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chapter02section04edit
Chemistry
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2.4
Chemical Reactions
Iron is abundant, easy to shape
when heated, and relatively
strong, especially when mixed
with carbon in steel. Over time,
objects made of iron will rust if
they are left exposed to air. You
will learn to recognize chemical
changes and to distinguish
them from physical changes.
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2.4
3
Chemical Reactions
> Chemical Changes
Chemical Changes
What always happens during a chemical
change?
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2.4
Chemical Reactions
> Chemical Changes
The ability of a substance to undergo a specific
chemical change is called a chemical property.
Chemical properties can be used to identify a
substance. But chemical properties can be
observed only when a substance undergoes a
chemical change.
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2.4
Chemical Reactions
> Chemical Changes
During a chemical change, the
composition of matter always changes.
Recall that during a physical change, the
composition of matter never changes.
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2.4
Chemical Reactions
> Chemical Changes
A magnet separates iron from sulfur. This is an
example of a physical change.
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2.4
Chemical Reactions
> Chemical Changes
A mixture of iron and sulfur is heated. The iron
and sulfur react and form iron sulfide. This is an
example of a chemical change.
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2.4
Chemical Reactions
> Chemical Changes
• A chemical change is also called a chemical
reaction.
• One or more substances change into one or
more new substances during a chemical
reaction.
• A substance present at the start of the
reaction is a reactant.
• A substance produced in the reaction is a
product.
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2.4
Chemical Reactions
> Recognizing Chemical Changes
Recognizing Chemical Changes
What are four possible clues that a
chemical change has taken place?
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2.4
Chemical Reactions
> Recognizing Chemical Changes
Possible clues to chemical change
include:
• a transfer of energy
• a change in color
• the production of a gas
• the formation of a precipitate.
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2.4
Chemical Reactions
> Chemical Changes
A precipitate is a solid that forms and settles out
of a liquid mixture.
Clues to chemical changes have practical
applications.
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2.4
Chemical Reactions
> Conservation of Mass
Conservation of Mass
How are the mass of the reactants and
the mass of the products of a chemical
reaction related?
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2.4
Chemical Reactions
> Conservation of Mass
During any chemical reaction, the
mass of the products is always equal
to the mass of the reactants.
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2.4
Chemical Reactions
> Conservation of Mass
The law of conservation of mass states that in
any physical change or chemical reaction, mass
is conserved.
The conservation of mass is easily observed
when a change occurs in a closed container.
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2.4 Section Quiz.
Assess students’ understanding
of the concepts in Section 2.4.
Continue to:
-or-
Launch:
Section Quiz
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2.4 Section Quiz.
1. Which of the following is a chemical reaction?
a. melting of lead
b. dissolving sugar in water
c. rusting of iron
d. crushing of stone
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2.4 Section Quiz.
2. Which of the following is NOT a possible clue
that a chemical change is taking place?
a. a change of state
b. a change in color
c. production of a gas
d. formation of a precipitate
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2.4 Section Quiz.
3. During any chemical change, the mass of the
products is
a. always equal to the mass of the reactants.
b. always greater than the mass of the
reactants.
c. always less than the mass of the reactants.
d. sometimes different than the mass of the
reactants.
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Chemical Reactions
> Concept Map 2
Concept Map 2 Solve the Concept Map with the help
of an interactive guided tutorial.
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END OF SHOW

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