national system of qualifications and vocational training in greece



national system of qualifications and vocational training in greece
Second Trasnational Meeting in
Istanbul, Turkey
Education in Greece is compulsory for all
children 6-15 years old:
Primary Schools (Dimotiko)
lasts for six years, and children are admitted at the age of 6.
Lower Secondary Schools (Gymnasio)
lasts for three years, and children are admitted when they finish Dimotiko.
Nursery Schools:
The school life of the students, however, can start
from the age of 2.5 years (pre-school education) in private and public
institutions called nursery classes (Paidikoi Stathmi) which operate along
with the kindergartens (Nipiagogeia).
Along with the regular kindergartens and Dimotiko, All-day primary schools
are in operation, with an extended timetable and an enriched Curriculum
Post-compulsory Education, according to the
reform of 1997, consists of two school types:
Unified Upper Secondary Schools (Eniaia Lykeia)
Duration of studies: 3 years
Technical Vocational Educational Schools (TEE)
Duration of studies: 2 years (a’ level) or 3 years (b’ level)
Special schools:
Along with the mainstream schools of Primary and
Secondary Education, Special Nipagogeia, Dimotika, Gymnasia, Lykeia and
upper secondary classes are in operation, which admit students with special
educational needs.
Musical, Ecclesiastical and Physical Education Gymnasia and Lykeia are
operating as well.
Technical Vocational Schools (TEE)
Provide vocational training and education in 14 fields for 42
different areas of specialisation.
The Ministry of Education has overall responsibility for course
development and approval, and also supervises most of these
schools (448 TEE).
Certain TEE are supervised by the Ministry of Health and Welfare
(49), the Ministry of Agriculture (12) and the Ministry of
Development (8). These TEE provide vocational training and
education in specialisations corresponding to the relative
There are also 85 private TEE.
Vocational Training Institutes
Post-compulsory Secondary Education also includes the Vocational
Training Institutes (IEK), which provide formal but unclassified level
of education. These Institutes are not classified as an educational
level, because they accept both Gymnasio and Lykeio graduates
according to the relevant specialization they provide.
Higher Education
Public higher education is divided into Universities and Technological
Education Institutes (TEI). Students are admitted to these Institutes
according to their performance at national level examinations, taking
place at the second and third grade of Lykeio. Additionally, students
are admitted to the Hellenic Open University upon the completion of
the 22 year of age by drawing lots.
Vocational Training Institutes (IEK)
Post-secondary education is provided by Vocational Training Institutes
(IEK) which offer formal vocational training and education of unclassified
level (neither higher nor university level) in 110 different specialisations in
14 basic occupational sectors.
Vocational training combined with employment
Is provided by 52 Apprenticeship.
Technical Vocational Schools run by the Labour Force Employment
Organisation (OAED -Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs) for working
Source: Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs
Career & Counselling Centres (KE.SY.P):
The Career & Counselling Centres were established by force of Law
2525/97 and organized by the Ministry of Education in cooperation with the
department of (School) Vocational & Career Guidance (SEP) of the
Pedagogical Institute
Currently the operation of two KE.SY.P Centres is of particular orientation:
 the
KE.SY.P of the Ministry of Education was established to provide
coordination and administrative support to the network of KE.SY.P
Centres and SEP Offices around the country
 the
KE.SY.P of the Pedagogical Institute (P.I.) was established to
provide expert support to the network of KE.SY.P and SEP Offices in
Career & Counselling Centres (KE.SY.P):
KE.SY.P Centres operate at the seats of all prefectures of the country. In
total, there are 68 KE.SY.P Centres in Greece.
Their task is to provide education and vocational guidance services and
information to young people up to 25 years of age and to their parents.
In addition, these Centres also support School Career Counsellors who
implement the relevant institution of Counselling either on an individual or
group basis.
These Centres are staffed by one or more experts responsible for
Vocational Guidance and one expert in Information and Documentation.
The Centres feature libraries with information material pertinent to
Vocational Guidance.
School Career Counselling Offices (GRA.SE.P):
These Offices were established by the Ministry of Education and housed in
200 major or jointly-housed schools.
Their task is to support the implementation of Vocational Guidance in schools,
as well as provide counselling and information to students and their parents.
The staff of the School Career Counselling Offices comprises trained
Guidance practitioners.
In addition, these Offices are furnished with library materials on the field of
their competence.
Implementation of the Vocational Guidance
Institution in the Classroom:
The institution of Vocational Guidance has been incorporated to national
education in the sense that is an additional item in the curriculum involving
specific activities for which the students are not marked.
Specifically, Vocational Guidance is “taught” at:
 High-school level (Grade C’: 1 hour per week) and
 Unified Lyceum (Grade A’: 1 hour per week, 2nd semester).
Again, the supervising entities are the Ministry of Education and the
Pedagogical Institute.
Implementation of the Vocational Guidance
Institution in the Classroom:
The textbooks and teachers’ books for students and instructors respectively
are the following:
1. “Preparing for life”, student’s textbook for Grade C’, High-school
2. “Preparing for life”, teacher’s book for Grade C’, High-school
3. “Planning my future”, student’s textbook for Grade A’, Unified Lyceum
4. “Planning my future”, teacher’s book for Grade A’, Unified Lyceum
5. “Education after High-school”, student’s School Guide, Grade C’ High-school
6. “Education after Lyceum”, School Guide for student in Unified Lyceum and TEE
7. “Education & Employment”, a book analyzing the prospects for numerous vocations /
Implementation of the Vocational Guidance
Institution in the Classroom:
In the context of Vocational Guidance, teachers ran numerous Career
Education programmes at the secondary level of education during the
academic period 2000-2001. During the same period, Career Day events were
adopted to enhance Career Guidance at schools.
Career Education
This is to support the institution of Vocational Guidance in education by
expanding its application at a local, regional and national level. The thematic
content of Career Education programmes includes issues relating to the work
environment, local economic activity, labour relations and occupational
sectors, the European dimension of education-employment and the
development of skills.
Office of the Pedagogical Institute for People
with Special Needs:
In 1998 the Pedagogical Institute set up a SEP Office with the aim to provide
Counselling and Vocational Guidance services to people with special needs
and others threatened by social exclusion.
This Office provides information about vocational training and rehabilitation for
the targeted individuals.
Additional aims include support to School Career Counsellors, cooperation
with agencies / organizations operating in Greece and abroad for the benefit of
such vulnerable groups, as well as with representatives from the sector of
production and with prospective employers.
Career Services Offices for Universities &
Technological Educational Institutes :
These Offices provide pivotal Counselling & Vocational Guidance services to
graduates of Universities and Technological Educational Institutes (TEI).
Their support consists of actions aiming to facilitate the smooth entry of
graduates into the labour market.
At the same time they provide Vocational Guidance services, career
counselling and information about postgraduate studies, training courses,
scholarships and knowledge about employee / professional rights.
In addition, the Career Services Offices mediate the students’ placement
(practical training) where warranted and organize Career Day events.
Thank you for your attention!
Any questions?

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