Legendary Fall of Troy – Aeneas escapes Troy and lands in Italy.
He wars with Latin tribes.
Legendary Founding of Rome by Romulus
Roman Senate of 100 men (“Patres”) Founded
Seven Kings of Rome (4 Romans, 3 Etruscans)
7 Kings (First Four Are Roman):
1. Romulus (753) – Founded the Senate.
2. Numa Pompilius (715) – Built first temples in Rome.
3. Tullus Hostilius (672) – Built Senate House (“Curia”).
4. Ancus Martius (640) – Built Ostia, 1st bridge across the Tiber.
Etruscan Rule Begins
7 Kings (Last 3 Are Etruscan):
5. Tarquinius Priscus (616) – Built Cloaca Maxima/Circus Maximus.
6. Servius Tullius (578) – Founded Democratic Assemblies.
7. Tarquinius Superbus (534) – Tyrranical.
EARLY REPUBLIC (Expansion to Italian Peninsula)
Romans Overthrow Etruscan Kings and Establish a Republic
Res Publica = Public Affairs
Twelve Tables = Roman Law
Gauls Sack Rome
MIDDLE REPUBLIC (Expansion to South and West)
Punic Wars Against Carthaginians. Carthage Destroyed.
(Last from 264 to 149 BCE)
Civil Wars Begin
Roman Civil Wars:
Sertorian War (83-73) – Between Rome and Provinces of Hispania.
Sulla’s Second Civil War (82-81) – Between Sulla and Marius’ Supporters.
Lepidus’ Rebellion (77) – Lepidus Rebelled Against Sulla’s Regime.
Catiline Conspiracy (63-62) – Between Senate and Catiline’s Supporters.
Caesar’s Civil War (44 BC) – Between Caesar and Pompey’s Supporters.
LATE REPUBLIC (Expansion to North and East)
First Triumvirate (Caesar, Pompey, Crassus)
Julius Caesar Assassinated by Senators
Civil War Between Octavian and Marc Antony
Beginning of the Empire
Octavian is Renamed Augustus, First Emperor
Pax Romana = Roman Peace
Mt. Vesuvius Erupts; Buries Pompeii and Herculaneum
MT VESUVIUS AND POMPEII
Flavian Amphitheatre (Colosseum) Built
Persecution of Christians Begins
Empire Split into East and West by Constantine; 2 Co-Emperors
Capital Moved to Constantinople
Barbarian Invasions Weaken Rome
(Huns, Vandals, Gauls)
Fall of the Western Roman Empire
The Eastern Roman Empire Becomes The Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire is Conquered by the Ottoman Turks