What is sclerotherapy and what are their effects on health
What is sclerotherapy and what are their
effects on health?
Sclerotherapy is a treatment that consists of the elimination of spider veins and
certain types of varicose veins problems using substances that are injected directly
into them, which cause damage to the walls of these vessels, turning them into fibrous
cords (a process called sclerosis) and therefore, obliterates these varicose veins.
The blood circulating in these varicose veins is then transferred to the healthy veins,
thus eliminating both the visibility of these varicose veins and their symptoms.
What compounds are used in varicose sclerotherapy?
The most commonly used compounds are of three types: detergents, osmotic and
chemical. The detergent compounds, despite their name, have a specific functioning
that opens the vein and allows its inflammation and subsequent disappearance. They
are the most used and effective for spider vein disease.
On the other hand, the osmotic agents provoke the dehydration of the area, thus
achieving the destruction of the vein, and the chemical agents injure the cells of the
walls of the veins to achieve the desired effect. Spider vein removal before and
after results will be quite effective.
Any of these three agents, which cover different classes, can be used by your doctor in
the application of the treatment. If you have doubts, you can ask about the effects that
these compounds can have on the treatment and the subsequent periods.
What is the sclerotherapy process?
This spider vein therapy is only done by a medical specialist, which has the
appropriate chemicals to induce the process of sclerosis, explained above, in your
varicose and varicose veins.
Your doctor will first make a comprehensive evaluation and determine if you need
this varicose vein therapy. The sclerotherapy indications are:
Spider veins or reticular varices.
Mild to moderate varicose veins in your legs, thighs or pelvis.
Recurrent varicose veins, that is, you have previously received sclerotherapy
and your varicose veins have reoccurred.
Varicose veins associated with ulcers.
Your doctor will initially offer non-invasive treatments for varicose vein disease,
such as changing your lifestyle, wearing compression stockings or certain medicines.
However, if you want a faster and more definitive treatment or conventional
treatments have not worked for you and you still have spider veins symptoms, this
could be an option for you.
However, you should bear in mind that there are some contraindications, that is, that
this procedure is prohibited in the following situations, given the high risk of
If you have had an allergic reaction to the chemical previously.
If you developed thrombi in your varicose veins or lungs, that is, you have deep
vein thrombosis or pulmonary thromboembolism.
If the chemical is injected into the skin, it is infected.
If you are immobilized or confined to bed permanently.
If you are pregnant or nursing.
Normally the procedure for varicose veins on legs is performed in the office of your
specialist doctor, and does not require any kind of general anaesthesia or prior
preparation. Your doctor may tell you to avoid applying creams or oils in the area on
the day of the procedure.