county 4-h youth horsemaster program

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county 4-h youth horsemaster program
COUNTY 4-H YOUTH
HORSEMASTER
PROGRAM
SENIOR DIVISION
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL
Name
4-H
Age
4-H Club
Phone
#
Number of
Years in 4-H
Youth Signature
Club Leader Signature
Must be signed
Club Leader Phone #
Club Leader Email
If available
Parent Signature
Must be signed
Passing Score 80%
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STRUCTURE OF THE HORSE
Form to Function – Front End Tracking: Match the pictured tracking to the correct conformation.
1
2
3
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5
6
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Q. Describe how the angle of the shoulder affects the motion of the horse.
Q. Unsoundnesses and Blemishes: List several unsoundnesses and several blemishes that would cause you
NOT to purchase horse. Explain why in each case.
RIDING EQUIPMENT
Q. Study two types of saddles – Describe their construction and functional differences:
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Q. Study two types of bits – Describe how the bits function and their effects on the mouth of the horse.
GROOMING
Q. Explain the basic grooming of the horse. What equipment is used? What order is the equipment used
in?
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BREED ISSUES
Q. This mare’s owner likes Palominos and wants to raise as many Palomino foals as possible. Which
stallion should he chose? Set up tables to show possible gene combinations from mating the mare to each
stallion. What colors appear in each cross? Are Palomino parents the ideal way to produce Palomino
foals? If not, what color(s) should be mated to get the most Palomino foals?
Stallion A
d
D
d
Stallion B
d
D
Stallion C
d
D
D
D
d
d
Senior Division Horsemaster 2008 cmr
D
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SAFETY
Q. This diagram is commonly used to show the danger zone and safety zones for handling horses.
Applying your knowledge of a horse’s vision, explain the importance of this diagram.
Q. After reviewing the safety rules listed in your 4-H books, or based upon personal experience, choose
three safety issues you feel are very important and explain why.
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FEED AND HEALTH CARE
Q. For each parasite life cycle, fill in the name of the parasite and each of it’s stages.
Diagram A
Diagram B
Diagram A:
Diagram B:
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GAITS AND MOVEMENT
Q. Chose one of the following riding divisions and describe the movements of each of a horse’s three
strides and how it is featured within that division.
Western Pleasure
Hunt Seat
Contesting
Saddle Seat
Dressage
English Pleasure
Q. Using the four natural aids, describe how you would cue a horse for the left lead.
FIRST AID
Q. Using what is in your first aid kit, describe how you would treat a puncture wound. In what instance
would you call a vet?
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MEMBER’S PERSONNEL STORY – (20 Points)
Write a story telling of any special accomplishments or experiences.
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KENT COUNTY 4-H YOUTH HORSEMASTER PROGRAM – SENIOR DIVISION
DISMOUNTED ABILITIES
Name _________________________________ 4-H Club ________________________________________
Club Leader: Please initial and date when member has completed the skill.
GROOMING
1.
Demonstrate how to braid or band a mane.
2.
Demonstrate how to clip a horse/pony for show.
FEED AND HEALTH CARE
1.
Demonstrate a procedure used in locating lameness or unsoundness.
2.
Describe how to remove a shoe.
BASIC HANDLING
1.
Demonstrate how to lunge a horse at the canter.
2.
Show a method of tying a halter puller.
3.
Demonstrate long-lining.
RIDING EQUIPMENT
1.
Demonstrate the use of one piece of additional tack (back cinch, breast collar, etc).
2.
Demonstrate the use of a piece of horse/pony protective riding equipment.
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