pitifuuy,grievlo largo, Lengthwise. Navegar á lo largo de ously, lamentably, in a doleful manner.
la costa, (Nau.) T o navigate along the coastLastimoso, sa, a. Doleful, sad. V. Lastimero.
Pasar de largo, T o pass by without stopping. Lásto, sm. Receipt given or belonging to him
A la larga, At length, extensively; gently.— who has paid for another.
aa*. Largely, profusely.
Lastra, sf. (Nau.) Boat, lighter. V. Lancha. .
Largo, sm. 1. V. Longitud. 2. (Mus.) Largo. Lastrar, ra. I. (Nau.) T o ballast a ship; to
Largomira, sf. (Low) Telescope.
put stones, iron or other weighty articles at
Largón, na, a. augm. Very long.
the bottom of a ship. 2. To keep any thing
steady by means of a weight. Vela de lasLargor, sm. Length, the extent of any thing
trar, (Nau.) Port-sail. Lancha de lastrar,
material from end to end.
(Nau.) Ballast-lighter.
Largueado, da, a. Striped. V. Listono.
Larguero, sm. Jamb-post of a door or window. Lastre, sm. 1. Rough stones which are merely
used f o ballast ships or build walls. 2. BalV. Cabezal. .
Largueza, sf. 1. Length, extent, largeness, width.last, a weight put at the bottom of ships, to
2. Liberality, generosity, munificence, frank- keep them steady, lastage. Lastre grueso,
Heavy ballast Lastre lavado, Washed balness.
last. Ir en lastre, T o go in baUast El lasLarguíco, íca, íllo, illa, íto, íta, a. Not very
tre se corre, The ballast sbifts. 3. Weight
long.
motive, judgment
Largura, sf. Length, longitude.
Lárice, sm. (Bot) Larch-tree. Pinus larix, L. Lata or Hoja de lata, sf. Tin-plate or tinned
iron píate. Latos, Laths, ledges. Ponerla
Laricino, na, a. Belonging to the larch-tiee.
Laríge, a. Applied to a kind of verv red grapes. tas en los techumbres, T o lath.
Larínga, sf. Turpentine extracted from the larch-Latamente, aa*. Largely, amply.
Latastro, sm. (Arch.) V. Plinto.
tree ; Venice turpentine.
Laringe, sm. (Anat.) Larynx. the upper part of Latebroso, sa, a. (Obs.) Hiding, concealing from
view.
the trachea, through which the voice passes.
Lateral, a. Lateral, belouging to the side.
Laringotomía, sf. (Surg.) Laringotomy.
Lateralmente, ad. Laterally.
Láro, sm. (Orn.) Gull, sea-gull. Larus, L.
Larva, sf. 1. Mask. V. Afoscara and Fantasma.Lateranénse, a. Belonging to the church of St.
2. (Ent.) Larva, grub-state of an insect. Lar- John of Lateran.
Latido, sm. 1. Pant, palpitation; motion of the
vas, Hobgoblins; lémures.
heart. 2. Howltag or barking of a dog aftei
Larval, a. 1. Frightful, ghastly. 2. Larvated,
game.—pp. oí I/xtir.
like a mask.
Lasamente, sm. Lassitade, weariness. V. La- Latiente, pa. Palpitating, fluttering.
Latigadéra, sf. (Prov.) Shock received by any
situd.
thing in a cart from the motion.
Lasaña, sf. A sort of paste fried in a pan.
Latigazo, sm. 1. Lash, crack ofa whip, a jerk.
Lasarse, vr. (Obs.) T o fatigue one's self.
2. Unexpected offence. Darlaligazos,To lash
Lascar, sm. Lascar, a native seaman or gunner
Látigo, sm. 1. Thong or point of a whip. 2.
in India.
Rope with which any thing to be weighed is
Lascar, va. (Nau.) T o ease off, to slacken.
Lascar el virador de combes, (Nau.) T o surge fastened to the steelyard. 3. Plume with
which a hat is adorned.
the capstern.
Lascivamente, ad. Lascivíously, lustfully, libi- Latiguear, vn. T o smack or crack with the lash
of a whip, to lash or ply the whip.
dinously.
Lascivia, sf. 1. Luxuriance, luxury ; excess inLatiguera, sf. Coid for fastening to a weight oí
balance.
delicious fare. 2. Laseiviousness, lewdness,
Latiguero, sm. Maker or seller of whip thongs
lubricity, lust.
oí lashes.
Lascivo, va, a. 1. Lascivious, lewd, lustful, lu528
LAU
LAV
Laura, sf. Solitary situation where the aiiciem
Latiguillo, sm. dim. A small whip.
Latín, sm. Latin, the Latin tongue. Saber mu- monks had their detached cells.
Laurea, sf. A laurel leaf or crown.
cho latin, To be full of wit and cunning.
Laureado, da, a. and/)/), of laurear, Lauréate,
Latinajo, sm. (Coll.) Latin jargon.
laurelled.
Latinamente, ad. In puré Latin, latinly.
Latinar, Latinear, ra. (Obs.) To speak or write Laureando, sm. H e who is to receive a degree
in a university.
Latin.
Laurear, ra. l.To crown with laurel. 2. To
Latinidad, sf. Latinity, the Latin tongue.
Latinismo, sm. Latinism, a mode of speech pe- gradúate, to dignify with a degree in the
univereities.
culiar to the Latin idiom.
Latinizar, ra. To latinize, to give ñames a La- Lauredal, sm. Plantation of laurel trees.
tin termination or to make them Latin.—rn. Laurel, sm. 1. (Bot.) Laurel. Laurus, L. 2. A
crown of bays as a reward.
To use words borrowed from the Latin.
Laurénte, sm. W o r k m a n who takes the mould
Latino, na, a. 1. Latin, written or spoken in the
from tbe vot m a n in paper-mills.
language of the oíd Romans. 2. Belonging
to the Latin language, or to the country of Laureóla, sf. A crown of laurel. Laureola hembra, Mezereon daphne. Daphne mezereum,
Latium. 3. Applied to the Western church,
opposed to the Greek. A la latina, In a L. Laureola macho, Spurge laurel. Daphne
lateen or triangular fashion. Veta latina, laureola, L.
Lateen sail, of a triangular shape, and used Laurino, na, a. Belonging to laurel.
Lauro, sm. 1. Glory, honour, fame, triumph.
chiefly in the Mediterranean.
Latino, na, s. 1. Latinist, one who knows the 2. (Bot.) V. Lauroceraso.
Lauroceraso, Lauro real, sm. (Bot.) C o m m o n
Latin language. 2. A native of Latium.
Latir, rn. l.To palpítate, to beat at the heart ; laurel or common laurel plum tree. Prunus
toflutter.2. To yelp, to bark as a hound in lauruscerasus, L.
Lauto, ta, a. Rich, wealthy.
pursuit of game.
Lava, sf. 1. Washing of metáis in mines. 2
Latitár, vn. (Obs.) To lie concealed, to hide one's
Lava, a voleanic production.
self.
Lavacaras, sm. (Coll.) 1. Water which washed
Latitud, sf. 1. Breadth, width, latitude, extent.
2. (Geog.) Latitude, the distance of any point the face. 2. Flatteries or caresses.
or object from the equator. Latitud corre-Lavadas, sf. pl. (Prov.) Foul water whicn runs
gida, (Nau.) Corrected latitude. Latitud por from a washing place.
encima, (Nau.) Latitude by dead reckon- Lavación, sf. Lotion, wash.
Lavacro, sm. 1. Washing place, a lavatory 2.
ing. Latitud arribada, (Nau.) Latitude come
Place where the baptism is administered;
to.
baptistery.
Latitudinal, a. Relating to the latitude.
Lavadero, sm. 1. Washing place, where wool
Lato, ta, a. Large, díffuse, extensive.
and other things are washed. 2. Vat or pit in
Latón, sm. Brass, latten, orichalch.
which tanners or skinners clean their skins.
Latonero, sm. 1. Brazier, a manufacturer who
workstobrass. 2. (Bot.) V. Almez. 3. (Prov.) 3. Laundry, the room in which clothes are
washed.
Little drain.
Latones, sm. pl. (Nau.) Laths or ledges of dif-Lavador, ra, s. 1. Washer, one who washes
<FOG!. 2. Burnisher, an instrument which
ferent thickness, used on board of ships.
Latría, sf. Latría, worship, adoration due to serves to clean and brighten fire-arms.
Lavadura, sf. 1. Wash, washing, lavation, the
God only.
act of washing aiiy thing. 2. Composition
Latrína, sf. Privy-house. V. Letrina.
of water, oil and eggs beat together, in which
Latrocinio, sm. V. Ladronicio.
glove-leather is prepared. 3. V. Lavazas.
Laúd, sf. 1. Luto, a stringed musical instruLavajo, sm. Pool, a small lake of standing water
ment. 2. Merchant vessel.
where cattle go to drink and clean themLauda, sf. (Obs.) Tombstone. V. Laude,
selves ; morass.
Laudable, a. Laudable, praiseworthy.
Lavamanos, sm. A washing stand in a sacristy.
Laudablemente, ad. Laudably.
Láudano, sm. Laudanum,- a soporific tincture Lavanco, sm. A kind of wild duck.
Lavandera, sf. Laundress, a woman whose emextracted from opium.
ployment is to wash clothes.
Laudar, ra. (Obs.) To praise.
Lavandéro, sm. 1. Washer, he who washes,
Laudatorio, ria, a. Laudatory, acclamatory.
Laude, sf. 1. A tombstone with an epitaph en- launderer. 2. One who carries and brings
graved on it. 2. Prayers read in the Arabic
the foul linen to the washing place, to be
washed.
language at Toledo, and in other places in
Spain. Laudes, Lauds, that part of the di- Lavándula, sf. (Obs.) Lavender. V. Espliegc.
vine service which is said after matins, and Lavar, ra. 1. To wash, to cleanse by ablution,
consisto in praise of the Almighty. A laudes,
to lave, to launder. 2. To clear from au im
At all hours,frequently.Tocar á laudes, To putation or charge of guilt. 3. To white-wash
praise one's self.
a wall with lime or chalk. Lavar de lana a
Laudémio, sm. (Law) Dues paid to the lord of
alguno, (Obs.) T o dive into the truth of any
the manor on all transiere of landed property, thing.
within the precinct of the manor.
Lavativa, sf. 1. Clyster, a medicinal injecticn.
Launa, sf. 1. Lamina, a thin piafe of metal. 2 2. A clyster-pipe or any other instrumeut by
Schistous day usedforcovering houses.
which any clyster is injected
VOL. I
529
2 M
LEB
LEC
Lavatorio, sm. 1. Lavátion, the act of washing. Lebréla, sf. Greyhound bitch.
2. Medicinal lotion with which diseased parts Lebrero, ra, a. Applied to dogs for hunting
hares.
are washed. 3. Ceremony of washing the feet
Lebrillo, sm. A g'azed earthen-ware tub or pan.
on Holy Thursday. 4. V. Lavamanos.
Lavazas, sf. pl. Foul water running from a Lebrón, sm. 1. A large haré. 2. A coward, a
poltrón.
washing place.
Lebroncillo, sm. V. Lebrato.
Lave, sm. Washing of metáis in mines.
Laxación, sf. Loosening, laxation, the act of Lebruno, na, a. Leporine, of the haré kind.
loosening or slackening and the state of being Lección, sf. 1. Art of reading, reading. 2. Lesson, any thing read or repeated to a teacher.
loosened or slackened.
Laxamiento, s. Laxation, laxity, laxness, loosen- 3. Lecture, a discourse upon any subjed. 4.
Lectíon.
ing.
Laxante, pa. Loosening, softening.—s. and a. Leccionário, sm. Lesson-book of the matins.
Lecciontíca, illa, íta, sf. dim. A short lecture or
(Med.) Laxative.
lesson.
Laxar, va. T o loosen, to soften.
Lechada, sf. Lime slaked or dissolved in watei.
Laxativo, va, a. Laxative, lenient.
Lechal, a. 1. Sucking: applied to all animáis
Laxidad, sf. V. Laxitud.
Laxitud, sf. 1. Lassitude, weariness. 2. Lax- which live upon sucked milk. 2. Lactiferous,
milky.
ity, laxness.
Laxo, xa, a. 1. Lax, slack, not tense ; feeble. Lechar, a. 1. V. Lechal. 2. Applied to the wom a n who has milk in her breast.
2. (Met.) Lax, vague: applied to loóse opiLeche, sf. 1. Milk, the Uquor with which aninions or moráis.
Laya, sf. 1. Quality, nature. 2. (Prov.) A two- máis feed their young from the breast. 2,
Milk or whitefluidin planto. Cochinillo de
pronged instrument, with which the ground
leche, Sucking pig Vaca de leche, Milk cow.
is turned up.
Leche de canela, Oil of cinnamon. Leche de
Layador, sm. H e who labours the soil with a
gallina or leche de ave, C o m m o n star of
two-pronged instrument
Layar, ra. T o turn up the ground with a laya, Bethlehem. Omithogalum umbellatum, L
or two-pronged instrument.
3. First principie of a science or art. 4.
Lazada, sf. 1. Knot formed with aribbon,cord, Blanching of coined silver in México. Herthread, etc. 2. A n y ornament made in the
mano de leche, Foster-brother. Leche de los
form of a knot.
viejos, (Coll.) Oíd wine. Estar alguna cosa
Lazareto, sm. Lazaretto, lazaret, a public build- en leche, Not to have attained a state of maing destined for the reception of persons
turity. Estar la mar en leche, The sea being
coming from places which are suspected of
calm and smooth. Mamarlo en la leche, To
being infected with the plague, to perform
imbibe in one's infancy. Leche de tierra,
quarantine.
Magnesia. Como una leche, (CoU.) Applied
Lazarillo, sm. Boy who guides a blind m a n ; a
to any thing very soft and tender.
blind person's guide.
Lechecillas, sf. pl. 1. Sweetbread of calves,
Lazarino, na, a. (Prov.) Leprous, lazarlike, la- lambs and kids. 2. Livers and lights.
Lechera, sf. 1. Milkwoman, milkmaíd, daíryzarly.
Lázaro, sm. Lazar, a person deformed itnd nau- maid. 2. (Prov.) Milk-pan. 3. (Obs.) V. Litera. 4. <Obs.) Bier. 5. (Mil.) Esplanade.
seous withfilthyand pestilential diseases.
Lazo, sm. 1. Bow, a slip knot 2. A n y knot oí Lechera, a. Applied to animáis and sometimes
to women who are suckling.
complication of thread, ribbon, string, etc.
3. Ornament in the shape of a knot. 4. Lechería, sf. Cow-house, dairy, laríary.
Snare, trick, scherne. 5. Tye, bond, chain. Lechero, ra, a. (CoU.) Milky, containing milk
or having the property of it.
6. The act of decoying, or driving the game
to a certain spot.—pl. 1. Figures in dancing. Lechero, sm. I. Milkman, one who sells milk.
2. Flourishes made with the pen.
2. Tan-pit, where the ooze of bark is prepared,
Le, pronom. H i m or her, dat. and accus. stag.Lecherón, sm. (Prov.) 1. Mük-pail, milk-vessel.
of the personal pronoun el, he or it; and da2. Flannel in which new-b'jrn mfants are
rolled.
tive of the feminine, ella, she.
Leal, a. 1. Loyal, true to government. 2. Faith-Lechetrézna, sf. (Bot.) Spurge. Euphorbia, L.
ful, gentle, tame : applied to animáis.
Lechigada, sf. 1. Litter, a number of pigs farLeal, sm. Loyalíst.
rowed at once. 2. Crowd of people; band of
Lealménte, ad. Loyally, faithfully.
ruffians.
Lealtad, sf. 1. Loyalty,fidelity,faithful attachLechín, sm. 1. Tent, pledget. 2. (Prov.) Olives
ment to the laws and government, fealty.
rich in oil.
2. Geñtleness towards a master: applied to Lechino, sm. 1. Tent, a roU of lint put into a
beasts.
sore. 2. Small tumour in horses.
Lebeche, sm. South-west wind.
Lecho, sm. 1. Bed, a place of repose, a couch.
Lebrada, sf. Fricassee made of haré.
2 Litter, straw laid under animáis. Lecho
Lebrastón, sm. 1. (Obs.) A n oíd haré. 2. (CoU.) de lobo, Haunt of a wolf. Lecho de respeto,
A cunning, crafty fellow.
Bed of state. 3. Bedofaiíver; horizontal
Lebratíco,filo,íto, sm. dim. A young haré, a
surface of a seat. 4. Layer, lay, a stiatum
leveret.
oí row, a bed, a couch,-one body spread oveí
Lebrato, sm. Young haré.
another.
Lebrel, sm. Greyhound. Canis variegatus, L. Lechon, sm. .. A sucking pig; pig of any size,
530
LEG
LEG
2. A dirty fellow in point of dress or manneiLegadór, sm. (Prov.) Day-labourer, whc ties
the feet of sheep.
of living.
Lechona, sf. 1. Sucking female pig. 2. (Coll.) Legadura, sf. Ligature, cord or strap fot tyaig
or binding the feet of sheep.
A dirty w o m a n in point of dress.
Lechoncíco,íllo, íto, sm. dim. A very young pig. Legajíco, íllo, íto, sm. dim. A small bundle oí
loóse papera tied together.
Lechoso, sa, a. Milky: applied to planto or
Legajo, sm. Bundle of loóse papers tied togefruits full of juice.
Lechuga, sf. 1. (Bot.) Lettuce. Lactuca, L. 2. ther.
Legal, a. 1. Legal, lawful, constitutional. 2.
V. lechuguilla for a frill.
Loyal, true, faithful iu the performance of
Lechugado, da, a. Having leaves like lettuce.
duty, punctual.
Lechuguero, ra, s. Retailer of lettuce.
Legalidad, sf. Legality,fidelity,punctuaüty ;
Lechuguíca, íta, sf. dim. A small lettuce.
Lechuguilla, sf. 1. (Dim.) Small lettuce. 2. Frill lawfulness, legitimateness, Hcitness.
Legalización, sf. Attestation of a signature or
formerly worn around the neck.
subscription by which an instrument or wriLechuguiuo, sm. Plot of small lettuces.
ting is legalized.
Lechuza, sf. (Orn.) O w ) . Strix passerina, L.
Lechuzo, za, a. 1. Suckling: applied to colts Legalizar, ra.To legalize,to authorize, to m a k e
lawful.
andfillies.2. Colleeting debts in trust ior
Legalménte, ad. Legally, lawfully: faithfully.
another.
Lechuzo, sm. 1. Nickname of an agent, col- Legamente, ad. Ignorantly, iu an ílhterato
manner.
lector, or commissioner w h o collects money
or debts. 2. Nickname of a person or any Légamo, sm. Slime, m u d or clay left by water.
kind of persons w h o are like owls to any of Legamoso., sa, a. Slimy, greasy
Légaña, sf. Lippitude, blearedness of eyes.
their qualities. 3. Filly one year oíd.
Legar, va. 1. T o depute, to send on an embassy.
Lecíto, sm. Ancient vase like a bottle.
2. T o bequeath, to leave any particular thing
Lecticário, sm. W i t h the R o m a n s , a maker of
by a last will or testament. 3. (Obs.) V.
sedan-chairs, or a sedan-chairman.
Ligar and Llegar.
Lectistérnio. sm. Banquet of the heathen gods.
Lectivo, va, a. Applied to the time of lecture in Legatario, sm. Legatee, a ^crson to w h o m a
legacy is left, legatary.
univereities.
Lector, ra, s. 1. Reader, one that peruses any Legatína, sf. A kind of stuff m a d e of silk and
ivool.
thing written. 2. In monastic orders, a lecturer,teacheror professor. 3. In the R o m á n Legenda, sf. (Obs.) Legend, traditionary history
of saints, etc.
Catholie Church, the second of the four minor
Legendario, sm. 1. Legend, a chronicle or reorders.
gister of the Uves of saints. 2. Legendary,
Lectorádo, sm. Institution of lecturer.
author of a legend.
Lectora!, 1. sf. A prebendary dignity in cathedral churches of Spain. 2. sm. T h e person Legible, a. Legible, such as m a y be read.
Legiblemente, ad. (Littl. us.) Legibly.
who enjoys the prebend called lectoral.
Lectorál, a. AppUed to the prebend or canonry Legicón, sm. (Littl. us.) Dictionary
called lectoral in Spain, and to the preben- Legión, sf. 1. Legión, a R o m á n corps. 2. Legión, an indefinita number.
dary who enjoys it.
Lectoría, sf. Lectureship, in monastic orders, Legionario, ria, a. Legionary, belonging to a
legión.
the place and office of a lecturer.
Lectura, sf. 1. Reading, lecture, the act of read-Legislación, /. Legislation, collection of the
laws of a country.
ing. 2. T h e act of teaching by way of lectures. 3. In the Spanish univereities, the Legislador, sm. 1. Legislator, law-giver, lawmaker, one w h o makes laws for a commusubject of any professor's lectures. 4. A disnity. 2. Censor, censurer, he that blames or
course delivered in public examination. 5. V.
censures.
Lectoría. 6. A m o n g printers, small pica,
Legisladora, sf. Legísla'ress, a female lawLedamente, ad. Merrily, cheerfully.
giver.
Ledo, da, a. G a y , merry, cheerful, glad, full of
Legislar, ra. 1. T o legislate, to enact laws. 2.
T o ceowire, to criticise.
Leer, ra. 1. To read or peruse any thing written.
2. To lecture, to instruct formally or pttblicly. Legislativo, va, a. Legislative, lawgivíng; constitutive.
3. T o penétrate into one's inmost thoughts.
Lega, sf. A lay-sister w h o serves the c o m m u - Legislatura, sf. Legislature, the power that
makes laws.
nity.
Legacía, Legación, sf. 1. Embassy, legatíon, Legisperito, sm. V . Jurisperito.
deputation. 2. Legatoship, office of a légate. Legista, sm. Legist, one skilled in law; a pro3. Message sent by an ambassador or deputy.
fessor of laws: a student of jurisprudence.
4. Province of the ecclesiastical sfates go- Legítima, sf. Portion or share of the paternal
verned by a legato. 5. Duration of a legate's
or maternal estáte, which belongs to the chilembassy or of a legate's government.
dren, according to law.
Legado, sm. 1. Deputy, ambassador, légate. 2. Legitimación, sf. Legitimation, the act of inLegacy, a particular thing given by last will
vesting with the privileges of lawful biith,
and testament. legado á látere, A cardinal Legítimamente, ad. Legitiraately, lawfully.
plenipotentiary of his bdiness tbe pope to a Legitimar, ra. 1. T o prove, to establish to evisovereign prince.
dence. 2. T o legitímate, to procure to any .
531
2 M2
LEN
LEN
the rights of legitímate birth. 3. T o make Lencera, sf. A w o m a n dealer in Unen; the wifi
legitímate or adequate; to legalize.
of a linen-draper.
Legitimidad, sf. Legitímacy, legitimateness; Lencería, sf. 1. Sortment of linen of different
legality, lawfuluess.
sorts; plenty of linen. 2. Linen-draper's shop;
Legítimo, m a , a. Y. Legitímate, born in mar- Unen-hall, where linen is sold. 3. Línea
riage, lawfuUy begotten. 2. True, certain.
trade.
3. Legal.
Lencero, ra, s. Linen-draper or linen-man, dealeí
Lego, sm. 1. Layman, laic, one of the people
in linen.
distinct from the clergy. 2. Lay-brother or Lendél, sm. Circle described by a horse turning
a wheel to raise water out of a well.
lay-friar, a person admitted for the service of
a religious body. Carta de legos, Decree Lendrera, sf. A cióse comb for taking out nits.
which exeludes an ecclesiastic judgefromthe Lendrero, sm. Place full of nits.
cognizance of civil causes.—a. 1. Laical, lay, Lendróso, sa, a. Nitty, full of nits on hair.
laic. 2. Ignorant, illiterate.
Lene, a. (Obs.) Mild, soft, bland.
Legón, sm. Spadei
Lengua, sf. 1. Tongue, the organ of speech in
Legoncíllo, sm. dim. A small spade.
human beings; the parí by which animáis
Legra, sf. Trepan, surgeon's instrument.
lick. 2. Language, tongue of a nation as
Legración, Legradúra, sf. Act of trepanning.
distinct from others, idiom. 3. Interpreter.
Legrar, va. T o trepan, to perfórate the skull
4. Information, advice. 5. Speech, discutirse.
with a trepan.
6. Tongue or needle of a balance. 7. ClapLegua, sf. League, a linear measure; 17| Spa- per of a bell. Lenguas, In the order of
nish leagues make a geographical degree:
Malia, the provinces into which the posses8000 Spanish yards make a Spanish league
sions of the order are divided. Lengua del
or nearly four English miles. A legua, á la agua, At the edge of the water. Lengua de
legua, á leguas, de cien leguas, de muchas
tierra, Neck of land running out into the sea.
leguas or desde media legua, Very far, at a Con la lengua de un palmo, or con un palmo
great distance.
de lengua, With great anxiety or eagerness.
Leguílla, sf. V. Liguilla.
7e»er algo en el pico de la lengua, To have
Legumbre, sm. 1. Pulse, leguminous plants;
any thing at the tongue's end. Lengua
sabia, Learned language. Lengua canina ot
pot-herbs, garden-stuff, iegume or legumen,
a*e perro, (Bot.) Hound's-tongue. Cynoglosa pod or thefruitof leguminous plants. 2.
sum, L. Lengua de buey, (Bot.) C o m m o n
(Joc.) The people distinct from the clergy.—
bugloss. Anchusa officinalis, L. Lengua
pl. (Prov.) Greens.
Leguminoso, sa, a. (Bot.) Leguminous: applied cerval, Hart's-tongue or common hait'stongue. Asplenium scolopendrium, L.
to the plants or vegetables which bear leLenguado, sm. (Ichth.) So^e. Pleuronectos solea
gumes or pods.
et Unguatula, L.
Leíble, a. Legible, readable.
Leído, da, a. Having read much, book-learned. Lenguage, sm. 1. Language, idiom, speech. 2.
Language, style, manner of expression or
pp. oí Leer.
manner of speaking or writing. Lenguage
Leijár, Lejár, ra. (Obs.) V. Dejar.
bajo or obsceno, Ribaldry.
Leíla, sf. A Moorish dance.
Lenguarada, sf. V. Lengüetada.
Leímma, sm. Interval of music.
Lenguaraz, a. 1. Languaged, having various
Lejanía, sf. Distance, remoteness in place.
languages. 2. Fluent, voluble: applied to
Lejano, na, a. Distant, remote, far.
Lejía, sf. 1. Lie or lye, water boiled with ashes, one who expresses himself with ease and propriety. 3. Forward, petulant. 4. Talkative,
and thus impregnated with an alkaline salt
freetongued. It is sometimes used as a sub2. (Met.) Severe reprehensión.
stantive for a linguist.
Lejío, sm. A m o n g dyers, üe.
Lenguaz, a. Loquadous, garrulous.
Lejiviál, a. Lixivia!.
Lejos, ad. At a great distance, far off. Buen Lengüeár, ra. (Obs.) To spy, to watch and observe.
lejos, Looking best at a distance.
Lejos, sm. l.Perspective, distant prospect. 2. Lengiiedca, fila, íta, sf. dim. A small tongue.
(Met.) Similarity, appearance, resemblance. Lengüeta, sf. 1. (Dim.) A small tongue. 2,
Languet, any thing cut in the form of a
A lo lejos, de lejos, de muy lejos or desde lejos,
tongue. 3. (Anat.) Epiglottis. 4. Needle of
At a great distance.
a balance. 5. Bookbinüer's cutting-knifé. í>.
Lejos, jas, a. Distant, very remote: generally
The iron point of an arrow, of afish-hookof
used in the feminine.
an anchor, etc. 7. (Arch.) Buttress; movldLejuélos, ad. dim. At a little distance.
ing. 8. Borer used by saddlers and chairLelilí, sm. War-hoop of the Moors.
makers. Lengüetas, Movable plates M valves
Lelo, la, a. Stupid, ignorant, crazy.
in musical wind instruments.
Lema, sm. 1. Argument of a poem explained in
the title; motto. 2. L e m m a , a propositíon Lengüetada, sf. The act of ticking.
Lengüetería, sf. Collection of tubes with valvea
previously assumed.
in an organ.
Léme, sf. (Nau.) Tiller.
Lengüezuela, sf. dim. A small tongue.
Leméra, sf. (Nau.) V. Limera.
Lemosln, na, a. Relating to the Lemosiu lan- Lengüetero, ra, a. (Littl. us.) Languaged.
Lenidad, sf. Lenity, mildness, favour.
guage or that of the Troubadours.
Leniénte, sm. (Med.) Lenient, an emollient
Ltímosín, sm. The Lemosin language.
Lenificar, ra. T o lenify, to soften. V. Suavizar,
Lén, a. Applied to soft untwísted silk.
53¿
LEP
LET
Lepidoctéra, sf. (Ent.) Lepidoctcra.
Lenificativo, va, a. Mollifying, softening.
Lepra, sf. Leprosy, a loathsome distompeí
Lenír, ra. (Obs.) To mollify, to assuage.
Lenitivo, va, a. Lenitive, assuasive, lenient, mi- which covers the body with a kind of white
scale.
tigant.
Leprosidád, sf. (Med.) Leprousness.
Lenitivo, sm. EmoUient, mitigator, lenient.
Lenizar, ra. (Littl. us.) T o soften, to mollify. Leproso, sa, a. Leprous, leperous.—s. Leper.
Lenocinio, sm. Pimping, pandering. V. Alca- Lerda, sf. (Veter.) V. Lerdón.
Lerdamente, aa". Slowly, heavi'.y, lumpishly
huetería.
obtusely.
Lenón, sm. (Obs.) V. Alcahuete.
Lerdez, sf. Slowness, tardiness, heaviness.
Lentamente, ad. Slowly, heavily, lazily, lingerLerdo, da, a. Slow, heavy ; dull of compreheningly.
"
Lente, sf. Lens, a glass spherically convex on siou, lumpish, obtuse, fat-witted or fatbrained.
both sides.
Lenteja, sf. (Bot.) Lentil. Cicer lens, L. Len-Lerdón, sm. (Veter.) Tumour in a horse's pastera.
teja de agua, Gibbous duck-weed. Lemna
Lesión, sf. Hurt, damage, wound ; injury,
gibba, L.
Lentejuela, sf. Spangle, a small píate of gold or wrong.
Lesivo, va, a. Prejudicial, injurious.
silver used in embroideries.
Lesna, sf. Awl, a pointed instrument to bore
Lenteza, sf. (Obs.) Slowness.
holes.
Lenticular, a. Lenticular, in the form of a
Lesnordéste, sm. (Nau.) Eastnorth-east wind.
lentil.
Lentisco, sm. (Bot.) Mastich-tree. Pistacia len-Leso, sa, «. Wounded, hurt, damaged; perverted. Lesa magestad, Leze majesty.
tiscus, L.
Lest, sm. (Obs.) 1. Last, a certain weight oí
Lentitud, sf. Slowness, sluggishness, leutitude,
measure. 2. East, Levant.
sluggish coldness, lentor.
Lento, ta, a. 1. Slow, sluggish, tardy, heavy, Leste, sm. East wind; east.
long, lingering. 2. (Med.) Glutinous. 3. Lesuéste, sm. (Nau.) East-south-east wind.
Letal, a. Mortal, deadly, destructive, lethal.
(Mus.) Largo.
Letame, sm. (Obs.) Mud, mire to manure the
Lentór, sm. Lentor, a viscous humour.
soil.
Lenzuelo, sm. Handkerchief.
Letanía, sf. 1. Litany, a form of supplicatory
Leña, sf. Wood, timber.
Leñador, ra, s. Woodman, wood-cutter, dealer in prayer. Letanías, Supplicatory processions.
2. (Coll.) List or enumeration of many
wood.
things.
Leñar, ra. To cut wood.
Letárgico, ca, a. Lethargic, lethargical.
Leñera, sf. Place for fire-wood.
Letargo, sm. Lethargy, a morbid drowsiness.
Leñázgo, sm. Pile of wood or timber.
Leñero, sm. 1. Timber-merchant. 2. Timber- Letéo, a, a. (Poet.) Lethean, letheed.
Leticia, sf. (Obs.) Joy, mirth.
yard, where timber is sold. 3. A logman.
Leño, sm. 1. Block, a heavy piece of timber; a Letífero, ra, a. Lethrferous, deadly, that which
is the cause or sign of death.
log; the trunk of a tree cut down. 2. (Poet)
Ship, vessel. 3. (Met.) Person of little talent Letificante, pa. Exhilarating.
or abiUty. Leño hediondo, (Bot.) V. He- Letificar, ra. (Littl. us.) T o rejoice, to make
merry.
diondo.
Letíjo, sm. (Obs.) V. Litigio.
Leñoso, sa, a. Woody, ligneous, frithy.
León, sm. 1. Lion. Felis leo, L. León pardo, Letra, sf. 1. Letter, one of the elements of syllables. 2. Hand, chaiacter or peculiar manV. Leopardo. 2. .(Astr.) Leo, thefifthsign
ner of writing. 3. Letter, type, a printing
of the zodiac. 3. (Met.) A n irritable and
letter. 4. Motto, inscription. 5. A kind of
cruel person.
Spanish poetical composition. 6. Words of a
Leona, sf. Lioness, the female of the lion.
Leonado, da, a. Lion-coloured, reddish yeliow ; song. 7. Letter, the verbal expression, the
literal meaning, the grammatical sense of a
fallow.
phrase. 8. A n arithmetical character, a
Leoncíco, íllo, íto, sm. Whelp of a lion.
Leonera, sf. Cage or place where lions are shut cipher. 9. (Coll.) Sagacity, acuteness. Letra
up; a menagery where there are many lions.
or letra de cambio, Bill of exchange. A la
letra, Literally. punctually, entirely. 7ener
Leonero, sm. 1. Keeper of lions. 2. Master of
mucha letra, To be very artful and cunning.
a gambling house.
Leónica, sf. Vein or gland under the tongue: Letras, 1.Letters, learning; the learned piochiefly used of horses.
fessions. 2. Rescript, dispatch. 3. (Prov.)
Leonino, na, a. 1. Leonine, belonging to lions.
Certification, testimony. Letras humanas,
2. Leonine verses are those of which the end
V. Humanidades. Tener las letras gordas,
rhymes to the middle.
To be dull or ignorant in point of sciences
Leonina, sf. Elephantiasis, kind of leprosy.
and learning.
Leontepetalón, sm. (Bot.) A plant, the root of Letrada, sf. (CoU.) Lawyer's wife.
which is an antidote for the poison of a snake. Letradería, Letraduría, sf. 1. (Low) Body or
Leonuro, sm. (But.) Lion's-tail. Phlomis leonusociety of lawyers, inn. 2. A foolish speech
rus, L.
uttered with an air of dignity and imporLeopardo, sm. Leopard, a spotted beast of prey,
tance.
Felis pardus, L.
Letrado, da, a. 1. Learned, erudito, letteied. '¿
Lepidio, sm. (Bot.) Pepper-wort. Lepidium, L.
(Coll.) Vain, presumptuous.
533
LEV
UB
Letiádo, sm. Lawyer, professor of law ; advóderne. Levantar la cerviz, (Mtt.) T o exaít;
cate, counsellor. A lo letrado, A s a lawyer, to extol one's self. Levantar polvareda, To
like a counsellor.
raise a dust, (o excite disturbances. Levantar
Letradúra, sf. (Obs.) V . Literatura.
el caballo, T o drive a horse at the gallop.
Letrero, sm. A n inscription, a title, any thing
Levantar la mesa, T o clear the table. Levanwritten or engraved to commemorate, give
tarse con algo, T o take possession of any
notice, etc.; a legend on medals or cotas.
thing.
Letrilla, sf. 1. (Dim.) A small letter. 2. A Levante, sm. 1. Levant, particularly the coasts
short poem, generally written to be sung to
of the Mediterranean east of Italy. 2. Rise,
music.
the act of gettíng up. 3. East; east-wind.
Letrina, sf. Privy, necessary-house, little-house. Estar de levante, T o be ready to set sail.
Letrón, sm. avgm. A large letter.
Comercio de Levante, T h e Levant trade.
Letrónes, sm. pl. Capital letters or large charac- Levantino, na, Levantisco, ca, a. Levadme,
ters written at the door of churches.
relating or belonging to the Levant.
Letúra, sf. A m o n g printers, small pica.
Levar, va. 1. (Obs.) T o carry, to transport. 2,
Leudar, va. T o ferment the mass of dough with
(Nau.) T o weigh anchor.
leven.
Leve, a. Light, of little weight; frifiing.
Leudo, da, a. Fermented, levened: appUed to Levedad, sf. Lightíiess, levity; inconstaucy.
bread.
Levemente, ad. Lightly, gently; veniaUy.
Leva, sf. 1. (Nau.) Act of weighing anchor. Leviatán, sm. Leviathan, a water animal.
Pieza de leva, Shot fired as a signal for Levigár, va. (Littl. us ) T o levigate.
weighing anchor. 2. Levy, the act of raising Levita, sm. 1. Levite, one of the tribe of Levi.
m e n for military service ; press. 3. (Nau.)
2. V . Diácono.
SweU of the sea. Hay mar de leva, There Levita, sf. Great-coat, frock-coat
is a swell in the offing.—pl. 1. Tricks, artful Levítico, sm. 1. B o o k of Leviticus. 2. (Coll.)
devices. 2. In powder-mills, the lifters, which
Ceremonial used in any festival.
raise the pounding pestles.
Levítico, ca, a. (Coll.) Levitical, príesfly.
Levada, sf. 1. Silkworm which moves from one Lexicografía, sf. Lexicography, the art of wriplace to another. 2. Salute orflourishm a d e
ting dictionaries.
with thefoilby fencers before they set to. V. Lexicógrafo, sm. Lexicographer, author or writet
Llevada.
of a dictionary.
Levadéro, ra, a. That which is to be demanded. Ley, sf. 1. L a w , a decree, edict, ordinance,
Levadizo, za, a. That can be lifted or raised.
constitution or statute publicly established.
Levadura, sf. 1. Ferment, leven, yeast, Ieaven. 2. L a w , a ride of action. 3. Loyalty, faith2. Board cut off from a piece of timber, to
ful attachment to a superior or master. 4.
.
give it the proper dimensión.
Religión. 5. Alloy, base metal mixed in coinLevantada, sf. (CoU.) Rise, the act of rising.
age with gold or silver, to render it harder.
Levantadamente, aa*. In an elevated oí exalted
Ley del encaje, (Coll.) Dictamen of a judge
manner.
without regard to the laws. Ley de la trampa,
Levantador, ra, s. 1. O n e w h o raises or lifts up.
Fraud, deceit. A la ley, W i t h propriety and
2. Disturber, he that excites disturbances. 3.
neatness A toda ley, Perfectly, according to
(Surg.) Levator.
rule.—pl. 1. B o d y or collection of laws. 2.
Study and profession of the law.
Levantamiento, sm. 1. Elevation, the act of
raising; sublimity. 2. Insurrection, revolt, Leyenda, sf. Reading, lecture, legend, what is
read.
rebellion, commotion. 3. (Prov.) Balance of
Lézda, sf. Ancient tax on merchandise.
accounts.
Levantar, ra. I. T o raise, to lift or to lift up, f o Lía, sf.l.A thin bass-rope. 2. H u s k of pressed
grapes. Estar hecho una lia, (Coll.) T o be
heave, to get up, to hold up, to hang up, to
tipsy.
mount, to set upright. 2. T o build up, to
raise, to erect a building. 3. T o raise, to ex- Liar, ra. T o tie,tobind, to fagot.—rr. T o contract an alliance. Liarlas, (Met. Coll.) To
cite to tumult or war, to stir up. 4. T o imelope, to die.
pute or attribute falsely. 5. T o rouse, to
raise, to excite to action. 6. T o elévate, to Liara, sf. (Prov.) V . Aliara and Cuerna.
aggrandize, to promote. 7. T o rouse or Liaza, sf. Collection of hoops used by coopers.
start game. 8. T o cut the cards. 9. T o Libación, sf. Libatiou, pouring out wine for a
sacrifice.
levy, to raise m e n for military service. 10.
T o increase, to enlarge. 11. T o raise the Líbamíénto, sm. T h e offering in ancient sacrifices.
voice, to utter loudly. 12. T o raise, to occasion ; to begin. — r r . 1. T orise,to change a Libar, ra. 1. To suck, to sip,toextract the juice;
to taste. 2. T o perform a libatiou.
jacent or recumbent to an erect posture, to
get up from a fall. 2. T o rise, to get up Libelar, ra. T o petition, to sue at law.
from bed. 3. T o stand up. 4. T orise,to Libelático, ca, a. AppUed to the Christians who
renounced the Christian religión in a writteii
have more elevation than some other thing.
declaration, for which the R o m á n emperors
5. T o rise, to break in commotions or insurexempted them from persecution.
rections. 6. T o start or to rise suddenly:
applied to game. Levantar falso testimonio,Libelista, sm. (Littl. us.) Libeller, authoi of
libéis.
T o accuse falsely. Levantar la casa, T o
break up house, to move to another place. Libelo, sm. 1. Petition, libel; a declaration
of charge in writing against a peison to
Levantar velas (Met.) T o abandon one's resi534
LIB
L1B
rourt. 2. A defamatory writing, lampoon,
2. In cora-milis, a shoe with a hole and
libe!.
feeder, through which fhe corn falls tato the
Liberal, a. 1. Liberal, generous, free, open,
eye of the millstone. 3. Store-keeper of the
large, munificent, openhearted; handsome,
king's mews. 4. Copper shovel, used by gro
fair. 2. Quick in the performance of a thtog;
cers and confectioners to take out dry sweetbrisk, active. 3. Liberal: applied to the arts
meats, brown sugar, etc.
as opposed to mechanics
Libramiento, sm. 1. (Littl. us.) Delivery, the act
Liberalidad, sf. Liberality, generosity, largeness, of delivering. 2. (Obs.) Deliverance, the act
of freeing from captívity. 3. Warrant, ordei
munificence,frankness,openheartedness; gallantry.
of payment.
Liberalizar, ra. T o Uberalize: it is a modern Librancista, sm. 1. O n e w h o holds a warrant oí
word.
order of payment. 2. Clerk w h o draws up
Liberalménte, ad. Liberally, expeditíously,
warrants.
largely, munificently, generously, frankly, Librante, sm. Solicitor, procurator.
freely.
Libranza, sf. V. Libramiento for a wanant.
Liberamént, Liberaménte, ad. (Obs.) V . Libre- Librar, ra. 1. T o free, to deliver, to rid from
mente.
danger, to extricate, to exempt, to rid out of;
to preserve or clear from any thing ill. 2.
Libérrimo, m a , a. sup. Most free.
Libertad, sf. 1. Liberty, freedom, the power of T o give a warrant or order for paying a
doing without inconvenience what is not concertain sum. 3. T o dispatch, to expedite.
4. (Obs.) T o give leave to converse to the
trary to the laws or established customs. 2.
parlour: applied to nuns. 5. T o commit, to
Liberty, freedom, as opposed to slavery. 3.
intrust 6. T o decide, to sentence. 7. T o draw
Liberty, freedom, the state of one w h o is not
a bilí or money. Librar bien or mal, T o get
a prisoner: 4. Liberty, freedom, license,
assumed familiarity, relaxation of restraint
over a thing well or ill. A bien or o buen
librar, T h e best that could possibly happen.
5. Liberty, freedom, exemption, privilege,
immunity.
6. Freedom, agility, address, Libratorio, sm. V. Locutorio.
alacrity; independenee; freeness.
Librázo, sm. 1. ( A u g m . ) A large book. 2. Blow
with a book.
Libertadamente, aa*. Freely.
Libertado, da, a. I. Líbertine, impudent. 2. Libre, a. I. Free, uncumbered, unrestrained;
Free, ungoverned. 3. Idle, disengaged;—pp.
independent; unembarrassed. 2. Free, at
liberty, not enslaved, not a prisoner. 3. Free,
oí Libertar.
exempt, privileged. 4. Free, innocent, guilt
Libertador, ra, s. Deliverer, liberator.
Libertar, va. 1. T o free, to set at liberty, to
less. 5. Single, unmarried. 6. Free, Ubermake free, to loóse or to set loóse, to set free, tine, loóse, unrestrained, frank, Ucentíous, impudent. 7. Rash, bold, forward, thoughtless.
to libérate. 2. T o exempt, to free,toexcuse,
to clear from an obligation ordebt, to acquit.
8. Latitudinarian. 9. Free, dear from distress.
3. T o free, to rid from, to clear from any
It has been lately used as a substantive.
Librea, sf. Livery, clothes given to servante.
thing ill. 4. T o preserve.
Liberttoáge, sm. Libertiiiism, licentiousness of Librear, ra. T o weigh, to sell or distribute by
opinión or practice ; libertinage, license, irre- pouuds.
ligión.
Libréjo, sm. dim. A little book, a pamphlet
Libertino, na, s. Child of a freed m a n . — a . Libremente, ad. Freely ; boldly ; a»rdaciously,
Libertine, irreligious, dissoluto, impudent,
impudently.
licentious, lewd.
Librería, sf. 1. Bookseller's shop, stationer's
Liberto, sm. A freed m a n , an emancipated
shop. 2.Profession and trade of a bookseller.
slave.
3. Library, a large collection of books. 4,
Líbi, sm. A t Buenos Ayres, an instrument with
Library, the apartment which contains a colwhich the Indiaus catch ostriches.
lection of books properly arranged.
Libicoáfrico, sm. Westerly wind.
Librero, sm. Bookst Her, one w h o deals in books.
Libiconóto, sm. South-west wind.
Libreta, sf. 1. Small pound of twelve ounces;
Libidinosamente, ad. Libidinously.
the troy-weight pound. 2. Loaf of bread
Libidinoso, sa, a. Libidinous, lewd, lustful, luxwhich weighs sixteen ounces. 3. S m a U
urious.
memorandum-book.
Líbítum (Ad), ad. (Lat.) A t will.
Líbrete, sm. 1. (Dim.) A small book. 2. Small
Libra, sf. 1. Pound, a certain weight, consistvessel with coals used by w o m e n for warming
ing in general of sixteen ounces in Spain.
their feet.
Libra medicinal, Pound of twelve ounces, Librílla, sf. dim. A small pound.
used to weigh medicines. Xi'ira carnicera, Libríco, íto, sm. dim. A small book.
Flesh-pound of fhirty-six ounces. 2. Libra Librillo, sm. 1. (Dim.) V. Librico. 2. (Obs.) V .
esterlina, A pound storling. Libra tornesa, Lebrillo.
A French livre. 3. In oil-mills, weight with Libro, sm. 1. Book, a volume in which we read
which the husks of olives are pressed. 4.
or write. 2. Book, a división or part of a
(Astr.) Libra, sign of the zodiac.
v/ork. 3. (Met.) Contribution, impost, fax.
Libradlo, sm. (Coll.) A n oíd worm-eaten book
Libro de
Libro becerro, Doomsday-book.
orpamphlet; abad book.
caja, A merchant's book, a cash-book. Libro
Libración, sf. Libration, the state of being bade asiento or libro de cuentas, Accountbook,
lanced.
Libro de facturas, lnvoice-book. Libro del
Librador, sm. 1. Deliverer, one who sets at liberty, diario, (Ñau.) Journal. Libro en blanco,
535
LIE
LIG
A paper-book. Libro mayor, Ledger. Libro Liencecíco, íllo, íto, sm. dim. Little linen cloth.
de memoria, Memorandum-book. Libro de Liendre, sf. Knit or nit, the egg of a louse.
las cuarenta hojas, Pack of cards. Libro verde,
Lientéra, Lientéria, sf. Lientery, diarthoea which
Book for topographical and genealogical recarries off' the food undigested.
marks ; also the compiler of such writings.
Lientérico, ca, a. Lienteric.
Libróte, sm. augm. Large book: applied in Liento, ta, a. D a m p , moist
general to a bad book.
Lienzo, sf. 1. Linen, cloth made offlaxo
Libúrnica, sf. A kind of light vessel.
hemp.
Lienzo encerado, Glazed Unen,
Licantropía, sf. Lycanthropy, violent insanity.
Lienzo curado, Bleached Unen, 2. HandkerLicencia, sf. 1. Permission, leave, license,
chief. 3. Painting on Unen. 4. (Fort.) Curliberty. 2. Liceniiousness, contempt of just
tain, the part of a rampart which runs between
restraint, looseness, excessive freedom oí
two bastions, or jotos theflanksthereof. 5.
liberty. 3. Degree of licentiate.
Face or front of a building
Licendaclíllo, sm. Nickname given to a little Lievár, ra. (Obs.) V. Llevar
ridiculous person dressed in clerical habito.
Lifára, sf. (Prov.) V. Alifara.
Licenciado, sm. 1. Licentiate, a degree in Spa- Liga, sf. 1. Garter, a string orribandby which
nish universitíes, and the person who has
the stocking is held upon the leg. 2. (Bot.)
taken that degree. 2. (CoU.) A n y scholar in
Mistletoe. Viscum albura, L. 3. Bird-Ume oí
the Spanish univereities. 3. Appellation of
lime. 4. League, coalition, coufederacy, comjurisconsulto, although doctors.
bination, faction, covenant, consociatíon, aUoy.
Licenciado, da, a. and pp. oí Licenciar, Licensed;
5. V. Ley, for aUoy.
vainglorious.
Ligación, sf. 1. Ligation, act of tying. 2.
Licénciamiento, sm. The act of taking the degree Union, mixture.
of licentiate.
Ligadas, sf. pl. (Print.) Ligatures.
Licenciar, ra. 1. T o permit, to allow; to Ucense;
Ligado, da, a. and pp. oí Ligar, Tied, bound,
to licentiate. 2. T o license, to dísmiss, to
leagued, confedérate.
send away. 3. To make a licentiate.—vr. To Ligado, sm. (Mus.) Star.
beeome dissolute.
Ligadura, sf. 1. Ligature, any thing tied round
Licenciosamente, aa". Licentiously.
another. 2. Ligation, ligature, the act of
Licencioso, sa, a. Licentious, dissolute, free,
binding. 3. (Surg.) Ligature. 4. Subjecloóse.
tion. 5. V. Maleficio. 6. (Nau.) Seizing,
Liceo, sm. Lyceum, a public school.
the fastening of two ropes with a thin Une;
Licéra, sf. (Prov.) V. Lisera.
lashing. Dar una ligadura, (Nau.) To seize.
Lichera, sf. (Prov.) Woollen cover of a bed. Ligagámba, sf. (Obs.) Garter. V. Liga.
Licio, sm. (Bot.) Box-thorn. Lycium, L.
Ligálio, sm, (Prov.) V. Mesta.
Lición, sf. (Obs.) V. Lección.
Ligamáza,s/.Viscous or glutinous matter around
Lícitamente, ad. LawfuUy, justly, licitly.
some fruits.
Lícito, ta, a. Licit, lawful; just.
Ligamento, sm. 1. (Anat.) Lígament, ñame of
Licopodio, sm. Lycopodium.
some elastic and strong cords conneettog the
Licor, sm. 1. Liquor, any thing liquid. 2.
extremities of the movable bones. 2. LigaLiquor, strong drink, spirits.
ment, bond, chain, entanglement.
Licoroso, sa, a. Applied to generous wine, which Ligamentoso, sa, a. Ligamentous, ligamento!
is spiritous aiid aromatic.
Ligamiento, sm. 1. Union, act of tying or unitLictór, sm. Lictor, aminister of justice in ancient ing. 2. Union, concord. 3. (Übs.) LígaRome.
ment.
Licuable, a. Liquable, that may be melted.
Ligar, ra. 1. To tie, to bind, to fasten, to knit;
Licuación, sf. Liquation, liquefaction, the act to confix, to constrict. 2. T o allay or alloy.to
of melting.
mix base metáis with gold or silver, to render
Licuar, ra. T o üquefy,todissolve, to melt.
themfitterforcoinage. 3. To league, to coaLicuescencia, sf. Liquescency, aptness to melt. lesee, to confedérate. 4. To render impotent
Licuescente, a. Liquescent, melting.
by charms or spells. 5. T o exorcise, to puLid, sm. Conflict, contest,fight;dispute, argu- rify from the influence of malignaut spirits.
•—rr. 1. To league,toconspire, to conjoin, to
ment.
be leagued, to be aUied. 2. To bind one's
Lidiador, sm. Combatant; one who pubUcly
self to the performance of a contract
disputes or argües.
Lidiar, vn. Tofight,to oppose, to contend.—ra. Ligazón, sf. 1. Union, contextura, confixure, connexion, ligament, bond. 2. (Nau.) FuttockT o run orfightbulls.
timbers, the compass-timbers which form the
Lidio, a. (Mus.) Lydian, a spedes of ancient
music.
breadth of a ship. Navio que carece de ligaLiebrastón, sm. Leveret, a small or young haré.
zones, A ship slightly built.
Liebrático, sm. Young haré.
Ligeramente, ad. Swiftly, lightly, easily; gidLiebre, sf. 1. Haré. Lepus, L. 2. Coward
dily, without reflection.
poltrón. Coger una liebre, T o fall into m u dLigereza, sf. 1. Lightness, celerity,fleetness,agior mire.—pl. 1. (Nau.) Racks or ribs. 2.
lity, nimbleness. 2. Levity, unsteadiness,
(Nau.) Dead-eyes.
incoustauey, fickleness, facility, flippaney,
Liebrecíca, illa, íta, sf. dim. A young or a smaUflirfation. 3. Lightness, want of weight. ligereza de manos, Legerdemain, juggle.
haré.
Ligero, ra, a. 1. Light, of little weight 2. Light.
Liebrecílla, sf. (Bot.) V. Azulejo.
thin : applied to stuff or cloth. 3. Swiftilight,
Liebrezuéla sf. dim. V. Liebrecíca.
536
L1M
LIM
active, nimble, fleet. 4. Light, gay, airy, uu- Limitar, ra. I. T o limit, to confine within certain bounds, to narrow. 2. T o form bounsteady, giddy. 5. Light, trifling. 6. Easily
daries, to establish limito. 3. T o restrain, to
digestible: applied to food. 7. Cnsound, not
circumscribe ; to coarct, to reduce expense.
calm: applied to sleep. Ligero de dedos,
Light fingered. A la ligera, Lightly, expe- Límite, sm. Limit, boundary, bound, bordei
ditíously. De ligero, Rashly; easily.
confine.
Limitrófe, a. Limiting, conterminous, limitaneLigeruéla, a. Applied to early grapes.
Ligio, a, a. Liege, bound by some feudal tenure. ous, limitary : applied to frontier provinces.
Ligaumcrúcis, sm. Relique of the cross of Christ. Limo, sm. (Prov.) Slime, mud.
Limón, sm. 1. L e m o n , the fruit of the lemonLigóna, sf. (Prov.) V. Azada.
tree. 2. (Bot.) Lemon-tree. Citrus medica,
Ligoméla, a. V. Lsgeruela.
L. 3. V . Limonera.
Liguilla, sf. Kind of narrow riband.
Limonada, sf. Lemonade, a liquor m a d e of waLigúsfico, sm. (Bot.) Lovage. Ligusticum, L.
ter, sugar and the juice of lemons. LimoLigustro, sm. (Bot.) Privet. V . Alheña.
nada de vino, A cool tankard.
Lija, sf. 1. (Ichth.) Dog-fish. 2. Skin of the
Limonado, da, a. Lemon-coloured.
dog-fish.
Limonáge, sm. (Nau.) T h e act of boats and
Lijar, ra. T o smooth, to polish.
Lila, sf. 1. (Bot.) Lilac-tree. Syringa vulgaris, pilot-barges going out of a harbour, to work
or pilot a vessel into port.
L. 2. Lilacfiower.3. A kind of light woollen
Limonar, sm. Plantation of lime-trees.
stuff of various eolours.
LimoncíÜo. sm. dim. A small lemon.
Lilac, sm. (Bot.) Lilac, V . Lila.
Lilaila, sf. 1. Thin woollen stuff. 2. Ridiculous Limonera, sf. Shaft of a cart.
Limonero, sm. (Bot.) Lemon-tree. Citrus meimpertinence. 3. Prank, trick.
Lilao, sm. (Littl. us.) Ostentation, ambitious
dica, L.
Limonero, ra, s. Dealer in lemons.—a. Applied
display, outward show.
to the shaft horses in carriages etc.
Lililí, sm. War-hoop of the Moors.
Limosidad, sf. 3. Sliminess. 2. Foulness or
Lima, sf. 1. (Bot.) Lime-tree, Citrus limerta, Ris.
matter between teeth.
2. Lime, the fruit of the lime-tree. 3. File, an
instrument to cut or smooth metáis. 4. (Met.) Limosna, sf. Alms, charity.
Correction,finish,polish. 5. Channel in the Limosnero, sm. Almoner, the officer employed
in the dístribution of charity.—a. Charitable.
roof of a house for the water to pass to the
eaves. Lima sorda, (Met.) That which im- Limoso, sa, a. Slimy, muddy, limous.
Limpia, sf. Cleansing, the act of cleaning, cleanperceptibly consumes any thing.
sing or freeing from dirt.
Limador, sm. (Prov.) Fíler.
Limadura, sf. 1. Act of filing. 2. Filíng, lima-Limpia chimeneas, sm. (Prov.) Chímney sweeper.
ture, metallic fragment rubbed off by the file.Limpiadera, sf. 1. A kind of Crush to clean
Limalla, sf. Filings.
clothes. 2. Comb-brush.
Limar, va. 1. T ofile,to cut with a file. 2. T o Limpiadientes, sm. Toothpick.
gnaw, to eorrode. 3. T ofile,to polish; to Limpiador, ra, s. Cleanser, scourer.
give the finishing stroke to literary produc- Limpiadura, sf. Cleansing or act of cleansing.
tions.
— p l . Dirt thrown away in cleaning any thing.
Limatón, sm. Coarse round file.
Limpiamente, ad. Cleanly, neatly; purely; sirr
Limaza, sf. Snail. Limax, L.
cerely, faithfully.
Limazo, sm. Viscosity, sliminess.
Limpiamiento, sm. Act of cleaning or cleansing.
Limazón, sm. Slug, a snail or slimy animal Limpiar, va. 1. T o clean, to scour, to cleanse,
without a shell.
to dear, to m a k e clean, to absterse, to rainiLimbo, sm. 1. Limbo, a región assigned to the
dify. 2. T o purify, to clear from guilt. 3.
departed souls of children. 2. (Ast ) Limb,
T o pursue, to persecute. 4. (Coll.) T o steal.
edge or border of the sun and of the moon.
Limpiar las faldriqueras á uno, T o pick one's
Limen, sm. (Poet.) V. Umbral.
pockets.—rr. T o clear one's self from imLimera, sf. 1. Shop-woman w h o sellsfilesor putad guilt.
limes. 2. (Nau.) Helmport, where the tiller Limpieza, sf. 1. Cleanness, cleanliness, neatis fastened to the rudder of the ship.
ness, curiosity, límpidness. 2. Chastity, puLimero, sm. 1. Shopkeeper w h o sellsfilesor
rity of moráis. 3. Integrity, rectitude ; dislimes. 2. (Bot.) Lime-tree. Citrus timetta, ínterestedness. 4. Purity of blood. Limpieza
Ris.
de bolsa, Emptine.ss of the purse.
Limeta, sf. Phial, a small bottle.
Limpio, pia, a. 1. Clean, free from stain ; cleanLimíste, sm. Cloth m a d e of Segovia wool; cloth
ly, limpid. 2. Neat, elegant, nitid, net. 3.
of thefirstquality.
Puré: applied to families unconnected with
Limitáble, a. (Littl. us.) Confinable.
Moors or Jews. 4. Puré, unmingled : comLimitación, sf. 1. Limitation, restriction, modi- monly applied to corn. 5. Puré, free, clear.
fication, cireumscription, corrective ; condiLimpio de polvo y paja, Clear or free from
tionality. 2. Limit, district
all charges. Jugar limpio, T o deal fair, to
Limitadamente, ad. Limitedly, finitely.
act in an upright manner. Poner en limpio,
Limitado, da, a. Limited, possessed of iittle taT o m a k e a fair copy. Tierra limpia, Even
lent.—pp. oí Limitar.
flat country. Costa limpia, (Nau.) Clear
Limitáneo, nea, a. 1. Limitary, placed on the
coast, that which has no shoals,. sand-bank»,
boundaries. 2. Limitaneous, belonging to
or shallows. En limpio, In substance ; neaí
limits.
price; clearly.
537
L1N
LIS
Limpión, sm, 1 T h e act of cleaning. 2. One Linón, sm. Lawa, the finest kind of light linen.
w h o sweeps the streets.
Lintel, sm. Lintel of a door. V. Dinte
Lináge, sm. l.Lineage, race, progeny, offspring, Linterna, sf. 1. Lantern or lanthorn, a transfamily, house, kin, extraction, generation. 2.
parent case for a candle. 2. (Obs.) A n iron
Class, condition. 3. (Prov.) Nobless, nobility.
cage in which the heads of decapitated criLinagísta, sm. Genealogist, a writer of pedigrees. mináis were exposed to public view. 3. Small
wheel in milis. Linterna mágica, Magie lanLinajudo, sm. 1. One w h o boasts of his origin
tern. Linter-na secreta, Dark lantern. 4.
or family. 2. Genealogist.
Lináloe, sm. Aloes. V. Aloe.
(Arch.) Lantern of church-towers over the
-jinárnen, sm. (Obs.) V. Ramage.
cupola.
Linar, sm. Flax-field, land on whichflaxis grown. Linternéro, sm. Lanfern-maker.
Linaria, sf. (Bot.) Wild flax, yeliow toad flax.Linternílla, sf. dim. A small lantern,
Antirrhinum linaria, L.
Linuéso, sm. V. Linaza.
Linaza, sf. Linseed, the seed of flax. Aceite deLiño, sm. 1. R o w of vines in a víneyard. 2. Row
linaza, Linseed oil.
of trees and that of some othei plants. 3.
Lince, sm. 1. Lynx, luscern, ounce. Felis lynx, Ridge between two furrows in plotighed
L. 2. Person of great acuteness and perspiland.
caciousness.
Lío, sm. Bundle, a parcel tied together, a pack.
Lince, a. 1 Having a very sharp sight, quick- Lipiria, sf. (Med.) Lipyria, a kind of fever.
sighted. 2. Acute, penetratíng.
Lipotimia, sf. (Med.) Lipothymia, fainting, a
Lindamente, ad. Neatly, elegantly, featly.
disease.
Lindáño, sm. Landmark, limit.
Liquidable, a. Liquefiable.
Lindar, vn. T o be contiguous.
Liquidación, sf. Liquidatíon, the act of liquiLindazo, sm. V. Linde.
dating.
Linde, sm. a n d / Landmark, boundary, limit. Liquidambar, sm. Liquidambar, a yeliow resiLinde, a. (Prov.) Contiguous, bordering upon.
nous substance, obtained by incisión from
Lindero, ra, a. Contiguous, bordering upon.
the Liquidambar styraciflua, L.
Lindero, sm. V. Linde.
Líquidamente, aa". In a liquid manner.
Lindeza, sf. Neatness, elegance, prettiness.
Liquidar, va. T o liquefy, to melt, to dissolve.
Lindo, da, a. 1. Neat, handsome, pretty, fine, Liquidar cuentas, T o clear accounts, to liquídate or dear away debts.—vr. 1. T o liquefy,
genteel. 2. Complete, perfect.
Lindo, sm. Beau, coxcomb, minion.
to liquate, to grow liquid. 2. T o beeome liLindón, sm. Ridge, ground thrown up between
,quid : used of letters.
asparagus-beds.
Liquidez, sf. Liquidness, quality of being liquid.
Lindura, sf. V. Lindeza.
Líquido, da, a. 1. Liquid,fluid,fluent.2. EviLínea, sf. 1. Line, longitudinal extensión. 2. V. dent, dear.
Raya. 3. V, Renglón. 4. Line, lineage, pro- Lira, sf. Lyre, a harp; a lyric poem.
geny, family ascending or descending. 5. Liria, sf. V. Liga.
Line, equator, equinoctial circle. 6. Line, Lírico, ca, a. Lyric, lyrical.
boundary, limit. 7. Class, order. 8. (Mil.) Lirio, sm. (Bot.) Iris. Iris, L. Lirio francisTrendi or entrenchment 9. (Mil.) Rank of
cano, Chalcedonian iris. Iris susiana, L. Lisoldiers. 10. Line, one of the parto in which
rio cárdeno, Germán iris. Iris germánica, //.
an inch is divided. Línea de agua de mayor
Lirio blanco orflorentino,Florentina iris.
carga or del fuerte, (Nau.) Load-water line. Irisflorentina,L. Lirio hediondo, Gladwyn
Linea or arrufo de la astil/a muerta, (Nau.) iiis. Iris fcetidissima, /.. Lirio sambucino,
The cutting-down line. Línea de los reveses Elder-scented iris. Iris sambucina, L.
del costado., (Nau.) The top timber Unes. Lirón, sm. Dormouse. Myoxus glis, L.
Lineal, a. Lineal, composed of Unes.
Lirondo, da, a. Puré, clean, neat. Monde y liLineamiéuto, sm. Lineament, feature ; discrimi- rondo, (CoU.) Puré, unmixed, withcut any
nating mark in the form.
mixture.
Linear, ra. T o draw Unes, to form any thing Lis, sf. (Bot.) Flower-de-luce.
with Unes.
Lisamente, ad. Smoothly, plainly.
Linéro, ra, s. Dealer inflaxor linen.
Lisera, sf. Large cañe used in silk-worm sheds.
Linfa, sf. 1. L y m p h , a thin, somewhat viscid,Lisiado, da, a. (Prov.) Anxiously desirous.—pp.
crystalline and tasteless liquid of the body.
oí Lisiar.
2. (Poet.) Water.
Lisiar, ra. T o lame; to hurt a limb.
Linfático, ca, a. Lymphatic: appUed to some Lisimáquia, sf. (Bot.) Loóse strife. Lysimaabsorbent vessels of the body which carry
chia, L.
lymph, and to some glands.
Liso, sa, a. 1. Plato, even,flat,glib, smooth. 2.
Lingote, sm. (Min.) Ingot, a mass ef unwrought Clear, evident. Hombre liso, A plain-dealing
gold or silver, linget.
man.
Lingual, a. (Anat) Lingualis.
Lisongeraménte, ad. V. Lisonjeramente.
Linguete, sm. (Nau.) Paul or parol, a short bar Lisongéro, ra, a. V. Lisonjero.
of wooíl or iron put into the capstem to pre- Lisonja, sf. 1. Adulaiion, fulsomeflattery,fawn,
vent its rolliag back.
coaxation or coaxing. 2. (Blaz.) Lozenge oí
Linimento, Linimiento, sm. (Med.) Ltaiment,
losenge. 3. (Geom.) R h o m b or rhombus.
Linio,
sm.
Liño,
da,
a.s.
Lozenged;
rhombic
Lino,
3. Sailcloth,
sm.
5381,V.(Bot.)
canvass.
Flax.
4 (Poet)
Linum, Sails
L. 2.
ofLinen.
a stop. Lisonjádo,
Lisonjeador,
Lisonjear, ra.
ra,
1.
T(Blaz.)
oFlatterer.
flafter,
to praise in
a de
LIT
LLA
ceitfu! manner, to coax, to wheedle, to cog, to Litografía, sf. Lithography, the art or practice
of engraving upon stones.
fawn, to coy. 2. T o delight, to please.
Litográfieo, ca, a. Lithographic, belonging to liLisonjeramente, ad. Flatteringly, fawningly.
Lisonjero, ra, s. A m e a nflatterer,a deceitful
thography.
praiser, a fawner, a parasite.—a. l.Parasitical Litografiar, ra. T o üthograph, to draw and eteh
on stone.
or parasitic, wheedling, fawning. 2. FlatterLitógrafo, sm. Lithologist.
ing, pleasing, agreeable.
Lista, sf. 1. SUp of paper, shred of linen, a list Litología, sf. Lithology, natural history of stones.
or strip of cloth. 2. List, catalogue. 3. Sel- Litólogo, sm. Lithologist.
vage, the edge of cloth. Lista del equipáge, Litoral, a. Littoral, belonging to the shore.
(Nau.) Musterbook of the ship's company. Litontrípico, s. and a. Lithoatriptie, a medicine
Pasar lista, T o cali over; to muster, to re- against the calculi.
view troops. Lista de gastos, Bill of expense Litotomía, sf. Lithotomy, the operation of cutting into the bladder to extract a stone.
and charges. Lista de manjares dispuestos
para comer or lista de platos, Bill of fare. Litotomista, sm. (Surg.) Lithotomist, one w h o
cuto for the stone.
Listado, da, a. Striped, Usted.—pp. oí Listar.
Lítuo, sm. 1. Ancient military instrument of
Listar, ra. V. Alistar.
music. 2. Lituus, augur's staff!
Listeado, da, a. V . Listar.o.
Liturgia, sf. Liturgy, form of prayers; mannei
Listel, Listélo, sm. (Arch.) V . Filete.
of celebrating the mass.
Listo, ta, a. Ready, diligent, prompt, active,
Litúrgico, ca, a. Liturgical, liturgic, belonging
clever.
to the liturgy.
Listón, sm. 1. A large shred. 2. Ferret, a narrow silk riband. 3. Lath, a thin narrow board. Liúdo, da, a. V . Leudo.
Livianamente, aa*. Licentiously; with levity;
Listones, (Nau.) Battens Listones de las eslightly.
cotillas, (Nau.) Battens of the hatchways.
Listonería, sf. Parcel of ribands, tapes and Liviandad, sf. 1. Lightness, want of weight. 2.
Levity, imprudence. 3. Incontinence, libiinkles.
dinousness.
Listonen), ra, s. Riband-maker.
Lisura, sf. 1. Smoothness, evenness on the sur-Liviano, na, a. 1. Light, of little weight. 2. Imprúdent, light, unsteady. 3. Incontinent, unface, glibness, flatness. 2. Sincerity, ingechaste, líbidinous.
nuousness, candour.
Livianos, sm. pl, Lungs. V . Bofes.
Litación, sf. Sacrifiemg.
Lívido, da, a. Livid. V . Amoratado.
Litar, ra. T o sacrifice to the divinity.
Litárge, Litorgírio, sm. Litharge. V . Almártaga. Liza, sf. 1. Skate, a sea-fish. 2. List for tilts
and jousts.
Lite, sf. Lawsuit, process. V . Pleito.
Lízo, sm. Skein of silk.
Litera, sf. Litter, a kind of vehicular bed.
Literal, a. Litoral, following the letter, meta- Lizón, sm. (Bot.) Water plantain. A U s m a plantago, L.
phrastic.
Literalísta, sm. (Littl. us.) H e w h o professes to Llaga, sf. 1. Ulcer, a purulent solution of continuity of the soft parts of the body. 2.
understand words and expressions in their liW o u n d , sore. 3. Prick, a thorn in the mind,
teral sense.
a teasing and tormenting thought. 4. Crack
Literalmente, ad. Literally.
or opening between the bricks of a wall.
Literario, ria, a. Literary.
Literatillo, sm. dim. oí Literato: commonly used Llagadór, ra, s. (Obs.) W o u n d e r , one that
wounds.
in contempt.
Literato, ta, a. Learned, lettered, literate, versedLlagar, ra. T o wound, to hurt, to injure.
Llaguica, illa, íta, sf. dim. Slight ulcer or wound.
in sciences and letters.
Literato, sm. A learned m a n , a literary m a n . Llama, sf. 1. Flame, üght emittod from fire. 2.
Flarne, forcé and violence of passion.
— p l . Literati, the learned.
Literatura, sf. Literature learning; skill in Llamada, */ 1. Cal), the act of calling. 2. Marginal note. 3. A n y motion or sign to cali
sciences and letters.
the attention. 4. (MU.) Beat of the drum to
Literéro, sm. O n e w h o drives a litter.
s u m m o n troops. 5. (Mil.) Chamade.
Literílla, sf. dim. A small litter.
Litigante, pa. and s. Litigating ; titigant
Llamador, ra, s. I. Caller, he w h o calis. 2.
Litigar, ra. 1. T o litígate, to m a n a g e a suit, f o Beadle, messenger. 3 Knocker or rapper of
a door. 4. Servant of a salesman w h o calis
carry on a cause. 2. T o contend, to dispute.
Litigio, sm. I. Litigatíon, suit at law or law-suit. people into his shop j vulgarly called barker
2. Dispute, contest.
or clicker.
Litigioso, sa, a. Litigious, inclined to lawsuits, Llamamiento, sm. 1. Calling, cali, the act of
contentious.
calling. 2. Convocation, the act of conveLitis, sf. V. Pleito.
ning the m e m b e r s of an assembly or corpora1
Litiscontestación, sf. (Law" Answer to a juridi- tion. 3. Calling, cali, inspiration, divine vocal demand.
cation. 4. Attraction of humours to one part
Litisconsórte, s. com. Assoeiate in a lawsuit,
of the body.
Litispendéncia, sf. T h e state of a lawsuit which Llamar, ra. 1. T o cali to one. 2. T o cali, to
is under judgment or pending.
s u m m o n , to cite. 3. T o cali or to cali upon,
Lítócola, sf. Lithocolla, lapidary's cement.
to invoke, to appeal to. 4. T o cali, to invoke
Litdfíto, sm. Lithophyte, zoophyte having a
with ardour of piety. 5. T o cali, to ñame, to
hard caleareous stem.
denomínate fi. T o incline. 7. T o cali, ta
539
LLE
LLO
2. T o reach, to arrive at,tofetch. 3. To last,
atttact. 8. To excite thirst. ¡Jamar á la
puerta, T o knock or rap at the door. El
to continué. 4. T o attain a purpose. 5. To
viento llama á popa, (Nau.) The wind veers suffice, to be enough. 6. T o ascend ; to
aft. El viento llama á proa, (Nau.) The wind amount to.—va. 1. T o approach, to bring
near to. 2. T o join.—vr. 1. T o approach, to
hauls forward.—rr. To bear such a ñame.
Llamarse andana or antana, (Coll.) T o deny draw near. 2. To proceed to some neighbouring place. 3. T o unite. Llegar á las
obstinately that which one has said or offered.
Llamarada, sf. 1. A sudden blaze offire,a flash.manos, T o come to blows, tofight.Llegar
2. Fla-h, a sudden burst of wit or merriment
á oir, To hear.
3. Sudden blush of the face.
Lleira, sf. (Prov.) Place full of pebbles or coarse
Llamativo, va, a. Exciting thirst.
gravel.
Llana, sf. 1. Trowel, a tool for taking up andLlena, sf. Alluvion, overflow of rivera.
spreading mortar. 2. Page of a book or wri- Llenamente, ad. Fully, copiously.
ting. 3. Plain.
Llenar, ra. 1. T ofill,to put into any place till
Llanada, sf. A wide tract of level ground; a
no more can be admitted ; to stuff,tofarce.
2. T o oceupy a public place. 3. Tofill,to
plain.
Llanamente, ad. Ingemiously, simply, stacerely; satisfy,tocontent. 4. T o make up a number. 5,To beget young.—rr. 1. T o feed gluthomely ; plainly, clearly, flatly.
Llaneza, sf. 1. (Obs.) Evenness, equality. 2. tonously. 2. T o be írritated after having sufPlainness, sincerity, simplicity. 3. W a n t of
fered long. Llenar la luna, T o be fuU moon.
attention and respect, familiarity. 4. UnculLlenar completamente, Tofillup.
tivated style.
Llenero, ra, a. (Law) Full, completo, absolute.
Llaníco, íca, íllo, illa, íto, íta, a. of Llano, na.
Lleno, sm. 1. Glut, plenty, abundance, full. 2.
Llano, na, a. 1. Plain, even, level, smooth, flat.
Perfection, completeness. 3. Full-moon.
2. Meek, homely, aff'able. 3. Unmannerly, Lleno, na, a. Full, replete; complete. Lleno de
uncivil. 4. Plain, open, honestly rough. 5.
bote en boté, Brimful, or full to the brim.
Plato, simple, void of ornament. 6. Plain,
Hombre lleno, A learned man. De lleno or
dear, evident, discernible. 7. Plain, simple,
de lleno en lleno, Entirely, totally.
not varied by much art: applied to style. 8. Llenura, sf. Fulness, plenty, copiousness, abunV. Pechero. Carnero llano, A castrated ram. dance.
A la llana, Simply, sincerely, candidly. Lleta, sf. Stalk of plants bearing fruit
Llano, sm. A levelfield,an even ground.
Lleudar, va. To ferment bread, to make it rise
Llanta, sf. 1. (Bot.) V'. Berza llanta. 2. Iron
by means of leven.
hobp which covers the felloes of -.oach and Lleva, sf. V. Llevada.
cart wheels.
Llevada, sf. Carriage, transport, act of carrying.
Llantén, sm. (Bot.) Plantain. Plantago, L. Llevadero, ra, a. Tolerable, light.
Llantén de agua, V. Lizon.
Llevador, ra, s. Carrier, conductor.
Llanto, sm. Flood of tears, cry.
Llevar, ra. l.To carry, to convey, to transport.
Llanura, sf. 1. Evenness, equality ;flatness,le- 2. T o carry, to bear, to wear, to have about
vel. 2. A vast tract of level ground.
one. 3. T o carry, to take, to have with one.
Llapár, ra. To add an additional portion of
4. To exact, to demand, to ask such a price
quicksilver in extracting metáis.
for a thing, 5. To bear, to produce, b T o
Llares, sm. pl. Pot-hanger, an iron chain, on
excel, to exceed. 7. T o bear, to suffer, to enwhich poto are hung over thefireby means
dure. 8. T o lead, to guide. 9. T o rnanage
of a hook.
a horse. 10. To eut off. 11. T o induce, to
Llave, sf. 1. Key, instrument for locking and
bring to any opinión. 12. T o introduce. 13.
unlocking doors, chests, etc. 2. Winch of a
To gain, to; obtain. 14. T o obtain possession.
stocking-frame. 3. Lock, the part'of a gun
15. T o fetch away or to fetch off. 16. To
by whichfireis struck. 4. Key, explanation
carry in accounts. 17. With the preposition
of any thing difficult; introduction to knowpor, it signifies to exercise whatever may be
ledge. 5. (Nau.) Knee. V. Curvas. 6. Cock the import of the foUowing noun. Llevar por
for fountains, barréis, etc. Llave maestra,
cortesanía, T o be polite, courteous oí comMaster-key, which opens many doors. Deplaisant.—vn. To be reprimanded, to sufféi
bajo de llave, Under lock and key. Llave de chastisement. Llevar la proa al nordoeste,
la mano, Breadth of the palm of a man's
(Nau.) T o stand to the north-west. Llevar
hand. Llave capona, (CoU.) K e y worn on the las velas á buen viento, (Nau.) Tofillthe sails.
flap of the coat pocket by honorary royal
Llevar las velas llenas, (Nau.) To keep the
chamberlains in Spain.
sails full. Llevar los juanetes viudos, (Ñau.)
Llavecíca, íUa, íta, sf, dim. A small key.
To have the top-gallant sails set. Llevar a
Llavero, ra, s. 1. Keeper of the keys of a place. cuestas, 1. To carry on one's shoulders or back.
2. Ring in which keys are kept.
2, (Coll.) To burthen one's self with other's
Lie, pron. obs. V. Le.
affairs.—vr. 1. T o suffer one's self to be. led
Lleco, ca, a. Uncultivated : applied to land not away by passion. 2. Llevarse el dia, T o carry
broken up.
the day. Llevarse bien or mal, T o be on good
Llega, sf. (Prov.) Juncture, act of joining or
or bad terms,
uniting.
Lloíca, sf. (Orn.) V. Pechicolorado
Llegada, sf. Arrival, coming, the act of comingLloradera, sf. (Obs.) Mourner, a woman hired
to a place.
to weep and mourn at funerals.
Llegar, rn. 1. T o arríve, to come to any place. Llorador, ra, s, Weeper, one who sheds tears.
540
LOB
LOG
Lloraduelos, sm, (Col!,) Weeper, mourner over Loboso, sa, a, Full of wolves: applied to coun
misfortunes.
tries or foreste.
Llorar, ra. 1. T o weep, to cry, to shed tears. 2.Lóbrego, ga, a. Murky, obscure, sad, mirk.
Tb mourn, to lament, to bewail. 3. To affect Lobreguecer, rn. T o grow dark, to be dark.—•
poverty and distress. 4. (Met.) T o fall drop
va. T o make dark.
by drop. Llorar la aurora, (Poet.) T o fallLobreguez, sf. Obscurity, darkness, obscureness.
Lóbulo, sm. Lobe ortabule,a división or disdew at sunsetting.
tinct parí of the lungs, liver, etc.
Lloro, sm. Act of weeping, cry or crying.
Llorón, sm. Weeper, one who is apt to cry or Lobuno, na, a. Wolfish, resembling a wolf in
shed tears, mourner.
qualities and form.
Llorón, na, a. Applied to those who are apt to Locación y Conducción, sf. (Law) Contract of
cry with little cause.
letting on léase.
Local, a. Local, relating to a particular place.
Lloronas, sf. pl. Weepers, mourners.
Localidad, sf. Locality, existence in place ; reLlorosamente, aa*. Weepingly.
Lloroso, sa, a. Mournful, sorrowful, full of tears, lation of place, location.
Llosa, sf. (Obs.) Enclosed estáte.
Localménte, aa*. Locally.
Locamente, ad. Madly; immoderately, extraLlovediza (agua), a. Rain-water.
Llover, rn. 1. To rain,tofall in drops from the vagantly ; fondly.
clouds. 2. T o pour down as rain. 3. To Locarias, sm. (Coll.) A madcap, a wild, hot
shower, to abound,tocome in abundance, as braiued fellow.
troubles.—rr.To oenetrate the roof with rain. Locázo, za, a. augm. Very mad.
Locha, Loche, sf. (Ichth.) Loach, groundUng,
Llover á cántaros, T o rain hard.
a small fish.
Llovido, sm. M a n who secretly steals on board
a ship for the Indies, and does not discover Loción, sf. 1. Lotion, a form of medicine used
to wash any part with. 2. Wash, washing,
himself till on the high seas.—Llovido da,
Iavatíon, the act of washing.
pp. oí Llover.
Loco, ca, a. 1. Mad, crack-brained, mad-brain.
Llovioso, sa, a. V. Lluvioso.
Llovizna, sf. Mist, a small rain not perceived in 2. Fool. 3. Abundant, fertile. A tontas y
á locas, Inconsiderately, without reflection.
drops.
Lloviznar, vn. To drizzle, to faU in short, slow Estar loco de contento, (CoU.) T o be m a d
with joy.
drops, to mistle, to mizzle.
Loco, sm. A madman.
Lluéco, ca, a. V. Clueco.
Locomoción, sf. (Phys.) Locomotion, power of
Lluvia, sf. l.Rain, shower, water dropping from
moving.
the clouds. 2. Shower, abundance, copiousness. 3. Shower, storm of any thing falling Locuacidad, sf. Loquacity, loquaciousness, talkthick. Lluvia de oro, (Bot.) V. Falso ébano.ativeness, garrulity, futility, gap, flippancy.
Locuaz, a. Loquacious, talkative, garrulous, fuLluvioso, sa, a. Rainy, wet, showery.
Lo, pron. neutr. It: placed before or after verbs. tile, flippant.
Lo, art. neutr. Used only with adjectives usedLocuazmente, ad. (Littl. us.) With loquacity,
flippantly.
as substantives, as lo bueno, The good.
Loa, sf. 1. (Obs ) Praise. 2. (Nau.) Lee. V.Locucióc, sf. Locútion, manner of speech.
Lúa. 3. Prologue of a play.
Locuela, sf. Each one's particular mode of speaking.
Loable, a. Laudable, praiseworthy, commendLocura, sf. 1. Madness, frenzy, lunacy, craziable.
ness. 2. Fury ;folly,absurdity. Hacer loLoablemente, ad. Laudably, commendably.
Loadór, ra, s. Praiser, lauder, one who bestows curas, To act in an absurd, foolish manner.
Locutorio, sm. Parlour, place in monasteries for
praise.
Loám, sm. (Min.) Loam, a fat, unctuous earth. receiving visits.
Loánda, sf Kind of scurvy.
Lodazal, Lodachar, Lodazar, sm. A muddy place,
Loar, ra. T o praise; to approve. V. Alabar.
a place full of m u d and mire.
Loba, sf. 1. She-wolf. 2. Long gown worn by Lodo, sm. Mud, mire, gore.
clergymen and students. 3. Ridge between Lodoñéro, sm. (Bot.) V. Guadacaña.
two furrows.
Lodóño, sm. (Bot.) European nettle tree. Celtis
Lobado, sm. Morbid swelling incident to horses. australis, L.
Lobagante, sm. Sea-locust. Cáncer casrules- Lodoso, sa, a. Muddy, miry, lutulenf; lutaríous,
cens, L.
Lof or Lo, sm. (Nau.) The weather-side of a
Lobanillo, sm. W e n , a callous excrescence.
ship, loof. Amura del lof, (Nau.) Weather
Lobato, sm. Young wolf.
tacíc. No mas de lof, (Nau.) Not nearer, e. g.
Lobera, sf. (Obs.) Strait door or passage.
to the wind.
Lobero, ra, a. Relating to wolves.
Logar, sm. (Obs.) V. Lugar, Sitio and Motivo.
Lobero, sm. V. Espantanublados.
— r a . V. Alquilar.
Lobezno, sm. A young wolf.
Logarítmico, ca, a. Logarithmic, logarithmical.
Lobo, sm. 1. Wolf. Canis lupus, L. 2. Lobe,Logaritmo, sm. Logarithm.
a división or distinct part of the lungs, liver, Lógica, sf. Logic, dialectic, the act of reasoning,
etc. 3. (Joc.) Intoxication, inebriation. Fu- Logical, a. (Littl. us.) Logical.
lano cogió un lobo, H e was tipsy. 4. Iron
Lógicamente, aa". Logically.
instrumentfordefending or scaling walls.
Lógico, ca, a. Logical, relating to logic.
Lobo marino, sm. (Ichth.) Sea-wolf. Anarhichas Lógico, sm. Logician, dialectician, a professoí
lupus, L.
of logic, a m a n versed in logic.
541
LÜN
LOX
Logística, sf. Logistics, algebra.
Longár, a. Applied to a long piece of honeyLogogrífo, sm. Logogriphe, enigma in which
comb in the hive.
the different parts of a word are taken in di- Longázo, za, a. augm. Very long.
vers meanings.
Longevidad, sf. (Obs.) Longevity.
Logomaquia, sf. Logomachy, dispute about Longevo, a. (Obs.) Longevous.
words.
Longimetría, sf. (Geom.) Longimetry, the art
Lograr, va. 1. T o gain, to obtain, to attain, to or pradice of measuring distantes.
procure, to compass. 2. To possess, to enjoy. Longincuo,, cua, a. Distant, remote.
3. T o avail one's self of. 4. T o hit upon.— Longitud, sf. 1. Length, longness. 2. Longjvr. T o reap the benefit of one's labour an!
tude, the distance of any place from the first
meridian to the east or west.
exertions.
Longitudinal, a. Longitudinal.
Logrear, rn. To borrow or lend on interest
Logrería, sf. Dealing in interest, usury.
Longitudinalmente, ad. Longitudinally, lengthLogrero, ra, s. Lender at interest, usurer.
wise, longways, longwise.
Logro, sm. 1. Gain, benefit. 2. Attainment of Longuera, sf. Long and narrow strip of land.
some purpose. 3. Interest ; usury. Dar á Lonja, sf. 1. Exchange, a public place where
logro, To put out money at usurious interest. merclíants meet to treat on matters of fraile.
Lója, sf. (Ichth.) V. Locha.
2. Store-room for washed wool. 3. Grocer's
Loma, sf. Raising ground in the midst of a
shop; warehouse, saleroom. Lonja cerrada
plain, a little hill or hillock.
or abierta, Shut or open shop or exchange.
Lombarda, sf. 1. Lombardy gun. 2. (Bot.) Red 4. Slice of ham. 5. Pórtico, raised space
cabbage. Brassica capitata rubra, L.
round the entrance of an edifice. 6. (Falc.)
Lombardáda, sf. Shot from a Lombardy gun.
Leather strap.
Lombardeár, ra. T o discharge Lombardy guns. Lonjéro, sm. Grocer, one who keeps a grocer's
Lombardería, sf. Park of Lombardy guns.
shop.
Lombardéro, sm. Soldier appointed to L o m - Lonjeta, sf. V. Cenador.
bardy guns.
Lonjista, s. com. Shopkeeper who deals in coLombriguera, sf. 1. Hole made by worms. 2. coa-nuts, spices, and other arricies of grocery,
(Bot.) Southernwood wormwood. Artemisia Loor, sf. (Poet.) Praise.
abrotanum, L.
Lopícia, sf Disease which makes the hair fail
Lombriz, sf. W o r m bred in the human body, oí off V. Alopecia.
in the earth.
Loquear, rn. 1. T o act the fool, to talk nonLombrizál, a. (Anat) Vermiforra.
sense. 2. To rejoice, to exalt, to revel, to
Lomear, rn. To yerk or move the loins of
frolic.
horses in a circular manner.
Loquero, ra, s. 1. Keeper of a mad-house. 2.
Loménto, sm. (Bot.) Loment, a kind of legume Physician to a mad-house.
falling in pieces when ripe.
Loquesca, sf. The frantic demeanour of mad
Lomera, sf. 1. Strap of harness which crosses people.
the loins. 2. (Prov.) Ridge of a house.
Loquíllo, illa, íto, íta, a. dim. Wild, almost mad.
Lomiáncho, a, a. Strong or broad-backed.
Lóquios. sm. pl. Lochia, loches, the evacuations
Lomíca,fila,íto, sf. dim. A very little hill or attendtog childbirth.
hillock.
Lorenzána, sf. A sort of linen.
Lomillo, sm. 1. (Dim.) A small loin. 2. A kind Loriga, sf. 1. Coat of mail, cuirass. 2. Naveof needle-work.
band, the hoop which surrounds the nave of
Lominhiesto, ta, a. 1. High-cropped. 2. Pre- a coach-wheel.
sumptuous, arrogant.
Lorigádo, da, a. Armed with a coat of mail.
Lomo, sm. 1. Loin. 2. Chine, a piece of the Loríguíllo, sm. Shrub used by dyers.
back of an animal. 3. Back of a book or cut- Loro, ra, a. Tawny, wan, palé, black and blue.
ting tool; double of any cloth, crease. 4. Loro, sm. 1. Parrot. Psittacus, L. 2. (Bot.)
Ridge between two furrows. Llevar or traer Portugal laurel. Pruuis lusitanica, L.
á lomo, To carry on the back. Jugar de lomo,Losa, sf. 1. Flag, a square stone used for paveTo be idle and lascivious.—pl. Ribs ; loins.
ments. 2. Painter's block of marble on which
Lomóso, sa, a. (Obs.) Belonging to the loins.
eolours are ground. 3. Trap made for catchLona, sf. Canvass. Lona para hacer velas, Duck-ing birds or rats.
canvass, sail-cloth. Lona para encerados, Losado, sm. V. Enlosado.—Losado, da, pp. of
Tarpawltog canvass or glazíng.
Losar.
Loncha, sf. 1. Thinflatstone. 2. Lunch, longLosánje, sm. (Blaz.) Lozenge; rhomb.
slice of meat.
Losar, ra. V. Enlosar.
Lóndiga, sf. V. Alóndiga.
Losíca, íta, sf. dim. A smallflagor stone.
Londrína, sf. A sort of woollen cloth.
Loseta, Losilla, sf. 1. A small trap or snare. 2.
Londríno, na, a. Belonging to or in the fashion V. Losica. Coger en la losilla, T o deceive
of London manufactures.
one cunningly.
Lóndro, sm. L o w vessel like a galley.
Lóta, sf. (Ichth.) Lote, eelpout, a kind of riveí
Lónga, sf. Long musical note.
lamprey.
Longanimidad, sf. Longanimity, forbearance; Lote, sm. Lot, fortune, chance.
patience of offences.
Lotería, sf. Lottery.
Longánimo, ma, %. Forbearing, generous, mag- Loto, sm. (Bot) V. Lodoñc.
nanimous.
Loxodromía, sf. (Nau.) Loxodromy, rhombt
Longaniza, sf. A kind of long sausage.
which a ship describes.
54-J
LUC
LUJ
Loza, sf. Delft, a fine sort of earthen-ware or Luctuosa, sf. Ancient tax paid to lords and
crockery. Ande la loza, (Coll.) Noisy mirth bishopsforthe dead.
Luctuosamente, ad. Mournfully, sorrowfully.
and jollity of many persons together.
Luctuoso, sa, a. Sad, mournful.
Lozanamente, ad. Luxuriantly.
Lozanear, rn. T o affect pomp and ostentation Lucubración, sf. Lucubration, study by candlelight; nocturnal study.
in words and actions, to luxuriate.
Lozanía, sf. 1. Luxuriance or luxuriancy of ver-Lucubrar, ra. T o lucúbrate, to study by night
dure, exuberant growth of planto. 2. Ele- Ludía, sf. (Prov.) Ferment, yeast.
Ludíár, ra. and r. (Prov.) To ferment.
gance ; lustiness.
Ludibrio, sm. Mockery, derision, scorn, todifv
Lozano, na, a. 1. Luxuriant. 2. Sprightly.
Lúa, sf. 1. (Obs.) Glove. 2. (Prov.) A sort of catión.
ciane for raising weights. 3. (Nau.) Lee. Ludimiento, sm. (Prov.) V. Colisión.
4 (Prov.) Saffron bag. Tomar por la lúa, Ludio, a, a. (Prov.) V. Fermentado.
Ludir, rn. T o rub, to waste by friction, to col
(Nau.) T o bring to the lee.
lide.
Lubricar, Lubrificar, ra. (Obs.) T o lubricitate,
Ludria, sf. V. Nutria.
to make smooth or slippery.
Lubricidad, Lubricación, sf. 1. Lubricity, slip-Luego, aa*. 1. Presently, immediately, outright,
out of hand. Desde luego, I'rom the present
periness. 2. Lewdness.
Lubrico, ca, a. Slippery; lubric, lubricous; lewd. moment; in hand. 2. Soon afterwards.—
conj. Then, therefore.
Lucéncia, sf. (Obs.) V. Claridad.
Luéllo, sm. (Prov.) Bad seed which grows among
Lucerna, sf. 1. Glow-worm. 2. Lamp.
grain or corn.
Lucérnula, sf. (Bot.) Lúceme, saintfoin.
Lucero, sm. 1. Morning-star, Venus, day-ster, Luengo, ga, a. (Obs.) V. Largo.
Lucifer. 2. Splendour. 3. Part of a window Luént, LuéSe, ad. (Obs.) V. Lejos.
Lugano, sm. SmaU singing.bird.
where light entera.
Lugar, sm. 1. Place, spot, situation, position.
Lucha, sf. I. Struggle, strife, contest, wrestle.
2. City,town,village; properly speaking it
2. Dispute, argument.
is applied to a village or to a very small town.
Luchador, ra, s. Wrestler, one who wrestles.
Luchar, ra. 1. T o wrestle, to contend, to strug- 3. Employment, office, dignity. 4. Time, opportunity, occasion. 5. Leisure, convenience
gle, to conflict 2. To discuss, to debate.
oftime. 6, Cause, motive, reason. 7. Text,
Lucharniégo, ga, a. AppUed to dogs used for
authority or sentiment of an author. Lugar
catching liares at night.
común, Privy-house, water-closet, the little
Luchíllo, sm. (Nau.) Goríng, goring cloth.
house. Lugares de un combate, (Nau.) QuarLucidamente, ad. Lucidly, brightly.
ters in a sea-fight. En lugar de, Instead of,
Lucidár, va. To copy a picture on transparent
in lieu of.
paper, which was laid upon it.
Lucido, da, a. 1. Lucid, shining, lucific. 2. Gay,
Lugarázo, sm. augm. of Lugar. It is commonly
magnificent, graceful, splendid.—pp. oí Lucir. applied to country towns.
Lucidura, sf. (CoU.) Whiteness of white-washedLugarcíco, íllo, íto, sm. V. Lugarillo.
Lugaríllo, Lugaréjo, sm. dim. Hamlet, a small
walls.
Luciente, pa. Shining, lucid, lucific. luminous, village.
bright, lucent
Lugareño, ña, s. and a. 1. Belonging to a village. 2. Inhabitant of a village.
Luciérnaga, go, s. Glow-worm, noctiluca. LamLugaréte, sm. dim. V. Lugarillo.
pyris, L.
Lucifer, sm. 1. Lucifer, Satán. 2. A very proud Lugarón, sm. augm. V. Lugarázo.
and wieked man. 3. V. Lucero for the morn- Lugaróte, sm. augm. V. Lugarázo.
Lugartenéncia, sf, (Littl. us.) Lieutenancy.
ingstar.
Luciferíno, na, a. Luciferian, belonging to Lu-Lugarteniente, sm. Deputy, substitute, lieutecifer, devilish.
nant.
Lucífero, ra, a. (Poet.) Resplendent, shining, luLugo, sm. Kind of linen.
ciferous, lucific.—sm. (Obs.) V. Lucero.
Lúgubre, a. Sad, mournful, gloomy, melanLucífugo, ga, a. That which status the light.
choly or melancholic, funest, ghastful, luguLucillo, sm. T o m b ; sarcophagus.
bríous, dismal.
Lucimiento, sm. 1. Lucidity, brightness. 2. Luición, sf. (Prov.) V. Redención de censos.
Splendour, lustre, applause.
Luir, vn. (Nau.) To gall or to be galled or fret.
Lucína, sf. (Obs.) V. Ruiseñor.
ted, to wear away byfriction.—ra.(Prov. V
Lucio, cía, a. Lucid, bright
Redimir censos,
Lucio, sm. (Ichth.) C o m m o n pike, luce. Esox Luísmo, sm. (Prov.) V. Laudemio.
toctos, L.
Lujadón, sf. (Surg.) Luxation.
Lucir, va. 1. To emit Ught, to glitter, f o gleam,Lujarse, rr. (Surg.) T o luxate, to put out of
to glow. 2. T o illuminate, to enlighten. 3. joint.
To outshine, to exceed.—vn. and r. 1. To Lujo, sm. Piofuseness, extravaganey or excess
shine, to be brilliant. Le luce el trabajo, H e in pomp, dresses, fare, etc. superftoity,luxury.
enjoys thefruitsof his labour. 2. To dress Lujoso, sa, a, Applied to a person foud of showy
to advantage.
dresses; proí'use, lavish.
Lucrativo, va, a. Lucrative, productive of gain.Lujuria, sf. I. Luxury, lubricity, lust, carnal
Lucro, sm, Gain, profit, lucre, gctttog.
pleasure. 2. Excess. profuseness. lavishness.
Lucroso, sa, «. Lucrific, gainful, lucriferous, Lujuriante, pa. Lusting.—a. Luxuriant, exubeprofiti.ble.
rant, auperftoously pleníeous.
S43
LUN
LUZ
Lujuriar, vn. 1. T o be luxurious or hbidinous,
a half-moon. 2. A n y of the boxes placed on
to lust. 2. T o couple together: speaking oí
the pit of a play-house, immediately behind
animáis.
the orchestra. 3. Opera-glass ; eye-glass.
Lujuriosamente, ad. Luxuriously, lustfully, vo- 4. Crescent worn iu the hair or shoes of
luptuously.
tamales.
Lujurioso, sa, a. Luxurious, lustful, voluptuous,Luníca, illa, ifa, sf. dim. of Luna.
lubric, lewd, libídinous, feastful.
Lunisolár,a. (Astr.) Luuisolar, compounded of
Lumbago, sm. (Med.) Lumbago, a painful disthe íevolution of the sun and moon.
ease.
Lunísta, sm. Lunatic, a toad person, whose imaLumbar, a. Lumbar, lumbary.
gination is influenced by the moon.
Lumbrada, Lumbrarada, sf. A greatfire; a Lúnula, sf. 1. A geometricalfigurein form of
fierce conflagration.
a half-moon. 2. (Opt.) Meniseus, a lens or
Lumbre, sf. 1. Fire, any thing burning. 2. Spark, glass convex on one side and cuneave on the
a small particle offirestruck out of a fltot. other.
3. Splendour, brightness, lucidity, clearness. Lupanar, sm. Brothel, a bawdy-house.
4. (Obs.) V. Vista. A lumbre de pajas, Lupanário, ia, a. Belonging to a brothel.
(Coll.) Very swiftly.—pl. 1. Tinder-box, in Lupia, sf. Encysted tumour.
which aflint,steel and tinder, are kept for Lupícia, sf. V. Alopecia.
strikingfire.2. H a m m e r , that part of a gun Lupino, na, a. (Littl. us.) Wolfish.
or pistol lock which strikesfireout of the Lupino, sm. (Bot.) V. Altramuz.
flint. 3. Fore-part of horse-shoes.
Lúpulo, sm. (Bot.) Hops. Humulus lupulus, L.
Lumbrera, sf. 1. Luminary, any body which Luquete, sm. 1. Zest, a slice of an orange with
gives or emito light. 2. Sky-light, louver.
the peel thrown into wine. 2. Match, a card,
3. Luminary, he who from his transcendent
rope or small chip of wood dipped in melted
abiUtiei; isfitto instruct mankind.
sulphur.
Luminar, sm. 1. Luminary, any body which Luquetéra, sf. Match-girl.
emito light. 2. A m o n g patotera, light, as op- Lustración, sf. (Obs.) Lustration, purification
posed to shade. 3. Luminary, a m a n emiby water.
nent in science.
Lustrador, sm. 1. Hot-press, a machine which
Luminaria, sf. 1. Illumination, festival lights gives a gloss to clothes. 2. Hot-presser, one
hung out as a token of joy. 2. L a m p which
whose trade is to give a gloss to clothes.
is kept burning in R o m á n catholie churches Lustrál, a. Lustral: applied to water used in
before the sacrament.—pl. Money paid for
purifications.
the expenses of illuminations.
Lustrar, ra. 1. T o expíate, to purify. 2. T o illusLuminosamente, aa". (Littl. us.) Luminously,
trate, to make brilliant. 3. T o mangle; to
luciferously.
fine. 4. T o wander.
Luminoso, sa, a. Lumiuous, lucid, luciferous, Lustre, sm. 1. Gloss, lustre, niteney, fineness,
lightsome, emitting light.
2. Clearness, nobleness, splendour, glory.
Lúmpo jibádo, sm. (Ichth.) Lumpfish.
Lústrico, ca, a. (Poet.) Belonging to a lustro.
Luna, sf. 1. Moon, the changing luminary ofLustrina, sf. Lustring, a kind of glossy silk
the night. 2. Glass píate for mírrors, gl-ass
stuff.
for optical instrumento, 3. Effect of the moon Lustro, sm. Lustre, lustrum, the space of five
upon lunatic people. 4. Media luna, (Fort.) years.
Half-moon, a ravelin built before the angle Lustrosamente, aa". Brilliantly, splendidly, glitor curtain of a bastión. 5. (Prov.) Open, unteringly.
covered court or hall. Luna llena or men- Lustroso, sa, a. Bright, brilliant, lustrous,
guante, FuU or waning moon.
shining, glossy, golden.
Lunación, sf. Lunation, the revolution of the Lutación, sf. (Chem.) Lutatíon, the method of
moon.
cementing chemical vessels cióse together.
Lunada, sf. H a m , a g a m m o n of salt pork.
Lúten, sm. (Chem.) Lufe, a kind of paste to
Lunado, da, a. Lunated, formed like a halfmake vessels air-tight.
moon, moony.
Luteranísmo, sm. Lutheranism, relating to the
Lunánco, ca, a. Applied to animáis with one
optoions of Luther.
quarter higher than another.
Luterano, na, a. and s. Lutheran.
Lunar, sm. 1. Mole, a natural spot or discolora- Luto, sm. 1. Mourning, the dress of sorrow. 2.
tion of the body. Lunar postizo, Patch, a Mourning, sorrow, condolement
spot of black silk which ladies wear on their Lutria, sf. V. Nutria.
faces as an ornament. 2. Note or stain of Luz, sf. 1. Light, clearness, clarity. Luces,
tofamy.—a. Lunar, lunary, relating to the
Windows, lanthorns. 2. A n y -thing that
moon.
gives light; a candle, taper, etc. 3. Day.
Lunaria, sf. (Bot.) Moonwort, honesty.
4. Notice, information, hint; inspiration. 5.
Lunario, sm. V. Calendario.
Luminary, a m a n of transcendent abititíes.
Lunático, ca, a. Lunatic, moonstruck, mad,
6. Lustre, splendour. 7. Light-house. 8.
having the ímagination influenced by the
(Pict.) Light and shade. A buena luz,
moou.
Carefully, after a due examination. A dos
Lunecilla, sm. Crescent worn by f emales.
luces, Ambiguously. Sacar á luz or dar á luz,
Lunes, sm. Monday, the second day of the
To publish a literary production, Luz de luz,
week.
Reflectad or borrowed light.
Luneta, sf. 1. Opening left in an arch in form ti
544
MAC
MAC
T H E letter m has iu the Spanish language
and hewing timber.—Macnaa: ia, pp. of
the same sound as in English M is never
Machar.
doubled in Spanish.
Machar, ra. T o pound. V. Machacar. A macha
Maca, sf. 1. Bruise infruitoccasioned by a faU martillo, Firmly, strongly ; in a solid manner.
from the tree, or from any bruise or hurt. 2.
Creer en Dios á macha martillo, T o believe
Spot, stain. 3. Deceit, fraud, trick.
in Godfirmlyand sincerely.
Macaco, ca, s. Parrot. Psittacus nucao, L.
Macheár, rn. To beget more males than
Macana, sf. A wooden weapon in the form of a témales.
Machetazo, sm. Blow or stroke with a hatchet.
cimeter, in use among the Indians.
Macareno, na, a. (Coll.) Applied to a bragging,Machete, sm. Chopping-knife, cutlass.
Machetero, sm. One who clears away bushes
boasting person.
Macarrones, sm. pl. 1. Macaroni, a kind of paste with a bill-hook.
formed into small cylindrical tubes : in this Machiega, a. V. Abeja machiega.
sense it is sometimes used in the singular. 2. Machihembrar, ra. (Caip.) To join or dovetaU
pieces of wood in a box with grooves.
(Nau.) Awning-stanchions. V. Candeleros.
Macarronea, sf. A kind of burlesque poetry,Machinete, sm. (Prov.) Chopping-knife.
made up of words of different languages, Macho, sm. 1. Male animal. 2. He-mule, got
by a stone-horse and a she-ass, or by a jackmixed confusedly together.
ass and a mare. 3. Flesh of a he-goat, eaten
Macarrónico, ca, a. Macáronle.
in Valencia and other parts of Spain instead
Macarronísmo, sm. The macáronte style of
of mutton. 4. Mould in which bells are cast.
poetry.
5. A n uncouth, ignorant fellow. 6. Pillar of
Macarse, rr. To rot, to be spoiled in consequence of a bruise or hurt: appUed to fruit. masonry to support a building. 7. Hook to
catch hold in an eye. 8. Screw-pto. 9. Sledge
Maceadór, sm. Beater, hammerer.
Macear, ra. To beat or drive with a mallet, to
or large hammer, used to forge iron. IU.
Block on which a smith's anvil isfixed.11.
knock, to hammer down.—rn. To repeat
Machos del timón, (Nau.) Rudder-pintles,
frequently the same demand, to insist upon it.
Maceración, sf. 1. Maceration, an infusión with hooks by which the rudder is fastened to the
or without heat, wherein the ingredients are
sternpost.
intended to be nearly dissolved. 2. Mortifi- Macho, a. MascuUne, vigorous, robust; male.
cation, maceration, corporal severity or hard- Machón, sm. (Arch.) Buttress, an arched pillar
to support a wall or building.
ship.
Macerar, ra. 1. To macérate, to soften any hard Machorra, sf.l.A barren ewe. 2. A n y woman
who cannot get or bear a child.
substance by steeping it nearly to solütion,
either with or without heat. 2. T o mortify, Machota, Machúte, s. A kind of beetle or
mallet.
to macérate, to harass with corporal hardships. 3, (Chem.) To bruise plants, to ex- Machucadura, sf. The act of pounding oí
bruising.
tract their juice
Macerina, sf. A kind of saucer with a round Machucamiento, sm. V. Machucadura.
cavity in the middle to hold the chocolate- Machucar, ra. To pound, to bruise. V. Machacar.
cup, when served.
Macero, sm. Mace-bearer, one who carries the Machucho, cha, a. Mature, ripe of age and understanding ; judicious.
mace before sovereigns, corporatíons, etc.
Machuelo, sm. 1. (Dim.) A smaU he-mule. 2.
Maceta, sf. 1. Flower-pot, in whichflowersare
Heart of an onion.
reared. 2. Handle of a stick used at Spanish
truek-tobles. 3. Handle of many kinds of Mácias, sf, V. Macis.
tools. 4. Haunch of mutton.
5. Two- Macicez, sf. (Prov. Low) Solidity, comparíness.
clawed hammer. 6. (Nau.) Maul, mallet. Macilento, ta, a. Lean, extenuated; withered,
decayed, macilent, marcid.
Maceta de aforra, A serving-mallet. Maceta de calafate, A calking-mallet. Maceta
Macis, sf. Mace, a kind of spice; the second of
de ajustar, A drivuig-mallet Afaceías,Mallets the three coverings of the nutmeg.
or beetles, with which rope-ends are beaten Macizamente, aa*. In afirmand solid manner.
Macizar, ra. 1. To cióse or stop any opening or
to make oakum.
Macetón, sm. augm. oí Maceta.
passage, to form into a compact body. 2. To
Machaca, s com. A n ignorant, tiresome person. support a propositiou by solid arguments and
convincing reasons.
Machacadera, sf. Instrument for pounding or
breaking.
Macizo, za, a. 1. Compact, dose, solid, massive,
Machacador, ra, s. Pounder, beetler, bruiser.
massy. 2. Firm, certain.
Machacar, ra. To pound or break any thing into Macizo, sm. Massiness or massiveness, bulk.
small pieces, to crash, to contuse.—vn. To Macla,' sf. 1. (Bot.) Water-caltrops. Trapa
importune, to harass, to molest. Machacar
natans, L. 2. Wooden instrument to scotch
en hierro frió, To hammer cold iron: phrase flax or hemp.
indicating inutility.
Mácle, sm. (Blaz.) Másele, a lozenge as it weie
Machacón, na, a. Heavy, monotonous, importú- perforated.
nate, tediously diffuse.
Macoca, sf. A large sort of early figs.
Machada, sf. 1. Flock of he-goats. 2. (CoU.) V.Macolla, sf. Bunch offlowers,etc. growing on
A'éeeáaa'.
one stalk.
Machado, sm. Hatchet, a swall axeforcutting; Macona, sf. fProv.) Basket without handles.
v 0 L . I.
545
' 2 N
MAD
MAD
lees or scum concreted. 11. Mother, a famiMacrocosmo, sm. Macrocosm, the whole world
Uar term oí address to an oíd woman. Madre
or visible system, in opposition to the microde leche, A wet-nurse. Mal de madre, 1.
cosm or world of man.
Macuca, sf. (Bot.) Kind of wild pear or pear- Mother or hysterical passion. 2. The state
of children spoiled by their mother. Madre
tree. Pyrus communis, L. sylvestris.
Mácula, sf. Stain, spot, blemish, macule or m a ael timón, (Nau.) Maín-piece of the rudder.
Madre de la rueda del timón, (Nau.) Barrel
cula.
Macular, ra. 1. (Obs.) To macúlate, to stain, to of the steering-wheel. Madres, (Nau.) Gallows-beams.
spot 2. T o make a double impression in printing with types or copper-plates. 3. (Obs.) T o Madreár, vn. (Coll.) 1. T o cali mother repeatedly. 2. T o copy the manners of a mother.
mark with infamy.
Maculatura, sf. (Print.) Sheet which has re- Madrecíca, íta, sm. dim. of Madre, Used as an
endearing expression instead of mother.
ceived a double impression in printing.
Maculóso, sa, a. FuU of spots, stains and ble- Madrecilla, sf. 1. Ovarium of birds. 2. (Dim.)
V. Madrecica.
mishes.
Macuquino, na, a. Applied to coin with the Madreclávo, sm. Clove, a spice which has remained on the tree two years.
milled edges cut away.
Madreña, sf. V. Almadreña.
Madama, sf. Madam. V. Señora.
Madamisela, sf. A n appellation given in Spain Madreperla» sf. Mother of pearl; pearl-oyster.
Mytilus margaritiferus, L.
to young women who are over nice to point
Madrepóra, sf. Madrepore, white coral.
of dress, and affect the lady.
Madeja, sf. 1. H a n k or skein of thread, worsted,
Madrero, ra, a. (Prov. Coll.) FondUng, caressing a mother.
sük or cotton. 2. Lock of hair. 3. A weak,
lazy person. Madeja sin cuenda, Confused,Madreselva, sf. (Bot ) Honey-suckle. Lonicera
caprifolíum, L.
disordered, irregular person or thing. Hacer
madeja, To be ropy: appUed to liquors.
Madrigada, a. Applied formerly to a woman
Madejéta, íca, illa, íta, sf. dim. A small skein. twice married.
Madejuéla, sf. A smaU skein.
Madrigado, da, a. 1. Cunning, crafty. 2. ApMadera, sf 1. Timber, wood. Madera de cons- plied to a bull that has been with cows.
trucción, Timber for ship-building. MaderaMadrigal, sm. Madrigal, a light, airy, short
de vuelta, Compass-timber. Madera derecha, song.
Straight timber. Madera del aire, Horn ofMadrigaléja, Madrigaléte, sm. dim. A short
madrigal.
animáis. A media madera, Said of scarfed
timbera. 2. Hoof of a horse or other beast. 3. Madriguera, sf. 1. Burrow, the holes made in
Said of green or unripe fruit. Descubrir la
the ground by rabbits or conies. 2. Den,
lurking place.
madera, (Coll.) T o manifest any unknown
vice or defect. Ser de mala madera or tener Madrílla, sf (Prov.) A small river fish.
Madrilléra, sf. (Prov.) Instrumentforcatching
mala madera, To be lazy.
Maderada, sf. Raft, a frame oífloat,made by small fish.
Madrina, sf. 1. Godmother, a woman who has
laying pieces of timber across each other.
Maderáge, Maderamen, sm. The whole of the
beeome a sponsor in baptism. 2. Bridemaid,
3. Protoctress. 4. Prop, stanchion. 5. Straps
timber necessaryfora building; a house in
or cords which yoke two horses.
frame.
Maderár, va. (Obs.) To plank. V. Enmaderar. Madríz, sf. 1. (Obs.) V. Matriz. 2. Place
where quails nestle. 3. (Orn.) Daker lien.
Maderería, sf. Timber-yard.
Maderero, sm. Timber-merchant, woodmonger; Rallos crex, L.
Madrona, sf. 1. Mother over-fond of her children,
carpenter.
who spoils them by excessivetenderness.2.
Maderíco, íllo, íto, sm. dim. A small piece of
(Bot.) Clandestine toothwort. Lathrasa clantimber.
destina, L.
Maderista, sm. (Prov.) Conductor of a raft or
Madroncillo, sm. Strawberry.
float of timber.
Madero, sm. Beam, any large and long piece of Madroñal, sm. Plantation of strawberry-trees.
timber: it is sometimes appUed to any piece Madroñera, sm. (Bot.) Strawberry-tiee. Arbutus unedo, L.
of timber,
Madroñíto, uélo, sm. dim. A small strawberryMaderuélo, sm. dim. V. Maderico.
tree.
Mádios, (Obs.) V. Par dios.
Madraza, sf.augm. A very fond mother.
Madroño, sm. 1. Strawberry-tree. Arbutus
Madrastra, sf. 1. Step-mother, a w o m a n marunedo, L. 2. Fruit of the strawberry-tree.
ried to a m a n who has children by a former
3. Silk tassel.
wife. 2. (Met.) A n y thing disagreeable.
Madrugada, sf. 1. Dawn, the time between the
Madre, sf. 1. Mother, a woman who has borne first appearance of light and the sun's rise.
a díild : correlative to son or daughter. 2.
2. The act of rising early in the morning. De
Mother, that which has produced any thing.
madrugada, At break of day.
3. Hen, a bird hatching young from eggs. 4. Madrugador, ra, s. Early riser.
Mother, a title given to religious women. 5. Madrugar, rn. 1. T o rise early in the morning.
Matron in an hospital. 6. Basis, foundation, 2. T o contrive, to premeditóte. 3. To antidorigin. 7. Matrix, womb, matrice. 8. Bed
pate, to be beforehand.
of a river. 9. Sewer, sink. 10. Mother, a Madrugón, sm. 1. Act ofrisingvery early in the
thick substance concreted in liquors, oí the
morning. 2. Early riser.
546
MAE
MAG
Maduradón, sf. Ripeness, maturity, matu- Maestrescolia, sf. Dignity of a maestrescuela in
ration.
the Spanish cathedral churches.
Maduradéro, sm. Place for ripening fruits.
Maestrescuela, sm. I. A dignitary in the SpaMadurador, ra, s. O n e w h o matures or ripens.
nish cathedral churches, whose duty formerly
Maduramente, ad. Maturely, prudently, consiwas to teach divinity. 2. Chancellor in some
derately.
universities.
Madurante, pa. Maturing, ripening; matura- Maestría, sf. 1. Mastership, complete knowledge,
tive.
mastery, masteriness, eminent skill. 2. In
Madurar, ra. T o ripen or to ripe, to maturate,
regular orders, the dignity or degree of a
to mature, to mellow, to m a k e ripe.—rn. 1. T o
master. 3. (Obs.) Mastership of a vessel.
ripen, to grow ripe. 2. T o attaiu the age of
4. (Obs.) Address ; stratagem.
maturity.—rr. T o ripen, to grow ripe, to be- Maestril, sm. Cells to which the king or queen
come matured.
bees are bred.
Madurativo, va, a. Maturative.
Maestríllo, sm. dim. A little master.
Madurativo, sm. 1. A n y thing that matures. 2. Maestro, sm. 1. Master,teacher,professor, one
Means employed to soften any person to
w h o teaches any art or science. 2. Master,
yield to a request.
a m a n eminently skilfultopractice or science.
Madurez, sf. 1. Maturity, meflowness, ripeness. 3. A compellation of respect in monastic or2. Prudence, wisdom.
ders. 4. Master, a title of dignity in some
Maduro, ra, a. 1. Ripe, mature, perfect, mellow, universities.
full, full grown. 2. Prudent, judicious.
Maestro, tra, a. Masterly, principal,first,main.
Maesa, sf. V . Abeja maestra.
Magacén, sm. (Obs.) V. Almacén.
Maése, sm. (Obs.) Master. V. Maestro. Maese Maganto, ta, a. Spiritless, dull, faint, languid.
Magaña, sf. Honey-comb, a flaw in the bore oí
coral, A kind of g a m e played with balls.
Maesíl, sm. V. Maestril.
a gun.
Maestra, sf. 1. Mistress, school-mistress. 2. Magarza, sf. (Bot.) D o w n y chamomile. Anfhemis tomentosa, L.
Mastér's wife to all trades and professions. 3.
Queen-bee. 4. Whatever instructs. La his- Magarzuéla, sf. Stinking chamomile. Anthetoria es maestra de ta vida, History is the
mis lotula, L.
Magdaleón, sm. Sticks of plaster, m a d e up ta
instructress of life.
Maestrádgo, sm. 1. (Obs ) Territory of the master
small cylindrícal rolls for use.
Magénca, sf. (Prov.) Digging of vines.
of a miUtary order. 2. Office of master.
Maestral, a. 1. Suitíhg or relating to a grand- Magencár, ra. (Prov.) T o dig the earth up
master of a military order, or to his dignity
about vines, and to clear them of weeds.
or jurisdiction. 2. (Obs.) V. Magistral. 3. Magestád, sf. 1. Majesty, dignity; grandeur of
appearance, loftiness ; gravity. 2. Majesty,
North-west: applied to the wind.
Mesa
maestral, T h e sheep-walk board.—sm. Cell
the title of emperors, kíngs, empresses and
of the queen or principal bee.
queens. 3. Power, kingship, sovereignty, eleMaestraUzár, rn. (Nau.) T o have variation or
vation.
declination to west or north-west: applied to Magestóso, sa, a. V . Magestuoso.
Magestuosaménte, ad. Majestically, kingly.
the compass-needle.
Maestramente, aa*. (Obs.) Masterly, dexterously,Magestuosidád, sf. Majesty, dignity.
skilfully.
Magestuoso, sa, a. 1. Majestic, majestical, au.
Maestránte, sm. A ny of the members of one of
gust, grand. 2. Stately, pompous, lofty. 3.
the societies called maestranzas.
Grave, solemn.
Maestranza, sf. 1. Society of nobleroen in Spain Magia, sf. 1. Magic, the art of producíng sur»
with the object of putting into practice equesprisíng effects by the secret -agency of natural powers : in this sense it is also caUed
trian exercises. 2. All the several trades that
magia blanca or magia natural. 2. Magic,
belong to the building of ships. 3. Dockyard; naval storehouse.
the pretended science of putting in action the
Maestrazgo, sm. Dignity of a grand-master of
power of spirits: in this sense it is generally
a military order, or his jurisdiction.
called magia negra.
Maestrázo, sm. augm. A great master.
Mágicamente, ad. Magically.
Maestre, sm. 1. Grand master of a military or- Mágico, ca, a. Magic, magical, incantating; neder : it is also called gran maestre. 2. (Nau.) cromantic.
Master of a merchant-ship, ship-master: in Mágico, ca, s. Magician, one w h o professes
the Mediterranean he is called patrón. 3.
magic.
(Nau.) Master on board of a ship of war. Magín, sm. (Prov. Coll.) V . Imaginación.
4. Maestre de plata, (Nau.) Supercargo on Magisterial, a. Magisterial, magistral, cunde.
board the royal Spanish galíeons. 5. üíaes- Magisterio, sm. 1. Mastery, magisterialness, rule
tre de raciones, (Nau.) Purser. 6. (Obs.) of a master. 2. Mastership, thetitleand rank
Master, doctor.
of a master in the universities. 3. Gravity,
Maestrear, vn. (Coll.) T o domineer, to act the
seriousness ; affected solemnity. 4. Magismaster.—ra. 1. T o lop vines. 2. (Prov.) T o
tery, a chemical preparation of mixed bodies.
adultérate, to falsify. 3. T o level the surface Magistrado, sm. 1. Magistrate, a chief officer ol
of a wall.
justice. 2. Magistracy, the office or dignity
Maestreescuela, sm. V . Maestrescuela.
of a magistrate. 3. Court, tribunal.
Maestresala, sm. T h e chief waiter at a noble- Magistral, a. 1. Magisterial, such as suits a
man's table in Spain.
master, magistral, masterly, oracular. 2. A p
547
2 N 2
MAG
MAJ
plied to a prebend in Catholie cathedrals, Magújb, sm. (Nau.) Rave-book: an instrument
called magistral, and to the person who en- with a crooked point, which serves to pick
joys it. 3. (Med.) Magistral or magístralía:
oíd oakum out of the seams of the ship's
applied to such medicines, as are extemporasides and decks.
neous or in common use.—sf. Title of a pre- Magulla, sf. (Obs.) V. Magulladura.
Dendary, in the R o m á n catholie church, whose Magullado, da, a. and pp. oí Magullar, Bruised,
funríions consist in teaching and preaching.
worn out.
— s m . The person who enjoys the prebend or Magulladura, sf. Bruise, contusión; a hurt with
canonry caUed magistral in Spanish cathesomething blunt and heavy.
drals.
Magullamiento, sm. Act of bruising; contuMagistralménte, ad. Magisterially, magistrally, sión.
masterly.
Magullar, ra. T o bruise, to mangle,tofrush,to
Magistratura, sf. Magistracy, judicature, judge- contuse.
«hip.
Maharón, na, a. (Obs.) Unhappy, unfortunate.
Magnánimamente, aa*. Magnanimously, with Maherír, ra. (Obs.) T o convene, to antiápate.
greatness of mind, bravely; generously.
Mahometano, s. and a. Mohammedau, mahoMagnanimidad, sf. Magnanimity, elevation of
medan, mahometon.
mind ; elevation of soul, fortitude, generous- Mahometismo, sm. Mohammedanism, mahomeness, greatness.
tism, a system of religión introduced by MoMagnánimo, ma, a. Magnanimotis, heroic or
hammed, and adherecí to by his sect.
heroical, generous; honourable.
Mahometísta, sm. (Obs.) FoUower of MohamMagnate, sm. Magnate, a person of rank, opumed.
lence, fashion or influence.
Mahometizar, rn.To profess Mohammedanism;
Magnesia, sf. Magnesia, a medicinal powder, a to mahometanize.
radical earth.
Mahón, sm. Nankin or nankeen, a kind of Ught
Magnético, ca, a. Magnetic, magnetical, relating cotton.
to the magnet; attractive,
Mahóna, sf. Turkish transport vessel.
Magnetismo, sm. Magnetism, power of the load-Maído, sm. M e w . V. Maullido.
stone ; power of attraction.
Maimona, sf. B e a m of a horse mili in which
the spindle runs.
Magnetizar, ra. T otottchwith the loadstone or
magnet, to render magnetic.
Maimonétes, sm. pl. (Nau.) Pegs or pins, placed
Magníficamente, aa". Magnificently, loftily,
on deck near the main and foremast to which
rope-ends are fastened.
nobly.
Magnificar, ra. T o magnify, to extol, to exalt, Maís, ad. (Prov.).V. Mas and Sino.
to raise in estimation.
Maitinánte, sm. One who attends matins.
Magníficat, s. com. The song of the blessed Vir-Maitín'ário, sm. Book containing the matins.
gin. Criticar or corregir el magníficat,Maitines,
To
sm. pl. Matins, one of the canonical
hours in the Catholie church.
criticise without reason or judgment.
Magnificencia, sf. Magnificence, grandeur of Maíz, sm. (Bot.) Maize, Indian corn. Zea
mays, L.
appearance, grandity, grandeur, splendour ;
Maizal, sm. Field sown with Indian corn.
gorgeousness.
Majada, sf. 1. Sheep-cot, sheep-fold. 2. (Obs.)
Magnífico, ca, a. 1. Magnificent, splendid, magInn.
nific or magnifica!, grand, great, costly;
Majadal, sm. Land used for a sheep-fold.
gaudy. 2. A title of honour.
Magnitud, sf. 1. Magnitude, comparative bulk Majadear, rn. To take shelter in the night: apor extent. 2. Magnitude, greatness, grandeur. plied to aflockof sheep.
Magno, na, a. Great: used as an epithet in the Majaderázo, sm. augm. V. Majaderon.
Majadería, sf. Absurd speech, nonsense; lumpSpanish language: e. g. Alejandro el magno,
ishness.
Alexander the Great.
Magnolia, sf. (Bot.) Magnolia. Magnolia, L.Majaderillo, sm. Bobbin for lace.
Magnolia grandiflora, Laurel-leaved magno-Majadero, ra, a. Dull, footish, doltish, silly,
blockish, sottish.
lia. Magnolia grandiflora, L.
Mago, ga, s. 1. A title formerly given ín the Majadero, sm. 1. Gawk, afoolish,troublesome
east to philosophers, kings or wise men, called fellow. 2. (Obs.) Pestle, an instrument with
which any thing is broken in a mortar. 3.
magi. 2. Magician, one skilled in magic; a
(Obs.) Pounder, one that pounds or breaks
necromancer.
Magra, sf. Rasher, slice of pork, bacon or ham. any thing in a mortar. 4. Place where hemp
or bass is beaten. Majaderos, Bobbins foi
Magríca, illa, íta, sf. dim. A small rasher.
making bone-lace.
Magro, gra, a. Meagre, lean, marcíd, wanting
Majaderon, sm. augm. A great gawk, a great
flesh.
fool.
M igrújo, ja, a. (Obs.) Meagre. V. Magro.
Majadór, ra, s. Pounder, bruiser.
Magrura, sf. Leanness, thinness, marcour.
Maguer, Maguera, conj. (Obs.) Although. V. Majadura, sf. The act of pounding or bruising.
Majagranzas, sm. (Coll.) A stupid brute : nickAunque.
name for an ignorant, troublesome fellow.
Magüeto, ta, s. (Prov.) V . Aovillo.
Maguey, sm. (Bot) American agave. Agave Majamiento, sm. (Obs.) "Whipping, chastisement.
Americana, L.
Maguillo, sm. Wild common pear-tree. Pyrus Majano, sm. A small heap of stones serving as
a lardmark.
communis sylvestris, L.
548
MAL
MAL
Majar, ra. 1. To pound, to break in a mortar.
dians, etc.—vr. To contract an impropci oí
2. To importune, to vex, to molest.
unfortunate marriage.
Majarrána, sf. (Prov.) Fresh pork.
Malcaso, sm. Treason, turpitude, crime.
Majéncta, sf. (Prov. Coll.) The quality of being
Malcocinado, sm. 1. Tripes, liver and lights of
very spruce orfinein one's dress.
a quadruped or four-footed animal. 2. Place
Majo, ja, s. Boaster, bragger.
where tripes are sold.
Majo, ja, a. Gallant, nitid, gay, spruce, fine.Malcomido, da, a. Hungry, destitote of wholeMajolar, ra. T o put straps to the shoes, to tie
some food.
them tight.
Malcontento, sm. 1. Malecontent; one w h o m nothing pleases; a peevish person dissatisfied
Majorca, sf. V. Mazorca.
Majuela, sf. 1. Fruit of the white hawthom. with every thing. 2. Kind of game at cards.
Malcontento, ta, a. Discontented, malecontent,
2. Strap with which shoes are tied.
Majuelo, sm. 1. Vine newly planted. 2. V. Es- malecoutented, mumpish.
Malcórte, sm. Transgression of the mountain
pino majuelo.
Mal, sm. 1. Evil, harm, hurt, injury, mischief. laws in cutting wood or making charcoal.
2. Illness. disease, complaint. 3. Imperfec- Malcriado, da, a. IU-bred, unmannerly, spoüed:
tion. 4. Fault, trespass.—a. V. Malo : it is commonly applied to children.
used only before masculine substantives.— Maldad, sf. 1. Wickedness, iniquity, conuption,
ad. Badly, injuriously, ill. Anda mal, H e is abominatíon. 2. Guiltiness, criminousness,
a bad walker. Mal caduco, Epilepsy. Mal harmfulness, mischievousness.
Maldadoso, sa, a. (Obs.) Wieked, ill-disposed.
hecho, 1. Badly done, illfinished.2. Unjust,
contrary to equity and justice. Mal de mi Maldecidor, ra, s. Detractor; swearer.
grado, mal de tu grado or mal de su grado,Maldecimiénto, sm. (Obs.) Backbiting, privy
In spite of me, of you or of him or her, mau- calumny; censure of the absent.
gre ; notwithstanding. Mal que bien, WithMaldecir, ra. l.To curse, to aecurse, to exécrate.
2. To uetract.
good or ill will. Mal por mal, For want of
something better. Del mal el menos, The Maldícho, cha, pp. irr. obs. oí Maldecir, Acoursed; calumniated.
least of two evils. De mal en peor, Worse
and worse. Mal francés, Venereal disease. Maldiciente, pa. and s. Cursiug; curser; mordaMal de ojo, Evil eye. Mal de ojos, Eyesore. cious.
Maldición, sf. 1. Malediction, curse, cursing,
Mal de ánimo, Heartsore.
Mala, sf. 1. Mail: a ñame applied in Spain to execration; imprecation. 2. Divine chastisethe bag or packet of letters from France. 2.
ment.
Maldita, sf. (CoU.) The tongue. Soltar la malDeuce of spades.
dita, (CoU.) T e give a loóse to one's tongue,
Malácho, a. (Prov.) V. Malucho.
Malacostumbrado, da, a. Having bad habito or toteUone's mind very freely.
Maldito, ta, a. 1. Perverse, wieked. 2. Chastised
customs.
Malacuenda, sf. Coarse cloth made of tow. V. by divine justice. 3. Damned, cursed, confounded. 4. (Coll.) None, not one.—pp. irr.
Rázago.
Malagana, sf. (Prov.) Pole set up with dry furze oí Maldecir, Accursed.
Maleabüidád, sf. Malleability, malleableness,
to catch bees swarming.
quality of being extended by the hammer.
Malamente, ad. Badly, wickedly.
Malandanza, sf. Misfortune, calamity.
Maleable, a. Malleable, hammerable.
Maleador, ra, s. Rogue, villain, corruptor
Malandár, sm. (Prov.) Wild hog.
Malandrín, sm. Highwayman, one who robs on Maleante, sm. Corruptor, injurer.—pa. Corrupting.
the highway.—a.- Malign, perverse.
Malaquítes, sf. (Min.) Malachite, a kind of stone.
Malear, ra. To pervert, to corrupt, to injure, to
Malatía, sf. (Obs.) Malady, disease, distemper. damnify.
Maláto, ta, s. (Obs.) A person indisposed withMalecón, sm. Dike, a mouud to prevent inundatious.
some disease.
Maledicencia, sf. Slander, calumny, maledicen
Maláto, sm. (Chem.) Malate.
Malavenido, da, a. and s. Quarrelsome person, cy, obloquy.
one who applies himself to sow discord; curst,Maleficencia, sf. Mischievousness, the habit o
mischievous.
custom of doing mischief.
Malaventura, sf. Calamity, misfortune.
Maleficiar, ra. 1. To adultérate, to corrupt, to
Malaventurado, da, a. Unfortunate, ill-fated,
vitiate. 2. To maleficiate, to bewitch, to inluckless, fortuneless.
jure by witchcraft.
Malavés, Malavéz, aa*. (Obs.) V. Apenas.
Maleficio, sm. 1. (Obs.) Hurt, damage, injury.
Malbaratador, ra, s. Spendthrift, mispender, la- 2. Witchcraft, charm, enchantment
visher, one who wastes his fortune and other Maléfico, ca, a. Mischievous, malefic, maleficent,
people's money in extravagance and useless
injurious to others, especially by witchcraft.
things.
Maleta, sf. 1. Portmanteau, a bag in which
Malbaratar, ra. 1. To mispend, to lavish. 2. To
clothes are carried. Hacer la maleta, To make
disorder, to put into disorder.
the necessary preparations for a journey. 2.
Malcarado, da, a. Grimfaced, foulfaced.
(Low) Prostitute kept by any one for inMalcasado, da, a. and pp. of Malcasar, Not well terest.
married.
Maletero, sm. Harness-maker, saddler; portMalcasar, va. T o make any one marry against
manteau maker.
his or her wil/ : applied to parents, guar- Maletía, sf. Malice ; injury to the health.
549
MAL
MAL
Maletíca, fila, íta, sf. A small portmanteau, a Mallétes, s. pl. (Nau.) Partners, strong piecej
of timber bolted to the beams, encirclrag the
malet.
masts, to keep them steady in their stops, and
Maletón, sm. augm. A large leather bag, in which
prevent them from rolling or pitching by the
bags are carried on a journey.
Malevolencia, sf. Malevolence, ill-nature, ill-will, board.
Mallo, sm. 1. Pallmall, g a m e of bowls, skittles
malignancy.
or nine-pins. 2. Malí, bowling-green, skittleMalévolo, la, a. Malevolent, malignant, malevoground. 3. Mallet.
lous, mischievous, hateful.
Maleza, s/.-l. Wickedness, matice. 2. Piece of Malmandado, da, a. (Coll.) Disobedient, obstíground, rendered unfruitful by brambles and
nate.
Malmeter, vn. (CoU.) T o incUne, to induce to
briers with which it is covered.
evil; to m a k e one différ with another, to
Malfechór, sm. (Obs.) V . Malhechor.
breed quarrels.
Malgáma, sm. (Chem.) V . Amalgama.
Malgastar, ra. T o mispend, to waste, to lavish, Malmirado, da, a. Unpolite, iudiscreet
to lose.
Malo, la, a. 1. Bad, ill, not good. 2. Bad, viMalhablado, da, a. Bold, impudent in speaking,
cious, wieked, perverse, naught, naughty. 3.
foul-mouthed.
Imperfect, defective. 4. Artful, cunning,
Malhadado, da, a. Wretched, unfortunate.
crafty. 5. Sickly, disordered, ül. Estar malo,
Malhecho, sm. Flagitious actiou.
T o be ill, to be sick. Ser mulo, T o be wieked.
Malhecho, cha, a. 111-shaped : applied to persons 6. Difficult, inquiet. De mala, Deceitfully,
w h o are humpbacked, or have some other rein an insidious manner. Andar á malas, To
markable defect in their bodies.
go in enmity.
Malhechor, ra, s. Malefactor, offender, mísdoer. Malo, interj. B a d ; so m u c h the worse.
Malherido, da, a. and pp. oí Malherir, Badly Malogramiento, sm. Disappointment.
Malograr, ra. 1. T o disappoint, to disconcert.
wounded.
2. (Com.) T o waste or spoü goods.—rr. To
Malherir, va. T o wound badly.
be disappointed, to fail oí success.
Malhojo, sm. (Obs.) Refuse, that which is thrown
away or disregarded w h e n the rest is taken.
Malogro, sm. Disappointment, miscarriage.
Malhumorado, da, a. IU-humoured, peevish ; Malordenádo, da, a. Badly contrived, Ul arranged.
having gross humours.
Maliciaos/ 1. Malice, perversity, wickedness, Malparado, da, a. and pp. oí Malparar, IU con
ditioned, impaired, hurt, without us».
malignity, malignancy. 2. Malice, maliciousness, mischievousness, badness of design, in- Malparar, va. T o ill-treat, to impair, to damage,
to hurt, to blemish.
tention of mischief to another. 3. Suspicion,
apprehension. 4. Cunning, artífice. 5. Dis- Malparida, sf. W o m a n w h o has miscarried.
simulation, hypocrisy. 6. Gall, rancour, ani- Malparir, rn. T o miscarry, to have an abortion.
mosity, evil disposition; injurious quaUty; Malparto, sm. Abortion.
Malquerencia, sf. Ill-will, hatred.
cursedness.
Maliciar, ra. T p corrupt, to adultérate.—vn. T o Malquerer, ra. T o abhor, to hate, to bear ill-will.
put a maUcious construction on a thing, to Malquistar, ra. T o exdte disputes and quarrels
a m o n g friends and other persons.—rr. T o indiscourse in a maUcious manner; to suspect
cur hatred and displeasure.
maliciously.
Malquisto, ta, a. Hated, detested, abhorred.
Maliciosamente, ad. Maliciously.
Malrotar, ra. T o mispend. to lavish, to run
Maliciosíco, íca, íllo, illa, íto, íta, a. dim. A little
through one's fortune.
maUcious.
Malicioso, sa, a. MaUcious, suspicious, wieked, Malsano, na, a. 1. Unhealthy, sickly, infirm.
2. Unwholesome, insalubrious, mischievous
knavish, mischievous, malign or malignant.
to health.
Malíco, íca,filo,illa, íto, íto, a. dim. of Malo.
Malignamente, aa". MaUgnantly, mischievously, Malsín, sm. Tale-bearer, one w h o endeavours to
sow discord and breed disturbances.
hatefully, malevolently, malignly. ,
Malignar, va. T o vitiate, to corrupt, to deprave. Malsinár, ra. (Obs.) T o inform against one from
malice and spite.
— v r . T o beeome sore.
Malignidad, sf. Malignity, malice, perverseness;Malsindad, Malsinería, sf. (Obs.) Malignant innoxiousness, mischievousness, hiirtfulness, cur-• formation.
Malsonante, a. Applied to doctrines offénsive to
rishness; hatred.
pious ears.
Maligno, na, a. Malignant, perverse, malign,
maUcious, iU-dísposed, maleficent, hateful, Maltraer, ra. (Obs.) T o treat ill. V. Maltratar.
Maltratamiento, sm. IU treatment, bad usage;
galsome, felonious.
affiiction.
Malilla, sf. 1. Manille, the deuce of spades or
clubs, or the seven of hearts or diamonds, in Maltratar, va. 1. T o treat ill, to abuse, ta maltreat, to use with roughness and unkindness,
the g a m e of ombre. 2. A g a m e at cards like
to misuse. 2. T o spoil, to destroy.
whist. 3. (Coll.) Person full of wickedness
Maltrato, sm. IU treatment.
and malice.
Malla, sf. 1. M e s h or mash, the space between Malucho, cha, a. (Coll.) A sickly person.
the threads of a net. 2. (Nau.) Network of Malva, sf. (Bot) Mallows. Malva, L.
Malvadamente, ad. Wickedly, naughtily, misa ship. 3. Coat of mail.
chievously ; helUshly; lewdly.
Mallár, va. 1. T o m a k e network. 2. (Obs.) T o
Malvado, da, a. MaUcious, wieked, insolent. vi
mail, to arm with a coat of mail.
cious, nefarious, very perverse, graceless
Malléro, sm. Armourer, maker of coats of mail.
550
MAM
MAN
in a ship to keep powder, stores, provisions
naughty, crimínous, lewd, hellish, felonious,
etc. sepárate. Mamparos de quita y pon,
cursed, foolish.
(Nau.) Ship and unship bulkheads.
Malvar, sm. Place covered with mallows.—va.
Mampirlán, sm. (Prov.) A wooden ladder or step
(Obs.) T o vitiate, to corrupt.
Malvasía, sf. Malmsey grape; malmsey wine. Mamporro, sm. (Prov.) Thump.
Malvavisco, sm. (Bot.) Marsh-mallows. Althaea Mampostear, ra. T o raise masón work, to cement with mortar.
officiiialis, L.
Malversación, sf. Misapplication or maleadmi-Mamposteria, sf. 1. W o r k made of stone and
mortar without regularity and order. 2. A
nistration of money : malversation.
Malversador, ra, s, Person who misapplies pro- covered battery. 3. The employment of colleeting alms for the hospitals of St Lazaras
perty.
Malversar, ra. To misapply, to apply money to and St. Anthony.
Mampostero, sm. 1. Masón, who builds with
wrong purposes.
stone and mortar. 2. Collector of alms for
Malvís, Malviz, sm, Bird resembling a thrush.
Mamá, sf. 1. M a m , m a m m a : a fond word for the hospitals of St. Lazaras and St. Anthony.
Mampresar, ra. (Prov.) T o begin to break
mother. 2. (Anat.) Teat, nipple.
Mamacallos, sm. (Coll.) Dolt, simpleton.
horses.
Mamada, sf. (Coll.) Time which a child takesMampuesta, sf. R o w or line of bricks.
Mampuesto, sm. Materials for raising work of
in sucking.
masonry. De mampuesto, Provisionally.
Mamadera, sf. Sucktog-glass used to draw milk
Mamujar, va. To play with the breast, not to
out of a woman's breast
have an inclination to suck : appUed to chilMamador, ra, s. Sueker, one who sucks.
dren.
Mamalúco, sm. (Coll.) Dolt, simpleton, fool.
Mamáncia, sf. (Low) Childishness, silliness. Mamullar, ra. To eat or chew as if sucking; to
Mamante, a. Sucking. Piante ni mamante, Not mutter; to mumble.
one, none : it is accompanied with the verb Man, sf. (Obs.) Hand. A man salva, Without
risk or danger; very easily.
quedar and a negative.
Mamantón, na, a. Sucking: applied to animáis Maná sm. 1. Manna,foodof the Israelites. 2.
Mamar, ra. 1. T o suck, to draw milk out of the Mauna, a g u m obtained from ash-trees. 3.
Tart made of blanched almonds, sugar, spice
breast of a female. 2. (CoU.) To cram and
and other ingredients. 4. Kind of small sudevour victuals.
Mamario, ria, a. M a m m a r y : relating to the veins gar-plums.
Manada, sf. 1. Flock, herd; drove of cattle. 2.
and arteries which pass through the breast.
Mamarrachada, sf. 1. A collection of rude or ri-Handful of corn, etc. or any other things
diculousfigures.2. A foolish action or speech. which can be held in the hand; help, cluster.
3. Crowd,fry,multitude. A manadas, In
Mamarrachista, sm. (Littl. us.) Dauber, bad
troops or crowds.
painter.
Mamarracho, sm. A n ill-drawnfigureof a man; Manadera, sf. Strainer, an instrument for nltration.
a grotesque ornament.
Mamey, sm. (Bot.) 1. M a m m e e sapota. Achras Manadero, sm. 1. Source, spring. 2. Shepherd,
one who has the care of a herd or flock.
mammosa, L. 2. American mammee-tree.
Manadero, ra, a. Springing, that which issues.
M a m m e a Americana, L.
Mamelládo, da, a. Mammellated : applied to Manadilla, sf. dim. A small flock.
animáis having loóse projecting skins on their Manante, pa. Proceeding, issuing.
necks.
Manantial, sm., 1. Source, spring. 2. Source,
origin, principie, head.
Mameluco, sm. 1. Mameluke, Egyptían soldier.
2. Epithet of contempt to a rude, uncivilized Manantial, a. Flowing, running: applied to water,
Manar, rn. 1. T o spring from ; to distil from,
and ignorant person.
Mamíferos, sm. pl. Mammalia.
as a liquoi. 2. To exstil, to drop or distil
from. 3. To proceed, to issue, to arise. 4
Mamila, sf The chief part of a woman's bieast
To abound, to be in great plenty.
round the mpple.
Mamilar, a. Mammülary.
Manatí, Manato, sm. (Ichth.) Sea-cow, sea-morse.
Mamilas, sf.pl. Papillas in the roof of the mouth.
Manáza, sf, augm. A large hand, a muitanfist
Manca sf. V. Manco.
Mamóla, sf. Chuck under the chin
Mamón, na, s. 1. A sucking animal. 2. A childMancamiento, sm. Want, defect, privatiou, deficieucy, maímedness.
who sucks too much or who is sucking for
a long time. 3. Milksop, a soft, effeminate Mancar, ra. 1. To maim, to disable an arm oí
fellow who acts like a child—pl. 1. Tender
hand from being used. 2. (Obs.) To fail, not
quills, which begin to be formed on birds.
to produce the desired effect. 3. To disable
2. Soup-meagre made with oil. 3. Suckers,
a m a n from doing any business.
youug twigs shooting from the stock.
Manceba, sf. Mistress, concubino, w o m a n in
Mamona, sf. (Obs.) Chuck. V. Mamola.
keeping.
Mamoso, sa, a. 1. Suoking. 2. Applied to panicMancebéte, sm. dim. V. Mancebico.
grass.
Mancebía, sf. 1. (Obs.) Youth. V. Juventud.
Mamotreto, sm. Memorandum-book.
2. Brothel, bawdy-house, hot-house.
Mampara, sf. Screen before a door or any other Mancebico, íllo, íto, sm dim. A little young man.
fi.ace.
Mancebo, ba, s. 1. Young person, not yet forty
Mamparár, ra. (Obs.) To shelter, to protect.
years of age. Mancebo de mercader, Shop.
Mamparos, sm. pl. (Nau.) Bulkheads partitions man, shop-boy. 2. Journeyman, one who
551
MAN
MAN
de Dios, Commandments, the ten precepto of
works undei a master for weekly oí- daily
the decalogue. Mandamientos de la Iglesia
wages.
Mancél, sm. (Obs.) Place of rendezvous for tra- or a*e la Santa Madre Iglesia, Commandvellers and caravans.
ments of the church.
Mandante, pa. Commanding.
Mancellár, Mancillar, ra. (Obs.) V. Amancillar.
Mancellóso, sa, a. (Obs.) V. Malicioso.
Mandar, va. 1. T o command, to give orders, to
Mancér, sm. Son of a prostituta.
order, to ordain. 2. T o lead, to head. 3. To
leave oí bequeath in a last wül ot testament.
Mancara, sf. Plough-taíl, handle of a plough.
4. (Prov.) To send. to transmit. 5. To offer,
Mancerina, sf. (Prov.) Saucer. V. Macerina.
Mancha, sf. 1. Stain, spot, discoloration ; blot, to promise.—vr. 1. In buildings, to commumar, dark, macula or macule. 2. Stigma,
nicate with 2. T o have the free use of one's
mark of infamy, a disgraceful taita; of guilt.
limbs, to manage one's self without the aid
3. Piece of ground covered with copse and
of others : applied to the infirm. Mandar á
weeds. 4. (Met.) Dishonour either from mean
alguno á puntapiés, á puntillazos or á zatapabirth or an ignominious act No es mancha
zos, T o have complete ascendeney over any
de judío, (Coll.) It is but a trifling thing.
one. Mandar á coces, To command harshly.
Manchado, da, a. Spotted, speckled.—pp. of Mandarín, sm. Mandarín, a Chínese nobleman
Manchar.
or magistrate.
Manchar, va. 1. T o stain, to make any thing Mandarria, sf. (Nau.) Iron maul, a large iron
lose ito natural colour; to corrupt, to soil, to hammer or sledge.
contamínate; to daub; to darken, to cloud. Mandatario, sm. 1. Attorney, agent. 2. Mandatory; mandatary.
2. To defile one's character, to tarnish one's
ñame and reputation. Manchar papel, To Mandato, sm. 1. Mándate, precept, tojuiiction,
scribble, to write much and nothing to the
order, ordinance. 2. Charge, trust commission. 3. Ecclesiastical ceremony of washing
purpose. 3. (Pict.) T o lay in spots of üght
colour before defining the figure.
twelve persons' feet on Maundy Thursday.
Manchéga, sf. Garter of different eolours, madeMande, interj. (Nau.) H o U a ! a word of command on board of ships, enjoining sUence
of worsted, especially in Mancha.
Manchíca, illa, íta, sf. dim. A sinall stain, spot and attention.
Mandíbula, sf. Jaw-bone, mandible.
or macula.
Manchón, sm. 1. Spot where grain grows rank Mandibular, a. (Med.) Mandibular, belonging
to the jaw.
or thick. 2. (Augm.) A large stain or spot.
Mancilla, sf. (Obs.) 1. Wound, sore. 2. Spot,Mandil, sm. 1. Coarse apron used by men or
women. 2. (Low) Servant to a pimp or pros
blemish. 3. Commiseíation.
titute.
Mancipar, va. T o subject, to enslave, to manMandilar, va. To wipe a horse with a coarse
cípate.
Manco, ca, a. 1. Handless, one-handed, without apron or cloth.
one or both hands or without the use of them. Mandiléjo, sm. 1. (Dim.) A smaU apron, a ragged apron. 2. (Low) Servant of a rogue or
2. Maimed, defective, faulty, imperfect.
Manco, ca, s. A handless or a one-handed person. prostitute; pimp, pander.
Mancomún, sm. Concurrenee of two or more Mandiléte, sm. (Gunn ) Door of the porthole
of a battery.
persons in the execution of a thing : it is
now used only in the adverbial phrase, de Mandilón, sm. (CoU.) Coward, a mean dastardly
fellow.
mancomún, Jointly, by common consent.
Mancomunadaménte, ad. Conjointly, by com- Mando, sm. Command, authority, power, dominión,rale,masterdom.
m o n consent
Mancomunar, va. 1. To assoeiate, to unite. 2. Mandoble, sm. 1. A two-handed blow. 2. A severe reprimand.
(Law) T o make two or more persons to pay
jointly the costo of a law-suit.—rr. To act Mandón, na, a. Imperious, domineering.—s. A n
imperious, haughty person.
together, to join in the execution of a thing.
Mancomunidad, sf. Union, conjunction or fel- Mándra, sf. (Obs.) A shepherd's cot.
Mandrachero, sm. Proprietor of a gaming-table. .
lowship.
Mancuerda, sf. One of the implemento of tor- Mandracho, sm. (Prov.) Gambling-house.
Mandragora, sf. (Bot.) Mandrake. Atropa man
ture.
Manda, sf. 1. Offer, proposal. 2. Legacy or do- dragora, L.
Mandria, sm. Coward, poltrón.
nation, left by virtue of a last wiU.
Mandriéz, sf. (Obs.) Debility, weakness.
Mandadera, sf. V. Demandadera.
Mandadero, ra, s. 1. Porter, messenger; one Mandrón, sm. (Obs.) First stroke of a bail i r
stone thrown from the hand.
who is engaged to go on errands. 2. V. DeManducación, sf. Manducation, act of chewing
mandadero.
or eating.
Mandado, sm. I. Mándate, precept, command.
2. Errand, message; advertisement, notice. Manducar, ra. (Coll.) To mandúcate, to eat, to
chew.
—Mandado, da, pp. oí Mandar.
Mandamiento, sm. 1. Mándate, precept, order, Manducatoria, sf. Dining-room, refedory.
command. 2. Commandment, one of the ten Manea, sf. Shackles, fetters. V. Maniota.
precepto of the decalogue. 3. Peremptory Manear, va. T o chain, to tie with fetters oí
shackles : applied to horses, asses, etc.
order issued by a judge, resperíing the execution of his sentence—pl. (CoU.) The five Manecica, íta, sf. dim. A small hand.
fingere of the hand. Mandamientos de la leyManecilla, sf. 1. (Dim.) A small hand. 2. A
552
MAN
MAN
mark í^J" oí índex, ín grammar. 3. Handle Mango, sm. 1. Handle, haft, heft; that part oí
of a plough. 4. Book-clasp. ó. Hand of a
an instrument or tool which is held in the
dock or watch. 6. Teudril of vines.
hand; helve, the handle of an axe. 2. (Bot.)
Manejable, a. Manageable, tractable, governaIndian mango-tree. Mangiferatodica,L.
ble, guídable, handleable.
Mangón, sm. V. Recatón.
Manejado, a. (Pict.) Handled.—pp. oí Manejar.
Mangonada, sf. Push with the arm.
Manejar, ra. 1. To manage, to wield, to move Mangonear, rn. (Coll.) 1. To wander about;
to rove or ramble idly. 2. T o inteimeddle ;
with the hand. 2. T o manage, to trato a
to pry.
horse to graceful action. 3. To manage, to
conduct, to govern, to contrive. 4. To handle, Mangorrero, ra, a. 1. Wandering, roving, ram
to hand,topalm. 5. T o manage, to carry on. bling. 2. Haftod : applied tó a knife.
—rr. 1. To know how to conduct one's self. Mangóte, sm. (Coll.) A large and wide sleeve.
2. To be able to move after having been de- Manguál, sm. Weapon consisting of a pole with
iron chains terminated by balis attached to it
prive' of motíou.
Manejo, sm. 1. Employment of the hands to Manguera, sf. (Nau.) Piece of canvass tarred
any purpose, handling. 2. Management, man- for various uses.
age, managery, conduct, administration. 3. Mangueta, sf. 1. Bladder and pipe for administering clysters. 2. Jamb of a glass-door. V.
Horsemanship, manage, government of a
horse. 4. Handling, cunning, trick; intrigue, Palanca.
Manguilla, sf. dim. A small sleeve.
device. Manejos de cortes, Court intrigues.
Manguita, sf. 1. V. Funda. 2. (Dim.) V. ManManejo doméstico, Household.
guilla.
Maneóte, sf. Shackles, fetters. V. Maniota.
Manguitero, sm. 1. Muff maker, one whose
Manera, sf. 1, Manner,form,figure;method,
trade is to make and sell mufrs. 2. Leathermode, kind, guise; manner of style. 2. Mandresser, one who dresses fine skins or white
ner of style in painting, or carving in stone.
leather.
3. Ceremonious behaviour, deportment 4.
(Obs.) Pocket, a small bag inserted into Manguito, sm. 1. Muff, a cover for the hands to
keep them warm. 2. Sleeve which is tight
clothes, pockethole. 5. A n opening on both
from the elbow to the waist.
sides of women's cloaks. 6. Forepart or fall
of breeches. 7. (Obs.) Quality, condition; Manía, sf. 1. Manía, phrenzy, madness; perturbation of the faculties or mental powers. 2.
kind, species.—pl. (Obs.) V. Modales. De
Extravagance, whimsical obstinacy. 3. Inormanera or por manera, So as, in such a
dinate desires.
manner.
Mañero, ra, a. T a m e : appUed to hawks in fal-Maniaco, ca, a. Maniac, maniacal, mad, frantic,
brain-sick, raging with madness.—s. Maniac,
conry.
a mad person.
Manes, sm. Manes, ghost of the dead.
Maniálbo, a, White-footed: applied to a horse.
Manezuéla, sf. 1. (Dim.) A small hand. 2. A
Maniatar, ra. To manacle, to diain the hands;
clasp, a buekle.
Manfla, sf. (Coll.) 1. Concubine, a woman kept to handeuff.
Maniático, ca, a. V. Maniaco.
in fornication. 2. Oíd sow.
Manga, sf. 1 Sleeve, the part of a garment Manicórdio, sm. Manichord, a musical instrument.
which covers the arms. 2. A r m of an axletree, on which turns the nave of a coach or Manicorto, ta, a. IUiberal, parsimonious.
other carriage. 3. Kind of cloak-bag or port- Manida, sf. Mansión, abode, nest, any place
manteau, which can be fastened with a run- . where persons or animáis take shelter. Maning string; stripe of cloth hanging from the
nida de picaros, Nest of thieves.
shoulder of clerical cloaks. 4. Body of troops Manido, da, a. Hidden, concealed.—pp. oí Manir,
formedtoa line. 5.Fishing-net. 6. Bag made Manifacero, ra, a. (Prov.) Intriguing, meddlesome, intrusive.
of woollen, linen or paper, in the form of a
sleeve, but narrow below and wide at the top, Manifactura, sf. 1. V. Manufactura. 2. Form
which is used to strain and elarify liquors ;
in which a thing is made.
Hippocrates' sleeve. 7. Hurricane, whirlwind, Manifestáble, a. (Littl. us.) Manifestible, maniwater-spout Manga del navio, (Nau.) Ex- festable, ostensible, easy to be discovered.
treme breadth of a ship. Mangas, Conveníeu- Manifestación, sf. 1. Manífestatíon, declaration,
cies. Ir de manga, To join in the execution
explication. 2. In Arragon, a kindofwrit,
of some wieked or maUcious design. Manga
somewhat similar to the English habeas-corde ángel, Women's wide sleeves. Manga de
pus.
cruz, A case of silk that hangs on a cross. Manifestador, ra, s. Discoverer, publisher.
Manga de pica, The spear of a pike.
Manifestar, ra. To discover, to manifest, to lay
Mangajarro, sm. (Coll.) A long, ill-shaped sleeve. or to lav before, to exhibit, to expose, to deManganésa, sf. Manganese, a semi-metal.
clare.
Manganilla, sf. 1. Sleight of hand, a jugglingManiféstaménte, ad. Manifestly, overtly.
trick. 2. (Prov.) Poleforgathering acorns. Manifiesto, ta, a. Manifest, plain, open, obvious,
Mángla, sf. G u m which exudes from the rock- clear, overt.—pp. irr. oí Manifestar.
rose or dwarf sun-flower. Cistus ladanife- Manifiesto, sm. 1. Act of exposing the Holy Sarus, L.
crament to the public adoration. 2. Manifest
Manglar, sm. Plantation of mangrove trees.
or manifestó, public protestation or declaraMangle, sm. (Bot.) Mangle or mangrove tree.
tion. Poner de manifiesto, To manifest, tu
Rhizophora mangle, L.
make public, to expose, to lay open.
->53
MAIN
MAN
Maniguetas, sf. pl. (Nau.) Kevels on the quar-Manjeüh, sm. Weight useo. tor diamonds.
ter-deck, to which the rope-ends are fastened.Manjolár, va. T o carry a hawk in the hand in a
Maniguetónes, sm. pl. (Nau.) Snatch-cleats,
basket or in a cage.
pieces of wood of different shapes and size, Manjorrada, tf. Excessive eating, too much victo which ropes are fastened.
tuals.
Manija, sf. 1. Handle of an instrument or work-Manlevár, va. T o contract.
ing tool. 2. Shackles, handcuffs. 3. Ring, Manliéva, sf. 1. (Obs.) Tax levied in haste, and
brace.
collected by going from house to house. 2
Manijero, sm. (Prov.) Manager, foreman of a
V. Gasío and Expensas.
number of workmen, who has the direction Manliéve, sm. (Obs.) A fraudulent deposit of a
chest or trunk, said to contain valuable things,
of the rest.
Manilargo, ga, a. Large-handed.
but which in fact contains nothing but earth
Manilla, sf. 1. (Dim.) Small hand. 2. Bracelet, or stone.
an ornament worn by women around their Mano, sf. 1. Hand, the palm with the fingere.
arm or wrist; manilio. 3. Book-clasp. 4.
2. Forefoot of a quadruped, 3. Among
Manicle, handcuff, manacle.
butehers, any of the feet of cattle after being
Maniobra, sf. 1. W o r k performed and finished cut off. 4. Proboscis, the snout or trunk of
with the hand, handiwork or handy work. 2.
an eiephant. 5. Pestle. 6. Hand oía dock
Handling, trick or artífice used for obtaining
or watch. 7. A long cylindrical stone, with
a thing. 3. (MU.) Manoeuvre, movement of
which cocoa is ground, to make chocolate.
troops. 4. (Nau.) Working of a ship/ Ata8. First hand at play. 9. Command, power.
vío que maniobra bien, Ship that works freely. 10. Reprimand, censure. 11. Last hand or
Maniobras altas, Upper running rigging. finishing stroke. 12. Quire of paper. 13. In
Maniobras bajas, Lower running rigging. silk-mills, hand of silk, composed of six or
Maniobras de carena, Careening jeers. Ma- eight skeins. 14. Troop of reapers or harniobras de combate, Preventer rigging.
vest-men. 15. Workmanship, power or act
Maniobrar, ra. 1. T o work with the hands. 2.
of mamrfactoring or making. 16. Hand, side,
(Nau.) T o work a ship. 3. (Met) To seek
right or left. 17. Cover or varnish, eolours,
etc. laid over a thing. 18. Hand, possession.
the means of efléding any thiug. 4. (MU.)
19. Hand, scherne of action. 20. Hand, manTo manoeuvre troops.
Maniobrísta, sm. (Nau.) A skilful naval tacti- ner of acting or performing. 21. Hand, influence, management. 22. The person who
cian.
acts or manages. 23. V. Patrocinio. 24. V
Manióte, sf. Manades, shackles, handcuffs.
Socorro. 25. (Nau.) Snatch-cleat. 26. (Mus.)
Manipodio, sm. (CoU.) Bawdry, poUution.
V. Escala—pl. 1. Handicraft, handiwork,
Manipulación, sf. Manipulation : commonly
workmanship. 2. Works of the hand cousiused when speaking of minerals.
dered by themselves. A la mano, At hand
Manipulante, sm. (Coll.) Administrator, negoor near at hand. A mano, At hand; with
ciator.
Manipular, ra. (Coll.) To handle, to manage bu- the hand; studiously. Mano de galo, Ladies'
paint; correction of any writing made by a
siness to a peculiar manner, to meddle with
superior hand. .baños de carnero, Sheep's
every thing.
Manípulo, sm. 1. Maniple, a fanón worn by the tiotters. Manos de vaca, Cow-heels. Manos
á la obra, (Nau.) Bear a ham 1! Manos libres,
priests of the Román catholie church when
Emolumento annexed to an office or place.
they officiate. 2. Maniple, a división of the
Manos muertas, Mortinato, such a state of
R o m á n army.
possession as prevents alltaturealienation.
Maniqueísmo, sm. Manicheism.
Maniquéo, a, a. Manichean, belonging to Mani- A dos manos, Willingly, readily ; with the
aid of both hands. A' manos llenas, Liberally,
cheism.
abundantly, copiously. Ser sus pies y sus
Maniquí, sm. Manequin, an artificial movable
figure, which can be put in different postures, manos, T o be one's chief support and consolation in distress. Fenir con sus manos laaccording to the will of the mover.
Manir, ra. To keep meat until it grows tender; vadas, To wish to enjoy thefruitof another's
labour without having contributed to it. Unto mellow.—tir.To beeometenderor mellow:
tar las manos, To bribe. Mano á mano, In
applied to meat.
company, familiarly; alone.
Maniróto, ta, a. Extravagant, wasteful, vainly
Manobra, sf. (Prov.) R a w material.
expensive, too liberal.
sm. (Prov.) Hodman, a labourer that
Manirotúra, sf. (Obs.) Extravagance, vain
iManobre,
•
carries mortar.
superfluous generosity.
Manivacío, cía, a. (CoU.) Empty-handed ; idle,Manobrero, sm. H e who cleans and preserves
fountains or aqueduets.
lazy.
Manjar, sm. 1. Food, victuals; provisión for the Manojíco, íllo, ito, sm. dim. A smaU bundle, a
smaU fagot.
mouth. 2. (Met.) Refectíon or entertainment
whiéh recruits the spirits. 3. A n y of the four Manojo, sm. 1. A bundle of herbs or othei things
suits of a pack of cards. Manjar blanco, Dish which m a y be held in the hand. 2. A fagot
or bundle of twigs or branches of a vine,
made of the breast of fowl boiled and mixed
bound together for the fire. Manojo de llawith sugar, milk andriceflour.Manjar de
ángeles, Dish composed of italk and sugar. ves, Bunch of keys. A manojos Abun
Manjar imperial, Dish made of milk, yolks dantly.
Manóla, sf. A common girl, a low wencb
of eggs andriceflowei
5f.-4
MAN
MAN
Manómetro, sm. (Phys.) Manometer, an instru. Mantecada, sf. Toast, a piece of bread dried
ment for ascertaining the rarity or density of
before thefireand buttered.
the air.
Mantecado, sm. Butter-cake.
Manopla, sf. 1. Gauntlet, a strong glove usedMantecón, sm. Milksop ; sweettooth, a person
for defence. 2. Coachman's whip. Tela de
dainty and fond of nice fare.
manoplas, A sort of silk with large flowers.Mantecoso, sa, a. Buttery, consisting of butter,
Manosear, va. 1. To handle, to touch, to feel, to mellow.
palm, tofinger,to paddle. 2. To rumple Manteista, sm. Student in universities.
Mantel, sm. 1. Tablecloth, linen spread on a
clothes.
table : commonly used in plural. Juego de
Manoseo, sm. Handling or touching with the
manteles adamascados, Damask service; a
hand.
table-cloth with a dozen of napkins. 2. AltarManotada, Manotazo, s. Blow with the hand, a
cloth. Levantar los manteles, T o clear the
cuff.
Manoteado, sm. V. Manoteo.—Manoteado, da, table.
Mantelería, sf. Table-linen.
pp. of Manotear.
Manotear, ra. To strike with the hand.—vn. To Manteleta, sf. Mantelet, a small mantle, cloak
or scarf worn by ladies.
move the hands indicating strong emotion.
Manoteo, sm. 1. Blow with the hand. 2. Manual Mantelete, sm. 1. Mantelet, a short mantle worn
by bishops. 2. Mantelet, a movable parapet,
gesticulation.
made of thick planks, to cover troops. 3.
Manquear, rn. T o affect the cripple, to pretend
(Her.) Mantling, the representatiou of a
to be maimed.
Manquedad, sf. Lameness, a hurt which pre- mantle or any drapery that is drawn about
a coat of arms.
vents the use of the hands; defect.
Manquera, sf. Lameness, fault, defect; imper-Mantellina, sf. A short cloak worn by women.
Mantenedor, sm. (Obs.) Maintainer.
fection, maim.
Mantenéncia, sf. (Obs.) Maintenance, aliment,
Manquíllo, illa, íto, íta, a. dim. oí Manco.
support.
Mansamente, ad. Meekly, slowly, quietly.
Mansedumbre, sf. Meekness, gentleness of be- Mantener, ra. 1. T o maintain, to support, to
keep up with the hand; to prevent from fallhaviour and deportment; peacefulness, maning, to hold up. 2. To maintain, to support
suetude, mildness, gentleness; manageablewith the couveniences of life, to nourish, to
ness.
keep, to feed, to supply with food. 3. To
Mansejón, na, a. T a m e : applied to animáis.
Mansér, sm. Son of a prostitute.
maintain, to continué, to keep up. 4. To be
Mansión, sf. 1. Stay, sojourn, residence. 2. Ha-thefirstchallenger at a tournament. 5. T o
persevere, to persist in the execution of a debitation, mansión, abode, home.
sign. 6. T o support a weight. 7. T o pursue,
Mansionário, a, Applied to ecclesiastics who
to continué. 8. T o maintain, to hold or to
live in a cloister.
Mansíco, íca, íto, íta, a. dim. Very tame, meek hold out, to defend or sustain an opinión. 9.
or mild.
To support any one in the possession of a
Mansito, ad. V. Quedito.
thing. Mantener correspondencia, To keep
Manso, sa, a. 1. T a m e : applied to horses and
up a correspondence.—vr. 1. T o continué reother animáis. 2. Meek, gentle, tractable;
siding in a place. 2. To continué in the same
soft, quiet, mild, gentle, mansueto, lambUke. condition without alteration. 3. To nourish
A lumbre mansa, B y a mild light.
orto gain nourishment, to maintain i.ne's self.
Manso, sm. 1. Male which guides theflocksof
Mantenersefirme,To stand or to keep one's
goats, sheep or black cattle. 2. Manor, disground. Mantenerse en lo dicho, T o abide
trict ínherited, manor house.
by. Mantenerse á la mar, T o keep the sea.
Manto, sf. 1. Blanket, a woollen cover, soft and
Manteniente, sm. A violent blow given with both
loosely woven. 2. Tapestry, paper-hanging.
hands. A manteniente, With aU one's might;
3. Mantelet, a kind of movable parapet made
firmly.
;' of thick planks,forcovering troops. 4.Thrash- Mantenimiento, sm. 1. Maintenance, sustenance,
ing, drubbing. 5. Tossing to a blanket. 6.
subsistence; a supply of the necessaries of
A n y of the quill-feathers in birds of prey. A1
Ufe ; manutency, livelihood, living. 2. Ration,
manta or á manta de Dios, (Coll.) Copiously, allowance.
plentifully; in great abundance. Tomar la Manteo, sm. 1. A long cloak or mantle worn by
manta, T o undergo a course of salivation.
priests and students. 2. Sort of woollen petDar una manta, V. Mantear.
ticoat worn by women.
Mantaterilla, sf. Coarse hempen cloth used for Mantequera, sf. 1. Churn, kern, a vessel in which
blankets.
butter is made. 2. Butterwoman, dairy-maid.
Mantoadór, ra, s. Tosser, one who tosses in a Mantequero, sm. Butterman, one who sells
blanket.
butter.
Manteamiento, sm. Tossing in a blanket.
Mantequilla, sf. A kind of buttercake.
Mantear, va. T o toss in a blanket.—rn. (Prov.) Mantera, sf. Mantua-maker, one who makes oí
To gad frequently abroad in a mantle: spoken
sells mantles.
of women.
Mantéro, ra, s. One who manufactures blankets
Manteca, sf. 1. Lard, the grease of swine, fat; or who sells them.
pomatum. 2. Butter, the unctuous part of Mantilla, sf. 1. Head-cover for women, made
milk. 3. Pulpy and oily part of fruits. 4.
of baize or other stuff! 2. Mixture of dung,
(Joc.) Money.
short and weU rotten. 3. Housing, horsecloth
555
MAN
MAQ
Mantillas, Swaddling-clothes, clothes wrapped da, V. Magarzuela. 2. Small baU or knob
round new-bom children. Estar en mantillas, put by way of ornament at the top of coaches,
To be in state of infancy.
bedsteads, etc. 3. Kind of small olive. 4.
Mantillo, sm. Short dung, rotten and well mixed. Lower part of the chin. 5. Claws of animáis.
Mantillón, na, a. (Prov.) Dirty, slovenly.
6. (Dim.) A smaU apple.
Manto, sm. 1. Silken veil for ladies, a mantle, a Manzanillo, sm. (Bot.) C o m m o n manchinule.
manto, a kirtle. 2. Cloak, robe; a mantle
Hippomane mancinella, L.
of state. 3. Mantel-piece of a chimney. 4. Manzanillo, fto, sm. (Bot.) Little apple-tree.
ln mines, a vein. 5. Veil, cover.
Olivo manzanillo or de manzanilla, A kind
Mantón, sm. 1. (Augm.) A large cloak or man- of olive-tree.
tle. 2. A kind of shawl. 3. A n y of the quill- Manzaníta de D a m a , sf. V. Acerola.
feathers in birds of prey. 4. Trimming on Manzano, sm. (Bot.) Apple-tree. Pyrus mawomen's jadíete.—a. V. Mantudo.
tos, L.
Mantudo, da, a. AppUed to fowls with their Maña, sf. 1. Handiness, dexterity, cleverness,
wings falling down.
expertness, ability, faculty. 2. Cunning, craftiManuable, a. Tractable, manageable.
ness, artífice, craft. 3. A n evil habit or cusManual, a. 1. Manual, handy, manuary, pertom. 4. Bundle of hemp orflaxwhen reaped.
formed by the hand. 2. Easily handled or Mañana, sf. 1. Morning, morrow, morn, the part
performed with the hand. 3. Tractable, pliant; of the dayfromthefirstappearance of light to
light, prompt.
twelve o'clock at noon. 2. The part of the day
Manual, sm. 1. Manual, a portable book, such
from twelve o'clock at night to twelve o'docic
as m a y be carried in the hand. 2. Book in
at noon. De mañana, In the morning.—ad.
which the heaids of matters are set down. 3.
1. To-morrow, on the day after this current
Journal, a book of trade, in which the buday. 2. Soon, erelong, immediately. 3. Exsiness of every day is entered from the wastepression of negation. 4. In time to come.
book, under proper heads and in due order.
Tomar la mañana, T o rise or to get up very
early.
Manuales, Presente to choristers given in the
choir.
Mañanar, rn. (Prov. Coll.) To arrive to-morrow.
Manualmente, aa*. Manually, with the hand.
Mañanear, rn. (Obs.) V. Madrugar.
Manubrio, sm. Hand or handle of an instru- Mañanica, íta, sf. Break of day.
ment or tool, manubrium.
Mañear, ra. To act with craft and address ir.
Manucodiáta, sf. Bird of paradise.
order to attain one's end.
Manuélla, sf. Handspike.
Mañería, sf. (Obs.) 1. Sterility. 2. Cunning.
Manufactura, sf. Manufacture, any mechanical 3. Right of succeeding to the possessions of
work or piece of workmanship performed by
those who die without legitímate suceession.
the rules of art.
Mañero, ra, a. 1. Dexterous, skilful, artful. 2.
Manufacturar, va. To manufacture, to form by
Meek, tractable. 3. (Obs.) Charged to pay
for another.
- workmanship : it is a modern word.
Manumisión, sf Manumission, the act of setting Mañosamente, ad. Dexterously, neatly, handily,
cleverly; subtlely; maliciously, craftily, cuna slave at liberty.
Manumiso, sa, pp. irr. oí Manumitir, Emanci- ningly.
Mañoso, sa, a. Dexterous, skilful, handy, clever;
pated.
cunning.
Manumisór, sm. (Law) Líberator.
Manumitir, ra. (Law) To manumit or to manu- Mañuela, sf. L o w cunning, mean trick. Ma
ñuelas, A n artful, cunning person.
mise,toemancípate, to reléase from slavery.
Mánus Cristi, sm. (Pharm.) A sort of electuary;Mapa, sm. Map, a geographical picture, on
which lands and seas are delineated accorda kind of plaster.
ing to the lúngitude and latitude. MapaManuscrito, ta, a. Written, not printed.
Manuscrito, sm. Manuscript, a book written and mundi, A map of the world.—sf. A n y thtog
excellent and prominent in its Une.
not printed.
Mapália, sf. Sheep-cot, sheep-fold.
Manutención, sf. 1. Maintaining or act of maintaining. 2. Maintenance, supply of the ne- Maquí, sm. Kind of ginger.
cessaries of Ufe, manutency, pabulation. 3. Maquiavélico, ca, a. Machiavelian, resembling
Maintenance, support, protection. 4. Conser- the principies of Machiavelli.
Maquiavehsmo, sm. Machiavelism.
vation.
Manutener, va. (Law) T o maintain, to support. Maquiavelísta, sm. Machiavelian.
Maquila, sf. 1. Toll-corn, that part of the corn
Mani'tísa, sf. (Bot.) V. Minutisa.
•• Manzana, sf. 1. Apple, the fruit of the apple- which the miller takes for grinding. 2. Tol!
or tollage in general. 3. Corn-measure, the
tree. 2. Pommel, the round hall or knob at
the end of the guard of a sword. 3. The as24th part of a fanega.
semblage of houses bounded on every side Maquilandéro, sm. (Prov.) Measure or instrument with which corn is tolled.
by a street. 4. Cypress nut.
Manzanal, sm. 1. V. Manzanar. 2. V. Man- MaquUár, va. 1. T o measure and teke the miller's dues for grinding corn. 2. To clip, to
zano.
Manzanar, sm. Orchard, a garden of apple-trees. retrench, to cut off.
Maquiléro, Maquilón, sm. One who measures
Manzanil, a. Like an apr-ie.
Manzanilla, sf. 1. (Bot.s C o m m o n chamomile, or takes the millei's dues for grinding com.
Anthemis nobilis, L Manzanillafina, GoldenMáquina, sf. 1. Machine, any complicated work
rotula. Cotula áurea, L. Manzanilla hedton- in which one part contributes to the motion
556
MAR
MAR
of another. 2. Machine, engíne. 3. Great
prodigy. Por- maravilla, Very seldom. Ma
number, abundance, crowd. Hubo una gran
ravilla megicana, maravilla de noche oí ma.
máquina de gente, There was a great conravilla de Indias, C o m m o n marvel of Perú.
couise of people. 4. A vast, sumptuous strucMirabiUs jalapa, L.
ture. 5. Intrigue, machination. contrivance. Maravillar, ra.To admire,toregard with wonder.
Máquina de arbolar, (Nau.) Sheers, sheer- —rr. T o wonder, to marvel, to be astonished,
to be struck with admiration.
hulk.
Maquinación, sf. Machination, artífice, contri-Maravillosamente, ad. Wonderfully, marvellously, miraculously.
vanee, complot.
Maquinadór, ra, s. Contriver, schemer, ma- Maravilloso, sa, a. Wonderful, marvellous, monstrous, astonishing, mirable, admirable, michinator; an artful person.
raculous; strange.
Maquinal, a. Machtaal.
Marbete, sm. 1. Stamp, the manufacturera mark
Maquinalménte, ad. Mechanically.
on cloth. 2. Label.
Maquinante, pa. and s. Planning, contriving,
Marca, sf. 1. A frontier province. 2. The due
macbinating; rnaehinator.
Maquinar, ra. To machínate, to plan, to contrive, measure or weight of any thing. 3. Mark in
paper. 4. Landmark, líght-house. 5. Brand,
to hatch, to conspire, to compass.
Maquinaria, sf. 1. Machinery, the art of con- a mark made by burning with a hot iron ;
act of marking. 6. (Low) Prostitute. De
triving and building machines. 2. Mechanics.
marca, Excellent of its kind.
Maquínete, sm. (Prov.) Chopping-knife.
Maquiníca, sf. (Obs.) Mechanics. V. Maqui- Marcador, sm. Marker, assay-master.
Marcar, ra. 1. To mark, to brand. Marcar e.
naria.
campo, To mark or trace the ground for a
Maquinista, sm. Machinist, mecbanician, mecamp. 2. To mark, to observe, to note ; to
chanist, an inventor oí a constructor of endesígnate.
gines.
Mar, s. com. 1. Sea, a large collection of salt-Marcear, ra. T o shear,tocut off the wool, haii
or fur of animáis, with a pair of shears.
water; the water opposed to the land. 2. Sea,
some large lakes. 3. Sea, proverbially for Marcha, sf. 1. March or marching. a solemn
any large quantity. 4. Swell of the sea. Alta movement of troops ; a journey of soldiers.
Mar chas forzadas, Forced marches. 2. March,
mar or mar ancha, The main sea. D e mar
signal to move, given with a drum or trumá mar, Copiously, excessively; to the extreme of fashion. Bajamar, (Nau.) Low-water, pet. 3. Tune beat on a drum or soun'ded with
ebb tide. Mar llena or plena, (Nau.) High- the trumpet. 4. (Prov.) Bonfire, made as a
water. Correr con la mar en popa, (Nau.) signal of rejoicings. 5. (Nau.) Headway, the
To seud before the sea. Mantener dos seña- forward motion of a ship. Sobr e la mar cha,
les de mar enfilados, (JNau.) To keep two seaOff hand, on the spot. Tocar la mar cha, T o
marks in one. Hay mar gruesa afuera, There strike up a march.
is a great sea in the offing. Ir con la proa Marchamar, ra. T o put a mark on goods at the
á la mar, (Nau.) To head the sea. Mar de
custom-house.
través, (Nau.) A sea on the beam. La marMarchamero, sm. Custom-house officer who
arde, The sea sparkles. Estrecho de mar, marks the goods which are reportad at the
Narrow sea. Mar de leva, High swelling sea. custom-house.
Salir á la mar, To put to sea. La mar está
Marchamo, sm. Mark put on goods at the
muy crecida, (Nau.) The sea runs very high. custom-house.
Maragáto, sm. Ornament on women's tockers.Marchante, sm. Shopkeeper, dealer.—a. 1. V.
Maragúto, sm. (Nau.) Jib. V. Foque.
Mercantil. 2. Merchantable.
Maranáta, sf. Maranatha, a form of anathema-Marchar, rn. and r. 1. T o go, to go away, to go
tizing.
off, to depart from a place. 2. T o march, to
Maraña, sf. 1. Place covered with bramóles or walk in a grave, delibérate manner. 3. (Mil.)
briers, which render it impassable. 2, EnTo march, to move in military form. 4.
tanglement of a skein of silk, thread, cotton, (Nau.) T o have much head-way, to sail
yarn or worsted. 3. Refuse of silk. 4. Perfast.
plexity, puzzle. 5. Plot or knot of a play. Marcházo, sm. Braggadocio, boaster, bragger.
6. (Low) Prostitute.
Marchitable, a. Perishable.
Marañado, da, a. Entangled, perplexed.
Marchitar, ra. 1. To wither, to make to fade.
Marañero, ra, Marañoso, sa, a. Entangling, en- 2. To fade, to wear away, to reduce to lansnaring, perplexing.
guor, to deprive of vigour.—vr. 1. To wither,
Marasmo, sm. (Med.) Tabes, consumption, ma- to fade, to fall away; to dry up. 2. To pine
rasmus.
away,togrow lean.
Marátro, sm. V. Hinojo.
Marchitéz, sf. Withering, fading, marcor or
Maravedí, sm. Maravedí, the smallest Spanish
marcour, witheredness, marcidity.
coin.
Marchito, ta, a. Marcid, faded, withered, deMaravilla, sf. 1. Wonder, an uncommon event; cayed.
admiration. 2. (Bot.) Turnsol, heliotrope. Marchitúra, sf. V. Marchitéz.
Heliotropium indicum, L. 3. Fiower of the Marcial, sm. Aromatic powder.
garden smiiax. 4. (Bot.) C o m m o n marygold. Marcial, a 1. Martial, warlike. 2. (Pharm.)
Caléndula officinalis, L. A las maravillas,Martial, having iron.
Uncommonly well; exquisitely. A maravilla, Marcialidad, sf. Freedom, assumed familiarity
Marvellously. Es una maravilla, H e is a or liberty : a modera word.
557
MAR
MAR
Marco, sm. 1. Door case, window-case. 2. Pic- Marginal, a. Marginal, belonging to the margin
ture-frame. 3. Mark, a weight of eight Marginar, ra. T o make annotations on the mar.
ounces. 4 Branding non. 5. The necessary
gin, to margin, to margent
size of timber for being felled. 6. Model, Margoso, sa, a. Marly, loamy, partaking of mail.
archetype. 7. Measure of ground which Margráve, sm. Margrave, a title of sovereignty
should have a fanega oí grain.
in Germany.
Marcóla, sf. Pruning-hook.
Marguéra, sf. Marl-pit, a place where marl is
Marea, sf. 1. Tide, the periodical motion of the dug.
waters of the sea. 2. Sea-shore. 3. Soft wind. Marhójo, sm. V. Marojo.
4. Collection of street dirt. Marea creciente,María, sf. 1. (Coll.) A white wax-taper, placed
Flood-tide. Marea menguante, Ebb-tide. Diin the middle of eight shorter yeliow waxrección de las mareas, Setting of the tide. candles in R o m á n catholie churches. 2. A n
Establecimiento de marea, Time of high-water.oíd silver coin worth twelve reals veUon. 3.
Ir contra marea, T o sail against the tide.
Mary, a proper ñame. Árbol de muría, BalNavegar con la marea, T o tide it up or
sam of tolu-tree. Toluifera balsamum, L.
down. Marea parada, Slack-tide, Mareas Mariál, a. Applied to books containing praises
vivas, Spring-tides. L a marea mengua, The of the Holy Virgin.
tide ebbs. La marea crece, The tide fiows.
Marica, sf. 1. Magpíe. V. Urraca. 2. Milksop,
Canal de marea, Tide-way.
an effeminate, mean-spirited person. 3. Thin,
Mareaje, sm. Art of navigating a ship.
tasteless asparagus.
Mareamiénto, sm. Sea-sickness.
Maricón, im. Coward, poltrón, cotquean.
Mareante, a. Skilled in navigating a ship.
Maridable, a. Conjugal, matrimonial, connubial,
Marear, va. 1. T o work a ship. 2. T o molest
marital.
and harass by impertinent questions. 3. T o Maridablemente, ad. ConjugaUy.
sell goods by public auction. 4. Marear las Maridáge, sm. 1. Marriage, conjugal unión. 2.
velas, (Nau.) To trim the sails.—vr. 1. To Intímate connexion or unión.
be sea-sick. 2. To be damaged at sea; to Maridánza, sf. (Prov.) Treatment given to a
be averaged; appUed to goods or merchanwife.
dise.
Maridar, vn. T o marry.—va. To unite, to join.
Marejada, sf. Swell of the sea, head sea. Tuvi-Maridazo, sm. V. Gurrumino.
mos una marejada del N. O. W e had a great Maridillo, sm. 1. A sorry, pitífol husband. 2. A
sea from N . W .
small brasier, covered with a lid, which woMáre mágnum, sm. (Lat.) Expressing the abun- m e n make use of to warm their feet.
dance or magnitude of any thing.
Marido, sm. Husband, the correlative to wife;
Mareo, sm. 1. Sea-sickness. 2. (Coll.) Molesta- a man married to a woman.
tion, vexation.
Marimacho, sm. Virago, a robust, masculine
Marero, a. Sea-breeze, wind coming from the woman.
sea.
Marimanta, sf. Bugbear, phantom with which
Mareta, sf. (Nau.) A slight commotion of the sea. childien are frightened.
Maretazo, sm. Surge of the sea.
Marimorena, sf. (CoU.) Dispute, différence,
Márfaga, sf. (Prov.) Rug, a coverlet of a bed.
quarrel.
Márfega, sf. (Prov.) Sack of straw, coarse mat-Marina, sf. 1. Navy: appUed to the body of
officers, sailors and marines, who are emtress.
ployed in the management of naval affairs,
Marfil, sm. Ivory, the tusk of the elephant.
and to the collection of ships belonging to a
Marfileño, ña, a. (Poet) Belonging to ivory.
Marga, Maréga, sf. 1. Mari, loam, cláy-marl, a government. 2. Seamanship, nautical art,
marine, sea affairs. 3. (Pict.) Sea-piece. 4.
kind of clay. 2. A kind of coarse cloth, forShore, sea-coast. Soldados de marina, Mamerly used foi mourning and now to make
rines.
sacks.
Marináge, sm. 1. Seamanship, the art of workMargajita, sf. V. Marquesita.
ing a ship. 2. Sailors, considered as a body.
MargaUón, sm. V. Palmito.
Marinar, ra. 1. To marínate, to saltfish.2. To
Marganésa sf. Manganese. V. Manganeso.
m a n a ship token of the enemy.
Margar, ra. T o marle, to manure with marl.
Marinear, rn. To be a mariner.
Margarita, sf. 1. Pearí. 2. (Bot.) C o m m o n daisy.
Bellis perennis, L. 3. (Nau.) Messenger, a Marinerádo, da, a. V. Tripulado.
rope sometimes used in weighing anchor. Marinería, sf. 1. Seamanship. the art of working a ship. 2. Profession of sea-faring men,
Margaritas, Periwinkles.
with every thing relating to it. 3. The body
Margen, sm. 1. Margin, marge, margent, the
of seamen or saüors. Me ha salido mal esta
border, edge or verge; fringe. 2. Margin,
marinería, (Coll.) That speculation has turned
the edge left blank in a book or writing. 3.
out very unfortunate.
Marginal note. Dar margen, T o occasion,
to cause ; to give an opportunity. Andarse Marinero, sm. Mariner, seafaring man, a seapor las márgenes, To go about the bush, not man, a saüor. A lo marinero, In a seamanto come to the point int ende d. A la margen, like manner.
Marinero, ra, a. Ready to sail: applied to a
Marginally.
Margenar, va. 1. V. Marginar. 2. To make or ship.
Marinesco, ca, a. Nautical. A la marinesca, ID
leave a margin in paper.
Marginado, da,o. and pp. of Marginar, Margin- a seamamike manner.
Marino, na, a. Marine, beloDjring to the sea.
ated, having a margin.
558
MAR
MAR
Marino, sm. Mariner, seaman, seafaring man,
Marquisa, sf. 1. Marchioness, the lady of a mai
Marión, Marón, sm. (Ichth.) V. Sollo.
quis. 2. V. Marquesina.
Marióna, sf. Spanish dance.
Marquesado, sm. Marquisate.
Maripérez,s/Hand at cards in which the gain Marquesíca, illa, íta, sf. dim. A little marchioor loss is double.
ness, a young marchioness.
Mariposa, sf. 1. Butterfly. Papilio, L. 2. RushMarquesíco, íllo, íto, sm. dim. A little marquess
or young marquess.
light.
Marquesina, sf. Marquee, tilt over an officer's
Mariposíca, íUa, íta, sf. dim. A small butterfly.
Mariquétas, sf. pl. Armbands, with which wo- tent, serving moie effectually to keep out the
rain
men tie up their mittens.
Mariquita, sf l. Lady-bird, lady-cow or lady-Marquesita, sf Marcasita, mundic, a metellic
fty, an insect found among grapes. 2. Cour- fossil.
Marquesóte, sm. augm. A large marquess: comtesan, woman of easy virtue.
Mariscal, sm. 1. Marshai, a general officer of monly used in contempt.
high rank in some armies. 2. Farrier, black- Marqueta, sf. Crude cake of wax.
smith. Mariscal de campo,' Camp-marshal,Marquetería, sf. 1. Cabinet-manufactory. 2.
Marquetry, chequered or inlaid work.
major-general, a rank inferior to lieutenantMarquida, Marquisa, sf. (Low) Prostitute.
general.
Mariscalato, sm. Marshalship, the dignity or Marra, sf. 1. Want, deficieucy, defect. 2. A kind
. of pick-axe. 3. Opening in a row of vines,
office of a marshai.
some of them being missing.
Mariscalía, sf. V. Mariscalato.
Mariscar, va. T o gather shell-fish on the strand. Márraga, sf. (Obs.) Coarse grogram worn by
shepherds.
Marisco, sm. Cockles and other small shell-fish
Marrajo, sin, (Ichth.) White shark. Squalns carsticking to the rocks in the sea.
Marisma, sf. Lake formed by the overflow of carias, L.
Marrajo, ja, a. Sly, cunning, craffy, artful, wily.
the tide.
Marrana, sf. Sow, a female pig.
Marismo, sm. V. Salgada.
Marital, a. Marital, pertaining to a husband. Marranalla, sf. V. Canalla.
Marrancho, Marranchón, na, s. (Prov.) V. MarMaritimár, vn. To lead a maritime life.
Marítimo, ma, a. Maritime, maritimal, marine. rano.
Maritornes, sf. (CoU.) A n íll-shaped, awkwardMarranéta, sf. (Prov.) A young sow.
Marrano, sm. 1. Pig, hog. 2. Rafter or woodwoman.
Marjal, sm. Fen, marsh, moor, moorland, marshy work which supports aflooror cistern.
Marrano, na, a. 1. Dirty. 2. (Obs.) Cursed, exground. In Murcia it is called armajal.
communicated.
Marjoléta, sf (Prov.) V. Majuela.
Marjoléto, sm, V. Majuelo or Espino majuelo.Marrar, rn. 1. T o deviate from truth or justice.
2. V. Errar.
Marieta, sf. A kind of Moorish dress,
Marmélla, sf. Flock of wool hanging from the Marras, ad. (Coll.) Long ago, long since.
Marréga, sf. V. Márraga.
necks of sheep.
Marmelládo, da, a. Having matted locks of woolMarregón, sm. (Prov.) Straw-sack. V. Jergón.
under the throat.
Marrído, da, a. Melancholy. V. Amarrido.
Marmita, sf. Kettleflesh-pot,porridge-pot, a Marrillo, sm. (Prov.) Thick, short stick.
small copper.
Marro, sm. 1. Kind of game, quoits. 2. Slip
Marmitón, sm. Scullion, one who ís engaged to given by a deer or haré in the course of the
wash the dishes and plates in the kitchen.
chase. 3. Disappointment, failure. 4. Crooked
Mármol, sm. 1. Marble. Marmol, L. Mármol
bat for striking a bail.
pintado, Spotted marble. Mármol rayado, Marrojár, ra. To lop off the useless branches of
Streaked marble. 2. Pillar, column.
trees.
Marmoléjo, sm. A small pillar or column of Marrón, sm. Quoit, pitcher.
marble.
Marroquí, sf. V. Tafilete.
Marmoleño, ña, a. Made of marble, resemblingMarrotár, ra. To waste, to mispend. V. Malmarble.
rolar.
Marmolería, sf. Any work made of marble.
Marrúbio, sm. (Bot.) C o m m o n white horehound.
Marmolista, sm. Worker ín marble, Sculptor.
Marrubium vulgare, L.
Marmoración,- sf. V. Estuco.
Marrullería, sf. Cunning, craft; artful tricks.
Marmóreo, éa, Marmoroso, sa, a. Maibled, marMarrullero, ra, a. Crafty, cunning.
ble, marmorean, made of marble.
Marsellés, sm. A kind of short jacket.
Marmota, sf. Marmot, marmotto. Arctomys Marsopla, sf. Bluntheaded cachalot, spermaceti.
marmota, L.
whale. Physeter macrocephalus, L.
Marmotear, rn. (Prov.) Tojabber.
Marta, sf. Pine marten. Mustela martes, L.
Maro, sm. (Bot.) Germandei, common marum,
Martas, Martens, dressed marten skins.
cat thyme germander. Teucrium marum, L. Martagón, na, s. 1. (Coll.) Cunning, artful perMarojo, sm. (Bot.) Velonia oak. Quercus aegy- son. 2. (Bot) Wild lily, turk's cap lily
lops, L.
Lilium martagón, L.
Maroma, sf. Rope, a thick cord made of bass Marte, sm. Mars; iron.
or hemp. Andar en la maroma, 1. To dance Martelo, sm. Jealousy ; an immoderate passion,
on a rope. 2. (Met.) To engage in a peiilous Martes, sm. Tuesday, the third day of the week,
undertaking.
Martes de carnestolendas, Shrove-Tuesday
Marqués, sm. Marquis, marquess.
Martillada, */. Stroke with the hammer.
559
MAS
MAS
Martillador, ra, s. Hammerer, hammerman.
Mascadura, sf. Act of chewing, mastication.
Martillar, ra. T o hammer, to malleate, to beat
manducation.
with a hammer. Martillar al caballo, T o spur
Mascar, va. 1. T o chew, to grind with the teeth ¡
a horse.
to mastícate, to mandúcate. 2. To pronounca
Martílléjo, sm. 1. Smith's hammer. 2. (Dim.)
or talk with difficulty.
A little hammer.
Máscara, sf. and com. 1. Masker, mummer, masMartillíco, ito, sm. dim. A small hammer,
querader, one who reveis in a mask; a perMartillo, sm. 1. H a m m e r , an instrument comson whose face is covered with a mask. 2.
posed of a handle and iron head, with which
Mask, a cover to disguise the face. 3. Masany thtog is driven. 2. Person who perseveres
querade, mask, a festive entertoinment in
in any thing. 3. Tuning hammer. A martiwhich the company is masked. 4. Exercise
llo, With strokes of a hammer. De martillo, of horsemanship in which the gentlemeu are
Wrought metal.
dressed alike, and wear masks. 5. Mask, any
Martín delrío,sm. (Ora.) V. Martinete.
pretence or subterfuge. 6. (Surg.) A banMartín pescador, sm. (Orn.) Kingfisher. Aldage applied to burns on the face.
cedo ispida, L.
Mascarada, sf. Masquerade, mummery.
Martinete, sm. 1. (Orn.) Bird of the family of Mascaréro, sm. Dealer in masks.
herons. 2. Jack in a harpsichord. 3. H a m - Mascarilla, sf. 1. (Dim.) A small mask. Quimer in copper-works. 4. Copper-mill.
tarse la mascarilla, To take off the mask, to
Martingala, sf. 1. Martingala leather strap fas- declare one's sentiments boldly. 2. Mould
tened to the girth and noseband of a horse.
taken from the face of a dead person.
2. Ancient kind of breeches.
Mascarón, sm. (Augm.) 1. A large hideous mask
Martiniéga, sf. Tax payable on St Martin's day. 2. Hideous or grotesque forms : e. g. satyrs'
Mártir, sm. Martyr, one who by his death bears
faces, used to adornfountainsand buildings.
witness to the truth ; one who suffers great
3. Person ridiculously grave and solemn.
hardships and calamities.
Mascujar, rn. (Coll.) 1. T o mastícate difficultly.
Martirio, sm. Martyrdom, the death of a mar2. T o pronounce with difficulty.
tyi ; great sufferings and hardships.
Masculinidád, sf. Masculíníty, masculineness,
Martirizadór, ra, s. One who commits martyr- manhood.
dom.
Masculino, na, a. 1. Masculine, male, virile.
Martirizar, ra. 1. T o martyr, to make one suffei mannish. 2. Masculine : applied to the genthe death of a martyr. 2. To martyr, to inder appropriated to the male kind in any
flict great sufferings and hardships, to mar- word.
tyrize.
Mascullar, ra. To falter in speaking.
Martirologio, sm. Martyrology, martirologe, a Masecorál, Masegicomár, sm. A kind of game.
catalogue or register of martyrs.
Masera, sf. A kind of trough used to knead oí
Marzádga, sf. Tax payable in March.
to work dough.
Marzal, a. Belonging to the month of March. Masería, Masía, sf. Farmhouse.
Marzeár, ra. To cut the hair of cattle in spring. Masetéro, sm. Masseter, a museta of the lower
Marzéo, sm. (Prov.) Cutting of dry honey-combs jaw.
in a hive in spring.
Masilla, íta, sf. 1. (Mil.) Pittance kept to purMarzo, sm. March, the third month of the year. chase shoes for soldiers. 2. (Dim.) A little
Mas, aa*. 1. More, to a greater degree. 2. But, mass.
yet. V. Pero. 3. Besides, moreover. V. Sino.
Máslo, sm. Trunk or root of the taU of quadA mas correr, With the utmost speed. A rupeds.
mas tardar, At latest. A mas y mejor, Masón, sm. 1. Mess of dough given to fowls.
Greatly, highly, at best; excellently. De mas
2. (Augm.) A large mass.
á mas, Still more and more. Mus sí, Per- Masónico, ca, a. Masonic.
haps, if. Mas que, Although, even. A mas Masóra, sf. Massorah or tradition, criticism on
de esto, Besides this. Sin mas acá ni mas the Hebrew Bible.
allá, Without ifs or ands, without rhyme orMasorítico, a. Massoretic, belonging to the M a s
reason. Sin mas ni mas, Without more ado,
soriles or J ewish doctore.
heedlessly. Mas vale doblarse que quebrarse,
Máste, sm. (Nau.) V. Mastelero.
Better to bow than to break.—sm. (Prov.) Mastelero, sm. (Nau.) Top-mast. Masteleros de
Farm-house and stock.
respeto, Spare top-masts. Masteleros de juaMasa, sf. 1. Dough, paste made of water and nete, Top-gallant masts. Mastelero mayor
flour. 2. Mortar. 3. Mass of gold, silver or or de gavia, Main-top-mast. Mastelero de
other metal. 4. The whole mass of a thing;
juanete mayor, Fore-top-mast. Mastelero de
the lump, the body. 5. Mass, congeries, in- proa, Fore-top-gallantmast. Mastelero de
distinct assemblage, the unión or eoncurrence
sobremesana, Mizen-top-gallantmast.
of many things. 6. (Obs.) League, coalition. Masticación, sf. Mastication.
7. (Prov.) Farm-house, with all the necessary Masticar, va. T o mastícate,tochew. V. Mascar
tools and utensíls. 8. (Mil.) Arrears of pay.
and Rumiar.
9. Nature, condition, disposition.
Masticatorio, ria, a. Masticatory,
Masada, sf. (Prov.) Country-house, farm-house.Mastígadór, sm. Instrument put into horses'
Masadero, sm. (Prov.) Neighbour.
mouths to prevent their chewing.
Masar, ra. V. Amasar.
Mástil, sm. 1. V. Mastelero. 2. Upright post of
Mascabádo, da, a. Applied to inferior sugar.
a bed or loom. Mástil de barrena, Shank of
Mascadór, ra, s. Chewer, masticator.
an auger. 3. Trunk or stem of a tree. 4
560
MAT
MAT
sell at public auction by inch of candle.—»r.
Wide breeches worn by Indians. 5. The
1. T o lay hands upon one's self, to kul one's
handle of some musical instruments.
Mastín, sm. 1. Mastiff, a dog of the largest size ; self. 2. T o make the utmost exertions to
obtain a thing. 3. T o be extremely conbull-dog. 2. A clumsy fellow ; clown.
cerned at a faltare or disappointment. MaMastína, */. Mastiff bitch.
tarse con otro, T o be at daggers drawn. MaMastinázo, sm. augm. A large mastiff.
tarse un caballo, T o be saddle galled.
Mastiníllo, sm dim. A little mastiff.
Másto, sm. (Prov.) Trunk or stock in which a Matarífe,sm.(Prov.) Slaughterman. V'.Matachín.
sprig is planted or ingrafted.
Matarráta, sf. G a m e at cards.
Mastranto, Mastranzo, sm. (Bot.) Round-leaved Matasanos, sm. Quack, charlatán ; empiric.
Matasiete, sm. Bully, braggadocio,huffér, hector.
mint. Mentha rotundifolia, L.
Mastuerzo, sm. (Bot.) C o m m o n cress. Lapidium Mate, sm. 1. Mate or check-mate, the last move
in the gaine of chess. D a r mate, T o scoff
sativuni, L.
Mata, sf. 1. Small bush, shrub, undershrub. or laugh at any one. 2. Size, glue-water
boiled with lime, much used by patotera and
Suffiutex, L. 2. V. Charneca. 3. Sprig,
gilders; gold or silver sizing.—a. Unpolished,
blade. 4. Copse or coppiee. 5. Lock of matrough; faded.
ted hair. 6. Young evergreen oak. 7. G a m e
Matearse, rr. (Prov.) T o grow up into large
at cards.
Matacán, sm. 1. Oíd haré. 2. (Bot.) Dog-bane. stalks : applied to wheat and barley.
Apocynum, L. 3. (Bot.) V. Nuez vómica. Matemática, sf. Mathematics, the science which
contemplates whatever is capable of being
4. Stone with which a dog is killed. 5. A n y
numbered or measured.
troublesome or painful work.
Matemáticamente, aa". Mathematically.
Matacandelas, sf. Extinguisher.
Matemático, ca, a. Mathematical.
Mátacandíl, sm. (Prov.) Lobster.
Matachín, sm. 1. Merry-andrew, jack pudding. Matemático, sm. Mathematician.
2. Dance performed by grotesque figures. Materia, sf. 1. Matter, substance extended. 2
Materials of which any thiug is composed.
3. Slaughterman, butcher who is employed in
Prima or primera materia, R a w material.
killing cattle in a slaughter-house. Dejar á
alguno hecho un matachín, T o make any one 3. Matter, subject, thing treated ; cause, occasion. 4. Matter, question considered, point
an object of ridicule or a laughing stock.
discussed. 5. Matter, purulent running. 6.
Matacía, sf. (Prov.) Slaughter, havoc.
Copy at a writing-school.
Matadero, sm. Slaughter-house, a place where
Material, a. 1. Material, corporal, consisting of
cattle are slaughtered; severe labour.
Matador, sm. 1. Murderer, one who takes away matter, not spiritual. 2. Rude, uncouth, ungenteel.—sm. Ingredient, materials of which
another's life, killer, mankiller; massacrer.
any thing is made.
2. One of the three chief cards in the game
of ombre.—«. Mortal ; murderous, homi- Materialidad, sf. 1. Materiality, materialness,
corporeity; not spiíituality. 2. Rudeness,
cida!
coarseness of manners, ¡ncivility.
Matadora, sf. Murderess, a woman that comMaterialismo, sm. Materialism.
mits murder.
Matadura, sf. 1. W o u n d on a horse's back madeMaterialista, s. com. Materialist
by the harness. 2. A foolish, troublesome Materialmente, aa". Materially, corporeally.
Maternal, a. Maternal. V. Materno.
person.
Matafuego, sm. Fire-engine. Matafuegos, Fire-Maternalméiite, ad. Maternally.
Maternidad, sf. Maternity, the character or reman.
lation of a mother, motherhood, motherliness.
Matajudío, sm. (Ichth.) V. Cabezudo.
Matalahúga, Matalaúva, sf. (Bot.) V. Anis. Materno, na, a. Maternal, motherly ; btfitting
Matalobos, sm. (Bot.) Wolf's bañe. Aconitum or pertaining to a mother.
Matigiiélo, Matihuélo, sm. Figure of a shabbj
lycoctonum, L.
boy, made of straw, and used as a play-fhing
Matalón, Matalote, sm. A n oíd horse worn out
at bull-feasts.
with age and fatigue.
Matatatáge, sm. 1. (Nau.) Stores or provisions Matiz, sm. Shade of eolours ; mixture of a vaon board of ships. 2. (Coll.) Heap of divers riety of eolours.
things jumbled together.
Matizado, da, a. and pp. of Matizar, Variegated.
Matanza, sf. 1. The action of slaughtering. 2,Matizar, ra. 1. To mix different eolours in a
Cattle to be slaughtered. 3. Massacre, butbeautiful manner and proportion. 2. T o erochery, indiscriminate destruction ; slaughtei
bellish, to adorn, to beautífy
or havoc in thefieldof battle. 4. Obstinacy, Mato, sm. V. Matorral.
eagerness of pursuit.
Matón, sm. Bully, a noisy, quarrelling fellow.
Matar, va. I. T o kill, to put to death, to makeMatorral, sm. Field full of brambles and briers,
away or to make away with; to execute. 2.
a bushy place.
To murder. 3. To put out a light, to quench, Matoso, sa, a. Bushy, covered over with copso
to extinguish the fire. 4. To slack lime. 5.
or bushes.
To worry, to vex, to molest. G. T o make a Matraca, sf. 1. A wooden rattle. 2. Jest, conhorse's back sore by the rubbing of the hartemptuous joke; contumelious ridicule. 3.
ness. Matar de un golpe, T o knock on the
Coxcomb, a silly, importúnate fellow. Dar
head. Matar de hambre, To famish, to starve, matraca, To banter or to play uron one.
lo kill with hunger. A' mata caballo, In theMatraquear, ra. T o jest, to scoff, to mock/ to riutmost hurry. Vender á mata candelas, To dicule.
V O L . I.
5C1
20
MAU
MAY
Matraquista, sm. W a g , jester, punster, one who Mausoleo, sm. Mausoleum, a pompous funeral
delights in ridiculing others.
monument.
Matraz, sf. Matrass, vessel used by apothecaries.Maxilar, a. Maxillary, maxillar.
Matrero, ra, a. Cunning, sagacious, knowing.— Máxima, sf. 1. A maxim, an axiom, a general
sm. Artful knave ; cunning, knavish soldier.
principie, leading truth or rule. 2. Sentence,
Matricária, sf. (Bot.) C o m m o n feverfew. M a - apophthegm, a maxim, generally moral. 3.
tricaria parthenium, L.
Idea, thought. 4. Musical point.
Matricida, s. com. Matricide, murderer of one's Máximamente, ad. Chiefly, principally.
mother.
Máxime, aa*. Principally.
Matricídio, sm. Matricide. slaughter of a mo- Máximo, m a , a. sup. Chief, principal; very
ther.
great.
Matrícula, sf. 1. Register, list. 2. Matriculation.
Maya, sf. 1. (Bot) C o m m o n daisy. Bellis perMatriculación, sf. (Littl, us.) Matriculation.
ennis, L. 2. May-queen, a little girl dressed
Matriculado, da, a. and pp. oí Matricular, M a - and adorned withflowers,and placed in the
street to collect money.
tricúlate, matriculated.
Mayadór, ra, s. Mewer.
Matriculadór, sm. H e who matriculates.
Matricular, va. T o matricúlate, to register, to Mayál, sm. 1. Flail, an instrument with which
enrol, to en,ter in a list.
corn is thrashed. 2. Lever in oil-mills.
Matrimonial, a. Matrimonial, connubial, nuptial.Mayar, va. T o m e w . V . Maullar.
Matrimonialménte, aa*. Matrimonially.
Mayéto, sm. Mallet for beating paper in milis.
Matrimoniar, rn. In jocular style, to marry.
Mayo, sm. 1. M a y , thefifthmonth of the year,
Matrimonio, sm. 1. Marriage, matrimony, match. 2. May-pole, a long, straight pole erected on
the first of M a y in some public place.
2. (Coll.) Husband or wife, couple. Matrimonio ralo, Legal marriage not consum- Mayor, a. Greater, larger, more, extensive. Hommated.
bre mayor, A n elderly man, also a m a n of
Matriz, sf. 1. Mother church, metropolitan
great age.—sm. 1. Superior, mayor or chief of
church. 2. Matrix, womb, matrice, the place
a community. 2. Major, a field officer of
horse or foot, next in rank to the Ueutenantof the foetos in the mother. 3. Mould, form,
matrice, that which gives form to something
colonel. V. Sargento mayor. 3. (Nau.) Matninclosed. 4. The original draft of any wrisail. 4. (Arch.) V. Sillar.—sf. (Log.) Major,
ting. 5. T h e channelled and concave or fefirst proposition in a syllogism.—pl. 1. A n
male part of a screw. Lengua matriz, N a cestors, forefathers. 2. Superiors. 3. (Nau.)
tive language.—a. First, principal, chief.
Three principal sails of a ship. 4. In gramMatrona, sf. 1. Matron, a virtuous and accom- mar schools, the higher class. Mayor or maplished woman, who is mother of a family.
yor de edad, Person who is of age. Ganado
2. Midwife, a w o m a n who assists w o m e n ia
mayor, Black cattle ; larger sort of beasts of
burthen, such as mules and horses. Por machildbirth.
Matronal, a. Matronal.
yo- , B y wholesale, by the bulk or lump, sumMaturángo, ga, s. Appellation given to a Euromarily.
pean in Buenos Ayres.
Mayóra, sf. Mayoress.
Matronáza, sf. augm. Corpulent, respectable Mayoral, sm. 1. (Obs.) Chief or principal person
matron.
of a corps or society. 2 Head shepherd ;
Matute, sm. 1. Smuggling, contraband, act of
leader.
running goods into a country without paying Mayorana, sf. V. Mejorana.
duty. 2. Smuggled goods, a prohibited com- Mayorázga, sf. 1. The wife of a person w h o is
moclity.
in possession of an entailed estáte. 2. She
Matutear, ra. T o smuggle, to import goods with- who possesses an entailed estete by herself.
out paying the duty laid on them.
Mayorazgo, sm. 1. Right of suceession in faMatutero, sm. Smuggler, contrabandist
mily estafes, vested in thefirst-bornson. 2.
Matutinal, a. Belonging to the morning mass.
Firstborn son possessing the right of primoMatutino, na, a. Matutinal, matutine, belonging geniture. 3. Family estáte which devolves to
to the morning.
thefirst-bornson by right of inheritance, an
Maula, sf. 1. A n y thing found in the street, or entailed estáte.
which m a y be purchased for little money. Mayorazgiiélo, guillo, güito, sm. dim. A small
2. Cunning, craft; deceitful tricks, imposientailed estáte.
tion. 3. Drink-money given to servante.—s. Mayorazguísto, sm. (Law) Author who treats
com. (CoU.) Cheat, bad payer.
on entaíls or entailed property.
Maulería, sf. 1. Frippery, place where oíd Mayorcíco, íca, íllo, illa, íto, íta, a. dim. of Mayor.
clothes are sold; a piece-broker's shop. 2. Mayordóma, sf. Steward's wife.
Craft, cunning, art or skill applied to deceive.Mayordomear, va. (Littl. us-.) T o administer oí
Maulero, sm. 1. Piece-broker, seller of oíd
manage an estáte.
clothes. 2. Impostor, cheat, swindler.
Mayordomía, sf. Administration, stewardship,
Maulladór, ra, a. AppUed to a cat which m e w s
controllership.
or cries much.
Mayordomo, sm. Steward, the principa! servant
Maullar, vn. T o m e w , to cry as a cat.
of a nobieman or gentleman, to w h o m the
Mauseolo,
Maullido,
Maulón,
or cheat.
56?,
sm.
Maullo,
sm.augm.
2.V.A Mausoleo.
sm.
great
(CoU.)
M escoffer.
w ,1.cry
A of
great
a cat.
cheatei Mayoría,
intendent.
steward.
others are
sf. subordínate,
1.Mayordomo
Advantage,
major
deexcellence,
propios,
domo, supeisupeCity
MEA
MEC
riority. 2. Major's commission. Mayoría de cutions. 3. The small embryo in the white
plaza, A town-major's place. 3. Majority, of an egg. caUed the tread.
full age ; end of minority
Meataéla, sf. Small piece attached to the bits
Mayoridad, sf. Superiority.
of a bridle.
Mayorista, sm. Student of the highest classes in MeapéiTos, sm. (Bot.) Stinking goose-foot. Chegrammar-schoóls.
nopodium vulvaria, L.
Mayormente, ad. Principally, chiefly.
Mear, rn. T o uriñe, to make water. V. OriMayúscula, a. Capital: applied to large letters.
nar.
Meato, sm. (Med.) Passage, conduit, or pore of
It is sometimes used as a substantive.
Maza, sf. 1. Club, a stick shod with iron. 2. the body.
«Mace, an ensign of authority borne before Méauea, sf. (Orn.) A sea fowl so cah>a from
its cry.
kings and magistrates. 3. Engine or pileengine. 4. Clog, a piece of wood fastened to Meca, sf. Casa de meca, House of noise and
the waist of a monkey, to prevent him from
confusión.
running away. 5. Rag pinned to men or wo- Mecánica, sf. 1. Mechanics. V.- Maquinaria. 2.
(Coll.) A mean, despicable action or thing.
men's clothes, to make a laughing stock of
3. (Mil.) Management of soldiers' affairs.
them. 6. Beetle forflaxor hemp. 7. A n im
portunate, troublesome fellow.—pl. Pestles in Mecánicamente, aa". Meanly, sordidly, mechapowder-mills, with which the ingredients of
nically.
gunpowder are pounded. Maza de fraga, Mecánico, ca, a. 1. Mechanical or mechanic,
done by hand. 2. Mean, servile; of mean ocHammer. Maza sorda, V. Espadaña. La
maza y la mona, (Coll.) Applied to two per- cupation. Potencias mecánicas, Mechanical
sons who constantly walk together.
powers.
Mazacote, sm. 1. Kali, barilla. 2. Mortar, ce-Mecánico, sm. 1. Mechanician, a m a n professing
ment. 3. Dry, tough mass. 4. Injurious nick- or studying the construction of machines.
2. Mechanic, manufacturer, handicraftsman,
name for a peevish person.
Mazada, sf. Blow with a mallet; offénsive ex- handcraftsman, a low workman, a petty tradesman. 3. Handicraft, a m a n who Uves by
pression.
manual labour.
Mazagatos, sm. Noise, dispute, contention.
Mazamorra, sf. 1. Bread-dust; biscuit or any Mecaniquéz, sf. (Low) Meanness lowness of
occupation or employment.
other thing spoiled and broken in pieces. ¿.
Any thing broken and reduced to small bite. Mecanismo, sm. Mechanism, action performed
according to mechanical laws.
3. Sort of pap made of the flour of Indian
corn, honey and sugar, much used in Perú. Mecedero, sm. 1. Stirrer, aflatended pole with
Mazanéto, sf. Apple-shaped ornament in jewels. which wine is stirred in an hogshead, wort
Mazapán, sm. Marchpane, a kind of sweet paste, in a vat and soap in a boiler. 2. V. Caño.
made up of almonds, sugar and other ingre- Mecedor, sm. V. Mecedero.
dients.
Mecedor, ra, s. Rocker, one who stirs or rocks
Mazar, ra. (Prov.) To churu milk.
any thing to and fro.
Mazarí, sf. (Obs.) V. Ladrillo.
Mecedura, sf, Act of rocking or moving any
Mazmorra, sf. Moorish dungeon.
thing backwards and forwards.
Maznar, ra. (Obs.) T o squeeze and handle any Mecer, ra. 1. T o stir, to agitote, to jumble, to
thing gently to soften or disjoin it.
mix. 2. T o rock, to shake, to move forwards
Mazo, sm. 1. Mallet, a large hammer made of
and backwards. 3. T o dandle or to shake a
wood. 2. Bundle, a quantity of ribands or
child to quiet and please him.
other things tied together. Mazo de llaves,Mecereón, sm. (Bot.) Mezereon. Daphne meBunch of keys. 3. A n importúnate, tiresome zereum, L.
person.
Mecha, sf. 1. Wick, twist of cotton, round
Mazonería, sf. 1. Masonry, brick-work. 2. Re- which wax or tallow is applied, to make canlief or relievo-work.
illes, tapers and torches. 2. Roll of lint put
Mazorca, sf. 1. Spindle fuU of thread, spun from into a sore or wound. 3. Match, a rope
the distaff into the shape of a cone. 2. Ear
slightly twisted and used tofirepieces of ordof corn. 3. The female spike of Indian corn.
nance. 4. Bacon, with which fowls and meat
Mazorral, a. Rude, uncouth, clownish.
are larded. 5. A lock of hair ; a bundle of
Mazorralmente, ad. Rudely.
threads orfibres.Alargar la mecha, To augMazóte, sm. 1. A kind of cement or mortar. 2. ment a salary; to protract a business; ta
Blockhead, a dull, heavy fellow.
allow a needy debtor sufficient time to disMe, pro. Me, the oblique case of the pronoun I, charge his debt.
which serves as a dative or accusative, and Mechar, ra. To lard fowls, game or meat, with
is placed either before or after a verb.
bacon, to forcé or to sturf.
Mea, sf. Term used by chüdren to express theirMechera, sf. Larding-pin.
want of making water.
Mechero, sm. Nosle of a lamp, in which the
Meada, sf. That quantity of uriñe made at one
wick is put; socket of candlesticks.
time.
Mechinal, sm. Square stones left projecting in
Meadero, sm. Place to which people generally
a wall to be continued.
repair to make water.
Mechíta, sf. dim. A small wick, a small match.
Meados, sm. pl. V. Orines.
Mechoacán, sm. (Bot.) Mechoacan bind-weed.
Meaja, sf. 1. A. small coin, formerly current in Convolvulus mechoacan, L.
Castile. 2. Duty rcquired by juilges on exe- Mechón, sm. augm. 1. Large lock of hair; large
¿02
MED
MED
Medicar, va. To medicine, to administer medímatch. 2. A large bundle of threads or fibres
separated from the rest.
dnes ; to apply médicamente.
Mechoso, sa, a. Full of matches or wicks.
Medicastro, sm. Quack, medicaster, an empiric
Mecónio, sm. 1. Meconium of children. 2. M e - practitioner in physic.
conium, poppy juice.
Medícea, a. Applied to anv of the four satellites
Méda, sf. (Prov.) V. Hacina.
of Júpiter.
Medalla, sf. 1. Medal, a piece of metal stamped Medicina, sf. 1. Physic, the art of healing. 2.
Medicine, any remedy administered by a
in honour of some remarkable event or performance. Medalla anepígrafa, Medal with- physician
out a title. 2. (Sculpt.) A round or oval tar- Medicinal, a. Medicinal, medicinable, healing,
belonging to physic, having the power of
get on which a figure is drawn. 3. (Coll.)
healing.
Gold coin weighing an ounce.
Medallón, sm. augm. Medal lion.
Medicinar, ra. T o medicine, to administer medicines, to apply medicamento.
Médano, Medaño, sm. Sand-bank on the seashore.
Medición, sf. Measurement, mensuration, measuring.
Medár, ra. (Prov.) V. Hacinar:
Medéro, sm. (Prov.) Collection of vine-shoots. Médico, sm. Physician, one who professes the
Media, sf. 1. Stocking, a covering for the leg. art of healing.
2. Measure of capacity, which makes about Médico, ca, a. Medical, medidnal.
half a hundred weight. 3. (Low) Liquid Medida, sf. 1. Measure, any instrument for findmeasure making two pinto.—pl. Hose. V.
¡ng out the length, breadth, or quantity of a
Medio.
thing. 2. Mensuration, measuring, measureMediación, sf. 1. The nearest distance of one ment, ad of measuring. 3. Height, length,
thing from another, a third being placed in
breadth or quantity measured. 4. Proportion,
the middle. 2. Mediation, intervention, inrelation, correspondence. 5. Measure, syllaterposition, intercession, intreatyforanother.bles metrically numbered. 6. Measure, mean
3. (Mus.) Double bar.
to an end. 7. Measure, moderation, prudence.
Mediador, sm. Mediator, intercessor, go-between. 8. Girdle on the stotues of saints bearing their
Mediana, sf. 1. Flesh of the shoulder near the ñames. A medida del deseo, According to
neck of animáis. 2. Household bread. 3.
one's wishes. A medida or á sabor de su pa(Prov.) Top of afishing-rod.4. V. Barzón.
ladar, T o his heart's content.
Medianamente, ad. Middlingly, moderately, Medidamente, ad. Moderately.
meanly.
Medidor, sm. Measurer.
Mediadora, Medianera, sf. Mediatress, media- Mediéra, sf. A female knitter of stockings or
trix, a female mediator.
a w o m a n who knits stockings to sell them.
Medianería, sf. 1. Bounds or limito of contiguous
Mediéro, sm.i. Hosier, one who deals in stockthings. 2. Moíety of land or rent equally
ings. 2. A knitter of stockings. 3. (Prov.)
divided and enjoyed by halves. 3. PartíCopartner, one who goes halves with anotion-wall.
ther in the cultivation of lands or rearing of
Medianero, ra, a. 1. Mediating, interceding, me- cattle.
diatory. 2. Intermedíate; having the moiety. Medio, dia, a. Half, in part. Medio dia, Noon,
Pared medianera, Partition-wall.
the middle hour of the day. Media noche,
Medianero, sm. Mediator; go-between.
Mídnight, twelve at night. Medio hermano,
Medianía, Medianidad, sf. 1. Moderation or
Half-brother or half-blood. Medio borracho,
temperanee to the execution of a thing. 2.
Half-seas over. Media naranja, V. Cúpula.
Mediocrity, mediety, mean, middle state; mo- A medio-nao, (Nau.) Midships. A medias,
dérate means.
B y halves. Ir á medias, To go halves with one.
Medianil, sm. (Agr.) Middle-piece of ground. Medio, sm. 1. Middle, the part equally distant
Medianísta, sm. Student of the fourth class in
from the extremities. 2. Measure, expedient
or step taken iu an affair. 3. W a y , mean,
grammar.
method, instrument, that which is used in
Mediano, na, a. Modérate, middling; neither
order to any end. 4. Médium, any thtog used
great ñor small, mean, mediocre.
Meiüános, sm.pl. In grammar-schools, the fourth in ratiocination in order to a conclusión. 5.
class.
A médium between extremes in a physical or
Medíante, aa*. B y means of, by virtue of.—pa.
moral sense, moderation. 6. W o r k half done
Mediating, intervening.
and hotfinished.7. Twin, one of two chilMediar, rn. 1. To come to the middle of a
dren born at a birth.—pl. Rento, income, rething, to be at the middle. 2. T o intercede
venue, fortune. En medio, In the middle,
for another, to meddle, to medíate, to go bemidway; nevertheless, notwithstanding, how
tween. 3. T o intervene.
ever; in the midst.
Mediatamente, ad. Mediately.
Mediocre, a. Middling, mean, modérate, meMediato, ta, a. Mediata.
diocre.
Mediator, sm. Ombre, game at cards.
Mediocremente, aa*. (Littl. us.) Meanly.
Medicable, a. Curable, medicable, that m a y be Mediocridad, sf. Mediocrity, smaU degree,
cured by means of medicines.
middle rate, middle state.
Médicamente, aa*. (Littl. us.) Medically.
Mediodía, sf. 1. Noon, mid-day, noonday
Medicamento, sm. Medicament, medicine, phynoontide, meridian. 2. South.
sic, any remedy administered to cure a dis- Mediopaño, sm. Thin woollen cloth.
ease.
Mediopartír, ra. T o divide into two halves.
$64
MEL
MEL
Medir, ra. 1. T o measure, to ascertata the length,Melancólico, ca, a. Melancholy, sad, gloomy, melancholic, fancifuL cloudy, mirthless, mourn
magnitude or quantity of a thing, to mensúful, damp, lugubrious, hypochondriacal.
rate. 2. T o measure or to examine the number of syllables of a verse. 3. T o compare, Melancolizar, va. T o affect with melancholy, ta
render gloomy and dejected, to melancholize,
to measure, to estímate the relative badness
to dispirit.
or goodness of things. 4. (CoU.) T o measure
the ground with one's body, to fallflaton Melania, sf. A kind of sük stuff.
the ground.—vr. T o be modérate, to act with Melanogógo, sm. (Med.) Melanogogue.
Melantería, sf. Kind of black mineral containprudence.
ing vitriol.
Meditación, sf. Meditation, cogitation, deep
Melápia, sf. Kind of apple.
thought, cióse attention, contemplation.
Meditar, va. T o meditóte, to revolve in the Melar, rn. 1. In sugar-works, to boil down the
mind, to contémplate, to consider, to cogitóte, juice of the sugar-cane a second time, until
it obtains the consistency of honey. 2. To
to mind, to muse, to chew.
deposit honey as bees.
Meditativo, va, a. (Littl. us.) Meditative.
Mediterráneo, nea, a. Mediterranean, encircled Melaza, sf. l.(Prov.) Dregs of honey. 2. (Littl.
us.) V. Melóle.
with land, midland.
Medra, sf. Proficiency, progress, melioration, Melcocha, sf. Cake made of honey, flour and
spice; ginger-bread.
improvement.
Melcochéro, sm. Ginger-bread baker.
Medrar, rn. T o thrive, to prosper, to grow rich;
Melecína, sf. (Obs.) V. Clister.
to improve.
Melena, sf. 1. Dishevelled hair hanging loóse
Medro, sm. (Prov.) V. Medra.
Medrosamente, aa*. Timorously, fearfully, faintly. over the eyes. 2. Fore-top hair or mane that
Medroso, sa, a. 1. Fearful, timorous, faintheart- falls on a horse's face. 3. A soft,fleecyskin
ed, harehearted, cowardly, faintling. 2. Ter- put on the forehead of working oxen to prevent their being hurt by the yoke. Traer á
rible, inspiring fear.
Medula or Médula, sf. 1. Marrow, an oleaginouS la melena, To compel one to execute a thing
against his will.
substance contained in bones. 2. The prindpal substance or more essential part of any Melenudo, da, a. Hairy, having bushy hair.
Melera, sf. I. State of melons spoiled by rain.
immaterial thing.
2. (Bot.) V. Buglosa.
Medular, a. Medullar, medullary.
Meduloso, sa, a. Full of marrow, marrowish. Melero, sm. 1. Dealer in honey. 2. Place destined to preserve honey.
Mefítico, a. Mephitíc, mephitical: applied to
Melésa, sf. Candle-wood. V. Tea.
noxious air.
Megído, da, a. Beaten up with sugar and water: Melgácho, sm. (Ichth.) Dog-fish. Squalus catufos, L.
applied to the yolk of eggs.
Melífero, ra, a. Melliferous, productive of honey.
Mego, ga, a. Gentle, mild, meek, peaceful.
Mejicana, sf. (Bot.) V. Maravilla mejicana. Melificado, da, a. Melliftoous, mellificent.—pp.
oí Melificar.
Mejicano, sm. The Mexican language.
Mejilla, sf. Cheek, the side of the face belowMelificar, ra. and n. T o make honey as bees,
Melifluamente, ad. Mellifluently.
the eye.
Melifluidád, sf. Mellifluence, suavity, delicacy.
Mejillón, Mijillón, sm. A kind of cockle.
Melifluo,flua,a. Melliftoous, mellifiuent, honeyMejor, a. Better.—ad. Better; more exactly.
Mejora, s/1. Improvement, melioration, growth. mouthed;flowingwith honey.
2. Appeal to a superior court. 3. Tbe act of Meliloto, sm. 1. (Bot.) Bird's foot trefoil; melilot. Trifolium officinale, L. 2. Silly, stupid
eaving by will a larger shaie than the leperson.
gatee by law had a right to.
Mejoramiento, sm. Improvement, melioration. Melindre, sf.X.A sort of fritters made of honey
Mejorana, sf. (Bot.) Sweet marjoram. Origa- and flour. 2. Prudery, overmuch nicety in
conduct.
n u m majorana, L.
Mejorar, ra. To improve, to meliorato, to heightMelindrear, rn. To act the prude.
en, to cultívate, to mend.—rn. To recover, to Melindrero, ra, a. Prudish, affectedly grave.
grow well from a disease or calamity.—rr. Melindrillo, sm. (Prov.) Ferret, narrow tope.
Melindrizar, rn. (CoU.) V. Melindrear.
To improve, to grow better.
Melindroso, sa, a. Prudish, precise,finical,too
Mejoría, sf. 1. Improvement, melioration, mendnice, too formal.
ing. 2. Repairs. 3. The state of growing
better in point of health. 4. Advantage; Mella, sf. 1. Notch in edged tools. 2, Gap,
empty space. Hacer mella, To make an imsuperiority.
Melada, sf. 1. A slice of toasted bread steeped pression upon the mind by reproach or advice.
in honey. 2. (Prov.) A slice of dry marmaMellado, da, a and pp. of Mellar, 1 Notched.
Iade.
2. Toothless, wanting one or more teeth.
Melado, da, a. Of the colour of honey : geneMellar, ra. 1. T o notch, to cut in small hollows.
rally applied to horses.—pp. of Melar.
Meladúcha, sf. A coarse, mealy apple.
2. To deprive of lustre and splendour. MeMelancolía, sf. Melancholy, a kind of gloomy llar la honra, T o wound one's character and
madness, in which the mind is constantly
honour.
fixed on one sad and painful object, gloom, Mellica, sf. (Prov.) V. Melliza.
Mellíza, sf. Kind of sausage made of lean pork,
gloominess.
Melancólicamente, aa". (Littl. us.) Melancholily almonds, pine-apple kernels and honey.
565
MEM
MEN
sary or pious work which any one founds to
Mellizo, za, a. V. Gemelo.
preserve his memory. 5. Memoir, an accounl
Mellón, sm. A handful of straw.
Melocotón, sm. 1. (Bot.) C o m m o n peach. A m y g - of transactions famíliarly written: commonly
dalus pérsica, L. 2. Peach,fruitof that tree. used in plural. 6. Bul, account 7. M e m o
Melodía, sf. 1. Melody, harmony of sound, me- randum, a note to help the memory. 8. Colodiousness, musicalness. 2. Melody, sweet- dicil. Hacer memoria, T o remember, to put
in mind. De memoria, B y heart. Hablar de
ness or suavity of sound.
Melodiosamente, aa". Melodiously, harmoniously. memoria, To talk at random.—pl. 1. CompUments, expressions of kindness and civility.
Melodioso, sa, a. Melodious, musical, harmo2. Memorandum-book. 3. T w o or more rings
nious.
put on thefingeras a memorándum.
Melodrama, sf. Melodrame, a kind of dramáMemorial, sm. 1. Memorandum-book. 2. Metica! composition.
Melója, sf. Metheglin, honey boiled with water morial, brief.
Memorialista, sm. A n amanuensis; a person
and fermented.
who writes petitions for others.
Melón, sm. (Bot.) Melón. Cucumis meló, L.
Memorión, sm. augm. A strong memory.
Catar el melón, To sound or pump one.
Memorioso, sa, a. Mindful, retentive: applied
Melonar, sm. Field or bed of melons.
to the memory.
Meloncéte, sm. dim. A small melón.
Melonéro, ra, s. One who reare melons or dealsMena, sf. 1. (Nau.) Girt or size of cordage. 2.
(Ichth.) Small sea-fish, kind of anchovy.
in them.
Melosidad, sf. 1. Sweetness arising from honey,Menadór, ra, s. (Prov.) Winder, one who turns
a wheel to wind silk.
lusdousness. 2. Meekness, gentleness of beMenáge, sm. Furniture, movables, house-stuff¡
haviour.
Meloso, sa, a. 1. Having the teste or qualities goods put iu a house for use or ornament.
of honey; mellow. 2. Gentle, mild, pleasing. Menár, va. (Prov.) To wind, to conglomérate.'
Melóte, sm. 1. Molosses, molasses, treade, the Mención, sf. Mention, oral or written recital of
spume or scum of the juice of the sugar-cane. any thing.
2. (Prov.) Conserve made up with honey.
Mencionar, va. To mention, to write or express
in words or writing, to ñame.
Mélsa, sf. 1. (Prov.) V. Bazo. 2. Phlegm,
lentor, slowness.
Mendicación, sf. The act of begging or asking
Membrádo, da, a. (Her.) Membered: applied to charity.
the beak and legs of a bird, when of a dif- Mendicante, a. Mendicant, begging.
ferent tinctuie from the body.
Mendicante, sm. Mendicant, one of some begMembrana, sf. 1. Membrane, a thin skin; a ging fraternity.
caul. 2. (Anat.) Membrane.
Mendicidad, sf. Mendicity, mendicancy, beggary.
Membranoso, sa, a. Membranous, membranaceous, membranous; filmy.
Mendigante,to,s. Mendicant, beggar.
Membrete, sm. 1. Short annotation or note writ-Mendigar, va. T o ask charity,tolive upon almsj
tentoremember a thing 2. In letter or notes
to beg, to mendicate, to ask alms ; to crave,
to entreat.
a line in which the person's ñame is inserted
to w h o m it is written. 3. A note or srrfa.ll bitMendigo, sm. Beggar, maunder, a person who
of paper given as a memorándum to a person
asks charity in the streets and Uves upon alms.
in office, to put him in mind of any one's Mendiguez, s/.Beggary, indigence, mendicancy,
pretensions. 4. A card of invitatíon.
mendicity.
Membrílla, sf. (Prov.) The tender bud of a Mendosamente, ad. Falsely, erroneously, equivocally.
quince-tree.
Mendoso, sa, a. False,fictitious,erroneous, menMembrillar, sm. Plantation of quince-trees.
Membrillero, Membrillo, sm. 1. (Bot.) Quince- dacious.
tree. Pyrus cydonia, L. 2. Thefruitof the Mendrugo, sm. Broken bread given to beggars.
Mendruguíllo, sm. dim. A small bit or crumb of
quince-tree.
bread.
Membrudamente, ad. Robustly, sfrongly.
Membrudo, da, a. Strong, robust, corpulent; Meneadór, ra, s. Mover, manager, director.
Menear, va. 1. T o move from place to place.
membered.
2. To manage, to direct.—rr. 1. T o be brisk
Mementos, sm. pl. The two parts of the mass,
and active, to stir about. 2. T o wriggle, to
to which the sacrifice is offered for the quick
and the dead.
waddle; to move from side to side. Menear
M e m o , ma, a. Silly, foolish.
las manos, T o fight; to work expertly.
Memorable, Memorando, da, a. Memorable, Meneo, sm. 1. A wriggling or waddling motion
commemorable, notable, famous, worthy of
of the body. 2. (Obs.) Trade, business.
memoiy.
Menester, sm.l. Necessity, need, want. Ser meMemorablemente, ad. Memorably.
nester, T o be necessary, to be wanting. 2.
Memorar, ra. T o remember, to record, to menEmployment, business, occupation, office.—
tion.
pl. (Coll.) 1. Natural or corporal necessities.
Memoratísimo, ma, a. sup. Worthy of eternal
2. Implemento, instruments ortoolsnecessary
memory.
to a workman.
Memoria, sf. 1. Memory, the power of retoiningMenesteroso, sa, a. Needy, necessitous; wanting
or recolleding things past; reminiscence, resomething,
colleríion. 2. Fame, glory. 3. Memory, me- Menestra, sf. Pottage made of different pulsí
morial, monumental record. 4. A n anniverand roots.
566
MEN
MEN
Menestral, sm. Mechanic, tradesman, handicrafts- Menoscabar, ra. 1. T o impair, to lessen, to make
man. handcraftoman, handicraft.
worse. 2. T o reduce, to deteriórate.
Mengajo, sm. (Obs.) Rag, tatter.
Menoscabo, sm. Diminution, deterioration, loss.
Mengua, sf. 1. Decay, decline. 2. Poverty, in-Menospreciable, a. Despicable, contemptible.
digence. 3. Disgrace arising from a cowardly Menospreciadaménte, ad. Contemptuously.
conduct.
Menospreciadór, ra, s. Contemner, despiser.
Menguadaménte, aa". Ignominiously.
Menospreciar, ra. T o underrate, to undervalúej
Menguado, sm, 1. Coward; a silly, mean-spito despise, to contemn, to neglect, to overpass,
rited feUow. 2. A n avaricíous, miserable
to overlook, to make light of, to nihilífy ; to
wretch. 3. Decrease, narrowing of stockoutbrave.
ings, etc.
Menosprecio, sm. Contempt, scorn; the act of
Menguado, da, a. 1. Diminished, impaired. 2.
undervaluing or underrating a thing, misesCoward, pusillanimotts; fooUsh. Hora menteem, neglect, contumely, contumeliousness,
guada, Fatal moment.—pp. of Menguar*
Menotísa, sf. V. Minutisa.
Menguante, sm. l.Ebb-tide, low-water, neap, Menságe, Mensagería, *. Message, errand.
low-tide. 2, Decline, decay. 3. Decrease of Mensagéro, ra, s. 1. Messenger, one w h o carries
the moon.
or brings a message, eonveyer, express. 2.
Menguar, rn. 1. T o decay, to decline, to fall off (Nau.) Bull's eye traveller, a wooden thimhle.
1. T o fail, to be deficient. 3. T o diminish the Menstruación, sf. Menstruation, the aet of mensize of stockings by taking in two stitches
struating.
instead of one with the knittíng needles.
Menstrual, a. Menstrual.
Meniántes, sm. Marsh-trefoil, buck-bean. M e - Menstrualménte, ad. Monthly, menstruaUy.
nyantes trifoliata, L.
Menstruánte, a. Menstruating.
Menina, sf. A young lady w h o from her child- Menstruár, rn. T o menstruate.
hood entered into the service of the royal fa- Menstruo, sm. 1. Menses, catomenia. 2. (Chem.)
mily of Spain, by waiting upon the queen.
Menstruum, any liquor used as a dissolvent,
Meninge, sf. Mentas, or more commonly me- or to extract the virtues of ingredients by inninges ; membranes enveloping the brain.
fusión or decoction.
Menino, sm. 1. Page of the queen and infantas Menstruo, a, a. Menstruous, monthly, menstrual.
oí Spain. 2. (Prov.) A n affected, spruce, littleMenstruósa, a. (Med.) Applied to a female menfellow.
struating.
Menipéa, sf. Kind of satire containing prose Mensual, a. Monthly, menstrual.
and verse.
Mensualménte, ao". Monthly.
Menique, a. Applied to the Uttle finger of the Ménsula, sf. (Arch.) M e m b e r which projects
haud: it is also used as a substantive.
over any thing and serves to support others.
Menisco, sm. Meniscus,. glass concave on one Mensura, sf. Measure.
side and convex on the other.
Mensurabilidad, sf. Mensurability, mensurableMenjuí, sm. (Bot.) V . Benjuí. A'rbol de menjuí, ness.
Benjamín tree laurel. Laurus benzoin, L.
Mensurable, a. Mensurable, that m a y be meaMenjúnge, Menjúrge, sm. (Coll.) Beverage com- sured.
posed of different ingredients, and of an un- Mensurador, ra, s. Measurer, meter.
pleasant tosté.
Mensural, a. Applied to any thing used te meaMenológio, sm. Menology, the martyrology of
sure.
the Greeks divided into the months of the Mensurar, ra. V. Medir and Juzgar.
year.
Menta, sf. (Bot.) Mint. Mentha officinalis, L.
Menónia, sf. A black kind of birds.
Mentado, da, a. Famous, celebrated, renowned.
Menor, sm. and/. 1. Minor, one under age. 2.
— p p . oí Mentar.
Mínor, the second or particular proposítion Mental, a. Mental, intellectual, ideal.
in the syUogism. 3. Minor, minorite, a Fran- Mentalmente, ad. Mentally, intellectually,
ciscan friar or nun. 4. Minor, a term in
ideally.
'
music.—pl. 1. The third class of a grammar- Mentar, ra. T o mention, to record.
school. 2. Minor orders.
Mentastro, sm. (Bot) V. Mastranzo.
Menor, a. comp. Less, smaller, minor. Menor Mente, sf. 1. Mind, understanding; intellectual
edad, Minority, under age. Por menor, B y
power. 2. Sense, meaning ; will, disposition.
retail, in small parts ; minutely.
Mentecatería, sf. Folly, absurdity, nonsense.
Menorete, a. dim. coll. Al menorete ox por el Mentecata)!, sf. (Littl. us.) Foolishness, siltimenorete, A t least.
ness.
Menoría, sf. Inferíority, subordination.
Mentecato, ta, a. Silly, foolish, stopid, crack
Menorista, sm. Student of grammar in the third
brained.—s. Fool.
class.
Mentecatón, na, a. augm. Very silly.
Menos, aa*. I. Less, in a smaller or lower de- Mentidéro, sm. Talking comer, where idlers
gree. Menos valer. Less worthy. 2. Except, meet to converse on trifling and fútil» subwith exception of. A lo menos or por lo me- jeets.
nos, At least, however. Mucho menos, M u c h Mentir, va. 1. T o lie, to utter falsehoods. 2. T o
less. Poco mas 6 menos, A little more or
disappoint, tofrustrate,to deceive, to feign.
less. Venir á menos, T o decay, to grow worse. 3. T o gainsay. to retract; to equivócate, to
A í mas, ni menos, Neither more ñor less,
falsify, to fib, to fable.
Menoscabado!,
just equal.
567
ra, s. Detractor, lessener.
Mentira,
mendacity.
sf. 1.2.Lie,
Error,
fálsehood,
mistake falsity,
in writing.
fictiuu,
MER
MER
Mentirfca, illa, íta, sf. dim. Fálsehood tald .byMercanda, sf. I. Trade, traffic. 2. Merchandise,
way of a jest. De mentirillas, In jest.
saleable goods.
Mentirán, sm. augm. Great lie.
Mercante, sm. and a. Dealer, trader; mercan.
Mentirosamente, aa*. Falsely, deceitfully, lytagly. tile, commercial.
Mentirosíto, ta, a. dim. A little false, deceitful.
Mercantil, a. Commercial, mercantile, merchantMentiroso, sa, a. 1. Lying,tellingfalsehoods; like.
deceptious, mendacious,fibber.2. Erroneous, Mercantilmente, ad. Merchantly, in a commerequivocal, incorrect.
cial or mercantile manner.
Mentís, You lie, or thou liest
Mercar, va. V. Comprar.
Menuceles, sm. pl. (Prov.) V. Minucias.
Merced, sf. 1. Wages, pay given for service
Menudamente, ad. Minute'ly, partícularly.
especially to day-laDourers. 2. Gift, favour
Menudear, va. T o repeat, to detail minutely.—
grace, mercy. 3. Will, pleasure. 4. Appel'
vn. T o relate or describe little things.
lation of civility'and respect, with which perMenudencia, sf. Trifle, littleness ; minuteness, sons are addressed who cannot claim any
exility, minute accuracy. Menudencias, Small other title. Vuestra or vues i merced, Youi
matters ; offal of young pigs.
honour, your worship, sir. 5. A religious mi.
Menudeo, sm. Act of repeating minutely.
litory order, whose chief obiect is to redeem
Menudéro, ra, s. Dealer in tripes, giblets, sau- captives. Estar á merced, To" live at another's
sages, etc.
expense. Muchas mercedes, M a n y thanks
Menudíllo, sm. Extremities of animáis. Menufor the favours received.
dillos, Giblets of fowls.
Mercenario, sm. 1. Day-labourer, one who works
Menudícoj íca, íto, íta, a. Somewhat small.
for daily wages. 2. Mercenary, hireling, one
Menudo, da, a. 1. Small, slender of body ; miretained and servingforpay.
nute. 2. O f no moment or valué, worthless. Mercenario,ria,a. 1. Mercenary, hired, hireling.
3. C o m m o n , vulgar. 4. Examining minutely
2. AppUed to a friar or nun of the religious
into things. 5. Small money, change. Homorder of la merced: in this sense it is also
bre menudo, A mean, miserable fellow, A
used as a substantive,
menudo, Repeatedly, frequently, continually, Mercería, sf. Trade of a haberdasher, who deals
oft, often, oftimes, oftentimes. Por menudo, in small wares, mercery.
Minutely; by retail.
Mercero, sm. Haberdashei.
Menudo, sm. 1. Intestines, viscera. 2. Tithe of Merchante, sm. Merchant, who buys and sells
fruits. Menudos, Copper coin.
goods without keeping an open shop.—a.
Meñique, a. 1. Applied to the littlefingerof the Merchant: applied to a rrading-vessel.
hand: in this sense it is used as a substan- Merculíno, na, a. Belonging to Wednesday.
tive. 2. (CoU.) Very small.
Mercurial, sm. and a. 1. (Bot.) A U good, merMeolláda, sf. (Prov.) Fry of brain.
cury. Mercurialis, L. Mercurial añal or meMeollár, sm. (Nau.) Thin line of sptm-yarn
dicinal, Annual mercury. Mercurialis annua,
made of oakum or untwísted ropes.
L. 2. Mercurial.
Meollo, sm. 1. Marrow, an oleaginous substance Mercuríuo, na, a. Relating to Wednesday.
contained in bones. 2. Judgment, under- Mercurio, sm. 1. Mercury, quicksilver. 2. Plastanding. 3. Soft part of bread, crumb. 4.
net Mercury. 3. A periodical publication so
The prindpal substance or more essential
called.
part of any immaterial thing.
Merdellón, na, «. (CoU.) Slovenly, unclean,
Meón, na, a. Continually making water.
dirty.
Meóna, sf. Newborn female infant in distinctionMerdoso, sa, a. Nasty, filthy.
from the male.
Mere, ad. (Obs.) Merely. V. Meramente.
Mequetrefe, sm. Insignificant, noisy fellow, jack-Merecedor, ra, s. One who deserves reward oí
anapes, coxcomb.
punishment.
Meramente, ad. Merely, solely, nakedly.
Merecer, rn. 1. T o deserve, to merit, to meed.
Merár, va. T o mix one liquor with another ,- it 2. V. Lograr. 3. T o owe, to be indebted for.
is generaUy applied to the mixture of wine
He merecido á mi hermano aquella honra, I
and water.
a m indebted to m y brother for that honour.
Merca, sf. (Coll.) V. Compra.
— v a . To do any thing deserving reward or
Mercachifle, sm. Pedler, hawker.
censure.
Mercadánte, sm. V. Mercader.
Merecidamente, ad. Worthily, meritoriously,
Mercadear, vn. T o trade, to traffic ; to buy and
condignly.
sell.
Merecido, da, a. Meritorious, condign.—pp. oí
Mercader, sm. Dealer, trader, shopkeeper.
Merecer.
Mercadéra, sf. Shopkeeper's wife, tradeswoman.Merecido, sm. Condign punishment.
Mercadería, sf. 1. Comtnodity, merchandise, Merecimiento, sm. Condignity, merit, desert,
merchandry. 2. Trade, the business of a
right to reward, merítenousness.
trader or dealer.—pl. Goods.
Merendar, rn. 1. T o take a collation between
Mercado, sm. 1. Market, the concourse of peodinner and supper. 2. (Prov.) To eat the
ple to sell and buy. 2. Market, a public and
principal meal at noon.—ra. 1. To pry into
stated time for buying and selling. 3. Market
another's writings or adions. 2. To anticíor market-place, the appointed place where
pate, to take something soouer than another
goods are sold ; a rnart.
so as to prevent him.
Mercaduría, sf. Merchandise, trade, merchandry.
Merendero, ra, a. Picking up the seeds in cornMercal, sm. Ancient Spanish coin.
fields : applied to crows.
568
MER
MES
Merendona, sf. augm. A plentiful or splendid Mes, sm. 1. Month, one of the twelve calenda»
collattan.
divisions of the year. 2. Catemenia, menses,
Merengue, sm. Swectmeat made of sugar and
courses. 3. Monthly wages. Meses mayores,
white of eggs.
1. Last months of pregnancy. 2. Months im
Meretrício, cia, a. Meretricious, harlot
mediately preceding the harvest. Al mes, In
Meretrício, sm. Carnal sin.
a month'3time,by the month, at the expiraMeretriz, sf. V. Ramera.
tion of a month.
Meréy, sf. (Bot.) Cashew-tree. Anacardium oc-Mesa, sf. 1. Table, a horizontal surface raised
cidentale, L.
above the ground for meáis and other purMergánsar, sm. (Orn.) Goosander. Mergus mer- poses. 2. Table, the fare, entertainment or
ganser, L.
viands put on the table. El general tiene
Mergo, sm. (Orn.) Diver. Mergus, L.
buena mesa, The general keeps a good table.
Meridiana, sf. Meridional line. A la meridiana, 3. Table, aflator level surface on the top of
hílls or mountains. 4. Landing-place, the
At mid-day, noon.
upper part of a stair-case. 5. In printing
Meridiano, sm. Meridian, a large circle of the
offices, a case or oblong frame placed aslope
celestial sphere, passing through the poles,
and divided into several compartments or
zenith and nadir, and crossing the equator at
right angles. Meridianos, Gladiatore who little square cellsforthe types. 6. The table
of accounts of the rente of cathedral churches,
fought naked.—a. Meridional.
Meridional, a. Southern, southerly, meridional. Prelates or dignitaries in Spain. 7. Set or
Merienda, sf. 1. Nunchion, collation or piece of rubber, any one of the games played at a
truck-table. 8. Spanish truck-table, or the
victuals eaten between dinner and supper.
hire of it. 9. Theflator plain part of a sword,
2. (Prov.) Principal meal eaten at noon. 3.
(Coll.) Hump-back. Hacer merienda de ne- of a shoemaker's awl, etc. 10. Communion
table of the altar. Mesa de cambios, Bank,
gros, To make a hodge-podge of any thing
Levantar la mesa, T o take away the cloth.
to the prejudice of the right owner's just
Mesa franca Open table. Sentarse á mesa
claim.
Merindád, sf. District of the jurisdiction of a puesta, T o live at other people's expense.
merino, or judge of the sheep-walks.
Mesas de guarnición, (Nau.) Channels or
Merino, sm. 1. Royal judge aud superintondent chain-wales ; strong timbers projecting horior inspector of sheep-walks. 2. Shepherd of
zontally from the ship's side, to which the
merino sheep.
shrouds are fastened. Mesas de guarnición
Merino, na, a. 1. Moving from pasture to pas- del palo mayor, Main chain-wales. Mesas de
ture : applied to sheep. 2. Applied to thick
guarnición del trinquete, Fore chain-wales.
curled hair.
Mesa de milanos, Scanty table.
Méritaménte, ad. V. Merecidamente.
Mesada, sf. Monthly pay or wages.
Meritár, ra. (Obs.) To merit, to deserve.
Mesána, sf. (Nau.) Mizen-mast or sail.
Mérito, sm. Merit, desert, condignity, excel- Mesar, ra. T o pluck off the hair with the hands.
lence, virtue,rightto reward, meritorious- Mese, sf. (Obs.) V. Mies.
ness.
Meseguería, sf. 1. Guard or watch offruits.2.
Meritoriamente, ad. Meritoiiously.
Collection among labourers to pay for the
Meritorio,ria,a. Meritorious, worthy of reward, guard of grain or fruits.
meritory.
Meseguero, sm. 1. Keeper of the fruits of the
Mérla, sf. (Orn.) Black-bird, merle. Turdus harvest. 2. (Prov.) The guard of the vinemeiula, L.
yard.
Merlí, sm. Crape, a sort of stuff resembling Meseguero, ra, a. Relating to the harvest fruits.
gauze.
Mesentérico, ca, a. Mesenteric, meseraic.
Merlín, sm. 1. (Nau.) Marline, a small looselyMesentério, sm. Mesentery.
twisted hempen line. 2. Magieian. V. Má- Meseraíca, a. Mesenteric.
gico.
Mesero, sm, Journeymau who works for monthly
Méilo, sm. (Ichth.) A sea fish very frequent
wages.
in the Mediterranean. Labras merula, L.
Meseta, sf. Landing-place of a stair-case. Me
Merlón, sm. (Fort.) Merlon, the part of the pa- seta de guarnición, (Nau.) Back-stay stool.
rapet of a battery which lies between two Mesías, sm. Messiah, Jesús Christ.
embrasures.
Mesiázgo, sm. Dignity of Messiah.
Merluza, (Ichth.) Cod, hake. Gadus merluc- Mesilla, sm. l.(Dim.) SmaU table; side-board
cius, /..
2. Screw. 3. Board-wages. 4. Censure by
Merma, sf. Waste, leakage, soakage.
way of a jest.
Mermar, rn. T o waste, to diminish, to dwindle, Mesíllo, sm. First menses after parturition.
to lessen.
Mesíta, sf. dim. A small table.
Mermelada, sf. Marmelade, a conserve made of Mésmo, ma, pron. pers. (Obs.) V. Mismo. Ese
quinces or oranges and sugar. Brava meríesmo. V. También.
melada, A fine hodge podge, in contempt. Mesnadéro, sm. (Obs ) Commander of a body
Mero, sm. (Ichth.) Pollack. Gadus pollachius L. of armed men.
Mero, ra, a. Mere, puré, simple, naked.
Mesón, sm. Inn, a house of entertainment fot
Meróde, sm. V. Pillage.
travellers, hostry.
Merodeador, sm. Marauder, pillager.
Mesonáge, sm. Street or place which contains
Merodear, vn. T o pillage, to go marauding.
numerous inns and public-houses.
Merodista, sm. (Mil) Pillager, marauder.
Mesoncíllo, sm. dim. A little inn.
569
MET
MET
Mesonero, sm. Inn-keeper, publican, landlord Metalúrgico, ca, a. Belonging or relating to m e
of an inn, host.
tallurgy.
Mesonero, ra, a. Waiting, serving in an inn.
Metalúrgico, sm. Metallurgist.
Mesonísta, s. com. VVaiter in an inn or public- Metálla, sf. Small pieces of gold leaf used to
house.
cover parts imperfedly gilt.
Mésta, sf. 1. The proprietors of black cattle and Metamorfóseos, Metamorfosi, Metamorfosis, sf.
sheep considered as a body. 2. Annual meetMetamorphosis, transformation.
ing of shepherds" and owners offlocksto con- Metástasis, sf. (Med.) Metástasis, translatíon
sider of the best and most economical m a or removal of a disease from one place to annagement of sheep. which bears the title El
other.
honrado concejo de la Mesta, T h e honourable Metátesis, sf. (Rhet.) Metathesis, a transposiboard of Afesía.
tíon.
Mestál, sm. (Obs.) A piece of barren, unculti- Metatárao, sm. (Anat.) Metatarsus, a part of
vated ground.
the foot.
Mestéüo, ña, a. 1. Belonging to the mesta oí Metedor, ra, s. 1. Smuggler, one who runs goods
graziers. 2. V. Mostrenco.
into a country without paying any duty. 2.
Mestér, sm. (Obs.) V . Menester.
H e w h o puto one thing into another. 3. Clout,
Mestizo, za, a. O f a mongrel breed, hybrid, hy- a Unen cloth put under the swaddling clothes
bridous.
of new-born chUdren.
Mésto, sm. (Bot.) Large prickly oak. Quercos Meteduría, sf. Smuggling, the a d of importing
aegylops, L.
goods without paying the duty or customs.
Mestura, sf. (Prov.) Meslin, mixed corn, as Metemuertos, sm. 1. Attendant in a play-house.
wheat and rye.
2. Busy-body, a vain, meddling person.
Mesturár, ra. (Obs.) T o mix. V . Mixturar.
Metempsícosis, sf. Metempsychosis.
Mesura, sf. 1. A grave deportment, a serious Meteórico, ca, a. Meteoric, meteorous.
countenance. 2. Civility, poUteness. 3. M o - Meteorista, sm. Meteorologist.
Meteoro, sm. Meteor, a luminous body of a
deration; measure.
Mesuradamente, ad. Gently, prudently, meatransitory nature, which appears in the skies
surably.
Meteorología, sf. Meteorology.
Mesurado, da, a. Modérate, circumspect, m o - Meteorológico, ca, a. Meteorological.
dest ; regular, températe, regulated.^pp. of Meteorologista, sf. Meteorologist, a m a n skilled
Mesurar.
in meteors or studious of them.
Mesurar, ra. T o assume a serious countenance, Meter, ra. 1. T o place or to put in, to include
to act with solemn reserve.—rr. T o behave
one thing within another, to get on. 2. T o
with modesty and prudence.
run goods into the country without paying
Meta, sf. Boundary, limit V. Limite.
the customs. 3. T o make, to occasion, to
Metacarpo, sm. (Anat.) Metacarpus, palm of the urge, to move, to be the cause of doing a
hand.
thtog. 4. T o engage, to prevail upon, to inMetacronísmo, sm. Metachronism, anachronism. duce. 5. T o stake, to put to hazard. 6. T o
Metafísica, sf. 1. Metaphysic, metaphysics, on- cram down victuals. 7. T o put things dose
tology, the science of beings or ideas in getogether,tocram or to heap them together.
neral. 2. The art of subtilizing in any matter.
8. T o impose upon, to deceive. 9. T o comMetaf ísicaménte, ad. Metaphysically.
press, to straiten, to reduce. 10. (CoU.) T o eat.
Metaf ísico, ca, a. Metaphysical, metaphysic, re- V. Comer. Meter bulla, T o make a noise. Melating to metaphysics ; abstract, obscure.
ter á voce's, T o reduce the affair to a bustle.
Metaf ísico, sm. Metaphysician, one versed in
Meter en calor, T o excite, to incite. Meter
metaphysics, ontologist.
zizaña, T o sow discord, to breed disturbances.
Metáfora, sf. Metaphor, a rhetoricalfigure,not Meter el cuezo, T o introduce one's self to
improperly defined to be " a símile comprised
any thing with little ceremony. Meter paz,
in a word."
T o accommodate matters between contending
Metafóricamente, ad. Metophorically, figurative- parties. Meter priesa, T o urge, to hasten.—
ly, not literally.
vr .1. T o meddle or busy one's self where he is
Metafórico, ca, a. Metaphorical, metaphoric, not not called; to intermeddle, to interfere. 2. T o
literal.
be on terms of famiüarity with a person. 3.
Metaforizár, va. T o use metephors.
T o choose. a profession or trade. 4. T o be
Metal, sm. 1. Metal 2. Brass, latten. 3. C o m - led astray, to plunge into vice. 5. T o empty
pass or strength of the voice. 4. Quality,
into the sea: applied to rivera. 6. T o attack
nature or condition of a thing.
or assail with sword in hand. Meterse con
Metalario, Metálico, Metalista, sm. W o r k m a n
alguno, T o pick a quarrel. Meterse donde
no le llaman, T o trust himself where he ís
or dealer in metal, metallist, metallurgist.
Metálica, sf. V . Metalurgia.
not called. Meterse en vidas ágenos, T o dive
Metálico, ca, a. 1. Metellic, metallical, belonginto other people's affaSrs. Meterse en todo,
ing to metal, partaking of metal or consistT o be jack of all trades. Meterse en si mismo,
ing of metal. 2. Medallic, pertaining to meT o revolve in the mind; to foUow one's own
dals.
opinión. Meterse soldado, T o beeome a solMetalífero,
(Poet)
Metallíferous.
dier. Meterse
á sabio,
learning and
Metalografía,
Metalurgia,
of metáis.
570 ra,
*/sf.
.a.MetaUurgy.
Metallography,
a descripticn Metido
Meticuloso,
knowledge.
sm. Strong
sa, a.
Vlie
. Medroso.
usedT obyaffect
washer-women.
MEZ
MÍE
Metido, da, a. and pp. oí Meter, Placed or put Mezcolanza, sf. Bad mixture of eolours, mish
in or into; engaged; deceived. Estar muy
mash.
metido en algún negocio, T o be deeply en-Mezquinamente, ad. Miserably, avariciously.
Mezquindad, sf. 1. Penury, poverty, indigence.
gaged in any affair.
Metimiento, sm. (Coll.) Introduction, insertion. 2. Avarice, covetousness, paltriness, currishness, nearness, meanness.
Metódicamente, ad. Methodically, orderly.
Metódico, ca, a. Methodical, methodic, arrangedMezquino, na, a. 1. Poor, indigent, penurious ;
diminutive. 2. Avaricious, covetous, niggardor proceeding in due and just order; ordiish, sordidly parsimonious; mean, paltry,
nate; formal.
Metódico, sm. Methodist, ñame of the followers fasthanded, closefisted; miserable, lean. 3.
Petty, minute.
of a sect of physicians.
Metodista, sf. 1. Methodist, a religious sectary.Mezquita, sf. Mosque, a Mohammedan temple
or place of worship.
2. V. Metódico.
Método, sm. Method, manner, mode, custom, Mí, pro. The oblique case of the pronoun yo,
which serves for the genitive, dative, aecusacoordination, order, form.
Metonimia, sf. Metonymy, a rhetorical figure tive and ablative, as follows—de mí, oí m e ;
by which one word is used for another, or the from m e ; para mí, for m e ; contra mí, against
m e ; por mí, by me.
cause for the effect.
Metonímico, ca, a. Metonimical, relating to me-Mi, pro. pos. M y ; placed before substantives,
as mío is placed after them; thus Mi amor oí
tonimy.
Metópa, sf. (Arch.) Metope, an ornament of the amor mió, M y love. V. Mió.
Miagar, vn. (Prov.) V. Maullar.
Doric order.
Metoposcópia, sf. Metoposcopy, art of discover-Miaja, sf. 1. Crumb. 2. Mouthful. 3. SmaU
copper coin.
ing men's character by the features of the
Miar, rn. T o mew, as a cat.
face.
Miasma, sf. (Med.) Miasm or miasma.—pl. Mias.
Metralla, sf. Grape-shot, case-shot
mata.
Metréta, sf. A Greek and R o m á n measure.
Miau, sm. M e w or voice of a cat
Métrica, sf. Metrical art, poesy.
Metricadór, sm. (Obs.) Versifier, a maker of Mica, sf. Mica, in natural history, a genus of
tales.
verses.
Michíto, sm. dim. Kitten, a young eat.
Métricamente, ad. Metrically.
Metricár, va. (Obs.) To versify, to make verses.Micho, cha, s. Puss, fondling ñame of a cat.
Métrico, ca, a. Metrical, composed in verse. Micér, sm. Aneient title of respect.
Mico, sm. 1. Monkey, an ape with a long tail
Metrísta, s. com. (Obs.) Versifier. V. Versifi2. (Coll.) Libidinist.
cador.
Metro, sm. Metre, verse, a certain number andMicrocosmos, sm. Microcosm, the little world:
m a n is so called.
harmonic disposition of syllables.
Metromanía, sf. Metromania, rhyming-madness.Micrófono, sm. Instrument to augment sound.
Metrópoli, sf 1. Metrópolis, the chief or prin- Micrograf ía, sf. Micrography, descriptíon of microscopio objeets.
cipal city of a country. 2. Archiepiscopal
Micrómetro, sm. Micrometer.
church.
Metropolitano, sm. Metropolitan, metropolite, Microscópico, ca, a. Microscopic, microscopical.
Microscopio, sm. Microscope, magnifying glass,
archbishop.
an optic instrument, contrived to give to the
Metropolitano, na, a. Metropolitan.
eye a larger appearance of objeets which cou'.d
Meya, sf. Kind of large crab.
not otherwise be seen.
Meyór, a. (Obs.) V. Mejor.
Mezcla, sf. 1. Mixture, mixtión, commixtion, Mida, sf. Mida, beanfly, worm that breeds in vecommixion, eommixture, compound, compost, getables.
composition, medley; mash. 2. Mortar. 3. Miedo, sm. Fear, dread, apprehension. Morirse
de miedo, To die for fear. No haya miedo,
Mixed cloth.
There is nothing to be apprehended.
Mezcláble, a. (Littl. us.) Miscible.
Mezeladaménte, ad. In a mixed or promiscuous Miedoso, sa, a. (Piov.) Fearful, timorous, easily
made afraid.
manner, mixtly.
Mezcladíllos, sm. pl. A kind of paste made by Miel, sm.Honey, a viscous substance of a whitish
or yellowish colour, and sweet to the taste.
confectioners.
Mezclado, da, a. and pp. oí Mezclar, Mixt, min-Miel de cañas, Sweet liquor distilled from the
sugar-cane.
gled; medley.
Mezclador, ra, s. 1. One who mixes or mingles,Mielga, sf. 1. (Bot.) Lucern when it grows wild.
mixer, mingler, compounder. 2. (Obs.) Tat- Medicago sativa, L. var. sylvestris. 2.
tler, one who spreads false reporto.
(Ichth.) A kind of dog-fish. Squalus cenMezcladura, Mezclamiénto. V. Mezcla.
trina, L. 3. Rake, an instrument with teeth
Mezclar, va. 1. To mix, to mingle, to unite, to for dividing the mould or raking hay and
commix. 2. To spread false reports, to sow
straw together. 4. Stripe of ground.
discord, to excite disturbances.—rr. 1. To mix,Mielgo, sm. A four-pronged pitchfork.
to be united into one mass by mutual intro- Miembro, sm. 1. Member, a limb appendant to
mission of parts. 2. To marry a person of
the body. 2. Member, one of a community
inferior rank. 3. T» introduce one's self into
or corporation. 3. Member, any branch oí
any thing.
part of an integral. 4. Member, a head, a
Mezc'ílla, sf. Mixed cloth
clause, a part of a discourse or period.
571
MIL
MIL
above human power. 2. Offering of wax oí
Mienta, sf. (Bot.) Mint. Mentha, L.
Miente, sf. (Obs.) Mind, inclination, will. Mien- any other substance, hung up in churches in
tes, Thoughts, ideas. Parar mientes, To re- commemoration of a miracle. Vida y milagros, (Coll.) Life, character and behaviour.
flect, to consider.
Mientra, Miéntre, ad. (Obs.) V. Mientras.
Milagrón, sm. (CoU.) Dread, astonishment; extreme.
Mientras, ad. In the mean time, in the mean
whüe; when. Mientras que, Whilst, duringMilagrosamente, aa*. Miraculously, marvellously.
the time that, as long as, so long as.
Miera, sf. 1. Juniper oil. 2. Resin.
Milagroso, sa, a. Míraculous, done by miracle;
marveUous, admirable.
Miércoles, sm. Wednesday, the fourth day of
Milano, sm. 1. (Orn.) Glead, kite. Falco müthe week. Miércoles corvíllo, (CoU.) Ashvus, L. Mesa de milanos, Keen hunger and
Wednesday.
Mierda, sf. (Coll.) 1. Excrement, faeces, ordure,httle to eat. 2. Bur or down of the thistle.
Milenario, ria, a. MEleuary, consisting of a
merd. 2. Dirt, grease.
Mierdacrúz, sf. (Bot. Prov.) Ciliate sparrow- thousand.
Milenario, sm. 1. Millenary, the space of a thouwort. Passertoa ciliata, L.
sand years. 2. MiUennium. 3. Millenary,
Miéria, sf. (Orn.) Blackbird. V. Merla.
one who expeets the millennium.
Miés,s/. 1. Wheat and other grain which grows
in ears, and of which bread is made, corn. Milengrána, sf. (Bot.) Rupture-wort. Hemiaria
2. Harvest, the time of reaping and housing
glabra, L.
the grain. 3. (Met.) Multitude converted or Miléno, na, a. Applied to cloth, the warp of
which contains a thousand threads.
ready for conversión.
Miga, sf. 1. Crumb or crum, the soft part of Milenrama, sf. (Bot) C o m m o n mUfoil or yarrow. Achülea millefoUum, L. V. Mil en
bread, not the crust. 2. A small particle oí
rama.
fragment of any thing. 3. Marrow, substance
or principal part. Migas, Crumbs of bread Milenta, sf. (Low) V. Mil.
fried in a pan, with oil, salt and pepper. Ha- Milépora, sf. Millepore.
cer buenas or malas migas, (Coll.) To agreeMilésimo, ma, a. 1. Thousandth, millesimal, the
ordinal of a thousand. 2. The thousandth
or disagree readily with one.
Migaja, sf. 1. A small particle, scrap or bit of part of any thing.
bread. 2. Scrap, crumb, small particles of Milésio, ia, a. Applied to ridiculous tales for
bread, meat, etc. left at the table. 3. A small pastime.
bit of any thing, ace. 4. (Coll.) Nothing, Milhójas, sf. (Bot.) V. Milenrama.
little or nothing. No tiene migaja de juicio,
Miliar, a. Miliary: applied to a cutaneous disH e has not a grain of sense.—pl. Óffals,
ease.
Milicia, sf. 1. Art and science of war, warfare.
leavings; broken victuals.
2. Military m e n to general, the militia or solMigajada, sf. A small particle.
Migajíca, illa, íta, uéla, sf. dim. A very small diery. 3. Militia, the trained bands of the
inhabitants of a country: in this last sense
particle of bread or any other thing.
it is almost always used in plural.
Migajón, sm. Crumb or crum, without crust;
Miliciano, sm. Militia-man.
marrow, core.
Migar, ra. T o crumble,tobreak into small bits.Miliciano, na, a. Military, mUitar.
Milionário, sm. V. Millonario.
Migratorio,ria,a. Migrating, migratory,
Milionésimo, ma, a. Millionth.
Migueléte, sm. V. Miquelete.
Miguéro, ra, a. Crumby, relating to crumbs Militante, a. Militant; military.
fried in a pan. Lucero miguero, The morn- Militar, sm. Soldier, a nulitary man.—pl. Military, the soldiery.—a. Militar, military, soling star, so called by pastora, because on seeing it they prepare their dish of fried crumbs. dierly, warlike, martial.
Mijediéga, sf. (Bot.) Shrubby trefoil or shrubbyMilitar, vn. 1. T o serve in the army,tofollow
the profession of arms. 2. T o hold, to milidorycnium. Lotus dorycnium, L. Dorycnium
tóte, to stand good,togo against: applied to
monspeliense, Will.
argument and reasons.
Mijéro, sm. 1. Milestone, stoue set to mark the
Militarmente, aa". Militarily, in a military style.
mutas. 2. (Obs.) Mile.
Mijo, sm. 1. (Bot.) Millet or millet panic-grass.Militarón, sm. A military m a n who is deeply
Panicum miliaceum, L. Mijo italiano, Ita- versed in the science of war.
lian panic-grass. Panicum itelicum, L. Mijo Milite, sm. (Obs.) Soldier, military man.
alemán, Germán panic-grass. Panicum ger- Milla, sf. 1. Mile, a linear measure; eight stamanicum, L. 2. (Bot.) Turkey-miUet. Hol- dia or one thousand geometric stops. 2.
cus sorghum, L.
(Obs.) Quarter of a league. 3. (Nau.) Knot.
Mil, sm. One thousand or ten hundred. Sala Millar, sm. 1. N.umber of thousand. 2. Thoude mil y quinientas, The supreme court of sand, proverbially a great number: in this
appeals in Spain. Perdió muchos miles de
last sense it is almost always used in plural,
pesos, H e lost several thousand dollars. Mil
3. A certain quantity of cocoa, which in some
y quinientas, (Coll.) Lentíls. Mil en rama, parts is three pounds and a half, and in
MUfoil, yarrow. Achillea microphylla, L.
others more. 4. Character used to denote a
Milagrero, ra, s. Person fond of considering na- thousand, thus Q.
tural evento as mirados, and publishing them Millarada, sf. Several thousands. Echar milla
as such, a miracle-monger.
radas, To brag of wealth and riches. A' mi
Milagro, sm. 1. Miracle, wonder, something
llaradas, Innumerable times.
572
MIN
MIN
Millo, sm. (Prov.) V. Mijo.
Miner, one who digs for metáis; one who
Millón, sm. 1. Million, the number of ten hun- makes military mines. 3. Source, origin.
dred thousand. 2. Million, a proverbial ñame Mingón, sm. (Prov.> In jocular style, a great
for any very great number. Millones, Excise coward.
or duty levied in Spain on wine, vinegar, oil, Mingos, sm. pl. (Prov.) Small stockings.
meat, soap and tallow candles, to defray the Miniar, ra. To shade a painting, to miniate.
expenses of the army. Sala de millones, Miniatura, sf. Miniatura, a painting on veUum,
ivory or paper, with points or dots, and fine
Board of excise, which regulates and manages the duty or tax called Millones.
water-colours.
Miniaturista, s. com. Miniature painter.
Mülonário, sm. A person very rich in money.
Mínima, sf. (Mus.) Minim, a note equal to two
Millonésimo, ma, a. V. Millonésimo.
crochets.
Milocha, sf. (Prov.) V. Cometa.
Minimísta, sm. Student of the second class in
Milór, sm. M y lord.
grammar.
Mimadór, sm. (Littl. us.) Coaxer.
Mimar, ra. T o coax, to wheedle, toflatter,to Mínimo, ma, a. Least, smallest.—s. Minim, refond or fondle, to caress, to cocker, to foster. ligious of the order of St." Francis de Paula.
Mínimos, (Coll.) Second class in gramnwMimbral, sm. Plantation of osiers.
schools.
Mimbre, sm. (Bot.) Twig of an osier.
Minio, sm. Mmiutn, red-lead, an oxide of lead
Mimbreár, rn. V. Cimbrar.
of a bright reddish colour.
Mimbréño, Sa, a. Of the nature of osiers.
Mimbrera, sf. (Bot.) Osier. Salix viminalis, L. Ministerial, a. Ministerial.
Ministerialménte, ad. Ministerially.
Mimbreál, sm. Plantation of osiers.
Ministerio, sm. 1. Ministry, office, public place,
Mimbróso, sa, a. Made of osiers.
employment. 2. Manual labour. 3. Ministry,
Mímico, ca, a. Mimic.
administration, the members or principal
Mimo, sm. 1. Buffoon, merry-andrew, mime,
mimic, mimer. 2. Endearingness, fond kind- officers of the government. 4. Ministiy, the
charge or office of a minister or secretary of
ness, fondness, indulgence, cockering, overfondness. 3. Prudery, delicacy. 4. Ancient state, and the time which he is in office.
Ministra, sf. 1. Ministress, she who serves. 2.
mimes or farcical representations.
Mimología, sf. Mimology, art of imitating the Wife of a rninister.
Ministrador, ra, s. One wha ministers.
voice and actions of others.
Ministrante, pa. Serving, rntaistrating.
Mimosa, sf. (Bot.) Mimosa. Mimosa, L.
Ministrar, ra. and n. 1. T orninister,to serve an
Mimoso, sa, a. DeUcate, endearingly soft, fond,
office or employment, to perform the functions
fooUsíily nice or tender.
of a public place. 2. T orninister,to supply,
Mina, sf. 1. Conduit, mine, a subterraneous
to furnish.
canal or cavity in the ground. 2. Mine, a
place which contains metáis or minerals. 3. Ministril, sm. 1. Apparitor, tipstaff; a petty
officer of justice. 2. Minstrel, one who plays
Spring, source of water. 4. Business which
thefluteand other musical wind-instruments.
produces or yields g'eat profit, and demands
but little exertion. 5. (^Coll.) A large quantity Ministriles, Musical wind-instruments.
of money. 6. (Fort.) Mine under a for- Ministro, sm. 1. Ministeij agent. 2. Ministei
employed in the administration of justice. 3.
tress.
Minador, ra, s.Miner, one who works in hiines; Minister of state. 4. Minister oí agent of a
foreign power. 5. A petty officer of justice,
one who makes military mines; engineer.
6. One of the heads of some religious comMinál, a. Belonging to a mine.
mimities.
Minar,ra. l.To mine, to dig mines and burrows. 2. To mine, to sap, to ruin by mines. Minoración, sf. Minoration.
3. T o make uncommon exertions to attain Minorar, va. T o lessen, to reduce to a smaller
compass, to make less, to minoiate, to minish
some end or coUect information.
Minarete, sm. Minaret, a kind of spire in Sara- or diminish, to dip.—rr. T o lower, to fall.
Minorativo, va, a. Lessening, that decreases oí
cen architecture.
lessens. -.
Minera, sf. Mine which contains metáis.
Minoría, sf. Minority, the smaller number: a
Mineráge, sm. Labour of mining.
Mineral, a. Mineral, consisting of fossil bodies. modern word.
Mineral, sm. 1. Mineral, a fossil body ; matter Minoridad, sf. Minority, nonage, the state of
being under age.
dug out of the earth, ore. 2. A spring or
rising up of water, the mineral source or ori- Miiiotaúro, sm. Minofaur, fabulous monster.
gin of fountains. 3. A source or origin Minucia, sf. 1. Minuteness, smallness; mite,
atom, any thing of very little valué. 2. S m a U
which produces a plenty of any thing. 4.
tithes paid of wool, lambs, etc.—pl. Minutiai.
Mine which contains metáis or minerals.
Mineralización, sf. (Phys.) Mineralization, theMinucioso, sa, a. Superfluously exact, nice, scrupulously and minutely cautious.
state of a metal in combination with another
Minuete, sf. (Nau.) Shipwright's boat or punt.
body.
Mineralogía, sf. Mineralogy, that part of na- Minué, Minuete, sm. Minuet, a kind of grave
and stately dance.
tural history which treats of minerals.
Mineralógico, ca, a. Belonging to mineralogy. Minúscula, a. Small: applied to small letters in
opposition to capitals or mayúscula.
Mineralogista, sm.. Mineralogist.
Minero, sm. 1. Mine, place or cavern in the Minuta, sf. 1. Minute,firstdraught of an agreement in writing; an enumeration of the uria«
earth which contains metáis or minerals. 2.
573
MIR
MIS
cipal beads of a contract, 2. Paper containMiramamolín, sm. Appellation given to the so.
ing brief notes or memorándums. Libro de
vereign of the Moors.
minutas, Minute-book, memorandum-book, a Miramiento, sm. 1. T h e act of taking any thing
commonplace-book.
into consideration ; refledion ; expectation.
Minutar, ra. T o take down the priucipal heads
2. Circumspedion, prudence, consideration.
of an agreement; to make thefirstdraught Mirar, ra. 1. T o behold, to look or to look at,
to look upon or towards, to give a look. 2.
of a contract, to minute.
Minutero, sm. Minute-hand of a watch or dock.
To respect, to have regard for, to esteem, to
Minutía, sf. (Bot.) Carnation, a kind of pink. appreciate, to look on. 3. T o have some
prívate end, to aim at, to have in view. 4.
Dianthus pungens, L.
Minutísa, sf. (Bot.) Sweet Wüliam pink. Dian- To look, to be directed with regard to any
object. 5. T o observe, to watch, to spy. 6.
thus barbatus, L.
Minuto, sm. 1. Minute, the sixtieth part of an
To take notice, to notice. 7. T o look,toconsider, to reflect, to medítate. 8. T o inquire,
hour, one of the sixty parts into which the
to collect information. 9. T o look, to take
degrees of a circle is divided. 2. Minute, mocate, to attend, to proted. Mirar de hito en
ment, any small space of time.
hito, T o look steadfastly at an object Mirar
Miñón, sm. Ñ a m e given to some troops of light
á uno con malos ojos, T o look at one with an
infantry in Spain
evil eye. Mirar al rededor, T o look about
Miñosa, sf. (Prov.) W o r m . V. Lombriz.
Mío, Mía, pron. poss. M y , mine. Es muy mío, Mirar por uno, T o take care of, to look after.
Mirar de través, To squint. Mirarse en ello,
H e is much m y friend. «Soy mió, I a m m y
T o reflect seriously. Mirarse á los pies, To
own master.
Mío, sm. Puss, the c o m m o n appellation of a cat.
examine into one's own failings and ímperMiográfia, sf. Miography, a descriptíon of the fectíons. Mirar por encima, T o examine
slightly. Mirar sobre el hombro, To cast a
muscles.
Miología, sf. Myology, part of anatomy which contemptuous look or frown. Mirarse las
treats of the muscles; a treatise on muscles,
uñas, (Met) T o be idle; to play at cards.
Miope, s. Miope or myops, one near-sighted.
Mirasol, sm. (Bot.) Turnsol. V. Girasol.
Miopía, sf. Myopy, short-sightedness.
Mirífico, ca, a. Marvellous, admirable.
Miqueléte, sm. Miquelet, mountain soldier be- Mniñaque, sm. Bauble, gewgaw.
longing to the militia of Catalonia and the Mirla, sf. (Orn.) Black-bird. V. Mirlo.
Mirlamiento, sm. Air of importance, affected
Pyrenees.
Mira, sf. 1. The aim of a gun. 2. A point of gravity.
mathematical instiuments to direct the sight. Mirlarse, vr. T o assume an air of importanceí,
to affect gravity.
3. Care; vigilance ; expectation. Estar á la
mira, T o be on the look out, to be on the Mirlo, -sm. 1. (Ora.) Blackbird, merle, ousel.
Turdus merula, L. 2. Air of importance, afwatch. Miras de proa, (Nau.) Bow-chases,
fected gravity.
guns mounted on the ship's head, on each
side of the bowsprit. 4. (Astr.) Fixed star in Mirón, na, s. 1. Spectator, looker-on, by-stander.
2. Prier, one who iuquires with too much cuthe swan's neck.
Mira, interj. Look! behold! take care ! see ! lo!riosity and officiousness, gazer.
Mirabel, sm. 1. (Bot.) Summer cypress goose- Mirra, sf. Myrrh, a resinous gum.
foot. Chenopodium scoparia, L. 2. (Bot.) Mirrádo, da, a. Composed of myrrh, perfumed
with myrrh; myrrhine.
Kind of white plum.
Miraboláno, sm. (Bot.) Myrobalan, a kind of Minaúste, sm. Pigeon-sauce, made of bread,
almonds and other ingredients.
driedfruitoffivedifferent kinds. Mirabona, a. (Obs.) Belonging to myrrh.
láno belérico, Belliric myrobalan, the fruit Mirríno,
of
sm. Sprout which springs at the foot
Mithe myrobalanüs be/lirina oí Gairtner. Mirtídano,
raboláno chébulo, Chebule myrobalan, fruit of a myrtle.
Mirtifórme, a. Myrtiform, having the shape of
of the myrobolanus chebula, G&rtner. Mirobolano citrino, Yeliow myrobalan, fruit of themyrtle.
Mirtino, na, a. Resembling myrtle.
myrobalanüs citrina, Gmrtner. Miraboláno
Mirto, sm. (Bot.) Myrtle. Myrtus, L.
émblico, Emblic myrobalan, fruit of the phylsf. Mass, the service of the Román
lanthus emblica, L. Miraboláno índico, Misa,
Inchurch. Misa del gallo, Midnight mass.
dian or black myrobalan, thefruitof the myrobolanus chebula, gafhered before maturity. Misa mayor, High mass.
Misacántano, sm. Priest who says the mass.
Mirada, sf. 1. Glance, a transient view. 2. Gaze,
conspection, look. 3. The act of looking Misal, sm. Missal, the mass-book.
Misantropía, sf. Misanthropy.
steadfastly at an object.
Miradero, sm. Place exposed to view on all Misantrópico, ca, a. Misanthropic, misanthropical, hating mankind.
sides; watch-tower or any elevated spot which
commands an extensive prospect.
Misántropo, sm. Mísanthropist.
Mirado, da, a. Considérate, circumsped, pru- Misario, sm. Acolite, one who attends on the
priest while he is celebrating the mass.
dent, modérate.—pp. oí Mirar.
Mirador, ra, s. 1. Spectator, looker-on. 2. Mi-Miscelánea, sf. Miscellany, mixture, medley, a
rador, gallery which commands an extensive
mass composed of various ingrediente.
view. 3. A kind of balcony.
Miserable, a. 1. Miserable, wretched, hapiess,
unhappy, lamentable. 2. Exhausted, dejected,
Miradura, sf. Act of looking. V. Mirada.
3. Covetous, avarieious, niggard; hard.
Mirájrio, sm. (Obs.) Mirade. V. Milagro,
574
MIS
MOC
Miserable mente, ad. Misérably, unhappily, co- person who affeets a mystical or holy life ia
vetously, sordidly.
a high degree.
Miseración, sf. V. Misericordia.
Mistión, Misto, Mistura, Misturar, V. Mixtión,
Míseramente, ad. Meanly. V. Miserablemente. Mixto, Mixtura and Mixturar.
Miserear, vn. T o act penuriously.
Mistílineo, nea, a. (Geom.) Mixtilinear.
Miserere, sm. 1. The Psalm miserere. 2. (Med.)
Mita, sf. División made for drawing lots among
Miserere, the üiac passion, vulgarly the twist- the Indiansforany pubUc service.
ing in the guts.
Mitad, sf. Moiety, half. Por mitades, B y
Miseria, sf. 1. Misery, miserableness, calamitj', halves. Mitad y mitad, B y equal parts.
wretchedness, forlornness, need; oppression. Mitán, sm. A kind of glazed linen for lining.
2.Covetousness, avaiiciousness, niggardness, Mitayo, sm. Indian drawnforany public labour.
niggardliness, narrowness, hardness, stingi- Mitéla, */. (Bot.) Mitella. MiteUa, L.
ness, meanness. 3. Trifle, a very small Mitigación, sf. Mitigatíon, moderation, extenuation.
matter.
Misericordia, sf, Mercy, mercifulness,demencv.Mitigador, sm. Mitígator, mollifier.
Mitigante, pa. and a. Mitigating; mitigant. míloving-kindness; demency.
tescent.
Misericordiosamente, ad. Piously, clemently,
mercifully.
Mitigar, ra. l.To mitígate, to soften, to molUfy,
Misericordioso, sa, a. Pious, humane, eompas- to lull. 2, To quench, to assuage.
sionate, merciful, dement
Mitigativo, va, Mitigatorio, ria, a, Lenitive,
Misero, ra, a. 1. Mass-loving. 2. AppUed to a mitigant, mitescent, mitigative.
priest who says mass very often.
Mitología, sf. Mythology, the history of the
Mísero, ra, a. V. Miserable.
fabulous gods oí antiquity.
Misérrimo, ma, a. sup. Very miserable.
Mitológicamente, ao". (Littl. us.) Mythologically.
Misión, sf. 1. Mission, the act of sending. 2.
Mitológico, ca, a. Mithological.
Mission, travel undertaken by priests and Mitológico, Mitologista, Mitólogo, sm. Mythologist.
other religious persons to propágate religión.
3. Country or province where missionaries Mitones, sm. pl. Mittens, a sort of ladies' gloves
preach the gospel among infidels. 4. Miswithoutfingere:it is also used in singular.
sionary discourse or sermón. 5. Charges, Mitote, sm. A n Indian dance.
costs, expense. 6. Money and victuals al- Mitra, sf. Mitre, an ornament for the head,
lowed to reapers during the harvest.
woin by bishops ; the dignity of a bishop.
Misionero, Misionario, sm. Missionary, missioner,Mitiádo, a, Mitred: appUed to persons bearing
one who is sent to propágate religión, a cona mitre at festivals.—pp. oí Mitrar.
verter.
Mitrar, r». (Coll.) T o be mitred or wear a mitre.
Misívo, va, a. Missive: applied to a letter oí Mitridáto, sm. Mithridate, antidote.
small note sent to any person.
Mítulo, sm. Mytulus or sea muscle.
Mismísimo, ma, a. sup. Very same.
Mixtamente, aa*. Belonging to both ecclesiastiMismo, ma, a. Same, similar, equal, self-same, cal and civil courts.
like. Yo mismo lo hago, I myself do it,
Mixtifóri, a. (Lat L a w ) AppUed to a crime that
Misquio, sm. A sort of marble intermixed with
may be tried either in ecclesiastical or secu
a variety of stones.
lar courts.
Mistamente, aa*. V. Mixtamente.
Mixtión, sf. Mixtión, mixture, commixture.
Mistar, ra. To speak or make a noise with the Mixto, ta, a. Mixed, mingled, mixt; of a cross
mouth ; used generally with a negative.
breed.
Mistela, sf. Drink made of wine, water, sugar Mixto, sm. V. Mixtura.
Mixtura, sf. 1. Mixture, a mass formed by minand cinnamon.
Misterio, sm. 1. Mystery, something above hugled ingredients, commixture, mixtión, mash.
m a n intelligence. 2. Mystery, any thing art2. Meslin, mixed corn, as rye and wheat.
fully made difficult; abstruseness, abstrusity. Mixturar, ra. T o mix, to mingle.
No ser sin misterio, Not to be without aMiz, sm. Puss, the common appeUation of cato.
meaning.
Mizo, za, s. V. Micho, cha.
Misteriosamente, aa". Mysteribusly, secretly.
Moblar, ra. (Prov.) To furnish, to decórate with
furniture.
Misterioso, sa, a. Mysterious, dark. obscure,
mysterial, mystic, mystical.
Moble, a. V. Móvil.
Mística, sf. Mysticalness, mystical diviníty. Mocadero, Mocador, sm. Pocket handkerchief.
Místicamente, ad. Mystically ; spiritaally ; em-Mocarro, sm. 1. Snot, the mucus of the nose.
blematícally.
2. Money or treat given by a journeyman to
Misticismo, sm. Mystieism, the doctrine of a
his compauions thefirstday he works at a
sect of philosophere : a modern word.
shop.
Místico, ca, a. 1. Mystic, mystical, sacredly ob-Mocear, ra. To act as a boy; to revel, to rake.
s' ure. 2. Mystical, emblematical. 3. Mys- Mocedad, sf. 1. Juvenility, youthfulness. 2.
tical, spiritual, belonging to mystical diviníty, Light and careless kind of living.
or to the contemplation of divine perfections Mocero, a. Lascivious, mulietose.
and spiritual things.
Mocetón, na, s. A young, robust person.
Místico, sm. A mystic man, a person devoted to Mochada, sf. Butt, a stroke by the head of a
the contemplation of divine perfections; a
horned animal.
writer in mystical dívinity.
Mochar, va. T o cut, to lop off. V. DrsnsoMisticón, sm. augm. A great mystic r°an; a
har.
575

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