Roots of the Cold War…Continued

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Roots of the Cold War…Continued
Roots of the Cold
War…Continued
• Democracy
Citizens elect representatives to serve
in government
Free enterprise system
Multiparty free elections
The Roots of the Cold War
• Communism
No real “wealthy” people
State/country controls everything
business related
No free enterprise system
1 ruler that can easily turn into a
dictatorship
The Cold War in Europe
Communist Nations
Albania
Bulgaria
Czechoslovakia
East Germany
Hungary
Poland
Romania
Soviet Union
Non-Communist
Nations
Belgium
Denmark
France
Great Britain
Greece
Italy
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Norway
Portugal
Turkey
West Germany
United States
Berlin Airlift
The NATO Nations vs. The NATO vs. The Warsaw Pact
German Democratic
Republic
The Federal Republic of
Germany
Berlin
Wall
East Against West
• Facts about the “Iron Curtain”
Political differences divided the Soviet (Communist)
controlled countries of Eastern Europe from those
of Western Europe
Differences caused an Iron Curtain (not an actual
curtain) that split Europe into 2 different parts.
People living in the Eastern part could not travel
outside of their country.
Westerners who wanted to visited the Eastern part
also faced restriction.
The Cold War…and the Rest of
Europe
•
The Soviet Union and TOTAL Control
Soviet Union outlawed
many celebrations
Destroyed churches and
religious buildings
Religious leaders were
killed
Other ethnic group
members were not
allowed to speak their
native languages
Government controlled
communications media
(newspapers, books and
radio)
Writers, poets and other
artists work was banned
or censored
Artists forced to join
government run unions
Unions told artists what
to create
If artists refused or
disobeyed, they were
jailed or killed.
The Cold War Continues in
Eastern Asia
• Underlying reason for the Korean War It remained a
continuing saga in the ongoing Cold War
between the United States and the Soviet Union
• The Surface reason for the Korean War It seemed to be a
war between North Korea and South Korea
• The Real reason for the Korean War The United States
and the Soviet Union were using the war as a
front to combat each other without actually
going to war with each other
The Korean War-Reason #1 (The
U.S. Perspective)
• The “Domino Theory” (The Communists were
coming to power not only in Eastern Europe but
also in the far East)
• China became Communist in 1949
• President Harry Truman believed that if one country
fell to Communism then another country would
follow like a line of “dominoes”
The Korean War-Reason #2 (The
U.S. PERSPECTIVE)
• Undermining Communism
•
•
•
Capitalism and Freedom were in jeopardy of
being overrun by Communism
Truman Doctrine-containing Communism by
keeping the Soviet Union from gaining more
territory
President Truman wanted to drive the
Communists out of North Korea
The Korean War-Reason #3
(Still the U.S. PERSPECTIVE)
• The United States was in a competition for world
domination with the Soviet Union
• While “helping” South Korea, the United States
was able to fight off Communism without
directly attacking Russia
The Korean War-What the
Soviet Union Thought
• The Soviet Union went to war mainly because of
the Cold War with the United States
The Cold War Continues…Again in
Southeast Asia
• Vietnam was at one time controlled by the
French
• Vietnamese people were able to organize
against the French
• Feelings for freedom were high in the north
under the guidance of Ho Chi Minh
Dividing Vietnam…Again in
1954
North Vietnam
(Communist)
• Ho Chi Minh became the
leader for Vietnam’s
independence movement
• Received support from the
Soviet Union and
Communist controlled
China
• Vietminh looked for ways
to overthrow the South
South Vietnam (U.S.
Supported)
• Sent money to the French
for fear of Communism
spreading to the rest of the
world
• Eventually provided
military support
• Began bombing North
Vietnam in 1965

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