AS Migration Section A all questions

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AS Migration Section A all questions
AS Paper 1: MIGRATION - SECTION A
Full list of 2010-2015 Migration questions from Section A (18 minutes)
This topic is sometimes doubled up as a joint topic question.*
Summer 2010 9696/11
5 (a) Fig. 4 shows the main movements of Afghan refugees, 1979–1990, from the war
with the Soviet Union, mapped by the United Nations Refugee Agency. Using Fig. 4,
compare the scale and destination of the refugee flows into Iran with those into
Pakistan. [4]
(b) Outline the impacts of refugee flows on areas which receive refugees. [6]
Winter 2010 9696/11
* Joint topic question: Population / Migration / Settlement Dynamics.
5 Fig. 4 shows changes in the urban population and rural population of China between
1950 and 2030.
(a) In what year are the urban and rural populations predicted to be equal in number? [1]
(b) Compare the changes in the urban and rural populations of China between 1970 and
2010, supporting your response with data from Fig. 4. [4]
(c) How may the growth of China’s urban population, shown in Fig. 4, be explained? [5]
Summer 2011 9696/11
NOTE: THE TABLE REFERRED TO HAS BEEN
REMOVED FROM THE INSERT FOR THIS PAPER
5 Fig. 4A shows the age/sex structure of migrants to Switzerland. Fig. 4B shows the
age/sex structure of the Swiss born population.
(a) Compare the age/sex structure in Fig. 4A with that in Fig. 4B. [5]
(b) Suggest reasons for the age/sex structure of the immigrant population. [5]
Winter 2011 9696/11
5 (a) Fig. 4 shows the main countries of origin of international migrants seeking asylum
in 2008. Asylum-seekers who are granted the protection of the country to which they
migrated are called refugees. Describe the distribution shown in Fig. 4. [5]
(b) Outline the impacts of the flow of refugees on the countries to which they migrate
(the receiving countries). [5]
Summer 2012 9696/11
5 Fig. 4 shows the population structure for immigrants (foreign born) in the USA, an
MEDC, in 2000.
(a) (i) Which age group has the greatest number of male immigrants? [1]
(ii) Using data from Fig. 4, describe the main characteristics of the immigrant population.
[4]
(b) Outline the possible impacts of an immigrant population, like the one shown in Fig. 4,
on a receiving country. [5]
Winter 2012 9696/11
5 Fig. 3 shows remittances received from international migrants as a percentage of the
country’s GDP in 2006. Remittances are money sent back home to families.
(a) Describe the global distribution of remittances received shown in Fig. 3. [4]
(b) Suggest reasons why receiving remittance money sent back by relatives working in
other countries may be significant for the migrants’ families left at home. [6]
Summer 2013 9696/11
NOTE: Fig. 5A REFERRED TO HAS BEEN
REMOVED FROM THE INSERT FOR THIS PAPER
5 Fig. 5A shows net international migration, by country, in North and South America,
2000–5. Fig. 5B names the countries.
(a) Describe the pattern shown on Fig. 5A, supporting your answer with information from
both figures. [5]
(b) Suggest reasons for the pattern you described in (a). [5]
Winter 2013 9696/11
5 Fig. 4 shows the top 10 source countries of refugees in 2006.
(a) Using Fig. 4, state the country which was the source of the greatest number of
refugees. [1]
(b) Suggest reasons why the data in Fig. 4 is estimated rather than actual. [3]
(c) Outline possible causes of refugee flows. [6]
Summer 2014 9696/11
* Joint topic question: Population / Migration
5 Fig. 5 shows an age/sex pyramid of immigrants to an MEDC in one year.
(a) Describe the main features of the population structure shown in Fig. 5, supporting
your answer with data from the figure. [5]
(b) Suggest reasons for the features you described in (a). [5]
Summer 2014 9696/11
* Joint topic question: Population / Migration / Settlement dynamics
6 Fig. 6 is a diagram of the development of Seoul urban region, South Korea, between
1970 and 2000. South Korea is an NIC in East Asia.
(a) Using Figs 6A and 6B, identify two changes to Seoul between 1970 and 1980. [2]
(b) Describe Seoul urban region as shown in Fig. 6C. [3]
(c) The population of Seoul decreased from 10.4 million in 2000 to 9.8 million in 2010.
Suggest reasons why the total population of some cities is decreasing. [5]
Winter 2014 9696/11
5 Figs 5A and 5B show the age/sex pyramids for the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in
1950 and 2010.
(a) (i) Using Figs 5A and 5B, compare the percentage of the population aged 10 years
and below. [2]
(ii) Using Fig. 5B, describe the differences between the age structure of males and
females in 2010. [4]
(b) Outline the impacts of the loss of male migrants on a source area. [4]
Summer 2015 9696/11
5 Table 1 gives information about immigration to Germany from selected countries of the
European Union (EU) in 2011–12.
(a) With the help of data from Table 1, compare immigration to Germany from Greece
with immigration from Portugal. [2]
(b) Describe two main features of the immigration shown, supporting your answer with
evidence from Table 1. [2]
(c) Briefly explain the role of pull factors in economic migration. [6]

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