Chapter 2 Modern Private Security

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Chapter 2 Modern Private Security
Chapter 2
Modern Private Security
What is Private Security?
 Private security is:
 A profit oriented business.
 It provides personnel, equipment and/or
procedures to prevent losses caused by
human error, emergencies, disasters or
criminal actions.
Major Functions Performed by
Private Security Officers
 The primary function is to prevent loss by:
 (1) gathering information.
 (2) controlling access to and maintaining
order on private property.
 (3) protecting persons and property against
crime and disaster.
Major Functions Performed by
Private Security Officers
 Specific functions:
 Enforce policies and procedures of security,
access and asset control and employee
safety.
 Provide a secure workplace environment.
 Protect assets and technology of companies.
 Respond to on-site incidents.
 Report unsafe or threatening security
conditions.
Major Types of Private Security
Personnel
 Private security guards-usually in uniform
and armed:
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Control access to private property.
Maintain order on premises.
Enforce rules and regulations of employer.
Protect against loss from fire or equipment
failure.
 Help prevent and/or detect criminal acts on
private property.
Major Types of Private Security
Personnel
 Private Patrol Officers, similar to public
police patrol officers.
 Protect and patrol private property.
 Citizens perceive public patrol unable to
protect them so they turn to private patrol.
Major Types of Private Security
Personnel
 Private Investigators (PI) do some criminal
investigation.
 Law firms use PI’s to assist in preparing for civil
and criminal trials.
 Often do background checks for employers and
insurance and credit applications.
 Often do undercover work to detect employee
dishonesty, pilferage or shoplifting.
Major Types of Private Security
Personnel
 Armed Couriers are uniformed and armed.
 They ensure protection of money,
documents or people as they are
transported from one place to another.
 Brink’s is the largest armed courier
service.
Major Types of Private Security
Personnel
 Central Alarm Respondents are part of
central alarm services.
 High number of false alarms cannot be
answered by police.
 Alarm respondents sent to activated
alarms.
 ADT is the largest private central alarm
service.
Major Types of Private Security
Personnel
 Consultants whether in-house or outside
are brought in to:
 Assess what types of threats or risks affect
assets to be protected.
 Render opinion on probability of those threats
or risks.
 Recommend a security or loss prevention
plan to reduce probability of those threats or
risks.
Differences in Proprietary and
Contractual Private Security
 Proprietary services are in-house, directly
hired and controlled by company or
organization.
 Contract services are outside firms or
individuals who provide security services
for a fee.
 Hybrid services combine the two.
Advantages of Proprietary and
Contractual Private Security
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Proprietary
 Loyalty
 Incentive
 Knowledge of internal operation
 Tenure (less turnover)
 Control stays in-house
 Supervision stays in house
 Training geared to specific job
 Company image improved
 Morale
 Courtesy to in-house personnel
 Better law enforcement liaison
 Selection controlled
 Better communication
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Contract
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Selectivity
Flexibility
Replacement of absenteeism
Supervision (at no cost)
Training at no cost
Objectivity
Cost (20% less, not counting
administrative costs)
Quality
Administration and budgeting taken
care of
Little union problems
Variety of services and equipment
Hiring and screening (at no cost)
Better local law enforcement contracts
Sharing expertise and knowledge
Disadvantages of Proprietary and
Contractual Private Security
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Proprietary
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Unions
Familiar with personnel
Cost
Inflexibility
Administrative burdens
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Contract
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Turnover (extremely high industrywide)
Divided loyalties
Moonlighting (may be tired and not
alert)
Reassignment
Screening standards (may be
inadequate)
Insurance
Regulation of Private Security
 Regulation of private security industry
should be performed at the state level
through a regulatory board and staff.
 Regulation can be achieved by requiring:
 Licensing of contract services.
 Registration of all persons specifically
performing private security functions.
Regulation of Private Investigators
 Most states that regulate private
investigation businesses require:
 Licensing of individuals, partnerships and
corporations providing private contract
investigative services.
 Most of these states have established a
variety of standards to obtain a license.
Regulation of Private Investigators
 Requirements for a private investigator’s
license usually include:
 State residency.
 US citizenship.
 Training and/or work experience as a police
officer or investigator.
 A clean arrest record.
 The passing of a background investigation.
 The passing of an oral or written examination.
Certified Protection Professional
 Certified Protection Professionals (CPP) have
been designated by ASIS, the American Society
for Industrial Security, for meeting specific
criteria of professional protection knowledge and
conduct.
 The CPP has met:
 Specific experience and educational requirements.
 Passed a common knowledge exam and an exam in
4 specialty areas.
Certified Protection Professional
Exam Areas
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Mandatory subjects
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Emergency planning
Investigations
Legal aspects
Personnel security
Physical security
Protection of sensitive information
Security management
Substance abuse
Loss prevention
Liaison
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Specialty subjects
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Banking and financial institutions
Computer security
Credit card security
Defense industrial security program
Educational institutions security
Fire resources management
Health care institutions security
Manufacturing security
Nuclear power security
Public utility security
Restaurant and lodging security
Retail security
Transportation and cargo security
Oil and gas industrial security
Telephone and telecommunications
security
Summary Questions
 What is private security?
 What are the major functions performed by
private security officers?
 What are the major types of private
security personnel?
 How does proprietary and contractual
private security differ?
 How might private security services be
regulated?
Summary Questions
 How are private investigators/detectives
regulated?
 What are the requirements for becoming a
private investigator?
 What is a Certified Protection Professional
(CPP)?

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