Unit 3
Adjectives, Adverbs, and
Review of Adjectives and
Adjective-modifies a noun or a pronoun
Adverb-may modify a verb, an adjective, or
another adverb
*Most adverbs end in –ly (clearly, happily,
eagerly), but not all adverbs. Moreover, a few
common adjectives end in –ly..
Review of Adjectives/Adverbs
a short race
a close call
a high shelf
a right answer
a first time
a hard problem
a straight path
a last chance
a fast start
She stopped short.
Stand close to me.
She jumped high.
Do it right.
She left first.
He tried hard.
Drive straight.
We play last.
Walk fast.
Adjective or Adverbs
1) I took Sherlock on a nightly walk.
2) The unfriendly neighbor built a tall fence.
3) She looked happily out the window.
4) Has he been studying math regularly?
5) They dug a hole deep enough to plant the
6) The weekly meeting was scheduled for
Thursday mornings.
Words that are sometimes prepositions can act as adverbs. A preposition
requires an object. An adverb does not.
A single word acting as an adverb answers where, when, how or to what
degree about the verb.
If you want to see the eclipse, you will need to go outside.
O OUTSIDE tells you where YOU WILL NEED TO GO.
When the same word is a preposition, the entire prepositional phrase acts
as an adverb modifying the verb.
O Dorothy colors outside the lines.
O OUTSIDE THE LINES is an adverbial phrase and OUTSIDE is a
NOTE: LINES is the object of the preposition.
To determine whether a word is an adverb or a preposition, look at
what follows the word.
Is there a noun acting as an object of the word? In other words, is
there a word that answers the question WHAT? about the word.
O It will be some time before his schedule settles down.
DOWN tells the reader WHERE the schedule settles. There is no
object following it.
O One need only look down the roster to see the impact of so much
ROSTER answers the question WHAT? about the word DOWN. One
need only look down what? THE ROSTER. ROSTER is the object of
the preposition DOWN.
Adverb and Adjective Phrases
An adjective phrase modifies a noun or pronoun. It
tells which one or what kind.
O The newspaper from Chicago is my favorite.
An adverb phrase modifies a verb, an adjective, or
another adverb. It tells when, how, where, or to what
O In the morning, I read the newspaper.
More Examples
O The whale with the unusual markings is our
(adjective phrase; tells which whale)
O The whales in the water park show
performed with ease.
(adverb phrase; tells how)
Exercise 1
Underline the adjective phrase in each sentence.
Write the word it modifies.
1. Horseshoe crabs resemble hard hats with long
2. They are close relatives of spiders.
3. The mouth of the horseshoe crab is well hidden.
4. It is an opening underneath the crab’s body.
Exercise 2
Underline the adverb phrase in each sentence.
Write the word(s) it modifies.
5. Whales are the largest mammals that live
on the Earth.
6. Whales behave with great intelligence.
7. A whale must breathe air through its lungs.
8. Whales can dive for long periods.
Exercise 3
9. One rock sample from the moon is 4,720 million
years old.
10. The rock was collected by the Apollo space mission.
11. The daytime temperature on the lunar equator is
12. A black hole is formed by a star’s complete collapse.
13. About 150 meteorites from space pound the Earth
each year.
14. An Alaskan, Mrs. E. H. Hodges, is the only person
hurt by a falling meteorite.
Creative Activity
Visit six of the fifteen photos displayed around the
room. Write a complete sentence using an
adjective phrase and a complete sentence using
an adverb phrase about someone in the photo.
Underline or highlight the phrase and label.
Examples-The Flyers scored in the third period.
The player, with the Flyers jersey, scored the goal.

Similar documents