CBLO

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CBLO
CBLO
Collateralized Borrowing and Lending Obligation
Indian Money Market
 Call/ Notice/ Term Money
 Repo
 Commercial Paper
 Certificate of Deposit
 Treasury Bills
 CBLO
Why Money Markets?
 Fixed Income Market (over 1 year)
 For borrowing long term
 For investing long term
 For meeting reserve requirements (eg: SLR)
 For trading interest rates along the yield curve
• Money Market (under 1 year)
 For borrowing/ lending short term funds
 Bridging liquidity mismatches(mostly intra-day)
 For meeting reserve requirements (CRR & SLR)
Indian Money Market
 T-Bill, CP, CD
 Used by Govt., Corporates, Banks, FIs for short term borrowing
 Call Money, Repo, CBLO
 Used by Banks, MFs, FIs, Corporates to manage short term liquidity
mismatches
 Predominantly over night money market
 Over 90% of activity in Call, Repo & CBLO in overnight segment
Overnight Money Market
 Call/ Notice/ Term Money
 Uncollateralized market
 Participants: Banks & Primary Dealers only
 Repo
- Collateralized market
- Participants: Banks, Primary Dealers, FIs, MFs, Corporates, insurance
companies, NBFCs
 CBLO
 Collateralized market
 Participants: Banks, Primary Dealers, FIs, MFs, Corporates, insurance
companies, NBFCs
Call/ Notice/ Term Money Market
• Uncollateralized market
 Typically overnight market
 Historically, most depended market for short term funds
 Earlier consisted of both banks and non-bank entities




(eg: MFs, Corporates etc.)
Historically, very volatile market
Most expensive due to uncollateralized nature
Highest counterparty risk in money market
Gradual phasing out of non-bank entities
• Now, participants: Banks & Primary Dealers only
Repo
 100% collateralized dealing
 Typically overnight market
 More stable market less expensive than Call money
 Collateral fussiness
 Problems in collateral management
 No early close out of position
 No substitution of collateral
What is CBLO ?
 CBLO was conceived and developed by CCIL for facilitating deployment in a collateralized
environment.
 It is a tripartite Repo transaction involving CCIL as third party and as central counterparty to
borrower and lender
 CBLO is an RBI approved money market instrument which can be issued for a maximum tenor
of one year.
• Is an instrument backed by Gilts as Collaterals
• Creates an Obligation on the borrower to repay the money borrowed along with interest on a
predetermined future date;
• A Right and Authority to the lender to receive money lent along with interest on a
predetermined future date or has the privilege to transfer the authority to anther person
• Creates a charge on the Collaterals deposited by the Borrower with CCIL for the purpose.
Why CBLO?
 to address the concerns of entities phased out of call money market or are
subjected to borrowing/ lending restrictions
 MFs, NBFCs, FIs, Corporates, Insurance Comp, Coop-Banks
 to address the tenor ‘lock-in’ issues related to Repo
 Buying/Selling CBLOs
 to bring in better transparency
 real time dissemination of quotes and dealt rates and market depth
 to bring in better level playing field
 access to wider member base, anonymity, guaranteed settlement
 to have better price discovery in money market
 pricing a function of demand & supply
How does CBLO operate?
 A member deposits a set of eligible securities as collateral with CCIL
 Borrowing limit: based on mark-to-market value and hair-cut applicable
on securities deposited
 Based on borrowing limit, CBLOs are issued to a member.
 CBLO is an instrument that can be bought and sold.
 Borrowing/ Lending is done by selling/ buying CBLOs
 A borrower sells CBLOs to raise funds; a lender buys CBLOs to deploy
funds
How does CBLO operate?
 Trading in CBLOs is facilitated on a dealing system called CBLO
 CBLO dealing system is:
 an electronic dealing system
 for collateralized borrowing/ lending
 in an anonymous environment
 On any day, CBLO instrument for the next seven business days and
three month end dates are made available\
 Dealing allwed for settlement types: T+0 and T+1
 CBLO is a discounted instrument traded on Yield:Time priority
Settlement
 Matched deals are novated and CCIL assumes the role of central counterparty
 Settlement of deals guaranteed by CCIL
 Obligation of members determined through multilateral netting of trades
 First, net CBLO deliverable are debited from members account, securities underlying as
collateral are blocked
 Second, net funds deliverable by members is received
 After funds received, CBLO credited to lender’s account and funds credited to borrower’s
account
 Shortage handing – LOC, creation of CBLO, blocking of funds receivable, blocking of CBLO
receivable
Lenders in CBLO
Borrowers in CBLO
CBLO Daily Avg. Traded Value (Cr.)
60,000.00
50,000.00
40,000.00
30,000.00
20,000.00
10,000.00
0.00
2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
2008-09
2009-10
Money Market Share
Money Market Rates

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