Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Project (4E)

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Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Project (4E)
Implemented by
Ministry of Industry and Trade
© giz in Viet Nam, 2016
Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Project (4E)
The Energy Sector in Viet Nam
Others
8.5%
Viet Nam’s fast-growing economy is the main driver for the rapidly
increasing electricity demand throughout the country over the
past years. Viet Nam’s annual electricity production increased more
than tenfold, from 8.6 TWh in 1990 to 164 TWh in 2015. The annual
increase in this period was between 12-15%, almost twice as high as
the GDP growth rate.
Viet Nam’s overall installed electricity generation capacity
was 39 GW in 2015. Hydropower, coal and natural gas are still the
dominant energy sources for power production.
Import
1.5%
RE*
3.7%
Hydro
30.4%
Gas
30.0%
Import
1.4%
RE*
5.4%
Gas
22.5%
Hydro
37.3%
Coal
33.5%
Coal
34.4%
2015: 164 TWh
2015: 39 GW
* Including small hydro power
Planned Installed Capacity
According to the National Power Development Plan (PDP VII revised,
March 2016), Viet Nam aims to increase its renewable energy share
in power production substantially. The overall percentage figures for
2020 and 2030 include small hydro power.
500MW
Biomass
2020
9.9%
12,000MW
2030
21%
6,000MW
800MW
850MW
Wind
Solar
2,000MW
Biomass
Wind
Solar
Source: Reviesd PDP VII (calculated on the basis of projected electricity production in 2020/2030)
With regards to energy consumption, industry, transportation and
residential areas are the three biggest electricity consuming sectors.
Residential
areas
15.3%
Industry
46.4%
Transportation
29.8%
Source: Energy Consumption by Sector, Institute of Energy
Bioenergy and Energy Efficiency in Viet Nam
While the project does include small activities on Solar PV, the focus
in the sub-sector of renewable energy lies on bioenergy.
The importance of agriculture to the country’s economy provides
a large potential for the development of power production from
bioenergy in Viet Nam. Biomass from the agriculture and forestry
sectors can generate the equivalent of 10 million tons of oil per year.
Annual potential for energy from biogas, which can be collected
from landfills, animal excrements and agriculture residues, is
approximately 10 billion m3. In its PDP VII revised of March
2016, the Government of Viet Nam has set out the targets for the
production of electricity from biomass to be 1% of the total power
generation by 2020 and 2.1% by 2030 respectively.
With regard to energy efficiency, the PDP VII revised identifies an
energy saving potential of 10% of total electricity consumption by
2020.
MOIT/GIZ Energy Support Programme
Since 2009, GIZ has been supporting the Government of Viet Nam to
achieve its political targets on the promotion of renewable energy
and energy efficiency by proposing measures to overcome the
barriers to private investment in the country. A number of projects
have been implemented or are currently ongoing:
•
•
•
•
•
Wind Energy: 2009-2012
Bioenergy: 2012-2015
Support to the Up-scaling of Wind Power: 2014-2018
Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency: 2015-2018
Smart Grids for RE & EE: 2017-2021
The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (4E) Project
Funding Agency
Budget
Timeframe
Political Partner
Implementing Agency
German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Implementation of a component on Climate Finance Readiness (CF Ready) on behalf of GIZ HQ
(co-funded by USAID and Czech Government)
EUR 3mil (plus EUR 0.9mil for CF Ready)
03/2015 – 02/2018
Ministry of Industry and Trade
General Directorate of Energy
The two fields of cooperation under the 4E project, “Renewable
Energy” and “Energy Efficiency”, are equally important and
both incorporate the need for a switch towards a cleaner energy
supply and a more efficient use of energy resource. Each field of
cooperation consists of three action areas, each geared towards the
development of the sub-sectors and the facilitation of (in particular
private sector) investment.
Renewable Energy (RE)
1. Action Area 1: Legal and Regulatory Framework Conditions
Activities include support to national and provincial solid
biomass planning, a macro-economic cost-benefit analysis of RE
sources, investment guidelines for biomass and waste to energy,
as well as the development of a potential financing mechanism
for bioenergy projects.
2. Action Area 2: Capacity Development
Capacity needs assessments as well as various short term formal
and on-the-job trainings for policy makers, project developers
and investors, as well as local consulting companies are designed
and implemented for the promotion of a sustainable bioenergy
sector development.
3. Technology Cooperation
The action area on technology cooperation is based on the
notion that adequate technology transfer and the involvement
of the private sector lead to locally adapted and most suitable
technical solutions and business models for RE production.
As a result, project activities include a wide range of market
information dissemination activities – such as stakeholder
dialogues, information fora and workshops on PV and biomass
Imprint
Published by the
Deutsche Gesellschaft für
Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Registered offices
Bonn and Eschborn, Germany
Energy Support Programme
Unit 042A, 4th Floor, Coco Building, 14 Thuy Khue str.,
Tay Ho District, Hanoi, Vietnam
T + 84 4 39 41 26 05
F + 84 4 39 41 26 06
[email protected]
www.giz.de/viet-nam
– support to the establishment of match-making events and
business partnerships, as well as through sub-sector analyses
and the development of a concrete pipeline by way of Pre F/S
development for a selection of CHP biomass energy projects.
Energy Efficiency (EE)
1. Action Area 1: Legal and Regulatory Framework Conditions
The improvement of energy audit procedures as well as energy
management and monitoring for increased energy savings is
the main focus of this action area. Activities include a review
of the current EE regulatory framework and existing energy
audits for gaps identification and better energy audit quality;
the development of an EE database for better monitoring and
management.
2. Action Area 2: Capacity Development
Activities in the area of capacity development include e.g.: a
capacity (needs) assessment of energy service providers and,
on the basis of the assessment, the development of a respective
capacity development programme; training on systematical
stocktaking and data-analysis as well as on the monitoring of
the effectiveness of EE support mechanisms; training on the
application of best practices and proven standards for successful
energy audit services to businesses who wish to invest in EE
measures.
3. Action Area 3: Technology Cooperation
Technology cooperation is being facilitated notably through the
organization of study tours and – where feasible – match-making
of research organizations as well as private sector companies to
reinforce collaboration between Vietnamese and German actors.
As at
May, 2016
Printed by
Incamedia
Alley 1, lane 1/5, house 38, Au Co str., Tay Ho dist.,
Hanoi, Vietnam
Design and layout
Incamedia
Alley 1, lane 1/5, house 38, Au Co str., Tay Ho dist.,
Hanoi, Vietnam
Text
Ingmar Stelter
GIZ is responsible for the content of this publication.
On behalf of the
German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation
and Development (BMZ)

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