Transatlantic Slave Trade

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Transatlantic Slave Trade
Transatlantic Slave Trade
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Captives in an African village being sent into slavery.
Made by Liesl at the Homeschool Den
Triangular Trade
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The Middle Passage
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Made by Liesl at the Homeschool Den
This painting by
Johann Moritz
Rugendas depicts
a scene below
deck on a slave
ship bound for
Brazil.
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Made by Liesl at the Homeschool Den
Slavery in the New World
Original caption: "Overseer Artayou
Carrier whipped me. I was two
months in bed sore from the
whipping. My master come after I
was whipped; he discharged the
overseer. The very words of poor
Peter, taken as he sat for his
picture."
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Made by Liesl at the Homeschool Den
More Information:
Slaves were often transported considerable distances down river (in the
first picture on page one, the Congo River) to be sold to Europeans.
Also on the first page, bottom left: This engraving entitled Tipo [sic] Tib's
Fresh Captives Being Sent Into Bondage – Witnessed by
Stanley records part of Henry Morton Stanley's journeys through Africa.
Stanley also hired porters from Tippu Tib, a man considered the king of
Zanzibar Slave Traders.
The illustration of the slave boat on page two shows how they planned to
pack 482 people onto the decks of the slave ship, Brookes. This plan from
1789 was widely distributed by the Abolitionist Society in England as part
of their campaign against the slave trade.
Nearly 15% of people died on the Middle Passage. Slaves lived in
cramped quarters and illness and disease spread easily.
Slaves were sold at auctions. Husbands could be separated from wives,
children from their parents.
Iron mask, collar, leg shackles and spurs were used to restrict slaves.
Olaudah Equiano wrote this: In several of the islands [of the West Indies] I saw slaves
branded with their master's name, and with a load of heavy iron hooks hung about their
necks. Often other instruments of torture were added, like the thumbscrew and the muzzle. It
was not uncommon, after a flogging, to make the slaves go on their knees to their masters and
say, "God bless you."
Made by Liesl at the Homeschool Den
Recommended Books:
(my kids are lower
elementary though these books are powerful for any age):
From Slave Ship to Freedom Road by Julius Lester -- incredible painting,
thought provoking text.
Now Let Me Fly: The Story of a Slave Family by Dolores Johnson
wonderful story that traces a family from Africa to slavery in the USA and
forced separation.
The Old African by Julius Lester a very haunting tale that expresses the
horrors of slavery.
The Kidnapped Prince: The Life of Olaudah Equiano by Olaudah Equiano
Adapted By Ann Cameron -- This is the true story of an African boy who
was kidnapped and sold into slavery. The descriptions of the middle
passage and of slavery are powerful. We read this aloud in our
homeschool and it is one of the best books we've ever read!
Story of the Civil War Coloring Book by Peter Copeland
Story of the Underground Railroad by Peter Copeland
Images Used in these Notebooking Pages:
Images of African Slavery and Freedom from the Library of Congress:
http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/list/082_slave.html
Wikimedia Commons: African Slave Regions, Triangular Trade, and Rugendas
Slave Ship
Made by Liesl at the Homeschool Den

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