Competitiveness and wellbeing based on knowledge

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Competitiveness and wellbeing based on knowledge
Finland invests in research and development. Education, science and technology policies have
been developed on a long term with a view to strengthening the national research and innovation
system. The aim is to promote knowledge based competitiveness and to raise the quality and
visibility of Finnish research. Finland supports the international success of Finnish research by
competed funding and promoting open science and capacity building e.g. by establishing and
developing creative research environments. Public research funding is used to strengthen the
knowledge and competence base underpinning sustainable economic growth and the country’s
material and intellectual welfare. The objective of science policy is to promote science, ensure
positive development of the quality, effectiveness and internationalisation of research and
postgraduate education, and to bring about an efficient and balanced research system.
Higher education institutions
scientific research, whereas polytechnics
the total budget is around one third in
The Finnish higher education system
are more engaged in research and devel-
universities and ­approximately one tenth
comprises of 14 universities (yliopisto/uni-
opment work. Despite their autonomy
in polytechnics.
versitet/университет) and 25 polytech-
and legal entity status, two thirds (ap-
nics (ammattikorkeakoulu, AMK/yrkeshög-
proaching two billion euro) of universities’
in Finland. They perform both scientific
skola, YH/профессиональныи институт).
funding consists of resources directed
research in collaboration with universi-
Both sectors educate, based on research,
from the state budget. As for polytechnics,
ties and other partners as well as clinical
at bachelor and at master degree level.
the proportion of direct state budget
research. Research in university hospitals
Only universities confer doctoral degrees.
support is around 85 % (around a billion
is partly covered by targeted funding from
The research emphasis of universities is in
euro). The share of research activities of
the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health.
RESEARCH IN FINLAND
Competitiveness
and wellbeing
based on knowledge
There are five university hospitals
Finland’s innovation system in international comparison
input indicators output indicators
1. Government R&D budget
12. Foreign-owned
companies' share of
business sector turnover
400
11. Reduced use of
materials and energy
300
11. Venture capital
investment
10. Employment in
knowledge-intensive
sectors
3. Funding for
basic research
200
100
10. R&D in the
service sector
4. Government
funding of business
R&D and tax
incentives for R&D
0
9. Foreign-born
researchers
in R&D personnel
8. Foreign students
in higher education
1. Scientific articles
2. Annual increase in
government R&D budget
5. Higher education
expenditure on R&D
finance d by enterprises
7. R&D personnel
6. Business enterprise
R&D financed by abroad
Average of OECD/EU data
Finland
9. Share of turnover
from product
innovations
400
300
200
100
0
8. Non-technological
innovation in the
manufacturing sector
7. Knowledge-intensive
services exports
2. Citations received
by articles
3. Funding received
from EU 7th R&D
Framework Programme
4. Accepted projects
in EU 7th R&D
Framework
Programme
5. Triadic patents
6. International
cooperation in patenting
Average of the top five countries by indicator within OECD/EU
Source: Research and Innovation Council
Ministry of Education and Culture | Department for Higher Education and Science Policy | Competitiveness and wellbeing based on knowledge 2/2013
Finnish Research and Innovation System
PARLIAMENT
GOVERNMENT
RESEARCH
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
AND
INNOVATION
MINISTRY OF EMPLOYMENT MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND CULTURE
Department
Other
for Higher
COUNCIL
AND THE ECONOMY
Department
Enterprise
Other
Depart- for Cultural,
AND FORESTRY
MINISTRIES
and
Depart-
SITRA
Sport and
Innovation
ments
(Finnish
Youth Policy
Department
Education and ments
Science Policy
OTHER
National
Fund for R&D
ACADEMY OF
TEKES (Finnish Funding
FINLAND
Agency for Technology
and Innovation)
and Innovation)
HIGHER EDUCATION
INSTITUTIONS:
UNIVERSITIES (14),
MEMORY
RESEARCH
RESEARCH
RESEARCH
POLYTECHNICS (25)
ORGANISATIONS
INSTITUTES
INSTITUTES
INSTITUTES
PRIVATE FOUNDATIONS
STRATEGIC CENTRES FOR
RESEARCH UNITS
JOINT RESEARCH
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
AND FUNDS
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY
AND DEPARTMENTS OF
INSTITUTES OF
RESEARCH INSTITUTES
AND INNOVATION (SHOKs)
BUSINESS ENTERPRISES
ENTERPRISES
SCIENTIFIC SOCIETES
INTERMEDIARIES
State research institutes
In addition to higher education institu-
agencies like Tekes – the Finnish Funding
Tekes – the Finnish Funding Agency for
Agency for Technology and Innovation and
Technology and Innovation is steered
the Academy of Finland.
by the Ministry of Employment and the
Economy and allocates
tions, research is conducted also in 18
research institutes steered by each admin-
Funding
istrative branch. Many institutes conduct
noteworthy research activities and all of
The GDP share
them have authoritative tasks. Altogether,
of Finnish R&D
the institutes spend over 300 million euro
expenditure was
a year to research activities.
3,6 % in the year
2012 and that of
The private sector R&D
public research
funding was
The role of private sector in Finnish
research and development work invest-
around 1 %.
The profile
“Finland supports
the international
success of Finnish
research by competed
funding and promoting open science and
capacity building.”
550 million euro a year
to development of
innovations that aim
at growth and new
business operations.
Private foundations
provide 250 million
euro funding annually
to research.
Read more:
The Ministry
ments has remained significant (over 70 %)
of the Academy
despite the structural changes taking place
of Finland is towards scientific research
of Education and Culture: http://
both in traditional smoke stack industries
with an annual budget of 320 million euro.
www.minedu.fi/OPM/Tiede/?lang=en
and in the IT sector. There is a long tradition
The Academy as the Finnish research coun-
The Academy of Finland:
of private-public partnerships in R&D in
cil operates in the administrative branch
http://www.aka.fi/en-GB/A/
Finland supported also by public funding
of the Ministry of Education and Culture.
Research.fi: http://www.research.fi/en.html
Ministry of Education and Culture | Department for Higher Education and Science Policy | Competitiveness and wellbeing based on knowledge 2/2013

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