Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008

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Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Management effectiveness
assessments – a tool for maintaining
high standards in protected area
management
Sue Stolton, Equilibrium Research, UK
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Session 1:
– Introduction to management effectiveness
Session 2:
– Sharing experiences: site, system and portfolio
assessments
– Using a simple ME system – the METT
Session 3:
– Discussion, recommendations and how to find out more
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Introduction to
management effectiveness?
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Presentation overview
• Management effectiveness: why we need to
assess it
• WCPA Framework: a global approach to
assessment
• Management effectiveness targets and
experiences
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
‘…the assessment of how well a protected
area is being managed – primarily the
extent to which it is protecting values and
achieving goals and objectives’
(WCPA, 2006)
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Management Effectiveness
a tool for managers
1. Are we achieving our management aims or could
we manage better?
2. How can we report how we are doing?
3. How can we make sure we have the resources
we need?
4. How can we build a supporting constituency for
our work?
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
A little bit of history
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
• Issue of management effectiveness was first
raised at Bali World Parks Congress (WPC) in
1983
• Further call for action at Caracas in 1992, where
effective management was identified as one of
four major protected area issues of global
concern
• Independent systems developed during 1990s
(Parks in Peril, WWF/CATIE, various park
management agencies)
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Developing the Framework
• WCPA Working Group 1996 and Task Force 1998
• Publication of WCPA Best Practice Guidelines in
2000
• Revised Best Practice Guidelines in 2006
• 2008 Global Study on Management Effectiveness
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Presentation overview
• Management effectiveness: why we need to
assess it
• WCPA Framework: a global approach to
assessment
• Management effectiveness targets and
experiences
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
A wealth of experience has been developed
in undertaking assessments
the assessment of management
effectiveness has many variables
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Many types of assessment
• scale – assessment site level or over
entire protected areas system/
region/biome/portfolio
• frequency – from a one-off study or
monitoring and assessment carried
out on a regular basis
• resources – organisational capacity,
knowledge and enthusiasm
• adaptability – site specific,
country/management authority
specific, portfolio specific
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Many Systems
Simple questionnaire
approaches relying on expert
judgement
Complex data-driven
approaches relying on regular
monitoring
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Diversity but a need for consistency
• Need for appropriate evaluation standards
• Avoid re-invention of “wheels”
• Harmonisation of data to enable:
– Learning across sites/regions
– Identification of common needs/challenges
– Development of global and regional responses
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
The WCPA Framework
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Framework publication
• Defines terminology
• Develops a framework of evaluation criteria
• Detailed advice on carrying out an assessment
and using the results
• Case studies concentrating on the process of
carrying out an evaluation
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
‘…the assessment of how well a protected
area is being managed – primarily the
extent to which it is protecting values and
achieving goals and objectives’
(WCPA, 2006)
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
• looking at design issues;
• the adequacy and appropriateness of
management systems and processes; and
• the delivery of protected area objectives
including conservation of values
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Management follows a process
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Contents
of
evaluation
Context
Planning
Inputs
Process
Outputs
Outcomes
Where are
we now?
Where do we
want to be?
What do
we need?
How do we
go about it?
What were
the results?
What did we
achieve?
Criteria
Significance
PA legislation
and policy
Resourcing
of agency
Resourcing
of site
Suitability of
management
Results of
management
actions
Services and
Impacts: effects
of management
in relation to
objectives
Threats
Vulnerability
National
policy
Partners
Focus of
evaluation
Status
PA system
design
processes
products
Reserve design
Management
planning
Appropriateness
Economy
Efficiency
Effectiveness
Effectiveness
Appropriateness
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Presentation overview
• Management effectiveness: why we need to
assess it
• WCPA Framework: a global approach to
assessment
• Management effectiveness targets and
experiences
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Global Uptake
• Over 40 different systems for assessing
management effectiveness
• Evaluations have taken place in over 6,000 sites in
100 countries
• 90 per cent of the site assessments carried out
with/or using systems that can be related to the
WCPA Framework
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Indicators with WCPA framework
0%
20%
40%
planning
process
60%
80%
output
outcome
RAPPAM
Tracking tool
EOH
Finland MEE
WWF Brazil
USA SOP
NSW SOP
Catalonia MEE
How is Your MPA Doing
PROARCA/CAPAS
Parks profiles
Mesoamerica MPA
Marine tracking tool
PIP
MARIPA-G
Central African Republic
Africa rainforest study
CI METT
PA Consolidation index
Qld Park Integrity
context
input
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
100%
Experiences in Europe
• 100 PAs – German Nature Parks Quality Campaign and
14 PAs – National Parks quality criteria and standards
• 70 PAs and agency – Finland ‘State of the Parks’
• 40 PAs – Lithuania
• 365 PA sub-units – Catalonia and 42 PA’s in Tenerife,
Canary Islands, Spain
• 9 PAs – National Parks, England, UK
• 900 PAs – the Carpathian region (WWF Mava project)
• 13 PAs in Bulgaria, 26 PAs in Romania, 18 PAs in Georgia
have used WWF’s RAPPAM
• Also systems in France, and in development in Austria,
Italy and Scotland, UK
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
The 2004 CBD Programme of Work on
Protected Areas aims, by 2010 (for terrestrial
ecosystems) and 2012 (for marine), to establish:
“comprehensive, effectively managed and
ecologically-representative national systems of
protected areas”
•
•
•
4 programmes
16 goals and associated targets
92 activities for Parties
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Goal 4.2 - To evaluate and improve the
effectiveness of protected areas
management
Target: By 2010, frameworks for
monitoring, evaluating and reporting
protected areas management effectiveness
at sites, national and regional systems, and
transboundary protected area levels
adopted and implemented by Parties
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Suggested activities of the Parties
4.2.1. Develop and adopt, by 2006, appropriate methods,
standards, criteria and indicators for evaluating the
effectiveness of protected area management and
governance, and set up a related database, taking into
account the IUCN-WCPA framework for evaluating
management effectiveness, and other relevant
methodologies, which should be adapted to local conditions.
• 4.2.2. Implement management effectiveness evaluations of
at least 30 percent of each Party’s protected areas by 2010
and of national protected area systems and, as appropriate,
ecological networks.
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Towards Effectively Managed Protected Areas
UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Thank you
Management Effectiveness Training Seminar: Europarc 2008
Sharing experiences and lessons learned
from Protected Area ME Assessments
Information not easily available…
nor widely shared…
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/wdpa/me/

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