The 1916 Rising
• Home Rule had been postponed
• WW1 raging
• most unionists had volunteered in Br army
• Irish nationalists split
• HR leader Redmond wanted them to fight
• Eoin McNeill and Arthur Griffith
Planning a rising
• 1915 - Sean McDermott
and Clarke
• ‘England’s difficulty is
Ireland’s opportunity’
• Aim? To plan a rising
• Military council set up in
• decided to attack Br
forces in Dublin
• wanted Ireland to be a
The planners
• IRB planned a rising
• Military council members were Pearse,
Clarke, McDermott
• Pearse - irish school teacher
• wanted irish as national language
• believed the only way to do this was...
• ...with an independent republic
• James Connolly invited to join
• why? He was planning a rebellion with
Irish Citizen Army
• a socialist - wanted worker’s rights
Getting weapons
Roger Casement - Germany - guns
Why Germany?
rising planned for Easter
casement’s ship - the aud - captured
Misleading MacNeill
• IRB needed the 11,000 strong Irish
• its leader Eoin MacNeil
• Didn’t know about IRB plans
• IRB forged document
• Claimed the Br govt planned to arrest the
volunteer leaders
• MacNeil shocked
• told volunteers to plan Rebelli
Setbacks to rising
MacNeill found out document fake
cancelled plans for fighting
published cancellation in papers
any hope of nationwide rising ended
casement’s ship captured
so, few weapons
Blood sacrifice
the IRB realized Rising was doomed
Patrick Pearse was the leader
They knew they would fail
But decided to go ahead on Easter
• Why? Idea of the blood sacrifice
• to inspire others to fight
Rising begins
• Easter Monday, 1916
• IRB, volunteers and Irish Citizen
• 1500 men
• seized key buildings around city
• four courts, college of surgeons,
Boland’s Mills
• and GPO
• Headquarters of the Rising
• Pearse read proclamation of the
Irish Republic
• Citizens were puzzled
• british taken by surprise
• sent replacements to city
British Attack
6,000 soldiers in city
gun ship, the Helga, up Liffey
Shelled the GPO
buildings damaged, people died
So, on Saturday Pearse surrendered
Why did the Rising fail?
• 1. No countrywide rebellion,
• Br could concentrate on
attacking Dublin
• 2. Rebels had few weapons...
• because Aud captured
• 3. Rebels heavily outnumbered by Br
Effects of rising
• irish republic annoyed at rebels
• because
• so had no sympathy for them
• more Br soldiers in ireland now
• 3,000 people arrested
• leaders of rising put on trial
Public opinion changes
leaders of rising sentenced to death
executed at Kilmainham Gaol
15 leaders executed
Pearse and Clarke
people began to sympathise with
• admired the rebels’ bravery and
Kilmainham Jail
Wall where the Rising leaders were shot
Executions stop
• Br realized the change in public
• stopped the executions
• remainder of revels sent to
internment camps
• would be released within a yr
• but the damage was done
• pearse’s ‘blood sacrifice’ had worked
Long-term effects of rising
• 1. Irish people would not be satisfied
with HR anymore
• now people wanted full independence
Effects (2)
• 2. Sinn Fein became v popular
• Br govt blamed Rising on Sinn Fein
• Even though Arthur Griffith had nothing
to do with it
• Sinn Fein would replace HR party
• and become the main political party in
• the rising is a turning pt in irish history
Sinn Fein
• set up by Arthur Griffith in 1905
• not satisfied with Hr
• wanted to achieve independence by
peaceful means
• promised if elected not to send any MPs
to Westminster
• would set up a govt in Dublin instead
• but not popular before 1916
• why? Most people wanted HR then
After Rising
Br called it a ‘Sinn Fein rebellion’
even though SF didn’t take part in Rising
made SF v popular in ireland
the heroes of the Rising left alive were
part of SF
• eg Michael Collins and de Valery
• in 1917 they were released from
New leadership
Griffith resigned leadership in 1917
replaced by de Valery
their two aims stayed the same
1. Set up a republic, independent
from Br
• 2. Set up a parliament in Dublin,
independent of Westminster
Popularity grows
• Br planned to introduce conscription
in ireland
• what is conscription?
• all irish parties hated the idea
• but SF got credit for Br dropping
the idea
• became even more popular
1918 General Election
1st election after WW1
SF won many seats
crushed HR party
HR party were now extinct
SF and the Unionists main parties
from ireland
• but SF didn’t intend to sit in

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