League of Nations

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League of Nations
PROCESS TO PEACE
END OF WWI
• Germany sought an armistice (cease fire) on October 3, 1918
ATTEMPTS TO WORLD PEACE
• Wilson’s speech
• Fourteen Points – plan based on what was “right” morally and ethically for ALL
nations
• Listed the war aims of the United States
POINTS #1-5
• General principles for peace with Germany
•
open covenants for peace
•
seas were free for all
•
economic barriers removed
•
equal trade
•
colonial claims were to be readjusted
POINTS #6-13
• Addressed Territorial readjustments to…
•
Russia, Belgium, Alsace-Lorraine, Italy, Austria-Hungary, the Balkans, Turkey, and Poland
POINT #14
• Called for a “general association of nations”
• Set up the League of Nations
FORMAL PEACE – TREATY OF
VERSAILLES
• November 11, 1918 at 11:00am armistice signed
• 11/11/18 at 11:00am
• Armistice Day  Veteran’s Day
• June 28, 1919 Treaty was signed at the Paris Peace Conference
TREATY OF VERSAILLES
• Treaty forced Germany to assume blame for starting the war
• Forced Germany to sign
• Included the formation of the League of Nations
• Germany was forced to give up territories, pay reparations, and reduce its military
force
LEAGUE OF NATIONS
• Organized to prevent future conflicts through cooperation
• Organization took place in Geneva, Switzerland in 1920
WHERE WAS THE US?
• US Senate never ratified (signed)the Treaty of Versailles
• Not apart of League of Nations
WHY DIDN’T WE SIGN THE
National I must remain and
TREATY OF VERSAILLES?
in that way I, like all other
1.
Sometimes people call me an
Americans,
can render
the is the way I
idealist.
Well, that
amplest service
to an
theAmerican . . .
know I am
America
world.”is the only idealist nation
in Cabot
the world.”
—Senator Henry
—President
Woodrow Wilson
Lodge support
President Wilson lost Republican
(Senate was dominantly Republican)
2.
US citizens felt sympathy towards Germany
3.
Senate was dominantly Isolationist and didn't like the League of Nations
RESULT
• US enacted isolationist policy

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