Murder at Sarajevo

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Murder at Sarajevo
Name: _______________
Date:_______ Period: ___
Murder at Sarajevo
Read through the following passage carefully and then answer the questions.
Murder at Sarajevo
28th June 1914 was a warm and sunny day.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of
Austria-Hungary was on an official visit to the town of Sarajevo in the SouthEast of his country.
Franz Ferdinand was heir to the Austrian-Hungarian
throne, which meant that if Emperor Franz Joseph died, then he would be the
new Emperor.
Sarajevo was in a part of Austria-Hungary where Slav people lived. A lot
of them did not like Austria-Hungary (called nationalists), they would rather
form their own country – like their neighbours Serbia.
Some of these people
wanted to harm the Archduke to show how much they hated Austria-Hungary.
One nationalist threw a bomb at the Archduke’s car.
It did not kill Franz
Ferdinand but it made him very angry. He wanted to leave Sarajevo straight
away.
On the way to the station the Archduke’s car stopped when another
nationalist was walking by. His name was Gavrilo Princip and he had a gun in his
hand. Princip fired at the royal couple and killed them both.
This murder (or
assassination) started a chain of events, which led to the start of The Great
War.
Questions
1. On which date was Franz Ferdinand assassinated?
2. In which town was Franz Ferdinand when he was assassinated?
3. In which country was this town?
4. If a Slav person was a nationalist what did they want?
5. Why did Gavrilo Princip want to kill Archduke Franz Ferdinand?
6. Did Gavrilo Princip’s actions achieve his goals? Explain.
Assassination of Franz Ferdinand
28th June 1914
Franz Ferdinand, aged 51, was heir to the Austro-Hungarian
Empire. He was married to Sophie Chotek von Chotvoka and
had three children. Franz Ferdinand was, however, very
unpopular because he had made it clear that once he
became Emperor he would make changes.
This map, of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1914, shows
that Bosnia/Herzegovnia was controlled by Austria. Austria
had annexed (taken by force) Bosnia in 1908, a move that
was not popular with the Bosnian people.
Franz Ferdinand decided to visit Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovnia, to
make an inspection of the Austro-Hungarian troops there. The inspection was
scheduled for 28th June 1914. It was planned that Franz Ferdinand and his wife
Sophie would be met at the station and taken by car to the City Hall where they
would have lunch before going to inspect the troops.
A Serbian terrorist group, called The Black Hand, had decided that the
Archduke should be assassinated and the planned visit provided the ideal
opportunity. Seven young men who had been trained in bomb throwing and
marksmanship were stationed along the route that Franz Ferdinand's car would
follow from the City Hall to the inspection.
The first two terrorists were unable to throw their grenades because the streets were
too crowded and the car was travelling quite fast. The third terrorist, a young man
called Gabrinovic, threw a grenade. It hit the side of the car. Although the Archduke
and his wife were unhurt, some of his attendants were injured. Realising that Franz
Ferdinand was in danger, the driver of the car increased speed.
However, at one point the road made a sharp turn and the
driver had no choice but to slow down. Another terrorist, named
Gavrilo Princip, was stationed at this spot. As the car passed
he fired two shots. The first hit the pregnant Sophia in the
stomach, she died almost instantly. The second shot hit the
Archduke in the chest. He died a short while later.
The bodies of Franz
Ferdinand and his
wife Sophie.
Gavrilo Princip was not executed
because he was under 20 years,
but was sentenced to twenty years
in prison. He died of TB in 1918.

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