Progress report - APEC Meeting Document Database

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Progress report - APEC Meeting Document Database
___________________________________________________________________
2007/ATCWG/004
Agenda Item: V
Progress Report: Conservation and Utilization of
Plant and Animal Genetic Resources
Purpose: Information
Submitted by: Chinese Taipei, Mexico
11th Agricultural Technical Cooperation
Working Group Meeting
Brisbane, Australia
28-31 May 2007
Progress Report on Conservation and Utilization of Plant and
Animal Genetic Resources
(Co-shepherd: Chinese Taipei, Mexico)
Progress Report in 11th Agricultural and Technical Cooperation Working Group
Meeting
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
28-31 May 2007
Four workshops have been held in Chinese Taipei on the priority area of Conservation and
Utilization of Plant and Animal Genetic Resources since 1995 under APEC-ATCWG
subgroup. These international workshops were held in 1997 entitled ”Conservation and
Utilization of Plant and Animal Genetic Resources”, in 1998 entitled “Conservation and
Utilization of Farm Animal and Aquatic Genetic Resources, in 2000 entitled “Conservation
and Utilization of Plant and Animal Genetic Resources, and 2002 focused on Aquatic Genetic
Resources.
There is no doubt of the importance and subsequent influences of these four workshops in
APEC Member Economics. In addition, these workshops provided a good opportunity to
foster/strengthen multilateral relations. The fruitful results and meaningful recommendations
of workshops of GR are to promote information exchange, international collaboration on
research, education, and policy decision in bringing together scientists and experts and
discussing on plant genetic resources, animal genetic resources, molecular technologies
using in genetic resources, and aquatic organisms, respectively.
Based on the recommendation made in the 9th and 10th ATCWG Plenary Meeting, the future
activities of the GR Sub-Group were agreed to be directed to three priority area in support of
APEC's technical cooperation activities in GR:
Information sharing and germplasm exchange
Capacity building and knowledge sharing
Technology sharing of safe storage of genetic resources
Main activities in the priority area of implementation GR under APEC-ATCWG subgroup for
food and agriculture during 2006 are indicated on the following:
I.
The 1st APEC-ATCWG Workshop on “Effective Genebank Management for an Integrated
System on Sustainable Conservation and Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources in APEC
Member Economies” was held on 26-29 June 2006 in the Republic of Korea.
This workshop aims to: (1) Exchange information and share knowledge and practices
regarding genebank management among APEC member economies; (2) Identify the needs for
developing skills and training for effective genebank management; (3) Help in resolving
particular genebank management problems and constraints, specifically at improved use of
conserved material; (4) Enhance skills to analyze more efficient and cost effective management
of genebank; (5) Help participants to make informed decisions on appropriate germplasm
management strategies.
The workshop brought to the following recommendations to be developed:
1. PGRFA are a critical sub-set of genetic resources that require specific recognition of the
vital role that they have in the global system as envisioned by the ITPGRFA.
2. Genebanks as custodians of PGRFA are best positioned to take the conservation and
utilization of PGRFA into the global system as envisioned by ITPGRFA as the planning
mechanism for continued sustainable development of PGRFA.
3. Different APEC member economies genebanks have different capacities that can be
linked and harnessed to mutually strengthen and support effective and efficient genebank
management, including technology transfer.
4. APEC member economies genebank management community could provide a forum to
undertake the development of a rationalized and integrated conservation system which
may serve as a global model.
5. Identification of commonalities and gaps relating to effective genebank management
amongst APEC member economies, leading to cooperation and collaboration on either
bilateral or multilateral basis to increase the efficiency and utilization of PDRFA.
6. Workshop forums are vital for the future planning mechanisms to ensure continuity and
continued relevant building of conservation and sustainable use of PGRFA.
7. Second workshop to be held, subject to domestic approval, in Australia with themes
focused on the development and usage of modern tools for effective and efficient.
II. The 1st 2006 APEC-ATCWG Workshop on “Interaction of CBD and TRIPs Related
Issues on the Plant Genetic Resources” was held on 12-14 December 2006 in
Chinese Taipei.
At present, with a view of the importance and specialty topic of the interaction of CBD and
TRIPS related issues, Chinese Taipei decided to hold the 5th workshop pertinent to GR
focusing on the harmonization of CBD and TRIPS related issues on plant genetic resources.
The international workshop was held on 12-14 December 2006 at Chinese Taipei.
This workshop aims to: (1) Encouraging legal access of genetic resources; (2) Preventing
illegal access and unauthorized use of genetic resources; (3) Disclosure/certificate of origin of
the genetic resources; (4) Benefit-sharing and transferring technology; (5) Assessment on the
impact of IPRs over sustainable development; (6) Sui generic system that harmonizing TRIPs
with CBD.
The workshop brought to the following conclusions to be developed:
1. Participants recognized the importance of the conservation and utilization of agricultural
genetic resources for APEC member economies and the health and well-being of
societies in general.
2. Participants shared information on current progress toward implementing the CBD and
ITPGRFA and exchanged views on the implications for TRIPS and other international
legal instruments. They also studied the positions of different groups of countries. Mutual
understanding was facilitated.
3. Participants agreed that the conservation and utilization of plant genetic resources are in
the common interest of APEC member economies. The exchange of plant genetic
resources is vital to all member economies for agricultural development and food security.
Relevant activities and cooperation need to be promoted and supported by individual
APEC member economies.
4. Participants were of the view that access to plant genetic resources should be
encouraged to facilitate research and investment, while ensuring equitable sharing of
benefits and supporting conservation.
5. Participants were of the view that further discussion on these topics will generate positive
momentum toward the conservation and sustainable utilization of genetic resources.
Member economies should continue to exchange information on domestic mechanisms,
practices, and legislation related to the conservation and utilization of genetic resources
and to explore needs for capacity-building, including: (a) training courses on domestic
and international legal concepts relevant to ABS, traditional knowledge, and IP-related
issues with respect to genetic resources for scientists and other experts; (b) drafting of
national laws and the mechanisms of their implementation; (c) training courses on in
situ/on-farm and ex situ conservation; (d) training courses on genebank management; (e)
training courses on information management (e.g., databasing) for plant genetic
resources; and (f) training courses for taxonomy (in line with the Global Taxonomy
Initiative of the CBD). To meet the demand for (a), the United States will explore the
possibility of offering a training course next year by an appropriate government agency on
legal concepts for scientists and other experts.
6. Participants supported the possibility of conducting follow-up activities of interest, related
to agricultural genetic resources, subject to the ATCWG’s approval.
III. An International Training-Workshop on the Conservation and Utilization of Tropical/
Subtropical Plant Genetic Resources was held at SOFRI, Tien Giang, Viet Nam, on
January 9-12, 2007.
This training-workshop was funded from TARI, Chinese Taipei, and successfully attained
its three primary objectives, namely: to provide a venue for information and knowledge
sharing, to foster or strengthen multilateral and friendly relations among country
representatives, and to develop new techniques or recommend appropriate strategies for
plant germplasm management.
This workshop provided an appropriate venue for sharing information and knowledge on
PGR through the resources reports presented by Vietnam and Taiwan, and through the
country papers presented by Indonesia, Myanmar, Malaysia, Taiwan, the Philippines,
Thailand and Vietnam.
Specifically, the participants learned from each other about the
different strategies used to manage the conservation and utilization of specific crops that are
of economic importance to the countries in the Asian region.
Likewise, specific projects,
such as the evaluation of Myanmar rice germplasm for resistance to bacterial blight, the
evolution of aromatic rice, the transmission of Huanglongbing disease, and the conservation
of banana germplasm in Indonesia provided some details on the results of scientific studies
on rice, citrus and banana germplasm.
IV. Organizing the 2nd workshop on the Interaction of CBD and TRIPS related issues on plant
genetic resources in 2007.
Chinese Taipei is trying to seek the host Member Economics to take place the workshop.
Following one of the recommendations brought from the workshop on the Interaction of CBD
and TRIPS related issues on plant genetic resources, the United States has explored the
possibility of offering a training course in 2007 by an appropriate government agency
(USPTO) on legal concepts for scientists and other experts. The Title of event, date, and
location is “Global Intellectual Property Academy Program for Traditional Knowledge and
Genetic Resources Policy and Practice and Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Patent
Practice and is on July 9-13, 2007 at the USPTO headquarters in Alexandria, Virginia.
The goals of the programs are threefold:
1. To foster a better understanding of international intellectual property obligations and
norms pertaining to TK/GR and patents, including some legislative considerations.
2. To provide an understanding of examination practices and patent claim analysis related to
biotechnology pharmaceuticals and TK/GR thereby improving patent quality; and
3. To promote discussion of advanced intellectual property issues in a friendly and
supportive environment.
V. Organization of APEC Workshop on Capacity Building for Implementation of Risk
Management Systems of Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture in APEC Member
Economies
Chinese Taipei plans to organize and host the APEC Workshop on Capacity Building for
Implementation of Risk Management Systems of Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
in APEC Member Economies on September 22-26, 2008. We will explore the possibility of
financial support from government.
We all recognized the importance of the conservation and utilization of agricultural genetic
resources for APEC member economies and the health and well-being of societies in general.
This conservation of genetic resources (including plant, animal and aquatic GR) is an
invaluable treasure of human.
There is a high possibility of loss, injury, disadvantage or destruction for germplasm
conservation either seed genebank or field genebank. The risk management is an important
concept that denotes implementation of measures or strategies to decrease or prevent
potential negative impact.
Risk management is the human activity which integrates
recognition of risk, risk assessment, developing strategies to manage it, and mitigation of risk
using managerial resources. The strategies include avoiding the risk, reducing the negative
effect of the risk, and accepting some or all of the consequences of a particular risk.
Objectives of the training/workshop are to provide information for use in risk management
by any and all stakeholders of genebank to reduce different risks related to a possible domain
to the level accepted by society. The risks of genebank may refer to numerous types of
threats caused by physical causes, environment, technology, humans, organizations or legal
causes (e.g. natural disasters such as earthquake, flooding, mudflows, landslides, or fires,
accidents, etc).
Trainings/workshops on the topic will be deemed necessary to enhance the capability
building of GR specialists.
Considering GR conservation it is a highly specialized field and
there is fast turnover of GR personnel. Such activities would ensure that GR specialists are
kept up-to-date with new concept, techniques, scientific findings and developments
concerning GR conservation and utilization, and enhance information exchange.

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