ICID WatSave Awards 2010

Comments

Transcription

ICID WatSave Awards 2010
International Workshop/Seminar on
Drainage plans for 2020 &
Melioration activities to diffuse source pollution
Estonia
May 17-18, 2012
László G. HAYDE PhD, MSc
Vice President, ICID
ICID


The International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage
(ICID) established in 1950 as a Scientific, Technical and
Voluntary International Organization, presently counting
108 member countries.
The Commission is dedicated to enhancing the worldwide
supply of food and fibre for all people by improving water
and land management and the productivity of irrigated
and drained lands through appropriate management
of water, environment and application of irrigation,
drainage and flood management techniques.
Global Challenges and Drivers
in Agriculture –
– Water and Land Management
 The continuing food crisis and unstable food prices
 Lack of investments in agriculture and water
 Population growth
 Competition from other water users
 Climate variability – floods and droughts
 Lack of water storage capacity
 Demands for energy and alternative fuels
 Changing dietary patterns
 Weak institutional capacity
 Weakened applied research and technology transfer
capabilities
 Environmental and water quality degradation
The continuing food crisis and
unstable food prices
Price in US$/ton
800
600
400
200
0
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
Year
Wheat
Maize
Rice
WORLD MARKET PRICES OVER THE LAST 25 YEARS
Source: IMF
2010
World population and
freshwater use
World population growth
Global Food Crisis:
925 million people hungry in 2010
Competition from other water users
Globally some 71%
of the world’s fresh
water resources
are diverted to
agriculture, which
are considered to
be too much by the
public opinion.
(Source: FAO 2009)
FOOD PRODUCTION NEEDS TO
DOUBLE OVER THE NEXT 25 YEARS
TO MEET POPULATION DEMANDS
UNDER-INVESTMENT IN R&D, TECH
TRANSFER AND CAPACITY BUILDING
POTENTIAL RESEARCH THEMES
• Drought and water scarcity;
• Groundwater protection and management;
• Low quality waters and wastewater reuse for irrigation;
• Water harvesting and storage;
• Drainage, and waterlogging and salinity control;
• Lowlands development
• On- farm water management and water use efficiency;
• Energy and sedimentation control.
Thank You for Your
Attention
Sustainable Development of Agriculture
Sustainable Development of Agriculture

Similar documents