594. Lee, SEA and INtegration of Development Planning and

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594. Lee, SEA and INtegration of Development Planning and
SEA and Integration of
Development Planning &
Environmental Planning
in Korea
Jong Ho Lee
Cheongju University
Republic of Korea
[email protected]
Contents
Ⅰ. Introduction
Ⅱ. Development of EIA & SEA
Ⅲ. Present EIA & SEA
Ⅳ. Future Status of SEA
Ⅴ. Conclusion
Ⅰ. Introduction
Main Issues
● Integration of EIA & SEA (Explicit SEA)
● Integration of Development &
Environmental Planning (Implicit SEA)
● SEA & Problems in
Planning & Implementation of
Presidential Campaign Pledge
Ⅱ. Development of EIA & SEA :
History of EIA System in Korea
mon/yr
Dec/77
Feb/81
Ministry of Environment (MOE)
EIA
PERS (SEA)
Environment Conservation
Act : Prior Review System
(PRS) based on individual
laws
Regulation on the
Preparation of EIA
Statement
→ EIA can be implemented
Jun/90 Framework Act on
Environmental Policy of 1990
PRS based
on Individual
Laws
History of EIA System in Korea: continued
MOE
mon/yr
EIA
MOCT
PERS (“lower” SEA) “higher” SEA
Instructions of Prime
Minister under
Framework Act on
Environmental Policy
(FAEP)
Jan/93
Jun/93 EIA Act
Dec/99 Act on Assessment FAEP Amendments
of Impacts of Works
on Environment,
Transportation,
Disasters, etc
of 1999
Dec/04
Jun/06
Regulations
for SEA
FAEP Amendments of
2006 : Strengthening of SEA
Ⅲ. Present EIA & SEA
1. Comparison of EIA and PERS
Law
EIA
PERS (SEA)
Act on Assessment of
Impacts of Works on
Environment,
Transportation,
Disasters, etc
Framework Act on
Environmental Policy
Objectives ● large development
projects
assessed
Period
● before approval of
implementation plan for
development projects
● administrative plan
● small development
projects in
conservation area
● before decision of
administrative plan and
development plan
1. Comparison of EIA and PERS: continued
EIA
Main
Contents
Public
Participation
PERS (SEA)
● prediction and
● appropriateness
assessment of
of plan
impact of
● location feasibility
development project
● required
● required
since Jun,2006
2. Review on PERS revised (May, 2006)
PERS
Before
Revised
PERS
After
Revised
Objectives
assessed
Alternatives
Scoping
● 36 administrative plans (AP)
● small development projects
● 83 AP
● (same)
Not required
Not required
Required
Required
Public
Participation
Relation with
project-EIA
Not required
Required
Not clearly divided
explicit
role of SEA
3. SEA and EIA System in Korea
Legal
Syste
m
M
O
C
T
Characteristics
SEA
SEA
PERS
M
O
E
“Project”
EIA
EIA
“Project”
EIA
Objectives assessed
by PERS & EIA
Main
Contents
Long-Term Basic Plan
(National Territory
Comprehensive Plan,
Province Comprehensive Plan,
Metropolitan Urban Plan,
Urban Basic Plan etc)
Macro &
Administrative Plan
(Urban Management
Plan, etc.)
- Rationality
Small Development
in Conservation Area
Location
Large Development
Mitigation
measures
Qualitative
Impact
of plan
- Location
Ⅳ. Future Status of SEA
1. Integration of EIA System
2. Integration of Development Planning &
Environmental Planning
3. Limit of SEA : Presidential Campaign
Pledge beyond SEA’s Power
1. Integration of EIA System
1) Integrated EIA System of PERS & EIA of MOE: 1st Integration
Legal
System
M
O
C
T
SEA
PERS
M
O
E
Characteristics
SEA
“Project”
EIA
EIA
“Project”
EIA
Objectives assessed
by PERS & EIA
Main
Contents
Long-Term Basic Plan
(National Territory
Comprehensive Plan,
Province Comprehensive Plan,
Metropolitan Urban Plan,
Urban Basic Plan etc)
Macro &
Qualitative
Impact
Administrative Plan
(Urban Management
Plan, etc.)
- Rationality
Small Development
in Conservation Area
Location
Large Development
Mitigation
measures
of plan
- Location
2) Integrated EIA System of PERS & EIA of MOE and SEA of MOCT:
2nd Integration
Legal
System
Characteristics
Long-Term Basic Plan
(National Territory
Comprehensive Plan,
Province Comprehensive Plan,
Metropolitan Urban Plan,
Urban Basic Plan etc)
2nd Integration
SEA
1st Integration
“Project”
EIA
Objectives assessed
by PERS & EIA
EIA
“Project”
EIA
Main
Contents
Macro &
Qualitative
Impact
Administrative Plans
(Urban Management
Plan, etc.)
- Rationality
Small Developments
in Conservation Are
Location
Large Development
Mitigation
measures
of plan
- Location
2. Integration of Development & Environmental Planning
Planning
Level
Environmental
Planning (EP)
Development Planning
Nation
National
Comprehensive EP
National Territory
Comprehensive Planning (CP)
- Metropolitan
- Province EP
- Metropolitan EP
- Province CP
- Metropolitan Urban Basic
& Management Planning
- City
- County
- City EP
- County EP
- Urban Basic Planning
- Urban Management Planning
- Province
District
District EP
Parts related with Metropolitan
Urban Basic & Management Planning
Example of Integration Process :
Urban Plan and Environmental Plan
separate
Urban Plan
Environmental Plan
TPLMS
linkage
integration
Urban Plan
Environmental Plan
TPLMS
Urban Environmental Plan
TPLMS = Total Pollution Load Management System
3. SEA and Presidential Campaign Pledge (PCP)
Cheon- Multi-functional
Reclamation seong Mt. Administrative
Project
Tunnel
City
Saemangeum
PCP
-
Goal
Area
Length
National
Territory &
Farmland
Enlargement
401 ㎢
33 ㎞
(sea wall)
Population
Target
Year
2011
Solving
Capital Region
SeoulConcentration
Busan
High Speed - National Balance
Railway
Development
Korean
Peninsula
Carnal
- National
Balance
Development
-Transportation
Cost
- Employment
―
73 ㎢
―
13.28 ㎞
―
―
300,000 people
―
2010
2012-2030
?
Location of Three Super Development
Projects by Presidential Campaign Pledge
Yellow SEA
Yellow SEA
Saemangeum
Reclamation
Seoul
EAST
EAST
SEASEA
Multi-functional
administrative City
Cheon-seong
Mt.
Saemangeum Reclamation Area
(Jun, 2006)
Demonstration for Protest
against Saemangeum Reclamation
Sea Wall of Saemangeum Reclamation
(Dec. 2005)
Salamander and Cheon-seong Mt. Tunnel
15cm
Multi-functional Administrative City
3. SEA and Presidential Campaign Pledge (PCP)
Saemangeum
Cheonseong Mt.
Tunnel
Multi-functional
Administrative
City
Korean
PCP
Reclamation
Project
Feasibility
Analysis
Mar ’87Nov ’87
Jun ‘90
1979
(Cancelled)
―
EIA/PERS
―
Nov ’94
―
―
Yes or No about
PCP
Dec ’87
Will
Dec ‘02
Reconsider
Dec ’02
Will
’07
Will
EIA/PERS
’89 – ’91
―
Environmental
Survey
’99 - ’00
Aug. ’04
’06 - Jan’07
(PERS)
―
Suit
Jul ‘03Mar ’06
Apr ‘04Jun ’06
Oct ‘04 –
Nov ‘05
―
Delaying Month
31
13
―
Delaying Cost
750 million $
2,516 million $
―
Peninsula
Carnal
Ⅴ. Conclusion
To Conclude on problems of SEA
or Sea in Korea is not easy.
Can you help me to conclude my
presentation ?
Ⅴ. Conclusion
Presidential
Campaign Pledge
?
?
All Pollutants
Policies,
Plans, Programs
Policies,
Plans, Programs
Purified by Sea
Strong SEA
weakened
SEA
Sea self-purified &
producing much food
for mankind
ESSD
ESSD ?

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