Wudhu (Ablution)



Wudhu (Ablution)
By : Syeda Zahida Naqavi
Wudhu (ablution) is the Islamic
procedure for washing parts of the body
using clean water, generally in
preparation for formal prayers or
recitation of the Holy Qur’an.
The Holy Qur’an says "For Allah (SWT)
loves those who turn to Him constantly
and He loves those who keep themselves
pure and clean.“ (2:222)
Two manifest benefits
• Medical Benefits
 Cleanliness (results in achieving the
equilibrium of the sympathetic and
parasympathetic nerves of the body.
 Improved diastolic
 Eliminates germs from the body
• Spiritual Benefits
 Since performed for the pleasure of the
Creator, it has an educative influence
 The implicit meaning: from head to toe I
strive to obey Allah
The procedure of Wudhu has been simply explained
in the Holy Qur’an. Surah Al-Maida’s verse 6 states:
‫َيأيها ال ِذين ءام نوا ِإ ْذا َ م ِإلى ا ُ ل َ ِوة ُف َا ُغ ِ ل َوا و ْج َو ْ م و أي ِد م ِإلى المرا ِق‬
ْ ‫َ مسُ ْ ِ ُ ُ ِسك ْ َ ْ جلك ْ لكع َب‬
‫وا حوا برءو م وأر م ِإلى ا ي ِن‬
“O’ you who believe! When you rise up to prayer,
wash your faces and your hands as far as the
elbows, and wipe your heads and your feet to
the ankles;”
“ Wudhu eliminates drowsiness and
lethargy from man so that the heart can
acquire the purity and luminosity for
standing in the presence of Allah.”
Wasa`il ash-Shia, vol. 1, pg. 257
Improved Circulatory System
Reinforcement of the Immune System
Avoidance of imbalance of Static Electricity
Elimination of germs and impurities
For detailed information, please visit
If the following conditions are present, then the
Wudhu will be correct, otherwise will be void.
The water must be Taahir (clean) and not najis;
The water must be Mubah (permissible to use);
The water must be Mutlaq (pure not mixed);
The container must be Mubah;
The container must not be made of gold/silver;
The parts of the body to be washed/wiped
must be Taahir;
7. The body must be free of any obstruction that
would prevent the water from reaching it;
8. The Niyyat should be of “nearness to Allah” and
not for showing of;
9. Tarteeb (succession) in actions must be
10. Muwaalat (no gaps) in the actions;
11. One must not acquire the help of others;
12. No constraints in using the water;
13. There must be enough time to perform wudhu
and salaat.
 For all obligatory prayers;
 Namaz-e-Mayyat is waajib-e-kifaaee and wudhu is
not waajib
 For the forgotten Sajdah and Tashahud during
the prayers;
 Provided that wudhu was invalidated after the salaat
 Wudhu is not waajib for Sajdatus Sahu
 For the obligatory Tawaaf of the Holy Ka’aba
 Wudhu for Nadhr, Qasm, Ahad;
 If a person has vowed, sworn or pledged to perform
 If a person has vowed, sworn or pledged to touch the
Holy Qur’an with the parts of his body
 To wash and purify the Holy Qur’an;
 If the Holy Qur’an becomes impure, one should
perform wudhu before washing it. However, if the
delay causes further desecration, it is allowed to
touch it without wudhu.
 Brushing your teeth
 Facing Qibla
 Saying Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem
 Washing hands up to the wrists
 Gargling 3 times
 Washing the nose 3 times
 Do not wipe or dry out the parts of the body on
which you just performed wudhu
 Reciting supplications during and after wudhu
 Reciting Ayatul Kursi after wudhu
 Recite Surah Al-Qadr 3 time after wudhu
 Do dua and ask Allah (SWT) to fulfill your valid
Discharge of urine
Discharge of excretion
Discharge of gas through anus
A sleep, deep enough to restrict sight and hearing.
However, if the eyes do not see anything, but the
ears can hear, wudhu does not become void.
o Things on account of which a person loses his
sensibility, like insanity, intoxication or
o Istihaza (menstrual periods)
o Janabat, and, as a recommended precaution, every
state which requires Ghusl.
It is compulsory to perform Wudhu for all
obligatory Salaat, with the exception of Salat alMayyat (Salaat for the deceased person). In
Wudhu, we wash our face and hands; and wipe our
head and the top of our feet.
 It is waajib to do NIYYAT (have intention) for
the wudhu and that it is for nearness to Allah.
 Certain steps are highly recommended
(MUSTAHAB), but are not Waajib. See slide 11
before starting Wudhu
"I begin my ablution in the Name of Allah. All
praise is due to Allah, Who made water
purifying, and not najis.“
Bismillahi wa billahi wal hamdu lil lahil lazi
ja'alal ma'a tahura wa lam yaj alhu najisa.
َ ِ ‫ِب ْس َ َ ْ َ ْ ُ ْ ْ َج َع َ ْ َ َط ُ ْ َ َ َ َل ْ َ ْ َ ْ ُ َی‬
‫ِم ہللاِ و ِياہللاِ والحمد ہللِ ال ِذی ل المائ ہورۃ و م یجعلہ جس‬
while washing hands up to the wrists
O Lord! Make me of those who repent and
purify themselves.
Alla hummaj alni minat tawwabina waj alni
minal mutatah hirin.
َ‫َالل ُھ َم اج َعلنِ ْی ِم َن ا ْل ّن َّوا ِب ْي َن َواج َعلنِ ْی ِم َن الم ََِٰر ْين‬
while rinsing the mouth
O Lord! Dictate to me the principles of faith
on the Day I meet You, and make my tongue
fluent with Your remembrance.
Alla Humma laq qini hujjati yawma alqaka wa
atliq lisani bizikrika.
َ ْ ْ ْ َ ْ ‫َ لل َ ل ِّ ْ َّ ْ َ ْ َ َ ْ َ َ ْ َ َ ْي‬
َ‫ا ھم قنِی حجنِی یوم القکا و ا ِلق ِِسا ِِى ِي ِذْ ِر‬
while washing the nose
O Lord! Do not deprive me of the fragrance of
Paradise, and make me of those who smell its
fragrance and perfume.
Alla humma la tuharrim 'alaya rihal jannati
waj 'alni mim man yashummu riha ha wa
rawha ha wa tiba ha.
َ ْ َ َ َ َ ْ َ َ َ ْ َ ِّ ْ ُّ ‫َ لل ُھ َ َْ ُ َ ِّ ْ َع َّ َ ْ َجنَّ ِ ْ َ ج َعل ِ ْ ِم َّ ْ ب ُس‬
‫ا م َل یحرم لى ِرجال ِ نی وا نی من م الرياح و روجا ہ و تِباہ‬
First, the face must be
washed from the top of the
forehead, the place where
the hair grows, until the
bottom of the chin. The
width of the face that must
be washed is the distance
between the tip of the
thumb to the tip of the
middle finger. We must
wash our face from top to
while washing the face
O Lord! Make my face bright on the Day
when the faces will turn dark. Do not darken
my face on the Day when the faces are bright.
Alla humma bayyiz wajhi yawma
taswaddufihil wujuh wala tusawwid waj hi
yawma tabyazzul wujuh.
ُ ُ ُ ْ ُّ َ ْ َ َ ْ َ ْ َ ْ ِّ َ ُ َْ َ ُ ْ ُ ُ ْ ْ ُّ َ ْ َ َ ْ َ ْ َ ْ َِّ َ‫َ للھ َ ت‬
After washing our face,
we wash our right arm,
from slightly above the
elbow down to our
fingertips. This too
must be washed from
top to bottom.
while washing the right arm
O Lord! Give my book of deeds in my right
hand, and a permanent stay in Paradise on
my left, and make my reckoning an easy one.
Alla humma a'tini kitabi bi yamini wal khulda
fil jinani bi yasari wa hasibni hisaban yasira.
ً َ ْ َ ً َ َ ْ ِ ْ‫َ لل ُھ َ ھ تِ ِ ْ َ ْ ِ ْ َی ِم ِ ْ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ِ ْ ْ َ ْ ِ ْ ِ َ َ َ ح ِسن‬
‫ا م ا نی ِکباِى نی والخلد فى ال ِجباِى بیسِر و نی حِسايا ب ِسیرا‬
After our right arm, we
must wash our left
arm; again, from above
the elbow down to the
fingertips, and from the
top to bottom.
while washing the left arm
O Lord! Do not give my book of deeds in my left
hand, n or from behind my back, nor chain it to my
neck. I seek refuge in You from the Hell-fire.
Alla humma la tutini kitabi bishimali wala min
wara'i zahri wala taj alha maghlu latan ila unuqi wa
a'uzu bika min muqat ta'atin niran.
َ‫َالل ُھ َم ََْل ت ِط ْعنِ ْی َب ِاِ ْى ِ ِ َما ِل ْى َو ََْل ِم ْن َّو َر ْائ ظ ِْر ْی َو ََْل یجْ َع ْل َ ْھا َم ْعُل ْو ل َي ْن اِ َل ھى ُع ُن ْو ِف ْى و‬
ً َ ‫َ ُ ْ ُ َ ِ ْ ُّم َق‬
‫اعوذ ِيک من ط ِب ِیرا‬
After these washings,
are completed, with the
water that is on our
right hand, we have to
wipe the top of our
head (about one finger
in length). We must not
take any extra water
for this.
while performing Masah of the head
O Lord! Cover me with Your Mercy, Blessings and
Alla humma ghashshini bi rahmatika wa barakatika
wa 'afwika.
َ ْ َ َ َ ْ َ َ َ َ َ َ ْ ْ ِّ َ ‫َ لل‬
َ‫ا ھم غشنِی ِب ِرجم ِبک و برکا ِيک و ع ِفو‬
We then proceed to wipe
our right foot with our
right hand, from the tip
of our toes, up to the
ankle bone with the
water that is remaining
in our right hand. Again,
we must not take any
extra water.
To finish, we wipe our
left foot with our left
hand from the top of
our toes, up to the
ankle bone with the
water that is
remaining on our left
while wiping the feet
O Lord! Keep me firm on the Bridge (to Paradise) on the
Day when the feet will slip, and help me in my efforts to do
things which will please You, O' Glorious and Mighty!.
Alla humma thabbitni alas sirati yawma tazillu fihil aqdam.
Waj'al sa'yi fi ma yurzika 'anni ya zal jalali wal ikram.
َ َ َ ْ ُ ْ ْ ْ ْ َ ْ َ ‫َْ ْ َ َ َ ْج‬
ُ ‫َ لل‬
‫ا ھم تبننِی على الص َرا ِط یوم َي ِذ ْل َْ ِف ْی ِہ اَلف ْد ْم و ا عل سا ِعی ِفت َما بر ِزق اعنی َيا‬
ُ ْ َ َ ‫َ َخ‬
‫ذال َل ِل و ِاَلْرام‬
This method of performing Wudhu is very
uncommon. For more details, please see the
book of jurisprudence for your Marj’a.

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