aciar caadp - Auricht Projects

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aciar caadp - Auricht Projects
Context and requirements for
farming systems, spatial and
trend analysis for CAADP
national investment planning
Mandi Rukuni
Piloting a Farming Systems Approach to Investment Planning for Climate-Smart
Smallholder Agriculture in Africa: Launching & Consultative Workshop
16-17 September 2015, Nashera Hotel, Morogoro, Tanzania
GUIDING QUESTIONS TO POTENTIAL VALUE ADD
OF FSD INFORMATION TO CAADP
1.
What can the FS tool offer CAADP to strengthen mainstreaming of
country investment plans?
2.
What are the strengths and gaps within current implementation
framework?
3.
What could be the entry points for FS synergies?
Over 40
Countries
actively
engaging
CAADP implementation &
achievements
* 30 Country
Compacts
* 27 National
Investment Plans
* 24 country Business
meetings
1 regional compact &
Investment Plan (ECOWAS)
WHAT FSD HAS IN COMMON WITH
CAADP VALUES AND PRINCIPLES
• Inclusive and participatory processes of planning and policy
formulation
• African/Local ownership and leadership
• Institutional capacity and sustainability
ASDP and TAFSIP
• GoT signed CAADP compact July 2010
• Formulated Tanzania Agriculture and Food Security
Investment Plan (TAFSIP, October 2011)
• TAFSIP would improve on ASDP by increasing investment in:
• irrigation, transport, agro- processing, research, marketing
development, food security, nutrition and climate change.
• Tanzania implements CAADP through ASDP for Tanzania
Mainland and ASP for Zanzibar
Summary of TAFSIP Cost
Estimates by Programme
PROGRAMME
PERCENT BUDGET
Production and Commercialisation
71
Irrigation development
14
Policy & Institutional Reforms and Support
8
Rural Infrastructure, Market Access & Trade
4
Food and Nutrition Security
2
Disaster Management and CC Mitigation
1
Private Sector Development
1
Major investments in the agricultural sector (mainland Tanzania)
Donors
Time
$m
Agricultural Sector Development Programme (ASDP)
URT, WB, JICA,
Ireland, AfDB, IFAD
200613
200
pa
Accelerated Food Security Project (AFSP)
WB
200810
160
Feed the Future
USAID
201-5
300
Tanzania Bread-Basket Transformation Project
URT, AGRA
201015
173
Southern Agriculture Growth Corridor for Tanzania (SAGCOT)
URT, PS, WB, other
DPs
201131
3,400
Marketing Infrastructure, Value Addition and Rural Finance
Support Programme (MIVARF)
URT, IFAD, AfDB,
AGRA
201118
150
Southern Highlands Food Systems Programme (SHFSP)
FAO
201112
5.3
Rural Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise Support
Programme (MUVI)
IFAD
200713
25
National Rice Development Strategy (NARDS)
JICA
200918
na
Rural Livelihoods Development Programme (RLDP)
SDC
200511
21
Accelerating Progress Towards the MDGs: Country Action
Plan 2010-2015
UNDP
201015
na
CAADP failures and successes
in 1st Decade
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Not much focus on Institutional capacity; Policy reform
Shallow problem analysis; poor political economy analysis
Not enough focus on how to make markets work better
CAADP raised high expectations of mobilization new resources
Not enough focus on how to attract and catalyse more domestic
private sector investment in agriculture
African financial institutions (AfDB, regional dev banks, private equity
and investment banking institutions) hardly involved
7. Brought Agriculture back as a priority
8. Solidarity and regional integration
9. Rallying point for governments, development partners and
investors
Sustaining the CAADP Momentum
Impact
Wealth
Creation
Job Opportunities
and Food Security
Economic
Growth
Resilience
Outcomes
CAADP
Pillars
Strategic
Thrust
Land and
Water
Markets,
Private
Sector
Strengthening &
aligning Institutions,
Policies &
Leadership
Food &
Nutrition
Security
Learning &
Knowledge
Support
Research&
Knowledge
Financing &
Investments in
Agriculture
NEW PRESSURES ON AFRICAN
AGRICULTURE
• Climate change
• Urbanisation
• Demographics
• Global demand for African land and water
MALABO DECLARATION 2014
1. Recommitment to the Principles and Values of the CAADP Process
2. Recommitment to enhance investment finance in Agriculture
• Uphold 10% public spending target; Operationalise the African Investment Bank
3. Commitment to Ending Hunger by 2025
• Double productivity; Reduce PHL by half; reduce underweight to 5% and stunting to 10%
4. Commitment to Halving Poverty by 2025, through inclusive Agricultural Growth and Transformation
• Sustain Annual Agricultural GDP at least 6%; strengthen inclusive PPPs
5. Commitment to Boosting Intra-African Trade in Agricultural Commodities & Services
• Triple intra-Africa trade in agricultural commodities and services
6. Commitment to Enhancing Resilience in livelihoods and production systems to climate variability and
other shocks
7. Commitment to Mutual Accountability to Actions and Results Through the CAADP Result Framework
– conduct a biennial Agricultural Review Process
Strengthening Agriculture Policy Practice for CAADP
Implementation in Tanzania (BEAT/AGRA)
• Good policies but poor implementation
• Evidence based policies now the priority of MAFC
• Policy coordination a challenge
• Within Ministry
• Across Ministries
• SAGCOT is has huge potential- especially the outgrower/core
estate model
• Challenges with growing institutions that support smallholders
TAFSIP SELF APPRAISAL
• From ASDP I to ASDP II (TAFSIPI to II)
• Investment plans
• Policy plan
• Institutional coordination
• Mutual accountability and M&E
FSD, CAADP AND NAIFSPs
• FSD Information Framework for Planning Investment in Agricultural
Development has scope for implementation of CAADP and NAIFSPs
• CAADP priorities are at 3 levels- agriculture led social and economic
transformation (systemic capacities; productivity; inclusive growth)
• The FSD tool broadens and deepens the investment interventions in
NAIFSPs by:
• sharpening change pathways in the vast diversity and heterogeneity of
agricultural production systems
• FSD complements the commodity-based value-chain targeting
• Rapid structural transformations taking place on the continent
requires tools to interphase farming and non-farm activities
FSD APPLICATION TO OTHER
AU INITIATIVES
• The Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa- (FARA, SROs)
• Technology and thematic platforms
• Implementation of CAADP
• Land policy Initiative (AU/AfDB/ECA)
• Framework and Guidelines for Land Policy in Africa
• Guiding Principles of Large Scale Land Based Investment in Africa
• Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA)
CONCLUSIONS
• Opportunity for applying the FSD tool in terms of support to CAADP:
•
•
•
•
Local economic development
Development planning and programme design
Innovations and thematic platforms
Land use and spatial planning
• Need for technical guidelines, tools, capacity building and training
on these tools and follow-ups in implementation along with CAADP
processes
• This will improve enormously chances of archiving Malabo targets
by 2025
• Scope for institutionalisation
Thank you

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