22 Military Preparedness

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22 Military Preparedness
Military
Preparedness
Northern Strengths
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270,000,000 acres of farmland (65% of US total)
22,000 miles of railroad track (71% of US total)
$1.8 billion value of manufactured goods (92%)
120,000 factories (85% of US total)
1.2 million factory workers (92% of US total)
22 million people (70% of US total)
23 states
800 banks…single currency
many good harbors
established navy
Northern Weaknesses
• few quality military leaders (at the beginning of
war)
• fighting on “foreign” territory
• had to conquer a large area
• long lines of supply
• poorly trained soldiers…many immigrants joined
• Abraham Lincoln as president (at beginning)
Southern Strengths
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Solid trade relationship with England
Potential money resource from cotton sales
South grew 80% of the world’s cotton
Several excellent military leaders
Defending its own territory
Strong desire to win to preserve its values/beliefs
More men knew how to ride and shoot
Jefferson Davis as president
(at the beginning of war)
Southern Weaknesses
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130,000,000 acres of farmland (35% of US total)
Many acres were planted with tobacco and cotton
9,000 miles of RR track (29% of US total)
Tracks were in several “gauges”
$155 million of manufactured goods (8% of US total)
20,500 factories (15% of US total)
110,000 factory workers (8% of US total)
9 million people (5 mill whites, 4 mill slaves)
11 states (plus 4 border states)
200 banks…multiple currencies
dependent on trade with North and England
CSA Constitution favored states’ rights over CSA needs
Military
Preparedness

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