10th Grade American Revolution Part 2: Study Questions and
10th Grade American Revolution Part 2:
Study Questions and Vocabulary
1. Explain how the American colonies were able to defeat the forces of the most
powerful empire in the world at the time.
2. Explain the effects of the American Revolution.
3. Be able to define, use, and give examples of the following vocabulary terms.
delegate - representative empowered to act on behalf of others
candidate - person who seeks or whose name is given to be elected to a position
qualification - quality, ability, or accomplishment that makes a person suitable for a position or
revolutionary - person who favors, leads, and/or participates in a revolution
editorial - an article (or other form of commentary) that expresses opinions
dictator - ruler who takes full control over a country
allies - nations or groups joined for a cause (such as war)
bias - a leaning of thought, speech, or writing toward a particular point of view
traitor - person who betrays a country or cause
military - of or relating to armed forces
perspective - point of view from which events or situations may be examined or judged
treason - act(s) of betrayal against one’s country
thesis - an unproved statement of opinion
alliance - countries working together, as in war
diplomacy - negotiation among government officials representing various countries
delegation - a group of representatives
commission - the act of giving authority, as to an officer in the military
ambassador - official representative of a country
compromise - a settlement of differences in which each party gives up some of its demands
treaty - a formal agreement (for peace or trade)
Bare Minimum Answers to Study Questions (questions in bold)
Explain how the American colonies were able to defeat the forces of the most powerful empire in
the world at the time.
I. Great Britain was one of the world’s most powerful nations with one of the largest and besttrained armies at the time.
II. For much of the war the two sides were fairly evenly matched with one side gaining the
upper hand and then losing it to the other.
III. The American colonists were empassioned about their cause and resourceful in getting help with
A. By enlisting the help of Spain, the Netherlands, and most importantly France, the new
United States was able to turn to the tide of the war to victory.
B. The additional money, military supplies, and soldiers provided the colonists with the
added boost needed to overcome the British.
Explain the effects of the American Revolution.
I. The most important effect of the American Revolution was the separation of the thirteen
American colonies from the British Empire.
A. Once the war was won, the separation was formally established by the Treaty of
1. The new United States sent a delegation led by Benjamin Franklin to negotiate it.
2. The American delegates held fast to their demands for independence and the
capability for westward expansion in tough negotiations against the powerful
B. In the end the new nation achieved its goals and was recognized by the world’s most
powerful countries, including Great Britain.