Film Production

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Film Production
FILM PRODUCTION
The Production Process and Who’s Who in the
‘Central Producer’ system.
THE PROCESS
Development and Preproduction
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The idea from a book, play or original script.
Before it can be developed Rights Clearance is
needed.
Development money obtained from various
sources.
Script developed with writer. Several drafts are
written.
Development and Preproduction
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The package: producer, director, stars etc. Initial
budget arranged.
Finance secured via co-producers, investors and
distributors.
At any point TV and Video rights are sold.
Finance, Schedule and budget approved by
investor
Development and Preproduction
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Completion guarantee fixed on budget. Insurance
arranged.
Pre-production begins.
Production staff and cast hired, studios and
locations selected.
Sets, costumes and special effects designed.
Production
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Set Construction begins. Costumes made/ hired.
Film unit assemblies. Principal photography
begins.
Rushes viewed daily.
Daily report on production to financiers.
Unit publicity begins. Promotional campaign
begins at any time.
Production
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Composer starts work on the music.
Marketing strategy developed.
Principal photography completed.
Rushes assembled into working print. Rough cut
approved.
Post Production and
Release
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Sound and picture editing. Computer special
effects added.
Fine cut approved. Music composed and recorded.
Soundtrack (music, dialogue and sound effects)
dubbed.
Film to censor for certification.
Advertising campaign approved and booked.
Post Production and
Release
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Some films are test screened.
Film booked into cinemas.
Film, stills and information are sent to the distributor.
Advertising begins.
Premiere then release of film.
Video distributed. Satellite, cable, TV screening
depending on rights.
WHO’S INVOLVED
IN THE
PRODUCTION
PROCESS?
Who’s Who?
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EXECUTIVE PRODUCERdistant from the film project but will usually have
provided the money or at least a part of it. They
would want regular updates of the film’s progress.
PRODUCERfinancial and organizational role. They will develop
the film from the script, obtain funds and assign roles,
employ actors etc.
Who’s Who?
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WRITERideas can be developed in association with the
producer or a particular concept can be adapted by
screenwriters. Once the original idea is received the
writer’s role is usually minimised in favour of the
director or scriptwriter.
Can you think of any films where the writer is
heavily involved?
Who’s Who?
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DIRECTORresponsible for overseeing the shooting process. They
will control camera positions, locations etc. (Will have
a crew of people working under him/her.)
PRODUCTION DESIGNERvisualizes the film settings. Sometimes a storyboard
will be created to aid in this.
Who’s Who?

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CASTwho will be in the film. This includes stars, a
supporting cast and extras. Before appearing in the
film all actors undergo a screen test. This could be
any number from one to 500.
Directors spend much of their time with the actors
discussing how lines should be spoken, emotions that
should be displayed etc.
Who’s Who?
DIRECTOR OF PHOTOGRAPHY this person will be an expert on photographic
processes. They will be in constant consultation with
the director.
Their crew involves:
CAMERAMENAlthough they undertake camera work they are
usually under strict instructions from the director.

Who’s Who?
KEY GRIParranges props and equipment.
They will also work closely with those responsible for
continuity.
GAFFER- head electrician. This is one of the most
important jobs on set. The gaffer will usually be
responsible for the safety of cast and crew.
BEST BOYgaffer’s assistant.
Who’s Who?
SOUND MIXER balances the inputs from the microphones. They also control the
non-diegetic music in a film.
His crew involves:
BOOM OPERATORholds/ controls the portable microphone generally used for ext.
shots.
SPECIAL EFFECTS UNITspecialists in this field. They can include experts in CGI, stopmotion animation or model making.

Who’s Who?
OTHER ROLES:
 STUNT COORDINATOR/ CHOREOGRAPHER sometimes used in certain genres and actually
perform very similar roles.
 MAKE-UP STAFF, COSTUME DESIGNERS,
HAIRDRESSERS, RUNNERS and DRIVERS.

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