演習3 (PRACTICE FOR 3 GRADES)

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演習3 (PRACTICE FOR 3 GRADES)
演習3
(PRACTICE FOR 3RD GRADES)
HOW TO USE XEON PHI ON
KNF3-5
Background: Architecture
2
¨ 
Current Configuration
Multi-core host with Many-core Co-processor
¤  Connected through PCI Express
¤  Co-Processor (e.g., Xeon Phi):
¤ 
Large number of power efficient,
n  but lower performance CPU cores
n  Limited on-board memory and smaller caches
n 
¨ 
Future Architecture Direction
¤ 
Standalone Many-core Unit possibly with Heterogeneous
CPU Cores
Interface for Heterogeneous Kernels (IHK)
3
•  A low-level software layer for rapid OS prototyping
•  Main components:
• 
• 
• 
• 
IHK-Host
IHK-Many-core
IHK-IKC (Inter-Kernel Communication)
mcKernel (Lightweight Kernel for Many-Cores)
IHK-Host
4
¨ 
Implemented as a Linux kernel module
¤  Through
¨ 
ioctl() from userspace
Provides interface to
¤  Initialize/manage
Co-Processor(s)
¤  Create/Destroy OS instances
¤  Bind resources to OS instances
n  CPU
cores
n  Physical memory
¤  Bootstrap/shutdown
OS instances
¤  Map device memory to host / Access device memory
¤  Interrupt device CPUs
¤  Drive DMA engines
IHK-Manycore
5
Sort of a hardware abstraction layer
¨  Provides a standard interface to
¨ 
¤  Map
host memory to device / Access host memory
¤  Interrupt host CPUs
¤  Drive DMA engines
¨ 
Implemented as a library that is linked to the manycore kernel
Inter-Kernel Communication (IKC)
6
¨ 
Provides asynchronous messaging facility for kernels
running over IHK
¤  Listen/accept/connect
semantics
¤  Callback notification or poll based message reception
Implemented as a pair of send/receive queues
¨  IHK provides a master IKC channel that is used to
¨ 
¤  Establish
¨ 
and manage other IKC channels
IKC is used for syscall offloading in mcKernel
mcKernel: Lightweight Kernel for Many Cores
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¨ 
¨ 
A lightweight kernel developed from scratch over IHK
Goals:
¤ 
¤ 
¨ 
¨ 
Small memory and cache footprint
Scalable kernel data structures (e.g., partially separated page tables)
Maintains Linux ABI
Only necessary services:
¤ 
¤ 
¤ 
Memory management
Processes / Threading
Simple system calls executed on the Co-processor
n 
¤ 
Complex system calls are offloaded to the host kernel
n 
¨ 
¨ 
¨ 
clone(), mmap(), etc..
Such as file I/O
Support for futex/pthreads/OpenMP
Hierarchical memory management
Infiniband MPI integration in progress
Set up ssh_config for gower.il.is.s.u-toyo.ac.jp
¨ 
Add this to your /etc/ssh_config
Host gower
HostName %h.il.is.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp
Port 10298
Host kncclogin
ProxyCommand ssh 133.11.233.10 -p 10298 -W 133.11.249.234:%p
Host knf3 knf4 knf5 # add any host you'd like to use
# Use gower as a proxy. for OpenSSH 5.4p and later
ProxyCommand ssh 133.11.233.10 -p 10298 -W %h:%p
# Use below for OpenSSH clients older than 5.4p
# ('ssh -V' to check)
# ProxyCommand ssh gower nc %h %p
¨ 
(http://www.il.is.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~bgerofi/ssh_config)
We have 3 Xeon Phi machines for Enshu3:
¤  knf3,
¨ 
knf4, knf5
Now you can log in just by typing:
¤  ssh
knf3 (or knf4, knf5)
McKernel Git Setup
Create a directory for your sources
¨  Clone the repositories from my (bgerofi) directory:
¨ 
¤  git
clone /home/bgerofi/Code/enshu3/ihk/
¤  git clone /home/bgerofi/Code/enshu3/mckernel/
¤  git clone /home/bgerofi/Code/enshu3/glibc/
¨ 
Copy the rebuild and reload scripts:
¤  cp
/home/bgerofi/Code/enshu3/rebuild.sh ./
¤  cp /home/bgerofi/Code/enshu3/reload_ihk_modules.sh ./
Compile IHK and McKernel
¨ 
Set up Intel ICC compiler environment:
¤  .
/opt/intel/bin/compilervars.sh intel64
¤  There is a space after the dot!!
¨ 
Compile kernel sources:
¤  ./rebuild.sh
¨ 
Compile userland programs:
¤  icc
–Wall –L/home/bgerofi/Code/libs-stat/ -mmic -static pthread source.c –o objname
Reload and boot kernel
¨ 
Reload the IHK and boot the kernel
¤ 
¨ 
Display kernel log on KNC (McKernel’s log)
¤ 
¤ 
¨ 
(This is currently the best way to debug)
./ihk/linux/user/ihkostest 0 kmsg
Execute user app:
¤ 
¨ 
./reload_ihk_modules.sh –w (press ENTER at the end)
./mckernel/executer/user/mcexec /path-to-app/app
Hello world example:
¤ 
./mckernel/executer/user/mcexec /home/bgerofi/Code/hello/hellointel
Source tree (shown in editor)