- Waynesburg University

Comments

Transcription

- Waynesburg University
Take It or Leave It
Attitudes Towards the 2009 Pandemic Influenza A/H1N1 Vaccine Among College
Students in Pennsylvania
Brittany Spitznogle1, Chad Sethman1, Owen Simwale2, The Influenza Sentinel Surveillance Workgroup3
Background
Every year, 15-20% of the 15.9 million college students in the
U.S experience influenza like illness (ILI) or lab confirmed
influenza. During the 2008/09 flu season, sentinel colleges in
Pennsylvania reported 10-30% ILI- three to four times higher
than other out-patient settings. In November 2009, the newly
developed pH1N1 vaccine was distributed to Pennsylvania
colleges and Universities. No published study, to our knowledge
has examined the pH1N1 vaccine uptake and acceptance in the
United States.
Results
Gender of Respondents
250
672
215
500
189
178
200
600
218
150
400
300
100
196
200
2009 H1N1 Pandemic Influenza
Virus Vaccination
Education Level of Respondents
800
700
Conclusions
68
50
100
0
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
57%
43%
0
Male
Female
Freshman
Sophmore
Figure 1.
Junior
Senior
Yes
Graduate
Figure 2.
No
Results showed that the 2009 Pandemic Influenza A/H1N1
vaccine has a higher acceptance rate than that of the 2009
seasonal flu vaccine. The majority of people who received the
pH1N1 vaccine did not have any clinical side effects. The
major reasons for intending to get the pH1N1 vaccine were for
personal protection and because the vaccine was free.
Addressing misconceptions and fears about vaccine safety and
effectiveness may improve pH1N1 acceptance among college
students.
Figure 3.
Objective
• Examine pH1N1 acceptance and refusal of pH1N1 vaccine
among college aged students attending colleges or universities
in Pennsylvania.
• Describe factors contributing to acceptance or rejection of the
pH1N1 vaccine.
• Identify factors that may be used to improve novel influenza
vaccine uptake in colleges.
Recommendations
Side Effects
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
Future Vaccination
500
96.2%
83.7%
400
300
200
100
3.8%
16.3%
0
Yes
No
Yes
Figure 4.
Methods
Rationale for Declining the
Vaccination
250
150
100
50
0
I have had
A/H1N1
Vaccine is
no Safe
Vaccine is Vaccine is Do not know
not Cheap not Available much about
the Vaccine
Figure 7.
• Encourage
vaccination.
No
Other
Yes
11.9%
No
Figure 8.
college
participation
for
the
pH1N1
Vaccine is
Safe
Other
Figure 6.
74.6%
13.5%
more
• Establish good studies to prove the effectiveness of the
vaccine.
Required for High Risk of Personal Limit Spread Vaccine is
M y M ajor Getting the Protection of Disease
Free
Flu
More Information Needed
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
• Increase awareness about safety of the vaccine.
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
Figure 5.
200
A cross-sectional survey of full time students attending 10
Pennsylvania colleges was conducted from November 1st, 2009
through January 2010. The survey consisted of questions about
demographics, vaccine acceptance and reasons for acceptance
or declination of the vaccine. The main measurement was
pH1N1 acceptance as a correlate of knowledge about the
vaccine, gender, previous vaccination and academic years in
college.
Rationale for Vaccination
Not Sure
Type of Information Needed
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
Acknowledgments
1Waynesburg
Who should
get the
Vaccine
Where to get
the Vaccine
Effectiveness Safety of the
of the Vaccine
Vaccine
Figure 9.
Nothing M ore
Other
University, Biology Department; 2Pennsylvania
Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology; 3Waynesburg
University, Penn State University, Messiah College, Dickinson
College, Washington & Jefferson College, Gettysburg College,
Shippensburg University, Clarion University, Lycoming College,
Westchester University

Similar documents