Nietzsche General Thoughts: Rebelled
☆Return to an older source of being, bring self back to
☆Rebelled against the general value, saw the vitality
of the Greeks owed to darker psychological attraction
and the old gods of violence and intoxication.
Inverted (reversed) the classical way:
Individual-universal; present-eternal; the singular-type
Rejected: 1/intellectual control and conceptual limits
2/the abstraction of Hegelian history
1/ denial and negation
2/ can’t be anthologized, the works stood alone.
1/ Aesthetics as the integration of philosophy and art.
2/ Felling replaces reason. Art replaces philosophy.
The Birth of Tragedy
Preface to Richard Wagner (Basel, end of the year 1871)
as my sublime predecessor on this path, I wish to dedicate
what a seriously German problem is faced here and
placed right in the center of German hopes
I am convinced that art represents the highest task
and the truly metaphysical activity of this life
art owes its continuous evolution to the ApollinianDionysian duality
► Ration, lawgiver
► Plastic arts
► Freeze at a moment
► Visions: complete, coherent
► Controlled harmony
► Order and creative expression
► Mystery and disorder
► Music (non-visual)
► Wild and untrained, passionate
► Without appeal to image
► Exuberance and ecstasy
► Disorder and chaos to creation
☆Attic tragedy exhibits the salient
features of both.
the interpreter of dreams, takes
deep delight in the contemplation of his
► ☆Apollonian norm: self-control
► So: “Know thyself” (Prometheus) “Nothing
too much” (Oedipus)
► Apollonian forces resisted against the
titanic and barbaric menace.
talk the poetry abstractly. The
dramatic chorus is the primary dramatic
phenomenon; one can enter another body.
Anti-Dionysiac tendency led the inartistic naturalism.
His cult opposed that of Dionysus
Nietzsche criticized the Socratic
The insatiable thirst for knowledge, if it not for
the purpose of knowledge, but for practical and
egotistical end, it is barbarism.
Nietzsche’s Method: art as religion or science
The optimism implicit in logic must collapse.
The logic bites its own tail.
New perception: a tragic perception requires the
remedy of art.
Apollo & Dionysus
Apollo: Plastic art
Apollonian spirit embodies the principium individuation, achieves
redemption in illusion.
► Dionysus: Art of music
Dionysus opens a path to the maternal womb of being.
Music is the will directly.
A. & D. work alongside,
the relation between MUSIC & IMAGE, CONCEPT.
☆ Music gave birth to myth, to tragic myth.
It’s vain to find tragic spirit from illusion and beauty.
Music alone gives us the delight felt at the annihilation of
Dionysian art expresses the omnipotent will behind individuation.
Apollo vs. Dionysus
(1) Apollo wins marvelous illusion.
Apollonian spirit wrests man from his Dionysiac self-destruction and deceives him
by particular image.
The harmony of sound and visual movement. By the help of music, we see a
delicate tissue the curtain of the scene.
(2) Apollo changes the extravagance and onrush from Dionysus.
Music is the true idea of the cosmos, drama but a reflection of that idea.
(3) The Apollonian element in tragedy has utterly triumphed over the Dionysiac
quintessence of music.
(4) But in the final effect of tragedy, the Dionysiac element triumph once again.
(5) The highest goal of tragedy: a fraternal union between the two deities.
German spirit--- highest value of
tragedy means for the innermost life
► 22. aesthetic; the aesthetic listener is also
reborn with the rebirth of tragedy
► 23. our German character
this so questionable culture of ours has as
yet nothing in common with the noble core
of our people's character
the German Reformation
We think so highly of the pure and vigorous core of the
24. the German spirit
the tragic myth. With the Apollinian art sphere he shares the
complete pleasure in mere appearance and in seeing, yet
at the same time he negates this pleasure and finds a still
higher satisfaction in the destruction of the visible
world of mere appearance.
Blessed people of Hellas! -----curious stranger
back into an ancient Greek existence
how much did this people have to suffer to be
able to become so beautiful! But now follow
me to witness a tragedy, and sacrifice
with me in the temple of both deities!
Perseus Collection/Greek and Roman
► Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus
Sir Richard Jebb, Ed.
 Ah my children, my sisters!