Confronting the Threat

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Confronting the Threat
Confronting the Threat
The Tragic Events of 9/11
demonstrated the need to deal with
terrorism through mitigation,
preparedness response
preparedness,
response, and recovery
at venues of mass gatherings.
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Stadium
Convention Center
Campus
Shopping Mall
Airport
Hotel
Subway Station
Las Vegas Strip
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Casino
Theatre
Race Track
Amusement Park
Parade
Office Building
Beach
Wall Street
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Is the collection of large numbers of people
at one site or location
for a common purpose
for a certain duration of time
and there is the potential for a delayed
response to emergencies
because of limited access due to features of
the environment and location.
High Profile
Body Count
Psychological Impact
Economic Impact
VIPs present
Historically Soft Target
C fli
Conflicts
with
i h Ideology
Id l
Las Vegas Strip
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There are more than 1,869 stadiums in the U.S.
More than 300,000,000
,
,
fans attend Sporting
p
g
Events annually.
Spectator Spending is responsible for nearly 15% of
the revenue of the entire U.S. Sports Business
Industry. Targeting sports can negatively affect
future attendance at sports events, subsequently
having a ripple effect through the country and our
economy.
economy
Maintaining a balance between an enjoyable fan
experience and security is a primary interest.
90,000,000
80,000,000
70,000,000
60,000,000
MLB
50,000,000
NCAA Football
40,000,000
NCAA Mens Basketball
30,000,000
NBA
20,000,000
10 000 000
10,000,000
0
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93
19
95
19
97
19
99
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01
20
03
20
05
20
07
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* Sports Business Research, www.SBRnet.com
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30,000 - 39,999
30
40,000 - 49,999
# o f Ven u es
25
50,000 - 59,999
20
60,000 - 69,999
15
70,000 - 79,999
10
80,000 - 89,999
5
90,000 - 99,999
100,000 +
0
Professional
Collegiate
Horsetrack
Racetrack
Most venues over 40,000 capacity are college football stadiums.
Most venues over 100k are racetracks, the majority of the smaller
venues are pro baseball and smaller college football programs
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Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)
Arson
Small Arms Attack
Chemical Attack
Biological Attack
Nuclear/Radiological Attack
Aircraft Attack
J.W. Marriott Jakarta 2009
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April 19, 1995
7000+ pounds of ANFO
167 Persons Killed
Timothy McVeigh
Taj Mahal Hotel Mumbai 2008
Eric
E
i
Rudolph
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02/18/2003
Man lit “cardboard
milk container” filled
with flammable liquid
130 Dead
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November 26-29, 2008
175
5 dead, 308 wounded
ou ded
Bombing, Shooting, Hostage Crisis
Aum Shinrikyo
◦ Disseminated Sarin on Tokyo
subway system,
system March 20th 1995
◦ 13 dead, 3500 casualties
◦ Sarin produced in laboratory at
Aum facility
◦ Series of attacks leading up to
March 20th
◦ Use of chemical agents
Shoko Asahara, Aum Leader
Tokyo Subway
Matsumoto
Evidence
Collection
Ewing, New
Jersey
Mail Search
Washington, D.C.
Anthrax Letter
U.S. Congress
This is the area of contamination
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WORLD TRADE CENTER, NYC
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Al-Qa’ida has expressed an interest in
targeting stadiums (Venues of Mass
Gatherings) (2002)
Gatherings).
Downloaded images of U.S. stadiums.
(2006)
Threat of “dirty bomb” attack at 7 NFL
stadiums. (2006)
NY Transit System plot included stadiums.
(2009)
The Al
Al-Fallujah
Fallujah Islamic Forum posted a
threat to stadiums. (2009)
A Chicago taxi driver with ties to Al-Qa’ida
discussed attacking stadiums. (2010)
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Attack Threats
Bomb Threats
Hacker Threats
Internet Threats
Threatening Letters
Photographing
Infrastructure
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Security Badges –
Loss/Theft
/
Surveillance
Suspicious
Individuals
Video Taping
Phone Calls for
information
Bomb detonation at 2005
Threat to 2008 Super Bowl
Univ.
Univ of OK football game.
game
Phoenix,
Phoenix AZ
Joel Hinrichs, Jr.
5th Generation Jihadists
◦ The secular members of Fatah (1st gen).
◦ Abu Nidal, Hezbollah, Hamas, and others (2nd gen).
◦ Umbrella organizations (3rd gen).
◦ Al-Qa’ida Central Leadership (4th gen).
◦ “Lone Wolf” Jihadists (5th gen).
Nidal Malik Hasan
Ft. Hood
Coleen La Rose
Jihad Jane
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Richard Reid
Shoe Bomber
Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab
Underwear Bomber
In order to be prepared, private, public and
governmental agencies need to address the
key issues of closing critical security gaps.
The following security gaps represent some
of the concerns for Venues of Mass
Gatherings.
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Electronic Bomb Card – Engineering Research
and Development
p
Center (ERDC)
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Behavioral Analysis – Recognizing a person of
interest based on behavioral characteristics.
Collaboration Software – The ability to develop,
modify, retrieve and test plans and protocols
associated with response and recovery.
Computer Based Assessment Tool (C-Bat) – A
digital Tactical Site Survey of the Venue.
Major Event Security Aware
(MESA)
Implement reliable systems and processes to
protect Venues of Mass Gatherings
1.0 Assessment
4 0 Audits
4.0
2
2.0
0 Training
3.0 Practice
James A. McGee
[email protected]
www.soufangroup.com

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