North Korea - White Plains Public Schools

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North Korea - White Plains Public Schools
Korea is a peninsula in East
Asia.
Korea’s location allowed for
cultural diffusion from China.
Korea’s location also made
it vulnerable. Korea became
a Japanese colony in 1910.
But after the
Second World
War
and the defeat
of the
Japanese
military, Korea
was divided.
Yet again, Cold War tensions
had influenced world history.
The Soviets controlled the
North and Kim Il-Sung led
a Stalinist regime in North Korea.
An American-backed government
ruled the South.
th
38
The
parallel
served as the
dividing line
between
North Korea and
South Korea.
But in 1950,
the North
Korean army
crossed the
38th parallel.
The
South was
invaded.
The Korean
War lasted
for
three years.
Finally, the
North Korean
armies were
pushed back.
th
38
Once again, the
parallel
served as the dividing line
and in addition, a
Demilitarized Zone or DMZ
was created on the border.
While Kim Il-Sung served as
the Communist dictator of
North Korea, he maintained
a command economy and
insisted on Juche or self-reliance.
Kim Jong-Il, Kim Il Sung’s son,
followed his father as leader
of North Korea. It was the first
ever dynastic succession in
a communist nation.
Kim Jong-Il isolated North Korea
and severely punished critics.
Kim Jong-Il controlled all
information in North Korea.
Dear Leader, as Kim Jong-Il is
known, even started to
develop a nuclear program.
Sadly, the
Korean
Peninsula is a
land where
the potential for
conflict
still exists.

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